Photography and cinematography and analogous techniques using waves other than optical waves and electrography and holography (G03)

G   Physics(393877)
G03            Photography; cinematography; analogous techniques using waves other than optical waves; electrography; holography(10965)

Radical transferring unit and method // 2642494
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: unit includes a plasma generator and a guide body. The plasma generator includes a chamber (2), in which a plasma can be formed. The chamber has an inlet (5) for receiving the introduced gas and one or more outlets (6) for removing, at least, one of the plasma and the radicals created therein. The guide body is hollow and configured to direct the radicals formed in the plasma to a region or volume, in which the deposition of contamination is to be removed. The chamber inlet is connected to a pressure device (40) to provide pulsating pressure in the chamber so as to create a flow in the guide body.EFFECT: increasing the removal efficiency of contaminants.21 cl, 13 dwg

Imaging system (versions for implementation) // 2642350
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: imaging system is proposed. The system contains a display screen consisting of the first and the second half of the screen. The system also includes a transfer means comprising the first and the second beam splitters. The first beam splitter is located in the vicinity of the first half of the display screen, and the second beam splitter is located in the vicinity of the second half of the display screen. The system also includes the first and the second optical shutters. The first optical shutter is attached to the first beam splitter and the second optical shutter is attached to the second beam splitter and a transfer lens disposed between the first and the second beam splitters.EFFECT: eliminating the artefact of the lattice effect when forming a high-resolution image.47 cl, 7 dwg

Developing device, developing cartridge, part transmitting rotational force, and electrophotographic device for image formation // 2642162
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: cartridge includes a developing roller, a coupling member to sense a rotational force for developing roller rotation, a cylindrical member movably supporting one end portion of the coupling member within the cylindrical member, the cylindrical member being adapted to transmit the rotational force from the coupling member to the developing roller, (i) a supporting portion configured to rotationally support the cylindrical member, and (ii) a control portion adapted for regulating movement of the connecting element, wherein the supporting portion includes the regulating portion when viewed along the axis of cylindrical member rotation.EFFECT: cartridge is improved in order to prevent uneven rotation of the developing roller and to provide a mechanism for movement of the coupling member of the main assembly to the coupling member of the developing device.12 cl, 31 dwg

ethod of obtaining radiographic image of fast-flowing process and radiographic complex for its implementation // 2642145
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: alignment of the investigation object is performed. Then by calculation, the time value of the investigation object radiography is determined relative to the beginning stage of interest of the fast-flowing process, the obtained value is entered in the delay line of the radiation source launch. The fast-flowing process is initiated in the investigation object, after which the radiography of the investigation object is carried out by the radiation source, and an image of the fast-flowing process is obtained. Before initiating the fast-flowing process, the sensor is installed with the ability to interact with the investigation object and the delays line of the radiation source launch, the beginning of the stage of interest of the fast-flowing process is recorded by the sensor after which the signal from the sensor launches the delay line of the radiation source.EFFECT: expansion of the method functionality for obtaining images of fast-flowing processes.4 cl, 2 dwg
Cartridge and device of electrophotographic image formation in which cartridge is used // 2642131
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: process cartridge for an electrophotographic image formation device, where the main assembly of said device includes the first and second engaging portions of the main assembly, wherein the first engaging portion of the main assembly having a recess and the second engaging portion of the main assembly having a drive shaft, and the portion of rotation force application, provided on the drive shaft, wherein said process cartridge is removable from the main assembly in the removal direction, substantially perpendicular axial direction of the drive shaft. The said process cartridge comprises: i) an electrophotographic photosensitive drum; ii) a first connecting member rotatable about the axis of the first connecting member by means of a first rotation force received from the first engaging portion of the main assembly to receive rotation force to be transmitted to said electrophotographic photosensitive drum from the first engaging portion of the main assembly, wherein the said first connecting member is made in the form of a protrusion engaged with a recess of the first engaging portion of the main assembly; iii) a developing roller for developing latent image formed on said electrophotographic photosensitive drum rotated about its roller axis; and iv) a second connecting member rotatable about the axis of the second connecting member by a rotation force, wherein said second connecting member includes rotation force receiving portion engaged with a rotation force application portion to receive the second rotation force to be transferred to said developing roller from the second engaging portion of the main assembly, and the part of rotational force transmission.EFFECT: providing a developing cartridge that can be removably mounted in the main assembly of the electrophotographic image formation device by the user, allowing the user himself to maintain the image formation device in good order, thereby providing a significant improvement to the electrophotographic image formation device with respect to convenience and ease of use, in particular its content and maintenance.33 cl, 63 dwg

Image capturing device and control method thereof // 2642109
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions includes an image capturing device, a method for controlling the image capturing device, and a non-temporal computer-readable storage medium storing a program for instructing a computer to execute the control method. Wherein the image capturing device contains: the first recording control tool to perform the processing of generating HDR-video frame having a wide dynamic range by generating video frames from multiple frames with different exposure conditions and drawing video frames, and recording HDR-video frames on the recording media as HDR-video, adoption tool for adopting the shooting manual of a still image during processing through the mentioned first recording control tool, the second recording control tool for, when the mentioned tool for adopting the shooting manual of a still image during processing through the mentioned first recording control tool, generating a frame of the still HDR-image having a wide dynamic range by generating a plurality of frames of still images with different exposure conditions during processing through the mentioned first recording control tool and the compilation of frames of still images and recording the frame of the still HDR-image on a recording medium as a still HDR-image and a buffer tool for temporary storage of the frame, wherein the image capturing device has the mode, in which every time when the mentioned first recording control tool generates a plurality of video frames, the second mentioned recording control tool generates a plurality of relevant still images, the mentioned buffer tool temporarily stores the generated plurality of frames of still images, and when the mentioned adoption tool adopts the shooting manual of a still image during processing through the mentioned first recording control tool, the mentioned second recording control tool uses a frame of a still image as a plurality of frames of still images, generated in the current frame, and a frame of a still image of the immediately preceding frame read from the mentioned buffer tool.EFFECT: provision of the image capturing devices capable of recording the appropriate still HDR-image when shooting still images while recording HDR-video, the dynamic range of which extends through a plurality of images with different exposures.11 cl, 10 dwg
Self-cleaning toner composition // 2641902
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of producing a toner composition includes: the first stage of mixing, where resin, colorant, wax, and optional charge controller are mixed with obtaining toner particles; the second stage of mixing, where the first inorganic fine powder and silicone oil are mixed with obtaining oiled fine inorganic powder; and adding the oiled inorganic fine powder to the toner particles and mixing the oiled inorganic fine powder and the toner particles with obtaining the final toner particles, which does not require a heat treatment for bonding silicone oil and fine inorganic powder. A version of the method for producing a toner composition, a toner composition, and an image forming device comprising such a composition are also described.EFFECT: producing a toner composition that allows to use spherical particles and to provide a stable density and significantly improved toner cleaning performance, as well as background stability.20 cl, 4 dwg, 3 ex
Container for powder and device for image formation // 2640104
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a powder container, such as a toner, and to an image forming device that allows the powder to be transferred from the powder container to destination when moving. The claimed powder container removably attached to the image forming device comprises: a container body including a container neck at the first end and comprising image forming powder, a conveyor within the container body to transport the powder from the second end of the container body to the first end along the longitudinal direction of the container body, an opening for nozzle reception to transport the powder of the forming device, a scooping portion receiving the powder from the conveyor and rotating to lift the received powder from the bottom to the top in the container body to move the powder into the powder receiving opening of the powder delivery nozzle, a flap for opening and closing of the nozzle receiving opening, a support portion for the flap with a possibility of its movement and an opening located adjacent to the support part to provide communication with the opening for powder reception from the transport nozzle inserted into the receiving member and the support portion and opening adjacent to the support portion are configured to alternately intersect the powder receiving opening.EFFECT: development of a powder container that allows the powder to be discharged from the inside to the outside by transport nozzle insertion, and which prevents the powder from spilling out, if a leakage occurs when the transport nozzle is removed.7 cl, 2 tbl, 66 dwg

