Building (E04)

E   Fixed constructions(157762)
E04            Building(24567)

ethod of structure movement // 2628357
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of movement includes separating the structure from the foundation, lifting it to a predetermined height, preparing base elements under the lower part of the structure, installing at least two guides on the base elements, and laying rolling elements thereon. The guides are made in the form of wooden beams placed in a direction that coincides with the structure movement direction. As rolling elements, long-length metal pipes are chosen. They are placed at a distance from each other in the transverse direction or at an angle to the movement direction with the projection of their ends beyond the width or length of the lower part of the structure.EFFECT: reduced labour costs when moving buildings.9 cl, 5 dwg

Prefabricated module for building // 2628352
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: prefabricated module has a side made with the possibility to be connected to a plurality of panels and slabs for forming a part of the building comprises: four walls extending between the floor slab and the roof slab to form a rectangular cubic form; a compartment (10) in said rectangular cubic form; internal equipment, at least part of which is connected to technical means located inside the cubic form. A wet area is created in said module. Said module is made in the form of a load-bearing structure having said four walls equipped with the flat wooden core comprising at least one insulating layer. Said wet area is made in said module by means of providing watertight layers on the inner sides of the walls and the floor slab of the compartment (10). Said flat wooden core also comprises cross-laminated multilayer wood disposed adjacent to said at least one insulating layer.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce the building erection time and to provide a wide range of its use.14 cl, 51 dwg

Gypsum products with high-efficient heat-absorbing additives // 2628347
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: gypsum article comprises a cured gypsum core layer, at least partially covered with at least one facing sheet, at least one of the liner sheets comprising paper and aluminium trihydrate, the paper being obtained from at least a pulp and aluminium trihydrate, and wherein the aluminium trihydrate is present in an amount of from about 5% to about 40 wt % relative to the pulp in a dry state.EFFECT: increasing the stability of gypsum products to high temperatures.9 cl, 12 dwg, 4 tbl

Floor panel for forming floor boarding, floor boarding formed from such floor panels, and method for manufacturing such floor panels // 2628345
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: floor panel consists of a synthetic material and has the decorative upper side. On at least one pair of opposite edges, the panel comprises connecting parts which allow the two panels to be connected to each other. The connecting parts perform locking in the first direction perpendicular to the plane of the floor panels, and also in the second direction perpendicular to the corresponding edge and in the plane of the floor panels. At least one of the connecting parts comprises a separate locking element which, in the connected state, provides locking in at least the first direction.EFFECT: increasing the operational reliability of the floor.22 cl, 19 dwg

Support boot for transmission and distribution of forces for a sensitive pressure basis and system of steps with such towels // 2627922
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: support boot (10) for transmitting and distributing forces over the pressure sensitive substrate includes a base (12) for placement on the base and a retaining element (18) connected thereto. The retaining element (18) has a first opening (20) for the connecting piece (72) and a second opening (22) for the connecting piece (32). The first opening (20) is aligned with the third opening (24) for the connecting piece (72). The three mentioned apertures (20, 22, 24) are arranged T-shaped with respect to each other. The first and third openings (20, 24) are formed by a U-shaped concave metal sheet. The second opening (22) is formed by plates (28) extending at an angle from the ends of the arms of a U-shaped metal plate and bent into a ring. The rack system has a support boot (10) and a mounting rail that is inserted into the opening (20, 22, 24) and the removal of which from the holding element (18) is prevented by the fastening means (56).EFFECT: easy adjustment of the boot.16 cl, 8 dwg

Steel concrete beam // 2627810
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: steel concrete beam comprising the upper and lower belts, the wall and the concrete located in a closed loop in the upper part of the beam section, has a closed loop for the concrete location. The closed loop is formed by the upper belt and the wall consisting of two sheets bent outwards in the upper part of the beam in accordance with the diagram of normal compressive stresses in the cross sections of the beam. The upper edges of the wall sheets are spaced in the horizontal plane and form along the beam length two curves corresponding to the bending moment diagram in the beam. The upper interface points of the wall sheets are located on a vertical curve corresponding to the bending moment diagram in the beam. And the wall sheets are united by retainers of variable length, which give it the curved shape along the beam height and length.EFFECT: reducing the material consumption of the steel-concrete beam.7 dwg
Device for fixing insulation to wall // 2627809
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for fixing the insulation to the wall consists of a fixing sleeve, on which a clamping sleeve is inserted, forming a single unit with a circular clamping plate provided with cutting teeth located along its periphery. The fixing sleeve ends with an expansion zone on one end, and with a circular plate on another end. There is an expansion element inside the fixing sleeve, preferably in the form of a screw. In this case, the expansion element has a head that is integrated into a sleeve with an external thread, in which a polygonal hole is provided. The clamping plate ends in a round flange, inside which there is an insulating cover, and the teeth of the clamping plate have lateral and front sharp edges.EFFECT: simplicity of design with universal functionality and with reliable fixing and fast installation.10 cl, 6 dwg

Device for cleaning and utilisation of flue gases of roof boiler // 2627808
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: device for cleaning and utilisation of flue gases of a roof boiler includes a box, made of corrosion-resistant material, connected to the atmosphere on opposite edges through chimneys, equipped with deflectors placed on the roof of the roof boiler room, in the bottom of which there are openings connected to the chimney of the heat generator and equipped with cartridges. Perforated baskets, filled with pumice granules, are placed inside the box on the support bars and a vertical perforated partition. The pumice is made of metallurgical slag with a lime factor of M>1 and a granule diameter of 5 to 10 mm. Above the baskets there are washing branch pipes, perforated below and connected outside the box to the wash water manifold. The bottom of the box is made with a slope I to the openings. The bottoms of the cartridges are connected to an acid condensate manifold, which is also connected to a drain manifold and an adsorber filled with adsorbing agent, i.e. pumice granules of metallurgical slags, and equipped with a hydraulic gate connected to a storage tank, which is connected through a condensate pump to a feedwater pipeline of the heat generator, the adsorber wash water pipeline and the wash water manifold.EFFECT: increased reliability and efficiency of the device.4 dwg

