Building (E04)

E   Fixed constructions(156306)
E04            Building(24234)
Wall panel // 2607562
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, in particular to wall panels for constructing buildings, houses and similar structures. Wall panel contains a concrete plate, two crossbars, two ribs, the first heat-insulating plate, two second heat-insulating plates, two third heat-insulating plates, two U-shaped elements. Concrete plate is equipped with the outer surface, the inner surface, two side surfaces, the upper and the lower surfaces. Outer surface and the inner surface are made in the form of rectangles and have larger square if compared to the other surfaces of the concrete plate. Side surfaces are located on opposite sides, the upper surface is located on opposite side from the lower surface. One crossbar is located on the outer surface along its upper edge from one side surface to the other one, the other crossbar is located on the outer surface along its lower edge from one side surface to the other one. Ribs are arranged on the outer surface parallel to the side surfaces from the upper surface to the lower surface. Herewith the ribs are spaced from an appropriate to each of them side surface. Surface of each of the ribs opposite to the outer surface is located from the outer surface at a larger distance than surfaces of the crossbars opposite to the outer surface. First heat-insulating plate is arranged between the ribs flush with the ribs surfaces opposite to the outer surface. Second heat-insulating plates are located along corresponding to each of them ribs and with overlap onto the first heat-insulating plates. Each U-shaped element is arranged vertically so, that it covers the relevant second heat-insulating plate on the side opposite to the outer surface. Third heat-insulating plates are located on the side of ribs facing towards the appropriate side surface, between crossbars, from the outer surface to the surface of large rib opposite to the outer surface.EFFECT: technical result is improvement of heat-insulating properties of joints of adjacent wall panels and arranging the concrete plate in the zone of positive temperatures in case if there is heating of the building.1 cl, 4 dwg
Outer wall heat insulating structure // 2607561
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used when solving the tasks of heat insulation of external walls of existing buildings from inside. This invention will allow to adjust the dew point position and continuously maintain the temperature difference between the inner surface of the outer enclosure and the room air temperature within normal limits. Technical result is achieved due to that the outer wall heat insulating structure providing the standardized temperature difference between the inner surface of the outer wall and the room air temperature differs by that, according to the invention, on the inner surface of the outer wall temperature sensors are installed, on top of the temperature sensors a heating infrared film is fixed, to the inner surface of the outer wall a wooden frame is fixed providing an air layer between the heating film and fixed on it gypsum plasterboards with arranged inside the air layer a moisture sensor, a temperature sensor on the surface of the gypsum plasterboards facing into the room, a room air temperature sensor, readings of which are entered into a computer, all providing switching on the heating film in case of exceeding the rated temperature difference between the temperature on the inner surface of the gypsum plasterboards and the room air temperature, as well as when the temperature drops below the dew point between the heating film and the outer brick wall surface.EFFECT: technical result of the proposed solution is providing the rated temperature difference between the inner surface of the outer wall and the room air temperature, which means no possibility of freezing the wall and the heat insulation material, condensation, providing the favourable microclimate maintenance.1 cl, 1 dwg
Coated wood products and method of producing coated wood products // 2607558
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction articles made from wood. Coated wood products comprise a wooden surface, provided with undercoat (3), where undercoat is at least one layer of lacquer, and are provided with top coat (5, 6), containing barrier particles and photocatalytic nanoparticles, preferably containing TiO2. Method of producing photocatalytic lacquered wood-based product, containing transparent photocatalytic nanoparticles, includes application of an undercoat by depositing a lacquer onto base in form of a product of wood to obtain at least one coating layer of lacquer, coating of the above cover lacquer(s) with a liquid for barrier coating to produce a transparent barrier layer, coating said transparent barrier layer with liquid for photocatalytic coating to produce a transparent photocatalytic layer and curing said cover lacquer(s), barrier layer and/or photocatalytic layer.EFFECT: invention improves operating reliability and durability of product, reduce level of volatile organic substances.25 cl, 3 dwg, 3 tbl, 5 ex
Noise absorbing wall panel // 2607484
FIELD: acoustics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industrial acoustics, specifically to noise absorbing wall panel. Noise absorbing wall panel has smooth and perforated surfaces, between which complex shaped combined sound-absorbing layer is arranged. Latter represents alternating solid sections and hollow sections. Framework is made of rigid sound-absorbing material. Hollow sections are formed by prismatic surfaces, having in cross section, parallel to drawing plane, parallelogram shape, which inner surfaces have toothed texture. At that, teeth tops face inside prismatic surfaces. Prismatic surfaces ribs are secured on smooth and perforated surfaces, respectively. Cavities, formed by smooth and perforated surfaces, between which complex shaped combined sound-absorbing layer is located, are filled with sound absorbing material from mineral wool on basalt base. Perforated surface inner surface, facing sound-absorbing material, is lined with acoustically transparent material, for example, glass fabric. Cavities of hollow sections formed by prismatic surfaces, are filled with foamed polyethylene or polypropylene.EFFECT: higher efficiency of sound absorption and reliability of design in general.1 cl, 1 dwg
Barrier for spindles of a textile machine // 2607482
FIELD: textile and paper.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to textile industry and concerns noise-attenuating barrier for textile machines. Barrier for spindles of a textile machine comprises a metal casing installed using brackets on a spindle bar of the machine, on the inner surface of the metal casing there is a vibration-absorbing layer, made in the form of elastic sheet vibration-absorbing material with internal loss coefficient not lower than 0.2, or composite material, or plasticate of “Agat”, “Antivibrat”, “Schwim” type. Thickness of the vibration-absorbing layer arranged on plates 2…4 times exceeds thickness of the plates. Spindles turn from a belt drive and are secured on the spindle bar of the machine by means of elastic damping gaskets from elastomer. Ratio of their total stiffness to bending stiffness of the spindle bar is within optimal range of 0.01…0.1. Metal case is located in the zone of spindles along their row and is box-shaped, and covers both rows of spindles of the machine. Plates are arranged on the casing on its inner side and on both sides, top and bottom, are coated with vibration-absorbing layers with sound-absorbing layers arranged on them. On upper and lower planes of the casing there are process holes Z1 and Z2. Ratio of total area of F1 of the process holes to the total area of casing F is within optimal range of values F1/F=0.1…0.4. Sound-absorbing element of the barrier of spindles comprises a smooth surface and a perforated surface, between which a multilayer sound-absorbing structure is arranged, made in form of rigid and perforated walls, between which two layers are arranged: sound-reflecting layer, adjacent to rigid wall, and sound-absorbing layer, adjoining perforated wall. Layer of sound reflecting material is made with complex profile, consisting of evenly distributed hollow tetrahedrons, which enable to reflect sound waves incident in all directions. Perforated wall has the following perforation parameters: hole diameter – 3÷7 mm, perforation percentage – 10÷15 %. Holes can be made as holes of circular, triangular, square, rectangular or rhomboid profile. In case of non-circular holes, it is necessary to consider as nominal diameter maximum diameter of circle inscribed in polygon. Sound-absorbing material used is mineral wool on basalt base of “Rockwool” type, or mineral wool of “URSA” type, or basalt wool of P-75 type, or glass wool lined with glass felt, or foamed polymer, for example, polyethylene or polypropylene. Surface of fibrous sound absorbers is treated with special porous air-permeable paints (for example, “Acutex T”), or coated with air-permeable fabrics or nonwoven materials, for example, “Lutrasil”.EFFECT: invention provides higher efficiency of noise reduction.3 cl, 2 dwg