Toner, developer and image forming apparatus // 2640092
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions contains a toner, a developer and an image forming apparatus. Wherein toner contains pigment, polyester resin A, insoluble in tetrahydrofurane (THF), and polyester resin B, soluble in tetrahydrofurane (THF), where the toner satisfies (1)-(3): (1) polyester resin (A) includes one or more aliphatic diols, including from 3 to 10 carbon atoms, as a component of polyester resin (A), (2) polyester resin (B) includes at least alkylen glycol in quantities of 40 mol.% or more as a component of polyester resin (B), and (3) toner glass transition temperature (Tg1st) in the first heating when measuring toner by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) ranges from 20°C to 50°C.EFFECT: provision of toner with excellent potential for low-temperature record, resistant to hot offset, thermal stability during storage and stability resistance to moisture and thermal stability at storage, and glossiness of image.12 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl
ethod of preparing set of concentrated developer-regenerator for automatic treatment of x-ray photomaterials // 2640042
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of preparing a set of concentrated developer-regenerator for the automatic processing of X-ray photomaterials that ensures stability of the developer set properties for at least two years and at least 3.3 times the concentration of the solutions (i.e., the total volume of the concentrated solutions is not more than 6 l per 20 l of the working solution). The use of the present method allows to prepare a set of the concentrated developer, consisting of two parts - concentrated solutions - instead of the usual three ones. In the second part, together with developing and organic anti-veiling substances there is also glutaric-aldehyde tanning complex, which includes glutaric aldehyde, bisulphite or metabisulphite of alkali metal and sodium or potassium bisulfite derivative of glutaric aldehyde. The proposed method is presented in two main versions. According to the first version, the main developing substance is contained in the first part of the set of the concentrated developer-regenerator. According to the second version, the total number of the proposed method used in the developer of the main developing substance of hydroquinone is in the second part of the set.EFFECT: creation of a method for preparing a set of concentrated developer-regenerator for automatic processing of X-ray photomaterials in two parts.8 cl, 4 ex, 9 tbl

ethod and device for adjusting photography parameters // 2639739
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method and device for adjusting the photography parameters are based on determining the pupil size of the photographer and adjusting the photography parameters according to the pupil size. First the pupil size of the photographer is determined; then the size of the aperture opening can be adjusted automatically according to the pupil size of the photographer. Because the current pupil size depends on the intensity of light in the current environment, the settings for photographing of the photographic devices can be adjusted automatically and efficiently based on the pupil size and are adapted to the current environment through a simple operation, and the photographer is not required to have professional skills.EFFECT: high quality of the obtained image.13 cl, 15 dwg

Electro-hydrodynamic printing device // 2639614
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: printing systems and methods using the electro-hydrodynamic fluid delivery method can be used together with the electrophotographic image forming elements. The claimed group of inventions includes an image forming device and a method for supplying ink to the surface of the image forming element. The image forming device includes: an element to form an image, characterized by the presence of the charge-saving surface, a charging unit, designed for applying the electrostatic charge to the charge-saving surface to ensure the specified electric potential, a lighting unit designed for releasing the electrostatic charge on the charge-saving surface to form a discharged area, a developing component designed for applying ink to the charge-saving surface to form a developed image and a transfer component designed to transfer the developed image from the charge-saving surface to another element or substrate for copying and offset voltage unit designed for the adjustment of the electric field between the developing component and the element surface to form an image. The element surface to form images is located at a distance from the developing component and the developing component comprises of a container with ink and lots of capillary holes, directed to the element surface for the formation of the image where the electrode is located near the capillary holes to ensure the electric charge and electric field formation between the developing component and image forming element.EFFECT: ensuring accurate control of the amount of ink without deteriorating the image quality.20 cl, 5 dwg

ethod of teaching hearing impaired children to play badminton // 2639575
FIELD: sports.SUBSTANCE: method of teaching hearing impaired children to play badminton uses a contactless sensor game controller fixed on a base and located at a height of 50 centimetres and at a distance of three meters from a display screen on which a projection of a person read by video cameras, appears. The controller consists of two depth sensors, a colour video camera and a microphone array, each depth sensor consists of an infrared projector combined with monochromatic matrix which allows them to obtain 3D image at any natural lighting, any exercise of an exerciser is displayed on the screen and compares to its correct performance; if it's done improperly, the exercise is repeated until mistakes in subsequent repetitions disappear.EFFECT: ability to control correct performance of the exercises for beginners with hearing impairment without coach's intervention.2 dwg, 1 tbl

