Heating and ranges and ventilating (F24)

F24            Heating; ranges; ventilating(11076)
Automated individual thermal station with dependent connection of heating system and closed hot water supply system // 2607775
FIELD: heat-and-power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering, to heating and hot water supply, and is intended for monitoring and automatic control over heat energy and water release for hot water supply of apartment houses. In an automated individual thermal station with dependent connection of a heating system and a closed hot water supply system including temperature sensors of the heating system supply and return water, ambient air temperature sensors, a water temperature sensor for hot water supply, between the forward and the reverse pipelines of the heating system there is a water heater for hot water supply, the water heater for hot water supply is connected as per a mixed scheme and is made two-staged, between the straight pipeline of the heating system and the first stage of the water heater for hot water supply there is a water temperature control unit for hot water supply, on the pipeline of circulation water for hot water supply there is a temperature control unit of the circulating water for hot water supply, on the forward pipeline of the heating system there is a temperature control unit of the return water of the heating system, between the supply and the return pipelines of the heating system there is a temperature control unit of the supply water of the heating system, additionally introduced are sensors of the forward and the return water temperature of the heating system, of the internal room air temperature, of the circulating water temperature for hot water supply, introduced is an electronic temperature regulator of the room air and of hot water supply, inputs of which are connected with temperature sensors of the supply and the return water of the heating system, of the forward and the return water of the heating system, of the water temperature for hot water supply and of the circulating water temperature for hot water supply, of the internal room air temperature, of the ambient air temperature, while outputs are connected to the temperature control unit of the return water of the heating system, to the temperature control unit of the supply water of the heating system, to the water temperature control unit for hot water supply and to the temperature control unit of the circulating water for hot water supply.EFFECT: automatic maintenance of a preset temperature of the internal air in the heated room and hot water temperature in the main water supply valve at minimal consumption of heat energy at any moment in real time.1 cl, 7 dwg
Recirculating air control valve // 2607609
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to air ventilation and conditioning systems and can be used for creation of optimum microclimate parameters in rooms of administrative and office buildings. Recirculating air distributor includes static pressure chamber with outlet holes, external air branch pipe, recirculation air branch pipe with fan, wherein circuits of ambient air and recirculation air are separated in static pressure chamber, static pressure chamber additionally comprises filter, recirculation air outlet is equipped with swirler cells, and ambient air outlet is equipped with diffuser.EFFECT: technical task of disclosed invention is formation of plenum jet, adhering onto ceiling, with optimum parameters and uniform temperature distribution along its cross-section while ensuring constant aerodynamic resistance in external air circuit at change of recirculation air flow rate.1 cl, 2 dwg
Air control valve with variable flow rate // 2607546
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of ventilation and can be used for creation of microclimate in different purpose rooms as supply air distributor. Air control valve with variable flow rate comprises housing equipped with inlet branch pipe and perforated panel with air outlet holes and overlapping them control elements, wherein housing inner walls are equipped with noise absorbing panels, perforated panel is made from reinforced synthetic woven material, and control elements represent semi-oval tabs cut in fabric of reinforced synthetic woven material.EFFECT: technical task of disclosed invention consists in creation of air control valve with variable flow rate, allowing to change air flow rate value while maintaining air speed at air distributor outlet in specified range, having minimum number of movable elements and with minimum level of noise generation.1 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of heating liquid in heating device (versions) and heating device // 2607323
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to power engineering, namely, to a method of heating liquid in a heating device and a heating device. In compliance with the first version the method involves filling with the liquid a water jacket, heating the combustion chamber spiral, feeding the fuel into the combustion chamber onto the red-hot spiral for its evaporation into a gaseous mixture and formation of excessive pressure of the gaseous mixture in the combustion chamber and natural detonation of the gaseous mixture, release of the exploded excess mixture from the combustion chamber. In compliance with the second version the method involves filling with the liquid a water jacket, feeding the ignited fuel into the combustion chamber onto the spiral, heating the spiral with the ignited fuel, feeding the ignited fuel onto the red-hot spiral for its evaporation into a gaseous mixture and formation of excessive pressure of the gaseous mixture in the combustion chamber and natural detonation of the gaseous mixture, release of the exploded excess mixture from the combustion chamber. Heating device includes a fuel tank connected by means of a fuel feed tube to the furnace housing. Furnace housing comprises a combustion chamber with a spiral, a water jacket, a front chimney and two rear chimneys of excessive pressure release. On each rear chimney of excessive pressure release a valve is installed. Detonation sensor is built into the combustion chamber, as well as a flame detector and a temperature sensor, all connected to a control unit. Herewith onto the furnace housing there is an automatic gas burner connected to a cylinder with gas.EFFECT: technical result is constant natural detonation of the gas mixture.16 cl, 1 dwg
Energy-efficient heated building with greenhouse // 2606891
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and operation of buildings. Design of an energy-efficient heated building with a greenhouse comprises a water boiler, a system of heat recovery of exhaust vent air and flue gases from the water boiler including a gas-air mixer, channels of heat exchange of the building gas-air emissions located in the insulation layer of the external building cladding, heat-inertial space under the building with a condensate line, gas control valves controlling inflow of the external air, drawing of gas emissions from premises of the buildings, the number of working channels of heat exchange of the building gas-air emissions. It also has a structure for transporting gas-air emissions by mechanical enforcement from the heat-inertial space under the building into the greenhouse including an exhaust channel of gas-air emissions, an underground air duct and a channel for gas-air emissions feeding into the greenhouse, as well as fans for mechanical enforcement of the exhaust air movement depending upon the weather and the outside air flow rate to provide for stationary existence of the turbulent flow core of the building gas-air emissions in the heat exchange channels of the building gas-air emissions. Heat exchange channels of the building gas-air emissions are located in the insulation layer of the external building cladding at a distance, which, on one hand, prevents them from freezing without passing the flow of gas-air emissions through them at allowable room temperature in the building premises under the coldest five working days of the heating period and, on the other hand, provides the maximum possible efficiency of the heat recovery system in the building.EFFECT: invention increases power and biochemical efficiency of recycling gas-air emissions of a building, reliability and automation of the structure during the heating period.4 cl, 2 dwg
Portable furnace "ushnitsa" // 2606727
FIELD: household appliances.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to household heating devices and can be used in field conditions for food preparation. Portable oven includes a furnace, fire grate, ash pit and window for fuel loading. Furnace body is made of tubular shape. In lower part of body there is a furnace. Near furnace there is a window for fuel loading, connected by means of quick-detachable connection with pipe, having tubular profile identical to profile of furnace body.EFFECT: technical result is compactness, ease of transportation and fuel efficiency.4 cl, 5 dwg
ultifunctional structure // 2606718
