Discs and drums for disc brakes (F16D65/12)

Body of friction ring of rail vehicle wheel brake and rail vehicle wheel brake // 2637698
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: body of a friction ring disposed on a rail vehicle wheel disc comprises a friction ring cut from sheet metal and a plurality of attachable elements arranged on the friction ring by means of the permanent connection technology. A rail vehicle wheel brake comprises a rail vehicle wheel having a wheel hub and a wheel rim with a rolling surface. The wheel disc passes between the wheel hub and the wheel rim, and there are the bodies of friction rings on both sides of the wheel disc.EFFECT: simplifying the friction ring manufacture.15 cl, 7 dwg

Electro-mechanical disc brake // 2629822
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: electro-mechanical disc brake consists of a body with a dead recess between central hole and the outside diameter provided with a coil forming magnetic circuit, a spring-loaded anchor disc, a brake disc in the form of a ring and a manual brake release with balls in faceplate holes with a handle. The anchor disc has a vertical end groove from the side of its pressing to the larger end of the stepped bushing and ensuring a guaranteed pressing of its vertical protruding part to the entire surface area of the end face of the stepped bushing due to the adjusting screws. Support disc and pads are made in the form of rings which outer diameter coincides with the outer diameter of the anchor disk, and the power disk is fixed with screws to the rotating part of the wheel along the outer diameter.EFFECT: simplification of brake release device design and improvement of brake reliability.1 dwg
Assembly shaft brake disc // 2628419
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: shaft brake disc contains a hub and two friction rings that are parallel to each other at a distance from each other. Between the friction rings is an insertion element comprising of spokes extending radially outwards in the form of a star, such that the friction rings are joined to the flat sides of the insertion element. The plug-in element has, with a hub, a connection that is a screw connection. The method for manufacturing the shaft brake disc includes the steps of preparing a flat insertion element containing spokes, joining the friction rings on the flat sides of the insertion element, joining the insertion element to the hub and connecting the insertion element to the hub by means of a screw connection.EFFECT: increased resistance to mechanical stress and improved ventilation.17 cl, 6 dwg

Cooling system of braking disc // 2620635
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: cooling a brake disc is formed as a disk body formed in the radial nonintersecting channels separated by partitions. Each radial channel consists of alternating converging and diffusing sections and channel section is designed as a circle, an ellipse or a quadrangle. The length of the diffuser is greater than or equal to the length of confuser site. This provides turbulence in the air flow channels of variable section.EFFECT: cooling efficiency of the brake disc friction surfaces by passive convective heat transfer intensification, which reduces the maximum temperature of heating, protection from premature wear and increased service life of the brake disc.3 cl, 1 tbl, 7 dwg
Composite shaft braking disc // 2611451
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of transport. Shaft composite brake disc comprises hub, on which parallel and at distance from each other two friction rings are located. Between friction rings support pins are arranged to take up pads pressing forces, acting in axial direction. Support pins are made axially symmetrical and have central section and end trunnions. Central section has smaller diameter, than end trunnions.EFFECT: enabling possibility of operation at increased mechanical loads and enabling possibility of good internal ventilation.10 cl, 14 dwg

Rail rolling stock wheel and method of its production // 2595129
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: rail rolling stock wheel comprising body (1) and friction discs (2) installed on it on both sides by means of fasteners. Between contact surface (B) of friction disks (2) and contact surface (A) of body (1) of the wheel there is multilayer coating (7), which on one of the surfaces of phosphate-containing layer (X) material facing contact surface (A) has containing lubricant layer (Y).EFFECT: technical result is reduced wear of the wheel friction disk.15 cl, 3 dwg

