Physics (G)

G            Physics(388263)

Fluid medium regulator having improved flow stability // 2614385
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: fluid medium regulator contains a housing having a fluid medium inlet and a fluid medium outlet interconnected by a fluid flow channel with part of the regulator housing forming the first chamber and the second chamber, a feedthrough hole located in the fluid flow channel, a seat and a control element located in the fluid flow channel and made able to displace between the open position located at a distance from the seat and the closed position installed against the seat, herewith the control element is configured to respond to changes of the fluid medium pressure in order to regulate the flow of the process fluid medium through the feedthrough hole.EFFECT: first membrane with a radial inner part is functionally connected to the control element, and the second membrane with a radial inner part is also functionally connected with the control element.23 cl, 8 dwg
Decorrelation of signals in audio data processing system // 2614381
FIELD: data processing.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to signal processing. Method of processing audio data includes receiving from a bit stream audio data, corresponding to a row of audio channels, application of decorrelation process to some of audio data, wherein decorrelation process involves using a decorrelation algorithm, active completely on real-valued coefficients.EFFECT: reduced complexity of coding and decoding algorithms owing to decorrelation of only real-valued coefficients.16 cl, 37 dwg

ulti-input adder by module two // 2614370
FIELD: computer engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to computer engineering and can be used in digital computing devices, as well as in end fields GF(2ν) elements formation devices. Technical result is achieved by using new activation function in hidden layer, use of synaptic weights ωi,j, equal to one, which enables to eliminate synaptic weights multipliers from formal neuron structure, as well as elimination from neuron structure of output layer of unit,implementing activation function calculations.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of system expenses required for multi-input adder realization by module two.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of determining antioxidant activity using electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy method // 2614365
FIELD: physics, measurement.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to physical and chemical analysis methods, particularly to analysis of solutions for quantitative determination of antioxidant activity. In the disclosed method, determination of antioxidant activity is carried out based on the difference in the number of paramagnetic particles of a stable radical, measured before and after chemical reaction of the particles of the radical with antioxidants.EFFECT: goal of the present invention is to overcome shortcomings of existing methods and create a new method, which improves accuracy and rapidness of determination, and enables to quantitatively, in standardised units, establish antioxidant activity of a certain substance in an analysed sample and a mechanism for interaction of antioxidants with free radicals of diphenyl picryl hydrazyl.4 dwg, 4 ex

Device for protecting and inspecting state of optical surfaces of optical device lens // 2614352
FIELD: physics, instrument-making.SUBSTANCE: disclosed device relates to optical-electronic instrument-making and is intended for protecting optical surfaces of optical devices from contamination, mechanical damage and inspecting the state of optical surfaces of optical device lenses without removing the protective cover at all phases of testing optical devices and can be used in optical devices for spacecraft. The disclosed device for protecting and inspecting the state of optical surfaces of an optical device lens comprises a protective cover with an opening, on which is mounted means of inspecting the state of optical surfaces, an illuminator and a locking member. The means of inspecting optical surfaces is provided with a rotary unit, a focusing unit, as well as a photographic recorder for recording inspection results. The illuminator is installed on the rotary unit and the protective cover is provided with a sliding element.EFFECT: providing reliability of inspecting the state of all optical surfaces of a mirror lens with a large entrance pupil diameter during ground tests of optical devices in spacecraft without removing the protective cover.3 dwg
ethod of mapping magnetic anomalies-indicators of hydrocarbon deposits // 2614351
FIELD: data processing.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to geophysics and can be used for mapping magnetic anomalies-indicators of hydrocarbon deposits. Magnetic anomalies are detected from high-accuracy aeromagnetic survey data. Aerogravimetric survey is carried out. Gravitational anomalies are recalculated into pseudomagnetic anomalies. Pseudomagnetic anomalies are subtracted from magnetic anomalies. Magnetic anomalies-indicators of hydrocarbon deposits are mapped from obtained difference.EFFECT: high accuracy of mapping.1 cl
Polarographic oxygen sensor // 2614348
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to measurement of values of hydro-chemical-physical parameters of water medium and can be used separately or in multi-channel converter of hydro-chemical-physical parameters of water medium, for measurement of content of dissolved oxygen in water medium, in particular in fresh and sea water during ecological research. According to invention polarographic oxygen sensor comprises body filled with electrolyte with hole in upper part, membrane made of at least two layers of gas-permeable material, tightly closing said hole, two electrodes – cathode adjacent to membrane, and anode placed in volume of electrolyte, lower support layer of membrane made of material allowing unobstructed passage of oxygen molecules dissolved in water to cathode with strength characteristics, providing strength at dynamic and static loads, occurring during operation, and upper selective layer is made in form of polymer coating deposited on support layer.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of time constant with provision of required service life of sensor.1 cl, 1 dwg

