Ammunition and blasting (F42)

F42            Ammunition; blasting(5917)
ethod for determining efficiency of explosion protection // 2613986
FIELD: blasting.SUBSTANCE: monitoring system is used together with processing of the received information about a danger zone in the test box, where the explosive object layout is set. Video cameras are set in the inner and outer perimeters of the layout to video monitor the development of an emergency. Changes in the technological parameters of the explosive object layout are recorded via the system of analyzers of conducting processes recorded oscillograms, and an opening is made on the layout ceiling part. A triaxial explosion-proof pressure sensor is set between the explosive fragmentation element and the opening. Temperature and humidity sensors are mounted on both sides of the pressure sensor. Internal and external surface of the layout fencing is pasted with strain gauges. An information data base of the emergency development is created and a mathematical model is configured predicting emergency prevention in the accident.EFFECT: increase efficiency of technological equipment protection from explosions via increasing speed and reliability of explosive elements operation.3 cl, 3 dwg

ethod for producing a crushing ammunition body set // 2613711
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing a predetermined crushing of the powder material includes a body layering powder onto the substrate and layer-melting under the influence of laser light according to the system of planes intersecting body in a direction parallel to the layers forming it. The powder layer is melted in melting form closed or partially melting region in the form of strips of a given thickness at a distance from each other defined by the housing for crushing. Each subsequent layer is formed similar melting field linearly come into contact with melting regions of the previous layer.EFFECT: invention solves the problem of guaranteed crushing body to the desired size fragments in the explosion of an explosive charge retaining body strength with respect to operational stress.4 dwg

Self-defense kit // 2613698
FIELD: weapons and ammo.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the self-defense means of traumatic and non-lethal action and is designed for usage by civilians for the purposes of self-defense by a shot with a traumatic element or triggering audio and light signals (a flash during the shoot). The self-defense kit includes the device containing a casing and a hammer with a mainspring; and the cartridge containing a shell, a fire ignitor of the central impact, a wad-obturator, and a powder charge. There are two notches of the full cock and the half cock, in which the hammer with the cock lever and the de-cock lever is installed with the possibility of shifting, in the casing of the device. There are transvers notches for locking of the cartridge, which is installed coaxially to the hammer, with a bullet of irregular shape inside the casing. The base-bottom part of the cartridge body along the side plane is equipped with the circular-shaped projections matching the width of the locker notches in the device body by the diameter.EFFECT: invention allows creating effective miniature self-defense low-recoil weapon with the possibility of concealed carrying, increasing fire-rate and reliability of the cock triggering, providing convenient and quick cartridge replacement, as well as excluding the possibility of its criminal application.17 dwg

Encapsulated case for small arms // 2613395
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: case has a central hole in the chamber of cap well bottom and a circular recess on the peripheral part of the cap well bottom and a cap primer pressed into it consisting of a metal cap with a pressed into the percussion ignition composition coated with a sealing membrane. Instead a trilobal anvil, a metal ball is applied adjusting with one side to the sealing membrane and with the other—to the case cap well bottom partially being located inside the central hole of such diameter that the metal ball is recessed into the cap well relative to cap head end by an amount "D" equal to the value "C" of the maximum height of the igniter composition with a sealing membrane with account of tolerance, plus an amount of the metal cap wall thickness plus the value "N" specified for the cartridge acording to depth of the cap primer relative to the cap head end within the tolerance. The "A" value of cap well depth is equal to the "B" value of the metal cap height within a tolerance plus the "H" value defined according to the recess of the cap primer with respect to the cap head end within the tolerance. So, the formulas should be implemented: "A"="B"+"C" and "D"="C"+"N". Thus, two or three symmetrically arranged around the circle through holes are made peripherally the cap well bottom.EFFECT: increased reliability and sensitivity of the cap primer triggering.3 cl, 1 dwg

Rocket // 2613391
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention is relevant to rocket engineering and can be used in small-size rockets equipped with detachable launching stage. Rocket is provided with main propulsion stage fixed in transitional structural ring with the aid of crushable members, detachable launching stage equipped with engine fastened to transitional structural ring with the aid of swivel nut, plunger and low-drag fairing. At that, swivel nut is provided with lock nut mounted with sweeping low-drag fairing. Plunger is fastened to after-body of main propulsion stage strengthened to transitional structural ring with the aid of crushable members. Transitional structural ring is provided with perforations in the form of longitudinal channels, which form accumulation chamber together with inner cavity of transitional structural ring, after-body of main propulsion stage and with engine. This chamber is opened in atmosphere with the aid of channels of air inlets. Each of these channels is made in the form of diffuser and mounted with rest on inner part of low-drag fairing provided with through slot. Slot is made with sweeping of air inlet and placed on external surface of low-drag fairing from rear edge to ring flat-bottom recess. Nut with rest on flat bottom of ring recess is mounted on each air inlet. Frontal part of each air inlet is provided with radial recess turned into flattened surface, which is placed perpendicular to longitudinal axis of rocket. Width of the said flattened surface is not less than that one of diffuser input part. Aerodynamic cone is movably mounted on after-body of main propulsion stage. It is pushed up by spacer nut from edge of transitional structural ring, which is joined with aerodynamic cone with the aid of hook-end made in the form of separate sections. These sections are uniformly placed with sweeping of main propulsion stage and kept from angle displacements with the aid of rigid overhangs.EFFECT: invention provides simplification of rocket design and simultaneously increasing reliability of its operation.7 dwg
unition // 2613062
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: munition includes a cassette containing submunitions in the form of balls of explosive devices equipped with antenna reception of short-wave radiation. The last are connected with sensitive fuzes. Ammunition also contains solenoid explosive charge, pre-glider parachute.EFFECT: increases the effectiveness of the munition, lets hit the enemy in the trenches.6 cl
ethod of bullet belt producing and bullet belt obtained by this method // 2612769
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: method of bullet belt producing for carrying magazines of two tapes, at least one of which is elastic, characterized in that the tapes are folded along their length. One of the tapes of greater length, is a basis, its ends connected together with a releasable regulator buckle allowing to adjust the bullet belt girth, the second tape of smaller length is intended to form cells, the bullet belt has buckles connecting tapes across their length at a distance from each other so as to form cells in which magazines for bullets are inserted. The cells width is regulated by moving buckles along the tapes. Bullet belt for the method implementing, consisting of two tapes, at least one of which is elastic, characterized in that the tapes are folded along their length. One of the tapes of greater length, is a basis, its ends connected together with a releasable regulator buckle allowing to adjust the bullet belt girth, the second tape of smaller length is intended to form cells. Tape of greater length is placed outside or inside of the bullet belt, the bullet belts have buckles, connecting tapes across their length at a distance from each other, forming cells in which the bullet magazines are inserted, and cell width is adjusted by moving clamps along the tapes. Bullet belt consisting of two tapes, at least one of which is elastic, characterized in that the tapes are folded along their length. One of the tapes of greater length, is a basis, its ends connected together with a releasable regulator buckle allowing to adjust the bullet belt girth, the second tape of smaller length is intended to form cells, the bullet belt has buckles connecting tapes across their length at a distance from each other so as to form cells in which magazines for bullets are inserted. The cell width is regulated by moving of buckles along the tapes, one or both tapes have nonslip layer facing inside the cells, to increase the reliability of magazine fastening in cells. Bullet belt consisting of two tapes, at least one of which is elastic, characterized in that the tapes are folded along their length. One of the tapes of greater length, is a basis, its ends connected together with a releasable regulator buckle allowing to adjust the bullet belt girth, the second tape of smaller length is intended to form cells, the bullet belt has buckles connecting tapes across their length at a distance from each other so as to form cells in which magazines for bullets are inserted. The cells width is regulated by moving buckles along the tapes, the tape of greater length is combined lengthwise of tape segments with different characteristics.EFFECT: increased functionality, ease in carrying and use, the ability of bullet belt loading with magazines of various sizes.10 cl, 2 dwg, 1tbl