Disc brake device for disc brakes // 2595128
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to machine building, specifically to drives for disc brake. Brake disc comprises friction ring, coupling adapter, connection element and circuit. Connection element connects friction ring and coupling adapter. Connector is made to switch from first to second position and is connected by geometrical and/or force closure with zone of circuit on side of friction ring and/or zone of circuit on side of adapter. Geometrical and/or force closure of connecting element with circuit is configured to control. Method of making brake disc comprises steps of making friction ring and connecting adapter, making a connection element, moulding a connection element. Outer diameter of connection element in second position is increased as compared to first position perpendicular to longitudinal axis.EFFECT: higher safety and simplification of device manufacturing.14 cl, 11 dwg

ethod of determining surface areas of metal discs of various power consumption in disc-drum brakes // 2594044
FIELD: machine building. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and can be used in disc-drum brakes, road and construction machines and railway transport. Method of determining surface areas of metal discs with different power consumption within disc-drum brakes consists in the fact that the ratio of radiation coefficients of matte and polished surfaces of solid and self-ventilating discs with intense convective and radiation heat exchange by ambient air flows is determined as ratio of area values of cooled surfaces to heated surface area of circular belt friction of solid disk and ration for self-ventilating disc is based on cubic root of area of cooled surfaces to heated surface area of circular belt friction. EFFECT: possibility of determining the ratio of areas of heated and cooled surfaces of solid and self-ventilating discs with different power consumption depending on their design materials. 1 cl, 18 dwg

Braking device for vehicles and vehicles having such braking device // 2592469
FIELD: machine building. SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to railway transport, particularly to clamping brakes. Braking device has clamping device including two brake levers and connecting part. For separation of braking levers for each of brake lever spring element is provided. Spring element by first end rests on brake lever, and other end is on connecting part or chassis. Each of brake levers forms for spring elements, which is provided for it, protective frame, inside which there is largest part of spring element. One of two braking levers is equipped with adjusting device for adjustment of pretension force of spring element resting on it. Vehicle has chassis and braking device is provided for brake disk. EFFECT: obtained prevention of unilateral adhesion of brake friction pads to disc brake. 10 cl, 10 dwg

Disc brake for vehicle and method for assembly of components thereof // 2587214
FIELD: motor industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automotive industry. Disc brake comprises a rim and a brake hub. Brake hub comprises round base, legs of which pass in radial direction. Rim comprises several fingers. Legs have a stepped configuration, wherein end cap is shaped to form a seat inside finger and forming two branches which are parallel to each other with a space therebetween. Legs have an access opening, having an open U-shape and oriented in same direction. Movement limitation regions consist of lower parts of each initial U-shaped leg, and are oriented so as to maximise bond strength depending on loads caused by braking. Legs have a U-shape, closed on one side by lower part and open at other end. After brake assembly hub and crown are closed around fingers through curvature and plastic deformation of material around finger, while retaining their ability to move in axial direction.EFFECT: higher reliability.7 cl, 21 dwg

Wheel brake discs // 2581635
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, specifically to disks of wheel brakes. Wheel-mounted brake disks are arranged on both sides of a wheel base of a railway wheel and are fastened by through bolts. Bolt head of every through bolt lying in a countersink of one wheel-mounted brake disk and a nut screwed onto through bolt lying in a countersink of other wheel-mounted brake disk, resting either directly or indirectly on bottom of countersink.EFFECT: every countersink has an undercut portion that extends down to bottom.6 cl, 4 dwg

Coupling flange and brake disc assembly // 2581284
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to motor car production. Claimed assembly comprises the flange and disc with the drum. The latter has the outer surface and can house the bearing. The disc is fitted between the bearing and flange. The latter comprises the inner ring coupled with the disc and outer ring coupled with the wheel rim. The flange comprises the intermediate section with the flange through bores. The disc drum outer surface section is arrange radially outside the flange bore end section located radially most inside. The flange-disc assembly is coupled with the bearing by fitting of the wheel rim with flange on the outer ring of coupling flange and by stiff jointing of the rim with said coupling flange. Then, worn-out brake disc is replaced to rule out the detachment of the rim from the coupling flange and the detachment of coupling means for coupling of the bearing flange-disc. Now, the disc is detached from the bearing.EFFECT: better cooling.10 cl, 14 dwg

