Starting of combustion engines and starting aids for such engines, not otherwise provided for (F02N)

F02N              Starting of combustion engines (starting of free-piston combustion-engines f02b0071020000; starting of gas-turbine plants f02c0007260000); starting aids for such engines, not otherwise provided for(1130)

ethod for stopping vehicle engine (versions) and vehicle // 2642012
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: when the engine (10) is stopped, the rotation speed of the drivetrain integrated starter/generator (DISG) (240) is adjusted to the desired rotation speed, which provides the required pressure in the transmission (208) clutch oil line in response to the request to stop the engine (10) rotation. Release drivetrain clutches (236) slide in the drivetrain between the DISG (240) and the engine (10) to stop the engine (10) in the desired position. A method for stopping a vehicle engine and a vehicle are also proposed.EFFECT: reduced engine-starting period and fuel economy, emission reduction.20 cl, 48 dwg

Engine starting method (versions) and engine starting system of vehicle with hybrid drive // 2640162
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: engine starting method comprises the stage of predicting the required torque after activating the transmission overdrive. Then, the stopped motor starts to rotate, if the predicted required torque after activating the transmission overdrive is greater than the torque threshold.EFFECT: torque response is increased under different conditions.20 cl, 48 dwg

Engine operation method (versions), engine control system // 2640146
FIELD: engine devices and pumps.SUBSTANCE: in one of the examples, the method of engine operation is disclosed comprising adjusting an actuator for the first time to automatically stop the engine; adjustment of the actuating mechanism for the second time before the engine reaches the zero rpm speed in response to the request to restart the engine; and adjusting throttle position of air intake at the time after closing the open intake valve of a cylinder having an open intake valve simultaneously with the request to restart the engine, and before closing the intake valve of the cylinder following in the combustion order in the engine in response to the request to restart the engine.EFFECT: acceleration of engine starting after shutting down, reduction of fuel and emissions.20 cl, 5 dwg

System of inertia-electric starting of internal combustion engine // 2638957
FIELD: engine devices and pumps.SUBSTANCE: inertia-electric starter device for internal combustion engine including a battery 1, an ignition switch 2, an electric starter 3, a traction relay 4 with a closing contact and a winding, a pinion gear 5, a drive gear lever 6, a crown of a flywheel of a crank shaft 7, an electromagnetic coupling (driving half-coupling 12, driven half-coupling 10, an inductor 11, contact rings 8 and brushes 9), a flywheel 13 and an overrunning clutch 14. The overrunning clutch 14, the flywheel 13 and the driving half-coupling of the electromagnetic coupling 12 are fixed to armature shaft. The drive gear is mounted on the shaft of the driven half-coupling of the electromagnetic coupling by means of a splined joint.EFFECT: efficient start-up by the starter.1 dwg

ethod and system for engine start // 2638118
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of engine start optimisation, which can be repeatedly stopped and started. Volume of fuel injection into intake channels is adjusted depending on position of engine stop relative to the dead points. Engine stop position may indicate the amount of injected fuel that enters the cylinder to complete the first combustion cycle after the engine is shutdown.EFFECT: reduction of fuel consumption at engine start at acceptable toxicity of combustion products.20 cl, 4 dwg

ethod for hybrid vehicle connected to network (versions) // 2636446
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: in the vehicle operation method, the vehicle is driven by a motor and an electric motor and the engine is started if the energy stored in the power storage device is greater than the upper threshold level when the amount of contaminants in the engine oil is greater than the threshold amount. In another version, the engine in the hybrid vehicle connected to the network is shut down in response to the level of contaminants in the exhaust line of forced crankcase ventilation. At that, the engine starts based on the level of contamination in the engine oil. In another version, at a high engine temperature, it is started in response to the amount of contaminants in the engine oil. At that, the motor is driven for a shorter duration. At a lower engine temperature, the engine is started in response to the amount of contaminants in the engine oil. At that, the motor is driven for a longer duration.EFFECT: oil deterioration is prevented.18 cl, 10 dwg

