Anti-collision systems (G08G1/16)

Own position calculating device and own position calculating method // 2628553
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: own position calculating device includes a light projector configured to project a light beam with a pre-installed pattern onto a road surface near the vehicle, an image pickup module configured to capture a road surface image near a vehicle. The image includes an area, to which the light beam is projected with the preset pattern. The device also comprises an orientation angle calculation module, an orientation change amount calculation unit, and a home position calculation module. The orientation change amount calculation unit is configured to calculate a change amount of the vehicle orientation based on temporal changes of a plurality of characteristic points on the road surface that are detected from the image obtained by the image pickup module. To determine conditions for detecting characteristic points, the detection condition section is used.EFFECT: accurate and stable assessment of the current position of the vehicle, regardless of the condition, in which the characteristic points are detected.8 cl, 12 dwg

Device for determination of own location and method of determination of own location // 2628420
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device for determining your own location contains a light projector, an image acquisition module, an orientation angle calculating module, an orientation change amount calculation module, and a motion state determination module. When the motion state determining unit determines that the vehicle is in a steady state of motion, the home position determination module calculates the current position and the current vehicle orientation angle by summing the amount of the orientation change with the position and the predetermined initial orientation angle.EFFECT: increasing the accuracy of determining the vehicle's own location.6 cl, 14 dwg

Device for calculation of own position and method of calculation of own position // 2628035
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: home position calculator includes: a light projector 11 configured to project a light beam 32a with a pre-installed pattern onto the road surface 31 around the vehicle; and a chamber 12 configured to grip the image 38 of the road surface 31 around the vehicle including an area to which the light beam 32a with a pre-installed template is projected. The home position calculation device calculates the orientation angle of the vehicle 10 relative to the road surface 31 from the position of the light beam 32a with the preset pattern in the image 38 obtained by the camera 12 and calculates the amount of the vehicle orientation change based on the time variations of several characteristic points on the road surface, which are detected from the image 38. The home position calculation device calculates the current position and the vehicle orientation angle by summing the amount of the orientation change with the starting position and the vehicle orientation angle. If the condition at which several characteristic points are detected does not satisfy the first criterion, the home position calculator projects the light beam 32a with a pre-established template.EFFECT: accurate and stable assessment of the current position of the vehicle, regardless of the conditions under which the characteristic points are detected.7 cl, 17 dwg

Device for detecting traffic lights and method of detecting traffic lights // 2628023
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device for detecting traffic lights includes a module (11) of the image capture configured to capture the image in the direction of the vehicle movement, and a traffic light detecting module (12) configured to detect the traffic light from the image. The traffic light detecting module (12) specifies reference signals (L01-L03), the number of which is a multiple of three and the phases of which are offset relative to each other by the time obtained by dividing the AC power cycle applied to the traffic light by a multiple of three, and adjusts the reference signal phase (L01), which is the closest to the phase of the AC power, to the AC power phase. The traffic light detecting module (12) extracts a synchronized pixel from the image (53b) with a brightness, which varies synchronously with the reference signal (L01) having the phase adjusted to the AC power phase, and determines that the traffic light is present at the position of the synchronized pixel.EFFECT: detecting traffic lights from a long distance with high accuracy.7 cl, 9 dwg

Device for calculation of own position and method of calculation of own position // 2627914
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: home position calculating device includes: a light projector 11 configured to project a light beam with a predetermined pattern onto the road surface around the vehicle; An image pickup unit 12 mounted in the vehicle and configured to grip and obtain a road surface image around the vehicle covering the area of the projected light beam with a pre-installed template; An orientation angle calculating unit 22 configured to calculate the attitude angle of the vehicle relative to the road surface from a position of the light beam with a pre-set pattern in the image obtained by the image pickup unit 12; characteristic dot detector 23 configured to define a detection region of characteristic points surrounding a projected light beam region with a pre-installed pattern in the image obtained by the image capturing unit 12 and to detect several characteristic points on the road surface in the detection region of characteristic points; an orientation change value calculation unit 24 configured to calculate a change amount of the vehicle orientation based on temporal changes of several characteristic points on the road surface; and a home position calculation unit 25 configured to calculate the current position and the current vehicle orientation angle by summing the amount of the orientation change with the starting position and the initial attitude angle of the vehicle relative to the road surface.EFFECT: simple identification of characteristic points with a difference between characteristic points and a light beam with a pre-established template and, therefore, an exact calculation of the vehicle's own position.6 cl, 23 dwg

