Using gears having orbital motion (F16H3/44)

Planetary gear of positioning polarimetric optics // 2628544
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: planetary gear of positioning polarimetric optics has a disc with holes formed therein, equidistant from each other and from the disc center, in which the light filters are. A central gear is fixedly mounted on the body of the drive motor, and a disc with four satellite gears, evenly spaced around the circumference and running in the central gear, is mounted on the drive shaft of the drive motor. The gear ratio of the gear pair is 1:1.125.EFFECT: simplification of the planetary gear for positioning the polarimetric optics in the particular case of application, when a problem arises in the astronomical practice not only in the change of the phase shifting plates themselves, but also in turning any one of them to the particular predetermined angle.1 dwg

Four-step gearbox for bus // 2628349
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: four-step bus gearbox contains three modules connected in series. Each module includes a planetary gearbox consisting of a drive shaft, on which a crown gear (CG) is movably mounted on splines, and a sun gear (SG) freely mounted on a driven shaft (DS) with a carrier, axes and satellites rigidly fixed thereon, and an automatic system (AS) of switching. The AS of switching includes a friction clutch, the leading discs of which are connected to the CG, and the driven discs - to the carrier, centrifugal weights and the AS for comtrolling the SG state.EFFECT: simplifying the design, increasing the reliability and reducing the cost of the gearbox.1 dwg

Gearbox for motor vehicle // 2628016
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: gearbox contains three modules connected in series. Each module includes a planetary cylindrical helical gearbox consisting of a drive shaft, on which a crown gear (CG) is movably mounted on splines, and a sun gear (SG) freely mounted on a drive shaft (DS) with a carrier, axes and satellites rigidly fixed thereon, and an automatic system (AS) of switching. The AS of switching includes a friction clutch, the drive discs of which are connected through the splines to the CG, and the driven discs through the clutch housing - to the carrier.EFFECT: simplifying the design, increasing the reliability and reducing the cost.1 dwg

ethod of gear changing in gear transmission // 2624761
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: method of gear changing in gear transmission is to brake one gear with an unchanged gear connection. With the torque on the shaft (1), all the gears rotate, and the output shaft remains fixed. To enable the transmission, the brake gear (4) is braked by the brake pads (9). In this case, the torque on the gears (2) forces the gears (3) to roll around the perimeter of the brake gear (4). Since the gears (3) are fixed to the disc (5), the disc (5) and the output shaft (10) will rotate together with the gears (3). For braking, a section rigidly connected to the brake gear (4) is used. The cylindrical part of the gear housing (6) serves to support the input shaft (1) and the brake gear (4).EFFECT: expanded operating capabilities.9 dwg

Automatic gearbox for the vehicle // 2624137
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: automatic transmission of the vehicle contains four series-connected planetary gear sets, the automatic switching system and the automatic control system of the sun gear state (ACSSGS). The automatic changeover system includes the friction multi-disc clutch (FMPC), the driving disks of which are connected to the KG, and the driven ones - through the clutch body - with the carrier, the centrifugal weights, which shoulders rest against the left end of the KG. The automatic control system (ACSSGS) contains the brake, consisting of the disc clutch, the body of which is connected to SG, the driving and driven discs are connected to the clutch body and the fixed tubular axle (TA), the shift ring of which is connected to KG, and - to the control lever from the driver, it has four series-connected planetary gears with MPC with loads and the ACSSGS - four modules and the reverse mechanism, containing the pinion gear at the driven shaft of the fourth module (FM), the driven gear with internal teeth on the reverse shaft, with the gear rim and the brake band (BB) at the TA of the disc clutch FM and BB at the MPC FM casing, forming the brake with this casing, and the BB of this brake and pulley TA FM and the reverse driven gear connected to the reversing lever.EFFECT: design simplification, increase of the reliability and the costs reduction.1 dwg

Planetary gear box 5r2 // 2621214
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: planetary gearbox containing a body, a simple three-link planetary gear consisting of a sun gear, an epicyclic wheel and a carrier with satellites that are engaged with the sun gear and an epicyclic wheel, the carrier and the body of the epicyclic wheel have shafts with toothed rims and an epicyclic wheel stop coupling, Is characterized in that the input shaft has a three-position gear ring on which the shift clutch is mounted, the shaft of the sun gear with serrated crowns at the ends is mounted in a support Gear ring of the driving gear and in the support of the rear wall of the body of the unit with a gear ring, the carrier is fixed to the input and output tubular shafts with toothed rims, the body of the epicyclic wheel is fixed to the input and output coaxial shafts with gear rims, on the inner walls of the body of the unit next to the gear rims of the input shafts are fixed toothed crowns with couplers for stopping the carrier or an epicyclic wheel; next to the gear rims of the output shafts there is a leading tubular shaft with a gear ring at the shaft inlet and a pinion gear with a ring gear at the outlet This shaft is next to the gear ring of the shaft of the sun gear, on which the clutch is located.EFFECT: reduced weight and metal planetary gearbox.1 dwg

Planetary gear box 5r1 // 2621213
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: planetary gearbox contains a body, a simple three-link planetary gear consisting of a sun gear, an epicyclic wheel and a carrier with satellites. The driver and the body of the epicyclic wheel have shafts with toothed rims and an epicyclic wheel stop coupling. The input shaft has three position toothing on which the switching clutch, the shaft of the sun gear with the ring gear at the ends are mounted in the support the drive gear and a rear wall of the support housing assembly with a ring gear. The carrier is fixed on the inlet and outlet tubular shaft with a ring gear, epicyclic wheel housing fixed to the input and output shafts coaxial with the ring gears. On the front inner wall of the body of the unit next to the gear wreaths of the input shafts, a toothed ring is fixed with a stop clutch of the carrier or an epicyclic wheel. Near the ring gears of the output shafts, leading tubular shaft with a ring gear on the input shaft and the pinion gear with the ring gear on the output shaft of the adjacent gear teeth of the sun gear shaft, on which the switching sleeve, is mounted.EFFECT: reduced weight and metal planetary gearbox.1 dwg

