Basic electronic circuitry (H03)

H   Electricity(226540)
H03            Basic electronic circuitry(47676)
Automated equalizer of output signal levels of optical amplifiers of multichannel systems // 2642814
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: essence of the proposed invention is to use the branch devices based on micro resonators in the signal fibre, after the chain amplifier, coupled with the micro actuators controlled by the electronic circuits that use the signals of the photodetectors-sensors of the power level distribution in the signal fibre to produce commands controlling the position of the micro actuators, with the purpose of automatic adjustment of the power levels across the operating range of the equalizer by changing the connection of the micro resonators with a signal fibre.EFFECT: possibility of constructing a universal equalizer, operable without the individual configuration with any type of the optical amplifier, the automatic alignment operations of the power levels passing through the signal fibre, in the framework of the project working range of the transmitted signals and providing the technological capabilities of the integrated implementation of the device design, with a small amount of the power consumption and the possibility of the remote control of the linear signal uniformity at the amplifier output when embedded in the telemechanic system algorithm.4 cl, 2 dwg

Interference suppressor // 2642808
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention is designed to isolate signals of moving targets against the background of passive interference during the group rearrangement of the carrier frequency of the probing pulses. Interference suppressor includes the first and the second delay units, a weighting coefficient unit, the first and the second complex multipliers, a weight block, a complex adder, a complex conjugation unit, a switching unit, an accuracy unit, a wiring unit and a two-channel switch interconnected in a certain way and carrying out a coherent processing of the original samples. The signal from the moving target and passive interference, significantly exceeding the useful signal in the quadrature phase detectors, is transferred to the video frequency and converted in such a way that the interference residues are compensated.EFFECT: increasing the signal extraction efficiency of moving targets.11 dwg

Radial-distributed pulse summator // 2642805
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: summator has two coaxial joint metal disc of the same diameter, in the adjacent base of the first of which there are concentric grooves with ferromagnetic cores placed in them, in the summator, it is possible to transmit intermediate pulses within the summator by combining these lines with the input coaxial lines to form matched voltage and current summers, the output of the distributed pulse summator is formed by an agreed strip-coaxial transition combined with a multi-arm current summator. At the output of the distributed summator, a pulse with a voltage increase coefficient equal to the number of edges with coaxial lines installed in them is formed, and the current increase factor is equal to the number of coaxial lines installed in one edge.EFFECT: flat receipt device in disc form powerful high-voltage impulses of identical pulses with partial preservation of their shape, the height of the device can be two orders of magnitude less than its diameter, that can represent a significant interest when linking a number of systems.3 dwg
Well telemetric system with voice coil type drive // 2642703
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: pulse telemetric system is proposed for transmitting digital data from a borehole to a surface block, comprising: a drill pipe disposed in a borehole comprising an upstream end and at least a portion of a drilling fluid; one or more borehole sensors; a processing unit connected to one or more borehole sensors; a valve connected in fluid with the drilling mud to control the pressure in the drill pipe near the front during the end of conditioning the pressure oscillations in the drilling mud to transmit data through the drilling mud. The valve comprises a voice coil type drive to form pressure drops in the drilling fluid. In this case, the processing unit comprises a speed sensor configured to measure the speed of the voice coil type drive, and wherein the processing unit is arranged to control the position of the voice coil type drive based on the measured speed.EFFECT: providing higher data transfer performance, extending the lifetime of the telemetric system elements.17 cl, 7 dwg

Interference reject filter // 2642418
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: interference reject filter contains the first and the second delay blocks, a weight unit, the first and the second complex multipliers, a weight block, a complex adder, a complex conjugation unit, a switching unit, an accuracy unit, a switching unit, a two-channel switch, and a synchronizer interconnected in a certain way and performing coherent processing of the original samples. At the same time, optimal coordinated processing leads to an increase in the accuracy of interference compensation and the allocation of signals of the moving targets during the tuning of the carrier frequency against a background of passive interference with an apriori unknown Doppler velocity.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of signal extraction of the moving targets.11 dwg

Voltage logical level converter // 2642416
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: converter circuit comprises: six P-Type field transistors (1-6) and four N-type field transistors (7-10), the inputs of direct IN and inverse input signals, a power supply terminal of high-voltage level VDD, a high-voltage level supply terminal (GND) and an OUT output.EFFECT: high reliability and smaller weight and dimensions.1 dwg