Erection method of structural elements of the building/construction of monolithic reinforced concrete (versions) // 2607327
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to construction and can be used at erection of multi-storey monolithic buildings/structures. Substance of the inventions consists in the fact that opened cavities are formed in the upper end of the underlying tier of vertical structures by means of shuttering elements mainly in the form of a truncated cone and/or a pyramid, the larger base of which is directed upwards. Erection of said structural elements is performed by filling formed cavities with concrete.EFFECT: technical result is upgraded buildings/structures resistance to horizontal loads and shear forces.6 cl, 4 dwg
Line for producing multilayer panels // 2607324
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to lines for producing multilayer panels to allow their proper package and reliable protection during transportation and storage. Line for producing multilayer panels comprises interconnected: an assembly to supply reels of lining to a deep shaping assembly, a filler laying assembly, a segments loading assembly, a pressing assembly, a panels cutting assembly, a pile of panels forming assembly and an assembly to pack a pile of panels with a polyethylene film. Herewith the said assemblies are interconnected with the possibility of shaping incoming linings, subsequent laying a filler between the shaped linings, cutting segments from the filler and further pressing the shaped linings together with the segments down to a required thickness, cutting the linings with the segments into separate panels, forming a pile of panels from individual panels and packing the pile of panels with a polyethylene film. Line is additionally equipped with a protective coating forming assembly located before the assembly to pack a pile of panels with a polyethylene film and including a mechanism to apply a protective coating onto the formed pile of panels along the length of the pile of panels in the direction of its movement along the line, made in the form of a shaft with a rolled protective material placed on it, and a mechanism for cutting the protective material.EFFECT: technical result is higher reliability of packing the formed pile of panels directly in the process of its production.3 cl, 2 dwg
Imaging system of three-dimensional circular behind-cabin environment for simulators of weapons, military and special equipment (stvkzo "kolodets-3d") // 2607149
FIELD: sports.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to training and training facilities and can be used in weapons simulators, military and special equipment for simulation of circular behind-cabin environment. Imaging system of three-dimensional circular behind-cabin environment for simulators of weapon, military and special equipment consists of segments of cylindrical screen, enabling viewing angles of 360 degrees in horizontal and 180 degrees in vertical, and segments of spherical screen, enabling viewing angles of 180 degrees in horizontal and 110 degrees in vertical direction, video projectors and blackout system frame. Data display system is built in multichannel scheme.EFFECT: screen complexes are installed in building, built on model project, or premises, providing design requirements of operational documentation on simulators.1 cl, 3 dwg
Reinforced-concrete ground vertical reservoir // 2607128
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, in particular to ground reinforced concrete vertical reservoirs for storage of fluids. Reservoir comprises roof and bottom, in plan view in form of a Reuleaux triangle, and a wall, made in cross section in form of Reuleaux triangle. Reservoir is arranged so that one of corners of wall in plan view is located opposite direction of main vector of wind rose.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of stability and rigidity of tank.1 cl, 3 dwg
Device for replacement of stone column of building // 2607124
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used in repair, reinforcement and reconstruction of buildings, namely to replace emergency stone column. Device for replacement of stone column includes temporary attachment post in form of core-row with reinforcement-stone cover, it additionally comprises cargo junction unit at top and support joint at bottom. Cargo junction unit comprises thrust shoe, loading screw, tension nut and washer, thrust plate and face plate connected by welding, equipped with hole with buttress thread on upper end of bearing core-row. Support joint of bearing core-row comprises anchor bolt, dowel-bolt and centering spacer plate.EFFECT: technical result consists in increase of rigidity, strength and deformation characteristics of stone structure.18 cl, 8 dwg
Device for adjustment and/or fixation of plate // 2607122
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for adjustment and/or fixation of a plate and to a support for supporting the plate. Device (1) for adjustment and/or fixation of plate (100) suitable for interaction with side (101, 102) of said plate (100) for its adjustment and/or fixation in a preset position relative to a fixed element, for example, a special support surface or a wall section; comprising: two guide prisms (10) facing each other, herewith each guide prism (10) includes support surface (11) located outside and suitable for resting on corresponding side (101, 102) of the plate or the fixed element, and positioning surfaces (12) inclined relative to support surface (11); positioning means (50) interacting with positioning surfaces (12) of two guide prisms (10) in order to be able to move into the position of plate (100) fixation; movable control means (60) for actuating positioning means (50). Herewith each guide prism (10) has two positioning surfaces (12) located outside and inclined in the opposite directions relative to each other so, that between two opposite guide prisms (10) there are two compartments opposite to each other. Also described is a support for supporting the plate containing such a device.EFFECT: technical result is versatility of using the device together with the possibility of adaptation to a plate to be fixed and adjusted.13 cl, 4 dwg
Garbage chute and control method thereof // 2607107
FIELD: recycling.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to collection and processing of garbage. Garbage chute comprises a grinding unit, casing, a storage bin and a mixing unit. Method of controlling garbage chute comprises connecting connection hole of storage bin with outlet hole of casing. Connection hole is opened by means of rotation of mixing unit. Grinding unit grinds wastes. Wastes are fed to inlet hole. Connecting hole is closed by means of rotation of mixing unit. Wastes are dehydrated in storage bin by means of rotation of mixing unit and storage bin. Rotation is carried out with first rotation frequency while maintaining closed state of connecting holes.EFFECT: minimising amount of wastes in grinding unit.20 cl, 13 dwg
