FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: anchor escapement mechanism (100) for clock mechanism (900) or clock (1000) including at least one balance (300) and at least one anchor escapement wheel (400). Transmission of pulses between balance (300) and anchor escapement wheel (400) is performed by means of flexible mechanism (500) of a single part including at least one contact spindle (600) interacting with said anchor escapement wheel (400) or with said balance (300), respectively, and at that the said consisting of a single part flexible mechanism (500) is connected with at least one flexible plate (700) to fixed structure (800) of said clock (1000) or to the said at least one anchor escapement wheel (400).EFFECT: determination of time.11 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: proposed is a device for measuring time, an integral part of which is a bellows for storage and transfer of a fluid medium performed when implementing an accurate indication of the fluid medium in a capillary pipe. Bellows is equipped with a housing made from a flexible moisture-resistant material. Housing of the bellows comprises a top, a bottom parts and an outer part of a harmonica shape. Outer part of the harmonica shape is characterized by a longitudinal length and is tightly connected along the top and the bottom contours between the top and the bottom parts, respectively. In at least one of the said parts of the housing there is at least one inlet or outlet hole. At least one of the top or the bottom parts of the housing extends from the outer part contour, which is made of the harmonica shape, in fact, inside the housing to reduce its inner volume.EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency and accuracy of time measurement.19 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is clock anchor mechanism (120), including balance (300) without roller and anchor wheel (400), transmission of pulses between which is performed using flexible, whole mechanism (500), connected by means of, at least, one flexible plate (700) with fixed structure (800) or with given wheel (400). Oscillations are supported by balance springs (121), terminated with balance spring head (122), which is movable during use and which is directed by flexible moving element (123) with flexible plates (124), which center (125) of rotation is located coaxially to given balance (300), in given balance spring head (122) pin is inserted (127), which moves along this wheel (126) cam (128) profile.EFFECT: during oscillations this balance spring head (122) moves relative to its locking position under action of force, applied by this balance spring (121), and given pin (127) supports and controls oscillations.12 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.SUBSTANCE: hour wheel (10) containing teeth (2) with compensation of play, each of which includes tab (3) projecting from tab base (31), and resilient strip (4) projecting from strip base (41) opposite to said tab (3), from which it is separated by front recess (5), and inner profile (43) of which on opposite to said tab (3) side restricts rear recess (6), wherein above mentioned strip base (41) is limited, towards said wheel (10) rotation axis (D), by above mentioned front recess (5) inner end (51) and above mentioned rear recess (6) inner end (61). Said inner end (61) is located closer to above mentioned axis (D), than above mentioned inner end (51), and passes on above mentioned axis (D) side under above mentioned tab base (31) or under above mentioned front recess (5) internal extension (52) in direction to above mentioned rotation axis (D).EFFECT: disclosed is hour wheel with flexible gear rim.13 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: described is clock mechanism (100), comprising pair (1) of components with first component (2), including material, taken from first group, including solid monocrystal (SiO2), natural diamond, micro- or nanocrystalline CVD diamond, solid monocrystalline diamond and amorphous carbon DLC, and having first friction surface (21), configured to interact with second friction surface (31), contained in second opposite component (3), and second component (3) includes, at least in its second friction surface (31), material with high boron concentration higher than 10 atomic percent, and in special embodiment, said second opposite component (3) includes at least one ceramic material containing boron.EFFECT: clock work.31 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: method of making flexible multistable-element (5): - silicon component (S) is made by etching with cross bar (P) connecting two ends (E1, E2) of rigid body (MU), cross-section of which is more than ten times greater than section of said cross bar (P), - SiO2 is formed at 1,100 °C during such time, so as to obtain at said crossbar (P) a first ratio (RA) exceeding 1, between section of first peripheral layer (CP1) SiO2 and section of first silicon core (A1), and, on said body (MU), second ratio (RB) between section of second peripheral layer (CP2) SiO2 and section of second silicon core (A2), which is less than one hundredth of said first ratio (RA), - cooling to ambient temperature to deform said crossbar (P) by deflection, when said body (MU) cools down and is compressed stronger than said crossbar (P).EFFECT: disclosed is a method of making flexible multistable-element.25 cl, 37 dwg
