System combustion in steam boilers polluted waters
(57) Abstract:The inventive combustion system in steam boilers polluted waters, including high-viscosity oil residues, contains the fuel pump 2, which is communicated with the fuel tank 1 and the consumer, and the ejector 3, the nozzle which is connected to the pressure connection of the pump 2, and the outlet with a reception pipe of the pump. The suction nozzle of the ejector 3 is in communication with the flexible hose 4, which is communicated with a capacity of 9 collection of oil-contaminated waters. Flexible hose 4 at the free end has a receiving filter 5 and is supported on the surface of the water floating device 6. The tank 9 is supplied by the device 7 of the heated surface layer with thermal relay 8. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il. The invention relates to the use boilers of power plants, such as stationary, and can be used in the operation of the ship steam boilers running on liquid petroleum low-grade fuel.A device for cleaning inner-bottom ballast compartments from the bottom sediments, including cargo, fuel pump, at the end of the discharge nozzle which is installed ejector, suction pipe which is placed at the bottom is Titkov, especially at low temperatures, and collected sediment doing in the fuel tank, dramatically degrade the quality of fuel used.A device for Stripping vessel inner-bottom compartments, including a wiper pump, piping, valves, collecting tank, dirty fuel, floating funnel and a flexible element 
The device collects the oil film from the surface of contaminated water, essentially not providing recycling water with a lower oil-bearing, i.e. the lower layers of water, and the collection of high-viscosity oil residues due to their high viscosity at temperatures below 24aboutC.The device has a number of fundamental flaws. In particular, does not ensure the environmental safety of power plants by burning the collected oil burning oily water in the fuel composition of the emulsion and reduce gas and thermal pollution. The device has a significant mass-dimensional characteristics and requires additional volume for placement of elements.Closest to the proposed system is a combustion in steam boilers polluted waters, vkluchaysya tank, and pressure with the consumer, and the ejector nozzle which is connected to the pressure connection of the pump, and the outlet with a reception pipe of the pump, and the suction nozzle of the ejector equipped suction pipe communicated with the collection vessel of oil-contaminated water 
However, this system is environmentally hazardous, does not solve the problem of utilization in steam boilers viscous oil residue. Technologically specified is caused by the fact that the system is not structurally provides suction for viscous oil residue when the outside temperature is below 24-25aboutWith due solidification intake of refined petroleum products. The inability to suction at a given temperature is determined by the absence in the system device for heating the oil layer.The aim of the invention is to increase the environmental safety of boilers by burning high-viscosity oil residues and disposal of contaminated water in the composition of the water fuel emulsion.For this purpose, the suction pipe of the ejector is made in the form of a flexible hose with an acceptance filter, placed at the level of the contaminated oil the surface layer of the water and supported the Jena device warming of these waters.In addition, the floating device includes at least one float or pontoon, is fixed on the flexible hose with connections, mainly holodovogo, and the device is heated waters contaminated with oil products made with thermal relay, connected to its heating element.The drawing shows the proposed system, the overall look.System combustion in steam boilers polluted waters, including high-viscosity oil residues, contains the fuel tank 1, the fuel pump 2, the ejector 3, the suction flexible hose 4 with the receiving filter 5, the floating device 6, device 7 of the heated surface layer with thermal relay 8 and the capacity of the 9 collection of oil-contaminated waters.The system works as follows.During operation of the fuel pump 2 fuel is drawn from tank 1 and under pressure to the ejector 3, where the vacuum is created. Contaminated with oil, water, preheated to a temperature of 50-70aboutWith the capacity of 9 collect contaminated water sucked through the suction filter 5 and through a flexible hose 4 is fed into the working cavity of the ejector 3, where, mixing with the fuel, forms a water fuel emulsion, padave the filter 5 floats on the surface of the water in the tank 9 collection of polluted water. In case of changing the thickness of the superficial oily layer floating device 6 is manually moved along the length of the hose 4 and the receiving filter 5 is buried (or floats). Surface oil layer is heated to a temperature of 50-70aboutWith using the heating element of the heating device 7. At temperatures below the 50aboutWith thermal relay 8 engages the heating element device 7, and at temperatures above 70aboutWith off the heating element. 1. SYSTEM COMBUSTION IN STEAM BOILERS POLLUTED WATERS, including high-viscosity residual oil containing fuel pump, inlet pipe which is communicated with the fuel tank and the pressure with the consumer, and the ejector nozzle which is connected to the pressure connection of the pump, and the outlet with a reception pipe of the pump, and the suction nozzle of the ejector equipped suction pipe communicated with the collection vessel of oil-contaminated waters, characterized in that the suction pipe of the ejector is made in the form of a flexible hose with an acceptance filter, posted by on the level contaminated with oil products surface layer of water and maintained at this level by using plavuse="ptx2">2. The system under item 1, characterized in that the floating device includes at least one float or pontoon, is fixed on the flexible hose with connections, mainly holodovogo, and the device is heated waters contaminated with oil products made with thermal relay, connected to its heating element.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device for feeding fuel in power plant of a ship carrying liquefied gas from ship liquefied gas tank. Ship comprises at least one liquefied gas tank 2 and onboard power plant, and device to feed fuel into said power plant. Proposed device comprises pump 20, vessel 23, injector 12 and fluid line. Said pump is mounted on vessel bottom. Container is arranged in vessel around the pump to support immersed pump. Aforesaid fluid ejector is arranged inside said vessel to suck off liquefied gas from its bottom. Fluid line (21, 22, 24, 250) communicates pump outlet with injector inlet on one side and, on the other side, it communicates injector outlet with vessel.
