echanical engineering and lighting and heating and weapons and blasting (F)

F            echanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting(220770)
Automated individual thermal station with dependent connection of heating system and closed hot water supply system // 2607775
FIELD: heat-and-power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering, to heating and hot water supply, and is intended for monitoring and automatic control over heat energy and water release for hot water supply of apartment houses. In an automated individual thermal station with dependent connection of a heating system and a closed hot water supply system including temperature sensors of the heating system supply and return water, ambient air temperature sensors, a water temperature sensor for hot water supply, between the forward and the reverse pipelines of the heating system there is a water heater for hot water supply, the water heater for hot water supply is connected as per a mixed scheme and is made two-staged, between the straight pipeline of the heating system and the first stage of the water heater for hot water supply there is a water temperature control unit for hot water supply, on the pipeline of circulation water for hot water supply there is a temperature control unit of the circulating water for hot water supply, on the forward pipeline of the heating system there is a temperature control unit of the return water of the heating system, between the supply and the return pipelines of the heating system there is a temperature control unit of the supply water of the heating system, additionally introduced are sensors of the forward and the return water temperature of the heating system, of the internal room air temperature, of the circulating water temperature for hot water supply, introduced is an electronic temperature regulator of the room air and of hot water supply, inputs of which are connected with temperature sensors of the supply and the return water of the heating system, of the forward and the return water of the heating system, of the water temperature for hot water supply and of the circulating water temperature for hot water supply, of the internal room air temperature, of the ambient air temperature, while outputs are connected to the temperature control unit of the return water of the heating system, to the temperature control unit of the supply water of the heating system, to the water temperature control unit for hot water supply and to the temperature control unit of the circulating water for hot water supply.EFFECT: automatic maintenance of a preset temperature of the internal air in the heated room and hot water temperature in the main water supply valve at minimal consumption of heat energy at any moment in real time.1 cl, 7 dwg
ethod of moving object homing basing on information on fact of target sighting and device for its implementation (versions) // 2607758
FIELD: data processing.SUBSTANCE: object trajectory is formed as cyclically repeating arched sections, along which the object moves with a preset (maximum) angular speed equal in magnitude but opposite in sign. Every two sections are combined into a cycle, which begins and ends with the fact of coincidence of the object speed vector direction with the target line of sight, and the angular speed sign is changed inside the cycle as per the fact of coincidence of inclination angles relative to an inertial coordinate system of lines connecting the object and the target at the beginning of the cycle and at the given moment. Also proposed are devices implementing the above said method.EFFECT: proposed is a method of a moving object homing basing on information on the fact of a target sighting in case of coincidence of the radar axis direction with the object speed vector direction.4 cl, 4 dwg
Constant-velocity universal joint for helicopter rotor // 2607717
FIELD: aircraft engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering, particularly, to designs of propellers hubs on universal link. Constant-velocity universal joint consists of two concentric rings (5A and 5B), wherein first inner ring (5A) has rotary connection with driver (3) two opposite pins (31) connected with transmission shaft (1). Second outer ring (5B) has rotary connection with hub (2) two opposite pins (22). Two concentric rings are also mutually connected by pair of articulated opposite pins (542) at angle of 90° relative to pins (31) connected with transmission shaft, and relative to hub pins (22), which common axis (CA) is stably maintained in plane, called homokinetic, dividing angle between hub (2) axis of rotation and transmission shaft (1) axis of rotation in halves, by means of at least one or two devices (6). At that, bisectors are connected with transmission shaft and with hub.EFFECT: enabling continuous transmission of rotational movement between transmission shaft (1) and said hub (2), to which blades (7) are attached regardless of hub angle of inclination relative to driving shaft.10 cl, 12 dwg
Rotary drive system with roller running from cam with detachable wheel support // 2607714
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rotary drive system (50) and can be used in power plants. Contains cylindrical wall (51), piston (4, 4') having possibility of sliding in axial direction along longitudinal axis (L) inside cylindrical wall (51), and piston rod (20, 20'), extending along longitudinal axis and projecting from system drive side (D) in axial direction outside cylindrical wall. Piston rod (20, 20') is attached to holder support element (5a) on drive side. Cam washer rotary annular element (9) stretches into cam washer axial position, which is located at distance from drive side (D) coaxially around cylindrical wall (51). From the support side holder (5b) comprises pair of rollers (7, 7'), engaged with cam washer opposite surfaces. Holder (5b) is located radially outward from cylindrical wall (51) from cam washer position to support element (5a) and is connected with possibility of disconnection by means of connection end with holder support element. Holder (5b) includes arm, in which there is flexible section (41).EFFECT: detachable holders provide drive system with possibility of easy assembly and disassembly for maintenance, repair or replacement of rolls after their wear.7 cl, 8 dwg
Floating structure fluid dynamic force use system and wind-propelled vessel // 2607713
