For horizontal holes (E02F5/18)

E   Fixed constructions(158735)
E02F5/18                     For horizontal holes(1011)

Reversible impact device for driving wells in ground // 2631461
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: reversible impact device when driving wells in the ground contains a housing and a striker with an air distribution pipe having an axial channel, a radial window in the wall and a liner, a cage with two annular grooves freely mounted on the air distribution pipe above the liner. The air distribution pipe has an annular groove in the wall, connected to the axial channel by at least two radial windows, the cage being made diamagnetic and rigidly attached to the housing. The liner consists of at least two magnetic elements installed with the possibility to contact by their side surfaces with the side walls of the annular groove and with each other.EFFECT: ensuring stable operation in the modes of forward and reverse strokes and simplifying the design with the device operation durability.2 cl, 3 dwg

Device and method of target guidance at drilling // 2600118
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to underground directed drilling, and more specifically to target guidance at drilling, device and method related to it. Device used together with system for performing horizontally directed drilling; system includes drill string extended from drilling rig to drill bit so that drill bit controlled based on orientation by roll. System also includes device for control commands generation to direct drilling tool on target position. In response, at least partially, to said control commands, display is configured to selectively display turn, pushing commands and by rotation command. Described is control indicator, which displays current orientation by roll of drilling tool. 3-D grid may be animated and centered on control indicator or target indicator.EFFECT: rounding of control commands ratio allows to limit display by only such orientations by target roll, which given drilling tool transducer can measure and display.30 cl, 10 dwg

ethod of laying pipes and a pipe for its implementation // 2594497
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, to horizontal drilling technologies and equipment for trenchless laying of pipelines. Method of laying pipes is based on the technology of horizontal directional drilling with or without the use of destruction method. Prior to pulling a pipe into the trench its outer diameter is increased to match the diameter of its bell with application of a low friction coefficient and/or smaller soil sticking coefficient coating on the aligned surface.EFFECT: technical result is broader functional capabilities and higher reliability of pipelines laying.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of drilling of horizontal and low-inclined wells and device for its implementation // 2578081
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: bottomhole is mechanically destroyed and destruction products are removed with an auger tool with gaps of an auger spiral which is continuously rotated and oscillates in the axial direction with the amplitude exceeding the length of the maximum gap of the auger spiral per cycle of oscillations. The auger tool is separated into two unequal parts and placed into the internal space of a casing string. The first head part of a constant length is attached to the bottomhole part of the casing string and moved together with it progressively in the axial direction without oscillating motions. The second part is sectionally increased during lengthening of the casing string and deepening of the well and in a mobile telescopic manner in the axial direction it is connected with the first head part with a possibility of joint continuous rotary motion, and axial oscillating motions, separately from the head part, and the internal surface of the casing string is interfaced in a fixed manner with the supporting bearing assembly of the head part and in a mobile rotational manner - with the supporting bearing assemblies placed in gaps of the auger spiral.EFFECT: increase of the speed of drilling, recovery of the transporting ability at the section of rupture of the auger spiral in the zone of support of bearing assemblies at the integration of processes of transportation, fastening of well walls and prevention of bridging.4 cl, 5 dwg

ethod of protective sleeves installation in horizontal hole under water or other barriers // 2561399
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention is referred to the construction of main pipeline crossings by directional drilling using a sectional protective sleeve. The method of protective sleeves installation in a horizontal hole includes the usage of two protective sleeves installed at an inlet and outlet from the horizontal hole. At that upon drilling of a pilot hole it is expanded by means of two horizontal direction drilling units: at first from the outlet side of the well, then from the inlet side. Whereat both surface areas are covered by the protective sleeves right upon their extension. Then the whole horizontal hole is covered by the third sleeve of a lesser diameter to the whole length upon extension of its area between the two installed sleeves with a reamer bit of a lesser diameter.EFFECT: maintaining the integrity of the expanded areas of the horizontal hole in surface incompetent rock along the whole length of the horizontal hole.7 dwg

Impact tool // 2535426
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: tool contains casing with holes, striker with longitudinal channel installed in the casing, forward and reverse stroke chambers, compressed air supply channel to reverse stroke chamber, exhaust system and resilient ring. The exhaust system contains stop internal surface of the casing with front ring shoulder and reverse stroke limiter on its rear part. The resilient ring is installed in the ring groove on the striker with possibility of interaction with stop internal surface of the casing. The longitudinal grooves are made on the external surface of the striker. Forward stroke chamber contains the resilient tube, its one end is connected with the casing hole, and the other end is connected with the striker longitudinal channel. Compressed air supply channel to the reverse stroke chamber is made by channel of the resilient tube and longitudinal channel of the striker.EFFECT: design simplification of the impact tool.2 cl, 3 dwg

Device for battering rod element in soil // 2535316
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a main impact assembly mounted in the hole of the transition element, and at least one additional impact assembly mounted on the axis of the main impact assembly in an additional opening in the transition element, and connected to this transition element.EFFECT: increased speed of battering the rod element in the soil by increasing the frequency of strokes and occurrence of effect of soil liquefaction.7 cl, 6 dwg

