Construction of roads, railways, or bridges (E01)

E   Fixed constructions(157762)
E01            Construction of roads, railways, or bridges(13135)

Determination method of the rail track spatial coordinates and geometrical parameters and device for its implementation // 2628541
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device, implementing the method of determining the spatial coordinates and geometric parameters of the rail track contains the track measuring truck, including the movable and fixed wheel pairs, interconnected between each other by the support frame, installed perpendicular to the direction of travel. The first and the second satellite antennas are installed above the corresponding rail threads in the terminal parts of the mentioned support frame. The phase centers of the antennas lie on the same line in the plane perpendicular to the direction of the track measuring truck, the indicated satellite antennas is being associated respectively with the first and the second inputs of the satellite receiver, which input-output is connected to the modem receiving the signals from the base satellite station, and the output of the indicated satellite receiver is connected to the on-board computer.EFFECT: simplification of the device design.4 cl; 3 dwg

Snow-melting machine // 2628443
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: snow-melting machine comprises a bath with a grate in the upper part for receiving and melting the snow mass and a meltwater drain hole, burners, gas cylinders with a pressure regulator, a gas pipe and an igniter. The gas burners with the electric igniter are mounted under the bath bottom. The bath bottom is made in the form of a profiled sheet with corrugation waves of the sinusoidal form, the projections and recesses of which are perpendicular to the longitudinal bath axis. The bottom has an incline to the right or to the left downwards in the vertical plane towards the bath sidewall reaching said projections of the bottom. Under the bath bottom, below the gas burners, there is a chamber for meltwater with a drain hole.EFFECT: simplifying the design, reducing the installation cost and the operating costs, increasing the machine productivity.1 dwg

Installation for continuous drawing of graphic images on roadway // 2627790
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: installation for the continuous drawing of graphic images on the roadway contains a frame (1) with the equipment installed on it and elements of the automatic process control system, including a control cabinet (7), loaded with graphic image files for drawing on the roadway, the first stepper motor (2) for controlling the movement of the frame (1), the second stepper motor (6) for controlling the movement of the carriage (4) with the nozzle (5) fixed on it along the guides (3) fixed on the metalwork of the frame (1) and arranged in a transverse direction towards the longitudinal axis of the frame (1), a container with an ink (8), a compressor (9), a pressure gauge (10) for controlling the ink flow pressure, an electromagnetic valve (11) for ink flow control through the nozzle (5), the box with accumulator batteries (12). The installation further comprises a reserve ink tank (14), a transporting pump (13) connecting the reserve tank (14) to the container, and an automatic control intersystem controlling the filling level of the container with ink (8), comprising a level sensor (15) mounted in the container with the ink (8), a pollution degree sensor (16) of the guides (3) mounted on the movable carriage body (4), an input device connected to the sensors (17) for converting an analog signal into a digital one, a block of a programmable read-only memory (PROM) (18) connected to the input device (17), and an output device (19) for converting the digital signal to the analog one, connected to the PROM (18) and with a transporting pump (13).EFFECT: reducing the duration of the process of drawing complex images of large dimensions to the roadway, increasing the productivity and reducing an ink consumption.2 dwg

ultilayer combined road surface and method of producing multilayer combined road surface // 2627417
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: multilayered combined road surface consisting of active slag mix and crushed stone is described. The coating includes four layers consisting of the first layer on the basis of crushed stone fraction 40*70 mm, with a layer height of 300-500 mm, the second layer on the basis of crushed stone fraction 20*40 mm, with a layer height of 200-400 mm, the third layer on the basis of crushed stone fraction 5*20 mm, with a layer height of 50-300 mm, the finishing layer on the basis of an active slag mixture containing crushed stone fraction 0*5 mm, with a layer height of 10-50 mm. Crushed stone is a homogeneous material, which is a by-product of converter production. A method for obtaining road surface is also described.EFFECT: road surface has been obtained which withstands high mechanical loads.6 cl, 1 dwg

ultilayer combined road surface and method of producing multilayer combined road surface // 2627412
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: multilayer combined road surface consisting of an active slag mixture and crushed stone is described, characterized in that the surface comprises four layers consisting of the first layer, based on crushed stone of fraction 20*60 mm, with a layer height of 250-500 mm, the second layer, on the basis of crushed stone fraction 10*20 mm, with a layer height of 100-300 mm, the third layer, on the basis of crushed stone fraction 5*10 mm, with a layer height of 50-200 mm, finishing layer, on the basis of active slag mixture, containing crushed stone fraction 0*5 mm, with a layer height of 10-50 mm. Crushed stone is a homogeneous material, which is a by-product of converter production. A method for obtaining a combined road surface is also described.EFFECT: multilayer composite surface is obtained, which withstands high mechanical loads.6 cl, 1 dwg
Basis structure for building culverts of site-access motor roads and roads with low movement intensity, laid in marshland // 2627342
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: base structure for building culverts includes a frozen peat slab, a heat-insulating layer, a culvert, subgrade soil, and a cooling system. The cooling system consists of heat-conducting pipes made of heat-dissipating plastic, and embedded in the frozen peat slab, connected to the outputs of cold conductors to the surface. A heat-insulating layer is laid between the culvert and the frozen peat slab.EFFECT: possibility of renewing the base without the major overhaul.3 dwg