Driving assistance device for vehicle and method for driving assistance for vehicle // 2624373
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: driving assistance device for a vehicle includes an object detection section (12) for detecting objects present on the periphery of the vehicle in question and determines whether the vehicle in question is in the predetermined area from the crossroad (Crs). The driving assistance device for a vehicle selects from the objects detected by the object detection section (12) the first moving object (V02, V03), which may come into collision with the vehicle in question, when the vehicle in question enters the crossroad (Crs). The driving assistance device for a vehicle selects from the objects detected by the object detection section (12) the second moving object (J01, J02), which crosses the road along which the first moving object (V02, V03) is moving between the vehicle in question and the first moving object, and receives the information about the movement of the second moving object (J01, J02) crossing the crossroad. The driving assistance device for a vehicle determines that the vehicle in question can enter the crossroad (Crs) when it receives the information about the movement of the second moving object (J01, J02) crossing the crossroad.EFFECT: permission for a vehicle in question to enter the crossroad with high reliability.12 cl, 12 dwg

Device for calculation of own position and method of calculation of own status // 2621826
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: self-position calculating device includes: a light projector 11 configured to project a structured light beam onto a road surface near the vehicle; an image pickup unit 12 mounted in the vehicle and configured to grip and obtain a road surface image near the vehicle covering the area of the projected structured light beam; an orientation angle calculation means 22 configured to calculate the attitude angle of the vehicle relative to the road surface from the shape of the structured light beam in the image obtained by the image pickup unit 12; a characteristic point detection means 23 configured to detect a plurality of characteristic points on the road surface from an image obtained by the image capturing unit 12; orientation change amount calculation means 24 configured to calculate a change amount in the vehicle orientation based on temporal changes in a plurality of characteristic points on the road surface detected by the characteristic point detection means 23; and self-position calculation means 25 configured to calculate the current position and the current vehicle orientation angle by adding a change amount in the orientation to the start position and the initial orientation angle of the vehicle with respect to the road surface. Depending on how the characteristic points on the road surface are detected by the characteristic point detection means, the light projector 11 selectively projects the structured light beam to a specific area of the structured light beam projection from the plurality of regions of the structured light beam projection.EFFECT: identification of characteristic points when distinguishing between characteristic points and a structured light beam, and thereby calculating the vehicle's own position.6 cl, 30 dwg

Device for calculation of own location and method of calculation of own location // 2621823
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: calculate your own location by the present invention projects structured light on surface roads around the vehicle captures and retrieves the image surface roads around the vehicle. While determining the state of the road surface around the vehicle varies up to or exceeds the threshold, the device will calculate its own location calculates the current position of the current vehicle orientation angle at the moment by summing the values change the orientation of the current position and the current angle of orientation of the vehicle which are evaluated in the previous cycle of information processing.EFFECT: exact calculation of the own vehicle location even if the surface of the road around the vehicle is uneven or bumpy.4 cl, 13 dwg

Device for detecting three-dimensional objects // 2616538
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: device comprises: image capturing means; image converting means; means for detecting three-dimensional combining objects; means for detecting light sources; means for assessing the reliability degree; and control means for setting the first threshold value or the second threshold value.EFFECT: improving detection accuracy of the vehicle moving behind.13 cl, 34 dwg

ethod and apparatus for imaging and visualization of environmental conditions near obstacle approached by commercial vehicle // 2613036
FIELD: information technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to visualisation of environmental conditions. Using an image capture device, data on a commercial vehicle approaching an obstacle are recorded in form of an image and through a transmitter wirelessly transmitted to a receiving unit, located in commercial vehicle and displayed by a display device, image capture device comprises one camera installed on one obstacle so that it forms a two-dimensional image of environment near obstacle together with commercial vehicle approaching one obstacle, image is transmitted in real time to receiving unit and displayed by a display device, transmitter is a WLAN component, setting an access point (hot spot), through which automatically or after inputting an identification code, a wireless connection of receiving unit of commercial vehicle with transmitter is established.EFFECT: higher safety and reliability when cargo vehicle approaches an obstacle.18 cl, 4 dwg

Driving aid device and method of driving assistance // 2605812
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: disclosed group of invention relates to device and method of providing assistance during driving. Driving aid device more appropriate controls need in assistance during driving, associated with avoidance of collision, and efficiently inhibits activation of optional aid during driving. Driving aid device performs assistance in avoiding of collision for vehicle relative to moving ahead vehicle, based on time to collision. Transverse speed variation calculation unit determines relative transverse speed. Storage unit saves steering time, which is time required for vehicle, to avoid moving ahead vehicle by means of steering. Storage unit stores activation threshold value, which is a threshold value to, determine aid activation during driving based on relative transverse speed. Aid control unit inhibits driving aid activation process in situation, when time to collision is equal to or larger than steering time.EFFECT: enabling higher safety during vehicle driving.11 cl, 19 dwg

