Using electromagnetic waves other than radio waves (G01S1/70)

Navigation radio-optical group reflector of circular action // 2617799
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: navigation radio-optical group reflector of the circular action in the horizontal plane, is a group radar reflector having eight trihedral radar corner reflectors with equal triangular faces, six of which are located around the vertical axis passing through their tops, forming a circular scattering pattern. The light sources are installed at the tops of the trihedral radar corner reflectors, made in the form of the light emitting diodes forming a circular light scattering pattern. The light sources are powered from the DC source and controlled by the signal fire controlling photo booth.EFFECT: expanding the functionality due to the simultaneous operation of the radio-optical group reflector not only in the radar wavelength range, but also in the optical wavelength range, providing supply of the omnidirectional obstacle lights in the dark in the horizontal plane.5 dwg

ethod for remote orientation of moving objects // 2614333
FIELD: physics, instrument-making.SUBSTANCE: method for remote orientation of moving objects includes formation of orthogonal raster by row-wise, forward and counter reverse scanning of a laser beam with duplication of forward scanning, between which given time delays during radiation extinction are maintained in each row. Given time delays are maintained in each row between scanning instances, said time delays enabling to identify row number with a defined position of an object in the information field.EFFECT: invention increases the rate of transmitting information in remote orientation systems by reducing the amount of raster needed when forming an information field.2 dwg

Combined optic-electronic instrument // 2497062
FIELD: instrument making.SUBSTANCE: device includes serially connected laser and optic-electronic scanning system, comprising two crossed anisotropic acoustooptic deflectors and an output optic system, and also a unit of deflector control, outputs of which are connected to inputs of deflector control, and external signals of controlled item start-up and lift-off are sent to its control inputs, a unit of mode selection, to the input of which the external signal is supplied to permit distance measurement, a generator of sync pulses, a unit of modulator control, an optical modulator of resonator good quality, the control input of which is connected with the output of the modulator control unit, an output optical system of a range channel and a polarisation prism unit installed between the first and second acoustooptic deflectors, the second output of which is connected with the input of the optical system of the range channel. The receiving range channel includes serially connected receiving optical system, a photodetecting device and a unit of accumulation of echo signals and range calculation.EFFECT: reduction of weight and dimension characteristics of an optic electronic instrument with preservation of possibility to measure distance and to observe background and target environment.2 cl, 2 dwg

Device to control passive spacecraft orientation // 2486112
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to space engineering and may be used in approach, buzzing, hovering, docking jobs etc using robotic systems. Device comprises casing, radiation source, flat diffraction gratings and outlets. Four planes of flat diffraction gratings are perpendicular in pairs, two of them intersect at right angle to axis extending through common radiation source and parallel with passive spacecraft construction axis while remaining two make the angle of 0 to 90 degrees with the axis.EFFECT: decreased loads at docking assemblies.4 dwg

ethod for shaping of information field of laser teleorientation system // 2477866
FIELD: instrument making.SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for shaping of information field of laser teleorientation and navigation systems, optical connection, and can be used at control, landing and docking of airborne vehicles, escort of ships through narrow zones or bridge sections, remote control of robotic devices in zones that are dangerous for human health, etc. The proposed method is based on scanning by means of acoustooptical deflectors of the laser emission with a pencil-beam directional pattern; at that, laser beam movement trajectory provides formation both of information frames used for measurement of the controlled object coordinates, and command frames used for transfer of additional commands to the controlled object. The peculiar feature of the method is simultaneous formation of two lines of the information raster, which are displaced relative to each other by N/4 lines, by alternating formation of single cycles in the first line and then in the second line, where N is number of lines in a raster.EFFECT: improving informativity of laser teleorientation system owing to increasing the repetition frequency of information and command rasters in information field of laser teleorientation system by reducing the duration of time delays between cycles, and owing to reducing light losses.4 dwg

Scanning laser beacon for spacecraft // 2462732
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: scanning laser beacon has a housing, a laser light source mounted in a scanning unit, a base and an axle. The device includes an anamorphic optical system mounted in the scanning unit on the same optical axis as the laser light source. The axis around which the scanning unit rotates lies at an angle of 120 to said optical axis, and the anamorphic optical system is a wide-angle lens in a section perpendicular to the scanning direction, said lens having a 90 field of view. A rotating drive, which is in mechanical connection with the scanning unit, rotates in the scanning plane.EFFECT: possibility of detecting a passive spacecraft in half the solid angle at distances of up to 160 km when pointing an active spacecraft on said passive spacecraft.3 dwg