System and method to control vehicle // 2636249
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: method for controlling a vehicle comprising an engine, an engine control unit (ECU), a throttle control element, a throttle body, a throttle valve, a throttle actuator, and a key adapted to communicate with the key is disclosed. The method includes: creating a key connection with the key, starting the engine, if the key is connected to the keypad and the engine is started: reading the key identification code and thereby determining the authorization status of the key, and if it is determined that the key is an authorized key, perform control of the throttle position based in part on the throttle body position, if it is determined that the key is an unauthorized key, the throttle position restriction is limited so that less safe restriction is provided for the throttle.EFFECT: expansion of throttle control capabilities through various types of keys.30 cl, 20 dwg

ethod and device for monitoring and control of hybrid vehicle internal combustion engine start // 2636190
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: method for monitoring and control start of an internal combustion engine of a hybrid vehicle includes pseudocycle of engine start a starting battery. Then, the change in current rate time and voltage at the terminals of the starting battery is measured and recorded. Determining whether the change of said parameters reaches a predetermined value indicating the state of the battery and sufficient to start the engine during the given time interval. If a sufficient state of the battery is detected, the internal combustion engine is started by the battery. If a sufficient battery state is not detected, an electric motor is allowed to operate to move the hybrid vehicle and a notification on sufficient state of the starting battery was not detected is sent to a driver.EFFECT: excluded restart of electronic control units and loss of control at poor state of the battery.10 cl, 5 dwg

ethod and system for operation of compression-ignition diesel engine // 2635174
FIELD: engine devices and pumps.SUBSTANCE: method of operation of a compression-ignition diesel engine comprises the following steps: to keep the state of the glow plug in response to rapidly following one after another stops and engine starts determined by a drop of an engine temperature. Activation of the glow plug is prevented after engine warm-up conditions in response to the engine which is subsequently automatically stopped and automatically starts for a predetermined period of time and selectively activates the mesh air intake heater which heats the contents coming into the engine cylinder in addition in response to the request of the automatic start of the engine, the glow plug is deactivated in response to the engine temperature and the mesh air intake heater is deactivated after deactivating the glow plug.EFFECT: reduction of wear of glow plugs and improvement of emissions of an automatically started engine.8 cl, 4 dwg

ethod for clutch position estimation // 2634855
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: method for clutch state estimation includes the steps of conclusion that the clutch is off, if the vehicle speed is substantially zero, the transmission of the vehicle gearbox is engaged, the engine is running and the clutch torque transmitted is substantially zero. Otherwise, it is concluded that the disabled clutch state is not confirmed. A method for an automatic vehicle engine stop comprises the steps of clutch state estimation using the method and engine stopping. The vehicle has a motor coupled to a mechanical gearbox with an ability to transmit the driving force via the clutch and an electronic controller programmed to evaluate the operating condition of the clutch. The electronic controller determines the state of the clutch.EFFECT: increased vehicle reliability and safety.14 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of providing maximum use of start-stop system for micro-hybrid cars // 2633439
FIELD: automotive engineering.SUBSTANCE: in the method for maximizing the use of the start-stop operation for a vehicle equipped with a start-stop system, the current, consumed by the vehicle components from the battery, is measured; the internal resistance of the battery is measured, applying the battery control module, using signals from the battery temperature sensors. The resistance of the closed circuit of the starter is also determined using the battery control module, using signals from closed circuit temperature sensors. Next, the closed circuit voltage of the battery is calculated using the current consumed by the components, the internal resistance of the battery, and the resistance of the closed circuit of the starter, applying a processor. Next, a start-stop operation for the engine is performed, if it is predicted, that the battery closed circuit voltage is above a predetermined value.EFFECT: start-stop operations are used to the maximum extent.7 cl, 3 dwg

Control method for fuel supply to engine // 2633209
FIELD: engine devices and pumps.SUBSTANCE: control method for fuel supply to a vehicle engine is proposed. According to the method, when the engine is cuts off, a fuel injection pump (FIP) with variable delivery and a drive from the engine operates at a high feed rate and fills in the high-pressure fuel storage with fuel. When the engine is further restarted, the fuel from the high-pressure fuel storage is used, if the FIP runs at a low feed rate.EFFECT: acceleration of engine deceleration at cutoff, acceleration of engine start-up due to the need to increase the fuel pressure of the high-pressure fuel pump before starting the fuel injection into the engine.21 cl, 14 dwg

otor operation mode (alternative versions) // 2632315
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: modes can be of particular assistance in engine emissions abatement that relate to an automatically engine off rerun. In one example the mode regulates an intensity of current into an electric appliance that holds a rotational moment to an engine in order to regulate the amount of air that is pumped through the engine into an oxidation catalyst.EFFECT: engine emissions abatement.19 cl, 6 dwg