Device for trenchless laying of pipelines by pricking method // 2530063
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for trenchless pipeline laying by pricking method comprises the feeding mechanism from the guide frame with horizontal and vertical guide rollers with the possibility of their interaction with the outer surface of pipeline to be laid, and cable pulling winch, rod fixedly secured to the flange mounted on the front end towards the puncture of the laid pipeline, with the ball bearing installed on its end with possibility of supporting on it of the hollow working tip of conical form, inside the hollow working tip at its area of cylindrical shape, electric motor of circular rotation rod is installed relative to the axis of rotation rod with its support on the flange by means of seal assemblies. Stator of electric motor is fixed on the rod, and rotor - on the inner surface of horizontal area of the hollow working tip. Helical surface of auger-type is fixed on the outer surface of cone area of working tip.EFFECT: simplification of the device design, increase of reliability and lifetime of its operation, reduction of value of the required force for pricking and energy consumption.2 dwg

ethod of steering control of working element for hole making in quick grounds and marshy grounds // 2518644
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: method of steering control of the working element for hole making in quick grounds and marshy grounds comprises immersing or rising the working element in case of deviation from the trajectory. At that the immersing or rising the working element is carried out by changing its weight. When emersion of the working element its weight is increased by supplying filler in the adjusting chamber of the working element. While immersing the working element as it moves the weight of the working element is decreased by removing a part of the filler from the said chamber of the working element.EFFECT: immersion or emersion of the working element in the ground.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of pipe driving in soil // 2516630
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: proposed method consist in driving the pipe in soil, forming the soil core in pipe face section, forcing said core by air pressure portions in annulus, cutting off the core portions to make the chamber ahead of soil core portion by displacing the soil duct in the axis of submergence. Said soil duct is composed by submersible pipe to be displaced in submergence axis by static force. Soil core portions transfer is conducted by creating vacuum at submersible pipe external end.EFFECT: lower power intensity, lower costs.3 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of well configuring // 2515647
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: this method consists in well drilling by rock cutter tool of well bottom tool connected with dual drill string with continuous slurry removal from well bottom and transfer of slurry by used working fluid flow under pressure via central channel of said dual drill string. This dual drill string is composed of stationary external pipe accommodating drill bar transmitting the torque and axial force to drill bit with rock cutter tool. At a time, said external pipe is fitted in said drilled well to be left therein as a casing after drilling. Dual drill string central channel is composed by drill bar channel.EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability, lower costs, expanded applications.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of trenchless installation of bundle of pipes in soil // 2502848
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method includes formation of a pioneer well along the design axis of the installed bundle of pipes between working and receiving pits and simultaneous installation of a drilling bar in it, which is connected to the working organ, subsequent expansion of the pioneer well to the design diameter by soil damage with the help of the working organ, simultaneous transportation of damage products with the help of a cleaning agent into the space between the expanded pioneer well and the bundle of pipes and installation of the bundle of pipes in the expanded pioneer well.EFFECT: increased reliability of installation of a bundle of pipes without complications related to sags of surface above a well.3 dwg

ethod of trenchless installation of pipes in soil // 2501913
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method includes submersion of a pipe into soil with an open end, formation of a soil core in it and its removal from the pipe with the supplied fluid medium by means of breaking and squeezing out in parts. The fluid medium is supplied into the soil core at the outer side of the submerged pipe, using the channel of connection between the pipeline for supply of the fluid medium and the inner cavity of the submerged pipe.EFFECT: increased efficiency due to reliability of soil core removal by means of creation of conditions to preserve integrity of a broken part of the soil core.5 cl, 3 dwg

Trenchless pipeline replacement device // 2500946
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: device includes a pipe-destructing working element with two disc knives, a reamer for enlarging the well diameter, an attachment device of a new plastic pipeline and a tie-rod element in the form of a rope with elements installed on it. Each element installed on the rope is made in the form of a detachable sleeve with three equally spaced radially oriented cylindrical rods, in each of which a fork with a ball is installed so that fixed radial movement is possible. A radial slot is made throughout the length of detachable sleeve between adjacent cylindrical bars; a retaining screw is inserted in a threaded hole in the middle of the above radial radial slot. The pipe-destructing working element is made in the form of an assembled two-section framework, the centre of the rear end face of which has a spherical slot. The reamer is made in the form of an assembled two-section flattened cone, the centres of both end faces of which have spherical slots The rear end face of the pipe-destructing working element and the front end face of the reamer are connected by means of a hinge joint consisting of a pin, on both ends of which balls are installed by means of a thread The rear end face of the reamer and the attachment device of a new plastic pipeline are connected by means of a hinge joint consisting of an additional pin, on one end of which a ball is installed by means of thread and inserted in the spherical slot of the rear end face of the reamer, and the other end of the additional pin is installed in an axial hole of the attachment device of the new pipeline and fixed with a nutEFFECT: improving reliability of hinge joints and a tie-rod element at passage of curved sections of pipelines.9 dwg

ethod of laying main line across roads // 2498142
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises driving the trench to accommodate therein the protective jacket to receive the pipeline thereafter. Before driving said trench, in front of motor road or railway said protective jacket is placed to accommodate rotary screw with detachable cutting element at its end face directed toward the road. Cutting tool diameter equals protective jacket OD. Screw length exceeds that of protective jacket, screw extension being directed from the road. Screw shaft is engaged with rotary drive placed at slide rails provided with semicircular ledge arranged atop said rails and directed toward protective jacket above said screw, its end and jacket ends are jointed together by flanges to be bolted together. Slide rails are to be fixed relative to drive by "П"-like bracket secured at drive frame to thrust against slide rails rear end and to surround them from both sides. Then, screw drive is switched on to displace slide rails with revolving screw and protective jacket toward the road so that said jacket penetrates into soil to get completely buried therein. Then, said cutting element and bolts are removed from screw end. Then said screw is withdrawn from said jacket to fit main pipeline section therein.EFFECT: safe and reliable laying, lower costs and labor input.5 dwg

