Heating and ranges and ventilating (F24)

F24            Heating; ranges; ventilating(11076)

Deflector // 2615710
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: deflector of the tubular ventilation device, containing plates, located upside down on the top of each other with the gap, contains the lower plate with a hole in the bottom, mounted above it the average plate, the bottom of which is performed with the pipe section, inserted with a gap in the hole to the bottom plate, as well as the upper plate mounted over the middle plate and allows to achieve the technical result.EFFECT: increase of the device effectiveness, both in regard to the energy savings due to the reduced productivity at high wind speeds and higher performance at low wind speeds.11 cl, 2 dwg

Air conditioner with self-adjusting desiccative and evaporative cooling system // 2615685
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: air conditioner with self-adjusting desiccative and evaporative cooling system, containing the inflow chamber and the main moist air exhaust chamber, the desiccative and evaporative cooling system, and two adiabatic humidifiers of exhaust and supply air with the supply pipes, air cleaners and fan units. This air conditioner is equipped with two additional exhaust chambers and two additional rotary heat exchangers, one of the additional rotary heat exchangers is positioned before adsorption rotary heat exchanger and in the area between the air cleaner and the fan unit of the second additional exhaust chamber, and the second additional rotary heat exchanger - before the main rotary heat exchanger and adiabatic humidifier of supply air, and additional exhaust chambers inlets and outlet ports of the first additional and the main exhaust chamber are provided with controlled air valves that at a joint interaction with controlled air valves of conditioner vertical transverse bulkheads provide passage of hot and absolutely dry air additional exhaust line in the form of off-gas through additional exhaust chambers, with the possibility of its connection both to the inlet of the first additional exhaust chamber with transit passage through the second additional exhaust chamber and to the inlet of the second additional exhaust chamber with transit passage of the main exhaust line through the first additional exhaust chamber.EFFECT: provision of the zero energy consumption on the set parameters in an air conditioner.2 tbl, 6 dwg
Near-surface soil heat use method // 2615678
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: extra heating of soil is carried out by applying the solar radiation, as an outside heat source, inside the array of soil, by absorption of concentrated solar radiation in the receiver of solar radiation and heat transfer to the amount of gravel-water heat exchanger-accumulator which is in heat contact with soil. Throughout the year, selection of low-grade heat and its transformation using a heat pump cycle to a higher level, that meets the requirements of heating and hot water supply system, is carried out by transmission of heat through a heat exchanger connected to the contour of heat pump evaporator.EFFECT: invention can improve energetic efficiency of processes of heat exchange, expand the scope and reduce the complexity of method.3 cl, 2 dwg
Solar water heating unit // 2615619
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: solar water heating unit consists of a solar collector and supporting structure, fixed to the building wall on which the solar collector is placed, connected with the inlet and outlet nozzles to the storage tank, the supporting structure made from several arc-shaped tubes, at least two, the upper ends of the tubes are connected between each other horizontally with the rod and attached to the wall, the lower ends of the tubes are also connected between each other horizontally with the rod, the c-profile rails are mounted on the pipes, two wheels are installed on each rail, it is connected between each other with the vertical and horizontal rods, forming the frame for the solar collector installaton, the traction chain is fixed to the horizontal rods, passing through the units, mounted on the supporting structure rods, adjusting sprocket.EFFECT: supporting structures for the solar collector unit allows to adjust the inclination angle of the solar collector relatively to the position of the sun above the horizon during the year.3 cl, 1 dwg

System electrical energy control, which is generated by photovoltaic elements // 2615593
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: usage: for the control of electrical energy, generated by photovoltaic elements. Disclosure of invention consists the control system of electric energy, which is produced by photovoltaic cells, contains interconnected control unit of energy consumption, a control unit and a heating unit, equipped with a temperature measuring unit, and at least one heating element, which is modified for heating a liquid, wherein power block control contains a DC control and AC control and partly connected to a source of AC power, either directly or through a secondary source of the AC voltage, and is partially connected with a photoelectric unit, which outputs a DC voltage is via the primary voltage source DC and/or through the coherently connected the input block and of current measurement and voltage, DC converter to AC, and the input block of current and voltage change. During this process the control block is also connected not only through the galvanically untied secondary unit, but also through the galvanically untied first source of AC voltage with the DC voltage source.EFFECT: invention enables the substantial reduction in energy loss when converting DC to AC.11 cl, 4 dwg
obile multifunction independent double-caps bathing furnace // 2615559
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: mobile multifunction independent double-caps bathing furnace contains the combuster, heating tunnel, the first cap, the open heater chamber, chimney, the double walls with possibility to fill the space between them with water, the pipes with valves for the cold water supply and hot water discharge, located on the outer wall of the furnace, the pipe with a tap for vapour release, the second cap, formed by the inner cylinder of the open heater chamber and outer surface of the chimney base. At that the first cap is disposed coaxially to the second cap. The furnace additionally contains the Stirling engine, vapour-water flexible pipe to supply vapour into the sweat bath or to the open chamber of the heater or the chamber for clothes vapouring, gas burner and cylinders with reducers, serving as the tanks for the storage and use of the compressed or liquefied gas, heat receiving cylindrical chamber for heat transfer from the combustion chamber of the furnace to the device for heat dissipating and transferring to the heating chamber of the Stirling engine, the flywheel of which is kinematically connected to the electric generator, charging the accumulator batteries unit, the Stirling engine cooling system, the film photovoltaic modules, that are configured to generate power, the thermoelectrical heater with temperature sensor, installed in the lower part of the cavity between the double walls of the furnace and providing to heat the water from the produced and stored electric power, using the Stirling engine and film photovoltaic modules, charge-discharge controller of the accumulator battery unit, the inverter, which serves to convert the DC voltage of the accumulator battery unit into the AC voltage to power thermoelectrical heaters, adjustable mechanical overpressure valve, the additional tank of the constant water level in the cavity between the furnace walls. At that the pipe with a tap for vapour release and adjustable mechanical overpressure valve located at the upper ring of the furnace double walls, and a furnace tunnel is made movable.EFFECT: versatility, mobility and independence, energy efficiency increase, control of the vapour temperature, power generation.5 dwg