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a floating structure fluid dynamic force use system and a wind-propelled vessel which uses fluid dynamic force system. Floating structure fluid dynamic force use system comprises an assembly which extracts energy from wind or water, and a floating structure which supports assembly. Assembly comprises a wind receiving part which receives fluid dynamic force, and a support column which supports wind receiving part. Assembly is positioned with centre of gravity thereof below water line, is supported to be capable of tilting relative to floating structure using any of following elements: pin joint, a universal joint, a pillow ball-type spherical bearing, and an elastic body support mechanism provided therebetween. Assembly is supported rotatably around a centre axis of support column with respect to floating structure. At least wind force is used as fluid energy. Force-receiving part includes a wind-receiving part for receiving wind force in air. Support includes an upper support, supporting wind-receiving part and a lower support, supporting a ballast set below water, upper support and lower support are connected to each other coaxially rotatably relative to each other in a rigid state with respect to a centre axis of support with a bearing provided therebetween.EFFECT: invention is aimed at compensating for overturning moment and reducing tilting.17cl, 19 dwg
Blade of turbomachine, in particular for made as a whole monowheel // 2607712
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering. Blade of a turbomachine containing a blade airfoil elongating in the axial direction between the front edge and the rear edge, and in the radial direction - between the root and the apex. Front edge of the blade airfoil has a sweep angle, which is positive and continuously increasing from the root to the first radial height of the blade airfoil located between 20 % and 40 % of total radial height of the blade airfoil measured from the root to the apex and continuously decreasing from the said first radial height of the blade airfoil to the apex. Invention also discloses a turbomachine and a turbomachine monowheel made as a whole.EFFECT: invention enables optimum control over secondary air flows and also enables to consider penetration into the jet, which is called directed downward.10 cl, 3 dwg
odular wind-driven power plant // 2607711
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering, particularly to a wind-driven power plant (WDP) using wind rotors of drum type. Modular wind-driven power plant containing a vertically mounted rotating mast with fixed on it two parallel beams, ends of which are interconnected with vertical bars, and at least one wind module consisting of four wind rotors combined in pairs and installed on both sides of the mast. Wind rotors are equipped with generators and are fixed perpendicular to the mast and to the vertical bars. Wind rotors located on the same side of the rotary mast are able to rotate towards each other, and axes of rotation of the wind rotors located on both sides of the mast intersect at a certain angle. Wind rotors rotational axes located on both sides of the mast intersect at an angle within the range of 120–140°.EFFECT: invention is aimed at higher efficiency of converting wind energy and simplifying the WDP design.1 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of engine warm-up improving and automotive vehicle // 2607709
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to internal combustion engines, particularly, to engine warm-up. Disclosed is method of fluid warm-up supplied by pump (10) to vehicle (1) engine (5), if liquid temperature is low and reduces engine (5) operating efficiency. Method includes increasing losses for pumping, if necessary to warm-up liquid, if vehicle (1) movement deceleration occurs. To increase losses for pumping in order to produce heat on liquid passing through pump (10), limitation of liquid supply from pump (10) is created using flow control valve (12), or reducing pump efficiency (10), thus changing pump (10) layout or adjustment. In preferred version of invention, liquid pre-heating is performed only in case of vehicle (1) working brakes (50) actuation.EFFECT: invention provides faster engine coolant heating, fuel saving and reduces emissions.15 cl, 3 dwg
ethod and apparatus for removing nitrogen from cryogenic hydrocarbon composition // 2607708
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method and device for removing nitrogen from cryogenic hydrocarbon composition. At least first part of cryogenic hydrocarbon composition is supplied into nitrogen desorption column. Nitrogen desorption column operates under desorption pressure. In nitrogen desorption column desorbing steam is supplied, containing at least stripping part of compressed process steam, which was produced from nitrogen-depleted fluid, in which pressure was released after its removal from nitrogen desorption column. Reverse irrigation is formed with participation of nitrogen desorption column head partially condensed steam by means of heat transfer from head steam to auxiliary coolant flow in amount of cooling efficiency. Exhaust gas consisting of non-condensed steam fraction from head steam, is removed. Cooling efficiency is adjusted to control of discharged steam fraction calorific capacity.EFFECT: technical result is possibility of discharged steam fraction calorific capacity control.20 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl
Exhaust gases recirculation system diagnostic technique (versions) and exhaust gases recirculation system // 2607707
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in internal combustion engines equipped with exhaust gas recirculation systems. Exhaust gases recirculation system (EGR system) diagnostic technique involves, that engine (10) is provided with possibility to operate during time exceeding threshold value of time, when EGR system bypass valve (84) is in first state. Notified on EGR system cooler (82) performance deterioration in response to issuing command to switch EGR system bypass valve (84) to second state based on difference of actual gas temperature in EGR system and expected gas temperature in EGR system before changing bypass valve (84) state. Disclosed is invention version of exhaust gases recirculation system diagnostic technique and exhaust gases recirculation system.EFFECT: technical result consists in simplification of diagnostics process.20 cl, 4 dwg
ethod of internal combustion engine combustion chamber cleaning and internal combustion engine // 2607706
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention may be used in internal combustion engines. Method of internal combustion engine (1) combustion chamber (7) cleaning comprises supply of gaseous substance into cooling device (25), cooling of substance in cooling device (25) below dew point so, that to form water condensate, supply of condensate containing substance, into internal combustion engine (1) combustion chamber (7), performing combustion reaction in combustion chamber (7) and removal of residues from combustion chamber (7). Gaseous substance, at least, upstream from cooling device (25) has relative humidity of more than 0 %. Invention discloses internal combustion engine (1).EFFECT: technical result consists in simplification of internal combustion engine combustion chamber cleaning of deposits.10 cl, 1 dwg
Internal combustion engine and method of its operation // 2607705
