easuring and testing (G01)

G   Physics(387028)
G01            easuring; testing(231465)
G01G - Weighing(3828)
ethod for evaluation of geometrical dimensions of pipe section wall and weld seams defects according to ultrasonic intra-pipe defectoscope data with the help of related indications search // 2607766
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used: for evaluation of geometrical sizes of a pipe section wall and weld seams defects. Core of the invention is that according to an ultrasonic intra-pipe defectoscope data with the help of related indications search evaluated are the length, the width and the depth of a defect.EFFECT: provided is the possibility of evaluation of geometrical parameters, classification of type of a defect in a pipe section wall and weld seams at reduction of labour costs for processing a separate section of an oil pipeline and at reduced time for detecting hazardous defects.1 cl, 4 dwg
ethod of sampling and preparation of the cattle wool samples for analysis of the elemental composition // 2607751
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used for biomaterial sampling to obtain reliable data on the content of macro- and microelements in the wool of cattle. Method of sampling and preparation of samples of wool involves shearing of desired sample on weight of not less than 2 g from the top of the animal withers from the area of skin with the size of 5×5 cm. Obtained sample of wool is soaked in electrochemically disinfectant activated catholyte water with temperatures from +40 to +60 °C for 2–3 hours. Then it is washed under running water with great pressure until the visible contamination is disappeared. Then it is cleaned in ultrasonic baths with a working frequency of 35 kHz, using consistently detergent environments: 40 % ethyl alcohol, bidistillated water for 60 min in each environment. After it the sample is dried in a drying cabinet at +40 °C.EFFECT: convenience of wool sampling from the less contaminated area of the skin is provided.1 cl, 3 tbl
Device for determination of density of rocks crossed by borehole // 2607740
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for determination of rocks density. Core of the invention is that a device for determination of density of rocks crossed by a borehole comprises a housing of the device accommodating a drive and electronics unit and articulated therewith a probe detector unit with a source and detectors of gamma-radiation arranged in it, a deflecting lever intended for pressing the probe detector unit to the well wall, the deflecting lever is installed with the possibility of rotation on an axle fixed on the housing of the device, and the device additionally comprises a power spring and a rope, which serves for compression of the spring, one end of which is rigidly fixed on the housing of the probe detector unit, and the other end is connected with the short arm of the deflecting lever, herewith between the long arm of the deflecting lever and the housing of the probe detector unit there is a thrust plank rigidly connected to the housing of the device.EFFECT: technical result is the possibility of uniform pressing of an extendible detector probe to the well wall.1 cl, 1 dwg
Semiconductor gas sensor of ammonia trace impurities // 2607733
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gas analysis, in particular, to devices used for recording and measuring the content of ammonia trace impurities. Sensor includes a semiconductor base and a substrate. Semiconductor base is made from a polycrystalline film of indium antimonide doped with cadmium telluride – (InSb)0.98(CdTe)0.02, and the substrate used is an electrode pad of a piezocrystal resonator. Proposed sensor with considerable simplification of its manufacturing technology makes it possible to determine the content of ammonia with a sensitivity several times higher than that of existing sensors.EFFECT: technical result is higher sensitivity and manufacturability of the sensor.1 cl, 3 dwg
Angular velocity and linear acceleration micro-opto-electromechanical three-axis sensor // 2607731
FIELD: instrument making.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to instrument making field, in particular, to angular velocity and linear acceleration measuring devices. Summary of invention is, that angular velocity and linear acceleration micro-opto-electromechanical three-axis sensor optical radiation absorption device consists of four beams intersecting at right angle with square lateral side, cantilever fitted with small faces to central gasket in intersection area, each beam is made from piezoelectric material with light-absorbing coating, includes electric contacts, located at beam both ends, and load secured on its free end, sensitive element comprises fourteen additional optic radiation orientation devices, wherein each of sixteen optic radiation orientation devices is located symmetrically relative to intersected beams geometric center, parallel to four beams free ends long faces, attached by one smaller side face to central gasket, and by other small side face rests on side gasket, providing gap between four optic radiation orientation devices and optical radiation absorption device cantilever fixed beam, angular velocity and linear acceleration micro-opto-electromechanical three-axis sensor additionally comprises fourteen channels for optical radiation receiving-transmitting, each of which is optically connected, through light guide, with one of fourteen additional optic radiation orientation devices and electrically connected to information processing unit, control device, connected to information processing unit and intersected bars electric contacts.EFFECT: technical result is expansion fibre-optic linear acceleration converter functional capabilities based on optical tunnelling effect to provide angular velocity and linear acceleration measurement relative to inertial coordinate system three axes.1 cl, 5 dwg
Device for testing cable to be laid inside rooms and stationary objects // 2607729
FIELD: cables.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cable industry and concerns a cable testing to be laid inside rooms and stationary objects. For the testing sample 1 of an optic cable (OC) in the form of coil 2 (OC length in the coil is 10–15 m) is placed on platform 3 of the vibration bench and is rigidly secured to its surface. Before and after platform 3 of the vibrobenchthe tested OC is attached to posts 4 to form two freely hanging semi-loops simulating the OC input-output sections between fixed points (the OC air input from a column to a building) and characterized by the most probable deformation. Sample is fixed on platform 3 on both sides of the vibrobench with clamps 5. Cable on both sides is reeled into two coils 6 with an internal diameter of not less than 20 of the nominal outer diameters of the cable or is wound onto drums with a neck diameter similar to the coil diameter. Ends of tested sample 1 are respectively connected with radiator 7 and receiver 8 with an optical power meter by optical connectors 9.EFFECT: technical result is creation of a device for testing a cable, which enables to determine parameters-criteria of its usability, such as integrity of optical fibres and shells of the cable, attenuation coefficient of optical fibres and other parameters depending on the optical cable design.3 cl, 1 dwg
Single-pole kilovolt-meter // 2607728