Planetary gear box 26r10 // 2620174
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: planetary gearbox comprises a housing defined it with two simple three-tier planetary mechanisms. The housing supports mounted shafts of the sun gears of planetary mechanisms, these shafts with gear rings on the ends freely set the input and output shafts of the carrier pipe with toothed crowns. On tubular shafts arranged coaxial shafts housings epicyclic wheels and gear teeth. On the inner wall of the ring gears with the gearshift clutches stop carrier or epicyclic wheel are fixed. At the output of the shaft of the sun gear of the first planetary mechanism, the drive gear of the matching gearbox with a gear ring and a two-position clutch at the input of the gear and with a gear ring at the output of the gear near the gear ring of the shaft of the sun gear are freely installed. The driven gear matching gear with a ring gear fixed to the tubular shaft freely mounted on the shaft of the sun gear of the second planetary gear about the gear ring on the inlet of the shaft adjacent to the toothing outer wall of the housing and equipped with bilateral switching clutch, the outlet of the tubular shaft gear fixed gear crown with a two-stage switching clutch.EFFECT: reduced weight and metal planetary gearbox.1 dwg

Planetary gear mechanism of rotational motion convertion into reciprocating rotational motion // 2616457
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: planetary gear mechanism converting rotational motion into reciprocating rotational motion contains a housing, in which the input and output shafts, gears, satellite and the carrier is mounted coaxially. The fixed elliptical gear is rigidly mounted on the housing coaxially to the input shaft. Another elliptical gearwheel is mounted on the output shaft. The carrier is mounted on the input shaft and connected with the other end through a turning pair with the satellite shaft. The satellite consists of the elliptical gearwheel and elliptical pinion. The movable elliptical wheel is connected with a stationary elliptical gear of the same size, and the elliptical satellite pinion is engaged with elliptical gearwheel of the same size. The minor semi-axis b1 of one elliptical wheel pair may differ from the minor semi-axis b2 of the other pair.EFFECT: operating performances expansion.4 dwg

Gearbox for motor vehicle // 2603702
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gearboxes of vehicles. Gearbox comprises three series-connected modules. Driven shaft of previous module is driving shaft of next module. Each module includes planetary cylindrical helical gearbox consisting of drive shaft, crown and sun gears, carrier and satellites. Automatic switching system includes friction coupling, drive discs of which through splines are coupled with crown gears, and driven discs through housing of coupling with carrier, centrifugal weights with springs and automatic system for controlling state of sun gears.EFFECT: simplified design, higher reliability and reduced cost.1 cl, 1 dwg

System for interconnection of two shafts with constant mutual engagement of gears // 2600258
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, more specifically to gear transmissions. System for interconnection of two shafts with constant mutual engagement of gears has inlet 1 and outlet 2 shafts. On the outlet shaft there is coaxially fixed wheel 3. On the wheel along the circumference there are axles 4 with the possibility of rotation. On the axles there are gears 5 having toothed engagement with gear 6 fixed on inlet shaft 1. In parallel with gears 5 on axles 4 there are gears 7. In the same plane with gears 7 coaxially with the inlet shaft axis there is braking gear 8 having toothed engagement with gears 7. Inlet shaft affects on the outlet one by braking with braking gear 8 with the help of braking clutches or shoes 9. Gear ratio is determined by the ratio of radii of gears in the system and can be step-down and step-up.EFFECT: provided is simplified design.1 cl, 6 dwg

24-stage coaxial planetary shaft gearbox // 2592028
FIELD: engines. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gearboxes of heavy haulers: cars, tractors, road-building, etc, equipment. Gear box consists of 12-step coaxial three-shaft reduction gear, in which there are ten forward gears and two rows of reverse gears, as well as simple three-link planetary mechanism and five clutches. EFFECT: broader operating capabilities of heavy equipment owing to increase in number of forward gears with 12-24 and reverse gear transmissions with 4-8. 1 cl, 2 dwg

Planetary gearbox // 2581954
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to planetary gearboxes. Gearbox comprises drive shaft and three planetary rows: driven, intermediate and auxiliary. All links of all planetary rows have simultaneous rotation. Torque from auxiliary link is added to riven link of one planetary gear set. Torque from one planetary gear set is added to the other planetary row.EFFECT: simplified design of gear box is ensured.4 cl, 1 dwg

Coaxial 24-speed planetary shaft gearbox // 2575734
FIELD: motor car construction.SUBSTANCE: claimed gearbox consists of eight-speed three-axle coaxial unit with four pairs of engaged gears. Note here that input shaft both bearings are arranged inside the unit of simple three-link planetary mechanism and six gearshift clutches.EFFECT: enhanced operating performances, improved configuration owing to enlarged range of gear ratio and independent operation.2 dwg

Reducer with floating wheel // 2574045
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, namely to reducers with tooth gears. The reducer with floating wheel and multistage reversible transmission with floating wheel comprise the following: the front planetary tooth gear, the reverse planetary tooth gear, the floating wheel with two gear rims. The front satellite in the reducer is installed on the axle stationary with reference to the input shaft of the axis. Two sun gear wheels are linked by the input shaft. The gear wheels can be of various diameters, providing the required step-down gear ratios.EFFECT: design simplicity is achieved.13 cl, 2 dwg