Disk of disk brake // 2577159
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the machine building, in particular to the disks of the disk brake. The disk of the disk brake contains a brake strip and drum. The drum has connecting flange having the connecting area for the drum connection with the support hub. The drum has edge located radially outside from the area for the drum connection with the hub, and made radially outside from the cavity intended for hub location. The drum has a casing, connecting edge with the brake strip and limiting outside space between the drum and wheel rim, and suitable to create space between the drum and hub. On disk the edge has hole connecting the space between the drum casing and hum with outside surface of the drum. The hole is located radially outside relatively to the cavity for hub, and passes in form of channel in the drum casing. The assembly contains the disk and hub, in which the bearing is installed.EFFECT: assurance of maximum uniform cooling of the entire hub and installed in it bearing.20 cl, 10 dwg
Brake disc for disk brake // 2569863
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: disc brake braking disc comprises braking band made of cast iron containing carbon, silicon, manganese, molybdenum and chromium.EFFECT: higher resistance to mechanical and thermal stress and to corrosion.10 cl

Composite brake disc // 2562664
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly, to automotive disc brakes. This brake disc comprises engaged chamber and brake ring. Brake ring inner toothed profile in engagement zone engages with the brake disc chamber toothed profile. Surfaces of brake disc chamber teeth, brake disc chamber toothed profile and surfaces of brake disc brake ring teeth feature different seats in engagement zone. Brake disc chamber features simple conical shape before engagement process and teeth cutting index diameter increasing in direction of its open end. Method of composite brake disc fabrication consists in that brake disc chamber and brake ring are interconnected. Brake ring inner toothed profile in engagement zone engages with brake disc chamber toothed profile. Brake ring inner toothed profile and/or brake disc chamber toothed profile are subjected to elastic-plastic deformation at engagement process in the zone of appropriate surfaces of teeth.EFFECT: possibility of force closure between brake ring and brake disc.4 cl, 5 dwg

Railway vehicle mounted axle brake disc (versions) // 2562082
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: brake disc comprises hub, rim and circular strap with cylindrical groove made over ID on the rim side connected by tightening elements arranged over concentric circle of their conjugation. Flat ring is fitted between circular strap and rim. In compliance with first version, flat ring acts via round cross-section split ring on the hub taper surface and on the rim cylindrical surface conjugated with said hub. In compliance with second version, flat ring acts via round cross-section split ring on the hub cylindrical surface and on the rim conical surface conjugated with said hub.EFFECT: simplified design, higher reliability of brake operation.6 cl, 4 dwg

Railway car disc brake // 2558413
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, namely, to disc brakes. Brake disc comprises cylindrical hub, friction ring and conical flange connecting said hub with said friction ring. Cylindrical hub defines the central axial and gas axial width and OD. OD surface defines the hub outer perimeter. Friction ring comprises two opposed ring elements each provided with outer braking surface and inner surface. Ring elements are interconnected by multiple ribs extending from inner surface of one ring element to inner surface of the other one. At braking, brake disc flange is subjected to bending stress In compliance with first version, conical flange has inner section connected with said hub, outer section connected with one of two opposed ring elements and radial section connecting inner section with outer section. In compliance with second version, conical flange has inner section connected with said hub, outer section connected with ribs and radial section connecting inner section with outer section. Hub, friction ring and conical flange are made integral of one material to make brake disc comprise single-piece body. In compliance with third version, said hub comprises first and second axial ends to define axial width. Note here that flange inner section is connected with said hub at mid position between first and second axial ends of said flange.EFFECT: ruled out hub expansion radially outward, hence, preserved interference fit of hub and axle.20 cl, 30 dwg

Rotor of brake disk with internal ventilation // 2556269
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the transport machine-building industry, and namely to ventilated disk brake devices. A rotor of a brake disk has the shape of a cylindrical plate with the annular geometry and with a circular symmetry axis for its outside circumference and its inside circumference and has the central hole symmetrical with regard to the axis. The rotor has two parallel ring-shaped disks that are connected to each other by means of repeated rows of ribs. The rotor design of the brake disk is symmetrical with regard to different rotation directions of the brake disk, i.e. symmetrical in a plane passing through the rotation axis of the brake disk and one radius of the cylindrical brake disk. At least 50% of the ribs have an elliptical shape, besides, there is at least one rib having a rounded triangular shape, besides, one of the rounded angles is directed towards the outer circumference of the brake disk, and the side opposite to this angle of the rounded triangle is concave.EFFECT: improving heat transfer efficiency and homogeneous distribution of temperature along the brake disk rotor surface, as well as a possibility of using the brake disk rotor both for the left and the right side of the automobile or another transport vehicle.9 cl, 5 dwg, 2 tbl