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to measurement equipment, in particular, to electric instruments, which can be used for high voltages measuring, including in high alternating voltage single wire lines in liquid media. Present invention objective is development of device, enabling to measure high alternating voltage using single-wire technique. Assigned task is solved by fact, that for high-voltage measuring device has only one measuring terminal and uses single-wire technique. Kilovolt-meter has plastic housing, on front panel of which only one input terminal and measuring head are installed. Inside housing circuit is arranged, which contains first selenium stack VD1, capacitor C1 and opposite connected second selenium stack VD2. Selenium stacks VD1, VD2 and capacitor C1 form closed loop, and measuring head PA1 is connected in parallel to capacitor C1. At that, input terminal X1 is connected both to first stack VD1, and to second stack VD2. High voltage measurement is made based on magnetoelectric system microammeter.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of safety, simplification of design by means of avoiding bipolarity and using only one pole for measurement of high voltage.1 cl, 1 dwg
Flow measurement basing on differential pressure // 2607726
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems for controlling a manufacturing process or its monitoring. System (102) for measuring a process fluid flow in process pipe (106) in the production process comprises flow limiting element (110) in the process pipe. First sensor (124) of differential pressure is configured to measure the first differential pressure on flow limiting element (110) under the action of process fluid (104) flow. Second sensor (130) of differential pressure is configured to measure the second differential pressure in process fluid (104) on flow limiting element (110). Electronic circuit performs diagnosis basing on the first differential pressure and the second differential pressure.EFFECT: higher accuracy of diagnosis and control.23 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of orientation by laser beam // 2607723
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to orientation during vehicles movement. Method of orienting by laser beam comprises fact, that generating laser beam elongated cross section with large and small axes lengths ratio of 2…5, turning laser beam about its lengthwise axis until establishing beam cross-section larger axis in plane, passing through beam longitudinal axis and specified path, and directing laser beam towards vehicle in parallel or at small angle to preset travel path. Vehicle deviation from preset travel path is determined according to laser beam position and additionally determining deviation value by increasing of laser beam lateral dimension.EFFECT: technical result consists in increasing of visual orientation informativity.1 cl, 3 dwg
Low-temperature calibration device and method of its application // 2607722
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to flow meter checking device and method. Flow meter calibration device comprises flow tube; located in flow tube displacer with multiple seals; fluid line communicated with flow tube via fluid medium; pumping mechanism communicated with fluid line via fluid medium to create pressure difference between flow tube volume surrounding displacer, and volume limited by displacer seals; and pressure indicator, communicated with fluid line via fluid medium to indicate pressure of fluid medium contained in volume limited by displacer seals. Method of flow meter checking, which includes: initiation of pumping mechanism connected with fluid medium line, wherein said fluid medium line is connected with flow meter calibration device flow tube via fluid medium; and detection of pressure difference between volume limited by located in flow tube displacer multiple seals, and flow tube volume surrounding displacer, in response to pumping mechanism action.EFFECT: higher accuracy of calibration.13 cl, 16 dwg
anipulative control device // 2607721
FIELD: nuclear power.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manipulative control devices (MCD) of nuclear reactor. MCD comprises gantry for repeated connection to reactor housing (1) with telescopic post (2). Portal (1) has central part (1.1) and at least three bearing brackets (1.2), attached to it, arranged regularly along outline of central part (1.1) and designed for repeated connection to reactor housing. Central part (1.1) of portal (1) is equipped with rotary device (1.1.1) with hole in middle and drive for turning telescopic post (2), wherein said rotary device (1.1.1) is equipped with flange for repeated connection with telescopic post (2), while telescopic post (2) contains guide post (2.1), outer post (2.2) and telescopic inner pole (2.3), located in it, designed for mutual displacement inside each other. Guide posts (2.1) are equipped with connecting element for repeated connection with flange of portal (1), while inner post (2.3) at lower end is equipped with transverse way (3) with at least one carriage, intended for arrangement of probes, and distributing box for cabling to probes.EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency of inspection of open reactor housing.10 cl, 11 dwg
Detector for detecting radiation // 2607719
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a detector for detecting radiation. Detector for detecting radiation contains gadolinium oxysulphide (GOS) for generating scintillation light depending on detected radiation, optical filter for reducing intensity of part of scintillation light with wavelength greater than 650 nm, a detection unit for detecting filtered scintillation light.EFFECT: higher time resolution of detector.15 cl, 5 dwg
Large-sized aerodynamic model // 2607675
FIELD: aircraft engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to large-size aircraft aerodynamic models design, employed for testing in wind tunnels. Device consists of interconnected fuselage cores, wing with moving high-lift system, moving empennage with framing fixed on them, longitudinal elements and flat shaped elements, repeating skin inner contour. At that, wing and fins central part cores are connected with fuselage core by means of fasteners, allowing, if necessary, to change wing and fins position relative to fuselage. Besides, fuselage core comprises fasteners for model mounting on wind-tunnel balance, and wing and fins cores are made so, that their weights correspond to analyzed aircraft weights and its centering characteristics. Due to fasteners assembled aerodynamic model or its separate elements can be hinged installed on wind-tunnel balance supporting device supports in wind tunnel working part.EFFECT: technical result consists in possibility of creating of aerodynamic model prefabricated structure having external surface geometrically similar to analyzed future aircraft and equipped with high-lift system controlled components.7 cl, 11 dwg
ethod for determining power consumption in electric installation and alternating current electric installation // 2607674
FIELD: measurement technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical measurements. According to present invention, a group including a plurality of individual distribution branches connected in parallel is connected to an alternating-current power supply. Method includes following steps of: a) detection of a change in electrical consumption of one specific branch among the branches, and b) determination of individual power consumption of specific branch, based on a measurement of total voltage (U), which is substantially constant during change, measurements of intensity (IA, IB, ψA, ψB) and phase shift values of total current before and after change, and measurement of intensity (I3A, I3B) of individual current in a specific branch before and after change.EFFECT: technical result consists in simplifying measurements.9 cl, 6 dwg