Planetary matching gearbox (versions) // 2570187
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. In compliance with the first version, claimed gearbox comprises the housing, planetary mechanism with axially shifting carrier supporting one pinion, three axial input shafts with small central gears, output shaft and carrier axial displacement drive. Large central gear of planetary mechanism is engaged with the pinions and, axially, with the carrier via the thrust bearing. Said carrier has two splined rims. The large central gear has one splined rim. Output shaft has one splined rim. Said housing has two splined rims. At the carrier axial shift the rims are engaged to execute the following modes: reverse gear range, neutral, first range, first fixed gearing between the first and second ranges, second range, second fixed gearing between the second and third ranges, third range, third fixed gearing between the third and fourth ranges, fourth range and forward bear. In compliance with the second version, the gearbox has two coaxial input shafts and not forward gear mode.EFFECT: perfected design.9 cl, 12 dwg

Wide-gear-ratio planetary gearbox // 2563918
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to planetary gearboxes. Gearbox comprises drive shaft and two planetary rows: driven and auxiliary. Every planetary row comprises three links: sun gear, carrier with pinions and epicycle, one drive link, one driven link and one auxiliary link. At least two links of driven and auxiliary rows run in one direction. Auxiliary planetary row driven link transmits torque to auxiliary row auxiliary link via two clutches and two gears with different gear ratio. Auxiliary planetary row driven link transmits torque to driven planetary row auxiliary link. Gearbox can throw in only one clutch.EFFECT: simplified design.4 cl, 2 dwg

Hydromechanic transmission // 2549344
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: automatic transmission implementing nine forward gears and one reverse gear contains casing (19), input link (20), output link (21), hydrodynamic torque converter and planetary reduction gear. The planetary reduction gear comprises four planetary gear sets, three controlled clutches and three controlled brakes. The planetary reduction gear consists of four planetary gear sets. The first planetary gear set consists of a central gear (3), carrier (2) for satellites and a crown gear (1). The second planetary gear set consists of a central gear (6), carrier (5) for satellites and a crown gear (4). The third planetary gear set consists of a central gear (9), carrier (8) for satellites and a crown gear (7). The fourth planetary gear set consists of a central gear (12), carrier (11) for satellites and a crown gear (10). The input link (20) is connected by clutch (16) with interconnected crown gear (10) of the fourth planetary gear set and carrier (8) of the third planetary gear set. The input link (20) connected with output link (22) of hydrodynamic torque converter is connected by clutch (17) with central gear (12) of the fourth planetary gear set. The central gear (6) of the second planetary gear set is connected with the input link (20). The output link (21) connects to interconnected carrier (11) of the fourth planetary gear set and epicycle (7) of the third planetary gear set. Brake (14) connects with transmission casing (19) the interconnected crown gear (1) of the first planetary gear set and carrier (5) of the second planetary gear set. Brake (13) connects with transmission casing (19) the central gear (3) of the first planetary gear set. Brake (15) connects with transmission casing (19) the interconnected carrier (8) of the third planetary gear set and crown gear (10) of the fourth planetary gear set. Clutch (18) connects the central gear (4) of the second planetary gear set with interconnected carrier (2) of the first planetary gear set and central gear (9) of the third planetary gear set.EFFECT: simplified design of device.1 dwg

Hydromechanic transmission // 2549343
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: automatic transmission implementing nine forward gears and one reverse gear contains casing 19, input link 20, output link 2, hydrodynamic torque converter and planetary reduction gear comprising four planetary gear sets, three controlled clutches and three controlled brakes. According to invention, the planetary reduction gear in transmission consists of four planetary gear sets. The first planetary gear set consists of a central gear 3, carrier 2 for satellites and a crown gear 1 (epicycle). The second planetary gear set consists of a central gear 6, carrier 5 for satellites and a crown gear 4 (epicycle). The third planetary gear set consists of a central gear 9, carrier 8 for satellites and a crown gear 7 (epicycle). The fourth planetary gear set consists of a central gear 12, carrier 11 for satellites and a crown gear 10 (epicycle). The input link 20 is connected with central gear 6 of the second planetary gear set and with output link 22 of hydrodynamic torque converter. The output link 21 is connected with carrier 11 of the fourth planetary gear set and with epicycle 7 of the third planetary gear set. The carrier 2 of the first planetary gear set is connected with epicycle 4 of the second planetary gear set. Brake 13 interconnects carrier 5 of the second planetary gear set and casing of transmission 19. Brake 14 interconnects central gear 3 of the first planetary gear set and transmission casing 19. Clutch 18 connects carrier 5 of the second planetary gear set with interconnected epicycle 1of the first planetary gear set and central gear 9 of the third planetary gear set. Brake 15 connects with transmission casing 19 interconnected carrier 8 of the third planetary gear set and epicycle 10 of the fourth planetary gear set. Clutch 16 connects input link 20 with interconnected carrier 8 of the third planetary gear set and epicycle 10 of the fourth planetary gear set. Clutch 17 connects input link 20 with central gear 12 of the fourth planetary gear set.EFFECT: higher operating performance.1 dwg