Disk for disk brakes // 2549594
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: brake plate of disk is made of the first material intended for braking action applied by shoes to braking surfaces. The plate has expansion for connection with cup. The cup is made capable to be connected with vehicle hub. Connecting plate expansion forms connection with geometrical closure with the cup to transfer braking from the plate to the cup. The cup is made of the second material differing from the first material of the plate. Connection with geometrical closure has spaced along circumference teeth or splines of the plate which extend along axis to be tightly set into the first axial sockets on the cup. Connection has spaced along circumference the eighth teeth of splines of the plate which extend radially along circumference with shift relative the first axial teeth which extend essentially radially and which are made capable to be tightly set in the eighth radial sockets being present on the cup. Disk for disk brake containing braking plate. Method of disk for disk brake manufacturing where braking plate connecting expansion is formed. For braking plate connecting expansion connection with geometrical closure is formed and the eighth teeth or splines of the plate spaced along circumference are determined. Device for manufacturing braking plate for disk brake disk containing matrix for mentioned plate manufacturing. Device for disk manufacturing containing the first half of matrix which in interaction with the second half of the matrix is made capable to accept braking plate in matrix cavity for disk.EFFECT: improved device parameters.16 cl, 30 dwg

Friction disk (versions) // 2549345
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: friction disk contains at metal framework with eight pockets over the outside contour of the framework and eight holes. Holes and grooves alternate over the disk circle, on which the friction pads are secured, on their friction surfaces grooves are made. Under first option on each friction surface of the friction disk from 13 to 24 grooves are made, they are repeated after each 30-15 degrees with arc length between them from 8 to 2 cm. In each pad eight grooves are in the pocket zones, and other are beyond the pocket zones and holes of the framework. Under second option on each friction surface of the friction disk from 13 to 24 grooves are made, they are repeated after each 30-15 degrees with arc length between them from 8 to 2 cm. In each pad eight grooves are in the hole zones, and other are beyond the hole zones and pockets of the framework. Under third option on each friction surface of the friction disk from 13 to 24 grooves are made, they are repeated after each 30-15 degrees with arc length between them from 8 to 2 cm. In each pad eight grooves are in the pocket zones, eight grooves are made in hole zones, and other are beyond zones of pockets and holes of the framework.EFFECT: increased work efficiency of the friction disk due to cooling of the work surfaces of the friction pads as result of effective removal of the wear products, increased service life of the friction disk due to reduced probability of overheating and reduced probability of cracking.3 cl, 3 dwg

Self-venting brake disc // 2548250
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly, to automotive brakes. Brake disc comprises one-piece body composed of friction circular rim and hub transmitting torque to the entire disc. Circular rim comprises multiple grooves arranged radially relative to disc centre. Preset-width section is located in every said groove. Said sections are located in one plane with the other circular rim part so that path from OD edge to ID edge is composed between two parts located between two opposite sides of circular rim. Every said section in every said groove is defined by web to make a continuous circular path.EFFECT: reduced wear of brake souse, simplified design, better heat removal.2 cl, 5 dwg

Brake disc // 2529107
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport engineering. Vented brake disc comprises friction ring composed by two rings separated by webs and bearing part with several connectors connected in circle therewith. Said connectors extend in bearing seats made at said friction ring. Said bearings seats are arranged at friction ring web and spaced from one of said separate rings.EFFECT: better cooling.9 cl, 4 dwg

Brake disc // 2527620
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport engineering. Cooled brake disc comprises friction ring and bearing part with several connection parts embedded therein in circle to extend though bores in friction ring. Bore walls are reamed to have raised structures on their surface extending in direction of connection part displacement in said bores. Surfaces of connection parts are gaged. Connection parts are friction-fitted in said bores.EFFECT: simplified production.10 cl, 2 dwg

Axle brake disc for, particularly, railway vehicle // 2521878
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport engineering. Proposed brake disc comprises friction ring screwed to the hub. Screws penetrate through clamp ring that makes a counter support for screws and abuts on connection flange arranged at friction ring inner circle. Clamp ring and hub can be engaged with geometrical closure. Opposite sides of the hub and clamp ring are provided with appropriate ledges and recesses. Clamp ring stays in friction abutment on friction ring.EFFECT: higher reliability.10 cl, 5 dwg

