Composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements (E04F13/08)

Construction material and method of its manufacture // 2642697
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: construction material having a seal on the part for the tongue and groove joint. The seal is closed with a seal-covering film. The seal preferably comprises a styrene-based copolymer resin and/or a mixture of an olefin-based resin and an adhesive resin. The method of manufacturing a construction material includes the stage of heating the sealing material to a temperature equal to or greater than the softening temperature of the sealing material, the stage of forming a sphere-like seal by means of applying the heated sealing material on the part for the tongue and groove joint, formed in the main material, and the stage of coating the seal with the seal-covering material.EFFECT: construction material exhibits a strong cutting ability and adhesion to the part for the tongue and groove joint and is not substantially coloured in case of oil fluid leakage or the like.9 cl, 1 tbl

Bracket of cladding system of buildings and premises // 2641143
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: bracket of the cladding system of buildings and premises consists of stationary and adjustable parts executed in the form of rectangular u-shaped plates fixed perpendicular to the wall construction, the stationary part on the wall construction with curled petals and rivet holes or bolts on the stationary part, to connect the stationary part with the adjustable part of the bracket with possibility of sliding displacement of the mentioned u-shaped plates relative to each other on an axis perpendicular to the wall construction with the subsequent fixation in the desired position using riveted or bolted connections and skids, fixed at the end of the adjustable part of the bracket with possibility of longitudinal sliding movements along the end in a plane perpendicular to the side walls of the stationary and the adjustable parts of the bracket and parallel relative to the wall construction in horizontal and vertical directions.EFFECT: simplifying the installation, increasing the accuracy and quality of installation of the cladding system of buildings and premises, the possibility of adjustment in three directions.7 cl, 7 dwg

Installation element for outer wall and outer wall structure // 2641037
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: installation element for an outer wall for installing a facing construction material on a building shell has an aperture element with a projection, fixed in the building shell by means of the projection extending from the outer surface of the aperture element with the projection. The installation element comprises: a supporting plate comprising a horizontally extending part to adjust the position, made with the possibility of directly contacting the outer surface of the aperture element with the projection, a vertical body of the plate, connected through its first vertical end with the horizontally extending part to adjust the position, and a point for mounting the supporting plate, located on the vertical body of the plate at a distance vertically from the horizontally extending part to adjust the position, which is larger than the width of the projection from the outer surface of the aperture element with the projection, so that the fastening device for the supporting plate, located at the point for mounting the supporting plate, does not contact the projection of the aperture element with the projection, and a fastening element facing outside, comprising a fastening part to engage with the facing construction material and made with the possibility to be fastened to the vertical body of the supporting plate. The aperture element with the projection is a frame element of the aperture with a projection, or a door element with a projection, and is also achieved by the fact that an outer wall structure with such a mounting element is created.EFFECT: creating an installation element to the outer wall and creating the design of the outer wall itself with this installation element, which provide the possibility to install a facing construction material on a building shell while maintaining water resistance of the building and preventing the deterioration of the aesthetic appearance of the building around the aperture element.18 cl, 7 dwg

Element providing water tightness and outer wall design // 2637348
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: projection-closing element providing water tightness comprises the aperture element body and a projection having a first width passing outward from the outer surface of the aperture element body, the projection being made with the possibility to be fixed on a frame element side facing outward, wherein the projection-closing element providing water tightness comprises: a vertical laminar part having a side facing the frame, made with the possibility of its fastening to the lining material of a wall and/or a frame element and made with the possibility of its location between the lining material of the wall or the frame element and a facing construction material; a supporting part made at the first end part of the vertical laminar part side facing the frame; a sealing element connected with the supporting part and made with the possibility to prevent water entering by means of abutting into the aperture element body, the vertical laminar part has a width larger than the first width of the projection passing outward, as well as larger than a span between the aperture element body and the facing construction material; the vertical laminar part is made with the possibility of its fastening to the lining material of a wall and/or a frame element in a point located at a distance from the outermost edge of the projection passing outside the aperture element body at the abutment of the sealing element to the outer surface of the aperture element body; the vertical laminar part comprises an abutment part made with the possibility of hiding the sealing element while abutting the outer surface of the aperture element body. The abutment part is made in such a way that it passes in the direction facing outwards the building, and the supporting part is made in such a way that it passes in the direction inside the building, at the vertical abutment of the vertical laminar part into the outer surface of the aperture element body, as well as the fact that the outer wall structure comprising said projection-closing element providing water tightness is created.EFFECT: creating an element providing water tightness and an outer wall structure, by which simplifying the installation process and reducing the cost with providing water tightness of the building, on which the aperture element opening and the facing material are installed, can be achieved.4 cl, 9 dwg