Hydromechanic transmission // 2545841
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fixed-ratio planetary transmission design. automatic transmission implementing six forward gears and two reverse gears contains casing (16), input link (13), output link (14), hydrodynamic torque converter and planetary reduction gear comprising three planetary gear sets, two controlled clutches and three controlled brakes. Planetary reduction gear consists of three planetary gear sets. The first planetary gear set consists of a central gear (3), carrier (2) for satellites and a crown gear (1). The second planetary gear set consists of a central gear (6), carrier (5) for satellites and a crown gear (4). The third planetary gear set consists of a central gear (9), carrier (8) for satellites and a crown gear (7). The input link (13) is connected with central gear (6 )of the second planetary gear set and with output link (15) of hydrodynamic torque converter. The output link (14) is connected with carrier (8) of the third planetary gear set and with crown gear (1) of the first planetary gear set. Brake (12) interconnects central gear (9) of the third planetary gear set and transmission casing (16). Brake (11) connects interconnected carrier (2) of the first planetary gear set and crown gear (4) of the second planetary gear set with transmission casing (16). Brake (10) connects central gear (3) of the first planetary gear set with transmission casing (16). Clutch (18) connects central gear (3) of the first planetary gear set with interconnected carrier (5) of the second planetary gear set and crown gear (7) of the third planetary gear set. Clutch (17) connects carrier (5) of the second planetary gear set connected with crown gear (7) of the third planetary gear set with interconnected central gear (6) of the second planetary gear set, transmission input link (13) and output link (15) of hydrodynamic torque converter.EFFECT: simplified design.16 cl, 18 dwg

Hydromechanic transmission // 2543116
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: automatic transmission implementing nine forward gears and one reverse gear contains casing (19), input link (20), output link (21), hydrodynamic torque converter and planetary reduction gear. The planetary reduction gear consists of four planetary gear sets. The first planetary gear set consists of a central gear (3), carrier (2) for satellites and a crown gear (1). The second planetary gear set consists of a central gear (6), carrier (5) for satellites and a crown gear (4). The third planetary gear set consists of a central gear (9), carrier (8) for satellites and a crown gear (7). The fourth planetary gear set consists of a central gear (12), carrier (11) for satellites and a crown gear (10). Input link (20) is connected with output link of hydrodynamic torque converter (22), with sun gear (3) of the first planetary gear set and with sun gear (6) of the second planetary gear set. Output link (21) is connected with crown gear (10) of the fourth planetary gear set and with carrier (5) of the second planetary gear set . Brake (13) connects the interconnected crown gear (7) of the third planetary gear set and carrier (2) of the first planetary gear set with transmission case (19). Brake (14) connects sun gear (9) of the third planetary gear set with transmission case (19). Brake (15) connects carrier (11) of the fourth planetary gear set with transmission case (19). Clutch (16) connects crown gear (4) of the second planetary gear set with carrier (11) of the fourth planetary gear set. Clutch (17) connects the carrier (11) of the fourth planetary gear set with interconnected input link (20), sun gear (3) of the first planetary gear set and sun gear (6) of the second planetary gear set. Clutch (18) connects the crown gear (1) of the first planetary gear set with interconnected carrier (8) of the third planetary gear set and sun gear (12) of the fourth planetary gear set.EFFECT: more gears in transmission.1 dwg

Hydromechanic transmission // 2543114
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: automatic transmission implementing nine forward gears and one reverse gear contains casing (19), input link (20), output link (21), hydrodynamic torque converter and planetary reduction gear. The planetary reduction gear consists of four planetary gear sets. The first planetary gear set consists of a central gear (3), carrier (2) for satellites and a crown gear (1). The second planetary gear set consists of a central gear (6), carrier (5) for satellites and a crown gear (4). The third planetary gear set consists of a central gear (9), carrier (8) for satellites and a crown gear (7). The fourth planetary gear set consists of a central gear (12), carrier (11) for satellites and a crown gear (10). Input link (20) is connected with output link of hydrodynamic torque converter (22), with sun gear (3) of the first planetary gear set and with sun gear (12) of the fourth planetary gear set. Output link (21) is connected with crown gear (7) of the third planetary gear set. Crown gear (1) of the first planetary gear set is connected with carrier (5) of the second planetary gear set. Brake (13) connects carrier of the first set (2) with transmission case (19). Brake (14) connects sun gear (6) with transmission case (19). Brake (15) connects the interconnected carrier (8) of the third planetary gear set and crown gear (10) of the fourth planetary gear set. Clutch (16) connects sun gear (12) of the fourth planetary gear set connected with sun gear (3) of the first planetary gear set and with input link (20) with crown gear (10) of the fourth planetary gear set connected with carrier (8) of the third planetary gear set. Clutch (17) connects carrier (11) of the fourth planetary gear set with interconnected crown gear (7) of the third planetary gear set and output link (21). Clutch (18) connects the sun gear (3) of the first planetary gear set with interconnected crown gear (4) of the second planetary gear set and sun gear (9) of the third planetary gear set.EFFECT: more gears in transmission.1 dwg

Variable-speed gear with shifted axes of rotation // 2542864
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: in planetary gear each toothed satellite is rigidly connected with one more additional carrier. On additional carriers, more several tapered not toothed satellites are located which are kinematically interconnected by not toothed wheel. Tapered not toothed satellites can engage and disengage with guides located on gear wheel kinematically connected with outer wheel of planetary gear, satellite gears can roll over guides, the guides can rotate and roll over gear rack with possibility of fixation in specified position. When gear wheels roll over the rack the guides can roll and rotate together with these wheels, shafts of guides are connected by means of holders are connected with disk not toothed wheel located on output shaft, the shaft has rigid connection with wheel which is kinematically connected with outer wheel of planetary gear, disk not toothed wheel can rotate together with wheel which has kinematic connection with outer wheel of planetary gear and shift along rotation axis of shaft on which this wheel is located. The disk not toothed wheel is in contact with not toothed wheels fixed on actuating shaft, not toothed wheels on actuating shaft can roll over surface of disk not toothed wheel and to shift together with this wheel and actuating rod along rotation axis of the mentioned shaft, actuating shaft is connected with driving gear.EFFECT: smooth variation of gear ratio.11 dwg

