Building (E04)

E   Fixed constructions(156823)
E04            Building(24234)

Charging valve of garbage chute // 2614390
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: charging valve of the garbage chute includes the chamber for placing the garbage bag therein and the device for introducing the garbage bag into the window of the vertical garbage chute composition. The stationary chamber for placing the garbage bag therein is made in the form of a parallelepiped with the inclined slippery bottom at an angle of more than 45%, wherein the toe of the inclined slippery bottom is extended up to the contact line with the window of the vertical garbage chute composition, the chamber turning cover is provided with a retractable rod ending with a flexible plate to push the garbage bag into the window of the vertical garbage chute composition. The passage rod sleeve is located on the cover closer to the garbage shaft. In the flange connection of the chamber to the passage insert of the vertical garbage chute composition, the flexible plate with flexible vertical stripes across the entire passage section is fixed.EFFECT: increasing the charging valve efficiency and reliability.2 dwg
Dredge work method of watercut placer mineral deposits // 2614337
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: method includes preparation and extraction works, dressing and dumping, the construction of dams around the mining equipment and the stock, prepared for working out during the winter season, upon the occurrence of sustained freezing temperatures the works are carried out in the shed, placed on the dam and mine development is carried out at the maximum possible height of the dredging section freeboard, while moving the shed with dredge begining to move.EFFECT: reduction of the shed construction costs, which will significantly extend the mining season.1 dwg

Prefabricated light support for emergency and restoration works on power lines // 2614180
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: prefabricated light support consists of two X-connected struts 1, strut support 2, three hinged sections of triangular base 3, consisting of two parts with flange connections 4 in the middle, horizontal beams 5, 6, located above and below the intersection node X-connected struts, 1 rack, flexible traverses 7, flexible ties 8 that unite the upper and lower ends of X-connected struts 1 on one side of the vertical axis of the support. Base section 3, X-connected struts 1, strut support 2 and horizontal beams 5, 6 are interconnected by hinge joints.EFFECT: simplified installation and reduced their labour input in support construction in place, allows for installation without foundation construction and heavy machinery application.1 dwg

Winter car canopy // 2614179
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: canopy is not lifted directly straight up, but by manual turning of the canopy around a horizontal axis located at a small height above the ground. To compensate the lifted canopy weight, balances are applied, their weight force is transmitted to the canopy through the system of folding rods, which are located on the other side of the vertical plane passing through the rotation axis. Canopy lifting angle is at least 70 degrees.EFFECT: simplified and improved reliability of the design.6 dwg

Device for dredge work of deposits during winter // 2614175
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: device includes a dam around the mining equipment and a sliding shed, placed on it with a transparent insulating roof. Wherein the shed is made of polycarbonate, on the entire surface of which there are double-convex lenses in staggered rows.EFFECT: protection of heat inside the shed.1 dwg

Wooden handrail turning element and wooden handrail containing this turning element // 2614174
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: wooden round handrail turning element is made as a part of an open torus bounded by two ends in planes passing through the torus axis and forming an angle α of not more than 90°, has a through opening formed by two openings with axes perpendicular to its ends and intersecting at an angle of 180° - α and, if necessary, a cylindrical recess in the center of one or both ends, the axis of which is perpendicular to the end face. A wooden handrail, comprising at least one turning element of the said structure, at least one rectilinear part of the handrail, if necessary, a handrail end with a cylindrical recess, if necessary, to form handrail rotation - one or more straight elements with a through hole and cylindrical recesses in the end centers, and a fixing alignment system comprising straight and curved threaded rods, washers to align elements and connecting nuts installed thereon. The thickness of washer installed at the site of alignment of elements that form the handrail turn, is greater than one but less than two values of the cylindrical recess depth, and the thickness of washer, installed at the site of turning element alignment with a rectilinear part of the handrail does not exceed the cylindrical recess depth. At the end of the rectilinear portion of the handrail, a threaded rod in the form of a screw is installed, and the bent threaded rod placed in the through opening of the turning element, which is the last in the handrail turn, and is aligned with the rectilinear portion of the handrail, is shortened.EFFECT: increased design reliability, simplified assembly, expanded possibilities of handrail structures formation, improved aesthetic and ergonomic properties due to the absence of visible metal parts.9 cl, 8 dwg, 1 tbl

Automated bus stop // 2614159
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: automated bus stop comprises a stop site for buses, a crossing-speed lane for braking and speeding up, a boarding place, a waiting place (passenger pavilion), sidewalks and crossing paths. It is additionally equipped with a device of automatic regulation of entrance to the bus stop comprising a video camera recording a state license plate number of the entering vehicle, a control unit processing a video camera signal, comparing with the ones available in its data base, and with matching letter and digit combination, with the help of an actuating element providing for free entrance of the vehicle to the stop site of the bus stop. After passage of the bus, a movable unit with a protruding part having a light reflection label and "STOP" inscription is lifted and prevents entrance to the bus stop.EFFECT: safety of people waiting for a bus at a bus stop, as well as boarding on and off a bus, increased throughput capacity of the city street and road network.4 dwg