Scanning laser beacon for spacecraft // 2462731
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: scanning laser beacon has a housing and a laser light source mounted in a scanning unit in a gimbal suspension. The device includes an anamorphic optical system mounted in the scanning unit on the same optical axis as the laser light source. The axis of the gimbal suspension is perpendicular to said optical axis, and the anamorphic optical system is a fisheye lens in a section perpendicular to the scanning direction. A swinging drive, which is in mechanical connection with the scanning unit, swings in the scanning plane.EFFECT: possibility of detecting a passive spacecraft in half the solid angle at distances of up to 160 km when pointing an active spacecraft on said passive spacecraft.3 dwg

ethod to generate data field of laser teleorientation system // 2383896
FIELD: physics, navigation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to instrument making and is intended for generation of data field of laser teleorientation systems (DF LTS) and navigation, optical communication, and can be used in control, landing and docking of aircraft, etc. continuous length-adjusted laser radiation band is generated as well as delay between three scanning cycles originating in object banking is generated by a certain law, the object accommodating control field generation system.EFFECT: control over object with no zones wherein object laser control does not exist, scissors-like laser radiation directional pattern.4 dwg

Laser system of tele-orientation // 2267734
FIELD: control of moving objects with tele-orientation in the laser beam.SUBSTANCE: the system has a laser, optoelectronic scanning system, output optical system and a control unit of deflectors. The control unit of deflectors has a formation unit of sync signals and raster parameters, driver of raster codes, driver of shift codes, adder and a double-channel frequency synthesizer. Raster codes Zs and Yt from the outputs of the raster code driver and shift code Kφ from the output of the shift code driver are fed the inputs of the adder connected to the inputs of the double-channel frequency synthesizer, codes Zs=Zt, Ys=Yt+Kφ or Zs=Zt+Kφ, Ys=Yt or Zt+Kφ, Ys=Yt+Kφ are formed. The control inputs of the shift code driver are connected to the control outputs of the formation unit of sync signals and raster parameters and the driver of raster-codes. The laser system of tele-orientation is made for input of the "DESCENT" command to the input of the formation unit of sync signals and raster parameters.EFFECT: enhanced noise immunity of the system and enhanced methods of control of objects.2 cl, 5 dwg

How teleobiettivi // 2117311
The invention relates to laser technology and is intended for the formation of the information field systems telecontrol moving objects

Laser system teleobiettivi with high noise immunity // 2110808
The invention relates to the instrument and is intended for the formation of the information field of laser systems teleobiettivi

The method of formation of the information field of the laser system teleobiettivi and device for its implementation // 2099730
The invention relates to the instrument and is intended for the formation of the information field of laser systems teleobiettivi and navigation, optical communication and can be used when running, landing and docking of aircraft, navigation through narrow or sections of bridges, remote control robotic devices are dangerous to humans zones, etc

A method of reducing the angular divergence of laser radiation and device for its implementation (options) // 2093877
The invention relates to the instrument and is intended to reduce the divergence of the laser radiation and can be used in a laser communication and control systems, fiber optic systems, etc

The method of formation of the permanent size of the information field of the laser system teleobiettivi in the plane of the controlled object and the device for its implementation // 2093849
The invention relates to the instrument and is intended for the formation of the information field of laser systems teleobiettivi and navigation, optical communication and can be used when running, landing and docking of aircraft, navigation through narrow or sections of bridges, remote control robotic devices are dangerous to humans zones and t

Laser system teleobiettivi with an extended range of working distances // 2093848
The invention relates to the instrument and is intended for the formation of the information field of laser systems teleobiettivi and navigation, optical communication and can be used when running, landing and docking of aircraft, navigation through narrow or sections of bridges, remote control robotic devices are dangerous to humans zones, etc

The method of formation of the information field of the laser system teleobiettivi (variants) and a device for its implementation // 2080615
The invention relates to the instrument and is intended for the formation of the information field of laser systems teleobiettivi and navigation, optical communication and can be used when running, landing and docking of aircraft, navigation through narrow or sections of bridges, remote control robotic devices are dangerous to humans zones and so on
 
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