Installation for trenchless construction and replacement of pipelines // 2496946
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: installation comprises a frame, a carriage with a control unit arranged on it with a technological adapter, a hydraulic cylinder connected by the body to the frame, and with the stem to the carriage, at the same time the frame has guides for carriage rollers. The frame is made of the carriage frame and the hydraulic cylinder frame connected to each other.EFFECT: increased reliability of operation and reduction of time for installation assembly and disassembly, increased volume of working space in a well and increased efficiency of performed works due to placement of a hydraulic cylinder with stem length that is larger than in a prototype outside the limits of the well, and whenever it is required to increase force characteristics.3 cl, 2 dwg

ethod to produce wells in soil for trenchless installation of utilities (versions) // 2495198
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method in accordance with the first version includes formation of a pilot well along a design axis of the installed utility, expansion of the pilot well to the design diameter by damage of soil with the help of a working element connected with a drilling rod, and transportation of products of damage by means of a pipeline connected with a free end of the working element as the latter rotates around the longitudinal axis, for this purpose pressure is pulled at the open end of the pipeline below the atmospheric pressure with the help of a vacuum-forming device. The method in accordance with the second version differs from the method in accordance with the first method by the fact that transportation of damage products is carried out with the help of a drilling rod.EFFECT: increased efficiency of a working process due to usage of process equipment, principle of operation of which provides for rational use of installed capacity.3 cl, 2 dwg

Device to modify well trajectory // 2491391
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a body, a working organ, a mechanism of tunnelling direction control, which is made in the form of a tip installed in the front part of the body with the possibility of angular displacement, connected with a piston, a spring, a chamber, connected with channels for energy resource supply, and a navigation device fixed in the body, besides, the spring with its rear end is fixed on the front end of the piston, and with the front end - on the body, at the same time the read end of the piston contacts with the specified chamber.EFFECT: arrangement of a tunnelling direction control mechanism inside a device body prevents negative effect of soil in process of well tunnelling.3 cl, 4 dwg

Device for formation of wells in soil by method of piercing // 2487215
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for formation of wells in soil by the method of piercing comprises a hollow working tip of conical shape fixed on the front end of a pressure rod in direction of piercing and a feeding mechanism. In the wall of the hollow working tip there are holes, and on its outer surface there is an elastic impermeable shell fixed to the top and the base of the working tip. The inner cavity of the working tip is tightly connected to the hollow pressure rod, the other end of which is connected with a source of pulsating liquid or gas.EFFECT: increased efficiency.1 dwg

Device for trenchless laying of pipelines by piercing method // 2477772
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for trenchless laying of pipelines by piercing comprises a working tip of conical shape, a vibrator of circular oscillations of which is arranged in the form of an electric motor with a hollow shaft, the stator of which is fixed in the working tip, and the rod is installed inside the hollow shaft, having a displaced centre of gravity relative to the axis of rotation, at the same time the rod is fixed on the flange, which is mounted on the front end of the laid pipeline along the piercing direction. The rotation device is arranged in the form of a cover with a hole, rolling in displaced surfaces of the rotating eccentric reciprocally moving along the longitudinal axis of the rod.EFFECT: higher accuracy of pipeline laying.3 dwg

Device for trenchless installation of pipelines // 2476646
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for trenchless installation of pipelines, comprising a guide body arranged on telescopic supports with a cut upwards, made of a 2/3 diameter of the pipe in the form of a hemisphere reinforced with stiffening ribs, having inside the welded thrust plates at the distance equal to the length of the power hydraulic cylinder stem, windows for soil discharge, stop wedges, a grip, differing by the fact that a carriage made as telescopic of double-sided action, having thrust sliding plates, an opening for soil transportation, is arranged inside the guide body transferring the force of power hydraulic cylinders installed on the telescopic carriage of the double-sided action.EFFECT: higher efficiency of labour, expanded range of installed pipelines diameters, lower labour intensiveness.10 dwg

Combined air-impact device // 2468204
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: combined air-impact device includes a needle fixed in head part of the housing, working and auxiliary chambers separated with a spool valve with calibrated channel for connection of the above chambers, calibrated channel for connection of auxiliary chamber to atmosphere at the corresponding position of spool valve, stepped longitudinal channel for arrangement in the latter of differential piston and check valve, and which opens discharge ports of the working chamber periodically. Device is made in the form of combined structure containing front and rear housings with compressed air pulse escape mechanism and shank of two nipples connected to each other; at that, exhaust openings of working chamber in front housing of the device are oriented at design angle within more than 90°, but less than 180°, and in rear housing at design angle within more than 0°, but less than 90° relative to shank part from longitudinal axis of combined structure, and shank with air-distributing mechanism for compressed air supply at design pressure P1 or P2 to auxiliary chambers of the device and consisting of spring-loaded stock-piston with central and transverse channels and system of air-distributing channels supplying the compressed air to auxiliary chamber of front and rear housings with possibility of alternating supply to them of compressed air at pressure P1 or P2 at the corresponding position of stock-piston in the shank.EFFECT: increasing operating efficiency of the device.4 dwg