Potted circuit // 2614347
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a casing (1), at the end (2) of which there is a hollow (3) communicated with the inner cavity (4) of the casing (1). A catch pin (5), the entire outer surface (6) of which is cylindrical, and two radial sealing rings (7, 8) of elastomeric material are located in the hollow (3). Wherein one of the sealing rings (7) is placed in a groove (9). On the casing (1) a union (10) for fluid supply is located with channel (11) outgoing to cavity of the boring (3) at area between the sealing rings (7, 8). The catch pin (5) is provided with a chamfer (13) and mounted with the ability of axial movement relative to the casing (1) and fixing in two positions: in initial, when channel (11) of the union (10) is connected with internal cavity (4) of the casing (1), and final, when the channel (11) of the union (10) is isolated from the internal cavity (4). A stop (15) is made to limit axial movement of the pin (5) in the device. A dual stage bore back (15) is made in the hollow (3) on the end (2) side of the casing (1). The width of the first stage (16) of the bore back (15) is equal to the width of the hollow (3) groove (9) and the diameter of the first stage (16) is equal to the groove (9) outer diameter. The diameter of the second bore back (15) stage (17) opening onto end (2) of the casing (1) is greater than the diameter of the first stage (16). Stopper (18) with the thrust into a throat (19) between the stages (16, 17) of the bore back (15) is arranged inside the second stage (17) of the bore back (15) coaxially to the hollow (3). The sleeve (18) is provided with a lock (20) of the axial position placed outside the cylinder (21) formed by the surface of the hollow (3). The inner diameter of the stopper (18) is equal to the diameter of the hollow (3). The second O-ring (8) is located inside the first stage (16) of the hollow (15).EFFECT: increase of device manufacturability with repeated usage.2 dwg
ethod of seismic survey and electrical survey data complex interpretation when searching for offshore hydrocarbon deposits // 2614346
FIELD: data processing.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to geophysics and can be useful in complex seismic data interpretation and electrical survey during search for offshore hydrocarbon deposits. Proposed method uses each time obtained results as zero approximation. At that, seismic survey plays main role in contour mappings, and electrical prospecting is in use of hydrocarbon deposit presence direct indicators. Seismic survey should be preferred in contour and horizon-oriented mappings, and hydrocarbons presence direct indicators are in electrical survey results. This requirement is included into disclosed method. Invention can be most efficiently used when searching for offshore hydrocarbon deposits during joint search by seismic survey and electric survey on same areas and/or profiles.EFFECT: higher accuracy of obtained data by using relationship between two methods, expressed in addition of one method results with other, and obtaining not conflicting each other results.1 cl
ethod for remote control of level and density of liquid in tank // 2614343
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: method relates to measurement equipment and can be used for monitoring level and density of liquid in tanks of tank farm in real-time, that is relevant for enterprises of oil-extracting, oil processing, aircraft, medical, food industry. Method consists in fact, that pulse acoustic signal is generated for measuring level and density of liquid in tank, then reflected from the liquid acoustic signal is recieved and transformed into electric signal which is subjected to analogue-to-digital conversion, digitized reflected signal and probing signal undergo Fourier transformation, obtained complex amplitude spectra of probing and reflected signals are submitted in exponential form, their amplitude and phase components are separated, desired level HX and density ρX of liquid is determined as solving the mathematical expressions.EFFECT: invention is aimed at expansion of functional capabilities of method, related to complex determination of two parameters at the same time: level and density of liquid in the tank of tank farm.1 cl, 1 dwg

Hardness gauge // 2614336
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: hardness gauge comprises the housing (1) with stands (3) and the base (2) with the central opening. In the housing the ball element (8) with the through opening is installed with the possibility of fixing, in which the guiding pipe (9) is rigidly fixed, along the longitudinal axis of which a rod (13) with the pointer arrow (26), with the removable tip and the replaceable load (16) fixed by the nut (17), is mounted with the possibility of moving. In the guiding pipe wall the longitudinal groove (24) is made, with transverse ledges (25) for the pointer arrow located on the rod perpendicular to its longitudinal axis, and the measuring line (29) is mounted on the pipe surface to indicate the values of the rod lifting and the depth of the tip immersion in the snow cover. The novelty consists in that the housing is made in the form of a clamp with internal ribs (5) on the bottom butt, separated by at least three slots (6). The split cage rests on the ribs, which is covered by the clamp and forms with a ball element the movable connection tightened by means of a bolt (11) and a nut (12), tightening the clamp ends. The lower part of the guiding pipe is provided with four balancing weights (31) uniformly distributed over the surface, one of which is placed coaxially with the longitudinal groove. The rod (13) is provided with additional radial threaded openings (27) arranged in a row in height, and the longitudinal groove of the guiding pipe is made with additional transverse ledges (25) providing the lifting height adjustment of the removable tip having a conical (14 ) or a spherical (15) shape, depending upon the snow cover state. Moreover, the hardness gauge additionally comprises the rod transport position locking mechanism placed in the lower transverse ledge zone, and the rod (13) is made with the possibility of installing the impactor.EFFECT: increasing the measurement accuracy, reduced labour intensity in the measurements, the simplification of fixing the ball element in the housing, ensuring the movable parts locking during transportation and the expansion of functionalities due to the determination of strength on the surface and by the depth of snow cover with tips of different profiles.4 cl, 8 dwg

Device for protecting and inspecting state of optical surfaces in focal plane of lens of optical device // 2614335
FIELD: physics, instrument-making.SUBSTANCE: disclosed device relates to optical-electronic instrument-making, is intended for protecting optical surfaces of optical devices from contamination, mechanical damage and inspecting the state of optical surfaces in the focal plane of the lens of an optical device without removing the protective cover at all phases of testing the optical device and can be used in optical devices for spacecraft. The disclosed device comprises a protective cover with two openings, to one of which is mounted an illuminator and to the other - means of inspecting state of optical surfaces in the focal plane of the lens of the optical device. The inspection means is focused on the optical surface in the focal plane of the lens of the optical device, and the device is equipped with protective caps which are fitted in place of the illuminator and the inspection means and are fastened by locking members during storage of the optical device.EFFECT: providing reliability of inspecting state of optical surfaces in the focal plane of the lens of an optical device during ground tests of optical devices installed on spacecraft without removing the protective cover.4 dwg

ethod for remote orientation of moving objects // 2614333
FIELD: physics, instrument-making.SUBSTANCE: method for remote orientation of moving objects includes formation of orthogonal raster by row-wise, forward and counter reverse scanning of a laser beam with duplication of forward scanning, between which given time delays during radiation extinction are maintained in each row. Given time delays are maintained in each row between scanning instances, said time delays enabling to identify row number with a defined position of an object in the information field.EFFECT: invention increases the rate of transmitting information in remote orientation systems by reducing the amount of raster needed when forming an information field.2 dwg