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to in-line four-cylinder internal combustion engines. Summary: engine comprises at least one cylinders head, four cylinders (1, 2, 3, 4) with linear arrangement along longitudinal axis of said at least one cylinders head and crankshaft (15), which belongs to crank drive and which comprises crank (11, 12, 13, 14) for each cylinder (1, 2, 3, 4), installed in accordance with specified cylinder (1, 2, 3, 4). Crankshaft cranks (11, 12, 13, 14) are equally spaced relative to each other along crankshaft (15) longitudinal axis (15a). Each cylinder (1, 2, 3, 4) contains at least one outlet (5) to discharge exhaust gases from cylinder (1, 2, 3, 4) through exhaust system (6), for this purpose discharge line (8) adjoins each outlet hole (5). Cylinders (1, 2, 3, 4) are arranged in two groups, wherein in each case one outer cylinder (1, 4) and adjoining to it inner cylinder (2, 3) form group, and discharge lines (8) of cylinders (1, 2, 3, 4) are merged together, to produce common discharge line (10), so that exhaust manifold (7) is formed in stages. At that, in each case outlet lines (8) of each group of cylinders are merged together to make partial discharge line (9), and then occurs merging of two partial discharge lines (9) of two groups of cylinders, and common discharge line (10) is produced. According to invention, two cylinders (1, 2, 3, 4) crankshaft two cranks (11, 12, 13, 14) of each set of cylinders are not shifted relative to each other in circular direction around crankshaft (15) longitudinal axis (15a), so that cylinders (1, 2, 3, 4) of said group of cylinders are mechanically synchronized to each other. At that, one group of cylinders crankshaft cranks (11, 12, 13, 14) are arranged so, that are displaced by 180° in circular direction of crankshaft (15) relative to cranks (11, 12, 13, 14) of another group of cylinders.EFFECT: technical result is exclusion of pressure waves mutual influence or fluctuations in exhaust system in case of charge in cylinders change.17 cl, 3 dwg
Safety connecting device, in particular, for pipeline, end connecting coupling of such device and method of nut producing for it // 2607704
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety connection device. Device connects first end connecting coupling (1) with second end connecting coupling (2), in particular, for pipeline. Nut (15) has threaded hole (17), in which first end connecting coupling (1) is screwed in along longitudinal axis (X). In tightening position first end connecting coupling (1) supports axial mechanical stress with arranged in nut second end connecting coupling (2). Rotation preventing device is provided between nut (15, 115) and, at least, one (2) of end connecting couplings, in order to prevent relative rotation, except for those cases, when torque exceeding predetermined threshold value is applied to them. Rotation preventing device consists of, at least, one tab (21), made in nut (15) material so, that to create interferences with possibility of locking for, substantially, flat working surfaces formed on second end connecting coupling (2).EFFECT: invention increases connecting device reliability.19 cl, 10 dwg
Valve // 2607702
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: valve for use in combination with painting device, which includes valve body (12), valve spindle (32), which at first free end (36) outside valve body (12) holds sealing element (40) and installed with possibility to displace between closing and opening positions inside valve body (12). Valve spindle (32) includes at least first piston element (44) and second piston element (54), first piston element (44) is directed in first piston chamber (20), and second piston element (54) is directed in second piston chamber (22), which are limited by valve body (12). First piston chamber (20) and second piston chamber (22) are made with possibility to supply pressure fluid medium, respectively, so, that to first piston element (44) and to second piston element (54) force is applied acting in same direction.EFFECT: first and second piston chambers (20, 22) via radial channels (82, 84) are connected to valve body (12) perimeter groove (80) located from outside.9 cl, 2 dwg
Resw cartridge and propellant charge // 2607701
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ammunition, in particular, to remote electric-shock weapon (RESW) cartridges and propellant charges for them. RESW cartridge comprises a non-current-conductive case with a barrel channel, a shell with a current lead laying and a device for fixing on the target, as well as a propellant charge with an obturator. Barrel channel is made with a blind bottom with a thickness of at least 1.5 of the barreled channel wall thickness in the most thick section place. Inside the barreled channel there is an output of the conductive element from the external surface of the case or the current lead inside the case. Laying of the current lead is made in a solid or a deformable shell with an output and fixing of the current lead end from the laying rear end to the front end of the case. Propellant charge of the RESW cartridge is sensitive to an electric-spark and a thermal initiating pulse. Charge is a mixture of a fuel and an oxidizer. As the fuel the charge comprises dehydrated with partial thermal decomposition of potassium hexacyanoferrate(II), and as the oxidant – potassium perchlorate.EFFECT: provided is higher efficiency of the ammunition.14 cl, 6 dwg
Shipboard artillery mount magazine // 2607700
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weapons, specifically to shipboard artillery mount magazines. Magazine comprises revolving drum, two elevators, two reloaders, drive, ensuring drum continuous uniform rotation during firing, and loading device and re-ammunitioning. Revolving drum is connected to cradle by means of annular rotary support. Rounds reloaders are made in form of four link slider-rocker mechanism. Loading device and re-ammunitioning, ready for automatic firing, is made with provision of round transverse displacement at its entrance to said device and longitudinal displacement at exit from it.EFFECT: enabling higher probability of ship artillery mount reliable service.3 cl, 9 dwg
Light-emitting diode lamp with optical element // 2607696
