Electric techniques not otherwise provided for (H05)

H   Electricity(224757)
H05            Electric techniques not otherwise provided for(16269)

Driver diagram of light-emitting diodes // 2628528
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: LED driver circuit comprises at least one (10) LED chain (12) connected in series and a power source for converting the AC mains voltage to an output voltage (Uout) applied to said at least one LED chain (10). The power supply includes a single-stage up converter (14, 16) configured to directly convert the AC mains voltage to an output voltage (Uout). The boost converter (16) is a multi-level converter having a key (S1-S4) And a capacitor (C1-C4), respectively associated with each level, the capacitors of different levels being connected in series, and the corresponding (10) LED chain (12) is connected in parallel to each of the capacitors. The converter includes an inductor and further comprises a controller (Q) configured to actuate the keys (S1-S4) in a critical intermittent mode, in which the current flowing through the inductor (L; L1-L4), can fall to zero only in the established period.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of the converter.9 cl 7 dwg

System of monitoring of special purpose computers safety // 2628458
FIELD: information technology.SUBSTANCE: system contains a management server, a database server, an administrator work place, radio frequency readers connected to the management server, and radio frequency identification emitters (RFID-tags) installed on the monitored components of computer, readers and tags contain unique electronic identifiers and are linked by a radio frequency channel for information exchange with the ability to monitor the status and location of monitored components. An active RFID-tag is generated on the critical monitored computer component, which generates information about the protected component and its location in this computer, and the monitored component is placed in a closed shielding RF signal housing that blocks the direct communication channel between the tag and the reader in normal closed state of the computer and opens the channel for transmitting information about an attempt to unauthorized access to the protected component at the opening of shielding housing.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of protecting the computer from unauthorized actions.3 cl, 1 dwg

ethods and devices for reading the light output and controlling the light output // 2628406
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: method of directing light to a photosensitive surface comprises the steps of: associating the first sensor of a photosensitive surface with at least one of a plurality of light-emitting diodes; associating a second sensor of said photosensitive surface with at least one of said plurality of light-shaping LEDs; tracking the light intensity of the first sensor for said first sensor and the light intensity of the second sensor for said second sensor; detecting the locked state of the first sensor in said first sensor when said light intensity of the first sensor is below a threshold level for the first sensor; forming a first light output from at least one of said light-shaping LEDs associated with said first sensor when said first sensor is located in the said locked state of the first sensor; detecting the locked state of the second sensor in the said second sensor, when said light intensity of the second sensor is below the threshold level for the second sensor; and forming a second light output from at least one of said light-shaping LEDs associated with said second sensor when said second sensor is located in the said locked state of the second sensor.EFFECT: simplification of lighting control.14 cl, 18 dwg

Device of invisible screw and attachment method // 2628189
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a drive part, a screw, a nut and a chip configured to receive the correct password through the product management interface and in response to the correct power-on password to drive the propeller against the nut to engage or disengage between the screw and the nut. The drive part is fixedly connected to one housing cover, and the part is connected to the screw. The nut is fixedly connected to the other housing cover and docked to the screw. The method includes the step of receiving the correct password chip via the product management interface, activating the drive part through the chip in response to the correct password and moving the screw through the drive part to engage or disengage the screw and nut with the connection or disconnection of the housing.EFFECT: ability to repeatedly collect or analyse an electronic product without replacing or scraping any part and preventing the disassembly of an electronic product, since the item is driven by a chip that can prevent disassembly by non-professionals, in order to improve safety.9 cl, 1 dwg
Cooling structure for components located in the internal space of electric boxes // 2628103
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: in the electrical cabinet (1) with the cooling unit (2), which has a first closed circulation circuit (3) of the coolant and a second closed circulation circuit (4) of the coolant hydraulically separated from it, the first closed cooling circuit (3) of refrigerating machine or a water cooling unit, and the second closed circulating coolant circuit (4) has an evaporation-condensation structure.EFFECT: creation of a control cabinet with a cooling device in which the cooling apparatus can be formed by simple technical means and even at low temperature differences between the set temperature of the electrical cabinet and the ambient temperature of the electrical cabinet can be operated passively, ie without the use of a chiller or a water cooling unit.9 cl, 8 dwg

Lamp device and method for lamp device operation // 2628102
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: according to one version, a lamp device (1) is provided which has a lighting module (3) and two pairs of external connecting pins (5aa, 5ab, 5ba, 5bb) to connect the lamp device to the lighting fixture supply voltage. The first clamp of the lighting module is connected to the pin of the first pair of pins by a switch which is closed in response to the voltage difference between the pins of the first pair and the pins of the second pair exceeding the corresponding threshold voltage.EFFECT: increased safety of use.15 cl, 6 dwg