Railway wheel // 2493017
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: railway wheel comprises body 1 and brake plate 2 attached thereto on both sides by appropriate fasteners. Mid layer 7 high-loaded mechanically and thermally is arranged at appropriate areas abutment of plates 2 to wheel body 1. Every said mid layer 7 is made of sheet of higher strength that that of the wheel body 1 or wheel web 3. Mid layers 7 are made of stainless steel sheet and have polished surface.EFFECT: higher reliability, longer life.16 cl, 5 dwg

Brake disc with central hub part // 2487281
FIELD: motor industry.SUBSTANCE: brake disc is made with a central hub part and a friction ring. The friction ring via spacers connects halves of the friction ring, between which there are air channels of the internal ventilation system. The central hub part of the brake disc and the friction ring are connected with at least one stop element against axial displacements and arranged radially inside the friction ring with the available receiving hole. The friction ring is radially movable in the area of the receiving hole relative to the stop element. The stop element comprises a bushing fixed with a screw on the central hub part of the brake disc, which covers the screw along the external circumference. A vehicle comprising a brake disc is made with a central hub part and a friction ring. The method to install a brake disc on the central hub part includes side displacement of the brake disc onto the wheel flange and insertion of the threaded pin from inside into through holes of the wheel flange. Then the threaded pin is fixed into slots of the wheel flange. Afterwards the threaded pin is introduced from outside into through holes of the friction ring and are screwed together with threaded pins.EFFECT: stable kinematic closure between a friction ring and a central hub part of a brake disc, improved heat removal from a friction ring during brake disc operation.12 cl, 3 dwg

Coupler for connecting brake disk with hub and method of installation // 2472048
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: coupler is made of stainless material and intended to be installed between side surface of cutout and adjacent side surface of projection which interacts with cutout. The coupler contains two mutually adjacent layers which are connected with each other and can separate by means of relative motion in axial direction between layers only. The hub contains couplers for brake disk installation. Vehicle has disk brake which contains hub-mounted brake disk. The brake disk is mounted on the hub using couplers. Method of mounting brake disk on hub consists in installation of disk brake on hub using spline joint with cutouts and projections and a coupler which is inserted between side surface of cutout and adjacent side surface of projection interacting with the cutout.EFFECT: simplification of brake disk on mounting on/removing from hub.17 cl, 13 dwg

System containing hub assembly and brake disk // 2467220
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport machine building, particularly, to vehicle braking systems. The system contains hub assembly and brake disk. Internal radial peripheral surface of brake disk is provided with grooves directed radially outside. Hub assembly is provided with protruding elements intended to interact with the mentioned grooves in brake disk. Also, the system contains two intermediate elements to transfer torque moment and energy between hub assembly and brake disk. Intermediate elements partially protrude into grooves in brake disk so that one end of intermediate element protrudes into groove and the other end of intermediate element protrudes into adjacent groove. Ends of intermediate element are also integrated by base area which rests on inner axial side surface of brake disk during brake disk installation on hub assembly.EFFECT: simplification of brake disk removal from hub assembly and reduction of heat transfer between brake disk and hub assembly.12 cl, 5 dwg

otorcycle brake disc rotor // 2454577
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: rotor represents ring-shaped body having opposite lying friction ring-shaped surfaces, radially external and internal side surfaces and ring-shaped body. Ring-shaped body consists of two parts pre-made separately from each other and layers rigidly attached to each other. Rotor has inner through cooling channels of ring-shaped body. Inner through cooling channels pass from radially external side surface to radially internal side surface. Inner through cooling channels are intended to cool ring-shaped body from inside.EFFECT: improvement of cooling of motorcycle brake disc rotor, reduction of its weight and moment of inertia, and increase in cooling speed of brake disc rotor.13 cl, 5 dwg

