Hydraulic engineering and foundations and soil-shifting (E02)

E   Fixed constructions(156306)
E02            Hydraulic engineering; foundations; soil-shifting(35165)
Composite mobile derivational water conduit and method of its construction // 2607650
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydrotechnical and hydroelectric construction and can be used for creation of pressure water conduits, derivational, hydroelectric pumped storage, etc. hydroelectric power plants, as well as pump stations. Composite mobile derivational water conduit (CMDWC) includes a water intake of syphon or other type, water-supply sections, a composite water conduit from traditional rigid, as well as soft and flexible composite nanomaterials with shape memory, which include an outer shell, two inner shells with an additional coating from composite nanomaterials, which together are flow-guiding elements, at intersections of landsliding areas, as well as terrains with complex elements of orography: ravines, downwarpings, etc. CMDWC is suspended by cable-stayed systems fixed on supports, and there are devices for damping a hydraulic impact and monitoring technical state of the CMDWC extending in a building of container-type like a small hydro-derivative power plant. CMDWC erection method includes as part of design documentation calculation and development parts, including planning its route, creation of the upper and the lower reservoirs, laying the water conduit itself. Delivery and installation of the water conveying sections are performed directly on the route, where their inner and outer shells are mounted with serial interconnection by means of a flexible link starting from the syphon or another water intake. At hard-to-reach areas of highlands installed are supports and a cable-stayed system, onto which by means of preliminary fixed on the CMDWC shells the water-conveying section is suspended. On underlying sections with high water pressure by means of compensators water conveying sections are connected with the water conduit made of plastic or metal, if necessary, a bandage is installed. Then a building is erected of a container-type small hydro-derivative power plant with a previously installed in it hydroelectric unit, devices for damping the hydraulic impact and monitoring the CMDWC technical state. Further, the diffuser is mounted and conditions are provided for damping the energy in the lower reservoir.EFFECT: invention increases technically possible hydro-energetic potential of small mountain rivers by using seasonally-active mobile derivational hydroelectric power plants.2 cl, 3 dwg
Jacking system with support structure // 2607489
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to jacking systems for drilling and production at sea areas exposed to icing. Jacking system with support structure comprises a working deck structure, a plurality of support columns movably connected to the working deck structure, cantilever arranged on the working deck structure, drilling derrick located on the cantilever, two or more support main structures, located on the sea bottom and a plurality of movable supports, each of which is rigidly connected to the working deck structure. Working deck structure, and a plurality of support columns, cantilever and drilling derrick form a jacking drilling assembly. Method consists in the fact that during assembling of the jacking system with support structure, a plurality of movable supports pass from the working deck structure to the upper surface of said two or more support main structures, and a plurality of support columns support the jacking drilling assembly, and after assembling of the jacking system with support structures, said two or more support main structures support the working deck structure via the movable supports, and said plurality of support columns is being removed from water in required position.EFFECT: technical result is supporting of the jacking assembly.8 cl, 9 dwg
ethod of blasting upward borehole charging // 2607483
FIELD: blasting operations.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to explosive substances (ES) charges formation in wells and can be used during blasting upward boreholes charging, regardless of their watercut degree, on underground mining works for extraction of minerals. Method of blasting upward boreholes charging, including live primer location in well upper part with subsequent well filling with ES and formation, or not, of stemming below ES. In well upper part above live primer drain cavity is created, by arranging plug with drain tube in well, wherein tube lower end, after charge formation, is located below charge.EFFECT: invention allows to ensure stability of ES charge column under conditions of large water influx.1 cl
ethod for preventive protection of water body from pollution with liquid hydrocarbons // 2607396
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to environmental protection and can be used for advanced-preventive protection of a water body from liquid hydrocarbon pollution, as well as during seasonal protective measures. Method involves treating the water body with liquid hydrocarbon adsorbents, which have been packed, using a certain method, into shell-bags, permeable for water and liquid hydrocarbons; bags with hydrophobic adsorbent inside – graphene pumice – are dumped onto the water surface in or near the source of water discharge at a hydraulic engineering installation to provide advanced preventive protection of water body while the bags are floating in the water using the current; or the bags that have been attached to each other or placed in a net together with a load and, possibly, anchor, are placed at the bottom of the protected water body for cleaning the bottom deposits from heavy hydrocarbons -once on the water surface, freely floating bags clean the protected water body and even collect the contaminant, which is not known to have been dropped into the water yet, wherein the neutralization of the contaminant is performed by hydrocarbon-oxidizing natural bacteria present in any aquatic ecosystem or under other natural factors - in the pores of the adsorbent, which do not shrink under the action of capillary forces, and the bags, cleaned from the contaminant and able to move further, float to another contaminated section of the water surface and the cycle is repeated multiple times.EFFECT: invention provides protection of a water body from pollution by liquid hydrocarbons.6 cl
Coal mine underground reservoir artificial retaining dam and safety coal pillar, surrounding rock and retaining dam connection method // 2606790
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: present invention presents coal mine underground reservoir artificial retaining dam. Artificial retaining dam 30 is embedded into safety coal pillar 2 and surrounding rock around auxiliary strett 1. Artificial retaining dam 30 cross-section has shape of arch, and artificial retaining dam 30 concaved section in form of arch faces underground reservoir. Coal mine underground reservoir artificial retaining dam 30 connection method with safety coal pillars 2 and surrounding rocks includes steps of: selection of artificial retaining dam 30 fencing sections between safety coal pillars 2 in auxiliary strett 1; performing of artificial retaining dam 30 with cross-sections in form of arc, which concave section faces underground reservoir; cuttings in safety coal pillars 2 and surrounding rocks around auxiliary strett 1 to form recesses 32; in recesses 32, introduction of plurality of screws into safety coal pillars 2 and surrounding rocks and cement output under high pressure to form artificial retaining dam 30 in recesses 32. Retaining dam improves artificial retaining dam resistance on sliding and can be effectively alleviate impact effect on dam bodies as a result of sudden increase in water pressure.EFFECT: improved connection between artificial retaining dam, safety coal pillar and surrounding rock.7 cl, 3 dwg
Strengthening method of hardening filling mass // 2606729
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry and can be used in development of mineral deposits with stowing mined space. Method of hardening of filling mass, which involves placing in formed array of reinforcing elements simultaneously with hardening mixture used reinforcing elements are modified basalt microfibre (MBM) in amount of 7.1 % of binding substance weight. Microfiber contains, wt% basalt wool with organic impregnation – 99.3–99.6, carbon nano structures of fullerene type – 0.00001–0.01, water – rest.EFFECT: technical result is provision of safe conditions of mining operations at increase of strength of filling for tension.1 cl, 2 tbl
echanical system containing rapidly wearing part and support, and bucket, containing at least one such mechanical system // 2606724
FIELD: construction; machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to bucket of construction works production mechanism with quick-wearing part. Mechanical system comprises quick-wearing part and support, which are part of construction works production equipment. Support includes base, nose, which is extended from the base according to main axis between proximal end, located next to base, and distal end arranged opposite to base, and on each side of base is a fitting place to accommodate projection related to quick-wearing parts, as well as three closed sides. Nose comprises a set of cross-sections in planes perpendicular to main axis, which vary in proximal direction, limiting increasing or permanent cross section areas, in particular, without limiting any decreasing cross-section areas, excluding fitting place for arrangement of connection device in the nose. At that, fitting place is made in base as extension of nose with open side in distal direction. At that, said nose comprises first zone, which is located next to nose proximal end and contains at least six flat surfaces, arranged in pairs opposite to each other, limiting cross-sections of first type, and second zone, which is located next to nose distal end and contains at least six flat surfaces, arranged in pairs opposite to each other, determining cross-sections of second type boundaries. At that, every second zone flat surface is less inclined relative to main axis, than first zone flat surface, which is located in its extension in proximal direction.EFFECT: improvement of mechanical system, having longer service life.10 cl, 9 dwg
Shovel with passive tilt control (versions) and shovel dipper (versions) // 2606722