Linear accelerator of electrons on standing wave and container/vehicle inspecting system // 2628101
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: linear accelerator of electrons (107) is described in a standing wave, as well as a two-channel fast-scanning container/vehicle inspecting system, a mobile container/vehicle inspecting system and a movable container/vehicle inspecting system. The linear accelerator (107) of electrons in a standing wave contains a modulator and a magnetron (17) for creating microwave radio-frequency bands; a set of accelerating tubes (13, 18) for accelerating electrons; a microwave transmission system for transmitting microwaves to a plurality of accelerating tubes (13, 18); a plurality of electron guns (22, 23) for emitting electron beams into a plurality of accelerating tubes (13, 18); a plurality of targets (19, 20) configured to collide with electrons from a plurality of accelerating tubes (13, 18) to form continuous X-ray spectra; a plurality of shielding devices (11) for shielding the continuous X-ray spectra created by the targets (19, 20); and a microwave distributor (21) disposed adjacent to the end of the microwave transmission system, wherein the microwave distributor (21) is characterized by the presence of inlets for microwaves, and a plurality of outlets for microwaves to redirect the microwaves in the transmission system of microwaves in the accelerator tube.EFFECT: increasing the effectiveness of inspection.16 cl, 18 dwg

Light-emitting device on white leds, excited by direct current like alternating current supply // 2628007
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: device on white LEDs, directly excited by direct current, contains n parallel branches consisting of series-connected LED module and DC unit connected to the output terminal of the rectifying circuit. At the same time, by setting the current value, the trip voltage and the turn-on voltage of the DC unit for each branch, periodic flickering caused by changes in the AC voltage can be avoided, and the additional use of LEDs with controlled luminescence duration also reduces the flickering of the LEDs because of the alternating current, due to luminescent afterglow of LEDs. In addition, since the current of each branch is maintained at a constant level, changes in the transition temperatures do not lead to a change in the current in a LED, but with an increase in the number of branches, the waveform of the excitation current approaches to a sinusoidal one.EFFECT: increase of power factor, reliability and efficiency of light-emitting device.10 cl, 5 dwg

Tilting plate and a device for deviation of charged particles // 2627732
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: deflecting plate (210) for deflecting charged particles is made in the form of a metal-coated printed circuit board, the deflecting plate (210) having a recess (300) formed in the metal coating.EFFECT: generation of an electric field with an improved spatial characteristic.16 cl, 6 dwg

Individually controlled matrix of the radiation elements // 2627729
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method is carried out by the consecutive connection of radiating elements (for example, laser-diode pixels). In such a pixelated pathogen components and difficulty in calculating per pixel are reduced by concatenating the widest possible number of radiating elements, feeding managed agent chain, shunting pixels that should be in the off position, the switch that is connected in parallel to the radiant element of the binary information stored locally on/off for each pixel, the establishment of buffer power for switches and control the transfer of information in the buffer storage, and switches.EFFECT: providing a method and apparatus for controlling the VCSEL matrix or a matrix of radiating elements of other types, through which a matrix with a high power density or high speed is provided.14 cl, 6 dwg

ethods and device for lighting with a personally applied lighting component // 2627029
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method is made by providing working illumination from at least one lighting device on the working area for the working area when the level of illumination near the working area is lower than the threshold value; monitoring each of a plurality of user segments for the presence of a person, wherein the user segments are adjacent to the work area and used to interact with the user area; and to provide face illumination from at least one lighting device on the work area only for user segments in which a person is present.EFFECT: ability to selectively apply face lighting and, optionally, selectively used work lights, for example in daylight-sensitive lighting systems and/or therapeutic lighting systems.15 cl, 8 dwg

obile x-ray machine // 2626888
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: X-ray machine includes a base for placing the control unit and the power source, a movable articulated arm that supports an X-ray applicator having an X-ray tube comprising an anode target and a cathode, and including a body having an exit window at one end thereof for emitting the x-ray beam of the anode target through the exit window for the object irradiation. The X-ray machine further includes a built-in dosimetry system configured to perform a real-time dosimetry, which is arranged in the X-ray tube outside the X-ray beam path emitted from the anode target and passing through the exit window, wherein the cathode is positioned laterally of the axis near the exit window. The method for dosimetric controlling the X-ray beam includes the stage, at which a parameter is measured referred to radiation, associated with the X-ray beam, by using the embedded dosimetry system, which is provided outside the X-ray beam path emitted from the anode target and passing through the exit window.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to deliver X-ray beam in a controlled manner.21 cl, 6 dwg
9-antracenates of lanthanides, showing luminescent properties, and organic leds on its basis // 2626824
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: described 9-antracenates of lanthanides formula M (ant)3, where M is lanthanum and lanthanides, besides promethium Pm and cerium Ce, which exhibit luminescent properties. The complexes of ytterbium, erbium and neodymium luminesce in the infrared spectrum range, the lutetium and terbium complexes in the blue spectrum area, and the gadolinium complex Gd - in the green spectrum area. The organic light-emitting diode is also described, which includes the thin film of the mentioned lanthanide anthracenate as the emission layer. The quantum yield of the ytterbium complex is 1.3%, which is the high value for the lanthanide complexes, emitting in the infrared range. The lifetime of the neodymium, erbium, and ytterbium complexes is 17, 13, and 52 microseconds, which is the rather large value for the complexes of these metals.EFFECT: expansion of the lanthanide complexes range with luminescence and high efficiency of electroluminescence due to the ion luminescence of lanthanides, as well as the expansion of the organic light-emitting diodes range.9 cl, 2 tbl, 20 ex