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering and can be used as light-emitting diode light source for outdoor, industrial, household and architectural and design lighting. Light-emitting diode lamp (LEDL) with optical element has base, transparent optical element, which generates light flux, light-emitting diode module and power supply source. Used base is reflector, on which transparent optical element is fixed, on upper surface containing mutually parallel straight line notches. Light-emitting diode module (LEDM) is attached to one of transparent optical element end sides. LEDL is equipped with additional LEDM, attached to one of transparent optical element lateral sides so, that its light flux is directed in parallel to lines of transparent optical element notches, wherein transparent optical element notches are made so, that angle between lines of notches and light fluxes directions is 90°. LEDL can be equipped with additional LEDM, attached to each of transparent optical element lateral sides so, that their light fluxes are directed in parallel to lines of transparent optical element notches. LEDL can be equipped with dissipating cover rigidly attached to base – reflector, in cross-section having U-shaped profile. LEDM can be made in form of printed circuit board with n ≥ 1 LEDs, wherein transparent optical element height exceeds light-emitting diodes on LEDM width by value of ± 10 %. Free from LEDM transparent optical element end sides can be coated with light-reflecting paint layer, wherein transparent optical element width a is in range of 100 mm ≤ a ≤ 550 mm, and ratio of distance s between notches to transparent optical element width a is s/a = (0.01 x 0.1) mm. LEDL can contain one or more additional transparent optical elements with mutually parallel notches and LEDM, attached to optical element end or to end and lateral sides, wherein transparent optical element notches are made so, that angle between lines of notches and light flux directions of, at least, one LEDM is 90°.EFFECT: technical result is providing uniform illumination, reduction of labor input and weight and dimensions, increasing degree of dust and moisture protection.12 cl, 5 dwg
Transverse shaft modular connecting link // 2607694
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles differential gears with four gears in integral housing. Differential comprises transverse shaft, satellite first axis, satellite second axis and connecting link. Transverse shaft comprises lengthwise axis and channel passing through transverse shaft perpendicular to longitudinal axis. Channel comprises first opening and second opening. First satellite axis is parallel to first opening central axis. Second satellite axis is parallel to second opening central axis. Connecting link passes through transverse shaft sections, first satellite axis and second satellite axis, mates with first satellite axis and second satellite axis to retain transverse shaft, first satellite axis and second satellite axis inside housing. Assembly method comprises transverse shaft inserting, connection link inserting, second satellite axis inserting, second satellite axis displacement, first satellite axis inserting, connection link passing through transverse shaft openings, connection link fastening with second satellite axis.EFFECT: reduced structure dimensions and weight.20 cl, 3 dwg
Vibration weakening strips to discharge liquid for aircraft turbine engine fan housing acoustic protection // 2607688
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft gas turbine engine fan housing acoustic protection. Aircraft fuselage acoustic protection device comprises acoustic protection panel (6) with strips (10), weakening vibration. On one side strips are pressed to panel (6) outer surface (6a), and on other side is to fan housing inner surface. Each weakening strip (10) has two opposite edges (14), each of which has upstream and downstream ends, located at distance from each other along central axis (2) direction. One of two strips (10) opposite edges (14) has such shape, that liquid, present on this edge, could flow by gravity in direction of any one or both of its upstream and downstream ends.EFFECT: invention improves aircraft engine reliability.10 cl, 7 dwg
Hydraulic control system for vehicle // 2607684
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Hydraulic control system for vehicle having engine, contains oil pumps, oil reception part, oil channels and check valves. First oil pump is mechanical pump and driven by vehicle moving force source. Second oil pump is electrically driven pump and driven by electric motor. Oil channels connect oil pumps with oil reception part. First check valve is located between combination point and first oil pump. Second check valve is located between combination point and second oil pump. Combination point is part, where first oil channel and second oil channel are combined with each other. Combination point and second oil pump are connected by means of third oil channel. Third oil channel includes throttle mechanism.EFFECT: enabling improving of hydraulic control system operating characteristics.4 cl, 5 dwg
Full spectrum led illuminator // 2607645
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Device for outputting light to a light guide to illuminate an imaged object comprises a plurality of solid-state light-emitting sources, each independently supplied with energy, independently controlled and emits light at wavelength, different from wavelengths emitted by other light-emitting sources. Device also includes a heat sink configured for thermal coupling of plurality of solid-state light-emitting sources and conduction of heat formed by plurality of solid-state light-emitting sources, optical elements intended for collection, collimation and combination of radiation from plurality of solid-state light-emitting sources into a combined light beam, intended for optical coupling with light guide.EFFECT: higher illumination brightness with full spectrum of visible radiation.4 cl, 4 dwg
Recirculating air control valve // 2607609
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to air ventilation and conditioning systems and can be used for creation of optimum microclimate parameters in rooms of administrative and office buildings. Recirculating air distributor includes static pressure chamber with outlet holes, external air branch pipe, recirculation air branch pipe with fan, wherein circuits of ambient air and recirculation air are separated in static pressure chamber, static pressure chamber additionally comprises filter, recirculation air outlet is equipped with swirler cells, and ambient air outlet is equipped with diffuser.EFFECT: technical task of disclosed invention is formation of plenum jet, adhering onto ceiling, with optimum parameters and uniform temperature distribution along its cross-section while ensuring constant aerodynamic resistance in external air circuit at change of recirculation air flow rate.1 cl, 2 dwg
Device for provision of liquid reducing agent with particles separation screen // 2607578
FIELD: gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to exhaust gas cleaning devices. Liquid reducing agent (15) supply device (1) has tank (2) with inner space (3) and vessel (4) at least partially located in tank (2) inner space (3). From outside vessel (4) is, at least, partially surrounded by particles separation screen (5) made with possibility of flow passage. In vessel (4) there is a supply device (8), which is made to supply reducing agent (15) from tank (2) through particles separation screen (5), and then to reducing agent (15) injection point (9).EFFECT: using invention creates possibility of creation of screen, which clogging can be prevented for a long period of time due to self-cleaning effect, due to metal design screen itself can be used as heater.10 cl, 13 dwg
Pipelines transition through vehicle road // 2607577
