achines or engines for liquids and wind, spring, or weight motors and producing mechanical power or a reactive propulsive thrust, not otherwise provided for (F03)

F03            achines or engines for liquids; wind, spring, or weight motors; producing mechanical power or a reactive propulsive thrust, not otherwise provided for(6671)
Floating structure fluid dynamic force use system and wind-propelled vessel // 2607713
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a floating structure fluid dynamic force use system and a wind-propelled vessel which uses fluid dynamic force system. Floating structure fluid dynamic force use system comprises an assembly which extracts energy from wind or water, and a floating structure which supports assembly. Assembly comprises a wind receiving part which receives fluid dynamic force, and a support column which supports wind receiving part. Assembly is positioned with centre of gravity thereof below water line, is supported to be capable of tilting relative to floating structure using any of following elements: pin joint, a universal joint, a pillow ball-type spherical bearing, and an elastic body support mechanism provided therebetween. Assembly is supported rotatably around a centre axis of support column with respect to floating structure. At least wind force is used as fluid energy. Force-receiving part includes a wind-receiving part for receiving wind force in air. Support includes an upper support, supporting wind-receiving part and a lower support, supporting a ballast set below water, upper support and lower support are connected to each other coaxially rotatably relative to each other in a rigid state with respect to a centre axis of support with a bearing provided therebetween.EFFECT: invention is aimed at compensating for overturning moment and reducing tilting.17cl, 19 dwg
odular wind-driven power plant // 2607711
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering, particularly to a wind-driven power plant (WDP) using wind rotors of drum type. Modular wind-driven power plant containing a vertically mounted rotating mast with fixed on it two parallel beams, ends of which are interconnected with vertical bars, and at least one wind module consisting of four wind rotors combined in pairs and installed on both sides of the mast. Wind rotors are equipped with generators and are fixed perpendicular to the mast and to the vertical bars. Wind rotors located on the same side of the rotary mast are able to rotate towards each other, and axes of rotation of the wind rotors located on both sides of the mast intersect at a certain angle. Wind rotors rotational axes located on both sides of the mast intersect at an angle within the range of 120–140°.EFFECT: invention is aimed at higher efficiency of converting wind energy and simplifying the WDP design.1 cl, 2 dwg
Wind motor // 2607449
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering. Wind motor includes a horizontal shaft, fixed on it two identical in design and sizes multiblade wind wheels: a fixed one and a movable one, blades of the movable wind wheel are initially installed in the middle of the fixed wind wheel blades increasing the number of blades of the first level twice, hubs of both wind wheels have mutual half-couplings of clutch cam type ensuring rotation of the movable wind wheel at high wind speeds by a rated angle for screening the fixed wind wheel blades, additionally it contains tension springs and pneumatic shock absorbers to reduce vibration of the movable wind wheel at the transition into the zone of screening the fixed wind wheel blades and to reduce wind load onto the wind motor.EFFECT: invention is aimed at increasing efficiency of the windmill due to better use of wind force in the central, middle and peripheral zones of wind wheels.1 cl, 4 dwg
Wind motor // 2607444
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering, in particular to wind motors with horizontal rotation axis of the wind wheel. Wind motor includes a horizontal shaft, multiple-blade wind wheel fixed on it, having internal and outer shells, between which there are main blades of the first level, flat blades of the second level are located on the outer shell in the amount that is equal to the length of the outer shell in meters, connected with the stiffness ribs by means of hinges to change the angle of attack of air flow depending on wind velocity, initial position of flat blades of the second level, fixed by means of hinged plates, is provided by higher tension springs and pin stroke limiters of the stiffness ribs.EFFECT: invention is aimed at improvement of wind energy use coefficient and prevention of accidents.1 cl, 6 dwg
Hydroelectric power plant // 2607142
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydropower industry and can be used in production of electric energy on rivers. Hydroelectric power plant consists of one or more rows of chains of floating hydroturbine modules driving an electric generator. Each row of the modules chains has a baffle in the form of a wedge to deflect foreign objects. Frames of the modules are interconnected by means of hinges into a series chain. Modules are composed as links of the chain. Hydraulic turbines of adjacent modules are interconnected kinematically. Module is made up as a pair of floating hydraulic turbines, cylindrical housings of which are filled with a material lighter than water, not absorbing water. On the surface of the cylindrical housings of the hydraulic turbines blades are hinged. Blades at rotation of the hydraulic turbine are unfolded into the working position when the blade enters the water. When the blades come out of the water they are folded onto the cylindrical surface of the housing able to be locked in the closed position by means of a mechanism with a replaceable thrust. External surface of the folded blades represents a cylindrical surface. Vertical posts of the baffle mounted on the frame of the first downstream module have the possibility of lifting and lowering into the water.EFFECT: invention is aimed at reducing material consumption and higher reliability of hydraulic turbines.1 cl, 8 dwg
Production of root section // 2607140
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of wind turbine working blade (41) root section. It comprises steps of plurality of support rods (1) assembly (A) with coupling section (17) with wind turbine bushing coupling device of substantially round form so, that between support rods (1) there were gaps (33), location (B) of first fibres (31) in gaps (33), wherein first fibres (31) are physically and/or chemically compatible with moulding material, location (C) of first forming tool (35) along rounded outer surface and second forming tool along round shaped inner surface, cast material processing (D) so that to form its adhesion with first fibres (31). Invention also relates to support rods retaining device (39) for such purpose and working blade (41) root section, made by such method.EFFECT: simplified manufacturing process of wind turbine working blade root part end.15 cl, 11 dwg
Hydraulic damper with electric generator // 2607034
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Damper comprises working cylinder (1) with working fluid and installed inside rod (2) with spring (3) and composite piston (4) with compression (5) and recoil (6) valves. Compensation chamber (7) is connected with working cylinder (1) via high pressure pipeline (8) and has inside additional piston (9) separating working fluid and inert gas, and dividing piston (10) with valve (11). Around compensation Chamber (7) lower part electric generator winding (12) is installed, concentrically to which annular permanent magnet (13) is arranged. In high pressure pipeline (8) there is sealing piston (14). Working fluid in cavities from sealing piston (14) to additional piston (9) is ferromagnetic fluid. Concentric to sealing (14) and additional (9) pistons annular permanent magnets (15) are arranged.EFFECT: enabling damper elements oscillations energy recovery into electric energy.1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of production and use of hydrocarbon fuel // 2606948
FIELD: fuel.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of production and use of hydrocarbon fuel. Method involves or extraction of CO2 from flue gas burning object purchased hydrocarbon fuel or CO2 on the side or extraction of CO2 from air, or simultaneous or partial use of all three specified sources of CO2, and includes extraction of H2 from water by its electrolysis with using electric power of wind-driven power plant (WDPP) with subsequent joint CO2 and H2, reaction which enables hydrocarbon fuel. Method is characterized by what is performed by WEA with wind turbine (wind turbines) with vertical rotation axis, and this WEA operates in a single process scheme on a common production platform with an object, hydrocarbon fuel firing, and complex technology of hydrocarbon fuel production prototype is performed inside the building volume of the WDPP support tower.EFFECT: use of the present invention enables to reduce noise, thermal and chemical contamination of the environment, as well as to obtain hydrocarbons using a compact assembly of the equipment.1 cl, 15 dwg
Blade for hydroturbine // 2606569
FIELD: turbines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a blade of a hydroturbine. Blade (1.1) includes a body made from steel sheet or steel casting, which while operating has opposed external surfaces contacting with water, at least one unloading groove, which is located in blade edge area (1.1) and passes through opposed external surfaces, a curable filling mass, which fills the cavity of the groove. On the surface of the groove there are retaining bodies, which when assembled are embedded in the filling mass. Retaining bodies have ledges which prevent precipitation of the filling mass when the filling mass is hardened due to form closure.EFFECT: invention is aimed at making the blade with the unloading groove with the filling mass, which is reliably and durably fixed without negative effect on the flow.5 cl, 5 dwg
Plant for conversion of fluid flow into energy // 2606211
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to systems and devices for generation energy from water flow. Plant (12) for generation of electricity from water flow includes convergent section (14), mixing chamber (16), diffuser section (20) and tube (22) for placement inside water weight. Section (14) is connected to first end of chamber (16) so that Venturi device (18) is limited between section (14) end and chamber (16). Section (20) is connected to second end of chamber (16). Section (20) is made so that during operation pressure at section (20) output exceeds pressure in device (18). At least part of pipe (22) is located in section (14), so that annular space is limited between pipe (22) and section (14) to form first channel for flow passage. Pipe (22) forms second channel for flow passage inside pipe (22). Inside pipe (22) there is turbine (26) connected to generator (28).EFFECT: group of inventions is aimed at creation of plant for generation of large amount of energy from current water weight, especially in situations, in which there is a high volume flow rate of water at relatively low speed.32 cl, 12 dwg

