Domestic- or space-heating systems, e.g. central heating systems and domestic hot-water supply systems and elements or components therefor (F24D)

F24D              Domestic- or space-heating systems, e.g. central heating systems; domestic hot-water supply systems; elements or components therefor (preventing corrosion c23f; water supply in general e03; using steam or condensate extracted or exhausted from steam engine plants for heating purposes f01k0017020000; steam traps f16t; domestic stoves or ranges f24b, f24c; water or air heaters having heat generating means f24h; combined heating and refrigeration systems f25b; heat exchange apparatus or elements f28; removing furring f28g; electric heating elements or arrangements h05b)(1413)

ethod of regulation of heat relief for heating buildings and regulation system on its basis (versions) // 2642038
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: method for regulation of heating of building, characterized by flow of coolant in the heating system and its regulation by automated control unit by opening and closing control valve(s) and/or a change in the pressure characteristics of the installed pump(s), through its regulator(s), and/or a change in the number of operating pumps in the unit of coolant preparation, characterized in that an automated heating control unit adjusts the temperature of supplied and/or the reverse heat coolant and/or its flow rate according to the equation of heating control, expressed by the formula , where τco1(2)≡τc3(2) - determined by the sensors of coolant temperature, sign "±" in the formula should be used as "+" for supplied coolant and as "-" for reverse coolant; Gco is coolant flow determined by the sensor or otherwise; , tn is supported by regulation, specified average temperature of inside air in the building and the current outdoor temperature, respectively; as well as set or defined in the design or in energy audit of the building and its heating system or otherwise values: θ', Δt', , are parameters of calculated (designed) mode of operation of the heating system: cooling of the coolant, temperature difference, heat capacity and theoretical heating heat load, respectively; and n, p, kco fco are characteristics of heating devices and heating system: the indicators of the degree of nonlinearity of heat transfer from the temperature difference and flow rate, the relative heat transfer and the relative areas of the system coefficients, respectively; qo, VN, a are characteristics of the building: specific heating characteristic that depends on its thermal protection, the building volume, correction factor, respectively; and, besides, the determined or calculated based on sensor signals and/or manual and/or software tasks or otherwise values, characterizing heating mode: is current average heat capacity of the coolant; Qhi - capacity of internal heat generation; μ, Qins are external environment parameters: the coefficient of infiltration and the thermal capacity of solar insolation.EFFECT: reducing the cost of thermal and hydraulic energy for heating and improving the quality of heating process, the accuracy of maintaining a constant temperature of internal air.8 cl, 10 dwg

Heat supply system // 2641880
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heat supply system includes the hot water boiler with the main flue with the sliding gate and attached to it the bypass flue with sliding gate on the inlet and outlet, which has consistently attached to return heat system pipeline, condensing the heat exchanger with the input and output pipes and the water economizer fitted with interconnected irrigating ditch and tray. At that the heat pump is installed on the return pipeline, connected to the heat system boiler, the evaporator and condenser of which are connected to the inlet and outlet pipes of the condensing heat exchanger, respectively. And the low-temperature heat system circuits with floor heat panels are additionally connected to the return pipeline of the heat system according to the dependent scheme.EFFECT: return heat system water temperature reduction, entering the condensing heat exchanger, which provides useful utilisation of the large amount of heat due to the water vapor condensation.1 dwg

Central thermal item of closed heat supply system // 2641489
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in central heating points (CHP) of a closed heat supply system, transferred to a reduced temperature schedule, for the preparation of hot water. Summary of the invention consists in that the CHP contains parallel connected by heated media heaters for the first and second level, connected to the thermal network by heating media, cold water pipeline, hot water pipeline, hot water circulation pipeline, circulation pump, mixing chamber and accumulator tank, while the second level heater output and the first level heater output are connected to the hot water circulation pipeline for intensification of heat exchange in heaters. The mixing chamber is connected to the cold-water pipeline, the input of the first level heater and to the hot water circulation pipeline. The accumulator tank is also connected to the hot water circulation pipeline and installed in front of the circulation pump in the direction of water flow.EFFECT: improving the quality and reliability of hot water supply when transferring central heat points to a reduced temperature schedule, while maintaining the main equipment unchanged.1 dwg
Ventilation module of bath stove // 2641361
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: stove ventilation module of a channel for supplying outdoor air and exhaust channel that are isolated from each other or adjacent to at least one wall of the stove body and a valve controller. The valve controller includes a rod equipped with two locking elements, one of which is installed in the exhaust channel and the other one is in the channel for supplying outdoor air, and installed for simultaneous opening or closure of both channels by "one hand movement".EFFECT: improved reliability of ventilation modes control, simplified operation modes of the stove, increased efficiency and economy.3 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl

Heat exchange module and method of its assembly // 2640856
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heat exchange module characterized in that it comprises elements forming a heating surface and a heating element having contact with the elements forming the heating surface. Elements that make up the heating surface are made in the form of extruded metal panels that have converted to opposite sides external and internal surfaces and side edges, made from one side in the form of a projection, and from the other side in the form of groove that when docking form a lock for connection of extruded metal panels and formation of heat exchange module. Wherein, at least one edge of the heat exchanger module perpendicular to compounds of extruded metal panels, is incurved, and heating element is laid in respective channels or anchorages, performed on the internal surface of the extruded metal panels forming a heating surface.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of heat exchange and simplifying the process of assembling the heat exchange module.9 cl, 3 dwg
Cascade heat pump system for heating and hot water supply of private and utility spaces // 2638252
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heating systems with heat pumps, using low-temperature heat sources of natural or artificial origin to obtain water, suitable for autonomous heating and hot water supply of premises of enterprises in the sphere of housing and communal services, as well as cottages and private houses. A cascade heat pump system comprising two heat pumps connected in series to the consumer, which form the stages of the cascade. The first stage of the cascade of evaporator is included in the circulation circuit of low-heat source and capacitor of the second stage of the cascade is included in the circulation circuit heat consumer, it contains additional circulating outline with technological medium temperature heat transfer agent. The condenser of the first stage of the cascade and the evaporator of the second stage of the cascade are included in said additional circulation circuit, and at the outlet of the evaporator of the second stage of the cascade it contains an additional capacity for overheating of the saturated vapour of the refrigerant, and at the output of the condenser of the second stage of the cascade it contains an additional reservoir for the selection of excess heat of the refrigerant. Part of the excess heat generated by cooling the refrigerant additional condenser capacity the second stage of the cascade can be used for vapour refrigerant superheat in additional capacity at the outlet of the evaporator is the second stage of the cascade.EFFECT: increase of reliability and efficiency of the cascade heat pump system, built on the basis of typical elements of heat pumps.11 cl, 1 dwg