Ternary multiplification device // 2642408
FIELD: computer engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to digital computing devices, in particular to non-binary circuitry, and is intended to create a triple multiplier. Device contains typical nodes: ternary shift registers, ternary adder, ternary D-flip-flops and ternary bit-multipliers.EFFECT: technical result is wider range of products.1 cl, 3 dwg, 3 tbl

Device for generating control voltages for a voltage-controlled oscillator // 2642405
FIELD: electronic equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to integrated electronic equipment and can be used in the units of frequency grid synthesizers, namely when implementing a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO). Device for generating control voltage for controlling the frequency of the output signal of the VCO contains an element that corrects, depending on changes in the supply voltage, the value of the current used in generating the control voltages. Correcting element is connected in series with the main current-generating element, which provides a near-constant value of the relative current variation over a wide range.EFFECT: technical result consists in increasing the stability of the frequency of the output signal of the VCO to the effect of interference in the supply voltage circuits.1 cl, 11 dwg

Digital device for forming sequences of control signals with sequential transfer of information // 2642395
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device contains sequentially connected units that receive the same sequence of internal states when the clock signals are applied. The transition to the next state is carried out under the action of an active level at their appropriate inputs, and next states correspond to certain outputs; after a signal at another inputs of the subsequent block, which are the outputs of the previous block corresponding to its certain states, switching the block into another inner state "J" in this cycle of the previous block, the next signal, switching the subsequent block in the next inner state (J+1) in the next cycle of the previous block is the signal of the previous block corresponding to the other inner state, preceding in cycle of the previous block signal, switching the subsequent block in the state "J"; in this case, the outputs are referred to the previous block and the inputs of the mentioned subsequent block are the outputs of flip-flops of the previous block, defining its inner state.EFFECT: improving the performance of a digital device.5 dwg, 3 tbl

Digital functional converter // 2642381
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: digital functional converter contains four adders, two shear registers, an analysis block, a storage block of constants, a control unit, four inputs and four outputs, wherein the shear registers are linked to the adders-readers, the outputs of which are connected with the analysis block and its outputs - with the control block and all adders-readers.EFFECT: expansion of the arsenal of tools to calculate functional dependencies.1 dwg

Audio signal processing method, signal processing unit, stereophonic render, audio coder and audio decoder // 2642376
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: in this audio signal processing method, according to the room impulse response, the audio signal is processed using an early portion of the room impulse response separately from the late room reverberation of the room impulse response, wherein the late reverberation processing comprises forming a scaled reverberant signal, wherein the scaling depends on the audio signal. The processed early portion of the audio signal and the scaled reverberant signal are combined.EFFECT: identity of the late reverberation of the room impulse response to the result of convolution of an audio signal with a full impulse response.19 cl, 10 dwg, 2 tbl

Current comparator with hysteresis // 2642339
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: comparator comprises a current mirror 2 matched to the power supply bus, input transistors, a current-stabilizing bipole 11 connected to the second 9 power supply bus and connected to the emitter of the second 12 additional transistor. The base of the second 12 additional transistor is connected to the source of the bias voltage 7, and its collector is connected to the current output 8 of the device.EFFECT: providing comparison of two input current signals with hysteresis by input and the possibility of regulation.4 cl, 10 dwg

Noninverting ac amplifier // 2642338
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: amplifier comprises the input current signal source, connected to the emitter of the first output transistor, the first current stabilizing two-terminal network, the first and the second output transistors, the first power source bus, the bias voltage source, the second current-stabilizing two-terminal network, the load two-terminal network, connected between the current output of the device and the second power source bus. The additional transistor is inserted into the circuit, the base of which is connected to the emitter of the first output transistor, the collector is connected to the second power supply bus, the emitter is connected to the first power supply bus through the third current-stabilizing two-terminal network, and through the additional capacitor it is connected to the emitter of the second output transistor, at that the first and the second output transistors bases are connected to each other.EFFECT: increase of the current amplification factor to the level, that exceeds the single value.4 dwg

Bipolar-field operating amplifier // 2642337
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: bipolar-field operating amplifier contains an input differential stage (1), a power supply bus, a field effect transistor, a static mode stabilizing circuit (17) connected to the power supply bus, an output bipolar transistor. .EFFECT: extending the change range of the negative output voltage of the operating amplifier to the level close to the voltage on the second power supply bus and increasing the attenuation factor of the input common-mode signals of the operating amplifier.6 dwg