System of turfs for sports and garden surfaces and method of growing turf according to said system // 2627055
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: turf (3) of artificial origin (artificial turf) and turf (2) of natural origin (natural turf) are arranged on an elastic porous interlayer (membrane) (4). The membrane (4) is formed so as to pass the growing roots (5) of the above turf (2) of natural origin to vegetative layer (7) located below. The membrane (4) absorbs the energy of impacts on the surface and prevents tamping the vegetation layer (7) of the roots (5), located below. The membrane is made in the form of a three-dimensional net obtained from an elastic material of polymer origin. The method of sward cultivation comprises the following stages: a) planting the seeds of natural turf (2) on the fertile layer of the soil (8) located on the base (9) supporting the fibers (10) of the artificial sod (3), and on an elastic permeable interlayer-membrane (4) made in the form of a three-dimensional net obtained from an elastic material of polymeric origin; b) cultivating the natural turf (2) to a height corresponding to or greater than the length of the fibers (10) of the artificial turf (3); the roots (5) of the above natural turf (2) till their penetrating through the base (9) and reaching the vegetation layer (7) disposed below; and c) shearing the plant layer (plants) (6) of natural turf (2) for maintaining the desired length of the above natural turf (2) at least equal in length to the fibers (10) of the artificial turf (3).EFFECT: improved turf quality.14 cl, 7 dwg
Bitumen compositions containing additives with improved thermo-reversible properties // 2626859
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: bitumen composition contains bitumen, the first additive containing at least one functional group of a saturated or unsaturated fatty acid ester, linear or branched, having a hydrocarbon chain of 4 to 36 carbon atoms optionally substituted by at least one hydroxyl group, and the second additive containing at least one organic gellant. The invention also relates to application of a combination of the first and second additives in a bitumen composition to reduce the dynamic viscosity of the bitumen composition or bitumen base at a temperature higher than or equal to 80C, preferably higher than 80C, without impairing the consistency of the said composition at operating temperatures. Finally, the invention relates to the use of these bitumen compositions in the field of road applications, in particular, in production of road binders, and in the field of industrial applications.EFFECT: improved composition properties.17 cl, 2 tbl

ethod of increasing carrying capacity of ice cover // 2626857
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: carrying capacity of the ice cover is increased by means of steel pipes lowered vertically to the basin bottom via through openings formed in the ice cover along both sides of the crossing along its entire length, the bottom end of the pipe being made welded and its upper end projecting over the ice surface. In the upper ends of the pipes, heating elements are attached on flexible ties, made in the form of rings, the diameter of which exceeds the dimensions of ice formations frozen on the pipes.EFFECT: increasing the load degree.2 dwg

ethod of increasing carrying capacity of ice cover // 2626855
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: carrying capacity of the crossing ice cover is increased by means of steel pipes lowered vertically to the basin bottom via through openings formed in the ice cover along both edges of the crossing along its entire length. The bottom end of the pipe is made welded, and its upper end projects above the ice surface. The pipes are made in the form of telescopic supports. The connection section of the movable element of a telescopic support with theimmovable one is equipped with a heating element arranged inside the pipes.EFFECT: increasing the operation reliability of the ice crossing is achieved due to ensuring the independence of its loading capacity from fluctuations in the water level in the water body.2 dwg