Device for trenchless installation of pipelines by means of piercing // 2464383
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for trenchless installation of pipelines by means of piercing comprises a hollow working tip of conical shape connected via a hinged joint and a support of rotation with a shaft, installed in rotation supports on a flange, which is mounted on the front end of the installed pipeline, in direction of piercing, a vibrator of circular oscillations, a vibrator drive installed in the laid pipeline and a feed mechanism. The vibrator of circular oscillations is arranged in the form of movable weights capable of radial displacement in guides rigidly fixed on the shaft, at the same time movable weights via solids of revolution are pressed by means of springs to the inner conical surface of a ring, installed in a hollow working tip capable of axial displacement by "screw-nut" transfer.EFFECT: higher efficiency of device operation in soils with various physical-mechanical properties.4 dwg

Device for driving pipes in soil // 2462641
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a frame rigidly fixed as inclined in a working pit, where a driven pipe is laid. Sleds move along the frame, where a driving plate is installed as capable of rotation in three coordinates and movement along the transverse direction, with the help of which the vector of force application to the pipe end changes directionally. The device is equipped with a pipe clip, which makes it possible to do driving using a technology of tunnelling by a microshield, and also with an adjustable front roller support to ensure alignment of welded pipes.EFFECT: device is designed to go through curvilinear sections of a route using previously bent pipes with a specified radius of curvature, which substantially increases efficiency of tunnelling due to reduction of length of curvilinear section tunnelling.6 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of trenchless pipe laying in soil // 2460851
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of trenchless pipe laying in soil, including washing a channel in soil with jets of liquid filled via a pipeline tip as it is laid in the specified direction. Liquid is sent periodically, besides, prior to supply a solution is added with at least one surfactant, and at least one gasifying agent is added, forming a mixture, at the same time gas generation is carried out directly in pores of soil during its contact with the gasifying agent of the mixture. The channel in soil is expanded with jets of the specified mixture directed at the angle to the axis of the laid pipeline. The pipeline during installation is rotated around its axis.EFFECT: higher efficiency of pipeline laying.3 cl, 1 dwg

Device for trenchless replacement of pipelines // 2457386
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: in a device each of rope elements is arranged in the form of a crosspiece. At each end of the crosspiece there is a radial slot, in which a roller is installed on axes. In the centre of the crosspiece there is a figure slot for the rope for its entire thickness. In the figure slot in the plane of its cross section and at the angle of 30-60 degrees to the crosspiece ends there is a threaded hole, where a fixing screw is installed. Each of expanders is arranged in the form of an external hollow hemisphere, where there is a hole arranged along the axis of symmetry. In the external hemisphere there is a coupled internal hollow hemisphere with a tail, where a coupled ball is installed. The external hemisphere, the internal hemisphere and the ball are installed as capable of rotation relative to the axis of their symmetry and rotation in longitudinal and transverse directions relative to each other. By means of a detachable joint the internal hemisphere of the expander via the tail is connected with a pipe-breaking actuator, the internal hemisphere of the additional expander via the tail is connected with the expander ball, the additional expander ball is connected with an accessory for fixation of a new pipeline. Each expander is equipped with a cover arranged in the form of a ring attached to the rear wall of the external hemisphere. In the pipe-breaking actuator behind the disc knives there are additional disc knives installed oppositely to each other and in the same plane of cross section, which protrude beyond the border of the inner surface of the damaged pipeline by the value that is higher than thickness of its wall.EFFECT: higher reliability when passing through curvilinear sections of pipelines.8 dwg

Device for trenchless replacement of pipelines // 2453754
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: in a device for trenchless replacement of pipelines a vessel of a facility to redistribute static force is arranged as cylindrical, in which at the equidistant distance from each other there are at least two radial slots with spacer plates installed in them, having a bevel and made of a friction material. In the vessel via an axis of its symmetry there is a conical hole, in which with a clearance there is a spacer element made in the form of a cone. The bevel angle of the spacer plates, the angle between the axis of symmetry of the spacer element and its generatrix, and also the angle between the axis of symmetry of the conical hole and its generatrix are equal to each other. Spacer plates are installed with the possibility of vertical displacement relative to the spacer element. The vessel of the facility to redistribute a static force is connected with two dismantling ropes.EFFECT: device reliability improvement.4 dwg

Roller for arrangement of cast-in-place piles // 2447235
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention comprises a hollow drive shaft, on which eccentric bushings are fixed with conical rollers, between which rings are installed on rolling bearings. At the same time elastic elements are installed between interacting surfaces of rings and rollers made as conical as responsive to each other. The rear end of the hollow drive shaft is connected with a hollow driving rod by means of a compensation coupling perceiving the axial load from a hollow driving rod at the hollow drive shaft with the possibility to vary an angle of inclination of the hollow drive shaft relative to the axis of the hollow driving rod. At the same time on the front end of the hollow drive shaft there is a cap of conical shape fixed with the possibility of its removal during withdrawal of the roller from a well.EFFECT: increased durability and reliability of roller operation.9 dwg