Vehicle engine control device // 2631353
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: vehicle engine control device with an electric fuel pump, a fuel pressure sensor, an electric motor starting the internal combustion engine and an electric storage device comprises an electronic control unit configured to: control the electric feeding pump based on a value determined by the fuel pressure sensor; control the electric motor starting the internal combustion engine and control the electric feeding pump and the electric motor. The electric storage device supplies electric power to the electric motor, giving preference to the electric feeding pump when the first electric power is less than the determined threshold value. The first electric power is the power that the storage device is capable of producing at the engine starting moment.EFFECT: improving the engine starting characteristics.5 cl, 7 dwg

ethod and device for engine starting // 2631189
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: there is a method to start the engine, in which alternately several starters are used to evenly distribute wear and reduce the wear of each starter in proportion to the total number of starters. Rather, the starters were arranged in such a way as to minimize the imposition of appropriate wear profiles generated by timing their crown, with which they interact, thus increasing the service life of the ring gear. Considering a device on which to run and how to extend the life of the ring gear.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of how to run and increase the service life of the device to run.18 cl, 1 tbl, 11 dwg
ethod for pre-launch preparing moving objects in low temperature conditions // 2629587
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: method for pre-launch preparing the moving objects at low temperature conditions, based on the centralized heat energy supply to the heating elements of the moving objects in the parking lot. The parking lot number, the moving object type and the its departure time from the parking lot are specified after setting a moving object to the parking lot, the ambient temperature and the heating element temperature with the highest heat capacity are measured, the heating start time is defined, and heat energy is supplied to the heating elements, when reaching the current heating start time, and heat energy supply is stopped, when the heating element reaches the working temperature.EFFECT: increasing the preparation manufacturability of the moving objects at low temperatures and reducing the heat energy costs.1 dwg

Substitutive coolant temperature calculation device of internal combustion engine, equipped with additional heater // 2628466
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: subject of the invention is a device (50) for calculating the engine coolant substitutive temperature (TEs) when an additional heater has been activated in advance to provide optimum control of the internal combustion engine. This temperature is based on weighing (Cp) between the measured temperature (TEmes) of the coolant and the oil temperature (TH). The coefficient of this weighing (Cp) varies depending on the activation conditions of the heater and it is determined based on a pre-compiled cartography. The calculated substitutive temperature takes into account the thermal state of the internal combustion engine.EFFECT: improved engine start-up, eliminated problems of combustion, stops, fuel overexpenditures and increased emissions of pollutants.10 cl, 4 dwg
Preliminary heating fluid media device, in particularly fluid media of the combustion engine cooling agent // 2628241
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: heating device for the fluid media contains a heating device with U-shaped fluid media channel (6); and at least one electrical resistor (1), located close to the heating device. The heating device contains a continuous element (2) inside the mentioned device with parts of the fluid media channel (6), which correspond to the U-shape. The continuous heating element (2) contains at least one open groove, extending along and in front of the U-shaped fluid media channel cavity, at that at least one electrical resistor (1) is placed in at least one groove, and at the same time the heating device contains at least one covering plate of at least one groove, designed for fastening to the continuous element.EFFECT: increase of thermal performance and design simplicity.18 cl, 7 dwg

Engine and method for producing the engine // 2627744
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: proposed engine 5, wherein at least one oil passageway 14 includes a thermal barrier disposed therein to reduce heat transfer from the oil flowing through the oil passageway 14 to the engine 5. The thermal barrier comprises a tube 30, 130, 230 of a closed cell foam having a low thermal conductivity. oil temperature reaches one or more motor bearings 5 therefore increases to the positive effect of friction reduction, wear and fuel economy, particularly during a warm-up period after starting the engine from cold.EFFECT: reduced fuel consumption when the engine is started cold.13 cl, 12 dwg
Device for igniting and supplying fuel to burner-type evaporator // 2626870
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: device for igniting and supplying fuel to a burner-type evaporator, comprising a fitting connected to furnace chamber, air and fuel supply nozzles, a glow plug, a porous transporting evaporating element disposed within the fitting between the inner wall and the glow plug with a gap, a heat shield, located between porous transporting evaporative element and glow plug, at the base of which in the porous transporting evaporation element and the heat shield a hole is made coaxially, in which the air supply nozzle is gas-tightly disposed, wherein the device further comprising a transfer nozzle, an external heat shield, a heat distribution cylinder and a radiator in which holes are made in which air and fuel supply nozzles are gas-tightly arranged, wherein the lower base of transfer nozzle is gas-tightly connected to the housing of furnace chamber along the contour of the hole in furnace chamber, and the upper base of transfer nozzle is the gas-tightly connected with the lower base of heat distribution cylinder, in the upper base of heat distribution cylinder a central hole is made, along the contour of which fitting is attached gas-tightly, connected to the furnace chamber, the lower end of radiator is pressed to the upper base of heat distribution cylinder, the flange of external heat shield is gas-tightly attached to the side surface of transfer nozzle.EFFECT: increasing the completeness of combustion when using fuels withsignificant number of fractions having a low evaporation temperature and reducing the concentration of toxic substances in combustion products.1 dwg