Aircraft traffic separation system // 2601968
FIELD: data processing.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a method and system for controlling movement of aircraft. To manage separation between vehicles, method comprises predicting a closest point of approach between paths of two vehicles, generating compensating commands first vehicle with required level of separation and approach time, generating control commands taking into account compensating commands and required level of separation. Separation control system comprises a module for controlling separation.EFFECT: preventing collision of vehicles.20 cl, 20 dwg

Warning system // 2595133
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to prevention for cargo vehicle and concerns direct informing a driver when overtaking. System has a device for visual observation with the surface of visual observation, made with possibility of presenting objects, which are located near the vehicle, a processing unit. System also includes indication device configured to generate indication overtaking. Processing unit is made with indication of overtaking on the image of the object, presented on the surface of visual observation, so that indication overtaking surrounds the image of the object, when there is an object in the zone of overtaking.EFFECT: simple and safe system overtaking for cargo vehicle.10 cl, 3 dwg

Warning system // 2594050
FIELD: transportation; instrument engineering. SUBSTANCE: proposed is warning system for vehicle. System comprises at least one device for observation with viewing surface made with possibility of presentation of objects, which are located nearby of vehicle. Processing unit is configured to receive one or more sensors signals coming from one or more sensors. There are sensors to measure at least speed of object near vehicle. Processing unit calculates difference Δv, which represents difference between corresponding speeds of said object and vehicle, and comparison of difference Δv with at least one threshold value vt. Warning system comprises at least one display apparatus placed close to said observation device. Indication device is configured to generate at least one warning indication for display on viewing surface of observation device or nearby to it. EFFECT: warning system, which eliminates disadvantages of existing systems. 16 cl, 3 dwg

Device for vehicle control // 2581897
FIELD: motor industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle control device, which includes preventing collision device. Proposed device comprises unit for preventing collision, performs control of preventing vehicle collision with object near vehicle, and control unit. Unit of preventing collision is blocked when determining vehicle movement at turn. Control unit controls anti-collision unit so that it does not block unit preventing collision of vehicle during braking.EFFECT: achieved is creation of car control device with high accuracy of determining the need to interlocking preventing collision device.4 cl, 3 dwg

Driving aid device and process // 2576362
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to driving aid device. Claimed device comprises the vehicle turn actuator state, imager, solid object detector and detection area updating means. Claimed process includes the steps whereat the imaging is performed in the preset ranges. Said range includes the determination areas preset at left rear and right rear of the vehicle. A solid object is detected in said detection areas. Note here that the primary vehicle turn state is detected to get the image in the present range. The vehicle right behind the primary vehicle is detected in the detection areas on the bird's eye view. The detection area is updated to decrease the size of detection areas on the bird's view eye.EFFECT: higher precision of solid object detection at vehicle turns.13 cl, 15 dwg

Device for detecting three-dimensional objects and method of detecting three-dimensional objects // 2576315
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device comprises first means (33) of detecting three-dimensional objects based on a captured image, means (34) of detecting light sources, which is situated behind the investigated vehicle, second means (35) of detecting three-dimensional objects based on a light source, means (37) of evaluating three-dimensional objects for evaluating whether or not a three-dimensional object is a vehicle situated in an adjacent lane, means (38) of calculating degree of blur for calculating the degree of lens blur and control means (37) for evaluating whether or a three-dimensional object is a vehicle in an adjacent lane, based at least on the detection result from the second means of detecting three-dimensional objects, when the degree of lens blur is equal to or greater than a predetermined value and evaluating whether or not a three-dimensional object is a vehicle in an adjacent lane, based on the detection result from at least the first means of detecting three-dimensional objects, when the degree of lens blur is less than the determination value.EFFECT: improved safety owing to timely detection of a vehicle in an adjacent lane.17 cl, 24 dwg, 3 tbl

On-board image recognition device // 2573110
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: in a detection sensitivity control module (50), which controls detection sensitivity such that it increases according to the level (U) of white haziness, detection sensitivity of a vehicle detector (70) (a module for executing an image recognition application), which detects another vehicle (6) (a moving object), present in the surrounding region of the vehicle (5), with predetermined detection sensitivity from an image obtained by an imaging module (10) situated in the vehicle (5) configured to observe the surrounding region of the vehicle (5) through a lens (12) and convert the light signal of the observed surrounding region of the vehicle (5) into an image signal, is corrected based on the adhesion level M of a substance, such as dirt or water droplets, stuck to the lens (12), which is calculated by an adhesion level computing module (26).EFFECT: accurate detection of a moving object from an image, even when the lens is dirty.7 cl, 31 dwg

