Built-up from parts of different materials, e.g. composed of layers of different materials or stones with filling material or with insulating inserts (E04C1/40)

E   Fixed constructions(158735)
E04   Building(24567)
E04C1/40                 Built-up from parts of different materials, e.g. composed of layers of different materials or stones with filling material or with insulating inserts(100)

Reinforced concrete structure // 2626503
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: reinforced concrete structure includes the concrete body and the reinforcement arranged in it, the concrete body is made of high-strength concrete and is divided into two parts rigidly connected to each other; in the upper part of the concrete body, the reinforcement made in the form of a metal lattice is arranged, the meshes of which are filled with blocks of high-strength concrete impregnated with silica, and the lateral sides of the concrete body are covered with metal sheets rigidly connected to the reinforcement tappings.EFFECT: increasing the strength of the reinforced concrete structure.1 dwg

Set of building blocks for construction of bearing walls and building partitions // 2626074
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for economical and ecological construction of rapidly erectable low-rise buildings with high bearing capacity of walls and partitions, without the use of binding materials and weight lifting mechanisms, without the involvement of a team of qualified builders and entirely from the same building blocks with unified articulator connectors. In the set of building blocks for the construction of bearing walls and building partitions there are ordinary and angular building blocks of the same type, which are interconnected. Each ordinary building block of the set is made in the form of a panel in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped consisting of three layers joined together - two panel parts and a layer of aggregate between them. Each angular building block of the set is made in the form of an assembly of two mutually perpendicular planes and modified ordinary building blocks connected with each other. The assembly of bearing walls and building partitions is carried out from a ready-made set of ordinary and angular building blocks by jointing adjacent building blocks in a vertical and horizontal plane according to the assembly scheme or the contour of the structure in the plan. In the process of assembling a building design, one building block is inserted into the other by means of an articulator connector, wherein each pedestal of each overlying building block of a certain type is being supported by the corresponding lower building block of the same type, thereby forming a single vertical multielement pedestal. In order to expand the technological capabilities of a building blocks' set, T-shaped and cross-shaped building blocks which allow to form various types of internal layouts of buildings are included to building blocks' set.EFFECT: lightweight, ease of manipulation and ease of jointing of the same type of adjacent building blocks make the assembly of building designs of them possible by a non-specialist, manually and in a short time.4 cl, 80 dwg

Building module and l-shaped reducer // 2609507
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to civil engineering. The building module of a modular building envelope comprises a heat exchange unit of channels for recovery of gas emissions, and also contains a flat structural element from glass mineral sheet composite with cement binder, a building insulant, namely foam aerated concrete with cold (non-autoclaved) hardening, and the layers of light insulation with low specific weight, such as rock wool mats. The module has a length equal to the sum of interstorey distance and the thickness of the floor slab, it contains contact inserts for fixing in two points of metalware fastening of external and internal cladding of the building envelope as well as for fastening to the floor slabs, as well as composite flexible couplings, which are mutually joined by chemical anchors in anchor nodes the heat exchange unit of the gas emissions recovery channel, contact inserts and plaster layer with fiberglass reinforcement. The module is provided with "male-female" mating elements. L-shaped adapter for mating of building modules comprises the heat exchange of gas emissions recovery channels, and also contains the elements of glass-mineral sheet composite with cement binder with a curved surface radius, providing low values of the local aerodynamic resistance, structural insulation, which is foam-aerated concrete with cold (non-autoclave) curing, and light insulation layers with low specific weight, such as rock wool mats. The adapter comprises contact inserts for fixing in two points of metalware fastening of external and internal cladding of the building envelope, and the composite flexible couplings, which are mutually joined by chemical anchors in anchor nodes, the heat exchange unit of regeneration gas emissions channels, the contact inserts, and the plaster layer with reinforcing fiberglass. The reducer is also fitted with "male-female" mating elements.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce the building erection time, increase its thermal insulation and energy efficiency.13 cl, 5 dwg

Light-transmitting material and method of its manufacturing // 2604040
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the construction, in particular for the production of light transmitting materials. Light transmitting material contains the accordingly stacked in the stack layers of the optical fiber, separated by layers of non-light-transmitting material followed by surfaces processing. As non-light-transmitting material use a rigid material, made in the form of parallelepiped, and layers stacked in the stack are rigidly interconnected by bonding under pressure. Also a method of producing material is described.EFFECT: simplification with simultaneous reduction of cost.3 cl, 3 dwg

Hollow toy building block // 2598133
FIELD: games.SUBSTANCE: hollow toy building block containing an upper wall and at least three side walls, on the outer side of the upper wall there is at least one primary projection extending from the upper wall essentially perpendicular to the upper wall section, on which it is located, inside the cavity the toy building block has at least two inner contact sections, which are installed correspondingly to one primary projection or correspondingly to at least two of primary projections, and which are intended for contact with one or at least two primary projections of another toy building block, characterized by the fact, that it comprises at least one inner reinforcing extending element, at least one of inner contact sections is located on one of inner reinforcing extending elements, whole inner reinforcing extending element, on which the contact section is located is arranged within the distance measured from the lower surface of at least one side wall towards the upper wall and equal to height of the primary projection, or part of the above element extends from the lower surface of one side wall by the height equal to height of the primary projection.EFFECT: higher hardening block walls.702 cl, 34 dwg

Building block // 2592882
FIELD: construction. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to building structures and can be used for making building blocks, which can be used for increasing earthquake resistance of buildings and structures. Building block comprises a frame in form of a spatial array, which is a cellular structure of, crossing at an angle, two parallel rows of flat elements made in form of a single structure by multiple alternate application of layers of carbon threads at first along direction of one, and then along direction of other of two parallel rows of flat elements with fixing of layers of carbon threads together by an epoxy adhesive. EFFECT: higher strength and reliability of building block, as well as reducing its weight characteristics. 9 cl, 4 dwg