Two-channel analogue-to-digital converter // 2642133
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: proposed two-channel analogue-to-digital converter contains a key, a single-channel analogue-to-digital converter, a multiplexer with two registers on its outputs, and a shaper of the switching pulses whose output is connected to the control input of the key and multiplexer. The inputs of this two-channel analogue-to-digital converter are the inputs of the key channels, its outputs are the outputs of the registers, the output of the single-channel analogue-to-digital converter is connected to the input of the multiplexer. A short pulse shaper and an additional key, switched between the output of the first key and the input of a single-channel analogue-to-digital converter, are inputted to said converter. The second input of additional key is shorted and control input of this additional key is connected to the output of switching short pulse shaper, the input of which is connected to the output of the switching pulse shaper.EFFECT: invention solves the problem of reducing the error.2 cl, 2 dwg

Protection circuit for semiconductor switching element and power conversion device // 2641479
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: in the protection circuit for each of many semiconductor switching elements 50, connected in series, between the collector and emitter of semiconductor switching element 50 a serial chain composed of avalanche elements D1~D5, the resistor R4 and avalanche element D6, is connected. The capacitor C1 and the resistor R1 are connected in parallel between both terminals of the avalanche element D4, and the capacitor C2 and the resistor R2 are connected in parallel between both terminals of the avalanche element D5. Between the common connection point of the resistor R4 and avalanche element D6 and gate of semiconductor switching element 50 a sequential circuit is connected, consisting of a resistor R5, a branch circuit consisting of a capacitor C3 and resistor R6, and serial component including Zener diodes ZD1 and ZD2, connected in reverse polarity relative to each other.EFFECT: reducing the risk of failure of the semiconductor switching element due to a breakdown caused by overvoltage.5 cl, 7 dwg

ethod and device for processing signals // 2641466
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method includes: determining the total number of bits to be allocated corresponding to the sub-bands of the current frame; allocating the primary bits for the subbands according to the total number of bits; determining the number of primary information units for each subband that is allocated to the primary bits to obtain the total number of redundant bits of the current frame and the number of information units corresponding to each subband; selecting a subband for extracting secondary bits from the subbands according to a secondary bit allocation parameter comprising one of the total number of redundant bits or a subband characteristic for each subband; allocating secondary bits for the subbands to extract the redundant bits and obtaining the number of secondary bits for each subband; and determining the number of secondary information units for each subband in order to retrieve the number of information units corresponding to each subband from the subbands to extract the secondary bits.EFFECT: improving the quality of encoding and decoding audio signals and eliminating the bit loss.20 cl, 14 dwg

Decorrelator structure for parametric recovery of sound signals // 2641463
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: coding system encodes multiple audio signals (X) as a downmix signal (Y) together with the coefficients (P, C) of the controlled and forward up-mix. In the decoding system, the pre-multiplying unit calculates the intermediate signal (W) by linear mapping the downmix signal in accordance with the first set of coefficients (Q); the decorrelating section outputs the decorrelated signal (Z) based on the intermediate signal; the controllable up-mixer section calculates a controlled up-mix signal; the forward-up-mixing section calculates the up-mix signal; the summation section provides a multidimensional reconstructed signal ( ) by summing the signals of the controlled and forward up-mix; and the converter calculates the first set of coefficients based on the coefficients of the controlled and forward up mix and feeding it to the pre-multiply block.EFFECT: improving the accuracy of the audio signal recovery.18 cl, 4 dwg

Logic converter // 2641454
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: logic converter contains eight majority elements, each with three inputs. The output of the i-th and the first inputs of the third, fifth, and sixth majority elements are respectively connected to the second input of the (i+1)-th majority element and the first tuning input of the logic converter, characterized in the fact that the ninth majority element is introduced into it, the output of j-th and the output of the m-th majority elements are respectively connected to the second input (j+1)-th and third input (3Śm+2)-th majority elements, and the second, third inputs and the output of the ninth majority element are respectively connected to the outputs of the fifth, eighth majority elements and the output of the logic converter, the second and the first tuning inputs of which are respectively connected to the first input of the ninth and the first inputs of the fourth, seventh, eighth majority elements.EFFECT: extended range of technical means for implementing simple symmetric Boolean functions.1 dwg