FIELD: communication.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to remote facilities time scales comparison and synchronizing devices using fibre-optic communication line, connecting facilities. Each facility contains events timers with time scale generating generator attached to them at first facility and intermediate generator at second facility, optical pulses receivers and computers. Second facility intermediate generator is connected to time scale generating generator and computer of this object. Optical pulse generators of both facilities are connected to inputs of corresponding splitters-couplers units. Splitters-couplers units include fibre-optic splitters, connected to fibre-optic couplers and splitters. Fibre-optic multiplexers are connected to inputs of optical pulses receivers and splitters, which are also connected with fiber optic communication line, connecting two remote facilities. Computers of both facilities are connected to time intervals information transmitting system, for example, Ethernet network, wireless network.EFFECT: technical result is increased permissible distance between facilities, higher accuracy of comparing or synchronization, higher reliability and efficiency of communication.1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to clock assembly (1) containing middle part (4) interacting when supported with bottom mainplate (2) and screw (6) for attachment (5) of the said bottom mainplate (2) to the said middle part (4) due to interaction with axial (D0) hole (7) of the said mainplate (2) in order to press flange (10) on first chamfer (8) of the said mainplate (2) and on second chamfer (9) of the said middle part (4). Said first chamfer (8) is either conical or spherical and/or the said second chamfer (9), which is either conical or spherical, interacts with the said flange (10) on at least two surfaces or in two points in the assembled position, wherein the said mainplate (2) and the said middle part (4) are assembled with each other, and in the position, whereat the said screw (6) is fully screwed into the said hole (7).EFFECT: proposed is a clock assembly, in which the bottom mainplate is centered and fixed relative to the middle part.23 cl, 46 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to clock (1) containing first resonator (R1) vibrating with first frequency (f1) and connected with main gear (T2) to main power source (B2) via main trigger mechanism (D2). According to the invention the clock has second resonator (R2), vibrating with second frequency (f2), less than the first frequency, and interacting with main trigger mechanism (D2) to synchronize maintaining vibrations of first resonator (R1) up to the said second frequency (f1).EFFECT: proposed are oscillators periodically synchronized by a trigger mechanism.11 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chronograph mechanism (1), containing resonator (3) with balance-spring (5), installed between bridge (2) and bottom plate (4), wherein balance (7) is made of ferromagnetic material. According to invention chronograph mechanism includes balance spring magnetic polarization device (15), made with possibility to maintain preset of balance spring (7) polarization state and including permanent magnetization device, which generates magnetic field in balance spring plane so, that balance spring (7) in the absence of external magnetic field was in state of complete or almost complete magnetic saturation.EFFECT: invention relates to watches industry.11 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: anchor device (3000) for release mechanism (7000) containing structure (7), whereon balancer (2) and trigger wheel (5000) are installed, wherein said anchor (3000) comprises pallets (3002) to interact with trigger wheel (5000) and flexible element (5) with several stable states. Anchor (3000) interacts with balancer (2) via tabs (3001) of anchor (3000) first part (3100), connected by flexible element (5) either with said structure (7), or with anchor (3000) second part (3200), whereon pallets (3002) are installed and which is connected with fixed structure (7) or with said first part (3100) by flexible element (5).EFFECT: flexible element (5) comprises strip (9), pre-stressed for bending in form of S or in form of Z, wherein anchor device (3000) comprises rotary axis (90), determining node in middle of said strip (9).16 cl, 32 dwg
FIELD: instrument making.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chronograph mechanism pusher device comprising rotary control part (56), installed on first spindle (55) with pawl (52), and intermediate lever (58) installed on second spindle (59). Intermediate lever can be driven by push button and comprises distal portion, which can actuate rotary control part (56). First spindle (55) and second spindle (59) are located in mechanism peripheral part on both sides of push button (67, 69), and rotary control part and intermediate lever run from their respective spindles towards each other.EFFECT: pawl (52) may pull column wheel (40) one of tooth engagement (42) teeth in front of it when pressing pushbutton, and then return sliding on tooth tip.8 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to three-stroke mechanism control wheel (40), in which there is bushing (46) set in superstructure center, having axial symmetry of n-th order, wherein superstructure contains n-th number of radial arms (48) and n-th number of columns (44), passing parallel to column wheel axis of rotation, wherein columns are uniformly distributed along column wheel circumference and separated from each other by n-th number of cavities, forming same number of holes between columns.EFFECT: according to the invention in column wheel width of columns (44) exceeds width of holes between columns, as well as by that arms (48) width is less than one half of columns (44) width.11 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mechanical modular unit (100) with mechanical clock functional modules (1), each of which is produced from sub-assembly (1A), bearing clock specific function components for conversion of motion between sets of input (3) and output (4) wheels. Said sub-assembly (1A) comprises adjusting components, which are irreversibly fixed after adjustment of said clock function and functional testing on test bench, wherein preliminarily adjusted module (1), produced from sub-assembly (1A) conversion using adjusting components irreversible fixation, includes, at least, one bearing surface (5) and location detection (6) facility for module (1) detection and positioning relative to another mechanical modular unit (100) element or relative to platinum, by means of bearing surface (5) support on additional bearing surface, which is contained in other element or platinum.EFFECT: mechanism functioning.26 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.SUBSTANCE: device of flexible regulation during rotation for a clock mechanism enabling one element to rotate relative to another element around the Z axis of rotation determining the axial direction having structural plates (4a, 4b), each of which includes element (6) of attachment comprising body (13a, 13b) and functional part (10) extending from the body to one end (8), herewith the attachment element and the functional part are separated by at least one slot (12) into at least two parts (17) flexibly connected to each other and running in radial direction (X, Y), transverse relative to the axial direction, herewith the device also contains zones (9, 11) of attachment, arranged on opposite axial ends of the device of flexible regulation and serving for attachment to the said elements.EFFECT: proposed is a device of flexible regulation during rotation for a clock mechanism.18 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.SUBSTANCE: device of flexible regulation during rotation for a clock mechanism enabling one element to rotate relative to another element around the Z axis of rotation determining the axial direction having structural plates (4a, 4b), each of which includes element (6) of attachment comprising body (13a, 13b) and functional part (10) extending from the body to one end (8), herewith the attachment element and the functional part are separated by at least one slot (12) into at least two parts (17) flexibly connected to each other and running in radial direction (X, Y), transverse relative to the axial direction, herewith the device also contains zones (9, 11) of attachment arranged on opposite axial ends of the device of flexible regulation and serving for attachment to the said elements.EFFECT: proposed is a device of flexible regulation during rotation for a clock mechanism.16 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: impact-resistant bearing for chronometer comprises resilient structure (10) and central section (14), resting on said resilient structure, on said central section there is blind hole (16A), intended to receive chronometer revolving gears system trunnion. Resilient structure and central section are formed by solid part (6), formed by monocrystalline quartz, and blind hole has, at least partially, shape of truncated or non-truncated triangular pyramid, whereon trunnion end thrusts butt-to-butt. Invention also relates to similar type impact resistant bearing production method, wherein solid plate is processed in monocrystalline quartz anisotropic etching bath.EFFECT: preferably on two sides of plates two corresponding masks (20, 26) are placed for simultaneous quartz etching on both sides.15 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.SUBSTANCE: element comprises a shaft-like part, having at least a region of ferromagnetic material in direction of its longitudinal axis. Selected element comprises ferromagnetic material at least at level of first end and second end of shaft-like section respectively of longitudinal axis. On both side of first end and on side of second end, a magnetic field is generated at first pole tip and a second magnetic field is created on second pole tip of same direction and opposite orientation, respectively. Each field provides attraction of element to corresponding pole tip and causes unbalance between first and second magnetic fields, surrounding element, leading to difference of forces acting on element, as a result, one end of element can be held down to contact surface of one of pole tips, and other end is kept at a distance from contact surface of other pole tip. Unbalance between magnetic fields occurs near air gap formed between contact surfaces, wherein magnetic fields are asymmetric. Invention also discloses a device, correcting position of clock element during rotation, magnetic hinge, clock mechanism, clock, based on principle, disclosed in method given above.EFFECT: disclosed is a method of aligning clock element by correcting position of said element during rotation.29 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: instrument making; lighting.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to at least one time measuring or scientific instrument indicator illuminating device. Invention discloses illuminating device (1) of at least one indicator (2), built-in into housing (3) under time measuring instrument or scientific instrument (100) opening (4), wherein device (1) includes phosphorescent light source (5) installed inside housing (3), external light energy collection device (6) in said phosphorescent light source (5) from said housing (3) ambient environment and at least one light component (10) in form of either said phosphorescent light source (5), or relay optical element (50) connected with said phosphorescent light source (5) using light energy transmission device (7), and wherein indicator (2) illuminating light component (10) is provided either on said opening (4) opposite side relative to said indicator (2), or from said opening (4) periphery, and control device (8) is provided for movement of damper (9) inserted between light component (10) and indicator (2).EFFECT: disclosed is indicator backlight.17 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to machine building. Clock drum (21) includes housing (23) to receive rotary shaft (25) and at least one spring (27). Helical spring is arranged between the housing inner wall and outer wall of the rotary shaft. Device (22) to increase the torque of at least one spring contains additional bends (24) for energy accumulation. Bends are made integral with the said at least one spring and in addition to the spiral shape of the spring. Bends are rectangular in the cross section and form periodic changes in relation to the spiral trajectory. Clock mechanism has a clock drum.EFFECT: provided is increased energy capacity of the spring.8 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to providing uniformity of measurements and can be used to solve problem of forming and conducting group measurement of frequency. Method of forming and conducting group measurement of frequency involves intragroup comparisons of frequency standards, storing result of intragroup comparison and determining actual value of unit frequency of group measurement using result of intragroup comparisons and stored previous result of intragroup comparisons.EFFECT: technical result is high accuracy of determining actual values of frequency units, reduced time for determination of actual value of group measurement frequency unit.1 cl