Kitchen appliance with spring element // 2615537
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to household kitchen appliance. Kitchen appliance comprises a casing, top plate and spring element, which forces the upper plate against the casing so that the upper plate lays on the casing in fixation position. The upper plate is mounted on the casing with a predetermined gap, the noted gap (50) provides access to the appliance from outside. In this case the spring element is configured so as to release the upper plate after stress application to the connecting wall region of the spring element from the area outside the device through the said gap.EFFECT: invention provides ease of the upper plate removal by stress application to the spring element from outside of the device through the provided gap.4 cl, 6 dwg

Aseptic isolated unit // 2615432
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to production of vaccines using pathogenic biological agents (PBA) and can be used for design of isolated aseptic processing facilities for medical, pharmaceutical and microbiological industry. The unit comprises enclosing constructions of the existing facilitit, supply and exhaust ventilation system with high efficiency filters, collapsible building envelope, sealed doors, clean area, downcoming channel filter. Operating facilities including isolation ward premises followed by pre-isolation ward premises, barrier zone premise comprising a controlled barrier zone premise, service premise and vestibule are constructed inside the enclosing structures of the existing facility, on its floor, by means of the sealed mobile enclosing structures. The front wall of the isolation ward and side walls of the unit are adjacent to the ceiling of the existing premises. The controlled barrier zone premise is formed by the front wall of the isolation ward, part of the unit side walls and the outer wall of the existing building. A pass box is installed in the peripheral wall of the isolation ward. The pre-isolation ward premise is shorter than the isolation ward, forming together with a part of the isolation ward peripheral wall, a part of the unit lateral wall and the pre-isolation box side wall a passage to the pass box in the peripheral wall of the isolation ward. The shared ceiling of isolation ward and pre-isolation ward premises is made below the ceiling of the existing premises, forming a ceiling cavity above these two premises with an access provided to the ceiling cavity from the service premise. Service premise entrance is equipped with an entrance vestibule with sealed mobile enclosing structures adjacent to the inner wall and ceiling of the existing premises. A downcoming channel, equipped with a high efficiency filter is located at the top of the sealed mobile enclosing structures of the vestibule; the channel connects the vestibule to the service premise. The corner air intake module of the service premise is connected to the air intake duct of the supply ventilation system. The service premise is connected to the controlled barrier zone premise by a downcoming channel equipped with a high efficiency filter and installed in the upper part of the front wall of the isolation ward premise. Air supply ducts of the supply ventilation system in the vestibule, service premise, isolation ward and pre-isolation ward premises are equipped with stand-alone air-distributing modules with high efficiency filters. The sealed door on the peripheral wall of the pre-isolation ward and the sealed door on the peripheral wall of the isolation ward are maximally displaced relatively to each other.EFFECT: invention provides a possibility to block a possible exit of PBA-contaminated air environment from the isolation ward to the pre-isolation ward and into the surrounding atmosphere, the required class of ambient air cleanliness in the working area of isolation ward and pre-isolation ward at a regulatory regime of air dilution, as well as energy saving in terms of heat (cold) of ambient air in the service premise and vestibule.5 cl, 5 dwg

ulti-operated heat generator // 2615301
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention falls into the area of the heat-exchanging devices for heating liquid or gaseous fluids and can be applied in the gas and oil and other industries. The multi-operated heat generator contains the metal chassis with the installed burner device (BD) with an open radial clearance, with at least one channel of the fuel duct and the pipeline to supply and outlet the heat-transfer fluid (liquid or gaseous), at this the (BD) is a device of a diffusion-injector type. Over the (BD) the removable heat-exchanging device (HED) is attached, and the chassis of the heat generator (HG) is a composition and contains the (BD) installed around the (BD) and the foundation bed of (HED). In the foundation bed the pipe is installed for a direct heat transfer of the combustion gases of (BD) from the pipe to the heat-transfer fluid. In addition, over the pipe in the output butt end of the chassis the dissector of gas and fume is installed, which can be executed as removable.EFFECT: invention must provide the heating of at least one type of the heat-transfer fluid, the simplicity and convenience of manufacturing, maintenance and repair, provide an effective recycling of APG of any composition.11 cl, 1 dwg

Air conditioning with heat exchangers // 2615252
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: in the system of air conditioning with heat exchangers comprising a sequence set on a tributary of the heat exchangers, mixing chamber of the outer recirculation air irrigation chamber, a fan, a sensor control the enthalpy of the fresh air, the air valve control proceeds recirculating air valves seasonal switch, pump hot water, cooling pump evaporation of water, cooling tower, connecting pipes, water heat exchanger for waste heat process water s and automatic valve regulating the flow of chilled water, irrigation chamber is designed as a rotary teplomassoobmennika and comprises inlet and outlet port disposed in the housing, fixed to the rotating shaft of wheels, the bottom of which is in the pallet with water. Discs bonded to each other through the washer and pins are made of well-wettable material thickness of 0.5…1 mm, while the shaft is rotating discs go on air at 4…24 min-1 from the engine. The wheels can be made in flat or corrugated shape, and disposed in the housing to reduce visors kapleunosa and liquid sump is connected with a conduit with a ball valve and the overflow pipe. In this cooling tower nozzle is designed as a cylindrical ring, on the sides of the inner and outer surfaces of which screw thread is made, or in the form of a ball, the surface of which are made non-through holes hemispherical shape, or a cylindrical ring, on the side of the inner surface of which are fixed partitions as perpendicular to the ring axis washers with holes whose axes are skewed axis of the ring, or in the form of a block fits into a circle of seven interconnected side faces hexagonal parallelepipeds without upper and lower bases.EFFECT: increased efficiency and reliability of the heat and humidity of air treatment in winter.7 dwg