Corner profile for fixing facing structures // 2614000
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: corner profile for fixing the facing structures comprises two bearing elements 1 connected by one lateral butt side at an angle corresponding to the angle formed by the walls of the structure of room corner to be faced; on the other lateral side, the two bearing elements 1 are made with a bend 3 in the form of a bar displaced inwards the angle parallel to the plane of the corresponding bearing elements 1, the spacers 5 connected to the bearing elements 1 with the possibility of their connection to the bars 3, the mounting cups 7 arranged on the outer side of the bearing elements 1 with the possibility of connecting therethrough the facing structures 8.EFFECT: quality improvement.4 cl, 8 dwg

Sprengel // 2613998
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: sprengel comprises a carrying solid cylindrical rod of high-strength composite material with the surface laying of ring filaments under tension and with fastening nodes at the ends, made in the form of conical bulges for mounting in the bounding sleeve; an inset element in the form of a cylinder with a cone at the inner base made of a material having the characteristics as per mechanical strength and heat resistance not lower than the corresponding characteristics of the polymeric material of the rod. The composite material of the carrying solid cylindrical rod fixed in a bounding sleeve by blocks and shoulders, is made on the basis of roving of glass, basalt or carbon fibers impregnated with an epoxy compound cured afterwards, and the sleeve is provided with a plug and a fastening element; the inset element is additionally provided with a cone at the outer basis of its cylinder and surrounded by straight filaments of roving fibers tightly adjacent on all sides to form an extended area of straight filaments at the ends of the rod at a distance to the cone larger than the cylinder base diametre, the material of the inset element and the roving of straight and ring filaments having equal values of thermal expansion factors and the ring filaments area being impregnated by topcoat based on an epoxy compound and a roving fiber powder.EFFECT: increasing the design durability and reliability under the conditions of exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation.3 dwg

Kochetov wall resonant panel // 2613992
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: wall resonant panel comprises perforated and smooth surfaces, between which there is a sound-absorbing composite layer of complex shape. The latter is an alternation of continuous and hollow sections with a frame made of a rigid sound-absorbing material based on aluminium containing alloys. Hollow sections are formed by prismatic surfaces having in cross-section parallel to the drawing plane, the shape of a parallelogram. Internal parallelogram surfaces have a toothed structure. The teeth tops are directed inward the prismatic surfaces. The edges of the prismatic surfaces are fixed respectively on the perforated and smooth surfaces. The cavities formed by perforated and smooth surfaces between which a sound-absorbing composite layer of complex shape is located, are filled with soft absorbing material of mineral wool on the basis of basalt or basalt wool, or glass wool lined with glass felt. The inner surface of the perforated surface that faces direction of the sound-absorbing material is lined with acoustically transparent material such as fiberglass. The hollow section cavities formed by prismatic surfaces are fiiled with polymer foam and coupled by resonant cavities with openings formed by perforated and smooth surfaces, between which there is a sound-absorbing composite layer of complex shape.EFFECT: improved noise suppression and structure reliability as a whole.1 dwg
ethod of ceiling tiles deflection reducing and ceiling tiles // 2613710
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to acoustic ceiling panels. Coated ceiling tile with high stability of geometrical dimensions contains basic ceiling tile, having face front and rear side opposite to front side. Front side is directed inside room and visible for people in room, when coated ceiling tile is installed in room. Thin coating with thickness from approximately 100 mqm to approximately 1,000 mqm is applied on said rear side. Said thin coating consists of twisted matrix of calcium sulfate dihydrate crystals, applied on rear side, which provides ceiling tiles deflection reduction, wherein providing sound absorption by coated ceiling tiles, without sound reflection back to room filled with people.EFFECT: front side does not contain thin coating.5 cl, 3 tbl, 4 ex

Building panels made of solid timber // 2613705
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to the building panels. The panel contains the first element made of the solid timber bonded to the lower second element. Both elements are made of different timber species. The panels are provided with mechanical locking system which has a locking rail on the front edge of the first panel. The locking rail is provided with a locking element adapted to operate with a locking groove on the second edge of the second building panel for locking the both panels in the horizontal joining . The fiber direction FD of the first and second lower element extends substantially along the first and second edges. The lower second element has approximately the same or a greater degree of warpage due to the humidity changes in comparison with the first element. The locking rail contains the material of the lower second element.EFFECT: invention provides the exception of gaps between the panels at changing the humidity of the area.15 cl, 19 dwg, 1 tbl