X-ray analyzer of gold and heavy elements // 2614318
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: usage: for X-ray spectral analysis of gold and heavy elements. Technical character of the invention lies in the fact that the X-ray analyzer of gold and heavy elements comprises X-ray tube with a side window as a radiation source, a sample holder, the detection device with detectors disposed in line, the recording apparatus, the inputs of recording apparatus are connected to the outputs of the detector, collimators and filters of primary and secondary beams, wherein the secondary beam collimator is designed with a plurality of holes or channels, thereby the sample holder is designed to install the sample with a flat or concave working surface of a cylinder, the X-ray tube axis is positioned in the plane perpendicular to cylinder, its focus is positioned at the generating line passing through the diametrically opposite cylinder point, wherein the secondary beam collimator is designed with beam dividers in the plane axial to theelectron beam.EFFECT: invention provides uniformity and strength of the sample, improves efficiency and expand contrast of the spectra.4 dwg, 1 tbl
ethod for producing prussian blue/polypyrrole composite coatings with stable electro chromic transition // 2614290
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods for preparation of stable electrochromic coatings based on Prussian blue and a conductive polymer component. It can be used for production of electrochromic coatings on optically-transparent electrodes for architectural, building and automotive applications. Disclosed a method for production of Prussian blue- polypyrrole nanostructured composite coating with stable redox- and electrochromic transition on the surfaces of optically-transparent electrodes by a single-stage sedimentation in a mixed solution of ferrous nitrate (III) and hexacyanoferrate (III) as oxidising agents, and pyrrole monomer with a nitrate supporting electrolyte as a reducing agent with pH 1.0±0.2, within 48 hours.EFFECT: invention provides a simple single-stage method for production of Prussian blue- polypyrrole electrochromic nanostructured composite coatings on optically-transparent electrodes.2 cl, 4 ex

Automated extraction of nucleic acids by size // 2614255
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biochemistry. Invention is described, which includes method for selection of nucleic acids by size. Method involves stages of movement of nucleic acids from sample via channel by means of electrophoresis, automatic tracking of movement of reference fraction of nucleic acids via channel, assessment of estimated time of arrival of target fraction of nucleic acids in hole for extraction in channel, extraction of fluid medium containing target fraction from hole to extract at estimated time of arrival.EFFECT: invention extends range of products for selection of nucleic molecules by size.44 cl, 15 dwg
ethod for hybrid plasmon-luminescent markers production // 2614245
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method consists in formation of metal plasmon nanoparticles on the inorganic luminescent nanoparticles surface, where nanoparticles are previously doped by rare earth metal ions. Plasmon nanoparticles are prepared by reduction of liquid solutions. The colloidal solution of inorganic luminescent nanoparticles in 1.2-dichloroethane is mixed with a supramolecular complex solution [{Au10Ag12(C2Ph)20}Au3PPh2(C6H4)3PPh2)3][PF6]5 in 1,2-dichloroethane to obtain a liquid solution, the liquid solution is recovered by laser radiation with a wavelength corresponding to the absorption band of the supramolecular complex, a power density of from 0.1 to 1 mW/cm2at laser exposure time of 10-60 minutes.EFFECT: invention enables high chemical purity of markers and small number of processing steps.5 dwg, 3 ex

Pulsed neutron generator // 2614240
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: in the pulsed neutron generator comprising a neutron tube, a storage capacitor and a high voltage transformer with the multilayer secondary winding and interlayer insulation, arranged coaxially in the sealed body flooded with liquid dielectric, projecting beyond the rows, formed on the frame, and an additional coil parallel to the secondary transformer winding, wound with the wire of high resistivity and high magnetic permeability, neutron tube is provided with an additional controlled three-electrode ion source, the target electrode is placed in the middle of the neutron tube body and has two symmetrical targets saturated with single or different hydrogen isotope, the secondary transformer winding and the additional winding are formed as two symmetrical truncated cones having a common small base, wherein the end turns of the windings located on the small base, are connected to the target electrode, while the end windings located on the large grounds, are connected to the neutron generator body.EFFECT: enhancing functional and performing features of the neutron generator.1 dwg

agnetic field screen for electromagnetic fields and vehicle with integrated magnetic field screen // 2614239
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: magnetic field screen consists mainly of a bimetal sheet (1) formed with, at least, three layers stacked one over another (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.1, 1.21, 1.22, 1.31, 1.32). Herewith, at least, one of the layers consists of the electrical sheet steel or electrical steel strip steel, at least, one of the layers consists of a steel sheet and, at least, one of the layers consists of a polymer material and/or an elastomer. Herewith, at least, one layer (1.3, 1.31, 1.32) of the polymer material and/or the elastomer, interconnects cohesively, at least, one layer (1.1) of the electrical sheet steel/electrical strip steel and, at least, one layer (1.2; 1.21, 1.22) of the steel sheet.EFFECT: creating the magnetic field screen characterized by the good shielding properties, being a structural element of the body or the chassis of the vehicle, and performing such functions as sealing the vehicle interior space against the environment, improving the sound insulation and the body rigidity.16 cl, 6 dwg

Compensating accelerometer // 2614205
FIELD: measurement equipment.SUBSTANCE: pending compensating accelerometer comprising sensor, angle sensor, whose output is connected to the amplifier input, torque sensor, the negative feedback, the phase detector of negative feedback integrator, whose input is connected to the output of the amplifier. Additional sensor inputs and the phase angle detector negative feedback integrator connected to the output of the reference voltage generator. The output of phase detector negative feedback integrator connected to the input of the integrating amplifier, the outputs of which are connected to inputs of synchronous generators of the waiting pair via a controllable relay element and a level converter. Outputs of the waiting pair synchronous generator connected to the input of the binary multiplier via series connected Information inputs reversible binary counter transducer additional code in direct scheme and collection, and the output of the binary multiplier is connected via a digital filter having one of the inputs of the sign switch, the other input of which is connected to the output reversible binary counter. The output of the iconic selector is connected to an input torque sensor through the adder. The output of the binary multiplier is a digital output. Additional inputs couples waiting for synchronous generators controlled relay element connected to the output of the clock circuit. The negative feedback error introduced by the dynamic control unit having an input connected to the output of the phase detector through a negative feedback smoothing filter, and an error output dynamic control unit is connected to one input of the adder through a voltage-current converter. In addition, the output relay managed element is connected to the analog input of the filter with the transfer function (where T - time constant, s - Laplace transform operator) and the analog output of the filter is an analog output device.EFFECT: improved accuracy and bandwidth extension.3 dwg