Thermal insulating bracket for fixing profiles of suspended facades // 2635635
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a rear wall with openings for fixing a bracket and L-shaped plates, the first flanges of which are designed for profiles of suspended facades. The second flanges of the plates are directed from the symmetry axis of the bracket, rest on the rear wall and have similar coaxial openings for fixing the bracket. The first flanges of the L-shaped plates consist of a movable part and a fixed part, the fixed part of the first flange being connected to the second flange of the plate; movable and fixed parts of the first flanges of the L-shaped plates are made with flangings for moving the movable part along the length of the fixed part of the first flanges of the plates. The rear wall and the L-shaped plate are made of metal. The movable parts of the first flanges of the L-shaped plates are equipped with pads fastened thereon, having a cantilever part designed for fastening the profile of suspended facades. The pads are made of a material with low thermal conductivity and providing fire resistance.EFFECT: reducing thermal conductivity of the bracket, preventing moisture condensation of on the metal part of the bracket, heater corrosion and wetting.3 cl, 5 dwg

Air-cleaning ventilated fencing of building // 2633621
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention is represented by a fencing of a building, including a series of decorative fencings pressed against each other by side faces with the height H and the thickness Δ1, each of which consists of a rectangular frame into which a screen rectangular container is inserted, both made of a corrosion-resistant material, the container is filled with pumice granules from 20 to 40 mm in diameter, made of basic metallurgical slags, the frame is attached to the external fencing by fastenings, so that between the inner wall of the decorative fencings and the external fencing there is an air gap of the width Δ2, between the lower fencing end and the sidewalk surface - a gap of the width Δ3, and there is a storm drainage system under the bottom fencing face.EFFECT: utilisation of outside air heat and heat losses of the building during summer and winter periods, cleaning street air from harmful impurities.5 dwg
Device for fixing insulation to wall // 2627809
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for fixing the insulation to the wall consists of a fixing sleeve, on which a clamping sleeve is inserted, forming a single unit with a circular clamping plate provided with cutting teeth located along its periphery. The fixing sleeve ends with an expansion zone on one end, and with a circular plate on another end. There is an expansion element inside the fixing sleeve, preferably in the form of a screw. In this case, the expansion element has a head that is integrated into a sleeve with an external thread, in which a polygonal hole is provided. The clamping plate ends in a round flange, inside which there is an insulating cover, and the teeth of the clamping plate have lateral and front sharp edges.EFFECT: simplicity of design with universal functionality and with reliable fixing and fast installation.10 cl, 6 dwg

Device for fixing insulation to wall // 2627805
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for fixing the insulation to the wall consists of a fixing sleeve (1) which ends on one end with an expansion zone (2) and on the other with a circular plate (3) where an expansion element (4) is located inside the fixing sleeve (1), preferably in the form of a screw. In this case, the expansion element (4) has a head that is integrated into a sleeve (5) with an external thread, where a polygonal hole (6) is provided in the sleeve (5). The fixing sleeve (1) has a diameter with a gradual decrease, with the largest diameter (D) being on the input side. The length (L2) of the fixing sleeve (1) from the stage to the end of the fixing sleeve is not less than the length (L1) of the expansion element (4) from the point of attachment to the sleeve (5) to its end. The largest internal diameter (D) of the fixing sleeve (1) is larger than the outer diameter (D1) of the sleeve (5) rigidly attached to the expansion element (4). The length of the segment (K) with the largest internal diameter (D) of the fixing sleeve (1) is not less than the length (K1) of the sleeve (5), which is attached to form an integral joint to the expansion element (4).EFFECT: creation of a device with a simple design with functionality and with reliable fixing and fast installation.2 cl, 4 dwg

Device for covering building structure and structure that is covered with this device // 2625662
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a covering device comprising at least one metal sheet (1; 1'), in particular a metal sheet used for lining, suitable for covering at least one section on the building structure surface, the fastening elements for the final fastening of the metal sheet to the structure, at least one additional part (8, 9, 90, 91, 92) suitable for fastening to the receiving area (Z, Z1) disposed on the metal sheet, and the means (213, 22) for releasably fastening the additional part to the receiving area, which are suitable for fastening the additional part after fixing the metal sheet to the structure by means of the fastening elements, preserving, on the one hand, the structural integrity of the metal sheet and, on the other hand, the integrity, in particular, from the point of view of tightness, of fastening the metal sheet to the structure with fastening elements. The above fastening means include a head (213) of the fastening elements (21) which allows to carry out the assembly and, if necessary, the disassembly of the additional part without affecting the fastening of the metal sheet to the structure by means of the fastening elements.EFFECT: increasing the structure convenience.17 cl, 16 dwg
Vapour permeable facade system for mounting small-size facing tiles // 2620109
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: vapour permeable facade system for mounting small-size facing tiles comprises at least two guides (2) fixed on the respective brackets (3) mounted on the support base. At least one thermopanel (1) connected by means of screws with a plate washer (14) having horizontal projections (5) of the U-shaped cross-section for mounting the respective small-size facing tiles (4) between the projections and fixing them with glue (6). The small-sized facing tiles (4) comprising a groove (8) and a ridge (9) at its vertical butts for providing vapour outlet; the vapour from the wall moves into the mineral plate (10) through the thermopanel (1) by means of the break (11), the channel and the thermal panel (12), and leaves the structure through the vapour-permeable facing tiles (4) and the vertical gaps between the tiles.EFFECT: invention allows to simplify the construction, to speed up the assembly process, to create a vapour-permeable structure, to reduce the cost and to increase the thermal insulation and waterproofing characteristics of the building, while maintaining the appearance of the brickwork.13 dwg

