Basic electronic circuitry (H03)

H   Electricity(224831)
H03            Basic electronic circuitry(47676)
Controlled mains element switch // 2628994
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: schematic solution of the controlled switch is proposed, in which a voltage regulator and a voltage divider are inserted. The voltage regulator input is connected to the common terminal of the first constant voltage source and the first electronic controlled key, and the output is connected to the input of the voltage divider. The output of the latter is connected to the non-inverting input of the operational amplifier. Common buses are grounded in each of the two last blocks inserted.EFFECT: zero value of the controlled mains element switch residual voltage and the zero value of its forward resistance are provided.1 dwg

Frequency multiplier of high multiplicity // 2628993
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: frequency multiplier includes an input signal matching circuit at the input of which is the first capacitor in parallel to which the second capacitor is connected to the ground, a first inductor connected in series with the third capacitor and the resistor connected in parallel is connected in series, and also to the input of the second inductor, the output of which is connected to the anode of the first diode and the cathode of the second diode, the cathode and anode of which are respectively connected to the earth bus, the output of the second inductor is galvanically connected with an input narrowband transmissive filter constructed in microstrip by a counter hairpin resonators arranged in series between the input and the output of the filter elements according to the solution contains n-i-p-in diode one n-area of which is galvanically connected with the input element of the microstrip filter, the other n-area n-i-p-in diode is galvanically connected to the first hairpin resonator of the band-transmissive filter, p-area n-i-p-in diode is connected to the positive pole of the DC voltage source through the load resistor.EFFECT: expansion of the arsenal of funds.3 cl, 3 dwg

Hybrid functional digital-to-analog converter with spline approximation of n-th order // 2628918
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: method is implemented by applying a spline approximation of the n-th order with a partition into i-number of intervals allowing to obtain the most accurate hybrid functional DAC with an increased speed. The hybrid functional DAC contains n series-connected linear multiplying DAC for specifying the n-th order of the spline, to which the code-converter is connected to the digital inputs and parallel to them n+1 linear multiplying DAC connected along digital lines to the code-converter for specifying the variable spline coefficients taking into account the signs. Spline coefficients are calculated according to well-known mathematical methods, depending on the number of the approximation intervals.EFFECT: optimisation of constructing a nonlinear hybrid digital-to-analog converter with improved metrological and technical characteristics.3 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl

atrix device for issuing commands with optical separation // 2628911
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device galvanically separates the switched signals from the control circuit and each other, as well as reduces the number of addresses in the system, by introducing additional decryption. The device contains a register, the first and the second decoders, the first and the second buffer devices and a matrix built of optocouplers, each of which contains a LED and a key.EFFECT: increasing the functional density and reducing the mass-dimension parameters of the command issuer.1 dwg

Computer for improvement of interference // 2628904
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: interference suppressor includes first and second delay units, a weighting unit, a first and second complex multipliers, a weight block, a complex adder, a complex conjugation unit, a switching unit, an accuracy unit, a switching unit, a two-channel switch and a synchroniser, and carrying out the coherent processing of the original samples.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of signal extraction of moving targets.11 dwg
Irregular quantization of parameters for improved connection // 2628898
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions provides for irregular quantization of parametres related to parametric spatial coding of audio signals, and also provides restoration of an audio signal in a sound decoding system that takes into account irregular quantized parameters. According to the invention, such an approach makes it possible to reduce bit costs without significantly reducing the quality of the reconstructed audio signal.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency and quality of the encoding of the audio signal.21 cl, 7 dwg 4 tbl

Short wave transmitter harmonic filter // 2628891
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: short wave transmitter harmonic filter contains the frequency-dividing device N, where N is the number of frequency bands, each of which consists of the low-pass filter and high-pass filter, and the ballast resistance. The input of each frequency-separating device connects to the harmonic filter input through the input three-terminal switch. In each frequency separating device the low-pass filter contains two inductance coils and two capacitors, the high-pass filter contains two capacitors and two inductance coils.EFFECT: provision of the harmonic filter compliance at the input in the entire radio transmitter frequencies operating range and at the harmonic components frequencies of the transmitted signal.1 dwg