Swivel stand // 2639236
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a fixed platform, four support means for locating the wheels of the car on them, and means for rotating with respect to the support means platform in the form of a carrier that is rotatable about the axis in its middle part by a drive and having the shape of a beam, at opposite ends of which the associated pairs of support means are connected with them. Supporting means of each pair are on opposite sides of the led relative to its longitudinal direction. The support means are arranged to move along a flat support surface of the platform in the form of trolleys with wheels fixed to them with the possibility of self-adjustment in the direction of movement of the trolley. Either each rod is made rigid and equipped with hinges, which are connected to five degrees of freedom by each end, one - with the cart, and the other - with the carrier. Either each rod is made in the form of a flexible connection.EFFECT: expanding arsenal of technical means, simplification of design, reducing the cost of power.4 cl, 2 dwg

Feeder, technological cartridge and imaging device // 2638905
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions includes a feeder designed to feed a developer, a technological cartridge that can be inserted into a basic unit of the imaging device, and an imaging device. Moreover, the feeder designed to feed the developer contains a cleaning element, which is designed to remove the developer from the image transfer member and is in contact with the image transfer member, a containing part for receiving a remote developer, a flow element intended to feed the developer from the said containing part, and a sheet element in contact with the image transfer member. The wall surface of the said containing part is located on the side where the said sheet element is provided with respect to a straight line connecting the center of rotation of the image transfer member with the rotation center of the said feeder in a plane perpendicular to the axial direction of the image transfer member, wherein the said wall surface reaches a straight line with increasing the level relative to the vertical direction. The said feeder is provided above the vertical positions, and the said cleaning element is in contact with the image transfer member, and thus the direction of rotation of the said feeder coincides with the direction of rotation of the image transfer member.EFFECT: providing a feeder, a technological cartridge, and an imaging device that are capable of increasing the efficiency of feeding the developer to a predetermined feed channel, along with suppressing the reduction in cleaning efficiency due to the pressure applied to the contact portion located between the cleaning element and the photosensitive drum by the developer accumulated in the cleaning module.15 cl, 16 dwg

Screening diagnostic technique for scolitical deformation // 2638644
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for screening examination using mobile computer equipment provided with an accelerometer and a photo/video camera, and then comparing the obtained data with the normal values of the coresponding indicators, taking into account the patient's age and history. Scoliosis is diagnosed when determining abnormalities. For that end, digital pictures of the patient in the frontal plane are performed in the forward folding position. The pictures are taken from the position on the head side and on the back side, a photo/video camera is arranged with the help of the internal accelerometer of the mobile computer equipment in relation to the patient. A computer is used to carry out a quantitative analysis and evaluation of the asymmetry of the right and left halves of the body at different levels of the spine, where this asymmetry is revealed. For that end, the patient's body is automatically recognized with an estimate of the cross-sectional area and the length of the perpendiculars from the maximum protruding part of the body surface to the horizon line at each level of photo/video shooting. An estimate of the inclination angle of the straight lines drawn from the maximum protruding points of the right and left halves of the body to the spinous processes of the spine to the horizon line at this level, an estimate of the inclination angle of the straight line drawn through the maximum protruding points of the right and left halves of the body to the horizon line are carried out. The setting of the reference values of the body parameters is performed manually or automatically. The received data is documented or archived in electronic form. Body images are performed using a smartphone or a tablet computer, software image processing is performed by an application on the same device. It is possible to take pictures on a contrast and/or marked background.EFFECT: simple screening for the presence of scoliotic deformation, qualitative and quantitative documentation of the obtained data with the possibility of comparison with the results of other methods of studying this pathology, monitoring the patient's condition are provided.7 cl, 5 dwg

Toner, toner acquisition method and developer // 2638576
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions includes a toner, a toner acquisition method, and a developer. The toner contains a binder resin, where the toner is obtained by granulating the toner composition in a hydrophobic medium and then drying the granular product, where the binder resin comprises 2 or more kinds of binder resins having different wetting contact angles with respect to water, where the binder resin having the largest wetting contact angle, has an average molecular weight of 15,000 or less, and where other binder resins have an average molecular weight of more than 15,000.EFFECT: providing a toner that simultaneously meets the requirements for both a narrow particle size distribution and the ability to lock.10 cl, 3 tbl, 10 dwg

Device for image formation // 2638109
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: device comprises an endless intermediate transfer tape, a toner image formation unit made with the possibility of forming a toner image on the intermediate transfer tape, the first transfer element arranged outside the intermediate transfer tape in contact with the intermediate transfer belt and configured to form a transfer clamping area, where the toner image formed on the intermediate transfer tape is transferred to the record material, the second transfer element arranged inside the intermediate transfer tape in the position opposite the first transfer element through the intermediate transfer tape and configured to form the transfer clamp area, a constraining mechanism configured to constrain the intermediate transfer tape deviation in the transverse direction, the constraining mechanism being made in such a way that the maximum range, in which the intermediate transfer tape moves in transverse direction is represented by a specified range during the transfer operation to transfer a toner image on the intermediate transfer tape to the record material, and a clamping element provided on the side upstream the intermediate transfer tape direction relative to the transfer clamping area and configured to clamp the inner surface of the intermediate transfer tape at a distance equal to or smaller than 25 mm from the uppermost by stream position of the second transfer element area adjacent to the intermediate transfer tape, in the direction of the tape intermediate transfer movement to the upstream side in the direction of the intermediate transfer tape movement, the clamping element having a surface including a contact surface coming into contact with the intermediate transfer tape, and both ends of this surface being arranged outside the both ends of the above specified range in the transverse direction of the intermediate transfer tape.EFFECT: eliminating image defects associated with the change in the electric transfer field due to the fact that scraped particles stick to the rollers making up a transfer area and may gradually fall into the image area, while the belt moves constantly.13 cl, 9 dwg
Toner composition // 2637940
FIELD: nanotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention describes a toner particle which contains acerate surface additive in the outer layer of toner particle, the acerate surface additive is selected from the group consisting of an acerate carbon fiber, an acerate fiberglass, an acerate carbon nanotubes and an acerate magnesium fiber.EFFECT: excellent charging properties, stability and flow properties.4 cl, 2 tbl, 6 dwg, 1 ex