Housing of blower housing, in particular, of combustion air blower for vehicle starting preheater // 2625383
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: housing of a blower, in particular, of a combustion air blower for vehicle starting preheater comprises the first part (14) with open on one axial side supply channel annularly passing around the axis (A) of the housing and the second part (16) for mounting electric motor (20) of the blower. The part (16) of the housing comprises a wall (18) elongated in the direction of its axis (A), which surrounds the chamber for the electric motor mounting. Connecting zone (26) for creating electric connection to the control unit (38) is provided in the longitudinal central portion of the housing wall (18) in the direction of its axis (A) on the outer side of the wall (18).EFFECT: positioning flexibility during installation is ensured.10 cl, 4 dwg

Five-stage electric starter // 2624778
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: in a five-gear electric starter three gears (Sun gear, led and orbital wheel) of simple-stage planetary gearbox (PG) have cogwheels and clutches of switch input and output ETC, providing work of ETC on five gears (steps).EFFECT: expansion of the operational characteristics of the engines ground transportation systems, increasing its reliability and durability due to the withdrawal of the rest condition and lubrication to friction until the engine runs.2 dwg

Device for heating up of the hydraulic motor and special equipment // 2622601
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device contains the telescopic tube, one end of which has a hook, the opposite end of the telescopic tube has an ergonomic handle, latch to extend and retract the telescopic tube, two beams, fastening. According to the invention and telescopic tube and two beams have the hooks such form that allows locking of the handle rod and transporting both push and pull transporting rod, closer to the middle of the telescopic chimney hemisphere guides are available for two beams, two beams are attached to the telescopic tube at an angle, so that all the hooks are in the same plane, perpendicular to the telescopic tube fastening delayed using thumbnuts and wing bolts.EFFECT: improvement of energy efficiency of the hydraulic tank warm up and engine of special equipment.3 dwg

ethod for starting the engine (variants) and engine starting system attached to the transmission // 2622344
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: engine start process comprises feeding a substantially constant mass of air in the engine after increasing the engine speed to a predetermined condition. Shall regulate the ignition timing for the issuance of the torque to reach the required number of engine idle speed the introduction of the engine substantially constant air mass. Provides ignition timing advance in the installation direction to install the minimum ignition angle for maximum torque (MT) in response to an increase in the engine torque when administered at a substantially constant engine air mass. Embodiment of the method of the engine start and the engine start system are disclosed.EFFECT: optional limit fuel consumption and exhaust gas temperature limit.20 cl, 5 dwg

Engine starting process (versions) and system // 2620466
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: engine starting method lies in the fact that the throttle of the cylinder port is closed and at least a portion of fuel is injected into the cylinder during a cylinder cycle when the port throttle is substantially closed. The fuel content is injected during an interval which comprises intermediate position which is substantially equalized to the predetermined cylinder vacuum level. Invention discloses the engine starting process and engine control system.EFFECT: improvement in reliability of engine start at low temperatures and emmision reduction during the engine start by improving fuel vaporization.20 cl, 9 dwg

Ice starter // 2618983
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: starter contains an electric motor and a planetary gearbox. When starting the internal combustion engine, a screw mechanism is used. The carrier shaft of the planetary gearbox is placed inside the electromagnetic coil together with a drive gear bushing attached to the shaft. There are screw grooves made with an angle of inclination to its longitudinal axis of 20-30 on the outer surface of the carrier shaft. The screw grooves of the carrier shaft are in connection with the screw nut of the clutch screw mechanism, the outer protrusions of which enter the grooves of its drive gear. The drive gear bushing together with the outer protrusions of the screw nut of the carrier shaft are the core of the electromagnetic coil. There is a spacer helical coil spring with left-hand winding between the screw nut of the carrier shaft and the drive gear. The motor start-up terminals made together with the insulated pins exit the silumin cover outside between the constant excitation magnets of the motor stator. The contact terminals for starting the motor are closed by an annular magnetizing contactor. The thrust ring of the drive gear is mounted on the front end of the carrier shaft to limit its travel. The return helical coil spring of the annular steel contactor serves to open the contact of the annular steel contactor with the contact terminals of the motor start-up when the electromagnetic coil is switched off. Two covers of the motor stator are pulled together by two steel pins.EFFECT: simplified device, reduced overall dimensions and weight, increased reliability and durability in operation.1 dwg
ethod for heating motor and transmission oils of automobile machinery with automatic heat supply shutdown // 2618782
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: method for heating motor and transmission oils of automotive equipment with automatic heat supply shutdown, which includes warming up the engine crankcases and vehicle transmission units by supplying heat from an external heat source through the air main systems; the heat source is represented by an aircraft engine connected to the intake nozzle, for which purpose a signal is sent from the master device to the control device of the aircraft engine start, taking into account the ambient air temperature, the warming temperature of motor and transmission oils and the amount of equipment needed for warming up, gives control signals to the aircraft engine for its starting and to the distributor for supplying the heat to the heating object, wherein as a result of the aircraft engine start, a hot air stream is created, which through the inlet nozzle passes first through the main path and then by the air line of the parking lot and enters the air duct to the crankcases of the engine motor and transmission oils and the transmission units of automobile vehicles, wherein after achieving the set temperature by the heating object, a signal enters the controlling device which in turn sends a signal to the dispenser, which stops the heat flow with the hot air stream to the object.EFFECT: reduced energy consumption for heating oils.2 dwg