EFFECT: reduced risks of pump outage or damage.
10 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heat exchange complex of a steam turbine plant comprises a system of main condenser cooling, which comprises the following components serially connected with a cooling pipeline: an ice box, a circulating pump, the main condenser and a drain box, and also a condensate system comprising the main condenser, a condensate pump, a low-pressure feedwater heater and a deaerator, serially connected with a condensate pipeline, besides, the main condenser cooling system is arranged as closed and is equipped with an off-board heat exchanger installed in the ice box. Also the main condenser cooling system comprises a closed circuit of secondary coolant, which is equipped with a low-pressure feedwater heater of the condensate system.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase energy efficiency of a vessel.
4 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to feed of fuel gas to power plants of tankers that carry compressed natural gas and use it as the main power carrier. This process consists in continuous use of, first of all, gas generated in cargo gas tanks as the main power carrier for tanker engines. Excess gas is compressed by compressor at low motion speeds and at stops. Said compressed gas is accumulated in high-pressure vessels (200 bar and higher) and its application when gas consumption exceeds its generation in cargo tanks.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of operation of said tankers.
7 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to submarines and concerns a submarine fuel system. Disclosed is a fuel system of a submarine including external fuel tanks, which are made in form of, for example, solids of revolution and are equipped with pipelines with displacement valves, wherein external tanks are arranged outside hull of submarine and are interconnected by wing-like cowling consisting of two side sections, wherein cowling in middle part is shaped out of submarine and pipelines of external tanks are arranged inside wing-like cowling, wherein on-board sections of cowling are interconnected and connected to housing of submarine by quick-release connections.
EFFECT: invention ensures reduction of volume of system when arrangement on submarine.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: gas industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems for liquefied gas processing and can be used on ships. Liquefied gas processing system for ship includes the main supply line of the boil-off gas (BOG) configured to be able to compress the BOG created in the cargo tank by the compressor and to feed it into the main engine as fuel. Auxiliary BOG supply line can compress the BOG created in the cargo tank by the compressor and feed the compressed BOG to the auxiliary engine as fuel. Main LNG supply line is configured to compress the LNG stored in the cargo tank by the pump and to supply the compressed LNG to the main engine as fuel. Auxiliary LNG supply line is configured to compress the LNG stored in the cargo tank by the pump and to supply the compressed LNG to the auxiliary engine as fuel.
EFFECT: possibility of efficient use of liquefied gas is achieved.
13 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship power plants and can be used for supply of fuel gas. Ship fuel gas supply system comprises engine, creating propulsion force, using fuel gas. Fuel gas, intended for supply into engine, is stored in fuel gas reservoir. Engine is installed in engine room, located at ship’s aft. Fuel gas reservoir is arranged in ship longitudinal direction.
EFFECT: enabling possibility of ship space efficient use with minimum length of fuel gas supply line.
30 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: ship includes the liquefied gas storage tank and the medium pressure gas engine, that uses the liquefied gas stored in the storage tank as the fuel. In addition, the ship also includes a system and method for processing the evaporating gas (BOG), in which the BOG leaves the storage tank and it is compressed. Most part of the BOG is used as the fuel for the ship engines, and the part of the other BOG is liquefied by the BOG cold energy, that has just left the storage tank and returns to the storage tank.
EFFECT: effective use of the evaporating gas on the ship.
20 cl, 6 dwg