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction of pipeline systems and is used in construction of gas collection headers at transitions through vehicle roads in complex engineering-permafrost conditions. In the body of a road bed there is a case laid in the form of a metal pipe with the diameter of 3,400 mm resting on a pile foundation. Gas collection header and a methanol pipeline are arranged inside the case in protective jackets. Protective jackets are placed on traverses arranged on support tables mounted in the case.EFFECT: invention provides higher safety of pipelines operation and vehicles traffic safety over the transition.4 cl, 3 dwg
Wet gas compression system with thermoacoustic resonator // 2607576
FIELD: gas industry.SUBSTANCE: present invention humid gas compression system intended for wet gas flow containing fluid drops. Wet gas compression system may include pipe, compressor connected with pipe and thermoacoustic resonator, connected with pipe for destruction of liquid drops in humid gas flow.EFFECT: invention is aimed at improvement of wet gas compression systems and to reduce erosion.20 cl, 7 dwg
Sectional shell for internal pressure from layered composite material // 2607575
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: shell is intended for articles of aircraft and rocket engineering. Shell comprises two sections 1 and 2, each of which consists of cylindrical part 3 and 4, convex bottoms 5 and 6, flanges in the bottoms pole holes 7 and 8, inner protective coating 9 and 10. Sections consist of a set of spiral 11 and annular 12 layers based on impregnated with a binder unidirectional bundles and annular bulges 13, 14 near cylindrical ends with located in them connecting pins 15, 16 and studs 17. Between connected ends of sections there is metal ring 18 along the external and the internal diameters equipped with centering belts 19, 20, the inner of which are made on their outer surfaces with local annular grooves 21 for locating sealing elements, for example, rubber bundles. Outer ones are made with conical, facing the section and converging to the ring surfaces 22, on the outer surface of the sections bulges there are mating conical surfaces, and along the circumference in the ring there are holes 23 coaxial with located in them connecting studs.EFFECT: simplified assembling process.5 cl, 5 dwg
Combined-cycle plant based on heat transformer with injection of steam into gas path // 2607574
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering and is aimed at improving combined-cycle plants in combination with injection of steam into a gas path. Combined-cycle gas plant is equipped with absorption lithium bromide heat transformer at fire heating, steam turbine connected to a steam waste heat recovery boiler, air condenser made in the form of a cooling tower, surface heat exchanger-condenser.EFFECT: invention provides higher reliability and efficiency of a combined-cycle plant.1 cl, 1 dwg
Cooling method and device // 2607573
FIELD: refrigerating equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to same object (1) cooling device and method. Object is subjected to cooling by means of several arranged in parallel cooling and/or liquefaction (L/R) devices. In cooling and/or liquefaction (L/R) devices same working gas with low molecular weight is used, that is, having average total molecular weight of less than 10 g/mol, such as gaseous helium. Each cooling and/or liquefaction (L/R) device comprises working gas compression station (2) and refrigerating chamber (3). Refrigerating chamber (3) is intended for cooling of working gas at compression station (2) outlet to cryogenic temperature close to working gas liquefaction temperature. Working gas is cooled by means of each of corresponding refrigerating chambers (3), is input into heat exchange with object (1). One compression station (2) provides compression of working gas for each of corresponding individual refrigerating chambers (3). Compression station (2) comprises only compression machines (EC1, EC2, EC3) of screw machines type with forced lubrication and oil separation system (4, 14).EFFECT: technical result is higher compactness and efficiency.11 cl, 4 dwg
Self-locking sealing device // 2607572
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: sealing device contains plug, made with possibility of arrangement in housing threaded hole and removal from it by screwing in and unscrewing. Plug comprises central body with thread, and locking and disengagement device, preventing spontaneous unscrewing of plug, automatically actuated by plug rotation and its corresponding displacement along longitudinal axis. Locking and disengagement device includes two detachable connecting elements, first of which in rotation is engaged with central body, and second is made with possibility of its rotation relative to housing locking. Plug comprises skirt, rigidly connected with central body and having support area, made with possibility of interacting directly with second element support area. First element is engaged with central body with possibility of their combined rotation by means of guiding devices, made on first element periphery and extending in radial direction relative to longitudinal axis. Guiding devices enter corresponding grooves, made inside skirt and extending along longitudinal axis, providing possibility of first element movement inside skirt along longitudinal axis.EFFECT: invention enables eliminate plug unscrewing from housing under influence of aircraft engine vibrations.18 cl, 5 dwg
ethod of controlling means of locking thrust reversing electric system for turbomachine, computing device and turbomachine // 2607571
FIELD: aircraft engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention covers a method of controlling at least one means of locking a thrust reversing electric system for a turbomachine, herewith the method is implemented by means of a computing device prior to the aircraft take-off, and the method includes the following stages: sending a command for opening the locking means; checking the locking means opening; sending a command for closing the locking means.EFFECT: reducing the risk of emergency during the landing phase.9 cl, 2 dwg
Engine structural unit comprising base part and support, method of its installation, base part for engine structural unit and method of its manufacturing // 2607570
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention may be used in internal combustion engines. Engine structural unit consists of base part (1), shaft (2), as well as at least one support (3). Support (3) has shaft (2) arrangement hole (4). Support (3) is fixed on base part (1) using fixing means (5). In assembled state shaft (2) rests on base part (1) with possibility of rotation. In contact area (6) of support (3) and base part (1) at least one engagement element (7) engages in response element area (8). Response element area (8) has, at least, one recess edge (9) made in form of line, or line within recess surface (9), preferably in slot recess (9). Response element area (8) and at least one engagement element (7) are made so, that support (3) and base part (1) in assembled state and without mounting of fixing means (5), at least, along said line does not form geometric closure. Engagement element (7) and/or response element area (8) are made with possibility of elastic and/or plastic deformation during installation. Disclosed are shaft assembly method on base portion, structure unit basic part and method of base portion making.EFFECT: technical result consists in simplification of manufacturing and in reduction of surfaces tolerances sizes required for connection of bearing support with base portion.15 cl, 10 dwg