easuring device for speed counting of distributed in time impulses // 2614203
FIELD: measurement equipment.SUBSTANCE: metre counting the rate is statistically distributed in pulses time contains the pulses spreader, the first element I, a binary counter, a register, a divider, a clock generator, a control unit, a memory unit, an adder-subtracter counter and memory addresses. Razravnivatel pulses includes a first and a second counter, a comparator, a second AND gate and a reference oscillator. Input of the first counter is aligned impulses input, the first counter output is connected to the input of the comparator, whose output is connected to one input of the second AND gate, the second input of the second AND gate is connected to the reference frequency generator, the output of the second AND gate is connected to the input of the second counter, whose first output connected to the second input of the comparator, and its output is the second output of the aligned pulse and connected to an input of the control unit. the control unit outputs are connected to the first input of the first AND gate, the first input of a binary counter, the first register input, input of the storage unit, the input of the adder-subtractor, divider input and the input memory address counter. The second input of the first AND gate connected to the output clock generator, and the output of the first AND-gate is connected to the second input of the binary counter whose output is connected to the second input register, to the input of the outputs of the storage unit connected to the register and counter the memory address, memory unit output is connected to the input adder-subtractor, whose output is connected to the input of his own, as well as to the input of the divider, the divider output is the output device.EFFECT: increase of interference suppression, dynamic and automatic increase speed by increasing the frequency of the input pulses.3 dwg
ethod for determination of authenticity and quality of perforate st john's-wort (hypericum perforatum l.) // 2614200
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method for determining quality and authenticity of medicinal raw material of St John's-wort (Hypericum perforatum L.). The method consists in the following: water-alcohol extract of Hypericum perforatum L. herb is prepared, and analysed by method of high performance liquid chromatography. After that, concentration of rutin and hyperforin (mmol/l) is determined and used as basis for calculation of their content in Hypericum perforatum L, ratio of rutin to hyperforin is determined, and its value equal to 0.8-1.2 testifies to authenticity and quality of St John's-wort (Hypericum perforatum L.).EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability in determination of authenticity and quality of medicinal raw material.3 tbl

Device for storage and distribution of items // 2614198
FIELD: security.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices used in security systems for storage and distribution of items subject to special security, for example, keys, data media, jewellery, and can be used in security systems of objects with higher requirements to security. Device includes a control unit, container presence sensors, an electromagnet and a light emitting diode indicator, a housing with cells, into which containers for items storage are installed, an interlocker, an extracting element. Each cell is equipped with a spring-loaded shutter overlapping the cell in the position “without container”, a button for removal of the container, a spring-loaded gripping lever, a spring-loaded swivel lever. Control unit comprises a controller and an input/output module. Input/output module is made in the form of a printed circuit board and is arranged above the cells along the rear wall of the housing. Each electromagnet and the LED-indicator are arranged on the printed circuit board fixed on the side wall of the cell.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of labour intensiveness for manufacturing the device for storage and distribution of items, its higher reliability, as well as reducing its dimensions and weight.7 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of static pressure determining in high-pressure uncalibrated chamber // 2614197
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to measuring equipment and can be used to determine pressure values (including high and ultrahigh) and pressure intervals in materials synthesis chambers, as well as at studies of condensed phases under high pressures. To implement method material with sufficient electrical parameters baric relationships is used. Method of static pressure determining in high-pressure uncalibrated chamber involves electric field exposure onto material, measurement of material electric parameters values at initial values of load, step-by-step applying of gradually increasing load to material and measurement of electric parameters at each stage. Electric parameters dependences on applied load are plotted by obtained values. Then load, at which pronounced behavior of material electrical properties is observed, compared values of pressure, which causes such features and known in advance. This method differs from known one by that, material is exposed to variable electric field, electric parameters are presented by actual and imaginary parts of impedance, as well as electric conductivity and losses angle tangent, which receives single value inside examined pressure interval, with exponential baric relationships. At increase of applied load such its value is determined, at which impedance actual part derivative by pressure is turned to zero and impedance imaginary part derivative by pressure simultaneously receives maximum value, and comparing load pressure value Pmax, known in advance for calibration material, whereby impedance imaginary part derivative by pressure turns to zero and impedance imaginary part derivative by pressure simultaneously receives maximum value.EFFECT: technical result is enabling possibility of determining pressure interval boundaries, due to linear relationship of pressure Pmax from alternating electric field frequency, and pressure values of given interval, based on one calibration material properties.1 cl, 7 dwg

ethods of measuring ultrasonic signal parameters in presence of interference // 2614195
FIELD: physics, measurement technology.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used to measure parameters of ultrasonic waves when investigating physical and mechanical characteristics of materials and flaw detection. Before primary measurement, the method includes obtaining information on noise, for which a radiating transducer and a receiving transducer are placed in the investigated medium, followed by exciting and receiving ultrasonic pulses, standardising the amplitude of the first arrival corresponding to the noise wave, recording the obtained pulse, followed by performing primary measurement, standardising the amplitude of the first arrival, superposition thereof with the first arrival of the pulse obtained during preliminary measurement, and performing pulse subtraction. During preliminary measurement, the radiating and receiving transducers are arranged such that after noise compensation, the first arrival is formed in the resultant pulse by the useful signal.EFFECT: invention improves accuracy of measuring parameters of ultrasonic waves when investigating physical and mechanical characteristics of materials and flaw detection.2 cl, 10 dwg