Building block // 2588264
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to structural elements in form of finished construction blocks for construction of bearing and enclosing structures of buildings and structures, and can be used for low-cost construction of pre-engineered low-rise objects with reinforced inner frame without using binding materials, hoisting mechanisms and without using skilled construction workers. Building block is made in form of panel in form of rectangular parallelepiped, consisting of three interconnected layers of two parts of panel and layer of filler between them. Both parts of panel are made in form of identical assemblies symmetrically arranged relative to horizontal axis of building block. Each assembly consists of two plates attached to each other in highest plane and parallel displaced relative to each other on both sides. Between internal plates of parts of panel at their opposite sides and flush with their outer edges there are two or more identical posts in form of rectangular parallelepipeds, oriented with their longitudinal axes parallel to vertical axis of building block. Between supports there is layer of panel filler. All parts of panels are attached to each other by means of glue or by means of fasteners. During assembly of building blocks of building structure projections formed with internal plates of opposite parts of assemblies construction unit are aligned in horizontal and vertical planes with appropriate recesses formed by outer plates of opposite parts of assemblies of building block in adjacent construction blocks, which allows construction blocks to self-center during assembly in two planes without extra appliances or auxiliary technological operations. At that, in vertical plane of post structure being built from building blocks each resting on building block of overlying stand underlying building block so that at end of vertical assembly of building structure inside it there is range of hidden multi-link vertical bearing stands, considerably increasing its load-carrying capacity, defined by the structure and material of posts.EFFECT: low weight, ease of manipulations and simplicity of jointing of adjacent building blocks, assembly of building structures from them to carry out manually and in very short period of time.4 cl, 25 dwg

ethod of erection of structure from building blocks and/or building boards and method of manufacture of building block or board // 2566350
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of erection of the structure from building blocks and/or building boards includes erection of the structure from preferably concrete blocks and/or from the boards with elements, preferably pipes, branch pipes or flanges, for supply of water containing radionuclides, preferably caesium, or toxic substances and removal of the cleared water, built in stacked according to the approved structure erection project, and the volume at least respectively of one or one of them during manufacture is added by the container with components for sorption extraction from water of radionuclides, preferably caesium, or toxic substances. The method of manufacture of the building block or board by formation, preferably multilayered, of the body from concrete or reinforced concrete where at least one container is embedded with components for sorption extraction from water of toxic substances and/or radionuclides, preferably caesium, with the branch pipes or flanges for supply of the water containing toxic substances and/or radionuclides, preferably caesium, and removal of the cleared water.EFFECT: safety of works performed in connection with manufacture of blocks and erection from them of buildings, prevention of possibility of distribution in the liquid medium of radionuclides out of the structure limits in case of emergency situations.10 cl, 3 dwg

ethod to manufacture haydite concrete blocks // 2543252
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method to manufacture haydite concrete blocks with a face texture layer includes preparation of a moulding mass, its laying into a mould in the form of split or detachable casing with a replaceable process tray installed in it and made in the form of a texture matrix. The moulding mass is applied for the face texture layer. At the same time the moulding mass is glass fibre concrete, which is first applied by spraying onto the texture matrix with a layer of 2-4 mm. The moulding mass for the main layer is prepared from the mix of haydite with fractions of 10-20 mm with concrete at the ratio of 65-75% haydite, balance is concrete. The specified mass is poured into the mould in 25-35 minutes after application of the face texture layer to the upper edge of the mould. The contents of the mould are exposed to vibration pressing for 1-2 minutes. The available free space in the mould of 1-2-5 cm to the edges of the mould is poured with concrete without haydite fractions. Afterwards the moulded mass is exposed to additional short-term (several seconds) vibration pressing. The moulded mass is exposed to drying in a drying chamber with subsequent withdrawal of the block from the mould.EFFECT: expansion of functional capabilities due to production of blocks with stable size, their increased strength and reduced weight.1 dwg
Production of heat isolation blocks by counter compaction for erection of guarding structures and buildings // 2534208
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of construction materials, particularly, heat isolation blocks. Production of heat isolation blocks with flat moulded or faced concrete stone, heat isolation layer and concrete inner layer integrated by appropriate reinforcements comprises filling proportioned amount of concrete, facing stone, heat isolation layer with reinforcements and proportioned amount of concrete of inner stone. Note here that concretes are compacted by compaction and vibration of concretes of face and inner stones through heat isolation layer located there between to produce integral heat insulation bock prepared for demoulding.EFFECT: higher quality.

Construction material // 2522843
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: construction material is made in the form of unit from rows of bottles fixed together, in which the bottles are stacked in horizontal rows, besides the necks of neighbour bottles are oriented in opposite directions with thrust into the side walls of the unit, made of completely or partly transparent material, and the bottles are secured with each other via lateral surfaces by means of cement mixture.EFFECT: simplification of the manufacturing process, increase of the strength of construction material.1 dwg

ethod to manufacture multi-layer panels, multi-layer panel, folding formwork for manufacturing of multi-layer panels, process line for manufacturing of multi-layer panels, method to erect cast-in-place concrete frame building from multi-layer panels with decorative external lining // 2515491
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to methods and ways to erect and construct cast-in-place concrete frame buildings with different number of floors with multilayer walls that do not require insulation, additional treatment and finishing of internal and external surfaces, from multi-layer panels with longitudinal internal cavities, and also to equipment for production of construction materials, to large-panel folding formworks. In the method to manufacture multi-layer panels, the decorative layer is applied by the method of concrete guniting, and longitudinal through channels are formed in a heat insulation layer. In the multilayer panel they arrange a strengthened layer between the decorative layer and the heat insulation layer, and the heat insulation layer is equipped with through longitudinal channels. In the folding formwork they arrange additional end boards with folding, non-folding and collapsible boards, and upper end boards are equipped with fixators for longitudinal pipes. In the process line for manufacturing of multi-layer panels they use a multi-stream section for filling of formworks, comprising several lines with tilters for reloading and distribution of formworks along the lines in the inlet zone and for step feed of filled formworks from the outlet zone into the stacking zone, and the section of drying of finished panels in formworks is equipped with chambers of heat treatment and a stacking crane, besides, the process line is equipped with facilities for unloading of panels from formworks with subsequent tilting of panels with a decorative layer upwards, their washing and drying. In the method to erect a cast-in-place concrete frame building with decorative external finishing they use multi-layer panels with a strengthened layer, arranged between the decorative and heat insulation layers, in which cavities for pouring concrete are made in the form of vertical channels arranged in the heat insulation layer.EFFECT: simplified erection of a cast-in-place concrete frame building with increased strength characteristics of a building frame with prefabricated monolithic walls that do not require additional finish and repair of inner and outer surfaces, simplified process of pouring a concrete mix into longitudinal cavities of multi-layer panels during erection of building walls regardless of weather conditions, higher reliability, strength and aseismic stability of a structure, facilitated manufacturing, tilting and transportation of panels.23 cl, 119 dwg