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: intended for use in production of clock, jewelry and imitation jewelry. Method of making of external clock element (100) consists in the fact that there are metal base (10) made from the first material, which is titanium and/or the first titanium alloy, at least one metal patch (20) made from second material containing the second metal selected from gold, platinum or palladium and/or second alloy containing at least gold, platinum or palladium. Patch (20) has thickness (E) greater than or equal to 0.5 mm. At least one patch (20) is attached to base (10) by welding for production of bimetallic workpiece. Patch (20) and base (10) are heated to temperature higher than the melting point of patch (20) and base (10). Then bimetallic workpiece is subjected to deformation and/or machining to make composed element (100) finished. Said method is used for production of external clock element and clock or wrist watch, including external element.EFFECT: higher corrosion resistance and preservation of mechanical properties of products are achieved.30 cl, 23 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: clock includes means (17) of displaying sunrise and sunset, taking into account seasonal changes, said means includes sphere (17), reconstructing globe, shell (23) arranged concentrically relative to sphere and arranged, so as to separate section of Earth, where it is currently night, from other section, where it is currently day, while indicating position of Earth terminator. Sphere is designed to be brought into movement so that it can rotate at a rate of one revolution in 24 hours about first axis (X-X) of rotation directed parallel to plane of clock face, and shell is installed, so as to turn about second axis (Y-Y) perpendicular to plane of clock face. Means of displaying sunrise and sunset also includes one-year cam (35) installed with possibility of rotation at a rate of one revolution in one year and rocker (37), interacting with cam. Cam has a profile, which displays Sun inclination relative to equatorial plane. Device includes kinematic chain (31) made so, that plane of Earth terminator forms with polar axis an angle equal to angle of inclination of Sun relative to equatorial plane. Device includes a calendar mechanism configured to display date and month, wherein one-year cam (35) is kinematically connected with calendar mechanism.EFFECT: provides visibility of entire surface of Earth.13 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to barrel (11, 21) having box (13, 23) for receiving pivot shaft (15, 25) and at least one spring (17, 27, 37, 47, 57, 77), said at least one spring spiral being mounted between internal wall of box (13, 23) and outer wall of pivot shaft (15, 25), and can be twisted to accumulate mechanical energy. According to invention barrel (11, 21) further comprises device (12, 22, 22') to increase torque of said at least one spring, including additional resilient means (14, 24, 24') for energy accumulation, which are provided in addition to spiral shape of said at least one spring, wherein said resilient means are connected to said at least one spring so that torque of barrel (11, 21) can be customised in accordance with tension of turns of said at least one spring.EFFECT: invention involves field of clock mechanisms.14 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to measurement equipment and can be used for constructing digital converters of single nanosecond time intervals. Converter has a recirculator of start-pulse and a recirculator of stop-pulse, made on element OR, first input of which is connected to bus "stop-pulse" of the converter, second input - with the output of the delay line of stop-pulse, and the output - with the first input of an element AND, output of which is connected to the input of the delay line of stop-pulse and to the inverting input of pulses counter. Recirculator of start-pulse has an element OR, first input of which is connected to bus "start-pulse" of the converter, second input - with the output of the delay line of start-pulse, and the output - with the first input (m+1)-of the input element OR and with the input of the m-discharge delay line, m-outputs of which are connected to the D-inputs of appropriate m D-triggers and to the corresponding inputs (m+1)-of the input element OR, output of which is connected to the C-input of additional D-trigger and to the first input of the element AND, output of which is connected to the input of the start-pulse delay line, and the second input is connected to the second input element AND of the stop-pulse recirculator and with inverting output of additional D-trigger, D-input of which is connected to inverting input of the pulses counter of the stop-pulse recirculator, and the direct output - to the C-inputs of m-D-triggers, R-inputs of which are connected to the control input of the pulses counter 5, with R-input of additional D-trigger and with bus "initial plant" of the converter. At that the stop-pulse delay line of the stop-pulse recirculator has delay time equal to delay time of the start-pulse delay line of the start-pulse recirculator.EFFECT: technical result is in increase of conversion performance m times.1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: instrument making.SUBSTANCE: universal timepiece comprises a first dial bearing