Hot water supplying device and method for hot water supply // 2615086
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: hot water supply unit includes a heater, heating the water introduced by the heating capacity of the heater; exhaust valve, which regulates the amount of water discharged from the heater; a temperature sensor that measures the temperature of discharged water release; and a controller controlling the degree of opening of the exhaust valve in accordance with a change in exhaust temperature values. The controller in accordance with the release point, defines an opening degree predetermined as an initial degree of opening of the exhaust valve.EFFECT: invention is directed to a quick supply of hot water at a target temperature required by the user, with different values of the mains supply voltage.22 cl, 5 dwg

Heating and cooking oven // 2615006
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: heating and cooking oven contains a housing with a top plate and a bottom, with a front wall with door and ash hole, rear and side walls, chimney, hatch for flue gases, having anti-fumes gap, partition in the form of a tray, the upper edges of which are connected directly to the upper plate, and also a detachable burner, disposed above the tray in the upper plate. The flue gases hatch is placed inside the tray and connected directly to the burner. Along the burner edge and at the top plate in the area of adjoining to the burner there is the marking for the hatch position control in the tray.EFFECT: simplification of design and flue gases hatch position control.2 cl, 4 dwg

Heat recovery fluidized bed // 2614638
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: waste heat in a fluidized bed, comprising a metal housing, a separator, water dispenser, nozzle, the nozzle movable hollow plastic balloons and supporting grid tray. The housing further contains guiding unit and the float valve, and in reference grating mounted vibrator, each of the nozzles consists of a housing with an inlet cover, gasket between body and cover, a spring disposed between the cover and the swirler made in the form of an inverted bottom upwards cylindrical cup mounted relative to the housing with an annular gap, wherein a swirler is satisfied, at least two rows of throttle openings, and each row is satisfied, at least two equally spaced around the annular wall swirler tangential throttle opening and in the lower part of the housing mounted in a conical washer nozzle insert with a calibrated tapered bore coaxial with the cylindrical surface.EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability of dust separation by increasing the liquid spraying level by nozzles.2 dwg

Device for radiational heating and destratification of ambient air // 2614558
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: apparatus for radiant heating and destratification ambient comprises sealing a duct, through which at least one stream of ambient air, a burner mounted inside of the sealing air intended for combustion of the combustible mixture produced by at least one flow for combustion air extracted from the stream of ambient air, and at least one stream of gas to generate combustion products at high temperature radiant tube system for ambient heating medium using radiation capable of moving the combustion products at high temperatures, developed by the burner, at least one fan, disposed within the sealing duct upstream of the burner, and is designed for destratification of the ambient air by collecting hot upper air and directing it down to the simultaneous supply of the mentioned air to support the burning process, and the handles, mounted to the sealing ductwork.EFFECT: correct and efficient heating of the surrounding indoor air.11 cl, 4 dwg
Independent circulation thermal electrical pump for heating systems // 2614349
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: thermal electric pump comprises a feed pipeline (1) with thermoelectric unit (3), connected with electric wiring to an inverter (4), battery (5) and pump motor (6) mounted in pipeline (2). Block (3) consists of two semi-cylindrical shells with longitudinal slots in which ongitudinal ribs are inserted. Inside ribs over their entire length, zigzag rows are placed consisting of sequently plaved and interconnected thermionic converters consisting of a pair of segments made of different metals. The segments ends are flattened, tightly pressed against each other and located near the edges of the ribs pressed against the heating zone to the pipeline section (1) surface and in the cooling zone. The zigzag rows free ends of each rib pair at one end in the cooling zone are connected by bridges, and on the opposite are interconnected in the cooling zone through the condensers, forming thermoelectric sections. The condensers are connected through their bridges in series with each other, forming a thermoelectric unit provided with current terminals with the like charges, connected with wiring to inverter (4).EFFECT: increased efficiency and reliability of the heating system.8 dwg

Vortex heat generator // 2614306
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: device refers to the heat power industry and can be used for heating the residential and industrial premises, for hot water supply, the preparation of emulsions, suspensions, dispersion of various materials, decontamination of liquids and liquid foods, for disinfection of water in sewage treatment plants, in swimming pools, improve the quality of diesel and gasoline fuel, preparation of structured water for fish breeding farms, soaking of seeds and watering of plants, as well as for the preparation of structured water for farm animals. Vortex heat generator includes a mixer and a pump. The cavitator consists of a body fixed with the flanges to the pump and to the mixer. Inside the housing there are confusers and a diffuser welded to it, through which the deflector is passing, made of the solid metal and fixed to the housing, wherein the deflector is mounted so, that between it and all the confusers except the last in the course of the water movement, there is a gap, located at the upper part of the deflector, and the latter in the course of the water movement the confusers has the ring gap between the surface of the deflector and tappering of the confusers. The ring gap area corresponds to the area of the injection pump nozzle.EFFECT: invention should increase the density of cavitation in the continuous flow of liquid or suspension, to provide the cavitation bubble collapse process removal to the deceleration area, where there is no destruction of working surfaces.2 cl, 2 dwg

Device for fixing connecting wires, boxe for electrical components, which is used to hang unit wires and indoor unit for air conditioning unit // 2613859
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: mounting device comprises a mounting element, and wire clip wire, which are disposed opposite each other to hold therebetween the connecting wires. On the mounting element surface and clamp the wires are wire-pressing ridges extending in a direction transverse to the wire pads in alternating positions in the direction of the wire laying. The ridges on one side of mounting element and clamping the wire are composed of two or more ridges aligned in the direction of the wire laying, and a crest of the ridges, that has a flat-pressing the wire surface at its projecting end and the other ridges, including ridges on the other side, they have triangular shape protruding end forming an acute angle. Thus, one of the ridges, that have a triangular shape on one side of the mounting element wires and wire clamp situated in a position with the provisions of alternating ridges having a flat surface and a pressing wire of triangular shape located on the other side.EFFECT: ability to withstand not only the tensile force in the pulling direction, and a tensile force in the twisting direction applied to the connecting portion between the connecting cable and terminal block regardless of the specifications of the connecting wires.4 cl, 11 dwg