Heat spreading plate and method of its manufacture // 2637532
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: distribution panel contains a meander tube pressed into a heat spreading plate made of thermally expanded graphite and fixed in brackets that are fixed in the frame. The frame from the lower side is covered with a web glued to the bottom surface of the heat distribution plate and attached to the frame along the perimeter. This heat-distributing plate can consist of two plates of thermally expanded graphite, between which a tube-meander is pressed. The tube-meander is made of copper. Each of the brackets can be made with U-shaped cross-section. The frame can be made of metal from beams with h-shaped cross-section. On the upper side of the heat spreading plate, an aluminium foil coating can be provided. Method of manufacture heat spreading plate is characterized by the fact that beams assemble frame tube meander record in brackets, which is fixed in the frame, under the expanded plate stacked meander graphite top tube-meandering second plate placed expanded graphite, then carry out pressing these plates with getting heat spreading plate, then the underside of the received heat spreading plate covered with a layer of adhesive plates substances, on the underside of the frame is covered with a cloth, the edges of which attach to the frame around the perimeter, and the canvas to the bottom surface of heat spreading plate.EFFECT: such execution of heat spreading plate at the expense of losing weight while maintaining its rigidity and strength will greatly simplify its installation, dismantling, and reduce its cost.12 cl, 2 dwg

Heat spreading plate and method of its manufacture // 2637531
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: heat spreading plate contains a meander tube that can be made of copper and fixed in brackets, each of which is made with a U-shaped cross-section. This meander tube is pressed into the heat-distributing plate. In this case, heat-distributing plate consists of two plates of thermally expanded graphite, between which a tube-meander is pressed. The near-surface layer of the noted heat-distributing plate is impregnated with a binder, which can be an epoxy resin. The method for manufacturing the heat distribution panel is characterized in that the meander tube is fixed in brackets, a plate of thermally expanded graphite is laid under the meander tube, the second plate of thermoexpanded graphite is laid on top of the meander tube, then the noted plates are pressed to form a heat spreading plate, then the near-surface layer the resulting heat spreading plate is impregnated with a binder.EFFECT: design of the heat distribution panel, while maintaining its rigidity and strength, will simplify its manufacture, reduce its weight and cost, and due to weight reduction, it is much easier to install and dismantle it.11 cl, 2 dwg

Flow control valve // 2637074
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the flow control valve (1) for liquid heating and cooling installations, consisting of housing (2) having an inlet (3) and an outlet (4) and a connecting pipe (13) located between them wherein a pressure control device (14) is inserted which supports constant pressure differential between pressure ranges in front of and behind the flow control unit (8) located in the connecting pipe, as well as a spindle (7) having a control element protruding from the housing (2) and the first throttle element (9) located in the housing (2) which affects the flow control unit or its parts. This flow control unit (8) consists of the first throttle device which is formed from the first throttle element (9) fixed on the spindle (7) and a seat (10), and the second throttle device which is formed from the second throttle element (11) mounted on the spindle (7) with the possibility of longitudinal relocation on it and a seat. The second throttle element (11) is movable in the direction of the first throttle element (9).EFFECT: valve has a simpler design and takes up less space.29 cl, 11 dwg

System of building heat-supply // 2636885
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: system that includes the building's power supply system, a building or other building or object cooling system, direct and return pipelines of the heat network, creating together with the local heating system circuits of the building using both high-temperature and low-temperature heat transfer media, the network coolant circulation system, and a water preheating unit for hot water supply system comprising at least one tank storing hot water, network coolant circulation system after the circuits of local heat consumption systems of the building and after the water preheating unit contains a heat pump that is used as the first stage of water heating and as the main unit for heating water to the required temperature in the hot water supply system due to the heat energy of phase transition of circulating through the heat pump working medium, wherein the working medium circulation circuit is configured to use through heat exchanger the residual heat energy of low-temperature heat of return network coolant directly or at the outlet of said circulation system and residual heat energy of heated coolant of return pipeline of building or other building or object cooling system.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of system.3 cl, 2 dwg
Estimation method of microclimate comfort in premises of habitable, public and office buildings // 2636807
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: in the described method, which consists in measuring the indoor air temperature, relative humidity, air mobility, ambient temperature, preliminarily determine the preferred type and characteristics of the work performed, as well as the thermal conductivity resistance of the people's clothing preferred type, additionally measure the person clothing surface temperature, the carbon dioxide concentration in the air of the premise under examination and in the outdoor air, calculate the components of the person heat balance equation, determine the coefficient of human thermal condition comfort coefficient k1, the radiative cooling coefficient k2, the radiation fluxes asymmetry coefficient k3, the air medium quality coefficient k4. Calculate the comfort level of the microclimate according to the formula: W = k1⋅k2⋅k3⋅k4, and estimate the comfort level of the microclimate according to the following scale: <-0.5 - cold, discomfort, -0.3÷-0.5 - cool, light discomfort, 0÷-0.3 - cool, but comfortable, 0 - comfort, 0÷0.3 - heat, but comfortable, 0.30÷0.5 - heat, slight discomfort.EFFECT: increasing the accuracy of determining the comfort level in the premises of habitable, public and office buildings.1 cl