Ice operation control method // 2617615
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: method of ICE operation control equipped with a turbocompressor is that when the cold engine starts, the exhaust gas flowing from the turbocharger (9) turbine (8) is throttled. After starting the engine, the exhaust gas flow from the turbine (8) of the turbocompressor (9) continues to be throttled, and a part of this flow is sent through the heat exchanger (12) to the compressor inlet (1). At the end of the warm-up after starting the engine, a part of the exhaust gases is sent through the heat exchanger (12) to the engine inlet valve (5) and the air flow from the compressor (1) is throttled.EFFECT: improvement of the engine starting qualities, reduction of its warm-up time and hazardous substances emissions into the atmosphere.2 cl, 4 dwg

Vehicle controller // 2617251
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: vehicle controller with a plurality of coupling elements for coupling using hydraulic pressure comprises an electronic control unit arranged to stop the engine and switching the plurality of coupling elements between the coupled state and the decoupled state when the predetermined condition of economical operation is confirmed. The first coupling element begins to switch from the coupled state to the decoupled state after the second coupling element begins to switch from the coupled state to the decoupled state.EFFECT: increased coupling speed.6 cl, 9 dwg

Internal combustion engine comprising electric starting system powered by lithium-ion battery // 2616717
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: suggested invention relates to the internal combustion engines, namely to engines comprising an electric starting system powered by battery. The internal combustion engine (1000) comprises an engine (1002) package. A piston (1006) is located in a cylinder (1004). A crankshaft is made with possibility of to be driven by a piston (1006). Besides, the engine (1000) comprises a fuel system (1001) to deliver air-fuel mixture to the cylinder (1004). Besides, the engine (1000) comprises a starter motor and a lithium-ion battery (1020) installed on the engine (1000). At that the lithium-ion battery (1020) is made with possibility of power supply of the starter motor for engine (1000) start.EFFECT: technical result means decreasing of fuel consumption and noise level.24 cl, 62 dwg

System consisting of internal combustion engine // 2615874
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mechanical engineering, namely to systems consisting of an internal combustion engine, a flywheel mounted in a starter-generator flywheel housing and connecting the flywheel to the friction clutch gearbox. System for starter generator application (3) for an internal combustion engine includes an internal combustion engine. A flywheel (1) is installed on the engine crankshaft. A starter generator (3) is mounted in the flywheel housing (2). A friction clutch (4) connects the flywheel (1) to the gearbox. At that, an intermediate element (5) is fixed on the output side of the flywheel (1). The torque transmitting fastener (8) of the intermediate element (5) on the flywheel (1) in relation to the radial distance (6) from the axis (7) of flywheel (1) rotation, is located radially inside relatively to the torque transmitting fastener (9) of the intermediate element (5) on the friction clutch (4). The intermediate element (5) forms an abutment surface (11) of the support for the friction lining (12) of the friction clutch (4).EFFECT: invention is small, at least in the axial direction.15 cl, 2 dwg

Device for starting tank engine // 2612516
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: when opening the valve of air intake, the compressed air from the receiver through the channels 22 and 21 flows into the cavity 18 of the stator 19 and the duct 15 - to the opposite ends of the cylinder cavity 10, 11, causing the movable pistons 8, 9, which by means of rods 6, 7, connecting rods 4, of cranks 5 and 1, 2, shaft 3 is rotated. Last through the coupling is connected to the flywheel of the engine of the tank and run it. Then translate starter in the air discharge mode (compressor) to the receiver, it is adjusted to the desired value of the pressure and disconnect the coupling device from a running engine. The air is injected into the receiver handle manually, using a cylinder 10, if necessary.EFFECT: simplified design, higher reliability.6 cl, 6 dwg