Complex system of preparation, navigation, and control of aerial vehicle // 2614194
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: invention refers the area of aviation instrument engineering and may be used in complexes of flight control and navigation equipment of an aerial vehicle (AV). For such purpose, the complex system of preparation, navigation, and control of an aerial vehicle including the ground system of flight assignment preparation (SFAP) for AV and the onboard navigation complex (NC) of AV, the connection between which is performed by means of a portable data storage (PDS) of a universal flash-drive type, moreover, SFAP consists of the a universal data recording device to PDS and universal interface devices connected via inputs/outputs to an electronic unit, and NC consists of a data reading device from PDS, a set of multifunctional indicators, a set of flight control and navigation systems, an onboard radio-technical communication system, and an onboard digital computing system (ODCS), which distinguishes by the fact that a computing logical functional module (CLFM) of formation of an arbitrary trajectory (AT) graphical projection and CLFM of decomposition of an AT graphical projection to several straight-line microtrajectories (SMT) are additionally introduced into the electronic unit, and the second CLFM of decomposition of an AT graphical projection is additionally included into ODCS. All these systems are interconnected via the traffic channel (TC). Whereupon, interconnection points of SMT during a flight along AT are used in the system as navigation point equivalent by their properties to "standard" navigation points of the main flight route. The introduction of additional units provides the extension of functional capabilities of the system and, consequently, of AV by means of the increasing of process automation rate of AV control during a flight along an arbitrary trajectory.EFFECT: invention allows extending of functional capabilities of an aerial vehicle.4 dwg

Downhole acoustic scanner // 2614193
FIELD: physics, acoustics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to geophysical well survey using an acoustic method based on reflected waves. The electronic unit of the device is further equipped with a Flash memory card, a telemetry channel, a gamma logging channel and a continuous tiltmeter, and the probing part of the device is divided into "dry" and oil-filled compartments and is further equipped with a sensor for measuring ultrasound speed in a liquid, mounted on the outer side of the housing. The oil-filled compartment accommodates an ultrasonic sensor, a contactless collector and a contactless line pulse former. The ultrasonic sensor with elements of the collector and the line pulse former are rotated by a contactless rotary electric drive.EFFECT: invention improves measurement accuracy and improves reliability of the device.5 dwg

ethod of inertial data estimation and its correction according to measurement of doppler velocity sensor // 2614192
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of integrated navigation systems, control and guidance systems of aircrafts (AC). This indicated result is achieved by the following: expansion of the traditional model of inertial navigation system (INS) errors and including in it the system of three interconnected differential equations of the 1st order, describing the change of INS position coordinates, relatively to the Doppler velocity sensor (DVS), in the projections on the reference triad axis of gyroplatform (GP); - the correct formation of the measurement signals, the monitoring matrix and the models of communication, using the relations, connecting the numeration errors of the main navigational parameters triple with a low-angles of mismatch of the real and the reference triad GP INS. The high precision of speed errors estimation, and the drift angles of the actual GP INS allows to realize the effective correction of the navigation and flight information and from the two potentially equally accurate INS to determine the one, the angular information of which is the most appropriate for the piloting and decision of combat and special problems.EFFECT: invention provides enhancements of the navigation systems.4 dwg

easurement method of harmonic distortion of fm signal generated by the direct digital synthesis method // 2614191
FIELD: measurement equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for frequency modulated (FM) signal nonlinear distortion measuring. Measurement method of harmonic distortion of fm signal generated by the direct digital synthesis method, consists in measuring the changes in the parameters of the central and the first side lateral component of FM signal by the spectrum analyzer during modulation entering and frequency modulation harmonic coefficient calculating on the results of measurements.EFFECT: increase of the resolution capability of the measurement of harmonic distortion of FM signals source frequency modulation generated by direct digital synthesis method.1 dwg, 1 tbl

ethod for low-temperature local object loading in acoustic-emission nondestructive testing method // 2614190
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: local stress-strain state is created in the construction by cooling the surface of the controlled area. Low-temperature energy is locally fed to the surface of the controlled area, received under the influence of the solid carbon dioxide CO2 "Dry ice" on the local control area. The appearance of the temperature gradient in the test material area is the cause of its stress-strain state, as a result of the dislocation motion, which will be accompanied by the acoustic-emission signals. The coordinates of the detected defects are determined and the hazard criteria of the detected defects is estimated by measuring the energy of the acoustic-emission signals initiated by the dislocation motion.EFFECT: encreasing the reliability of defect detecting and performance of non-destructive testing in the acoustic-emission method of diagnosis.3 dwg

ethod for non-destructive testing of physical condition of buildings and structures // 2614189
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: in a drilled well under a building or a structure, or in the vicinity thereof, a high pressure hose is set, muffled at one end and connected to the hydrostatic generator with the other end. Adjustable vibro pulse impact on the ground under the building is created by changing the working fluid pressure supplied to the high pressure hose. Oscillations of the building or the structure are recorded by three-component vibration sensors installed near the tested object or inside it. The conclusion on the physical condition of the building or the structure is carried out by comparing the measured dynamic characteristics of the building or the structure before and after the vibro pulse impact.EFFECT: improved assessment accuracy of the physical condition of the building or structure under vibro pulse impact on the surrounding ground.3 cl, 1 dwg