Broadband differential operating amplifier // 2641445
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: amplifier comprises: the first input differential stage with the first and the second current outputs, the common emitter circuit of which is connected to the first power supply bus, the first auxiliary transistor, the emitter of which is connected to the first current output of the input differential stage, the base is connected to an auxiliary bias voltage source, and the collector is connected to the emitter of the first output transistor and is connected to the second power supply bust hrough the first current-stabilizing two-terminal network, the second auxiliary transistor, the emitter of which is connected to the second current output of the input differential stage, the base is connected to the auxiliary bias voltage source, and the collector is connected to the emitter of the second output transistor and is connected to the second power source bus through the second current-stabilizing two-terminal network, a load circuit, the first output device associated with the first input of the load circuit and the collector of the first output transistor, the second output device associated with the second input of the load circuit and the collector of the second output transistor, and the base of the first output transistor is connected to the emitter of the first auxiliary transistor, the base of the second output transistor is connected to the emitter of the second auxiliary transistor.EFFECT: increasing the upper limiting frequency of the voltage gain without increasing the current consumption.7 dwg

Receiver of navdat system // 2641242
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: GLONASS/GPS antenna, in addition to the short-wave narrowband dual-band antenna, is provided in the receiver. The proposed receiver provides the possibility of simultaneous operation in NAVTEX and NAVDAT systems under conditions of a complex electromagnetic environment, and also provides integration into global networks of broadband exchange of marine navigation data.EFFECT: expanded hardware inventory.1 dwg

Coding of transformation coefficients // 2641235
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: decoding device comprises a context-adaptive entropy decoder (80), a decimator (82), an extractor (84), a symbolization parameter determiner (86).EFFECT: reduced complexity and improved coding efficiency.44 cl, 15 dwg, 1 tbl

ethods, devices and systems for parallel video information encoding and decoding // 2641229
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: in the method entropy decoding the first part of the video information bitstream that is associated with the video frame, thereby producing the first part of the decoded data; entropy decoding of the second part of the video information bitstream, which is also associated with the video frame, thereby producing the second part of the decoded data are performed. Entropy decoding of the second part of the video information bitstream is performed independently of the entropy decoding of the first part of the video information bitstream; and the first part of the video frame associated with the video information bitstream is reconstructed using the first part of the decoded data and the second part of the decoded data.EFFECT: high efficiency of encoding and decoding a video information bitstream by dividing data into entropy layers.4 cl, 1 tbl, 10 dwg

Adaptive band extension and device therefor // 2641224
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method includes decoding the flow of audio bytes in order to form a decoded audio signal of the low frequency band and the excitation spectrum in the low frequency band corresponding to the low frequency band. The frequency subband area is selected from the low frequency bands by using the parameter that specifies information of the energy spectral envelope of the decoded audio signal of the low frequency band. Excitation spectrum in the high frequency band is formed for high frequency band by duplicating the excitation spectrum in the frequency subband from the selected area of the frequency subband to the area of the high frequency band corresponding to the high frequency band. Using the formed excitation spectrum in the high frequency band, the audio signal of the extended high frequency band is formed by applying a spectral envelope of the high frequency band. The audio signal of the extended high frequency band is summed with the decoded audio signal of the low frequency band in order to form an output audio signal having an extended frequency band.EFFECT: ensuring the formation of an extended frequency band in the decoder.19 cl, 18 dwg

Blocking-generator for working in autogenerator mode // 2640745
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: generator contains a key transistor and a transformer, the primary winding of which is connected between the collector of the key transistor and the power source, the secondary winding is connected to the base of the key transistor, and also contains a regulating transistor, the first, the second, the third, and the fourth resistors and a capacitor. The first resistor is connected between the emitter of the key transistor and the common ground, the emitter junction of the regulating transistor is switched on parallel to this resistor, the emitter of the regulating transistor is connected to the common ground, and its base is connected to the emitter of the key transistor, and the collector of the regulating transistor is connected to the base of the key transistor. The end of the secondary winding, which is not connected to the base, is connected through the second resistor to the bias circuit from the voltage divider on the third and the fourth resistors and the capacitor.EFFECT: optimisation of the efficiency ratio and dimensions of the blocking-generator operating in an auto oscillatory mode by reducing the saturation boundary of the magnetic circuit of the transformer.1 dwg