Air conditioning system, including device controlling pressure and bypass valve // 2612995
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: air conditioning system contains the first and the second heat exchangers at the use side, and the heat exchanger on the heat source side, respectively connected in series; a compressor, connected between the first heat exchanger on the use side and the heat exchanger on the heat source side; an expansion valve, connected between the first heat exchanger at the use side and the second heat exchanger on the use side; pressure control device, connected between the second heat exchanger on the use side and the heat exchanger on the heat source side; and the bypass valve, connected between the expansion valve and the heat exchanger at heat source side, at that, the pressure control device is designed to keep the coolant, flowing from the second heat exchanger at the use side to the heat exchanger at the source side, at a given pressure, the bypass valve is designed with capability to provide the coolant bypass from the expansion valve of the second heat exchanger at the use side and the pressure control device, and the pressure control device and the expansion valve is designed in cooperation with each other in order to keep the compressor temperature lower the maximum acceptable temperature, specified for compressor.EFFECT: decrease of the coolant temperature, flowing into the compressor from the heat exchanger, upto the level at which the temperature of the coolant, flowing from the compressor is within the allowable value of the compressor fault withstandability and provide sufficient capability for the capacitor defrosting, even when the circuit has the control pressure device.21 cl, 6 dwg
Disc convector // 2612888
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: disc convector comprises a vertically oriented round shape disc-like housing with a tubular electric heater inside, in the lower part of it, with a resistive heating element equipped with a control unit. Housing has a front, a rear and a side surfaces, inlets for incoming air and outlets for heated air are made on the upper and the lower portions of the housing respectively . Convector housing is configured as a disc (truncated cylinder).EFFECT: intensified heat exchange.7 cl, 5 dwg

ethod for converting solar thermal energy and mechanical energy of air motion into electrical energy // 2612676
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: method for converting solar thermal energy and mechanical energy of air motion into electrical energy includes air heat in a heating chamber, formed by the lower flat horizontal surface and the upper translucent surface, and moving along the air heating chamber, the air enters it from its end through input spiraling vanes in direction to a vertical exhaust pipe with inlet valves installed in the center of the heating chamber on its translucent surface. The air coming from the end of the heating chamber is moved along the heating chamber with a constant convective speed by providing constant heating chamber area in the direction from its end to the vertical exhaust pipe which is equal to the area of the end of the heating chamber, the coefficient of material expansion of the heating chamber is equal to the coefficient of air volumetric expansion.EFFECT: increased efficiency of conversion of solar thermal energy and mechanical energy of air motion into electrical energy, that can be used in wind power stations, helping to increase its power and economical operation.2 dwg

oisturizing installation // 2612561
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: plant comprises: a housing and a nozzle is releasably mounted on the body, which comprises means for generating a first air stream and second air stream and means for humidifying the second air stream, wherein the nozzle comprises one first air outlet for discharging the first air stream and defines an opening through which air from outside the system is tightened air ejected from said one of the first air outlet, the installation comprises one second air outlet for discharging the second air stream, wherein the housing comprises a holding means of the nozzle, arranged to move relative to the housing for releasably retaining the nozzle on the body.EFFECT: possible to prevent spontaneous detachment and, at the same time makes it possible to perform disconnection of the nozzle from the housing.21 cl, 14 dwg

oisturizing installation // 2612560
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: method of creating moist air flow, comprising the steps of: irradiating with ultraviolet water rays, located in the vessel, the feed air flow above the water in the container and an aerosol spray of water from the tank to humidify the air stream, wherein before aerosol spray water in capacity, the water was shaken for a predetermined period of time during its irradiation. Moisturizing installation comprises a casing containing the water container, means for creating an air flow over the water in the tank, the air outlet for discharging at least a portion of the air flow, means for aerosol spraying water into the container, means for irradiation with ultraviolet rays water in the vessel and means to control switching means for creating airflow aerosol spray means and means of irradiation. The control means are adapted to enable the air flow means and irradiation means for a predetermined period of time before switching means of an aerosol spray.EFFECT: reducing the number of bacteria in the stored water prior to aerosol spray.40 cl, 14 dwg

oisturizing installation // 2612559
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: plant comprising: a base including a means for creating a first air flow, the nozzle comprising one first air outlet for discharging the first air flow, and forming an opening through which air from outside the humidification installation delayed air ejected from said one of the first air outlet opening, second means for humidifying the air stream, one second air outlet for discharging the second stream of air, and a water tank detachably mounted to the base, wherein the water tank surrounds at least the upper section of the air flow means.EFFECT: possibility to monitor the connected state of the nozzle and the tank, as well as to maximize the volume of the tank without increasing the size.14 cl, 14 dwg
Opposed wind heat generator // 2612237
FIELD: heating, ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an aggregation of wind motors with heat generator. The opposed wind heat generator, in which the heat source is located between two wind turbine rotor of the same type. The shafts are coupled with the axes of the upper and lower single-type multi-cylinder coaxial rotors of the heat generator. The rotor wind turbines of the same type perform oppositely rotating upper and lower multi-cylinder coaxial heat generator rotors of the same type, all the space between the cilinders is filled with a viscous liquid coolant, and in narrow gaps of the spaces between the cilinders and formes the Taylor's flow.EFFECT: invention provides efficiency to the wind heat generator at low wind speeds and it also simplifies the design.5 dwg

Solid-fuel boiler // 2612233
FIELD: fuel.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to solid fuel combustion devices, preferably with lower combustion zone, and can be used in heat engineering, chemical and other industries. Set task is solved by fuel boiler containing, in fact, furnace, attached to it heat exchanger chamber with chimney and grate located beyond combustion zone in furnace lower part with slots made in it for ash removal into ash box arranged under grate, differing by fact, that grate consists of stationary metal plate inclined towards gases exit from furnace, in middle and lower parts of which two or more rows of welded into it pipe sections are arranged with length of 3–4 cm with through holes, covered from above along grate axis with protective angles to prevent ingress of fuel and ash into holes, and on plate back side air passage through pipes sections mechanical shut off device is made.EFFECT: technical task is enabling of boiler operation power control in wide power range from 5 % to 100 % while maintaining optimum conditions of fuel combustion and high efficiency.1 cl, 2 dwg

