The control mechanism of the clutch of the vehicle
(57) Abstract:Usage: in industry, in particular in vehicles. The inventive control mechanism coupling the vehicle contains the lever 1, the middle part of which enters a groove of a support 2 mounted on the crankcase 3. Sleeve 4 mounted on the rail 5, is connected with the lever 1 through the hinge 6. In the middle part of the lever 1 has a groove 7 in which the axis 8 has a bearing 9. The lever 1 outer bearing ring 9 rests on the surface 10 of the support 2, whose cross section in the plane of operation of the lever passing through the axis of rotation of the clutch 11, curve, concave part directed to the bearing of the lever 9. The surface 10 of the support 2 may have a cross section in the plane of operation of the lever arc, the chord of which is inclined to the axis of rotation of the clutch 11. The surface 10 of the support 2 may be performed on the liner. The curve in the cross section of the surface 10, the magnitude of the radius of the arc and the angle of the chord are selected from the condition of providing the necessary stroke and the desired position of the lever 1. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill. The invention relates to mechanical engineering and can be used in vehicles.Famous design is the end of the articulated with the sleeve installed on the rail, and relies on the support arm through the bearing for movement of the lever relative to the support.The disadvantage of this design is the lack of range of a possible increase in force on the bushing with a limited amount of force on the pedals when turning off the clutch.The purpose of the invention is to reduce the effort of managing traction while maintaining the General direction of the clutch pedal.This goal is achieved by the fact that the control mechanism coupling the vehicle includes a lever connected at one end with a pedal-parts of the actuator, the other end articulated with the sleeve installed on the rail, and relies on the support arm through the bearing for movement of the lever relative to the support. Work surface support arm has a cross section in the plane of operation of the lever passing through the axis of rotation of the clutch, a curve, concave part directed to the support bearing of the lever. The surface can be performed on the liner and having in cross-section in the plane of operation of the lever arc, the chord of which is inclined to the axis of rotation of the clutch.In Fig.1 shows the design of the control mechanism clutch W isThe control mechanism coupling the vehicle includes a lever 1, the middle part of which enters a groove of a support 2 mounted on the crankcase 3. Sleeve 4 mounted on the rail 5, is connected with the lever 1 through the hinge 6. In the middle part of the lever 1 has a groove 7 in which the axis 8 has a bearing 9. The lever 1 outer bearing ring 9 rests on the surface 10 of the support 2, whose cross section in the plane of operation of the lever passing through the axis of rotation of the clutch 11 is a curve, concave part directed to the bearing of the lever 9. The surface 10 of the support 2 may have a cross section in the plane of the operating lever arch 12, chord 13 which is inclined to the axis of rotation of the clutch 11. Surface 10 (Fig.3) support 2 may be performed on the liner 14. The curve in the cross section of the surface 10, the magnitude of the radius of the arc 12 and the angle of the chord 13 is selected from the conditions of providing the necessary stroke and the desired position of the lever 1.When the control grip end of the lever 1 through the hinges 6 and moves the sleeve 4 along the guide 5. The middle part of the lever 1 is moved in the groove of a support 2 mounted on the casing 3 and the outer ring of the bearing 9 is rolled over the surface 10 of the support groove 2.The control mechanism clutch posoiu pressure spring (without introduction in the design of the drive expensive pneumatic or power steering). 1. The CONTROL MECHANISM of the CLUTCH of the VEHICLE, containing a lever connected at one end with a pedal-parts of the actuator, the other end articulated with the sleeve installed on the rail, and relies on the support arm through the bearing for movement of the lever relative to the support, characterized in that, to reduce the management efforts clutch while maintaining the overall stroke of the clutch pedal, the working surface of a support arm in cross-section in the plane of the roller of the lever passing through the axis of rotation of the clutch, executed on a curve, concave part directed to the support bearing of the lever.2. The mechanism under item 1, characterized in that the working surface of the support arm in cross-section in the plane of operation of the lever is made in an arc, the chord of which is inclined to the axis of rotation of the clutch.3. The mechanism under item 1, characterized in that the working surface is made on the liner body support arm.
FIELD: transport engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed driving axle has shaft and two overrunning mechanisms. The latter are made of outer housing accommodating ratchet teeth, inner housing on outer surface of which ratchet teeth are made and intermediate housing rigidly secured on shaft on outer and inner surfaces of which opposite pawls are fitted in umber less by one or greater by one than number of corresponding teeth of outer and inner housings. Intermediate housing consists of two rigidly interconnected parts relatively turned relative to common axle through half of pawl arrangement pitch.
EFFECT: increased service life of driving axle.
FIELD: automotive industry.
SUBSTANCE: proposed cone clutch has driving and driven cones. Driving cone is fitted on intermediate shaft one end of which is connected by sliding splined joint with output shaft of engine with possibility of axial travel. Driven cone is connected with drive shaft of gearbox.
EFFECT: improved reliability of car clutch.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transmissions. The transmission with friction engagement incorporates an input part, an output part dropping out of engagement with the input part and one throw-out device. One unloaded output part is out of engagement with the input part and, by means of the said throw-out device, is moved into a friction engagement with the input device. The aforesaid throw-out device is made up of a drive cylinder and a driven cylinder communicating via a hydraulic line. The said hydraulic line accommodates a pressure release device designed to dissipate pressure between the aforesaid cylinders.
EFFECT: higher reliability and simpler design.