Construction panel and installation method // 2612700
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to solutions for lining installation inside and outside of buildings. Construction panel for mounting on support structure, including set of posts. Construction panel comprises framing element in form of rectangular parallelepiped, including two opposite main sides, having relatively large restricted surfaces, and four side faces, having relatively small restricted surfaces. Latching device of first type is located along first side face, and latching device of second type is located along second side face, opposite to first side face. Latching device of first type is made with possibility of other structural panel latching device of second type reception during installation of structural panel on support structure so, that this construction panel is connected to mounted construction panel. Each latching device of said first or second type includes slot to receive, at least, one clamping element for fixation and retention of first and second construction panels on support structure post. Also described is construction panels mounting method.EFFECT: technical result is simplification of panels installation with provision of its reliability.15 cl, 5 dwg

ethod of making ceramic tiles that do not require grouting and method of making floor coating // 2606893
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of making ceramic tiles that do not require grouting, relates to ceramic tiles for floor and wall coatings. Method includes a solid surface with lower surface. Casting is base to accommodate, at least, a section of strong surface, fasten a solid surface with base by pressure casting of base around at least the section of strong surface, so that the strong surface, at least partially, becomes inserted inside the base. After casting base for producing, at least, section of strong surface is milled, at least, section of the first connecting element on the edge of the base and the second connecting element on the other edge of the base.EFFECT: disclosed is a method of making ceramic tiles that do not require grouting.13 cl, 1 tbl, 4 dwg

Fastener for heat-insulating materials attachment // 2606472
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction of buildings and structures, in particular to devices for heat-insulating materials attachment to bearing structures. Fastener for heat-insulating materials attachment contains a pin with a cylindrical body and plastic thermal protective head, solid plastic retaining element, which consists of a pressure plate, bush, guiding the pin, and a seat in the form of hole arranged between the bush and pressure plate for arrangement of the pin head after its input. Pin head is equipped with an external expanding ring on the side of the pressure plate. Inlet part of the hole of retaining element is provided with mating stepped expansion. In the pin head there is a socket made in the form of a polygonal blind hole. Inside the retaining element at the bottom of pin seat there is a projection made in the form of an annular platform. Pin body can be plastic or metal.EFFECT: higher reliability of a fastener.3 cl, 7 dwg

Heat-insulating bracket for connecting facade with wall of building // 2604243
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a bracket for connecting the facade with building wall (100) with metal wall part (1) for installation on the building wall, metal front part (2) for connection with the facade and bridge (3), which connects the front part with the wall part, herewith the bridge comprises a plastic material and forms a heat-insulating barrier between the wall part and the front part.EFFECT: according to the invention bridge (3) is a part made by injection molding from plastic reinforced by fibers, and wall part (1) and front part (2) at some sections are surrounded by the bridge applied by molding.11 cl, 3 dwg

Finishing panels // 2593670
FIELD: construction. SUBSTANCE: finishing panels are used for finishing and decoration of inner walls of rooms. Finishing panels have rectangular shape with the surface on the front side, made with decor creating the effect of wood texture, or stone, or masonry, or fantasy pattern. Finishing panels are made of MDF or HDF, or wood particle boards. At least one panel is equipped with a decorative element installed in the hole, while the circuit of which repeats the outer contour of the decorative element. Along the whole outline of the hole in one plane on one side of the panel there is a ledge, the shape and dimensions of which provide fixation of the decorative element in the hole of the panel in a specified position. Such design of the invention makes it possible to arrange decorative elements at different levels relative to the finishing panel surface. In preferred embodiments of the invention the decorative element may be arranged both on the same plane and be buried in relation to the front surface of the panel. EFFECT: improved decorative properties of the panel. 5 cl, 6 dwg

Fastening system // 2588275
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to an arrangement for fastening external elements and in particular an arrangement for mounting sidings. According to present invention, rapid and precise installation is ensured, together with extended durability of siding with invisible fastenings.EFFECT: fastening of external elements.25 cl, 13 dwg

Wall insulation system with rectangular blocks // 2580557
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: wall system (110) is disclosed which is mounted onto girts (114) on a building. Rectangular foam blocks (126) are installed between outer flange of girts, and inside surfaces of wall panel (112). Some vertically spaced apart blocks are located behind wall seams, and other blocks are located intermediate the seams. Spacing created by blocks allows for a blanket of insulation (118) between blocks and support members to be expanded, improving insulation properties of system.EFFECT: reduced heat loss due to use of blocks.10 cl, 4 dwg

Lining construction covering movable joint // 2568204
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the lining construction covering the outer joint between the concrete elements in the building. Lining construction, covering the outer movable joint between the concrete elements in the building, in which there is the tile lining on the outer surface of concrete elements, comprising tile lines in vertical direction relative to the movable joint, in this case there is at least one tile or part of tile in lines on both sides of the movable joint, a well as the horizontal strips attached to the adjacent concrete elements, mounted transversely above the joint for attaching the mentioned tiles, besides the tiles can be attached via their rear panel.EFFECT: increased reliability of overlap of the movable joint pointing.4 cl, 2 dwg

