The reference design, team design and method of construction of modular design

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to industrial and civil construction and can be effectively used in the construction of roads, airfields, foundations for various structures, as well as in the construction of any structures on soft soils. Essence: each of them is the supporting structure, team structure, consisting of support structures and method of construction of modular design. Supporting structure mainly buildings, structures, precast road or airfield pavement made with located on its base-side support surface anchoring element with arcuate in plan areas, which are established in the plan polylines or arcs of constant or smoothly changing within one area of the curvature and is made in a trapezoidal cross-section, and the side surface of one of a pair of spaced along the longitudinal axis of the base stations anchor element has a slope from the nearest ends of the base to the center or to the centers of its curvature, to the center or centers of curvature of the envelope line of the plot, and another from the centre or centres of curvature, or curvature of the envelope line of the site to BC the plots located along the longitudinal axis of the base, offset along it relative to each other by an amount exceeding the length of the base line of their cross-section, with the formation of the open half-rings. Additionally, the plots anchor element with the opposite of their curvature or curvature of the envelope line can be located along the longitudinal axis of the base and fluidly connected with each other. The curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface from the center or centers of its curvature greater than the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface to the center or centers of its curvature.In the support structure can be made two tabs, each of which is made in the form of a tooth located on the side of the support surface of the base at the side of his face and arcuate in plan sections of the anchor element are in the middle part thereof beyond the contour of the base with the formation of slots corresponding teeth of the other support structures. This allows to significantly improve the bearing capacity and stability of constructed on soft soils structures, to ensure the longevity of constructed structures with alternating workloads, , the AK and their operation. 3 S. and 12 C.p. f-crystals, 9 Il.

The invention relates to industrial and civil construction and can be effectively used in the construction of roads, airfields, foundations for various structures, as well as in the construction of any structures on soft soils.

Known supporting structures, prefabricated of them design and method of construction of prefabricated structures in which the elements of the support structure, which includes located on its base-side support surface of the anchor member with arcuate in plan areas, stack on the basis for the construction of roads, foundations, platforms for storage, etc., This technical solution, as the closest of the known, taken as a prototype for each of the inventions: the "Reference design" "design Team", consisting of support structures and Method of construction of modular design".

The disadvantages of the known solutions are high intensity, low bearing capacity and stability, as well as the high complexity of the construction of prefabricated structures.

The aim of the invention the reduction of the material, increasing the carrying capacity and steadily the ASS="ptx2">

In the support structure, mainly buildings, structures, precast road or airfield pavement containing located on its base-side support surface of the anchor member with arcuate in plan sections, curved sections of the anchoring element is formed in terms of broken lines or arcs of constant or smoothly changing within one area of the curvature and is made in a trapezoidal cross-section, and the side surface of one of a pair of spaced along the longitudinal axis of the base stations anchor element has a slope from the nearest ends of the base to the center or to the centers of its curvature, to the center or centers of curvature of the envelope line of the plot, and another from the centre or centres of curvature or curvature of the envelope line of site to nearest the ends of the base.

And the adjacent side surface having two opposite curvature plots located along the longitudinal axis of the base, can be displaced along it relative to each other by an amount exceeding the length of the base line of their cross-section, with the formation of the open half-rings, or sections of the anchor element with the opposite of their curvature or curvature of the exhaust gas is also the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface from the center or centers of its curvature greater than the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface to the center or centers of its curvature.

This supporting structure may be provided with two protrusions, each of which is made in the form of a tooth located on the side of the support surface of the base at the side of his face and arcuate in plan sections of the anchor element are in the middle part thereof beyond the contour of the base with the formation of slots corresponding teeth of the other support structures.

In team design, mainly road, airfield or base containing installed on natural or pre-prepared base support structure located at the base of the support surface of the anchor elements with arcuate in plan sections, curved sections of the anchoring element is formed in terms of broken lines or arcs of constant or smoothly changing within one area of the curvature and is made in a trapezoidal cross-section, and the side surface of the real is rcov Foundation to the center or to the centers of its curvature, to the center or centers of curvature of the envelope line of the plot, and the other from the centre or centres of curvature or curvature of the envelope line of site to nearest the ends of the base.