Device for fixing insulation to wall // 2627805
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for fixing the insulation to the wall consists of a fixing sleeve (1) which ends on one end with an expansion zone (2) and on the other with a circular plate (3) where an expansion element (4) is located inside the fixing sleeve (1), preferably in the form of a screw. In this case, the expansion element (4) has a head that is integrated into a sleeve (5) with an external thread, where a polygonal hole (6) is provided in the sleeve (5). The fixing sleeve (1) has a diameter with a gradual decrease, with the largest diameter (D) being on the input side. The length (L2) of the fixing sleeve (1) from the stage to the end of the fixing sleeve is not less than the length (L1) of the expansion element (4) from the point of attachment to the sleeve (5) to its end. The largest internal diameter (D) of the fixing sleeve (1) is larger than the outer diameter (D1) of the sleeve (5) rigidly attached to the expansion element (4). The length of the segment (K) with the largest internal diameter (D) of the fixing sleeve (1) is not less than the length (K1) of the sleeve (5), which is attached to form an integral joint to the expansion element (4).EFFECT: creation of a device with a simple design with functionality and with reliable fixing and fast installation.2 cl, 4 dwg

Dome // 2627800
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: dome consists of a wooden frame including composite meridional arched ribs made of elements docked end-to-end at an angle to each other and fastened with their upper ends to the central supporting element, and with the lower ones to the supporting element of the base, and horizontal girders connected to the meridional ribs. The docked elements of the arched ribs are connected with overlapping by the cut ends and are fastened with nagels, on the free ends of which the ends of horizontal girders are put, the central supporting element is made in the form of a disk, and the lower tier of horizontal girders is put on the nagels installed in the openings of the lower elements of the meridional arched ribs.EFFECT: increasing the dome strength.4 cl, 7 dwg

Coating from trihedral trusses // 2627794
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: coating comprises trihedral trusses combined by a profiled flooring. Each truss includes the upper tubular belts of the pentahedral composite section and the lower belt from a single angle with the heel oriented downwards. The walls of the channels of the upper belts are oriented vertically and into the trihedral truss towards each other. The diagonal web is welded overlapped to the flanges of the belt angles.EFFECT: increasing the structure rigidity while reducing the material and labour consumption.3 dwg
Platform assembly-monolithic joint // 2627524
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: platform assembly-monolithic joint comprises hollow-core flooring plates, arranged in the layout above adjacent rooms in mutually perpendicular directions, resting on the inner bearing wall panels; concrete diaphragms are arranged in the cavities of the flooring plates facing the plate butt, at a distance exceeding the panel thickness; the openings trapezoidal in the section are made on the entire plate thickness; the wall panels have openings, and therefore the upper zone of the panel is reinforced with a frame that has projections from the upper face plane of the panel on which the flooring plates rest; between the butts of the flooring plates, using these projections, the monolithic reinforced belt is arranged, the armature of which is connected to the vertical operating rods of the overlying panel and concreted. Also on the side faces of the flooring slabs there are recesses of the trapezoidal shape (dowels, grooves) which after laying in the space between the slabs of the flat reinforcing frame and filling them with concrete connect adjacent slabs to each other and form an assembly-monolithic horizontal hard disc of flooring.EFFECT: rigid joint between the wall panels with openings by height and the formation of an assembly-monolithic horizontal hard disc of flooring when erecting panel buildings in seismically hazardous areas with the increase in the resistance of these buildings to progressive collapse.1 dwg

Semi-mechanical trowel // 2627518
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: semi-mechanical trowel consists of two parts connected together by a hinge joint, where the first part is a sheet base, which can have different geometric configurations along the perimeter, and the working edge can be even or serrated. On the opposite edge, with respect to the working edge, there is a tongue projecting laterally and parallel to the grip handle, bent downwards at its end. A hinge joint blocking retainer is installed on the tongue; the first element of the hinge joint is installed on the bottom side of the sheet base. The second part of the semi-mechanical trowel is the grip handle of the tool, equipped at its beginning with the second return element of the hinge joint, and in its continuation having a handle, a bend protecting the fingers from pinching in the folded state of the trowel, an anti-deformation abutment towards the rear side of the sheet base in the form of a cross bar, and an abutment for the forearm with a fastening belt, mounted on the bend of the grip handle. The materials for manufacturing the semi-mechanical trowel have a wide range of applications, such as: black steel, stainless steel, all non-ferrous metals, rigid polymers, wood.EFFECT: reducing the labour intensity of the process of applying and levelling painting and plastering solutions when working on walls and ceilings and increasing the production rates.3 cl, 5 dwg
Sound-absorbing structure // 2627517
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: sound-absorbing structure is made in the form of solid and perforated wall, between which there is a multilayer sound-absorbing element, in which a resonance type element is arranged between the sound-absorbing layer and a layer of sound-reflecting material with complex profile made in the form of rigid resonance plate with resonance holes performing the functions of Helmholtz resonators neck. The functions of Helmholtz resonator volumes are performed by a layer of sound reflecting material with complex profile consisting of uniformly distributed hollow tetrahedrons allowing to reflect acoustic waves falling in all directions.EFFECT: increase of sound absorption efficiency and structure reliability.1 dwg
Kochetov's sound-absorbing structure // 2627509
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: sound-absorbing structure includes rigid solid and perforated walls, between which a two-layer combined sound-absorbing element is located. Between the sound-absorbing layer and a layer of sound-reflecting material of complex profile adjacent to it, an element of resonant type is located. The latter is made in the form of rigid resonance plate with resonant holes that perform functions of Helmholtz resonators neck. At that the functions of Helmholtz resonator volumes are performed by a layer of sound reflecting material with complex profile consisting of uniformly distributed hollow tetrahedrons allowing to reflect acoustic waves falling in all directions.EFFECT: improved noise suppression and structure reliability as a whole.1 dwg

Kochetov`s sound absorption device for industrial premises lining // 2627508
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention includes two oppositely arranged perforated walls between which a multi-layered sound-absorbing element is disposed. The latter is made in the form of five layers, two of which, adjacent to the walls are sound-absorbing layers made of materials with different density, and three central layers are combined. The axial layer is made in the form of rigid resonance plate with resonant holes that perform functions of Helmholtz resonators neck, and two symmetrically located and adjacent layers of reflective material of complex profile represent additional volume of Helmholtz resonators.EFFECT: noise supression efficiency is increased by extending the frequency range of the resonant operation modes which are provided by Helmholtz resonators built-in into the multi-layer sound-absorbing element.1 dwg