Fuel injection valve and fuel injection device // 2607568
FIELD: fuel.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in fuel injection systems of internal combustion engines (ICE). Disclosed is fuel injection valve (10) FOR periodic fuel injection into ICE combustion chamber, having valve body (12), which sets longitudinal axis (14) and equipped with high pressure space (16). Valve body (12) connecting part (20) has two identically made high pressure connecting outlets (22, 24) for high pressure fuel lines. Both identically made high pressure connecting inlets (22, 24) are located in one common connecting surface (30') so, that they are identically directed and their connection axes (22', 24') pass parallel to each other. Inside valve body (12) high pressure connecting inlets (22, 24) are connected to each other and to high pressure space (16).EFFECT: technical result is provision of fuel injection valves serial supply at simplification of fuel lines design and their connection to valves.16 cl, 10 dwg
Structural unit and assembly method thereof // 2607550
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to structural units and a method of their assembly. Assembly comprises a first element of unit and a second element of unit, connected to each other by means of a connecting device comprising a first connecting element and a second connecting element, where first connecting element has a first segment, rigidly mounted in first element of unit, and a second segment arranged in second element of unit, and second connecting element has at least one connecting segment arranged in said second element of unit. Second segment of first connecting element comprises one or more recesses to accommodate corresponding section of connecting segment of second connecting element and coupling with it, in order to prevent disconnection between first element of unit and second element of unit, limiting exit of first connecting element from second element of unit. First element of unit is a main pipe of a bicycle frame, and second element of unit is a bicycle frame, and both elements of unit are made from cardboard.EFFECT: higher reliability of connection of elements between each other.20 cl, 7 dwg
Air control valve with variable flow rate // 2607546
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of ventilation and can be used for creation of microclimate in different purpose rooms as supply air distributor. Air control valve with variable flow rate comprises housing equipped with inlet branch pipe and perforated panel with air outlet holes and overlapping them control elements, wherein housing inner walls are equipped with noise absorbing panels, perforated panel is made from reinforced synthetic woven material, and control elements represent semi-oval tabs cut in fabric of reinforced synthetic woven material.EFFECT: technical task of disclosed invention consists in creation of air control valve with variable flow rate, allowing to change air flow rate value while maintaining air speed at air distributor outlet in specified range, having minimum number of movable elements and with minimum level of noise generation.1 cl, 2 dwg
Lighting fixture // 2607531
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: lighting fixture (100) contains at least one light source (121) intended for light generation, an electric insulating heat-removing element (111), an electric conducting layer (120), a mechanical fastener (130). The light sources are located in contact with the electric conducting layer. The electric conducting layer is secured to the heat conducting element using the mechanical fastener. Wherein the electric conducting layer is arranged along the bend axis around the said heat-removing element.EFFECT: creation of the reliable heat connection of the stratum and heat-removing element due to the resilient force of the fixing mechanical fastener.15 cl, 13 dwg
Threaded connections sealing lubricant // 2607520
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to lubricant for sealing of threaded connections, containing fluorine-containing copolymer, graphite, corrosion inhibitor, supplemented with resilient elastic acrylic copolymer and solvent at following ratio of components in %: Resilient elastic acrylic copolymer 10–18; Fluorine-containing copolymer 25–40; Graphite 4–6; Corrosion inhibitor 0.5–5.0; Solvent 49–58.EFFECT: technical result of this invention is improvement of threaded connections sealing lubricant reliability and efficiency due to reducing force during multiple screwing down - unscrewing and preventing metal “baking”.1 cl, 2 ex, 1 tbl
ethod of balancing wheel // 2607496
FIELD: motor industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to motor transport. Method of balancing wheel includes at least steps of extrusion of a profile of uncured and/or green viscoelastic polymer, which contains at least one filler and have common density more than 0.9 kg/dm3, separations from extruded profile of forementioned polymer section, the length of which correlates with the required for balancing weight, applications of balance weight to wheel rim and solidification of balance weight on the wheel.EFFECT: increase of strength and reduce of cost of balancing wheel.19 cl, 6 dwg
ethod of compensating recoil impact on vehicle and device implementing thereof // 2607495
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to weapons, namely to a method of compensating the impact of recoil on a vehicle and to a device implementing thereof. Compensation of the recoil impact on a vehicle includes complete or partial compensation of the gun recoil installed on the vehicle on the position and/or motion parameters of this vehicle by automatic changing parameters of this vehicle power plant operation for the shot time or for a time interval, the beginning of which is less than 10 sec prior to the shot start and the end of which is less than 10 sec prior to the shot end.EFFECT: provided is higher accuracy of firing during the vehicle motion, as well as the vehicle controllability during shooting the gun installed on the vehicle.6 cl
Hydromechanical clutch // 2607493
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, in particular to safety resilient damping couplings. Hydromechanical clutch comprises two half-clutches. Half-clutches are articulated via gear differential transfer mechanism and reversible hydraulic pump. Pump is connected with one of transfer mechanism degrees of freedom and hydraulically connected with hydraulic damper and drain tank. Controlled valve connects reversible hydraulic pump pressure line and hydraulic damper hydraulic space with drain tank. Transfer mechanism can be made in form of conic differential gear.EFFECT: enabling elimination of hydraulic impact during coupling recovery.3 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of blasting upward borehole charging // 2607483