When this adjacent side surfaces having two opposite curvature plots located along the longitudinal axis of the base, can be displaced along it relative to each other by an amount exceeding the length of the base line of their cross-section, with the formation of the open half-rings, or portions of the anchor element with the opposite of their curvature or curvature of the envelope line can be located along the longitudinal axis of the base and fluidly connected with each other.

Additionally, the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface from the center or centers of its curvature greater than the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface to the center or centers of its curvature.

Moreover, the assembled structure, mainly road, airfield or base provided with two protrusions, each of which is made in the form of a tooth located on the side of the support surface of the base at the side of his face and arched in plansee corresponding teeth of the other support structures.

In the method of construction of the modular design, mainly road, airfield or base, including the installation of a natural or pre-prepared base support structure located at the base of the support surface of the anchor elements with arcuate in plan areas, stack supporting structure with arched sections of the anchoring element is formed of a constant or smoothly changing within one area of the curvature and is made in a trapezoidal cross-section, and the side surface of one of a pair of spaced along the longitudinal axis of the base stations anchor element has a slope from the nearest ends of the base to the center or to the centers of its curvature, to the center or centers of curvature of the envelope line of the plot, and the other from the centre or centres of curvature or curvature of the envelope line of site to nearest the ends of the base.

Moreover, the stack support structure, in which the adjacent side surfaces of the two having opposite curvature plots located along the longitudinal axis of the base, offset along it relative to each other by an amount exceeding the length of the base line they cross the Nations, have lots of anchor element with the opposite of their curvature or curvature of the envelope lines are located along the longitudinal axis of the base and fluidly connected with each other.

Additionally, the stack supporting structure in which the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface from the center or centers of its curvature greater than the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface to the center or centers of its curvature.

Also stack support structure having two prongs, each of which is made in the form of a tooth located on the side of the support surface of the base at the side of his face and arcuate in plan sections of the anchor element are in the middle part thereof beyond the contour of the base with the formation of slots corresponding teeth of the other support structures.

This allows to significantly improve the bearing capacity and stability of constructed on soft soils structures, to ensure the longevity of constructed facilities at znakoperemennykh workloads, and significantly reduce the consumption structures and to reduce labor costs as manufacturing facilities and PA Fig. 2 a top view of a support structure of Fig.3 section a-a in Fig.2; Fig.4 cross-section B-B in Fig.2. in Fig.5 supporting structure with portions of the anchor element, educated in terms of broken lines or arcs of constant or smoothly changing within one area of the curvature; Fig. 6 supporting structure with displaced inward along the longitudinal axis of the base stations with the formation of the open half-rings; Fig.7 supporting structure with shifted outward along the longitudinal axis of the base stations with the formation of the open half-rings; Fig.8, the assembled structure, such as a road, of the support structures shown in Fig.1-7; Fig.9 section b-b of Fig. 8.