Cartridge installed with possibility to remove electrophotographic image device in main unit of method for assembling drive transmission device for photosensitive drum and electrophotographic device for image formation // 2637370
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions includes a cartridge, a method for assembling a drive transmission device for a photosensitive drum, and an electrophotographic image forming device. The cartridge includes: a rotating element; a rotating element, perceiving the transmitted rotating force, which in its internal space includes a containing portion and on which the rotating force is transferred, designed to be transmitted to the rotating element; a rotating connecting element including a free end portion having a part of the receiving rotating force, configured to receive the rotating force from the engaging part of the primary node, a connecting part, which connects with the said element, perceiving the transmitted rotating force, and, at least, a part of which is placed in the above-mentioned part, so that the rotation axis of the mentioned connecting element had the ability to rotate about the rotation axis of the said elements perceiving the transmitted rotating force to enable the gear output of the mentioned part receiving the rotating force from the engaging part of the primary node in order to move the said cartridge in a predetermined direction, a through hole extending through the said connecting portion; a sales part, which is able to receive rotating force from the said connecting element and passing through the said through hole and supported by the said element, perceiving the transmitted rotating force in the opposite terminal parts in such a way as to prevent the output of the mentioned connecting element out of engagement with the said element, perceiving the transmitted rotating force along with providing the possibility of rotation of the mentioned connecting element relative to the mentioned shaft.EFFECT: providing a drive transmission structure for a cartridge that can be extracted to the outside of the main assembly of the device without a mechanism for moving the engagement portion of the main assembly side in the direction of its own rotation axis after moving in a predetermined direction substantially perpendicular to the rotation axis of the rotating element, such as an electrophotographic photosensitive drum, in which the disengagement of the connecting element is prevented without limitation of the inclination angle of the connecting element through the inside edges of the open part provided in the flanges, securing the cartridge using the structure of the drive transmission.45 cl, 58 dwg
Polymerized filling particle with supercharge // 2637313
FIELD: nanotechnology.SUBSTANCE: method includes receiving suspension by mixing the first emulsion containing a resin, optionally a wax, a dye, optionally a surfactant, optionally a coagulant and one or more additional additives, heating the suspension to obtain the aggregated particles in the suspension, while the aggregated particles form a core of toner particles, formation of a latex sheath surrounding the core, formation of the second emulsion containing a monomer and a charge regulator, the second emulsion polymerization to produce polymerized filling particles with the size from about 350 to about 500 nm, and the inclusion of polymerized filling particle into the latex sheath. A toner particle is also reported.EFFECT: obtaining the toner particles with controlled charge, particle size and structure.13 cl, 3 ex

Shutter device and image capturing device including shutter device // 2636414
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: shutter device comprises a stepper motor configured to drive it in the non-feedback drive mode, in which the power supply state of the loop is switched at predetermined intervals and in the feedbac drive mode, in which the power supply state of the circuit is switched in accordance with the rotor rotation position; a slave element configured to drive it by means of the stepper motor; and a light-insulating element configured to be moved to the closed state, in which the aperture diaphragm is closed and to the open state, in which the aperture diaphragm is opened in accordance with the driving of the slave element. Herewith the slave element is configured to be driven in the first region, in which the slave element is driven by the stepper motor, but the light-insulating element remains in the closed or open state and in the second region, in which the slave element is driven by means of the stepper motor, and thus the light-insulating element moves from the closed state to the open state or from the open state to the closed state. Herewith the slave element is driven in the first region by means of the stepper motor in one direction, and after driving the slave element in the first region, the slave element is driven in the second region, in which, in case when the slave element is driven in the first region, the stepper motor drives the slave element in the non-feedback drive mode and in which, in case when the slave element is driven in the second region, the stepper motor drives the slave element in the feedback drive mode .EFFECT: providing a shutter device, in which, in case when the stepper motor drives the slave element, whereby the light-insulating element moves from the closed state to the open state or from the open state to the closed state, the stepper motor does not lose synchronization.8 cl, 17 dwg

Image forming device // 2636267
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: image forming device includes an image carrier adapted to carry a powder image, a movable endless electrically conductive intermediate transfer belt configured to allow the powder image to be transferred thereto during the primary transfer from the image bearing element, the first and the second tension elements configured to pull the intermediate transfer belt, a secondary transfer element that contacts the intermediate transfer belt, configured to transfer secondary powder images from the intermediate transfer belt onto the recording material, a contact element contacting with the intermediate transfer belt and facing an image bearing element, via the intermediate transfer belt, and an element to maintain voltage, which is connected with the contact element. The image carrier contacts the intermediate transfer belt between the first tension element and the second tension element with respect to the moving direction of the intermediate transfer belt, the contact element is located on the side of the intermediate transfer belt, on which the image carrier is located and contacts the intermediate transfer belt between the first tension element and the second tension element relative to the movement direction of the intermediate transfer belt, and the potential of the contact element is maintained equal or greater than a predetermined potential according to a current that flows from the secondary transfer element to the intermediate transfer belt.EFFECT: preventing the change of the primary transfer potential in the primary transfer region and in providing satisfactory characteristics of the primary transfer, when the current flows from the current-carrying element to the intermediate transfer belt.14 cl, 28 dwg

ethod and device for flash control and terminal // 2635836
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: flash control device comprises of: a position detection unit and a flash parameter definition unit, whereby the unit defining the flash parameters comprises of: a current determination subunit and a light intensity determination subunit. The current determination subunit comprises of: a first subunit extracting a predetermined current value, which is configured to extract the first saved specified current value, a second calculation subunit configured to calculate the value of the flash providing current, corresponding to the detected position data, depending on the detected position and stored correspondence between the position of the object to be photographed and the current supplied to the flash if the detected position is between the nearest surface reached by the light and the farthest surface reached by the light, and the second extracting subunit of the current setpoint configured for retrieving the second stored set current value for the flash providing current if the detected position is farther away than the farthest surface reached by the light.EFFECT: saving energy and obtaining a clear image of the subject being photographed.19 cl, 13 dwg

ethod of calibrating optical-electronic device and device for its implementation // 2635336
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of calibrating the optical-electronic device, which is realized by the corresponding device, consists in orienting the optical-electronic device (OED) to align the image of the collimator mark with the center of the OED frame, sequentially projecting the collimator mark at the specified points in the OED frame by rotating and linearly moving the collimator. For each position of the collimator, the angle of its rotation is measured, the coordinates of the mark image in the frame are determined and the systematic errors of the position of the collimator sight axis relative to the X, Y, Z axes. The lens focal length, the coordinates of the main point of the frame and the distortion of the lens at the given points of the frame are calculated. The calibrated OED is turned over and the actions are repeated. The values of the lens focal length, the coordinates of the main frame point and the lens distortion obtained in two positions of the OED are averaged.EFFECT: improving the calibration accuracy of the optical-electronic device.2 cl, 2 dwg

ethod and device for photographing images // 2634909
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: predetermined pose for photographing is obtained by changing the pose of the human shape model displayed on the photographing device, it is detected whether the pose of the target person coincides with the predetermined pose for photographing in the viewfinder and if the target person's pose coincides with the predetermined pose for photographing. Then the automatic photographing of an image, containing the target person, is performed. In this case, the predetermined pose for photographing and the pose of the target person contain the orientation of the human head and the position of the human body.EFFECT: providing the user the opportunity to independently set the desired pose of the object being photographed, which increases the possibility of obtaining a variety of images.11 cl, 7 dwg