Device for pressing to form cavity and method of cavities formation in gypsum board // 2607001
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to pressing device and method for forming recesses in plate. Device comprises pressing head having pressing surface, which is intended for contact with plate, and supporting element. At that, pressing head compresses plate section between pressing surface and supporting element for formation of cavity in plate. Pressing surface comprises sections of first and second surfaces, separated by textured area, which is intended for compression of plate in supporting element direction with smaller compression force in comparison with sections of first and second surfaces. Device also comprises drives to move pressing head and supporting element in first direction, which is, substantially, corresponds to plate movement direction, and in second direction, which is, substantially, perpendicular to plate plane, wherein pressing device speed in first direction, substantially, corresponds to plate speed.EFFECT: technical result is higher efficiency of pressing and formation of cavities in plate.15 cl, 9 dwg, 1 tbl
Combined building structure and method of its constructing // 2606997
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to construction. Combined building structure includes a frame containing reinforced-concrete pylons and intermediate plates, mounted on the frame by fasteners multilayer panels, skin facing with a lining material and inner lining. Multilayer panels consist of dried boards of an arbitrary width attached to each other along the plane with the help of aluminium nails and having openings for doors and windows. Method of constructing the combined building structure includes erection of the frame containing reinforced-concrete pylons and intermediate plates. On the ready frame with the help of fasteners multilayer panels are installed consisting of dried boards of an arbitrary width attached to each other along the plane with the help of aluminium nails and having openings for doors and windows.EFFECT: technical result is providing high thermal properties of the structure, reduced time of assembling, reduced labour costs at erection and simplicity of assembling.4 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of equipment mounting in industrial building enclosure // 2606996
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of industrial construction, specifically to construction of energy or machine building facilities. Method of equipment installation in industrial building enclosure includes enclosure equipment preliminary placement in collapsible containers. Prior to roofing construction containers are supplied into enclosure by construction crane. After roofing construction container, at least, partially are disassembled and removed from enclosure. In enclosure floor in equipment location place recess is preliminary made corresponding to container base. Container base is left in recess under installed equipment. Using container, which easily detachable panels are secured on container base.EFFECT: invention enables to improve industrial enterprise equipment preinstallation preparation quality and accelerate its installation.4 cl
High-rise building // 2606898
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction of high-rise buildings. High-rise building includes facilities with hollow patterned in plane view facades, made with glazed sections of walls, installed radially and interconnected by ends with formation of central core, external transparent coating and external translucent wall enclosure, made continuous along perimeter in plane view in form of constant-width shape. Transparent coating and wall enclosure are attached to facilities with creation of internal enclosed yards between them. External transparent wall enclosure in plane view is made in form of Rello triangle. By external end facilities face against Rello triangle sides central parts. By one of corners building is installed opposite to wind pattern main vector direction.EFFECT: invention enables to increase multistorey building structure stability, strength and degree of streamlining by wind air flows.1 cl
Reinforced-concrete silo // 2606896
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to building structures, in particular, to reinforced concrete silos for storage of loose materials. Reinforced-concrete silo has a jar, walls of which in cross section are shaped as a Reuleaux triangle. Reinforced-concrete silo in plan view is arranged so that one of corners of jar is opposite to direction of main vector of wind rose.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of stability and rigidity of silo.1 cl
High-rise building of increased stability // 2606895
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction of high-rise buildings. It is achieved constructing a high-rise building of increased stability including foundation, stiffness core, outer frame contour of columns and girders, as well as overlaps combined into disks with central hole. Foundation, stiffness core, outer frame contour and overlap discs are made in the plane of Reuleaux triangle. Building is located in plane with one of the angles is facing main vector of wind rose.EFFECT: invention aim is increased stability of building structure to dynamic loads and streamlining with wind air flows.1 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of making ceramic tiles that do not require grouting and method of making floor coating // 2606893
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of making ceramic tiles that do not require grouting, relates to ceramic tiles for floor and wall coatings. Method includes a solid surface with lower surface. Casting is base to accommodate, at least, a section of strong surface, fasten a solid surface with base by pressure casting of base around at least the section of strong surface, so that the strong surface, at least partially, becomes inserted inside the base. After casting base for producing, at least, section of strong surface is milled, at least, section of the first connecting element on the edge of the base and the second connecting element on the other edge of the base.EFFECT: disclosed is a method of making ceramic tiles that do not require grouting.13 cl, 1 tbl, 4 dwg
ethod of making uneven concrete surfaces // 2606892
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to structures where lining is used. Method of making uneven concrete surfaces includes the steps of: making a lining element for the concrete structure, herewith the lining element consists of a metal grid made of transverse rods and longitudinal rods and of two flexible thermo-shrinking films covering the grid on both sides, herewith both thermo-shrinking films are interconnected through holes of the grid. Transverse rods and longitudinal rods of the grid have diameters from 1.5 mm to 3.5 mm and the grid holes have the clear width from 50 mm to 120 mm, herewith the clear width is the maximum distance between directed to the hole of the grid edges of limiting the hole rods; making a furnished with braces reinforcement surface; manufacturing a support device consisting of a horizontal and a vertical support elements; shaping by bending the lining element for it to take the shape required for the coated concrete surface; attachment of the reinforcement to the support device, herewith between the reinforcement and the support device there are braces from a noncorrosive material; arrangement of the lining element on the braces; attachment of the lining element to the reinforcement; application of shotcrete on the side of the reinforcement.EFFECT: technical result is providing the required strength and reliability of the concrete structure, reduction of labour intensity and material consumption.6 cl, 2 dwg
Energy-efficient heated building with greenhouse // 2606891