The supporting structure includes a plate 1 and the anchoring element 2 located at its base-side support surface with arcuate in plan sections 3 and 4, forming continuous or intermittent circuit (Fig.1 or Fig. 6, respectively). Arcuate sections 3 and 4 of the anchoring element 2 is formed in terms of broken lines 5 or arcs of constant 6 or smoothly changing 7 (R1,2to R3,4) within one area of the curvature. Sections 3 and 4 are cross-sectional trapezoidal (Fig.1, 2, 3), and the side surface of one job base to the center (O1or to the centers (O1ABOUT3its curvature to the center (O1or to the centers of curvature (O1ABOUT3) envelope line of the plot, and the other from the center (O2) or centers (O2ABOUT4its curvature or curvature of the envelope line of site to nearest the ends of the base. And the adjacent side surface having two opposite curvature plots 3 and 4, located along the longitudinal axis of the base or plate 1, is displaced along it relative to each other by an amount exceeding the length of the base line of their cross-section, with the formation of the open half-rings (Fig.6 and 7). The sections of the anchor element with the opposite of their curvature or curvature of the envelope line can also be placed along the longitudinal axis of the base and fluidly connected with each other. Additionally, the curvature in the plot or curvature in terms of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface from the center or centers of its curvature greater than the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface to the center or centers of its curvature. The supporting structure may be provided with two projections 8 and 9, each of which is made in the form of a tooth located in poverhnosti beyond the contour of the base with the formation of the sockets 10 and 11 for the corresponding teeth of the other support structures. Moreover, the anchoring element 2 on technological considerations can be made monolithic with the plate 1 or may be performed in a separate structure with anchors connected immediately before installation of the support structure due to the introduction of the anchors into the pre-formed holes of the plate 1 with the subsequent welding and poured.

Team design, mainly road, airfield or base, contains installed on natural or pre-prepared (Fig. 9) and coupled between the rows of the above-described supporting structure located on the base-side support surface anchoring elements, which are arcuate in plan areas, and the arcuate sections of the anchor element formed as described above, in terms of broken lines or arcs of constant or smoothly changing within one area of the curvature and is made in a trapezoidal cross-section, and the side surface of one of a pair of spaced along the longitudinal axis of the base stations anchor element has a slope from the nearest ends of the base to the center or to the centers of its curvature, to the center or centers of curvature of the envelope line of teaching the Indians the base. Possible variants of implementation of modular design due to the variations described above, the support structure and the description of modular design are not repeated. Plate 1 are mounted with a slight offset in length relative to each other, providing an overlap in terms of not only the length but also the width of modular design (Fig.8).

The method of construction of the modular design, mainly road, airfield or base that includes the installation of natural or pre-prepared base above the support structure located at the base of the support surface of the anchor elements with arcuate in plan areas, and on the adopted technology stack supporting structure with arched sections of the anchoring element is formed of a constant or smoothly changing within one area of the curvature and is made in a trapezoidal cross-section, and the side surface of one of a pair of spaced along the longitudinal axis of the base stations anchor element has a slope from the nearest ends of the base to the center or to the centers of its curvature or to the centers of curvature of the envelope line of the plot, and the other from the centre or who their operations for laying include mounting the above-described support structures team in the design, is depicted in Fig. 8 and 9. Further operation of the installation differ only in the use of the above-described supporting structure, which in the presence of the projections 8 and 9 of them slid into the sockets 10 and 11, forming a space (design team) are inextricably interconnected support structures.

The work of the support structure and team of design is as follows.

The anchoring elements 2 penetrate into the base, forming under the slab 1 zone compacted soil, which prevents any displacement even individual plates both vertically and horizontally. Due to the chosen form of anchor elements and their mutual arrangement, the load on the ground is transmitted via formed therein soil cores, increasing the load leads to compaction of the nucleus, i.e., to increase the bearing capacity of even a weak Foundation soil. The presence of sections 3 and 4 with different or opposite curvature eliminates any movement or separation of the plates 1 of the support structure under the action of alternating or circulating loads.

This embodiment enables the reduction of the material and ensuring the reliability and operational for a long time what about the road or airfield pavement, contains located on its base-side support surface of the anchor member with arcuate in plan areas, characterized in that the arcuate sections of the anchoring element is formed in terms of polylines or arcs of constant or smoothly changing within one area of the curvature and is made in a trapezoidal cross-section, and the side surface of one of a pair of spaced along the longitudinal axis of the base stations anchor element has a slope from the nearest ends of the base to the center or centers of its curvature, or to the center or centers of curvature of the envelope line of the plot, and the other from the centre, or centres of curvature, or curvature of the envelope line of site to nearest the ends of the base.