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used in construction and reconstruction of residential areas and industrial zones. Multifunctional structure comprises at least one underground floor in form of a manege parking lot with places to accommodate cars, arranged above car park overground building from a group: residential building, building for public, household and office and commercial purposes, as well as a platform for sport and leisure, second underground floor in form of technical floor to accommodate utilities of structure, and forced ventilation means, connected with at least one ventilation shaft for exhaust ventilation of underground floor with parking lot and rooms of overground building. Mouth of ventilation shaft is arranged above roof level overground building. Forced ventilation means are made in form of a jet ventilation system of series-installed in roof space of parking lot of jet ventilators, oriented in direction of generating air flow to drawing ventilation shaft, in form of shielded recess on side of facade of overground building.EFFECT: providing maximum utilisation of urban territory and three-dimensional space at construction site, in particular underground, ground and open areas, ensuring protection of facilities for sports and playgrounds from exhaust gases of vehicles without erection in a building of special internal pipes, and from emergencies – fire, wherein fast fire localisation prevents its spread.14 cl, 9 dwg
Ventilation device // 2606578
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ventilation device comprising housing; fan for pumped air, configured for pumped air introduction into housing, pumped out from space; fan for inlet air, configured for inlet air introduction into housing; heat exchanger, configured for heat exchange between pumped out air and inlet air; panel installed in front of housing, where housing front surface is provided; air outlet, specified by housing front surface and panel rear surface, wherein air outlet enables to blow inlet air from it after heat exchange, carried out for inlet air by heat exchanger; airflow direction changing component, configured to change inlet air direction, blown through air outlet; and wall, overlapping air duct, installed below panel and configured to limit inlet air flow, blown through air outlet in horizontal direction.EFFECT: technical result consists in ventilation while preventing contamination of building elements.4 cl, 10 dwg
Proportional valve to control gas in flowing water heater and control device for said valve // 2606459
FIELD: gas industry.SUBSTANCE: proportional valve to control gas in flowing water heater includes a valve body with gas supply channel, extending along longitudinal axis, and an edge located across longitudinal axis; a gate, which is movable relative to valve body in a direction parallel to longitudinal axis, extends along longitudinal axis and configured form first and second assembly positions in valve body to control first and second type of gas, respectively.EFFECT: technical result is higher efficiency of controlling two gases having different properties using one valve.11 cl, 2 dwg
Gas compressor plant power unit // 2606297
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and can be used in of gas transfer plants development. Gas compressor plant power unit, containing gas-turbine plant (GTP), located in leak-tight compartment, connected to air intake channel, equipped with fan, and with hot air removal air duct, characterized by, that power unit is additionally equipped with heated air extraction air duct, communicating leak-tight compartment with air intake channel upstream of fan.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of GTP reliability at high negative temperatures of ambient air, due to air preheating considering maximum allowable concentration of explosive gases (mixture of protective gas and shielding gas with explosive gases flowing from GTP).1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of flue gases deep heat recovery // 2606296
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering. Flue gases deep heat recovery method involves flue gases preliminary cooling in gas/gas surface plate heat exchanger, heating dried flue gases by counterflow, to generate temperature margin, preventing residual water vapors condensation in stack. Further flue gases cooling to temperature close to water vapors dew point, is carried out in a contact gas-water water heater, which heats water. Cooled wet flue gases are supplied into gas/air surface plate heat exchanger-condenser, where water vapors contained in flue gases are condensed, heating air. Dried flue gases are supplied by additional smoke sucker into gas/gas surface plate heat exchanger, where they are heated to prevent possible water vapors condensation in gas ducts and flue pipe and are directed into smoke stack.EFFECT: increasing flue gases heat recovery efficiency due to use of water vapors condensation latent heat and increased temperature of flue gases themselves.1 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl
Vortex cavitator // 2606293
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cavitation type generators for heating of liquids in various purposes hydraulic systems. In vortex cavitator comprising vortex chamber with two branch pipes, each of which in chamber having bolt on input and rotating flows junction, housing in form of pipe, vortex chamber is divided by diaphragm with formation of two opposite coaxial volutes, one of which is connected with housing inlet opening via branch pipe, which enables to straighten vortex motion of fluid in housing and turn it into linear, axial and significantly reduce power consumption. Released energy can be realized into high output power of acoustic signal, therefore, to heated working fluid higher temperature, higher speed and cost efficiency of other processes flow. Possibility of inlet and outlet volutes relative rotation around common axis allows to change cavitator layout and integrate device into different process lines, as well as make them more compact and less expensive.EFFECT: at that, achieved technical result will also allow to use power pumps with lower pressure and with lower power of drive motors.13 cl, 14 dwg
Power module and method of using heat energy obtained during aerobic process // 2606201
FIELD: heat engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and can be used for producing heat energy generated during aerobic processes. Power module can also be used as independent thermal unit of building heating system. Sandwich structure heat exchanger (4) is placed in heat-insulated container covering it with organic substance (5). Container is equipped with ventilation devices (2), providing continuous supply of air (oxygen), legs or wheels (7) and unions (1).EFFECT: obtaining heat energy generated during aerobic processes.10 cl, 2 dwg
Kitchen stove // 2606146
FIELD: personal use and household items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to kitchen household appliances. Kitchen stove (1) comprises at least one axis and can be installed on a table top. Stove comprises at least one main body (2), at least one rotating body (3), at least one rotation axis (4), at least one ring, at least one regulator. Rotating body (3) is connected to main body (2) and is designed to rotate. Rotation axis (4) is located at the point where main body (2) and rotating body (3) are connected to each other to rotate. Ring is located on main body (2) and/or on rotating body (3) and provides heating of the kitchen utensils, placed on it. Regulator is located on main body (2) and/or on rotating body (3) and sensory controls the generated heat, number of regulators is equal to the number of rings.EFFECT: possibility of installing a stove on any surface and with possibility of its rotation at different angles.25 cl, 8 dwg
ethod for automatic sun orientation of solar energy sources and control circuit of tracking system // 2606049
FIELD: solar power industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to solar energy and is designed for orientation of solar energy by sun and other sources of electromagnetic radiation sources (EMR). Method of orientation by means of directional antennae includes receiving electromagnetic waves emitted by sun and reflected by reflector, which is removed by vibrator, a scanning antenna in focal plane perpendicular to axis of reflector. In spectrum of received signal, suppressing thermal noise of antenna-feeder devices. Obtained signal is converted into signal in a narrow frequency band and envelope of said signal, which is distributed over time cycles in accordance with position of vibrator relative to sectors of reception. Signal of deviation of position of antenna in azimuth direction is formed from difference in levels of averaged components of envelope, when dipole horizontal sectors of reception, antenna position deviation signal on elevation angle-when passing through vertical sectors of reception.EFFECT: technical result is increased accuracy and stability of orientation of solar energy sources irrespective of geographic latitude and weather conditions.4 cl, 11 dwg
Heating system, for example, of natural gas // 2606025
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heating, in particular to heating of fluid medium using injection pumps or compressors. Heating system for example of natural gas comprises source of heating medium and plate-type or tubular heat exchanger, latter is integrated in main gas line at inlet of gas into gas-distributing station. Parallel to heat exchanger in main gas line bypass is built, equipped with adjusting shutter. Source of heating medium is boiler plant or heat supply network. Boiler plant is located on explosion-proof distance from main gas pipeline and connects with heat exchanger via heat-insulated pipelines with coolant recirculation by means of compressor or pump. Gas supply pipeline to furnace of boiler plant is connected to main gas pipeline, provided with adjusting valve. Gas heating system is equipped with gas heating temperature control unit within specified limits, which includes temperature sensor integrated into main gas line before inlet of gas into gas-distributing station, signal from which is fitted to gas temperature control unit, control adjustment valve of gas supply to furnace of boiler plant and bypass adjusting shutter.EFFECT: such system is explosion-proof, easy in repair and servicing, as well as prevents formation of hydrate in pipes of heat exchanger.5 cl, 1 dwg