Energy efficient solar-wind power plant // 2611923
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: energy-efficient solar-wind power plant comprises: a three-bladed conical auger wind power plant with a horizontal rotating shaft, which is formed by three halves of the spiral cylinders located relative to each other at an angle of 120°, truncated by curved surfaces of the second order; a turntable with a vertical shaft; a solar power plant, which is a photoelectric film solar battery applied to the outer surface of the three blades of the conical auger wind power plant; a vertical plate located underneath the turntable; shaped mounting plates for mounting them to the adjacent part of the spiral cylinders halves, whrein the plates are fixedly connected to the horizontal rotating shaft; a base, which carries parts of the three blades of the conical auger wind power plant; a front triangular support stand with the bearing assembly; two rear parallel stands with the bearing assembly mounted between them and serving for mounting of the rear part of the horizontal rotating shaft; two cross bars attached to the two rear parallel stands; a low-speed permanent-magnet generator mounted on two parallel stands and two cross bars; confusor diffuser with the cylindrical part between them, made of transparent polycarbonate, wherein the three-bladed conical auger wind power plant with the horizontal rotating shaft, the bearing assemblies, the front triangular stand and two rear parallel stands are located in the cylindrical part of the confusor diffuser; front and rear lodgements serving for attachment of the cylindrical part the confusor diffuser, attached to the turntable; longitudinal lenticular lens, built along the cylindrical part of the cconfusor diffuser; lithium batteries; a charge-discharge lithium batteries controller; an inverter.EFFECT: increased power generation at low wind speeds and increased efficiency of power generation by photoelectric film solar batteries.3 cl, 5 dwg

Autonomous heat gun // 2611700
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: result is achieved by the proposed autonomous heat gun comprising a cylindrical body, inside of which at the air flow coaxially mounted fan with electric motor, the burner with an injector is connected to the supply pipeline, a cylindrical combustion chamber, combined with a heat exchanger is connected to the injector, the annular heat chamber cleaning nozzles filled with granules of metallurgical pumice made of metallurgical slag. The surface of the cylindrical combustion chamber is provided with horizontal rectangular corrugations, forming horizontal rectangular slot, into which partially recessed thermoelectric units consist of rectangular inserts, inside which are placed the series consisting of spaced parallel thermionic converters, each of which is a pair of parallel wire segments, formed of different metals welded together at the ends, thermoelectric units are interconnected in pairs and an electric bridge capacitor, forming thermoelectric sections are also interconnected in series via electric capacitors, forming the thermoelectric unit connected with current, inverter, battery, and the electric motor of the cooler.EFFECT: increase in heat transfer.8 dwg

Device for railway overhead system elements protection from exposure of self-consistent locomotive power equipment air-out fume // 2611448
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to air-out devices of a diesel locomotive with an internal combustion engine or gas turbine. Device for railway overhead system elements protection from exposure of self-consistent locomotive power equipment exhaust fume consists of two guide plates groups disposed symmetrically about the longitudinal axis of the device symmetry. The guide plates are connected by the reinforcement ribs forming a honeycomb frame. The frame is rigidly connected to supports for the attachment of the device above the discharge outlet on locomotive body roof. Wherein one of the groups has guide plates inclined leftward from the longitudinal axis of the device symmetry at an angle of 25 to 70 degrees, and another group has guide plates inclined rightward from the longitudinal axis of the device symmetry at an angle of 25 to 70 degrees.EFFECT: device improving the efficiency of reducing the thermal and dynamic exhaust gases effects to the electrified lines contact network.3 cl, 4 dwg

Solid-fuel boiler // 2611079
FIELD: fuel.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to solid fuel combustion devices, preferably with lower combustion zone, and can be used in heat engineering, chemical and other industries. In fact, solid-fuel boiler includes furnace, attached to it heat exchanger chamber with exhaust pipe and grate located in furnace lower part with slots made in it for ash removal into ash box arranged under grate. At that, grate consists of stationary metal plate inclined towards gases exit from furnace, in middle part of which over it movable plate is located, and above moving plate fixed coating plate is attached to furnace walls. Above grate at distance of 2–4 cm from plate with grate protective angles are made, serving to prevent air passage shutting off in grate slot.EFFECT: technical result is enabling of boiler operation power control in wide power range from 5 % to 100 % while maintaining optimum conditions of fuel combustion and high efficiency.1 cl, 2 dwg

Centralized heat recovery system of prefabricated structures // 2611028
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to energy saving, namely to devices for utilization of heat energy of supply and exhaust air in ventilation systems. Centralized heat recovery system of prefabricated structures able to recover excessive heat energy for water treatment in a hot water supply system performs heat exchange of supply and exhaust air in a heat exchange casing-plate modular structure. Due to low values of heat capacity and heat conductivity of gases high intensity of heat transfer between them is implemented by large surface area of the heat exchange casing-plate modular structure of the building. Automated climate control system controlling the position of controlled gates of supply and exhaust ventilation optimizes the mode of heat preparation of air before its delivery to the room discarding excessive heat energy dissipated onto the heat exchange structure of the building into a heat energy utilizer for a hot water supply system.EFFECT: present invention is aimed at development of a centralized heat recovery system for heat dissipated onto the structure of a building able to utilize excessive heat energy for water treatment in a hot water supply system.1 cl, 3 dwg