Determination method of the circuit insulation resistance and insulation resistance of the joined alternating current circuit with insulated neutral // 2614187
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: measure the average values of the voltage between the positive and negative poles of the three-phase rectifier bridge, assembled on semiconductor diodes according to Larionov's circuit and connected to the phases of AC mains, as well as between the positive and negative poles of the three-phase rectifier bridge and the "ground". At that the voltages grading at the circuit phases is performed, by connecting parallel to the three-phase rectifier bridge poles of two series-connected the first and the second resistors, the common point of which is connected to the "ground". Measure the average value of the current through the wire, connecting the common point of the first and the second resistors with the "ground", measure the average values of the differential currents, flowing through the circuit connections, by means of the sensors of differential currents for measurement of the current average values, after its connecting initially to one of the poles of the third resistor three-phase rectifier bridge, one terminal of which is connected to the common point of the first and second resistors, and then to the other pole of the fourth resistor three-phase rectifier bridge, one terminal of which is connected to the common point of the first and second resistors. The insulation resistance values of the entire circuit as a whole and the insulation resistance values of connections are determined from the corresponding expressions.EFFECT: extension of functionality by measuring the insulation resistance of connections, reduction of the line-to-earth voltage imbalances value, arising at the circuit insulation resistance and the connections insulation resistance determination.11 dwg
ethod for non-destructive inspection for degree of damage of metal containers // 2614186
FIELD: nuclear energy.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for a nondestructive inspection for the degree of damage of metal containers with spent nuclear fuel. Core of the invention is that onto the surface of the container installed are ultrasound radiators and signal receivers in equal proportions, which generate rectangular pulses with appropriate width, length and frequency. Measured is initial speed of US signals propagation in a non-uniform medium to calculate the value of sensors displacement along the container wall and across it. Matrix of signals coming from all the receivers is formed. With the help of the matrix a scan sector is created with the ultrasonic wave travel time from each sensor to each point of the volume with due allowance for conversion of ultrasonic waves at their reflection and refraction at the media interfaces. Obtained signals by a computer program are formed into sector images. Then the sector images are formed into a composite V-image, basing on which a volume model of the defect from different measurement points is created. As per the change of the volume image over time the container wall degradation is determined.EFFECT: technical result is creation of a portable method of measuring the degree of damage of metal containers with the inspection results quality exceeding refinement achieved by radiographic inspection.1 cl, 2 tbl, 9 dwg

ethod of reliable detecting seismic process by space systems // 2614183
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: synchronous time-lapse photography of the underlying surface is performed on two independent channels in the ultraviolet and near-infrared spectrum areas. The synthesized image matrix is configured from the pixel relationships of the ultraviolet image shot to the infrared image shot. The gradient field of the synthesized matrix lineaments is calculated. The average weighted sum of the lineament azimuth is calculated on the successive passing turns of the space vehicle over the observation area. The characteristics of the seismic impact are predicted.EFFECT: increasing reliability and efficiency of detecting the seismic process.5 dwg

Control system of sites breaching permafrost in arctic zone // 2614182
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: system includes means of remote sensing the underlying surface, placed on the high-latitude space vehicle (1), a center (10) of thematic processing, autonomous measuring devices (14) of the surface methane concentration, a central control station (17). The said means of remote sensing include a digital video camera (2) and a scanning camera (3) of the infrared range. The center (10) of thematic processing includes software and hardware of isolating the soil digression zones. The autonomous measuring devices (14) of the surface methane concentration is set in the isolated digression zones. Herewith information from the autonomous measuring devices (14) of the surface methane concentrations is sent to the central control station (17).EFFECT: high measurement accuracy.5 dwg

Coherent superheterodyne electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometer // 2614181
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a signal 1 and a heterodyne 2 microwave generator, a measuring attenuator 3, a reference 4 and signal 5 channel mixer, a circulator 6, a measuring resonator 7 with an element for adjustment of its resonance frequency 8, a reference 9 and signal 10 channel intermediate-frequency amplifier, phase-frequency discriminators 11 and 12, frequency dividers 13 and 14, a reference generator 15, a frequency synthesis device 16, an analogue-to-digital converter 17, a sampling device 18, in-phase 19 and quadratic 20 channel decimation filters, a digital-to-analogue converter 21, an alternating current amplifier 22, a pulse demodulator 24 and a three-way switch 24.EFFECT: simple device and higher reliability.1 dwg

Device for determining technical state of cone cutter bit // 2614173
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: device for determining the technical condition of a cone bit comprises the frame with the rotating body feeding mechanism fixed thereon, with the possibility to create load on the cone cutter to be diagnosed by means of the disc for the cone cutter rotation, the electric motor and the step speed control pulleys, the base frame for installing the cone cutter bit thereon, with the ability to fix a vibration sensor on its feet. The device is additionally provided with a removable cartridge for installing the cone cutter bit with the possibility of rotation around its own axis, mounted on the movable platform, with the possibility of moving in a horizontal plane via a handle mounted on the feeding worm gear mechanism shaft and the movable frame loaded by the handle mounted on the feeding shaft, the frequency converter of smooth lectrical motor speed regulation and the signal processing unit, both arranged on the frame, interconnected with the sensor for measuring the cutter rotation speed and the vibration sensor, the disc pad with a slot and a high-precision optical distance-measuring sensor. The disc pad is adapted to be fitted on the rotating body, and is fixed by the feeding mechanism in a vertical plane, and the optical distance-measuring sensor is mounted in the disc pad slot with the possibility of moving the sensor along the slot from the disk pad edge to its center.EFFECT: improving the accuracy in determining the technical state of a cone cutter bit.2 dwg

Optical system of thermal imaging device // 2614167
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: optical system consists of the input object lens sequentially arranged along the optical axis, forming an intermediate image and including the first positive, the second negative and the third positive convex-concave lenses of the projection object lens comprising the first bi-convex, the second negative concavo-convex and the third positive convexo-concave lens, and the photodetector with a cooled diaphragm.EFFECT: improving the quality of the system image in the entire view field maintaining the size and reducing weight.2 dwg, 2 tbl