Purified air discharge device // 2605896
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a purified air discharge device. Device comprises a push hood comprising an air flow discharge surface discharging a uniform purified air flow, wherein push hood is provided with a lateral air discharger for creating a purified air flow, that collides against a surrounding wall that is formed as push hood is installed and that is situated close along circumferential direction of air flow discharge surface of push hood, so that during collision of purified air flow exiting lateral air outlet, with enclosing structure, air flow that has undergone collision is formed, which is directed towards front and back sides of push hood, preventing penetration of ambient air in back side of push hood in area between lateral air outlet and enclosing structure. This allows to prevent air inflow into area of supplying purified air.EFFECT: purified air discharge device is disclosed.10 cl, 10 dwg, 13 tbl

Solar radiation receiver // 2605867
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses solar radiation receiver for converting of solar energy into heat and electric energy. Solar radiation (1) receiver (2) for solar power parabolic antenna has thermal engine, located in its focal point, inlet and outlet manifolds (9), group of tubes (8) extending from inlet manifold to outlet manifold, where working fluid flows heated during reception of solar radiation (1). Receiver (2) contains upper layer (5), at least one intermediate layer (6) located under upper layer (5). Tubes (8) are laid in form of labyrinth along entire surface of receiver intermediate layer or intermediate layers. Lower layer (7) is located under, at least one, intermediate layer (6), in which working fluid medium inlet and outlet manifolds (9) are located. Upper layer (5), at least one intermediate layer (6) with tubes (8) and lower layer (7) are made as one single part out of alloy, capable to withstand temperatures higher above 600 °C.EFFECT: invention provides longer tubes 8 on receiver (2) surface, which leads to heat transfer optimization.8 cl, 6 dwg

ethod for ventilation of block automated boilers rooms // 2605511
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ventilation system of block of automated boiler. Method of block automated boiler ventilation is characterized by the fact that cold external air under negative pressure created by burner blow fan is supplied via louvered grille, insulated valve and insulated supply air duct, which is parallel to the plane of boiler house roof, and heater with confuser located under the heat insulated supply air duct aligned to flow of external air, coming from supply air duct, collects air from boiler room, heating it and directing hot air flow through confuser parallel to supplied external air flow, cutting supply of cold air in the lower zone of boiler room and directing it into the zone of excessive heat.EFFECT: technical result is increased quality of air heating for fuel combustion process, uniform of heating of premises, increasing energy efficiency of ventilation system, excluding "dead" zones and reduced probability of explosive mixtures formation.1 cl, 1 dwg