Device for detecting three-dimensional objects and method of detecting three-dimensional objects // 2572954
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device comprises: a camera (10) for capturing an image of the region behind a vehicle, a three-dimensional object detecting module (33) for detecting a three-dimensional object behind the vehicle based on the obtained image, a lens cleaning device (100) for cleaning the lens (11) of the camera (10) using a cleaning liquid according to a predefined lens cleaning step; a lens state evaluating module (38) for evaluating whether or not the state of the lens (11) is a predefined state to be controlled, based on the time when the cleaning liquid is sprayed onto the lens at the lens cleaning step, and a control module (39) for stopping detection of three-dimensional objects, when the lens state is evaluated as a state to be controlled by storing, during a predefined period, the detection or evaluation results from the time immediately before the lens state is evaluated as a state to be controlled.EFFECT: high image accuracy, even when the cleaning liquid is sprayed onto the lens.11 cl, 38 dwg

Device for detecting three-dimensional objects and method of detecting three-dimensional objects // 2572952
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device comprises: a detection region specifying module 41 for specifying a detection region behind on the right side and the left side of a vehicle; three-dimensional object detecting modules 33, 37 for detecting a three-dimensional object present in the right-side detection region A1 or the left-side detection region A2 behind the vehicle, based on image information from a camera 10 behind the vehicle; a three-dimensional object evaluation module 34 for determining whether or not a detected three-dimensional object is another vehicle VX which is present in the right-side detection region A1 or the left-side detection region A2. The detection region specifying module 41, when a wet lens condition is detected, alters the position of the first detection region, which is first specified as the detection region, such that said region does not include a white road marking line display region on the side of the traffic lane of the vehicle from a number of white road marking lines in adjacent traffic lanes, which are adjacent to the traffic lane in which the vehicle is travelling, and specifies a second detection region as the new detection regions A1, A2.EFFECT: safer movement owing to accurate reflection of the real environment on the road.13 cl, 28 dwg

System for optical wireless data transmission between vehicles // 2572024
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: system for optical wireless data transmission between vehicles includes an on-board equipment unit and a control unit. A vehicle is equipped with radiating sensors and receiving sensors. The radiating sensors are an array of light-emitting diodes in the visible spectrum, which transit data to other vehicles and road infrastructure elements, connected by inputs through an optical signal encoder to the output of the control unit. The receiving sensors are an array of photodiodes which receive data from other vehicles and road infrastructure elements, connected by outputs through optical signal detectors to the input of the control unit. The control unit is provided with a program which processes decoded data from the receiving sensors. Processing results are transmitted to display devices, and data from the on-board equipment unit are transmitted through the control unit and the optical signal encoder to the radiating sensors.EFFECT: safer road traffic.4 dwg

Device for detecting three-dimensional objects, method of detecting three-dimensional objects // 2571368
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device comprises means of capturing images of the rear part of a vehicle, means of detecting three-dimensional objects behind a vehicle and calculating the speed of the three-dimensional object based on the obtained image, means of detecting rain or formation of a water film on the road surface due to rain, means of evaluating three-dimensional objects as another vehicle, control means for changing the range of speed settings.EFFECT: high accuracy of detecting a moving object during movement of a vehicle.16 cl, 39 dwg

Device for detecting three-dimensional objects // 2571367
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device comprises means of capturing images of right-side and left-side detection regions behind a vehicle, means of detecting three-dimensional objects based on the obtained image, means of evaluating regions with high brightness, which corresponds to a defined reference in said detection regions, means of controlling the stoppage of detecting a three-dimensional object and initiating the detection of a three-dimensional object based on image information in said detection regions.EFFECT: high accuracy of detecting a moving object during movement of a vehicle.12 cl, 23 dwg

Auxiliary vehicle control system // 2570982
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: in the system which provides auxiliary vehicle control when an obstacle is detected along the path of vehicle motion. In this system, at least one trajectory of obstacle bypassing enabling vehicle to avoid collision with the obstacle is found based on vehicle motion mode. Then, if calculated trajectory of obstacle bypassing can go at the right or at the left of the vehicle round the obstacle vehicle braking operation is executed without executing vehicle turning operation.EFFECT: auxiliary vehicle control which prevents vehicle collision with an obstacle.6 cl, 2 dwg