Cascode differential operational amplifier // 2640744
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: cascode differential operational amplifier includes: input differential cascade with an overall emitter chain, consistent with the first bus of power supply, the first, second, third, fourth additional transistors, bases of the first and the second additional transistors are connected to the first current output if differential input cascode, bases of the third and fourth additional transistors are connected to the second current output of differential input stage, the combined first and second emitters of additional transistors are connected with the emitter of the second output transistor, combined emitters of the third and fourth additional transistors are connected to the emitter of the first output transistor, headers of the second and third additional transistors are connected with the first current output of input differential cascade, and collectors of the first and fourth additional transistors are connected to the second current output of the differential input cascade.EFFECT: increase of the open gain on the voltage of operational amplifier.2 cl, 11 dwg
Audio encoding device, audio encoding method, audio encoding programme, audio decoding device, audio decoding method and audio decoding programme // 2640743
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: audio signal transmission device for encoding an audio signal includes an audio encoding unit that encodes an audio signal and a side information encoding unit that calculates and encodes side information from the prediction signal. The receiving device of the audio signal to decode the audio-code and audio signal output includes a buffer of the audio-code that detects a packet loss based on the reception status of the audio pack, a decoding unit of audio-parameters that decodes the audio-code, when the audio pack is adopted correctly, a decoding unit of side information, which decodes the side information, when the audio pack is adopted correctly, a collection unit of side information, which collects the side information obtained by decoding side information, a processing unit of missing audio-parameters and an audio synthesis unit.EFFECT: restoration of sound quality without increasing the algorithmic delay, when there is a loss of the packet when encoding audio.43 dwg

Current-controlled device of limitation of multidigit output logic variable // 2640740
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: current-controlled device of limitation of multidigit output logic variable contains: the first (1) and second (4) sources of logical input current, corresponding to the first multidigit logic variable "x", the third (5) source of the logical input current, corresponding to the second logic variable "xlim", establishing the level of limitation of the output current of the device, the first (8) and the second (9) input transistors, the first (2) and the second (6) busbars of the power source and an auxiliary voltage source (10). The first (11), second (12), third (13) and fourth (14) additional transistors and the first (15) additional input source of the logical current, corresponding to the second logic variable "xlim".EFFECT: ability to implement two threshold logic functions Lower bound and Upper bound of two multidigit input variables within the same architecture.4 dwg

ethod and system for content playback and computer-readable recording medium for this // 2640727
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method is implemented by displaying content on the display of the mobile device, receiving information corresponding to the external display device from an external remote controller via the first communication unit, based on information received from the external remote controller, establishing connection with the external display device via the second communication unit, and providing content displayed on the display of the mobile device to the external display device with which the connection is established via the second communication unit.EFFECT: ensuring that content is provided to playback devices.24 cl, 26 dwg
ethod of synchronous transmission of information without its translation // 2640630
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: it is offered a method of synchronous transmission of information without its translation, characterised by synchronous parallel generation at each transmitting and receiving point (Gper and Rpr) of each next letter of the transmitted message, and generation on the points is performed on identical generators of the binary cyclic code Gper and Gpr with the same initial state in one and the same mode of their operation by enumerating the alphabet used on Gper with comparing each letter of the alphabet with the current transmitted letter read from the ZUper to the working register Rgper. Before the transmission of the next message, if there is an indication of "setting the operating mode" (PURR) and the code of the corresponding operating mode read out from the ZUper to the Pgper, perform the installation on the Gper and Gpr of the corresponding mode of their synchronous operation by means of the switches of the operating modes in Pper (KRRper) and in Ppr (KRRpr).EFFECT: providing the possibility of automatic change of the mode of operation of communication facilities at any time from the transmitting point, with simultaneous synchronisation at the transmitting and receiving points.5 cl