Polyme rpipeline lifting support // 2613703
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: polymer pipeline lifting support is made as hollow thin-walled body with a rectangular base, inclined trapezoidal side walls and upper support surface of a saddle shape comprising technological holes. In a central part the support comprises an internal cavity with an open rectangular-shaped top formed by the inner walls and the bottom, positioned on a level with the base, and side inner and outer walls are made in the form of a subdivided stepped structure.EFFECT: increase of the strength and stability during the mounting on a pipe support, lightweight design, providing simplicity, convenience and reliability in use, efficiency and reliability in storage and transportation.22 cl, 4 dwg
High-rise building with central bearing shaft // 2613696
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly to multi-storey buildings with central shaft and cantilever floors, and can be used in construction of tower type buildings in seismic areas and in constrained urban or mountain conditions. High-rise building includes foundation, bearing shaft with cantilever belts, made in form of covering shaft frames resting on belt by edges of walls, spatial floors structures from radially arranged walls and floors. Cantilever belts are rigidly connected in pairs with walls end edges, on which floor slab panels are supported, joined to each other into discs. Foundation, bearing shaft with cantilever belts and floors discs in plane view are made in form of Reuleaux triangle. Number of radial walls is multiple of three, main of which are located along axes of Reuleaux triangle corners. By one of corners building is installed opposite to wind pattern main vector direction.EFFECT: invention enables to increase multistorey building structure stability, strength and degree of streamlining by wind air flows.1 cl, 3 dwg
Stack // 2613695
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to high chimneys of industrial enterprises. Chimney has cross section in form of Reuleaux triangle, wherein it is installed with one of its angles opposite to direction of main vector of windrose.EFFECT: higher stability, rigidity and degree of streamlining with wind air flows of stack structure.1 cl, 2 dwg
ast // 2613694
FIELD: mast devices.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mast devices. Mast consists of a hollow barrel with a cross-section shaped as the Reuleaux triangle resting on a central foundation and anchor stays fixed in anchor foundations. Anchor stays are secured to the mast barrel in the Reuleaux triangle angles zones. Mast barrel in the plane is installed with one of the Reuleaux triangle angles opposite to the direction of the rose of winds main vector.EFFECT: higher stability, rigidity and the degree of streamlining by wind air flows of the mast structure.1 cl, 2 dwg
Barrel of television tower // 2613693
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used in construction of barrels of reinforced concrete television towers. Barrel of television tower of complex shape is made in form of combinations of reinforced concrete shells passing one into another with cross section in form of Reuleaux triangle. Wherein barrel of television tower is installed in plane with one angle of shells towards main vector of windrose.EFFECT: higher stability, rigidity and degree of streamlining of wind air flows of structure of barrel of television tower.1 cl, 3 dwg
Exhaust tower of cooling tower // 2613692
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and can be used in construction of cooling towers of the tower type. Exhaust tower of a cooling tower comprises a reinforced concrete hyperbolic shell with cross sections in the form of a Reuleaux triangle, which is a constant-width figure. Exhaust tower of a cooling tower is installed in plane with one of the shell angles opposite to the windrose main vector direction.EFFECT: invention allows to enhance resistance, rigidity and the degree of streamlining by wind air flows of the cooling tower exhaust tower structure.1 cl, 3 dwg
High-rise building // 2613691
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction of high-rise buildings. High-rise building includes rectangular in plane view facilities, made with glazed walls sections installed radially and interconnected by ends with formation of central core, external transparent coating and external transparent wall enclosure, made continuous along perimeter and in plane view in form of constant-width figure. Transparent coating and wall enclosure are attached to facilities with creation of internal enclosed yards between them. External transparent wall enclosure in plane view is made in form of Reuleaux triangle. By external ends facilities bear against Reuleaux triangle corners. In plane view by one of corners building is installed opposite to wind pattern main vector direction.EFFECT: invention enables to increase multistorey building structure stability, strength and degree of streamlining by wind air flows.1 cl, 2 dwg
uslim mosque minaret // 2613387
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction. Muslim mosque minaret includes arched roof, in plane view made in form of Reuleaux triangle, wall, in cross-section laid in form of Reuleaux triangle, balcony, installed along wall perimeter in its upper part, and openings in lower part at base and in upper part at balcony level. Openings are made in wall shell edges area. In plane view by one of its corners minaret is installed opposite to wind pattern main vector direction.EFFECT: technical result is minaret structure improvement of stability, strength and degree of streamlining by wind air flows.1 cl, 3 dwg

Earthquake-resistant high-rise building // 2613386
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used at erection of tower type multi-storey buildings in seismic regions. Earthquake-resistant high-rise building includes central stiffening core, floor structures with external enclosure, oscillations dampers in form of hollow enclosed elements, suspended to external enclosure frame upper part, formed from round cross-section metal pipes, installed inclined and connected in units by hollow gusset plates. stiffening core and building external enclosure are arranged coaxially. Oscillations dampers are connected with external enclosure frame by means of corrugated tubular elements. Stiffening core, external enclosure frame and oscillations dampers in plane view are made in form of Reuleaux triangle, corrugated tubular elements in plane view are arranged in Reuleaux triangle angular parts, and by one of corners building is installed opposite to wind pattern main vector direction.EFFECT: technical result: multistorey building structure improvement of stability, strength and degree of streamlining wind air flows.1 cl, 2 dwg