Hot-water heat-tube boiler with scroll-type turbulators // 2610985
FIELD: heat-and-power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and can be used for heating of coolant in heating systems and hot water supply systems for housing and communal services, domestic and industrial needs. Hot-water heat-tube boiler with scroll-type turbulators consists of casing, arranged horizontally, fenced from one side with cover of refractory material on other side with back wall of flue gas collector, and coated with heat insulation. In cover around hole for burner installation grooves are made uniformly, forming channels of scroll-type turbulators. Inside central part of casing combustion chamber is located, around which smoke tubes are arranged, connected with one ends with appropriate turbulators and with others – with holes in front wall of flue gas collector, which is located in rear part of casing with its plane perpendicular to fire tubes. In upper part of casing there are discharge and supply pipelines, interconnected by water volume, as well as waste gas exhaust channel, located at outlet of flue gas collector.EFFECT: technical result is increased service life and reducing metal consumption of convective heating surfaces.1 cl, 4 dwg
Systems of independent electric supply for units of thermal power plant // 2610819
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat-power engineering and is designed to provide electrical power for automation devices and actuators. Essence of the invention is as follows: the inventive system includes a high temperature and low temperature heat sources, the heat sink into external environment, an automation unit, high-temperature and low-temperature thermoelectric converters (TEC), hot junctions of which are made in thermal contact with high temperature and low temperature heat sources respectively, and the cold junctions - in thermal contact with external environment. Electrical outputs of thermoelectric converters are connected via the switchboard to the input of one or more electric batteries. The thermoelectric converter between the heat source and the block of thermocouples the mediator with damping elements at the point of contact with heat source can be added, and an exchangeable 3D-adapter for accurate geometric alignment of surfaces of the heat source unit and thermocouples. The mediator in the thermoelectric converter can be made of metal or ceramics. The damping elements can be the technical porous sheet rubber.EFFECT: invention enables increasing the total electric power of TEC without dismantling the boiler, piping and / or its components and uninterrupted power supply of units and automation systems of the boiler.3 cl, 1 dwg

Heating device // 2610411
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat exchange equipment field, namely to rooms of different purpose air-and-liquid heating devices with use of all types of solid fuel. Heating device includes furnace and cover chambers, which walls are made of refractory brick along housing outline. Furnace chamber comprises furnace door for solid fuel loading, cast-iron plate, liquid heat exchanger, funnel pipe, chimney gate valves. Lower and upper cover chambers are located crosswise and successively to furnace chamber, being its continuation. At that, furnace chamber is combined with lower cover chamber via yap. Furnace chamber base and furnace door lower part are located at same level, structurally above clean-out door level and lower cover chamber binder. At that, lower cover chamber binder base and clean-out control door are located below furnace chamber base level, and secondary air supply control is located between furnace door upper part and cast-iron plate, or furnace chamber cover. Besides, liquid heat exchanger is located in lower cover chamber to enable its heating on all sides.EFFECT: technical result is solid fuel longer combustion smouldering, simplification of heating device design by reducing number of used materials and device components.1 cl, 3 dwg

Helio-heat-and-cold supply system // 2610406
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and is intended to maintain comfortable air parameters in low-rise buildings, mainly at livestock farms. System of helio-heat-and-cold supply containing a Southern, made from an absorbing solar radiation material, and a Northern air ducts, herewith the Southern air duct is equipped with a convergent nozzle, which is installed outside the room and is made with a swirler consisting of four plates, and the outer surface of each of the four plates of the swirler is coated with a glass-like film in the form of a nanomaterial from tantalum oxide.EFFECT: this enables to eliminate sticking of drop moisture onto the outer surface of the swirler plates, which leads to oxidation and further destruction of the material.1 cl, 3 dwg

Energy-saving hydroheater // 2610031
FIELD: heating, ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the ventilation equipment, particularly, to devices for air heating by means of latent heat of ice formation of water. The energy-saving hydroheater contains a shaft with tubes for external air input and supply air output and a water-spraying system with sprayers, whereupon, each sprayer contains hollow casing with a nozzle and a center hub; the casing is performed with a channel for liquid feed and contains a coaxial insert rigidly connected to the casing with the nozzle secured in its bottom part performed in the form of cylinder two-stage insert, the top cylinder stage of which is connected to the center cylinder hub by means of a thread coupling; the cylinder hub has a center through-hole and is installed with an annular gap relatively the internal surface of the cylinder insert, and the annular gap is connected to at least three radial channels performed in the two-stage insert; these channels connect the annular gap with an annular space formed by the internal surface of the insert and the external surface of the top cylinder stage, moreover, the annular space is connected to the casing channel for liquid feed, and in the bottom part of center cylinder hub, a hollow conical swirler is secured, the conical shell of which is fixed by means of at least three spokes secured with their first tips to the conical shell of the swirler, in its top part, and with their second tips, to an annular groove performed on the internal surface of the center cylinder hub; moreover, on the external surface of the hollow conical swirler, a screw thread is performed.EFFECT: invention allows increasing of efficiency of the heating process of cold ambient air.2 dwg

Device for heating fluid // 2609553
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the cavitation type heat generators for heating liquids in hydraulic systems for different purposes, and can also be used as mixers of various liquids, dispersing, breaking molecular bonds in complex fluids, changes in physical and mechanical properties of liquids. A device for heating fluid provided with a heat source, which contains a cyclone 1 as a snail with a tangential inlet socket 2, and the central outlet, that is connected with the housing 4, which has tube made form with a braking device 5, a power pump 7, connected to the inlet 2 of the heat generator snail and returnable conduit 6 with its output housing; in the fields of heat generator connections with the power pump 7 and return pipe 6, antivibration hubs 8 and 9 are installed.EFFECT: usage of the invention should increase the efficiency of the liquid heating device.8 cl, 7 dwg

Oven with pyrolysis function // 2609508
FIELD: personal use and household items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to domestic kitchen appliances. Oven includes cooking chamber, surrounded by chamber walls and oven door, heating device, arranged inside cooking chamber, for heat emission, combustion pipe comprising heating device, combustion chamber formed between heating device and combustion pipe, in which destruction of odor producing substances takes place, during food cooking, under effect of heat released by heating device, and connecting pipe, providing connection by fluid medium between flow creating device and combustion pipe. Combustion pipe communicates with cooking chamber and flow creating device. Flow creating device is communicated with combustion pipe by fluid medium so, that forming air flow through combustion chamber. Flow creating device comprises fan.EFFECT: removal of gases released in course of cooking to provide cleaning effect.14 cl, 6 dwg