Development device // 2634744
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: proposed group of inventions includes development devices comprising a developer transfer element for transferring the developer including a toner and a magnetic medium for developing a latent image formed on the mentioned image transfer element. The mentioned developer transfer element includes a surface having a plurality of grooves extending in the longitudinal direction, a magnet provided inside the mentioned developer transfer element to attract the developer to the surface of the mentioned developer transfer element, a non-magnetic adjusting element provided at a distance from the mentioned developer transfer element to adjust the amount of developer carried on the mentioned developer transfer element. Quantity M/S (mg/mm2) of the developer carried on the area unit of the mentioned developer transfer element after the mentioned adjusting element is passed, a clearance SB (mm) between the free end of the mentioned adjusting element and the mentioned developer transfer element, the density G (mg/mm3) of the developer, a coefficient which is a groove content coefficient on the surface of the mentioned developer transfer element and the depth D (mm) of the groove satisfy the conditions: 0.1≤M S (mg/mm2)≤0.5, 0.2≤SB (mm), and M/S (mg/mm)×1/4≤α×{SB (mm)+D (mm)}×G (mg/mm3)<M/S (mg/mm2).EFFECT: providing a development device which does not suffer from a problem caused by excessive or insufficient transfer efficiency of the developer transfer element due to the fact that the developer transfer element is unsatisfactorily coated with the developer or foreign substances are stuck in the clearance between the peripheral surface of the developer transfer element and the development device developer adjusting element, a developer layer is formed on the peripheral surface of the developer transfer element, thin enough to produce an image of very high quality.27 cl, 10 dwg, 2 tbl

Image shooting method and device // 2634323
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: image shooting method includes obtaining the motion parameter of the mobile terminal, determining the current shooting parameter according to the motion parameter, shooting the image according to the current shooting parameter. Herewith the shooting parameter includes exposure time and photosensitivity. The compensation photosensitivity is also determined in the shooting process. A sum comparison of the actual photosensitivity and the compensation light sensitivity with the maximum photosensitivity of the terminal is provided. If the indicated sum is greater than the maximum sensitivity, then the maximum photosensitivity is set to be current, if the indicated sum is less than the maximum photosensitivity, then the sum is set as the current photosensitivity.EFFECT: removing image blur when shooting from a mobile terminal that is shaking or moving.6 cl, 6 dwg, 2 tbl

Toner-cartridge, having elements for downloading and locking // 2633805
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions includes toner cartridges for use in an image forming devices. The toner cartridge comprises: a body having a front part, a rear part opposing the front part, a first side part, a second side part opposing the first side part, an upper part, and a lower part opposing the upper part, wherein the body has a toner storage tank; an outlet at the front of the body, near the first side to move the toner from the tank; a drive gear on the front of the body having a center near the second side for receiving rotational energy when the toner cartridge is mounted in the image forming device; a recess formed in the lower part of the body; and a latch lock in a recess on the inside of the front of the housing for receiving a latch for securing the toner cartridge to the imaging device, wherein the latch lock is located closer to the bottom of the housing than the outlet and the drive gear, wherein the latch lock is located between the center of the drive gear and an outlet opening transversely from the first side part to the second side part of the body.EFFECT: enabling accurate alignment of the cartridge and the possibility of relatively easy insertion of cartridge into the image forming device.21 cl, 16 dwg
Device for receiving directional extreme ultraviolet radiation with wavelength of 11,2 nm ±1% for high-resolution projective lithography // 2633726
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for obtaining directional extreme ultraviolet radiation with a wavelength of 11.2 nm ±1% for high-resolution projective lithography. The device includes a gyrotron, a terahertz-range radiation generating beam, a system for introducing radiation into a vacuum chamber, a system of quasi-optical mirrors focusing radiation into the region of the inhomogeneous expanding xenon flux created by the gas puffing system at the supersonic expiration of xenon to the vacuum with a characteristic transverse dimension less than a millimetre in the focus of a multilayer X-ray mirror of normal incidence, which forms directional extreme ultraviolet radiation from the discharge emerging in the combined foci of the mirror system and the multilayer X-ray mirror. The gas puffing system is designed to mix xenon with another light gas. In addition, the gas puffing system can be built into the gas cooling and reducing unit, creating a narrowly directed flow of atoms and clusters of the xenon working substance with a size of 10-1000 angstroms upon the expiration of xenon.EFFECT: increasing the life of the device.3 cl 3 dwg

Transporting device, cleaning device, developing device, technological cartridge and image formation device // 2633636
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: claimed group of inventions includes the transporting device, the cleaning device, the developing device, the technological cartridge, and the image formation device. At that the transporting device contains: the developer transport route, configured to transport the developer, the first transportation element, having the drive shaft, equipped with the drive transmission section, configured to transmit the driving force and the second transportation element, having the driven shaft, equipped with moving power taking section, configured with the possibility of taking the moving power from the drive transmission section. The drive transmission section includes the engaging section, protruding from the driving shaft, the moving power taking section includes the engaging section, configured to take the moving power by engaging with the engaging section within the developer transport route, the circumference of the trajectory, outlining by the distal end of the engaging section, and the center line of the driven shaft are intersected, when looking in the axial direction of the drive shaft and the slope of the driven shaft relative to the horizontal direction is the angle, that does not exceed the developer natural slope angle, when looking in the axial direction of the drive shaft.EFFECT: provision of the image formation device maintenance by the user independently, provision of the significant increase of the operational efficiency and usability.18 cl, 28 dwg, 4 ex