otor vehicle with protection against external electromagnetic radiation // 2626448
FIELD: automotive engineering.SUBSTANCE: motor vehicle includes a chassis, a body containing an engine and passenger compartments, on-board electrical equipment facilities located in the body, as well as a cooling system radiator and a power plant located in the engine compartment. The body and engine compartment are made of shielding material. The body and engine compartment are galvanically connected. The on-board electrical equipment facilities of the engine control are located in the engine compartment. The vehicle is equipped with a radar-absorbing coating applied to three mutually orthogonal parts of the inner surface of the engine compartment. The body is made with a vertical orientation of slots with respect to the plane of the horizon. Each of the slots is a rectangular waveguide. The vehicle is provided with bridges spaced along the perimeter of the slot. Each of the bridges is galvanically connected to the slot forming parts of the vehicle.EFFECT: protection from the electromagnetic field is increased.7 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of heating charge stock in a high-temperature furnace // 2626382
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: in the method for heating charge stock in a high-temperature furnace (1), in which, charge stock and center punch (2) made of petroleum coke and having a current lead are layer-by-layer charged in bath furnace, the bottom of which is made with chamfered corners, according to the invention, additional center punches made of petroleum coke and having current leads located at a distance from the first, are used. The distance from the center punches wall to the furnace wall is chosen to be a≥0.5 m. The center punches are located symmetrically with respect to the axis of bath, the total mass of center punches for a different number of center punches is chosen to be constant.EFFECT: increase in efficiency, expressed in increasing the mass yield of melting product, reducing the melting time, reducing the consumption of energy resources, reducing harmful emissions into the environment.7 cl, 8 dwg, 1 tbl

Electrical discharge generation method (alternative versions) // 2626010
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: first version in generating the electrical discharge, where the voltage supply among electrodes is included, and one of the electrodes is solid and the other is an electrolyte, a flow electrolyte is used in the function of the other electrode, and there is a radio-frequency voltage in the range of 1000 to 6000 V among the electrodes. The second version in generating the electrical discharge, where the voltage supply among electrodes is included, and one of the electrodes is solid and the other is an electrolyte, a non-current electrolyte is used in the function of the other electrode, and there is a radio-frequency voltage in the range of 1000 to 6000 V among the electrodes. In both versions, a metal electrode, or an alloy, a dielectric, a porous material electrode may be used as a solid electrode. The third version in generating the electrical discharge, where the voltage supply among electrodes is included, and one of the electrodes is an electrolyte, one of the electrodes represents an electrolyte jet and the other is a flow electrolyte, and there is a radio-frequency voltage in the range of 1000 to 6000 V among the electrodes. The fourth version in generating the electrical discharge, where the voltage supply among electrodes is included, and one of the electrodes is an electrolyte, electrolyte jets are used in the function of the electrodes. These jets form the angle 0≤α≤180°, and there is a radio-frequency voltage in the range of 1000 to 6000 V among the electrodes.EFFECT: increase in the electrical discharge combustion volume.6 cl, 8 dwg

ethod and system of building in integrating extension boards to facilitate wire separation // 2625915
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: method of interconnecting electronic equipment inside of an aircraft (200, 300) includes installing multidimensional integrating board (320, 400) inside the aircraft (200, 300). Thus, the integrating board (320, 400) includes connectors (380, 410) mounted thereupon and the contacts associated with the connectors (380, 410) are interconnected by means of electrical conductors formed in the integrating board (320, 400). Herein, the on-board cabling of an aircraft (340, 342, 344, 346) is attached to the first part of connectors (380, 410) on the integrating board (320, 400) and the electrical connectors of the electronic equipment are attached to the respective connectors (380, 410) on the integrating board.EFFECT: provision of higher density of the equipment packaging due to the physical transfer of the wiring couplers in the previously unused space, reduced weight, cost and additional costs of space related to switchboards, reduced labour costs associated with the formation of complex wire harnesses and installation of switchboards, increased system reliability by eliminating extra splices of wires, connectors and wiring segments associated with switchboards.18 cl, 5 dwg

High-voltage, high-frequency and high-power transformer // 2625909
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: high-frequency and high-power transformer has a core (1) on which the primary winding (2) is located, on which the secondary winding (4) is insulated. The entire assembly is placed and mounted in an insulator (3), which is made of two parts or halves (6) and (7), symmetrical with respect to the transverse vertical plane. Each part has a hollow tubular element (3.1) located inside the outer body (3.2) of each half of the insulator, forming in each part an annular space (3.3) contained between the outer wall of the tubular element (3.1) and the inner wall of the outer body (3.2), where the secondary or high-voltage winding is located. The insulator (3) has in its outer casing (3.2) a slot (5) made at zero voltage level and through which oil penetrates to the secondary winding.EFFECT: sizes reduction.4 cl, 4 dwg