Procedure for construction of horizontal drain hole in unstable moveable rock and drilling assembly for its implementation // 2435925
FIELD: gas and oil production.SUBSTANCE: procedure for construction of horizontal drain hole in unstable moveable rock and drilling assembly for its implementation are designed for drilling horizontal drain holes of big length in most complicated geological conditions. The procedure consists in inclusion of additional protective strings with diametres decreasing to drilling lengthwise axis and a removable vibratory-percussion device into a complex of the drilling assembly. This facilitates loading the protective string without interruption of its vibration when there is achieved maximal length of the hole with consideration of strength of connection. The protective string is stopped when it achieves its maximal length for the second time. It is sealed and the additional protective string of less diametre is concentrically lowered in it till connection with a rock destroying tool. Further, drilling is carried out with the additional protective string rotating it in the direction opposite to the rotational direction of the preceding protective string. A gap between the stopped preceding protective string and additional moveable protective string is washed through drilling string and additionally independently and continuously washed with water under pressure exceeding that one of formation. The protective string is stopped when its reaches maximal length of the hole upon vibration. A new additional string of still less diametre is lowered for successive drilling and stop operations are repeated a required number of times for obtaining required length of a hole.EFFECT: multiple increase of horizontal drain hole length, increased drilling length of each of alternating protective strings, raised efficiency of drain complexes, increased reliability, prevention of sand ingress between protective strings.2 cl, 4 dwg, 2 ex

Built-up structure for pulling through pipelines in wells made by method of horizontal drilling in unstable earth // 2428544
FIELD: oil and gas production.SUBSTANCE: built-up structure for pulling through pipelines in wells made by method of horizontal drilling in unstable earth consists of directing conductor connected with hole reamer via bayonet slots and dowels. In front the hole reamer is connected with a drill string, and behind it is connected with a pipeline through a rotary swivel. Strengthening mounting attachments are welded on bayonet slots to facilitate their durability. The bayonet connection disconnects the hole reamer with the directing conductor at a planned section and pulls the pipeline into the well by driving the drill string to rotation.EFFECT: trouble-free pipeline pulling through in unstable earth and elimination of additional operations for assembly of devices.3 dwg

Device for trenchless installation of utilities // 2421588
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a base, a guide hingedly connected with the base, which is installed with the possibility of rotation in the vertical plane and fixation in intermediate positions, a mechanism of guide rotation, a carriage with the possibility of its displacement along the guide, a spinner for driving a roller shaft by means of a set of driving rods, a mechanism to move a carriage and comprising a planetary gear, comprising a master gear, a carrier, a set of satellites mounted in the carrier, and a central wheel engaged with the master wheel by means of satellites, at the same time the torque is taken off via driving rods to the roller shaft either from the master gear or from the carrier, besides, the mechanism to move the carriage is arranged in the form of a chain gear in accordance with the circuit of the carriage travel doubling, at the same time the device is additionally equipped with the mechanism of the guide rotation in the horizontal plane arranged as a flange joint, and the mechanism to rotate the guide in the vertical plane is arranged as a screw-nut. The master gear of the planetary reducer of the spinner is arranged as hollow and is mounted on a hollow driving shaft, the drive of which is carried out from the hollow gear, installed on the hollow shaft with its drive from the gear drive. Driving rods to the roller are pulled through the hollow shaft and are connected with the mechanism of torque transmission at the roller shaft by means of a flange installed on the driving hollow shaft or on the carrier of the planetary reducer.EFFECT: expansion of the field of application of the proposed device in city constrained conditions, reduced labour intensity and cost of works.2 cl, 5 dwg

ethod of trenchless pipe laying // 2410497
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining and construction equipment, is used to lay pipes in soil with open end with their simultaneous cleaning from soil. Method includes tunnelling of pilot hole, formation of working well with pulling of pipeline in it with the help of pneumatic impact device by means of soil development and movement into pipeline cavity. Soil plug is also formed with the help of previously created obstacle, afterwards it is removed, using spent compressed air from pneumatic impact device.EFFECT: increased efficiency of works and reduced energy intensity of the process.5 cl, 9 dwg

ethod for reduction of torsion torques of drilling rig at stages of preliminary well expansion and in process of well preparation of pipeline dragging // 2399742
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for reduction of drilling rig torsion torques at stages of preliminary well expansion in process of well preparation for pipeline dragging in it includes drilling pilot well and its expansion prior to pipeline dragging. At the same time expansion is carried out in stages by means of expanders pulling-through, and well cross section is shaped close to ellipse, with arrangement of its largest diametre in vertical plane, area of cut soil is reduced in single passing of expander in well by repeated pulling of expander in well without increasing expander diametre.EFFECT: reduced energy intensity of process with reduction of torsion torque.4 dwg