Construction thermal squared beam // 2507354
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: thermal squared beam comprises wooden parts-lamels, connected to each other by means of pins, with deepening of the latter by 1/3 of part thickness, and a sealant between parts-lamels. The sealant is a thermal insert either from foam polyethylene or from polyethylene with a single-sided or double-sided reflecting coating using foil and/or metallised lavsan, either from a different heat-sound insulating material. Dimensions of the thermal insert by length and width are equal to dimensions of wooden parts-lamels, and its thickness is taken within the 3 mm and above. Plastic spacer rings are installed onto pins, with thickness less than thickness of the thermal insert by 0.5-1 mm, in which holes are made for these rings in advance. With reduction of pin quantity on the squared beam the outer diameter of spacer rings is increased.EFFECT: higher heat and sound protection properties of a squared beam.2 dwg

ulti-layer structural element // 2506379
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multi-layer power structural elements in the form of columns, towers, beams, grooves, etc., used in construction. A multi-layer power structural element comprises inner and outer layers, made by winding of reinforcing threads or rovings onto a mandrel, impregnated with a polymer binder with specified protective properties to form a solid layer, and a structural layer placed between them and stiffly connected to them, made of previously prepared volume elements, providing for adhesion of inner and outer layers. The previously prepared volume elements are made in the form of meshed longitudinal power elements with transverse links formed from reinforcing threads or rovings impregnated by a polymer binder, and the formed cavity between the external and internal layers connected by the structural layer serves to introduce a filler. Also a version of a multi-layer element is described.EFFECT: increased reliability of an item due to provision of higher adhesion of layers with simultaneous provision of non-combustibility of protective layers, higher strength and heat resistance, increased speed of manufacturing of a finished item.19 cl, 1 tbl, 6 dwg

ulti-layer thermal block, method and device for its realisation // 2502852
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: multi-layer thermal block for construction comprises a stiff spatial element - a matrix, besides, the block comprises three bearing concrete layers and two thermal insulation layers from foam plastic arranged between them, for instance, foam polystyrene, having holes for connection of three concrete layers into a single monolithic structure with the help of formation of solid links during pouring, besides, heat insulation layers are shifted relative to bearing layers along the vertical line and along the horizontal line for production of a slot and comb connection of blocks, which insulates bearing layers from each other by thermal insulating layers along edges of the block in the zone of contact with an adhesive mixture. Concrete links in one heat insulating layer are shifted relative to links in the other heat insulating layer to the maximum possible value and have the size of cross section required for provision of strength of the structure, and in case of the slot and comb connection the adhesive layer having the highest heat conductivity, in process of mounting it is broken into 5 segments, in accordance with the number of layers. Also the method and the device for its manufacturing are described.EFFECT: higher strength of connection between block layers, higher thermal protection properties of a block and heat and wind protection properties of an erected structure, higher quality of mounting, reduced time of construction.4 cl, 7 dwg

Heat and sound insulation unit with compensator and method of its laying (versions) // 2470124
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to flaky items used in construction for heat insulation of buildings and premises in it. The heat and sound insulation unit comprises filler webs laid one onto another, every of which comprises a corrugated sheet with corrugations of zigzag shape and a flat sheet connected to it. In each filler web, at least at one longitudinal side of the filler web, the flat sheet is arranged with a transverse size below the corrugated sheet by value of at least half of a pitch of a zigzag-shaped corrugation, thus producing a compensator from corrugations protruding beyond the flat sheet, capable of being compressed in transverse direction for gapless laying of the filler web into a building structure. A serrated line of corrugated sheet bend matches the edge of the flat sheet of the web. In the first version of block laying into a building structure the block is pressed with its longitudinal side with a compensator to the element of the building structure, and in this condition it is installed into the filled space of the building structure. The block compensator due to action of springing forces fills a gap produced between the block and the element of the building structure. In the second version, in case of layer-by-layer installation of block filler webs into a building structure, block filler webs that are adjacent along the height of the building structure are laid with a rotation relative to each other by 180, and thus the compensator of the below block filler web is covered with a flat sheet of the filler web sheet. In the third version, in case of layer-by-layer installation of block filler webs into a building structure with equal longitudinal and transverse dimensions, block filler webs that are adjacent along the height of the building structure are laid with a rotation relative to each other by 90, and thus gapless laying of the block is provided at all sides of the building structure.EFFECT: invention provides for higher heat and sound insulation properties of blocks due to elimination of gaps between elements of building structures and fillers.4 cl, 4 dwg

ultilayer building block and method of its production // 2468159
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: multilayer building block consists of a decorative face layer, a bearing layer and a heat insulating layer provided in between, which are fixed to each other with polymer rods. The block is arranged in the form of a prism, trapezoid bases of which are ends of the block, and non-parallel prism faces of identical area are upper and lower bases of the block. The parallel side face of the prism of larger area is an outer side of the decorative layer of the block, the parallel side face of the prism of smaller area is an inner side of the bearing layer of the block, besides, the angle between planes of prism bases and the outer side of the face decorative layer makes 89 and less degrees, on one of bases in the decorative and bearing layers there are slots, axes of which are in planes parallel to the face side of the decorative layer, with the area of section of each slot of more than 5 sq. cm., on the other base there are ledges arranged as complying with slots. The method of construction of the multilayer construction blocks is also described.EFFECT: higher labour efficiency in erection of a building, elimination of damages on a decorative layer when erecting a building, compensation of uneven subsidence of a block during laying, strict dosing of mortar, reduced flow of concrete mortar in laying and reduced costs for erection of a building.4 cl, 3 dwg

Wall unit (versions), material for manufacturing of wall units, mould to manufacture wall units (versions), method to make wall units and flow line to manufacture wall units // 2465415
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: wall unit is arranged in the form of a faceted structure from a hardened material, having a face surface arranged on the outer face side of the unit, an inner surface arranged on the inner side of the unit, lower, upper and side surfaces, at the same time the unit comprises a face layer, an intermediate layer and an inner layer arranged serially along its width, besides, the face layer has thickness of s1, which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness s3 of the inner layer is less than the thickness s1 of the face layer, the latter contains cement, a plasticiser and ground haydite with fractions within 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer of the unit contains cement, a plasticiser and haydite with fractions within 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer of the unit contains sand, cement and a plasticiser, the specified thicknesses of the unit layers are selected depending on the width S of the unit and are in the ratio of s1:s2:s3=(0.10-0.17)S:(0.89-0.79)S:(0.007-0.037)S, the unit comprises a L-shaped crest made in the face layer and covering it at two adjacent lateral and lower sides, and also a L-shaped groove made in the face layer and covering at two other adjacent lateral and upper sides of the unit, the crest and the groove are installed in a single plane, parallel to the face surface of the unit, the surface of the crest and the groove, the face and inner surfaces are arranged as solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and lateral sides of the unit arranged between the face and inner layers are made as rough with grooves stretching inside the unit from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between fractions, at the same time the length of the unit L at its face side is selected depending on the width S of the unit within the limits of L=(0.99-1.01)S, the length Lin of the unit at its inner side is selected as equal to the length of the unit at its face side, the face surface of the unit is arranged at the distance s4 from the crest axis, the inner surface of the unit is arranged at the distance s5 from the crest axis, which is more than the distance s4, besides, s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0.08-0.16)s5. Also the versions of units design are described, as well as a material for manufacturing of a unit, versions of molds for manufacturing of a unit, the method to manufacture the unit and a line for unit manufacturing.EFFECT: reduced weight of units, its higher strength, provision of possibility to increase strength of units connection in a wall, simplified technology of production by usage of moulds from unified elements, using a simplified method for manufacturing of units and a line for method implementation.41 cl, 61 dwg
Nonwoven tape for filling seams, having property of low swelling when moistened, and method of its application // 2439224
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: tape is designed to fill seams between construction slabs. It contains a non-woven base, containing fibres, selected from a group made of natural cellulose fibres, synthetic polymer fibres, glass fibres and their combinations. At the same time the nonwoven base has the following properties, determined according to ASTM C474-05: relative swelling in cross direction is below approximately 1.3%; relative swelling in longitudinal direction is below approximately 0.2% and breaking strength in cross direction is at least approximately 2625 N/m. Besides, a method is proposed for finishing treatment of a seam between slabs, including the following: (1) application of a tape for filling seams onto a seam between slabs by submersion of a tape for seam filling into the first layer of the composition for filling seams; (ii) application of the second layer of the composition for filling seams above the tape, besides, the stage (ii) is carried out before the tape for seam filling and the composition for seam filling applied at the stage (i), have dried substantially, and if required, (iii) application of the third, filling or final layer of the composition for filling seams above the tape, besides, the stage (iii) is carried out before the tape for seam filling and the second layer have substantially dried.EFFECT: improved quality of the tape due to high strength and reduction of swelling during moistening at simultaneous acceleration of seams filling.20 cl, 2 tbl, 1 ex