Device for movement permanent and variable conditions based on eccentric mechanical converter of rotational motion in progressive motion // 2542822
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the movement devices based on the converter of rotational motion in progressive motion. The movement device under permanent and variable conditions based on the gear of rotation of the massive body, weight, in which the centre of weight rotation is eccentric relatively to the gear axis of rotation. In the converter of the rotation motion in the progressive motion a rod with weights rotation gear is made, at that centre of rotation of the rod periodically moves relatively the driven axis of rotation, thus ensuring the weights movement over the eccentric wheel and creation of the guiding force and device movement.EFFECT: simplification of the device.4 cl, 15 dwg

Sixteen-stage coaxial planetary gearbox 16r4 with dual clutch // 2542816
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: dual clutch is arranged at gearbox input with portion of clutch driven discs fitted at primary shaft and another portion fitted at tubular shaft. Gears engaged with countershaft gears are fitted on said shafts. Countershaft carries six gears, two being engaged with gears fitted on secondary shaft. Three-position clutch with reverse driven gear is arranged there between. Gear engaged with countershaft gear and three-position shift collar are fitted on countershaft tubular extension 8. Simple three-link planetary mechanism and three position clutch 35 is arranged at gearbox output side.EFFECT: enhanced performances, higher flotation and perfected control.2 dwg

Hydromechanical gearbox // 2540046
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle planetary gearboxes. Automatic gearbox executes nine forward gears and one rear gear comprises crankcase (19), input link (20), output link (21), hydromechanical torque converter and planetary reduction gear. The latter consists of four planetary rows. First row consists of sun gear (3), carrier (2) and crown gear (1). Second row consists of sun gear (6), carrier (5) and crown gear (4). Third row consists of sun gear (9), carrier (8) and crown gear (7). Fourth row consists of sun gear (12), carrier (11) and crown gear (10). Input link (20) engages with output link of hydromechanical torque converter (22), first planetary row sun gear (3) and fourth planetary row sun gear (12). Output link (21) engages with third planetary row crown gear (7). First planetary row crown gear (1) engages with second planetary row carrier (5). Brake (13) couples first row carrier (2) with crankcase of gearbox (19). Brake (14) couples first row carrier (6) with crankcase of gearbox (19). Brake (15) couples engaged third planetary row carrier (8) with fourth planetary row crown gear (10). Clutch (16) engages fourth planetary row sun hear (12) engaged with sun gear (3) and input link (20) with fourth planetary row crown gear (10) engaged with carrier (8). Clutch (17) engages carrier (11) with engaged crown gear (7) and output link (21). Clutch (18) engages crown gear (3) with engaged crown gear (4) and crown gear (9). EFFECT: increased number of gears.1 dwg

Hydromechanical gearbox // 2540045
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle planetary gearboxes. Automatic gearbox executes nine forward gears and one rear gear comprises crankcase (19), input link (20), output link (21), hydromechanical torque converter and planetary reduction gear. This reduction gear comprises four planetary rows, three controlled clutches and three controlled brakes. First row consists of sun gear (3), carrier (2) and crown gear (1). Second row consists of sun gear (6), carrier (5) and crown gear (4). Third row consists of sun gear (9), carrier (8) and crown gear (7). Fourth row consists of sun gear (12), carrier (11) and crown gear (10). Input link (20) engages with output link of hydromechanical torque converter (22), first planetary row sun gear (3) and second planetary row sun gear (6). Output link (21) engages with fourth planetary row crown gear (10). First planetary row crown gear (1) engages with third planetary row carrier (8). Brake (13) couples first planetary row carrier (2) with crankcase of gearbox (19). Brake (14) couples third planetary row carrier (9) with crankcase of gearbox (19). Brake (15) engages engaged fourth planetary row carrier (11) and second planetary row crown gear (4) with gearbox crankcase (19). Clutch (16) engages first planetary row carrier (2) with engaged third planetary row crown gear (7) and fourth planetary row sun gear (12). Clutch (17) engages second planetary row carrier (5) with engaged fourth planetary row crown gear (10) and output link (21). Clutch (18) engages third planetary row carrier (5) with engaged second planetary row crown gear (4) and fourth planetary row carrier (11).EFFECT: increased number of gears.1 dwg

Gearbox // 2531995
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gearboxes. Gearbox comprises fixed housing, input and output differentials. Every said differential consists of interacting links: sun gear, epicycle, carrier with pinions, input link engaged with input differential sun gear, output link engaged with output differential carrier, gears, controlled clutches, shafts engaged with differential links and articulation between shafts to be thrown in by controlled clutches. Besides, gearbox comprises idler wheel and controlled interlocking clutches for engagement of epicycle with input differential carrier and epicycle with output differential sun gear. This gearbox allows thirteen different speeds of output link revolution on one direction and two speeds in opposite direction.EFFECT: high efficiency and wide range of gear ratio, reduced metal input.4 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl

Bicycle planetary gearbox // 2527579
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: group of invention relates to versions of bicycle design and belt drive system. Bicycle comprises the frame and at least one wheel secured to said frame. Wheel has hub, second planetary gearbox arranged therein and belt for torque transmission between first planetary gearbox and second planetary gearbox. In compliance with first version, this frame comprises receiver to accommodate said first planetary gearbox. In compliance with second version, this frame also comprises receiver to accommodate said first planetary gearbox of different design version. In compliance with first version, belt drive system comprises frame, receiver, first planetary gearbox located therein and second planetary gearbox located in wheel hub. In compliance with second version, belt drive system comprises first planetary gearbox arranged in first receiver and second planetary gearbox arranged in second receiver.EFFECT: decreased weight, better frame clearance.15 cl, 30 dwg

odule automatic stepped planetary gearbox // 2514381
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to modular A/T. Modular gearbox has planetary system composed of universal range differential wherein spider (5) with three pairs of engaged three-rim pinions is shared by 1st, 2nd and 3rd rows spider, 1st planetary row crown wheel, 2nd row crown wheel and 3rd row central sun gear are engaged by friction brakes with gearbox crankcase. Crown wheel makes an output link of gearbox. Said A/T universal range differential and extra planetary rows allows various design versions.EFFECT: higher efficiency of gearbox.s6 cl, 6 dwg

Planetary polirimetric optics positioning system in astronomical spectrograph // 2510473
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: planetary mechanism comprises a photometer consisting of a disc (1), which is equipped with an axle (2), having openings that are equidistant from each other and from the centre of the disc, in which light filters are located. The axle (2) interacts with the disc through a free-wheel clutch (3). In the openings of the disc there are rotatable adapters (4), the outer surface of which is in form of gear wheels which interact with a central gear wheel (5), immovably mounted on the axle (2). The disc interacts with the base through another free-wheel clutch (7). Directions of the working strokes of the free-wheel clutches (3, 7) are opposite.EFFECT: along with the possibility of moving the light filters, the invention enables to turn each of the light filters about its own axis.1 dwg

Automatic gearbox with at least one planetary gear set // 2499169
FIELD: automobile production.SUBSTANCE: automatic gearbox has one planetary gear set (4) and a torque moment transfer route passing parallel to that planetary gear set (4). Planetary gear set (4) at one transmission stage of gearbox (1) is not used for torque moment transfer and is rotated without any relative number of revolutions of its components relative to each other. With that, at the above transmission stage, the structure of the connection of the same planetary gear set (4) has the possibility of being changed by means of coupling clutches (10,11) so that gear transmission ratio of planetary gear set (4) changes from gear transmission ratio of reduced transmission to gear transmission ratio of increased transmission, or vice versa.EFFECT: simpler design of the device.10 cl, 33 dwg

Gearbox to motor vehicle // 2495301
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: gearbox includes a cylindrical helical planetary reduction gear, a carrier with satellites and their axes, a friction coupling, centrifugal weights on the coupling housing and an automatic control system of the state of a sun gear (locking, unlocking). Crown gear of planetary reduction gear is installed in a movable manner on a drive shaft, sun gear is installed freely. Carrier with satellites and their axes are fixed on a driven shaft. Drive disks of friction coupling are connected through splines to crown gear, and driven ones are connected through the coupling housing to the carrier. Automatic control system of the sun gear state includes a brake consisting of a pulley fixed on a hub of the sun gear, the brake band of which is connected through rods and two-arm levers with a spring to crown gear and two-arm control lever through a rod directly from the carrier. Gearbox has three modules so that driven shaft of the previous module is a drive shaft of the following one, which is installed after the last module of a reverse mechanism.EFFECT: reduction of fatigability of a driver and accident risk; improving reliability of a friction coupling.1 dwg

Automotive gearbox // 2486389
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: gearbox comprises planetary step-down helical gearbox and automatic system of shifting from 1st to 2nd gear. Said planetary reduction gear consists of drive shaft 1 supporting crown gear 2 with drive disc secured thereat, sun gear 3 running on driven shaft 4 with carrier 5 rigidly secured thereat with axles 6 and pinions 7 engaged with crown and sun gears. Automatic gear shifting system consists of friction coupling with its drive discs 8 coupled via splines with crown gear and driven discs coupled via case 10 and disc with pinion axles and carrier and with driven shaft of centrifugal weights 11 with springs 12, and automatic sun gear control system. Cases of coupling 10, disc 26 and axles of pinions 6 and carrier are rigidly interconnected. Extreme left drive disc of coupling 27 is bolted to crown gear. Slave arms of centrifugal weights with sleeves at their ends are pressed via working springs to crown gear for compression of coupling discs.EFFECT: higher reliability.1 dwg

Cross-country vehicle // 2484998
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and may be used in agricultural machinery and trackless machines. Proposed vehicle comprises body 2 to house two-stage planetary final drive 2 coupled via gearshift mechanism 3 with engine 4. Said planetary final drive 2 comprises two planetary trains 5. Planetary train 5 consists of carrier 6 with pinions 7 engaged with side brake 8, sun gear 9 and ring gear 11. Clutches of sun and ring gears locking and sun gear brakes are composed of inertial synchromesh units, each being engaged with sun gear of appropriate planetary train to be locked with ring gear or final drive housing.EFFECT: higher reliability, reduced power loss in turns.2 dwg

Variator // 2484335
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: variator comprises input shaft whereto external torque is applied, set of driven gears, variable crank, variable input link, unidirectional couplings, set of crankshafts and set of working links. Driven gears are arranged around input shaft at one radius, each being shifted relative to the other one through definite angle. Variable crank is arranged in variable input element to vary radius of rotation. Variable input link is coupled with input shaft. Unidirectional couplings are fitted on inner surface on every gear to run in one direction. Crankshafts are arranged inside said unidirectional couplings to turn in housing. One end of every working link is connected with variable crank while opposite end is engaged with each of crankshafts to run therewith.EFFECT: decreased overall dimensions, longer life.7 cl, 5 dwg

