Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings (E04F13)

E   Fixed constructions(158735)
E04   Building(24567)
E04F13                 Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings (flooring e04f0015000000; decoration of surfaces, mosaic work b44, e.g. paper-hanging b44c0007000000; made of webs, e.g. of fabrics or wallpaper, d03d, d04g, d04h, d06n, d21h; construction of ceilings e04b0009000000; roofings or similar water-tight coverings against precipitation e04d)(538)

Dropper profile, method of its manufacturing and dryer with this profile // 2642744
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: dropper profile consists of a corner profile with a spout. The spout is made in the form of a monolithic thickening in the form of a parallelogram on one of the guides, due to the thickness of which two inclined supporting surfaces are formed, serving as an element for determining the thickness of the applied plaster layer. The method of manufacturing a dropper includes the formation of a corner profile with a spout of plastic. Profile is formed so that the spout is formed as a monolithic thickening in the form of a parallelogram on one of the guides, due to the thickness of which two inclined supporting surfaces are formed, serving as an element for determining the thickness of the applied plaster layer. Dropper consists of a corner profile with a spout and grids attached to the profile rails. The spout is made in the form of a monolithic thickening in the form of a parallelogram on one of the guides, due to the thickness of which two inclined supporting surfaces are formed, serving as an element for determining the thickness of the applied plaster layer.EFFECT: creation of an easy-to-manufacture, reliable and universal dropper, which makes it possible to use it both in the form of an open and closed type by changing its orientation relative to the corner zone.12 cl, 3 dwg

Dowel and fastening element securing layer of material // 2642720
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a dowel for securing a layer of material on a structure including a tray (12) and a hollow shaft (14) formed therein to receive a fixing screw, wherein a stepped hole (16) is provided in the hollow shaft. The stepped hole (16) includes at least two steps (28) between at least three regions (18; 30). The hollow shaft (14) on the outer surface is at least partially conically decurrent. Hollow shaft (14) is provided with radially extensible elements, and extensible elements are executed from the external side in the conically decurrent part of hollow shaft (14) as axial seizures (40). According to the invention, it is proposed that the seizures (40) at the base of the seizures are at least partially provided with a thin, expandable or tearable by expansion, bottom. The present invention further relates to a fastening element including a dowel and a fastening screw according to the invention.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase the stability of the dowel independently of the fastening screw.12 cl, 13 dwg
Construction material and method of its manufacture // 2642697
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: construction material having a seal on the part for the tongue and groove joint. The seal is closed with a seal-covering film. The seal preferably comprises a styrene-based copolymer resin and/or a mixture of an olefin-based resin and an adhesive resin. The method of manufacturing a construction material includes the stage of heating the sealing material to a temperature equal to or greater than the softening temperature of the sealing material, the stage of forming a sphere-like seal by means of applying the heated sealing material on the part for the tongue and groove joint, formed in the main material, and the stage of coating the seal with the seal-covering material.EFFECT: construction material exhibits a strong cutting ability and adhesion to the part for the tongue and groove joint and is not substantially coloured in case of oil fluid leakage or the like.9 cl, 1 tbl
L-shaped fastening element for facing plates (panels) of suspended frame of system of building and premises cladding by concealed method // 2641342
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: fastening element for facing plates (panels) of a suspended framework of a system of building and premises cladding by concealed method is made a removable and sliding one and consists of a base-wall and a rectangular grip in the form of an angular cross-section located on one end of the base-wall. On the other opposite end on both opposite sides of the axis of the base-wall on each side there are two identical tongues (protrusions) arranged symmetrically parallel to the longitudinal axis of the base-wall at a certain distance from each other and having a rounded shape at the ends with the possibility of installing and rigidly fixing them in the corresponding recesses of the rectangular groove of the extruded profile. The L-shaped fastening element comprises of a rectangular grip for installing and fastening it in the corresponding longitudinal cut in the end part of the facing panel (plate) for providing a concealed fixing and mutual fixing of the facing panel (plate) with the extruded profile with the possibility of forming "tongue and groove" connections.EFFECT: simplification of installation of facing plates, increase of rigidity and durability of the system of fastening facing plates of surfaces of buildings and structures and walls of internal premises, provision of reliable concealed type of fastening of facing, increase of level and quality of maintainability.3 dwg
T-shaped fastening element for cladding plates (panels) of suspended framework of cladding system for buildings and premises by concealed method // 2641340
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: fastening element of cladding plates (panels) of the suspended framework of the cladding system for buildings and premises by concealed method is made removable and sliding and consists of a base wall and two rectangular grips (hooks) in the form of a T-section flange, located at one end of the base wall. On the other the opposite end on the two opposite sides from the axis of the base wall on each side two identical tongues (protrusions) are made. They are located symmetrically parallel relative to the longitudinal axis of the base wall at a certain distance from each other and have rounded shape on the ends of the form with the possibility of placing and rigid fixing into corresponding recesses (holes) of the rectangular groove of the extruded profile. When the T-shaped fastening element contains rectangular grips (hooks) for installing and fixing in the respective and opposite each other longitudinal cuts of the front parts around the perimeter of two adjacent symmetric opposite cladding panels (plates), not less than 4 pieces per one cladding panel (plate) (two on the bottom, and two on the top) to ensure concealed fixation and mutual fixation of the cladding panels (plates) with the extruded profile adapted to form a "tongue and groove" joint.EFFECT: simplification of installation of cladding plates, increase of rigidity and strength of the system of fastening cladding plates of surfaces of buildings and premises, provision of reliable concealed type of cladding fastening, increase of level and quality of maintainability.3 dwg
Profile of framework of suspended cladding system // 2641338
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: extruded profile of the framework of a suspended cladding system of rectangular section is divided into hollow rectangular sections: upper, central and lower, in which in the upper section on the top surface of the extruded profile in the centre along the longitudinal axis a rectangular locking groove is made with two opposite internal recesses (cavities) along the adjacent walls of the rectangular locking groove for installing and rigid fixing the removable hidden sliding elements of fastening cladding panels (plates) by "tongue and groove" joint with an option to move the removable hidden sliding elements of fastening along the rectangular locking groove; for installation and fastening of the hidden removable sliding elements of fastening in the rectangular locking groove on the longitudinal axis of the extruded profile elongated holes are milled with a specific step; on the external side longitudinal walls of extruded profile along the straight line round mounting holes are made at a certain distance from each other for stationary (fixed) fixation of the extruded profile by bolted connections with the mounting brackets (bearing wall brackets); the mounting holes of one side wall of the extruded profile are symmetrical to the mounting holes the other opposite side symmetrical wall of the profile relative to its longitudinal axis.EFFECT: simplification of installation of cladding elements on the profiles of the system with a longitudinal groove for the special hidden fastener; increased rigidity and strength of fastening system of the cladding plates of the building surfaces and structures of the interior rooms.4 dwg