2. Design by p. 1, characterized in that the adjacent lateral surface having two opposite curvature plots located along the longitudinal axis of the base, offset along it one relative to the other by an amount exceeding the length of the base line of their cross-section, with the formation of the open semirings.

3. Design by p. 1, characterized in that the sections of the anchor element with the opposite of their curvature or curvature of the envelope Lin is or 3, characterized in that the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface from the center or centers of its curvature greater than the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface to the center or centers of its curvature.

5. Design for PP. 1 to 4, characterized in that it has two tabs, each of which is made in the form of a tooth located on the side of the support surface of the base at the side of his face and arcuate in plan sections of the anchor element are in the middle part thereof beyond the contour of the base with the formation of slots corresponding teeth of the other support structures.

6. Team design, mainly road, airfield or base containing installed on natural or pre-prepared base support structure located on their grounds from the supporting surface anchoring elements, which are arcuate in plan areas, characterized in that the arcuate sections of the anchoring element is formed in terms of polylines or arcs of constant or smoothly changing within one area of the curvature and is made in the transverse Sekou anchor element has a slope from the nearest ends of the base to the center or centers of its curvature, or to the center or centers of curvature of the envelope line of the plot, and the other from the centre or centres of curvature or curvature of the envelope line of site to nearest the ends of the base.

7. Design by p. 6, characterized in that the adjacent lateral surface having two opposite curvature plots located along the longitudinal axis of the base, offset along it one relative to the other by an amount exceeding the length of the base line of their cross-section, with the formation of the open semirings.

8. Design by p. 6, characterized in that the sections of the anchor element with the opposite of their curvature or curvature of the envelope lines are located along the longitudinal axis of the base and fluidly connected with each other.

9. Design for PP.6, 7 or 8, characterized in that the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface from the center or centers of its curvature greater than the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface to the center or centers of its curvature.

10. Design for PP.6 to 9, characterized in that it has two tabs, each of which is made in the form of a tooth located in the Edna part thereof beyond the contour of the base with the formation of slots corresponding teeth of the other support structures.

11. The method of construction of the modular design, mainly road, airfield or base, including the installation of a natural or pre-prepared base of support structures located on their grounds from the supporting surface anchoring elements, which are arcuate in plan sections, wherein the stack support structure with arched sections of the anchoring element is formed of a constant or smoothly changing within one area of the curvature and is made in a trapezoidal cross-section, and the side surface of one of a pair of spaced along the longitudinal axis of the base stations anchor element has a slope from the nearest ends of the base to the center or centers of its curvature or to the center or centers of curvature of the envelope line of the plot, and the other from the centre or centres of curvature or curvature of the envelope line of site to nearest the ends of the base.

12. The method according to p. 11, characterized in that the adjacent lateral surface having two opposite curvature plots located along the longitudinal axis of the base, offset along it one relative to the other by an amount exceeding the length of the base of trapeze is that the sections of the anchor element with the opposite of their curvature or curvature of the envelope lines are located along the longitudinal axis of the base and fluidly connected with each other.

14. The method according to PP.11, 12 or 13, characterized in that the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface from the center or centers of its curvature greater than the curvature of the plot or the curvature of the envelope line of the plot with the slope of the side surface to the center or centers of its curvature.

15. The method according to PP. 11 to 14, characterized in that the stack support structure having two prongs, each of which is made in the form of a tooth located on the side of the support surface of the base at the side of his face and arcuate in plan sections of the anchor element are in the middle part thereof beyond the contour of the base with the formation of slots corresponding teeth of the other support structures.

 

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FIELD: building units, particularly coverings made of prefabricated single members.

SUBSTANCE: floor covering member have main shape providing connection between the member and several main square members, more particularly angular floor covering member has extensions and grooves formed along perimeter thereof. All sides of main members as viewed from center of upper main member side have substantially equal profiles, which are symmetrical relative medium profile point. The profile includes three extensions and three grooves.

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21 cl, 10 dwg

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