agnetic field exposure indicator // 2607672
FIELD: instrument making.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for prevention and detection of improper use of meters, to indicate unauthorised magnetic field exposure on meters. Present invention consists in that indicator of magnetic field exposure includes: housing 100 (600, 700) with cavity 1010 (6010, 7010), open on one side, where on inner walls 1020 (6020, 7020) of housing 100 (600, 700) formed by said cavity there are support ribs 1030 (6030, 7030); lock 200 (300, 800), having on one of its sides located mainly flush with upper part of said cavity 1010 (6010, 7010) lock crossbar (2010, 3010, 8010), and on sides – fixation petals 2020 (3020, 8020) configured for interaction with said support ribs 1030 (6030, 7030) of housing 100 (600, 700) in order to prevent extraction of lock 200 (300, 800) from said cavity 1010 (6010, 7010) after locking; wherein housing 100 (600, 700) and lock 200 (300, 800) comprise aligned holes 1050 (6060, 7060) and 2040 (3040, 8030) for passing a flexible element, and lock 200 (300, 800) has slots to accommodate flexible element deformed during locking. Magnetic field exposure indicator also comprises at least one display element 2030 (3030, 6050, 7050) in form of magnetic strips arranged: either on at least one mainly flat side of lock 200 (300), and/or on at least one mainly flat side of housing 600 (700) inside said cavity 6010 (7010); wherein in all cases housing 100 (600, 700) is made from non-magnetically sensitive material and is transparent.EFFECT: increased reliability of indicator of magnetic field exposure and providing protection against unauthorised opening, removal of immediate vicinity of controlled object or re-installation of magnetic field exposure indicator.9 cl, 18 dwg
ethod of integral radiating ability measuring using micro furnace (versions) // 2607671
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to measuring equipment and can be used in materials transmitting properties analyzing. Method of integral emissivity measuring consist in solid body analyzed sample fixation in separate chamber, said sample heating to preset temperature T on its surface and recording by heat sensor of radiant energy emitted from analyzed sample surface. Prior to heating analyzed sample is placed into graphite block body, surrounded by heat insulation with ultra low heat conductivity, and performing graphite block heating by direct laser radiation supplying to graphite block local zone until this block heating to preset temperature T and simultaneous heating of analyzed sample arranged in this block body by heat transfer from graphite block to sample to condition of their heating temperatures equality. Then analyzed sample is removed from graphite block body and placed in full radiation pyrometer sight area acting as radiant energy receiver. Then performing sample natural cooling due to heat loss by radiation while simultaneously recording sample cooling down rate caused by total radiation losses from its full surface, for cooling down thermogram measurement and integral emissivity calculating.EFFECT: increasing accuracy of obtained results.5 cl, 3 dwg
Probe for spectral analysis of substances and its application method // 2607670
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to physics. It can be used for preparation and movement of samples to analyzing device during spectral analysis of materials and substances. Probe consists of loop-bent wire of refractory material with tip for condensation of vapors of analyte and condensate supply of analyte into atomizer, made by bending ends of wire with probe runners and fixed on electric contacts of bearing platform with guides and damper. For improvement of repairability, providing fast process of replacing samples of analyzed samples probe is placed on contact site made of dielectric plate with electric contacts and guide slot. To provide stability of movement direction of probe during injection into dosing hole of furnace-pulverizer bearing platform is movably fixed to guide equipped with damper. Method of using probe consisting in fact that probe is fixed on moving with three degrees of freedom, manipulator bar. In furnace-atomizer via dosing hole sample of analyzed substance is introduced, above dosing hole cold probe fastened in manipulator is secured. Test substance is atomized in furnace and vapors effusing through dosing hole of furnace-pulverizer are deposited on cold probe. Probe with condensate of sample is introduced into dosing hole of furnace-pulverizer at temperature of substance atomization, electric current is supplied to probe, probe is heated and condensate sample is atomized. Vapors of sample condensate are analyzed using spectral instrument and required information on sample is obtained.EFFECT: technical result is high accuracy and reliability of results of spectral analysis of substances and materials, higher reliability and maintainability of analytical equipment, fast process of replacing samples of analyzed samples, high efficiency during analysis.4 cl, 9 dwg
ethod for concealed marking of explosive substances (versions) // 2607665
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a chemical method of marking and identifying explosive substances (ES), as well as forensic identification of preparations, which can be used in investigation, expert forensic and legal practice. Method for concealed marking of explosives comprises introducing into an explosive, obtained by mixing certain components, a marking composition containing identifiers, number which is proportional to number of technical parameters, to be marked. Each identifier corresponding to a separate property used is a combination of substances (at least two substances), with available detection of fluorescence. Substances can be moulded into separate sets (units), and information (an a unit) is recorded in a binary code with arrangement of substances when detecting on a spectrogram successively built into circuit in accordance with a scale of capacity of units of a binary code. Marking composition is composed of separate sets (units), each of which by a separate stream is fed into an explosive while mixing latter from separate components.EFFECT: method enables to encode data on an explosive substance, provides high security of marking explosive and reliability of identification of explosive based on its marking when reading a graphical recording of latter.6 cl, 3 dwg, 4 tbl, 1 ex
ethod of prediction of incomplete pregnancy in first half of pregnancy in women with urogenital infection // 2607659
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to obstetrics and gynecology, immunology, and method of prediction of incomplete pregnancy in first half of pregnancy in women with urogenital infection. Essence of method: concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D is determined in blood serum of pregnant woman by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and if its value is less than 20 ng/ml, incomplete pregnancy is prognosed.EFFECT: method provides higher prediction accuracy by minimally invasive procedure.1 cl, 3 ex
ethod of controlling anticoagulant therapy // 2607658
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medical diagnostics and monitoring of medicinal agents and concerns method of measuring of combined activity of blood coagulation factors II and X for control of anticoagulant therapy and kit for implementation of this method. Method involves mixing of analyzed human plasma, undergoing analysis, with specially prepared plasma with deficiency in blood coagulation factors II and X at ratio of analyzed plasma sample and deficiency plasma from 1:1 to 1:20; addition of coagulation reagent and calcium to analyzed sample; determination of blood ability of coagulation. Kits of invention include coagulation reagent, calcium and specially prepared plasma with deficiency in factor II and factor FX. Kit components are accordingly lyophilized.EFFECT: invention provides more accurate assessment of blood coagulation ability.16 cl, 4 ex, 6 dwg