echanical fixing device for floor panels, methods of mounting and demolition of panels, method and equipment for creating locking device, method of connection shifting spud with panel and work piece of spud // 2613383
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to the floor panels with a mechanical fixing device. The panels are provided with the mechanical fixing device containing a spud and a groove formed with bulges and recesses which are shifted relative to each other and have such a shape that the bulges may occupy a vertically non-fixed position in which they correspond to the recesses, and a vertically fixed position in which they overlap each other.EFFECT: invention provides enhancing fixation strength of the panels.12 cl, 51 dwg

ethod for production of rods from polymeric composite materials // 2613380
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to composite products manufacture from polymeric materials (PM), which can be used as stranded cable cores, concrete building structures reinforcement, for partial or complete replacement of metal reinforcement in concrete structures and products, etc. The hoop roving is impregnated by a thermosetting binder with subsequent heat treatment. Pultrusion plant includes an impregnating and squeezing unit. The impregnating and squeezing unit is configured as a single chamber. The chamber has an inner surface in the form of a right circular truncated cone with a conicity of 0.01-0.10. At the cone base a plate is located with holes for roving entry. The hole for impregnated roving exit has a diameter 0.45-0.50% greater than the nominal diameter of the desired product. Two coaxial openings for binder feeding into the chamber are located on the axis perpendicular to the cone axis. The temperature binder in the profiling spinneret is divided into zones: the first zone, 120-150 °C, the second zone, 160-190 °C, the third zone, 140-160 °C. 190-205 °C is maintained in the heat treatment chamber.EFFECT: increased strength of the desired product.1 dwg

Device for anchoring composite reinforcement // 2613370
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: in device for anchoring a composite reinforcement the body is made telescopic, consisting of individual thin-walled conical rings. The rings wall by section height may have variable thickness, and longitudinal through slots are made in the end portions of the large base. The conical wedge sectors are made of composite friction high-strength material.EFFECT: increasing the reliability of anchoring the end portions of reinforcement bundles and the ease of their fastening, simplifying the anchor device assembly and disassembly.4 cl, 6 dwg

High strength support // 2613231
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a high-strength support made of composite materials with equally spaced radially arranged stiffeners formed along its hollow inner surface. The stiffeners are formed integrally with the support by winding to form a closed polygon shape with dimensions depending on the desired support stiffness.EFFECT: provision of reliable operation of a high-strength support with the lowest weight under the conditions of combined strain, under the simultaneous action of compression, torsion and bending loads.3 dwg
ethod of forming surface layers in products and structures made on basis of binder // 2613226
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method of the structural construction in the solid construction and to the manufacture of factory products made on the basis of the binder, and allows to obtain products and structures with a durable, wear-resistant, vandal-proof surface layer without significant costs for various additives and without any additional time-consuming and expensive procedures for these purposes. The method of forming the surface layer in the structural construction in the solid construction, when the formation of the carrier layer is carried out on the basis of the binder. The mineral-cotton layer is used to form the surface layer of the carrier layer, the fibers of which are directed mainly perpendicular to the carrier layer, and they ensure penetration of the fibers of the mineral-cotton layer into the carrier layer. The options of the method are also described.EFFECT: invention expands the set of methods of the structural construction in the solid construction and increases the durability and wear-resistance of the products.18 cl
Tongue-and-groovefacade tiles attachment to the bearing wall // 2613221
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: tongue-and-groove facade tiles attachment to the bearing wall consists of at least three rows of identical tongue-and-groove facade tiles placed one on another, a wall, and at least one cleat, the lower side of each tile has a groove, the upper side has a tongue corresponding to the size and shape of the groove arranged at the lower side of the tile, and the sides of each tile are flat; the cleat has an attachment portion and a locking portion located perpendicular to each other as an L-shape, wherein the cleat attachment portion comprises attachment holes and the locking portion includes a locking section and a safety section, the upper part of the locking section has the shape of tile tongue cross-section, and its lower part has the shape of tile groove cross-section, at that, the cleat is attached to the wall with its attachment portion and its locking portion is positioned vertically between the adjacent tiles of one row.EFFECT: increased reliability of tongue-and-groove facade tiles attachment to vertical walls by the dry method.4 cl, 4 dwg
Piece sound absorber of type kochstar // 2613066
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: piece sound absorber comprises a perforated frame filled with sound-absorbing material, placed in the protective shell. The frame is made of a rigid cylindrical perforated outer shell. The latter is connected to the rigid inner coaxially disposed cylindrical shell through the rigid upper and lower plane bases . Herewith the cavity between the shells is filled with a sound absorbing material such as mineral wool. The sound absorbing material is lined over its entire surface with the acoustically transparent material. A cylindrical hollow rod, made of the sound reflecting material, is mounted on the frame base, inside it, axially to the inner cylindrical shell. The internal rod cavity is filled with the sound absorbing material. The resonance part of the sound absorber is mounted to the rigid perforated cylindrical outer frame shell. The latter is in the form of, at least, two necks of the Helmholtz resonator formed in a cylindrical tube rigidly connected to the external cylindrical shell frame, and mounted perpendicularly to its axis. Herewith the cavities of the tubes are connected with the cavity formed by the rigid inner coaxially disposed cylindrical shell and the rod, and serving as a resonant cavity of the Helmholtz resonator. The cavity volume is calculated for the required frequencies, the noise level at which must be reduced by the resonance part of the sound absorber.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of sound absorbing.2 cl, 2 dwg
Kochetov's acoustic device // 2613064
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: acoustic device comprises, at least, two sound absorbing sections, each of which comprises walls of the corrugated perforated material, between which the sound absorbing elements are located. The walls of the corrugated material are made with slotted perforation of stainless steel or galvanized sheet. The sound absorbing sections are suspended on the cables on hooks. Each of the sound absorbing elements is made as perforated plates with the layers of the sound reflecting material being placed between them. In the center, the layers of the sound absorbing materials of different densities are located between the layers of the sound reflecting material. Between the latter, the resonant inset with a set of plugs with the resonant holes connected with resonant inserts, is located. The layers of the sound reflecting material are made from a complex profile consisting of the evenly distributed hollow tetrahedrons allowing to reflect acoustic waves incident in all directions, and are installed respectively at the perforated plates. The perforated plate can be made of plastic, such as caproic, or metal mesh with small cells.EFFECT: invention improves the acoustic characteristics in low, mid and high frequencies, at the same time provides dustproof.3 cl, 2 dwg

