Controlling and regulating (G05)

G   Physics(388263)
G05            Controlling; regulating(31910)

Fluid medium regulator having improved flow stability // 2614385
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: fluid medium regulator contains a housing having a fluid medium inlet and a fluid medium outlet interconnected by a fluid flow channel with part of the regulator housing forming the first chamber and the second chamber, a feedthrough hole located in the fluid flow channel, a seat and a control element located in the fluid flow channel and made able to displace between the open position located at a distance from the seat and the closed position installed against the seat, herewith the control element is configured to respond to changes of the fluid medium pressure in order to regulate the flow of the process fluid medium through the feedthrough hole.EFFECT: first membrane with a radial inner part is functionally connected to the control element, and the second membrane with a radial inner part is also functionally connected with the control element.23 cl, 8 dwg

System and method for reducing unwanted temperature changes during processing of food products // 2614034
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: in the general version, a system for manufacturing food products is proposed, which comprises at least one heat exchanger, at least one tank for the food product, at least one steam source having a steam valve, a computer having a processor, and a computer-readable medium available for the computer and comprising a computer processor software program, which automatically controls the steam valve for switching it from the first position to the second calculated position in order to maintain the heating temperature of the heating medium, which is sufficient to maintain the sterility of the food product during the circulating water - food product transfer in the heat exchanger, and to return the steam valve back to the first position, when the food product completely displaces the circulating water in the heat exchanger.EFFECT: reducing the temperature changes during the aseptic processing of a food product and increasing the quality of the food product processing.20 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex

Peripheral control device having preset error states, and control method thereof // 2613982
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: to control peripheral control device (108, 112, 116) performing reception through controller (102), connected to peripheral control device (108, 112, 116), data from control system (122), remote from controller (102), in order to ensure peripheral control device (108, 112, 116) operation under error absence conditions; detection (306) of error state occurrence and providing peripheral control device (108, 112, 116) operation (506) based on data, coming from control system (122), if error state occurrence is not detected. Besides, providing peripheral control device (108, 112, 116) operation (508) in case of error state occurrence based on instruction, relating to specified error state, which is recorded in controller (102) memory, and consisting in provision of peripheral control device operation in first position during first time interval and second position during second time interval.EFFECT: enabling possibility to maintain fluid medium preset level in reservoir even in case of error state occurrence.26 cl, 7 dwg

Lysimeter // 2613882
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: lysimeter includes the container (1) with the soil monolith, communicating with the vertically installed container (6), the pallet (5), the valve (11), the retainer (16) of the valve (11) position, and the water level control elements. The vertically installed container (6) is divided into two unequal parts (8, 9) by the vertical perforated partition (10), and one part of the container (8) is communicated via the pipe with the container (1) with the soil monolith and is made with the valve (11) placed inside, rigidly fixed to the vertical rod (13) with the pointing arrow (14) located above the cover (15) of the container (6). The valve (11) is made in the form of a ball equipped with a visor (12) on top, and is arranged with the possibility to overlap the outlet opening (18) in the horizontal partition (19) fixed in the middle part of the container (6). Wherein the valve (11) in the lower part is additionally provided with the guide rod (20) passing through the outlet opening (18) in the horizontal partition (19). The side wall of the container (6) above the cover (15) is equipped with the graduated column (21) in the form of a scale opposite the pointing arrow (14).EFFECT: higher reliability and convenience of conducting the research on experimental plots, as well as reducing the complexity of controlling low-pressure water feeding of the plots to be investigated near the natural field.3 cl, 2 dwg

Device for regulating voltage and method for its control // 2613679
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: for voltage regulation device comprising a transformer, one of whose windings comprises in each phase, are connected in series primary and an adjusting part, at least two switching units, one of which is connected with a branch regulating section, and the other switching node is connected to the extreme output adjusting part. Each switching node comprises a thyristor switch, and the ends of the switching nodes are interconnected to form a common point connected to the common points of the switching nodes of other phases. In each phase of the device there is a current transformer connected between the branch portion and the adjusting key thyristor; In addition, the device in each phase can be connected in series reactor and reactor trip unit connected in parallel with thyristor key connected to the output regulating section extreme. Thyristor key management unit is injected to each phase of the device and the other phases thyristor switches. In the method for regulating the voltage of one embodiment of the regulation is carried out by opening the thyristor keys, switching thyristors thyristor keys from one switching node to another is accomplished by pre-closing thyristor thyristor keys one switching node, followed by the opening of the thyristor thyristor keys of another switching node without interrupting passing through the reactor when switching operating current of the transformer. Alternatively, in the method of regulating the voltage, the regulation is carried out by opening the thyristor keys in phases at increasing voltage is performed as follows: in the rest position thyristor keys connected to the extreme terminals regulating section, left open in all phases, and then close the thyristor switch connected to extreme conclusion of the first phase adjustment portion, and open thyristor switch connected to a branch of this phase adjustment, then the keys sequentially switched thyristor in the other phases, similar to switching triac keys in the first phase; wherein the switching thyristor voltage drop on the key is carried out in reverse order.EFFECT: provision of rich functionality with the introduction of per-phase voltage control in complete control range by switching thyristor keys alternately in each of the primary winding phase.5 cl, 1 dwg