geographical labels which correspond to different time zones and which define a circuit of 24 hours, second dial bearing a 24 hour circle which is concentric to first dial and configured for rotation. At second dial bearing time markings are arranged opposite geographical labels of first dial to indicate local time. Timepiece comprises manual means to shift selectively some of geographical labels by 1/24th of a revolution, to make it possible to change, by one hour, local times associated with geographical labels during a change from wintertime to summertime or from summertime to wintertime. Manual control means comprise a manual control member, configured to be activated from outside of timepiece and moving sectors clock face, which are located in first dial and are designed to control said control member for angular displacement by 1/24 turn relative to first dial. On movable sectors of dial there are geographic reference points, which correspond to items, in which there is transition to summertime. Said means include, on one side, multiple sprockets, rotating in first dial so that each of them is kinematically connected to one of moving sectors of dial, and on other opposite side programming disc configured to rotate with help of control member. On programming disc there are multiple pins, each of which can interact with one of sprockets to turn after bringing into rotation programming disc.EFFECT: fast determination of time in different time zones at transition from winter to summer time and back.3 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to timepieces (1) containing a first oscillator (15) oscillating at the first frequency (f1) and connected to the energy source (9) by a gear train (5), and another second oscillator (35) that oscillating at the second frequency (f2) and is connected to the second gear train (25). Second gear train (25) is connected to the first gear train (5) by an elastic coupling unit (41) to synchronize the rate of the two oscillators (15, 35), using the same energy source (9).EFFECT: to synchronize the rate of two oscillators.16 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to clocks, including first substrate, a second substrate with low friction for reduction of friction coefficient and wear of the first substrate relative to the second substrate, wherein at least one of said substrates coated with said device with low friction, containing a coating containing branched polymer brush, swollen under action of captured solvent.EFFECT: use of coating containing polymer brushes in watchmaking in order to increase efficiency and reliability of displacements.15 cl, 2 tbl, 35 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to clocks (1) containing first oscillator (15) vibrating at first frequency and first gear (5) with source (9) of energy, for time display and chronograph system (51), containing second gear (25) connected with first gear (5) via connecting device (44), for selective measurement of time. According to invention chronograph system (51) also includes second oscillator (35), which is connected to second gear (25) and oscillates at second frequency.EFFECT: besides, second gear (25) is connected with first gear (5) by elastic connecting device (41) for synchronization of both oscillators (15, 35) speed, using same energy source (9), when connector provides said measurement of time.14 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mechanical clock mechanism (100) in the form of a modular unit. It includes at least one mechanical modular unit (1) to perform a specific function of the clock, which is preliminarily irreversibly adjusted by means of an irreversible fixation of adjusting and/or assembly components (9) contained in functional module (1) after adjusting the said specific function of the clock and performing functioning control on the test bench, herewith at least one preliminarily adjusted functional module (1) is irreversibly attached to mounting plate (10), which is contained in the said mechanism (100) or is contained in another preliminary adjusted functional module (1) of the said mechanism (100), or is irreversibly attached to another preliminarily adjusted functional module (1), which is contained in the said mechanism 100.EFFECT: functioning of the mechanism.13 cl, 29 dwg
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of facing elements incrusted with at least one decoration. Method of producing facing element (4) of watch incrusted with at least one decoration (1), besides, it includes the following successive steps: decoration (1) is taken consisting of front part (2) and rear part (3), which must be respectively protruding from lining element and serve as fastener of said decoration in the above facing element; template (5) is taken sized as per facing element (4), besides, this template contains cavity (6) suitable to dimensions of front part (2) (1) (fig. 1 and 2), then decoration (1) is mounted into template (5), front part (2) (1) fills cavity (6) made in template (5); template (5) is filled galvanically with metal (7) to obtain required facing element (4) and template is removed (5) from obtained facing element (4).EFFECT: technical effect consists in creation of a new method of making facing elements.9 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: sound.