Sound-absorbing element of kochetov with resonant inserts // 2613061
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: sound-absorbing element comprises a perforated and a smooth surface, between which a layer of the sound-absorbing material of a complex form is located. The latter is an alternation of solid and hollow sections. The hollow sections are formed by the prismatic surfaces having a form of a parallelogram in the section parallel to the drawing plane, the internal surfaces of which have a rack structure. The teeth tops are directed inward the prismatic surfaces, and the edges of the prismatic surfaces are fixed respectively on the perforated and the smooth walls. The cavities of the hollow sections, formed by the prismatic surfaces, are filled with the sound absorber. The resonant plates with the resonant inserts performing functions of the resonator necks "Helmholtz", are located between the smooth surface and the continuous layer sections of the sound-absorbing material of a complex shape and between the perforated surface and the solid sections.EFFECT: noise suppression performance and design reliability, as a whole, are increased.1 dwg

Rapidly erected frame building // 2613060
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly to rapidly erected frame buildings. Rapidly erected frame building comprises foundation, walls, floor coverings. Building walls consist of two rigid non-interconnected metal frames, inner carrying frame in form of vertical columns resting on foundation and external frame of similar design at distance. Internal and external frames vertical columns are made in form of tubes with lengthwise groove along their entire length, pressure tight interconnected with more strong locking elements with diameter equal to columns diameter, and with side recess with length equal to connected columns length.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of structure strength.1 cl, 3 dwg
Erection method of structures with protective mineral-cotton layer during monolithic construction // 2612770
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method of producing the concrete structures with a heat-insulating layer applied in the technology of the monolithic construction of buildings and structures, particularly of walls, ceiling panels, and also of long structures such as beams, girders, supports, columns, etc., where reliable fastening of the heat-insulating layer to the concrete layers is ensured due to the interaction of fibers of the mineral-cotton heat-insulation with concrete layers, which can significantly increase the strength and durability of such structures, increase the service life of buildings and structures, reduce operating capital- and material consumption and simplify the construction technology.EFFECT: invention expands the manufacturing technology of concrete structures using the heat-insulating layer.12 cl
Fire-resistant cellulose-bitumen roofing sheet and method of manufacturing // 2612740
FIELD: pulp industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to bitumen-impregnated cellulose fiber sheets containing one of its surface layers an adhesive primer and deposited on said layer of adhesive primer a fire-resistant coating containing expandable graphite. Bitumen impregnated sheet has corrugations, said layer of adhesive primer is a polymer or a mixture of polymers selected from thermoplastic resins, and said expandable graphite is coated with a dry deposition of said layer of adhesive primer. Bitumen-impregnated sheet additionally contains a layer of paint, deposited on fire-resistant coating, wherein said paint contains a polymer selected from thermoplastic resins. Sheets are primarily intended for use as facing material, and in particular, roofing material.EFFECT: sheets are characterised by fire-resistance which satisfies, in particular, the European Standard EN 13 501-5 document.12 cl, 2 tbl