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to mining shovels. Specifically, present invention relates to mechanisms for adjustment of angle of inclination of dipper. Mining shovel adapted to dig a bank of material, mining shovel comprising a boom including an end, a hoist rope extending over end of boom, an elongated member articulated with boom, a dipper for engaging bank of material, a bail assembly and a pitch brace. Element contains first end and second end. Dipper is connected to second end of element and comprises a cutting edge. Bail assembly comprises a first end articulated with dipper, and a second end connected with hoist rope passing through boom. Pitch brace comprises a first end pivotally connected to bail assembly, and a second end pivotally connected with element.EFFECT: invention solves task of increasing efficiency of shovel, and improving quality of operation of dipper in various conditions.21 cl, 10 dwg
Wear pad assembly // 2606537
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to working elements arranged on road construction machines, particularly to buckets protective element. Road construction machine comprises working member, including first and second elements made with possibility to move relative to each other from open position into closed position, and containing wear pad assembly. Wear pad assembly contains wear pad, and mounting bracket made with possibility of attachment to wear-resistant pad. At that, mounting bracket is made so, that in closed position it is rigidly clamped between first and second elements of working member.EFFECT: simple and fast mounting and dismantling of wear pad to working member.14 cl, 5 dwg
Diffuser device for fluid medium and working machine with such device // 2606536
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to diffuser device and working machine with such device. Diffuser device comprises container for fluid medium connected with outlet tube and return tube for reverse flow, which enters container and forms first fluid medium outlet, having first outlet hole to discharge fluid medium from return tube. Device also includes second fluid medium outlet, at least partially surrounding said first outlet, and second output hole providing introduction of fluid medium from first outlet hole into container. Second outlet hole for fluid medium is made in second fluid medium outlet. Direction of second outlet hole differs from first outlet hole direction.EFFECT: since fluid medium outlet hole direction in sleeve is different from outlet hole direction in return tube first part, fluid medium in diffuser device may stably come back into container without formation of bubbles.12 cl, 3 dwg
Composition for injection solution // 2606487
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, and specifically to soils injection fixing compositions, mainly loess, in existing and newly constructed buildings and structures foundation. Injection solution composition contains binder and filler, wherein binding component is OTDV “Mikrodur”, and used filler is carbonate rock with chemical composition, wt%: CaO – 55.58; CO2 – 24.56; SiO2 – 9.42; Al2O3 – 2.90; MgO – 2.08; Fe2O3 – 1.05; SO3 – 0.53; CuO – wt%: OTDV “Mikrodur” 20–50, carbonate rock 50–80.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of costs and increased efficiency by providing high strength and water resistance of soil concrete mass, fixed by solution based on composition with maximum reduction of expensive imported product, OTDV (super fine binder) “Mikrodur”, with filler from local raw material, carbonate rock, which is brought to fine state.1 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl
Gravity-pile platform and method of its placement on sea bed // 2606484
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to hydrotechnical construction and can be used for creation and operation of offshore pile-gravity platforms for exploration of continental shelf hydrocarbon resources. Platform comprises superstructure, body with foundation, equipped with slots in form of direct correct cylinder, through which piles are installed. At that, piles are equipped with heads in form of inverted truncated regular cones with base diameters, smaller than diameter of slots in foundation, mounted on piles buried into slots with head cone base gradient above slot top.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of platform stability and reduction of materials consumption.10 cl, 5 dwg
Water intake unit of an irrigation system // 2606282
FIELD: land reclamation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to melioration systems and structures and can be used to perform irrigation water intake from mountain and submountain rivers which are characterized by high rate of water flow and presence of a large number of suspended and bottom sediments. Design of water intake unit of an irrigation system comprises flow coated water intake canal 1 with variable section connecting the beginning and end of the river bend 2 or running parallel to river bed 2. Water intake galleries 4 are built into the canal bottom, the upper part of the galleries is a filter panel. Water flows by gravity from water intake galleries 4 into accumulating tank 5 from which it is supplied on irrigated sections.EFFECT: technical result is providing uninterrupted supply of water into an irrigation system and its protection against ingress of suspended and bottom sediments, as well as floating garbage under the conditions of hydrological regime of mountain and submountain rivers.1 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of stabilising wind power installation // 2605980
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, specifically to stabilisation of a connection of a foundation section of a wind power installation. Disclosed is a method of stabilising a wind power installation, which comprises determining need for stabilisation of wind power installation relative to foundation, wherein determination includes measuring of movement of vertical support relative to foundation of wind power installation by using one or more sensors for change in length, located on at least one of windward and leeward sides of support of wind power installation, deactivating wind power installation, calibrating one or more sensors for change in length, activating wind power installation, measuring of movement of support and storing of data on measured movement of support, as soon as deviation values generated by one or more sensors of change in length is lower than a preset value, tracking position of nacelle of wind power installation during measurement of movement of support. Measurement of movement of support is interrupted, if change of position of nacelle is more than 5°. One or more sensors for measuring length on changed location windward side or leeward side support is are re-positioned depending on change of position of nacelle. Measurement of movement of support is started again. At least one section of surface of foundation of wind power installation is prepared, multiple holes are made in prepared surface at a given depth. Curable material is introduced into multiple holes and introduced material is cured in holes.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of reliability of structure, reduction of material consumption and labour intensity of work on stabilisation of structure.17 cl, 2 dwg
Embedded injector // 2605979
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to foundation construction, is intended for embedment in weak water saturated ground of natural or artificial addition of fine-grained concrete or sand-concrete to required depth for its fixation and hardening. Embedded injector comprises hollow housing with fixator for concrete pipe in upper part; with outlet holes, made in its lower part and fixed tip. Cylindrical metal hollow barrel with embedded tip is placed inside hollow housing in its lower part, attached to injector housing by means of transverse steel axis with four output holes of rectangular shape. Opening of holes is performed due to lowering of cylindrical metal hollow barrel with embedded tip under pressure supplied to solution injector barrel. Wherein total area of outlets should exceed transverse size of injector by 1.1 times.EFFECT: technical result is increase of efficiency of embedded injector.1 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of fitting floating boom under ice of flowing water reservoir to collect oil products // 2605755
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to techniques for cleaning water surface of flowing water reservoirs covered with ice from oil products. Method of fitting floating boom under ice of flowing water reservoir to collect oil products comprises cutting into ice of water reservoir slots and coastal lanes, installation in one coastal lane of a rope-filler with floating boom and cable tension at an angle to dynamic water flow axis. Slots in ice are made in form of cylindrical holes for whole thickness of ice and are located on one line with constant interval, for example 3 m. Line of arrangement of holes is parallel to line of cable tension-filler of floating boom. From one coastal lane of water reservoir is brought under ice to first hole a pole with a mounting cable attached thereto, by directing it to second hole, in which is pole is turned by 180°. Opposite end of pole is directed to third hole, and from one hole to other until reaching pole with mounting cable of opposite coastal lane. Mounting cable is then disconnected from pole, mounting cable is attached to rope-filler with the floating boom and then drawn under ice in direction of lane on opposite side of water reservoir. Further, floating boom is drawn using mounting cable and fixed.EFFECT: invention allows quick and effective localisation of oil on river water body under ice conditions.1 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of making a root pile with controlled broadening // 2605474
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to foundation construction, particularly, to device technology of the root piles. Method involves sinking of a well, installation of reinforcing frame, injection of injectable solution by a certain controlled pressure by means of the grout pump, crimping of the well. Reinforcement framework is made in the form of tube with a plug at the location of membrane-shell and two or three zones of injection holes in diameter of 0.08-0.12d, where d is diameter of the well. First zone of holes is located on end section of membrane-shell with pitch 0.5-0.6 d in staggered order, second zone is outside end zone with equal pitch of 3-6d, and the third is located in the area of reinforcement of the foundation of the reconstructed building. All perforation holes are closed with rubber cuffs of width 0.25-0.35d. At the injector two sealing rings are installed in diameter corresponding to the diameter of the well, at the distance of 3-4d from its two ends. Injection of injectable solution is performed by means of a rubber hose, on the lower end of which there is a packer, and the upper end is connected with pump station. For timely detection of potential defect of the membrane under upper sealing ring in the pipe-injector there is also a special hole.EFFECT: increasing carrying capacity of a pile.1 cl, 6 dwg