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to acoustics, particularly, to the alarm clocks. Device comprises a sound producing unit, for providing an audible wake up signal during an alert period, and a control unit. Control of awakening signal is performed so that it contains localised and diffused sounds. Thus the sum of the peak sound intensities of the diffuse sound exceeds the maximum sound intensity of the localized sound during the first part of the alert period, and that a ratio of the sum of the peak sound intensities of the diffuse sound to the maximum sound intensity of the localized sound is decreased during the subsequent part of the alert period The device also comprises a digital reverberation unit, two loudspeakers located at different angles, clock. Wherein the control unit generates a signal so, to the first part of the period of signalling and the next part of the signalling occur only once during the period of signalling.EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency of user awakening.11 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: clock mechanism (30), which includes module (36), in which first set (18) of wheels engaged with second set (32) of wheels is installed, which is pivotally turns on base (4) on which module is mounted. Mechanism includes module installation facility made up of cam (40), at least, most part of outer circuit (42) of which has shape of Archimedean spiral. Cam is configured so that provides possibility of adjusting distance between centres (L) between first and second sets of wheels during cam turning around centre of Archimedean spiral. Cam is preferably calibrated.EFFECT: invention also relates to method of adjusting distance between centres of these two sets of wheels, using said cam for optimising efficiency of engagement of these two sets of wheels.10 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: device for attachment of first element 1 of watch, which contains first threaded section 11, to second element 2 of watch, which contains second threaded section (22), said device comprises intermediate element 3 for angular orientation of first element 1 relative to second element 2. Intermediate element 3 comprises third threaded section 31, to interact with first threaded section 11 of first element 1, and fourth threaded section 32 designed to interact with second threaded section 22 of second element 2. Thread pitch of third threaded section 31 and fourth threaded section 32 are different.EFFECT: fixation of element.11 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for measuring time, in particular, to clock mechanisms and can be used in the watch industry in production of watch. Wrist watch has a housing, clock face, clock mechanism with transmission switch system, switch transmission system is a worm pair that consists of minute bushing worm, which transmits rotation to worm hour wheel fitted on axle shaft, wherein minute bushing worm turns simultaneously with minute axis. Also, labor costs for manufacture of hours and metal consumption of the proposed mechanism are reduced.EFFECT: technical result is the reduction of the number of parts in a watch, reduced play, resulting in increased accuracy of displaying time.17 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to clockworks. Watches having a housing, a face, a clock mechanism additionally contain a mechanism to indicate the day of Sabbath in the form of a kinematic chain able to display on the face each elementary indicator of the six week days, herewith indication of the seventh day of Sabbath is performed by a separate indicator on a separate aperture of the watches face.EFFECT: development of a special, built-in in watches calendar device and special watches indicating the order of incoming days of the week corresponding to the Bible days of creation, with separate indication of the seventh day (Sabbath), the rest day, that is important for believers when executing religious precepts.11 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a clock mechanism, comprising bottom side and display apparatus, wherein said clock mechanism is located between first and second reference planes that are parallel to each other, first reference plane is tangent to said lower side, and second reference plane is located on side of a display means, said clock mechanism has a kinematic unit comprising a body. Housing (10, 11) comprises at least two body arranged on both sides of reference axis perpendicular to first and second reference planes on each of said bodies are beam (30) and anchor, which together respectively a modular anchor mechanism (16a, 16b), at same time each beam is installed with possibility of rotation around axis of rotation of corresponding element. Housing also contains at least one support element, having at least one support surface (36), on which there is at least one of said modular anchor mechanisms (16a, 16b) so that rotation axis of balance beam (30) of said modular anchor mechanism (16a, 16b) is inclined relative to said reference planes and cross them, point of intersection of axis of rotation of beam (30) with first reference plane is located closer to reference axis than cross point of said rotation axis of beam (30) with second reference plane.EFFECT: device of a clock mechanism is disclosed.14 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: measuring devices.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to specified demand display device. Specified demand display device comprises: combined scale for indicating time and power consumption, time display unit for indicating time using combined scale, unit for gathering information on power consumption for obtaining data on power consumed to current time in given time segment for this specified value of demand, including current moment in time, display unit achieved target to indicate ratio between power consumption within given time segment registered by acquisition of information on power consumption, and required specified value established for this purpose, time segment, unit for receiving signals of alternating current to receive AC signals using alternating current pulses in power transmission line, unit for generating information on time for generating information on time based on obtained signals of alternating current, transmitting unit for transmitting generated information on time using radio waves in housing, receiving unit for receiving information on time of using radio waves transmitted inside housing, and control unit indication unit of time to time display control unit by means of obtained information on time.EFFECT: invention allows electric energy consumers in different media to determine value of demand, which do not differ from those that are