Device for majoritary selection of signals // 2628890
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device for the majority selection of signals contains n information inputs 11 - 1n, the first and second groups of AND elements 2 and 3, which contain n elements AND 21 - 2n and 31 - 3n, a group of OR elements 4, which contains n+2 elements 41 - 4n+2, n+1 delay elements 51 - 5n+1, n+2 elements of NOT 61 - 6n+2, the first trigger 7, the second trigger 8, the reversible binary counter 9, the launch input 10, the first output of the device 11, the second output of the device 12, the third output of the device 13, the readiness output of the result 14, the third trigger 15.EFFECT: reducing the complexity of the device and increasing its speed.1 dwg, 1 tbl

ethod and device for the firmware compaction, method and device for the firmware unzipping // 2628482
FIELD: information technology.SUBSTANCE: firmware compaction method contains the following steps: collect the code section information and the section with the firmware data; separately compact the code section and the data section; and configurate the first description data, corresponding to the firmware, the first description data contains the first address data as to where the compacted code section in the electronic device is stored, the second address data as to where the compacted data section is stored in the electronic device, the first unzipping address, where the compacted code section is to be unzipped in the electronic device, and the second unzipping address, where the compacted data section is to be unzipped in the electronic device.EFFECT: firmware compaction and unzipping.20 cl, 19 dwg

Device for side lamps suppression at pulsed compression of symmetrically crossed multiphase codes (versions) // 2628475
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: suppression of side lobes occurring during the compression process is performed, which provides an increase in the number of multiphase N-length codes, for all values of time shifts (counts), excluding two ±N, in which the relative level of the side lobes is in the range from -20 lgN -6 to -20 lgN -8 dB due to the use of symmetrically truncated codes formed by the consecutive removal of an equal number of first and last symbols of codes of a longer length. The width of the main lobe at -6 dB is 2τ, at the PSL level lies in the range 3÷4τ, and the signal-to-noise loss at the device output is -1.7 dB. The sidelobe suppression device for pulse compression of symmetrically truncated multiphase N-length codes comprises an input first digital filter with FIR of order N-1 and a digital correction signal generator consisting of a series-connected code converter into a complex conjugate code and a second digital filter with finite impulse response of order N+1, whose output is connected to the first input of the adder, and the output of the first digital filter is connected to a delay line for a duration of one to and the first input of the subtracter, the second input of which is connected to the output of the delay line, and the output is connected to the second input of the adder.EFFECT: improving the quality of signal compression.3 cl, 4 dwg

ethod for decoding ldpc-codes and device for its implementation // 2628459
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method for decoding LDPC-codes, comprising: determining the signal-to-noise ratio for each received signal codeword; and decoding the received signal codewords based on the "trust propagation" algorithm and "based on the "minimum-sum" algorithm, characterized in that decoding is introduced, based on the "posterior probabilities" algorithm, the range of signal-to-noise values is set for each algorithm. The algorithms are switched depending on the signal-to-noise value for each word, followed by the subsequent combining of the results of signal decoding according to different algorithms. The "trust propagation" algorithm is used for signal-to-noise ratio values of less than 1.8 dB, the "minimum-sum" algorithm for the signal-to-noise values in the range of 1.8 dB to 4.95 dB, the algorithm for the "posterior probabilities" with the signal-to-noise ratio to be greater than 4.95 dB.EFFECT: reducing the average computational complexity of decoding while preserving the decoding quality of the received signal.3 cl, 1 dwg

Triangular waveform generator // 2628434
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: triangular waveform generator contains a controlled source of quadrature harmonic signals, the first, the second and the third calculators of the module, the first and the second adders.EFFECT: increasing the reliability with changing frequency and amplitude of the generated signal within wide limits.3 dwg

Ladder-type reconfigurable filter // 2628426
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: ladder-type reconfigurable filter is made on one board and contains two surface acoustic waves (SAWs) resonators, two inductance coils, two capacitors and two voltage variable-capacitance diodes. The outputs of the first voltage variable-capacitance diode, the first capacitor and the first SAW resonator are connected to each other and connected to the input potential terminal of the filter.EFFECT: provision of the possibility to change the bandwidth of the filter and increasing the number of simultaneously operating bandwidths.12 dwg