Projection image displaying device // 2633449
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: projection image displaying device (1) includes a screen unit (103) that has a screen (102), a projection unit (2) that projects the image onto the screen (102) from the rear surface of the screen, a frame (101), which accommodates the projection unit (2), a retractable mechanism (10) that holds the screen assembly (103) in such a way that this screen assembly moves in a forward-backward direction, a locking mechanism (30) that restricts the movement of the retractable mechanism (10), and an adjusting mechanism (40), which has the possibility of adjusting the position of the said screen assembly (103) with respect to the carcass (101) from the outside, while the locking mechanism (30) restricts the movement of the retractable mechanism (10). The adjusting mechanism (40) adjusts the position of, at least, the locking mechanism (30), when adjusting the position of the screen assembly (103).EFFECT: ensuring the easy adjustment of the screen node position without the need to open and close it at the same time.7 cl, 11 dwg

Replacement block for electrophotographic image forming device having latch mechanism // 2632587
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: claimed group of inventions includes replacement blocks for an electrophotographic image forming device comprising: an elongated body extending along the longitudinal dimension between the front side and the back side of the body. The body further includes the first side, the second side, an upper side, and a lower side. The body has a toner storage tank, a drive element on the rear side of the body that is not overlapped to obtain rotational power, when the replacement block is mounted in the image forming device, an electrical contact on the rear of the body not overlapped to make contact with the corresponding electrical contact, when the replacement block is mounted in the image forming device. The drive element and the electrical contact are arranged to sense the deflection force in the forward direction toward the front side of the body along the longitudinal dimension, the latch grip on the first side of the body being arranged to receive the corresponding latch, when the replacement block is mounted in the image forming device to prevent movement of the body in the forward direction along the longitudinal dimension, the latch actuator on the front side of the body, which is configured to be replaced relative to the body between the source position and the release position, and the releasing handle on the front side of the body, not overlapped for capture by the user, operatively connected to the latch actuator, so that the actuation of the releasing handle causes the latch actuator movement from the source position to the release position for disengagement of the body from the image forming device.EFFECT: ensuring accurate alignment of the cartridge, and relatively simple insertion of the cartridge into and out of the image forming device.17 cl, 26 dwg

Substrate for electronic high-resolution lithography and relevant lithography method // 2632581
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: base structure for the material layer intended for selective processing according to the high resolution pattern and the reception of the electronically sensitive masking layer for pattern determination comprises a layering of the substrate and an intermediate layer of the porous material with a density, at least, half that of the density of the same non-porous material, this material having an atomic mass of less than 32. The method of electronic lithography includes the formation of a base structure, for a layer of material intended for selective processing, according to a high resolution pattern, and then a processing operation by implanting and/or etching a layer of material intended for selective processing.EFFECT: reducing the effect of backscattered electrons on high resolution images obtained by lithography.11 cl, 8 dwg

Synthetic image creating method // 2632272
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method and systems include obtaining the first image and the second image, the first timestamp and the second timestamp, wherein the first image and the second image represent a common object. Next, a determination is made of the actual position of the first pixels of the common object and the second pixels of the common object, and the determination of the common object motion information based on the actual position of the first pixels of the common object and the actual position of the second pixels of the common object, the first timestamp and the second timestamp. The third image and the third timestamp are obtained, the third image representing a common object; the server determines the actual position of the third pixels of the common object. In addition, the server determines the expected position of the third pixels of the common object based on the common object motion information, the third timestamp and the third pixels; in response to the mismatch of the actual position of the third pixels of the common object and the supposed position of the third pixels of the common object, the synthetic image is created by the server.EFFECT: improving the accuracy when reproducing the position of an object in a series of consecutive objects.14 cl, 7 dwg

ethod and device for image projection with a high level of safety // 2630714
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of projecting an image using a projection device comprising a MEMS mirror oscillating with respect to one or more swing axes for scanning light from one or more lasers on a display screen to project the pixels forming the image onto a display screen, the method comprising the steps of (a) selection of the class of lasers for the projection device; (b) calculating the relationship between the maximum allowable radiation level and the distance for the selected laser class and for a given number of black pixels in the image; (c) repeating step (b) multiple times, each time for another predetermined number of black pixels in the image, to obtain a plurality of relationships between the maximum allowable emission level and the distance for the selected laser class, where each ratio corresponds to its own, different from the other predetermined number of black pixels in the image; (d) determining the distance between the display screen and the projection device; (e) selecting the desired maximum allowable emission level for the image that the projection device should project onto the display screen; (g) selecting, from a plurality of relationships between the maximum allowable radiation level and the distance, a ratio containing the maximum allowable radiation level equal to the desired maximum allowable emission level selected in step (e) for the distance determined in step (d), and; (g) identifying a predetermined number of black pixels in the image for the selected ratio; (h) modifying the stream of pixels constituting the image to be projected by the projection device, so as to obtain a pixel stream containing a predetermined number of black pixels identified in step (g). In addition, an appropriate projection device has been proposed.EFFECT: increased security level.15 cl, 8 dwg
Fluorescenting red colour under action of ultraviolet radiation of ea-toner // 2630295
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a toner that fluoresces red under UV radiation, comprising a pigment comprising a lanthanide complex in an amount of at least about 3 wt %, at least one amorphous resin, optionally a crystalline gum, an aggregating agent, a stabiliser that does not forms metal ion complexes where the stabiliser contains a gluconic acid salt selected from sodium gluconate or potassium gluconate, optionally a surfactant and optionally a wax, the toner having a wavelength λMax of absorption from about 330 to 380 nm and wavelength λMax of radiation from about 612 to 618 nm. Also, a transparent toner is disclosed, fluorescenting with red colour under UV radiation action, comprising a pigment containing a complex of europium (III) in an amount of at least about 3 wt % of at least one amorphous resin, optionally a crystalline resin, an aggregating agent, a stabiliser, which does not form complexes of metal ions, wherein the stabiliser comprises a salt of gluconic acid, selected from sodium gluconate or potassium gluconate, optionally surfactant and optionally a wax, wherein the toner them a wavelength λMax absorption from about 330 to 380 nm and wavelength λMax radiation from about 612 to 618 nm.EFFECT: obtaining toners that are transparent under visible light, but at the same time provide a clearly visible red image under the influence of the corresponding incident light.15 cl, 10 ex, 2 tbl

Toner resin, toner, developer, device for image formation and process cartridge // 2629924
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: claimed group of inventions includes toner resin, a toner, a developer, an image formation device, and a process cartridge. The toner resin is a copolymer that contains a crystal segment. And, the toner resin has a maximum elastic stress value at 100°C (ES100) 1000 Pa or less, and the maximum elastic stress value at 70°C (ES70) 1000 Pa or more when the temperature drops from 100 to 70°C, where the maximum elastic stress values are measured according to the oscillatory shear procedure of large amplitude.EFFECT: providing a resin for toner that allows to obtain a toner that ensures simultaneous low temperature consolidation and heat resistance when stored at high levels and has high scratch resistance and high dispersibility of the pigment.19 cl, 7 dwg, 5 tbl