defined by electric companies, which enables to consumers determine ratio between such values demand and preset values demand and facilitate timely measures on energy saving.8 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.SUBSTANCE: device for adjusting the angular orientation includes a coupling member (5) and an indexing unit (551, 91) between the cover (11) and the coupling member (5), as well as a restoring unit (4), which endeavour to rotationally fix the cover (11) and the coupling member (5). Indexing unit includes a first tooth arrangement (551) arranged on the coupling member (5).EFFECT: orientable screwdown crown (1) includes a cover (11) and a device for adjusting the angular orientation of the cover (11) in relation to a watch centerpart (3).10 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: described is regulating element (1) for clocks or item of watch industry, including balancing beam (2), balancing bridge (3), at least one source (5) of light energy and at least one balancing spring (4), installed between said balancing beam (2) and said balancing bridge (3), wherein said balancing spring (4) is made from quartz or glass or ceramic, or is partially transparent for visible and/or ultraviolet spectral sections, or is at least partially made of amorphous material and transmits and scatters light emitted by said source (5) of light energy.EFFECT: scatters light.17 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: clock, or wrist watches (1000), or music box, which comprises mechanism (100) of acoustic representation for clock (1000) with chimes, including a plurality of control parts (1) for the same time measurement parameter cascade arranged in parallel planes, and additionally including device (3) for a melody selection to be actuated by the user or by means of the clock mechanism, which controls or prevents, in the preset moment, the access of control parts (1) to common fusee (2) corresponding to the said time measurement parameter, in order to allow only certain control parts (1) to actuate at least one lever (4) controlling the hammer for the melody representation, which is specific for them, or to actuate at least one gong, which is specific for them.EFFECT: sounding.26 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: positioning device (1) between bridge (2) and plate (3). Said plate (3) includes: for centering said bridge (2), female arrangement (4) with faces (5) receiving cylindrical smooth centering pin (6), fixed to said bridge (2) and abutting on said faces, -or smooth femal arrangement (40) for arrangement of faceted centering pin (60) with surfaces (50), for aligning said bridge (2) on said plate (3), alignment housing (8) with parallel faces (9, 10), aligned on said female arrangement (4; 40) for receiving alignment pin (11), fixed to said bridge (2). Invention relates to collet (15) arranged to be fixed to a plate and including said smooth female centering arrangement (4; 40). Invention relates to clocks, including device (1) or collet (15) of said type.EFFECT: invention also relates to a method of assembling said bridge (2) on said plate (3) by means of said device (1).20 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to solid composite micro mechanical element (1) of watch, which includes first functional level (N1) equipped with pulse pin (3) made from first material intended for interaction with element, and obtained by electrotyping section (5) made from second metal material, partially covering pulse pin, and second functional layer (N2), containing only section produced by electrotyping and forming roller, as well as to interact with element. At that, first material differs from second metal material.
EFFECT: disclosed is solid composite micro mechanical element (1) of watch.
11 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: universal movable time control mechanism includes differential device (44), first input effect of which is generated by bush gear (46) of minute hand of civil time, and second input effect of which is generated by cam (50) of equation of time, wherein output of differential device (44) is bushing (52) of minute hand of equation of time, bushing (52) of minute hand of equation of time leads bushing (56) of minute hand of true equation of time, which through mechanism (58) of true equation of time leads hour hand (60) of true equation of time, sleeve gear (46) of minute hand of civil time leads through set (68) of wheels of mechanism of hour wheel (70) of civil time, spring (72) of jumper, integrated with hour wheel (70) of civil time, interacts with sprocket (74) with twelve teeth and connected with shaft (76), on which hour hand (78) of civil time is mounted, wheel (80) of time zone is also integrated with shaft (76), drive (62) of displaying time difference, connected with mechanism (58) of equation of true time for taking into account difference in time associated with user position on longitude relative to middle of time zone, acts on hour hand (60) of true time equation of time, wheel (80) of time zone acts on hour wheel (70) of civil time, moving it with a pitch of one hour forward or backward for taking into account difference between civil time at point of user position and time in middle of time zone.
EFFECT: invention also relates to a universal movable mechanism for equation of time.
7 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: personal hygiene items.
SUBSTANCE: Appliance(100; 200; 300) for awakening comprises: signalling device (20) which generates a warning signal; control device (10) controlling the warning device; at least one controlled device (1000, 2000, 3000) for generation of light, controlled by the control device. When the control device detects that actual time becomes equal to the specified warning time, it activates the signalling device. When the control device receives a user input signal at the input of repetition, it stops the warning signal and increases the intensity of at least a portion of light generated in the blue light spectrum range.
