Adaptations of machines or engines for special use and combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus and power stations or aggregates (F03B13)

F03B13                 Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus (if the apparatus aspects are predominant, see the relevant places for such apparatus, e.g. h02k0007180000); power stations or aggregates (hydraulic-engineering aspects e02b; incorporating only machines or engines of positive-displacement type f03c)(1079)

Free-stream turbine with flow energy concentrator and hydraulic unit with such turbine // 2642717
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: in the opening of the supporting frame (1) a rotating rotor with paddles (4) attached to its shaft (2) is installed. Flow energy concentrator is designed as two partitions (6) of aperture, the ends (7) of which adjoin with clearance (8) to the cylindrical surface (9), swept by blades (4) when the rotor is rotating. In the partitions along the ends (7), on one or both sides of the opening of the frame (1), grooves (10) of the rounded profile are formed.EFFECT: increase in the coefficient of utilisation of the flow kinetic energy and increase in the cost-effectiveness of material on the concentration of free-flow energy.7 cl, 3 dwg

Device for desalination of sea water // 2642658
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device for desalination of sea water includes a body located inside and fixed on the frame structure with a suction valve, and a valve for discharging concentrate by a plunger pump, the movement of vertically arranged plunger working on reverse osmosis principle and containing a coiled flexible material that is twisted in shape of cylindrical pipe which is a reverse osmosis membrane, to the lower position passing beyond the limits of the body under the action of its weight, and lifting to the upper position is performed by a flexible coupling, one end of the lifting device is connected to the lower end of the plunger, and at the other end connected to a source of unidirectional intermittent motion in the form of sea wave energy converter.EFFECT: simplified design and improved reliability.8 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of operation of hydro-electric turbine system // 2641804
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: method comprises the following steps: place a turbine 12 on the seabed in a zone of a reservoir prone to tidal actions; lay an electrical cable for transferring electrical energy from the turbine 12 to a remote location; provide the possibility of rotation of the turbine 12 and the generation of electrical energy due to the energy of the tidal flow of water passing through the turbine 12; and before electric connection of the cable to the turbine 12 absorb electric energy by the load unit 16. The unit 16 is electrically connected to the turbine 12. The unit 16 is installed in the hydro-electric turbine system 10.EFFECT: simplification of installation of the hydro-electric turbine system in the reservoir prone to tidal actions.9 cl, 6 dwg

Small hydro power plant // 2639239
FIELD: electricity-producing industry.SUBSTANCE: small hydro power plant comprises the upper main accumulation pool, which is connected to the river bed and is attached to the retention basin inlet by dint of the head conduit through the control gate of the upper circuit and through the orthogonal hydro turbine, which is located at the turbine pit. The retention basin is attached to the river bed below the upper main accumulation pool inlet through the suction pipe, the turbine pit with the orthogonal hydro turbine and the lower circuit control gate. The orthogonal hydro turbine is attached to the consuming electrical network, and the control gates of the upper and lower circuit are linked to the gate-operating gear. The upper main pool and the retention basin represent the interconnected vessels.EFFECT: providing the generation of the constant electric energy, that is superior to the influx consumption, in case of the operating expenses in the turbine pit.3 cl, 1 dwg

Damless inertial hydroelectric power plant // 2637771
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: damless inertia hydroelectric power station contains a frame. Inside the frame there is a water wheel with a partial immersion in the passing stream of water, on the axis of which there is a hub. The hub is fixed to the bearing assemblies mounted on the frame, and is kinematically connected to the flywheel. The flywheel is a hollow wheel containing a neck for filling/draining a liquid, and inside it is divided into sections by partitions with holes for water overflow between the staggered sections. The flywheel is rigidly mechanically connected to the electric generator, which performs the function of the electrodynamic brake for the flywheel. The hydroelectric power station also contains a flywheel speed sensor, a relay unit connected to the flywheel speed sensor, and a mean for withdrawal the generated electricity.EFFECT: increase in power, expansion of the field of application and increase in reliability.10 cl, 4 dwg
Converter of external kinetic energy into electricity // 2637529
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: converter is made to convert the wave energy into electric power and comprises a stator with turns of the electrical winding 4 provided with contact terminals 5 and a rotor 9 of a linear generator. The stator comprises a support frame 1 provided with a through longitudinal groove 2, on one side of which the magnetic system 3 of the stator with the winding 4 is fixed. In the opening of the groove 2 an elastic plate 6 is installed, one end of which is rigidly connected to frame 1 and at its loose end the rotor 9 is fixed, made in the form of a magnetic body, arranged with a working gap relative to the surface of the stator with possibility of reciprocating displacement relative to it through the groove 2. The plate 6 is made with an eigenfrequency of resonant oscillations of a greater frequency of water oscillations in the waves and faces their flow with one side.EFFECT: increased output power and simplified design of the device.5 cl, 4 dwg

Shaftless straight-flow hydraulic turbine // 2637280
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: shaftless straight-flow hydraulic turbine includes an impeller, a rim enclosing the ends of impeller blades, a rotor of generator with poles comprising one unit with the rim, a generator stator, a seal on the two sides of the rim. The rim with the rotor and the generator stator are enclosed in a chamber. The chamber has an inlet for compressed air supply with possibility of its feed adjustment, an inlet for pressure sensor in the chamber, a water flow pressure sensor located on the generator chamber. Ends of the rim are provided with circular concentric ridges. An air channel between the impeller rim and the turbine flow part is filled with porous material in form of cellular seals.EFFECT: improved reliability of shaftless straight-flow hydraulic turbine design.2 dwg