ethod and system for rules of powerful gas turbines diagnostics // 2613637
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to the system and method for controlling and diagnosing abnormalities in gas turbine auxiliary systems. A computer device is used with a user interface and a memory device for storing a number of rules sets relating real time input and output data for the corresponding process parameters of the gas turbine auxiliary systems, the above parameters are evaluated using the received input data. Control and diagnostic system comprises an axial-flow compressor, a low pressure turbine, a set of rules relating the real time input and output data for the corresponding process parameters of the gas turbine auxiliary systems. The process parameters relate to the radial vibration and metal bearings temperature control system, mineral and hydraulic oil control system, turbine inter-wheel space, compressor exhaust valve, combustion distribution, discharge temperature control, and the ventilation system.EFFECT: invention expands the complex of ways of control and diagnostics of abnormalities in the gas turbine auxiliary systems, using a computer device with a user interface and a memory device and providing timeliness and accuracy of malfuncations of gas turbine auxiliary systems.10 cl, 5 dwg

ethod for searching faulty unit in continuous dynamic system through introduction of trial deviations // 2613630
FIELD: measurement equipment.SUBSTANCE: to find the faulty unit on the basis of the trial deviations, a certain number of the dynamic elements of the system is fixed, the control time and the paramenter of the integral signal transformation are determined, the test signal and the integral estimates are used, a certain number of the control system points is fixed, the reaction of the diagnosed object and the model is recorded, the reaction of the obviously operable system on the certain range of the control points is recorded, the integral evaluations of the output signals are defined in a certain way, the number of different test deviations is fixed, the integrated assessment of the model signals for each control point is determined, the deviation of the integral model signal estimations is determined, the normalized values of the deviations of the integral model signal estimations, resulted due to the trial deviations, are determined, the system with the nominal characteristics is replaced with the controlled system, a similar test signal is given to the system input, the integral evaluations of the controlled system signals are determined for the control points, the deviations of the integral estimates from the nominal values are defined, the normalized values of the deviations of the integral controlled system estimates are determined, the diagnostic signs are determined, by which the defect is determined, the faulty unit is determined by the maximum of the diagnostic sign.EFFECT: reducing the calculation costs at the diagnostics of the automatic control system.1 dwg
Terminal control device based on variational principles // 2613623
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: terminal control device based on the variational principles, comprises a relationship unit, five adder units, fourteen multiplier units, a derivative calculating unit, a delay line unit, a reference signal input, a constant storage unit, connected in a certain way.EFFECT: high measurement accuracy.5 dwg
Controller with isolated loading chamber and device to prevent emissions // 2613619
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: controller comprises a housing limiting a measuring chamber between the inlet and the outlet holes of the controller fluid medium flow through channel. Cover is connected to the housing and limits a loading chamber located adjacent to the measuring chamber. Loading chamber is sealed relative to the measuring chamber and to surrounding the controller fluid medium. Control sensor is located between the measuring chamber and the loading chamber and has a seal for hydraulic insulation of the loading chamber from the measuring chamber. Control sensor has an outlet flow channel between the measuring chamber and the loading chamber to remove the fluid from the measuring chamber at a faulty state of the seal.EFFECT: higher accuracy and reliability of the controller.17 cl, 4 dwg

ethod and system for real-time control of burning without water injection with low emission of nitric oxides and diffusion combustion // 2613548
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the method of controlling and diagnosing of malfunctions in the operation of gas turbine. To implement the method, a computer device is used togethwer with an interface device and the device with previously stored thereon sets of rules relating the real time output and input data of the gas turbine operation, in this case the input data are related to the temperature variation of the exhaust gases flow, state of the gas turbine flame detectors, turbine switching into another operating mode, the pressure drop in the fuel gas line is determined and compared with the threshold values, recommendations are given to the gas turbine operator to switch it to another mode provided the pressure diferential meets the specified range of threshold values. Additionally, the faulty combustion chamber is identified by determining the twist angle of the exhaust gases flow by determining the temperature variation from the temperature sensors and compliance with its temperature variation threshold for the specific combustion mode.EFFECT: invention expands the set of methods of control and diagnostics of malfuncations in the gas turbine operation with the help of computer, interface and memory devices, thereby providing timely provision of information about gas turbine malfuncations to prevent accidental shutdowns.10 cl, 10 dwg

Search method of topological defects in continuous dynamic system based on sensitivity functions // 2613402
FIELD: measurement equipment.SUBSTANCE: to search for topological defects, a certain number of possible problems is fixed, the control time is defined compared with the transition process time; an integral transformation parameter is defined; a test signal and signal integraal estimations are used; the system control points number is fixed; response of the object under test and response of a good system are recorded in the control points in a certain way; the output signal integraal estimations are defined and recorded; the system with nominal characteristics is replaced with a controlled system, a similar test signal is given to the system input; integral estimates of the controlled system signals are defined for each of the control points, their deviation from the nominal values and the standard deviations values are also defined. Integral estimates are defined of the model output signals for the control points and standard values in a certain way; diagnostic feature is determined, and according to its minimum, the topological defect is determined.EFFECT: reduction of computational costs associated with the implementation of trial models with deviations.1 dwg