Heat and cold supply system // 2609266
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering, namely, to central heat and cold supply. Heat and cold supply system, including an absorption refrigerating machine (ABRM), evaporator of which is connected to the delivery and return pipeline of cold supply, and a condenser and absorber of the ABRM are located on the cold-water pipeline and additional cooling circuit with a cooling tower. Cold accumulator is connected to the delivery and return pipeline of cold supply.EFFECT: uninterrupted providing the consumer with required amount of heat for ventilation and heating in the cold season, for all-year DHW and with required amount of cold of the corresponding temperature level in any season providing the control of the cold supply level.1 cl, 1 dwg

Humidifying apparatus // 2609211
FIELD: household appliances.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a humidifying apparatus. Humidifying apparatus comprises: base comprising air flow generating means for generating a first air flow; nozzle comprising a first air outlet for emitting the first air flow, the nozzle defines an opening, through which air from outside the humidifying apparatus is drawn by air emitted from said first air outlet; Humidifying means for humidifying a second air flow; second air outlet for emitting the second air flow; and a water tank mounted on the base, and wherein the tank has an upwardly curved upper surface, and the nozzle is mounted on the apparatus so that the upper surface of the water tank at least partially covers a lower section of an external surface of the nozzle.EFFECT: this allows to maximize capacity of the water tank while maintaining a nozzle shape and size of the apparatus.36 cl, 14 dwg

ethod of calibrating air sensor // 2608922
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to air treatment. Method of calibrating an air sensor of an air processing device includes the steps of: I) – air cleaning using the air processing device; II) – measuring the first amount of air using the air sensor to obtain the first value for the air sensor calibration, herewith the first amount of air is a mixture of ambient air and the cleaned air, wherein the air processing device is located in an airtight space, and stage 2 additionally includes the stages of: determining, whether the quality of the first amount of air in the airtight space complies with the preset criterion; and if the quality of the first amount of air comply with the preset criterion, the first amount of air is measured using the air sensorto obtain the first value.EFFECT: this increases accuracy of measurements and, as the result, optimizes operation of the air processing device.11 cl, 3 dwg

Single-pipe heating system // 2608804
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering, namely, to heating systems and can be used in buildings in absence of the central heating system. Single-pipe heating system comprises a pump, a boiler, a chimney, a boiler control unit, valves, channels to feed signal, heat carrier supply into radiators control units, radiators, a pipeline, a building heating control unit, an expansion tank. By means of the building heating control unit provided is rational and efficient heat distribution inside the building. When signals from the building heating control unit come to the heat carrier supply into radiators control units by means of corresponding valves changed, i.e. reduced or increased is the heat carrier flow rate into the radiators, and when a signal from the building heating control unit comes to boiler control unit 4 the fuel consumption is decreased or increased.EFFECT: single-pipe heating system is a simple, reliable, more environmentally friendly and efficient heating system due to design features which enable to efficiently perform heat distribution inside the building.1 cl, 1 dwg

Delivery water heater // 2608606
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of hot water. Delivery water heater comprises a combustion chamber with a burner device, screen and water jacket. Entire inner surface of the water jacket surrounding the burner and being simultaneously used as a heat exchanger is a radiant absorbing and convection extended heat surface. There is a perforated screen between the burner device and internal surface of the heat exchanger; the screen is heated by the burner device; the screen’s area is equal to the area of the heat exchanger; it is made from a material with a high coefficient of radiation and has additional openings. These are pressed on the cylindrical surface of the screen and ensure the lateral integrity of the emitting surface of the screen and, at the same time, the passage of combustion products. These openings are directed to the internal wall of the heat exchanger at a tangent. On the water-side the heat exchange with the inner surface of the heat exchanger, facing the screen, is ensured by a bubble boiling device.EFFECT: use of the invention guarantees the increased heat exchange surface.1 cl, 2 dwg

icro-cogeneration unit operating on renewable energy sources // 2608448
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to thermal electric power industry. Micro-cogeneration unit represents a single module assembled on the basis of an energy-intensive high-temperature heat accumulator with a hybrid system of heating from renewable energy sources (RES), mainly sun and wind ones. Steam boiler has a design providing automatic maintaining the steam pressure within a specified mode without any automation means, and the steam turbine maintains stable rpm within a rated interval of loads on the electric generator. Return of the condensate into the boiler is provided without pumps and without loss of the working medium. Heat exchanger of the turbine unit transmits "waste" heat for heating rooms and for the main routine needs.EFFECT: micro-cogeneration unit operating on renewable energy sources provides independent power supply of such objects as individual housing, small agricultural productions, crafts, remote health or environmental and tourism assets.1 cl, 3 dwg

Heating device // 2608404
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device for water heating, comprising heating unit and heat exchanger connected to it, which are placed in insulation material, wherein insulation material comprises core material packed in vacuum. In heating device heating unit and heat exchanger are placed in casing with several walls, in which core material packed in vacuum is placed between one of walls and heating unit and/or heat exchanger.EFFECT: water heating.20 cl, 3 dwg

ethod and device for consumers group balancing in fluid medium transfer system // 2608280
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to method and device for consumers group balancing in fluid medium transfer system. Method of consumers group balancing in fluid medium transfer system, in which each consumer is equipped with motorized control valve to control flow rate through consumer, wherein saving characteristic data for consumers, which are determined for nominal flow rate through, respectively, one of consumers corresponding valve position of corresponding control valve, determining current total consumption through group of consumers by means of total flow rate sensor, determining balancing coefficient based on current total consumption and sum of desirable nominal flow rates through consumers and performing dynamic balancing of consumers by setting of corresponding control valves positions based on characteristic data and balancing coefficient.EFFECT: this allows to perform fluid medium transfer system dynamic balancing and does not require separate sensors for determining flow rate at each consumer. 17 cl, 1 tbl, 5 dwg

echanical controlled ventilation system // 2607883
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to systems for mechanical ventilation of forced-type with automatic control of the air flow rate and can be used for air distribution in rooms of public and industrial buildings. Mechanical controlled ventilation system comprises an air intake duct, the main air duct, air ducts on branches into rooms equipped with control gates and supply diffusers, control sensors in the rooms, the main fan before the main air duct with a control device, herewith the ventilation system additionally comprises a pressure sensor located at the end of the main air duct and connected with the control device of the main fan, the air intake duct is additionally equipped with a filter, an air heater and an air cooler, and the air ducts on branches are additionally equipped with local fans connected with the control sensors in the rooms.EFFECT: invention provides higher efficiency of maintaining optimum air distribution parameters in rooms.1 cl, 1 dwg