ethod of increasing carrying capacity of ice cover // 2626851
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: carrying capacity of the crossing ice cover is increased by means of steel pipes lowered vertically to the basin bottom through the through openings formed in the ice cover along both sides of the crossing along its entire length, the bottom end of the pipe being made welded and its upper end projecting over the ice surface. The pipes are made of three parts articulated with each other by two spherical permeable hinges. The lower part of the pipes is installed on the basin bottom vertically, and the other two - at an angle thereto, wherein the upper part frozen into the ice cover is equipped with an additional spherical hinge combined with a sliding one.EFFECT: increasing the operation reliability of the ice crossing is achieved due to ensuring the independence of its loading capacity from fluctuations in the water level in the water body.3 dwg
ethod of environmentally safe development of roadsides of automobile main roads and highways // 2626849
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: according to the method of environmentally safe development of the roadside of main roads and highways, the road ditches and other topographic inequalities are levelled reducing the steepness down to 5-10 degrees. Trunk trees are cut down and evergreen brushwood is planted in three levels, that have shock- and dust-absorbing and aerophytoncidal properties, at a distance of 25-75 m from the edge of the roadway. The first level is formed from creeping juniper with a height of 0.3-1.0 m, the second level - from common column-like juniper with a height of 3.5-4.0 m, the third level - from Caucasian Thuja with a height of 10-15 m in the form of a hedge.EFFECT: improved safety of vehicle traffic on the roads and highways, reduced risk of accidents and negative consequences of road accidents, improved quality of atmospheric air.
ethod of struggling against ice on roads // 2626729
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: way to combat ice on the roads includes the use as a heater of the exhaust gases drawn from the exhaust pipe of the silencer by a device mounted on an individual vehicle. Preliminary weakening of the adhesion of glaze formations to the roadway is provided by the focused infrared emission of the exhaust gases. At the same time, a nozzle with a nozzle attached to the tail pipe of an individual vehicle is attached to the road surface to create an artificial roughness by means of a gas dynamic jet.EFFECT: reduced traffic accidents due to the formation of a rough surface with an increased coefficient of adhesion of the car's wheels to the road in areas with ice-covered formations.3 dwg

ethod for building bridges and aboveground railways // 2626467
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for building bridges and aboveground railways is in suspending a bridge span construction by means of a self-centering system arranged perpendicular to the bridge span construction. The self-centering system contains an inner and an outer base, on which groups of inner and outer rollers, at least 3 on each base, are arranged with the possibility of rotation relative to the axes, the number of inner and outer rollers being the same, the inner and outer rolls being connected together by a closed cable, belt, or chain. When the cable, the belt, or the chain moves along its axis, all rollers rotate at the same speed, the rotation direction of the inner rollers is opposite to the rotation direction of the outer rollers, the outer base covers the inner base. The outer base covers the inner base.EFFECT: method improvement.6 dwg

ethod for building bridges, aboveground railways and motor roads // 2626466
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for building bridges, aboveground railways and motor roads is in suspending a bridge or a road span construction by means of a self-centering system arranged perpendicular to the bridge span construction. The self-centering system contains an inner and an outer base, on which groups of inner and outer rollers, at least 3 on each base, are arranged with the possibility of rotation relative to the axes. The number of the inner and outer rollers is the same, the inner and the outer rollers are connected together by a closed cable, belt, or chain. When the cable, the belt or the chain moves along its axis, all rollers rotate at the same speed, the rotation direction of the inner rollers is opposite to the rotation direction of the outer rollers, the outer base covers the inner base.EFFECT: method improvement.6 dwg

ethod for motor road construction // 2626107
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: new technical solutions: pile foundations are made by pouring of wells drilled in each transverse row together with the support beam above the wells using inventory formwork, the full road construction cycle is divided into stages, separated in space along the axis of the constructed road.EFFECT: possibility to use batch tools of work and to work in parallel at all construction stages, significant reduction of terms and work cost reduction, expansion of application, increasing pavement stability in terms of exposure to climatic factors.2 dwg

ethod of increasing carrying capacity of ice cover // 2626087
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: carrying capacity of the ice cover of the ferry is increased by means of steel pipes that are lowered vertically to the bottom of the pool through holes formed in the ice cover along both edges of the ferry along its entire length. The bottom end of the pipe is made brewed, and its upper end protrudes above the ice surface. The upper parts of the pipes are equipped with a free-wheeling piece around the vertical axis of symmetry in the form of a coaxial cylinder, the length of which must be not less than the maximum difference in the water level in the pond, and a helical screw-shaped arrangement is installed on its surface.EFFECT: increasing the carrying capacity.2 dwg

Construction of anti-avalanche and anti stone-fall protection // 2625834
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: design of anti-avalanche and anti stone-fall protection includes devices consisting of spatial supports, between which the network is located. Devices are made in the form of regular pyramids, the edges of which are used as spatial supports. The edges of the pyramids are made of high-strength steel mesh. The tops of the devices are provided with vertical metal supports, which, like the spatial supports, have foundations with anchors coaxial with vertical metal supports. Devices are located on a slope and set in rows in a staggered order to contain avalanche and/or rockfall processes. The edges of the devices of adjacent rows are interconnected by means of a high-strength mesh, located in the same plane with the side faces of adjacent devices.EFFECT: increasing the operational reliability.2 dwg