System of building heat-supply // 2636533
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: system that includes the building's power supply system, a building or other building or object cooling system, direct and return pipelines of the heat network, creating together with the local heating system circuits of the building using both high-temperature and low-temperature heat transfer media, the network coolant circulation system, and a water preheating unit for hot water supply system comprising at least one tank storing hot water, network coolant circulation system after the circuits of local heat consumption systems of the building and after the water preheating unit contains a heat pump that is used as the first stage of water heating and as the main unit for heating water to the required temperature in the hot water supply system due to the thermal energy of phase transition of circulating through the heat pump working medium, wherein the working medium circulation circuit is configured to use through heat exchanger the residual heat energy of low-temperature heat of return network coolant directly or at the outlet of said circulation system and residual heat energy of heated coolant of return pipeline of building or other building or object cooling system.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of system.3 cl, 2 dwg

Heating and hot water supply system // 2636018
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: system of heating and hot water supply of premises, including compression heat pump of ground-water type, internal circuit of heat pump with high-temperature coolant, external circuit of heat pump with heat exchanger with low-temperature coolant, as well as solar collector, hot water tank, heat flow control unit systems, liquid pumps for pumping coolants and hot water, while in the ground in the immediate vicinity of external circuit heat exchanger permanent rechargeable battery of thermal energy is located, associated with the external circuit of heat pump and the solar collector by pipelines.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of an autonomous heating and hot water supply system of premises with a compression-type heat pump operating under the ground-water scheme, due to a more complete recovery of ground thermal potential in the zone of location of the external circuit of heat pump.11 cl, 4 dwg

Heat energy accumulation system, containing integrated refrigeration-heating installation, and method for use of such system // 2635737
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a thermal energy storage system comprising an energy accumulator (2) having a vertical temperature gradient and an internal combined refrigeration-heating machine (15). This machine is adapted to deduce the energy corresponding to the first temperature from the energy accumulator with the simultaneous return of energy corresponding to, after heating, the second higher temperature and the energy corresponding to, after cooling, the third, lower temperature. The invention also relates to a method for using thermal energy storage system.EFFECT: improvement of a system.10 cl, 1 dwg
Differential pressure control valve with washing // 2634340
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: valve has a valve part comprising: a valve body with flow communication from a fluid inlet to a flow outlet and a valve seat located within said flow communication, a valve cone (3) adapted to change the position for changing the valve opening, defined as the opening between the valve seat and the valve cone, the diaphragm, deflectable by the differential pressure at said diaphragm, and means for communicating the pressure on the antipode complicated sides of the diaphragm; - an adjusting part containing the biasing element and the body of adjuster. Said adjusting part is attached to said valve part; - a spindle having a part located within the adjusting part and a part located inside the valve part and connected to said valve cone. The spindle can be moved to and stored in the washing position, and the valve cone does not interfere with the communication to transfer fluid from the fluid inlet to the fluid outlet or creates at least a limited obstacle.EFFECT: presence of overlapping function and the washing function that occurs during the installation of the system.12 cl, 5 dwg

ixing valve // 2633971
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: mixing valve comprises a valve body (14) having a first (A-B), a second (A), and a third (B) connection elements. A first flow path from the first connection element (A-B) to the second connection element (A) and a second flow path from the first connection element (A-B) to the third connection element (B). A movable valve element (24) is located in both flow paths inside the valve body (14). By moving the valve member (24), it is possible to vary the ratio between the cross sections of both flow paths. A drive (36) is located on the valve body (14) for moving the valve element (24). The drive (36) has an internal control device (38) for controlling the drive movement (36). The internal control device (38) has a first communication interface (44) for communicating with an external control device (40) which has a corresponding second communication interface (46). At least one internal sensor (48, 50) is located in the valve body (14) or thereon. The sensor (48, 50) is connected to the first communication interface (44) for transmitting the sensor signal to the external control device (40).EFFECT: simplified intstallation of the mixing device in various heating or cooling units.18 cl, 7 dwg

Vacuum and steam heating system // 2631555
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: vacuum and steam heating system is designed to transfer heat flow from a thermal energy source to consumers and serves for autonomous heating of residential and other buildings and structures. The system contains a steam boiler, a steam receptacle, an upper distribution steam pipe, vertical diverting steam pipelines, vertical condensate lines, a central condensate line, a steam subsystem, a condensate return subsystem, a vacuum evacuation and vacuum control subsystem, a space heating subsystem, the internal cavity of which is evacuated. In addition, a condensate return subsystem with a mechanical pumping condensate trap and a condensate collection tank with a float needle valve for steam supply in order to balance the back pressure from the boiler side, and a vacuum evacuation and vacuum control subsystem with a vacuum water pump, an air separator with a check valve and an overflow protection device are introduced.EFFECT: increased efficiency of energy use, reliability and safety, creating conditions for easy installation, ease of maintenance and operation and a possibility of steam boiler location in both basement, floor or roof.2 cl, 1 dwg

Air-heating unit // 2631180
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used to supply heated air to industrial and residential premises, for example to aggregate and service rooms of a gas pumping station. The air-heating unit contains an air intake unit, a heating unit with at least one mixing-type air heater, a ventilation unit with at least one fan, and a delivery unit. The heat exchanger of the air heater is made in the form of a horizontally oriented drop-shaped body in cross section, a guide plate is installed above the heat exchanger with a gap, enveloping the external surface of the heat exchanger, the heat exchanger is installed with a gap between its sides and the side walls of the heating unit, the preheater burner is installed in the air heating device, a filter unit is located downstream of the air intake unit.EFFECT: increased efficiency of heating and quality of air entering the heated rooms.3 dwg
Complex electric generating heating device // 2630069
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: complex electro-generating heater that includes two pipes of the upper and lower collectors, vertical tubes of oval cross section connecting the cavities of the upper and lower collectors, the front and back rows of vertical rectangular plates opposite the vertical tubes of the oval section, covering them all over Their height, equipped with vertical slots, whose height is equal to the length of the vertical pipes, each of which is inserted a vertical rectangular thermoelectric transducer made of a dielectric material with high thermal conductivity and connected back-face end of its shell to the wall of the riser pipe, which is placed in the array elements of thermionic emission, which are paired wire segments, which are paired wire segments made of different metals M1 and M2, welded at the ends with each other in such a way that the wire segments themselves are parallel to each other, forming U-shaped rows, the extreme wire segments of each pair of U-shaped rows of thermoelectric converters are connected from below Between each other by jumpers, and on top of each pair of thermoelectric converters is connected to each other and to the output collectors via electric capacitors, and the output manifolds, in their own Are connected to a storage unit.EFFECT: ensuring reliable, durable and efficient operation.5 dwg