Light insulation building unit // 2431023
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: light heat-insulation building unit arranged in internal and external walls of a building and formed from bubble synthetic resin, comprises a connecting ledge on the upper side, so that when it is laid, no cavity is formed, a connecting slot in the basement of the unit corresponding to the connecting ledge, and also a protruding section and a section of the slot arranged on the front and rear surfaces of the unit. At the same it is equipped with an auxiliary unit having the same shape as the heat insulation unit, which is cut as "L" on a segment of the upper section of its one surface, and has a ledge of cylindrical shape on the upper section of the cut element, and is joined to one side of the heat insulation unit. Also versions of the units are described.EFFECT: development of units that make it possible to complete treatment of building walls by attachment of a finishing material to a unit, reduction of costs, simplified process of unit formation.13 cl, 21 dwg

ultilayer building block and method of its production // 2416008
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: multilayer building block comprises a decorative layer, a central layer arranged between an inner and outer structural layers made of ceramsite-concrete mix. The mix to make the central layer contains the following components, per 1 m3 of the mix: ceramsite gravel of 822 mm fraction with apparent density of 350450 kg/m3 in volume of 1 m3; portland cement 130440 kg, polyvinyl acetate glue in volume of 1.34.7 l, water in volume of 115125 l. The method is characterised to manufacture the multilayer building block.EFFECT: increased strength of the block and simplified method of its manufacturing.5 cl, 3 dwg

ultilayer structural material and method of its production // 2402663
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for production of multilayer structural material includes mould filling, subsequent supply of layer materials, moulding, soaking, withdrawal from mould. At the same time serial filling of layer materials is carried out through placement of basalt cloth layers impregnated with epoxide resin onto mould bottom, placement of foam polyurethane layer onto layers of basalt-plastic with further laying of basalt cloth layers impregnated with epoxide resin onto foam polyurethane layer, with intermediate arrangement of carbon threads in between. Ends of carbon threads are taken outside. Moulding and soaking of all layers is carried out simultaneously in process of heating up to temperature of 60C and pressure of 0.5-1.0 MPa until resin hardens. At the same time ratio of foam polyurethane layer thickness to basalt-plastic layer thickness makes 20-80:0.5-1.5.EFFECT: improved mechanical properties and reduced process cycle.2 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

Set of building blocks // 2381336
FIELD: construction industry.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to production of building materials used in particular in low-rise and frame housing and also during building of civil and industrial projects with high requirements to decorative outer cladding of buildings, heat- and acoustic insulation of rooms, for example of multistorey apartment houses, cottages and other buildings. Set of blocks includes sets of main, corner and aperture blocks containing face layer with thickness A, bearing layer with thickness C and heat-insulating layer with thickness B located between them, they are attached to each other by polymeric bars, at that basic thickness of blocks in each set is chosen discretely either 300 mm or 400 mm, at that relation of thickness B of heat-insulating layer to sum of thicknesses (A+C) of face and bearing layers, i.e. (B:(A+C)) is chosen completed with basic thickness of blocks 300 mm either 0.50 or 0.67, and completed with basic thickness of blocks 400 mm - either 0.60 or 1.00, at that sum of thicknesses (A+C) of face and bearing layers is constant for all sets, at that each set consists of two groups of blocks. Thickness A of decorative layer in each group increases in arithmetic progression according to relation Ai=A0+10n, where A0 is chosen not less than 40 mm, and n is integral number and corresponds to range from 1 to 6, and thickness C of bearing layer decreases in arithmetic progression in each group correspondingly. Blocks in each group are made according to regional weather conditions requirement and are characterised by thickness B of heat-insulating layer being constant in group for region. Each group is provided additionally with belt blocks made one-piece and consisting of face and bearing layers, and with air-exchange block provided with through-hole and ventilating grill rigidly fixed in it. Blocks of corner type are made in two forms, one of them is provided with equidistant L-shaped face and heat-insulating layers, and in cavity of heat-insulating layer shortened bearing layer is located. The other form of blocks is provided with equidistant L-shaped bearing and heat-insulating layers, and in cavity of heat-insulating layer shortened face layer is located.EFFECT: improvement of universalisation of set of blocks and enhancement of their use in low-rise and high-rise house building under various weather conditions, simplification of technology of walls construction observing all required technical and technological parametres, optimisation of ratio of all layers dimensions, improvement of their strength properties and cheapening of building.3 cl, 1 tbl, 9 dwg
Non-sparking double-layer tile and method of making said tile // 2371415
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industrial construction materials, and more specifically to double-layer structures and method of making such structures, particularly non-sparking double-layer tiles, meant or covering floors in category A and B fire safety buildings. The non-sparking double-layer tile is in form of a concrete monolithic body with a face layer, which has a regular or irregular geometrical shape, where material for both layers is a mixture, used in semi-dry state, containing, wt %: composition of the mixture of the base layer: portland cement of at least grade 500 DO 20.55 to 22.78, construction sand with particle size 5 mm with fineness modulus of not less than 2.4 72.89 to 75.34, Poliplast MB-1 0.20-0.30, water - the rest; composition of the mixture of the face layer: portland cement of at least grade 500 DO 23.98 to 26.19, limestone in form of sand from siftings from crushing sedimentary rocks with strength grade of at least 400 with particle size 2 to 4 mm and fineness module of not less than 2.4 69.84-71.94, Poliplast MB-1 0.23 to 0.30, water - the rest, where the face layer has thickness of not less than 10 mm. The method of making the said tile involves preparation of each of the said mixtures with moisture content of 6-8% in mixers by successive loading the given filler, additive, portlant cement, stirring dry components for 30 to 60 s, then, while stirring, adding water and continue to stir the mixture for the base layer for 30 to 40 s, and the mixture for the face layer - for 2 minutes, placing the mixture for the base layer into a mould, preliminary compacting with light vibration or ramming without vibration, placing the mixture for the face layer on top of the compacted base layer, final compacting with vibrocompression for 20 to 23 s of the said mixtures and solidification in a steam curing chamber at temperature of 40C, moisture 95 to 100 % and rate of increase and decrease of temperature not more than 25C/h. Invention is developed in subclaims.EFFECT: increased compression and bending strength, reduced wearability.4 cl, 4 ex, 3 tbl