Explosion-proof chamber for blasting operations and method of localising toxic substances and explosion products in case of accidental loss of tightness thereof // 2612699
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: explosion-proof chamber for blasting operations and a method of localising toxic substances and explosion products in case of accidental loss of tightness of the explosion-proof chamber relate to blasting operations and investigation of explosive high-speed processes and can be used in developing structures of sealed explosion-proof chambers, equipped with an additional protection stage, and methods of localising explosion products formed during accidental and deliberate explosion of an explosion-hazardous object, providing reliable and safe isolation of environmentally destructive effects. The device includes a sealed high-strength container with a cavity for placing an explosive device, which is equipped with an additional protection stage - a device for localization and removal of explosion products, which is triggered in case of accidental loss of tightness of the high-strength container during operation and which includes an opening device - pyromechanical puncheon, placed in an indestructible housing welded into the sealed high-strength container and dividing the cavity of the indestructible housing into a lower part, facing the sealed high-strength container, and an upper part, equipped with an outlet opening for interfacing using a pipe with a pre-evacuated container for collecting toxic substances and explosion products. The pyromechanical puncheon is separated from the cavity of the sealed high-strength container by a membrane and includes a bushing provided with a primer charge, connected by an ignition train to pyrocartridge and separated therefrom by a check valve. A striker has a variable cross-section, is equipped with an end position lock and is mounted on the bushing with possibility of movement relative thereto under the action of pressure of combustion products of the primer charge and their penetration of the membrane. The method includes holding toxic substances and explosion products in a closed volume and emergency evacuation thereof outside the zone of blasting operations, performed by opening the explosion-proof chambers using the pyromechanical puncheon by igniting its primer charge and boosting pressure of combustion products, under the action of which the striker of the puncheon pierces the wall of the explosion-proof chamber until a through-hole forms, through which toxic substances and explosion products are evacuated first into the lower part of the chamber of the indestructible housing, and then through drainage holes into the upper part, which is connected to the pre-evacuated container, to where they are blown off via a pipe.EFFECT: invention broadens operational capabilities.2 cl, 2 dwg

Chursin bullet (options) // 2612692
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: bullet contains a head and a tail portions. The bullet head and tail portions are joined by means of a non-detachable joint into a single solid revolution. The head part is formed by serial coupling of a head fairing of certain shape, a head belt of obturationhaving a truncated cone shape. The tail part is formed by a hollow cone skirt of a bullet stabiliser, along the peripheral surface of which there are ribs arranged, installed at the angle to the longitudinal axis of the bullet. The alignment system of the bullet is formed by cylindrical surfaces of the tail and head belts of obturation and peripheral cylindrical surfaces of the stabiliser ribs. The stabilising system of the bullet is arranged by a combination of a lighter hollow cone of the skirt, inclined ribs and a tail support-obturator belt. Bullet realisation seven embodiments are considered with different design features.EFFECT: provision for geometry maintaining of the bullet as it passes through the barrel narrowings, increased target accuracy, increased bullet harmful effect.7 cl, 31 dwg

Adaptive digital spectral purpose selector // 2612650
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: spectral purpose selector includes an electro-optical tracking hydro-coordinator with three channels of the optical radiation spektro-separation, three photodetectors, three pulse amplifiers with single differentiation, the outputs of which are connected to the amplitude detectors, and the detector outputs - to the circuit comparing the levels, or the level ratio calculators, and the comparing circuit outputs, or the relation calculators - to the circuit of detecting and forming "strobes" belonging of the target signals or interference. Herewith the serially connected signal correctors, the voltage dividers, the comparators and analyzers with the variable logic switching functions controlled with the code, are entered in each channel in the form of the second differentiation device and the binary quantizer. Also the factor dividing setpoint of the dividers and the logic analyzer functions are entered, wherein the first setpoint output is connected to the divider control input, and the second one - to the setpoint input of the analyzer logic functions .EFFECT: high measurement accuracy.4 dwg

Grenade testing rig // 2612406
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: grenade testing rig contains a gas generator formed by a cartridge chamber with the light weapon blank cartridge installed in it, a pressed breechblock with a cartridge trigger, an intermediate chamber between a barrel and the cartridge chamber, the smooth or rifled barrel installed with provision of pressing of the leading band of a grenade to the end of its guiding part by a shell simulator, a forcing unit, which is located between the intermediate chamber and the cartridge chamber, for blank cartridge charge and holes of a gas-dynamic link between the intermediate chamber and the barrel. The forcing unit for the blank cartridge charge is formed by the indestructible curtain adjoining to the cartridge chamber equally centered towards it and equipped by an axial projection located in the cartridge chamber, orifices performed on the perimeter of the curtain, and radial notches on its end performed from the axial projection to each orifice. Whereupon, the orifices are shifted relatively to the holes of the gas-dynamic link between the intermediate chamber and the barrel in the radial or circular directions, and the axial projection is performed with the diameter less than the cartridge neck bore opened.EFFECT: invention allows simplifying operation with the rig and cheapening of tests.2 dwg
Two-bullet cartridge for smoothbore weapons // 2612404
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: two-bullet cartridge for smoothbore weapons contains a shell, an igniter, a powder charge, an obturator, and an arrow-shaped bullet. Whereupon, there is an additional part of missile charge separated from the main missile charge by a diaphragm with a hole in the shell, and there is the second arrow-shaped bullet between the first arrow-shaped and a muzzle face of the shell. Furthermore, both arrow-shaped bullets have the same structure, shape, and geometrical dimensions. Furthermore, the analog components of both arrow-shaped bullets are performed of the same materials. Furthermore, the arrow-shaped bullets are performed of metal. Furthermore, the arrow-shaped bullets are performed of metal and equipped with encircling centering detachable elements performed of plastic. Furthermore, the Ivanov's bullet or Rubeykin's bullet or "Balle Blondeau" is used as arrow-shaped bullets.EFFECT: increasing of efficiency of big animal damage by a bullet.6 cl, 1 dwg