Wind-driven hydraulic heat generator // 2605868
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat generators converting wind energy into thermal one and can be used for water heating in heating and hot water supply systems for residential and public buildings. To solve the set task a wind-driven hydraulic heat generator includes a cylindrical outer and an inner housings, a cover, a bottom, a drive vertical shaft, movable and fixed blades, branch pipes for inlet and outlet heated water, a union with a plug for filling with a high-viscosity liquid. To remove axial loads from the wind wheel in the lower part there is a thrust roller bearing, and in the upper part - a ball bearing for the possibility of the device operation at low wind flow speed, as well as in inner cavities on the surface of the inner and the outer housings there are fixed blades mounted to increase heat emission due to increased heat exchange surface.EFFECT: creating a high-efficient device able to heat the heat carrier in heating or hot water supply systems by means of wind flow energy due to friction forces in a high-viscosity liquid.1 cl, 1 dwg

Vehicle // 2605661
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle with mechanical supports for vehicle movement. Vehicle comprises supports, intended for contact with displacement surface, links, providing hinged connection of supports, two electric motors and electromagnets. Links are made in form of flexible plates. Motors are rigidly fixed at center link ends. Outermost links ends are secured on corresponding supports and electric motors axes. In center link middle part hinged connection with support is arranged. Supports contact parts are made in form of ball races and equipped with electromagnets, which are intended for periodic interlocking of these ball races. In hinged connections between supports and links electromagnets are installed, which intended for periodical fixation of corresponding links and supports position.EFFECT: technical result consists in providing of various programmable versions of vehicle movement on surface.1 cl, 4 dwg