Set for coating of surface including panels and external fixing element // 2561422
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, namely to a set of panels for coating of a surface. A set for surface coating comprises a group of rectangular panels. As two panels are laid next to each other with transverse edges in one installation plane available in each panel, the slots form the installation channel. The installation channel holds an external fixing element, having longitudinal size and cross section perpendicular to this size in the form of a cross with at least four legs. Each of response legs of the installation channel have two parallel side edges and is aligned diagonally in the plane perpendicular to the plane of the panel.EFFECT: technical result of the invention consists in simplified installation of coating panels.17 cl, 22 dwg

External insulation system for buildings // 2549948
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to external insulation systems of buildings. The insulation system comprises insulation elements (1), covered by finishing boards (2), fixed on a combination of shapes (5), installed on a wall subject to insulation (0). Insulation elements (1) and shapes (5) are retained by cantilevers (3), comprising substantially the flat first part (31) of the support and fixation to the wall subject to insulation (0) and substantially flat second part (32) of support, retention and fixation at the adjusted distance from the specified wall for the first substantially flat part (51) of shapes, which contain the second substantially flat part (52) of support for finishing boards (2). Cantilevers are made of material with thermal resistance of not higher than 0.5 V/(m·K). The invention also relates to the cantilever (3) for this insulation system.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify assembly of an insulation system and to improve properties of a building facade.15 cl, 2 dwg

System of additional insulation and method of facade insulation // 2544181
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system and method of additional facade insulation. The system of additional insulation of the initial facade comprises two or more sections, at the same time each section comprises an insulating material resistant to compression, attached at least to one load-bearing element, besides, each section has an inner side made as capable of placement in direction of the initial facade, and an outer side, made as capable of placement with inversion from the initial facade; an intermediate insulating material made as capable of placement in one or more gaps between the specified sections; a facility of system attachment to the initial facade, besides, the cross section of at least one load-bearing element is T-shaped, which supports the fastening facility.EFFECT: increased stability, simplicity of insulation system fixation to a facade.18 cl, 5 dwg

Universal plastic panel (versions) // 2528182
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method is realised by facilities of development of several versions of a universal plastic panel, which is made of at least one section shaped from at least two plates of preferably rectangular shape so that a pair of plates is located one under the other, to create a volume section, and also to ensure strength, the space between the pair of plates arranged one under the other is filled with cells of preferably rectangular shape, the quantity and size of which is selected randomly or depending on parameters of plates, for connection of sections between each other there is a lock element, formed by ends of parallel plates of the section extended in the place of formation of the lock element for the width of the lock element and bent towards each other to produce two elastically compressible and releasing arched structures arranged at the end of the section along its long side and providing for reliable fixation with the round ledge formed at the opposite side of the section from the lock element at the end of the section along its long side by the fact that the lock element of one section, gripping and holding by means of compression the round ledge of the other section, fixes the sections in the fixed condition relative to each other, providing for reliable connection of sections to each other to produce a collapsible structure made of several sections. To provide for decorative properties and to observe visual homogeneity of the structure made of one or several sections, on that side of the section, where there is a round ledge, there is a slot shaped along the lower side of the slot as extension of the lower plate of the section along the width through its entire length and lateral sides formed at one side by the end of the section and at the other side bent preferably at the right angle by the side of the lower plate, forming a rectangle with an open external side, in this case the round ledge is arranged not in the end of the section, but on the external free side of the slot, in case of combination of several sections into one by means of their arrangement on a single lower plate, the slot between sections is made without a round ledge. The round ledge is made on the external side of the slot, arranged at the external side of combined sections, to eliminate sagging of sections as they are connected or to eliminate sagging of combined sections, the lower side of the slot is strengthened with an additional base. To provide for installation of various holders, and/or decorative retained elements, and/or storage systems on the structure from sections, on one of slot sides there is a closed contour representing a structure of rectangular shape directed along the long side of the section, with width by size smaller than the side wall of the slot, providing for rigidity of fixation of sections along their long side, and also providing for stiffness of fixation of holders, and/or decorative retained elements, and/or storage systems, which by means of their installation into the slot are reliably fixed by means of engagement to the closed contour.EFFECT: development of such universal plastic panel, design of which would provide for production of finished universal panels of different size and configuration, where reliable fixtures would be provided, design of which would provide for the possibility to create various decorative walls for interiors and exteriors, using universal plastic panels.4 cl, 3 dwg

Facade facing mounting system // 2523907
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: facade facing mounting system consists of pin-anchors arranged in rows linked with each other and with elements of their tension by rods fixed in the building wall, at free ends of which locking devices-bolts with a rectangular T-shaped head and a rectangular neck on which locking elements retaining the lining are put, are installed with a possibility of an adjustable longitudinal movement due to the connecting threaded couplings. The locking elements are designed as horizontally arranged rectangular U-shaped clamps, in the middle part of which there are tabs, which are pressed against the upper and lower plates, and the central hole for the locking bolt, and their bent parts cover the lock-bolt head from the lateral sides and there are ledges, fixing the plates, pressed to the legs at the ends of the bent parts.EFFECT: creation of a mounting system for facing the curtain ventilated facade, provision of good aerodynamic qualities, achievement of low metal consumption and labour intensity of manufacturing.2 cl, 3 dwg