Parking column // 2625665
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: parking column with the possibility of accepting the retracted and extended configurations comprises a part of the column including a substantially elongated hollow body and a locking mechanism adapted to fix mentioned column in the extended configuration. The parking column comprises a pedestal portion including an upper and lower frame, a body connected to the upper frame, at least two pulleys configured to receive strings thereon, at least two weights vertically displaceable within said pedestal portion, a common weight of which slightly exceeds the weight of the mentioned part of the column. The strings are wound on the pulleys and connect with the weights on the part of the baluster.EFFECT: improved fixing of the parking column in the retracted and extended configurations.16 cl, 12 dwg

Rail fastening // 2624765
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: rail fastening has a special construction consisting of the following parts: a bearing plate (1), which has four holes for fastening elements (6, 7) of the bearing plate to the tie (4) and which is fastened to the tie (4) with four self-locking bolts (6, 7), a rail cushioning rubber pad (9) and an electrically insulating cushioning rubber pad (10), two spring-bolt fasteners which simultaneously attach the spring clips (2) to the bearing plate (1) using clamps (3), fastening of the rail base (5) to the bearing plate (1) with spring clips (2) and fastening of the bearine plate (1) to the tie (4) using self-locking bolts (7). The spring-bolt fastener consists of the spring clip (2), the clamp (3) and a bolt set, which screw-nut is bonded in the tie. The bearing plate (1) has two lateral stops (8), the distance between them is greater than the width of the rail base(5); two tapered guide grooves are made in the body of the lateral stops to carry out centring adjustment and fixate the positions of the two clamps (3), and four guide radial grooves for laying and then fixing the terminal branches of the spring clips (2) in them by means of two clamps (3).EFFECT: higher reliability of a railway track fastening, stability of a railway track, comfort and speed of a railway transport movement.5 dwg

ethod of restoring weared surface of tram rail // 2624752
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: worn side surface of the tram rail head is prepared. The surface is surfaced using a self-shielding powdered chromo-manganese wire by applying eight layers, providing an inter-through temperature of the melted surface of 180 to 200C. And when surfacing the last layer, an elevation above the rolling surface of the rail is performed. Then, the surfaced layers are machined and sealed.EFFECT: improving the quality of the surfaced layer, when restoring tram rails without interrupting the movement of trains and reducing labour costs.6 cl, 1 dwg, 3 ex
Nozzle for spraying surfactants in plants for restoration of asphalt concrete pavement // 2624742
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: nozzle for spraying surfactants for a plant for restorating the asphalt concrete pavement, fixed on the distribution pipes of the plant, comprises a hollow cylindrical housing with a throttle orifice, connected to the union nut, to which the liquid flow divider is attached. The fluid flow divider consists of coaxially arranged perforated conical shells, the space between which is filled with a fine mesh screen. The apices of the conical surfaces of the shells are directed away from the throttle orifice. In the lower part of the divider, a cylindrical perforated segment is fastened, fixed on the perforated conical shells. In the cylindrical perforated segment, a flow swirl made in the form of a spring is arranged.EFFECT: improving the quality of the regenerated asphalt-concrete pavement and increasing the device operation efficiency.2 dwg, 2 tbl
ethod for manufacturing rubber tiles // 2624645
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing rubber tiles comprises preparing the mixture by mixing the filler from the rubber crumb and the polyurethane-based binder, while simultaneously and separately preparing the mixtures for the base layer and the upper coloured layer. In the mixture for the base layer, the filler of rubber crumb with the fraction of 1-2 mm is used; in the mixture for the top coloured layer, the filler of rubber crumb with the fraction of 0.5-1 mm and a pigmentary dye are used. While preparing the mixture for the top coloured layer, with the exception of the red and the grey colour, the mixture bleaching process is first carried out by means of adding titanium dioxide and then mixing the bleached mixture with the pigment dye; thereinafter, the mixture for the top coloured layer and the mixture for the base layer are subsequently loaded into the mould. The moulds with the mixtures are installed in vertical rows, pressed under pressure, then the resulting mixture is maintained until completely cured.EFFECT: invention allows to improve the quality of rubber tiles due to obtaining a smoother and more dense surface, to reduce the consumption of mounting glue, to eliminate the formation of lumps when mixing, to simplify the production line.6 cl, 5 ex