Ammunition warhead // 2612187
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: ammunition warhead includes a housing, rigidly connected to the cover, forming together an enclosed volume with an explosive content, EB, tungsten reflector, high hardness material, detonation capable shell consisting of metal borohydride NaBH4 or LiBH4 that can keep molecular hydrogen in quantities NaBH4 - 8%, LiBH4 - 18.5 and the ability of molecular hydrogen at high temperatures to move into atomic hydrogen followed with explosion over high power, explosive charge channel of high power , explosive benzotrifuroksan BTF C6N6O6 or acetylenedinitril C4N2 that explode with a temperatures yield over 5000 degrees. The device may include an additional EB, thus it is advisable to place it as far as possible from the first EB, for example at the bottom of the device. In this case it is recommended to use EB which are used in nuclear warheads, two nuclear EB DER-5M with less than a microsecond timing spread and a device of its undermining, ensuring the simultaneous feeding of energy explosion on each EB for their reliable and synchronous operation.EFFECT: obtaining high-powered explosive device with a metal alloy core with a high hydrogen absorption capacity for a sharp increase in energy of the explosion.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod for qualitative determination of trotyl oil leakage in shells and mortar bombs, charged with trotyl // 2611799
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention involves selection of samples of the investigated substance, by applying the filter paper strips to the released liquid by means of tweezers. When the liquid is detected on the thread of the shell spot, then the sampling is carried out by the brass scraper. The taken samples are dissolved in alcohol and (or) acetone by adding the solutions 10% KOH or 10% NH4OH. Evaluate the obtained result according to the colour of solution: dark brown, bright red and (or) using acetone into a deep red colour. Confirms the defect of releasing trotyl oil from trotyl.EFFECT: exclusion of military use of ammunitions, when it detects a defect in the form of trotyl oil leakage.1 dwg

Jet projectile // 2611795
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the weapon field, namely, to the unguided missiles. The jet projectile contains weaponhead (WH) with a detonation device, mounted concentrically to transition section, the aerodynamic fairing with an elastic gap compensator, rocket engine (RE) with bottom, chamber and the outlet mouth, made of two identical half-rings aerodynamic stabilizer with the foldout blades and disclosing springs. WH is connected to the RE bottom through the cylindrical element of transition section with conical and cylindrical elements, at that the inner surface of the latest is in contact with collar, made at RE bottom, and d = 0,40,6÷ D, where d - diameter of the inner cylindrical element, D - inner diameter of the combustion chamber. At jet projectile shoting from the transport and firing box, the blades, placing with their ends in the radial grooves, are opened, turning on the axles by springs force. The interaction of spring hooks from the one hand with the blade edge, and on the other hand - with the surface of the groove, provides simultaneous opening of the blades until stop to the radial groove edge, and is held in such position by springs and air flow forces.EFFECT: invention provides an increase of the range capability, reducing the flight weight and aerodynamic drag, increase of the aerodynamic stability margin and reduce of the aerodynamic asymmetry.6 dwg

Bullet for firing in air media // 2611781
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: bullet for firing in air media comprises a head, a guide and a tail portions. On the outer diameter of the bullet there are several working belts coated with a thin deformable material layer. By its symmetry axis the bullet has a through conical hole with a gradual increase in inner diameter from the head to its tail portion forming an annular cutting edge at the end of the bullet head portion and the thrust pad ring at the end ofthe bullet tail portion. To prevent the passage of powder gases through the inner cavity of the bullet, its through hole is closed by a pusher. To make coaxial arrangement with the bullet, the pusher has a conic protrusion mounted in the inner cavity of the bullet.EFFECT: increased bullet performance, increased efficiency and accuracy of firing with increased destructive effect, decrease in length of cartridge and increase in caliber of bullet without increasing powder charge.5 cl, 18 dwg

Arrow // 2611479
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: arrow consists of a tube, in front of which a hollow tip is mounted, and in the back - the plumage, and in the starting position, the rear tube part is connected to the shaft mounted integrally on the string with delimiters. At the front of the tube, the hollow tip is mounted freely leaking air through the inner arrow cavity and in its head end, forming a an annular cutting edge. At the rear of the tube, forming together with it a releasable connection, a shaft is installed, the split part of which keeps the arrow tube by mechanical friction. The shaft front has an annular projection, through which the string force is transmitted to the back end part of the arrow tube.EFFECT: simplified arow design, increased striking effect, increased initial arrow rate and improved arrow aerodynamic properties.5 cl, 2 dwg

Artillery cartridge // 2611272
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: artillery cartridge contains a nose fuse, adjacent to the explosive content of the body. The body is equipped with a band and a hollow tapering behind tang over the bottom. The body includes the propellant charge of detachable cartridge case, carrying the central primer. The cartridge case is made as stack-mounted and consists of a central body, carrying propellant powder, and rigidly connected from the side of its flange shell, having a mouth, which is crimped to the body by the open end. The body tang is located between mentioned parts of the cartridge case, and the thin-walled convex bottom of the body has a spherical shape.EFFECT: increase of cartridge firing range.1 dwg
Test bench to test antiblast elements // 2611238
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: pattern of explosion hazardous facility is installed in the test bench of antiblast elements in the test cell, and video cameras for video surveillance are installed along its inner and outer perimeters, and the outputs from the video cameras is connected through the inner cavity of the spacers to the unit, by which the recording and registration of the running processes of process parameters changing in the pattern is made. In the ceiling part of the pattern the opening is made, it is covered by the antiblast element, free installed on three resilient rods, one end of each rod is rigidly fixed in the pattern ceiling, and on the another end horizontal bar is installed. The triaxial pressure sensor of antiblast design is installed between the explosive fission element and opening, the output of which is connected to the input of the recording and registration equipment. Internal and external surfaces of the pattern guarding are provided with glued strain sensors, their outputs are connected with input of recording and registration equipment as well.EFFECT: improving protection efficiency of process equipment against explosions by increasing quick action and reliability of breaking flanges actuation.3 dwg