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and operation of buildings. Design of an energy-efficient heated building with a greenhouse comprises a water boiler, a system of heat recovery of exhaust vent air and flue gases from the water boiler including a gas-air mixer, channels of heat exchange of the building gas-air emissions located in the insulation layer of the external building cladding, heat-inertial space under the building with a condensate line, gas control valves controlling inflow of the external air, drawing of gas emissions from premises of the buildings, the number of working channels of heat exchange of the building gas-air emissions. It also has a structure for transporting gas-air emissions by mechanical enforcement from the heat-inertial space under the building into the greenhouse including an exhaust channel of gas-air emissions, an underground air duct and a channel for gas-air emissions feeding into the greenhouse, as well as fans for mechanical enforcement of the exhaust air movement depending upon the weather and the outside air flow rate to provide for stationary existence of the turbulent flow core of the building gas-air emissions in the heat exchange channels of the building gas-air emissions. Heat exchange channels of the building gas-air emissions are located in the insulation layer of the external building cladding at a distance, which, on one hand, prevents them from freezing without passing the flow of gas-air emissions through them at allowable room temperature in the building premises under the coldest five working days of the heating period and, on the other hand, provides the maximum possible efficiency of the heat recovery system in the building.EFFECT: invention increases power and biochemical efficiency of recycling gas-air emissions of a building, reliability and automation of the structure during the heating period.4 cl, 2 dwg
Kochetov low-noise aseismic production building // 2606887
FIELD: acoustics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industrial acoustics. This is achieved by that in a low-noise aseismic production building containing a frame of the building with a base, bearing walls with enclosures in the form of a floor and a ceiling, which are lined with sound-absorbing structures, window and door openings, as well as single sound dampers containing a frame, in which a sound-absorbing material is placed, and arranged over noisy equipment, basic bearing ceiling slabs are equipped with a damping system at their attachment to the building bearing walls, consisting of horizontal vibration isolators receiving vertical static and dynamic loads, as well as vertical vibration isolators receiving horizontal static and dynamic loads, herewith the floor in the rooms is made on an elastic base and comprises a mounting plate made from concrete reinforced with vibration damping material, which is installed on the base plate of a floor covering with cavities through the layers of a vibration damping material and a waterproof material with a gap relative to load-carrying walls of the production facilities,wherein cavities of the base plate are filled with a vibration damping material, for example, foamed polymer. Base of the building frame is made with vibration isolation of the concrete plate consisting of interconnected reinforced concrete beams in the base of the building, which includes at least four vibration isolators installed between the metal plate and the reinforced concrete beam located in the base of the building made integral with at least eight strip foundation blocks, which are a kind of "traps", and each of the metal plates is installed on at least three reinforced concrete pillars-thrusts, and between every strip foundation blocks and each of the reinforced-concrete beams sandy cushions are installed, and under the vibration isolators strain gage transducers are fixed controlling settling of the vibration isolators, herewith the sandy cushions are installed in metal demountable holders, and each of the vibration isolators consists of rigidly interconnected rubber plates: the top and the bottom ones, in which there are through holes arranged along the surface of the vibration isolator in staggered order, and form of the vibration isolators is square or rectangular, and their lateral sides are made in the form of curved surfaces of the n-th order providing equifrequency of the vibration isolation system as a whole, herewith the holes have a shape providing equifrequency of the vibration isolator. In cavities of the basic plates of the interfloor overlapping there are vibration damping inserts made in the form of a cylinder from a rigid vibrodamping material, inside which axisymmetrically and coaxially an elastic core is placed, along the axis of which there are damping discs rigidly fixed along the whole length of the cavity, herewith the extreme discs are fixed "aflush" with the cylinder from a vibrodamping material, the ends of which, in turn, are placed "aflush" with side surfaces of the base plate.EFFECT: technical result is the increase of efficiency of noise suppression and seismic stability of the building.1 cl, 7 dwg
Automated method of erecting buildings from building blocks // 2606886
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automated construction of industrial and civil buildings and structures. In the automated method of erecting buildings from building blocks preformed is a draft of the building, in compliance with which in a computer program formed is a sequence of actions and coordinates of location for each building block, reinforcing tape and binding compound. Blocks, the binding composition, reinforcing tapes are delivered to the construction site, arranged on the site in points corresponding to the computer program algorithm loaded in the control module. Then performed by a robotic complex arranged on rails are the building blocks, the binding compound and the reinforcement tape and they are fed onto a conveyor trolley with a height-adjustable platform, which by an electric drive is moved on the rails, which are arranged along the other rails laid on both sides of the building under construction. On the other rails moved is a crane-beam, the beam of which is displaced upward while the walls are erected, and along the beam a trolley with two robotic manipulators is moved, one of which lubricates through a nozzle with a binding solution the adjacent surfaces of the blocks, and the second one captures the prepared blocks and reinforcement tapes from the trolley and lays them into the building walls and partitions. Herewith controlling the manipulators, moving them along the beam, moving the crane-beam on the rails, moving the beam upwards-downwards, moving the trolleys, preparing the binding compound, the blocks and the reinforcement tapes, feeding them to the manipulator are all done by the trolley with electric drives as per the computer program algorithm loaded in the control module.EFFECT: technical result is upgraded level of automation when erecting buildings and structures while providing the technology of construction and the required technical characteristics of the buildings and structures.1 cl, 2 dwg
Rod for kochetov brick wall panel // 2606885
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction in earthquake-prone areas of buildings and structures. Damping rod for brick wall panel, is a coaxial cylindrical shells, between which there are coaxially located tubular damping elements of the vibration dampening material, to the ends of which flat rigid supports are rigidly connected. Density of layers of the vibration dampening material is lower than density of the coaxially located cylindrical shells. Coaxial cylindrical shells of reinforcement damping rods are perforated, and polyurethane is used as vibration dampening material of tubular damping elements. At that the flat rigid supports, connecting end surfaces of the coaxial cylindrical shells, are combined, consisting of at least three layers: top and bottom layers are rigid, and the third layer, arranged between them, is damping. Inner central cavity of the cylindrical shell is filled with vibration damping material, for example polyurethane, or foamed polymer, for example, polyethylene or polypropylene, or crumb of vibration damping materials: rubber, cork, foam plastic, capron, foamed polymer, "Schwim" plastic, with crumb fraction size of 1.5÷2.5 mm, filled with elastomer, for example polyurethane, or from solid damping material, in which foam rubber is used, or needled fabric of "Vibrosil" type based on of silica or aluminoborosilicate fibre, or non-woven vibration damping material.EFFECT: technical result is higher earthquake resistance of the brick wall panel.1 cl, 4 dwg