Constructive elements for controlling replacement block positioning for electrophotographic image forming device // 2629767
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: claimed group of inventions includes replacement blocks for an electrophotographic image forming device comprising: an elongated body extending along the longitudinal dimension between the front side and the back side of the body. The body further includes the first side, the second side, an upper side, and a lower side. The body has a toner storage tank, a drive element on the rear side of the body that is not overlapped to obtain rotational power, when the replacement block is mounted in the image forming device, an electrical contact on the rear of the body not overlapped to make contact with the corresponding electrical contact, when the replacement block is mounted in the image forming device. The ledge has a downwardly extending groove formed therein and communicated in fluid with the reservoir, and a rear surface of the ledge is not overlapped to obtain a deflection force in a forward direction toward the front side of the housing along the longitudinal size, a hole on the bottom side of the ledge, communicating in fluid with the groove for transferring toner from the reservoir, a latch grip on the first side of the housing, is arranged to receive a corresponding latch, when the replacement block is installed in the image forming device, to prevent movement of the housing in the forward direction along the longitudinal dimension; and the first shelf positioned along the longitudinal dimension on the first side of the housing, and the second shelf positioned along the longitudinal dimension on the second side of the housing. The latch grip includes the front end face of the first positioning shelf.EFFECT: ensuring accurate alignment of the cartridge, and relatively simple insertion of the cartridge into and out of the image forming device.10 cl, 34 dwg

Developer supply container and developer supply system // 2629649
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions includes a developer supply container and a developer supply system comprising of a developer refilling device and a developer supply container mounted to said developer refilling device removably. When this developer supply container consists of a part containing the developer which is configured to accommodate the developer, a discharge opening capable of discharging the developer from said developer containing part, a drive receiving part configured to receive a driving force, a pump part adapted to drive it with the driving force received by said drive receiving part, for alternately changing the internal pressure in said developer containing part between the pressure, which is below ambient environment pressure, and the pressure, which is above ambient environment pressure, and a locking part configured to lock the positions of said pump part in a predetermined state so that at the beginning of the pump part operation the air gets into mentioned developer containing part through said discharge opening.EFFECT: providing a developer supply container and developer supply system in which the internal pressure in the developer supply container becomes negative, so that the developer stored in the developer supply container is loosened properly, ensuring a developer supply container and developer supply system that can discharge the developer from the developer supply container into the developer refilling device appropriately from the initial stage.58 cl, 103 dwg, 2 tbl

Image forming device // 2629544
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: image forming apparatus comprises a movable endless intermediate transfer belt, a plurality of support rollers including a first support roller and a second support roller for supporting mentioned intermediate transfer belt, a first to fourth photosensitive drums that are positioned along mentioned intermediate transfer belt between the first support roller and second support roller in the following order: mentioned first photosensitive drum, mentioned second photosensitive drum, mentioned third photosensitive drum, and mentioned fourth photosensitive drum from the downstream side towards the downstream side with respect to the direction in which mentioned intermediate transfer belt moves, and wherein the powder images transferred from mentioned first, second, third and fourth photosensitive drums to mentioned intermediate transfer belt in mentioned first, second, third and fourth primary transfer regions, respectively, are transferred from mentioned intermediate transfer belt to the recording material in the secondary transfer region, and wherein the first to fourth primary transfer regions are located in an imaginary region, limited The assumed position of mentioned intermediate transfer belt tensioned by the first support roller and the second support roller in the hypothetical case in which mentioned first to fourth photosensitive drums are not provided, a constant voltage element that is electrically connected between mentioned intermediate transfer belt and the Earth potential and which is supported specified voltage by passing current through it, voltage source adapted to apply a voltage to the transfer member for transferring a powder image from mentioned intermediate transfer belt to a recording material in order to thereby transmit current through mentioned constant voltage element to form a secondary transfer electric field in the secondary transfer region and a primary transfer electric field In the first to fourth portions of the primary transfer and the clamping member provided in contact with the inner peripheral surface of the beforementioned intermediate transfer belt between the second primary transfer region and the third primary transfer portion configured to clamp mentioned intermediate transfer belt from the inner peripheral surface toward the outer peripheral surface of mentioned intermediate transfer belt.EFFECT: allows to reduce the height of the device to a low level while providing the contact length at which each photosensitive drum contacts the intermediate transfer belt.17 cl, 14 dwg

Device for producing periodic structures by laser interference lithography using laser with tunable wavelength // 2629542
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device includes a laser radiation source, a slit diaphragm, a beam expander, and a sample holder with a mirror mounted thereon. A laser with a tunable wavelength is used as the laser radiation source. The beam expander consists of the collecting and diffusing lenses. The cutting line of the slit diaphragm is parallel to the intersection line of the mirror planes and the sample holder.EFFECT: simplifying the device and increasing the reliability thereof.2 cl, 2 dwg

Process cartridge, electrophotographic imaging device and electrophotographic photosensitive drum // 2629535
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a process cartridge, an electrophotographic image forming apparatus, and an electrophotographic photosensitive drum. The inventive process cartridge comprises: i) a photosensitive drum rotating around the drum axis; ii) a rotatable developing roller adapted to develop a latent image formed on mentioned photosensitive drum; iii) a connecting element provided at an axial end portion of mentioned photosensitive drum and rotated about an axis of the coupling element for transferring the driving force to mentioned photosensitive drum. Mentioned connecting element is adapted to tilt with respect to mentioned photosensitive drum, such that the axis of the connecting element is inclined relative to the drum axis; And iv) a control portion surrounding mentioned coupling element for limiting the range in which mentioned connecting element is tilted. Mentioned adjusting portion is provided with a portion that is open in a direction away from mentioned drum axis and away from mentioned developing roller and wherein the angle between the axis of the connecting element and the drum axis is large when at least a portion of mentioned connecting member is in mentioned portion that is open than when mentioned connecting element is in contact with another portion of mentioned regulating portion.EFFECT: faster maintenance of the imaging device by enabling the user to efficiently carry out maintenance of the device, high accuracy of rotation of the electrophotographic photosensitive drum.6 cl, 35 dwg