System with internal combustion engine // 2611854
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device that connects a flywheel with drive elements. The system includes an internal combustion engine with a crankshaft, a flywheel (2) which is connected with the drive elements via a connecting device (1), where there is a transmitting torque intermediate part (4) between the flywheel (2) and the connecting device (1) , and a starter-generator (5) located inside the housing (6) of the flywheel connected with the crankshaft. The intermediate part (4) has an opening (11) in its center (10) to support the body of the shaft with the possibility of axial thrust (12). The body (12) of the shaft is connected with the connecting device (1) through a flexible transmission element (13).EFFECT: invention is a simplified design of the internal combustion engine.15 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of engine starting, method for engine (versions) and system // 2611121
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention may be used in internal combustion engines. Method of engine starting includes throttle (64) position installation based on of pressure in brakes booster (140). Estimating amount of air in engine cylinder and amount of fuel evaporation during start-up based on pressure in brakes booster (140).EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of fuel-air mixture and reduced emission of combustion products with exhaust gases.10 cl, 4 dwg
Energy saving appliance // 2610649
FIELD: physics, instrumentation.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to technical means (TM) comprising a heat engine (HE) operated at low ambient temperatures. The TM contains a thermal insulation capsule, equipped with service, ventilation hatches, hatch covers and an outlet port with a valve, as well as HE cooling system radiator, battery and heat preparation device located in the HE capsule. The heat preparation device is configured to generate electricity and heat during catalytic combustion of hydrocarbon fuels. The heat preparation device comprises an air blower with electric drive and air inlet, a combustor, a catalyst, a thermoelectric converter, a thermoelectric catalyst heater, an outlet pipe. The air blower electric drive, the thermoelectric converter and the thermoelectric catalyst heater are configured for electrical connection with battery terminals. The output mouth of the discharge pipe is located in the cavity of the capsule, the air blower intake is arranged on the outer surface of the capsule. The heat preparation device is provided with a heat exchanger arranged to transfer the part of the heat generated by the HE heat preparation device.EFFECT: invention provides a quick HE start-up after a long TM outage at low ambient temperatures.8 cl, 5 tbl

Laser heating system // 2610528
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines (ICE). Disclosed is method of fuel evaporation in ICE, according to which fuel in ICE cylinder is heated by means of laser radiation using laser 184, connected to cylinder, for fuel evaporation without ignition, fuel is ignited in cylinder by spark ignition using spark 92 and adjusting laser focus position depending on ICE operation conditions. Also disclosed is said method implementation system.EFFECT: improved fuel evaporation in cylinder to increase fuel combustion efficiency.17 cl, 9 dwg

anagement of electrical air intake heater of internal combustion engine // 2610443
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the management of electric air intake heater of the internal combustion engine. This technical result is achieved by the fact that the thermal energy (Q) in an electric air intake heater (1) is balanced to take measures against overheating in such a way that heat energy is determined indirectly by measuring the time (24) of heating, and the measured time (24) of heating corresponds to the heating temperature and the heating time (24) is associated with the heat energy and heating temperature, accordingly a certain parametric characteristics of the heating surface. During the subsequent cooling time indirectly by measuring the cooling time (29 to 30) the energy of the cooling given to the environment is determined, and the association of the cooling time with cooling energy and the cooling temperature is carried out according to certain characteristics of the cooling or parametric surface cooling, and cooling power is subtracted of heating energy. The remaining difference between the corresponding residual heat energy (Qs) is used as a criterion, for example whether after the measured cooling time immediately re-heating process without overheating or determining additional cooling time as additional time (32 to 33) for further cooling to uncritical values for the new start of heating period or the current preheating period may be shortened by the still present residual heat.EFFECT: invention provides control of the electric air intake heater in an internal combustion engine in such a way that the risk of overheating due to re-start the heating process is eliminated.15 cl, 8 dwg

Starter of internal combustion engine // 2607435
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to engine-building, particularly to internal combustion engine (ICE) starting devices. In proposed device described is ICE starter (10), having preliminary activation drive (16) actuating lever (190), by which starting gear (22) is engaged or disengaged from ICE flywheel gear rim (25) and on which pretensioned resilient element (212) is fixed, at least one support arm (216) of which is actuated directly by preliminary activation drive (16) traction element (187), for this purpose traction element (187) has hole (214), in which first supporting arm (216) of pretensioned resilient element (212) is installed, applying to starting gear (22) via lever section (202, 204) its force (228, 234) acting in its actuation direction and having at least one twisted section (220, 222), wherein twisted section (220, 222) rests on fixing projections (242), arranged sidewise opposite to each other in cavity (244) in lever (190) intended for resilient element installation.EFFECT: disclosed is starter of internal combustion engine.12 cl, 14 dwg