Construction panel and installation method // 2612700
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to solutions for lining installation inside and outside of buildings. Construction panel for mounting on support structure, including set of posts. Construction panel comprises framing element in form of rectangular parallelepiped, including two opposite main sides, having relatively large restricted surfaces, and four side faces, having relatively small restricted surfaces. Latching device of first type is located along first side face, and latching device of second type is located along second side face, opposite to first side face. Latching device of first type is made with possibility of other structural panel latching device of second type reception during installation of structural panel on support structure so, that this construction panel is connected to mounted construction panel. Each latching device of said first or second type includes slot to receive, at least, one clamping element for fixation and retention of first and second construction panels on support structure post. Also described is construction panels mounting method.EFFECT: technical result is simplification of panels installation with provision of its reliability.15 cl, 5 dwg
odular construction system for green roof // 2612698
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: green roof modules, intended for filling with substrate and vegetable layer, connected to the green roof modules intended for filling with water, are installed in horizontal and vertical positions and form a single coating system, assuming rational space filling with modules, different in diameter and height.EFFECT: reduced labour consumption of installation works.3 cl, 3 dwg

Optical element, lighting system and luminaire to provide zenith lamp appearance // 2612393
FIELD: lighting engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting engineering. Optical element contains plate (100) and plurality of collimating devices (104). Optical element is intended for installation in front of light source comprising light-emitting surface (106), wherein optical element is made with possibility to obtain zenith lamp appearance. Plate (100) is arranged in parallel to light-emitting surface (106) and made transparent, wherein one of its sides has reflecting surface (102), which is placed in parallel to light-emitting surface (106). Reflecting surface (102) is light-reflecting in specified spectral range for producing blue light radiation. Plurality of collimating devices collimate light portion received from light source, for collimated light beam 112 production in specific direction. Each of collimating devices has one of plate (100) plurality of holes (104).EFFECT: technical result is higher efficiency of illumination.11 cl, 7 dwg
Device for introducing a force into tension elements made of fiber-reinforced plastic flat strip plates // 2612390
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device (1) for creating pre-stress in the clamping elements (2), made from fiber-reinforced plastic flat strip plates with clamping element (3), which is located on the tension element (2) and has at least one contact surface interacting with a tension element (2), as well as at least one rigid sleeve (4), that is located, at least around one clamping element (3) and the tension element (2) and thus, by means of clamping element (3) applies a compressive pressure to tension element (2).Clamping element (3) is made of plastic, which has a module of elasticity in the range of 1,000–5,000 MPa, tensile strength in bending ≥ 25 MPa and ultimate compression strength ≥ 25 MPa.EFFECT: creation of pre-stress in clamping elements.15 cl, 13 dwg

Hybrid composite reinforcement // 2612374
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: hybrid composite reinforcement consists of continuous glass or carbon fibers assembled in a single rod by means of a multicomponent epoxy binder. The multicomponent binder content comprises 13-17%, and the volume content of carbon fibers - 3-15% by volume of the composite rod, carbon fibers being uniformly arranged along the reinforcement section contour at the distance from the reinforcement section edge equal to 2-3 mm; the rest of the composite reinforcement volume is occupied by the glass fibers, the elasticity modulus being calculated as follows: Etheor=Es.v×(1-Vu.v-Vep.sv)+Eu.v×(1-Vs.v-Vep.sv), wherein Etheor is the theoretical value of the elasticity modulus, Es.v, Eu.v are elasticity moduli of the glass fibers, the carbon fibers and the epoxy binder, respectively; Vs.v, Vu.v, Vep.sv - the content by volume of the glass fibers, the carbon fibers, and the multicomponent epoxy binder, respectively.EFFECT: increasing the elasticity modulus and tensile strength of the composite reinforcement, and the possibility of their regulation.1 tbl, 2 dwg

Signalling wire entanglement // 2612295
FIELD: physics, control and signalling.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to detection means used for engineering protective structures, specifically for signalling wire entanglements, used for creating a secure perimeter of a protected area from unauthorised access by individuals, equipment, animals etc, and can be used in protecting local territories (enterprises, military bases or environmentally hazardous facilities, etc) and extended areas, for example state borders. The disclosed signalling wire entanglement, comprising a wire line placed along a security fence and mounted on fence posts consecutively between first and last posts, wherein a parametric measuring device is placed on one side of the wire line. The novelty lies in that at the end of the line, opposite the side where the parametric measuring device is installed, beyond the last fence post, there is a parametric transponder connected to the line, the response signal of which matches the format of the signal measured by the parametric measuring device.EFFECT: invention eliminates the shortcomings of existing devices associated with the security function, while maintaining a simple design.3 cl, 8 dwg

Composite reinforcement // 2612284
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely non-metallic composite reinforcement, which is used for reinforcing thermally insulated wall structures, monolithic concrete and prefabricated structures, for use in structural elements of buildings in the form of individual bars for reinforcing the foundation bed of buildings and structures, including foundations for highways and roads, and for anchoring retaining walls and structures in the ground. The invention comprises a support rod of glass or basalt roving and high modulus fibers impregnated with a binder. The binder is a composition of epoxy-diane resin, polyethylene amine hardener, dibutyl phthalate plasticizer and carbon nanocomposite additive in the amount of up to 1% by volume of the binder resin. The additive contains multi-layer carbon nanotubes in the quantity of no less than 45-50% by weight of carbon nanocomposite additions; it is made of brown sphagnum in conditions of mechanic activation of its pyrolysis products for at least 8 hours of treatment.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain reinforcement with high elastic modulus with reduced amounts of high-modulus fibers being used, which allows to meet the requirements of reinforced products in terms of their degree of deformation.2 dwg