Hf device and accelerator with hf device // 2625808
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a high-frequency (HF) device with a high-frequency resonator limited with outer wall and with an input device located on the outer wall with a HF generator and a screen. The HF device (100) comprises an HF resonant device (110) with an electrically conductive outer wall (111), the outer wall (111) has a slot (114) extending along its perimeter and an input device (130) with an HF generator (131) located on the outer side (113) of the HF resonant device (110) outer wall (111) in the region of the slot (114) for introducing the HF radiation of a certain frequency (fG) of the generator through the slot (114) to the inside of the HF resonant device (110) and screen (134) shielding the generator (131) outwardly and electrically overlapping the slot (114) on the outer side (113) of the outer wall (111). The screen (134) is formed as a high impedance for a resonator frequency (fG) of the generator.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of HF radiation input into the HF resonator.9 cl 8 dwg

Induction liquid heater // 2625719
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: induction heater contains a cylindrical body with inlet and outlet branch pipes, a ferrimagnetic body for an induction coil with an electrical winding of insulated wires, a ferrimagnetic cover of the induction coil body. The body is made of a square tube, the body walls of the induction coil have a different thickness. There is a separating plate, which creates a labyrinth form of the fluid motion.EFFECT: increasing the power of the heater.2 cl, 4 dwg

High-voltage electrostatic generator // 2625335
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: high voltage electrostatic generator comprises of a node of conductive concentric half shells (10) separated by an equatorial gap (14) with a cylindrical symmetry about the axis (A-A). Close to the equatorial gap (14) the edge regions (16) of, at least, a selected subset of the half shells (20) are made of a form, in which the edge regions of radially outer half shells (106, 116) of the subset are expanded radially away from the axis and the edge regions ( 16) of radially inner half shells (101, 111) of the subset are expanded radially inwardly so that the flared edge regions are actually parallel lines (18) of equal electrostatic potentials near these edge regions (16).EFFECT: reduced electrostatic voltage in the vicinity of the expanding edge area.13 cl, 10 dwg

Adaptation scheme for led connecting to ballast // 2625333
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: adaptation circuits (1) contain the conversion circuits (2) for converting voltage and current input signals, coming from the ballast circuit (8) into voltage and current output signals, intended for the light circuit. The conversion circuits (2) reduce the amplitudes of the voltage input signals up to the values below the predetermined values during the predetermined time intervals, after the electric power from the ballast circuits (8) is transferred to the conversion circuits (2). These time intervals are synchronized with the voltage input signals periods. Between the first discharge states for the power discharge and the second release states for the power release, the third states are introduced, such as holding states for power holding. These third states allow to the corresponding quantities, which test on itself the ballast circuits 8, to remain comparable to the situation, when gas-discharge lamps were powered.EFFECT: possibility to replace the gas-discharge lamps with the light circuits with light-emitting diodes, while keeping the ballast circuits, intended for connection to gas-discharge lamps.15 cl, 7 dwg

ethod and device for excitting the chain of leds // 2625332
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method and apparatus for driving a chain of LEDs from a first LED segment (11) and at least one additional LED segment (12, 13, 14) connected in series. Each LED segment has at least one light emitting diode (LED). A chain of light-emitting diodes is fed with the rectified voltage of a feeding network of an alternating current. The first LED segment (11) is powered when the rectified AC supply voltage is above the first voltage level, and the first LED segment and the additional LED segment are energized when the rectified AC supply voltage is higher than the second voltage level higher than the first voltage level. The first LED segment emits light having a first colour temperature and an additional LED segment emits light having a second colour temperature higher than the first colour temperature. The light emitted by the first LED segment and the light emitted by the additional LED segment overlap, with the first LED segment emitting red, orange, yellow or amber light, and the additional LED segment emits white light.EFFECT: automatic achievement of the visual effect of dimming with a warm colour as in an incandescent lamp, when the brightness of the light source decreases and the colour of the light becomes warm.7 cl, 9 dwg, 1 tbl

Recuperator of energy beam charged particles // 2625325
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: recuperator contains a charged particle collector (1), a circular scanning device (3), a collector of reflected charged particles (4) in the form of an axisymmetric system of the cone-shaped electrodes (7) with an axial hole located in the housing (8). The electrodes (7) and the body (8) are made of carbon nanoporous material coated with a layer of graphene nanotubes (15). The ionistor type capacitor (6) consists of a dielectric body (10) with a channel (11) for supplying a coolant, a charging electrode (12), the second electrostatic electrode (14) made of carbon nanoporous material coated with a layer of graphene nanotubes (15), and the dielectric membrane separating them (13), on which the layer of graphene nanotubes (15) is applied on both sides. The working cavities (16) and (17) are filled with a solid, nanomodified electrolyte on a lithium base. The body (8) of the reflected particle collector is mounted on the charging electrode (12) of an ionistor type capacitor, on the axis of which an insulated reflector electrode (18) is located. A wire (23) for supplying voltage is connected to the reflector electrode (18), and the wires (24) and (25) are designed to remove electrostatic electricity.EFFECT: possibility to achieve voltage on the capacitor electrodes up to 3-5 V and to provide a high capacity of electric charge, increasing the efficiency of energy recovery, reducing the heating of electrodes.2 dwg, 1 tbl
Electroluminescent flexible source of mini-neon light // 2624915
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: electroluminescent extended flexible light source (EEFLS) consists of the following: the central electrode made of copper wire; the layer of barium titanate; the electroluminophore in polymeric binders; the transparent conductive layer; at least two current-conducting electrodes; the polymeric layer and the outer polymeric layer. Wherein a carbon black layer is deposited on the central electrode, into which strong electron acceptors are introduced in the form of antimony fluoride (SbF5) and/or arsenic fluoride (SbF5). The diameter of the central electrode lies in the range of 0.4-0.7 mm.EFFECT: increasing the brightness, strength, electrical conductivity and service life of an electroluminescent extended flexible light source.2 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl

Neutron generator // 2624914
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: neutron generator comprises a conductive grounded housing filled with a high-voltage dielectric with a conductive container sealed therein sealed with a neutron tube having two acceleration gaps separated by an accelerating electrode whose target is electrically connected to the grounded housing and the ion source housing is disposed in the volume of the conductive container, an accelerating voltage source connected between the conductive grounded housing and the conductive container. Source accelerating voltage consists of two series-connected high-voltage sources, the output of the first of which is connected to the input of the second and is connected to the accelerating electrode via a high resistance resistor, and the output of the second coupled via a ballast resistor to the conductive container, parallel to the high-voltage resistor which connects the first source to the accelerating electrode, a diode connected in series to the cathode of the first high-voltage source and a damping resistor, while between the accelerating electrode and the conductive grounded case the condensor is placed, and between the conductive container and the housing of the ion source the current limiting resistor is located.EFFECT: increasing the reliability of the neutron generator.1 dwg
ethod of manufacturing titanium-tritium target of neutron tube // 2624913
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: in the claimed method, titanium is sputtered onto the metal substrate of the target and is saturated with tritium, the gas is supplied to the target and heat treatment of the target is performed therein, and the gaseous medium is removed from the target. In this case, the thermal treatment of the target is carried out in a heat treatment chamber at a temperature of 200-250°C for 1-2 hours, the pressure of the gaseous medium in the heat treatment chamber is determined from the condition that when the chamber is heated to the maximum it will be 80-90 kPa, as a gaseous medium dry air with a moisture content of not more than 13 mg/kg is used.EFFECT: increasing the thermal stability of the titanium-tritium target, increasing the life and reliability of the neutron tube.1 tbl

ethod for discharging electrostatic charge from polymeric bulk materials // 2624774
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: electrostatic charge is discharged by pouring a polymeric bulk material heated to 80-90°C with ceresin in a metal casing with grounding through condensors fixed to the casing walls, wherein one condenser outputs are connected to the grounded housing, others - to the grounding circuit. After reheating of ceresin for 1.5-2 hours at a temperature of 80-90°C, it is poured onto a nylon sieve with stirring of bulk material in order to prevent sticking. After the mentioned treatment, the bulk material of expanded polystyrene does not have an electrostatic charge, which allows it to be used in semiconductor devices and to exclude the fault occurrence during their operation.EFFECT: increased uniformity of discharging electrostatic charge from the entire volume of the bulk material, which is the technical result of the invention.1 dwg

Induction accelerator // 2624735
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: induction accelerator contains a vacuum chamber made as a section of an annular tube with a source of charged particles and a target placed in it, as well as a system that creates an alternating magnetic field and ensures the fulfillment of the betatron condition. The system is made in the form of conductive cylinders of a parabolic shape. Current-carrying cylinders can be multilayered - recruited from thin conductive tapes, separated from each other by layers of insulator.EFFECT: increase in the energy of acceleration of charged particles with simultaneous increase in the technological design of the device structure by optimizing the system creating an alternating magnetic field.3 cl, 2 dwg

Continuous contact x-ray source // 2624733
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: X-ray device uses the material tape for electric charge exchange by the tribocharging mechanism within the chamber maintained at the low fluid pressure. This charge is used to generate X-rays within the housing, which can pass through the housing window. Different contact pins can be used as a member for the tribocharging process.EFFECT: simplifying the generation of X-rays.29 cl, 16 dwg

Printed circuit boards with reserve circuits arrangement method // 2624637
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: in the PCB layout method, which includes the mutual arrangement of the redundant and standby cards, the layout and tracing of the redundant and standby boards, the reference conductor is made as separate layers on the redundant and standby cards. Reserved and reserve boards glued layer dielectric with relative dielectric permeability greater than dielectric substrates and reserved. The route that correspond to each other redundant and backup chains are parallel to and below each other in glue layer of dielectric, reserved and reserve electronic components are placed on bonded parties reserved and backup gluing layer PCB dielectric. In case of failure of the reserved circuit, the same technical result will be achieved in the backup circuit.EFFECT: reduction of reserve circuit sensitivity to external conductive emissions and reduction of the conducted emissions level from the reserved circuit.4 dwg