asonry unit // 2358071
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: masonry unit consists of a lightweight block with face being coated with decorative-protective layer. The vertical grooves are made on lightweight block face during forming. The face of block is implemented with a plate, which is glued leak tightly to the said block after solidification or represents pigment stained layer of highly strong concrete mix as forming open-end vertical channels in masonry unit parallel to block face.EFFECT: wide functional applications of masonry unit due to increase gas permeability.7 cl, 8 dwg

Composite fire protection (versions) // 2342964
FIELD: security facilities.SUBSTANCE: according to the first version the proposed sandwich fire protective structure based on composite plates can be fixed on the surface of the facility being protected and comprises low-density basalt-fibrous material layer, adhesive interlayer and heat-resistant protective-decorative plate which are sequentially adjacent to the above surface. Thicknesses and materials of the structure layers are chosen so that to provide for evaporation of water containing in the outer layer and adhesive interlayer, diffusion of the produced water vapour into the inner basalt-fibrous layer and under further heating evaporation of moisture condensed on the fibres surface, in case of fire attack or non-stationary heating of the structure outer layer surface. According to the second version the proposed sandwich fire protective structure can be fixed on the surface of the facility being protected with an air gap. The adhesive interlayer is made from heat-expanding material which is characterised by sooting when heated. Thicknesses and materials of the structure layers in this version are chosen so that to provide for precipitation of carbon particles on the inner layer fibres surface resulting from cracking of hydrocarbons which are included into the composition of the products of thermal decomposition of the adhesive interlayer organic or polymer part and for formation of an additional layer of foam coke resulting from thermal decomposition and swelling of the adhesive interlayer containing thermally expanding graphite, in case of fire attack or non-stationary heating of the structure outer layer surface . Fire protective structure layers are made with the consideration of physical effects appearing under heating and leading to the alteration of the adjacent layers composition; this fact allows blocking of radiant-convection heat flow coming from the flame to the surface of the facility being protected.EFFECT: increasing up to the specified level fire resistance ratings of supporting and enveloping building structures primarily in high-rise buildings.6 cl, 3 dwg

Heat-insulating block element and heat-insulating enclosure manufacturing method // 2340741
FIELD: construction industry.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to heat-insulating constructions. Heat-insulating block element consists of internal air-proof shell made from flexible material, and external air-permeable shell that protects internal shell from damage. External element shell has areas where it is firmly connected with internal shell as well as areas wherein there is no firm connection of external and internal shells. External shell is made, fully or partially, from air-permeable material at the location of latter areas; total external surface of internal shell equals or exceeds total internal surface of external shell. Internal cavity of air-proof shell is filled with gas and/or heat-insulating material capable of reversible deformation. Method of manufacturing heat-insulating enclosure from heat-insulating block elements is described.EFFECT: reducing material consumption, improving enclosure heat-insulating characteristics, and providing possibility to produce heat-insulating enclosure of any configuration.13 cl, 2 dwg

Electrogenerating masonry unit // 2338039
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: electrogenerating masonry unit contains an obverse layer, concrete building layers and a heat-insulation layer located between them. The masonry unit has the box-shaped case from a monolithic concrete layer and a heat-insulation layer in the form of the porous core placed in the box-shaped case and closed by an obverse layer with terminal screws, executed in the form of two goffered punched plates from an electro wire material and planar solid-state electrolytic diaphragm located between them, made of a material, for example: "Nafion" or MF-4SK with the deposits of electrodes - the anode and the cathode located on opposite sides of the diaphragm. Two channel apertures located on the largest possible distance from each other are brought from the surface to the diaphragm through the body of the case and a porous core with fixed tubes for possibility of leading and assignment of fuel gas.EFFECT: improvement of an operating ability of a masonry unit.6 cl, 7 dwg

Building brick // 2336394
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: building brick for building wall erection includes inner wall 10 and outer wall 20 which have reinforced structure and are located at some distance from each other. Clearance 40 between building bricks is filled with cement. Outer wall 20 consists of decorative plaster board. Foamed polymeric material 30 fills the space between inner wall 10 and outer wall; at that, inner wall 10 and outer wall 20 are pieced by foamed polymeric material 30. Protrusion 31 is created in foamed polymeric material 30 and stands out of inner wall 10 and outer wall 20. Clearance 40 between building bricks in front of and behind relative to protrusion 31, at that, inner wall 10 and outer wall 20 are embedded into foamed polymeric material 30 at some depth, and embedment of parts 11 and 21 results in adhesion strength increase.EFFECT: increase of brick adiabatic and soundproof characteristics.6 dwg

ethod of making construction blocks with natural rock or wood finishes // 2325491
FIELD: construction, superstructures.SUBSTANCE: principle applies to construction, in particular to production of face tiles and blocks and can be used in the preparation of wall blocks with face tiles from natural rock, or wood panels and also ceramic tiles. The technical result is to ensure the functional capability of blocks during cost reduction of its preparation. Firstly, flat decorative elements (FDE) are prepared, which can be done in the form of one or more tiles of natural rock or in the form of one or more wood panels, and also a combination of these. FDE may consists of number of fragments of each, and side surfaces of FDE are preliminary polished and are fitted one to the other and then placed in the frame, tightly tuck together and inundated with a liquid building mixture. One or more ready FDE is placed in a shaped tray and concrete is poured and the tray is put on a vibration press and vibrated to complete compaction of the concrete and then the ready block is dried under natural conditions. A formwork for a ready construction block is then prepared. Construction blocks can also be prepared from foam concrete, in which the foam concrete layer is placed in a vertical plane from the internal side of the block. In this case the foam concrete layers are made in the form of separate inserts or layer of foam concrete is made by pouring foam concrete into a tray frame using parting metallic plate, which is removed after the tray has been filled up by concrete and foam concrete. For the preparation of flat decorative elements, a moulding box with clamps is used. For the strengthening of the attachment of flat decorative elements to the surface of the construction block, a number of ways are used to preliminary work on rear surfaces of the flat decorative elements. To widen the nomenclature of construction blocks, blocks can be made in form of half-blocks, corner blocks or double sided polished blocks. For work convenience, blocks are prepared with an opening at the top with an undercut for proper handling and hand grip.EFFECT: ensuring functional capability of a block and reduction of its production cost.14 cl, 6 dwg