Device and method of electric signals amplification (versions) // 2639948
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: electrical signals amplification by parametric oscillation excitation in resonance circuit and conversion of electrical energy into oscillation energy with the frequency f1 in resonance circuit of low-voltage winding of Tesla transformer, as well as amplification of electrical current and voltage oscillations by periodic change in potential due to polarization of air molecules and water vapours in the electric field of isolated capacity and parametric resonance in the resonance circuit of high-voltage winding of Tesla transformer with frequency f2= f1 are proposed.EFFECT: increased amplification factor and decreased dependence of parameters from load value with increased Q-factor of resonance circuit due to one-way transmission of electric power from the power source to the load, exclusion of load resistance from the electrical circuit which provides parametric amplification of electrical oscillations and usage of electric field energy of isolated capacities, which leads to a parameter capacity change in resonance circuits of high-voltage windings of Tesla transformers.17 cl, 5 dwg

High-sensitive amplitude detector // 2639942
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: method is executed through the use of the high sensitivity of the amplitude detector containing RLC circuit, the first diode, grid leak, two parallel resistors, diode, the diode's second third, generator, lowpass filter, the first repeater, adder-inverter and the second repeater.EFFECT: increase of sensitivity, linearity and expansion of the dynamic range of the amplitude detector.1 dwg

Phase difference relay // 2639891
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: phase difference relay contains five threshold units, three elements AND, two impulse counters, three elements OR, RS trigger, actuator, clock generator, univibrator, two shapers, two filter-averages, divider, inverter, multiplier on a constant coefficient, algebraic adder.EFFECT: extending functionality of relay by ensuring the relay response on misalignment of voltage phases and generator with constant control of mains frequencies and generator, improving its accuracy and noise immunity.2 dwg

Device and method for coding/decoding for expansion of high-frequency range // 2639694
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: encoder can downsample the input signal, perform basic encoding of the input signal with reduced sampling, perform the frequency conversion of the input signal and perform the bandwidth extension encoding using the base signal of the input signal in the frequency domain.EFFECT: extending the high-frequency range by extracting the main signal of the input signal and adjusting the energy of the input signal using the tonality of the high-frequency range of the input signal and the key tone.7 cl, 38 dwg

Decoding device and method and signal transmission system // 2639687
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: by executing the processing in the case where the value of the updated code element exceeds the quantization range of the code element during the updating of the code word of the LDPC-code, the decoding device selectively cancels the update in case where the updated code element exceeds the quantization range of the code element, which prevents the decoding device itself to quantize the updated codeword that exceeds the range of the code element quantization.EFFECT: improving the error correction capability of the decoding device in the decoding process.16 cl, 11 dwg

Coder and decoder // 2639677
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: input data (D1) coding method includes determining substantially duplicate data blocks and/or data packets in at least one of the input data (D1) fragments. The data blocks and/or data packets include a corresponding plurality of elements, where the elements include a plurality of bits; determining whether the elements are unchanged within substantially repeating data blocks and/or data packets, and/or determining that the elements within the substantially repeating data blocks and/or data packets are changing; encoding the unchanged elements into the encoded data (E2) using at least one corresponding symbol or at least one corresponding bit indicating that there is no change in the unchanged elements compared to the corresponding elements in the reference data block and/or data packet; and encoding the changed elements into encoded data (E2).EFFECT: increased efficiency of the data compression.37 cl, 8 dwg

Quartz-crystal resonator // 2639659
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: quartz-crystal resonator contains a vacuumized casing, inside of which the mounting lobes are fixed on the casing base, a quartz plate with film exciting electrodes applied to its surface is mounted parallel to the base inside the mounting lobes, each of them is made in the form of a metal strip with a lower part located at an angle to a vertical axis and with an upper part bent inward towards the quartz plate, the quartz plate is fixed at the ends of the upper curved part of the mounting lobe.EFFECT: decreased sensitivity of the quartz-crystal resonator to the action of the mechanical factor - acceleration.6 cl, 5 dwg

Adjustable inductor circuit, transceiver, method and computer program // 2639600
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: adjustable inductor circuit, a radio-frequency transceiver or receiver with a resonator having such circuit, a communication device, a method for adjusting the mentioned inductor circuit are proposed. The adjustable inductor circuit is located on a chip or a substrate. The adjustable inductor comprises the first winding part connected at the first end to the first input of the adjustable inductor circuit, the second winding part connected at the first end to the second end of the first winding part, the third winding part connected at the first end to the second input of the adjustable inductor circuit, the fourth winding part connected at the first end to the second end of the third winding part and a switching circuit configured to adjust the adjustable inductor circuit by selective securing of a chain comprising the first and fourth winding parts connected in parallel and the second and third winding parts connected in parallel, wherein the parallel links are connected in series between the first and second inputs (INP, INN), or a chain comprising successively connected first, second, fourth and third winding parts between the first and second inputs.EFFECT: ensuring stability and reliability of communication.9 cl, 9 dwg