Bracket for attachment of profiles // 2521628
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: bracket for attachment of profiles includes a rear wall with holes for attachment of a bracket and L-shaped plates, the first flanges of which are intended for attachment of profiles; with that, the second flanges of plates are directed from bracket symmetry axis. Flanges perpendicular to the plane of the rear wall are cut out and bent in the central part of the rear wall in the direction of profiles; with that, the second flanges of plates are located parallel to the rear wall on its reverse side. The face side of the rear wall faces to the direction of the profiles, and the first flanges of plates are located parallel to flanges of the rear wall and rigidly attached to them. Ribs of angles formed with the plane and the flanges of the rear wall are located in internal corners of the plates; besides, on the second flanges of the plates there are holes coinciding with holes for fixation of the bracket on the rear wall.EFFECT: reduction of metal consumption; increase of load-carrying capacity and improvement of reliability of the bracket.19 cl, 5 dwg

Insulation material holder // 2513470
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to insulators fasteners. Holder (1) of insulation material board on fastening base (6) comprises thread (4) for screwing in insulation material board and expansion anchor (2) to be secured at fastening base. Thread (4) is engaged with expansion anchor (2) and can be rotated.EFFECT: shortening zone (7) is arranged between expansion anchor (2) and thread (4) to decreased spacing between thread and expansion anchor (2).11 cl, 6 dwg

Wall lining // 2509848
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: wall lining comprising wall panels (1) and fastening profiles (2), comprising a location slot (4) open at the bottom for the lower wall panel (1), a location slot (3) open at the top for the upper wall panel (1) and a slot (5) for suspension of fastening hooks, besides, both location slots (3, 4) that form a support surface (9) on the side facing away from the wall (6) for the external side of the wall panels (1) in the fastening profiles (2) fixed on the wall (6) create at least two sections (11) in direction towards the slot bottom, and these sections (11) have different width for fixation of wall panels (1) of different thickness, the cross section of location slots (3, 4) of fastening profiles (2) narrows at least gradually in direction towards the bottom of the slot, besides, the slot (5) for suspension of fastening hooks is arranged between both location slots (3, 4).EFFECT: development of such wall lining, where wall panels of different thickness may be used, for instance, floor panels, and which provides for simple fixation of wall panels.3 cl, 3 dwg

System and method to produce ceramic tiles not requiring filling paste // 2488670
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: ceramic tiles contain a strong component arranged on the surface of the base and the first connection element arranged on the side of the base edge. At least a section of the base surface may continue outside the strong component. The base prevents contact of strong components of adjacent ceramic tiles, not requiring a filling paste, with each other, and may look like a filling paste. The first connection element and the appropriate second connection element of the adjacent ceramic tile, not requiring a filling paste, are made as capable of connection of two adjacent ceramic tiles, not requiring a filling paste.EFFECT: tiles not requiring a filling paste.26 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of facing with illuminated tiles // 2485264
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: system of tile facing comprises rear panels, at least with one electroconductive layer, two-pin plugs with ledges, which electrically contact with the conducting layer, and illuminated tiles with light diodes, which may be attached to the two-pin plug. To simplify tile facing, first tiles are installed with the possibility of facing with temporary tiles together with ordinary tiles, with further replacement with illuminated tiles.EFFECT: simplified assembly of a facing system.8 cl, 5 dwg

ethod to install heat insulating panels // 2468165
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method to install heat insulating panels includes assembly of adjacent panels by arrangement of panels onto a facade surface, connection of adjacent panels, at least one side of every of which comprises alternately arranged ledges and grooves so that ledges of one panel are applied onto grooves of the other panel, and fixation of panels onto the facade surface, besides, adjacent panels are joined, at least one side of every of which comprises an end ledge arranged practically along the entire length, so that panels are applied with ledges one over the other.EFFECT: simplified process for installation of heat insulation panels, increased heat insulation of a facade, higher reliability and durability of facade finishing, apart from high aesthetic characteristics of a facade.11 cl, 4 dwg

Building base facing // 2468164
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: building base facing is arranged in the form of shaped relief panels with thickness of 2-4 mm from a polymer material - polypropylene, serially installed along the base length and joined to each other by ledges and slots available at their end sides by means of latches. At the angles of the base the panels are connected with angular double-faced panels, connected at the inner side with an angular frame, arranged in the form of a double-sided rod truss with braces forming flat triangular structures with runs, and fixed to the inner surface of the double-faced panels. At the top of the double-faced angle the angular panels along their entire height are arranged as rectilinear, and the value of ledges on panels relief exceeds thickness of relief panel material. Connection of the rod truss with panels is arranged in the form of elastic latches arranged pairwise in its end parts and in the middle part.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase rigidity of facing and its deformation resistance to operational loads, especially in case of pressure drops.2 cl, 6 dwg