Developer supply container and developer supply system // 2628667
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions includes a developer supply container for supplying a developer to a developer receiving device through a developer receiving part that is movably installed in the developer receiving device into which the developer supply container is dismountably mounted, and a developer supply system. In this case, the developer supply container comprises of the following: a developer containing portion for containing the developer, and an engaging portion adapted to engage with the developer receiving portion and intended to apply force to the developer receiving portion to move the developer receiving portion toward the developer supply container during the mounting operations of the developer supply container, to establish a connection state between the developer supply container and the developer receiving portion.EFFECT: providing a developer supply container configured to simplify the mechanism for connecting the developer receiving portion to the developer supply container by displacing the developer receiving portion, providing such a developer supply container so that the developer supply container and the developer receiving device can be connected to each other properly, reliable connection between the developer supply container and the developer receiving portion.25 cl, 3 tbl, 103 dwg

Toner cartridge, which has the way of shuttering // 2628662
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: claimed group of inventions includes variants of a toner cartridge. The claimed toner cartridge, intended for use with the developing unit of image forming device, comprises: a housing having a front side, a rear side, an upper side, and a lower side. Housing has a toner holding tank, an outlet opening on the front side of housing for discharging the toner from toner cartridge, and an element for contact interaction having a first contacting surface and a second contacting surface. First contacting surface is located near the rear side of housing and is arranged to sense the force exerted from the rear side of housing fromactuating member of image forming device when the toner cartridge is mounted in image forming device and the second contacting surface is located near the front side of housing below the outlet opening. Element for contact interaction is configured to move from the first position to the second position while perceiving the force exerted. When the element for contact interaction is moved from the first position to the second position, the second surface of contact interaction is moved from rear side to front side of housing and protrudes from the front of housing without obstruction in front of the second surface of contact interaction for forced opening - in the direction from rear side to front side of housing - of shutter at the inlet opening of developing unit when toner cartridge is mounted in image formation device and is associated with developing unit.EFFECT: prevents leakage of toner between the toner cartridge outlet opening and the developing unit inlet opening.16 cl, 14 dwg

ethod and device for switching chambers // 2628165
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method includes: obtaining a working instruction for switching on the first camera; tracking the working instruction received by the terminal screen on the terminal; when it is tracked that the terminal screen received a touch operation, evaluating whether the touch operation matches the specified touch operation; and when the touch operation coincides with the preset touch operation, the switching from the first camera on to the second camera is started. The device includes: an acquisition module, a tracking module, a first evaluation module, and a switching module. In accordance with the present invention, when the user wishes to switch cameras, the user performs a touch operation that coincides with a predetermined touch operation on the terminal screen to activate the camera switching terminal; when the terminal monitors that the terminal screen receives a touch operation that coincides with the specified touch operation, the terminal will perform switching from the inclusion of the first camera to activating the second camera; the process of operations is simple and thus the switching efficiency is increased.EFFECT: increased accuracy of camera switching.11 cl, 4 dwg

Compounds with groups of oxymic compounds and/or acylic groups // 2628076
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compounds of formulas 1 or 2: (Formula 1) or (Formula 2).EFFECT: new compounds are obtained, useful as photoinitiators.25 cl, 16 dwg, 2 tbl, 31 ex

Assembly of a lens frame with a variable focus distance and an image capture device with this assembly // 2627998
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: proposed assembly contains a first zoom ring supporting the first group of lenses; first guide ring, inside which is located a first zoom ring, connected by a cam to the first zoom ring for linearly moving the first group of lenses along the optical axis; second zoom ring supporting the second lens group, connected by a cam to the first guide ring for linear movement along the optical axis; second guide ring connected by a cam to the first guide ring and configured to linearly move along the optical axis to rotate the first guide ring; second cylinder configured to linearly move along the optical axis together with a second zoom ring with simultaneous rotation; and an outer cylinder containing a third group of lenses and connected by a cam to a second cylinder to drive the second cylinder into rotation. The assembly is also included in the corresponding image capture device.EFFECT: improving the accuracy of lens assembly.15 cl, 12 dwg
Image forming device // 2627962
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions includes image forming devices. In this case, the image forming apparatus includes an image bearing element configured to carry a toner image, an intermediate transfer element configured to transfer a toner image transferred from an image bearing element to a primary transfer position, a transfer member provided to contact the outer peripheral surface of the intermediate transfer element, configured to transfer the toner image from the intermediate transfer item to the recording material in the position of the secondary transfer, a constant voltage element, which is a zener diode or varistor electrically connected between an intermediate transfer element and a ground potential configured to generate a predetermined voltage by passing a current therethrough, an energy source for generating and an electric field of the secondary transfer at the secondary transfer position and the electric field of the primary transfer in the primary transfer position by applying a voltage to the transfer member for passing current through the constant voltage element detection section configured to detect a current passing through the transfer element, execution section configured to execute a test mode in which the test voltage is applied to the transfer element of the power source to the current detection by the detecting section, when the position of the secondary transfer no recording material, and a controller configured to control the voltage to be applied to the element transferring energy source on the basis of the current detected by the detection section in the test mode, when the secondary transfer position has a recording medium, etc. than the controller controls the test voltage applied energy source so that current flows through the constant voltage element during the test mode.EFFECT: designing a structure wherein the predetermined voltage is generated in an intermediate transfer element by a DC voltage source, which enables to avoid the problem where the proper voltage cannot be obtained during the test mode, in which test voltage is applied.11 cl, 9 dwg

Toner container, process cartridge and image forming device // 2627944
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions comprises of a toner container, a process cartridge and an image forming device. Wherein the toner container comprises of the following: a container body for containing the toner, which is able to be fixed detachably to the mounting portion, including a connecting element, in the developing device, wherein the connecting element is capable of performing a reciprocating motion and is formed of a flexible element, an outlet for the release of the toner contained in the container body, a shutter for opening and closing the exit, and which includes the first engaged portion for engaging the connecting element and the actuating element for moving the shutter, and which includes the second engaged portion for engaging the connecting element, wherein in the state in which the container body is not set in the mounting portion, the shutter and actuating element are in the state of disconnection with each other, and when the container body is set in the mounting portion, the shutter and actuating element may be coupled by the connecting element.EFFECT: development of a toner container in which the opening of the shutter in an uninstalled state is prevented and which includes an actuating element and a shutter that can work in cooperation via the connecting member and the development of a process cartridge and an image forming device.23 cl, 44 dwg
 
2551190.
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