Vacuum concrete block and method of making same // 2324037
FIELD: fixed constructions.SUBSTANCE: vacuum concrete block comprises dense concrete outer envelop and more porous core. The outer envelop of the block has a gas-tight surface. The core of the vacuum concrete block has a gas-tight envelop. The core is connected from its centre with the outer envelop surface by means of a tube which is hermetically connected with the core envelop and the outer envelop surface having a locking device for closing in the tube hole, and capable of connecting to a vacuum pump. The method of making a vacuum structural block is defined.EFFECT: enhancement of heat-insulating properties.7 cl, 8 dwg

Gypsum compositions of improved resistance to permanent deformation // 2323188
FIELD: gypsum compositions and gypsum plates made from such compositions.SUBSTANCE: proposed composition contains hardened gypsum, binding matrix made from hardened and calcined gypsum, water and modifying material containing mixture of organic poly- phosphonium compound or mixture of organic poly-phosphonium compounds in the amount of 0.01-3% of calcined gypsum and borate in the amount of 0.1-2% of mass of calcined gypsum containing ulexite, colemanite or mixture of ulexite and colemanite or modifying material containing poly-carboxyl compound or mixture of poly-carboxyl compounds in the amount of 0.01-4.99% of mass of calcined gypsum and poly-phosphate compound or mixture of poly-phosphate compounds in the amount of 0.004-2% of mass of calcined gypsum.EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.24 cl, 5 tbl

Three-layered construction block // 2318101
FIELD: construction material production, particularly for low building construction, or civil and industrial object erection, namely to construct residential houses, cottages and other buildings.SUBSTANCE: three-layered construction block has decorative layer of A thickness, load-bearing layer having C thickness and heat-insulation layer having B thickness and arranged between decorative and load-bearing layers. All block layers are connected with each other by means of polymeric rods having hooks at rod ends and provided with ribs. The ribs extend for the full rod lengths and have rhomb cross-sections. The ribs adjoin rod in areas having maximal thicknesses and are inclined at different angles one to another. The construction block is made as truncated tetrahedral pyramid arranged so that pyramid base in the greatest outer face of load-bearing layer. Pyramid walls are at 1-2° angle to pyramid base. Layer thicknesses are related as A:B:C=1:1.8:3.2. One longitudinal end face of load-bearing layer is parallel to opposite one.EFFECT: improved building appearance, room heat-insulation and soundproofing, simplified block structure, increased masonry strength and decreased construction costs.5 dwg

ultilayered construction unit // 2317381
FIELD: building material production, particularly adapted for low building erection and for civil and industrial structure construction.SUBSTANCE: multilayered construction unit comprises decorative layer of A thickness, bearing layer of C thickness and heat-insulation layer arranged in-between. Heat-insulation layer is made of expanded polystyrene having B thickness. Said layers are connected with each other by means of polymeric rods having sharpened and engaging ends. The sharpened ends are located from the side touching decorative ends. The engaging rod ends are inserted in bearing layer. Polymeric rods include disc-shaped or crossed ribs. Building block is made as prism having trapezoid bases made as block ends. One of parallel prism sides has lesser area and is formed as outer decorative block layer side. Another parallel prism side having greater area is outer side of bearing block layer. Two non-parallel prism sides have equal areas and are created as upper and lower block bases. Said sides are inclined at angle of not more than 1° to outer side of bearing layer. Layer thicknesses are related as A:B:C=1:2.4:2.6. Laminated construction block production method is also disclosed.EFFECT: improved building appearance, heat insulation and soundproofing, simplified structure, increased masonry strength and decreased construction costs.2 cl, 9 dwg
Two-layer facing building member (variants) // 2311514
FIELD: construction, particularly two-layer facing panels used for decorative civil and industrial building facing.SUBSTANCE: facing building member comprises concrete monolithic body having facing layer of regular or irregular shape. Both layers are formed of semi-dry materials. Fine filler used for constructional layer is quartz sand and keramzite sand with gradation factor of 1.1-2.8. Coarse filler is milled keramzite gravel having particle dimensions of 5-10 mm. Facing layer includes Portland cement M500. said components are taken in the following amounts (% by weight): constructional layer in semidry state: Portland cement 20-35, keramzite sand 5-37, quartz sand - 0-37, milled keramzite gravel - 5-45, remainder is water; facing layer in semidry state: Portland cement 15-30, sand 60-75, remainder is water. The second building member variant is also disclosed.EFFECT: improved constructional and decorative properties, extended range of building members application due to creation of two building member variants, increased quality and service characteristics.4 cl, 11 ex

ethod for laminated building article production // 2307903
FIELD: construction, particularly to product reinforced concrete articles, for instance floor slabs or framing structure panels for industrial and civil buildings, preferably for high-story ones.SUBSTANCE: method for article production by serial layer pouring in retained form involves pouring the first fine concrete layer; leveling the mix in horizontal plane to provide the first layer surface flushing with the first bead of retained form; laying the first layer longitudinal reinforcement bars on the first bead; pouring heat-insulation layer of light-weight concrete in plane parallel to that of the first layer; leveling heat-insulation layer in horizontal plane so that heat-insulation layer surface is flush with the second retained form bead; laying the second layer longitudinal reinforcement bars on the second bead; pouring the second fine concrete layer on heat-insulation layer; leveling the mix in horizontal plane so that it is flush with retained form edge; performing simultaneous vibroforming of all layers and leaving the layers as they are for mix setting. During mix pouring retained form is put in rigid surface casing. To provide total concrete body air-tightness after mix leveling in horizontal plane and to provide mix flushing with upper retained form edge terminal retained form layer is laid in retained form. Form joints are sealed, for instance by welding, adhering, edge turning or any another well-known method.EFFECT: improved heat-insulation properties, increased article service life and reliability.2 cl, 6 dwg

ethod for laminated building panel production // 2307902
FIELD: construction, particularly to product reinforced concrete articles, for instance floor slabs or framing structure panels for industrial, civil and other building erection.SUBSTANCE: method for article production mainly of rigid cement mixes and including at least one heat-insulation layer of light-weight concrete and at least two fine concrete layers involves pouring the first fine concrete layer in the first form part; leveling the mix in horizontal plane to provide the first layer surface flushing with form edge; covering the first layer surface with glass tissue layer; adding the second form part in upward form direction; pouring light-weight concrete layer so that light-weight concrete layer is parallel to the first one; covering light-weight concrete layer surface with glass tissue layer; adding the third form part in upward direction; performing simultaneous vibroforming of all layers and leaving the layers as they are for mix setting; stripping the form from ready panel.EFFECT: improved heat-insulation properties, increased uniformity of article thickness along with increased article strength necessary to erect high buildings or buildings having different number of stories without the use of additional structural members.5 dwg