Guide-bar // 2612175
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely, to tools used in finishing works, to guide-bar design, in particular, intended to align the mortar on the surface. The set of new guide-bar elements in its form and interaction allows creating an integral, easy, firm, light, convenient, versatile, multi-functional product. Thus, efficiency and convenience of labour increase. The guide-bar has working surface and stiffening bar, wherein the working surface is designed in cross-section with rounded-convex arrangement and stiffening bar on it. This rib also serves as a reference for the guide-bar angle inclination, element for easy holding. It also locks and distributes the weight of the material being aligned. Due to rounded convex shape, the angle of inclination of the working surface of the guide-bar to the surface being aligned is not uniform and varies upwards the (opening), which ensures better control over the volume of material spread, as well as better control over the process. In addition, the reverse side is designed as working one with possibility of other functional solutions. Thanks to this arrangement and interaction of the basic elements the high rigidity of the guide-bar is preserved. Besides, such design is achieved within a single open channel without internal cavities, ensuring handling convenience of the versatile guide-bar.EFFECT: invention allows making the process of materials alignment and guide-bar handling simpler and easier under rigid control over the process and quality of work.1 dwg

Open section thin-walled elements connection method // 2612163
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, specifically to thin-walled steel elements connection methods, for example, in production of lattice structures. Open cross-section thin-walled elements connection method includes performance of two longitudinal cuts on section end wall, following bend of formed wall section until contact with main wall, application of rod end on attaching part and installation of fasteners within wall bent section. At that, prior to performance of cuts or bend along bended wall section length longitudinal corrugations are made, directed by convexity outward.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of thin-walled elements connection carrying capacity.1 cl, 4 dwg
Coil coating for pool // 2612057
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: coiled pool coating comprises a film wound onto a roller. A cam is fixed at the end of the film with a motor providing its vibration in the horizontal plane. The cam is secured on a plate attached accross the film.EFFECT: invention reduces the effort of straight film pushing and ensures its automated unwinding.1 dwg
Kochetov seismic-resistant building // 2612027
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: in seismic-resistant building containing the vibration-isolated foundation, the horizontal and vertical bearing structures with the vibration isolation system, the internal partitions, the building roof, as well as the door and window openings with reinforcement; the base bearing floor slabs in the points of their attachment to the bearing building walls are equipped with the spatial vibration isolation system consisting of horizontally arranged vibration isolators perceiving vertical static and dynamic loads, as well as vertically arranged vibration isolators perceiving horizontal static and dynamic loads. The floor in the premises is made on an elastic foundation and includes a mounting plate made of concrete reinforced with vibration damping material, which is mounted on the base intermediate floor slab with cavities through the layers of the vibration damping material and the waterproofing material with the gap relative to the bearing walls of an industrial premise. The base slab cavities are filled with a vibration damping material, such as foamed polymer, and each of the vibration isolators consists of the rigidly interlinked rubber plates, the upper and the lower ones, in which through openings are made, arranged on the isolator surface in the staggered order; the vibration isolators are made of a square or a rectangular shape, and their side faces are made as curved surfaces of the n-th order, ensuring the equifrequency of the vibration isolation system in general. The openings in the cross-section have the shape ensuring the vibration isolator equifrequency. Each of the vibration isolators is provided with vibration-damping inserts placed in the openings of each vibration isolator configured as a cylindrical damping member, to the ends of which the planar resilient stops are rigidly connected, and the inner cavity is filled with a layer of vibration damping material, e.g. sand. The vibration damping layer density is less than the density of the outer cylindrical shell ring of the damping element.EFFECT: strengthening the construction of buildings or structures, reducing their vulnerability when exposed to wind loads and earthquakes, improving their seismic safety, durability and residual life.2 cl, 10 dwg

Composite support for power transmission line and its composite crossbar design // 2611783
FIELD: electricity; manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power transmission line support, and disclosed is power transmission line composite support composite crossbar structure containing two groups of crossbar insulators arranged horizontally in form of V-shaped structure, where each of two groups of crossbar insulators first end is connected to composite support main part at V-shaped structure opening, and group of inclined tensioned insulators, one end of which is connected to each of two groups of crossbar insulators second end at V-shaped structure top, and other end of which is connected to support main part above two groups of crossbar insulators, wherein each of two groups of crossbar insulator corresponds to one group of inclined tensioned insulators, wherein one end of inclined tensioned insulators group is connected to corresponding crossbar insulators group second end on V-shaped structure top, and inclined tensioned insulators group other end is connected to support main part above corresponding crossbar insulators group. At that, each of two crossbar insulators groups is composed of two hollow insulators, connected to each other by means of flange. Also disclosed is power transmission line composite support with above mentioned composite crossbar structure.EFFECT: disclosed is structure of power transmission line composite support composite crossbar.12 cl, 10 dwg