ethod of evaluating biocompatibility of the synthetic mesh implants // 2607656
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, specifically to laboratory diagnostics, and can be used for assessing body reaction of an experimental animal on the introduction of a synthetic mesh implant. For this purpose, frozen in cryostat fragment of the implant is refined with the help of microtome to particles with size less than 10 mcm. Then dried, sterilized, re-suspended in a sterile physiologic saline and administered intraperitoneally for small laboratory animals using a syringe. Examine the values of functional activity of peritoneal macrophages for evaluation of local reaction.EFFECT: using the given method allows studying of reaction of the experimental animal's body to the introduction of synthetic mesh implant for evaluating of biocompatibility of the synthetic mesh implants used in pelvic prolapse correction and hernia repair of anterior abdominal wall of stomach.1 cl, 2 ex, 1 dwg, 1 tbl
ethod of determining range to object with radiation source signals with different frequencies // 2607639
FIELD: radar ranging and radio navigation.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in complexes of determining motion parameters of controlled objects by multi-scale method, as well as in systems using signals of satellite radio navigation systems for resolving ambiguity measurements alternative methods of structural theory end fields. Method of determining range to object with emitting source of signals with different frequencies involves simultaneous reception of not less than two signals with different frequencies and subsequent measurement of phase of received signals relative phase of signals from reference generator, wherein measured phase value of each signal is converted to digital value of time interval between the signal from the reference generator and the received signal, then distance is calculated using corresponding adaptive formula.EFFECT: unfolding ambiguity range measurements in phase-measuring radio systems.1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of producing agent, binding with pre-vasopressin or its fragments // 2607588
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to medicine and method of producing binding agent or mixture of binding agents, capable to bind with epitope, contained in amino acid sequence, corresponding to C-end part of pre-vasopressin, consisting of amino acids 146-163, but not containing amino acid 164, where said method includes steps of producing binding agent with help of forming agent; determination binding ability of binding agent with amino acid sequence with length of at least 12 amino acids, contained in amino acid sequence, corresponding to C-end part, but not containing amino acid 164 of pre-vasopressin; selection of binding agent from multitude of binding agents. Group of inventions also relates to forming agent for producing binding agent or mixture of binding agents; application of binding agent for qualitative or quantitative detection of pre-vasopressin or its fragments in biological sample.EFFECT: group of inventions provides qualitative or quantitative detection of pre-vasopressin or its fragments in biological sample.20 cl, 1 ex, 5 dwg, 2 tbl
Device for manipulating objects using acoustic force field // 2607580
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device (1) intended for manipulating objects (O) located in channel (2) inside fluid medium (F), in particular, liquid. Device includes channel (2) passing along longitudinal axis (X), wherein channel (2) has cross section with width (L) measured along first transverse axis (Y), and thickness (e), measured along second transverse axis (Z), perpendicular to first one. Width (L) exceeds thickness (e) or equal to it and channel has first (3) and second (4) walls located along second transverse axis (Z). Device includes acoustic waves generator (10), generating acoustic waves in channel from at least one of said walls (3, 4), wherein said acoustic waves generator (10) operates at frequency f, different from channel (2) resonance frequency f0 along second transverse axis (Z). Result is formation of at least one objects layer (N) by means of acoustic focusing.EFFECT: possibility of changing of objects focusing position inside channel, possibility of objects focusing on entire size of channel.27 cl, 5 ex, 13 dwg
ethod of producing plastic scintillators based on polystyrene granules // 2607518
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to detecting ionizing radiations and can be used for making cheap scintillation detectors in the widest range of dimensions and thickness. Manufacturing method of plastic scintillators based on polystyrene granules involves drying and powdering the granules with scintillation additives with subsequent melting of the powdered granules, herewith melting of the granules is performed in placed in a vacuum furnace open forms determining the shape of scintillation articles at evacuation and filling the working volume of the furnace with an inert gas. All surfaces of the scintillators made as per the claimed method, except the open surface, are cast copies of surfaces of the melting formes material – polished stainless steel, i.e. mirror ones. Open surface when performing the technical regulations is also a mirror and in most cases does not require additional machining.EFFECT: possibility of production of scintillation strips of significant thickness, which do not require additional machining.1 cl, 2 ex
ethod for detection of intestinal, and blood-brain barrier permeability and testing materials thereto related application // 2607479
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to medicine and can be used for testing the sample obtained from a human. That is ensured by measuring the first signal obtained as a result of binding of the first part of said sample to the bacterial lipopolysaccharide, and measuring the second signal obtained as a result of binding of the second part of said sample to a native antigen selected from at least one of: (a) a gut-related antigen and (b) a blood brain barrier-related antigen. Diagnosis of a disease associated with increased intestinal permeability in a subject is also disclosed, method of diagnosing the disease associated with blood brain barrier permeability in a subject, and a test tablet.EFFECT: group of inventions provides diagnosing the diseases associated with increased intestinal permeability (whether due to paracellular or transcellular pathways, and whether due to bacterial toxins or some other causes), and/or diseases associated with excessive blood brain barrier permeability, such as: neuroinflammation and/or neuroautoimmunity conditions, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson's Disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's Disease or peripheral neuropathy and major depression.26 cl, 9 dwg, 9 tbl
ethod and system for navigation using associated geographical regions // 2607417