Bracket of cladding system of buildings and premises // 2641143
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: bracket of the cladding system of buildings and premises consists of stationary and adjustable parts executed in the form of rectangular u-shaped plates fixed perpendicular to the wall construction, the stationary part on the wall construction with curled petals and rivet holes or bolts on the stationary part, to connect the stationary part with the adjustable part of the bracket with possibility of sliding displacement of the mentioned u-shaped plates relative to each other on an axis perpendicular to the wall construction with the subsequent fixation in the desired position using riveted or bolted connections and skids, fixed at the end of the adjustable part of the bracket with possibility of longitudinal sliding movements along the end in a plane perpendicular to the side walls of the stationary and the adjustable parts of the bracket and parallel relative to the wall construction in horizontal and vertical directions.EFFECT: simplifying the installation, increasing the accuracy and quality of installation of the cladding system of buildings and premises, the possibility of adjustment in three directions.7 cl, 7 dwg
Hinge system of lining of buildings and premises, including for building partitions // 2641140
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: hinge system of lining of buildings and premises, including for building partitions includes mounting brackets, bearing wall brackets, frame mounted systems, hidden sliding T-and l-type fasteners, facing panels (slabs), tubular connectors, and support elements.EFFECT: simplifying the installation, increasing the accuracy and quality of installation, increasing the rigidity and strength of the fastening system for the facing panels of the surfaces of buildings and structures, and walls of internal premises.14 cl, 9 dwg

Installation element for outer wall and outer wall structure // 2641037
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: installation element for an outer wall for installing a facing construction material on a building shell has an aperture element with a projection, fixed in the building shell by means of the projection extending from the outer surface of the aperture element with the projection. The installation element comprises: a supporting plate comprising a horizontally extending part to adjust the position, made with the possibility of directly contacting the outer surface of the aperture element with the projection, a vertical body of the plate, connected through its first vertical end with the horizontally extending part to adjust the position, and a point for mounting the supporting plate, located on the vertical body of the plate at a distance vertically from the horizontally extending part to adjust the position, which is larger than the width of the projection from the outer surface of the aperture element with the projection, so that the fastening device for the supporting plate, located at the point for mounting the supporting plate, does not contact the projection of the aperture element with the projection, and a fastening element facing outside, comprising a fastening part to engage with the facing construction material and made with the possibility to be fastened to the vertical body of the supporting plate. The aperture element with the projection is a frame element of the aperture with a projection, or a door element with a projection, and is also achieved by the fact that an outer wall structure with such a mounting element is created.EFFECT: creating an installation element to the outer wall and creating the design of the outer wall itself with this installation element, which provide the possibility to install a facing construction material on a building shell while maintaining water resistance of the building and preventing the deterioration of the aesthetic appearance of the building around the aperture element.18 cl, 7 dwg

ulti-layered restoration construction element // 2640834
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a multi-layered restoration construction element having a central part of a heat-insulating material and surface panels covering it on both sides, the surface panels having a tongue at one longitudinal edge and a groove at the opposite edge. The multi-layered restoration construction element (2) has a central part (2c) of a heat-insulating material and surface panels (2a, 2b) covering it from both sides. The surface panels have a tongue (5) on one longitudinal edge and a groove (4) on the opposite longitudinal edge. Wherein at least one opening (7) covered with a water-permeable membrane material (6) is formed in the inner surface panel of the restoration construction element. In the heat-insulating material of the central part (2c) of the restoration construction element (2), at least one ventilation duct (9) is formed, which opens directly or through a separate connecting channel into the outer air space. The heat-insulating material allows moisture to be transferred between said at least one opening (7) and the ventilation duct (9).EFFECT: creating a reliable restoration element for the restoration of old buildings, especially the facades of office buildings, this element providing good heat insulation and fit tightness and simultaneously ensuring good ventilation.9 cl, 3 dwg

Front thermal panel manufacturing method // 2639228
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: facade thermal panels manufacturing method consists of the following stages: milling of soild blank material, execution of the notches in male/female joints on both sides of solid blank material through the blank machining on CNC miller, screwing bushings into solid blank material by means of rotation, pressure and pressing without preliminary preparation of holes and slots to install bushings in solid blank material, label on the surface of solid material of brick tile blank.EFFECT: increased resistance of front panel during operation through execution of the notches in male/female joints on both sides of solid blank material and screwing bushings in solid blank material without preliminary preparation of holes under them.3 cl, 1 dwg