ethod of destruction of miniature aerial vehicles // 2610734
FIELD: weapons and ammo.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to weapons and concerns fire damage of aerial objects by means of air defense artillery complexes (ADAC). Destruction of a miniature aerial vehicle (MAV) lies in a seeking, detecting, and tracking by an air defense artillery complex (ADAC), targeting of ADAC towards a threat considering flight parameters of MAV and technical performance of ADAC. Whereupon, the flight parameters of MAV are transferred to a non-contact optical fuse of an air defense projectile (ADP), the MAV is illuminated by a laser, and then ADAC performs a salvo with ADP. The site angle and azimuth position of MAV are measured by the non-contact optical fuse (NOF) according to the received reflected laser and the elevation velocity component of approach of ADP to MAV is defined. After that, the value of the optimum site angle of MAV for ADP triggering is calculated, after reaching of which the aimed triggering of ADP is performed towards the current azimuth position of MAV.EFFECT: invention provides increasing of efficiency of destruction of miniature aerial vehicles.2 dwg

Device for blasting pyrotechnic // 2610610
FIELD: blasting operations.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the systems of initiation of pyrotechnic in the area of blasting operations. The device for blasting of pyrotechnic comprises a microcontroller, an external power source, the outputs of which are connected to the inputs of the voltage converter, electronic keys K1…Kn , to the control inputs of which the respective microcontroller outputs and electroexplosive networks are connected, thus further the functioning control system is introduced, a pulse generator, first and second diodes, resistor, voltage regulator, the input start and electromagnetic relays P1…Pn , windings through the power of the amplifier PA1…PAn are connected to the corresponding outputs of the microcontroller, outputs of electronic keys K1…Kn through the normally open solenoid relay are connected to the first terminals of electroexplosion networks, the second terminals of which are combined and connected to the positive output of the energy source, the negative output of which is connected to the negative bus voltage regulator power supply and the electronic part of the device, the output operation of the control system is connected to the control input of the pulse generator, anti-phase outputs are connected with clock-voltage converter inputs, the minus output of which is connected to an output of the energy source and the positive way through the first diode to the input of the voltage regulator, the output of which is connected to the positive supply rail of the electronic part of the device, run the input through the series-connected second diode and a resistor is connected to the input of the voltage regulator.EFFECT: increase of the operational safety of the device to blast the pyrotechnic.1 dwg

Bullet for pneumatic non-lethal weapon // 2610021
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the ammunition field and can be used in the manufacturing of a new type weapon, called "non-lethal", with the possibility of impact on the target like a strong fist strike with limited damage or injury in the human body's areas, especially the head. The bullet contains a thin shell in the form of a ball or approximately spherical shape, made of low density polyethylene, and includes a cavity that is filled with a gel. The outer surface of the shell is performed in the form of elastic leafs, that are attached with an adhesive to the thin shell and tightly braces the surface of the shell. One ends of the leafs have a rigid connection between each other on the one of the poles and completely cover it. The other ends of the leafs have a difference to the direction of the second bullet pole and form a circular central belt. The circular belt includes a microchannel, overlapped inside by elastic leaf. The microchannel in the circular belt is intended to fill the cavity with the gel, by using a mounting tool in the form of injection syringe. When you hit the target with excessive force, the circular belt of the bullet shell instantly bursts, causing a gap between the leafs, which take the form of an open parachute, i.e. an open "flower", therefore, the risk of unacceptable damage of the target body. The form of open parachute in the radial direction dissipates the excess energy of the impact and forms a larger hitting area of the target.EFFECT: invention reduces the risk of an unacceptable target break-down and injury or wound.5 cl, 3 dwg

Device for continuous feed of cartridges // 2609850
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons, namely to devices for continuous feed of ammunition. Device for continuous feed of ammunition comprises a cartridge belt a segmental sleeve, a sleeve holder. Belt is passed through the segmental sleeve in the form of links. Each link on one side is equipped with T-shaped retainers for connection with the next link and on the other side has holes for T-shaped retainers of the previous link. Links of the sleeve are interconnected by superimposing the T-shaped retainers made on lateral edges of the links with holes made on opposite sides of the links. At the second end of the sleeve there is a bracket. Mounting of the bracket and fixation of the sleeve on the holder are made similar to interconnection of the links.EFFECT: provided is higher reliability of the cartridge belt use, as well as improving its operating properties.10 cl, 6 dwg

Handheld multi-charge electroshock weapon and cartridge to it // 2609183
FIELD: weapons and ammo.SUBSTANCE: invention may be used as a multi-charge weapon with the function of non-lethal remote target damage (ESW). A cartridge of the multi-charge ESW contains a casing (1) of a dielectric material with two channels (21), in which missiles (9), movable wads contacting with them (13), and baric discharges (11) with electrical contacts (6) are located. The casing (1) is performed with cavities for wire placing (16), each of which is connected to a missile (9) from the one side, and to electrical contacts (5) of wire placing (16) and curtains (4) for closing of channels and cavities for wire placing corresponding to them (16), from the other side. Additionally, the handheld multi-charge weapon ESW containing a casing (1) of a dielectric material, in which there are a control block, a power supply unit, a pulse converter, and at least one high-voltage transformer are located, is announced. The group of action electrodes with the group of blank-charge electrodes according to the number of high-voltage transformers, a fuse, and the power on button are installed on the casing (1). The casing (1) has shafts for cartridges according to the number of high-voltage transformers, at least one cartridge located in corresponding shaft, switches of impact mode for each shaft, the movable wall for each shaft connected in mechanical manner with the mode switch of this shaft, a jumper for creation of an initiation circuit for each shaft, and the button of manual cartridge drop for each shaft.EFFECT: increasing of operation efficiency, firepower efficiency, reliability, flexibility, safe operation, serviceability, simplicity of maintenance.21 cl, 19 dwg

Optical unit for target detection // 2608963
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons and can be used in proximity fuses of various ammunition. Optical unit for detecting a target has series-arranged along the radiation: a source of optical radiation, a beam splitter made in the form of two unalignable flat reflecting mirrors, a collimating lens, a focusing lens, a light filter and photodetectors. Collimating lens is placed at the optical radiation output from the optical radiation unit for protection against ambient environment effects.EFFECT: invention allows reducing overall dimensions, simplifying the design and increasing the reliability.1 cl, 3 dwg