Subscriber input of heat supply system of building // 2629169
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: subscriber input of the building heat supply system contains the supply and return pipelines with valves, manometers, mud pumps, thermometers, heat meters, branches for heating, ventilation and for the analysis of hot water from the heating network. At the same time, in the branch for heating needs, parallel pipelines are installed with cavitation flow restrictors placed on them and normal-open check valves located before them. On one of the parallel pipelines, before the cavitation flow limiter there is no check valve. Parallel pipelines with valves are controlled from the controller with a timer that signals the valves to close or open them in a certain period.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of the work of subscriber inputs of heat supply systems of buildings due to the adjustment of the amount of supplied heat energy to the building systems according to performance indicators during periods of sharply variable thermal loads.2 dwg

Heat supply system // 2628958
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: building's heat supply system is constructed with a ventilated facade with an external thermal insulation layer, has internal heating devices in the building and an air-heating chamber with fans, water sprinklers and devices for trapping and removing ice and snow. The air heating chamber is connected by means of distributing and collecting manifolds to the circulation circuits of the heated air through the ventilated facade of the building and the evaporators of the heat pumps used as at least a part of the heating devices. It is proposed to use solar panels for electricity supply.EFFECT: fully autonomous, environmentally friendly heat supply.11 cl, 3 dwg

Water heater // 2628929
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: water heater with remote thermostat contains a heating element; an I/O unit for receiving a signal representing measured temperature; and a heating element control unit based on the desired temperature and the measured temperature. The control unit comprises a storage for storing the desired temperature of the space to be heated and includes an I/O unit. In this case, the remote thermostat contains: a housing; a temperature sensor that provides a signal representing the temperature; a control panel for entering a desired temperature that is transmitted to the control unit, wherein the control unit, to which the desired temperature is transmitted and which is configured to determine the control action for driving the heating element, is included in the body of the water heater.EFFECT: ability to control the claimed system by a number of remote thermostats, simplified design of the thermostat.15 cl, 10 dwg

Circulating pump unit and solar plant // 2628134
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: pump unit (2) has an electric drive motor (6) and a control device (10) integrated in the unit (2). In the pump unit (2) there is at least one internal temperature sensor (16) that senses the temperature of the medium pumped by the unit (2) and supplies the corresponding temperature signal to the control device (10). The control device (10) is configured so as to approximately determine the temperature of the liquid in the fluid reservoir connected to the pump unit (2) based on the sensor temperature signal (16) through the heating circuit. The device (10) is integrated in the pump unit (2). When the engine (6) is stopped on the basis of the temperature signal supplied by the sensor (16) earlier in the operation of the engine (6), during a further change in time it approximately determines the temperature of the liquid in the tank connected to the unit (2) through the heating circuit.EFFECT: improved design of the solar plant with a pump unit due to simplified installation and reduced susceptibility to malfunctions during operation.13 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of monitoring gas compressor unit operation and device for its implementation // 2626293
FIELD: engine devices and pumps.SUBSTANCE: method of monitoring a gas compressor unit operation, containing an engine connected by a shaft to a compressor, an air intake and an exhaust device including fuel gas rate measurement, measurement of the power transferred to the compressor, of the process efficiency, comparison of the process calculated efficiency with the design one with the help of a system unit and with a reduction in efficiency compared with the design value carrying out measures to increase the efficiency until the efficiency increase of the energy facility stops. And the average temperature of the exhaust gases is constantly measured at the outlet of the exhaust device at the outlet of the exhaust device using a thermal imager and the averaged value of the colour of the exhaust gases is also measured with a video camera and the concentration of harmful substances in the exhaust gases is determined based on those values.EFFECT: increasing the accuracy of the control of the combustion efficiency in the engine of the gas compressor unit, improving its specific characteristics and reducing emissions of harmful substances according to the monitoring results.21 cl, 1 tbl, 12 dwg
Heat supply method and device // 2625055
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: heat supply method includes selection of low potential heat from the air and transfer to the heat supply system by means of the heat pump and air heating by sprinkling water in it with the formation and further trapping and removal of ice and snow particles. The heat supply plant includes the heat pump with the air supply system, in which there is the evaporator, the fan, the water sprinklers and the devices for trapping and removing ice and snow, at that the exhaust pipe of the air supply system is to be provided with the control damper and connected through bypass to the air supply system inlet.EFFECT: heat supply efficiency increase.3 cl, 1 dwg