Rotary movement transfer mechanism // 2482353
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: rotary movement transfer mechanism includes a housing, in which an eccentric drive shaft, a driven shaft and intermediate link located on the drive shaft are installed with possibility of being rotated. The mechanism housing is provided with a central gear with satellites and free-wheel mechanisms with inlet and outlet links. Central gear is rigidly attached to the intermediate link. The inlet link of each free-wheel mechanism is connected to the corresponding satellite, and the outlet link of each free-wheel mechanism is connected to a hinge installed on the mechanism housing. Rotary movement is transferred to the outlet shaft through kinematic connection to the intermediate link.EFFECT: improving reliability and durability of rotary movement transfer mechanism and increasing the mechanism efficiency.8 cl, 5 dwg

Automotive gearbox // 2481512
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: gearbox comprises planetary step-down helical gearbox and automatic system of shifting from 1st to 2nd gear. Said planetary reduction gear consists of drive shaft 1 supporting crown gear 2 with drive disc secured thereat, sun gear 3 running on driven shaft 4 with carrier 5 rigidly secured thereat with axles 6 and pinions 7 engaged with crown and sun gears. Automatic gear shifting system consists of friction coupling with its drive discs 8 coupled via splines with crown gear and driven discs coupled via case 10 and disc with pinion axles and carrier and with driven shaft of centrifugal weights 11 with springs 12, and automatic sun gear control system. Said automatic sun gear control system comprises braking element consisting of shoe drum brake mechanism. Coupling case and axles of pinions are rigidly interconnected. Crown gear on engine side has outer flange 26 for left drive disc to thrusts there against. Slave arms of centrifugal weights with sleeves at their ends are pressed via working springs to crown gear for compression of coupling discs.EFFECT: higher reliability.1 dwg

Automotive gearbox // 2481511
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: gearbox comprises planetary step-down helical gearbox and automatic system of shifting from 1st to 2nd gear. Said planetary reduction gear consists of drive shaft 1 supporting crown gear 2 with drive disc secured thereat, sun gear 3 running on driven shaft 4 with carrier 5 rigidly secured thereat with axles 6 and pinions 7 engaged with crown and sun gears. Automatic gear shifting system consists of friction coupling with its drive discs 8 coupled via splines with crown gear and driven discs coupled via case 10 and disc with pinion axles and carrier and with driven shaft of centrifugal weights 11 with springs 12, and automatic sun gear control system. Said automatic sun gear control system comprises braking element consisting of body 14 rigidly fitted at sun gear hub and splines of drive discs 15, driven discs 16, throw-in ring 18 coupled via two-arm levers 19, 20 and link 22 with crown gear. Cases of coupling 10, disc 26 and axles of pinions 6 and carrier are rigidly interconnected. Extreme left drive disc of coupling 27 is bolted to crown gear. Slave arms of centrifugal weights with sleeves at their ends are pressed via working springs to crown gear for compression of coupling discs.EFFECT: higher reliability.1 dwg

Automotive gearbox // 2462632
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed gearbox comprises input and output shafts, three differentials and seven control elements. Every said differential comprises pinion cage, differential pinions, sun and ring gears. Two differentials make main planetary gearbox with sun gears engaged with ring gear of third differential. Pinion cage and sun gear of the latter are engaged via friction couplings with input shaft to make planetary reversing divider with accelerating gearing.EFFECT: higher performances and efficiency.2 dwg

Automotive gearbox // 2444659
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: gearbox comprises cylindrical skew planetary reduction gear, multidisc friction coupling, centrifugal weights on coupling casing, and sun gear state ACS. Crown gear of cylindrical skew planetary reduction gear is fitted on drive shaft splines, sun gear moves unlimited while pinion frame with planet gears and their axles are rigidly fixed on driven shaft. Drive discs of aforesaid multidisc friction coupling is splined with crown gear while drive discs of said coupling are engaged via coupling right side with pinion frame. Centrifugal discs may move apart to contract, via working springs, aforesaid discs. Aforesaid sun gear state ACS comprises minor brake made up of pulley rigidly fitted on sun gear hub and having its braking belt coupled via tie-rids, bell cranks and spring, with crown gear and driver's control lever.EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability.1 dwg

Seven-speed dual clutch transmission with improved arrangement // 2442919
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to multi-speed transmission with double coupling. Transmission is connected to the inlet element of the motor and has outlet distribution mechanism, first and second inlet transmission shafts, first and second intermediate shafts, multiple coplanar set of gears and multiple devices transmitting torsion torque. First and second inlet transmission shafts are supported so that they could rotate in the transmission body with combination of ball and needle bearings. First and second inlet transmission shafts are supported so that they could rotate in the transmission body with multiple support bearings. The devices transmitting the torsion torque include many synchronizing units and double coupling unit. Transmission ensures at least one advantage of back run and many advantages of fore run between inlet and outlet elements.EFFECT: improvement of multi-stage transmission arrangement.23 cl, 2 dwg

Automotive hybrid transmission // 2435086
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: hybrid transmission comprises two planetary gear sets. Planetary gear set elements are coupled with drive engine via two all-purpose electrical machines and, via output links, with torque. Controlled friction couplings couple links of planetary gear sets with housing and between them. First universal electrical machine engages with crown gear of the first planetary gear set and, via first controlled coupling, with input shaft while, via second controlled coupling, it is engaged with pinion frame of secondary planetary gear set. Second planetary gear set crown gear is engaged via third controlled coupling with housing. Second all-purpose electrical machine is directly engaged with sun gear of both planetary gear sets and, via fourth controlled coupling, with housing.EFFECT: improved kinematics.8 dwg