River damless hydroelectric power plant with stepped concentrator and vertical bucket longline hydroturbine // 2636971
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: technical solution consists in artificial narrowing by a ground bridge of a river bed and creating concentration of kinetic energy of the water flow and in further using a vertical bucket longline hydroturbine in work. The hydroelectric power plant consists of a hydroturbine, generator, transformer, auxiliary and other equipment. Artificial narrowing of the river bed is achieved by a ground jumper and a water intake (1) in the form of a truncated cone or a prism shape . A turbine pipeline is connected to the water intake (1) with intermediate concentrators (2) in the form of a truncated cone shape. The water flow, passing through the turbine pipeline with concentrators (2), enters the distributors and further into the nozzles of the hydroturbine through the outlets and has the velocity and kinetic energy necessary to ensure the operation of the vertical bucket longline hydroturbine of the installed capacity. To prevent the entry of floating waste, wood and other wastes into the turbine pipeline, protective barriers (3) are installed in front of the water intake of the turbine pipeline in the form of gratings, grids, etc. preventing the waste penetration into the turbine pipeline. To ensure the fish passage to spawn, a bypass (4) with basis of spandrel is installed parallel to the turbine pipeline, through which the fish during the spawning season passes through the HPP. A fish-farm can be placed on the bypass. The inlet of the bypass is covered by shields or other devices, the normal position of which is closed, and they are opened only for the period of the fish passage during spawning.EFFECT: increasing the speed of water flow ensures the operation of a HPP year-round, there will be no negative impact on the environment.2 dwg

inipower plant // 2635750
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: minipower plant refers to mechanical engineering, in the part of the mass electrification of agriculture and the life of the rural population living along banks of mountain rivers with large slopes and low water costs. The mini-power plant contains a tank, a water supply channel, an internal cavity, a vertical shaft connected with a clutch to an electric generator drive, and outlet channels with regulators for changing the outlet. The tank consists of a shell of a bottom and a cover, which have a bolted connection to the shell, the inner cavity is the space between the pipe and the shaft in the form of Archimedean screw fixedly connected to each other, the cavity is bounded by the bottom, the plane of which is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the screw and connected to the bottom of the tank by a rotational kinematic pair, below the shell of the tank has windows, and from the cavity, with respect to its external surface, the drainage channels in the form of grottoes, are horizontally extended, and based on the continuation of the bottom of the inner cavity, between the shell of the tank and the surface of the cavity there is a gap sufficient for free rotation of the cavity with the drainage channels relative to the tank.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency and simplifying the design of the minipower plant.5 cl, 8 dwg

Well electric power plant // 2633981
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: well electric power plant is the shaft well with water and the repair well, it also contains the telescopic float, the upper part of which has spring-loaded flaps, and the lower one has the explosive charge and the cable, integrated with the power generating device: drum, brakes, reducers and generators, and also contains the pipe located outside the well with the opening sharp end, designed for opening the spring-loaded flaps of the float, discharge of explosive gases from it and throwing the new explosive charge into it.EFFECT: expansion of functionality.1 dwg
Tidal power plant power module // 2633497
FIELD: electricity-producing industry.SUBSTANCE: tidal power plant power module comprises at a minimum one pair of tanks 10 that are linked to each other by the flexure link, which is connected to the drive that provides the electric generator shaft movement. The module has one upper open from the top for the water entry from the outside and one closed lower pools 2 and 1 that are linked to the mine 5. The mine 5 cuts off the interior space from the external environment and has vertical guides 6 suitable for the tanks 10 periodic reciprocating motion along the guides. The pool 2 is located in such a way that it provides the tanks 10 water admission through the drainage holes that are fitted with the sealed with regard to the pool 2 shutoff locking device suitable for its movement in the vertical plane.EFFECT: invention allows to receive the environmentally friendly electric energy through the use of the affluxions with the elimination of the interruption of the power supply into the electric power system and with the efficiency factor increase.8 cl, 7 dwg, 1 tbl

Wave energy generator and method of energy generation // 2633328
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: wave energy generator contains a floating body intended for swimming in a mass of water. The electric machine (103) disposed in the body has an anchor and a field source, wherein the machine (103) has a fixed part connected to the body and a movable part. The counterweight assembly (104) is movable in the body and comprises a movable part of the machine (103). The relative movement of the counterweight unit and the stationary part of the machine (103) generates electrical energy. The energy storage device (400) stores the energy generated by the machine (103). The control system (200) determines a bi-directional energy flow between the power storage device and the armature. The energy returns to the machine (103) to drive the counterweight assembly antisymmetrically to the body movement.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency in generating energy.23 cl, 21 dwg

Rotary machine // 2632737
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: rotary machine includes a stator 1, a cylindrical rotor 2 arranged therein and filled with liquid for rotation thereof with the same angular velocity as the rotor 2. A through reactive port 6 is made in lower part of the rotor 2 on cylindrical surface for rotation of rotor due to energy of liquid, outflowing from the port 6. In upper end wall 8 of the rotor, there is a suction port 9 which is connected in series by means of manifold 10 and adjustable valve 11 with a liquid supply source 13 located above. In the lower part of the stator 1, there is the same adjustable drain valve 16.EFFECT: providing serviceability of the rotary machine and expansion of its technical possibilities.3 dwg