FIELD: blasting operations.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to explosive substances (ES) charges formation in wells and can be used during blasting upward boreholes charging, regardless of their watercut degree, on underground mining works for extraction of minerals. Method of blasting upward boreholes charging, including live primer location in well upper part with subsequent well filling with ES and formation, or not, of stemming below ES. In well upper part above live primer drain cavity is created, by arranging plug with drain tube in well, wherein tube lower end, after charge formation, is located below charge.EFFECT: invention allows to ensure stability of ES charge column under conditions of large water influx.1 cl
Cooling tower packing unit // 2607450
FIELD: water supply.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to recycling water supply, specifically to structural elements of cooling towers and other devices for heat-mass exchange between liquid and gaseous media, in particular, to cooling towers of sprinklers and water catchers elements. Cooling tower tip unit contains tubular elements from thermoplastic material with latticed wall folded in layers parallel to each other, wherein at ends tubular elements are welded to each other, tubular elements are made with triangular cross section and between each layer of tubular elements strip from thermoplastic material is laid across tubular elements along each of their ends, welded to tubular elements in places of their contact with strip, wherein during welding melting tubular elements end sections and strips laid between them and forming unit solid end walls, and cavities of each of tubular elements and inter-tube space is filled with heat-mass exchange additional elements. Heat and mass exchange additional elements are made in form of cylindrical ring, on side, inner and outer surfaces of which screw thread in opposite directions is made, or in form of ball on surface of which semi-spherical shape through bores are made, or in form of ring, on outer surface of which screw surface is made according to plated screw type, or in form of, at least, three-bladed propeller.EFFECT: technical result is uniformity of heat-mass exchange and, consequently, increasing of sprinkler cooling capacity.1 cl, 5 dwg
Wind motor // 2607449
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering. Wind motor includes a horizontal shaft, fixed on it two identical in design and sizes multiblade wind wheels: a fixed one and a movable one, blades of the movable wind wheel are initially installed in the middle of the fixed wind wheel blades increasing the number of blades of the first level twice, hubs of both wind wheels have mutual half-couplings of clutch cam type ensuring rotation of the movable wind wheel at high wind speeds by a rated angle for screening the fixed wind wheel blades, additionally it contains tension springs and pneumatic shock absorbers to reduce vibration of the movable wind wheel at the transition into the zone of screening the fixed wind wheel blades and to reduce wind load onto the wind motor.EFFECT: invention is aimed at increasing efficiency of the windmill due to better use of wind force in the central, middle and peripheral zones of wind wheels.1 cl, 4 dwg
Cooling tower sprinkler // 2607448
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering and intended for performance of heat exchanging processes between gas and fluid in their direct contact, in particular, in fan and tower cooling towers. In cooling tower sprinkler in form of module from polymer cellular tubes layers, tubes are made cylindrical, arranged in all layers parallel to each other and welded between each other in contact points at module ends, each tube cavities and intertubular space are filled with nozzle, wherein nozzle is made in form of cylindrical ring, on lateral, inner and outer surfaces of which screw thread is made, or in form of ball, on surface of which semi-spherical shaped blind bores are made, or in form of cylindrical ring, on side and inner surfaces of which partitions are fixed in form of washers with holes perpendicular to ring axis, which axes are asymmetric to ring axis, or in form of inscribable into circle unit, consisting of seven interconnected by lateral faces hexagonal parallelepipeds without upper and lower bases.EFFECT: technical result is increasing of sprinkler cooling capacity and, due to it, reduction of material consumption.1 cl, 5 dwg
Kochetov explosion-proof valve // 2607447
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and intended for process equipment explosion protection. Explosion-proof valve with load gate damping system comprises valve body, heat insulating and rupture elements, lined load gate. Lined load gate movable connection with valve body base is made in form of three rods vertically installed in lined load gate peripheral part holes. By lower part rods are fixed in valve body base. In upper part they have damping device. Each of three damping devices is fixed on horizontal bridge, rigidly connected with rod and made in form of round disc. On this disc damping device base is fixed by means of screws. Latter is made from rigid vibration damping material of “Agat” type. Base is connected to bushing from elastomer and has central hole, through which rod is passing. Bushing has, at least, three holes, which are coaxial with rod, in which resilient elements are arranged, for example, cylindrical helical springs. Said springs upper end is connected to damping device base by means of fastening elements, and lower end is in free state and protrudes beyond bushing bottom plane at distance defined by force, generated by impact blast wave. To bushing end surface, on arranged in holes resilient elements free end side, coaxial with rod, safety element made in form of conical surface is rigidly connected. Cone lower base rests against bushing, and top is made with hole, into which enters rod.EFFECT: invention is aimed at higher efficiency of process equipment protection against explosions by increasing lined load gate damping.1 cl, 4 dwg
Kochetov fan cooling tower // 2607446