Device for fastening facing panels of suspended ventilated facade (versions) and grip for this device // 2638602
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to structures for heat-insulating facing of suspended ventilated facades (SVF) of buildings and structures, and can be used for fastening facing panels made of ceramic granite or natural stone. The method according to the first version is implemented through that the device for fastening facing SVF panels containing grips, a bar with a possibility of fixing on it at least one grip, is equipped with a second bar made with the possibility of fixing on it at least one grip. Each grip is made in the form of a plate, the first part of which is bent to form a non-90° angle relative to its second part, and the bars are made with the possibility to be connected to each other. The method according to the second version is implemented through that the device for fixing cladding SVF panels comprising the grips and the bar is equipped with at least two fastening elements, each of which is made with the possibility of fixing at least one grip on it. Each grip is made in the form of a plate, the first part of which is bent to form a non-90° angle relative to its second part. The grip for fastening facing SVF panels is made in the form of a plate, the first part of which is bent to form a non-90° angle relative to its second part.EFFECT: creating a unit for fastening facing panels to profiles of suspended ventilated facades, providing a higher reliability and quality degree of fastening facing panels with invisible fastening while arranging ventilated facades.17 cl, 19 dwg

ethod for forming facial surface of monolithic structures // 2638048
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for forming facial surface of monolithic structures includes cutting facing sheets with dimensions corresponding to the inner surface area of the board formwork and the inner surface area of the cutoff. Then, on a facing sheet, at a distance equal to the cutoff length, a chamfer is made. In the chamfer place, the sheet is bent at an angle of 90°. The outer surfaces of the board formwork and of the cutoff are pre-cleaned and degreased. A double-sided adhesive tape is glued in the form of lines with an equal pitch on the board formwork and cutoff surfaces. Between the adhesive tape lines, glue or liquid nails are applied in zigzag. Thereinafter, the facing sheet bent L-shaped at the chamfer points is applied to the inner surface of the cutoff and the board formwork and is pressed tightly. Then, likewise, the facing sheets are glued onto the inner surface of the counter board and the cutoff, connected to the first board.EFFECT: simplifying the technology of forming the facial surface of monolithic structures due to minimizing the number of formwork joints, obtaining a concrete structure with corners without laitance bleeding.4 cl, 2 dwg

Element providing water tightness and outer wall design // 2637348
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: projection-closing element providing water tightness comprises the aperture element body and a projection having a first width passing outward from the outer surface of the aperture element body, the projection being made with the possibility to be fixed on a frame element side facing outward, wherein the projection-closing element providing water tightness comprises: a vertical laminar part having a side facing the frame, made with the possibility of its fastening to the lining material of a wall and/or a frame element and made with the possibility of its location between the lining material of the wall or the frame element and a facing construction material; a supporting part made at the first end part of the vertical laminar part side facing the frame; a sealing element connected with the supporting part and made with the possibility to prevent water entering by means of abutting into the aperture element body, the vertical laminar part has a width larger than the first width of the projection passing outward, as well as larger than a span between the aperture element body and the facing construction material; the vertical laminar part is made with the possibility of its fastening to the lining material of a wall and/or a frame element in a point located at a distance from the outermost edge of the projection passing outside the aperture element body at the abutment of the sealing element to the outer surface of the aperture element body; the vertical laminar part comprises an abutment part made with the possibility of hiding the sealing element while abutting the outer surface of the aperture element body. The abutment part is made in such a way that it passes in the direction facing outwards the building, and the supporting part is made in such a way that it passes in the direction inside the building, at the vertical abutment of the vertical laminar part into the outer surface of the aperture element body, as well as the fact that the outer wall structure comprising said projection-closing element providing water tightness is created.EFFECT: creating an element providing water tightness and an outer wall structure, by which simplifying the installation process and reducing the cost with providing water tightness of the building, on which the aperture element opening and the facing material are installed, can be achieved.4 cl, 9 dwg
Panel for floor, wall or ceiling and method of its manufacture // 2637010
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: panel contains a lining wood board, made of wood material and a veneer located on its upper side. The lining wood board and the veneer, as well as the resin layer embedded between them are pressed together with each other, when hot. When compressing the pores, cracks and/or gaps in the veneer are filled with resin. In particular, the pressing process is carried out in such a way, that the veneer is impregnated with the resin, and after pressing, the resin becomes visible on the veneer surface. According to the invention, thus, in one operation, the veneer is glued together with the lining wood board and the veneer is filled-up.EFFECT: invention provides a creation of high-quality panel, having an improved structure of the natural surface.20 cl
ethod of manufacturing products based on binder with thermal insulating layer from mineral wool thermal insulation for construction of buildings and structures // 2635666
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of manufacturing concrete products with a thermal insulating layer for the construction of buildings and structures, in particular flooring panels. A layer of thermal insulation, which is mineral wool insulation, is placed in a mould in such a way that the fibers of the mineral wool insulation are directed predominantly perpendicular to the carrier layer made on the base of a binder. The reinforcing framework of the carrier layer is laid in such a way that a clearance is formed between the thermal insulation layer and the reinforcing framework of the carrier layer. After that, the carrier layer is laid or filled. Wherein it is possible for the mineral wool insulation fibers to at least partially penetrate into at least a larger by area part of the carrier layer.EFFECT: increasing the strength, reliability and durability of products, increasing the service life of buildings and structures and simplifying the production technology of such products.28 cl