Bar-lifting panel // 2627507
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: bar-lifting panel comprises a panel body made of a light and strong material with longitudinal hollow cavities. Inside the panel there are bar-lifting elements, arranged in the longitudinal direction in two rows, and in the transverse direction their number is unlimited and determined by the panel width. Each bar-lifting element comprises two longitudinal rectangular E-shaped vertical cavities, not connected pneumatically to each other, symmetrically arranged and facing each other with their three lateral longitudinal channels closed from both butt sides. The lowest lateral longitudinal channels of the E-shaped cavities are blind, and each of the upper lateral longitudinal channels is pneumatically connected to a corresponding vertical longitudinal channel opening onto the upper panel surface, and by means of an inclined longitudinal channel - with an internal cavity of the corresponding longitudinal pipe closed from both butt sides. Both medium longitudinal channels are connected to the inner cavities of the respective longitudinal pipes closed from both butt sides. All the opposite walls of the cavities and channels are equal in area. All the arc surfaces of cross-lying pipes are equal in area. On the upper surface of the panel, two covers are installed in the guides with the possibility of moving transversely by means of a screw mechanism, having through longitudinal windows equal in width and length to the vertical channels of the panel. To reduce the weight inside the panel, longitudinal cavities not associated with the bar-lifting elements are made in free places. At the lower part of the panel, four supports are made.EFFECT: improving the operation characteristics of the panel.13 dwg

Large-panel building // 2627436
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: large-panel building contains the prefabricated panels of transverse bearing walls and panels of longitudinal bearing walls in the amount from three walls or more, in which two walls of these longitudinal bearing walls are bearing outer walls, having the precast floor slabs, resting on these bearing walls. The precast floor slab rests on the inner longitudinal bearing walls, which has the cantilevers towards the longitudinal outer bearing walls of the building. The cantilivers has the support platforms. This precast floor slab forms in the transverse direction of the building the linear multi-span, uncut, slab cast over precast joists, together with the precast floor slab, resting by the one end on the outer longitudinal bearing walls, and by the other end on the cantilivers support platforms of the precast floor slab, resting on the inner longitudinal bearing walls. The transverse, uncut, multi-span, slab cast over precast joists can have cantilevered parts outside the supporting outer panels. The balconies and the galleries can be arranged on the cantiliver parts of the transverse, uncut, multi-span, slab cast over precast joists. The transverse, uncut, multi-span, slab cast over precast joists can be organized both on the entire area of the building floor slab, and only on its part. Included in the transverse, uncut, multi-span, slab cast over precast joist, the precast slabs joints are outside the supporting longitudinal bearing walls, in the zero bending moments area. Included in the transverse, uncut, multi-span, slab cast over precast joist, the precast slabs joints with each other and with longitudinal bearing outer wall panels are carried out by the concrete joint grouting of starter bars by the Peredery connection type or by the joint grouting of rope loop free lengths. Between two transverse uncut multi-span slab cast over precast joists or between the transverse bearing wall and the transverse uncut multi-span slab cast over precast joists, it is possible to mount the split floor slabs with support on two sides on these transverse, uncut, multi-span, slab cast over precast joists or from one side at transverse bearing wall. There may be no longitudinal bearing walls under the split floor slabs at its length.EFFECT: invention allows to build the large-panel buildings with free apartments layouts.7 cl, 7 dwg

ultilayered wall panel // 2627434
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: multilayered wall panel consists of an inner wooden layer, an outer facing layer, and a layer of a heat insulation from foamed polymeric material, located between them. The wooden layer is made of a pack of boards glued together. Wherein in the boards through openings are made, which coaxially extend to the entire height of the pack, and reinforcing elements poured with a curable composition are arranged in the openings.EFFECT: manufacturing a wall panel more lightweight, simple in manufacturing and sufficiently strong to be used as bearing elements.10 cl, 5 dwg

ethod for gluing plates in multilayer panel (versions) // 2627396
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for gluing veneer sheets in a multilayer panel consists in applying a layer of a glue, or adhesive, or binding composition. Then, at least two thin veneer sheets of wood with the thickness of 0.1 to 10 mm each are connected through said layer by means of applying the pressing force over the entire outer surface area of one of the thin veneer sheets of wood to the polymerisation of this layer. To form a layer of a glue, or adhesive, or binding composition, a mesh is used, which is moistened with this composition, the excess of this composition is drained, and the mesh is laid on a dry surface over the entire area of one of the thin veneer sheets of wood. Then another thin veneer sheet of wood is laid on the mesh, followed by applying said pressing force to the superficially arranged thin veneer sheet of wood.EFFECT: simplifying the method of gluing and reducing the adhesive composition consumption.2 cl, 2 dwg

Building of volumetric modules // 2627343
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: building of volumetric modules comprises three-dimensional modules installed on each other by the number of floors and common building blocks formed between the internal walls of the modules. The building is made up of separate sections, wherein each of the sections located on the floors on one vertical comprises a set of modules including two extreme modules 1 and 2 with the length equal to the width of the building. Between the end modules 1 and 2 there is an intermediate module 3 of a shorter length. Part of the length of the end modules 1 and 2 and the width of the intermediate module 3 form a space in which the common corridor 4, the staircase module 5 and the place 6 for accommodating the lift are arranged. The inner walls 7 of the modules are made with the thickness of 0.4 to 0.5 of the thickness of the outer walls 8. The outer walls 8 of the modules 1, 2 and 3 can be equipped with a heat-insulating material made in the factory or building conditions. The building can be equipped with attachable balconies 9. On the staircase module 5, a garbage chute 10 can be arranged. The location 6 for accommodating the lift can be made in the form of a free space for the subsequent installation of the lift and closing the free space of the front enclosure 11. The front enclosure 11 can be made of a decorative and/or transparent material. The wall or walls of the place 6 for accommodating the lift can be equipped with a soundproof coating. The effectiveness of the invention is achieved due to reducing the labour costs during the transportation and installation of a multi-storey building, as well as in improving the comfort and fire safety of using common building blocks.EFFECT: invention allows to limit the possible number of people in common building blocks and the possible area of fire and smoke spread in the building.8 cl, 2 dwg
ethod for mounting energy exchange unit and structure for embedding said block in building roof structure // 2627330
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: energy exchange unit rests on the rafters in the installation area, wherein the lower surface of the energy exchange unit is disposed between the upper surface of the roof rafters and the lower surface of the roof lathing.EFFECT: energetic efficiency increase of an energy-exchange unit.17 cl, 10 dwg