Building, structure (versions) // 2611782
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: building, structure is made as a single technical solution of residential and industrial complex construction facility. The construction facility contains a transit carrier plane or a space-constructive cell that is made as a frame and includes one pair of columns in the flat cell and/or two pairs of columns in the spatial cell of frame. The span of each pair of columns is blocked by a beam. Beam has a body including wall, the upper and lower belts, supporting sections and span. Span has length L and is formed with a variable cross-sectional configuration along the length and increasing cross section height over the major length of the structure. The lower belt is convex and curved in the conventional vertical longitudinal plane of structure symmetry with the bulge facing down, and having a curvature with radius R with center located above the upper belt at a distance greater than the length of one flight and satisfying the condition R/L=(5÷15).EFFECT: increased bearing capacity in terms of perception of different loads and expanded range of natural oscillations without entering into resonance, while reducing material consumption and increasing the durability of the structure.8 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

Vehicle parking and method for vehicles parking // 2611775
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: parking space for vehicles on the roadside area with grass, limited by a curb from the roadway (street), consists of an entrance unit for parking, several parking platforms located above the grass, a device for vehicles orientation to the parking position, and includes (contains) independently arriving vehicles for parking. The parking is provided with parking platforms, that are installed on a roadside area divided by its stripe from the curb, stripe width is not less than the vehicle length, and where is the device for vehicles orientation to the parking position is located with a possibility to move along it and to adjoin it at parking from the entrance, both with parking platforms, and a common entrance device for parking. A method for vehicle parking at a parking lot on the roadside area with grass covering is described as well.EFFECT: provision of mass parking and vehicle storage in an intra-residential territory with creation of a free green zone with width not less than the vehicle length along the roads (streets), and parking from one entrance space without application of a complex energy-consuming handling agent at improved conditions of snow cleaning from the road in winter.7 cl, 2 dwg
Low noise industrial building // 2611768
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: low-noise earthquake-resistant industrial building comprises a building frame with a foundation, load-bearing walls restricted by floor and ceiling, which are lined with sound-absorbing structures, window and door openings, as well as individual sound absorbers containing a frame with sound-absorbing material, and installed above the noisy equipment, basic load-bearing slabs in places of their attachment to the load-bearing walls are provided with a spatial vibration isolation system, consisting of horizontally arranged vibration isolators, perceiving vertical static and dynamic loads, as well as vertically spaced vibration isolators, perceiving horizontal static and dynamic loads. The floor in premises is made on an elastic foundation and includes a mounting plate made of concrete reinforced by vibration damping material, which is mounted on the base floor slab with cavities made through layers of vibration damping material and waterproofing material with a gap relative to the load-bearing walls of the industrial premise. Baseplate cavities filled with vibration damping material, such as foamed polymer. At that, the individual sound absorber is spherical and contains sound absorbers of active and reactive type, placed on a two part rigid frame: lower reactive and upper active.EFFECT: increased efficiency of attenuation and building seismic stability.2 cl, 4 dwg

etal frame of monolithic reinforced concrete columns // 2611663
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to monolithic construction and may be used for the construction of large buildings and structures, including the constructions in seismic regions. Known frames consist of mainly of rebars connected or welded together at the construction site. They have low resistance and stability, and they are very laborious. The gist of the invention is that the metal frame of a monolithic reinforced concrete column is made of thin-wall profiled rolled metal at the industrial works. At the construction site the assembly is carried out without welding with the help of bolt fastening. On its side surfaces the holes for fixing the formwork are made. At the top and bottom of the frame supporting and mounting components are made having mounting holes to connect it with other load-bearing elements of the building. The longitudinal rods are made of angle bars or pipe, cross rods are made of angle bars or a strip, support-mounting units are made of angle bars, channels or double tees.EFFECT: use of the invention improves the bearing capacity of the metal frame and, consequently, reduces time and cost of the construction, increases its workability.10 cl, 10 dwg

etal frame of monolithic reinforced concrete slab // 2611661
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of monolithic construction and can be used for the construction of large buildings and structures, including the construction in seismic regions. The known frames consist mainly of rebars connected or welded together at a construction site. They have low resistance and stability and are very laborious. The essence of the invention consists in that the metal frame of a monolithic reinforced concrete slab is made of thin-walled profiled rolling in industrial plants as closed welded panels with gaps between adjacent panels. At the construction site only assembly is carried out without welding with bolt- fastening. On its bottom sides mounting holes are made for formwork installation. On the side faces of the frame mounting holes are made with the help of which high-strength bolts and tightening screws execute the connection of separate panels to each other for achieving the state of prestressed slab construction. The panels can be made of welded together angle bars, rectangular tubes, channels, I-beams.EFFECT: invention increases the carrying capacity of the metal frame and, consequently, slabs, reduces the construction time and cost, enhances its manufacturability.7 cl, 16 dwg
 
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