Automatic control system of technological processes of heating system // 2624723
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: automatic control system of the technological processes of the heating system contains the controller located in the control cabinet for controlling the technological processes of the heating system to maintain a constant temperature of the water in the heating network, the operator panel, the Ethernet switch and the optical cross for the exchange of information on industrial protocols with the automated operator workplace, frequency converters to optimize the operation of the network pumps, the starting equipment for the commutation in the power cabinet of actuator circuits, manual control unit, actuators including frequency-controlled drive of the network pump, pumps: source water, make-up, recirculation, metering pump, fuel, valves: three way to automatically maintain a predetermined temperature in the heating system, the electromagnetic proportional, solenoid shut-off, fan exhaust, means for measuring and control of process parameters: the energy meter-recorder connected to the flowmeter, temperature sensors and pressure sensors overpressure alarms, temperature sensors, flow line, and reverse feed water, gas analyzers gas content in the room, the complex to measure the amount of gas in the supply line the reserve fuel, liquid fuel counters.EFFECT: expansion of the functionality of the automatic process control system of the heating system.1 dwg
Room air temperature through facade control device // 2624428
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: through facade control device of the room indoor air temperature, heated from the open heat supply system, contains the loops of the total and repeated circulation with the direct and return main pipelines, each of which is provided with the circulation pump with the drive and the rotation speed controller, at that at the general circulation loop direct main pipeline circulation pump outlet there is the heat meter, and at the repeated circulation loops circulation pump outlet there is the flow meter, besides, air temperature controller is connected to the temperature sensor, designed as the differential thermocouple, the sensing elements of which are respectively disposed inside and outside the room, heated from the open heat supply system, at that the temperature and pressure controllers contain, respectively, the comparator unit and the assignment unit, besides, the comparator unit is connected to the electronic amplifier output, equipped with the nonlinear feedback unit, wherein the electronic amplifier output is connected to the magnetic amplifier input with the rectifier, which at the output is connected to the speed control unit in the form of electromagnetic powder clutches, at that the repeated circulation pump rotation speed controllers amount corresponds to the heating building facades, but not less than four interconnected with individual temperature controller, and the sensing elements of each temperature sensor in the form of differential thermocouples are mounted on the outer surface of the corresponding facade outer enclosure and at its inner surface from the heating building side, besides, the total circulation rotation speed controller is connected to the pressure controller, which includes the pressure sensor at the return main pipeline at the outlet from the heating system.EFFECT: energy intensity reduction of maintaining the comfortable temperature conditions in the indoor room, heated from the open heat supply system, by optimizing the consumption of a high cost hot coolant in case of changing the weather and climate impacts during the heating season.1 dwg
obile system for population training in emergency situations // 2624124
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.SUBSTANCE: mobile system for training the population in emergency situations (ES) includes a vehicle (1) equipped with built-in loud-speaker system for alerting the population, a mobile power unit, and facilities for locating the learning population. Three training places are compactly located in the vehicle: the first is a lecture hall (4) for theoretical studies and testing on the basis of a portable pneumatic frame tent of Ministry of Emergency Situations, the second training place (7) is a training complex for practicing the practical skills of population in emergency situations, robot-simulator for training exercises of providing first aid in emergency situations; the third training place (9) is a training complex with sets of protection means. The tent includes a life support system for work in any climatic conditions. The roof of tent frame is made of two layers: one layer, the upper one, is pneumoframe, and the other, the lower one, is made in form of a perforated comfortable air conditioner distributor, and the cavity between layers is connected to life support system made with monitoring system that monitors the arrival of harmful toxic substances and radionuclides in a perforated comfortable air conditioner distributor and automatically shuts off air access to the distributor, and includes an alarm, alerting population of emergency situation. The vehicle is equipped with a mobile complex for informing and alerting population in hard-to-reach areas with a video screen and device for controlling it via computer.EFFECT: invention raises the effectiveness of training the population in the field of civil defense and protection from emergencies.6 dwg
Heating radiator section with curved heating element and oil electric heater consisting of such sections // 2623135
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: heating radiator section having a curved heating element and an oil electric heater having the section data include a section casing, the said section having an oil-collecting manifold inside, and a connecting sleeve extending horizontally at the bottom and at the top; at least, from one end of the said section to its center there is a curved heating portion, the upper and lower ends of the said heating portion are in different vertical planes, and, at least, a part of its middle has a curved shape and forms a structure convex to the side.EFFECT: due to the fact that in this invention a certain section from any end to the middle of the section forms a curved heating element, when several such sections join together, the radial and convective heat transferring methods are combined, and the heat transfer of the coolant increases in the horizontal and vertical directions.15 cl, 18 dwg

ethod of liquid-conveying device operation control // 2622785
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: method of operation control of a pipeline device with the first pipeline area at the hot part and the second pipeline area at the cold part connected to it, a pump for supplying liquid being located in the first pipeline area, which consists in starting the programme controlling the pump start while activating the pump, which provides the following stages: A) setting the supplied volume of fluid, B) starting the fluid supply cycle providing the predetermined liquid amount supply from the first pipeline area to the second pipeline unfilled area, C) starting the fluid return cycle providing the return to the first pipeline section of the liquid amount supplied to the second pipeline section, as well as the determination of the return flow temperature of the returned fluid on the first pipeline area, D) increasing the predetermined supplied amount of liquid and performing one of the following substages: D1) repetition of stages A) to D), if the return flow temperature of the returned liquid is above its limit temperature or equal to it, and the increased determined supplied amount of liquid is less than the limit amount or equal to D2) stopping the execution of the programme controlling the pump start and switching the pump to the normal operation mode, if the increased determined supplied amount of the liquid exceeds the limit, D3) stopping the execution of the programme controlling the pump start, deactivating the pump and changing the determined supplied amount of liquid towards the initial value, if the return flow temperature is below its limit temperature.EFFECT: possibility to prevent faults on the second pipeline area located in the cold part due to the freezing of the liquid.12 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of alternative power sources combined use // 2622779
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: method of alternative power sources combined use for heating, air conditioning and hot water supply of premises based on the hybrid solar collector, bivalent water heater, electric power converter, electric battery, absorption heat pump, inverter steam compressor heat pump with heat slip tube and a petrothermal well, at that in the petrothermal well at the depth below the layer of seasonal heat variation create the cracks by penetrating fluid method, to which the substance with the phase transition temperature of 20-43°C is pumped to create the heat accumulator; the electrical energy, produced by the hybrid solar collector enters the electric power converter and is used by the inverter steam compressor heat pump for air conditioning and room heating, by bivalent water heater to heat water if the thermal power of the hybrid thermal collector is not sufficient, the excess electric energy is stored in the electric accumulator and used for the "duty" lighting; during the warm season the heat carrier of the inverter steam compression heat pump is supplied into the air-conditioning room and back to the inverter steam compressor heat pump, from which the obtained heat is pumped to the heat accumulator by means of heat slip tubes of the inverter steam compression heat pump; during the cold season the inverter steam compressor heat pump supplies the heat by means of the heat carrier cooler of the heat slip tubes from the heat battery to the heating room; the heat of the of the hybrid solar collector heat carrier enters the bivalent water heater to heat the water in the hot water supply system and to the absorption heat pump to generate the cold in the air conditioning system in the room, and after the heat is released, the heat carrier from the absorption heat pump and the bivalent water heater is returned to the hybrid solar collector for heating.EFFECT: high storage capacity of the system and year-round use of solar and petrothermal power for hot water supply system and air conditioning system by means of absorption and inverter steam compressor heat pumps during the warm season, for the heating system by means of inverter steam compressor heat pump during the cold period, increase of the production electricity due to heat removal from the collector.1 dwg, 1 tbl