Determination method of the active input elements of the input link and the input link // 2628320
FIELD: information technology.SUBSTANCE: method contains provision of the input elements, that are connected according to the matrix link, provision in the matrix link of at least two drive lines each connected to the corresponding drive circuit, provision in the matrix link of at least two reading lines, that can be used to detect the active input elements, provision in the matrix link of the serial connections, each of which contains one of the input elements and the resistor. Each serial connection is connected to the corresponding one of the drive lines and to the corresponding one of the reading lines, provision of the pull-up resistors, that connect the reading lines to the first potential, and using of the control device for the drive circuits.EFFECT: avoidance of the false keystrokes.15 cl, 37 dwg

ethod of adaptive analog-to-digital conversion and device for its implementation // 2628261
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: method of analog-to-digital conversion with analog sampling frequency control by controlling the variability of a digital signal is proposed, which consists in that the up/down sampling control signals are set after the comparison with the specified allowable harmonic amplitude value at the Nyquist frequency, obtained by digital filtering one harmonic from the sequence of N digital signal samples from the analog-to-digital converter output. Wherein the externally specified number N of the digital filter samples and the allowable value of the harmonic amplitude at the Nyquist frequency are set a priori at the rational choice of a permissible error value from aliasing and the value of the sampling flow rate based on the data on the spectrum model of typical signals to be converted, and a device for implementing said method is proposed as well.EFFECT: providing the specified accuracy of the analog-to-digital conversion due to providing controlled reduction or exclusion of the discrete signal representation by means of controlling the sampling frequency.2 cl, 5 dwg

Frequency trebler // 2628255
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: in a frequency trembler, containing a divider 1, an adder 2, a comparator 3, a single vibrator 4, and a sampling-storage device 5, whose first input is connected to the input bus of a frequency trember and the second input to the output of a single vibrator 4, whose input is connected to the comparator output 3. The output of divider is connected to the first input of adder 3, the output of which is connected to the output bus of frequency trembler, the exponentiation block 6 and the differentiating unit 7 whose output is connected to the inverting input of comparator 3, the non-inverting input of which is connected to the common bus, are additionally introduced. The input bus of frequency trembler is connected to the input of differentiating unit 7, the second input of adder 2, and the first input of the exponentiation block 6, the first and second outputs of which are connected respectively to the first and second inputs of analog divider 1, and the second input of exponentiation block 6 is connected to the output of sampling-storage device 5.EFFECT: ability to vary the frequency and amplitude of the input signal over a wide range to obtain harmonic output signal, whose frequency is three times higher than the frequency of the input source.2 cl, 2 dwg

ulti-channel quarter generator // 2628234
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: multichannel quartz oscillator contains n channels, each of which consists of an amplifier, a power supply, a resistive voltage divider that is connected between the output of the amplifier and the common bus, a frequency-setting element containing a quartz resonator, a communication line with resistive couplers connected to the inputs of amplifiers, diodes With limiting resistors and separation capacitors connected to the first terminals of the diodes, and the second terminals of the diodes are connected to the first terminals of the resistive couplers and frequently the first terminals of the separation capacitors are connected to the common communication line.EFFECT: increasing frequency stability and shorten the time to establish oscillations when power supplies fail.1 dwg

ajority element "7 and more of 13" // 2628222
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in special radiocommunication radio facilities for highly reliable data transmission over a radio channel under the influence of the interference complex, and can also be used as an element of a more complex device - a logic processing unit that implements the specified majority algorithm for increasing the reliability of the plurality of the majorization rules. The majority element "7 and more of 13" contains 13 hierarchical levels with 46 two-input AND elements and 42 logical OR elements.EFFECT: schematic simplifying, reducing the nomenclature and the number of the used logical elements, ensuring the possibility of implementing the majority element on electronic components with a variable architecture.2 dwg