Device for detecting three-dimensional objects and method of detecting three-dimensional objects // 2570892
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a device for detecting three-dimensional objects, comprising: means (33) of detecting three-dimensional objects based on captured images and calculating the speed of a three-dimensional object, means (35) of detecting light sources corresponding to the front phase of another vehicle, and control means (37) which, if no light source corresponding to the front phase of another vehicle is detected, and additionally the speed of the three-dimensional object is equal to or less than the speed of the vehicle under investigation, or the difference between the speed of the three-dimensional object and the speed of the vehicle under investigation is less than a given value, stops detection of the three-dimensional object based on information of the difference signal form.EFFECT: preventing erroneous detection of vehicles in an adjacent lane in conditions when there is dirt on the camera lens.14 cl, 23 dwg

Vehicle auxiliary control system // 2570191
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: claimed system allows escaping the collision and defines the motion path range as multiple routes for vehicle to run in with the help of usual control actions to be made by driver. Note here that no auxiliary control is performed if said path range includes the path to be driven all over the solid obstacle. On the contrary, auxiliary control is performed if said path range has no path to be driven all over the solid obstacle.EFFECT: friendly driver's aid to avoid collision.5 cl, 8 dwg

Driving aid // 2567706
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: claimed device incorporates multiple models that define relationship between driving job and data describing relative position of moving body revealed at carrier front and rear. This device selects the model to be used proceeding from the data related with detected moving body and renders help in driving proceeding from selected model and driving job performed by driver after detection of moving body. Preferably, selected model can be updated proceeding from definite model and driving job performed by the driver after detection of moving body.EFFECT: efficient driving help.5 cl, 17 dwg

Device for vehicle control support and method for vehicle control support // 2566326
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to automotive industry, particularly, to vehicle control support mean. Proposed device calculates time interval for vehicle to reach the intersection point. Whereat vehicle and moving object intersect in motion in vehicle path and in path crossing the vehicle path. Besides, it calculates the time wherein moving object reaches the intersection point and supports vehicle control on the basis of comparison of the first and second time intervals. proposed method of vehicle control support consists in taking a correct decision about necessity in vehicle control support and execution of said support in the case of need.EFFECT: taking correct decision of vehicle control support and efficient vehicle control support.6 cl, 4 dwg

Vehicle driver aid // 2566175
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to vehicle control systems. Module for control over motive/braking force detects the rod shape ahead of moving vehicle to define if the driver intents to change the lane proceeding from road definite shape and steering magnitude selected by driver. Control module defines the obstacle located behind and sideways of vehicle. Control module defines if control over approach inhibit move can be started to inhibit approach to obstacle when driver's intention for lane changing and obstacle availability are defined to aid in control over move control start. Control module defines the accuracy in definition of road shape ahead of vehicle and suppresses the definition of control start at low accuracy of detection.EFFECT: suppressing of discomfort at driving.18 cl, 9 dwg

Detector of solid objects and detection of solid objects // 2563534
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed detector (1) serves to detect solid objects at periphery of vehicle (V). Note here that said detector (1) comprises frame grabber chamber (10). Said frame comprises detection areas (A1, A2) set in adjacent lanes behind the vehicle (V). Solid object evaluation module (33) is intended for evaluation if solid object stays or no in the frames of detection areas (A1, A2) grabbed by camera (10). Crosswise position detection module (34) serves to detect spacing (∆y) between vehicle position in the lane the vehicle (V) moves in and separation line separating said lanes. Module (33b) of setting the areas for request for increase in the size of detection area (A1 or A2) on the side of separation line location by larger magnitude in compliance with increase in distance (∆y) to separation line detected by crosswise position detection module (34). Lane change detection means (35) reveals the change in the vehicle motion lane. In case said lane change is revealed, smaller increase is used at size increase in predefined area outward in direction of vehicle width.EFFECT: higher accuracy of detection.12 cl, 32 dwg

Urban vehicle // 2561188
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: urban vehicle includes body (1), drives for front and rear wheels (5), external observation video cameras, radars for determination of distances to surrounding objects. Transmit-receive elements of radars (6) are located on each of wheels together with their aspect sensors. Wheel drives are equipped with individual electric motors located inside each of hubs, as well as with power devices to turn each of them in horizontal plane for any angle irrespective to other wheels, which angle is calculated by control system for a trajectory selected by driver including urban vehicle plane-parallel motion in any direction. Video cameras are installed above all doors (8), as well as at the side of body after end with possibility to transfer to display the captured image superimposed with plan of surroundings obtained using radars and navigation system and complemented with movement corridor predicted by on-board computer depending on set by driver turning centre or type of motion.EFFECT: higher mobility and manoeuvrability of urban vehicle, as well as safety of passengers and other road users.7 cl, 11 dwg
ethod of emergency braking of vehicles // 2557884
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and can be used to prevent accidents with vehicles. Vehicle contains accessory for emergency determination of the brake path, system of emergency automatic braking, device for remote tracking of its movement trajectory, device for operative mobile communication with central computer control station. The device for mobile communication with the control station is used to transmit to its PC data of coordinates of the vehicle movement, state of its path to calculate the brake path in case of the emergency brake, and to receive from the central control station of the signal on possible collision with another vehicle, as well as reception of the command for emergency linking of the vehicle with its movement path using the emergency automatic brake in case if the calculated brake path exceeds the distance from the another vehicle with which collision is possible.EFFECT: increased efficiency of the vehicle braking.