Wind turbine blades angle hydraulic control system // 2605490
FIELD: turbines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind turbine blades angle hydraulic control system. Wind turbine blades angle hydraulic control system with shaft installed horizontally in wind-driven unit head has rod passed through shaft, with one end connected by system of links with fixed on shaft with possibility to turn about axes, perpendicular to shaft, blades, control device. Shaft is kinematically connected to generator, by its second end rod is connected to control element output via thrust bearing, including double action hydraulic cylinder, hydraulic pump, hydraulically connected with hydraulic cylinder first and second cavities and drain tank, and distributor. To first, second and third control device inputs signals are supplied from wind velocity sensor, shaft speed transducer and from upper level control system, and first output is connected to control device first actuator input. First actuator output is connected to control element input, hydraulic cylinder rod is directly control element output and connected to blades angle sensor input. Drain tank is made in form of corrugation isolated from atmosphere, hydraulic pump is of reverse action, which first and second lines are connected directly to hydraulic cylinder first and second cavities outputs and to distributor first and second cavities outputs, made in form of sleeve, divided to first and second cavities by disc arranged into it, communicating through holes in each of two sleeve bottoms central part, overlapping at outer sides with valves, mechanically connected to disc, with drain tank cavity, hydraulic pump shaft is control element input. Control device is equipped with second actuating element, installed between power network and generator windings, and to control device fourth and fifth inputs of blade angle sensor and generator current sensor outputs are connected.EFFECT: invention is aimed at higher reliability and accuracy of wind turbine blades angle control to maintain wind-driven unit generator current and rotation frequency at preset level, to reduced power consumption for control.1 cl, 1 dwg

Rotor blade of wind power plant // 2605478
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rotor blade (1) of wind power plant with rotor blade butt (4) for connection of rotor blade (1) to rotor hub and rotor blade top located on the opposite to rotor blade butt (4) side, as well as wind power plant equipped with such rotor blades. At that, relative thickness (2) of profile, which is defined as ratio of profile thickness (2) to profile chord (3), has local maximum in mid area (6) between rotor blade butt and rotor blade top.EFFECT: invention is aimed at creation of wind power plant blades with lower weight and higher rigidity.9 cl, 7 dwg

Device and method of controlling or limiting rotor orbit in screw engines or pumps // 2605475
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions is related to drilling, i.e. to rotary drilling hydraulic drives installed in borehole. Assembly of hydraulic downhole motor comprises screw motor having near end and far end and comprising stator and rotor. Stator comprises metal case, first elastomer material arranged in metal case, and first rigid material, arranged radially and directed inward from and at least partially covering first elastomer material. Rotor contains metal core, second elastomer material, located around metal core, and second rigid material arranged around second elastomer material. Stator first rigid material contacts rotor second rigid material.EFFECT: enabling limiting of rotor geometric center displacement trajectory.12 cl, 21 dwg

Wind-driven power plant and method of electrical energy input // 2605446
FIELD: electrical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering and can be used to feed electric power into electric power, three-phase network. In wind-driven power plant and method of feeding of electric energy to electrical input three-phase network (8) the following stages are performed: electric current input by unit (2)for input of energy in point (60) of connection to network, detection of asymmetry in network (8) of power supply, in particular, negative-sequence system components in network (8) of power supply, Input to network (8) of power supply asymmetric current component for at least partial compensation of recorded asymmetry, input of asymmetric current component is performed so that unit (2) for energy input at that acts as consumer.EFFECT: technical result is increase of quality of electric power network.12 cl, 5 dwg

ethod of testing electromagnetic compatibility of electric propulsion system with information onboard systems of space object, system of recording and playback of characteristics of discharge current of electric propulsion engines of electric propulsion system for implementing said method // 2605277
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the use of electric propulsion systems in spacecraft and is intended for its testing for electromagnetic compatibility with information onboard systems, for example for noise immunity of the SC on-board computer system. In the method of testing electromagnetic compatibility of an electric propulsion system with information onboard systems of a space object including at the preliminary stage of firing trials of an electic propulsion engine measurement of amplitude-frequency characteristic of the discharge current variable component in its anode-cathode circuit in the range of conductive interference and further reproduction at the final stage of tests of this amplitude-frequency characteristics of discharge current variable component in the same range in a standard electric propulsion engine with evaluation of influence of the said noise at operation of onboard systems, at the preliminary stage of firing trials of electric propulsion engines simultaneously with measurement of amplitude-frequency characteristic of the discharge current variable component in its anode-cathode circuit in the range of conductive noise parameters are measured of the constant and the variable components of the discharge current in the range of amplitude-frequency characteristics of inductive noise of each of the standard electric propulsion engines of the electric propulsion system in each mode of their operation. They are saved and then at the final stage of the tests all the above said characteristics of the discharge current are restored for each of the standard electric propulsion engine in each mode of its operation. Herewith absence of faults in the operation of information onboard systems of the space object proves the electromagnetic compatibility of the electric propulsion system with the information onboard systems of the space object. Invention also relates to a system of recording and playback of characteristics of the discharge current of electric propulsion engines.EFFECT: technical result of the group of inventions is expansion of functional capabilities of testing electric propulsion engines for electromagnetic compatibility, improved reliability of tests results and full automation of the testing procedures.3 cl, 3 dwg

ethod and apparatus for feeding electric energy into electric supply grid // 2605085
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering and can be used to control an electric power generator, which is connected to an electric supply network in a network connection point. Method of controlling electric power generator (1), connected to electric supply network (4) in network connection point (2), comprises steps of: detecting at least one network property of electric supply network (4) related to network connection point (2), controlling generator (1) such that it feeds power into electric supply network (4) depending on detected network property.EFFECT: providing stability of network by preventing loss of stability of network.19 cl, 9 dwg

ethod of electric generator controlling // 2605083
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to control over electric power generator, connected at the point of network connection to electric power supply network, comprising steps of electric power in electric power supply network input, wherein said generator operates in the first working point, input interruption so that power is not supplied into electric power supply network, when fault takes place or is displayed in electric power supply network or failure to electric power supply network input, continuation of input, so that electric power is supplied again into electric power supply network, wherein generator undertakes resumption of input in second operating point or accordingly changes into said operating point, and second operating point in comparison with first operating point is calculated so, that input into power supply network is carried out with higher stability margin.EFFECT: conditions normalization and stabilization in electric power supply network.14 cl, 10 dwg