Automated control system of oil quality // 2613385
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: automated control system of oil quality, comprising a feed pipeline designed to transport the incoming flow of oil and pipeline intended for a mixed oil stream, regulators installed in the respective pipelines and designed for adjusting and measuring different indicators of the oil quality in the respective oil flows, including coefficient calculators of oil density and/or oil flow, and/or sulfur content and/or chloride salts content, and/or the water content in each stream ratios to the respective indicators in the mixed stream. The inputs of each of the mentioned calculators are connected to the outputs of the respective measurers, while outputs are connected to the respective inputs of a microprocessor, designed for comparing the measured and calculated parameters with predetermined parameters and forming regulation signals of flap position in respective streams according to the comparison results. The control system of oil quality comprises at least two collectors for separate oil storage with different levels of quality, connected by technological pipelines to the feed pipeline at the input and to the pipeline for the mixed oil stream at the output. According to the invention, collectors for separate oil storage are equipped with ultrasonic acoustic transmitters which are mounted on the inner wall across the collector housing.EFFECT: indicators of the oil quality in every collector are regulated irrespectively of the duration of the oil laying in the collector.2 cl, 1 dwg

Device for controlling voltage and control method thereof // 2613340
FIELD: electrical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering, in particular, to conversion equipment, and can be used to control voltage of converter transformers. Device for controlling voltage comprises a transformer, where in each phase intermediate output of primary winding is connected to beginning of thyristor switch, made from two anti-parallel connected thyristors, and end of primary winding is connected to a reactor, end of which is connected to end of thyristor switch, forming a common point connected to similar common points of other phases. Apparatus includes a control unit for thyristor switches of transformer windings of each phase. Method of controlling voltage when switching thyristor switches to increase voltage first comprises opening thyristor switch of one phase followed by successive connection of other and subsequent phases, and switching thyristor switches for voltage reduction is performed in reverse order.EFFECT: wider range of voltage control.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod for power supply and power supply with usb interface for load time-division multiple access system // 2613179
FIELD: electrical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering and can be used in load time division multiple access systems. Power supply with USB interface comprises: USB interface, smooth switching circuit and DC/DC conversion circuit, which are connected in series. From output of DC/DC conversion circuit power is supplied to loading time-division multiple access system. Power supply source also comprises a capacitor, first end of which is connected between smooth switching circuit and DC/DC conversion circuit, and second end is grounded. Said capacitor is used for limitation of input current of DC/DC conversion circuit. Value of capacitor is selected in accordance with voltage on capacitor, when loading time-division multiple access system is operating or not operating, maximum current allowable for output via a USB interface, input voltage of DC/DC conversion circuit, voltage and current required by load time division multiple access system, and period of operation of load time-division multiple access system.EFFECT: technical result consists in compensation of power at reduced capacitance in circuit of connector, providing compensation of power, ensuring working parameters of power supply source with USB interface.8 cl, 8 dwg

Automatic cleaning method for pump system including smooth start device // 2612759
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to pump electric motor program control system. Control method consists in fact, that during first period of time motor is accelerated to full speed in forward direction, then motor is decelerated, then motor is accelerated to preset speed in reverse direction during second period of time, then motor is decelerated and repeating steps for one or more times. At that, specified speed in reverse direction makes approximately 1/3 of full speed in forward direction. Second version of method consists in fact, that steps are performed by means of smooth start device circuit control using flow vector control, which enables to make preset speed in reverse direction equal to full speed in forward direction. Disclosed are smooth start device and pump system, which operate according to said methods.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of mechanical stresses in motor and longer service life of pump system.11 cl, 3 dwg

Alternating voltage regulator // 2612621
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: regulator is proposed, which comprises a primary and a booster transformer, the first and the second thyristor keys, a phase sensitive unit made in the form of two measuring transformers, two zero-bodies and a logical element "AND", a comparison unit made in the form of the zero-body, logical elements "OR" and "AND", the first amplifier, the first delay element having an input connected to the voltage transformer via the auxiliary zero-body, the second amplifier, an auxiliary logical element "AND", the second logical element "AND", a logical element "NOT", the second delay element, an auxiliary logical element "OR", wherein an additional adjustable delay element is introduced into in the control circuit by one of the thyristors of the second thyristor key.EFFECT: regulating reactive power consumption of the main and booster transformers.1 dwg

ethod for automatic control of redundancy of heterogeneous computer system and devices for its implementation // 2612569
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: computer system, possibly heterogeneous, consists of processor nodes, which are used in parallel, with each of them is determined by the success rate of the implementation phase of the task. These figures, together with the signals of the authenticity of the processor nodes of a higher position in the hierarchy used in pairwise hierarchical arbitration. As a result of arbitration is determined by the new status of each processing node. The process of automatic control systems and redundant computing device for its implementation are applicable in computing and test equipment and can be used in complex digital data processing and management of the technical facilities to ensure their reliability and safety of operation.EFFECT: increase reliability, fault tolerance and safety of the computing devices of complex airborne systems of technical objects.4 cl, 3 dwg