Shallow foundation structure // 2605470
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used during arrangement of shallow foundations in construction of industrial, civil and transport facilities. Shallow foundation structure includes ground bed, crushed rock pillow, structure of foundation. Base along the perimeter of the foundation is made with the geometry formed compacted rigid core in the form of a hip pyramid of lumpy clay fractions and cement-sand mortar.EFFECT: technical result consists in increasing of carrying capacity of foundation structure, reducing of yield of structure during operation, expanding the field of use.1 cl, 6 dwg

odular system of construction precast units // 2605468
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely modular systems of construction precast units, especially the construction precast units for buttress or dividing walls. Modular system of construction precast units, in particular of construction precast units for buttress or dividing walls, comprises a pair of separate building elements having unit height (vj), of which each building element is furnished with one part of the dovetail joint for mutual coupling of separate building elements by vertically oriented dovetail joint, while one of the pair of the building elements is a face plate, and the other of the pair of building elements is a coupling block. Modular system of construction precast unit includes at least another one face plate with different height that the unit one (vj)and furnished with a relevant part of the dovetail joint, and/or one coupling block with different height that the unit one (vj), are furnished with relevant part of the dovetail joint.EFFECT: technical result is providing the required structure strength, possibility of variant application of units in different conditions, higher technological effectiveness of the article.13 cl, 13 dwg

Self-contained strain-gauge micropile // 2605247
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and is intended for determination of resistance of soil under lower end and on side surface of micropiles in initial moment of loading and during consolidation of soil foundation with redistribution of (relaxation) of normal and tangential stress. Self-contained strain-gauge micropile consists of tip, provided with contact pressure cells, all-metal cylindrical rod, head and a set of separate cylindrical sections, each of which is made of outer and inner ring worn on rod, combined by bars with glued strain gauges. In external ring of separate cylindrical sections there are contact pressure cells.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of accuracy of measurements and wider range of research, providing measurement of tangents and normal strains for consolidation of soil foundation in redistribution of (relaxation) of normal and tangential stress of near-pile soil mass.1 cl, 3 dwg

Installation for testing of soil bases by foundation small-scale models // 2605243
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and it is intended for research of strained state of soil bases at loading. Installation for testing of soil bases by small-scale models of foundations comprises a working tray in the form of parallelepiped, hydraulic jack with dynamometer, thrust beam and small-scale model of the foundation. Working tray has two transparent angular vertical walls, due to which visual observation of fixed points movements in the soil base during foundation models loading is accessible for further simulation of the "foundation-soil base" three-dimensional system operation in software and computer systems using fixed point movement values in the soil base along two mutually perpendicular planes, aligned with the symmetry main axes of the foundation model or its separate structural element.EFFECT: technical result consists in providing visual observation of fixed points movements in the soil base, as well as providing foundation small-scale models loading for further simulation of three-dimensional system operation.1 cl, 2 dwg