Thermal insulating bracket for fixing profiles of suspended facades // 2635635
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a rear wall with openings for fixing a bracket and L-shaped plates, the first flanges of which are designed for profiles of suspended facades. The second flanges of the plates are directed from the symmetry axis of the bracket, rest on the rear wall and have similar coaxial openings for fixing the bracket. The first flanges of the L-shaped plates consist of a movable part and a fixed part, the fixed part of the first flange being connected to the second flange of the plate; movable and fixed parts of the first flanges of the L-shaped plates are made with flangings for moving the movable part along the length of the fixed part of the first flanges of the plates. The rear wall and the L-shaped plate are made of metal. The movable parts of the first flanges of the L-shaped plates are equipped with pads fastened thereon, having a cantilever part designed for fastening the profile of suspended facades. The pads are made of a material with low thermal conductivity and providing fire resistance.EFFECT: reducing thermal conductivity of the bracket, preventing moisture condensation of on the metal part of the bracket, heater corrosion and wetting.3 cl, 5 dwg
Facade glazing module // 2634322
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: facade glazing module containing a rectangular flat transparent element, a basic profile having a rectangular base, internal grooves on the inside of the basic profile formed by L-shaped and T-shaped projections, sealing elements and glazing beads installed in the internal grooves for fixing the flat transparent element In the internal part of the basic profile, deep grooves on the external side of the basic profile (for installing intermodular seals). The width of the deep groove is less than its depth, is characterised by the fact that the deep groove on the external side of the basic profile is located on one side of the basic profile, and on the opposite side there is a wide groove (for installing a smaller intermodular seal) formed by a L-shaped projection from the edge and a T-shaped projection in the middle of the external surface of the basic profile. The lengths of the side walls of the deep groove may be equal to each other and equal to the length of the smaller side of the rectangular base of the basic profile. All projections on the external side of the basic profile can be confined to one plane. Rifflings can be disposed on the internal surfaces of the deep groove. Inside the basic profile, a reinforcing profile having a U-shaped part and a flat plate attached perpendicularly to the butt part can be disposed.EFFECT: reducing the material consumption, reducing the overall dimensions and increasing the installation processability.5 cl, 2 dwg

Air-cleaning ventilated fencing of building // 2633621
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention is represented by a fencing of a building, including a series of decorative fencings pressed against each other by side faces with the height H and the thickness Δ1, each of which consists of a rectangular frame into which a screen rectangular container is inserted, both made of a corrosion-resistant material, the container is filled with pumice granules from 20 to 40 mm in diameter, made of basic metallurgical slags, the frame is attached to the external fencing by fastenings, so that between the inner wall of the decorative fencings and the external fencing there is an air gap of the width Δ2, between the lower fencing end and the sidewalk surface - a gap of the width Δ3, and there is a storm drainage system under the bottom fencing face.EFFECT: utilisation of outside air heat and heat losses of the building during summer and winter periods, cleaning street air from harmful impurities.5 dwg

ethod for connecting facade columns and collar for its implementation // 2632723
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the construction of buildings with column and bar facades, is intended for vertical butt joint of facade columns of hollow aluminium profiles of conditional T-shaped cross-section and can be used in places where the height of assembled structures exceeds the height of standard aluminium profiles, including location areas of the floor slab. At the junction of the profile of the connected columns, a sealing collar is formed, which is a fabricated rubber product, the inner surface of which is designed to interface with the outer surface of the reinforcing profile, and the outer surface is designed to interface with the outer surface of a narrow part of the profile of the connected facade columns, including a section of transition from a wide profile part to a narrow one, for this purpose the collar is made in the form of a frame which inner surface corresponds to the outer surface of the reinforcing profile, and the outer one is two conditionally parallel lateral and two conditionally parallel end faces, while the side faces in the cross section have symmetrical grooves designed to be fitted onto the protrusions forming the U-shaped grooves present on the side surfaces of the narrow profile part. One of the end faces is made along the width of the wide profile part and has grooves made with the possibility of mating with the grooves of the profile existing in the section of the transition from its wide part to the narrow one, and the other end face is made along the width of the narrow profile part.EFFECT: protection of column connection from leaks and formation of moisture flow from the upper column to the lower one, versatility of the plug used to seal the thermal gap at the junction of the facade columns.2 cl, 30 dwg

ethod of facing facade of floors in monolithic construction of buildings // 2632617
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of facing a facade of floors in monolithic construction of buildings includes making plastic moulded decorative elements as a single piece in the form of elongated tiles, each of which is made with the imitation of construction elements, and mounting the latter ones on the wall surface with forming horizontal rows. Wherein the decorative elements are made in the form of L-shaped panels made of glassfiber-reinforced concrete, the vertical part of which repeats the contours of the facade part of intermediate floors with the thickness of not less than 15 mm. The horizontal part of the panels is equipped with steel embedded parts made of reinforcement. The L-shaped panels with their horizontal part are laid in a formwork along the edge, along the perimeter of the floor slabs, and fixed by means of the embedded parts. The horizontal part of the L-shaped panels is mounted with a gap with respect to the front part of the floor slab. Insulating inserts are installed in the gap, for example, from expanded polystyrene, then concreting the floor slabs with concrete is carried out.EFFECT: improving the finishing quality while facing the facade of intermediate floors due to decorative elements, which are concreted simultaneously with concreting the floor slab.2 dwg

ethod for levelling facade in monolithic housebuilding // 2632614
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of levelling facade at monolithic housebuilding includes setting the actual deflection of floor ends from the vertical axis on each floor, making L-shaped decorative panels of GRC taking into account floor slabs of a monolithic frame with integrated facade materials, e.g. brickwork, decorative or natural stone, mosaic. At manufacturing, the thickness of horizontal flanges and the weight of panels are calculated - no more than 40 kg, with a length of 1000-1500 mm. And also the delivery of decorative panels to the construction site and their installation on the flooring ends, taking into account the deviations of the ends from the vertical axis to the cement-sand mortar, aligning the plane of the panels with the plane of the floorings, using the same brand of cement as for brick laying. Wherein the first row of brickwork, starting from the second floor, is laid from the horizontal shelf of the decorative panel of the previous floor.EFFECT: shortening the time of production works due to the use of decorative panels for levelling facades in monolithic housebuilding.1 dwg

ethod of building structures facing // 2632613
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of building structures facing comprises preparation of the structure surface, application of adhesive mass, manufacture of a facing tile of one typical size dismountable along vertixal axis, consisting of two halves having either a spike or a groove in its middle part, the thickness of the facing tile is equal to the height of the spike and the depth of the groove, the fixing of the facing tile is carried out both horizontally and vertically, and at any angle of inclination, by the spike-groove connection of both halves of the tile, wherein the facing of planar surfaces is carried out at an angle of 180°, or at angles corresponding to the angles of the curvilinear surfaces of the building structures, and a relief (figure) is placed on the outer surface of the facing tile.EFFECT: ensuring finishing with tile of one typical size while reducing the labour intensity of the performed works and improving the quality of the facing of building structures of any geometric shapes.3 dwg

