At least partly of bent or otherwise deformed strip- or sheet-like material (E04C3/07)

Pentagonal formed hollow profile // 2645318
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: proposed technical solution relates to the field of construction and can be used as rod elements in the development of load-bearing structures of buildings and structures of various purposes. In the particular case, these can be the rod elements of the chords of run-through and non-run-through coatings. This technical result is achieved by the fact that in a formed hollow section of a pentagonal contour with one horizontal face (shelf), two vertical faces (walls) and two inclined faces, as well as with gussets from the crimps of blanks docked together along the entire length, the section has the pentagon shape with an angle of 90 between inclined faces, the height of which is twice the size of the gusset, or the pentagon shape with an angle of 120 between oblique faces, which height is 1.1415 times larger than the size of the gusset.EFFECT: technical result of the proposed solution is equal stability (equistability) of the formed hollowed sections from the plane and in the plane of the construction, an increase in the bearing capacity, a reduction in the construction height.1 cl, 10 dwg

Semi-circular formed hollowed section // 2645317
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: proposed invention relates to construction and can be used as rod elements at development of bearing structures of buildings and structures of various purposes. In a particular case, these can be rod elements of trusses belts of run-through and non-sprinkling coatings. Said technical result is achieved by the fact that in a curved section of a closed cross-section, a round outline with a shape of workpiece bent edges docked together along the entire length, section has the shape of a semicircle, the height (radius) of which is 1.1766 times larger than the filament size.EFFECT: technical result of the proposed solution is equal stability (equistability) of the formed hollowed sections from the plane and in the plane of the load-bearing construction, an increase in the bearing capacity, a reduction in the construction height.1 cl, 5 dwg

Curved closed profile // 2641333
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: in the curved closed profile of rectangular section with a hinge in the middle of one of the long sides, where each part of an aligned edge is continued in the form of I-shaped rib, the size of short edges is half the size of the I-shaped ribs and three times smaller than the long edges.EFFECT: same stability of the curved closed profiles from the plane and in the plane of the supporting structure, reduction of additional costs.2 cl, 21 dwg
Light steel structure // 2641153
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: light steel structure comprises at least two first positioning elements, respectively located at the two ends of the two opposing C-shaped steel plates in the longitudinal direction of the C-shaped steel plates to form a beam in a rectangular tubular moulde. Wherein the first positioning elements form respectively combined points on the two end surfaces of the beam. Several beams are connected to one another by means of the combined points and form the transverse beams and columns of the building. Also, at least two second positioning elements, respectively, are located at the two ends of the C-shaped steel plate in the longitudinal direction of the C-shaped steel plate to form a rafter. Wherein the second positioning elements form assembly points on the two end surfaces of the rafter, respectively. Several rafters are located between the adjacent beams through the assembly points and are made in the form of a floor surface, a wall surface, and a roof of a building.EFFECT: increasing the bearing capacity of the structure.7 cl, 8 dwg

Construction element for manufacturing lattice structures // 2633851
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: construction element is made of a steel sheet billet by means of bending it along the length to form the polygonal section. Both edges are bent to the outside, and between them a reinforcing sheet strip is installed for the entire length, and they are joined together along the length by bolts inserted into coaxial openings. On the joint edges and the sheet strip, coaxial openings are provided for fixing the lattice bars. The manufactured construction elements are the lattice structure belts joined by the lattice bars by fixing them with bolts inserted into the coaxial additional openings.EFFECT: ensuring and simplifying the fixing of the lattice bars and increasing the bearing capacity, including in the collapsible version.1 cl

Butt joint of tubular rods // 2632990
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used while manufacturing rod structures from pipes. In the butt joint of tubular rods, including end caps fixed to the rods and cut-in crosses interconnected by bolts in overlap, each the bolted beam of the cut-in crosses is symmetrically bent in opposite directions by the thickness of the beams.EFFECT: reducing the structural material consumption and additional labour costs.3 dwg, 1 tbl

Butt joint of stretched bent-welded rods // 2632724
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: butt joint of stretched bent-welded rods is described, which includes zigzag-shaped flanges attached to the rods, with bolt-tightened walls reinforced with corner pieces rigidly fastened to them and mutually resting against each other in the assembled joint.EFFECT: reducing the labour intensity of its manufacture, assembly and installation, reducing the consumption of structural material.3 dwg, 1 tbl