Structure foundation // 2605238
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used during arrangement of shallow foundations in construction of industrial, civil and transport facilities. Foundation structure includes ground bed, crushed rock pillow, structure foundation. Base along the perimeter of the foundation is made in the stage of semi-created rigid compacted core in the form of a hip pyramid with ledges of lumpy clay fractions and cement-sand mortar.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of carrying capacity of foundation structure, reduction of yield of structure during operation, wider field of use.1 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of erection ramming design in soil // 2605213
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to technology of construction of structures, for example piles in soils. Method includes formation of well, supply of hardening material, installation of switching discharger with electrodes in it, connected to source of pulsed electric discharges, excitation of high-voltage electric discharges with help of emitter. Wherein each high-voltage discharge is performed with simultaneous supply of non-detonating exothermic mixture in interelectrode space of emitter and its burning at high-voltage electrochemical explosion. Wherein non-detonating exothermic mixture in interelectrode space is dibenzoylperoxide, or a mixture of dibenzoylperoxide with ditertbutylperoxide, or mixture of dibenzoylperoxide with tertbutylperbenzoate in ratios in mixtures of (1:1)-(3:1).EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency and reliability of method of replacement of gas composition on mix of various peroxide compounds, which are individual compounds and possess ability of forming strong shock wave during decomposition to create broadening.1 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

ethod and device for economically optimal drying and complex irrigation with account of ecological value land portions // 2605191
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring signal of melioration drainage channel depth, setting melioration drainage channel depth signal, comparison of measured and preset signals and control of depth of melioration drainage channel comparison results, generating signal of depth of melioration drainage channel, periodical scanning range of variation of melioration drainage channel depth signal from minimum to maximum tolerable value of that signal, generating signal of dependence cost of power consumption for fuel and electric power for drying of selected area from melioration drainage channel depth signal. At first number of land given section for drying or for complex reclamation signal is set, depending on that signal coefficients of mathematical models of dependences values environmental losses of signal depth melioration drainage channel at drying and in complex reclamation are set, coefficients of mathematical models of dependences values of crop losses from signal depth melioration drainage channel at drying and in complex melioration, predicted value of average annual air temperature at specified section and predicted value of average annual power density of solar radiation on ground surface at specified section. Dependences values environmental losses, dependencies of cost of crop losses from signal depth melioration drainage channel at drying and in complex melioration at specified section signals are generated. Setting signals of depreciation, repair and for renovation of two types of equipment for drying and for complex melioration at specified section. Preset signals of depreciation, repair and for renovation of two types of equipment for drying and for complex melioration at specified section are summed up with appropriate formed signals dependences values of power consumption for fuel and electric power for drying of the selected area, with appropriate formed signals dependences values environmental losses and with appropriate formed signals relationships values of crop losses from signal depth melioration drainage channel at drying and in complex melioration at specified section. By results of summation total signals of depreciation, repair and for renovation, dependences values of energy costs of dependences values environmental losses, dependences values of crop losses from signal depth melioration drainage channel at drying and in complex melioration at specified section are formed. At least value of total summed signals new corresponding to minimum values of said sums values costs signals economically optimal depth melioration drainage channel at drying and in complex melioration at specified section are generated. Measured signals of melioration drainage channel depth at drying and in complex melioration at specified section are compared with appropriate formed new signals of economically optimal melioration drainage channel depth at drying and in complex melioration at specified section. By comparison results of measured and relevant formed new signals additionally corrected melioration depth adjustment mode of drainage channel at drying and in complex melioration at specified section. Device comprises meter of melioration drainage channel depth 1 signal, melioration drainage channel 2 depth controller, melioration drainage channel 3 depth controller actuator, melioration drainage channel 4 depth signal generator, unit of periodical scanning (deflection) range of variation of melioration drainage channel depth signal from minimum to maximum tolerable value of that signal 5, signal of values dependences of power consumption during drying and in complex melioration 6, computing unit 7, control unit 8. Device includes signal generator of number of given section for drying or for complex reclamation (setter of section geographical location in climatic and soil zone) 9, setter of coefficients of mathematical models of dependences values environmental losses of melioration drainage channel depth signal at drying and in complex melioration 10, setter of coefficients of mathematical models of dependences values of crop losses from melioration drainage channel depth signal at drying and in complex melioration 11, setter of predicted value of annual average air temperature at specified section 12, setter of predicted value of average annual insolation at given section (average annual power density of solar radiation on ground surface at specified section) 13, signal shaper of dependences values environmental losses, dependencies of cost of crop losses from melioration drainage channel depth signal at drying and in complex melioration 14 signal generator of depreciation, repair and for renovation of two types of equipment for drying and for complex melioration 15 two-input controlled switch 16, selection signal generator for direction of drying or complex melioration 17. Use of invention defines automatically determined optimal mode of drainage amelioration.EFFECT: higher accuracy of consumption of expensive energy sources for mechanized equipment, higher considerable additional saving environmental losses of natural territory and economic crop losses on selected plot territory soil-climatic zones country, decreased manual labour costs at performance of measurements, calculations and control of personnel machines for land reclamation, increases productivity of grazing at section of land reclamation.2 cl, 2 dwg

Pile-driving device for driving of piles into the ground // 2605107
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to devices for driving of piles, steel sections and other elongated objects into the ground. Pile-driving device is intended for driving of piles, steel sections and other elongated objects into the ground, the said pile-driving device includes a housing attachable to a tool with mechanical drive, vibration device attached to the housing by means of damping elastic gaskets, and the movable clamping grips adjustable relative to said vibration device for clamping the object subject to driving by at least a side clamp. Clamping elements in clamping grips can come together and move apart by means of control device, such as the hydraulic cylinder. To maintain mutual symmetry of clamping grips during their movement, clamping grips essentially comprise the levers, which are rigidly fixed at the location of swivels of clamping grips. Said levers are directed so that the ends of the levers are located next to each other and remain essentially next to each other in turns of clamping grips. Ends of said levers are connected to each other by means of the short lever having a hinged support.EFFECT: technical result consists in provision of symmetrical arrangement of drive element relative to the grips to transmit equal load on the grips.5 cl, 5 dwg

Urban protective system device and method of its erection // 2604933
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: urban protective system device includes a water pressure shell made from composite materials with shape memory, consists of a channel-tray of parabolic or another shape along the perimeter from a composite nanomaterial keeping the shape and with increased roughness. Channel-tray consists of separating sections, in which there is a grate structure of vertical and horizontal elements from nanomaterials, flexible channel and coastal links - dampers, on which there are upper filled with soil and lower curable shells, as well as upper and lower and perforated water-suspending structures from composite nanomaterials reinforced with channel anchors to the bottom of the channel-tray by flexible links - dampers, and with cable-stayed systems to coastal and channel anchor devices. Sloping parts of the channel-tray have holes and additional trays for its release from deposits. On adjacent to the channel-tray side territories there are gabion or soil-reinforced retaining walls coated with a material with seeds, which are planted with vegetation, i.e. agro-melioration is used to additionally ensure safety of people and objects of municipal buildings, which are notified about approaching external effects and on technical state of the complex system by means of monitoring sensors and remote devices associated with a geo-information system, access to which is provided by a cable bridge over the channel-tray. Deposits settled in sections of the channel-tray are transported according to their qualitative composition through the additional trays with the help of compressed gas devices, and the muddy stream is filtered in settlers-biotanks and then enters the watercourse. Intensification of bases of urban or other buildings is performed with the help of a system with filled shells with a filler and flexible dampers-links reacting on natural and man-made actions, thus providing safety, including environmental one, of urban buildings. Device is equipped with solar storage units, which provide energy for the population during emergency situations (ES), and an additional monitoring system for warning the population on ES. Rainwater deflecting devices allows protecting against flooding of the territory of urban built-up/settlements. Method of creating the urban protective system includes erection of the above described device.EFFECT: provided is higher safety and operation of the population and enterprises at natural and man-made disasters, such as floods, mudflows, etc.2 cl, 4 dwg