Regenerative system with radiant heating // 2622726
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: air-radiant heating system contains heat radiating elements connected to the heat generator, a fan communicating with the atmosphere. The heat radiating elements are made in the form of air ducts connected to the heat generator and forming a closed system with it, in which an exhaust fan is installed. The heat generator is two-circuit. The first circuit consists of a housing having heating elements arranged in rows and covering the second circuit. The second circuit housing is hermetically seated in the first circuit and can connect with it by means of a flap and is connected to the fan communicating with the atmosphere. The air duct is made in the form of a box with a base made of a material with the highest emission factor, for example, of steel, and the upper part is made of a material with the minimum emission factor, for example, of galvanized steel or aluminium, covered with a heat-reflecting material and fiberglass.EFFECT: creation of a reliable and efficient high-temperature heating system.2 cl, 4 dwg

Solar heat and cold supply system // 2622449
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: solar heat and cold supply system includes south and north air ducts located at the respective building sides, a heat collector, forming a subfloor air duct together with the building floor, the duct is connected to the south air duct; as well as and heat exchange and underground air ducts positioned one over the other below the heat collector; the system features a vortex tube in the heat collector, with vortex tube input connected to the subfloor air duct, cold channel connected to the room, and hot channel connected via the heat collector to the underground air duct, and the vortex tube outer surface ribs are made with distance between them decreasing in the hot stream direction.EFFECT: comfortable air parameters in the cattle farm rooms.3 dwg

Hot water supplying device and method of hot water supply // 2621932
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: device contains: a heater of injected water; an exhaust valve, regulating the amount of water exhausted from the heater; a water exhaust temperature sensor and a controller, determining whether the hot water release is the first water release or the continuous water release, based on the difference between the exhaust temperature and the target temperature and controlling the opening degree of the exhaust valve, based on the calculated change in the exhaust temperature according to the determination results. At that the initial release operation is performed, which is included in the exhaust valve initial opening degree assignment and the valve opening to the predetermined degree, when the hot water supply signal is introduced; and the exhaust control operation, which is included in determination whether the hot water release is the first water release or the continuous water release, based on the difference between the exhaust temperature and the target temperature, and in the exhaust valve opening degree control, based on the calculated exhaust temperature change according to the determination results.EFFECT: minimisation of the exhaust temperature fluctuations.13 cl, 5 dwg

Valve design, device and methods of its operation // 2621659
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: valve structure having a first and second fluid inlet and a first and second fluid outlet comprising a first and a second valve mechanically coupled for synchronous operation to one another with the ability to be switched by a single action between the first and second fluid flow configurations. The first configuration provides a first path for the first fluid from the first inlet to the first outlet and a second path for the second fluid from the second inlet to the second discharge, and the second configuration provides paths for the first fluid from the first inlet to the first and second outlets, hiding the path from the second intake.EFFECT: invention allows thermal disinfection of such devices.18 cl, 7 dwg

ethod of energy saving in water supply systems // 2620742
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: method of energy saving in water supply systems is that the water pressure at the pump outlet is measured, the measured head is compared with the set value and the deviation of the measured head from the set value is minimized by acting on the pump motor speed, while the set value of the head is formed as the sum of the minimum head and the variable component, while a group of parallel pumps is used as a pump. A hydraulic model of the water supply system is created, including a pump, a system of pipelines supplying water to the pump inlet, and a system of pipelines connected to the pump outlet and supplying water to the distribution network, a hydraulic simulation of the water supply system is performed, the required value of the minimum water head is determined at the pump outlet under a condition ensuring the required minimum pressure for all consumers, the maintenance costs of the water supply system are determined for the life cycle. Zones with the required minimum head are isolated in the distribution network. The required value of the minimum water head is reduced at the pump outlet from the condition of ensuring the required minimum head of the zone consumers and the maintenance costs of the water supply system are determined for the life cycle. The step of reducing the required minimum water head is repeated at the pump outlet from the conditions of ensuring the required minimum head of the zone consumers and the maintenance costs of the water supply system are determined for the life cycle. The required value of the minimum water head is determined at the pump outlet, provided that the minimum head at the zone inlet is ensured, and the maintenance costs of the water supply system are determined for the life cycle. A set of pairs of the maintenance cost values of the water supply system is formed for the life cycle and the corresponding arguments - the required values of the minimum water head at the pump outlet, the set of the additional pairs of the electricity cost values and the corresponding arguments - the required values of the minimum water head at the pump outlet. And the set value of the minimum water head is determined at the pump outlet.EFFECT: reducing the power consumption and maintenance costs for the life cycle.2 cl, 3 dwg

Heat exchanger heating method of the houses heating system and other objects and device for the method implementation // 2618183
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: method of heat exchanger heating by gas-dynamic flow is characterized in that, the gas-dynamic flow is accelerated in the nozzle and due to the ejection it vacuumizes the cavity, the depression waves of which increase the pressure drop in the nozzle, which leads to the additional acceleration of the gas-dynamic flow, which is decelerated, and by the temperature got at gas-dynamic flow deceleration the heat exchanger is heated. The device for implementing the method of the heat exchanger heating, consisting a checker, including the nozzle, tightly connected between each other, forming between them the ejector evacuated cavity, and the heat exchanger, wherein not less than once or the tapering part of the nozzle is equipped with the heat exchanger, or not less than after one nozzle the heat exchanger is mounted, or available both simultaneously.EFFECT: extension of gas acceleration method using and the device for its implementation.2 cl, 2 dwg