Facing facade cassette and method of its manufacturing // 2630947
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: creating a facing facade cassette comprises a housing made of thin galvanized steel, butt and longitudinal fixing flanges. Wherein at least one housing side is covered with a material based on polyester or polyvinylidene fluoride, and on the front side of the cassette a pattern in the form of transverse strips-grooves is formed, characterized in that one of the longitudinal fixing flanges is made with a bend substantially vertical with respect to the flange surface, and the pattern on the front part of the cassette acts as a stiffening rib. The method is also carried out due to creating a method for manufacturing a facing facade cassette comprising the following stages: a roll of sheet steel is unwound in such a way as to obtain a tape of sheet steel, the tape of sheet steel is cut in such a way as to obtain strips of a given width, the strips are wound into strip rolls, the strips are unwound into strip tapes, angular segments and openings are cut by means of punching on the strip surface, and the pattern is formed on the front side of the cassette, longitudinal fixing flanges of the cassette are produced by means of bending in a roll-forming mill, the cassette profile obtained in such a way is cut from the remaining part of the strip tape, butt flanges of the cassette are bent by means of a hydraulic device with an upper movable clamping jaw.EFFECT: increasing the service life of the cassette, creating a high-performance method of manufacturing such a cassette.7 cl, 2 dwg
Self-adhesiving fiberglass tissue activated by water // 2630097
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a self-adhesive wall covering comprising closed-type fiberglass canvas consisting of glass fibers and a polymeric binder permeable to water and an adhesive coating comprising simultaneously contact glue (PSA) and a latent adhesive activated by water. The final attachment to the wall of the self-adhesive resealable coating is carried out after its installation by means of applying one or several layers of water-based paint.EFFECT: creation of a self-adhesive wall covering based on fiberglass with the function of self-gluing/reinstalling and the function of gluing by means of activating latent glue by moistening, which allows to install it on the walls in one step.15 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex
Device for fixing insulation to wall // 2627809
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for fixing the insulation to the wall consists of a fixing sleeve, on which a clamping sleeve is inserted, forming a single unit with a circular clamping plate provided with cutting teeth located along its periphery. The fixing sleeve ends with an expansion zone on one end, and with a circular plate on another end. There is an expansion element inside the fixing sleeve, preferably in the form of a screw. In this case, the expansion element has a head that is integrated into a sleeve with an external thread, in which a polygonal hole is provided. The clamping plate ends in a round flange, inside which there is an insulating cover, and the teeth of the clamping plate have lateral and front sharp edges.EFFECT: simplicity of design with universal functionality and with reliable fixing and fast installation.10 cl, 6 dwg

Device for fixing insulation to wall // 2627805
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for fixing the insulation to the wall consists of a fixing sleeve (1) which ends on one end with an expansion zone (2) and on the other with a circular plate (3) where an expansion element (4) is located inside the fixing sleeve (1), preferably in the form of a screw. In this case, the expansion element (4) has a head that is integrated into a sleeve (5) with an external thread, where a polygonal hole (6) is provided in the sleeve (5). The fixing sleeve (1) has a diameter with a gradual decrease, with the largest diameter (D) being on the input side. The length (L2) of the fixing sleeve (1) from the stage to the end of the fixing sleeve is not less than the length (L1) of the expansion element (4) from the point of attachment to the sleeve (5) to its end. The largest internal diameter (D) of the fixing sleeve (1) is larger than the outer diameter (D1) of the sleeve (5) rigidly attached to the expansion element (4). The length of the segment (K) with the largest internal diameter (D) of the fixing sleeve (1) is not less than the length (K1) of the sleeve (5), which is attached to form an integral joint to the expansion element (4).EFFECT: creation of a device with a simple design with functionality and with reliable fixing and fast installation.2 cl, 4 dwg

Combined panel with supporting core of cellular glass // 2625881
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: combined panel, first of all for floating equipment, comprises the support core of cellular glass, at least one coating layer that substantially completely covers the support core on the corresponding side, an elastic adhesive that attaches the coating layer to the support core, wherein the elastic adhesive has a Shore hardness index of 30 to 80 by scale A, and the thickness of the adhesive layer exceeds several times the thickness of the coating layer.EFFECT: invention provides creating a panel for interior finishing of vehicles that meets the requirements of noise protection and fire safety, has sufficient load capacity and at that has a low weight.14 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl

ultilayer surface coating // 2625879
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction finishing materials and concerns multilayer PVC-free wall or floor coating. The surface treatment contains fibre-based veil, the specific weight of which is from 17 to 75 g/m2 on the side contacting with the substrate surface during operation, wherein the fibre-based veil contains binding polyolefins-based impregnation, the weight of which is from 5 up to 25 g/m2.EFFECT: creating a surface coating having improved adhesion to the surface to be coated.15 cl, 3 dwg, 6 tbl