Aircraft automatic control in case of crew incapacity // 2612549
FIELD: aircraft engineering.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a method and a system for automatic aircraft control in case of the crew incapacity. For automatic aircraft control in case of the crew incapacity the crew incapacity is determined by transmitting a message to the cockpit indicator requiring a confirmation by the crew by entering a safety code, a command is sent to control the aircraft for the autopilot in absence of the confirmation from the crew, the aircraft is controlled by means of the autopilot system to the point of landing, before landing the aircraft another message is sent requiring a confirmation by the crew by entering a safety code, determined is a safe zone for the aircraft flight till the fuel depletion, flight is performed within the safe zone till the fuel depletion. Onboard system of the aircraft automatic control comprises a processor, two modules of influence on the processor, two autopilots, an additional module to determine a safe zone, a cockpit indicator, a device for entering the crew confirmation, a manual control commands transducer, an aircraft pressure losses transducer, a machine-readable medium with a built-in machine-readable program code.EFFECT: provided is the aircraft automatic control in case of the crew incapacity.12 cl, 5 dwg
ethod for simulation of target programs to create technical systems // 2612462
FIELD: information technology.SUBSTANCE: according to for simulation of target programs to create technical systems, simulation of forming databases of objects of groups "Goals", "Performer", "Tasks", "Technical System", "Resources", simulation of data analysis for integrity, simulation of extension of a definition of object data is carried out. Simulation of relationships that characterize relationship of objects "Objectives" and "Performers", simulation of relationships that characterize relationship of objects "Goals" and "Objectives", simulation relationships that characterize relationship of objects "Objectives" and "Technical System", simulation relationships that characterize relationship of objects "Performers" and "Tasks", simulation relationships that characterize relationship of objects "Tasks" and "Technical System", simulation relationships that characterize relationship of objects "Resources" and "Performer", simulation relationships that characterize relationship of objects "Resources" and "Tasks", simulation of relationships that characterize relationship of objects "Resources" and "Technical System" is carried out. Simulation of predicted changes in the parameters of objects of groups "Objectives", "Performers", "Tasks", "Technical System", "Resources", simulation of result of implementation of program to create technical systems is carried out.EFFECT: expanding of functionality for simulation of target programs to create technical systems.1 tbl

Configurable basic electrical element for forming output signals of electrical equipment // 2612461
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: configurable basic electrical element for forming outputs signals of electrical equipment includes processor means for performing a configurable function to generate outputs of the object of electrical equipment. Processor means contain a fast CPU and a slow processor segment segment in which functional blocks are implemented. Units operate relatively fast operations and a relatively slow operations. These units are independent and parameterized. Processor segments are configured to selectively connect and parameterize these functional blocks to perform a configured specified function.EFFECT: increased reliability.10 cl, 5 dwg

Adaptive control system // 2612340
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: adaptive control system comprises a controlled item, an adder, a regulator, an identifier, a digrator connected in a certain manner.EFFECT: automatic configuring of regulator without exciting control actions applied to a controlled item.2 dwg

Electric heating temperature control device // 2612311
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: electric heating temperature control device comprises two parallel-connected groups of high-power field-effect transistors. The gates of the first and second groups of high-power field-effect transistors are connected via current-limiting resistors to the outputs of the non-inverting and inverting drivers respectively. The output of the multivibrator is connected to the information inputs of the inverting and non-inverting driver, allowing inputs of which are connected to the output of the industrial controller, the last inputs are connected via a normalizing transducer with thermocouple output. Normalizing converters, inverting and non-inverting drivers, industrial controller and power-flop bus are connected to the positive terminal of the DC power supply, common terminal is connected to the common terminal of the analog transmitters, the general conclusions of the non-inverting and inverting drivers and with the general conclusions of the industrial controller and the multivibrator. DC power source is connected to the phase of the three-phase AC, three-phase of which are connected via a three-phase transformer through the diode rectifiers and battery electrolytic capacitors of its positive terminal to one of the terminals of the resistive heater. Its second terminal is connected to the drains of the two groups of high-power field-effect transistors, the sources of which, together with a common terminal and non-inverting inverting driver, the negative terminal of the battery electrolytic capacitors, and the midpoints of the secondary windings of the three-phase transformer are connected between themselves and with the device housing.EFFECT: expanded range of operating currents of the time groups of field transistors, driven power of electrical heating increases as well.1 dwg

Alternating current stabiliser // 2612279
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a secondary power sources, in particular to alternating current stabilizers with smooth rise thereof at start-up, and can be used for supply of heating circuits of powerful vacuum-tube devices and other devices that require load current stabilization and restriction of its surges during connection. AC stabilizer comprises a saturable reactor, alternating current windings of which are connected in series with load in AC network, and control winding of saturable reactor is connected in series with a parametric controlled DC stabilizer with time-setting RC circuit.EFFECT: high reliability and noise-immunity of alternating current stabiliser in a wide range of variation of ambient temperature, stabilization of current flowing through load at change of voltage of power supply network, and limitation of load current surge caused by transient processes, due to introduction of saturable reactor with magnetic core, having a rectangular hysteresis loop.1 cl, 2 dwg
ethod for adaptive control of poorly formalized object // 2612084
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: adaptive controller is defined to the end after the finite number of the control actions to control a poorly formalized object, initially the test launches of the control object are carried out at different control and constant external influences, excluding the exceeding possibility of the previously known limit values is provided, commissioning of the object is carried out, after reaching the value with the adjustable set, it is compared to one specified in a certain way. The actions for the other control parameter values are repeated during the control object operation in the entire control range.EFFECT: control accuracy at a relatively small number of the test launches.2 cl; 1 dwg

Portable diagnostic complex // 2612072
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: portable diagnostic complex contains PC, USB adaptor, USB interface, microcontroller, random memory, JTAG interface, promptly reprogrammable logic unit, two control buses, two data buses, programmer, two separate mutually inverted-common-mode with respect to each other electric circuits, connected in a particular way.EFFECT: initial diagnostics, control of electrical bonds, testing of printed circuit boards, programming and reading of memory, testing, programmed testing, control of quality and general workability of digital logical microcircuits, electronic units, units and electric connections, testing of workability of service software of hardware, support of boundary scan technology, realisation of monitoring and checkout of product, without interference into its normal operation.1 dwg