Water mill and method of production of electricity by this device // 2632067
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: mill comprises a water guide with at least one flow channel 54a in which at least two blade wheels 67a1 and 67a2 having a rotational shaft 68a1 and 68a2, respectively, oriented in a working state perpendicular to the direction of flow, and at least three blades, and means for transferring the rotational motion of the shafts 68a1 and 68a2 to the generator. Each blade comprises lamellas adapted to pivot about a pivot axis extending parallel to the shafts 68a1 and 68a2. The axis of rotation of each lamella is located on one long side of the corresponding lamellae or near it. The swivel motion of the lamellae is hampered by restrictive means when the corresponding blade is moved along with the flow. The lamellas are freely rotatable when the corresponding blade is moved against the direction of flow. The lamellas are in the form of a drop. The wheels 67a1 and 67a2 are formed in the channel 54a one after the other. The water supply area is funnel-shaped, tapering towards the channel 54a.EFFECT: ensuring the effective conversion of water flow into electricity.26 cl, 10 dwg

Hydraulic power unit // 2631474
FIELD: electricity-producing industry.SUBSTANCE: hydraulic power unit comprises a body 1 in the form of two chambers 17, 18 with the inlet and outlet ports 19-22 with the hatches 23-26, the floats 30, 31 that are housed within the chambers 17, 18, an accumulator tank 8, an operating main line 4, a cranked axle 37 with piston rods that are linked to the floats 30, 31. The unit is placed in parallel with the river bed or the channel, which is divided by the longitudinal baffle 3 into the operating and emergency main lines 4, 6 with dampers 5, 7. The tank 8 is formed in main line 4. The main line 6 is attached to the bypass line 9. The ports 19-22 are placed against each other suitable for connection with lines 4 and 9. The unit is equipped with the motor drives 41-44 that are fixed above the ports 19-22, the shaft of each of the drives is supplied with the drum 45, which is connected to the relevant hatch by the wire rope 46, and is equipped with the floating switches 48, 49 of the motor drives 41-44 and with the rod forked switches. The motor drives 41-44 are linked to the oscillator, which is connected to the shaft 37 with the gear unit.EFFECT: enhancement of unit operating efficiency, unit performance reliability and construction simplification of the hatches lift and drop headgear.2 cl, 3 dwg
Energy conversion device // 2631349
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: energy conversion device comprises a drive shaft (10), a transfer shaft (20), a power shaft (30), the first (13, 31) and the second (23, 31) input devices. In addition, the composition includes the first tension force transmitting element (40) and an energy storage unit. The energy storage unit may be constructed using the second force-transmitting tension element (50) and a spring (51) or weight (52).EFFECT: energy transfer stability.11 cl, 5 dwg

Hydrostorage system // 2629350
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: hydrostorage system includes working mechanisms that transform movements of various nature into operation of individual high pressure pumps pumping water from natural reservoir into impoundment at a level higher than the level of the natural reservoir, as well as a device for converting pressure of water flowing via water pipeline from the impoundment into consumption energy for production of useful work. The system is equipped with tanks placed on the bottom of the impoundment and communicated with pumps that are capable of pumping high pressure water into said tanks and which are equipped with pressure accumulators to normalize the pressure therein and a buffer tank at the bottom of the water pipeline located below the impoundment and above the level of natural reservoir and equipped with pressure accumulators to protect water pipeline and working mechanisms for pressure take-off from the hydralic impact.EFFECT: increased operational reliability and energy efficiency.2 dwg

Hydroelectric power generator // 2628942
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: hydroelectric power generator contains a main and an auxiliary wave generators, wave power stations of the float type connected to a single power system, and a hydroelectric power processing and accumulating unit. The auxiliary generator is made in the form of a pendulum, the axis of which is built into the pillar support. On the long arm of the pendulum, a container with a liquid is fixed, for example with alcohol, and at the end of the short arm a rod is attached, connected with a ratchet mechanism for converting the reciprocating motion of the pendulum into a one-sided forward rotation of the star wheel shaft of the main wave generator. A container of water intake from the reservoir is fixed to each ray of the star wheel. The main wave generator is provided with a lock chamber for water discharge to generate wave processes on the surface of the reservoir. The receipt of hydroelectric power is provided by creating wave processes on the surface of the reservoir and by converting the vibration energy of the floats into electricity.EFFECT: achieving a higher power of the hydroelectric power station by introducing an auxiliary wave generator, as a result of which the energy generated by the wave power plants is completely supplied to the power storage unit, the installation of an additional current generator in the lock chamber of the main wave generator, operating from the mechanical energy of water discharge.2 cl, 3 dwg