Device for covering building structure and structure that is covered with this device // 2625662
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a covering device comprising at least one metal sheet (1; 1'), in particular a metal sheet used for lining, suitable for covering at least one section on the building structure surface, the fastening elements for the final fastening of the metal sheet to the structure, at least one additional part (8, 9, 90, 91, 92) suitable for fastening to the receiving area (Z, Z1) disposed on the metal sheet, and the means (213, 22) for releasably fastening the additional part to the receiving area, which are suitable for fastening the additional part after fixing the metal sheet to the structure by means of the fastening elements, preserving, on the one hand, the structural integrity of the metal sheet and, on the other hand, the integrity, in particular, from the point of view of tightness, of fastening the metal sheet to the structure with fastening elements. The above fastening means include a head (213) of the fastening elements (21) which allows to carry out the assembly and, if necessary, the disassembly of the additional part without affecting the fastening of the metal sheet to the structure by means of the fastening elements.EFFECT: increasing the structure convenience.17 cl, 16 dwg
Vapour permeable facade system for mounting small-size facing tiles // 2620109
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: vapour permeable facade system for mounting small-size facing tiles comprises at least two guides (2) fixed on the respective brackets (3) mounted on the support base. At least one thermopanel (1) connected by means of screws with a plate washer (14) having horizontal projections (5) of the U-shaped cross-section for mounting the respective small-size facing tiles (4) between the projections and fixing them with glue (6). The small-sized facing tiles (4) comprising a groove (8) and a ridge (9) at its vertical butts for providing vapour outlet; the vapour from the wall moves into the mineral plate (10) through the thermopanel (1) by means of the break (11), the channel and the thermal panel (12), and leaves the structure through the vapour-permeable facing tiles (4) and the vertical gaps between the tiles.EFFECT: invention allows to simplify the construction, to speed up the assembly process, to create a vapour-permeable structure, to reduce the cost and to increase the thermal insulation and waterproofing characteristics of the building, while maintaining the appearance of the brickwork.13 dwg

Decorative sheets and decorative elements, in which it is applied // 2618885
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative facing materials, decorative sheet and decorative element in which it is applied. The sheet comprises the base sheet formed of polyester resin or polyolefin resin; the ornamental layer and surface protecting layer. The decorative sheet has the total thickness of 70-135 mcm, the surface protecting layer has recesses, the maximum depth of each recess is 15-100% based on the total thickness and not less than 15 mcm, while the ratio of the tensile modulus at 120°C to the modulus of elasticity while tension at 20°C is 1:12-1:160 and the ratio of maximum load at certain a point at 120°C to the maximum load at a particular point at 20°C with elongation of 30 mm is 1:1.7-1:30.EFFECT: creation of the decorative sheet allows meeting the requirement of reduced thickness, and also ensures excellent workability and constructive feasibility, including the external view and texture by the touch.8 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl
Construction element for walls and wall cladding, and method of manufacturing such element // 2617660
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: construction element for walls and wall cladding comprises at least one layer of the facing material and one lightweight inner layer attached by drying to the facing material to form a single unit. Said inner layer is lightweight natural lime. The nonbearing wall element and a method of manufacturing the construction element are also described.EFFECT: creating a construction element having the advantages of natural lime while minimizing its disadvantages, including the complexity of installation and low mechanical strength.12 cl, 4 dwg

Device for concealed fixing of facing panel in mounted ventilated facade // 2616951
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for fixing a facing panel in a mounted ventilated facade comprising the removable element in the form of a cleat and the supporting element made in the form of a bar and comprising the base designed for fixing to the surface to be faced, the supporting element is provided with at least one L-shaped hook, and the removable element is made S-shaped and with the possibility of fixing one its part in the longitudinal groove on the top or the bottom butt portion of the facing panel and the other part - on the supporting element hook. Fixing the removable element in the facing panel groove is made rigid, and fixing on the supporting element hook is made sliding.EFFECT: improving the operational characteristics and simplifying the design.4 cl, 5 dwg

Fastening system and method for attachment to facade panel // 2615951
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: fastening system adapted to the facade plate retaining opening undercut portion, comprises a fastening anchor with external thread and at least one bearing sleeve. The fastening anchor has an asymmetrical head on the rod, which protrudes in some places over the bearing sleeve installed on the anchor. The bearing sleeve has the form of a tubular body with a central hole and a support portion, which surrounds the head at least in some places of the area , where it does not fill the retaining opening. The assembled bearing sleeve protrudes by at least several tenths of a millimeter from the mounting hole.EFFECT: increased reliability of connection.9 cl, 27 dwg

Heat insulating device // 2614841
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to heat insulation device, containing, at least, one panel (100), containing two walls (110, 120), separated by external main brace (102) and forming gas-tight chamber (104), and, at least, two flexible films (150, 160) located inside said chamber (104) and made with possibility of selective transition between two states, wherein each pair of adjacent films (150, 160) limits sealed cells (158): heat conducting state, in which said flexible films (150, 160) are, at least, partially in contact with each other, and heat insulation state, in which flexible films (150, 160) are separated one from another, under effect of different pressures inside said leak-tight chamber (104), developed by means of fluid medium control device (170). In heat insulating state distance between flexible films (150, 160), is smaller than mean free path of gas molecules, occupying volume (158), limited between said flexible films (150, 160). In compliance with this invention corresponding method is also disclosed.EFFECT: invention enables to optimize control of heat insulation taking into account effect of external environment.9 cl, 4 dwg