Set of fixation of vertical bearing profile of suspended facade system // 2465417
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: set for fixation of a vertical bearing profile of a suspended facade system comprises upper and lower units of fixation, every of which includes a support part fixed motionlessly on the faced surface and a cantilever stand fixed with it. The vertical bearing profile is fixed on the free end of the stand. In the upper unit of fixation the support part and the vertical bearing profile are connected with the cantilever stand as fixed. The cantilever stand of the lower fixation unit is connected with the support part and the vertical bearing profile hingedly as capable of rotation relative to them.EFFECT: invention will make it possible to compensate linear deformations of vertical bearing profiles of a suspended facade system.2 dwg

Fastening device for sheet elements // 2458220
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for facades to install sheet elements, preferably multiple glass panes, comprising a retaining element and a fixing element, besides, the device has the first position, in which the device makes it possible to place the specified sheet elements into the required position, and the second position, in which the device presses at least a part of the specified sheet element. The device comprises a braking element arranged as capable of preventing displacement of the fixing element relative to the retaining element in the first position, besides, the fixing element is arranged as capable of displacement into the second position by application of an external force.EFFECT: easier installation of multiple glass panes.11 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of erect structures and device for its realisation // 2454518
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method to erect structures includes making the main skeleton frame of the structure, a lining net, transparent and opaque mosaics, sealing cords. The net is installed on the frame, ventilation holes are made in the net, as well as openings for windows and doors, cells of the lining net are filled with mosaics, installing transparent mosaics in those areas, where a view is required, and in other areas - a non-transparent one with the selected colour mosaic pattern, sealing cords are installed. The device comprises a net made of a wire rigidly connected in points of contact, and mosaics has locks for fixation on the net and slots for installation of a sealing cord.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify assembly of a structure due to the improved technology of structure elements manufacturing.2 cl, 3 dwg

Facade system with air gap for fixation of fine-sized facing boards and method of its installation // 2447249
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: facade system (1) with an air gap for fixation of fine-sized facing boards comprises at least two guides (2), fixed on appropriate brackets installed on a bearing base; at least two horizontal shapes (3) of "П"-shaped section with two supports (4 and 5) to fix the top (4) and bottom (5) of appropriate fine-sized facing boards (6); fine-sized facing boards (6), containing grooves (7 and 8) on their upper and lower ends for installation into appropriate specified shapes (3); at least one tape (10) for its installation into specified grooves of facing boards; and a cement-containing composition (9), having hydraulic insulation properties.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce weight, develop a ventilated gap, reduce cost and increase heat and hydraulic insulation properties of a building with preservation of appearance of brickwork.14 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of dry installation of facing tiles on floor or walls and substrate used in such installation // 2447248
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: set for dry installation of facing tiles includes at least one substrate, the first side of which contacts with a substance (F), and the second one - at least with one facing tile (R). Strip liners are arranged along the perimeter of facing tiles (R), which fill gaps between neighbouring tiles. Angle elements level liners relative to each other, fixing them along the perimetre of the appropriate facing tile.EFFECT: reduced labour inputs in installation of facing tiles.61 cl, 30 dwg

Facade hinged ventilated enclosure of buildings // 2446258
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: facade hinged ventilated enclosure of buildings includes facade boards, thermal and hydraulic insulation protection and bearing elements of enclosure pulled without a gap through the thermal and hydraulic insulation protection and made in the form of anchor rods arranged in vertical rows. Anchor rods are screwed through dowels into a building wall and has fixing elements at free ends, providing for installation and fixation of boards. In order to increase reliability of facade boards fixation, to make it possible to line multi-storey buildings and to increase barrier drift by increasing stiffness of bearing elements, anchors of vertical rows are connected to each other by means of traction rods so that traction rods with anchors create vertical power structures. Upper free ends of traction rods are fixed to an enclosed building wall.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of facade enclosure fixation and to reduce labour intensiveness of performed works.5 cl, 5 dwg

Device for positioning suspended heat-insulated panels for buildings and structures, suspended heat insulation panel for buildings and structures and method to install suspended heat insulation panel for buildings and structures // 2435008
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method includes arrangement of a panel on a heat insulated surface of a building, its positioning relative the heat insulated surface of the building with the help of the device for positioning suspended heat insulated panels and fixation of the panel on the building surface. The device for positioning comprises a guide part in the form of a bushing with an internal thread, stiffly joined with the panel body, and a support part in the form of a screw with an external thread joined with it by a threaded joint. One end of the screw contacts with the heat insulated surface of the building and engages with it, and the second one has the shape suitable for engagement with a tool for screw rotation. The screw is made with the possibility to arrange an additional fixing element in it to fix a suspended panel to the facade. The panel comprises a process hole, arranged with the possibility of provision of tool insertion for rotation of a screw. After additional positioning of the panel position the cavity between the panel and the heat insulated surface of the building and the process hole in the panel are filled with a foam filler.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to ensure easy and reliable assembly of suspended heat insulation panels on the heat insulated surface with compensation of its irregularities, and also adjustment of position of the installed panels without necessity of their dismantling.9 cl, 2 dwg
Building structure with tile facing // 2429331
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: in the building structure with tile facing the facing is made of tiles attached to the surface of the structure via a connecting layer of a hardened adhesive mixture, which increases the tiles strength. Tiles are made as having a facing layer with a shell having a bending strength, equal to the thickness of the facing layer and height corresponding to the thickness of the layer for filling with the adhesive mixture. The facing layer with the area F is made as a whole with boards by stamping from a metal sheet or a metal-based laminate, and the metal thickness in the facing layer and the height of the boards is taken depending on the tile size.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.5 cl