Portable diagnostic complex // 2612069
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: portable diagnostic complex contains PC, USB adaptor, USB interface, microcontroller, random memory, two control buses, two data buses, JTAG interface, promptly reprogrammable logic unit, programmer, connected in a particular way.EFFECT: mobile diagnostics, testing of software tests, adjustment of radioelectronic products are provided.1 dwg

ethod and apparatus for creating and modifying graphical schedules // 2611994
FIELD: data processing.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to means of planning graphical schedules. In one embodiment, a graphical user interface displays a graphical schedule, graphical schedule indicating a relationship between time and at least one user-selected condition to be satisfied, at least one user selected action to be taken, or at least one preset that represents a user-selected environmental state for a predetermined physical space. Graphical schedule is modified based on graphical manipulations from a user. Graphical schedule is provided to a programmable multimedia controller. Programmable multimedia controller is used to control at least one device in accordance with graphical schedule.EFFECT: providing means of creating and modifying a graphical schedule for devices of different types.19 cl, 11 dwg

Process control equipment integrity evaluating method and device // 2611985
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to equipment housing integrity diagnostics facilities. Disclosed is method, according to which in process plant first valve body impedance measurements sequence is recieved in response to first frequency, storing said first impedance measurements sequence, receiving second valve body impedance measurements sequence in response to second frequency, storing said second impedance measurements sequence, comparing first and second impedance measurements sequencies and generated indication on valve body integrity loss, if first impedance measurements sequence is offset from second impedance measurements sequence.EFFECT: technical result is increasing in accuracy of equipment housing loss of integrity determining.23 cl, 3 dwg

ethod and device for job setup // 2611689
FIELD: information technology.SUBSTANCE: during the job setup a record about previous user operations in the household appliance operation is received. It is determined whether there is a regular job, corresponding to the record of previous operations, at that, the regular job corresponds to the operation, which was registered at a fixed time of a predetermined number of times. If there is a regular job, the corresponding regular job element is set for the noted fixed time. Regular job element triggers the regular job processing by the household appliance with repeated occurrence of the noted fixed time. Devices for the job setup (versions) are also provided.EFFECT: timely provision of the required services to the user.23 cl, 8 dwg

Adjustable flyback converter or intermediate buck converter // 2611577
FIELD: electrical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering and can be used to control a flyback converter or an intermediate buck converter. Device and method for reducing distortions and increasing distortions power coefficients in flyback converters (21) and intermediate buck converters (22) includes assembly (1) for adjustment of control signals generated by controllers (2) to control switches (3) of the converters. Assemblies (1) increase or decrease time durations of the conducting state of switches (3) in response to increased or decreased amplitudes of voltage signals from sources (4) of voltage for powering the converters. In the preferred version the said durations, in fact, are proportional to sums of the voltage signals amplitudes and rated parameters. These rated parameters can represent amplitudes of other voltage signals, such as output voltages. Assemblies (1) are provided for controllers (2), which can provide only fixed durations, as well as for controllers (2), which can provide adapted durations by adaptable external elements.EFFECT: technical result is elimination of undesirable losses in the network and in power generators and lower cost of single-cascade converters.12 cl, 7 dwg

Production in environments with microgravity and varying external forces // 2611533
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to additive manufacturing devices (versions). Devices are made with possibility of functioning in environments with different external forces. According to one aspect disclosed is additive manufacturing device, made with possibility of functioning at microgravity. According to other aspect disclosed is device, which is made with possibility of functioning in environment with high vibration or environments with varying external forces.EFFECT: technical result, achieved by using devices according to inventions, consists in fact, that to provide production of parts from metal, polymer or other source materials in different environments.20 cl, 76 dwg

Upgraded on-board adaptive stabilization system of aircraft lateral movement // 2611459
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: upgraded on-board adaptive stabilization system of the aircraft lateral movement comprises the on-course command generator, five subtracting units, three amplifiers, accumulator, signal limiter, course angle meter, on-course angle rate meter, monitoring key, three threshold signal generators, adaptive inertial link, two modular function generators, three single-pole two-position relays with hysteresis, two logical "OR" elements, pitch steering signal generator, dynamic-pressure transducer connected in a certain way.EFFECT: increased resistance and quality of unmanned aircrafts angular motion processes.1 dwg

Device for controlling thermal stabilisation of power electronic equipment for severe operating conditions // 2611454
FIELD: physics, control and signalling.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automatic control devices for stabilising temperature of power elements of electronic equipment. The device for thermal stabilisation of power electronic equipment for severe operating conditions comprises a control system connected to an exhaust fan, and a controlled-speed exhaust fan is also used. The device includes the following units: a temperature sensor for the power module radiator, installed on the power module radiator and connected to the control system, a power module electric current sensor, installed inside the power module and connected to the control system, an air temperature sensor, installed inside a sealed shell and connected to the control system, a cooling/heating unit. The cooling/heating unit consists of an external heat exchange radiator with a cooling medium, installed in a ventilation shaft, an inner radiator with a connected blown air heater, installed inside the sealed shell, and the blower of the inner radiator, installed inside the sealed shell.EFFECT: high energy efficiency and versatility of the device, reduced size of the device and reduced corrosion of the container.4 cl, 2 dwg
Formation method of aerial vehicle flight trajectory // 2611453
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the formation method of an aerial vehicle (AV) flight trajectory. For trajectory formation, a flight route in the form of a sequence of navigation points (NP) set by a location data is downloaded from an onboard database and plotted on an electronic terrain map; NPs are connected by straight-line trajectories and the set route is formed; if necessary, NPs are specifically interconnected by arbitrary trajectories (AT), decomposition of ATs to several specifically interconnected straight-line microtrajectories (SLM) is performed, location date of each interconnection point of SLM is defined, interconnection points of SLM are remembered in the onboard database as additional NPs, and they are used later as equivalents to the main NPs.EFFECT: invention provides the improvement of process automation of AV control during a flight along a trajectory of complicated geometry.3 dwg