Aseismic building // 2606884
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to repair, recovery or erection of aseismic buildings and structures. This is achieved by fact, that in aseismic building, containing anti-vibration foundation, horizontal and vertical bearing structures with vibration insulation system, inner partition walls, building roof, as well as door and window openings with reinforcement, basic bearing ceiling slabs are equipped with a damping system at their attachment to the building bearing walls, consisting of horizontal vibration isolators, receiving vertical static and dynamic loads, as well as vertical vibration isolators, receiving horizontal static and dynamic loads, floor is made on elastic base and includes mounting plate, made of concrete materia reinforced by vibration damping, which is installed on base plate of inter-floor slab with cavities through the layers of vibration damping material and waterproofing material with clearance relative to bearing walls of production room, wherein cavities of base plate are filled with vibration damping material, for example foamed polymer, and each of vibration isolators is beaded, mesh and comprises a base, elastic mesh elements, interacting with the base, base is located in the middle part of the vibration isolator and is designed as a plate with fastening holes, and mesh elastic elements, top with upper pressure washer and bottom, with lower pressure washer, are rigidly connected to the base by means of support rings, in the upper mesh elastic element, in the centre, the dry friction damper is located axisymmetrically, dry friction damper is made in the form of upper pressure washer, rigidly connected to the central ring, enclosed by the coaxial ring, rigidly connected to the base, the density of the mesh structure of the resilient mesh elements is within the optimal range of 1.2 g/cm3÷2.0 g/cm3, wire material of elastic mesh elements is steel EI-708, and its diameter is within optimal range of values from 0.09 mm÷0.15 mm, density of the meshy structure of the external layers of the mesh element by 1.5 times exceeds the density of the meshy structure of their internal layers of the elastic mesh element, elastic mesh elements are combined from a mesh frame, filled with elastomer, for example polyurethane, in the lower mesh elastic element, in the centre, dry friction damper is located axisymmetrically, dry friction damper is made in the form of lower pressure washer, rigidly connected to the central ring, enclosed by the coaxial ring, rigidly connected with the base.EFFECT: technical result is enhanced buildings or structures, reducing their vulnerability under action of wind loads and earthquakes, improvement of seismic safety, durability and residual life.1 cl, 8 dwg
Form panel and method for form making using said form panel // 2606735
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to form panel and method for making forms. Form panel, configured to produce the required shape of formwork so, that multiple form panels are located at equal intervals from each other in the direction of their width to set areas of space between them and are continuously and vertically located in the longitudinal direction for concrete mixture pouring. Form panel is made from foam material with possibility of its use as an insulator for concrete mixture pouring. Both edge sections of form panel gave through holes for screed so that the flat screed passes through each through hole for screed. Through hole for screed in form panel has such structure, in which the section of penetration of the body is connected with the section of penetration of the rib, so that screed body and ribs to retain gap pass through the through hole for screed. Also described is a method for making form using form panels.EFFECT: simplifying the making of form.8 cl, 5 dwg
ultifunctional structure // 2606718
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used in construction and reconstruction of residential areas and industrial zones. Multifunctional structure comprises at least one underground floor in form of a manege parking lot with places to accommodate cars, arranged above car park overground building from a group: residential building, building for public, household and office and commercial purposes, as well as a platform for sport and leisure, second underground floor in form of technical floor to accommodate utilities of structure, and forced ventilation means, connected with at least one ventilation shaft for exhaust ventilation of underground floor with parking lot and rooms of overground building. Mouth of ventilation shaft is arranged above roof level overground building. Forced ventilation means are made in form of a jet ventilation system of series-installed in roof space of parking lot of jet ventilators, oriented in direction of generating air flow to drawing ventilation shaft, in form of shielded recess on side of facade of overground building.EFFECT: providing maximum utilisation of urban territory and three-dimensional space at construction site, in particular underground, ground and open areas, ensuring protection of facilities for sports and playgrounds from exhaust gases of vehicles without erection in a building of special internal pipes, and from emergencies – fire, wherein fast fire localisation prevents its spread.14 cl, 9 dwg
etal vertical seismic tank // 2606485
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to metal vertical tanks for storage of liquids, constructed in seismic regions. Tank comprises wall, bottom, roof, floating wave splitters in form of perforated beams with tight lower belts of hollow tubular profile, extra tank with double sealed bottom with central hole and vertical guides, each of which has upper and lower limiters of motion and is fixed on inner side of tank wall. Bottom and roof of tank bottom and central hole of extra tank are made in plan in form of Reuleaux triangle, and walls of tank and extra tank have cross section in form of Reuleaux triangle. Waves splitters are arranged in plan along axes of Reuleaux triangle angles. Wherein tank is installed so that one of angles of wall in plan is located opposite to direction of main vector of wind rose.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of stability and rigidity of tank.1 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of replacing stone column of building // 2606478
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used for reconstruction, reinforcement and recovery of highly damaged bearing structures of buildings, namely to replacement of emergency masonry of columns. At replacement of emergency stone column of building post of temporary attachment is in form of bearing core-row, which is lined with reinforced across well masonry, bearing core-row is made of steel rolling profile or wood and equipped with cargo unit.EFFECT: technical result is providing strength and stability of stone structures.13 cl, 8 dwg
echanical locking of floor panels with glued tongue // 2606477
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention generally relates to construction, particularly, to floor panels with mechanical locking systems with flexible and movable tongue. Tongue for connection of a building panel is in form of an elongated shape made of moulded plastic. Tongue comprises at least two protrusions at a first long edge of tongue. Protrusions are bendable in a plane parallel to upper surface of tongue and extending in parallel plane. Tongue has a second long edge, which is straight over whole length of tongue. Tongue has a gluing part to be glued into groove on an edge of panel, wherein gluing part is an edge section, which lies in direction of length of tongue from protrusions. Tongue is provided with a flexible link that connects edge section to main tongue body.EFFECT: technical result consists in simplification of panels assembly.14 cl, 9 dwg