Facing for walls // 2423583
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: facing comprises a group of panels, which in process of manufacturing are given a pattern and a surface finish that imitate handmade brickwork. Panels are mounted in the form of a sequence of horizontal rows, besides, the lower edge area of an overlying panel is imposed over the upper edge area of the panel that belongs to the earlier installed row. Upper and lower edge areas include reference surfaces, which are inclined, making it possible during positioning to ensure a tight contact between "cement" and "brick" of two joined panels, besides, "cement" strips located between "strips", are in general coplanar to each other and to face surfaces of imitated bricks, which protrude forward relative to "cement" strips by an identical distance, and as a result the appearance is more esthetic and natural. Connections between attached panels are in general invisible, and uniformity of heights of "bricks" and "cement" strips forward protrusion makes it possible to avoid shadows that reduce naturalness effect.EFFECT: invention increases reliability of facing fixation.8 cl, 11 dwg
ethod to face outer and inner enclosing and bearing structures of buildings and facilities // 2421582
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method includes preparation of structures surface and facing tiles, application of gluing mass, attachment of tiles to the specified surface. The surface is covered with facing tiles included into a set. The set includes main and additional facing tiles. Their length and width are multiple to a linear module common for the set. Additional tiles are arranged with at least one linear dimension, equal to, multiple to or fractionally multiple to at least one linear dimensions in at least one group of the main tiles in the set. Tiles are made as a stiff shell of metal, alloy or from a layer composition comprising a metal layer. Each stiff shell of the tile has a facing and rear surfaces and is equipped with sides - stiffening ribs along the contour as protruding beyond the rear surface. Their thickness and height are at least sufficient to double the common resistance of a tile jointly with sides to a bend, at least in direction of width relative to resistance to the bend of a tile without sides in the same direction. Sides jointly with the rear surface of the tile form a shell with an open cavity to be filled with a gluing mass. The thickness of the metal or alloy layer is accepted depending on the value of the tile area.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.13 cl
Protective-decorative facing of building structure // 2420639
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: facing of a building structure includes an adjoining course applied on the surface and rigidly coupled with it in the form of a hardened adhesive mass and a protective-decorative layer attached to it and made of facing tiles. The layer consists of facing tiles, made of a metal, an alloy or a flaky composition, which contains a metal layer. Each facing tile has facing and rear surfaces and is equipped with boards - stiffening ribs protruding beyond the rear surface along the contour. Their thickness and height are sufficient to at least double the total resistance of the tile together with boards to the bend both in direction of the width and in direction of the length L relative to the resistance of the tile without boards to the bend in the same directions. The boards together with the rear surface of the tile form an open cavity to be filled with adhesive mass. The thickness of a metal or an alloy layer is selected depending on the value of a facing tile area.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.10 cl

Facing item // 2420638
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: facing item is made of a metal, an alloy with thickness 5, or from a flaky composition, containing a metal layer with thickness 5 in the form of a tile. The tile has facing and rear surfaces and is equipped with boards - stiffening ribs protruding beyond the rear surface along the contour. Their thickness and height are sufficient to at least double the total resistance of the tile together with boards to the bend at least in direction of the tile width relative to the resistance of the tile without boards to the bend in the same direction. The boards together with the rear surface of the tile form a shell with an open cavity to be filled with an adhesive mass, making it possible to attach an item to the specified structure. The thickness of a metal or an alloy layer is accepted depending on the value of a tile area.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.7 cl, 1 dwg

Angular external wall part, angle external wall structure of building, where this part is used, and method of this structure assembly // 2418924
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: part forms an angle of the external wall structure of the building when the left and right adjacent external wall panels are assembled on it, being formed with two sides arranged approximately at the right angle to each other with slants at the left and right edges of it. On each edge of the external wall part within the limits of this part thickness there is the main slant passing towards the back surface, and at the side of back surface there are slots adjacent to the main slants, at the same time the section from face surface to the main slant is occupied with an additional slant.EFFECT: invention simplifies assembly of structure.7 cl, 10 dwg

System to lay tiles, set of tiles and connecting element to use in this system, method to lay tiles and method to repair tiled floor // 2416702
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: system includes a variety of tile sets and connecting elements, which join neighbouring tile sets. Each set of tiles has a tile element and a support element. The support element is attached to the lower side of the tile element and is equipped with grooves to locate parts of connecting elements. The support element has some holes and/or ledges passing in direction perpendicular to the main surface of the tile element. Connecting element comprises an oblong plank part, equipped with holes and/or ledges placed into according ledges and/or holes in support elements of two neighbouring tile sets.EFFECT: possibility to replace one or several damaged tiles without replacement of the whole floor.26 cl, 11 dwg