Wireless detonators with state determination use thereof // 2608745
FIELD: blasting operations.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to detonators and methods of blasting operations with such devices. Systems of a wireless detonator provide possibilities for controlled blasting rocks with no difficulties associated with physical wired connecting within the place of performing the blasting operations. Here disclosed are assemblies of a wireless detonator, which determine the state of the environment in close proximity to them and which in the active state receive and/or process a command signal "EXPLOSION" only if the environment state is considered as suitable for specified parameters. Also disclosed are improved methods of blasting using such blasting assemblies of a wireless detonator, as well as corresponding wireless electronic igniting charges.EFFECT: invention enables assembling a wireless detonator with a higher level of safety.22 cl, 5 dwg

Artillery shell // 2608648
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons, namely, to artillery shells. Includes cylindrical housing, fairing, projectile, inductance coil, capacitor. Additionally piezo-generator is introduced, located in housing. Housing is made of electrically insulating material with outer metal coating and equipped with fairing made of radiotransparent material. In housing sleeve is introduced arranged coaxially with possibility of movement inside housing. Sleeve front edge is coated with electrically insulating material. Sleeve inner diameter is greater than or equal to diameter of projectile with electrically insulating coating. Sleeve outer diameter is smaller than or equal to housing inner diameter. Housing has circular ledge to limit sleeve axial movement towards fairing. Sleeve has projectile arranged with possibility of axial displacement. Inductance coil is made without insulation and coiled into ring in form of toroid, located between housing annular projection and sleeve front edge. Toroid inner diameter is greater than or equal to projectile diameter passing through it. Toroid outer diameter is smaller than or equal to housing inner diameter. Piezo-generator is connected to inductance coil via capacitor by means of conductors. Between housing bottom and sleeve conductive ring is embedded. Spring-loaded conducting plate is attached to sleeve via electrically insulating gasket, together with conducting ring forming normally open electric contact. Piezo-generator first output is connected to inductance coil first input through capacitor and this contact. Inductance coil second input is connected to piezo-generator second output through capacitor second output. Increases use of artillery mount muzzle energy. Enhances artillery projectile armor-piercing action.EFFECT: increases artillery shell service and storage life.7 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of forming short combined filled stem of blast holes with spacer cone and device for its implementation // 2608101
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to drilling and blasting operations and can be used in various industries using explosive loosening rocky massifs of rocks. Method of forming a short combined filled stem of blast holes with a spacer cone involves formation of the lower filled part from inert fine materials, the middle part of the spacer cone and the upper combined part from a mixture of a fine and a coarse materials. Stem is formed in layers by a stemming machine, herewith first into the well a polypropylene jacket is lowered to a depth providing a specified height of the air gap between the charge of explosive and the stem. By feeding a fine material from the rear hopper into the polypropylene jacket formed is the lower filled part of a specified height. Spacer cone is suspended above it, onto which from the rear hopper the fine material is filled to the middle of the spacer cone. Filled simultaneously from the rear and the front hoppers are the fine material and elements of the coarse material sized 0.2–0.6 of the well diameter til complete formation of the combined stem with a height of up to 10 well diameters. In the stemming machine equipped with a hydraulic grab-manipulator and two hoppers with heating and vibration of walls, onto the bottoms of which there are plate-type feeders discharging the stemming material, the fine and the coarse materials are arranged in different hoppers and are dispensed onto a common rotary chute hinged in the lower part of the hoppers. Spacer cones are arranged on a hinged platform in the rear part of the stemming machine frame and are lowered into the explosive well by the grab-manipulator.EFFECT: invention provides higher efficiency and reduced labour intensiveness of the works.2 cl, 7 dwg

Smooth-bore guns cartridge with destructible bullet // 2608087
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to smooth-bore guns cartridges and can be used for sport shooting on sport ranges and closed shooting ranges using bullet traps, as well as for MIA needs. Cartridge includes case, cap primer, main propellant charge, additional part of propellant charge, separated from main propellant charge by diaphragm with opening, second additional part of propellant charge, separated from additional part of propellant charge by diaphragm with opening, gas seal obturating ring and collapsing bullet with bulk powdered material, having plastic cylindrical shell with blind and open ends, through which bulk powdered material is placed inside it, and which is arranged in cartridge case with open end towards gas seal obturating ring. Collapsible bullet is made from plastic cylindrical shell, on which shell outer surface notches are made, facilitating bullet destruction, and inside of which sealing plastic thin-walled tube is arranged, which partially comes out of plastic shell and by one end thrusts directly against gas seal obturating ring, and by second end is against bulk powder material.EFFECT: technical result consists in increase of collapsible bullet flight speed due to increased propellant charge weight without increasing gun powder gases maximum pressure inside smooth-bore weapon barrel.1 cl, 2 dwg
ethod for breakdown rocks and ores by hydroexplosion // 2607829
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry, in particular, to blasting of rocks and ores. Method of breakdown of rocks and ores by hydroexplosion involves drilling of wells, formation of explosive charges, placing explosive charges in well in a shell, filling clearance with water, initiation and blasting of charges. Formation of distributed packaged explosive charges is performed outside well, reinforced on two threads of detonating cord, charge is placed into a shell, wherein in bottom part of well to lower cartridge of charge is fixed a load – metal cylinder with diameter smaller than well diameter, shell is filled with water.EFFECT: higher efficiency of hydroexplosion, improved quality of crushing rock mass and reduced consumption of explosives.1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of electrothermal acceleration of solid bodies // 2607821
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of electrothermal acceleration of solid bodies and is intended for acceleration of projectiles to high, over 1 km/s, velocities. Projectile with a bottom part in the form of a jar made from a dielectric material and filled with a polymer with high electrical conductivity is placed between conducting rails. Dielectric with the polymer are evaporated by applying high voltage to the rails, which causes an electric discharge between the rails through the surface of the polymer with provision by the electric discharge of additional heating of the obtained during evaporation high-temperature gas.EFFECT: invention enables to achieve very high velocities.1 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of moving object homing basing on information on fact of target sighting and device for its implementation (versions) // 2607758
FIELD: data processing.SUBSTANCE: object trajectory is formed as cyclically repeating arched sections, along which the object moves with a preset (maximum) angular speed equal in magnitude but opposite in sign. Every two sections are combined into a cycle, which begins and ends with the fact of coincidence of the object speed vector direction with the target line of sight, and the angular speed sign is changed inside the cycle as per the fact of coincidence of inclination angles relative to an inertial coordinate system of lines connecting the object and the target at the beginning of the cycle and at the given moment. Also proposed are devices implementing the above said method.EFFECT: proposed is a method of a moving object homing basing on information on the fact of a target sighting in case of coincidence of the radar axis direction with the object speed vector direction.4 cl, 4 dwg
Resw cartridge and propellant charge // 2607701
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ammunition, in particular, to remote electric-shock weapon (RESW) cartridges and propellant charges for them. RESW cartridge comprises a non-current-conductive case with a barrel channel, a shell with a current lead laying and a device for fixing on the target, as well as a propellant charge with an obturator. Barrel channel is made with a blind bottom with a thickness of at least 1.5 of the barreled channel wall thickness in the most thick section place. Inside the barreled channel there is an output of the conductive element from the external surface of the case or the current lead inside the case. Laying of the current lead is made in a solid or a deformable shell with an output and fixing of the current lead end from the laying rear end to the front end of the case. Propellant charge of the RESW cartridge is sensitive to an electric-spark and a thermal initiating pulse. Charge is a mixture of a fuel and an oxidizer. As the fuel the charge comprises dehydrated with partial thermal decomposition of potassium hexacyanoferrate(II), and as the oxidant – potassium perchlorate.EFFECT: provided is higher efficiency of the ammunition.14 cl, 6 dwg
ethod of blasting upward borehole charging // 2607483
FIELD: blasting operations.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to explosive substances (ES) charges formation in wells and can be used during blasting upward boreholes charging, regardless of their watercut degree, on underground mining works for extraction of minerals. Method of blasting upward boreholes charging, including live primer location in well upper part with subsequent well filling with ES and formation, or not, of stemming below ES. In well upper part above live primer drain cavity is created, by arranging plug with drain tube in well, wherein tube lower end, after charge formation, is located below charge.EFFECT: invention allows to ensure stability of ES charge column under conditions of large water influx.1 cl