ulti-layer panel having thermal insulating properties // 2627056
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: panel comprises: the main layer of insulating material, comprising the first surface and the second surface; the first reinforcing layer of a metallic material connected to the base layer by the above first surface; the second reinforcing layer of a metallic material connected to the base layer by the above second surface. Between the first and the second reinforcing layers, it comprises a layer made of a polymeric material.EFFECT: increasing the thermal insulation properties of the panel.7 cl, 2 dwg
odular multistoried production shop and construction methods // 2627052
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: modular shop on premix for animal food production contains vertical stack of production modules, intended to place the production equipment and containing the support structures, associated with the production equipment. The vertical stack of the workers access modules contains the stair well, it is adjacent to the vertical stack of production modules and is designed to provide the workers with the access to production modules. The adjacent vertical stacks of production modules and the workers access modules form several floors of the modular premix production shop for the animal food, and the stair well of the workers access modules vertical stack provides workers with the access to each of the several floors of this modular shop. In the vertical stack of the workers access modules, the stairs and/or the lifter can be made to allow the workers to rise/drop between the shop floors. In particularly preferred embodiments, each of the production and workers access modules is in the form of the rectangular parallelepiped, having such dimensions as to fit in the standard 20 ft (6 m) shipping container.EFFECT: modules configuration allows faster shop transportation and erection.22 cl, 16 dwg
Wayer composite fittings and method of its manufacture // 2626864
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: composite reinforcing bar includes twisted strands, including fibers and fastened with a polymeric binder. Each bundle is formed of yarns, each of which is twisted from at least two monofilaments, and the direction of twisting of the tows is opposite to the direction of twisting of the monofilaments. The method of manufacturing a composite reinforcing bar is to form bundles comprising fibers, impregnating the tows with a thermosetting polymer composition, twisting the tows to form a rod, and curing the polymer at a high temperature. In this case, the formation of bundles is carried out from yarns obtained by twisting monofilaments, and twisting of bundles is carried out in a direction opposite to the direction of twisting of the monofilaments.EFFECT: increasing the resistance of the reinforcing bar to bending stresses due to the uniform distribution of the polymer binder along the thickness of the rod.2 cl
Bitumen compositions containing additives with improved thermo-reversible properties // 2626859
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: bitumen composition contains bitumen, the first additive containing at least one functional group of a saturated or unsaturated fatty acid ester, linear or branched, having a hydrocarbon chain of 4 to 36 carbon atoms optionally substituted by at least one hydroxyl group, and the second additive containing at least one organic gellant. The invention also relates to application of a combination of the first and second additives in a bitumen composition to reduce the dynamic viscosity of the bitumen composition or bitumen base at a temperature higher than or equal to 80°C, preferably higher than 80°C, without impairing the consistency of the said composition at operating temperatures. Finally, the invention relates to the use of these bitumen compositions in the field of road applications, in particular, in production of road binders, and in the field of industrial applications.EFFECT: improved composition properties.17 cl, 2 tbl
Kochetov floor structure on vibration cushioning base // 2626843
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: floor structure on the vibration cushioning base contains the base plate of interfloor overlapping with cavities connected to the wall, an elastic base located on the base plate. The elastic base further comprises a mounting plate made of a concrete, reinforced with vibration cushioning material, which is installed on the base plate of the interfloor overlapping through the layers of vibration cushioning material and the waterproofing material with a gap in relation to the bearing walls of the production room that are flanged tightly to the bearing structures of the walls and the base bearing plate. The cavities of base plate are filled with vibration cushioning material, such as foamed polymer. The mounting plate is made of a rigid porous vibration-absorbing material, for example elastomer, or polyurethane with a porosity degree in the range of optimum values: 30-45%, or of vibrosil-type needle mat on the basis of silica or aluminoborosilicate fiber, or of solid vibro-cushioning materials, for example plastic compound, or from soundproofing plates based on glass staple fiber of "Noise-stop" type with material density of 60-80 kg/m3. In the cavities of interfloor overlapping base plates, vibro-cushioning screw inserts are made of elastic polymer, for example polyurethane, or of elastic material, for example spring steel, filled with a foamed polymer, for example polyethylene or polypropylene, or with construction foam.EFFECT: improved vibration-absorbing and soundproofing properties of the floor.3 dwg

Kochetov method for explosion protection with dampering device // 2626819
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to safety devices used in explosive hazard and radioactive objects, such as lightweight panels and roofs, anti-explosion fences and dampers, overpressure valves. Method for explosion protection with damping device includes installation in the enclosing structures of buildings in which explosive and fire hazard equipment is functioning, and explosion-proof elements. For upper fences they are made in the form of anti-explosion panels and installed on the roof or attic partition of a building with explosive hazard objects located therein. They are made in the form of anti-explosion panels containing a metal armoured frame with metal armoured plating and lead filler, which has four fixed support pipes at the ends, and four support rods are rigidly embedded in the building cover, which are telescopically inserted into the fixed pipe of panel support. The filler is made in the form of air-lead disperse system. Lead is made in the shape of a crumb. To fix the limit position of the panel, the end plates are welded to the ends of the support rods. To the ends of the support rods, from the side facing the metal frame, explosion-proof elements damping the impact of the shock wave are attached. Between the additional elements and the metal frame with armoured metal lining, bushings of quick-disintegrating material, for example glass, such as "triplex", or pneumatic damping elements made of rubber cord shells, for example a conical shape having a central hole into which the rod enters, are mounted on the support rods. Fixed pipe-supports, embedded in the panel, are made in the axial section of curved shape, for example, hyperbolic.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the reliability of the operation of explosion-proof devices in case of emergency explosion at the facility and to ensure that these structures return to their original position after the explosion.4 dwg
Vibration cushioning kochetov insert for cavities of interfloor overlapping plates // 2626818
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: vibration cushioning insert for cavitied of interfloor overlapping plates is made in the form of a cylinder of rigid vibration cushioning material inside which elastic core is located axisymmetrically and coaxially, along the axis of which damping disks are rigidly fixed along the entire length of the cavity. The end discs are fixed flush with a cylinder of vibration cushioning material, the ends of which are located flush with side surfaces of the base plate. Intermediate damping disks are located evenly with a step not exceeding the internal diameter of the cylinder. Damping disks fixed rigidly along the entire length of the elastic core of vibration cushioning insert, are made combined and consisting of an elastic part in form of disks of rigid vibration cushioning materia loppositely mounted on the elastic core, and a damping part made in the form of a disk of a vibration cushioning material, for example polyurethane.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase vibration-cushioning and sound-insulating properties of the floor.2 cl, 3 dwg
Vibration cushioning kochetov insert for cavities of interfloor overlapping plates // 2626817
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: vibration cushioning insert for the cavities of interfloor overlapping plates is made in the form of a cylinder of rigid vibration cushioning material, inside of which elastic core with discs is located axisymmetrically and coaxially. Along the axis of the elastic core, damping disks are rigidly fixed along the entire length of cylinder cavity. The extreme discs are fixed flush with cylinder of vibration cushioning material, the ends of which are in turn located flush with the side surfaces of interfloor overlapping base plate. Intermediate damping disks are located evenly with a step not exceeding the internal diameter of the cylinder. The damping cavities in the vibration cushioning insert formed by the damping discs are filled with vibration cushioning material, for example cast polyurethane. The cavities formed by the extreme damping disks and adjacent disks are filled with crumb of vibration cushioning material, for example of "Agat" type, or damping cavities in vibration cushioning insert filled with polyurethane and crumb of vibration cushioning material, respectively, are arranged with their alternation along the length of cylinder.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase vibration-cushioning and sound-insulating properties of the floor.2 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of operator acoustic protection // 2626816
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of operator acoustic protection includes equipping the operator's workplace with noise reduction means. The operator's workplace is placed between the acoustic screens and thus protects operator from direct sound, which is spread from the vibration equipment. To reduce sound vibration, the operator's workplace is equipped with a two-stage vibration protection system made in the form of a floor on an elastic base that contains a mounting plate made of concrete reinforced with vibration cusioning material, which is installed on the base plate of the inter overlapping with cavities through the layers of vibration cushioning material and waterproofing material with a gap relative to the bearing walls of the production room. The layers of the vibration cushioning material and the waterproofing material are made with a flange that fits to the bearing structures of the walls and the base bearing plate of overlapping. The cavities are filled with vibration cushioning material, for example foamed polymer, or polyethylene, or polypropylene. Above the equipment, spherical sound absorbers are installed, which are hinged to the metal structure. Each spherical absorber contains sound absorbers of active and reactive types, placed on a rigid frame, which is made of two parts. The lower, reactive part is made in form of spherical shape with an internal congruent spherical resonance cavity formed by a rigid continuous spherical shell with an equidistant perforated spherical outer shell which is connected to the upper active part which is made in the form of a rigid perforated cylindrical ring shell with a perforated cover and a solid base. The cavity of the cylindrical ring shell is filled with sound absorbing material, and the connection of the upper and lower parts of the sound absorber is performed by means of an elastic cushioning element, which allows to damp high-frequency oscillations. At least three rigid perforated cylindrical ring shells with a perforated cover and a solid base are located around the outer perforated spherical shell of the reactive part of the sound absorber, in its horizontal diametral plane. The cavity of cylindrical ring shell is filled with a sound-absorbing material.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase the efficiency of noise attenuation by increasing the sound absorption coefficient by increasing the sound absorption surfaces while maintaining the overall dimensions of the room.5 dwg