Control handle for aircraft // 2611323
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to designs of aircraft manual controls. Aircraft control handle (200) contains frame (201), handle (202), installed with possibility to turn relative to frame, and handle with frame connection mechanical devices (203). Mechanical devices (203) contain first connecting element (213, 223), installed with possibility of movement relative to frame (201) around first axis (X), second connecting element (233, 243), installed with possibility of movement relative to frame (201) around second axis (Y), forming with first axis angle other than zero. Third intermediate element (255, 265) is installed with possibility to turn relative to first element (213, 223) around third axis (Y'). Fourth intermediate element (275, 285) is installed with possibility to turn relative to second connecting element (233, 243) around fourth axis (X'), forming with third axis angle other than zero. Connecting elements (213, 223, 233, 243) or intermediate elements (255, 265, 275, 285) are installed with possibility to turn relative to each other around fifth axis (Z').EFFECT: enabling independence of return forces acting on handle, along two axes of rotation.19 cl, 15 dwg

Prediction of aircraft engine maintenance operations // 2611239
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to standard aircraft engines maintenance operations prediction method and system. For this purpose disclosed is system, comprising: means of input data initiation; processing means for comparing failure models set (M1, Mn), adapted to said standard engine for selection of corresponding failure model (Mi) with failure age (T0), defining said engine age at moment of failure; processing means for connection of said corresponding failure model with decision making rules (R) on scope of works level on said standard engine depending on parameters set (P1, P2, Pi) relating to said standard engine; and processing means for determining required of said standard engine scope of maintenance works (Wf) level depending on said decision making rules.EFFECT: increasing maintenance operations prediction accuracy.9 cl, 4 dwg

Dynamic linear control method and pump control device with variable speed // 2611071
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: device, such as a pump controller, consists of a signal processor, adapted at least to receive signaling, containing information on the linear control curve of the check point, at least partially, based on the adaptive control curve of a check point, related to the liquid, pumping in a pump system and to determine the control check point, at least partially, based on the received signaling. The signal processor is configured to provide a control signal, containing information for the pump control, based on the determined control check point.EFFECT: invention provides a reduction in overall energy consumption and operating costs of the pump controllers.24 cl, 4 dwg

Dc voltage stabilizer // 2611021
FIELD: electrical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to stabilized secondary power supply sources and can be used to supply different wireless devices with power. In a DC voltage stabilizer connected to a source of input DC voltage, comprising a control transistor, a LDC-filter, an additional power supply source, a Schmitt trigger, a driver, a reference voltage source, a differential amplifier and an output voltage divider, according to the invention there is an additional transistor to lock the control signal output to the control transistor, that provides its protection against high levels of currents observed at a short circuit of outputs or at the initial moment of time.EFFECT: higher reliability by introducing a circuit of protection from short-circuits of outputs or at the moment of connecting an input voltage source; higher quality of stabilization by applying a thermally stable reference voltage source; reduced power loss by reduction of the driver output current and wider range of input voltages using voltage addition in the control circuit between the gate and the drain of the control MIS-transistor.3 cl, 3 dwg

Automated control system of oil quality // 2610902
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: collectors for the separate storage of oil are equipped with the activators in the form of a set of flat metal gauze parallel to the bottom, assembled to the holder, possessing an independent vibration motor of electromagnetic type, and by the volume occupying all the inner space of the collectors.EFFECT: regulation of the indicators of the oil quality in every collector irrespectively of the duration of the oil laying in the collector.1 dwg

System for adaptive control of controlled electrohydraulic servo drive // 2610851
FIELD: physics, control and signalling.SUBSTANCE: system for adaptive control of a controlled electrohydraulic servo drive comprises a dual slide valve, a dual hydraulic actuator, a feedback sensor, a linear electric motor with a control winding, an electrohydrualic booster module, a double-system steering actuator, four adaptive control channels, four inter-machine exchange controllers, four transceivers. The adaptive control channel comprises a setting device, an MKO controller, a processor, an MKO unit, a PID controller, a microconverter, a control unit, five amplifiers, a power amplifier, an OR element, connected in a certain manner. The control unit comprises an MKO unit control circuit, a steering gear model, a pulse former, two delay elements, three AND elements, an OR element, connected in a certain manner. The unit control circuit comprises six registers, an adder, two comparator circuits, five flip-flops, AND and OR elements, connected in a certain manner. The steering gear model comprises three amplifiers, three limiters, four adders, an integrating and differentiating link, a comparator, connected in a certain manner.EFFECT: providing high noise-immunity, accuracy and reliability of the adaptive control system.5 cl, 11 dwg