I-beam with corrugated wall // 2629270
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: i-beam with a corrugated wall comprises flanges and a wall made of metal corrugated sheet welded to them with a transverse arrangement of free-form corrugations. Wherein, the wall consists of two or more parallel interconnected corrugated sheets, and the flanges are made of steel-reinforced concrete, consisting of rigid reinforcement in the form of a corrugated metal sheet and reinforcing frame including longitudinal reinforcement and transverse reinforcement, which surrounds the longitudinal reinforcement, is connected to it, and its ends are bend-inwardly welded to the corrugated sheet of metal with an offset from the beam wall equal to not less than 50 mm.EFFECT: increased durability, fire resistance, bearing capacity and cross-breaking strength of a beam with a corrugated wall in two planes and torsion strength, expansion of its application range in construction.14 cl, 4 dwg

Steel concrete beam // 2627810
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: steel concrete beam comprising the upper and lower belts, the wall and the concrete located in a closed loop in the upper part of the beam section, has a closed loop for the concrete location. The closed loop is formed by the upper belt and the wall consisting of two sheets bent outwards in the upper part of the beam in accordance with the diagram of normal compressive stresses in the cross sections of the beam. The upper edges of the wall sheets are spaced in the horizontal plane and form along the beam length two curves corresponding to the bending moment diagram in the beam. The upper interface points of the wall sheets are located on a vertical curve corresponding to the bending moment diagram in the beam. And the wall sheets are united by retainers of variable length, which give it the curved shape along the beam height and length.EFFECT: reducing the material consumption of the steel-concrete beam.7 dwg

Steel-concrete beam // 2621247
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: steel-concrete beam consists of the upper and the lower belts, walls and supporting diaphragms forming a closed circuit filled with concrete. Wherein the walls have a curvilinear form of double curvature, the distance between which reduces from the upper belt to the lower one. In the walls there are openings and cutouts, which are located with variable pitch along the beam length in accordance with the shearing stress diagram. The walls are connected by pre-stressed tie rods.EFFECT: reducing the material consumption of the steel-concrete beam.4 cl, 12 dwg

ethod for manufacturing construction element with perforated wall // 2619571
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing a construction element includes: marking the initial profile (1) of a closed configuration along zigzagging broken lines (2) applied to its walls; cutting the original profile (1) along the zigzagging broken lines (2) to form the separate parts (3) and (4); arranging the parts (3) and (4) one above the other with the contact by the protruding edges of the corrugations (5); the interconnection, for example, by welding; installing the elastic chamber (7) inside the resulting profile (6) and installing the butt plugs (8) on the profile; on the lateral surfaces of the resulting profile (6), having the perforations (9), the temporary linings (10) fastened by the clamps (11) are mounted, after which a hardening material (12) is injected inside the elastic chamber (7), for example a concrete mixture, a cement-sand mortar, polystyrene foam, and the like.EFFECT: due to the method of manufacturing a construction element with a perforated wall, the element shape stability increases during the manufacture and the operation.2 cl, 6 dwg

Triangle lattice of rod structures with additional semi-racks and half-braces (y-shaped racks) // 2618810
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: triangular lattice of the rod structures, besides the upper (compressed) belt, the lower (stretched) belt and the braces between them is also provided with additional semi-racks and half-braces having a Y-shaped outline. Each pair of these half-braces is connected at one end to the upper belt, and rests on the semi-rack with the other end. Wherein the upper nodal junctions of the half-braces (the upper rods of the Y-shaped racks) divide the panels of the upper belt into three parts, and the lower nodal junctions of the semi-racks (the lower rods of the Y-shaped racks) are combined with the junctions of the lower belt and the lattice braces.EFFECT: reducing the number of nodal junctions of the lattice rod elements, reducing additional labour costs and structural material consumption.2 tbl, 9 dwg