FIELD: navigation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to navigation. Navigation guidance system contains at least, end user device with devices for introduction of destinations and receiving guidance or routing instructions, maps database containing roads and, if necessary, points of interest (POI), vehicle position determining device, such as global positioning system, server or other memory unit and processing elements, means for providing communication between end user and server, node pairs search tables database (NPLUT), which is initially partially or completely filled with solutions directly for each node pair and which contains direct solutions between each potential input unit and each potential output unit of each limited geographical region (BGR), interesting end user, and navigation software core constantly placed on server and made with possibility to create limited geographic regions (BGR) having size, which enables direct navigation solutions within boundaries of said limited geographical region (BGR), identifying node pairs for each limited geographical region (BGR), which can be part of potential solution, and optimizing navigation solution based on dependent variable, specified by user, and independent variables, which are essentially part of solutions database.EFFECT: technical result is efficient calculation of navigation route.13 cl, 13 dwg
ethod of determining coefficient of heterogeneity of mixture of loose materials // 2607400
FIELD: technological processes; chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to laboratory investigations of processes of mixing various loose materials in chemical industry, in industrial production of construction materials and other industries. Method comprises determining coefficient of heterogeneity of a polydisperse mixture of loose materials in a drum type mixer. Mixture of loose material is divided in mixer by cross sections into equal-thickness sampling sections. Removable plates are installed on border of each section. Samples of equal volumes of mixture are collected from identical points of each selected section throughout its thickness using samplers. Samplers consist of capsules with moving pistons and are inserted into holes in a detachable sampling disc. Coefficient of heterogeneity is calculated for each sampling point, on average at each section and on average on mixer as a whole, using formula: , where – arithmetic mean concentration of key component in samples, %; ci is concentration of key component in i-th sample, %; n is number of analysed samples.EFFECT: high accuracy of determining coefficient of heterogeneity of mixture.1 cl, 6 dwg
ethod of identifying monoethanolamine vapour in gas mixtures, equilibrium vapour above solid, liquid samples // 2607388
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to analytical chemistry of organic compounds. Method is characterized by that, it uses two sensors based on piezoelectric crystal resonators (PCR) of volume acoustic waves with a base oscillation frequency of 10.0 MHz, on electrodes of which a film is applied from saturated solution of potassium fluoride in acetone, for which electrodes are lowered into a saturated solution of potassium fluoride in acetone and held for 10 and 5 s, after removing free solvent for 10 minutes at temperature t = 100 °C, applying potassium fluoride phase weighing 4.0 and 1.0 mcg, respectively, holding for 2 minutes for establishing stability of initial frequency of oscillation of each sensor F40, F10 (Hz), preliminarily analysed solid phase weighing 1–5 g is ground, liquid phase with volume of 10 cm3 is taken and held in a weighing cup with a polyurethane plug for 20 and 10 minutes respectively, analysed gas mixture or equilibrium vapour above solid, liquid samples with volume of 5 cm3 is extracted with a gas syringe and injected into a detection cell at a rate of 1 cm3/s, wherein substances react with potassium fluoride coatings and change of frequency of oscillation of both sensors, measuring oscillation frequency of sensor with weight of film of 4.0 mcg 30 s after injection of vapour F430 (Hz) and for sensor with weight of film of 1.0 mcg 60 s after injection F160 (Hz), based on obtained data, calculating for each sensor change in oscillation frequencies relative to initial frequency and, if ratio of changes in frequency of sensors with weight of films of 4.0 and 1.0 mcg, respectively, is 1.2 ± 0.3, conclusion on presence in gas mixture of monoethanolamine vapour is made.EFFECT: possibility of determining presence of vapour of monoethanolamine in gas mixtures, equilibrium vapour above solid, liquid samples with high rapidness and selectivity in minimum volume of sample.1 cl, 1 ex
ethod for noninvasive express diagnostics of type 2 diabetes mellitus // 2607387
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to a method for noninvasive express diagnostics of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Method for noninvasive express diagnostics of type 2 diabetes mellitus, including a collection of secretions of the major salivary glands, freeze-drying of micropreparations, applied in the form of droplet on the surface of defatted glass slide located exactly horizontal, as when carrying out the method of the wedge dehydration in a vacuum chamber, further visually distinguish the outer and intermediate layers in the peripheral part of microscope slide; if the width of the outer layer is less than 13 microns in secretions of left and right parotid submandibular and sublingual salivary glands and the width of the intermediate layer is less than 88 microns in secretions of left and right parotid glands and less than 42 microns in secretions of the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands, diagnose the absence of diabetes mellitus; and if the width of the outer layer is 13 microns and more in secretions of left and right parotid, sublingual and submandibular salivary glands, the width of the intermediate layer is 88 microns and more in secretions of left and right parotid glands and 42 microns and more in secretions of the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands, it indicates the presence of the type 2 diabetes mellitus.EFFECT: above method allows to increase the accuracy and reduce the time of the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus without the use of special reagents and expensive equipment.1 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex
astitis diagnosis method // 2607383
FIELD: veterinary science.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to veterinary science and is intended for early diagnosis of mastitis in cows. Method comprises applying milk in an amount of 100–200 mcl on a slide and dehydration of preparation in a warm air current at a temperature of 40–50 °C and humidity of 20–30 % for 15–20 minutes in horizontal position. Upon detecting in sample multiple randomly arranged breaks border area and crystalline elements with evident destruction in central area of facies mastitis is diagnosed.EFFECT: invention enables fast and accurate diagnosis of mastitis in cows.1 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex
ethod for producing pathogenic biological agent simulators // 2607369
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medical microbiology and sanitary epidemiology. Disclosed is a method for producing pathogenic biological agent simulators by processing the cell suspension of the exciter of dangerous infectious disease by microwave radiation with frequency of 2,450 Mhz, power of 6 w/cm3 twice for 5 minutes. Inactivated bacteria are being stabilized by the protective medium and dried in the sublimation chamber till residual humidity of 2–5 %. End product consists of dry culture of inactivated bacteria (91.5 %), talc (8) and aerosil (0.5 %).EFFECT: method provides a safe pathogenic biological agent long-preserving its indication simulator properties.1 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex
Safe and functional humanized antibodies // 2607368
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biochemistry. Method of checking safety of examined antibody, binding to beta-amyloid, is disclosed. Glial macrophages are incubated with Aβ1-42 oligomers: i) in presence of examined antibody, ii) in presence of IgG1 antibody to beta-amyloid, including constant domain of human IgG1, and iii) without antibody. Then p38 MAP kinase activation is measured in glial macrophages. Examined antibody is identified as safe, if it induces intermediate level of p38 MAP kinase activation, i.e. activation level higher than that in presence of Aβ1-42 oligomers without antibody but lower than that in presence of Aβ1-42 oligomers and IgG1 antibody. Method of controlling safety of therapeutic course for amyloidosis treatment with analyzed antibody against beta-amyloid is also disclosed, which involves determination of level of p38 MAP kinase activation in glial macrophages, obtained from patient, and, if necessary, correction of therapeutic course so, that p38 MAP kinase activation remains on intermediate levels.EFFECT: invention provides neuroprotection, mediated by antibody against beta-amyloid, without formation of pathogenetic inflammatory condition.59 cl, 11 dwg, 2 tbl
ethod of testing multimass vibration isolation systems // 2607361
FIELD: test equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for testing instruments for vibration and impact effects. Method involves installation of two identical analyzed objects on different systems of vibration isolation thereof and carrying out measurements of their amplitude-frequency characteristics. Then the obtained characteristics are compared and conclusions are made on vibration isolation efficiency of each of the analyzed systems. Herewith to determine fundamental frequencies of each of the analyzed systems of vibration isolation performed is simulation of impact pulse loads on each of the systems and recorded are waveforms of free oscillations. Besides, for measuring amplitude-frequency characteristics of the base an additional sensor is installed, the signal from which is directed to an amplifier, and a spectrometer for producing the vibration transfer coefficients from the base through a rigid bulkhead with installed onboard compressors, and when processing the obtained amplitude-frequency characteristics found are optimal characteristics: rigidity and damping factor of each of the vibration isolation system.EFFECT: expanded process functionality of testing objects having several flexible links with aircraft structural parts.1 cl, 5 dwg
ethod of determining accurate volume of remote metal of corrosion defects by ultrasonic ili data // 2607359
FIELD: metal processing.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for determining the accurate volume of remote metal of corrosion defects. Core of the invention is that the method of determining the accurate volume of remote metal of corrosion defects includes the following stages: preloading data on metal losses; breaking down into zones in every area of metal losses with calculation of each zone volume; calculation of volumes in all zones of the metal losses regions and calculation of the total volume for the entire analyzed section of the pipeline.EFFECT: technical result is the possibility of determining the accurate volume of remote metal of corrosion defects.1 cl
ethod for radar determination of ballistic object speed magnitude // 2607358
FIELD: radars.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to radars. Said result is achieved by that through time intervals equal to scanning period T0 in radar stations (RS) measured are range, radial speed and altitude of a ballistic object (BO). Determined is the BO altitude evaluation in the middle of the observation interval through weighted summation of N digital altitude measurements. Determined is evaluation of the first increment of the product of range and radial speed per one scanning through weighted summation of N digital signals of the products of range and radial speed. Determined is a geocentric angle between the RS and the BO in the middle of the observation interval using the formula where rmid – range to the BO in the middle of the observation interval, RE – radius of the Earth. Determined is gravitational acceleration in the middle of the observation interval using the formula where g0 – acceleration of gravity on the Earth surface. Determined is the value of the BO speed magnitude in the middle of the observation interval on an undisturbed ballistic trajectory by the formula EFFECT: higher accuracy of determining the BO speed magnitude in ground-based RS with rough measurements of the elevation angle, azimuth and range.1 cl, 1 tbl, 2 dwg
ethod and device for control of live weight and number of farm animals livestock // 2607348
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions is intended for sheep breeding and industrial animal breeding. Animals are weighed in groups in cage of device for control of live weight and number of animals. Passage doors and animal cages are opened for coming of animals for preset time. Passage is equipped with side guards and revolving flap for passage of animals by one. Electronic magnetic card in form of bracelet is fixed to leg of each animal. When animal approaches cage entrance, the card affects sensor. After preset time interval entrance door is closed and after time for filtration of dynamic noise animals are weighed. Number, total weight and average body weight are registered. Cage door is left open till its complete release. Signal level lower than minimum possible level of animal body weight is counted as release signal. On signal exit door is closed and passage entrance door is opened to receive following group. Device also includes converter, unit for mass measurement and initial start-up button, presence sensor, counter, actuating units, control units, timers and memory register.EFFECT: higher level of automation is provided.2 cl, 3 dwg
Temperature sensor // 2607338
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to measuring equipment and can be used for measurement of temperature of gaseous, liquid and solid media. Disclosed is a temperature sensor, including a sensitive element, in form of a cable thermoelectric converter, and a protective cover, consisting of a pipe section and a plug. Distinctive feature of proposed sensor is that plug has length equal to or greater than its diameter, and a blind hole intended for arrangement of part of sensitive element from side of working end, wherein end of plug extends beyond pipe by a protrusion value K, in a range 0.5 A ≤ K ≤ 2.0 A, where A is diameter of sensitive element.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of thermal inertia while maintaining a block-modular design that allows to preserve all advantages inherent thereto.9 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of locating tractor and device for implementation // 2607337
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automatic tractor control for contour plowing. Method of locating a tractor involves measuring the magnetic field intensity, comparing the measured value with the compensating one and forming a signal of trajectory disalignment as a difference of the compared values. Value of the compensating signal is generated by measuring intensity of the magnetic field in the point of required location of the tractor by parameters of the magnetic field source and the distance between the tractor and the rotary strip. Device for generating the signal of trajectory disalignment comprises an inductive converter, a track sensor, a computer and a comparator circuit. Track sensor generates for the computer a distance from the rotary strip to the current location of the tractor. Computer determines the intensity value at the required distance from the source of magnetic field.EFFECT: technical result is improvement of accuracy of automatic driving a tractor along a required trajectory in an alternating magnetic field.2 cl, 1 dwg