Fastener for heat-insulating materials attachment // 2606472
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction of buildings and structures, in particular to devices for heat-insulating materials attachment to bearing structures. Fastener for heat-insulating materials attachment contains a pin with a cylindrical body and plastic thermal protective head, solid plastic retaining element, which consists of a pressure plate, bush, guiding the pin, and a seat in the form of hole arranged between the bush and pressure plate for arrangement of the pin head after its input. Pin head is equipped with an external expanding ring on the side of the pressure plate. Inlet part of the hole of retaining element is provided with mating stepped expansion. In the pin head there is a socket made in the form of a polygonal blind hole. Inside the retaining element at the bottom of pin seat there is a projection made in the form of an annular platform. Pin body can be plastic or metal.EFFECT: higher reliability of a fastener.3 cl, 7 dwg
Buildings enclosure explosion-proof breakable structure // 2606469
FIELD: electronics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to protective devices, used in explosion hazardous and radioactive facilities, such as easily detachable and explosion-proof panels and roofs, blast shields. Explosion-proof building enclosure structure comprises reinforced concrete panels with size of 6,000×1,800 mm. Panel consists of breakable and non-unbreakable parts. Unbreakable part is made in form of bearing fins, arranged along breakable part periphery. Breakable part is made in form of, at least, two coaxially arranged recesses in building wall, one of which, external, is formed by planes of proper quadrangular truncated pyramid with rectangular base, and other, internal, – represents two inclined surfaces, connected by fin, with formation of slot. Wall thickness from fin to building enclosure outer surface shall not be less than δ = 20 mm. At blast load impact this wall section can be divided into separate parts, and openings breakable part area is calculated by formula. Opposite to breakable part, on building enclosure outer surface, protective shield made from high strength material is arranged, for example armored material, which is fixed on, at least, three horizontally located and perpendicular to building enclosure rods, at ends of which discs are fixed and which pass through holes in protective shield. Discs, located at rods right side, are immured into building enclosure, and discs at rods left side rest against resilient elements underpinning protecting screen to buildings enclosure. Recesses in building wall, one of which, external, is formed by planes of proper quadrangular truncated pyramid with rectangular base, and other one, internal, represents two inclined surfaces connected by fin, are filled with heat- and sound-absorbing material and closed by decorative, easily breakable with explosion panel. At that, on horizontal and perpendicular to building enclosure rods safety package of resilient elements is arranged, which is made in form conical springs package and consists of set, including, at least, one external and two internal annular resilient conical discs, placed between package base and washer. Base rests against protective screen, and washer is against cover. External annular resilient conical disc lateral conical surfaces coupling with internal annular resilient conical discs lateral conical surfaces is made in form of spherical segments with radius R. Spherical segments are made integral with each of discs conical surfaces and directed in opposite directions from conical surface generatrix, that is, each disc one spherical segment is directed inside conical surface, and other is to outside, and for impact load damping at springs compression in junctions of annular conical spring with package base and washer damping rings are installed.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of buildings explosion-proof enclosure breakable part explosion-proof screen fastening reliability at accident explosion at facility.1 cl, 4 dwg
icroporous heat-insulating material // 2606440
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat-insulating materials production and can be used in aerospace engineering, in instrument making, machine building, construction and other industries. Microporous heat-insulating material consists of spherical amorphous silicon dioxide particles with size of 100 mcm and flat silicon dioxide particles with size of up to 20 nm, silica fibres with diameter of 2–3 mcm, and plate-shaped mineral powder filler with particles size of 2–7 mcm, in following ratio of components, wt%: spherical particles of amorphous silicon dioxide 37.4–43.6; silica fibre 4.5–8.4; flat particles of amorphous silicon dioxide 19.3–24.8; titanium dioxide 27.3–33.2.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce of microporous heat-insulating material heat conductivity coefficient without essential deterioration of its strength characteristics.1 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex
Lighting device // 2606239
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a lighting device for lighting part of a room, in particular, a complex of slot machines, with a viewing panel of at least partially transparent material, through which light can flow, as well as to a panel retaining device comprising retainers to retain viewing panels and fixing devices for installation of the viewing panel on the ceiling and on the wall. Retaining device comprises at least three interconnected retaining brackets shaped as a star and holding at least two parts of the viewing panel with the viewing panel parts inner walls. Inner walls of the viewing panel parts border with each other so that the said parts of the viewing panel form, in fact, a continuous surface of the viewing panel. Parts of the viewing panel have free outer walls, which are not held by the retaining brackets and which together form an external contour of the viewing panel.EFFECT: technical result is wider range of equipment for lighting a room with illumination of a certain section.15 cl, 5 dwg
ethod of wind-driven electric plant concrete tower segment making // 2605981
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to production of wind-driven electric plant concrete tower segment, as well as measuring device for tower segment measuring. Method of wind-driven electric plant concrete tower segment making includes preparation of having at least one segment shaped formwork to set shape of tower segment to be produced and for filling with concrete. Segment shape is filled with concrete, so that during subsequent concrete hardening tower segment was formed. Hardened tower segment is measured in order to create three-dimensional virtual actual model of tower segment. Three-dimensional actual model is created. Comparing three-dimensional actual model with specified form, in particular with three-dimensional virtual specified model stored in memory, and determinating deviation between these two virtual models. Changing segment shape, in particular, at least, of one formwork, when deviation exceeds first preset limit value.EFFECT: technical result is higher accuracy of segment making.10 cl, 9 dwg
Combined cornice of building face // 2605976
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to an external combined cornice of a building face. Combined cornice consists of at least two made from an aluminium alloy longitudinal parts. Each of the longitudinal parts contains at least one part of a locking attachment enabling connection to the other longitudinal part, and together at least two longitudinal parts are interconnected into a locking attachment, which consists of the two parts and is designed so, that at least one longitudinal edge of one part is a ledge, and the other edge is a mating part in the form of a slot, which the ledge is engaged with. Slot and the ledge of the locking attachment are made of a crescent shaped cross-section.EFFECT: technical result is the possibility of connecting the combined parts in an arbitrary order and changing the cornice configuration.8 cl, 4 dwg