Floating coastal hydro-wave power plant // 2626188
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: floating coastal hydro-wave power plant that uses the energy of its body (1) rolling by waves and wind, contains cargoes (2) moving relative to the body (1), kinematically connected to the shafts of the electric generator rotors, to which end the cargo (2) bases are made along a circle arc and have the possibility of arc moving in the body (1). Cargo (2) is freely installed along and/or across the axis of the body (1) by its lateral cylindrical surfaces on parallel to them supporting rollers (5) with the possibility of the cargoes (2) stable orientation to the Earth's center in a vertical plane and their free rotation along the arch of their base when rolling the body (1) by waves and wind. The support rollers (5) are kinematically connected with the rotors and stators of the electric generators.EFFECT: providing effective power removal with a wide range of parameters and wave energy.25 cl, 22 dwg

ethod of obtaining electric power in operation of injection and development wells // 2623318
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: hydraulic motor and a power generator connected to it through a shaft are lowered on a suspension into the production string of the injection or development well down to a level below the static level of the fluid. The annular space between the bodies of the hydraulic motor and the power generator and the production string are closed by a packer. When the level in the well is increased or lowered by injecting or removing fluid out of the well, due to the fact that the dynamic level always tends to static, the fluid will drive the hydraulic motor and the power generator generating power supplied to the wellhead through an electric cable.EFFECT: reduction of energy costs and increased efficiency.2 cl, 2 dwg

Reactive hydroturbine // 2622685
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: reactive turbine consists of a lower shell, which is connected to the upper hull, a pipe line fixed to the lower hull, a hydraulic manifold, made in the form of a sealed chamber with blades of the first turbine. Inside the pipe there was pressed a copper pipe with a helicoidal thread, flared over its ends. In the upper part of the pipe, a slot nozzle is fixedly fixed, made in the form of a cylinder with rectangular slots in the upper part of the lateral surface of the cylinder. The nozzles and blades of the turbine of the rotor form a second turbine. The hydraulic collector with the power take-off shaft, the shaft, the cone surface of the rotor, the pipes, the supply nozzles, the second turbine form the turbine rotor. Pipes intended for supplying liquid are made with a helicoidal thread and fixed to the conical surface of the rotor during the rotation of the turbine rotor. The nozzles of the second turbine are rotatably mounted together with the turbine rotor.EFFECT: increase of energy efficiency of reactive water turbine.1 dwg

Run-of-river microhydro power plant // 2619966
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended to provide the electrical power to the small settlements, camps of geologists, hunters, fishermen, logging companies, by conversion the river channel flows power into electrical power. Run-of-river microhydro power plant (microPP) includes a body 1 in the form of the cylindrical shell, consisting of two halves - the turbine 5 with the blades 7 and the engine room with the generator 27, closed from the ends by the non-rotating pull heads 2 and 3, connected rigidly by bolts 35 with circular heads 37 for the anchor rods 38 with delimiters. The axial turbine 5 is installed at the through hollow axle 4, having the internal thread at the ends for locked bolts 35.EFFECT: invention is directed to the development of the compact with simplified cylindrical body reliable microhydroPP for uninterrupted power supply to consumers.4 cl, 5 dwg

Gas-waterjet drive of wave power plant // 2619670
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to marine power engineering and is intended for producing electric energy from sea waves. Gas-waterjet drive of a wave power plant includes inlet convergent nozzle 10, channel-pipe 12, gas supply pipe 13, device for supply and increasing the rate of air. Drive is equipped with a module-pontoon, which includes at least four gas-waterjet drives, each of which comprises an inlet grate, output knee 21, multiplier 18, electric generator 17 and rotor 16, which is arranged in the cavity of channel-pipe 12. Device for supply and increasing the rate of air is made in the form of chamber 14 coaxially placed around channel-pipe 12, in which there are holes 15 for passage of the atmospheric air. Rotor 16 is made in the form of a hollow screw pipe of rectangular cross section with horizontal shaft 20, from which the torque is transmitted to multiplier 18 increasing the RPM of electric generator 17.EFFECT: invention is aimed at the increase of power generation from a renewable energy source - sea waves and maintaining viability of hydrobionts.4 cl, 4 dwg
Navigation buoy with integrated power plant // 2617607
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: navigational buoy is proposed having streamlined sealed body divided into compartments, light-optical LED equipment located at the head of the body, solar power plant, consisting of a light-optical device, an autonomous power supply (battery) and rechargeable energy device with a mechanism to connect it to this source that converts thermal sun energy into electrical energy and placed inside the solar concentrator whose functions are performed by optical device based on a Fresnel lens, wave power plant, mounted inside the housing comprising a cylindrical container with a stator of a linear electric generator, on the axis of which the rod is moving in the guides; on the rod, the rotor with permanent magnets of the linear electric generator is mounted; at the end of the rod, a stabilizing ballast is installed, made hollow in the form of a float, the stator winding is connected to the charger input, the output of which is connected to the battery from which the light-optical equipment energised. One more solar power plant is introduced, made in the form of a sphere mounted on the perimeter of the LED emitter and connected to the battery.EFFECT: increases capacity of the navigational buoy power plant, simplified structure.1 dwg

Hydro-electric power-plant // 2617369
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: hydro-electric power plant contains mounted on the displacement base two hydraulic turbines 1, placed symmetrically about the longitudinal axis 4, along which its axis of rotation 3 is oriented, made with ability of reverse rotation, kinematically connected to the electric generator 5, the anchor device 6, ballast tanks 7. The rotors 2 of hydraulic turbines 1 are provided with screws 9 of variable pitch, the blades of which are arranged with ability of forced rotation. Displacement base is made streamlined. Along the longitudinal sides of the base the wells 12 are made. The hydraulic turbines 1 are installed at the ends of the towers 13, the second ends of which are provided with ballast 14. The towers 13 are passed through the wells 12 and mounted on the horizontal axis 15, with ability to swing in the wells 12 in the planes parallel to the axis 4. The ballast 14 weight, taking into account the size of the lower tower 13 is sufficient to hold the longitudinal tower axis 13 vertically at rotors 2 rotation.EFFECT: efficiency increase of flow power conversion into the power, that is used to rotate the generator.4 cl, 3 dwg