Vehicle identification system and vehicle identification device // 2556774
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: vehicle identification system includes communication device, detection device and vehicle identification device. Communication device receives other vehicle information connected with other vehicle near the main vehicle. Detection device finds other vehicle near the main vehicle. Vehicle identification device identifies a vehicle transmitting other vehicle information based on other vehicle information received using communication device and result of detection using detection device. Vehicle identification device is configured with possibility to switch between capture mode to capture transmitting vehicle and tracking mode to identify transmitting vehicle.EFFECT: higher communicating vehicle identification accuracy.6 cl, 13 dwg

ethod of preventing collision of cars and apparatus therefor // 2550566
FIELD: physics; control.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems for preventing collision of vehicles when overtaking. In the method of preventing collision of cars, optical radiation from vehicles on with-flow and contra-flow lanes, as well as from the vehicle moving ahead is received at the overtaking vehicle. The radiation is then converted into electrical signals and, based on said information, the possibility of safe overtaking is determined for the overtaking vehicle, followed by signalling to the driver of the overtaking vehicle moving on the with-flow lane. In case of a risk of collision, signalling is made to prohibit overtaking on the contra-flow lane. The apparatus for implanting the method comprises two electro-optical transducers, an acceleration sensor, a velocity sensor, a sensor for the longitudinal slope of the road, a computer, a switch for input of information on geometric dimensions of vehicles, light and audio signalling devices.EFFECT: safer overtaking.2 cl, 1 dwg

System for detection of intermittent stationary objects and method to this end // 2549595
FIELD: physics, navigation.SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to detection of intermittent stationary objects. System to detect intermittent stationary object nearby moving object comprises image capture device, module to convert the point of observation, module to extract characteristic points, module to compute signal shape data, module to detect data on peaks, module to detect versions of intermittent stationary objects and module to evaluate said objects. System to detect intermittent stationary object nearby moving object comprises image capture step, step to convert the point of observation, step to extract characteristic points, step to compute signal shape data, step to detect data on peaks, step to detect versions of intermittent stationary objects and step to evaluate said objects.EFFECT: high accuracy of detection.15 cl, 21 dwg

Information representation device to be used in vehicle // 2549578
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technique of driving condition representation to driver. Information representation device to be used in a vehicle includes movement conditions receiving module; the first module for movement conditions distributions calculation; the first module for driving instability determination; module for training completion determination; the second module for driving instability determination; instability selection module and module for information representation to driver. Driving conditions data is the data received in time range differing from immediately preceding time range. Other time range changes depending on training degree which is ratio of elapsed time from movement conditions data collection start to present time to training time, where time range is set so that it becomes greater while training degree increases. In another version, the device additionally contains module of driving scenario determination.EFFECT: functionality enhancement.17 cl, 16 dwg

Driving aid and method of vehicle detection nearby it // 2546547
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises image capture device mounted at the vehicle to catch the imaged sideways therefrom, nearby vehicle detection unit light projecting candidate object detector projecting the light with luminescence equal to or higher than the first threshold magnitude, unit to detect the causes for revealing if light projecting candidate object exists or not as well as supplier of data to driver on nearby vehicle.EFFECT: higher accuracy of nearby vehicle.9 cl, 9 dwg

Vehicle anti-collision system // 2543123
FIELD: physics, navigation.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended to prevent collision of vehicles. When monitoring the surrounding space, a first initial state is obtained for a first object (18) located in the surrounding space (14) as a reference point during a first stopping event, wherein the initial state includes an indication of the initial position of the first object (18). During a second stopping event (S1), a determination (S2) is made of whether a vehicle (10) has moved between the first and second stopping events by a given minimum distance and/or whether a given minimum time has passed. The initial state is refreshed (S3) by indicating the position of at least a second object (18) located in the surrounding space (14) as a reference point if it is determined that a vehicle (10) has moved between the first and second stopping events by a distance exceeding the given minimum value and/or that a time greater than the given minimum time has passed. The actual position of the second object (18) is determined (S5) as the actual state for further intent to begin movement. A possible collision situation is detected (S6) if comparison of the actual and the initial state yields a distance greater than a given value. The invention also relates to an anti-collision apparatus.EFFECT: warning a driver on presence of objects in the surrounding space.8 cl, 2 dwg