Admixing pump unit in central heating systems local networks // 2607881
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: this technical solution relates to power engineering and applicable in area of centralized heat supply system of local and areal heat supply networks. Admixing pump unit in central heating systems local networks is characterized by fact, that admixing pump suction pipe guide branch pipe is welded-in into local area network CHS reverse pipeline against carrier flow, to create overpressure in admixing pump suction pipe, guide branch pipe cross-section area is in two times less than suction pipe cross-section area, to reduce excessive pressure in admixing pump suction pipe, and guide branch pipe on admixing pump pressure pipe is welded-in into local area network CHS supply pipeline along heat carrier flow in order to reduce turbulence in hot and cold heat carriers admixing zone, guide branch pipe cross-section area is twice less than admixing pump pressure pipe cross-section area in order to add additional energy to coolant flow in local area network supply pipe.EFFECT: centralized heat supply of local and areal heat supply networks.1 cl, 3 dwg

Air conditioner with optimum spraying // 2607878
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment of air conditioning and ventilation and can be used to make comfortable microclimate conditions and microclimate in domestic, administrative and production premises. This is achieved by fact, that in air conditioner, contains section of receiving heat-insulated valves, connecting sections, first heating section, consisting of air heaters, valves and bypass channel, first recirculation section, irrigation chamber, in which nozzles and drop catchers, wherein under irrigation chamber tray-filter is arranged, and after irrigation chamber second recirculation section and filters section are arranged, connected to second heating section, consisting of air heaters and connected to ventilation unit, it is additionally equipped with centralized cold water supply system, including irrigation chamber with pump and three-way valve, as well as pressure regulator, collecting tank, circulation pump and evaporator, each pressure regulator has pulse tube, connecting its membrane head with arranged downstream cold water supply pipeline section, housing is installed on resilient elements, and fan suction branch pipe is connected to housing by resilient link, wherein liquids spraying nozzle consists of hollow housing with nozzle and central core, housing is made with fluid supply channel and contains coaxial, rigidly coupled with housing bushing with nozzle secured at its lower part, made in form of cylindrical two-stage bushing, which upper cylindrical stage is connected with central cylindrical core by means of threaded connection, having through internal central hole and installed with annular clearance relative to cylindrical bushing inner surface, and annular gap is connected with, at least, three radial channels made in two-stage bushing, connecting it with annular cavity, formed by bushing inner surface and upper cylindrical stage outer surface, wherein annular cavity is connected with housing fluid supply channel, and in central cylindrical core lower part hollow cone swirler is attached, which cone shell is fixed by means of, at least, three spokes by one end fixed on swirler conical shell, in its upper part, and by other end is in annular groove, made on central cylindrical core inner surface, wherein hollow cone swirler outer surface helical thread is made.EFFECT: technical result is increase in irrigation process efficiency and reliability.1 cl, 3 dwg

Ventilation system with waste heat exchanger // 2607876
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment of air conditioning and ventilation and can be used to make comfortable microclimate conditions in habitable, administrative and production premises. This is achieved by fact, that in ventilation system with waste heat exchanger, containing fan, first and second warming up heat exchanger and devices, where plenum air adiabatic cooling and moistening with water takes place, water recirculating is performed by pump, and devices are made as heat-mass exchange devices with vibrating fluid bed, in which tray with nozzle vibrators are arranged, heat exchanger irrigation system nozzle comprises housing with screw coaxially arranged in housing lower part, and liquid supply union with cylindrical hole arranged in housing upper part, connected with diffuser, axially symmetric to housing and union, screw is pressed into housing with formation of cylindrical chamber, located above screw, coaxially to diffuser, and in-series connected with it, wherein screw is made solid, and screw outer surface represents two in-series connected surfaces, one of which is, at least, single-thread helical groove with right or left hand thread, and located inside housing, and second surface is made smooth in form of body of revolution, axisymmetrically connected with spraying disc, located perpendicular to housing axis, and extends beyond housing lower part end surface, wherein as generatrix, of said surface, can both be straight line, and n-order curve, and spraying disc surface extending beyond housing lower part end surface, is made bent towards housing lower part and has radial cutouts on periphery, alternating with spraying disc surface solid part.EFFECT: technical result is increase in heat and moisture air treatment efficiency and reliability.1 cl, 2 dwg

Equipment heat utilization plant // 2607874
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to air ventilation and conditioning with regenerative heat recovery units. This is achieved by fact, that in equipment heat utilization unit, comprising housing, tray, freezing protection system, two-stage contact heat exchanger with nozzle, cooling system with heat exchanger, nozzle is made of compact thin-film corrugated film with thickness of 0.4…0.8 mm, wherein nozzle molded sheets are glued, and nozzle surface represents triangular-shaped alternating channels, which are inclined to coolant draining axis in counter-flow scheme: one sheet at angle of +30°, other, glued onto it, -30°, and along length channels are made with U-shaped corrugation, irrigation system nozzle comprises housing with screw, coaxially arranged in housing lower part, and liquid supply union with cylindrical hole arranged in housing upper part, connected with diffuser, axially symmetric to housing and union, screw is pressed into housing with formation of cylindrical chamber, located above screw, coaxially to diffuser, and in-series connected with it, wherein screw is made solid, and screw outer surface represents two in-series connected surfaces, one of which is, at least, single-thread helical groove with LH or RH thread and located inside housing, and second surface is made smooth in form of body of revolution axisymmetrically connected with spraying disc, located perpendicular to housing axis, and extends beyond housing lower part end surface, wherein as said surface generatrix can both be straight line, and n-order curve, and spraying disc surface, extending beyond housing lower part end surface, is made bent towards housing lower part and has radial cutouts on periphery, alternating with sprayer disc surface solid part.EFFECT: technical result is increase in process equipment water heat utilizing efficiency.1 cl, 2 dwg
 
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