Corner profile for fixing facing structures // 2614000
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: corner profile for fixing the facing structures comprises two bearing elements 1 connected by one lateral butt side at an angle corresponding to the angle formed by the walls of the structure of room corner to be faced; on the other lateral side, the two bearing elements 1 are made with a bend 3 in the form of a bar displaced inwards the angle parallel to the plane of the corresponding bearing elements 1, the spacers 5 connected to the bearing elements 1 with the possibility of their connection to the bars 3, the mounting cups 7 arranged on the outer side of the bearing elements 1 with the possibility of connecting therethrough the facing structures 8.EFFECT: quality improvement.4 cl, 8 dwg
Tongue-and-groovefacade tiles attachment to the bearing wall // 2613221
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: tongue-and-groove facade tiles attachment to the bearing wall consists of at least three rows of identical tongue-and-groove facade tiles placed one on another, a wall, and at least one cleat, the lower side of each tile has a groove, the upper side has a tongue corresponding to the size and shape of the groove arranged at the lower side of the tile, and the sides of each tile are flat; the cleat has an attachment portion and a locking portion located perpendicular to each other as an L-shape, wherein the cleat attachment portion comprises attachment holes and the locking portion includes a locking section and a safety section, the upper part of the locking section has the shape of tile tongue cross-section, and its lower part has the shape of tile groove cross-section, at that, the cleat is attached to the wall with its attachment portion and its locking portion is positioned vertically between the adjacent tiles of one row.EFFECT: increased reliability of tongue-and-groove facade tiles attachment to vertical walls by the dry method.4 cl, 4 dwg

Construction panel and installation method // 2612700
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to solutions for lining installation inside and outside of buildings. Construction panel for mounting on support structure, including set of posts. Construction panel comprises framing element in form of rectangular parallelepiped, including two opposite main sides, having relatively large restricted surfaces, and four side faces, having relatively small restricted surfaces. Latching device of first type is located along first side face, and latching device of second type is located along second side face, opposite to first side face. Latching device of first type is made with possibility of other structural panel latching device of second type reception during installation of structural panel on support structure so, that this construction panel is connected to mounted construction panel. Each latching device of said first or second type includes slot to receive, at least, one clamping element for fixation and retention of first and second construction panels on support structure post. Also described is construction panels mounting method.EFFECT: technical result is simplification of panels installation with provision of its reliability.15 cl, 5 dwg

Facade cladding system using metal cassettes // 2609503
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: system of the facade cladding comprising cladding panels and vertical guides with fastening elements for paneling. The panels are made of sheet material in the form of the metal box with curved sides, open from the back side, the edges of which are additionally bent to form flanges, the surfaces of which are arranged in parallel planes, and the edge of the upper board is bent toward the back side of the box, the edge of the lower board - outward, toward the front side of the box, the edges of the side boards are bent outwards toward the front side of the box. Each of the vertical guides is made in the form of a comb, which is a sheet material, lengthy profile with U-shaped or trapezoidal cross-section, the middle part of which is fixed to the horizontal bearing profile of the subsystem, and the ends are bent perpendicularly to the axis of the transverse section of the profile to form bearing flanges for the facing panels, each having the named fastening elements in the form of elastic deformable tabs, each paired with the opposing flat elongated retainer. The tab is an elongate element divided by two lines of folding to the lower part, which is bent from the supporting flange surface in the direction from the inner side of the profile of the comb, a middle part bent in the opposite direction, and bent similar to its lower part, the upper part of the tab, the end of which touches the inner surface of the upper board of installed facing panel, and the bending line between the middle and upper parts of the tab contacts the inner surface of the flange of the upper board of the facing panel. The free end of the latch contacts the inner surface of the lower board of installed panel; the distance between the bases of similar fasteners of adjacent pairs is the sum of the height of the front side of the wall panel box height and the width of the gap between vertically installed adjacent facing panels, and the distance between free ends of adjacent paired fastener and tab equal to the width of the gap between vertically installed adjacent facing panels.EFFECT: reduced complexity of mounting.9 cl, 10 dwg
Sound absorbing wall covering // 2608408
FIELD: construction; acoustics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multilayer finishing sound absorbing materials and refers sound absorbing wall covering. Includes: (a) support layer made of organic polymer foam material, which open porosity makes 0.50–0.995, (b) surface layer made of glass-fabric material, which static resistance to air flow, measured according to ISO 9053 standard, ranges from 105 H•c•m-4 up to 106 H•c•m-4 and (c) intermittent adhesive layer, which surface density makes from 17 to 60 g/m2, at boundary between support layer (a) and surface layer (b). Invention also relates to said coating making method and to use of such coating for improvement of room or building acoustic comfort.EFFECT: invention provides creating wall coating, which provides acoustic comfort, id est reduction and optimization of reflected sound component.13 cl, 1 tbl, 8 ex
Sound absorbing wall coating // 2608407
FIELD: acoustics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multilayer sound absorbing finishing materials and to a sound absorbing wall coating. Includes: (a) a support layer, made of non-woven material based on organic fibres, having a multi-lobe cross-section, (b) surface layer, made of glass-textile material, for which static air flow resistance, measured according to ISO 9053, ranges from 105 N⋅s⋅m-4 to 106 N⋅s⋅m-4, (c) a discontinuous adhesive layer, whose surface density is equal to 17–60 g/m2, at boundary between support layer (a) and surface layer (b). Invention also relates to a method of making said coating and to use of such coating for improvement of acoustic comfort of a room or structure.EFFECT: invention enables to create a wall coating, which provides acoustic comfort, that is, reducing and optimising reflected sound component.16 cl, 1 ex

Facade system of comfortable building // 2608373
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely, to buildings, in particular, to designs of suspended ventilated facades, and can be used at constructing walls of frame buildings. Outer wall is made with a lining layer, and the inner layer of the outer wall is placed on an intermediate slab with a projection outside with a displacement of not more than 1/3 of the outer wall inner layer thickness, the inner layer of the outer wall is fixed in the inter-floor space between the lower and the upper intermediate slabs, the front layer of the outer wall is made in the form of a plate, which is strung on mounting brackets, and a heat insulation material, which is placed between the plate and the inner layer of the outer wall, and the mounting brackets are fixed to posts, belts and brace pieces of the spatial panel of the outer wall inner layer via the heat-insulating substrate, on the outer side of the front layer of there are vertically arranged T-section beams for mounting the outer wall lining layer and they are fixed on the mounting brackets throughout the height of the building wall, and the outer wall lining layer is made of a siding, or of lining cassettes from sheet materials, or of piece tiles, or of ceramic granite, or of sandwich panels.EFFECT: technical result: better thermal properties of the outer wall, reduced labour costs at constructing outer walls and facades regardless of climatic conditions and time of year during the works.4 cl, 6 dwg