Electric power plant with stationary plasma engines // 2604972
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: electric power plant comprises first stationary plasma engine (111A) having first single cathode (140A), first anode (125A) and first gas collector (121A, 141A), as well as second stationary plasma engine (111B) containing second single cathode (140B), second anode (125B) and second gas collector (121B, 141B). Plant also includes an electric connecting device common for first and second cathodes (140A, 140B), first and second control devices (180A, 180B) to control the speed of gas supply with a common gas supply control device for implementation of gas supply and a device for selective control to activate in each given moment of time only one of cathodes (140A, 140B) - the first or the second one for interaction with one or the other anode (125A, 125B) - the first or the second one.EFFECT: invention is aimed at increasing reliability of electric propulsion systems.9 cl, 12 dwg

Block of air and pneumatic devices // 2604971
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering. Unit of air and pneumatic devices comprises three column (3), which consist of coaxial segments (2) and connected by rigid connecting rods (4). Stators (5) of the above segments (2) have four struts (7), connected with plates (8) and (9), besides, at least one pole (7) is attached to the pipeline (31) for supply of compressed air, wherein said pipeline is equipped with nozzles (32). Shafts (23) of rotors (6) of one column (3a) are connected with compressor unit (33), which is connected with the tank (34) for compressed air. Tank (34) for compressed air is connected by electromagnetic valve (36), unit (37) of compressed air and its branches to pipelines (31) stators (5) other columns (3b) and (3 c). Electromagnetic valve (36) is connected by means of system (38) of control with rotor speed meter (6).EFFECT: invention is aimed at continuous power generation.10 cl, 8 dwg

Vehicle // 2604908
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles with inertia motor. Vehicle comprises platform with wheels, having possibility of free rotation, whereon inertial drive with motor is installed. Inertia drive includes at least one balance weight with possibility of relative and portable motor rotation, at least one rotor to rotate and one-way brake rotor rotation. Axis of relative rotation unbalance is made on edge of the rotor, and on platform is fixed to it axis intended for portable rotation of unbalance. On axis rotor and one-way rotation brake are installed, which comprises elements to interact from one side with fixed axle, and from other is with rotor. All axes are made parallel to each other and horizontally.EFFECT: higher efficiency.5 cl, 3 dwg

Hydrodynamic machine with two or more impellers with controlled blades // 2604474
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydrodynamic machine with two or more impellers. Machine includes housing (2), at least two impellers (3, 4), at least two blades (6) installed with possibility of rotation, uniformly located along impellers (3, 4) circumference, which axes are parallel to impeller axis. Each blade (6) axis is connected with guide (22, 23), which moves relative to impeller (4) shaft by means of parallelogram located in plane perpendicular to blade axis, which has lever rigidly coupled with blade axis. Second parallelogram lever is hinged on impeller lower part, while its other end is connected to first lever end. Lever, rotating on impeller lower part, is desmodromically connected to slider, integrated into guide. Slider-guide system participates in rotation, thus allowing to set harmonic motion to appropriate blade according to curve sinusoid, which axis coincides with impeller main circumference.EFFECT: invention is aimed at creation of compact and simple hydrodynamic machine.8 cl, 11 dwg

Distributor of microhydropower plant // 2603882
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to small hydropower. Distributor of a microhydropower plant is formed by a set of lengthwise ribs forming a set of guide channels to feed accelerated water jets to the hydraulic turbine impeller blades and arranged in an annular space between the outer and the inner shells of the unit basic housing concentrically surrounding the multiplier and the electric generator. On the inner shell there is a fairing. Housing equipped with a confuser is made in the form of a truncated cone, the central cavity of which is formed by the inner cylindrical shell. Guide channels are made in the form of cone sectors with variable cross sections in the water flow direction. Bases of the cone are arcs of the external and internal shells circles, and lateral sides are lengthwise ribs, height of which decreases toward the water flow outlet to the hydraulic turbine impeller blades.EFFECT: invention is aimed at reducing radial dimensions and material consumption, at providing manufacturability and ease of maintenance of the microhydropower plant distributor.1 cl, 4 dwg

Floating coastal hydro wave power plant // 2603849
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydro wave power industry. Floating coastal hydro-wave power plant comprises electric current generators installed in a hold, providing generation of electric current during cyclic turns-swings of rotor or stator due to inclination of housing of floating means by angle of ±α by front of waves arriving thereat. Generators are installed with possibility of free rolling on fixed in various combinations across or along axis of housing of floating means pairs of parallel toothed racks with horizontal arrangement of teeth, engaged with reversible and/or non-reversible gears fitted in various combinations on ends of housings of generators and at ends of shafts of their rotors. Number of generators installed on racks can be more than one, due to joining of ends of their shafts with binding plates, and generators and racks can be installed in housing of floating vehicle in several tiers.EFFECT: high efficiency of electric power generation.23 cl, 12 dwg