Real-in-complex transformation with a small delay in bank filters with overlapping for partially integrated treatment // 2628219
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: configuration of the filter banks with overlapping contains a synthesis cascade and an analysis cascade. The synthesis stage receives the first signal segmented into time blocks and outputs on this basis an intermediate signal to be received by the cascade of analysis, forming the basis for calculating the second signal segmented into time frames. In an embodiment, the synthesis stage is configured to output an approximate value of an intermediate signal in a time block located at L-1 time blocks ahead of its output block, the approximate value being calculated based on any available time blocks of the first signal such that the approximate value contributes to the second signal in the cascade of analysis. The delay is usually reduced by L-1 blocks. Applications include the processing of an audio signal in general and, in particular, a real-to-complex transformation.EFFECT: decreasing the delay of conversion.22 cl, 12 dwg, 1 tbl

Direct digital synthesizer with frequency modulation // 2628216
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: direct digital synthesizer (DDS) with frequency modulation contains a reference generator 1, a forming and delaying unit 2, a waiting multivibrator 3, a first and a second digital storage devices 4 and 5, a third and a fourth digital storage devices 6 and 7, a multiplexer 8, a function converter 9, digital-analog converter (DAC) 10, low-pass filter (LPF) 11. The digital inputs of DDS are the inputs of the first and third digital devices, waiting multivibrator and multiplexer, and its analog output is the output of LPF.EFFECT: increasing the performance.1 dwg

High-pitched switching unit for the compact energy absorber module // 2628211
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: high-pitched switching unit is worked out. It comprises: a switching scheme cascode circuit that comes with at any rate two triode transistors (VT1, VT2), constant auxiliary voltage source (U1), actuating signal source (U2) and complementary transistor (VT3) that has a polarity of conductivity that is counter to the polarity of conductivity of the switching scheme cascode circuit triode transistors (VT1, VT2). The actuating signal source (U2) is adapted to give the actuating signal to the control lead of the first triode transistor (VT1) of the switching scheme cascode circuit and to the control lead of the complementary transistor (VT3) for the purpose of simultaneous maintaining control of the first triode transistor (VT1) of the switching scheme cascode circuit and of the complementary transistor (VT3), therethrough maintaining control of the second triode transistor (VT2) of the switching scheme cascode circuit.EFFECT: high-pitched switching unit loss enhancement and size reduction.7 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of increasing sensitivity of balance diode mixers and device for its implementation // 2628209
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: in the method as well as the in the device for its realisation through a series of connected mixer diodes, a direct current of such magnitude is passed so that the operating point on the current-voltage characteristic (CVC) of each of the identical diodes corresponds to the most nonlinear part of this CVC and the minimum of noise. The direct current to the diodes is fed from the power supply of the corresponding polarity via series-connected resistors, one of which is trim and the other is a constant one connected to the series-connected mixer diodes through a high-frequency choke connected in series with this constant resistor on one side and the first of the series-connected diodes on the other hand.EFFECT: increasing the sensitivity of radio receivers.2 cl, 2 dwg
Data compression method // 2628199
FIELD: information technology.SUBSTANCE: in the original data array, sections with repeated sequences of symbols are selected, the first of such sections is entered into an information array of the compressed data, and the second and subsequent ones are replaced by an index placed in the index array of the compressed data that is formed, when the data are compressed. Information about the size of the section with repeating sequences of symbols in bytes, the number of sections with repeated sequences of symbols, and the type of repeating sequences of symbols on the section are entered into the index. The generated information compressed data array and index compressed array are combined by their sequential connection.EFFECT: increasing the versatility of the method by providing an on-line data recovery after compression.2 cl

ethod of determining noise-proof code parameters // 2628191
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: in the method, if the number of nonzero syndromes is less than the threshold value, code implementations are accumulated and the analyzed matrix of the required dimension is formed. In the future, the resulting matrix is converted to a lower triangular shape. At the same time, the matrix of the supposed check code equations is formed. In the resulting lower triangular matrix, the weight of the columns in the check area is determined. The column index, the weight of which does not exceed the threshold value, indicates the true verification equation in the matrix of the supposed check code equations. Using the found equations and the iterative confidence spread algorithm, the accumulated code implementations are decoded. Again, the analyzed matrix is formed and the sequence of operations described above is performed on it until all the check code equations are found.EFFECT: improving the performance of the information receiving system.3 dwg