ethod and device for collecting oil and oil products from under ice cover of water body // 2604931
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to environmental protection and can be used in oil spills (oil products) under ice cover mainly of Arctic water bodies. Disclosed is a method of collecting oil or oil product from under ice cover of a water body, including localisation of oil or oil product stain and further removal of oil or oil product by pumping in into an oil receiver. In area of localisation of oil or oil product stain under ice cover is supplied at least one pontoon, which is inflated with air in amount sufficient to create lift, sufficient for lifting and deformation of ice cover to form a dome in area of oil or oil product stain localisation, providing for collection of oil or oil product, located between surface of water and ice cover. Device for implementing method is disclosed.EFFECT: increasing efficiency of collecting oil 1,8 to 2,6 times and reducing labour input 4-6 times.24 cl, 5 dwg
ethod of engineering protection of floating production platform from ice effects under conditions of arctic shelf // 2604888
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction of hydraulic structures and can be used for creation of an enclosure, designed to protect the production floating platform under ice conditions of Arctic Shelf. Method comprises fitting a protective enclosure along the platform perimeter. Prior to fitting the platform in a design position along the platform perimeter, at least, one row of supports from metal piles of round section, buried in unstable bottom sediments or bedrocks are installed with clearance. Coolers are mounted in the piles and artificial freezing of water and ground around piles is performed, monolithic cylinders formed around piles: ice-ground - in the base and icy - in water, should contact with adjacent cylinders, forming continuous ice and ground in the base and icy in water protective anti-chock and impervious wall. Prior to said wall there is another row of supports from metal piles of round section, which is equipped with rotary cutters along the outer diameter.EFFECT: technical result is improved efficiency and reduction of labor input of the method of engineering protection of floating production platform from ice effects under conditions of Arctic Shelf.1 cl

ethod for underwater development of gas deposits, method for underwater natural gas liquefaction and underwater system therefor // 2604887
FIELD: gas industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to underwater structures and is intended for underwater development of gas deposits and liquefaction of natural gas in water areas of Arctic Ocean, which for a long time or permanently are covered with ice fields that are hard to navigate for Arctic ice breakers prevent production and transport of borehole fluid by conventional method. Underwater system for underwater development of gas deposits and natural gas liquefaction is designed for year-round operation at depth within range of 100-120 m from sea level. Said system comprises drilling-extraction underwater structure, underwater accommodations with control center, underwater nuclear power plant, underwater plant to liquefy natural gas, underwater tank for receiving/storage of liquid nitrogen, underwater tank for receiving/storage/shipment of liquefied natural gas and underwater liquefied gas tanker. Drilling-extraction underwater structure has capacity for year-round underwater well drilling and operation with well fluid purification from mechanical impurities. Drilling-extraction underwater structure is connected to plant for natural gas liquefaction by binding flexible tube with length, providing cooling of natural gas in Arctic environment of sea to a specified value. Underwater plant to liquefy natural gas is configured for its liquefaction by cascade stepped successive cooling to condensation temperature in counterflow with liquid nitrogen and providing output of spent liquid nitrogen in exhaust flexible pipe into atmosphere and/or under ice. Underwater nuclear power plant is configured to provide electric energy via flexible floating cables to all underwater structures.EFFECT: higher safety and quality of work in underwater development of gas deposits and underwater liquefaction of natural gas.7 cl, 2 dwg

Stationary fire protection equipment // 2604886
FIELD: fire safety.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of stationary fire protection equipment installed mainly in fire hazardous regions on flat and mountainous areas. Stationary fire protection equipment is made in form of a vertical rod carrying information on location, upper part of which is equipped with independent device, comprising a housing, solar panel, electrically connected to electric energy accumulator, a board with a microchip for wireless connection to local/global communication system, smoke detector.EFFECT: technical result consists in ensuring rapid response to a fire source, wider range of fire safety equipment.3 cl, 5 dwg

Gravitational foundation // 2604523
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to mining and can be used as gravitational foundation of sea platforms. Disclosed are versions of the gravity foundation, which comprises first and second elongated foundation sections, separated by open area and made to support weight in water of the said gravitation foundation on sea bottom, and the upper section, arranged above said open area and made with possibility of passage, at least, partially above water surface to support upper plants. Some implementation versions additionally comprise first and second inclined sections connecting the foundation sections to said upper section. According to certain implementation versions, the gravitational foundation comprises a skirt below the foundation sections to facilitate interaction with sea bottom and a pipeline system, made to transfer fluid into compartments or from the compartments to facilitate installation of the foundation on sea bottom or separation from the sea bottom. According to certain implementation versions, the gravitational foundation comprises inner chambers, selectively filled with fluid medium to facilitate surfacing and submersion into sea and displacement of the gravitational foundation.EFFECT: technical result is higher reliability of gravitational foundation during its transportation and operation.20 cl, 18 dwg

ethod for sheet ice breaking // 2604513
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to underwater vessel ice breaking method by means of bending-gravity waves excitation in ice in vessel motion with resonance speed. Method consists in wave resistance increase due to increased temperature of water under ice cover. At that, vessel is moved under ice with heating elements previously installed on upper deck, for time, during which she passes through distance not less than two lengths of resonance flexural-gravity waves. Then vessel is turned for 180°, heating elements are disconnected and moved in reverse direction with resonance speed.EFFECT: invention ensures increasing of breaking ice thickness.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of breaking ice and device therefor // 2604500
FIELD: ice-technology.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to technology of breaking ice cover on water reservoirs. Method of breaking ice includes releasing, from underwater launcher through open-top water-filled launching shaft, a punch to enable it to reach ice surface. Punch used is a solid, hollow body, having in lower part an opening communicated with its cavity. Punch is released by feeding explosive gas into cavity of punch through hollow chamber closed on top and bottom, communicated with punch using a connecting pipe inserted into its cavity, to ensure filling with explosive gas of cavity of punch and cavity of chamber. Method then includes initiation of explosion of explosive gas in cavity of punch and in cavity of chamber, which causes movement of punch due to ejection from its cavity of products formed during explosion, as well as release from shaft of a stream steam-gas mixture formed during reaction said products with water filling said shaft. Ice breaking device includes underwater launcher, comprising an open-top launching shaft, in which there is a punch. Device also comprises a closed-top and closed-bottom underwater hollow chamber communicated with punch using a connecting pipe inserted into its cavity, as well as arranged in chamber means of feeding explosive gas and means of initiating explosion of explosive gas.EFFECT: technical result provided by group of inventions is improvement of efficiency of ice breaking due to simultaneous impact and extremely efficient thermal destructive effect on it.4 cl, 1 dwg