ethod for repairing basis of steel reservoirs and vibrating screed for its implementation // 2626504
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: along the perimeter of the reservoir walls, vertical stiffeners and horizontal ties are welded. Abutments are welded to the lower butts of the vertical stiffeners. Two mutually perpendicular internal stiffeners are welded from the inside of the reservoir to the bottom. With the help of jacks, the reservoir is raised and fixed in the horizontal position, and in the center inside the reservoir a guide rack from a metal pipe is installed, into which a centering rack is inserted. Based on the reservoir bottom perimeter, an annular formwork is made, and a gap between the design mark of the reservoir bottom and the deformed base is filled with waterproofing composition levelled and compacted by means of the vibrating screed.EFFECT: repair quality improvement.3 cl, 16 dwg

Reinforced concrete structure // 2626503
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: reinforced concrete structure includes the concrete body and the reinforcement arranged in it, the concrete body is made of high-strength concrete and is divided into two parts rigidly connected to each other; in the upper part of the concrete body, the reinforcement made in the form of a metal lattice is arranged, the meshes of which are filled with blocks of high-strength concrete impregnated with silica, and the lateral sides of the concrete body are covered with metal sheets rigidly connected to the reinforcement tappings.EFFECT: increasing the strength of the reinforced concrete structure.1 dwg

Reinforcement structure of reinforced concrete hollow core floor slab // 2626499
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: reinforcement structure of a reinforced concrete hollow core floor slab includes: a groove made in stretched slab area below a slab hollow; additional reinforcement arranged in the stretched slab area in the slab hollow area or the area below the slab hollow, the additional reinforcement is equipped with at least two anchors located at the end portions of the additional reinforcement and installed in openings made at the arrangement points of said anchors; keys made at the end and central sections of the additional reinforcement in the openings, the groove and the slab hollow, the end sections of the additional reinforcement are embedded in said keys. Wherein at the level of the additional reinforcement in the sections between the keys, reinforced concrete plates connected with the keys are made.EFFECT: development of the reinforcement structure of a reinforced concrete hollow core slab, which allows to protect additional reinforcement from corrosion.3 cl, 3 dwg

Kochetov's spherical sound absorber // 2626472
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: spherical sound absorber contains the sound absorbers of active and reactive types, placed on the rigid frame. The frame is made of two parts, at that the bottom, reactive part is made in the spherical form structure with internal congruent spherical resonant cavity, formed by the rigid spherical solid spherical shell, connected with the top active part, that is made in the form of the rigid perforated cylindrical shell with the perforated cover and the solid base. The cavity of the cylindrical shell is filled with the sound absorbing material, and the connection between the sound absorber top and bottom parts is made by means of the elastic damping element, providing to damp the high-frequency oscillations. The element by which the frame is fixed to the required object, for example, the ceiling of the production room, is hinged to the perforated cylindrical shell perforated cover, and the spherical resonance cavity of the frame reactive part is rigidly connected by at least one sleeve with the axial hole, operating as the Helmholtz resonator neck, with external perforated spherical shell, and the space between them is filled with the sound absorber. At that the mineral wool on the basalt basis of the Rockwool type, or mineral wool of the URSA type, or basalt wool of the P-75 type, or the glass wool with the glass fiber lining is used as the sound-absorbing material for filling the cavity of rigid perforated cylindrical shells. The inner surfaces of the perforated cylindrical shells are lined with the acoustically transparent material, for example, the glass fiber of the EZ-100 type or the polymer of the "poviden" type.EFFECT: efficiency improvement of the noise suppression at high frequencies by introducing the volumetric cavities for Helmholtz resonators into the single piece sound absorber, that increase the efficiency at high frequencies.3 dwg