ethod of coding and decoding and device and system // 2628145
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: transmitting side determines the FEC type of direct error correction coding according to the length of data to be encoded in the packet data, and performs encoding in accordance with a certain FEC encoding type. The receiving side determines the FEC type of direct error correction decoding according to the length of data to be decoded in the packet data, and performs decoding in accordance with the determined FEC type of decoding.EFFECT: effective use of the communication resource and provision of the opportunity to save the communication resource.10 cl, 16 dwg, 2 tbl

Radiation-resistant multidifferential operational amplifier for operation at low temperatures // 2628131
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: radiation-resistant multidifferential operational amplifier for operation at low temperatures contains the first and the second input bipolar transistors, the first and the second input field effect transistors, the first and the second current mirrors, the first and the second power supply lines. The first and the second additional field effect transistors are introduced into the circuit.EFFECT: decreasing the systematic component of the zero offset voltage.4 cl, 16 dwg

Controlled key electronic switch // 2628129
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: method is implemented by means of the switch, controlled by creating the remote control switch, implemented on the field-effect transistor with the minimum resistance in the open state, used as the power key and providing the protection quality by using the current sensor and the high-speed protection circuit, operating in the trigger mode according to the overload state, which allows to hold the key after occurrence of the current overload in the disconnected state before removing the control signal and providing the restart.EFFECT: speed of protection response increase at prohibitive current overload.2 dwg

ethod for constructing wide-code frequency converter of radio signals and device for its implementation // 2628121
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: method uses an electronic signal mixer and an electronic heterodyne oscillator of a fixed frequency, whose frequency stability is ensured by multiplying the frequency of a highly stable reference signal from the base device remotely from the base device by a substantially low frequency, constructed using a radio-photon approach with transferring the operations of forming and processing radio signals into the optical range. Moreover, the operation of electro-optical conversion is carried out by means of a first one-way optical modulator with a suppressed carrier, which separates the upper or lower sideband of the modulated optical signal. The operation of forming the tunable heterodyne signal is performed by means of a local optical latency signal generator using a highly stable semiconductor laser emitter and a recirculation loop comprising a frequency shift device based on a second one-way modulator with a suppressed carrier, respectively, releasing the lower or upper sideband of the modulated laser radiation, Optical signals and optoelectronic conversion performed by an ultra-wideband photodetector.EFFECT: simplification of the step-up and down-converter of the frequency due to the formation of a discrete frequency tunable heterodyne signal based on an optical lattice signal generator.2 cl, 6 dwg

ajority module "three of five" // 2628117
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: majority module "three out of five" contains five information inputs 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, two setup inputs 6, 7, a module output 8, a majority element 9, the first OR element 10, the second OR element 11, the third OR element 12, the fourth OR element 13, the first AND element 14, the second AND element 15, the third AND element 16, the fourth AND element 17, the fifth AND element 18, the sixth AND element 19.EFFECT: increasing the speed of the device and reducing its complexity when implementing the majority function, disjunction, conjunction of five arguments.1 dwg, 1 tbl

Radiation hard circuit of quartz generator frequency resetting with non-volatile memory // 2627716
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: circuit contains the quartz generator, the capacitors matrix, radiation-resistant mechanical relays with memory, independent from the external power supply, and the control device as well. The quartz generator input is connected to the capacitor array output, and the capacitor array input is connected to the mentioned mechanical relays output, the mechanical relay inputs are connected to the capacitors switching control circuit output.EFFECT: increase of the circuit operation reliability, provision of the quartz generator frequency memory, regardless the voltage supply presence or absence, the phase noise level reduction.1 dwg

ethod for obtaining sequence of random binary numbers and device for its implementation // 2627132
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method for obtaining a sequence of random binary numbers obtaining uses a random event source - a semiconductor noise diode. An analogue signal is generated which characterizes the occurrence of the mentioned events, the generated analogue signal is processed and converted into a digital form. The time interval is set during which the number of sign variables (0 and 1) is determined. In the received number, the least significant bit is identified and recorded. From the sequence of the mentioned least significant bits, the output sequence of random binary numbers is formed.EFFECT: increasing independence of the generated sequence of random numbers from the parameters of the noise source and obtaining a sequence of random numbers with given statistical characteristics.11 cl, 1 dwg