Wave electric system // 2617025
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: wave electric system comprises a supporting element, a water pressure sensing element made in the form of a ball-shaped float 8, with the ability to move it in a vertically fixed bar lattice 4, an electric generator 15. The float is connected to the toothed link with the possibility of turning movements around the axis 11. On the float 8 outer side a belt 10 of sliding along the vertical bars 5 of the grating 4 is fixed horizontally in a circumferential direction. The toothed link has the form of a circle in any cross-section.EFFECT: ensuring the operation of the wave electric system in case of any change in the waves direction.2 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of electric power generation by means of pressure conversion under water // 2616692
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: high pressure under water in water body with deep water is converted to electric energy by means of present method. Plurality of pressure transducers is immersed in said water body. Each transducer has large compression chamber. Air volume is compressed under water in water body using high-pressure until compressed air under high pressure. Compressed air is supplied into expansion chamber, in which turbine is arranged. Turbine is rotated by means of compressed air. Turbine in its turn, rotates electric generator, connected to it, to provide electric power generation.EFFECT: thus, high pressure energy is converted into electric energy.9 cl, 9 dwg

Orthogonal turbine (versions) // 2616334
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: orthogonal turbine according to the first embodiment contains the curved along the cylindrical helical line, at least one blade with an aerofoil profile in its cross-section, at that the blade is mounted across riding on it the air or water flow with ability to rotate around the axis of the cylindrical helical line, and the input edge of the aerofoil profile is directed towards the blade rotation. The blades ends are fixed relatively to the shaft, mounted with ability to rotate, coaxially to the cylindrical helix coil axis and connected to the electric generator shaft, the blade ends are fixed relatively to the shaft by means of the cantilever beams. The shaft is formed by two half-shafts, each is connected with one of the cantilever beams and is mounted on its support, the blade is curved without intermediate supports along the cylindrical helix with a constant radius of curvature, so that in each cross section the aerofoil profile of the blade is formed at the acute angle to the circle tangential, traced by the entry edge of the blade airfoil profile, and that the blade ends are rotated relatively to each other by 360°. The second embodiment differs from the orthogonal turbine of the first embodiment in that, the blade is fixed relatively to the shaft with one of its ends by means of the cantilever beam, at that the shaft is mounted cantilevered at the support, the cantilever beam is provided with the counterweight of aerodynamic shape mounted cantilevered on the shaft.EFFECT: efficiency increase of the orthogonal turbines with airfoil blades by increasing the efficiency of the fluid power conversion, namely the water or wind flow power.2 cl, 3 dwg

Float block hydroelectric power plant based on the undershoot water wheels with active blades // 2616333
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: hydroelectric power plant contains the identical blocks. Each of the blocks consists of a switchboard, floats, between which the frame with working channel tapered box is fixed and mounted undershoot water wheels with active blades on the parallel horizontal shafts, connected to the electric generator. The wheels are made as a set of coils with mutually perpendicular guide rails for the blades, dampers, limiters and balancing weights. The stepless control system is introduced, it contains mounted on the frame the intermediate and primary bumpers, the ramps, the axles with drop-down doors, the brackets with springs, providing the stretch of the ropes in the slugs of the flaps opening angle adjustment mechanism by the servo motor, mounted in the caisson tray, fixed on the frame. The floats are made in the form of sectional tanks with seacocks. Additionally, the compressor is introduced, it is connected to the caisson tray and the floats.EFFECT: creation of the environmentally friendly simple design, which allows to increase the volume of the power generation.7 dwg

Pendulum hydraulic wave electric current generator // 2615288
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electricity and electrical machines, in particular, to electric current generators. Pendulum hydraulic wave electric current generator 1 comprises stator 2 and rotor, for which cores with coils and excitation system provide generation of electric current in free suspension of stator 2 in a floating vehicle. Floating vehicle is configured for cyclic oscillations by angle ±α during movement of water waves and performing same cyclic oscillations by generator 1 in transverse plane relative to vertical axis due to its constant orientation to centre of gravity of Earth. Axis 5 of suspension of stator 2 is aligned with axis of its free swinging and shifted relative to axis 5 of rotor rotation. Axes 5 and 7 are articulated via a system of gears.EFFECT: invention is aimed at increasing rotation frequency and power of electric current generated by generator with free rotation of rotor relative to stator.25 cl, 34 dwg