EFFECT: proposed is the device for awakening.
13 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: machine building; clocks and other time meters.
SUBSTANCE: wheel device (1) of the clock with reduced height and large power reserve actuates a display unit (4), which includes a floor (5) and an hour wheel (6) that are directly driven about the main pivot axis (AP) crossing the cylinder (3) by the means of translating motion (7), and including a driving wheel (8), which rotates around the secondary axis (AS), external to the barrel (3), and is connected by friction to the means of translating motion (7) on the friction surface (9), coaxial with the secondary rotation axis (AS). Driving wheel (8) includes a coach floor (83) turning around the wheel body (80) along the secondary axis (AS) and connected by means of a friction spring (84) to the bearing surface (85) of the said body (80), forming a friction surface (9), wherein the coach floor (83) is configured to interact with a minute wheel (14) rotating around the minute axis (AM).
EFFECT: proposed is a design of a clock.
17 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.
SUBSTANCE: disclosed is an independent control mechanism (100) for a timepiece. It comprises at least one first control wheel (810) on the first side (81) of the main deck (80) or bridge and at least one second control wheel (820) on the second side (82) of main deck (80). It also contains at least one control rod (10), which can move relative to the main deck (80) between a plurality of stable positions to turn in every stable position of a separate control wheel of the control wheels (810, 820). Control rod (10) is made with possibility of adjusting the position of the pull tub (20), which is attached to one side of the main deck (80) and can move relative to the boss (210) of main deck (80) in the stable position of the pull tub connected with each stable position of the control rod. Any movement made by a user in relation to the rod (10) causes the pivotal motion of one first control wheel (810) or one second control wheel (820). Rod (10) comprises a guide means (17), interacting with a corresponding guide means (18) of the sliding pinion (13) to move this pinion along the rod (10) and to turn the sliding pinion (13) together with the rod (10). Sliding pinion (13) contains the first toothing (14), designed to actuate one of the first control wheels (810), and the second toothing (15), designed to actuate one of the second control wheels (820). Mechanism attached to one side of the main deck (80) opposite the side, where there is a pull tab (20), includes a rocker (30) which has the second idler wheel (36), which is configured to interact with the second toothing (15) to actuate, depending on the rocker position (30), one second control wheel (820) of several second control wheels (820) or second control drives. Disclosed is also a timepiece movement (1000), including at least one independent control mechanism (100) described above. Timepiece movement (1000) comprises several mechanisms, each of which is intended for interaction with one of the first control wheels (810) or with one of the second control wheels (820). Invention also discloses a timepiece (2000) including at least one independent control mechanism (100) described above or at least one timepiece movement (1000) described above.
EFFECT: disclosed is a timepiece control mechanism.
16 cl, 18 dwg
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: control device (2) acts on oscillating system (1) with periodic oscillations of at least periodic change of resonance frequency of oscillatory system (1) and at least one change of active length of spring of oscillatory system (1) with adjusting frequency (ωR), which is equal to 0.9-1.1 of integer multiple of proper frequency (ω0), wherein said integer exceeds or equals 2 and less than or equal to 10.EFFECT: disclosed is method to maintain and adjust frequency of clock oscillatory system (1) about its own frequency (ω0).22 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: watches and other time measuring instruments.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to external parts for clock articles. System for producing outer part of clock comprises fastener therewith, installed with possibility of rotation along first axis, and intended to receive at least one blank part, device for mechanical processing, containing abrasive agents, installed with possibility of rotation along second axis and intended for mechanical treatment of said at least one blank to form first curvature of its surface. Device for machining additionally comprises means of movement of said second axis to allow its fitting to move along guide for selective formation of surface of second curvature on said at least one blank. Said first axis and said second axis located perpendicular to so that machining lines intersect. External part (3, 23, 43, 63, 83, 103), comprises top surface (82, 102) and lower surface (84, 104), characterised by that at least one surface of outer part is curved and has differing from each other lengthwise curvature and transverse curvature, at that at least one of said lengthwise and crosswise curvature is asymmetric. Clock has said external part.EFFECT: broader technological capabilities.13 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to clocks, comprising two hands (14, 16), which move in superposition for display of first information of current time.EFFECT: actuating control device (17), one of two hands moves relative to first to display second current time information, where two hands return to position of superposition when control device is disengaged.6 cl, 2 dwg