Floating coastal hydro wave power plant // 2603847
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydro wave power industry. Floating coastal hydro wave power plant includes electric current generators, providing generation of electric current at stators cyclic turns-swings by waves at angle of ±α. Rotors gravity centers are offset below their swing axis. Rotors or stators are fixed in floating vehicle in one or more tiers. At installation of generators in floating vehicle along its hull axis their swing axis is aligned with floating vehicle hull longitudinal axis, sectors of stator and associated sectors of rotor are diverted to hull boards, and floating vehicle is turned by board to waves approach front and fixed with anchors. At generators installation in floating vehicle frontally to its hull longitudinal axis with their swing axis perpendicular to this axis generator arc sectors radius and height are made with due allowance for filling of whole space in hull, floating vehicle is turned by bow or stern to waves approach front and fixed with anchors.EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency of electric power generation.21 cl, 9 dwg

Hydroelectric station // 2603830
FIELD: mechanics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to applied mechanics, namely to production of mechanical energy and its conversion into electric energy. Hydroelectric plant includes foundations, on which machine room building is constructed, electric generator with hydraulic turbines, closed annular chamber, water tank, automatic control device, auxiliary equipment, high-voltage distributing device, compressed air generator and pneumatic and hydraulic accumulator are installed and fixed. Wherein closed circular chamber consists of turbine chamber, in which hydraulic turbine is placed, and ring pipe, to which acceleration armored chambers with accelerating pipes, vacuum-generating machines, pneumatic and hydraulic accumulator, compressed air generator, dampers, water tank and instrumentation tools are attached. Interrelation and interaction of plant design allows to fill circular chamber with water and air once, speeding this mixture in circle, formation of working medium and long time (years) rotation of hydraulic turbine and generation of electric energy.EFFECT: aim of invention is expansion of range of hydropower application.2 cl, 11 dwg

Control method for wind-driven power plant without connection to network // 2603712
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of controlling wind-driven power plant (1) containing a generator and provided for electric power supply to network (6) of power supply, but not yet connected to network (6) of power supply, comprising the steps of: electric power generation by means of the generator and supply of electrical elements of wind-driven power plant (1) with the generated electric power, as well as to wind-driven power plant (1) for generating electric energy from wind and for supply of the generated electric power to network (6) of power supply, in which the said method is implemented.EFFECT: invention is aimed at protection against infiltration and/or deposition of moisture for a mounted but not connected to a power supply network wind-driven power plant.10 cl, 3 dwg

Volume type engine with radially limited rotor engagement // 2602856
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to well drilling. Assembly of drilling unit, which comprises assembly of downhole motor, comprising upper adapter, containing collar, with first inner diameter near distal end of upper adapter, and working pair including screw motor with stator and rotor, made capable to eccentric rotation at passage of drilling mud through engine, and having near end and distal end, near end of stator being attached to distal end of upper adapter; engagement of rotor comprises shaft with near end and distal end, and eccentrically rotating by means of transmission of eccentric rotor gear; distal end of shaft is directly or indirectly attached to near end of rotor; and shaft extends from distal end of rotor engagement to upper adapter at some distance past collar, wherein at least part of shaft extending past collar has outer diameter less than first inner diameter of collar; near end of shaft has effective outer diameter larger than first inner diameter, and/or is attached to assembled rotor engagement, containing one or more parts, which have effective outer diameter larger than first inner diameter; at least one device arranged between near end and distal end of shaft of rotor engagement, which allows limiting radial and/or tangential movement of shaft of rotor engagement, and by means of transmission through shaft to restrict radial and/or tangential motion of rotor; external shaft of engine directly or indirectly attached to near end of rotor; drilling bit, directly or indirectly attached to distal end of external shaft of engine.EFFECT: higher engine efficiency is provided.26 cl, 17 dwg

Apparatus for generating solar energy and an external steam source of additional electric power // 2602708
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric energy generation system using ecologically clean energy-solar and external steam hybrid electric energy generation system. System comprises solar steam generator outlet end of which is connected to inlet (3) of high pressure steam of turbine (2) through first control valve (18), steam outlet end of external controller (15) of steam is connected to inlet (3) of high pressure steam of turbine (2) through second control valve (20) and second switching valve (19), outlet (4) of low pressure steam turbine unit (2) is connected to inlet end of condensation device (5), while its outlet end is connected to inlet end of deaerator (6), its outlet end is connected to inlet end of pump (7) for supply of water, its outlet end is connected to inlet end of return water of solar steam generator through first switching valve (16), and the outlet end of pump (7) is additionally connected with bypass (11) of return water of external steam through fourth switching valve (23). System further includes tank (9) for storage of soft water.EFFECT: invention enables using waste heat of industrial production for elimination of dependence on weather and unstable and intermittent concentration of heat solar radiation.6 cl, 4 dwg

Wind-fan apparatus // 2602661
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering. Wind-fan apparatus includes a housing, a deflector, wind wheel located in housing on vertical shaft of installation, inlet channels arranged tangentially directed and inclined to vertical axis of installation, inlet channels have air flaps. Apparatus additionally comprises a confuser diaphragm and a fan wheel installed under wind wheel. Both wheels are conical with curvilinear blades along conical spiral of Archimedes with a lemniscate profile directed counterclockwise on side of ends of smaller bases of cones of wheels, installed on common vertical shaft, facing ends of smaller bases of cones of wheels to each other. Deflector has a diffuser design with a lemniscate profile of internal surface, and inlet channels with air flaps are curved on conical Archimedean spiral, in plan having counterclockwise direction and lemniscate profile of inner surface.EFFECT: invention is aimed at intensification of vertical component of total flow and high efficiency of using energy of gusty, vortex and thermal gas-air streams of environment, industrial and residential facilities.1 cl, 3 dwg