Kochetov's sound absorbing element // 2626471
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: sound-absorbing element contains the smooth and perforated surface, between which the multi-layer sound-absorbing structure is placed. The sound-absorbing structure is made in the form of the smooth and perforated surfaces, between which the sound-absorbing structure of complex shape is placed, which is the alternation of the solid and hollow sections. The solid sections are formed by smooth prismatic surfaces, located perpendicularly to the smooth and perforated surfaces and fixed to the smooth surface, and also by two inclined, relatively smooth prismatic surfaces, the surfaces of complex shape, having on the one hand the smooth surface, on the other hand the gear or wavy, or the shape of the surface, formed by the spherical sections. The teeth or protuberances tops are directed inward these surfaces, and the surfaces itself are fixed on the perforated surface. The relief sound-absorbing elements are attached to the smooth surface, for example in the form of the tetrahedra. As the sound-absorbing material, the material based on aluminium-containing alloys is used, followed by its filling with titanium hydride or air with the density within 0.5…0.9 kg/m3 with the following strength properties: the compressive strength within 5…10 MPa, the bending strength within 10…20 MPa, for example the foam aluminium. Or, as the sound-absorbing material of the second, softer layer, the mineral wool on the basalt basis of the Rockwool type, or mineral wool of the URSA type, or basalt wool of the P-75 type, or glass wool with the glass fiber lining, or the foamed polymer, for example, polyethylene or polypropylene is used. The material of the perforated surface is made of hard, decorative vibration cushioning materials, for example plasticate of "Agate", "Antivibrit", "Shwim" type. The inner surface of the perforated surface, facing the sound-absorbing structure is faced with the acoustically transparent material, for example, the glass fiber of EZ-100 type or the polymer of "Poviden" type. The hollow sections are filled with the sound-absorbing material, for example, with the construction foam. Inside the surfaces of the complex shape, having the smooth surface form the one side and the gear surface from the other side, the Helmholtz resonator is fixed, made in the form of the spherical surface with diametrically fixed bushings on it with resonant holes.EFFECT: increase of sound absorption efficiency and structure reliability.1 dwg
Single kochetov's sound absorber // 2626470
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: single sound absorber contains the rigid perforated frame, inside of which there is the sound-absorbing material. The frame is made from the lower part of the conical form with the cover and the upper part of cylindrical form, which is attached to the cover of the perforated frame lower part with the help of the vibration damping gasket, which allow to damp the high-frequency oscillations. The element used to attach the frame to the necessary item is hinged to the upper part of the cylindrical perforated frame, for example to the ceiling of the production room, and the cavities of the lower and upper parts of the perforated frame are filled with the sound-absorbing materials of various densities. At least one screw sound absorbing element of the single sound absorber is mounted around the upper cylindrical part of the perforated frame, it is made as the coil screw spring from the dense flameproof sound absorbing material. The screw sound absorbing element of the single sound absorber is made as the hollow screw sound absorbing element, made up by the outer and inner screw surfaces, forming the cavity. The space formed by the outer and inner helical surfaces is filled with sound-absorbing material. In this case, the cavity of the screw sound-absorbing element, formed by its external and internal screw surfaces, is filled with the sound absorbing mineral wool material on the basalt base like "Rockwool", or URSA mineral wool, or P-75 basalt wool, or glass wool with glass wool facing. The sound-absorbing material is faced with the acoustically transparent material, for example, the glass-like type EZ-100 or the polymer "poviden" type, and the outer and inner screw surfaces of the screw sound-absorbing element are made of the material, based on the aluminium-containing alloys, followed by filling them with titanium hydride or the air with density within 0.5…0.9 kg/m3 with the following strength properties: the compressive strength within 5…10 MPa, the bending strength within 10…20 MPa, for example foam aluminium. The outer screw surface of the screw sound-absorbing element is perforated. As the sound-absorbing material of the conical form frame lower part, the porous sound-absorbing ceramic material, having the bulk density of 500÷1000 kg/m3, and consisting of 100 parts by weight of perlite with the particles diameter of 0.5÷2.0 mm, 100÷200 parts by weight of one or more sintering materials and 10÷20 parts by weight of binding materials.EFFECT: noise reduction efficiency increase at low and medium frequencies.2 dwg
Single kochetov's sound absorber of combined type // 2626469
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: single sound absorber of the combined type contains the sound absorbers of active and reactive types, placed on the rigid frame. The frame is made of two parts. The bottom reactive part is made as rigid, hollow structure of cylindrical-and-cone shape, and the top active part is made as rigid perforated cylindrical shell with perforated cover and solid base. The cavity of the cylindrical shell is filled with the sound absorbing material, and the connection between the top and bottom parts is made by means of the elastic damping element, providing the damping of high-frequency oscillations. The element is hingedly connected to the perforated cover of the perforated cylindrical shell, using it the frame is fixed to the required facility, for example, to the ceiling of the production room. At least one screw sound absorbing element in the form of the cylindrical coil spring, enclosing the shell in the bottom reactive frame part, is mounted around the perforated cylindrical shell. The cylindrical part is made hollow in the form of the resonance Helmholtz suppressor with the resonator necks of different diameters, located in the cover and base of the hollow cylinder, and also on its lateral surface. The cavity of the conical part is the Helmholtz resonator with the neck, located at the base of the cylinder. At the same time, in the conical part cavity of the reactive sound absorber of cylinder-conical form, placed on the rigid frame and representing the Helmholtz resonator with the neck, located at the base of the hollow cylinder, there is the additional sound absorber, made in the form of the spherical surface, fixed by means of at least two braces with adjustable lengths, rigidly fixed on the hollow cylinder base. There is the gap between the spherical surface of the additional sound absorber and the internal conical surface of the reactive sound absorber conical part, the value of which is determined, depending on the required degree of the noise reduction level. The outer screw surface of the screw sound-absorbing element is perforated, and the spherical surface of the additional sound absorber, fixed by at least two length-adjustable braces on the base of the hollow cylinder is perforated, and the cavity of the additional sound absorber is filled with the sound absorbing material.EFFECT: efficiency improvement of the noise suppression at high frequencies by introducing the volumetric cavities for Helmholtz resonators into the single piece sound absorber, that increase the efficiency at high frequencies.1 dwg

Nodal connection of cross rod structures // 2626100
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: in nodal connection of the cross rod structures, including rods of tubular or I-sections converging into a node and paired connecting elements rigidly fixed thereto, in the form of angles docked together by the flanges by means of bolts, the paired corners are rigidly fixed along the ends of the connected rods, to form W-shaped tips. At the ends of the connected rods of tubular sections, the middle ribs of the W-shaped tips are formed by the toes of the paired angles, directly fixed together. At the ends of the connected rods of the I-sections, the middle ribs of the W-shaped tips are formed by the toes of the pair angles rigidly fixed from the opposite sides of the walls of the I-rods.EFFECT: reducing the structural material consumption and additional labour costs.14 dwg