Ventilation plant // 2604584
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ventilation equipment, in particular, to reverse suction-and-exhaust ventilation plants with heat recovery, and can be used for installation in domestic and special purpose rooms. Ventilation plant comprises outer hood, internal module, ventilation duct, which connects inner environment with ambient environment, where external hood outputs to ambient environment, and internal module is to internal environment, whereby there are reverse fan with motor, recuperator, at least one filter and noise silencer, electric control module, which is located in inner module, wherein ventilation duct additionally contains inner housing, whereby there are reverse fan with motor, recuperator, at least another one, filter and which is made with possibility of disconnection from ventilation duct, wherein fan is located on ambient environment side, and recuperator is on inner environment side, and filters are located on inner housing both end sides.EFFECT: invention aims at developing ventilation plant, in which enables convenient access to plant during repair or preventive maintenance works, as well as providing low level of noise during ventilation plant operation.17 cl, 8 dwg

ine ventilation air heating method and device for its implementation // 2604577
FIELD: heating systems.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to heating systems, namely, to mine ventilation air heating method and device for its implementation. Method includes atmospheric air heating with flue gases, coming from fuel combustion chamber, its supply to mine through ventilation system. In ventilation air flow, directly into mine main ventilation fan suction channel, hot air addition is gradually supplying. In combustion chamber secondary blowing is used. Secondary air is heated in combustion chamber side walls convective jacket. In outlet gas flue cold air blowing is used, which is directed upwards at angle of not less than 45°. Fuel combustion chamber is equipped with secondary blowing fans located from inside and made in side walls by inclined slot nozzles. Fuel combustion chamber side walls outer surface is equipped with convective jacket. In fuel combustion chamber ceiling part gas burners are located. Improves mine air heating, while preventing flue gases ingress into ventilation flow supplied to mine.EFFECT: enables increased air heating plant efficiency due to complete fuel combustion, reduced metal consumption of air duct.4 cl, 3 dwg

Water boiler with built-in heat pump // 2604122
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: water boiler with built-in heat pump relates to hot water boilers production, using latent heat in flue gases, and contains main heat exchanger, combined with furnace, additional heat exchanger with parts of at least one heat pump evaporators, which condensers are able to transfer heat for heating of rooms, wherein main and additional heat exchangers are connected in one housing. Thus enabling compactness of boiler - heat pump system, ease and simplicity of installation, providing coordinated operating modes of boiler and heat pump with provision of highly efficient of boiler and heat pump combined operation.EFFECT: at variation of boiler thermal performance device efficiency can greatly exceed condensation boiler efficiency.8 cl, 6 dwg

Solar heat collector // 2604119
FIELD: solar engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to solar engineering, particularly to solar heat collectors, used in heat supply to buildings and structures. Solar thermal header can heats liquid heat carrier supplied to the consumer and air directed to heated rooms. Liquid heat carrier is supplied via distributing pipe 7 in consuming pipes 3, and then in fluid lens 12 of corrugated panel 10 with parabolic reflectors 11, which concentrate radiation both on liquid lenses 12, and in areas of absorbing pipes 3 and plates 2 arranged on the wall panel 1. After liquid lenses heat carrier is sent to absorbing tubes 3 arranged on the wall panel 1, where as a result of directed concentration of radiation of it is intensively heated, then it is delivered to consumer via team tube 8. In the cold season when radiation intensity is not enough to heat liquid heat carrier to the required parameters, there is heated air in the device, subsequently supplied to heated rooms. High temperature occurs when flowing around irradiated and heated surfaces of wall panel and bulk accumulation material.EFFECT: invention shall improve efficiency of utilization of solar energy by rational combination of passive and active radiation conversion methods.1 cl, 2 dwg

Air treatment device // 2604013
FIELD: equipment and accessories for vehicles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to air treatment, particularly in automotive industry. Air treatment device includes following: air cleaning unit, aromatic dispenser; air detector made with possibility to detect cleaned air and generate output signal; processor made with possibility to receive signal from detector and control air cleaning unit operating speed and distributing flavoring agent flow, distributed by means of aromatic dispenser based on output signal, wherein distributing flow distributed by means of aromatic dispenser, decreases with increase in air cleaning unit operating speed.EFFECT: proposed air treatment device comprises.9 cl, 2 tbl, 3 dwg

Fuel element // 2603863
FIELD: fuel.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fuel cells, used in fireplaces and as heater in closed rooms, operating on liquid fuel. Fuel element comprises hollow housing (1) with opening (5) in its upper part. In housing (1) with annular gap (6) relative to opening (5) edge (7) heat conducting element (8) is installed, raised above housing (1). Heat conducting element (8) upper part (9) is heated by flame from burning vaporous liquid fuel, running out from housing (1) through annular gap (6). Heat conducting element (8) lower part (10) heats liquid fuel to boiling point and evaporation under action of heat supplied from upper part (9).EFFECT: technical result is providing continuous burning with stable flame.8 cl, 8 dwg

Device for intensification of external air heating // 2603575
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to air ventilation and conditioning and can be used in ventilation systems with cold air supply directly to the room through ventilation openings. Device for intensification of external air heating with spatial structure, which consists of pins for connecting to plenum opening or unified air-valve with loop for attaching device in space; plates for regenerative heat exchange and separation of flows of hot and cold air into layers. Separation plates are oriented horizontally and fan out upwards; there are guide louvers, condensate drain union, and no vertical sidewalls.EFFECT: use of the given invention will allow to avoid overheating of the upper part of the room and exclude freezing of equipment at the floor level.1 cl, 3 dwg

Feringer steam evaporator for bath furnaces // 2603454
FIELD: devices for fuel combustion.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to stationary and mobile baths types equipment, as well as for domestic and industrial premises heating. Steam evaporator for bath furnaces includes vertically oriented housing formed by outer and inner shells installed with radial clearance relative to each other to form annular gap between them for steam forming liquid and connected to each other at ends. Steam evaporator housing bottom is made shaped with seat for chimney outlet connection, and steam generator housing upper part is made shaped for chimney inlet part connection. Steam generating liquid supply inside circular gap branch pipes are opened into annular gap between shells and removal of steam therefrom, wherein inside steam evaporator housing with radial clearance between its walls and inner shell walls, furnace gas flow coming from chimney outlet part spreader is installed.EFFECT: higher heat emission of fuel combustion products, simplified design with possibility of superheated steam obtaining with controlled temperature and humidity.7 cl, 3 dwg