21 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: clutch control drive comprises a pedal linked up, by a rigid-braid cable, with the pneumatic control valve servo valve movable stem. The pneumatic control valve second end is yoke-jointed to the clutch disengagement lever arranged on the overrunning coupling inner race fitted free on the pin fitted aligned with the shaft and rigidly-thread-jointed thereon. The overrunning coupling is made up of an inner and outer races, rollers and pin. The overrunning coupling outer race is fitted on the shaft to be in contact with the inner surface via rollers. Note that the said outer surface accommodates a power lever. The gearbox accommodates pneumatic cylinder comprising a piston and con rod. A spring is arranged inside the said pneumatic cylinder between the piston and cylinder housing.
EFFECT: 3D-cabin vibration, ruling out pedal free travel.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of machine building, in particular to double-flow friction clutches of disc type. Double-flow friction clutch comprises body, pressure plate and two slave discs, and also mechanism for connection of clutch, which is functionally combined by pressure mechanism with two disc springs and carriers that are rigidly connected to pressure plate. Clutch body is arranged in the form of shell, inside of which there are three lugs installed at the angle of 120° relative to each other. There are two cylinders with pistons arranged in every lug. In every cylinder there is trapezoidal groove for sealing ring, which also performs function of piston return. On external surface of body there is crown that is engaged with according internal crown arranged on flywheel body. Outside, on body of friction clutch there is sealing device arranged in the form of shell, on internal side of which there are four collars with three stop rings that form together with clutch body two cavities, to which working fluid is supplied through hoses. Inside body, opposite to pistons, there are master blocks installed, a pair for every piston. There are slave discs installed between master blocks.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of power plant due to reduction of losses in process of switching without interruption of power flow.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, namely, to automatic clutches. Automatic clutch comprises casing coupled with flywheel and incorporating hydraulic cylinders, shoes with friction linings, two drive disks fitted on inner and outer primary shafts. Clutch casing with axial bore and three openings on lateral surface is attached to fly wheel working surface. Thrust ring is attached to casing inner surface. Driven disk made up of splined hub is fitted on gearbox primary shaft splines between working surfaces of flywheel and thrust ring. Disk whereto auxiliary disk and support disk are attached is arranged on hub front surface. Toroidal cavity chambers whereto support rings are attached are secured on periphery on its both sides. Working body is forced into toroidal camber cavities via control valve in response to control signal from microcontroller. Every support ring accommodates shoes that make elements for transmitting torque from flywheel and thrust ring to driven disk. Support ring surface has threaded bore to communicate toroidal chamber cavities with T-joint screwed therein. Valve is screwed onto one threaded bore of said T-joint while flexible high-pressure hose is screwed and another one.
EFFECT: simplified design.
4 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transmission for transport facility. Proposed vehicle comprises transmission assembly to couple propeller shaft with front or rear wheels. Transmission assembly comprises main housing, torque limiter with friction coupling and coupling assembly for braking on wet road. Torque limiter and both couplings are arranged inside main housing and aligned with propeller shaft. Besides, invention covers transmission assembly that combines torque limiter and brakes.
EFFECT: higher reliability.
20 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of electrical engineering and transport machine building and may be used in development of mechanisms, in which it is necessary to change torque and rotations of an output shaft of an electric motor. According to this invention, in an electric motor a differential gear is used as a converter of transmission ratio, and the gear comprises one input and two outputs, the input of which is connected to a rotor of the electric motor, one of outputs, to which a high torque is sent, is connected with an output shaft, and the second output is connected with the second rotor, which is inductively connected with the rotor of the electric motor, and in case of their mutual rotation, it generates electric energy, and force arising at the same time, by changing which, through variation of inductive connection between rotors, the speed up rate may be controlled, as well as output shaft rotation speed, partially blocking the gear, aims to reduce mutual relative opposite rotation of the electric motor rotor and the second rotor. The second rotor is also connected with a speed-up coupling, which is connected with the body by a response part, and preventing rotation of the second rotor to the side opposite to direction of the electric motor rotor rotation.
EFFECT: multiple increase of electric motor torque in case of speeding.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transmission of vehicle with independent mechanical drive and hydraulic drive. Vehicle drive comprises engine (1), mechanical main transmission line (2) and hydraulic extra line (3). Transmission extra hydraulic line (3) is provided with hydraulic circuit (11) with controlled hydrostatic pump (7) and hydromotors (9, 10) in wheels not driven by transmission main mechanical line. Pump (7) is arranged at engine (1) extra power takeoff shaft (8) and engaged therewith by uncoupling linkage (17).
EFFECT: higher efficiency of transmission.
10 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, and more specifically to transmission gearbox of vehicles with combined power plant. Vehicle with combined power plant transmission gearbox connective and transforming device comprises input shaft (1), differential (2) based on three link planetary gear, clutch (3), reduction gear (5), output shaft (7). Clutch (3) is constantly closed type clutch with electromagnetic drive (4). Planetary-type reduction gear (5) is equipped with speed synchronizer (6). Output shaft (7) is connected with reduction gear (5) planetary gear driven link. Differential (2) drive (9) is rigidly connected with input shaft (1). Sun gear (10), forming torque small flow, is connected to friction clutch (3) inner cage (11), and crown gear (12), forming torque larger flow is with friction clutch (3) outer cage (13), combining torque flows. Speed synchronizer (6) movable gear coupling (18) is in contact with shifting mechanism yoke (19), which is controlled with drive (8). Geared element (21) is fixed.
EFFECT: enabling expansion of functional capabilities.
6 cl, 2 dwg