ethods and systems for detecting epithermal and thermal neutrons // 2607335
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for measuring formation properties. Invention consists in that instrument for measuring formation properties comprises an instrument housing, neutron source for emitting neutrons, arranged inside instrument housing, neutron detector, located inside instrument housing at a distance from neutron source, and neutron protective shield arranged in a working position relative to neutron detector, wherein said neutron protective shield has an outer surface and defines an internal volume, wherein neutron protective shield is configured to prevent penetration of neutrons, having energy below a first preset threshold, from outer surface into inner volume. Neutron protective shield is movably connected to instrument housing, wherein neutron protective shield has an unclosed position relative to neutron detector so that neutron detector is at least partially located in inner volume, and neutron protective shield has a closed position relative to neutron detector so that neutron detector is in inner volume.EFFECT: technical result is improved reliability of determining formation porosity.22 cl, 9 dwg
ethod of determining and compensating deviation of magnetometric sensors and device for its implementation // 2607305
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to measuring equipment and can be used on aircraft (AC) for determination of deviation factors describing variations of intensity of the Earth's magnetic field (EMF) entered by the aircraft directly in flight for compensation of these variations when calculating the magnetic heading. To determine and compensate the deviation additionally used are measurements of the satellite navigation system (SNS) by speed in the Eastern and the Northern directions, determined is the AC track angle and performed is the heading alignment of the strap down inertial navigation system (SDINS) by the track angle during steering and take-off till the moment of wheels separation from the runway (RW). After climbing at height H ≥ 1,000 m performed is the figure of aerobatics called "eight" in the horizontal plane with constant absolute values of roll, herewith while executing the figure determined are differences of the magnetic heading and the true heading from the SDINS, determined and recorded are the mean differences values determined on the first and the second sections of the "eight" at the same magnetic headings. Then averaged are the recorded values of differences within the range of 1 degree for the entire working range corresponding to 360 degrees. Obtained average values, which are the deviation of the magnetic compass, are used for correction of the magnetic heading. Device for the method implementation comprises three-component magnetometric sensor 1, unit 2 for determining magnetic heading, adder 3, SDINS 4, subtractor 5, correction unit 6, SNS 7, unit 8 for determining the heading angle, logical switching unit 9 and control panel 10.EFFECT: technical result is the possibility of determining and compensating all components of deviation factors of magnetometric sensors in every flight using special maneuvers after takeoff and the SNS, and thus reducing labour costs and time of the AC preparation for flight.2 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of prediction of annual antiosteoporotic efficiency of menopausal hormonal therapy // 2607304
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely to X-ray diagnostics, and can be used for prediction of annual antiosteoporotic efficiency of menopausal hormonal therapy (MHT). Carry out determination of MPK level of trabecular bone tissue of the second to fourth lumbar vertebrae. Additionally, determined index of bilateral asymmetry of trabecular bone density of the second to fourth lumbar vertebra, osteocalcin level in blood serum and duration of postmenopausal period. Calculated forecast of efficiency of hormonal therapy purpose (Y) to its purpose by formula. If Y value exceeds or equals 2, predicted a positive effect of MGT for one year and probable increase of bone mass. If Y value from -2 to 2, made conclusion about supporting effect of MGT and stable course of osteoporosis, that makes it possible to treat result of MGT as satisfactory. Absence of effect of the expected purpose therapy is determined if Y value less than -2, that characterizes likely significant bone loss, despite using MGT for one year.EFFECT: method allows to increase reliable of prediction ensured by assessing the most significant parameters.1 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex
Device for determining compression strength of composite materials (versions) // 2607301
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to investigation of physical and mechanical properties of composite materials, namely to investigation of elastic-strength characteristics at compression (strength, modulus of elasticity). Device consists of two lower and two upper gripping L-shaped appliances. In two upper gripping devices through cylindrical holes are made, in which there are cylindrical hinge elements. Device is fixed on sample by means of bolt joint. In cylindrical holes cylindrical guide rods are placed, which are rigidly fixed in lower gripping devices and on lower gripping appliances central support plates are arranged, or in cylindrical holes cylindrical guide rods are placed, while at said rods independent support plates freely move.EFFECT: technical result: adding structural elements, making it possible to use reusable suspended strain sensors for determining deformation characteristics, provision of axial stability of sample during loading, high reliability of measured data.10 cl, 4 dwg
Diamond detector of ionising radiation // 2607300
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to semiconductor detectors of ionising radiation, in particular, to diamond detectors, capable of operating at higher temperatures, low pressures, in aggressive media. Diamond detector of ionising radiation consists of a diamond substrate, active diamond layer, two contact electrodes, arranged on top and below active diamond layer, and leads to supply bias voltage and pickup output signal, wherein lower contact electrode is completely inside active diamond layer, wherein leads to supply bias voltage and pickup output signal are made in form of graphite columns within diamond substrate and active diamond layer with output of contact surfaces on lower side of substrate.EFFECT: invention prevents leakage and breakdown of crystal surface, which improves resistance of detector to external factors.1 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of determining effective thickness of diffusion layer // 2607297