Rigel of the flat surface shutter // 2604494
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic engineering, in particular to the rigels, and it can be used as a basic horizontal bearing element in the culvert structures or planar surface navigable shutters. Rigel of flat surface shutter comprises pressure zone 1 and non-pressure zone 2, interconnected by corrugated wall 3 with holes 4 arranged on the entire surface, with distance between them, equal in height of not less than 1/5 of wall height and not more than 1/2 of corrugation pitch length. Non-pressure zone 2 is different in shape from the pressure zone 1 along its longitudinal axis. Non-pressure zone 2 has parabolic shape along its longitudinal axis or it, in bearing sections at the distance X from the axis supports has fractures. Distance X is determined by formula where L is span of rigel.EFFECT: technical result of the invention is to reduce material consumption and rigel flexural strength.1 cl, 4 dwg

Device for storage of bottom alluviums // 2604493
FIELD: hydraulic engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydrotechnical construction, in particular, to installations for storage of bottom alluviums, generated as of the soil dumps along shore areas during cleaning of small rivers, ponds, channels and other water bodies from bottom of alluvial deposits. Installation for storage of bottom alluviums includes sections of alluvial dumps 4, placed in the meander zone, diversion dyke 5 made in the form of a guard along the whole perimeter of sections of alluvial dumps 4, and water discharge channel 14. Installation is additionally equipped with water-discharge diversion dyke 6, water-collecting channel 12, open tank 13, horizontal transverse drain elements 9, horizontal longitudinal drain elements 10 and vertical drain elements 11. Water discharge diversion dyke 6 is arranged in perimeter of diversion dykes 5 between the most remote from water body sections of diversion dykes 5 and constructed with low relative to other diversion dykes 5 height with possibility of overflow of water excess through it from sections of alluvial dumps 4 in water intake channel 12. Vertical drain elements 11 are located in a body of stored bottom alluviums and linked with horizontal transverse drain elements 9 or horizontal longitudinal drain elements 10 and are arranged in the base of sections of alluvium dumps 4. Horizontal longitudinal drain elements 10 are made linked with water channel 12 with the possibility of ingress of water from them from water saturated body of stored bottom alluviums into water intake channel 12.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of time for creation of installation for storage of bottom alluviums, reduced costs for its erection, increased efficiency of used construction equipment during its construction and prevention of silting of riverbed downstream from the point of creation of installation for storage of bottom alluviums.5 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of cleaning water bodies from alluviums // 2604492
FIELD: hydraulic engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydrotechnical and water engineering, in particular, to methods of cleaning of small rivers, ponds, channels and other water bodies from bottom alluviums. Method comprizes a device in channel zone of diversion dykes 5, formation of sections of alluvium dumps 4, arrangement of water-discharge channel 12, recovery of bottom deposits by dredger 2, reclamation of sediments by pulp line 3 into sections of alluvium dumps 4, discharge of excess water and reclamation leveling of dump surface. Additionally, before beginning of reclamation of alluviums, water catch channel 10 and open tank 11 are constructed, as well as for each section of dumps of alluviums 4 diversion dykes 5 of the whole height of only from three sides are arranged. In the base of section of dumps of alluviums 4 drain horizontal lengthwise elements 8 are arranged as well as adjacent drain horizontal crosswise elements 7. Then, having low height water drain diversion dyke 6, adjacent to the collecting channel 10 is constructed. After that, reclamation of alluviums in section 4, is performed, while excess water from section 4 is discharged by gravity through a water drain diversion dyke 6 in water intake channel 10, further, into open tank 11, where it lightened due to loss of alluviums in residue. Then, clarified water by gravity via water collecting channel 12 is discharged into water body 1. After completion of reclamation of alluviums and filling section of dumps of alluviums 4 in body of reclaimed alluviums drainage vertical elements 9 are installed till their coupling with drain horizontal elements 7 or 8. Dewatering of body of water-saturated alluviums is performed by gravity via drain vertical element 9 and drain horizontal elements 7 and 8 in water intake channel 10.EFFECT: method allows to perform cleaning of water bodies from alluviums and dewater body of alluviums in a relatively short time, hence, to increase technological effectiveness of operations, reduce terms of their execution, as well as to increase efficiency of using of construction equipment and its efficiency.5 cl, 3 dwg

Water receiving-cleaning device // 2604307
FIELD: technological processes; hydraulic engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic engineering, specifically to devices providing mechanical and chemical water treatment. Water receiving-cleaning device comprises a cylindrical housing divided by perforated partitions into filtration sections, charge, perforated pipe. Cover is installed on top of sections. Charging baskets are made of geosynthetic material and have perforated walls which form filtration sections, in one of which there is charge coated with a chemical disinfectant teotropin - tetraazatricyclododecane in amount of 1-10 mmol per 1 g charge for disinfecting water. Charge is a granular ingredient selected from: foamed polystyrene, rubber crumb or mixture thereof. In middle part of device there is a vertical perforated tube throughout length of device for collecting purified and disinfected water, from where water via a gravity pipeline is supplied to consumer.EFFECT: technical result of disclosed invention is higher quality of cleaning, enabling to perform both mechanical and chemical water treatment.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of determining specific filtration losses // 2604305
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic engineering. Method of determining specific filtration losses includes emptying of the channel, mounting steel box 1 of U-shape with its pointed ends 2 into bottom 3 and the channel slopes, air removal from steel box 1, pouring water through the throat from a graduated vessel, measuring and monitoring the water level with a piezometer connected with steel box 1. Simplified is the method of surveying works on determination of specific filtration losses for raw channels, as well as decreased is labor input. Besides, the process of surveying works and observations takes place on the shore in one point.EFFECT: proposed is a method for determination of water losses for filtration from irrigation channels of meliorative systems.3 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for construction of underground multistorey buildings // 2604098
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, specifically to methods of erection of multi-storey underground structures of different purpose by open method, and can be used in industrial construction. Method for construction of underground multi-storey building includes erection of frame structure and installation of pile supports, successive concreting on soil surface of intermediate floors, suspension floors to head parts of supports, development of trench by soil excavation under covering, further lowering of floors along supports throughout height of trench to a height, which corresponds to one phase ground excavation, and fixation of floors on supports. First, along outline of future concrete wall are installed separately standing vertical bored piles-supports, which are then fixed in upper part by horizontal cross-beams to form a frame, and electrohydraulic jacks are installed on them between piles. On soil surface, concreting is carried out in steps at two overlapping in form of round plates along outline of future concrete wall vertical and horizontal formwork, reinforced crossbars, to which there are steel rods, for concreting walls, which is performed by dropping concrete. Between formed concrete wall and fixed stiffeners retained by screw piles, to a concrete wall is suspended gas-inflated rubber-steel cushions with rollers to facilitate sliding down concrete walls, removing soil under formed plates covering, lowering using electrohydraulic jacks. Space between upper and second plate under it is filled with armoured metal hollow spheres, in some of which air is pumped at maximum possible pressure, and in other part a vacuum is created. Lowering of plate and lowering of concrete to form a concrete wall is performed simultaneously. Wall formed after soil excavation at an angle of 25-30° to horizontal is drilled with intended for fastening of steel reinforcement ribs, additional boards metal screw piles, which are additional, have length of 5-10 m and are made with through lengthwise holes for injection under pressure of concrete mix after their connection to each other.EFFECT: technical result consists in simplification of method while providing its safety.1 cl, 2 dwg