Regulating pilot valve // 2610768
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to regulating valves. The regulating pilot valve (option 1) comprises a housing (2), an union (1) for impulse gas supply, c channel for impulse gas supply Pin, a cover (20) with captive nut (15), a mono-valve (33) with two cone surfaces A and E, a fixed seat (32) resting against cone surface A of the mono-valve (33), a movable seat (7) resting against cone surface E of the mono-valve (33), a measuring piston (14) with a stock (19), a command pressure cavity (6) connected with command pressure channel Pc, a command pressure union (28), a feedback pressure cavity (24) connected with a feedback pressure channel Pfb, a feedback union (11), a setting spring (21), a pushing spring (34). Input section of the fixed seat (32) and input section of the movable seat (7) resting against the appropriate cone surfaces A and E of the mono-valve (33) are made as thin-wall cylindrical shells with possibility of elastic deformation upon contact with the mono-valve, and at internal side directly at the contact places of the mono-valve (33) they have a rounding radius. The mono-valve (33) is installed with possibility of self-alignment relatively to fixed (32) and movable (7) seats. The regulating pilot valve under the option 2 differs from the option 1 in that the measuring piston (14) is made in form of the elastic bellows-piston tightly connected with the fixed support (36) and with movable support (37) forming inside the bellows-piston the feedback pressure cavity (24).EFFECT: increased service life, operation reliability, accuracy of command pressure setting, repairability.14 cl, 4 dwg
Floor-mounted device for hand duplicating control of vehicle // 2610755
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device for hand duplicating control of a vehicle comprises a bracket (1), fixed in areas of fixation of a driver's seat (2), a throttle-brake handle (6), an adjustable rod (7) of a brake drive and an adjustable rod (8) of an accelerator drive, a brake pedal (9), an accelerator pedal (10). With the help of an axis (4) a lever (5) is installed with the throttle-brake handle (6) fixed rigidly on the latter. The lever (5) is fixed on the axis (4) as capable of pendulum motion back and forth. The adjustable rod (7) of the brake drive and the adjustable rod (8) of the accelerator drive are installed on a single lever (5), besides, the latter is fixed in the lower part of the lever (5), and the adjustable rod (7) of the brake drive - in the upper part of the lever (5). The lever (5) and the yoke (11) of the brake pedal (9) are connected by the adjustable rod (7) of the brake drive, and the lever (5) and the yoke (12) of the accelerator pedal (10) are connected by the adjustable rod (8) of the accelerator drive.EFFECT: simplified device design.1 dwg

ulti-channel high-pressure regulator "quadriga" with interchangeable throssells // 2610622
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: multichannel high-pressure regulator comprises a body element with longitudinal channels and with ball valves in each. Corks of the ball valves are located in the seats and are connected to the spindles. The body element consists of two half-shells interconnected by a central bolt. Conjugate axis of longitudinal channels form between them an obtuse angle, and the angle of their side are inclined towards the central axis. In the zone of channels conjunction, the cavities are formed. These cavities are placed in the seats, which cover the ball plug. The plug has a diametric through-hole, in which the interchangeable throttle is placed. In one of the half-shells at an angle to the axis of mentioned through-hole, the spindle is mounted, coaxially to which, on the opposite side of the tube, in the other half-shell it's support is placed. The axis of the through-hole in the tube and the spindle axis are located in the same longitudinal center plane at an angle to each other with the possibility of combining the throttle holes with longitudinal holes in the half-shells in the open position and the ball valve with the possibility of combining with the hole axis of the throttle hole with the safety-designed plug. The latter is placed in the other half-shell and is adapted to reset the pressure from the cavity between the seats when changing the throttle when the spindle is rotated by 180°.EFFECT: ensuring the continuity of the working fluid flow in the process of replacing the throttles.6 dwg

Device for maintaining active human health // 2610619
FIELD: medical equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medical equipment, namely, to devices for creation of different program controlled thermal effects at area of human body. Device for maintaining active human health has N groups of thermal units, direct current sources in amount from 1 to N, freely programmable controller, switch, temperature sensors. Temperature sensors are installed on thermal plates of thermal unit and connected to controller inputs. Switching controller outputs are connected to control inputs of switch. Outputs of direct current sources are connected to switching inputs of switch. Switching outputs of switch are connected to inputs of groups of thermal units with possibility to realize distribution of local temperature centers at heating and cooling, reverse and cyclic thermal effects by specified program controlled time.EFFECT: invention usage allows to increase duration of active state of human health.1 cl, 1 dwg
All-weather thermal cabinet // 2609773
FIELD: control systems.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to non-electric values control or adjustment systems, in particular, to climatic protection devices of equipment placed in them, for example, television, security, instrumentation. All-weather thermo cabinet (TC) is equipped from inside with insulant with reflecting layer, includes mounting panel, automatic circuit breaker, at least, one heater and alarm system. Additionally contains ventilation system, consisting of fan with filter and outlet filter, climate control unit with heaters switching on and off electronic control circuit, fan and equipment cold start-up, wherein alarm system is made in form of tamper contact and serves for warning on unauthorized access, cabinet also has DIN rail with terminals, end retainers and insulators, flange-panel with cable glands. TC additionally also contains emergency alarm, electronic testing system. Insulation reflecting layer is made of dielectric polymer, and heat insulation material self-adhesive side is made netted, which prevents insulation “wrinkling” or unglue at high temperature drops inside and outside TC. Heater has built-in bimetallic switch, limiting heater radiator surface temperature to +90 °C. TC comprises external electronic temperature sensor measuring temperature inside TC. TC also has apron protecting against precipitation (rain, snow), and made with possibility of attachment both to wall, and to round or square supports.EFFECT: creation of efficient and reliable climatic protection device for equipment placed into it.10 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl

Process parameter measurement noise diagnostics // 2609758
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to process parameter transmitters. For this purpose, process parameter transmitter includes analogue-to-digital converter (ADC), which receives sensor signal provided by sensor, which reads process parameter and converts sensor signal into digital signal. Processor receives digital signal and provides measurement output signal, corresponding to digital signal. Noise detector receives sensor signal and generates first value, corresponding to number of positive noise events relative to positive threshold value, and second value, corresponding to number of negative noise events relative to negative threshold value. Processor evaluates noises calculation and generates output noise signal, corresponding to detected noise based on first and second values.EFFECT: technical result is increasing of process parameter measuring accuracy.21 cl, 9 dwg

Device for adjustment of groundwater level // 2609441
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: adjuster comprises a drain well 1 connected to the inlet drain 2 with a pipe 3 in which an additional inlet pipe 4 is inserted. The shut-off valve comprises a housing 5, a working chamber 6 and a flexible membrane 7. The working chamber 6 in its side part has an L-shaped water-discharge tube 10 provided with a shut-off valve 11 with a float 12. The float 12 with a cone 11 is fixed to double-arm lever comprising the levers 13 and 14; the latter is connected by rod 15 to the lever 16. The lever 16 is connected to the guide pins 17 passed through the holes 18 of the locking washer 19 which has a channel 20 for the passage of water into the cylindrical pipe 21 which is connected to the outlet pipe 22. The float 23 is attached to the upper part of the valve 24, which has limiting pins 25 with guide pins 17 attached to it. The float 23 is located between limiting pins 25. The presence of the master mechanism made in the form of a screw pair of a screw 27 and a nut 28, provides the ability of kinematic connection of two float drives connected through the levers and the guide pins 17 of the valve 24.EFFECT: improved reliability of the device operation, simplified design and reduced material consumption.2 cl, 1 dwg

Adjuster of groundwater level // 2609435
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: adjuster comprises a drainage pit 1, a shut-off valve 3 mounted at the inlet portal of the drain pipe. The locking unit 3 is provided with an L-shaped lever 4 attached pivotally to the rod 5, which is connected to the float actuator lever 10 connected pivotally at one end to the pit side. The float 15 is freely disposed in the chamber 11 and is provided at its lower part with a conical valve 16 fixed coaxially above the outlet 17 in the bottom of the chamber 11. The outlet 17 is made in the form of a truncated cone. The chamber 11 has a lid 18 with an opening 19 and guides 20, through which the rod 21 is passed, which is connected in its upper part through the hinge 8 to the middle portion of the lever 10. The valve 22 is also pivotally connected to the middle portion of the lever 10, respectively, with the rod 23. The rod 23 of the valve 22 is located in a cylinder 30 with a return spring 31, one end of which is attached to the lid 32 of the cylinder 30, and the second - to the valve 22. In the upper part of the chamber 11 above the float 15 the self-regulating levers 25 and 26 are mounted in such a manner that one their end is fixed in the wall of the chamber 11 with the swinging freedom on the axes 27 and 28, the other end is freely placed on the float 15 plane. The strap 29 is in contact with the levers 25 and 26 and is rigidly connected to the lower end of the rod 21 which, in turn, is connected through the hinge 8 with the middle portion of the lever 10.EFFECT: increased efficiency of the adjuster and operational reliability by reducing the effort on the rod, and reduced material consumption.2 cl, 1 dwg

Adjuster of groundwater level // 2609384
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: adjuster comprises a well 1 with an inlet pipe 2 attached at an angle to the feeding drain 3, and an outlet pipe 4 on the outlet drain 5. The inlet pipe 2 is closed with a shut-off valve 6 with a retaining disc 7 in the form of an inverted plate, and the outlet pipe 4 is closed with a shut-off valve 16. The shut-off valves 6 and 16 are connected with the rods 8, 15 with the levers 9 and 10 of the hinge mechanism. The rod 8 is connected to the middle portion of the lever 9, and the rod 15 is connected to the middle portion of the lever 10. The lever mechanism is made with the ability to contact freely with the fixed abutments 12 and 13. The axis 22 of the lever mechanism divides it into two unequal parts 9 and 10 of the lever arms. On the upper part 9 of the arm a counterweight 11 and a screw-nut 14 are adjustably mounted, which center of gravity is located above the horizontal axis of rotation. At the end of the lower portion 10 of the lever arm between the rings 18 and 19 a float 17 is placed freely. The connection of the rod 15 with the middle portion of the lower lever arm 10 provides the idle stroke through the hinge 20. The operation reliability in transient modes, depending on the water level in the feeding drain is provided by the presence of the hydraulic relay consisting of a lever-hinge mechanism connected to each other through the rods with the valves and the freedom of the float motion at the end of the lower lever arm between the two rings, calculated from the condition when the water level in the well when closing the shut-off valve moved more slowly.EFFECT: simplified design and operation, reduced material consumption, and reduced delayed action during the operation.1 dwg

System and method for auto configuration of fuel combustion system of gas turbine // 2608802
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering. Method for auto-configuration of fuel combustion system of gas turbine includes selection of a first adjustment curve from multiple adjustment curves for gas turbine, disbalance of stable operating point of gas turbine by changing one or more working parameters based on a predetermined set of instructions, determining adjusting parameters and saving thereof, while current operating point of gas turbine is returned to said first adjustment curve, and formation of a backup copy of adjusting parameters for recovery of stable working point. Invention also discloses a controller, versions of a gas turbine and machine-readable medium.EFFECT: minimising combustion dynamics, which also enables to reduce risk of errors and need for manual adjustment of curve.15 cl, 8 dwg
 
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