Set of building blocks for construction of bearing walls and building partitions // 2626074
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for economical and ecological construction of rapidly erectable low-rise buildings with high bearing capacity of walls and partitions, without the use of binding materials and weight lifting mechanisms, without the involvement of a team of qualified builders and entirely from the same building blocks with unified articulator connectors. In the set of building blocks for the construction of bearing walls and building partitions there are ordinary and angular building blocks of the same type, which are interconnected. Each ordinary building block of the set is made in the form of a panel in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped consisting of three layers joined together - two panel parts and a layer of aggregate between them. Each angular building block of the set is made in the form of an assembly of two mutually perpendicular planes and modified ordinary building blocks connected with each other. The assembly of bearing walls and building partitions is carried out from a ready-made set of ordinary and angular building blocks by jointing adjacent building blocks in a vertical and horizontal plane according to the assembly scheme or the contour of the structure in the plan. In the process of assembling a building design, one building block is inserted into the other by means of an articulator connector, wherein each pedestal of each overlying building block of a certain type is being supported by the corresponding lower building block of the same type, thereby forming a single vertical multielement pedestal. In order to expand the technological capabilities of a building blocks' set, T-shaped and cross-shaped building blocks which allow to form various types of internal layouts of buildings are included to building blocks' set.EFFECT: lightweight, ease of manipulation and ease of jointing of the same type of adjacent building blocks make the assembly of building designs of them possible by a non-specialist, manually and in a short time.4 cl, 80 dwg

Combined panel with supporting core of cellular glass // 2625881
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: combined panel, first of all for floating equipment, comprises the support core of cellular glass, at least one coating layer that substantially completely covers the support core on the corresponding side, an elastic adhesive that attaches the coating layer to the support core, wherein the elastic adhesive has a Shore hardness index of 30 to 80 by scale A, and the thickness of the adhesive layer exceeds several times the thickness of the coating layer.EFFECT: invention provides creating a panel for interior finishing of vehicles that meets the requirements of noise protection and fire safety, has sufficient load capacity and at that has a low weight.14 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl

ultilayer surface coating // 2625879
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction finishing materials and concerns multilayer PVC-free wall or floor coating. The surface treatment contains fibre-based veil, the specific weight of which is from 17 to 75 g/m2 on the side contacting with the substrate surface during operation, wherein the fibre-based veil contains binding polyolefins-based impregnation, the weight of which is from 5 up to 25 g/m2.EFFECT: creating a surface coating having improved adhesion to the surface to be coated.15 cl, 3 dwg, 6 tbl

ultifunctional structure "sport unit in open air" // 2625843
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: multifunctional structure includes an area for winter sports and an area for summer sports. The area for winter sports is represented by an ice cover located on the concrete base of the basement-ground floor of the building 1 made in the form of an open ice skating rink without heating and side walls. The ceiling flooring plate of said basement-ground floor is the base of the area for summer sports 2, made in the form of a sand cover for beach sports. The structure is equipped with parallel stiffening frames 3 made in the form of arches that are arranged on reinforced concrete foundations located at the corners of the concrete base of the basement-ground floor, providing a single whole of the reinforced concrete foundations and the concrete base of the basement-ground floor. A translucent collapsible seasonal canopy-roof 4 made in the form of independent "petals" is installed on the arched stiffening frames. The canopy-roof is located on guys with the possibility to move freely over said guys. The stiffening frames overlap completely the entire working space of the multifunctional structure at a mark above the ground level. For summer sports, the area for summer sports can be used in winter as an open ski-track when removing the translucent collapsible seasonal canopy-roof 4. The multifunctional structure is equipped with a multi-purpose race track. It comprises in its composition an infrastructure town from container modules.EFFECT: possibility of transforming an open semi-planar structure into a covered construction of a capital type and achieving the full effect of an open space in winter and summer and a semi-closed space in the summer-autumn period.5 cl, 8 dwg
Cabin for operator, working under conditions of increased dust and high noise levels // 2625826
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: cabin for operator, working under conditions of increased dust and high noise levels, contains a base, a frame, a life support equipment, a window with door openings and enclosures in the form of acoustic panels. The base is installed on at least three pneumatic vibration isolators made in the form of a rubber cord shell and the cabin frame made in the form of the polygon with ribs, perpendicular to the cabin base, is rigidly attached to it, and consisting of the front wall with glazing made from the noise-reflecting translucent panel, the ceiling part with lamps, the rear wall, located in the plane parallel to the plane of the front wall, and four side walls, in one of which there is a door. The area of the rear wall is at least 2 times greater than the area of the front wall, and side walls, adjoining to the front wall are inclined to it and glazed, and those adjoining to the rear wall are perpendicular to it. The cabin is sealed and equipped with the life support system in the form of the artificial microclimate system with the control panel, as well as the workplace, that includes the working table, the chair with vibration isolators in the form of elastomer plates, attached to the chair legs, and the clothes hanger. The acoustic noise absorbing panel is made in the form of the sound-absorbing structure, consisting of the rigid and perforated walls, between which there is the multi-layer sound-absorbing element made in the form of five layers, two of which, adjacent to the walls, are sound-absorbing layers of different densities materials, and three central layers are combined. The axial layer is made sound-absorbing, and two symmetrically located adjacent layers are made from the sound-reflecting material from the complex profile, consisting of uniformly distributed hollow tetrahedrons. Each of the perforated walls has the following perforation parameters: the hole diameter - 3÷7 mm, the perforations percentage 10÷15%. As the sound-proof material the plates from basalt-based mineral wool like "Rockwool", or "URSA" mineral wool, or basalt cotton wool P-75, or glass-wool with the woven glass liner are used. The sound absorbing element over the full surface is lined with the acoustic transparent material, for example, glass fabric EZ-100 or polymer of "poviden" type. Each of the pneumatic vibration isolators, on which the base of the cabin is mounted, is made as two-chamber type with at least three working chambers in the form of the rubber-cord shells, each of which is connected by the inter-chamber throttle with the damper chamber, located in the base of the cabin. The damper chamber is made in the form of the toroidal cavity of rectangular section, having the common bottom base and limited from above by the upper circular base, in which the inter chamber throttle is located, connecting the rubber cord shell cavities and the damper chamber. The upper circular base of the rectangular section toroidal cavity serves as the lower support surface of the rubber-cord shell, and the upper support surface of the rubber-cord shell is the support disk, on which the operator's cabin base is rest through the vibration damping gasket. Between the lower base of the rectangular section toroidal cavity and its upper circular base, on which a the rubber-cord shell is fixed by its lower support surface, there is the gap, connecting the pneumatic vibration isolator working and damper chambers cavity through the chamber throttle.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the operator's efficiency due to decreased levels of dust and noise.9 dwg
System of safety indicators for preventing explosive emergency situations // 2625825
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: system of safety indicators for preventing explosive emergency situations contains a system of sensors for the sounding system of a hazardous zone with a control electrovalve, the electrovalve running device that is mounted on the locking-and-clamping nut fixed in the upper part of the valve case. The piston is installed inside the case of the electrovalve and coaxially thereto; the piston is fixed in a "standby" state with a holder positioned perpendicular to the piston axis and is also fixed in the piston hole and two holes coaxial thereto in the electrovalve case. The electrovalve is connected to the sounding system of the hazardous zone, including sensors configured to exceed the maximum permissible concentrations of chemically hazardous substances present in this zone, and a probe tuned to exceed the maximum permissible levels of radioactive substances, the signals of which are fed to a common microprocessor that processes these signals and gives a control signal to turn on the electrovalve. The safety system in emergency situations was additionally equipped with a backup security element made in the form of an anti-explosion panel with an emergency warning system containing a metal armored frame with a metal armored cover and a lead filler, which has four fixed branch pipes at the ends. In the explosive object cover, four support rods are rigidly fixed, which are telescopically inserted into the fixed pipe-supports of the panel, the filler is made in the form of an air-lead disperse system. Lead is made in the form of crumbs, and the support rods are made elastic. To the ends of the support rods, from the side facing the metal frame, explosion-proof elements damping the impact of the shock wave are attached. Between the additional elements and the metal frame with the metal armored cover, the bushings of fast-disintegrating material, for example, "triplex" type glass, are mounted on the support rods. The emergency warning system with a safety indicator consists of a "weak link" fastener in the safety system of an explosive object reacting to an emergency situation, for example in the form of a safety indicator fixed between flanges that are rigidly attached to the top of the armored metal cover of the anti-explosion panel metal frame and in the upper part of the cover of the explosive object at the opening intended for dropping the excess pressure. The safety indicator consists of a sensor responsive to the deformation, for example, of the strain gage, the output of which is connected to the signal amplifier, for example, the strain amplifier, and the strain amplifier output is connected to the input of the emergency warning system. Explosion-proof elements are made in the form of a pack of disc-shaped elastic elements containing a circular base, which is movably disposed on the rod with the support sheet by means of, at least, two pins. One end of the pin is rigidly fixed to the support sheet, and the other one enters the hole with a clearance made in the base, and is fixed by means of a nut. A cylindrical glass with a cavity and a hole, through which the rod passes through the gap, is rigidly and coaxially attached to the lower part of the base. The pack of the disc-shaped elastic elements is located with a slight preload between the support sheet and the round base. On the outer surface of the pin, coaxially and axially symmetrically, a bushing is installed from a rapidly disintegrating material, for example, "triplex" type glass, which performs the duplicating function of the "weak link" in the security system. The safety indicator consists of a sensor responsive to the deformation, for example, of the strain gage, the output of which is connected to the signal amplifier, for example, the strain amplifier, and the strain amplifier output is connected to the input of the emergency warning system.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the protection efficiency of explosive objects from emergency situations.2 dwg
Fiberglass reinforcement production method // 2625823
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for production of fiberglass reinforcement includes a cord, moulded from the fiberglass, impregnating therein with a polymeric binder solution, moulding a rod workpiece to make its profile until the polymerization of the binder is completed, a spiral winding of the rod workpiece by the twisted fiberglass thread, impregnated and cured with the binder. For winding the rod, a twisted thread with rings movably attached to it is used. The rings are put on the thread after its impregnation with the polymer binder. The rings are made of split-type.EFFECT: thread winding with rings increases the adhesion strength of the fiberglass reinforcement with the concrete rod, in addition, the presence of the rings makes it easier to connect the rods to each other into the structure.2 cl