Device for stable underwater electric power transmission to drive high-speed engines or other underwater loads // 2614741
FIELD: electrical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering. Device for stable underwater electric power transmission to drive high-speed engines or other underwater loads, e.g. pumps, compressors and control systems, represents rotary stepped frequency change device, more precisely, frequency increase or decrease rotary device; it comprises engine and generator functionally connected so, that engine drives generator; at least, one vessel filled with gas and/or liquid, in which, at least, one of engine and generator is arranged, wherein cable length is long, which means long enough, to cause problems due to Ferranti effect at frequencies and power levels, suitable for underwater pumps and compressors engines. Through lengthy cable device gets power supply at input at sufficiently low frequency to have stable transmission. Functionally connected to engine device, at output outputs electric current frequency, current and voltage, suitable for connected engines operation. Hydrocarbon fluid medium underwater pressure increase system or other fluid medium comprises said device.EFFECT: invention can be used in equipment for electric power transmission to underwater loads, located far from platform surface parts or from shore, requiring transmission of high power.15 cl, 7 dwg, 4 tbl
Surf hydroelectric power plant // 2613476
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: outer cylindrical rotor (11) rotates under the influence of straight surf stream. Pawls are engaged with teeth of ratchet wheel (12), torque is transmitted to inner cylindrical rotor (10). Through a shaft (9) and a mechanical gear (7), torque is transmitted to a flywheel (5), a vertical shaft (4) and a generator (3) which produces electric current. During the action of reverse surf stream, pawls out of engagement with teeth, and torque is not transmitted to the inner cylindrical rotor (10), and the latter continues to rotate by inertia due to the energy stored by the flywheel (5).EFFECT: provision of high efficiency of surf hydroelectric power plant.2 dwg
Downhole generator of rotating magnetic field // 2613353
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a downhole generator of a rotating magnetic field. Downhole generator of a rotating magnetic field comprises a stator unit including stationary cylindrical housing (1) and winding (20) arranged in the first area (L1) of housing (1) and a rotor unit including permanent magnet (10) arranged in the radial direction outside the winding and turbine rotor (8) arranged in the second area (L2) of housing (1), which in the axial direction is adjacent to area (L1). Rotor (8) and magnet (10) are rigidly interconnected along the axial direction and are arranged onto housing (1) on both ends of the rotor unit respectively through the first bearing and the second bearing. Housing (1) includes internal axial channel (18) and radial channel (22) arranged in its first area. To output the generated electric power and/or a generated electric signal used is electric conductor (21), which passes through a radial through hole with a seal and is connected to the winding.EFFECT: invention is aimed at increasing power and optimizing the configuration of the generator.9 cl, 1 dwg

River hydro wind power plant (hwpp) // 2612499
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: river hydro wind power plant includes the hydraulic structures: 1 dam, shut-off valves 4, hydro turbine 5, hydrogenerators of AC 6, wind turbines 9 and centrifugal pumps 7, the control units 12 of the maximum and minimum voltage for controlling the number of operating pumps 7. The shut-off valves 4 provide the required concentration of the water flow and height creation. Hydrogenerators 6 convert the power of moving water into the electrical power. The wind turbines 9 and pumps 7 provide the water lift from the downstream 3 to the upstream water 2. To transfer the mechanical power from the wind turbines 9 to the centrifugal pumps 7 the electrical transmission of the direct current is used.EFFECT: increase of the annual electric power production and reduction of its cost.1 dwg

Breakwater and caisson breakwater unit // 2611917
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a caisson breakwater and, in particular, to a caisson breakwater unit containing an oscillating water column. Unit 100 of a caisson breakwater has windward and leeward sides 110 and 120 and comprises an oscillating water column. Caisson breakwater comprises base 20 installed onto sea bottom 5 and cover 50 made able to be arranged over base 20. Base 20 makes a water intake on windward side 110 and additionally forms water oscillating chamber 21. Cover 50 forms breakwater section 52 on windward side 110, turbine chamber 51, at least one air duct 58 connected with chamber 51. Cover 50 has a built-in additional essentially tight chamber 57.EFFECT: group of inventions is aimed at creation of an improved breakwater structure.16 cl, 17 dwg

ethod of hydro-electric turbine system transportation // 2610746
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of water transport and concerns hydro-electric turbine system (12) transportation method, as well as vessel (10), suitable for use in said method implementing, wherein vessel includes section (28), which is made with possibility of lifting and which enables possibility of vessel passage over said hydro-electric turbine system (12) part (16) during location in dry dock filled with water, wherein said base (16) part protrudes above water level in dock.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of time consumption and complexity during hydro-electric turbine system installation for transportation to installation point.14 cl, 5 dwg

Screw-type wave power plant (versions) // 2608795
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to hydropower industry and can be used for generation of electric energy from wave motion in seas or oceans. Screw-type wave power plant comprises shafts with screw blades forming a single-or multiple-thread screws that are located at an angle to the flow, a base, a reduction gear, connecting the lower ends of shafts, cardan joints connecting upper end of one shaft with the generator, the upper end of the other shaft with the thrust bearing. Generator and bearing are connected to the supports. Flexible cables are used as shafts. Screw blades are made with positive buoyancy. Generator, reduction gear and thrust bearing are arranged on separate floating bases connected to the supports.EFFECT: group of inventions is aimed at increasing the efficiency and performance of a power plant.2 cl, 2 dwg

Turbine for transmission of electric data // 2608429
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to turbine for transmission of electric data from one end of turbine to other end. Turbine (100) has first end (101) and second end (103). Ends (101) and (103) are opposite to each other. Turbine (100) comprises housing (104), shaft (102) located in centre of housing (104), engine (106), having a plurality of rotors, stators and bearings arranged between shaft (102) and housing (104), at least one non-conducting insulator, providing electrical insulation of shaft (102) and housing (104) from each other. Engine (106) is located between first end (101) and second end (103) of turbine (100). Non-conducting insulator is located between housing (104) and a plurality of rotors, stators and bearings or is located between shaft (102) and a plurality of rotors, stators and bearings.EFFECT: invention is aimed providing transmission of electric data signals.20 cl, 12 dwg