ethod to achieve the required value of periodic signal oscillator frequency stability, using frequency oscillators of periodic (including sinusoidal) signal with the same value of rated frequency, but with less stability values // 2638962
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: 2 stand alone resistance-capacitance oscillator with uncorrelated output signals are taken, with equal or close values of nominal output frequencies, as well as equal or close values of frequency stability, the signals from which are supplied to the signal Multiplier (in case of sinusoidal form - directly, and in case of periodic signal of another form - through bandpass filters, tuned to transmit the nominal frequency), after which the signal from the Multiplier output is supplied to the RF-filter, transmitting double nominal frequency and does not transmit low (difference) frequency, the output signal from which, in its turn, is supplied to the frequency Divider by 2, the output signal from which is supplied to the Bandpass Filter, transmitting only the nominal frequency (the first harmonic of the periodic signal); thus obtained the set of devices described above is declared as the oscillator with the new obtained higher stability, which is in times higher, than the stability of the initial oscillators, and the process is repeated again until the desired result is achieved.EFFECT: oscillator stability, when applying the circuit, using oscillators with lower frequency stability.2 dwg

ethod and device for demodulation of signals gfsk-modulated on q states // 2638774
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: method of demodulation and decoding of the signal accepted from the communication channel signal, which contains a message consisting of message digits, wherein to determine the message digit: make assessment of a set of possible phase increments through application of the linear filter to a set of the sequences of M modulation results on Q states by phase manipulation of possible sequential message digits, the cumulative phase of the previous iteration of the method is added to each of the indicated possible phase increments to obtain assessment phase, define the message digit by selecting the possible sequential digits, the assessment phase of which is closest to the accepted signal.EFFECT: providing demodulation of signals modulated on Q states by frequency manipulation using a Gaussian filter, which requires minimum of material resources while maintaining good demodulation and decoding quality.13 cl, 1 tbl, 6 dwg

Digital-to-analogue converter // 2638769
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: in claimed digital-to-analogue converter containing weighted binary-weighted resistances 1 and analogue keys 2. Control inputs 2 analogue switches are connected with the respective digital outputs digital-register 5 managers, to the point of combining weight binary-weighted resistances 1 connected reference current Io and repeater input voltage 6 7. Analogue outputs of analogue keys 2 are connected to the common bus of the circuit.EFFECT: expanded arsenal of means of the similar purpose.2 dwg

Processors, methods, systems and instructions for transcoding points of unicode variable length code // 2638766
FIELD: information technology.SUBSTANCE: device contains many registers of packed data; and a decoding module for decoding an instruction to determine the length of the packed point code of the variable length which is used for specifying packed first source data having a plurality of packed-length code points of variable length, each of which represents a sign and indicate a location in the accumulator; and an executive module connected to the decoding module and the packed data registers configured to store in response to the instruction of determining the length of the packed code point of variable length, the resulting packed data at a specified location in the storage device, the resulting packed data have a length for each of the plurality of packed code points of variable length. The executive module is configured to store in response to the instruction, each length value in the byte located in the same relative bit position at the accumulator destination, as well as the least significant byte of the corresponding variable length code point in the packed data of the first source.EFFECT: ensuring the handling of instructions.23 cl, 26 dwg

Coding of spectral coefficients of audio signal spectrum // 2638734
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: in this device, the adjustment of the relative spectral distance between the pre-encoded/decoded spectral coefficient and the currently-encoded spectral coefficient depends on information regarding the spectrum shape. Information regarding the spectrum shape may contain a measure of the pitch or periodicity of the audio signal, the measure of inter-harmonic distance spectrum of the audio signal and/or the relative location of the formant and/or troughs of the spectral envelope of the spectrum, and based on this knowledge, the spectral neighbourhood, which is used in order to form the context of spectral coefficients to be coded/decoded in a given time, can be adapted to the particular form of the spectrum.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of coding the spectral coefficients of the audio signal by encoding, decoding the spectral coefficient to be encoded, decoding at a given time, by entropy encoding, decoding.22 cl, 22 dwg

agnetic reversitive amplifier (versions) // 2638633
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: magnetic reversative amplifier contains diodes that provide current flow in only one direction.EFFECT: efficiency enhancement.2 cl, 4 dwg