Low-temperature radiation-resistant multidifferential operating amplifier // 2627094
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: low-temperature radiation-resistant multidifferential operational amplifier contains the first (1) differential cascade based on the first (2) and second (3) input transistors connected to each other by injecting bushings. The first (4) current output of the first (1) differential stage and the first (11) current output of the second (8) differential stage are connected to the input of the first (15) current mirror, the second (12) current output of the second (8) differential stage is connected to the output of the second (18) current mirror and is connected to the input of an additional inverting amplifier (20) matched to the second (19) power supply bus, the current output of which is connected to the current output of the device (17).EFFECT: reduction of the systematic component of zero bias voltage, creation of conditions for application of the proposed transistors CMOS device in the circuit.9 cl, 10 dwg

ulti-channel high-speed operational amplifier // 2626667
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: multi-channel high-speed operational amplifier is proposed that contains an input differential stage with first and second inputs and four current outputs, the first to fourth output transistors, a buffer amplifier and a correction capacitor, two current mirrors, at that, cascades with a wide range of active operation being used as an input differential stage, and each first, second, third and fourth current-stabilizing impedors are made in the form of corresponding resistors.EFFECT: increase in the operating speed of the operational amplifier in the large signal mode by eliminating the dynamic overload of the intermediate stage of the operational amplifier made in the form of complementary bent stages.5 cl, 5 dwg

Device and method for generating coded signal or decoding encoded audio signal by using site with multiple overlap // 2626666
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device for generating an encoded signal comprises: a controller of the window sequence for generating information about the window sequence for framing an audio signal, wherein the information about the window sequence indicates the first window function for generating the first frame of the spectral values, a preprocessor for framing the second block of samples corresponding to the second window function and one or more third window functions, a spectrum converter for receiving the first and the second frames of the spectral values and for receiving the first and the second portions of the spectral values of the second frame, a processor for processing the first frame and the second frame to obtain encoded frames of an audio signal.EFFECT: providing an improved concept of audio encoding, decoding, which provides an improved efficiency of the device.41 cl, 44 dwg

Rlc-selective amplifier with low voltage // 2626665
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: method is implemented by a RLC-selective amplifier with low voltage which contains an input source coupled to the emitter of the first input transistor which emitter is connected to the first power supply bus through the first current-stabilizing two-terminal network, the base is connected to the base of the auxiliary transistor and connected to the bias supply, the collector through the collector load resistor is connected to the second power supply bus and connected to the auxiliary resistor collector a frequency-setting capacitor, an output of the device, a second current-stabilizing two-terminal network connected between the emitter of the auxiliary transistor and the first power supply bus, a frequency-setting capacitor which is connected between the output of the device and the united collectors of the first input and auxiliary transistors.EFFECT: improving the quality of the amplitude-frequency characteristic of the device without increasing the supply voltage and the current consumption in the static mode.3 cl, 8 dwg

ethod of signals processing in the radio receiving devices rf section // 2626662
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: signal is filtered and amplified in the known devices, and the amplification operations in the passive circuit and signals summation from the amplifier output at the device input are introduced in the proposed method.EFFECT: noise reduction by increasing the signal level in the passive circuit, which makes it possible to reduce the amplification factor of the amplifier, the reduction of the amplification factor of the amplifier reduces the noise level at the output by summing the output signal with the input signal significantly, while the total factor is not reduced.2 dwg
Proximity sensor // 2626655
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: sensor is provided with a decorative surface, wherein the decorative surface includes a semiconductor layer, the thickness of which is of 10 nm to 100 nm. Thanks to this coating, the proximity sensor is given a desired appearance, without losing its property as a proximity sensor.EFFECT: providing the opportunities of capacitive signal reading.14 cl