Erection method of high-strength rod elements from steel cold-formed profiles for construction on shore and ice formations of arctic zone of the russian federation // 2617497
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: erection method of high-strength rod elements from steel cold-formed profiles for the construction on the shore and ice formations of the Russian Federation Arctic zone includes the use of the rod element, consisting of a few bars of the same and/or different profiles, located close and, or in a distance from each other, that are interconnected and, or in one rod plane by the plate elements and by the weld and, or rivet and, or screw methods. At that the rod and/or the plate elements may have perforations and/or holes of the same and/or different geometry. The plate elements may be continuous and/or discontinuous along the rod length.EFFECT: increase of the rods strength and operational performance, reduction of torsion in rods, increase of the carrying capacity, stiffness, durability, reduction of weight, cost and material consumption for manufacturing of the rod element, creating the possibility of varying the mechanical characteristics of the rod elements based on the design requirements within the standardization requirements in construction, reduction of weight, cost of the element and material for its production by varying the mechanical properties of the rod and its elements.1 dwg

High-strength rod element from steel cold-formed profiles for construction on shore and ice formations of arctic zone of the russian federation // 2617496
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: high-strength rod element from steel cold-formed profiles for the construction on the shore and ice formations of the Russian Federation Arctic zone includes a few rods of the same and/or different profiles, located close and/or in a distance from each other, that are interconnected and/or in one rod plane by the plate elements weld and/or rivet and/or screw methods. At that the rod and/or the plate elements may have perforations and/or holes of the same and/or different geometry, and the plate elements may be continuous and/or broken along the length of the rod.EFFECT: increase of the rods strength and operational performance, reduction of torsion in the rods, increase of the carrying capacity, stiffness, durability, reduction of weight, cost and material consumption for manufacturing of the rod element, creating the possibility of varying the mechanical characteristics of the rod and its rod elements based on the design requirements within the standardization requirements in construction.1 dwg

Rod construction element for erecting buildings and structures on ice formations of arctic zone of russian federation // 2617234
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: rod construction element for erecting buildings and structures on ice formations of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation consists of several rods of identical and/or different profiles arranged close and/or at a distance from each other, which are interconnected and/or in the plane of one rod with plate elements by welded and/or riveted, and/or screw means, wherein the rod and/or the plate members may have perforations and/or openings of the same or different geometric shape. The plate elements may serve as an additional wall and be continuous and/or discontinuous along the rod length. The thickness of the plate elements may be the same and/or different. Wherein the rod element structure has the possibility to variate the mechanical characteristics by means of adding or removing the plate elements.EFFECT: increasing the strength and performance characteristics of the rods, reducing torsion in the rods, increasing the carrying capacity, stiffness, resistance, reducing the weight, cost and material consumption for manufacturing the rod element, creating the possibility of varying the rod mechanical characteristics and its elements based on the design requirements within the standardization requirements in construction.1 dwg

Buildings, structures erection method from the rod elements on the arctic zone ice formations of the russian federation // 2617232
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: building, structures erection method from the rod elements on the Arctic zone ice formations of the Russian Federation includes using the rod element, consisting of a few rods of the same and/or different profiles, located close and/or in a distance from each other, that are interconnected and/or in one rod plane by the plate elements weld and/or rivet and/or screw methods. The rod and/or the plate elements may have the perforations and/or holes of the same and/or different geometry. The plate elements may serve as additional wall and be continuous and/or discontinuous along the rod length. The thickness of the plate elements may be the same and/or different. At that the rod element structure has the possibility to variate the mechanical properties by adding or removing the plate elements.EFFECT: increase of the rods strength and operational performance, reduction of torsion in rods, increase of the carrying capacity, stiffness, durability, reduction of weight, cost and material consumption for manufacturing of the rod element, creating the possibility of varying the mechanical characteristics of the rod elements based on the design requirements within the standardization requirements in construction, reduction of weight, cost of the element and material for its production by varying the mechanical properties of the rod and its elements.1 dwg

Cross beam for suspended attachment for bearing structure of false ceiling // 2602860
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to design of suspended ceiling and, in particular, to main guide traverse of suspended attachment. Suspended attachment of bearing rack comprises a metal strip, having a plurality of upper holes, located at a distance from each other, a lower part, including a lower edge, comprising a series of uniformly spaced along length of mounting seats, to accommodate hollow flask-shaped anchor tail of bearing rack passing perpendicular to suspended attachment; seat has a pair of longitudinally spaced apart protrusions to support lower sides of anchor flask-shaped tail; seats have a bent platform that is bearing surface for one of protrusions, wherein platforms are bent with a precision machine method by an angle relative to plane of lower part, allowing to insert flask-shaped anchor tail of bearing rack of frame in inclined position in corresponding seat and preventing loss of flask-shaped tail from mounting seat when bearing rack is in vertical position. Also described is suspended attachment in form of a long metal rack and a method of constructing a mesh frame for suspended ceiling.EFFECT: technical result is simplified and faster mounting of bearing racks of frame.11 cl, 8 dwg