Feringer steam generator for bath furnaces // 2603448
FIELD: furnaces and ovens.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to design of furnaces and method of superheated steam generation and can be used in equipment baths of stationary and mobile types, as well as for domestic and industrial premises heating. Steam generator for bath furnaces includes vertically oriented housing, formed by outer and inner shells, installed with radial clearance relative to each other to form annular gap between them and connected to each other at ends. Steam generator housing bottom is made shaped with seat for chimney outlet jointing, and steam generator housing upper part is made shaped for chimney inlet part jointing. Inside housing vessel is installed with radial clearance between its walls and inner shell walls, having channels for supply of water inside its cavity and heated-up water discharge from said cavity. Water supply and discharge channels of said vessel are passing through annular gap between shells and connect vessel cavity with source of water and storage tank for heated water/hot water consumer. Annular gap between inner and outer shells is divided in axial direction for isolated annular cavities, upper and lower, by means of partition, into which vertical branch pipe is installed, which cavity connects cavities of said annular cavities to each other. Upper annular cavity has water supply branch pipe, and lower annular cavity has steam discharge pipe from said cavity. In this embodiment annular gap area between vessel wall and inner shell wall is equal to or greater than furnace one outlet area.EFFECT: increasing fuel combustion products heat output.4 cl, 4 dwg

Feringer steam generator for bath furnaces // 2603447
FIELD: furnaces and ovens.SUBSTANCE: steam generator for bath furnaces includes vertically oriented housing, formed by outer and inner shells, installed with radial clearance relative to each other with formation annular gap between them and connected to each other by ends. Steam generator housing bottom is made shaped with seat for chimney outlet connection. Steam generator housing upper part is made shaped for chimney inlet part connection. In annular gap between shells opens channel for water supply inside annular gap. Inside housing vessel is installed with radial clearance between its walls and inner shell walls, having channels for supply of water inside its cavity and steam discharge from said cavity. Said vessel cavity is connected to said gap cavity between outer and inner shells by means of said water supply channel, and steam discharge channel from said vessel passes through annular gap between shells and connects vessel cavity with ambient environment/steam consumer. In this embodiment annular gap area between vessel wall and inner shell wall is equal to or more than furnace pipe outlet part area in channel outlet part, which connects vessel cavity with annular gap between outer and inner shells, baffle plate is installed, channel for water supply into vessel is made inclined towards vessel, vessel surface is made wavy in form of alternating projections and recesses, vessel is made in form of hollow cylinder.EFFECT: invention can be used during equipment of stationary and mobile types of baths, as well as for domestic and industrial premises heating.7 cl, 4 dwg

Kitchen stove // 2603328
FIELD: household appliances.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gas cookers. Kitchen stove includes a main gas line, through which is transported gas, at least one gas burner, at least one spark plug, transformer, connecting element and a grip ensuring fixation of pipeline in connecting element. Gas if fed to gas burner by means of main gas pipeline or collector pipeline. Spark plug is located next to gas burner and is intended for ignition of gas fed into gas burner. Transformer is connected to spark plug and has at least one seat. Connecting element provides positioning of transformer on pipelines. Stove comprises a holding element having a connector, placed in seat, housing, starting from connector and extending towards grip, tightening element extending to inner surface of grip on continuation of housing and applying clamping force to surface of pipeline, to which transformer is connected.EFFECT: technical result is maintaining transformer position on pipeline with simultaneous provision of earthing.11 cl, 8 dwg

Gas burner assembly, gas cooktop and gas appliance // 2603312
FIELD: household appliances.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to domestic appliances, specifically to domestic gas cooktop with a gas burner assembly. Gas appliance consists of gas cooktop, to which is connected gas burner assembly (3). Gas burner assembly comprises support for kitchen ware, crown burner and burner cover. Crown burner is attached to lower side of support for kitchen ware, and burner cover is fixed between support for kitchen ware and crown burner. Support for kitchen ware includes at least three, preferably at least four arms, extending radially from centre of support for kitchen ware. And each arm is comprises on its end, located at a distance from centre of support for kitchen ware, leg extending fro lower side of corresponding arm.EFFECT: technical result is easy maintenance of gas burner assembly.15 cl, 4 dwg

Hydrodynamic cavitator // 2603306
FIELD: electronics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to generators of a cavitation type for heating of liquids in hydraulic systems of various purposes, and also can be used as mixers of different liquids. Invention extends manufacturing capabilities and increases efficiency of cavitation-vortex power converter working process by increasing of sound wave amplitude generated due to increase in degree of jets interaction in vortex chamber. For this purpose, in cavitation-vortex power converter, containing vortex chamber with two inlet branch pipes, connected by opening in end wall to housing, made in form of cylindrical pipe with braking device, inlet to housing is equipped with diaphragm, branch pipes are installed with axes intersecting in one plane at obtuse angle, and on second by fluid flow, that is output, branch pipe additional housing is installed. Device has higher pressure difference in generated by it sound waves, therefore, and cavitation caverns larger sizes. Besides, higher pressure difference into wave manometric phase provides higher pulse at each cavity collapse, consequently, and higher degree of energy compaction. Device became multifunctional.EFFECT: possibility of operations range considerable extension from thin high-efficiency solid materials grinding to sparing sensitive impact on living objects (seeds) with possibility of complete mechanization and automation of each process.10 cl, 7 dwg