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to contact coolers, in particular, to cooling towers, and can be used at thermal power stations for recirculating water cooling. Fan cooling tower contains housing, spraying device, fluid collection tank and fan, wherein housing consists of two parts, upper part including sprinkler and drop separator, between which spraying device manifold with whole flare nozzles is arranged and lower part, in which cooled water collecting water sump tank is arranged with installed on it fan, wherein housing is made of thin-sheet stainless steel, and in liquid collection tank there is diffuser, which is part of housing and connected to fan, made with plastic impeller and multi-speed motor, depending on weather conditions, during operation allowing to, change of cooling tower performance due to change of air flow rate, and sprinkler is made in form of module from polymer cellular tubes layers, tubes are made cylindrical, arranged in all layers parallel to each other and welded between each other in contact points at module ends, wherein each tube cavities and intertubular space is filled with nozzle, droplet separator represents corrugated perforated sheets assembled in package, at edges fixed by frame, in form of vertical rigidly interconnected rods. Nozzle is made in form of cylindrical ring, on side, inner and outer surfaces of which screw thread is made, or in form of ball, on surface of which semi-spherical shaped blind bores are made, or in form of cylindrical ring, on side, inner surface of which partitions are fixed in form of washers with holes perpendicular to ring axis, which axes are asymmetric to ring axis, or in form of inscribable into circle unit, consisting of seven interconnected by lateral faces hexagonal parallelepipeds without upper and lower bases.EFFECT: technical result is cooling tower performance improvement.1 cl, 8 dwg
Fluidised bed granulator // 2607445
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to drying solutions, melts, suspensions and production of granules of different substances and can be used in microbiological, food, chemical and other industries. Fluidised bed granulator comprises a drying chamber. Each pneumatic sprayer comprises a body with supply of sprayed initial material and air, a jet-guiding device and a sprayer, body is made in form of an inverted cup, in bottom of which there is a threaded hole for attachment of axially symmetric body of central cylindrical insert, to inner side surface of housing, in its lower part, is fastened a cylindrical sleeve of jet-guiding device for air supply under pressure to sprayer via annular gap, formed by outer surface of central cylindrical insert and inner surface of sleeve, wherein annular gap is connected to annular chamber, and to central cylindrical insert is coaxially fixed a sprayer, made in form of a conical flared end, in lower part of which, perpendicular to its axis, is rigidly attached an end round plate with at least three conical throttling holes with apex angle of cone, lying in range from 45° to 90°, on side surface of flared end there are at least two rows of cylindrical holes, with axes in planes perpendicular to axis of flared end, and in each row there are at least three holes, jet-guiding device for air supply under pressure to sprayer there is a screw, and is formed by circular screw gap, formed by outer surface of central cylindrical insert and inner surface of sleeve, on which there are helical grooves, wherein helical gap is connected to annular chamber, and inner surface of cylindrical throttling holes, with their axes lying in planes perpendicular to axis of flared end, is helical.EFFECT: technical result is improvement of drying efficiency.1 cl, 2 dwg
Wind motor // 2607444
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering, in particular to wind motors with horizontal rotation axis of the wind wheel. Wind motor includes a horizontal shaft, multiple-blade wind wheel fixed on it, having internal and outer shells, between which there are main blades of the first level, flat blades of the second level are located on the outer shell in the amount that is equal to the length of the outer shell in meters, connected with the stiffness ribs by means of hinges to change the angle of attack of air flow depending on wind velocity, initial position of flat blades of the second level, fixed by means of hinged plates, is provided by higher tension springs and pin stroke limiters of the stiffness ribs.EFFECT: invention is aimed at improvement of wind energy use coefficient and prevention of accidents.1 cl, 6 dwg
Kochetov cooling tower sprayer (versions) // 2607443
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering and intended for performance of heat exchanging processes between gas and fluid in direct contact, in particular, in fan and tower cooling towers. Cooling tower sprinkler in form of module from layers of polymer cellular tubes, tubes are made cylindrical, arranged in all layers parallel to each other and welded between each other in contact points at module ends, each tube cavities and intertubular space is filled with nozzle, and each of pipe along outer surface is wrapped by intersecting threads, wherein pipes in module are arranged inclined or made winding, and pipes are assembled from corrugated sheets, which are welded along corrugations edges, wherein channels structure can be both straight, winding, inclined and consisting of these forms combinations. Nozzle is made in form of cylindrical ring, on lateral, inner and outer surfaces of which screw thread is made, or in form of ball, on surface of which semi-spherical shaped blind bores are made, or in form of cylindrical ring, on side, inner surface of which partitions are fixed in form of washers with holes perpendicular to ring axis, which axes are asymmetric to ring axis, or in form of inscribable into circle unit, consisting of seven interconnected by lateral faces hexagonal parallelepipeds without upper and lower bases.EFFECT: technical result is increasing of sprinkler cooling capacity and, due to it, reduction of material consumption.1 cl, 8 dwg
ethod of using effect of pulse charging, device therefor and method of modifying unit with piston compressor // 2607442
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to units using piston compressors in oil and gas industry, in particular, for structural use of pressure pulsations. Apparatus comprises a device for gas circulation and a controller. In device for gas circulation there is a channel through which gas circulates between piston compressor and receiver, serving as a damper, which separates piston compressor from installation. Device for gas circulation is made so that its resonance frequency is substantially equal to frequency of execution of compression cycles in piston compressor. Controller is configured to control time of switching of valve, located between piston compressor and device for gas circulation.EFFECT: higher volumetric efficiency of piston compressor.10 cl, 10 dwg
Kochetov contact heat exchanger with active nozzle // 2607441
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat exchangers. In contact heat exchanger with active nozzle, consisting of housing with support frame, made from sheet steel, irrigation system with nozzle, drop separator, active nozzle, flue gases inlet branch pipe, flue gases outlet branch pipe, upper and lower support grids, hot water outlet branch pipe, upper and lower device inspection hatches, active nozzle is made in form of ball, on surface of which semi-spherical shape through bores are made, or in form of ring, on outer surface of which screw surface is made according to plated screw type.EFFECT: technical result is improving of contact heat exchange process productivity in device.1 cl, 6 dwg
 
2551156.
Up!