Device for covering building structure and structure that is covered with this device // 2625662
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a covering device comprising at least one metal sheet (1; 1'), in particular a metal sheet used for lining, suitable for covering at least one section on the building structure surface, the fastening elements for the final fastening of the metal sheet to the structure, at least one additional part (8, 9, 90, 91, 92) suitable for fastening to the receiving area (Z, Z1) disposed on the metal sheet, and the means (213, 22) for releasably fastening the additional part to the receiving area, which are suitable for fastening the additional part after fixing the metal sheet to the structure by means of the fastening elements, preserving, on the one hand, the structural integrity of the metal sheet and, on the other hand, the integrity, in particular, from the point of view of tightness, of fastening the metal sheet to the structure with fastening elements. The above fastening means include a head (213) of the fastening elements (21) which allows to carry out the assembly and, if necessary, the disassembly of the additional part without affecting the fastening of the metal sheet to the structure by means of the fastening elements.EFFECT: increasing the structure convenience.17 cl, 16 dwg
Composite block of assembly structural coating // 2625582
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: composite coating unit made in the form of a two-flange lattice shell, contains the main tubular rods forming triangular and hexagonal cells, which are connected by junction basic elements. The blocks are joined by docking rods and junction elements. For completing the coating, the block includes contour rods and junction elements, for supporting - end rods and junction elements, ordinary and support racks, as well as the racks and connections of the vertical fencing. The structural raise of the shell is designed so that the belt junctions are located on the surfaces of the spheres described by different radii from one center, wherein the contour rods and junction elements of the lower belt in the form of a triangular mesh shell of existing cuts are displaced so that only the projections of the contour rods and junctions form a regular hexagon with supports in the corners, which are also displaced outward for the perception of the spacer, the upper belt has docking horizontal rods symmetrical with respect to the projections of the contour rods, the docking and contour junctions of belts are developed for their connection with adjacent blocks or terminal block rods.EFFECT: simplified mounting.4 cl, 16 dwg

Panel with corrugated and honeycomb filler // 2625467
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: panel includes corrugated and honeycomb fillers, perforated and solid coatings, the filler made of perforated and corrugated material consisting of alternating with each other upper and lower corrugated strips, the upper corrugated stripes of the filler are connected to the mesh. The honeycomb filler is located between the mesh and perforated coating and is connected to each other.EFFECT: noise reduction over a wide frequency range.2 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

Gutter unit, in particular, for building with roof without eaves // 2625407
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: gutter unit comprises the bracket and the closing device. The bracket has the form of a U-shaped hook with projections facing outwards, its shelf holds the gutter between the edge curved inward from the rear shelf wall and the front bracket edge curved outward. The closing device is suspended on the curved front edge of the gutter. The bracket has fixing grooves at the lower edge of the projections at the area located behind the lower front curve, facing downwards and backwards at an acute angle (α), and the closing device has the front surface the height of which exceeds the bracket height, and the inclined surface curved from the lower edge upwardly below the bracket. The inclined surface terminates with the retainer made with the possibility to be arranged in the fixing grooves by means of elastic deformation of the closing device.EFFECT: increasing the operational reliability.3 cl, 6 dwg
 
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