Floating structure fluid dynamic force use system and wind-propelled vessel // 2607713
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a floating structure fluid dynamic force use system and a wind-propelled vessel which uses fluid dynamic force system. Floating structure fluid dynamic force use system comprises an assembly which extracts energy from wind or water, and a floating structure which supports assembly. Assembly comprises a wind receiving part which receives fluid dynamic force, and a support column which supports wind receiving part. Assembly is positioned with centre of gravity thereof below water line, is supported to be capable of tilting relative to floating structure using any of following elements: pin joint, a universal joint, a pillow ball-type spherical bearing, and an elastic body support mechanism provided therebetween. Assembly is supported rotatably around a centre axis of support column with respect to floating structure. At least wind force is used as fluid energy. Force-receiving part includes a wind-receiving part for receiving wind force in air. Support includes an upper support, supporting wind-receiving part and a lower support, supporting a ballast set below water, upper support and lower support are connected to each other coaxially rotatably relative to each other in a rigid state with respect to a centre axis of support with a bearing provided therebetween.EFFECT: invention is aimed at compensating for overturning moment and reducing tilting.17cl, 19 dwg
Plant for conversion of fluid flow into energy // 2606211
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to systems and devices for generation energy from water flow. Plant (12) for generation of electricity from water flow includes convergent section (14), mixing chamber (16), diffuser section (20) and tube (22) for placement inside water weight. Section (14) is connected to first end of chamber (16) so that Venturi device (18) is limited between section (14) end and chamber (16). Section (20) is connected to second end of chamber (16). Section (20) is made so that during operation pressure at section (20) output exceeds pressure in device (18). At least part of pipe (22) is located in section (14), so that annular space is limited between pipe (22) and section (14) to form first channel for flow passage. Pipe (22) forms second channel for flow passage inside pipe (22). Inside pipe (22) there is turbine (26) connected to generator (28).EFFECT: group of inventions is aimed at creation of plant for generation of large amount of energy from current water weight, especially in situations, in which there is a high volume flow rate of water at relatively low speed.32 cl, 12 dwg

Device and method of controlling or limiting rotor orbit in screw engines or pumps // 2605475
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions is related to drilling, i.e. to rotary drilling hydraulic drives installed in borehole. Assembly of hydraulic downhole motor comprises screw motor having near end and far end and comprising stator and rotor. Stator comprises metal case, first elastomer material arranged in metal case, and first rigid material, arranged radially and directed inward from and at least partially covering first elastomer material. Rotor contains metal core, second elastomer material, located around metal core, and second rigid material arranged around second elastomer material. Stator first rigid material contacts rotor second rigid material.EFFECT: enabling limiting of rotor geometric center displacement trajectory.12 cl, 21 dwg

Distributor of microhydropower plant // 2603882
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to small hydropower. Distributor of a microhydropower plant is formed by a set of lengthwise ribs forming a set of guide channels to feed accelerated water jets to the hydraulic turbine impeller blades and arranged in an annular space between the outer and the inner shells of the unit basic housing concentrically surrounding the multiplier and the electric generator. On the inner shell there is a fairing. Housing equipped with a confuser is made in the form of a truncated cone, the central cavity of which is formed by the inner cylindrical shell. Guide channels are made in the form of cone sectors with variable cross sections in the water flow direction. Bases of the cone are arcs of the external and internal shells circles, and lateral sides are lengthwise ribs, height of which decreases toward the water flow outlet to the hydraulic turbine impeller blades.EFFECT: invention is aimed at reducing radial dimensions and material consumption, at providing manufacturability and ease of maintenance of the microhydropower plant distributor.1 cl, 4 dwg

Floating coastal hydro wave power plant // 2603849
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydro wave power industry. Floating coastal hydro-wave power plant comprises electric current generators installed in a hold, providing generation of electric current during cyclic turns-swings of rotor or stator due to inclination of housing of floating means by angle of ±α by front of waves arriving thereat. Generators are installed with possibility of free rolling on fixed in various combinations across or along axis of housing of floating means pairs of parallel toothed racks with horizontal arrangement of teeth, engaged with reversible and/or non-reversible gears fitted in various combinations on ends of housings of generators and at ends of shafts of their rotors. Number of generators installed on racks can be more than one, due to joining of ends of their shafts with binding plates, and generators and racks can be installed in housing of floating vehicle in several tiers.EFFECT: high efficiency of electric power generation.23 cl, 12 dwg

Floating coastal hydro wave power plant // 2603847
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydro wave power industry. Floating coastal hydro wave power plant includes electric current generators, providing generation of electric current at stators cyclic turns-swings by waves at angle of ±α. Rotors gravity centers are offset below their swing axis. Rotors or stators are fixed in floating vehicle in one or more tiers. At installation of generators in floating vehicle along its hull axis their swing axis is aligned with floating vehicle hull longitudinal axis, sectors of stator and associated sectors of rotor are diverted to hull boards, and floating vehicle is turned by board to waves approach front and fixed with anchors. At generators installation in floating vehicle frontally to its hull longitudinal axis with their swing axis perpendicular to this axis generator arc sectors radius and height are made with due allowance for filling of whole space in hull, floating vehicle is turned by bow or stern to waves approach front and fixed with anchors.EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency of electric power generation.21 cl, 9 dwg