Device for trenchless installation of pipelines // 2399726
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device for trenchless installation of pipes consists of basements, having windows for discharge of soil, vessel, telescopic support, power hydraulic cylinders, support plate, support wall, pushed pipe, hydraulic cylinder of quick carriage movement, carriage, stiffening ribs; hydraulic pumps. Basement is made of 1/3 diametre of pipe and has shape of hemisphere with stiffening ribs, and is located on telescopic supports with its cut facing upwards. Vessel is made of 2/3 of pipe diametre having shape of hemisphere with stiffening ribs and is arranged on basement with its cut facing upwards with the possibility to make reciprocal motions with the help of power hydraulic cylinders installed on basement. Inside body has welded support plates at the distance equal to length of power hydraulic cylinder stem and carriage. Carriage has shape of hemisphere with the possibility of displacement due to reciprocal motion of body with the help of power hydraulic cylinders arranged on basement.EFFECT: improved efficiency of labour and wider range of installed pipelines diametres.8 dwg

ethod for removing soil core from pipe and device for its implementation // 2399725
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: method involves simultaneous periodic impact action on the pipe hammered into soil body throughout the passage length and opposite directed action of static squeezing force on soil core through the piston located in front pipe part in case there is elastic coupling between the pipe and soil body. Device includes pneumatic hammer acting on the pipe hammered into the soil body throughout the passage length and the piston arranged in the front pipe part. There is elastic coupling between the pipe and soil body.EFFECT: increasing cleaning efficiency owing to increasing intensity of pipe vibrations under influence of back-and-forth power pulses by changing the vibrating system structure.10 cl, 6 dwg

ethod for erection of pipelines // 2395646
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to underground construction, in particular to methods for installation of pipelines under natural and manmade obstacles, also under water barriers designed for transportation of various working mediums. Method for erection of pipelines, in which shafts are arranged, besides as pipeline is erected under natural or manmade obstacles, shafts are erected outside this obstacle. Tunnel is driven with arrangement of lining, afterwards protective shell is laid, fixed against longitudinal displacement, and pipeline is installed inside protective shell. In driven tunnel guide tracks are preliminarily arranged along the whole length by number of protective shells arranged in tunnel. At least two protective shells are laid on according guide tracks. Afterwards working pipelines and/or cable is laid inside them, space is filled between tunnel and protective shells by filler. Besides protective shells are arranged in the form of polymer or steel pipes, which are laid in tiers, and in each tier - in rows. At the same time support surface is shaped in inner space of tunnel, arranged over lower tier of pipeline laying, for arrangement of guide tracks in upper tier of pipelines laying.EFFECT: expansion of functionality and cost-effectiveness of the method, besides makes it possible to perform repair works and to fully replace the pipeline.11 cl, 3 dwg

Device for trenchless laying of pipelines by piercing method // 2395645
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to devices designed for trenchless laying of pipelines by method of piercing, and may find application for arrangement of hidden transitions in laying of pipelines, cable communication cables and power transmission lines. Device comprises hollow working tip of conical shape connected via hinged joint with rod installed on flange, which is mounted on front end of laid pipeline in direction of piercing, vibrator of circular oscillations installed inside hollow tip and feeding mechanism. Rod is installed on flange in ball support. At the end of rod in pipeline there is a race rigidly fixed with external teeth and inner bore arranged eccentrically relative to axis of rod, where disk is installed with the possibility of rotation as fixed on shaft of control mechanism drive by direction of pipeline laying, with eccentricity that is equal to eccentricity to inner bore of race. Besides master half-coupling of cross-sliding coupling is installed on shaft drive on overrunning clutch, which is connected to slave half-coupling via intermediate disk, and inner teeth of half-coupling are engaged with external teeth of race. And brake is installed on hub of master half-coupling.EFFECT: improved accuracy of the pipeline laying process.2 cl, 5 dwg

Device for trenchless pipe driving by puncture method // 2394128
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device includes leader and expander, which are equipped with screw blade with one-sided winding and rigidly attached by tubular shaft to radial holes. At that, expander is fixed on the front end, in direction of puncture, of punctured pipeline which is equipped with rotation mechanism and mechanism of impact on soil in pilot well. Mechanism of impact on soil in pilot well is made in the form of elastic gas tight cover installed on tubular shaft which is connected to compressed gas source. At that, elastic gas tight cover can be made in the form of a sleeve the ends of which are fixed on movable sealing collars installed on tubular shaft.EFFECT: increasing effective action of device and reducing energy consumption.2 cl, 2 dwg

Pneumatic impact-action device for development of well in soil // 2393316
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: device includes hollow housing with longitudinal throttle channel, stepless hammer arranged in the housing and having central through channel dividing the housing cavity into operating and no-load stroke chambers, central tube interacting with central through channel of hammer, threaded sleeve with constant open inlet channel and hose for supply of compressed air from network; cover with peripheral channel, radial bypass channel and through central hole for passage of the tube; pre-chamber of network air, which is formed between threaded sleeve and cover and interconnected via peripheral channel and longitudinal throttle channel to idle stroke chamber; shank and threaded sleeve, which are provided with through channels for passage of central tube installed in central hole of cover with an annular gap forming an annular throttle inlet channel of working stroke chamber. In central tube there installed coaxially with annular gap is additional tube with radial outlet channel and with fixation along its edges relative to central tube; at that, radial outlet channel in additional tube is made at acute angle to its axis with the top on the threaded sleeve side, and is offset along screw line relative to radial outlet channel of central tubes towards threaded sleeve. Additional tube protects central tube against possible deformations which appear on the side of ropes, chains, etc. of rigid elements, which are passed through the device, as well as soil particles, and which lead to jamming of the hammer and shutdown of the device operation.EFFECT: improving protection of central tube against deformation.1 dwg