ethod of missile movement stabilization at underwater launch and device for its implementation // 2607126
FIELD: rocketry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rocketry, particularly to methods and devices of a missile stabilization at underwater launch from a moving carrier. Stabilization of a missile movement at underwater launch means ensuring the stabilization device mechanisms operation and serial commands of the control system. After the missile release from the transporter-launcher container and required by the cyclogram time delay the fixed stabilizers installed in the folded position above the missile obturator belt in such a way, that external incoming flow creates forces on the inner and the outer surfaces of the stabilizers caused by the effect of dynamic affluent at the flow streamlining the obturator belt on the inner surfaces and the disturbing flow effect on the outer surfaces, are unfixed and unfolded together with the unfolding mechanisms until the external unfolding moment appears on each stabilizer, damped is the angular speed of unfolding and fixed are the stabilizers in the final angular position by the structural means. After leaving the water the obturator belt is discarded, while the stabilizers operation is continued till separation of the aft section together with the burned out first stage.EFFECT: proposed invention allows to improve parameters of stability of a missile movement at underwater launch from moving carriers at the underwater and the air trajectory sections till separation of the first stage and to optimize the missile weight and dimensions characteristics.4 cl, 9 dwg

ethod of determining projectile incendiary and device for its implementation // 2606897
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to testing ammunition and can be used at determination of incendiary effect of projectiles with delay-action fuses. Projectile velocity is measured by the formula V=S/t, where S is the distance between the sensors, t is the time of the projectile flight through the distance between the sensors, the receiver radiation is started with a time delay equal to the mathematically expected time of the projectile fuse delay. Experimental projectile radiation intensity parameter taken is the value of radiation intensity of the explosion products during their luminescence. Reference projectile radiation intensity parameter taken is the value of radiation intensity of the reference light source. Determined is the value of coefficient K3 of the projectile incendiary with indication of the value of its velocity V. Device uses a recorder of the projectile velocity, the second button “Reset”. Projectile velocity recorder input is connected through the second button “Reset” with the power supply source, the recorder output is connected to the radiation source input.EFFECT: technical result is higher accuracy of determining coefficient K3 of the projectile incendiary.3 cl, 4 dwg

Explosive cutting device // 2606812
FIELD: metal processing.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to metal forming, in particular to explosive cutting, and can be used for cutting hull structures of complex configurations with the wall thickness of up to 23 mm into fragments convenient for transportation and melting. Device comprises an explosively connected with the initiation means line cumulative explosive charge (LCEC) with a metal-base laminate lining directed at the structure being cut. LCEC is made elastic and able to be placed on the surface of the structure being cut with reproduction of its outline. Device is equipped with a support closing the LCEC and installed flush with the LCEC surface contacting with the surface of the structure being cut. Support is an elastic shell with a bulk substance with the density of 1.5–1.8 g/cm3. Support dimensions are selected so, that in the cross section its thickness above the LCEC and its width on each side of the LCEC are at least not less than the LCEC width.EFFECT: technical result of the disclaimed invention is better safety of the works and efficient cutting of metal structures.1 cl, 1 dwg

Torpedo (versions) // 2606267
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to torpedoes. Torpedo includes a warhead, a control system, an engine and a store of energy for it. Torpedo has the shape of a cylindrical body with an inner channel in the form of an annular Venturi nozzle. In another version the torpedo is preliminary supercharged from inside with an excessive pressure of a gas, e.g. nitrogen or argon. In another version the torpedo has an inside excess pressure maintenance system consisting of a cylinder with a gas, a safety valve and a reducer connected with the outboard space. In another version the entire free volume inside the torpedo is filled with a fluid, e.g. kerosene, or a lubricating oil, or a liquid explosive. In another version the entire free volume of the torpedo is filled with a molten substance, e.g. paraffin, or stearine, or naphthalene, or polyethylene, or a molten explosive.EFFECT: provided is higher speed of the torpedo.8 cl, 1 dwg