ethod for constructing energy-efficient structures and system for maintaining temperature in construction // 2602225
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, to development of design solutions to create efficient, environmentally friendly buildings and structures, where the specified air temperature is maintained, and can be used in construction of facilities for heating and/or cooling rooms in residential and industrial buildings, warehouses and livestock farms, in greenhouses for heating the soil when growing early vegetables, by means of pipes with passing in them a heat carrier or a coolant. Assigned task is solved by that method of construction of energy-efficient structures, according to which a foundation is erected in a process sequence, on the foundation a base is installed, after that, wall are erected, then mounted are covering, elements of the roof and the roof, ventilation and heating system is mounted by means of which the specified temperature is maintained in premises, in the heating system to transfer the floor heat of the specified temperature heating mats are used, which are made modular in the form of multilayer panels, which are placed on a prepared base with a hydraulic insulating heat-reflecting layer and are connected to the power supply system of the structure. Herewith each heating mat is equipped with a thermal element and is made with a heat-insulating and a heat-accumulating layers, which are made from sieving into fractions of 3-16 mm of encapsulated porous aggregate, mainly, expanded clay, the porous aggregate is bound with a cement-glue composition only at contact points of capsules, herewith the aggregate layers are laid one by one and continuously by fractions, the heat-insulating layer is laid of the aggregate with fractions of 5-16 mm, the heat-retaining layer is laid of the aggregate with fractions of 3-10 mm, herewith the heat-insulating layer is laid with thickness of not less than 20 mm, and the heat-retaining layer - with thickness of not less than 30 mm and not less than 3.5 diameters of the thermal element. Besides, a system for maintaining temperature in the construction containing the heating device accommodating thermal elements for heating and heat transfer to the floor. Herewith the heating device is made in the form of a heating mat with a heat-insulation layer and a heat-retaining layer, and the thermal element is made in the form of a corrugated thin-wall pipe and is arranged in the heat-retaining layer between two metal grids mounted on distancers, inside the thermal element there is a heating element in the form of a wire or a spiral, which is made from a heat-resistant and chemical-resistant alloyed with rare-earth metals alloy, and the free thermal element inner space is filled with a mixture of non-conducting electricity-refractory, fire-refractory materials.EFFECT: technical task of invention is to develop a project of a building and a structure, in which supported is a preset uniform temperature, for which a system for maintaining a preset temperature in a room shall be developed, including for this purpose a heating device shall be developed supporting the specified temperature.7 cl, 3 dwg

Air distributor panel type // 2602059
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ventilation equipment and can be used in systems of ventilation, air heating and room air conditioning. In panel air distributor comprizing outer perforated plate, forming outer air-distributing surface of air distributor and inner perforated sheet with coefficients effective cross-section from 0.2 to 0.5, installed mutually parallel relative to each other at a distance not exceeding of one diameter of perforated hole, as well as with mutually shifted axes of perforated holes, additionally from the side of inner perforated sheet static pressure chamber is installed with a flat bottom, parallel to inner perforated sheet and located at a distance from inner perforated sheet, equal to, at least, three diameters of one hole of perforation of inner perforated sheet, at that in the center of the static pressure chamber bottom there is connection, cross-section area of which is equal to from 0.15 to 0.3 area of the external perforated air-distribution surface.EFFECT: technical result is formation of turbulent rapidly damping fan-shaped plenum air flow, propagating with high damping rate of speeds and temperatures along aerodynamic axis of air distributor, with opening angle of flow from 70 to 180°.1 cl, 3 dwg

Support grill for household appliances // 2601954
FIELD: home appliances.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to domestic kitchen appliances. Domestic kitchen appliance with supporting grill comprises a frame with multiple upper support elements and a plurality of lower protective elements, resting on the surface of the domestic appliance. Frame has multiple connection zones having a specified thickness, wherein every connection zone is engaged with a protective element, wherein every connection zone and protective element have means for mutual engagement. Each protection element has a body, made of elastically deformable material and having first lateral side, second lateral side and an intermediate part, extending between said first and second lateral parts, wherein the first and second lateral parts are located against each other. Each of said first and second parts has corresponding engagement means. Engagement means in connection zone has first through opening and the second through opening, extending between opposite sides of connection zone. Intermediate part of the body of the protective element connects the lateral parts, wherein each of lateral parts and intermediate part has front and back sides. Engagement means of lateral parts comprises the first engagement element and the second engagement element, wherein each of said elements projects from the back side of the corresponding lateral parts. Each of said first and second engagement elements is designed to be fitted into appropriate through opening in the area of connection, where the back side of each lateral part faces the appropriate said side of connection zone, and the back side of the intermediate portion at least partially faces additional side of connection zone, extending between said two opposite sides so that protective element encloses the frame on the outside in the corresponding connection zone.EFFECT: technical result - protection of household appliance surface against damages.15 cl, 11 dwg

ethod for removing radon from room air // 2601737
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ecology and can be used for taking radon-protective measures in different buildings. Method for removing radon from room air comprises passing air through absorbing filters of activated carbon, sorbing radon. Cleaned air is being compressed by passing it through the air compressor, and the specified overpressure value in the room of a building is being maintained using a controlled reduction gear.EFFECT: invention allows removing radon supplied in the room of protective buildings from atmospheric air and blocking passing soil radon through underground structures of a building.1 cl, 1 dwg

Device for automatic control of heat consumption of building in central heat supply system // 2601499
FIELD: instrument making.SUBSTANCE: device for automatic control of heat consumption of a building in a central heat supply system includes series-connected and forming a closed circuit heat energy source, pulse controller for controlling heat carrier flow in supply line, building heating system and a unit for measuring heat carrier temperature in return line, as well as an ambient air temperature measurement unit, control unit, unit for setting control period, unit for setting minimum control pitch, unit for setting pitch of change of pulse duration of heat carrier in each period of controlling heat carrier flow rate, unit for correcting sign of change of pitch measuring pulse duration of heat carrier, unit for setting heat carrier temperature in return line, Unit for setting pitch of change of heat carrier temperature in return line for period of controlling heat carrier flow at minimum value of pulse duration of heat carrier, unit for calculating repetition factor of correcting pitch of change of pulse duration of heat carrier and a comparator unit.EFFECT: higher reliability, efficiency and accuracy of controlling heat consumption of a building included in a central heat supply system.1 cl, 1 dwg