Automotive ventilated brake disk, particularly, to industrial-purpose vehicles // 2438049
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: ventilated brake disk comprises two friction rings spaced apart to form preset-width annular gap. Friction rings are jointed together by multiple connecting crossarms arranged in said annular gap. Flow directing element is arranged in said annular gap to create turbulent flow and/or to influence airflow rate in said gap, and/or air flow speed in said gap. Friction rings to form radial ledge on one of said friction rings that makes said flow directing element feature different inner diameters. Smaller-diameter inner diameter friction ring that forms radial ledge features shape similar with that of the vane. Some swirlers made up by swirlers several spaced along the circle adjoin directly the similar-geometry vane.EFFECT: higher efficiency cooling of brake disk.30 cl, 7 dwg

Hub device for disk brake, brake disk and transport facility // 2433921
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building. Hub device 1 for disk brake 2 may be attached by attachment section 6 to transport facility wheel and has multiple keys 7 to retain brake disk on hub circumference. Brake disk has central bore with axial grooves to engage with said keys. Every key 7 has section 8 extending from attachment section 6 to form clearance between them and outer surface 10 of shell edge 11 (opposed to said attachment section) of thrust bearing 12 (resting on attachment section) of hub device 1 with its extending sections intended for retaining brake disk 2.EFFECT: decreased hub heating and lower costs.15 cl, 6 dwg

Disk brake with perfect resistance to softening and with impact resilience // 2417272
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: disk is manufactured out of martensite steel with preceding austenite grains of medium diametre from 8 mcm to less, than 15 mcm and containing in wt %: 0.1% or less C, 1.0% or less Si, 2.0% or less Mn, from 10.5% to 15.0% Cr, 0.1% or less N and from 0.02 to 0.6% Nb, the rest is Fe and unavoidable impurities. Additionally steel can contain at least one of the following components in wt %: 0.01%-0.5% Cu, 0.01%-2.0% Mo, 0.10%-2.0% Ni, 0.01%-1.0% Co, 0.02%-0.3% Ti, 0.02%-0.3% V, 0.02%-0.3% Zr, 0.02%-0.3% Ta, 0.0005%-0.0050% B and 0.0005%-0.0050% Ca. Hardness of the disk is 27 HRC or more after tempering at temperature 600C during one hour and impact resilience by Sharpi 50 J/cm2 or more.EFFECT: raised hardness and impact resilience of disk.9 cl, 1 dwg, 4 tbl, 1 ex

Braking assembly // 2416046
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed braking assembly comprises electromagnet, brake spring and braking plates. One of the latter is rigidly fitted on the shaft while another one moves only axially. Braking and stop locking are performed by braking plates with their contact surfaces representing radially arranged teeth. Profile of teeth on one plate matches that of grooves on opposite plate.EFFECT: reduced weight and sizes, higher reliability and longer life.3 dwg

Braking element support // 2409775
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: braking device for canvas blind drive comprises support element, friction braking element and coupling ring. Support element has mounting seat wherefrom braking element extends. Braking element can displace between first position whereat it stays in surface contact with clamping ring and second position braking element and clamping ring are spaced apart. Braking element and support are provided with locking appliance to retain the former locked on the latter. Locking appliance represents a convex zone of mounting seat edge that surrounds braking element perimetre. Said convex zone is directed towards the support center. Canvas blind drive comprises aforesaid braking device.EFFECT: higher drive efficiency.7 cl, 7 dwg

ethod of manufacturing ring fibre element // 2405074
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: machine containing the device for the filing the first fibre cloth and placing it on the ring bearing alternately in one direction and in the opposite direction between coaxial circular outer ring and inner-ring, located on each side of the ring supports, to form a transverse first ring canvas. Also the device contains elements to hold cross-ring canvas on the outer and inner ring, a unit for second fibre canvas feeding on the ring support and its installation in the circumferential direction between the outer and inner rings to form a circular second ring of the canvas, a unit for linking and cross-county circular canvases with each other, and a device for driving cross-county and circular canvases to rotate around the axis of the outer and inner rings.EFFECT: reduction of textile operations and waste production, reduction of production cost.22 cl, 2 ex, 2 tbl, 19 dwg