Signal modulation method // 2626554
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: signal modulation method is based on signal multiplication, as a result of which the DC voltage is multiplied with the telegraph signal, and the product is summed with the centered quasi-deterministic signal and the characteristic function of the transformed quasi-deterministic signal is modulated.EFFECT: narrowing of the frequency band when transmitting discrete information.2 dwg

Band amplifier // 2626553
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: in the band amplifier containing the integrated amplifier, the first and second capacitors and the resistor, the first terminal connected to the common bus, and the second terminal with the input of the integrated amplifier whose output is the device output, an inductor connected to the first terminal to the input of the integrated amplifier, And the second terminal with the first terminals of the first and second capacitors. The second terminal of the first capacitor is the input of the device, and the second terminal of the second capacitor is connected to the output of the device.EFFECT: increasing the dynamic range when amplifying signals in a narrow frequency range by reducing the noise level.3 dwg

ethod for converting shaft rotation angle into code // 2626552
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: in the method for converter control, the difference between the output and the second output codes is formed, according to which the conversion accuracy is controlled. For this purpose, the sensor shaft is set with a pitch of 360°/(p1⋅p2) in the calculated positions according to the values of the second angle code, and not according to the values of the reference, in these positions the values of the first angle code are fixed, increments of the first angle code are found when rotating to p2 steps, the first correction is formed as the sum of the spatial harmonics of the first sensor error for the angle corresponding to the first angle code, the output code is formed by adding the first correction to the first angle code. In order to form the second output angle code, increments of the first angle code are obtained when the shaft is rotated by p1 steps, forming the second correction as the sum of the spatial harmonics of the second sensor error for the angle corresponding to the second angle code, forming the second output code by adding the second correction to the second angle code, and using the difference of the output and second output codes to control the conversion accuracy.EFFECT: increased accuracy of converting an angle into a code without using the external reference.1 dwg

ajoritary module for fault-tolerant systems // 2626347
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: majority module for the fault-tolerant systems contains n information inputs (n = 2m+1, m = 1, 2,…), n of AND elements, a start input, n+1 delay elements, the first OR element, the second OR element, a shift register, the first device output, the second device output.EFFECT: expanding the functionality due to the possibility of its use in both synchronous and asynchronous discrete circuits, reducing the complexity of the device and increasing its speed.1 dwg, 1 tbl

ultifunctional majoritary module // 2626346
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: multifunctional majority module contains five information inputs, two tuning inputs, a module output, a majority element, three OR elements, seven AND elements, and two NOT elements.EFFECT: increasing the device speed and reducing its complexity, when implementing the majority function, disjunction, conjunction of five arguments.1 dwg, 1 tbl

ethod and device for processing data object // 2626334
FIELD: information technology.SUBSTANCE: in the data object processing method, the data object is divided into blocks. Selective compression ratio of each block is calculated and adjacent successive blocks with the same characteristic of the selective compression ratio are aggregated into one data segment. Selective compression ratio of each data segment is obtained and, in accordance with the range of lengths to which the length of each data segment belongs, and the range of compression ratios to which the selective compression ratio of each data segment belongs, the expected length for dividing the data segment into data fragments is selected. Wherein, the selective compression ratio of each data segment uniquely belongs to one range of compression ratios, and the length of each data segment uniquely belongs to one range of processed data lengths.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of processed data storing.20 cl, 2 tbl, 6 dwg

Hyper-chaotic oscillator // 2625610
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: chaotic oscillator contains the first and the second bipolar elements with inductive resistance, the first and the second bipolar elements with capacitive resistance, a resistor, a nonlinear voltage amplifier and a device with negative resistance.EFFECT: increasing the relative values of Lyapunov's positive characteristic indicators in comparison with the absolute value of Lyapunov's negative characteristic indicator, increasing the accuracy and stability of the transfer characteristic of a nonlinear voltage amplifier, and the value of the equivalent negative resistance of the device with negative resistance.3 cl, 10 dwg