Aerostatic balloon natatorial wind turbine // 2602650
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering. Aerostatic balloon natatorial wind turbine comprises positive buoyancy aerostatic balloon module from interconnected ends windward gas-filled cylindrical balloons, nacelle with planetary multiplier and generator, axis of rotation coinciding with air flow direction, and wind-driven rotor, rope and rope-cable connection with ground mooring unit on it, on which rotary platform two winches and rope-cable bundle are attached. In horizontal projection aerostatic module has deltoid outline oriented windward by longitudinal axis of symmetry. Assembled gas filled cylinders are laid and fixed across arc of arched bridge truss, passing through windmill aerostatic part center of mass. In truss area there is at least one nacelle, and on its axis of rotation at said support structure windward side is rotor of said type. End cylinders have arched shape with vertical walls, rigid bottom, equipped with keel, which height increases in downwind side; on truss top vertical bracket is installed, horizontal plane stabilizer on its end rises above aerostatic module stern.EFFECT: invention is aimed at stable producing of high wind-driven power in high-speed atmospheric layers.1 cl, 3 dwg

Electric propulsion engine (versions) // 2602468
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric propulsion engines (EPE). In an EPE comprising a discharge chamber with a nozzle-anode, a working medium feeding pipeline, a cathode, a winding of electromagnets according to the invention on the entire inner surface of the discharge chamber as a protection against the effect of ionizing radiation of high-temperature plasma there are photoelectric and thermoelectric converters generating electromotive force (EMF), herewith the thermoelectric converters are located between the housing of the discharge chamber and the photoelectric converters. Besides, according to the invention the inner part of the discharge chamber is made from a transparent dielectric material, outside of which there is a mirror surface with reflecting effect inside the discharge chamber, and over the mirror surface there are thermoelectric converters generating EMF.EFFECT: technical result of the invention is improvement of protection of walls of the discharge chamber and windings of the electromagnets from the effect of ionizing radiation heat flows.2 cl, 2 dwg

Hydroelectric turbine coil arrangement // 2602092
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydroelectric turbine for generating electricity by extracting power from the tidal flow of water through the turbine. Turbine comprises a stator and shaftless rotor housed for rotation within the stator. Stator defines an opening within which the rotor is constrained. Opening is being shaped and dimensioned relative to the rotor, to provide the rotor with a floating axis. Rotor comprises an array of magnets, and a corresponding array of coils are placed on the stator. Coils are arranged in groups, inside the coils are arranged in circle at equal distance from each other and are electrically connected together in series.EFFECT: avoiding electric imbalance of coils due to eccentric rotor rotation.6 cl, 5 dwg

Aircraft power unit // 2601690
FIELD: aircraft engineering.SUBSTANCE: aircraft power plant containing circular gas intake channel located between aircraft body and gas intake shell, as well as magnetic system, inducing radial magnetic field in channel. In channel MHD-generators box-shaped modules are arranged, in walls of which separating gas flows blades are built-in, but conducting circular electric current by inter-blade gaps, and rocket chamber with nozzle upwards is installed between module lower walls. Rocket fuel combustion products cross magnetic field and generate circular electric current in gases, which creates electrodynamic force in presence of same magnetic field, accelerating atmospheric mass, moving between MHD-generators modules, which creates thrust exceeding rocket chambers thrust in MHD-generators.EFFECT: higher thrust at atmospheric flight part in hypersonic mode.2 cl, 1 dwg

Power plant // 2601680
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is power plant (10), comprising components (20, 30) for generating power from fluids at high and intermediate pressures; pathway (41), defined directly between components (20, 30) along which a heated fluid flows to one of components (30) for generating power from fluids at intermediate pressures, heated fluid passes, and a cooling circuit (50) fluidly coupled to pathway (41) to cool a portion (411) of heated fluid prior to portion (411) of heated fluid reaching one of components (30) for generating power from fluids at intermediate pressures.EFFECT: production of energy.10 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of reducing consumption of electric energy from mains // 2601286
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering, specifically to devices for reducing consumption of electric energy from supply mains. Method of reducing consumption of electric energy from mains comprises accumulation by an inertia accumulator (flywheel) of kinetic energy with further transfer of accumulated energy to electric motors and synchronous generator during occurrence of active electric load in circuit of generator.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of electric energy consumption from supply mains.1 cl, 1 dwg

Wind turbine // 2601017
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a wind-driven power plant rotor blade and a wind-driven power plant containing at least one such blade. Rotor blade of a wind-driven power plant comprises front edge (211) of the rotor blade, rear edge (212) of the rotor blade, base (214) of the rotor blade for connection to the wind-driven power plant and tip (213) of the rotor blade, suction side (216) and supercharge side (217), line (215) of critical points along longitudinal direction (L) of the rotor blade from base (214) of the rotor blade to tip (213) of the rotor blade at a predetermined angle of the rotor blade installation and multiple vortex generators (300) in the area of line (215) of critical points, herewith line (215) of critical points is located within the area of supercharge side (217).EFFECT: invention is aimed at reducing the noise level of the wind-driven power plant rotor blades operation.9 cl, 5 dwg