ethod to monitor "blind area" of going ahead vehicle side mirrors and device for this method implementation // 2542835
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: in the first version, the method includes determination of presence of a vehicle moving ahead along adjacent lane in concurrent direction using video camera, measurement of distance to the vehicle with calculation of its side mirrors "blind area" position and rear vehicle position relative to "blind area", as well as determination of its type and dimensions, warning about hazardous proximity using indicators located in instrument cluster, assistance in the process of vehicle driving through vehicle deceleration in case when driver of vehicle moving ahead along adjacent lane begins to execute unsafe manoeuvre. In the second version, monitoring system switches on video camera, ultrasonic sensors and microcontroller. The ultrasonic sensors located on vehicle front bumper determine position of moving ahead vehicle side mirrors "blind area". Microcontroller produces warning signals for driver about vehicle entry into "blind area" of going ahead vehicle.EFFECT: higher traffic safety due to automatic monitoring of moving ahead vehicle blind area condition.7 cl, 3 dwg

Device to alert people at railway pedestrian crossing about train approach // 2538309
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: alert system comprises annunciator of approach to dangerous point connected via communication line with receiver arranged at locomotive, decoder, memory unit, gate multivibrator, three-input OR element, control circuit, reset pulse generator and people presence control pickups.EFFECT: higher safety.1 dwg, 1 tbl

Vehicle control device and method of helping vehicle driver at parking // 2529078
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive parking helps. Control device comprises computer to determine the distance to parking point in parking lot for vehicle to overcome, camera to register situation nearby the vehicle, interface for connection to device to output instructions on manoeuvring at motion to parking point, interface for connection with device for manual input of parking space boundaries and interface for connection to means intended for setting relationship between parking space boundaries and vehicle position. Camera is set to view the space ahead of vehicle. Portable computer comprises above described control device. Proposed method comprises registration of situation nearby vehicle by said camera, calculation of distance to parking point in parking lot for vehicle to overcome, outputting of instructions on manoeuvring at motion to parking point Picture produced by camera is used for manual input of parking space boundary to be compared with current position of vehicle.EFFECT: efficient parking help for driver.11 cl, 4 dwg

Device and method for parking assistance // 2525597
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to device and method for parking assistance. Device contains available parking space recorder, final target parking position setting facility, contact determination facility, final target parking position calculation facility, the first, the second and the third path calculation facility, the first path, the second path and the third path display facility. The contact determination facility provides determination whether there is the first path for vehicle to reach final target parking position without contacting with the edge of available parking space. The method consists in the following: available parking space is recorded, final target parking position is set, existence of the first path for vehicle to reach final target parking position without contacting with the edge of available parking space is determined. The first path is displayed if it exists. Angle of approach and not final target parking position is calculated if the first path does not exist. Not final target parking position is position that should be reached when vehicle is entering available parking space at approach angle. The second and the third paths are calculated and displayed.EFFECT: higher efficiency of parking assistance.10 cl, 15 dwg

Parking mode selection device and method // 2523861
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device according to the first version includes a steering angle detection unit, an operation detection unit in which the steering wheel returns to a neutral position after turning right or left, and a parking mode selection unit. The device according to the second version includes a steering angle detection unit, an operation detection means in which the steering wheel returns to a neutral position after turning right or left, and a parking mode selection means. The method includes detecting the steering angle of the steering wheel, detecting an operation in which the steering wheel returns to a neutral position after turning right or left, selecting one parking mode on the right side of the vehicle or left side of the vehicle from a plurality of parking modes.EFFECT: easy establishment of the desired parking position.21 cl, 29 dwg

ethod of navigation assistance for aircraft path determination // 2523183
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aviation, in particular to methods of navigation assistance for aircraft path determination. Navigation assistance method consists in determination of future approach path using evaluation of forecasted safe radiuses on future path based on calculation of limit moment starting from which a forecasted safe radius exceeds or is equal to alarm signal generation limit and calculation of limit departure moment which corresponds to maximum moment when an aircraft should leave its predetermined path along which it has been moving, to be able to go to safe altitude.EFFECT: limitation of departure procedures utilisation during loss of satellite navigational information thus reducing airspace saturation and limiting costs and duration of flights.15 cl, 5 dwg