Complete delivered building // 2567797
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: complete delivered building includes crossbars (or their parts) and stands (or their parts) of the framework, consisting of universal standard elements containing a variable and corrugated wall, or from the complex of universal standard elements one part of which, located on sections of intensive cross forces and/or torques, contains traditional or variable and corrugated wall, and another part of the elements located on the section with high intensity of bending moments and rather small intensity of cross forces and/or torques contains the flat wall. Stands and/or crossbars in the level, at least, of one of belts (most compressed) contain the rolling metal profile of the closed cross section, with filling of the cavity with the grout based on non-shrinking or expanding cement. Girders operate statically according to non-cutting design.EFFECT: decrease of metal consumption of the building framework, reduction of nomenclature of bearing elements, improvement of technological effectiveness of production and installation of the building structures, building protection from progressing collapse at emergency impact.12 cl, 11 dwg

Unit of spring type of z-shaped runs support against main bearing structures // 2548268
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: unit is made using additional elements of Z-shaped cross section, which are inserted one into the other under a run on a support and are connected to each other and to runs using bolts via oval holes in walls of elements. At the same time forces are transferred directly from an element to an element without loading of fastening elements in oval holes.EFFECT: increased bearing capacity and reliability of a supporting unit.3 dwg

Beam with continually retained wall // 2544922
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: beam with a continually retained wall comprises a compressed and an extended belts and a wall, besides, a flat wall in areas of action of transverse forces and/or torques of considerable intensity is reinforced by mostly transversely installed stiffening ribs in the form of preferably metal shapes adjoining each other with a gap providing for reliable connection of ribs to each other and to a wall, at the same time the shape and calibre of ribs may change along the length of the wall in accordance with variation of intensity of acting forces.EFFECT: reduced material intensity of a beam and its increased bearing capacity.9 cl, 5 dwg

Biplastic beam // 2535865
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: biplastic beam consists of the upper and lower flanges, a vertical wavy wall, an adhesive composition and stiffening ribs, installed in bearing sections and places of the application of concentrated loads. The upper and lower flanges are made of carbon fibre channels, the walls of which form the upper and lower edges of the beam, at that the vertical wavy wall made of fibreglass plates is adjacent to inner horizontal surfaces of the upper and lower flanges by longitudinal edges, and glued to the inner vertical surfaces of the upper and lower flanges by ridges, at that the inner space of the channels is filled with the adhesive composition, and stiffening ribs are glued to the vertical wavy wall and to the upper and lower flanges.EFFECT: increase of the load-bearing capacity of the beam, its torsional stiffness.4 cl, 6 dwg

Long-length profile // 2529209
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to long-length hollow multisided profile. A long-length hollow multisided profile intended to be used in support structures of pipelines and cable conduits has at least three sides, and a bolt hole is provided on at least one side of the profile and a fixing hole is provided on at least one side of the profile. Two adjacent sides located in essence at a right angle to each other are fitted by bolt holes with the length of the latter in longitudinal profile direction being greater than that in transverse direction, the third profile side is fitted by a fixing hole that provides for passing of a bolt through the fixing hole to the bolt holes on both adjacent sides located in essence at a right angle to each other.EFFECT: lower labour inputs for the connection of the profile to other components, reduced labour expenditures.5 cl, 4 dwg

Beam with wall corrugated with asymmetric profile // 2492301
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: beam with a wall corrugated with an asymmetric profile comprises a compressed and an extended belt and a wall. The wall at least on some sections is traditionally or alternately corrugated with transverse corrugations. The profile of corrugations is asymmetric relative to the plane stretching via the corrugation top and normal to the longitudinal axis of the beam.EFFECT: increased bearing capacity of a beam.10 cl, 8 dwg