Device for temperature control and distribution of heating element consumption // 2617757
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: device (1) for the temperature control and distribution of consumption of the heating element (100) comprises a box body (2) adapted to be mounted to the heating element (100), in particular to the radiator, thermostatic means (10), means (20 ) distribution to calculate the amount of heat which is highlighted, or thermal energy, which is consumed with a heating element over time; the first section (3) inside the box body (2) is selectively accessible from the outside when assembled and/or installed device; a first battery (4) disposed in the first section; a second section (5) within the box body (2) which is inaccessible from outside the device when assembled; a second battery (6) arranged in the second section (5). In the first mode of operation, in which the first battery is charged, the battery provides power to the first, at least, thermostatic means, and in the second mode of operation in which the first battery is depleted, a second battery provides power distribution equipment.EFFECT: ability to perform continuous distribution function.10 cl, 2 dwg, 1tbl

ethod of protection heating pipe from the frost and pipe of hot water supply // 2616580
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: method includes the steps of: if the heating temperature is lower than a predetermined temperature protection from freezing by the controller translate the three-way valve in the hot water supply mode and perform combustion operation in the heater and the circulation of heating water in a closed circuit consisting of the heating a heat exchanger, a three-way valve and the hot water heat exchanger by the pump. In the heat exchanger of hot water supply heat from the heating water transfer pipe hot water; and if the heating water temperature reaches a predetermined temperature by the controller to translate the three-way valve and the heating mode operation is carried out quench heater and circulating heating water for heating the pipe by driving a pump.EFFECT: to prevent freezing of the heating pipe by applying a heating water temperature sensor positioned in the water heater, to prevent freezing pipes hot water by controlling the three-way valve.4 cl, 2 dwg
Near-surface soil heat use method // 2615678
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: extra heating of soil is carried out by applying the solar radiation, as an outside heat source, inside the array of soil, by absorption of concentrated solar radiation in the receiver of solar radiation and heat transfer to the amount of gravel-water heat exchanger-accumulator which is in heat contact with soil. Throughout the year, selection of low-grade heat and its transformation using a heat pump cycle to a higher level, that meets the requirements of heating and hot water supply system, is carried out by transmission of heat through a heat exchanger connected to the contour of heat pump evaporator.EFFECT: invention can improve energetic efficiency of processes of heat exchange, expand the scope and reduce the complexity of method.3 cl, 2 dwg

System electrical energy control, which is generated by photovoltaic elements // 2615593
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: usage: for the control of electrical energy, generated by photovoltaic elements. Disclosure of invention consists the control system of electric energy, which is produced by photovoltaic cells, contains interconnected control unit of energy consumption, a control unit and a heating unit, equipped with a temperature measuring unit, and at least one heating element, which is modified for heating a liquid, wherein power block control contains a DC control and AC control and partly connected to a source of AC power, either directly or through a secondary source of the AC voltage, and is partially connected with a photoelectric unit, which outputs a DC voltage is via the primary voltage source DC and/or through the coherently connected the input block and of current measurement and voltage, DC converter to AC, and the input block of current and voltage change. During this process the control block is also connected not only through the galvanically untied secondary unit, but also through the galvanically untied first source of AC voltage with the DC voltage source.EFFECT: invention enables the substantial reduction in energy loss when converting DC to AC.11 cl, 4 dwg

Device for radiational heating and destratification of ambient air // 2614558
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: apparatus for radiant heating and destratification ambient comprises sealing a duct, through which at least one stream of ambient air, a burner mounted inside of the sealing air intended for combustion of the combustible mixture produced by at least one flow for combustion air extracted from the stream of ambient air, and at least one stream of gas to generate combustion products at high temperature radiant tube system for ambient heating medium using radiation capable of moving the combustion products at high temperatures, developed by the burner, at least one fan, disposed within the sealing duct upstream of the burner, and is designed for destratification of the ambient air by collecting hot upper air and directing it down to the simultaneous supply of the mentioned air to support the burning process, and the handles, mounted to the sealing ductwork.EFFECT: correct and efficient heating of the surrounding indoor air.11 cl, 4 dwg
Independent circulation thermal electrical pump for heating systems // 2614349
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: thermal electric pump comprises a feed pipeline (1) with thermoelectric unit (3), connected with electric wiring to an inverter (4), battery (5) and pump motor (6) mounted in pipeline (2). Block (3) consists of two semi-cylindrical shells with longitudinal slots in which ongitudinal ribs are inserted. Inside ribs over their entire length, zigzag rows are placed consisting of sequently plaved and interconnected thermionic converters consisting of a pair of segments made of different metals. The segments ends are flattened, tightly pressed against each other and located near the edges of the ribs pressed against the heating zone to the pipeline section (1) surface and in the cooling zone. The zigzag rows free ends of each rib pair at one end in the cooling zone are connected by bridges, and on the opposite are interconnected in the cooling zone through the condensers, forming thermoelectric sections. The condensers are connected through their bridges in series with each other, forming a thermoelectric unit provided with current terminals with the like charges, connected with wiring to inverter (4).EFFECT: increased efficiency and reliability of the heating system.8 dwg