ethod of starting the engine (versions) and vehicle engine starting system with hybrid drive // 2606160
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to improvement of driving properties of a vehicle. Method for starting an engine includes starting an engine with the first electric machine at the required torque consumption less than the threshold value; starting the engine with the second electric machine at the required torque consumption exceeding the threshold value; supplying the torque sufficient for rotation of wheels, exclusively by the first electric machine at selected operating conditions and disconnecting the second electric machine from the engine when the engine speed reaches the threshold speed of rotation. Threshold values may vary depending on the speed of rotation of the first electric machine. Engine start system for a motor vehicle with hybrid drive comprises starter, double mass flywheel, drive disengagement clutch to drive wheels, built-in drive to drive wheels starter/generator and controller.EFFECT: improved riding qualities and reduced fuel consumption.10 cl, 48 dwg

ethod of internal combustion engine in hybrid vehicle start-up // 2605139
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle engine start-up. Method of internal combustion engine starting in vehicle propulsion system, containing internal combustion engine, electric machine, gearbox and planetary gear, and comprises stages, at which setting vehicle into initial position by means of suitable gear and using brake indirectly acting on gearbox input shaft. Then controlling electric machine so, that planetary gear component is driven into rotation with negative rotation speed. As a result, internal combustion engine output shaft by means of planetary gear first component is driven with positive rotation speed so, that internal combustion engine can be started.EFFECT: improved engine start-up.11 cl, 6 dwg

Diagnostics of starting system // 2605079
FIELD: electrical engineering.SUBSTANCE: using in electrical engineering. According to invention, engine (120) of internal combustion in a vehicle is launched by means of starting system, including electric starter (110). Function of starting system is assessed by testing system containing measuring elements, analyzer (160) of starter engine and module (170) of control. Measuring elements of measure supplied voltage for electric starter (110) and the number of rotations per minute for internal combustion engine (120), when starter (110) is activated. Analyzer (160) of starter engine determines, based on supply voltage and the number of rotations per minute, status (S) of starting system. Based on preliminary status (S), module (170) of control estimates, if information is required in addition to the voltage supply and the number of rotations per minute. If so, processing of interactive communication takes place, at which operator (OP) is suggested to input information (OPInp) to module (170) of control at, at least, one stage of processing. Expanded message (TR) of status, which determines functional status of starting system, is generated by module (170) of control, based on processing of interactive communication.EFFECT: technical result consists in provision of simple, safe and reliable diagnosis of starting system of motor vehicle.17 cl, 5 dwg

ethod for controlling an engine stop-start system // 2604831
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles with an engine stop-start system for automatic start and stop of the internal combustion engine. Invention is intended to reduce wear of component parts of the starting system and discloses the method for controlling the operation of an engine stop-start system, in which, if the time taken to start an engine 10 controlled by the engine stop-start system exceeds a predefined limit, operation of the engine stop-start system is inhibited so that normal stop-start operation does not occur during at least the current drive cycle.EFFECT: this prevents excessive use of a starting system for engine 10 which can result in premature failure of the starting system and also reduces negative reactions from a user of motor vehicle 5 due to the sluggish starting.10 cl, 3 dwg

Diagnostics of starter // 2604659
FIELD: electrical engineering.SUBSTANCE: using in electrical engineering. According to invention, electric starter (110) is configured to start engine (120) of internal combustion. Operation of starter (110) is subjected to diagnostics by means of measuring elements (130, 140), which measure voltage (U) of power at starter and rotation number (RPM) per minute of internal combustion engine. On the basis of measured parameters (U, RPM) processor (160) determines status indicator (S), which provides quality index for performance of starter (110). Storage element (170) stores corresponding value of state indicator (S) in connection with multiple operation of electric starter (110) in sequence (M) of data. Processor (160) analyzes sequence (M) of data and determines on its basis, if operation of electric starter (110) is acceptable, and if it is not, error code (E) is generated.EFFECT: technical result consists in automatic and effective diagnosis of electric motor.21 cl, 4 dwg

ethod for engine // 2603202
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of vehicle engine control to reduce the event of premature ignition. Forced supply of residual gases from cylinder performing late combustion to the adjacent cylinder can be detected on the basis of engine block vibration detected while exhaust valve of cylinder performing late combustion is open. In response to the supply of residual gases inhibiting premature ignition action such as fuel enrichment or output of the operation is performed in an adjacent cylinder.EFFECT: method for late ignition reducing caused by events of premature ignition in the cylinder is proposed.11 cl, 7 dwg