Hydraulic system of one basin tidal power plant with water engine with blade variable geometry // 2599012
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic construction and hydraulic power engineering. Device is intended for technological generating head in tide water area between sea and basin cut by a dam, and passage of water flow through four power unit water conduits with sequentially installed in three rows on 4 inexpensive and easily changeable water engines with variable blade geometry, in order to head of tide water column can be used for many times. Device comprises floating tidal power plant units sequentially arranged for multiple use of water flow, dead floating units of cut-off dam, flow-through floating units, fish-ways, navigation pass (lock) or flow-through construction coupling dams, road along the dam and gantry cranes for lifting equipment. Device comprises building power unit 1, which is included in head dam front installed after its remaining life by a tidal power plant building, as well as in addition to operating tidal power plant buildings to increase power by means of temporary guards of a dam repaired section by floating units, to ensure operating other tidal power plant buildings in standard conditions during one tidal power plant building disassembly. Building power unit 1 is collected in the place of prefabricated reinforced concrete elements 1-0 in building, having a machinery room in the centre and two water conduits 1-7 adjoining at both sides, having two-four water engines 1-1 with variable blade geometry. Water engines axis are located at the level of ocean surface at maximum low tide (mark 0.00). Basin bottom has water guide channel 5 to water engines, deepened to the blade height. Water guide channel 5 is a fish-way for fish passage during the maximum low tide.EFFECT: invention allows replacing damaged dam cutoff units of head front and buildings of operating tidal power plants without deterioration of operating other sections of the dam by inexpensive means, replacing outdated expensive types of turbines for cheap, quickly changable water engines with variable blade geometry, as well as increasing capacity of existing tidal power plants, applying new materials and new methods of construction for tidal dams taking into account engineering development.4 cl, 12 dwg

ethod and station of hydrodynamic wave energy conversion on slope // 2598922
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to use of wave energy to drive hydraulic generators. Method of conversion of hydrodynamic wave energy on slope includes operations of location of hydraulic generator in the vicinity of wave below the level of rest, gripping and progression of flows and slope wave to input of hydraulic generator, forming active head on it by means of station with booster. Coordinates of point are calculated with maximum flow speed at its impact on slope during wave progression and located around the station. Operating pressure on hydro generator is formed using energy of water flows flowing over station.EFFECT: group of inventions is aimed at reduction of energy losses, increased operating head, higher efficiency, simplified design and high sensitivity to small waves height, extended power, reduced number of mechanical elements.8 cl, 4 dwg

Hydrodynamic wave energy conversion station on slope // 2598921
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the use of waves energy to drive hydraulic generators. Hydrodynamic wave energy conversion station on a slope comprises a hydraulic circuit with two opposite convergent inputs, a gate of double action, a tubular branch with a hydraulic generator and a booster at its output. Booster is composed as an evacuated diffuser nozzle with an outer fairing and a removable apron with a water-jet ejector of double supply and a transition channel. Cross section area of the transit channel in opposite directions from its suction chamber above the diffuser nozzle is increased. Station is equipped with a corrector of its location on the slope and a regulator of steepness of the slope.EFFECT: invention is aimed at simplified design, higher reliability of the station, increased efficiency.1 cl, 4 dwg

River ice hydro-electric power plant // 2597732
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to design devices for electric power generation by hydraulic energy of river flow covered with ice. River ice hydroelectric plant includes impeller 1 and generator 4. Wheel 1 is immersed in water flow under ice cover of the river. Blade wheels 1 allow water flow energy conversion into mechanical energy of rotation of rims 1. Wheel 1 via shaft 10 fitted in cylindrical housing 2 on bearings and coupled with generator 4. Housing 2 is vertically fixed in ice cover so that its top part together with generator 4 is arranged above the surface of ice cover. Housing top part 2 is made with formation of mounting disc 5. To disc 5 is rigidly connected generator 4, three mounting lugs 3 located in horizontal plane and arranged relative to each other at an angle of 120 degrees. Free ends of tabs 3 protrude beyond the circle of disc 5 and are made so that holes for screws, which also includes the plant.EFFECT: invention is aimed at creation of simple hydro-electric power plant for its use on the river, covered with ice.2 cl, 2 dwg

Sea wave plant // 2597713
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to alternative power engineering and is intended for use in the coastal area of large water areas. Sea wave plant comprises a support element in the form of vertical screw pile 1 with damper 2 at its end, made with the possibility of vertical movement of float 10 with attached rod 8 of piston pump 7, surrounded by vertical grate 4, pipelines, valves. Pump 7 is installed in the upper section of grate 4, the lower part of which is attached to pile 1. In the upper part of piston pump 7 there are holes protected with splash-proof cap 14.EFFECT: disclosed is a simplified design of a sea wave energy plant.3 cl, 5 dwg

Alternative hydroelectric power plant // 2597378
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to constructions for electric power generation from renewable sources. Alternative hydroelectric power plant contains reservoir of the upper pond 2, structure to place it at necessary height, which contains a building with an engine room, hydraulic turbine, a device to feed water to hydraulic turbine, wind motor 7 with vertical rotation axis, reservoir tail 1. Water head creates balanced tape water-lifting installation, driven by wind energy, starting from the low speed wind. For arrangement of reservoir of the upper pond 2 at necessary height, providing water head, one uses steel, reinforced concrete frame or other structure.EFFECT: invention is aimed at creation of alternative hydroelectric power plant, which uses balanced tape water-lifting installation, driven by wind energy, starting from the low speed wind, ensuring water lifting on the required height to create pressure required for operation of hydraulic turbines.1 cl, 6 dwg
 
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