Driving control device // 2520855
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle driving control device. The device contains side object detector, control device to actuate lateral movement inhibition control, start of entering adjacent lane detector, actuation suppressor to suppress actuation of lateral movement inhibition control. Lateral movement is followed by changing vehicle transversal position relative to lane. Suppression of actuation of lateral movement inhibition control is performed when a vehicle has started to enter adjacent traffic lane, and side object is detected in the adjacent traffic lane.EFFECT: prevention of improper interference in control for vehicle lateral movement inhibition during changing traffic lane.22 cl, 11 dwg

Automotive optical sensor // 2515312
FIELD: physics, optics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to optoelectronic devices to be used at carries as extra detector of objects in areas invisible for driver. Proposed optical sensor comprises transceiving channels, each including electronic unit, pulse source of optical radiation and photoreceiver, all being connected with electronic unit. Said electronic unit comprises reflected signal processor to execute control algorithm on the basis of measurement of time interval between radiation and registration of signal reflected from the object. Optical radiation source and photoreceiver are arranged, preferably, nearby so that their optical axes are parallel. The number of radiators in said sensor is defined by the relationship n ≥ β/α, where n is the number of radiators, β is central angle of controlled sector, α is beam angle.EFFECT: higher precision and reliability of detection.1 dwg

Driver's help and method of rendering help to drive vehicle driver // 2492083
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to driver helps. Proposed device comprises module to determine beginning of the control, vehicle controller and control suppression module. Method of rendering help comprises defining the control beginning, vehicle control step and control suppression step whereat control over turning force application to the vehicle is suppressed for preset time interval after vehicle transverse position relative to road lane approaches said lane.EFFECT: in situ help for drive in motion.11 cl, 14 dwg

Driver's help and method of rendering help to driver // 2492082
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to driver helps. Proposed driver's help comprises lateral hindrance detector, hindrance approach inhibit controller, overtaking detector, control suppression module and predicted position estimation module. Note here that hindrance approach inhibit controller defines the beginning of hindrance approach control on the basis of predicted position estimated by predicted position estimation module. Hindrance approach inhibit controller defines the beginning of hindrance approach control on the basis of predicted position estimated by predicted position estimation module. When overtaking is detected by overtaking detector hindrance approach inhibit module inhibits the control over beginning of hindrance approach by aforesaid controller as opposed to conditions when overtaking is detected but not executed so that control over hindrance approach prevention is suppressed.EFFECT: development of hindrance approach prevention controller.14 cl, 15 dwg

ethod for traffic safety ensuring // 2469890
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: method includes synchronisation of reference transmitters clocks, measuring time of radio signal run from antennas of three and more reference transmitters located at distance from transport facilities (TF) and pedestrian to antenna of radio navigation device located on TF or pedestrian, calculation of TF and pedestrian coordinates using computing device, transmission of TF and pedestrian coordinates data and their identification numbers to information computer centre via radio channel, and transmission of alert signals to road users. Radio masts with reference transmitters are installed along roadway in fixed points with known three-dimensional coordinates of antennas. Reference transmitters clock synchronisation with the clock of information computer centre is performed via existing between them optical carrier. Digital road map is created by means of splitting roadway into pixels with known three-dimensional coordinates, with indication of coordinates and meanings of road signs and traffic lights. On TF, two radio navigation devices mutually spaced along TF longitudinal axis are installed, and from their continuously measured three-dimensional coordinates and digital road map the TF position relative to axial line of roadway is determined at any moment.EFFECT: invention provides higher traffic safety.8 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of preventing collision of cars and apparatus for realising said method // 2450365
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: optical radiation from vehicles moving on the same and opposite lanes is simultaneously received at a car; said optical radiation is converted to electric signals; the distance to vehicles on the same and opposite lanes is calculated; the approach speed of said vehicles is calculated; geometric dimensions of the vehicle moving in the same direction are determined. Based on said information, light signalling is issued to keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front and on possibility of overtaking in conditions when there is a vehicle in the oncoming lane. Also the maximum acceleration of the car given its current load and technical condition is determined; the longitudinal slope of the road is determined; the possibility of safe overtaking the vehicle in front is determined based on the distance travelled over the overtaking time. During overtaking, conformity of the current values of acceleration, speed of the overtaking car and distance to an oncoming vehicle with calculated is monitored and a light and audio signal is emitted to prevent overtaking if there is risk of collision, and also on a dangerous distance to the vehicle in front, based on the slope of the road.EFFECT: group of inventions increase reliability of evaluating safety of overtaking and selecting a safe distance to the vehicle in front by taking into account such additional factors as slope of the road surface, the current and maximum possible acceleration of the car given the current load.2 cl, 2 dwg
 
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