Outer wall materials connection structure // 2608369
FIELD: manufacturing technology; construction.SUBSTANCE: present invention provides connection structure of external wall materials, which may confine deterioration of watertight properties. This outer wall materials connecting structure includes outer wall materials arranged next to each other, connection, which is formed between outer wall materials end surfaces, and connecting material, which is arranged in connection. Connecting material is made of metal and includes contact section. Contact section is located, substantially, in linear contact with outer wall material edge along connection, as well as angular material is in linear contact with outer wall material front surface relative to boundary of angular space opening, wherein contact section top forms acute angle.EFFECT: disclosed is outer wall materials connection structure.9 cl, 12 dwg

ethod of making ceramic tiles that do not require grouting and method of making floor coating // 2606893
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of making ceramic tiles that do not require grouting, relates to ceramic tiles for floor and wall coatings. Method includes a solid surface with lower surface. Casting is base to accommodate, at least, a section of strong surface, fasten a solid surface with base by pressure casting of base around at least the section of strong surface, so that the strong surface, at least partially, becomes inserted inside the base. After casting base for producing, at least, section of strong surface is milled, at least, section of the first connecting element on the edge of the base and the second connecting element on the other edge of the base.EFFECT: disclosed is a method of making ceramic tiles that do not require grouting.13 cl, 1 tbl, 4 dwg

Fastener for heat-insulating materials attachment // 2606472
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction of buildings and structures, in particular to devices for heat-insulating materials attachment to bearing structures. Fastener for heat-insulating materials attachment contains a pin with a cylindrical body and plastic thermal protective head, solid plastic retaining element, which consists of a pressure plate, bush, guiding the pin, and a seat in the form of hole arranged between the bush and pressure plate for arrangement of the pin head after its input. Pin head is equipped with an external expanding ring on the side of the pressure plate. Inlet part of the hole of retaining element is provided with mating stepped expansion. In the pin head there is a socket made in the form of a polygonal blind hole. Inside the retaining element at the bottom of pin seat there is a projection made in the form of an annular platform. Pin body can be plastic or metal.EFFECT: higher reliability of a fastener.3 cl, 7 dwg

Heat-insulating bracket for connecting facade with wall of building // 2604243
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a bracket for connecting the facade with building wall (100) with metal wall part (1) for installation on the building wall, metal front part (2) for connection with the facade and bridge (3), which connects the front part with the wall part, herewith the bridge comprises a plastic material and forms a heat-insulating barrier between the wall part and the front part.EFFECT: according to the invention bridge (3) is a part made by injection molding from plastic reinforced by fibers, and wall part (1) and front part (2) at some sections are surrounded by the bridge applied by molding.11 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of making articles, based on binder, with heat insulating layer of mineral-wool heat insulation for construction of buildings and structures // 2602563
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of concrete articles with heat insulating layer for construction of buildings and structures. Method of making wall panel is characterized by fact that outer protective layer is placed or poured into mold based on binder. Insulation layer is laid, which is mineral wool heat insulation, so that mineral-wool fibres of heat insulation are directed mainly perpendicular to outer layer and subsequent inner layer made on basis of binder. Reinforcement framework of inner layer is laid. Then placing or pouring of inner layer is performed. Wherein all operations are performed before hardening of outer and inner layers. Wherein possibility of at least partial penetration of mineral-wool fibres of heat insulation at least in major part of area of inner and outer layers is provided.EFFECT: technical result is higher strength, reliability and durability of wall panel, increased service life of buildings, reduced material consumption and simplification of production technology of wall panels.27 cl

Sheet for coating of walls of earthquake-resistant structures, method of its extraction and construction method using it // 2599519
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: present invention consists in proposal of sheet for coating of walls in aseismic construction suppressing damage wallpaper, even the damage, which is caused by vibration at earthquake. This sheet is layered structure produced by laying layers of pitch containing at least layer foam resin on fibrous material base, and method described in JIS K7128-3, intended for determination of strength of sheets, in which shift from first point of maximum tensile strength across width measured at rate of stretching 3 mm/min and at distance between grips 800 mm in method of determining strength described in JIS K7128-3 to second point of maximum ranges from 1 to 5 mm.EFFECT: such sheet can suppress damage even when exposed to vibration, expected in earthquake-resistant structures, and has tensile strength, required for sheet for coating of walls of earthquake-resistant structures, which should be stuck to backing cardboard for internal rooms of earthquake-resistant structures.12 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

Front panel // 2599188
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: front panel has a plastic frame, which includes frame and stiffness ribs, decorative panel positioned on external side of frame, mounting holes located on inner side of frame to fix front panel on surface of building, guide elements arranged on end sides of frame of frame and made in form of “male” elements “groove” elements with possibility of fixing front panels to each other, retainers arranged on guide elements to fix guide elements of front panels to each other. “Male” element is in form of flanges, and “groove” element is made in form of two parallel flanges, with possibility of placing “male” element between them. Retainers are made in form of protrusions located on “male” flange, and corresponding holes on one of flanges of “groove” element. Protrusion are made with an upper surface tapered at an angle.EFFECT: invention relates to front panels used, in particular, for facing external surface of walls of buildings.4 cl, 4 dwg
 
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