Antenna automatic switch // 2638362
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: interface of the antenna switches with the switch of the signals from current sensors, installed in the aerial bases, and the use of the signals from these sensors for the adjustment of the antenna-matching devices of the radio transmitters in order to increase the power they give to the antenna are proposed.EFFECT: increasing the power given by the broadband radio transmitter to the antenna.2 dwg

Tunable inductor device, transceiver and method // 2638085
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: tunable inductor device is proposed, placed on the chip or substrate, the method of using the inductor device, as well as the receiver, transceiver, communication device. The tunable inductor comprises the first winding part connected to the first input at one end, the second winding part connected to the other end of the first winding part at one end, the third winding part connected to the second input of the tunable inductor device at one end, the fourth winding part connected to the other end of the third winding part at one end, and a switching group configured to adjust the tunable inductor device. The tuning is performed by selectively creating any of the circuits comprising the first and third winding parts connected in series between the first and second inputs or the circuit comprising the first, second, fourth and third winding parts connected in series between the first and second inputs. The first and third winding parts are disposed on the chip or substrate so that the magnetic fields of the first and third winding parts are substantially common and the second and fourth winding parts are arranged to suppress the electromagnetic coupling to the first and third winding parts.EFFECT: improved tuning accuracy.13 cl, 8 dwg

Powerful attenuator // 2637995
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: attenuator with wave impedance Zo and absorbed power Po contains two identical functionally finished structures on heat-conducting bases with their inputs and outputs connected respectively to the input and output terminals of the attenuator, and having matched loads, each of which has wave impedance 2Zo and absorbed power Po/2, all the connection points of the resistors of the first construction are electrically connected to the corresponding points of the second construction, respectively, and there is no thermal contact between the heat-conducting bases.EFFECT: increasing the reliability due to increased efficiency of the heat sink.5 cl, 2 dwg

Timeline generator // 2637872
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: timeline generator includes: a timeline receiving unit, an internal quantum sequence generator, a divider, a timeline transmission unit, a guard interval shaper, a time selector, a switchable delay line unit, a unit of comparators, generator of linearly changing voltage.EFFECT: improving the accuracy of the timeline synchronization.5 dwg, 1 tbl

Activation scheme for ophthalmological lense with electric power // 2637611
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: electronic system that includes an activation scheme for application in at least one of the following ways: on or inside the body. The electronic system contains: functional electronic components, including a digital controller and an additional circuit; a power supply unit to supply power to the functional electronic components; an activation logic having a storage state and an activity state and configured to detach the power supply from the functional electronic components to minimize the leakage current from the power supply unit in the storage state; a switching element associated with a power source, a logic activation circuit, and functional electronic components; the first power-on reset circuit associated with the power supply unit and the activation logic and configured to provide the correct initial state of the activation logic when the power is turned on and hold the activation scheme in the reset state during power stabilization time of the activation logic; the second power-on reset circuit associated with the switching element and functional electronic components, and configured to provide a correct initial state of the functional electronic components upon power-up; a sensor associated with the activation logic, the sensor being a photosensor. The activation logic is configured to switch from the storage state to the activity state when the sensor is activated in response to a light incident on the light sensor whose intensity exceeds the predetermined threshold or in response to the output signal of the second power-on reset circuit.EFFECT: application of this invention will minimize active current consumption of the device.25 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of decoding information using convolutional codes // 2637487
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method contains the stages, at which: after transferring information on the initial part of the code adopted over a communication channel, its information characters are sent to the decoder information register and the check symbols - to the syndrome decoder register, in which the active element, in the form of the first threshold of the block and being the first crucial element, is used for analyzing and correcting errors in the information symbols controlled by the initial part of the adopted code, the number of cells of the information and syndrome registers are pre-increased in accordance with the number of characters of the adopted code, and an additional active element is used in the form of the second threshold element for analyzing and correcting errors in the information symbols controlled by the code adopted after the analysis and error correction controlled by the information characters in the initial part of the adopted code.EFFECT: increasing the probability of correcting errors.3 dwg
 
2551261.
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