Guide device for concentric alignment of brake plate with wheel hub // 2401954
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: in compliance with the first version, guide device comprises hub flange and plate flange. Hub flange has assemblage of plate mounting orifices, plate guide surface and plate mounting surface. Plate mounting orifices are arranged between guide surface and hub axle. Plate flange has hub mounting surface and multiple orifices for jointing to the hub. Plate guide surface engages with hub guide surface to align concentrically the plate with the hub, plate sleeve and plate flange that runs radially outward from the sleeve. Orifices for jointing to the hub are arranged between hub guide surface and sleeve. In compliance with the second version, guide device comprises encased wheel hub, hub axle and flange with lug, and plate. Hub flange is made on hub case. Hub flange has plate guide surface and outer edge. Plate has sleeve and flange running radially. Plate is attached to wheel hub. Plate flange comprises hub guide surface and outer edge. Note here that hub guide surface can interact with plate guide surface to align hub concentrically with plate in assembly. Plate flange is attached to hub flange by fasteners. Plate guide surface is made on lug for female coupling with hub guide surface.EFFECT: lower mechanical strain and longer fatigue life.15 cl, 7 dwg

Brake vented disk // 2370683
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: brake disk comprises flange or splines for it to be attached to wheel hub, working surfaces to interact with brake liners and vent channels. The latter are arranged between working surfaces. Vent channel width A and disk thickness B are selected to satisfy the relationship A/B>0.38.EFFECT: higher efficiency of cooling, reduced wear, longer life; stable braking.1 dwg

Brake disk // 2370682
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: brake disk comprises flange or splines for it to be attached to wheel hub, working surfaces to interact with brake liners and vent channels. The latter are arranged between the working surfaces. Transition radius of surfaces that make vent channels exceeds four millimetres.EFFECT: higher efficiency of braking, reduced coefficient of friction.1 dwg

Brake disk // 2362922
FIELD: automotive industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, namely, to disk brakes. Proposed brake disk is made in cast iron and represents a sliding disk of the disk-type brake. Proposed disk comprises outer edges, inner edges and alternating teeth and gaps along the said inner edges. Note here that it incorporates means designed to reduce fracture formation caused by irregular characteristics of the brake disk elongation. The disk features zones with reduced material thickness in every tooth, as compared with that along the radius outside the gaps between teeth, and has no similar thickness reduction on gaps between teeth. Aforesaid material thickness reduction zones formed in disk casting are located in transition between teeth and main part of brake disk, and pass partially along imaginary circumference with radius of the gap lower parts. Aforesaid zones represent either zones not forming through holes, or zones representing axial openings or holes. Arc-like transition parts with adjacent teeth and or rectilinear or almost rectilinear part between the said transition parts form lower part of every gap. Each transition part features radius R, while rectilinear part length is smaller than 1.5R.EFFECT: reduced risks of fracture formation, higher strength.10 cl, 3 dwg

Clasp brake and spreader bar // 2351815
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to clasp brakes. The propose clasp brake incorporates a caliper enveloping one or more brake plates, a hub or a part linked up wit the hub. Spreader bars are arranged between the brake disk and hub or the part linked up wit the hub. The spreader bars are arranged to prevent contact between brake plate spline end faces and the hub spline end faces, or the part jointed to the hub, at whatever radial shift of the brake plate relative to the hub or the part jointed thereto. At least, one part of the spreader bar features such sizes and rigidity relative to the brake plate, hub or part splines that, at whatever radial shifts of the brake plate to the hub or part jointed thereto, all radial forces are transmitted from the brake plate to the hub or the part jointed to it only via, at least, one part of the spreader bar. The sizes are selected so as to provide a contact between the brake plate spline end faces those of the hub or the part jointed thereto in rotary engagement between the brake plate and hub or the part jointed thereto to transmit rotary motion in braking.EFFECT: damping radial impacts or radial shifts between brake plate and hub, particularly, between end faces of appropriate splines.13 cl, 9 dwg

Clasp brake and brake disk for it // 2349808
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: clasp brake incorporates a caliper with one or more brake-shoe linings surrounding one or more brake disks. One of the brake disks slides on over the central part representing a hub, sleeve or the like part. The said central part is fitted on the wheel axle or the like part. The disks are coupled with the central part with the help of teeth, splines or the like parts so the disks cannot rotate but are fitted to slide on along the axle. The contact parts of the teeth or the like parts of at least one disk and/or of the central part feature an arc-like shape if seen along the wheel axle. The contact parts represent the parts of the teeth surfaces to be engaged with each other with the brake released. The said contact parts of every tooth and/or spline of the said central part feature the arc-like shape with the total arc length exceeding 360°/Z, and preferably larger than 2(360°/Z), where Z is the number of teeth of the disk and central part respectively.EFFECT: reduced noise and vibration with brake released, higher wear resistance in interface between brake disks and central part.15 cl, 13 dwg