Electronic control unit and protective cover // 2624462
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: electronic control unit includes a plate-shaped control panel (2), a column-shaped power supply unit (3), a fixing frame (13) including a connecting and fixing part (15) to which the control panel (2) and the power supply unit (3) are fixed, and a housing (11) that includes the opening portion (11a) and the rear side retaining portion (11b) to insert the control panel (2) and the power supply unit (3). The connecting and fixing part (15) is inserted into the opening portion (11a) to which the fixing frame (13) is attached. The retaining portion (11b) of the rear side holds the connecting and fixing part (15) on the inner rear side of the housing (11) opposite the opening portion (11a). The rear side retaining portion (11b) includes a protruding portion (11c) protruding toward the opening portion (11a) at a position away from the bottom surface of the housing (11) on the inner rear side of the housing (11). The connecting and fixing part (15) includes an output part (23) in the direction of the connecting and fixing part (15) insertion into the housing (11). The output part (23) has a curved shape that is urged from its upper side by the lower surface of the protruding portion (11c), and which is urged from its lower side by the lower surface of the housing (11) on the inner rear side of the housing (11).EFFECT: protection against damage of the electronic control unit.6 cl, 28 dwg

ethod and device for packing beam of charged particles // 2624450
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: in method for packing a beam of charged particles, the particles pass through the electric field in the device. The device comprises an annular electrode disposed in the direction of the beam between the first outer electrode and the second outer electrode. A time-dependent voltage signal is applied to the central electrode, the time characteristic of which is selected in such a way that the particles inside the device undergo the position-dependent speed variation, the speed variation characteristic being approximately sawtooth in the direction of the beam.EFFECT: improving the packing quality.8 cl, 9 dwg

Led lighting device and control method of led lighting device // 2624429
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: lighting device (100) contains at least one LED lighting device (105, 105', 105"), containing the LED controller, which is configured to collect and transmit the required power LED consumption by the lighting device (105, 105', 105") at least two units (101, 111) of the power supply, each of them is connected and designed to supply the power to the LED lighting device (105, 105', 105"), and a group controller (106), which is adapted to collect each unit characteristics (101, 111) of the power supply and the characteristics of at least one LED lighting device (105, 105', 105"), at that the group controller (106) is further configured to activate and/or deactivate at least one of the at least two units (101, 111) of the power supply in accordance with the required power LED consumption by the lighting device (100) and blocks characteristics (101, 111) of the power supply, which are adapted to the required power consumption in the best way.EFFECT: efficient use of available power supply units through the use of the group controller, which is able to activate or deactivate the power supply units depending on the required power consumption of the lighting device.15 cl, 1 dwg

Processing unit // 2624423
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: process plant contains the basis and designed to accommodate the working bodies of the processing node, mounted on a precision displacement mechanism platform carrier ensuring relocation processing node relative grounds in two coordinates. Base includes means for fastening workpieces-plate foil-clad dielectrics, covered with a layer of photoresist. The base also bears the shop working bodies, designed to hold in position the laser and drill heads. Node handle is equipped with a clamping device and expeditious means of fixing a clamping device in any of the working bodies.EFFECT: development of technological installations, providing possibility of rapid prototyping of printed circuit boards using blanks from foil-clad dielectrics.4 cl, 5 dwg

Heat diverter // 2624422
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: invention is designed to divert heat from heat-loaded elements of electronic radio equipment in sealed and leaky compartments on board aircraft operating under severe climatic conditions and under the influence of vibration and shock loads. The heat diverter includes a body 1, inside which there is a heat conductor 2, on which a printed circuit board 3 with electronic components is rigidly fixed. In the body 1, a groove with a wedge bevel is formed, into which a heat diverter 2 and a bar 4 of heat-conducting material with a reciprocating wedge bevel are installed, with the possibility of moving the fixing elements along the wedge-shaped groove bevel against the stop into the groove wall, made at right angles.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of diverting heat from the printed circuit board and ensuring the necessary rigidity of the heat diverter attachment in the conditions of vibration and shock loads.2 dwg

Improved lighting network for mobile cellular users service and its operation method // 2624251
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: method for controlling the lighting network, having a plurality of lighting units, wherein the lighting operator can control the method by receiving information, related to the service availability for each of the light units; displaying information, related to the service availability for each of the light units in order to generate the information map on the availability of service, including the information about the attributes of each of the light units; determining one or more service policies, maintenance schedules, and operational parameters for each of the plurality of light units for service time and / or to provide cellular communication services to one or more cellular stations in the service area of the light units in accordance with one or more defined service policies, maintenance schedules and operational parameters for the maintenance time period.EFFECT: reduced energy consumption and increased throughput of cellular communication.15 cl, 6 dwg, 2 tbl

odernized leds (light-emitting diodes) exciter circuit and method of its operation // 2624250
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: LED exciter circuit (3) comprises at least an input section (6) to receive operating voltage from the power supply (2), an output section (8) to connect to at least one LED unit (5), a power converter (7) connected to the said input section (6) and the said output section (8) and configured to provide a lamp current (50) in the output section (8) while operating in at least first and second operating states. In order to provide an operationally flexible circuit (3) capable of operating with a plurality of different power supplies and in different load modes, in the first operating state, the power converter (7) is configured to switch between the high current generation mode (40) in which the power converter (7) is configured to select current pulses from the said power supply (2) to provide the first average input current (33a) and an off state (42) in which no current is selected from the said power supply (2). In the second operating state, the power converter (7) is at least configured to operate in a low current generation mode (41), wherein the power converter (7) is configured to select current from the power supply (2) to provide the second average input current (33b), which is lower than the first average input current (33a).EFFECT: increased efficiency in a variety of operation modes.14 cl, 8 dwg