Rectifier of oscillations of high-torque variator of non-friction type // 2409780
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: mechanism consists of oscillating and driven shafts, of variator shaft kinematically tied with oscillating shaft, and of pair of overrunning gear clutches with driving and driven half-clutches. The driving half-clutches are kinematically coupled with the oscillating shaft and rotate multi-directionally; they are made in form of central gears with rim engaging satellites installed on the driven half-clutches; their axles are spring-loaded to stops on the driven half-clutches. Also, the driven half-clutches are attached to the driven shaft. On the driven shaft there is mounted a slider with holders of the satellite axles. The mechanism also consists of a device for release of the satellite axles from the stops at overrunning. The slider is driven form a cam variator mounted on an input shaft.EFFECT: raised efficiency of oscillation rectifier.5 dwg

Automatic drive // 2397387
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: double-row planetary train comprises friction coupling sun gears 3, 10 of the first and second planetary rows and overrunning coupling controlled by screw pressure device operating when moment of resistance to shaft rotation increases to magnitudes that cause engine overloads initiating its failure.EFFECT: increased gear ratio with increasing torque resistance on drive shaft and reduced drive shaft rpm.4 dwg

Gearbox // 2397386
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed gearbox comprises housing, central shaft, bevel gear, main gear, reverse gear, two planetary gears and couplings. Main gear comprises inner gearing wheel engaging with gear. Wheel outer cylindrical surface accommodates shoe with mating cylindrical surface and chamfer that makes wedge gap between interacting surfaces of shoe and wheel. Said shoe is locked by screw arranged so that its geometrical axis divides shoe surface into two unequal parts the greater of which fairs with said chamfer.EFFECT: reduced losses in inner gearing main gear, dimensions and weight.2 dwg

Automatic step-by-step planetary gear box // 2384773
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to motor transport industry and pertains design of automatic step-by-step planetary gear boxes (AGB) used in automatic transmissions of vehicles. The automatic step-by-step gear box consists of a planetary system corresponding to a multi-flow differential mechanism, driver (5) of which with three pairs of linked two-crown satellites is common for the first, second and third planetary rows. Driver (5), crown gear (6) of the first planetary row, crown gear (7) of the second planetary row and sun central gear (4) of the third planetary row are correspondingly connected with casing (10) of the gear box by means of friction brakes (12, 11, 13, 14). Crown gear (8) is an output link of the gear box.EFFECT: additional planetary rows in kinematic design of multi-flow differential mechanism facilitate implementing various versions of design which enhance range of variation of transmission ratio, improve traction-dynamic and fuel-consuming characteristics due to increased number of transmission to 8-12 within the range, increase efficiency of gear box, and expand types of vehicles for equipping them with said gear box.6 cl, 5 dwg

Planetary composite transmission for vehicle // 2382916
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to ground transport equipment and specifically to transmissions for high-speed track-laying machines. Vehicle planetary composite transmission is formed by two planetary transmissions connected in series: range and main. Range transmission (A) consists of two planetary gears with K1 and K2 kinematic characteristics, two friction brakes (10, 11), one lock-up clutch (12) and provides three operation ranges: reverse, low forward gears and high forward gears. Main planetary transmission (B) consists of two planetary gears with K3 and K4 kinematic characteristics, two friction brakes (22, 23), two lock-up clutches (24, 25) and provides four gears of one direction (without reverse). Kinematic characteristics of planetary gears of range and main transmissions are connected by relation K1≅((1+K4)/K4)4≅(1+K3)2. Range splitting of vehicle planetary composite transmission is made by law of geometric progression. Finally, twelve gears are obtained from which eight gears are forward and four gears are reverse with full control of transmission.EFFECT: invention allows providing increase of integral traction power of vehicle, improvement of its acceleration characteristics, improvement of its effectiveness and vehicle rotation in place.2 tbl, 1 dwg

Planetary compound gearbox of vehicle // 2382257
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to terrestrial vehicular equipment, particularly to planetary compound gearbox of high-speed full-track machines, principally with two board gearboxes. Planetary compound gearbox is formed by two concatenated planetary gearboxes: wide-band and main. Wide-band gearbox provides three action ranges: reverse movement, low gear of forward running and top gears of forward running. Main planetary gearbox provides two gears of one direction. Wide-band gearbox is formed by two three-link planetary trains, the first of which provides range of gears of reverse motion, and the second - range of low gears of forward running, one lock-up clutch and two brakes. Kinematic characteristics of planetary trains of wide-band gearbox are related by dependence K1=1+K2, Main gearbox is formed by one basic planetary train with kinematic characteristic K3, by one brake and one lock-up clutch. Kinematic characteristics of planetary trains of wide-band and main boxes are related by dependence K1≅((1+K3)/K3)2. Breakdown of ranges of planetary compound gearbox of vehicle is implemented by geometric progression principle with denominator q≅(l+K3)/K3.EFFECT: there is achieved increasing of maximal integral pulling power and receiving of high breakdown characteristics of machinery at straight line motion.2 tbl, 1 dwg

Vehicle composite planetary gearbox // 2380596
FIELD: automotive industry.SUBSTANCE: two serially coupled planetary gearboxes, i.e. range and main gearboxes form proposed gearbox. Range gearbox consists of two three-link planetary mechanisms, one for reverse gear range and another for lower gear range, one locking coupling and two brakes. Kinematic characteristics of planetary mechanism are related by dependence K1=1+K2. Main gearbox is formed by two planetary mechanisms with kinematic characteristics K3 and K4, two brakes and one locking coupling. Kinematic characteristics of range and main gearboxes are related by K1≅((1+K3)/K3)3 and K4≅((1+K3)/K3)2-1. Ranges of planetary composite gearbox are divided according to geometrical progression with denominator EFFECT: increased traction and improved acceleration.2 tbl, 1 dwg
 
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