achine parts or structures elements connection system // 2605901
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is connection system of machines parts or structures elements. It consists of three connection units, installed between connected machines parts or elements of structures. Where one of connection units is made in form of ball joint, and second connection unit comprises one cylindrical joint, one ball joint and intermediate link, installed between these two joints.EFFECT: wherein third connection unit comprises two ball joints and intermediate link installed between them.1 cl, 1 dwg

Steel-reinforced concrete beam // 2605862
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely, to composite beams working in bending, used as buildings load-bearing elements. Steel-reinforced concrete beam is made of two shaped thin-walled steel shells, forming upper and lower belts filled with reinforced concrete and flat wall, with die-fixed ribs interconnected by bends of die-fixed studs ends. To ensure upper belt constant size die-fixed studs with bends are engaged with mesh reinforcement.EFFECT: technical result of invention consists in improvement of beam carrying capacity.1 cl, 7 dwg

Universal kit for building low-rise buildings and structures // 2605654
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used at erection of low-rise buildings of different structural systems. Summary of invention is in that universal kit for building of low-rise constructions and structures, having in its structure the wall elements used as wall elements and covering beams, made by extrusion of wood-plastic composite, wall elements are composed of posts with cross sections in the form of flange beam and rectangular parallelepiped with selected quarters and strappings of elements with cross section in the form of beam channel, and corner blocks, note here that all components of the set have internal cavities. Internal cavities of the elements are filled with effective insulation. Elements in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped are used as floor beams and are reinforced.EFFECT: invention objective - development of universal set of elements, which can be used in all three systems: bar-shaped, rack-mounted and low-framed, at the same time provide the required heat capacity, durability, rigidity and durability of the structure with minimum labor intensity of assembly.3 cl, 7 dwg
Structural panel // 2605572
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a new structural panel used as a covering, noise and vibration-isolating and heat-insulating panel. Panel is made from a composition containing epoxy resin based on block-oligomer with long chain, containing aromatic links, curing agent based on aliphatic polyamines or polyaminoamides and foaming agent based on polyethylhydrosiloxane. Above composition is in transition state from being glass-like to highly elastic at -4 to +40 °C. Panel has noise and vibration-absorbing and heat-insulating properties, improved structural properties.EFFECT: such covering can be used for protection of structures of vehicles, structures combining protective function and mechanical load transfer functions, operating in high humidity conditions, in construction, shipbuilding, aircraft construction et cetera.13 cl, 2 ex