Automated bus stop // 2614159
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: automated bus stop comprises a stop site for buses, a crossing-speed lane for braking and speeding up, a boarding place, a waiting place (passenger pavilion), sidewalks and crossing paths. It is additionally equipped with a device of automatic regulation of entrance to the bus stop comprising a video camera recording a state license plate number of the entering vehicle, a control unit processing a video camera signal, comparing with the ones available in its data base, and with matching letter and digit combination, with the help of an actuating element providing for free entrance of the vehicle to the stop site of the bus stop. After passage of the bus, a movable unit with a protruding part having a light reflection label and "STOP" inscription is lifted and prevents entrance to the bus stop.EFFECT: safety of people waiting for a bus at a bus stop, as well as boarding on and off a bus, increased throughput capacity of the city street and road network.4 dwg
ethod for prediction of parapharyngeal abscess in case of acute paratonsillitis // 2614141
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medicine, namely to otorhinolaryngology, and can be used for prediction of abscess development in case of acute paratonsillitis. Essence of method consists in the following: examination of patient is performed 24 hours after the onset of acute tonsillitis. In case of presence of 2 clinical symptoms of disease, LIIm index from 0.5 to 2.3, C-reactive protein in amount <0.005 g/l, orosomucoid 0.4-1.3 g/l, α1-antitrypsin 1.4-3.2 g/l, haptoglobulin 0.5-3.2 g/l, fibrinogen 1.8-3.5 g/l, albumin 37-53 g/l, prealbumin 0.25-0.45 g/l probability of abscess development constitutes 0-15%. In case of presence of 3 clinical symptoms of disease, LIIm index from 3.5 to 7.0, C-reactive protein in amount >0.05 g/l, orosomucoid >2.6 g/l, α1-antitrypsin >6.4 g/l, haptoglobulin 0.5-3.2 g/l, fibrinogen 1.8-3.5 g/l, albumin 37-53 g/l, prealbumin 0.25-0.45 g/l probability of abscess development constitutes 40-60%. In case of presence of 4 clinical symptoms of disease, LIIm index higher than 8.0, C-reactive protein in amount >0.05 g/l, orosomucoid >2.6 g/l, α1-antitrypsin >6.4 g/l, haptoglobulin >6.4 g/l, fibrinogen >7.0 g/l, albumin <37 g/l, prealbumin <0.25 g/l probability of abscess development constitutes 80-90%.EFFECT: application of the method makes it possible to predict development of abscess in case of acute paratonsillitis and change of tactics of treating patients.3 ex

ethod and apparatus for obtaining information // 2614137
FIELD: physics, communication.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of Internet technologies, particularly to the method and device of obtaining information. A method for obtaining information is proposed, comprising: receiving the information associated with at least one video element in the video, each video element being an image element, a sound element, or a video clip played; and displaying the associated information in the specified moment; resolving the problem of less efficiently obtaining information, allowing to display associated information in the video element in the terminal in the specified moment, and increasing the efficiency of obtaining information.EFFECT: invention provides the efficient information obtaining on the Internet.8 cl, 25 dwg

Sodium loop of nuclear power plant with fast neutron reactor // 2614136
FIELD: nuclear engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sodium loops of nuclear power plants with fast neutron reactors. Separate modules of steam generator (1) are connected separately to the side of sodium intake with inlet connecting pipelines (7), which are equipped with built-in protective element (9) simultaneously connected to discharge pipeline (8) and to inlet manifold (5), and are additionally connected with sodium inlet branch pipe (6). On the sodium outlet side separate modules of steam generator (1) are separately connected through outlet chamber (18) with outlet connection pipe (10), which is fitted in buffer tank (2), which is further connected with sodium outlet branch pipe (16). Then, simultaneously discharge tubes (8) are connected to first reservoir (3) of the emergency protection system. This reservoir (3) is connected both to buffer tank (2) by light-weight branch (12) with at least one first membrane (11), and to second reservoir (4) of the emergency protection system with at least one second membrane (13). At second reservoir (4) of the emergency protection system there is outlet (15).EFFECT: higher safety of the nuclear power plant.4 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of detecting three-dimensional changes within observed limited space independently from place of occurrence of these changes within this space // 2614134
FIELD: radio engineering.SUBSTANCE: method of detecting three-dimensional changes within an observed limited space independently from the place of occurrence of these changes within the observed limited space relates to radio engineering and can be used in devices for security and fire alarm. Method involves, first, forming in the observed, limited by media separation, space an isotropic by stationary or non-stationary changes in the conditions of an acoustic wave propagation within the limited by media separation space acoustic field; second, measuring amplitude, frequency and phase parameters of this field in one or several arbitrary points of the observed space.EFFECT: as per the change of these parameters estimated are quantitative values of changes in the conditions of the acoustic wave propagation in the observed space, as per which estimated are quantitative values of volumetric changes independently from the place of their localisation within the observed space.11 cl

ethod of measurement of composite support rack power lines // 2614083
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: method of measuring the position of the rack composite transmission tower includes measuring the angle of the composite strut support is held in its two sections for further evaluation by calculation of the spatial position of a support pillar in general by the formulas: , where the y - rack deformation, x - current coordinate cross-section bar, and a and B - factors to be determined by the results of the two measurements ; .EFFECT: improving electric power supply reliability of consumers.1 dwg
ethod for determining parameters of road geometric elements and roadside characteristics // 2614082
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: horizontal and vertical survey (HVS) of the controlled road area, is performed in the claimed method by terrestrial or mobile scanner surveying in the forward and backward direction, where the base stations GPS are the HVS reference points, placed on the road curb side, as well as the solid points on the curb sides of the roadway in the form of the traffic sign pole bases and the road arrangement elements. The terrestrial or mobile laser scanning of the controlled area is performed on the HVS reference points, resulting in determining the spatial coordinates of axes X, Y, Z of the laser beam reflection points from the roadway surface and the HVS reference points, that are identified in the scans. The scan is received, the scan results are transmitted to the PC, and the scans are registered therein by using the computer program, the actual digital dot three-dimensional (3D) model of the road and the roadside is received, then the route photographing of the controlled section of the roadway and the adjacent territory is performed to the width of 200 metres of the road axis in the forward and backward direction on the basis of the unmanned aircraft. The photographing results are transmitted to the PC, the orthophotos are registered therein by using the computer program and the digital photogrammetric model construction of the road surface and the adjacent territory is made. Its spatial data are transformed according to the HVS reference points into the data of the actual digital vector three-dimensional (3D) model, and the integrated realistic digital vector three-dimensional (3D) model of the controlled raod section and the roadside is received, the standard three-dimensional model of the road and the roadside is modelled in the same program. It is aligned according to the same HVS reference points with the received integral realistic digital vector three-dimensional (3D) model of the road and the roadside. Then the longitudinal sections are formed with the given increments, the differences are automatically recognized between the actual values of the controlled geometric element parameters of the integral realistic digital vector three-dimensional (3D) model and the values of the standard three-dimensional model of the controlled road and roadside section, comparing the received data, the linear geometric parameters of the road and the roadside are determined on the surface of the measured layer required for the construction or reconstruction of roads.EFFECT: defining the reliable and accurate parameter values of the geometric road elements and the roadside characteristics by using the laser scanning technology.3 dwg