Trenchless pipe driving method // 2392390
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: pipe driving method envisaging controlled pipe driving from the initial point under an obstacle to the final point. After that one disconnects the boring head from the driven pipes and the driven pipes string is connected via a special connective pipe of the product pipes sting prepared on the surface at the final point. Then the driven pipes are withdrawn from the well to the initial point with the product pipes string simultaneously drawn into the well. The well is stabilised via the driven pipes. In the driven pipe one provides for an inner pipe intended for receipt and transmission of forces occurring and for receipt of the required connective lines and/or empty pipes for the boring head as well as for a mounted outer shell which may be fitted along its diametre to the product pipes string to be driven.EFFECT: driving tensile large gauge pipelines in the ground.19 cl, 21 dwg

ethod and device for trenchless pipe driving // 2392389
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: trenchless pipe driving method includes stages whereat within a single stage operations are performed for creation of a well along the given drilling line and driving a pipeline, pre-assembled to form a whole. The required contact forces for drilling and driving are transmitted to the drilling device via the pipeline; the front end of the pipeline is connected to the controlled drilling device, preferably - connected to the pipeline via a connective module. From the outside one applies a force to the pipeline by way of friction, preferably - coupling the pipes with the help of a pusher device, pushing the pipeline from the initial point to the set point, removing the slurry generated during drilling and transporting it from the well hydraulically. The circular space formed between the pipeline and the well wall during drilling is continuously filled with liquid.EFFECT: performance of trenchless driving of pipes under pressure, especially - in situations when one needs to fulfil certain environmental and economic conditions.9 cl, 12 dwg

System of charging drill rods to working area of drilling installation of directed drilling // 2384690
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to drilling installations intended for construction of pipelines of various purpose by means of directed drilling, and namely to devices intended for manipulation of drill rods. System of charging drill rods to working area of the drilling installation of directed drilling includes manipulator with hydraulic drive made with possibility of being moved along longitudinal axis of drilling installation and monitoring system of the position of the drilling column in the working area of the installation and automatic positioning of manipulator with the drill rod.EFFECT: proposed invention allows preventing an emergency situation when charging drill rods to the working area of the drilling installation.3 dwg

ethod to control ballasting of pipeline pulled in horizontal well under water and other natural obstacles by horizontal drilling plant // 2384673
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction of manifold pipeline reduces by method of directional drilling. Method to control ballasting of pipeline pulled in horizontal well under water and other natural obstacles by horizontal drilling plant joined to drill column of pipes, expander, swivel device, pulled pipeline joined to system of water makeup. Besides panel for control of water makeup to pulled pipeline is installed additionally. In head part of pulled pipeline they install navigation device, measure, in process of pipeline pulling, zenith angle of pulled pipeline in point of measurement and compare its value to value of zenith angle of pilot well in point, which corresponds to point of pulled pipeline zenith angle measurement. Besides if value of zenith angle of pulled pipeline in point of measurement is less than value of pilot well zenith angle in point corresponding to point of pulled pipeline zenith angle measurement, then water is made up to pulled pipeline until values of abovementioned angles equal each other.EFFECT: reduced traction force in process of pipeline pulling, reduced pulling time and preservation of pipeline insulation coat integrity.2 dwg

Roller for development of wells in soil // 2383687
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction equipment, namely to devices for development of wells in soil by method of rolling. Roller for development of wells in soil comprises master shaft, on which eccentric bushes are fixed, conical runners, longitudinal axes of which are arranged at the angle to longitudinal axis of master shaft, rings, every of which is installed on rolling bearings that perceive radial loads from runners. Rings are arranged on outer support surface of spherical shape, which interacts with inner support surface of runner spherical shape. Each runner is provided with annular grooves on its outer surface, longitudinal axes of which are perpendicular to longitudinal axis of runner. Eccentric bushes of two neighbouring runners are arranged as a whole with flange installed in the middle of neighbouring runners and interacting with end surfaces of neighbouring runners rings. End sliding bearings are installed between end surfaces of rings are flange, which are simultaneously end seals perceiving axial loads from runners and are made of antifriction material.EFFECT: improved durability of operation, and also prevention of soil and moisture ingress into bearing units of roller.2 cl, 2 dwg

ethod and device for erection of horizontal drain hole in watered sands // 2382866
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method and device for erection of horizontal and drain hole in watered sands is related to mining industry and construction, in particular - to methods and devices for erection of horizontal wells with the help of rotary drilling in watered unstable sands and may be used to dry mineral deposits, industrial sites, to clear heads of underground waters in process of tunneling, construction of buildings with preliminary water drawdown, in erection of horizontal wells of various technical purpose in loose watered soils, also under conditions of high urban saturation. Achievement of result became possible due to maintenance of technological process at permanently maintained pressure of structural flushing liquid higher than pressure of stratal ground waters by 0.3-0.5 atmospheres under protection of stable layer, which is formed by structured flushing liquid on well walls, as a result of which impact of mountain pressure at drilling string is eliminated. Realisation of method is carried out by complex device characterised with availability of mechanical part, including drilling plant, conductor, sealant or drill string, or filtering string and support of vertical excavation, and also hydraulic system of structured flushing liquid pressure provision and maintenance in erected well as higher than pressure of stratal ground waters in periods of horizontal drain hole erection and installation of filters in it, which is made of three functional hydraulic lines.EFFECT: provision of horizontal drain hole walls stability in process of drilling and installation of filters, increased depth of drilling and diametre of erected well, provision of controlled carryover of sand from layer, preservation of natural soil properties in near-filer zone; increased safety of technological process, increased efficiency of drilling, reduced load at performing elements of drilling plant.10 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex

Roller for production of pilot hole in soil // 2379429
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: roller for production of pilot hole in soil is arranged as sectional and comprises driving shaft, eccentric bushes located eccentrically on driving shaft and joined to the latter, and conical and cylindrical rolls installed with the possibility of rotation relative to driving shaft. Back section of roller consists of cylindrical rolls that stabilise direction of roller displacement. Besides the first and last rolls of back roller section have conical shape, at the same time radial-thrust rolling bearings are installed in the first and last rolls of roller. Front section of roller is arranged of two conical rolls, which are mounted on back eccentric journal and front eccentric journal, which is arranged as a whole with driving shaft, besides longitudinal axis of front roll is arranged at the angle α to longitudinal axis of driving shaft and crosses with it on the side of front roll end, and longitudinal axis of back roll is located at the angle β to longitudinal axis of driving shaft and crosses with it on the side of back roller end, at the same time front roller on the side of its back end and back roll on the side of its front end are installed on single ball support.EFFECT: simplified design of roller, increased accuracy of hole boring in heterogeneous soils and provision for hole making in curvilinear sections.2 cl, 4 dwg

Device for making of wells in soil // 2373338
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction, namely to devices for trenchless arrangement of wells and tunnels in soil. Device for making of wells in soil comprises cone working tip, made at least of three sections - back, medium and front, cone expander, auger spiral of sections, having single directivity of winding, vibrator of circular oscillations. Cone expander is made with cavity and has a toe cam with perforation, holes for soil intake into cavity and soil-cutting elements. Cavity of cone expander is equipped with soil-directing devices. Vibrator of circular oscillations is made at least of three shafts, common for all sections, which are kinematically connected to each other, by means of gear transmission, with single-sided oriented eccentrics of shafts arranged in the part of middle section. At the same time shafts on sections of front and back sections are equipped with bearings, races of which are installed in brackets that are rigidly fixed to their sections, and eccentrics of shafts are equipped with bearings, races of which are located on power element, which is fixed on middle section by means of adjustable elastic hanger bracket. Pneumatic wheels are fixed on shafts with the possibility of their frictional interaction with toe cam with perforation of cone expander. Conical fill pipeline with guide pipe arranged along its axis with perforation and auger spiral is fixed on cone expander. Front end of guide pipe with perforation is installed in end support arranged on cone expander, and back end is installed in external support made with mechanism of hole making direction changing and mechanism of separate controlled braking of conical fill pipeline and guide pipe with perforation with the possibility of external support movement together with device for hole making in soil. Conical fill pipeline and guide tube with perforation are kinematically interconnected by means of motor gear, at the same time external support is made with the possibility of shifting mechanism of separate controlled braking with change of angular directivity of guide tube with perforation.EFFECT: widening application field, namely not only for making holes of large diametre, but also for tunnels.3 cl, 3 dwg

Device for trenchless installation of pipelines by method of puncture // 2373337
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of construction, namely to devices intended for trenchless installation of pipelines by method of puncture, and may find application for arrangement of hidden passages in construction of pipelines, underground communication cables and power transmission lines. Device for trenchless installation of pipelines by method of puncture comprises hollow working tip of conical shape, which connected via hinged joint and rotation support with rod fixed on flange mounted on the front end of installed pipeline according to puncture direction, vibrator of circular oscillations installed inside hollow working tip. Vibrator of circular oscillations is made in the form of electric motor with hollow shaft, stator of which is fixed in working tip, and rod is installed inside hollow shaft having displaced centre of gravity relative to axis of rotation. At the same time rod is fixed on flange.EFFECT: improved reliability and efficiency of device operation.3 dwg

ethod of draw-in piping in ground (versions) // 2344241
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to construction work technologies and may be used for draw-in routing of underground pipelines. According of the first version of invention, the method provides for developing pilot well between operating pit and receiving pit along the design axis of the routed pipeline and simultaneous routing of drill rod inside the above pipeline. Then, the drill rod is connected with driven element. After that, the pilot well is widened to the design diameter by ground breaking up with driven element. The breakup products are transported by means of treating agent flow through the pipeline installed in the widened part of the well, which is then connected with driven element and rotated with it around longitudinal axis. The second version of the invention differs from the first one in pipeline installation inside the drill rod.EFFECT: improvement of work performance reliability and productivity due to forced mixing of breakup products and their high concentration in treating agent.4 cl, 4 dwg

Horizontal drilling plant // 2342495
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the construction field, in particular, to machines of horizontal drilling for trenchless pipeline placement and their repair. Horizontal drilling plant includes guiding device, feed-out, drilling bit with a oscillator of circular vibrations connected with a casing pipe by a compensating device and made as a pipe section, cylindrical frame set on the pipe section by means of rolling elements, cutting blades fixed on the coal face flat end of the cylindrical frame and vertical segmental baffle with a dump list for earth removal. Oscillator of circular vibrations is rigidly fixed by draughts inside the cylindrical frame coaxial to its axis, whereat draughts are set at an angle to the axis of the cylindrical frame, increasing external friction angle of the developed soil.EFFECT: increased performance of pipeline placement in hard soils.3 dwg
 
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