ultilayer water-resistant finish panel (variants) // 2605477
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, in particular, to multilayer waterproof finish panel, designed for flooring floor and wall cladding. Multilayer panel includes a moisture-resistant central layer, having a top surface, the first moisture-resistant adhesive layer and lining layer, connected to the upper surface of the central layer by means of the first moisture-resistant adhesive layer. Moisture-resistant central layer may contain less than 10 % additives, selected from a group comprising antioxidants, stabilizers, dyes, fungicides, binding substance, hardening substance and lubricants.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of moisture resistance, hardness, as well as environmental, shock absorbing characteristics of floor coating.18 cl, 6 dwg

Panel // 2605476
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly to such panel, as floor, ceiling or wall panel. Disclosed is panel with horizontally and vertically active locking system, which allow two such construction panels to be connected with each other on adjacent sides by insertion of one of said floor panels by downward movement into other panel. Vertical active gripper comprises grip element in form of insert. This gripper comprises, at least, hinged turning locking body and connecting part. Hinged turning locking body and connecting part in not connected state extend horizontally, at least in some part of one under another, while maintaining mutual vertical distance.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of small thickness panels connection reliability.28 cl, 25 dwg

Design and method for underwater activity // 2605471
FIELD: sports.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to design and method for underwater activity, for example, such as underwater sports, training and scuba diving. More specifically, the present invention relates to design for underwater activity, which comprises a tank, completely or partially filled with water and equipped with one or more openings for entering the tank and water located in it. Design for underwater activity comprises a tank, which comprises at least one wall and at least one opening for entering the tank, tank is made with possibility of complete or partial filling with water, and the design additionally comprises a container intended for filling, at least, partially with water, to accommodate said tank so, that a lower part of the tank, comprising at least one opening, is located under the level of water mass surface in said container, said lower part of the tank, being placed into the container, is configured to form together with the container wall an upper part of the container, which maintains, through said opening of the lower part of the tank, pressure difference between said upper part of the container and space inside the tank, when water is introduced into this tank. Method for underwater activity comprises a step of complete or partial filling space formed by at least one tank wall with water, and the tank has at least one opening for penetration into the space inside the tank, method also comprises at least partial filling the container with water, placing said tank into the container so that the lower part of the tank, comprising at least one opening, is located below the level of water mass surface in said container, said lower part of the tank, being inserted into the container, forms together with the container wall an upper part of the container, which, thus, maintains, through said opening of the lower part of the tank, pressure difference between said upper part of the container and space inside the tank, when water is introduced into this tank, when water is introduced into this space of the tank.EFFECT: technical result is making a design, ensuring easy and safe training and testing underwater activity, as well as allowing viewers being outside water easy observing underwater activity.16 cl, 10 dwg

ethod of jointing reinforcement bars of periodic profile // 2605239
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely, to methods of jointing reinforcement bars of periodic profile. In threaded holes of connecting sleeve fixing bolts are screwed with installed plugs, that is fixed in plug, for example, adhesive substance. Connected rods are placed in the sleeve to thrust against the stop. Mounting gun, for example, powder, is introduced plugs into the body of rods. Note here that channels serve as guides at introduction plugs. When implementing plugs in rods, the last are pressed to notches of the connecting sleeve. When tightening the fixing screws to press them to the stops of anchors is carryed out fixing of plugs in sleeve. Thus, is created a reliable connection of rods. Performing of the notches in the form of multiple thread allows without special costs create ledges in the form of pyramids, that promotes better fixation of rods in the sleeve.EFFECT: since the ends of the fixing screws interact with smooth surface of the projection dowel is carried out reliable fixation of the plug, and, consequently, the rod, in connecting sleeve.1 cl, 8 dwg

Air dispersion of mineral fibres in production of ceiling tiles // 2605210
FIELD: construction; acoustics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of acoustic ceiling tiles based on mineral wool. Method of producing diluted aqueous suspension for water hardening of main mat for acoustic ceiling tiles, includes delivery of a bale of pressed mineral wool with density of at least 8 pounds per cubic foot (approximately 0.13 g/cm3) on section for unpacking bales, disconnection of attachment holding bale in compressed state, mechanical separation of fibres from bale of mineral wool by mechanical means arranged with possibility of dispersion of fibres to ensure overall uniform density of less than 2 pounds per cubic foot (approximately 0.032 g/cm3), until passage of fibres via inlet of tank and direction of separated mineral fibre into mixing tank for bringing into contact with binding agent suspended in water.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of acoustic characteristics, high mechanical properties of tiles.4 cl, 3 dwg

House-container with stable structure // 2605101
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a container house, used as a place of residence. Container house with a stable design, comprising a main body having an interior space and a passage connecting interior space with outside, and a plurality of piles. Piles, vertically passing through main body, are fixedly secured said main body on a piece of land and are sunk into soil of said land.EFFECT: technical result is high stability of structure under external action.8 cl, 13 dwg

Telescopic mast // 2604906
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hoisting devices and can be used in mobile plants of various purpose. On intermediate retractable sections there are fixation locks, on the axes of housings of which there are balance beam (23) and support cover (25) spring-loaded by torsion spring (26) fixing slider (24). Each retractable section includes a fastening element. In the case of the fastening element there is a nut, on the upper and the lower sides of which springs are located. On the base and the intermediate sections there are splines, and on the inner section and the intermediate sections there are stops. On the base and the intermediate sections there are pins (21).EFFECT: invention provides higher reliability of the telescopic mast.1 cl, 7 dwg

Sheet providing water tightness of walls and attic rooms of buildings, as well as insulating panels, suitable for limitation of microorganisms and insects propagation // 2604840
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sheet (100; 200; 300; 600; 700) intended to provide water impermeability to walls and attic part of buildings made from fibrous material; comprising bearing layer (1; 701), watertight membrane (2; 22; 702), wherein said bearing layer and said membrane are connected to each other over their entire surface; additive having antibacterial, antifungal, fungicidal and insecticidal properties, where at least one of said bearing layer (1; 701) and said membrane (2; 22; 702) contains said additive, wherein said additive is a mixture containing: quaternary ammonium, derivatives of isothiazolone, permethrin.EFFECT: disclosed is a sheet intended for providing water impermeability of walls and attic rooms of buildings.16 cl, 6 dwg

Framework building module // 2604613
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to modular volume-frame construction and can be used in low-height building construction. Framework building module is made of straight-line profiles-ribs, interconnected by fasteners, located at vertices of formed triangular faces of basis in form of upper and lower polygons. Upper polygon is inscribed in lower polygon, wherein every two ribs extending from one fastener top of lower polygon are connected to three straight profiles-ribs by means of two units of tops of upper polygon. Framework module is equipped with additional vertical ribs, coming out of nodes of lower tops of lower polygon, ribs, connecting upper and lower polygons of bases and extending from one vertex of lower nod of lower polygon, are connected with additional vertical ribs and to each other with straight inserts, and vertices of additional vertical ribs are connected with upper polygon of framework.EFFECT: technical result consists in expansion of possibility of volume-surface planning solutions of building.4 cl, 3 dwg

Wall covering for thermal and acoustic comfort // 2604608
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multilayer wall covering, comprising: (a) a support layer formed by an organic polymer foam having an open porosity between 0.50 and 0.995, or by a viscose fibre nonwoven having surface density between 150 g/m2 and 500 g/m2; (b) a surface layer formed by a glass textile, having a static air flow resistance, measured according to standard ISO 9053, between 105 N·s·m-4 to 106 N·s·m4; (c) at interface between support layer (a) and surface layer (b), a discontinuous adhesive layer having surface density between 17 and 60 g/m2. Invention also relates to use of such covering for improving both acoustic and thermal comfort of a room, and two methods for manufacturing such a covering.EFFECT: invention improves acoustic and thermal comfort of structures.16 cl, 1 tbl
 
2550851.
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