Track for inclined elevator of nuclear reactor // 2614056
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: claimed track for an inclined elevator of a nuclear reactor is made with alternating straight and curved areas, wherein the initial and the final areas are made rectilinear and arranged at the same angle of inclination α to the horizon plane.EFFECT: possibility of reducing the presence time of the SFA truck in gaseous atmosphere due to reducing the track length, and increasing the safety of transporting spent fuel assemblies by the inclined lift of a nuclear reactor.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod for radio-electronic destruction of conflict-resistant radio-electronic equipment // 2614055
FIELD: radio electronics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method for combating radio-electronic systems and can be used for active counteraction to conflict-resistant (CR) radio-electronic equipment (REE). Said result is achieved due to the fact, method for radio-electronic destruction of REE CR includes reception of signals by phased antenna array (PAA), emitted by destructed REE CR, detection of received signals, determination of their arrival direction, repetition period and range to destructed REE CR, PAA radiation of interfering ultra-high frequency signals (microwave signals) in the direction of destructed REE CR with delay of each interference microwave signal relative to the arrival of signal emitted by destructed REE CR, control over the process of signal emission from destructed REE CR, given that before radiation of interference microwave signals one performs probing of arrival direction for signals, emitted by destructed REE CR with the help of pilot signal on frequency of interfering microwave signal radiation, receives pilot signal, reflected by destructed REE CR and measures amplitude-phase distribution (APD), formed at PAA elements, further at the moments of time tn equal to , where T - period of receiving signals form destructed REE CR; Rn – distance from destructed REE CR to n-element of PAA; c – speed of light, each n-th element of PAA in the direction of destructed REE CR emitting interference microwave signals with initial phase, which is equal to complex-conjugated value of measured APD on n-th element of PAA.EFFECT: achieved technical result – increased efficiency.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for measuring liquid moisture content // 2614054
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: method for measuring the liquid moisture content comprises subjecting the controlled dielectric fluid by electromagnetic waves at the measurement site at two different frequencies ƒ1 and ƒ2, to which correspond different values of the dielectric water permeability, and the corresponding values of the dielectric liquid permittivity ∈1 and ∈2 are determined by the result of these subjections, wherein the moisture content is determined as a result of the joint conversion of the measured values ∈1 and ∈2, by the phase shift Δϕ1 and Δϕ2, by the formula where where εb(ƒ1) and εb(ƒ2) - the dielectric water permeability at the frequencies ƒ1 and ƒ2, accordingly, the - the nominal value of the dielectric dehydrated fluid permeability.EFFECT: improving measurement accuracy of the moisture content is the technical invention result.1 dwg

Nuclear power plant with heat carrier cleaning system // 2614048
FIELD: nuclear engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to nuclear engineering. Nuclear power plant (NPP) comprises an integral reactor with a housing and a cover, at least three heat carrier circulation circuits, intermediate (9) and process (14) heat exchangers, pipelines to feed and discharge the heat carrier from the intermediate and the process heat exchangers, shutoff valves and cleaning system (11) of alkali metal (4). Heat carrier cleaning system (11) consists of at least one membrane (4) and hydrogen and tritium receiver with the possibility of evacuation of its cavity (8) and discharge of received hydrogen and tritium from it. When selecting membrane (3) design taken into account are, first, interrelation of structural characteristics of the membrane with structural characteristics of the NPP, mass exchange characteristics of the membrane and the NPP, maximum allowable mass concentration of tritium in the product discharged from the third circuit (6); second, interrelation of mass exchange characteristics of the NPP and the maximum allowable mass concentration of tritium in the product discharged from the third circuit (6).EFFECT: technical result is following radiation safety requirements for the product (tritium) discharged from the third circuit (6) of the NPP.1 cl, 2 dwg

Tunable waveguide-dielectric chamber for controlling liquids // 2614047
FIELD: microwave equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to microwave engineering and can be used for measuring and controlling liquids, in particular, aqueous solutions and suspensions of chemical and biological nature substances, in different processes, researches of aqueous solutions structures, determining moisture content of hydrocarbons, including the "crank out" one, as well as in biophysical researches. Design of a resonance measuring chamber provides reliable and stable mechanical tuning and selection of optimal communication of the resonator with the waveguide. Tunable waveguide-dielectric chamber for controlling liquids comprises a waveguide chamber, in the wide walls of which there are cavities to accommodate pistons with holes for passing a dielectric tube with the analyzed substance and devices for moving the pistons, herewith the devices for moving each piston are made in the form of differential adjusting screws, on the pistons surfaces there are throttling grooves, in which there are fluoroplastic washers, and to fix the pistons positions the waveguide chamber cavities accommodate helical springs. On posts of the waveguide chamber attachment fittings there can be a scale of the throttle pistons displacement inside the resonator in order to facilitate rotation by hand, as well as for possible connection with the step motor reducer in automation of the measurement process, the differential adjustment screws are equipped with gear wheels.EFFECT: reduced shape distortion of resonance curve of the reflected microwave signal due to improved contact of the controlled liquid placed in a dielectric capillary with a waveguide meter, as well as higher stability of the controlled liquid dielectric parameters measurement results, all are the technical result of the invention.3 cl, 1 dwg
 
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