FIELD: measurement technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of determining effective thickness of a diffusion layer on a metal article. Plasma discharge of a specified duration effects on the surface of a diffusion layer of the article, herewith measured is the spectral line intensity to determine the content of the diffusing element and analyzed is the distribution of values of this component content in the diffusion layer. Before the said effect of plasma discharge made is a flat section of the diffusion layer of the article at a specified angle to the surface of saturation, and after the said effect of plasma discharge the distance is measured between the surface of saturation and points of the plasma discharge effect on the surface of the flat section of the diffusion layer of the article. Measured distance is used to obtain the diffusing element content values distribution through the diffusion layer thickness. As the result of analysis of the diffusing element content values distribution in the diffusion layer depending on the required values of concentration of the diffusing element in the diffusion layer the derived values of the diffusing element content distribution through the thickness of the diffusion layer are used to determine the effective thickness of the diffusion layer. In particular cases the flat section of the diffusion layer is made at an angle less than 10 angular minutes to the surface of saturation. Said plasma discharges are excited with the same exposure time for burning craters of a specified depth. Said plasma discharges are excited for burning the diffusion layer.EFFECT: provided is increased accuracy of determining effective thickness of a diffusion layer on metal articles after thermodiffusion zinc coating as the result of the possibility of fixing the continuous dependence of the diffusing element distribution through the diffusion layer thickness.4 cl, 4 dwg, 2 tbl
Differential scanning calorimeter measurement cell // 2607265
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to thermoporometry, namely to devices for measuring size distribution of pores of porous medium, and can be used in various industries, for example oil and gas, chemical and food ones. Differential scanning calorimeter measurement cell has cylindrical housing, made of metal with high thermal conductivity. In housing there is at least one metal insert in form of disc, made of metal with high thermal conductivity, in upper part of which there is cavity for arrangement of sample of analyzed material. In upper part of housing sealed lead-in is made for evacuation and supply of liquid, and lower part of housing is equipped with tight cover, made with possibility of tight arrangement inside housing.EFFECT: technical result is increased thermal conductivity of sample in cell, reduced effect of temperature delay enabling operation with both solid porous bodies of cylindrical shape, and powders, as well as cell allows to vacuumize samples and fill-in liquid mediums.9 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of intratubal ultrasonic inspection // 2607258
FIELD: measurement technology.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used: for detection of defects in pipeline wall. Summary of invention consists in fact that by means of ultrasonic transducers elastic wave pulses are excited in fluid pumped via pipeline at specified angle to pipeline inner surface in direction of flaw detector movement and opposite to flaw detector movement through equal intervals of travel, analyzing echo pulses from pipeline wall, which amplitudes exceed preset threshold level, upon that measuring maximum echo pulse recording time after each ultrasonic transducer excitation, and defect is considered to be recorded, if during, at least, three successive ultrasonic transducer excitations emitting ultrasonic pulses in flaw detector movement direction, echo pulse recording time is constantly decreasing, or in ultrasonic transducer emitting opposite to flaw detector travel, echo pulse recording time is constantly increasing.EFFECT: higher defects detecting reliability.1 cl, 5 dwg
ethod of measuring temperature fields on surface of investigated object using luminescent temperature converters (ltc) // 2607225
FIELD: measurement technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of measuring temperature fields on the surface of an investigated object using luminescent temperature converters. Method includes application onto the surface a coating luminescent when illuminated by exciting radiation, luminescence intensity of which depends on temperature. Coating composition includes a nitrolacquer or a polyurethane lacquer uniformly mixed at normal conditions with two luminophores – a sensitive to temperature rhodamine and an insensitive to temperature luminophore. When illuminated with exciting luminescence radiation the said luminophores luminesce in different spectral regions. Desired temperature distribution onto the surface of the object is obtained by computer processing of two images simultaneously registered in spectral intervals of the used luminophores. Calculated ratio of intensities does not depend on brightness of the exciting luminescence source, thickness of the coating lacquer, geometric characteristics of the investigated object.EFFECT: invention provides higher reliability of the result of visual monitoring of temperature onto the object surface, as well as the possibility of simultaneous control of temperature in the continuous mode on the entire surface or on a specific area of the object surface selectively.1 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of gluing elements of piezoelectric sensor of impact acceleration // 2607224
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to measurement equipment and can be used in making a piezoelectric sensor of impact acceleration for interconnection of its elements, in particular, in production of adhesive electroconductive compositions. Method of gluing elements of a piezoelectric sensor of impact acceleration includes creation of a glue composition by mixing epoxy adhesive with rubber of not less than 60 % of weight fractions and with graphite of not more than 10 % of weight fractions with further introduction into the obtained adhesive composition of current-conducting calibrated particles with the size of 20–80 mcm with application of the adhesive compound onto the surface. Surfaces are connected and cured at 100 °C to 110 °C. Adhesive composition is introduced with a solvent at the ratio from 1:10 to 1:3 of the volume of the adhesive composition. Current-conducting particles used are ferromagnetic particles with the size of not more than 10 mcm in the amount of 2–10 % of weight fractions. Calibrated particles used are glass or polymer microspheres. Curing is carried out under the pressure of 0.05–0.20 MPa for 21–24 hours in a constant magnetic field with the induction of not less than 0.2 T, power lines of which are perpendicular to the glued surfaces.EFFECT: higher measurement accuracy and reliability of impact accelerations by a piezoelectric sensor in conditions of an intensive impact acceleration at high temperature and/or high-frequency non-measured effects.1 cl
ethod of solid fuel unit pulse determining // 2607199
FIELD: rocket technics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rocketry, namely to methods of solid rocket propellant new compositions characteristics determining, in particular for ramjet engines. During solid fuel unit pulse determining of armored sample of analyzed fuel is burnt in volume of gas and combustion products flow reactive force is measured. Fuel sample is placed in afterburner chamber model, gas dynamically similar to natural engine afterburner chamber, and blown by gas flow with parameters corresponding to natural engine solid fuel charge blowing. Part of sample surface is coated with armoring providing armored surface ignition delay for a time, making 10–50 % of analyzed fuel sample combustion duration without armoring.EFFECT: invention increases reliability of solid fuel unit pulse measurement, as well as reducing duration and number of engine full-scale tests.1 cl, 2 dwg
 
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