Fire building block, method for building block production and fire-proofing wall structure to be constructed of said blocks // 2307901
FIELD: construction, particularly all-purpose buildings, namely structures to prevent fire and combustion product spread from burning room or fire site compartment to other rooms.SUBSTANCE: fire building block comprises outer layers of fine concrete and heat-insulation core layer of light-weight porous concrete. Outer layers define closed shell enclosing the core layer. Pipes with three-way valves are inserted through outer layer to communicate core layer with vacuum-compression and water pipelines. Temperature sensor is installed on outer surface of outer layer. The temperature sensor sends signals to each three-way valve to lock one pipe and to communicate core layer with vacuum-compression pipeline through another pipe to evacuate air therefrom to increase heat transfer resistance. As fire occurs pipe is brought into communication with water pipeline to fill core layer with water for building block cooling. After fire liquidation pipe is communicated with vacuum-compression pipeline for core layer drying. Method for fire building block production and fire-proofing wall structure erection are also disclosed.EFFECT: increased fire protection.4 cl, 13 dwg

echanotronic building block // 2304204
FIELD: construction, particularly multilayered building blocks and composite stones used for building and building structure wall erection.SUBSTANCE: building block comprises outer gas-tight layer and porous core. Outer main surface of the block has drainage means, temperature sensor, namely bimetal plate, and solar battery. Vacuum pump actuated by solar battery and water accumulation vessel is installed between outer and inner surfaces of the block. Pump has pipes. One pipe connects the pump with porous core, another one connects pump with orifice made in outer block surface. Water accumulation vessel comprises pipes. One pipe communicates the vessel with water drainage means, another one connects the vessel with porous block core and is provided with valve controlled by bimetal plate. If ambient temperature is less than room temperature bimetal plate provides valve installation closed position. If ambient temperature is greater than room temperature bimetal plate provides valve installation opened position.EFFECT: increased operational capabilities.3 cl, 2 dwg

Vented building block and radon-protective system for building using above building blocks // 2304203
FIELD: construction, particularly means to protect building against radon and other ground gases, for instance multilayered building blocks used for radon-protective foundation base and wall panel production.SUBSTANCE: vented building block comprises box member and porous filler arranged on box member bottom. The filler has air-discharge orifices. The box is monolithic and is formed of concrete material mainly based on rigid cement mixes. Box interior is filled with porous filler. Two one-way valve assemblies are built in main box face layer so that the valve assemblies permit air passage inside the box provided with porous filler. One one-way valve assembly opens valves in the case of increased ambient air pressure, another one opens valves in the case of decreased ambient air pressure. Radon-protective system is also disclosed.EFFECT: provision of load-bearing capabilities and ground gas discharge from basement into atmosphere.7 cl, 4 dwg

Heat-insulated modular structure // 2304202
FIELD: building materials, particularly heat-insulation materials used for all-purpose building frame filling structure erection.SUBSTANCE: heat-insulated modular structure comprises multilayered shell defining inner cavity and made as plastered reinforced net. Filler is placed in the cavity. The shell is made as rectangular parallelepiped with height h equal to b or 2b, where b is parallelepiped width. Parallelepiped length is equal to b, 2b or 4b. The shell is covered with air-tight heat-shrinkable film. Modular structure comprises stiffening members made as ribs extending along diagonal lines connecting cavity corners and crossing each other. The ribs are provided with slots formed in rib centers to insert the ribs one into another to connect the ribs in cross structure.EFFECT: facilitation of structure sides mating, increased efficiency of heated building and building structure space filling, improved rigidity and manufacturability, as well as storage and transportation ability.3 cl, 14 dwg

Filtering building block for air cleaning // 2304201
FIELD: air conditioning, particularly laminated building blocks used for building wall erection and having properties facilitating dust removal from ambient air passing into building.SUBSTANCE: filtering building block for load-bearing wall enclosure erection comprises outer concrete layers formed of material mainly based on rigid cement mixes and porous layer arranged in-between. Porous layer is located in sealed cavity defined by outer concrete layer. Inlet and outlet orifices are made in opposite cavity sides. The inlet and outlet orifices are communicated with two chambers located near porous layer. The first chamber is provided with one-way valve assembly so that if ambient air pressure increases the valves are brought into opened state. The second chamber has one-way valve assembly and opens the valves if ambient air pressure decreases.EFFECT: improved heat-insulation and sound-proofing properties of filtering building block used in load-bearing building structure.2 cl, 2 dwg

Building unit with heat-controlled pneumatic facade // 2303684
FIELD: construction, particularly production of multilayered building blocks provided with pneumatic structural members used for building and building structure wall erection and having ability of heat conductive properties change in response to ambient temperature change.SUBSTANCE: building unit comprises concrete layer made of concrete mix preferably based on rigid cement and heat insulation layer. Concrete layer is box-like member with faces defining cavity for heat-insulation layer receiving. Heat-insulation layer is made as sealed bag of air-tight elastic material. The bag is secured inside the cavity and has inlet and outlet orifices provided with two chambers. The first chamber has mechanical thermocontroller to close outlet orifice if ambient temperature is greater than predetermined temperature value and one-way valve. The one-way valve opens in the case of decreased ambient air pressure. The second chamber has the second mechanical thermocontroller to close inlet orifice if ambient temperature is below predetermined temperature value and one-way valve. The one-way valve opens in the case of increased ambient air pressure.EFFECT: improved heat-insulation properties and possibility of building block usage as load-bearing member.6 cl, 6 dwg