Device blasting pyrotechnic device // 2606265
FIELD: pyrotechnics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems for initiation of pyro device. Pyro device blasting instrument comprises a microcontroller, each output of which is connected to control input of corresponding relay switch, blasting circuits, power source, negative terminal of which is connected to first lead of first electronic switch, first, second and third resistors, capacitor, galvanic isolation unit and second electronic switch. First leads of relay switches are connected to first leads of blasting circuits. Control input of second electronic switch is connected to first leads of capacitor, third resistor and via first resistor is connected to second lead of first electronic switch and second leads of each relay switch. Second leads of third resistor and capacitor and first lead of second electronic switch are connected to negative terminal of power source, to positive terminal of which are connected second leads of blasting circuits. Second lead of second electronic switch is connected to control input of first electronic switch, first lead of which is connected to negative output of galvanic isolation unit, positive output of which is connected via second resistor to control input of first electronic switch, wherein inputs of galvanic isolation unit are connected to corresponding additional outputs of microcontroller.EFFECT: technical result is higher noise immunity.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for adjustment of rated current control of aircraft drive operating solenoid and device for its implementation // 2606213
FIELD: aircraft engineering.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to aircraft control systems and can be used in rocket steering drive control circuit with pulse-width control method. In the proposed control method of rated current control of the operating solenoid (OS) the pulse-width control modulated signal (PWM-signal) is exposed to additional modulation, where upon activation of OS according to said control signal in time t0 a signal for switching off current in the OS excited winding with the Toff duration is formed, at the end of which a signal for switching on current in said winding with the Ton duration is formed. Signal cycle with the Toff and Ton duration is repeated until the tripping winding in accordance with the control signal. At that, the duration t0, Toff and Ton is selected so that, in order rated current to be more than actuation current at the moment of the OS armature arrival on thrust. Device for the method implementation comprises a power supply source, a PWM control signal shaper, the output of which is connected to the coincidence circuit first input, series-connected load in the form of the OS winding and an electronic key, control input (transistor base) of which is connected to the coincidence circuit output, and an emitter output - to one of the outputs of the power supply source. Apparatus includes a clock pulse generator and a current regulator, consisting of a counter, outputs D3, D4, 15 of which are connected to inputs of the OR element respectively, output of which is connected to the second input of the coincidence circuit, and two series-connected D-triggers, "O" outputs of which are connected to "RST" input through the XOR element, and the "C" inputs of D-triggers and the counter are connected to the clock pulse generator, at that, the "D" input of the first D-trigger is connected to the PWM control signal shaper output, and the second output of the OS winding is connected to the other output of the power supply source.EFFECT: objective of the inventions group is reduction of power consumption by the steering drive at increase in power of the operating solenoid (OS) in order to increase its efficiency.2 cl, 4 dwg

Combined bullet // 2606007
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ammunition for smooth-bore weapon and can be used in bloodless hunting on large birds and small animals, when performing police operations, as well as in traumatic weapons of close, middle and far, up to 100 meters and more action. Bullet consists of hollow semi-sphere, made of soft metal, guide bushing from polymer material, diameter of which is more than double radius of the hemisphere and more than gun’s barrel channel diameter. Inside of hemisphere and sleeve insert is installed rigidly connected with internal part of hemisphere. Inner diameter of bushing is larger than outer diameter of insert, which has cylindrical projections in tail part. Bushing can have cylindrical grooves or projections in the form of multiple thread on external surface, it can be made in the form of several segments. Hemisphere can have projection-weighting additive inside in the center, and outside-releasing radial grooves or open-type radial channels. Insert can have longitudinal holes, including partially filled with paint, and longitudinal separation plates. Bullet is installed in loaded cartridge and at firing passes through the barrel bore. At exit from barrel wads and packings are separated from bullet, and then by opposite air flow bushing is removed. At impact on target-obstacle hemisphere flattened and breaks the insert, parts of which are turned over and hit the target-obstacle. In the presence of paint in insert it is spread on the target.EFFECT: invention allows enlarging the scope of application of composite bullet, enabling reduction of its penetration.17 cl, 38 dwg

Device for enemy ships destruction // 2605566
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment. Device for destruction of enemy ships containing a torpedo launcher and a torpedo. Torpedo comprises a microphone mounted along the axis of a scanning reversible engine, and the output of the microphone via an acoustic signals spectrum analyzer is connected to one of the inputs of an acoustic signals spectra comparator circuit, the second input of which is connected with an acoustic signals spectrum memory unit. Output of the acoustic signals spectra comparator circuit is connected to the scanning reversible engine, besides, the microphone is connected to one input of an acoustic signals amplitude values switch, the second input of which is connected with a clock generator. One of the switch outputs is connected to an amplitude memory cell and with one input of an acoustic signals amplitude values comparison circuit. Second output of the switch is connected to the second input of the acoustic signals amplitude values comparison circuit, the output of which is connected to the torpedo steering unit. Acoustic signals amplitude values switch comprises a trigger, input of which is connected to the clock generator, and two outputs of the trigger are connected to two “AND” circuits, the second inputs of which are connected with the microphone.EFFECT: invention increases the probability of killing the target enemy vessel from a long, inaccessible for the enemy weapons, range.1 cl, 2 dwg

Device for throwing gun grenade during when firing with bullet cartridges // 2604904
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ammunition, specifically to a device for throwing gun grenade during firing with bullet cartridges. Device for throwing gun grenade during firing with bullet cartridges comprises a barrel nozzle and bullet trap. Barrel nozzle is made in form of a container having shape of a pipe, which is open on one side and has bottom with axial hole on other side. At bottom of container is placed obturating tray in which bullet trap is installed.EFFECT: possibility of throwing grenade when firing bullet.5 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of elimination of large-size solid rocket fuel charges // 2604612
FIELD: fuel.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to elimination of large-size solid rocket fuel charges in the bench, namely to methods of burning channel solid propellant charges directly in rocket engines housings. Method of elimination of large-sized charges attached to the housing without the nozzle cluster is performed by combustion on a horizontal bench with supply of a disperse fluid into the charge channel from the side of the front bottom through spraying modules. Fluid supplied into the charge channel is water in finely dispersed or vapour state.EFFECT: invention reduces the content of toxic substances in the combustion products, particularly of molecular chlorine.1 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl

Aircraft fighting equipment compartment // 2604540
FIELD: aircraft; rocket engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rocket and aircraft equipment, and more specifically to attack unmanned systems for killing ground and water surface targets. In the fighting equipment (FE) compartment of an aircraft (AC), which involves a structural frame, a shell and an insert warhead (WH), the shell and the structural frame of the FE compartment are made from a structural material inflammable at blasting the WH and sustaining combustion in the air. In the structural frame there can be cavities, inside which there are ampoules with a liquid hydrocarbon or a solid thermobaric mixture for organization of deflagration combustion. In some cases, for example, if heat insulation of inner volumes of the FE compartment is needed, on the inner surface of the shell there may be heat-insulating mats installed, which are fixed on the shell pointly, with a pitch of not less than 10 mm. On the inner surface of the shell there may be a combustible composition applied with its ignition temperature of not less than the temperature of complete braking the air flow at maximum speed of the aircraft, but not more than ignition temperature of the shell structural material of the FE section. Combustible composition can be made heat-insulating. Between the WH and the shell there can be placed jettisonable in flight false targets, herewith the shell is made split.EFFECT: use of the proposed technical solution in unmanned attack AC will allow increasing fire power of the WH and incendiary action of the fighting equipment due to the synergetic effect of interaction the WH explosion products and the FE compartment elements, herewith in some cases there can be implemented an additional possibility to arrange in the FE compartment dropped in flight false targets.6 cl, 4 dwg

ethod for performing blasting operations // 2604074
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining, to drilling and blasting operations (DBO) in rocks, and can be used in various industries using blasting operations in rock masses, in particular, in blasting preparation of a layered rock mass for excavation at open development of minerals. Method involves production of geologic information directly on exposing the ledge slope about elements of rocks laying, calculation of DBO parameters and well pattern designing, drilling of parallel rows of wells, charging them with an explosive with subsequent plugging, installation of an explosive network, short-delay blasting and development of blasted rocks. Herewith depending on spatial position of the bedding in the mass the wells are drilled perpendicular or parallel to the plane of the bedding.EFFECT: technical result of the proposed technical solution is increased efficiency with a rational degree of crushing a rock mass before excavation due to formation of a stress wave front along the rocks bedding.1 cl, 4 dwg

Traumatic cartridge for tubeless weapon // 2604071
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ammunition, particularly to traumatic cartridges for tubeless weapon, and can be used for training purposes. Traumatic cartridge for tubeless weapon comprises a monolithic elastic bullet of cylindrical shape with flat ends equipped with an obturating band on the shank, which is arranged on the case ledge above the combustion chamber of the propellant charge interacting with an electric igniting primer. In the volume of the bullet from rubber a metal powder is distributed, the obturating band is adjacent to a partition of a smaller diameter of rigid connection with the caliber head part.EFFECT: proposed technical solution forms a solid bullet of arrow-shaped from a metal-filled rubber with a displaced forward from the center of the aerodynamic pressure center of mass, that provides its lengthwise stabilization on the flight trajectory to increase the sighting range of fire at increased force pulse dynamically affecting the target when hitting.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for generation of air blast wave // 2603995
FIELD: gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to application of gas dynamics, namely to methods for generation of air explosion wave (AEW) by creation of gas mixture in elastic shell, located in shock tunnel, and blasting, and can be used for tests of structures and objects on mechanical impact of pressure pulse. Method consists in supply of combustible gas and oxidizer gas into elastic shell with formation of explosive gas mixture of stoichiometric composition, initiation of gas mixture blast. Acetylene is used as fuel gas, wherein required amount and concentration of explosive gas mixture at specified parameters of shock wave is created. Explosion initiation is made with detonation wave generator, filled with gas mixture of balanced composition of acetylene and oxidizer gas. Gas mixture in sealing shell and detonation wave generator is divided by membrane. Explosion of gas mixture in detonation wave generator is initiated by high-voltage spark discharge. Sealing shell is placed in charging section of shock tunnel.EFFECT: technical result of method provides opportunity for testing of objects and structures in shock tunnels on impact of generated AEW with expanded range of parameters at reduction of toxicity and cheapening during its use.3 cl, 3 dwg

Cartridge // 2603994
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cartridges with flashbang grenades used mainly by force structures for psychophysical effect on various offenders. Cartridge includes a case and an attached to it with destructed during firing connection grenade, which includes a housing with a band formed by the front part in the form of a jar and attached to it with the bottom, a bottom detonating fuse and a pyrotechnic charge enclosed in a thin-wall shell and adjacent to the bottom of the housing. Front part of the housing is molded from a plastic material and is thin-wall. Housing bottom is made thin-wall from plastic with a shaped band and a local diametrical lowering at the open end arranged on an adhesive in the front part of the housing. In the bottom of the housing there is an installed on the adhesive load ensuring bringing the grenade weight to the weight of other grenades of rounds for a specific grenade launcher, in a blind cavity made on the side of housing front part there is an installed on the adhesive inertial fuse with a projecting from its body detonator. Thin-wall shell of the pyrotechnic charge is made of plastic with the outer diameter smaller than the inner diameter of the housing front part, and on its bottom there is a hollow ledge, in the cavity of which there is a detonator of the inertial fuse. Between the thin-wall shell of the pyrotechnic charge and the load there is an attached to them by a glue metal screen not damaged at the grenade operation, having the outer diameter equal to the inner diameter of the housing front part, and an axial hole for the detonator of the inertial fuse. Radial clearance between the thin-wall shell of the pyrotechnical charge and the front part of the housing is filled with an installed with tension and fixed with glue sleeve. Herewith the sleeve is made from a corrugated cardboard.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce the risk of damaging due to destruction in fine and harmless fragments.1 cl, 1 dwg

Signal cartridge // 2603993
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to military equipment, namely, to grenade signal cartridges used for target marking, as well as for supply of signals. Signal cartridge comprising case with propellant charge and destructed during firing grenade attached to it, including a housing formed by the bottom in the form of a glass with a steering band and a fairing with cylindrical extension coupled therewith by destructed during firing grenade, pyrotechnic retarder arranged in the housing bottom and powder charge adjoining on the propellant charge, adjacent to the pyrotechnic retarder, and sound vibration mechanical generator adjacent to the propellant charge. Powder charge is separated from the fairing with cylindrical extension piece by a partition fixed in the housing bottom and containing, at the side of the fairing, axial and peripheral dead seats uniformly located around it, connected with powder charge by axial holes. Peripheral seats are open radially outward and together with axial holes therein are connected in series with each other by annular groove, made in the partition, sources of light signals in the form of blocks of end burning in shells are placed therein, which are made of combustible material. In the axial seat there is a sound vibration mechanical generator made in the form of a pyrotechnic cartridge of end burning inserted into a shell of fireproof material. In the generator shell between its burning end of the pyrotechnic cartridge and the bottom of the corresponding seat in the partition there are cylindrical stop, projecting from the shell and containing a through axial channel, annular groove on outer surface and end slot on the side of the pyrotechnic cartridge, crossing through axial hole and passing in annular groove. Source of light signals and vibration mechanical generator are pressed in direction of partition by a clamp.EFFECT: invention ensures to simplify design, decrease weight, increase reliability and stability of operation regardless of the time of day and weather conditions.1 cl, 3 dwg
 
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