Centralized heat recovery system of prefabricated structures // 2611028
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to energy saving, namely to devices for utilization of heat energy of supply and exhaust air in ventilation systems. Centralized heat recovery system of prefabricated structures able to recover excessive heat energy for water treatment in a hot water supply system performs heat exchange of supply and exhaust air in a heat exchange casing-plate modular structure. Due to low values of heat capacity and heat conductivity of gases high intensity of heat transfer between them is implemented by large surface area of the heat exchange casing-plate modular structure of the building. Automated climate control system controlling the position of controlled gates of supply and exhaust ventilation optimizes the mode of heat preparation of air before its delivery to the room discarding excessive heat energy dissipated onto the heat exchange structure of the building into a heat energy utilizer for a hot water supply system.EFFECT: present invention is aimed at development of a centralized heat recovery system for heat dissipated onto the structure of a building able to utilize excessive heat energy for water treatment in a hot water supply system.1 cl, 3 dwg
Systems of independent electric supply for units of thermal power plant // 2610819
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat-power engineering and is designed to provide electrical power for automation devices and actuators. Essence of the invention is as follows: the inventive system includes a high temperature and low temperature heat sources, the heat sink into external environment, an automation unit, high-temperature and low-temperature thermoelectric converters (TEC), hot junctions of which are made in thermal contact with high temperature and low temperature heat sources respectively, and the cold junctions - in thermal contact with external environment. Electrical outputs of thermoelectric converters are connected via the switchboard to the input of one or more electric batteries. The thermoelectric converter between the heat source and the block of thermocouples the mediator with damping elements at the point of contact with heat source can be added, and an exchangeable 3D-adapter for accurate geometric alignment of surfaces of the heat source unit and thermocouples. The mediator in the thermoelectric converter can be made of metal or ceramics. The damping elements can be the technical porous sheet rubber.EFFECT: invention enables increasing the total electric power of TEC without dismantling the boiler, piping and / or its components and uninterrupted power supply of units and automation systems of the boiler.3 cl, 1 dwg

Heat and cold supply system // 2609266
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering, namely, to central heat and cold supply. Heat and cold supply system, including an absorption refrigerating machine (ABRM), evaporator of which is connected to the delivery and return pipeline of cold supply, and a condenser and absorber of the ABRM are located on the cold-water pipeline and additional cooling circuit with a cooling tower. Cold accumulator is connected to the delivery and return pipeline of cold supply.EFFECT: uninterrupted providing the consumer with required amount of heat for ventilation and heating in the cold season, for all-year DHW and with required amount of cold of the corresponding temperature level in any season providing the control of the cold supply level.1 cl, 1 dwg

Single-pipe heating system // 2608804
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering, namely, to heating systems and can be used in buildings in absence of the central heating system. Single-pipe heating system comprises a pump, a boiler, a chimney, a boiler control unit, valves, channels to feed signal, heat carrier supply into radiators control units, radiators, a pipeline, a building heating control unit, an expansion tank. By means of the building heating control unit provided is rational and efficient heat distribution inside the building. When signals from the building heating control unit come to the heat carrier supply into radiators control units by means of corresponding valves changed, i.e. reduced or increased is the heat carrier flow rate into the radiators, and when a signal from the building heating control unit comes to boiler control unit 4 the fuel consumption is decreased or increased.EFFECT: single-pipe heating system is a simple, reliable, more environmentally friendly and efficient heating system due to design features which enable to efficiently perform heat distribution inside the building.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod and device for consumers group balancing in fluid medium transfer system // 2608280
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to method and device for consumers group balancing in fluid medium transfer system. Method of consumers group balancing in fluid medium transfer system, in which each consumer is equipped with motorized control valve to control flow rate through consumer, wherein saving characteristic data for consumers, which are determined for nominal flow rate through, respectively, one of consumers corresponding valve position of corresponding control valve, determining current total consumption through group of consumers by means of total flow rate sensor, determining balancing coefficient based on current total consumption and sum of desirable nominal flow rates through consumers and performing dynamic balancing of consumers by setting of corresponding control valves positions based on characteristic data and balancing coefficient.EFFECT: this allows to perform fluid medium transfer system dynamic balancing and does not require separate sensors for determining flow rate at each consumer. 17 cl, 1 tbl, 5 dwg

Admixing pump unit in central heating systems local networks // 2607881
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: this technical solution relates to power engineering and applicable in area of centralized heat supply system of local and areal heat supply networks. Admixing pump unit in central heating systems local networks is characterized by fact, that admixing pump suction pipe guide branch pipe is welded-in into local area network CHS reverse pipeline against carrier flow, to create overpressure in admixing pump suction pipe, guide branch pipe cross-section area is in two times less than suction pipe cross-section area, to reduce excessive pressure in admixing pump suction pipe, and guide branch pipe on admixing pump pressure pipe is welded-in into local area network CHS supply pipeline along heat carrier flow in order to reduce turbulence in hot and cold heat carriers admixing zone, guide branch pipe cross-section area is twice less than admixing pump pressure pipe cross-section area in order to add additional energy to coolant flow in local area network supply pipe.EFFECT: centralized heat supply of local and areal heat supply networks.1 cl, 3 dwg

Automated individual thermal station with dependent connection of heating system and closed hot water supply system // 2607775
FIELD: heat-and-power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering, to heating and hot water supply, and is intended for monitoring and automatic control over heat energy and water release for hot water supply of apartment houses. In an automated individual thermal station with dependent connection of a heating system and a closed hot water supply system including temperature sensors of the heating system supply and return water, ambient air temperature sensors, a water temperature sensor for hot water supply, between the forward and the reverse pipelines of the heating system there is a water heater for hot water supply, the water heater for hot water supply is connected as per a mixed scheme and is made two-staged, between the straight pipeline of the heating system and the first stage of the water heater for hot water supply there is a water temperature control unit for hot water supply, on the pipeline of circulation water for hot water supply there is a temperature control unit of the circulating water for hot water supply, on the forward pipeline of the heating system there is a temperature control unit of the return water of the heating system, between the supply and the return pipelines of the heating system there is a temperature control unit of the supply water of the heating system, additionally introduced are sensors of the forward and the return water temperature of the heating system, of the internal room air temperature, of the circulating water temperature for hot water supply, introduced is an electronic temperature regulator of the room air and of hot water supply, inputs of which are connected with temperature sensors of the supply and the return water of the heating system, of the forward and the return water of the heating system, of the water temperature for hot water supply and of the circulating water temperature for hot water supply, of the internal room air temperature, of the ambient air temperature, while outputs are connected to the temperature control unit of the return water of the heating system, to the temperature control unit of the supply water of the heating system, to the water temperature control unit for hot water supply and to the temperature control unit of the circulating water for hot water supply.EFFECT: automatic maintenance of a preset temperature of the internal air in the heated room and hot water temperature in the main water supply valve at minimal consumption of heat energy at any moment in real time.1 cl, 7 dwg
 
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