Solar collector tubular panel // 2601321
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and solar power engineering and can be used as solar power plant element, converting and preserving Sun radiation energy in form of thermal energy for hot water supply, heating and air conditioning in buildings and structures. Tubular solar collector panel includes tight housing with heat exchange channel, number of transparent coaxial pipes with absorbent coating and plugs, hollow heat rods with evaporators, condensers and heat-absorbing plates, which thermally contacting with heat rods through layer of heat-conducting material. Design features of tubular panel consist in, that heat conducting layer and absorbent coating are made in form of volumetric absorber from heat-retaining material with phase transition and properties of semitransparent black body, which fills all free space of internal tubes between heat rods and heat-absorbing plates, rolled into cylindrical spring, in which each turn is made in form of Mobius band, cut and shifted along axis on its forming plate width for smooth transition into neighboring coil of cylindrical spring.EFFECT: invention shall improve efficiency and reliability of manifold, exclude mechanical drives, provide combined absorber and heat accumulator functions for heat carrier heating uniformity in difficult operating conditions.4 cl, 2 dwg

External boiler // 2601081
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hot water boilers production, particularly, to external accommodation boilers, and can be used in independent heating systems for heat insulation of equipment. External boiler consists of heat and waterproof housing 1, inside which three-way heat exchanger 2 with furnace (not shown) is installed, with reverse and straight lines 3 and 4, respectively, blasting burner 5 arranged coaxially with furnace, turbulence promoters 6, branch pipe 7 with chimney 8 and grate 9 for ambient air ingress, wherein three-way heat exchanger 2 third flue gas passage outer surface 10 is made without heat insulation, which enables additional heating of cold air supplied for combustion through grate 9.EFFECT: technical result consists in additional heating of air supplied for combustion, better gas combustion with heated air, reducing gas consumption.1 cl, 1 dwg

Device for detection of angular position and air conditioner // 2600937
FIELD: electrical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering and can be used for controlling electric motor of air conditioner. Device for detection of angular position of angular position can be detected with high accuracy even in cases when there is a displacement. Electric motor (2) has: magnetic inductor (22) having a permanent magnet; and anchor (21) with three or more phases of coils (21u, 21v, 21w) inductance. Magnetic inductor (22) and armature (21) rotate relative to each other. Detector (431) determines if there is equality between: first linear induced voltage (Vun), which is a difference of potentials between first phase potential and reference potential, wherein reference potential represents either a minimum phase, or maximum phase, from phase potentials generated by armature as a result of induced electromotive force; and second linear induced voltage (Vvn), which is a difference of potentials between second phase potential and reference potential, wherein second phase potential is phase potential, different from first phase potential. Unit (432) for establishing angular position establishes design value of angular position of electric motor (2) equal to preset value at moment of time, in which there is equality between first linear induced voltage (Vun) and second linear induced voltage (Vvn).EFFECT: high accuracy of detection of synchronous motor rotor angular position.13 cl, 26 dwg, 1 tbl

Decentralized heating-and-vent system for livestock premises // 2600923
FIELD: animal breeding.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for indoor equipment of microclimate maintenance of livestock premises, for example in barns. Technical result is achieved due to proposed decentralized heating-and-vent system for livestock premises, comprising electric air heaters with air ducts of uniform air supply with automatic control, comprises 4-6 channel type units, each of them comprising electric air heater, installed in transverse air duct, which has ejection nozzle, wherein under windows of livestock premise electric heaters are installed - accumulative type closers, and on end walls of premise recirculating surface air coolers are installed, and in gate openings of premise double-sided air curtains are located.EFFECT: objective of suggested invention consists in providing standard parameters of air medium in livestock premises in various periods of year.1 cl, 1 dwg

Conditioner // 2600899
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to air conditioning and ventilation equipment and can be used to make comfortable conditions and microclimate in habitable, administrative and production premises. This is achieved by fact that irrigation chamber nozzle comprises housing with screw coaxially arranged in housing lower part, and located in housing upper part union with cylindrical hole for liquid supply, connected with diffuser, axially symmetric to housing and union, screw is press-fitted into housing with formation of cylindrical chamber, located above screw coaxially to diffuser and in-series connected therewith, wherein screw is made solid, and screw outer surface presents two in-series connected surfaces, one of which is, at least, single-thread helical groove with LH or RH thread and located inside housing, and second surface is made smooth in form of body of revolution, axisymmetrically connected with spraying disc located perpendicular to housing axis and protrudes beyond housing lower part end surface, wherein as line, generating said surface, can both be straight line, and n-order curve, and sprayer disc surface extending beyond housing lower part end surface, is made bent towards housing lower part and has radial cutouts on periphery, alternating with sprayer disc solid part of surface.EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability of mist collecting process.1 cl, 4 dwg

Ventilation system with removal of products of exhalation // 2600896
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industrial and housing construction and can be used for creation of systems of rooms air conditioning and ventilation. Ventilation system with removal of products of exhalation containing a sensor element connected to the input of removal control means or means of removing and cleaning the air in a room, herewith it can be made only with air cleaning means, and the sensor element is configured able to detect presence, in a known point of the room, or a position of people and animals, a the means for removing and/or cleaning the air and/or appropriate control means for means of removing or cleaning the air are made with the possibility of removing and cleaning mainly air portions with highest content of products of exhalation of people and animals present in the room.EFFECT: technical result is higher efficiency and economy of the ventilation system, as well as improved environmental friendliness of municipal buildings.28 cl, 6 dwg