Composition for injection solution // 2603989
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to compositions for injection fixing of loess soils in base of existing and constructing buildings and structures. Invention enables to obtain soil-concrete arrays with high strength properties (up to 25 MPa) and high water resistance at maximum replacement (up to 80 %) with local raw material of expensive import product OTDV “Microdur”, which reduces costs and increases efficiency, when performing injection works on fixing loess subsiding soils.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of costs and higher efficiency due to high strength and water resistance of soil-concrete array, fixed with solution on basis of binder component, with maximum reduction of expensive import product OTDV “Microdur” and filler of local raw material, which is cement kiln dust.1 cl, 1 tbl

Ice breaker - ecologist // 2603890
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to control of spring floods, namely to environmental protection of fish fauna of rivers and people habitat near rivers during spring floods. Ice breaker-ecologist comprises starling-bulls, installed in front of supports of bridges or other river crossings. Starling-bulls are placed in staggered order and in parallel to axis of riverbed along course of above river at distance from it and between them not less than its length. Starling-bulls are equipped with ropes with parallel floating garlands of floating bands with length not less than length of river crossing.EFFECT: invention provides absence of conditions for occurrence of mash and extreme lifting of water level with elimination of vibration impact of waves of air and structural noise on structure of bridges and people coastal habitation, and source of hydraulic impact on fish fauna of rivers, involving great weight loss of whitebait and adult individuals, dwelling and going in area of explosion.1 cl, 4 dwg

Impact action device // 2603864
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining and construction equipment, it is intended for driving of wells in soil, destruction of rocks, etc. Impact device comprises housing with branch pipe, having inlet hole, and exhaust/exhaust holes in rear part wall, hammer installed in housing with possibility of movement, forward stroke chamber and reverse stroke chamber, channel in hammer for connection of forward and reverse stroke chambers and shut-off valve. On hammer external surface in its front part annular groove is made, and housing case contains anvil. On housing inner surface front annular projection and hammer reverse motion limiter are made. Shutoff valve is made in form of resilient ring, installed in said hammer annular groove with possibility of interaction with housing inner surface. Anvil, front annular projection and backstroke limiter are made in housing middle part, shutoff valve resilient ring is installed with possibility of interaction with housing middle part inner surface. Front part of the housing is provided with an accumulation chamber of compressed air with an isolation valve arranged in it. Forward stroke chamber is communicated with reverse stroke chamber through this accumulation chamber, for this purpose it is equipped with central pipe, passed into said hammer channel through hole in anvil for supply of compressed air from accumulation chamber to reverse stroke chamber. Central pipe has hole for supply of compressed air into accumulation chamber from main line. Cutoff valve is installed on central pipe outer surface with possibility of axial displacement along it and interaction with hammer by upper end through said hole in anvil, and by lower end is with said pipe outer surface flange. Forward stroke chamber is formed by branch pipe, hammer and central pipe outer surface and is not communicated with accumulation chamber and reverse stroke chamber. Central pipe is passed through forward stroke chamber to main line. Impact device has two taps for supply of compressed air into forward stroke chamber via branch pipe and reverse stroke chamber through central pipe.EFFECT: technical result is provision of device reversing operating mode by operator command.4 cl, 2 dwg

Vessel for transportation of soil during dredging // 2603810
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, namely to vessels for transportation of soil during dredging. Proposed vessel for transportation of soil containing two central compartments disengaged with a blind bulkhead to receive liquid soil from a dredger, and toward the stern and the bow there are two compartments connected to each other and to the central compartments with overflow pipes with locking devices.EFFECT: providing higher efficiency of dredging and the possibility to discharge soil both into a water reservoir and onto the shore.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of recycling water supply of hydraulic mining means using settler // 2603789
FIELD: hydraulic engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of recycling water supply means of hydraulic mining operations using settling tanks, constructed on terrain. Method involves erection of sludge pond, receiving and wash of hydraulic mixture, formation of settling tank, clarification, accumulation and storage of process water in it, discharge, intake and return of process water in circulation water supply system by means of pump station in a settling tank. At the place of discharge of industrial wastes screen is installed, parallel to the surface of sludge pond at the distance providing optimum sump capacity and determined depending on the water influx, flow rate and width of the settling tank. Pump station is installed directly behind the contours of the screen. Screen is installed above water surface, on the value of maximum wave attack.EFFECT: technical result is upgraded efficiency of settler due to cleaning of process water, and decrease in the range of transportation of pressure water.1 cl, 1 dwg