Device for starting internal combustion engine // 2602706
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: device for starting internal combustion engine, comprising a hydraulic accumulator, hydraulic starter with pressure and drain pipelines, on shaft of which there is a freewheel clutch, kinematically coupled with engine crankshaft, working fluid vessel and piston hydraulic pump, inlet pipe of which is connected to working fluid vessel, and outlet - to hydraulic accumulator connected with pressure pipeline of hydraulic starter, mounted on crankcase, to which are connected drain pipeline of hydraulic starter and inlet branch pipe of piston of hydraulic pump. For kinematic connection with engine crankshaft on housing of hydraulic starter is mounted a hydraulic cylinder, connected on one side with underwater pipeline, on other side with a connecting pipeline of hydraulic starter. For connection of hydraulic cylinder between pressure and underwater pipelines there is an electromagnetic valve, connected with electronic control unit, which through a relay and an ignition lock is connected to a storage battery. For measuring frequency of rotation on crankcase is mounted a rotational frequency sensor, connected with electronic control unit. For liquid supply under pressure from vessel with working fluid into hydraulic accumulator and pressure pipeline there is a hydraulic pump. For connection of hydraulic pump and hydraulic accumulator to pressure pipeline there is an electromagnetic valve, connected with electronic control unit. For measurement of pressure between piston hydraulic pump and hydraulic accumulator there is a pressure sensor, connected with electronic control unit.EFFECT: higher efficiency of starting engine due to automation of operation and control process.3 cl, 3 dwg

Device for accelerated heating of positive displacement hydraulic drive of building machines // 2600657
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, namely to hydraulic drive of lifting-transport, construction, machines and equipment and other special equipment, hydraulic drive of which is operated at negative temperatures. Proposed preheating device of hydraulic drive comprises hydraulic tank and gas heat carrier circulation circuit, connected to the outlet pipeline of internal combustion engine by means of three-way valve, wherein the device is equipped with electromagnets fitted on walls of the hydraulic tank and metal granules located in working fluid, on the inlet and drain pipes there mesh filters are fitted.EFFECT: invention ensures reduction of time of heat preparation of the hydraulic drive, reduction of costs for heating of working liquid, extension of lifetime of elements of hydraulic system.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of driving the hybrid vehicle in connection with the start of internal combustion engine of this vehicle // 2600417
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to driving the transportation facility. Method of driving the transportation facility in connection with the start of internal combustion engine in the propulsive system of this vehicle containing engine, electric machine, gear box, planet gear and brake lever. Method is started when vehicle is actuated to forward running by the electric machine due to the fact that in the gear box reverse gear transmission is connected. Electric machine drives the component of the planet gear in rotation with a negative speed. Blocking means are in unlocking position, the brake lever of the component is in the position of braking. Method includes a step, wherein the brake lever of the component is transferred into the position of release, so that engine drive shaft is driven by the first component of the planet gear in rotation with a positive speed, whereupon the internal combustion engine can be run.EFFECT: improved vehicle driving.10 cl, 6 dwg

Onboard device for heating the systems of diesel locomotive engine during "hot" break // 2596891
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for maintaining internal combustion engine systems in heated state. Onboard device for heating the systems of diesel engines consists of an additional diesel-generator plant that is source of electric energy and distribution control unit; according to the invention in the room of the stock refrigerator houses a self-contained additional diesel-generator plant with the power of 12 kW, being the source of electric energy to power electric motors of the additional and fuel priming pumps.EFFECT: invention provides higher efficiency of heat carriers of heating devices for diesel locomotive engines and preservation of service life of diesel engines.1 cl, 1 dwg

Heating device and method for operation thereof // 2595299
FIELD: heating; transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heating system for preliminary heating of a vehicle and method of operation of said system, wherein method of operation depends on temperature of cooling fluid medium in system of cooling medium of vehicle. Method of operation of heating device intended for preliminary heating of components of a vehicle by means of fluid medium in a heat exchanger, wherein said method comprises receiving an initiating signal to start heating, determination of parameter indicating fluidity of fluid medium to be heated, determining sequence of starting heater based on determined value of parameter and initiation of selected sequence of starting to start heating fluid medium.EFFECT: reduced possibility of coolant overheating in zone of heat transfer in heating device, when it is operated at low temperatures.26 cl, 5 dwg

ethod of heating intake air of internal combustion engine and internal combustion engine for realising said method // 2595294
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines. Method of operation of internal combustion engine is intended for engine (1), having at least one cylinder head and at least two cylinders (2). Each cylinder (2) has at least one inlet opening for supplying combustion air (9a, 9b) in cylinder (2). Each inlet leads inlet pipeline (3). Inlet pipelines (3) of at least two cylinders (2) are connected into common inlet pipeline (6). In a common inlet pipeline (6) there is heating device (7) for heating of inlet air (9a, 9b). Heating device (7) for heating of inlet air (9a, 9b) is activated when fuel supply to internal combustion engine (1) stops. Internal combustion engine to this end is disclosed.EFFECT: technical result consists is reduction of emissions.15 cl, 1 dwg
 
2551403.
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