Bent steel shape and composite building element on its basis // 2478764
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: shape comprises two shelves and a side wall between shelves with a groove in the central part. Shelves contain perpendicular bends directed towards each other. The groove forms ledges with height exceeding shape thickness. The shape is made as capable of coupling and joining of two shapes. Shelves are made of different width, with a difference equal to double thickness of the shape. Ledges are made of different height, with a difference equal to thickness of the shape. The large ledge is arranged at the side of the larger shelf. The composite element comprises a coupled pair of single-type shapes. Shapes are turned towards each other by inner surfaces and are matched to form a shape element of closed box-shaped cross section. The large shelf covers a smaller shelf coupled with it at the opposite sides of the element.EFFECT: higher bearing capacity and reduced labour inputs in manufacturing.8 cl, 4 dwg

Netted thermo-profile and method of its manufacturing // 2342504
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to construction, in particular to constructions of netted thermo profiles with C or U-shaped section, used as bearing frame elements of pre - fabricated buildings, roofs, fronts, balcony walls, where it is necessary to eliminate "cold joints" effect, and to the method of manufacture of netted thermo profiles. Set task is solved through consecutive vertical drawing of slots made in the central part of the blank symmetrical to the profiling axis from utter rows of the blank to the center in drawing cages forming a netted construction, and further in smoothing cages netted construction is displaced from the center to the edges by smoothing rollers with simultaneous leveling of the netted surface, whereat cells in internal rows of the netted construction acquire diamond shape, and lateral - triangle shape with rounded top, thereat excess of longitudinal draw of the metal on the bridges between the through cells are eliminated by knurling in the shape of buckles in the extension zone.EFFECT: creation of netted thermo profile having smaller width of the initial blanks (strip) to save up material, retaining geometric characteristics and heat conduction of thermo profiles of identical cross section.3 cl, 5 dwg

ethod for thermoprofile production and transfer line of cold shaping to implement method // 2337783
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: method for thermoprofile production involves strip feed to profile bending mill, sequential transit-wise element overcast by profile-bending mill rollers, perforation of slit row with deflanging in apron form, in checkered order on profile wall. Before feeding to profile-bending mill strip is unrolled from roll and shifted to form compensation loop. After perforation of slit row the profile surface is evened in leveling unit with further profile cutting at given length. Transfer line of cold shaping for thermoprofile production includes profile-bending mill with instrumental adjustments, device for perforation of checkered pattern of slits deflanged in apron form in wall of continuously moving profile. Unrolling and receiving units are positioned in series before profile-bending mill, and after slit perforation device a cutter is positioned. Slit perforation device features leveling unit.EFFECT: extended functional capacities.2 cl, 1 dwg

Beam // 2276239
FIELD: building, particularly load-bearing structure of different buildings and building structures.SUBSTANCE: beam comprises main frame composed of upper and lower belts and stiffening ribs arranged in-between, side walls of corrugated thin sheets connected with the frame so that corrugations of the sheets extend along longitudinal beam axis. Beam also has reinforcing ribs extending along longitudinal beam axis and arranged in side wall corrugations. The reinforcing ribs have flanges unconnected with stiffening ribs and belts along the full beam length or in beam zones characterized by maximal stresses.EFFECT: increased load-bearing reliability, rigidity and stability in plane of flexure.2 cl, 4 dwg

The superstructure // 2243314
The invention relates to a bridge, namely the metal span structures, which can find application in overpasses, pedestrian bridges or galleries

The span of the bridge "pipe prokhorov - flexion" // 2228990
The invention relates to a special construction and can be widely used in bridge building, as well as in the construction of trestle monorail roads

Thin profile element // 2203758
The invention relates to the production of thin-walled core elements and can be used in construction and other industries

Supporting element and method of manufacturing // 2177528
The invention relates to a supporting elements for the construction of walls containing construction panels and their manufacture

ultifunctional load-bearing element structures of buildings and constructions // 2176712
The invention relates to the General and special machine building, industrial and civil construction and, in particular, may find application as a multi-carrier designs of buildings and constructions

Hard shell construction (noc) maine // 2144119
The invention relates to various fields of engineering and construction, using the frame as a support member under the units and assemblies of motors and transmission elements

Construction element box section // 2131502
The invention relates to the construction and can be used as load-bearing supports or racks of a building, such as support stands, when the insulation of walls, window openings as drainage or drain pipes

etal beam // 2105843
The invention relates to the construction, in particular to metal beams, a wall of which is supported by the ribs, and can be used as the main structure in the ceilings and roofs of buildings and constructions
 
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