Infrared metal heating device and method of its making // 2600801
FIELD: electronics.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to infrared devices for infrared conversion and radiant heating from the burner using completely preliminarily stirred mixture supplied to it, as well as to the methods of its making. Infrared device for burner containing a block with honeycomb structure formed by winding or lamination of metal strip with formation of adjacent layers with channels and having the first and the second surfaces located opposite to each other, and a side surface adjacent to outer edges of the first and the second surfaces, as well as multiple channels from the first surface to the second surface. According to the first version, on the side surface of the unit with honeycomb structure there are holes, through which there are metal rods, crossing several adjacent layers inside the block with honeycomb structure, note also that metal rods are arranged in through holes and fixed relative to the metal strip. According to the second version, the part of the first and/or the second surface layers of metal strips are made with the selected fragments, which are connected and are adjacent layers of metal strip with formation of a built-in structural element. Also includes methods of making infrared metal heater by the first and the second versions.EFFECT: technical result is avoiding deformation and axial movement of metal strips of honeycomb element as a result of alternation of high and low temperatures.30 cl, 4 ex, 12 dwg

Ventilation system // 2600717
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to removal of products formed during welding, soldering or from other point sources of harmful substances' extraction, and can be used in welding, preferably, in constrained conditions. Technical result is improved sanitary-hygienic requirements during operation of welders in non-stationary objects, especially in constrained conditions.EFFECT: technical result is achieved by ventilation system which includes fan, connected via control unit with installed sensors for measuring content of harmful substances and temperature in the area of breathing, and air duct with possibility of its shifting, at that control unit is configured to detect content of harmful substances and temperature and their analysis (comparison of concentration of harmful substances with maximum allowable concentration (MAC) and registered temperature with allowable one) and with option to execute the command of changing flow rate.8 cl, 1 dwg

ethod for compensation boiler control in accordance with ambient temperature using an external network // 2600663
FIELD: heat exchange.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for compensation heating temperature control in accordance with ambient air temperature, in which data on temperature come from an integration server without the need to install a separate ambient air temperature sensor. Control method using an external network comprises the following steps, recording a room controller on the integration server by transmitting a unique number of the controller, in which a wireless communication module is installed, by means of a wireless router; unique number identification on the integration server and preservation of unique number in the database; user addressing to the integration server by a terminal for inputting location information, corresponding unique number of the room controller, into the database; searching information on ambient air temperature in the area of installation of the room controller by means of the integration server, and transmitting data on ambient air temperature to the room controller; transmitting data on ambient air temperature, obtained from the room controller, to the boiler controller with compensation boiler control in accordance with ambient air temperature.EFFECT: in compliance with this invention, there is no need for installation of a separate ambient air temperature sensor, because each boiler receives data on ambient air temperature of the relevant zone from the integration server by means of information on an IP-address or address information input by a user, invention allows preventing formation of icicles on a discharge pipe at ambient temperature below zero.5 cl, 4 dwg

Liquid agent heating and turbo-rotory generator to this end // 2600656
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: claimed invention discloses the turbo-rotary generator. It comprises the housing, two inlet channels, one outlet channel arranged at the device centre and cylindrical cavity. The latter houses the disc-like rotors fitted on the main and extra shafts to run in opposition. The disc flat surface, inside the housing, comprises bypass holes with tops directed to fluid agent feed side. The disc entire flat surface includes the trapezoidal segments with radial channels arranged there between the centre and periphery, in symmetry, at the angle of 10-30 degrees. Intersecting circular and radial channels can be arranged with U-like clearance relative to said trapezoidal segments of the second disc. Note here that the first disc on said cylindrical surface comprises the circular groove with hydraulic-thrust ring. The second disc segments comprise the radial and axial channels with one-side chamfers.EFFECT: fast and efficient heating of heat carrier to preset temperature.8 dwg

Display device, in particular for cook tops // 2600117
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a display device, in particular for cooktops. Display device includes a coloured glass ceramic body, in particular a glass ceramic panel, which forms a glass ceramic front face and rear face, and a luminous element located in the area of the glass ceramic rear face. Between the glass ceramic front face and the luminous element there is an optical compensation filter that corrects the displacement chromaticity coordinates of the luminous element through the glass ceramic body. Luminous element is made in the form of a white light-emitting diode or is formed by the combination of blue, green and red light-emitting diodes.EFFECT: technical result: producing any previously determined colour combinations of signal light bulbs or display units in order to simply implement any and earlier determined colour perceptions and optimise the costs.78 cl, 8 dwg, 2 tbl

Hot-water boiler // 2599878
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for heating water and can be used in heat engineering. Hot-water boiler comprises a body with tubular heat exchange elements, located inside the body in parallel with its longitudinal axis and passing through the tube sheets and transverse walls with segment cutouts. On one end of the body there is a combustion chamber containing an injection burner, provided with an outlet nozzle, which is a blind branch pipe connected with two circular collectors, in which there are holes for output of the gas-air mixture, an ignition device located perpendicular to the axis of the combustion chamber. On the other end of the body there is a stack. In the input part of the combustion chamber a secondary air control assembly can be located.EFFECT: invention shall improve technical characteristics of a hot-water boiler.1 cl, 4 dwg

System and method of electric power generation using hybrid geothermal power plant containing nuclear power plant // 2599786
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: system contains geothermal system containing power station (101), and pump station (102), nuclear power station (103). Pump station (102) is used for injection of fluid from the reservoir (104) through injection well (105) in the underlying rock (106) (also called zone hot dry rock HDR) and removed through the second hole (evacuation well), usually connected with electric power station (101). In this version, however, the injection well is connected with pumping-out well (107). At injection of fluid medium in the underlying rock temperature drop occurs due to heat transfer in fluid. To eliminate such temperature drop used nuclear power plant (103), the nuclear power plant (103) includes decomposing components (1091, 1092, 1093) of the reactor located in several shafts (1081, 1082, and 1083) of wells in HDR zone.EFFECT: increased service life of system use.24 cl, 2 dwg
 
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