Brake disk // 2277192
FIELD: mechanical engineering; vehicle multiple-disk brakes.SUBSTANCE: proposed brake disk contains friction member made of carbon composition with rectangular slots uniformly spaced over circumference in each of which two metal U-shaped load-bearing clamp-like inserts are fitted. Each such clamp engages by walls with side surface of slot and end face surfaces of friction member, being secured on disk by rivets. At least two vertical cuts pointed to each other and displaced relative to each other are made in each clamp on walls in contact with end face surfaces of friction member. Cuts are made to provide elastic deformation of clamp and its mounting on friction member with preload to guarantee locking of clamp to prevent its turning relative to axis of rivet.EFFECT: improved reliability and increased service life of disk owing to prevention of destruction of friction member made of monocarbon under action of thermal, power and vibration loads.3 dwg

Disk brake // 2269695
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: disk brake comprises support that is rigidly connected to the brake and embraces one or more brake disks, at least one stop plate, and set of braking linings. The brake disks are mounted on the rotating hub without permitting rotation with respect to the hub and for permitting movement in the axial direction with respect to the hub by means of springs for transmitting brake moment from the brake disk to the hub. The braking linings are mounted for permitting movement in the axial direction inside the support that undergoes loading on the brake linings. The support has an opening through which the brake lining can be inserted or removed.EFFECT: enhanced reliability.13 cl, 15 dwg

Damping rotor for disk brake // 2260725
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: surface of the rotor is subjected to electric-spark grinding or electro-erosion treatment. The part of the rotor of the braking mechanism to be treated by electro-erosion is made of a conducting material, preferably of ferrous metal, iron, and gray cast iron. The braking disk of the rotor is solid or ventilated.EFFECT: enhanced reliability.60 cl, 4 dwg

Disc for clasp brake // 2260151
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: disc has assembly bulge for fastening to nave of transportation vehicle wheel and back band connected with bulge and having opposite surfaces of braking to provide interaction with brackets of brake's support to have an breaking effect onto transportation vehicle. At least one braking surface has at least one pair of channels, which have to be reflectively symmetrical to radius of disc. Channels pass in such a manner to embrace the whole thickness of back band, which intends for interaction with brackets. Continuity of each channel is provided along its total length. All four channels of at least one pair of channels pass the route which has at least one straight part and one curved part. Each channel of any pair of channels has at least a part of its route, which is located close to inner edge of back band and is oriented at radial direction mainly. Moreover mentioned channels of at least one pair of channels do not cross each other. All four channels pass the route without being damaged. Any channel passes the route from head or inner end to tail or inner end. The end mentioned is closed with dead edge where side walls of channel connect to each other.EFFECT: improved efficiency of operation; improved reliability of operation of baking system.27 cl, 7 dwg

Ventilated disk for disk brake // 2253057
FIELD: transport mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: ventilated disk comprises friction ways connected with the bearing hub of the disk through connecting members made of studs distributed over the periphery of the bearing hub of the disk. One end of the stud is provided with a gripping device embedded in the material of the friction way. The opposite end of the stud is made of an insert which slides in axial direction in the material of the bearing hub of the disk. The friction ways and bearing hub of the disk are cast with the use of the common casting rod with studs.EFFECT: improved performance.7 cl, 7 dwg

Brake disc // 2241875
The invention relates to the field of transport engineering and can be used in disc brakes of aircraft wheels

Carbon-carbon composite material and a way to increase its resistance to oxidation // 2240991
The invention relates to the production of composite materials obtained by impregnating a carbon/carbon materials used in areas where there are high temperatures, for example for the manufacture of brakes for aircraft

Brake disc // 2237203
The invention relates to the field of engineering, in particular to the brake disks made of composite material based on carbon

An alloy of iron (options) and method thereof // 2216604
The invention relates to ferrous metallurgy and can be used in the disc brake device of the cars and other vehicles