Construction heat- or cold-accumulation block and wall erected of above blocks // 2303109
FIELD: construction, particularly multilayered construction blocks and stones used for building wall erection and adapted to stabilize temperature inside room.SUBSTANCE: construction block has several layers formed of cement based material. Block includes two extreme layers, one core layer and one face layer. Block is provided with the second face layer. Extreme layers are heat-insulating ones and are formed of porous concrete. Core layer is arranged between extreme ones and is made of fine concrete having high heat capacity and heat conductivity. Face layers lie in planes transversal to extreme and core layers and are arranged from opposite construction block ends. Face layers are hollow and made as sealed panel of two-ply sheet provided with inner stiffening ribs. Each cavity of sealed panel is defined by concrete layer in inner space of two-ply sheet along face panel perimeter. Each sealed panel has two connecting pipes with valves to be linked to pipelines. Fluid supply device is also discloses.EFFECT: increased cold- or heat-accumulation capacity, possibility of inward and outward heat radiation.4 cl, 5 dwg

ethod for laminated building block production // 2300609
FIELD: construction, particularly to erect multilayered units, for instance, concrete articles, namely building blocks and slabs for envelope forming during industrial, civil and other building structures erection.SUBSTANCE: method to produce multilayered building block on the base of rigid cement mixes and including one at least one heat-insulation layer of light-weight concrete and at least two fine concrete layers involves serially pouring different concrete mixes in form. After at least two different concrete mix layers pouring in two horizontal parallel planes upper block part is covered with additional form part. Then form with laid concrete mix layers is rotated through 90° about horizontal axis. Form part is removed from top part of the block and form is built up to adapt form for upper fine concrete layer pouring so that upper fine concrete layer is transversal to previously poured layers. After that all layers are subjected to vibroforming and curing up to cement mix stiffening. Finally form is removed.EFFECT: improved heat insulation properties of straight and corner wall areas, window and door openings, increased strength, possibility to erect high buildings and buildings characterized by varying number of stories without the use of additional structural members to cover opened heat-insulation layers at wall corners and in window and door opening edges.6 dwg

ethod of manufacture of the wall products made out of the light concretes with the facial finish layer and the products manufactured by this method // 2288838
FIELD: construction industry; methods of manufacture of the wall products made out of the light concretes with the facial surface finish layer.SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of construction industry, in particular, to the method of production of the wall products made out of the light concretes, which may be used at erection of the external walls of the buildings and structures. The technical result of the invention consists in the capability of production of the wall products from the light concretes having the high compression strength, the low thermal conductivity, the qualitative facial finish layer, and also the sufficient degree of fastness of cohesion between the layers excluding the possibility of destruction caused by delamination or spalling. The method of production of the wall products made out of the light concretes with the facial surface finish layer providing for preparation of the molding mass, its piling into the mold and the bilayered molding differs by the fact, that the molding mass for the facial surface finish layer is prepared from the cement-sand admixture with addition of the ferric oxide pigments of different colors, and the molding mass for the primary layer is prepared from the light-concrete mixture including the natural or artificial porous fillers, which is placed in the mold in the form of collapsible or detachable formwork with the mounted in it plug-in technological molding bed. Then exercise compaction by light pressure of the light-concrete admixtures and, in the mold volume formed after the compaction of the light-concrete admixture place the layer of the cement-sand admixture with the added the ferric oxide pigments, on which the upper punch with lower die, the dimension and the form of which are identical to the formwork and the mounted in it the plug-in technological pan, then, exercise the molding with the simultaneous compression and the vibration compaction of the layers being in the mold.EFFECT: the invention ensures production of the wall products made out of the light concretes having the high compression strength, the low thermal conductivity, the qualitative facial finish layer, the sufficient degree of fastness of cohesion between the layers excluding destruction caused by delamination or spalling.3 cl, 3 tbl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

Building member (variants) and wall composed of building members // 2285096
FIELD: building units to erect walls characterized by increased resistance to breaking.SUBSTANCE: building member comprises rectangular concrete body and reinforcing frame. Concrete body is formed of class B60-B90 concrete. Reinforcing frame is composed of two reinforcing members having rectangular sections and of at least one V-shaped or U-shaped reinforcing member. The reinforcing members having rectangular cross-sections are flush with inner side of building member and extend to edges thereof. The V-shaped or U-shaped reinforcing member ends are fixedly secured to one reinforcing member having rectangular section. Top thereof faces outer side of building member. In accordance to the second embodiment building member comprises one reinforcing member having rectangular cross-section and at least one V-shaped or U-shaped reinforcing member having top fixedly secured to reinforcing member having rectangular cross-section.EFFECT: increased resistance to breaking, reduced metal consumption and simplified structure.17 cl, 15 dwg, 1 ex

ethod and filling station for cavity filling // 2274713
FIELD: building, particularly to fill cavities in articles.SUBSTANCE: method involves feeding article having at least one cavity by conveyer; providing filling station; positioning the article under vessel with filling material as viewed in vertical plane; filling the cavity with filling material along with simultaneously shaking the article; removing the article with filled cavity from the filling station by conveyer. Filling material is pumped under pressure created by rotor blades. The rotor is installed in the vessel. Filling material poured in the cavity is stirred and simultaneously compacted by pressure application during cavity filling or after filling operation termination. Filling station comprises vessel with filling material made as supply bunker, conveyer to move trays each having one article arranged in the tray, compacting means adapted to fill cavity with filling material under pressure. The compacting means has at least one rotor with guiding blades installed in vessel. The blades are secured to at least one cantilever holder and provide supply of filing material to at least one cavity of the article.EFFECT: increased uniformity of hollow block filling.15 cl, 4 dwg

Gypsum compositions and methods for their preparing // 2263644
FIELD: building materials.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the gypsum composition made of hardened gypsum and to a method for its preparing. The composition made of hardened gypsum comprises the bound matrix unbroken phase made of hardened gypsum having the enhanced volume of empty spaces from water, and/or the indicated composition is prepared from a mixture showing the enhanced ratio of water to calcined gypsum at least 3:1. Also, invention describes an article comprising composition made of hardened gypsum. Invention provides preparing nonshrinking composition of hardened gypsum with reduced density, improved insulating and/or acoustic properties.EFFECT: improved preparing method and properties of composition.21 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl, 1 ex

ultilayer wall stone and method for manufacturing the same // 2254230
FIELD: construction industry, in particular, manufacture of multilayer construction stones.SUBSTANCE: method involves forming undetachable frame by mounting of closed outer form onto pallet, with sides of frame being equipped with vertical slots; placing internal insert symmetrically in form, said insert being similar to form in shape and equipped with vertical slots; fixing form and insert with respect to one another with the help of vertical members introduced into vertical slots; filling space between form and insert with sand concrete; imparting monolith structure to filler by vibratory pressing or vibratory casting; withdrawing form, insert and vertical members; forming cells inside resultant undetachable frame by placing interconnected partition walls; fixing their free ends in slots formed in sides of undetachable frame by means of vertical members; filling cells with cellular concrete or light-weight concrete such as polystyrene, clay filler, sawdust, ash; holding; drying and removing partition walls to produce ready multilayer wall stone, which is further directed for stacking.EFFECT: increased efficiency by combined employment of various construction materials and reduced labor consumed for performing frame forming and handling works.5 cl, 6 dwg
 
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