Device and method for encoding or decoding audio signal with overlap depending on transition location // 2625560
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device comprises: a controlled framing module for framing an audio signal to provide a sequence of the sample framed blocks; a converter for converting the sequence of the sample framed blocks into the spectral representation comprising a sequence of the spectral value frames; a transition location detector to identify the transition location in the anticipation transferring area in the frame; and a controller to control the controlled framing module, to apply a particular window having a predetermined overlapping length, to the audio signal in response to the identified transition location, where the controller is configured to select the particular window of the group of, at least, three windows, including the first window having the first overlapping length, the second window having the second overlapping length, and the third window having the third overlapping or non-overlapping length.EFFECT: providing an improved audio encoding, decoding, providing the increase of the device performance.35 cl, 44 dwg

Sidelobe suppression device for pulsed compression of multiphase p3 codes // 2625559
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: sidelobe suppression device for pulsed compression of multiphase P3 codes comprises an input-coupled modified Woo filter for P3 code of odd length N and a generator of digital correcting signal from the series-connected code converter to complex conjugated code and digital filter with finite impulse response of the FIR filter of order N+1 with (N+2) coefficients -1,1, 0, …0, -1.1, an output of the adder connected to the first input, a delay line for the duration of one code element, and a two-input subtractor where the output of filter Woo is connected to the input of delay line and to the first input of subtracter, the output of the adder connected to the second input, and the second input of subtracter is connected to the output of delay line, the first coefficient of modified Woo filter impulse response is equal to 1 - exp(iπ/N), where , and (N+2) is dimensional vector of coefficients of digital correcting signal generator filter is respectively equal to -1,1, 0,0, …0, -1,1.EFFECT: providing sidelobe suppression for odd-length P3 code.2 dwg

ethod for determining borders of operating range of impulse generator of phase synchronisation systems and device for its implementation // 2625557
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention allows defining the operating range of phase synchronisation systems and simulating the operating of phase synchronisation systems, as well as providing construction of complex phase synchronisation systems used in wireless information transmission, and also in multi-core and multiprocessing computer architectures.EFFECT: ensuring the determination of optimal parameters for the rapid achievement of synchronous operation mode and the stable operating of phase synchronisation systems over a wide frequency range.4 cl, 4 dwg

Functional generator // 2625555
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: functional generator contains an oscillator 1, the first 2 and the second 3 square-law devices, the first 4 and the second 5 multipliers and an adder 6, which output is connected to the first input of the second multiplier 5, which second input is connected to the second output of the oscillator 1, which first output is connected to the input of the first square-law device 2, the second square-law device 3 is connected between the output the first square-law device and the second input of the adder 6. The first, the second and the third outputs of the functional generator are connected to the first output of the oscillator 1, to the output of the second multiplier 5 and the second output of the master oscillator 1 respectively, the control input of which is connected to the control line of the functional generator. The fourth input of the adder 6 is connected to the reference voltage bus line, the calculator of the module 7 and the inverter 8 placed between the output of the first square-law device 2 and the third input of the adder 6 are additionally introduced, and the calculator of the module 7 is connected between the output of the first multiplier 4 and the first input of the adder 6.EFFECT: reduction of harmonic signal nonlinear distortion.3 dwg

Chaotic oscillator // 2625520
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: chaotic oscillator contains a resistor, the first and the second bipolar elements with capacitive resistance, a two-pole element with inductive resistance, a device with negative resistance and a nonlinear impedance converter.EFFECT: providing the possibility of adjusting the parameters of a chaotic signal.3 cl, 11 dwg

Detector of camera elements with regulation scheme // 2625440
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: circuit device for the capacitive detector of hidden objects contains four capacitors, on which are supplied time-dependent voltages, an amplifier, a synchronous demodulator, a comparator, a clock generator. The detector for detecting the frame of hidden elements comprises the above-mentioned circuit arrangement, wherein the capacitor electrodes form capacitor plates which are made in various ways.EFFECT: increased sensitivity of detection of hidden objects.18 cl, 32 dwg
 
2550942.
Up!