ethod and device for mounting rotor of wind energy plant // 2600848
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a lifting beam for lifting and handling a rotor blade of a wind energy plant. Lifting beam for lifting and handling a rotor blade of a wind energy plant, comprising a fastening means for fastening lifting beam to a crane, at least one fastening means for fastening lifting beam to rotor blade, as well longitudinal pivoting means for pivoting rotor blade which is supported by lifting beam about a longitudinal axis of rotor blade, and transverse pivoting means for pivoting rotor blade which is supported by lifting beam about a transverse axis, extending perpendicular to longitudinal axis, wherein longitudinal pivoting means has an actuator for actively pivoting rotor blade, and transverse pivoting means is adapted for passive pivoting and has a brake means and/or a securing means for securing lifting beam in at least two mutually different pivotal positions.EFFECT: invention is aimed at simplifying assembly and dismantling of rotor blade.19 cl, 5 dwg

ethod for controlling a wind turbine // 2600846
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for controlling a wind turbine having the steps of detecting an internal fault signal which indicates a disturbance in the first wind power installation, receiving at least one external fault signal which is produced outside the first wind power installation and which indicates a disturbance in another wind power installation, and evaluating the internal fault signal in dependence on the at least one external fault signal.EFFECT: higher reliability of detecting fault signals and preventing false alarms.12 cl, 3 dwg

Electric machine with multiplier // 2600574
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering, namely to electric machines with wave transmission. Electric machine with multiplier comprises housing 10, stator 3, rotor 4 and wave transmission in multiplier mode with rolling bodies 7, wherein multiplier is arranged coaxially inside electric machine rotor. Multiplier comprises rigid wheel 5 with outer toothed profile, which is electrical machine axis, separator 6 with rolling bodies attached to electrical machine housing, wave former 8, made as multiple-disk, with output shaft in form of cylinder, which outer surface is an electric machine rotor windings base, and internal is made of circular grooves of the same diameter, which number is equal to number of discs. Centers of adjacent circular grooves are shifted relative to longitudinal axis at the same eccentricities, oriented in opposite sides, wherein each of these grooves has groove to accommodate rollers making package bearings, which cages are discs, contacting with rolling bodies located in separator.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of high capacity electric machine with multiplier dimensions and weight, higher efficiency and lower cost of its production.1 cl, 2 dwg

Electric plant // 2599880
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: electric plant comprising a pneumatic system of double action, when the working process is performed by load, ensuring the working medium movement from an air chamber, and upon load removing the working process ensures the air movement from atmosphere to the air chamber, contains a working element. The working element comprises the air chamber with air ducts connecting the internal cavity of the air chamber with an external atmosphere. The side walls of the air chamber are made with the possibility of the internal volume change of the chamber cavity due to the wall dimensions decreasing or increasing through the height by load creation or removal, and due to the tension and elasticity of the material. The internal volume of the air chamber is set to an initial position by springs located along the external perimeter of the air chamber. Inside the air ducts a wind engine with an electric generator is installed. Wherein the electric plant is located in the pit, the air chamber bottom rests against the pit bottom, the working surface of the air chamber site is located at the level of the adjacent surface of the pit.EFFECT: assurance of the continuous operation mode of the electric plant.5 dwg

Complementary heat energy system using solar energy and biomass // 2599697
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: complementary heat energy supply system using solar energy and biomass belongs to the use of clean energy. System contains a device concentrating solar beams, container (1) for storage of solar heat, a power plant running on biomass, a device of cooling and freezing for cooling and a water heating system for central heating. Device concentrating solar beams is connected via a pipeline to container (1), inlet of first outlet heat exchanger (B1) of container (1) is connected to the pump outlet of the feed water boiler running on biomass, outlet of first heat exchanger (B1) is connected to the system inlet of the feed water boiler running on biomass. Inlet pipeline of second heat exchanger (B2) of container (1) is connected to the outlet pipeline of the water purification plant, and outlet of second heat exchanger (B2) is connected to the inlet pipeline of heat energy of the device of cooling and freezing. Cooling water of the cooling and freezing device is connected to the hot water tank of the water heating system to perform heating for users. Container (1) is a heat storage container with two or three heat carriers and two cycles, and the heat carrier in it is heat-carrying oil or melted salt.EFFECT: proposed is a complementary heat energy supply system.9 cl, 3 dwg

Generator for direct driven wind power plant // 2599411
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to generator for direct driven wind power plant, to wind power plant with such generator and method of erection of wind-driven power plant. Generator (1) for direct driven wind power plant (100) with stator (2) and rotor (4), where stator (2) and/or rotor (4) have windings (14, 30), made from aluminium, wherein generator (1) has external type rotor, wherein between stator and rotor there is air gap and air gap diameter (6) is more than 4.3 m.EFFECT: higher mechanical stability and reduced weight of direct driven wind power plant generator.7 cl, 5 dwg