Solution for preliminary pumping into soils of bases for elimination of deformations of buildings and structures // 2603786
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to reconstruction of building structures. Solution for preliminary pumping into soils of bases for elimination of deformations of buildings and structures, containing a mixture of water and dry ingredients on a mineral base with following ratio, wt%: microcement (type microdur) 20-50; colloidal silica 5-15, hydrated lime Ca(OH)2 10-25; mineral microfiller, for example carbonate flour, 20-50; suspension viscosity regulator, for example superplasticiser C-3, up to 2 % of weight of binder; water-retaining additive, for example, methylcellulose, up to 5 % of weight of binder.EFFECT: reduction of labour and materials consumption and higher reliability of works on elimination of deformations of buildings and structures.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod for elimination of deformations of buildings and structures // 2603785
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to reconstruction of building structures, specifically to elimination of their common deformations. Method for elimination of deformations of buildings and structures includes operation of installing measuring equipment for geodetic monitoring, installation of cuff injectors in soils of bases of buildings or structures, preliminary injection into soil of bases highly penetrating solution, compensating injection of low permeable solution. Both stages of injection are performed through cuff injectors, cuff-type holes of which are located in two or more tiers. Preliminary injection is performed with highly penetrating solution based on micro-cements at pressure not more than P1max and with consumption per one cuff not more than Qmax, and completed at flow rate Q1, current, equal to minimum value Q1, min, wherein solution has following composition: microcement (type microdur) - (20-50) %; colloidal silica - (5-15) %; hydrated lime (for example, Ca(OH)2) - (10-25) %; mineral microfiller, for example, carbonate flour, - (20-50) %; suspension viscosity regulator, for example, superplasticiser C-3, up to 2 % of weight of binder; water-retaining additive, for example, methylcellulose, up to 5 % of weight of binder; water-retaining additive, for example, methylcellulose, up to 5 % of weight of the binder. Preliminary injection is performed from upper tier of cuff holes downwards, and main parameters are linked by given relationships.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of reliability of works on elimination of deformations of buildings and structures, reduction of material consumption and labour intensity.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of leveling buildings and structures // 2603783
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to reconstruct building structures, namely, to eliminate their common deformations. Known is a method of elimination of deformations of buildings and structures including operations of measuring equipment mounting for geodetic monitoring, installation of sliding injectors in soils of bases of buildings or structures, preliminary injection into the soil of bases of a highly-permeable solution, compensating injection of a low-permeable solution herewith both stages of injection are performed through the sliding injectors, sliding holes of which are located in two or more tiers. Preliminary injection forms a matrix layer, pores of which are filled, and the skeleton is not disturbed. Matrix layer can take up pressure and move under the pressure, thus contributing to lifting the foundation. Expandable layer is formed directly during lifting the foundation due to the low-permeable solution pumping at high pressure. Novelty of the proposed invention is that specified are maximum and minimum pressure and the maximum one at preliminary and compensation heating, identified is an interdependence of parameters characterizing the compensation injection. Efficiency of the proposed technical solution is the possibility of the process control. This is achieved by that selected are such compositions of the solutions and modes of their injection, both at the stage of preliminary injection and at the stage of compensating injection, at which practically excluded are unexpected effects (such as cracking of the matrix layer and uncontrolled outflow of the injected solution through the cracks).EFFECT: control over the process is brought to the fact that depending upon readings of geodesic measurements uniquely set are the parameters of flow rate and pressure of the injected solution, herewith a computer program algorithm is developed, which provides the process automation.1 cl, 2 dwg

Technological complex for elimination of deformations of buildings and structures // 2603782
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to reconstruct building structures, namely, to eliminate their common deformations. Technological complex for elimination of deformations of buildings and structures contains located under the building or structure several tiers of channels for matrix injectors, matrix injectors arranged in channels, pump station for supply of matrix and compressor connected via pipelines with matrix injector. Located directly in the area of channels expandable layers, arranged on the boundary with extensible layers layers-matrix. Expandable layers and layers of matrix are a mixture of local soil with pumped matrix. Expandable layers contain local soil with variation of its skeleton structure, and pumped matrix for expandable layers is a low-permeable matrix based on cement or precast concrete. Layers of matrix contain local soil without changing of the structure of its skeleton and pumped matrix for layers-matrices which is a high-permeability solution based on micro cements, which includes: micro cement (mikrodur) - (20-50) %; amorphous microsilicasuspension - (5-15) %; hydrated lime, for example Ca(OH)2 - (10-25) %; mineral micro filler, for example carbonate flour - (20-50) %; suspension viscosity controller, for example, superplasticizer C-3 up to 2 % of the weight of matrix material; water-retaining additive, for example methylcellulose up to 5 % of the weight of the matrix material.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of reliability of corrected base buildings and structures due to exclusion of cracking and hydraulic fractures of soil, reduced intensity and materials consumption.1 cl, 2 dwg

Technological complex for elimination of collapse of buildings and structures // 2603779
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to reconstruction of building structures, specifically to elimination of their common deformations. Technological complex for elimination of collapse of buildings and structures contains located at building or structure several tiers of channels for solution injectors, solution injectors arranged in channels, pump station for supply of solution and compressor connected via pipelines with solution injector, located directly in area of channels extensible layers, matrix layers located at boundary with extensible layers. Extensible layers and matrix layers are a mixture of local soil with injected solution. Matrix layers contain local soil without changing skeleton structure, and injected solution for matrix layers is a high-permeability solution based on microcements. Extensible layers contain local soil with variation of skeleton structure, and injected solution for extensible layers is a low-permeable solution based on bentonite, wherein injected solution for matrix layers contains, %: microcement (microdur) - (20-50); amorphous microsilica - (5-15); Hydrated lime (for example, Ca (OH)2 - (10-25); mineral microfiller, for example carbonate flour - (20-50); suspension viscosity regulator, for example, superplasticiser - C-3 - up to 2 % of weight of water retaining binding additive; for example, methylcellulose - up to 5 % of weight of binder, and injected solution for extensible layers contains, %: bentonite - (60-90); portland cement - (10-40); plasticiser - up to 2; hardening accelerator - up to 10.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of reliability of corrected base of buildings and structures due to prevention of cracking and hydraulic fractures of soil, reduced labor input.1 cl, 2 dwg

Suction head for dredging vessel and method for dredging using said suction head // 2603685
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to suction head (20) for a dredging vessel. Suction head (20) comprises box shaped construction (21) provided at bottom side with a suction opening (22) with a connection for suction conduit (3) of dredging vessel (1). Said suction head further includes rear wall (23) and front wall (29,26e). Each extends transverse to direction of movement. Side walls (25a, 25b) extend substantially parallel to direction of movement. Upper wall (24) is provided at side turned away form bottom. Front wall (8) comprises fixed front part (29). Rear wall, side walls and fixed front part form a rigid unit. Rear wall (23) with its lower side is provided with cutting tools (30) to form a space formed between them, which provide suction of mixture of material. Front wall (29, 26e) comprises movable part (26e) moving together with profile of bottom and sealing suction hole on side of upstream relative to cutting tools. Dredging device comprises a dredging vessel suction head connected with dredging vessel, soil pump with suction connection located on dredging vessel. Suction pipeline connects suction head with suction connection of soil pump. Supporting device is located between dredging vessel and suction head for support of suction pipeline and control of depth of suction head of device. Disclosed is a method of dredging material from bottom under water using dredging vessel equipped with suction head or using dredging device in which suction head is towed along bottom which must be dredged. Only cutting tools are in contact with bottom. Movable wall part of the front wall of suction head moves together with profile of bottom.EFFECT: technical result is higher efficiency of dredging solid soil.21 cl, 7 dwg
 
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