Integrated air movement unit on the building basis for the server farm cooling system // 2623722
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: proposed systems, describing the integrated unit of air movement for efficient cooling of data centers. At that the hot aisles sealing is carried out inside the chamber and this allows one or more cooling fans, mounted inside the unit rack, to discharge the cold air for cooling the mounted units in the rack, installed in the racks, and to release the heated air into the chamber. Wherein the control system is used for selective application of the natural cold air for cooling the servers. When the outside air is not suitable for cooling purposes, the control system recirculates the heated air from the hot aisle chambers and one or more evaporative coolers are used to cool the heated air.EFFECT: increased efficiency of cooling servers.8 cl, 9 dwg
Device for turning the electron beam for electron beam technologies // 2623578
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device consists of a dipole magnet in which the magnetic field is created by permanent magnets and directed so that the beam describes the loop path and one or more magnetic quadrupoles that are located in front of the dipole magnet and serve to compensate for the difference in the focusing properties of the dipole magnet in different planes. Shielding of the electron gun from the workpiece is carried out by the walls of the vacuum chamber or the installation of protective screens.EFFECT: ability to rotate the electron beam to a large angle without significant deterioration in quality, which allows you to remove the direct visibility between the cathode of the electron beam and the workpiece and protect the cathode and high-voltage region of the electron gun from vapours and small droplets of metal from the workpiece.1 dwg

Led lighting system // 2623497
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: power supply circuit, which is designed to supply the LED current, is equipped with input terminals (K1 and K2), which are intended for connection to a supply voltage source and output terminals (K3 and K4), a modulation scheme (MS, DC2), connected between the output terminals, which is designed to alternately maintain the voltage between the output terminals at a high level during the first time interval and at a low level during the second time interval, a current sensor (R1, R2, S1), which is designed to read current flowing through the output terminals during the second time interval, a defining circuit (DC1, DC2), connected between the input terminals and the output terminals, and connected to a current sensor which is designed to generate LED current from the supply voltage supplied by the power source, where the LED current is equivalent to the current read by the current sensor multiplied by a predetermined constant factor, and is also intended to supply LED current to the output contacts during each first time interval. The LED lighting system further comprises a LED module including LED module input terminals (K5, K6), which are intended for connection to the output terminals of the power supply circuit, LED element load (LS) connected between the input terminals of the LED module with direct voltage exceeding the voltage between the output terminals of the power supply circuit during each second time interval, and a current source (CS), connected between the LED module input terminals, which is designed, in the case of LED module input contacts connection to the power supply source output contacts to generate sensor current during each second time interval, to flow through the current sensor, which is equivalent to the required LED current divided by the predetermined constant factor.EFFECT: simplified circuit and reduced number of wiring connections in the LED lighting system.5 cl, 4 dwg

Protocols for data transmission by coded light // 2623496
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: each lighting device transmits modulated light during lighting. When the first source lighting device needs to transmit information to the target lighting device via the lighting system, one or more intermediate lighting devices decode the received light-coded transmissions from the first source lighting device. One or more intermediate lighting devices combine light-coded transmissions from the first source lighting device with light-coded transmissions from the second source lighting device in a broadcasting system. The first source lighting device uses the received broadcast signal from one or more intermediate lighting devices to extract light-coded transmissions from the second source lighting device, eliminating the stored a priori known signal components.EFFECT: increased network capacity of the modulated lighting system.12 cl, 11 dwg

Operation provision method of the data processing center, while effective cooling facility is available // 2623495
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: data processing center contains the open pillars with the passive heat exchangers. The mentioned heat exchange facilities are the pillars element or the element attached to the pillars, which are configured so, that the largest part of the heated air, in the best version all heated air of IT equipment, installed inside the pillar, is cooled back to the specified room temperature. The data processing center, operating in accordance with the present invention, has the energy efficiency (EIE) of at the most 1.3, preferably at the most 1.2, more preferably at the most 1.15, especially at the most 1.1.EFFECT: electricity and costs demand optimisation, provision of more dense pillars arrangement to minimize the network cables required length and increase of the system communication capacity.15 cl, 1 dwg

ultipositional device for switching current source // 2623494
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a multi-position device for switching a current source including a switching control unit, N current circuits, and N loads. Each current circuit is formed by a constant current source circuit and a switching circuit. One terminal of the first load is connected to the load power source, and the other terminal of the first load is connected to the output terminal of the circuit of the constant current source of the first current circuit and one terminal of the second load; one terminal of the i-th load is connected to the other (i-1)-th load terminal and the output terminal of the circuit of the constant current source of the i-th current circuit; and the switching control unit controls the output current of the corresponding constant current source circuit through an appropriate switching circuit. When the circuits are switched, the output voltage of the current switching circuit to be switched off is reduced to zero according to a predetermined voltage variation value, and the output voltage of the current switching circuit to be turned on is increased to the highest operating voltage according to a predetermined voltage variation value, so that the current on the load does not exceed the preset current and is not zero during the switching. N is an integer not less than 2, and i is equal to 2, 3, 4, …, N. Each switching circuit includes a counter configured to perform subtractive counting according to a clock signal from the switching control unit when a high level control signal of the switching control unit is received, to perform summing counting according to a clock signal from the switching control unit when a control signal of the low level of the switching control unit is received, and to output a counting signal.EFFECT: improving the reliability of the switching device.11 cl, 6 dwg