Systems of suspended facades and methods of assembly (versions) // 2416009
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: system of suspended facades comprises vertical guides, bearing and support brackets, extenders, cleats, skids, cassettes, thermal bridges, anchors, dowels and a sealant. Vertical guides are arranged with a T-shaped profile. Bearing and support brackets are made of various sizes, for instance, from 65 to 220 mm, in compliance with irregularities of a frame wall with differences of up to, for instance, 190 mm. The maximum distance between the brackets along the vertical line makes, for instance, 1.5 m. The brackets have both round and oblong holes. Each bracket may be both bearing and supporting. The bearing brackets are fixed in round holes, and support brackets are fixed in oblong holes. The vertical guides, T-shaped and of L-shaped profile, the brackets and extenders are made as stamped from, for instance, aluminium, with corrugate working surfaces, and radii R of crests and troughs of waves make, for instance, 2 mm. Method to assemble facades with the help of this system, providing for marking of facade, installation of leads with the help of geodesic instruments, a level and a plummet, under composite panels, consists in the fact that in the beginning holes are drilled for anchor dowels to fix bearing brackets in the quantity, for instance, of three brackets per a section with the height of a standard floor, which are fixed to the wall by means of anchors, a heat insulation material is installed in staggered order in the form of heat insulation panels with their fixation to the wall by means of plate dowels, and vertical guides of T-shaped section are installed and fixed on brackets with a thermal gap between them along the vertical line, then a pre-assembled skid is inserted with its fixation with clips, and an assembled cassette is suspended onto the skid into eyes or onto a surface hinge. In other versions of facades assembly method, a flat sheet is directly fixed with rivets onto a vertical section, or tiles of ceramic granite are installed and fixed by means of cleats.EFFECT: increased operational reliability.5 cl, 11 dwg

etal dowel to fix insulation material // 2411403
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: metal dowel to fix heat insulation material to bearing foundations of buildings and structures comprises leg in the form of hollow cylindrical rod with longitudinal cut arranged along its whole length, and head in the form of disk with central hole, fixed on one of leg ends. On surface of other end of leg on section of its length, equal to depth of leg entry into bearing base, at side opposite to longitudinal cut, there are grooves provided. Central hole of head has cylindrical flanging inserted into cylindrical cavity of leg with tension. Specified grooves, preferably, have oval shape. Angle of leg cross section coverage with grooves makes mostly from 120° to 180°.EFFECT: improved load-carrying capacity of dowel.3 cl, 9 dwg

Wall transition section bar // 2406808
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: section bar comprises body, having the first side surface, the second side surface, front decorative surface and back surface. At the same time the first and second side surfaces are arranged opposite to each other. Besides, the section bar also comprises the first groove shaped on the first side surface passing inside the body, the second groove shaped on the second side surface and passing inside the body, and at least one narrow groove shaped on back surface to arrange the support part fixed to surface of building.EFFECT: development of wall section bar design, which provides for transition between various surfaces of walls having various thickness.13 cl, 9 dwg

Device for adjustment and evening of tiles position and method of its application // 2405895
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device comprises upper board with several spacer ribs and lower board. Boards are connected to stem passing from lower board through upper board so that upper board may be moved along stem length. In process of application the device is laid between adjacent tiles so that adjacent tiles are retained by upper and lower boards at required height, until layer of setting substance dries.EFFECT: invention increases accuracy of tiles installation.7 cl, 10 dwg

Section bar for inclined installation of panels, including gypsum plasterboard ones // 2404335
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: section bar for inclined connection of panels, including those made of gypsum plasterboard, comprises a back joined to one of the panels, and a straight shelf arranged at the right angle relative to the back. To connect to the second panel, the section bar additionally contains another shelf arranged as inclined at the sharp angle α relative to the back, with the possibility to adjust the angle α between the joined panels.EFFECT: section bar makes it possible to rigidly join the ends of panels arranged in the corners.12 cl, 48 dwg, 8 ex

eshy joint displacement section and method for its manufacturing // 2395653
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to manufacturing and design of meshy joint displacement profile. Specified number of notch groups rows is arranged along the whole width to comply with number of sections simultaneously produced from single stock, avoiding areas of solid metal at its edges, between rows and groups of notches. In each row of notch group notches are equal to length, parallel to each other and are arranged at the angle opposite to each other. Further longitudinal chutes are shaped. In the subsequent stands of profile-bending mill notches are drawn due to serial formation of two walls coupled along radius to the specified height, from sections of solid metal symmetrically to longitudinal axis of each row of notch group. At the same time rows of notch groups are transformed into meshy sections with cells in the form of parallelogram. After section walls have been produced with specified height, chutes are rolled until horizontally flat. Further longitudinal cutting of stock is carried out. Then arched shape is imparted to flat bases of sections by rolls of profile-bending mill, and sections are cut with the necessary length. Sections have two side walls of specified height coupled along radius, and arched notched-drawn bases that outgo from them towards opposite directions with rows of cells in the form of parallelogram arranged at the angle to longitudinal axis towards each other.EFFECT: reduced consumption of metal.2 cl, 5 dwg
 
2551370.
Up!