Wind turbine with horizontal axis and secondary wind rotor // 2599223
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind turbines. Wind turbine (1) for converting wind energy into electric energy includes nacelle (2), having head part (11) and tail part (12), primary wind rotor (3) installed with possibility of rotation relative to nacelle (2) around primary rotation axis (A1) and containing primary group of blades (4), hub (5) for attachment of said blades (4) projecting from head part (11) of nacelle (2), as well as shaft designed for its rotation by means of primary wind rotor (3), at least one primary electric generator, comprising at least primary electric stator fixed in said nacelle (2), and primary electric rotor fixed on said shaft installed with possibility of connection to above shaft, wherein primary electric generator is designed to convert wind energy received by said primary group of blades (4), to electric energy. At that, wind turbine (1) comprises secondary wind rotor (15), installed with possibility of rotation on tail part (12) and containing secondary group of blades (25) arranged with possibility to rotate around secondary axis (A2), perpendicular to primary rotation axis (A1), tail part (12) comprises plug (6), having two support brackets (16), each of which is curved and has branch (26) and between them secondary wind rotor (15) is fixed with possibility of rotation.EFFECT: invention is aimed at continuous power generation irrespective of wind velocity.9 cl, 4 dwg

oving medium energy converter // 2599097
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to renewable energy sources of moving media for generation of electrical and mechanical energy. Energy converter of moving medium made up of impellers with rotation axis perpendicular to flow rate, mounted on platform or mast and provided with one or more balanced blades rigidly connected with shaft and made complex out of bearing structures, which planes pass through impellers and louvers shaft rotation axis, equipped with axes of rotation offset to one edge, installed along blade bearing structure over distances equal to louvers width and louvers turn limiters installed along bearing structures of blades. On axes of rotation louvers are balanced with weights rigidly fixed with minimum section in planes of louvers, and louvers turn limiters are connected to each other and calibrated spring on side of converter axis of rotation and flyweight with minimum section in plane of blade from outer side.EFFECT: higher efficiency.3 cl, 8 dwg

ethod for imparting motion to rotor (versions) and rotor // 2599096
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and is intended for use in hydraulic power industry, but may be used in other industries. Method for imparting motion to rotor consists in that torque is generated with maximum use of reaction of incoming fluid. To this end, liquid is passed in rotor at largest acute angle as possible in a radial direction. Hydraulic turbine rotor includes blades secured between upper and lower rims so that line which connects points on leading and trailing edges of blades on side of flow in cross section between rims, forms with radius of rotor an angle greater than 45°, but less than 180°(n-2)/2n, where n is number of blades greater than eight. Blades between rims to downwards bent part by on flow side are convex, and on opposite side facing direction of rotation of rotor - concave.EFFECT: invention enables to use hydraulic turbine rotor in area of both high and low pressure of up to 40 m.3 cl, 12 dwg

Device for manipulating rotor blade of wind power plant // 2599081
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for manipulating wind power plant rotor blade. Device for manipulating rotor blade (21) of the wind power plant with a longitudinal axis includes at least one main part (1) for at least a partial cover and retention of rotor blade (21), at least one support frame (4) for arrangement of main part (1) with possibility of rotation and at least one fastening device (30) for attachment of rotor blade (21) of the wind power plant in the device. Herewith, main part (1) has at least rotary section (2) for acting on at least one side of rotor blade (21). At that, fastening device (30) has first and second section (31, 32), while first section (31) is located on the first end of main part (1), and second section (32) - on the second end of main part (1). At that, fastening device (30) is designed to accommodate fastening pin (25) on or in the rotor blade of wind power plant.EFFECT: invention is aimed at simplified fastening of blades for their production, changing of position, movement and installation.8 cl, 11 dwg

Hydraulic system of one basin tidal power plant with water engine with blade variable geometry // 2599012
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic construction and hydraulic power engineering. Device is intended for technological generating head in tide water area between sea and basin cut by a dam, and passage of water flow through four power unit water conduits with sequentially installed in three rows on 4 inexpensive and easily changeable water engines with variable blade geometry, in order to head of tide water column can be used for many times. Device comprises floating tidal power plant units sequentially arranged for multiple use of water flow, dead floating units of cut-off dam, flow-through floating units, fish-ways, navigation pass (lock) or flow-through construction coupling dams, road along the dam and gantry cranes for lifting equipment. Device comprises building power unit 1, which is included in head dam front installed after its remaining life by a tidal power plant building, as well as in addition to operating tidal power plant buildings to increase power by means of temporary guards of a dam repaired section by floating units, to ensure operating other tidal power plant buildings in standard conditions during one tidal power plant building disassembly. Building power unit 1 is collected in the place of prefabricated reinforced concrete elements 1-0 in building, having a machinery room in the centre and two water conduits 1-7 adjoining at both sides, having two-four water engines 1-1 with variable blade geometry. Water engines axis are located at the level of ocean surface at maximum low tide (mark 0.00). Basin bottom has water guide channel 5 to water engines, deepened to the blade height. Water guide channel 5 is a fish-way for fish passage during the maximum low tide.EFFECT: invention allows replacing damaged dam cutoff units of head front and buildings of operating tidal power plants without deterioration of operating other sections of the dam by inexpensive means, replacing outdated expensive types of turbines for cheap, quickly changable water engines with variable blade geometry, as well as increasing capacity of existing tidal power plants, applying new materials and new methods of construction for tidal dams taking into account engineering development.4 cl, 12 dwg

ethod and station of hydrodynamic wave energy conversion on slope // 2598922
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to use of wave energy to drive hydraulic generators. Method of conversion of hydrodynamic wave energy on slope includes operations of location of hydraulic generator in the vicinity of wave below the level of rest, gripping and progression of flows and slope wave to input of hydraulic generator, forming active head on it by means of station with booster. Coordinates of point are calculated with maximum flow speed at its impact on slope during wave progression and located around the station. Operating pressure on hydro generator is formed using energy of water flows flowing over station.EFFECT: group of inventions is aimed at reduction of energy losses, increased operating head, higher efficiency, simplified design and high sensitivity to small waves height, extended power, reduced number of mechanical elements.8 cl, 4 dwg
 
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