Device and methods of lighting configuration using proximity sensors // 2623491
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: determining of a distance values plurality obtained from a distance sensors plurality, analyzing of a plurality of assignments of a distance sensors plurality, installation of one or more output light characteristics of a LED plurality depending on the distance from the distance sensors and the ambient light level.EFFECT: lighting configuration setting.5 cl, 8 dwg

Graphite electrode // 2623446
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the graphite electrode comprising the housing (12) having the axial direction and the radial direction, the housing having the outer cylindrical surface (14) and two ends, one or more ribs (30) circumferentially along said outer housing surface, the sheet (26) of compressed particles of exfoliated graphite on said outer surface. The portion of said graphite sheet is located between said ribs, and wherein said portion has the density of less than 0.5 g/cm3.EFFECT: graphite electrode exhibits resistance to oxidation as a result of modification of the external characteristics of the cylindrical surface.14 cl, 12 dwg

ethod of automatic diagnostics of loads in electrical power supply network // 2623108
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: method of automatic diagnostics of loads in an electrical power supply network is that at the beginning of a line a load control center is located. It at least consists of a microprocessor unit, a command transmitter and a sensor of the current consumed by the line. The control commands are transmitted via the communication channel by the command transmitter and received by the command receivers. Each receiver has one unique and several group addresses, receives and executes commands directed to one of its addresses. In this case, the loads are connected to the power supply line via a controllable power selection switch. The list of possible command codes, in addition to the commands of load connection and disconnection to the power supply line, includes commands of switching the power consumed by the load, to detect faulty loads. First, the commands of switching all the loads to one power mode are transmitted, then the current consumed by the line is measured. Further, a command of switching to another power mode is addressed to the next load and the current consumed by the line is measured. If the current in the line does not change by a predetermined value, the load is considered faulty, then the process is repeated for the next load until all the loads are checked.EFFECT: provision of automatic localization of faulty lights without their switching-off and reduction of diagnostics time.1 dwg

Heating cable and method for manufacturing it // 2623107
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: shell is removed from the three phase conductors (11, 12 and 13), respectively, in the sections (11a, 12a, and 13a). These sections must be arranged and fixed on one side and connected electrically to each other on the other side inside the box (14) having, for example, the central (15) cavity of rectangular cross-section, the depth of which should be at least equal to the length of the bare sections (11a, 12a and 13a), and the length of which should preferably be greater than the cross-section of these sections of the phase conductors without the shell. They are fixed in the central cavity (15) with an electrically conductive binder material (16), for example with tin solder, in order to ensure the fixation and electrical connection between them.EFFECT: increasing the connection reliability.14 cl, 3 dwg

odified led lamp with bypass capacitors, parallel rectifying diodes for using with ballast // 2623093
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: lamp includes the LED load (LS), containing a series connection of the LEDs, the first circuit of the lamp end, containing the first lamp contact (LP1) and the second lamp contact (LP2) for connecting to the first terminal of the lamp contact, including in the high frequency ballast of the fluorescent lamp, the first rectifier (D1-D4; D1, D2), equipped with at least one input terminal, connected to the second lamp contact and also to the first and the second output terminals connected to respective ends of the light-emitting diode loading, wherein the first rectifier consists of at least two diodes, one of which is bypassed by the first capacitor (C1), the second circuit of the lamp end, containing the third lamp contact (LP3) and the fourth lamp contact (LP4) for connecting to the second terminal of lamp contact, including in the high frequency ballast content of the fluorescent lamp, the second rectifier (D5-D8, D5, D6), equipped with at least one input terminal, connected to the fourth lamp contact, as well as with the first and the second output terminals, connected to the corresponding ends of the light-emitting diode loading, wherein the second rectifier contains at least two diodes, one of which is bypassed by the second capacitor (C2), wherein the first capacitor and the second capacitor form a serial connection, connected between the second lamp contact and the fourth lamp contact.EFFECT: ability to provide the LED replacing lamp, having a relatively small number of components which can be directly connected to the lamp contact terminals of the fluorescent lamp ballast, preferably to the high frequency ballast of the fluorescent lamp, in order to replace the fluorescent lamp, and consume less power than the fluorescent lamp, for which the high frequency ballast of the fluorescent lamp was designed.9 cl, 4 dwg

Device and method for dimming control // 2623089
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: dimming control device in accordance can control the on/off switching of the lamp, depending on whether the touch pad of power control is touched, and control brightness of lamp, depending on whether the dimming pads are touched.EFFECT: simplification of brightness control.10 cl, 4 dwg
 
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