ethod of formation of rail unit from arched rails with head in arch key // 2624478
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to under-crane structures and can be used for operation of overhead cranes. To form the rail unit from a pair of rails on the production line the three-headed arched top rail is manufactured with the head in the arch key and with two heads below on the toe edges and the lower arch rail, with the head facing down. On the production line the toes of upper and lower rails are automatically fitted with longitudinal rows of aligned mutually coincident regularly spaced holes. In flange of bearing channels the longitudinal rows of coaxially coinciding holes with the same regular step are formed. The top and bottom rails are aligned using four latching teeth. The coaxial holes are inserted with screw high yield friction studs and a single integrated closed rail unit with oval cavity inside the cross-section is formed.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the moments of inertia of the rail in torsion and the modulus of resistance.1 dwg
ethod of manufacturing and repairing of tamper-proofing machine // 2624282
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing a tamper-proofing machine includes the provision of forging with reinforcing elements made in the form of combined parts. Each part is made of a material that has a weldability with the material of the forging, a substrate. In the body of the substrate, the carbide element is rigidly fixed. The forging is performed by welding its upper and lower parts. The upper part of the forehearth is a heel pin or a punch rod, the lower end of which has a broadening in the form of the upper part of the blade adjacent to the stem. The lower part of the heel is, respectively, the blade or the lower part of the blade. The lower part of the forehearth is made of a combined part which is fixed so that the axis of the part is parallel or constitutes an acute angle with the longitudinal axis of the forehearth.EFFECT: increasing the life of the heel.10 cl, 5 dwg
Plate for rail track, passively absorbing dynamic vibrations // 2624147
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: plate for a rail track, passively absorbing dynamic vibrations, contains the main plate part. The additional mass unit is provided in the space area, in which there is no contact with the rail. Between the unit and the main plate part a flexible connection is made, having the rigidity and the ability to provide cushioning effect.EFFECT: possibility of effective vibrations reduce.12 cl, 17 dwg

Bridge structure // 2624090
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: bridge structure comprises at least one support bearing a span structure. The span structure consists of at least one section of a tubular sheath designed lengthwise with an open lower part. The edges of the lower part arranged along the tubular sheath are pointed or folded inside the tubular sheath, with the possibility of forming carriageway section between each of the above mentioned edge and the sheath wall adjacent to it, for the movement of vehicle propelling device along it. The distance between carriageway sections corresponds to vehicle wheel track. The carriageway sections can be influenced through propelling devices of the vehicle's weight of the tilt in the transverse plane or the pylon, which value is calculated from the elastic modulus of the sheath material and the vehicle weight, with the ability to self-regulate the movement stability or stabilise the vehicle.EFFECT: bridge structure is characterized by minimal operating costs with richer operational capabilities.2 cl, 5 dwg

Blade of tamping machine beater // 2623853
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: blade of tamping machine beater is equipped with hard-alloy material teeth fixed in its body. Lower edge of blade is provided with an additional insert of material superior in strength to the material of blade, which is fixed in the body of blade between its teeth. The insert is made in such way that it does not rise above the adjacent teeth of blade.EFFECT: increasing the beater resource.15 cl, 7 dwg

ulti-rail trestle road, revolver unit and method of construction of the road // 2623786
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: immersion of piles, installation of crossbars, laying of slabs and installation of tracks from rail assemblies is carried out by one turret unit consisting of a body on a railway run and a swing tower, on one side of which there is a device for piling, and on the opposite side there is a manipulator with the gripping device for the installation of crossbars, plates and rail assemblies. The totality of the properties of the turret unit and the multi-rail road, vehicles for the movement of which have the ability of transverse displacement, allow construction to be carried out in a way in which the construction of the next section of the road is made from the edge of the already constructed section and only from it.EFFECT: condition is created for the construction of a road in a fully automatic mode, there is no need to build auxiliary roads with their subsequent reclamation.3 cl, 13 dwg

ethod for creating non-volatile lighting of road surface // 2623757
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: in method, marking the road surface is carried out, cavities are made in the designated places of the road surface by the method of drilling. In each cavity, luminous devices are installed by the method of interference fit. The luminous device has a cylindrical shape and dimensions corresponding to the shape and dimensions of the cavity, and is made of a polymeric material with the addition of a luminophor of a long afterglow with the particle size of 30-100 mcm with the mass fraction of 5-30%, with the height H not less than twice the diameter D.EFFECT: simplicity of installation with simultaneous provision of reliability and durability of the installed non-volatile lighting.11 cl, 1 tbl, 2 dwg

Roller device for crosspiece transfer // 2623360
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device for displacing the movable core of the track device crosspiece between two check rails contains a movable and an immovable frame. The check rails are connected with the immovable frame, and the crosspiece core - with the movable frame. The movable frame is movably mounted with respect to the fixed frame by means of a roller system disposed outside the space defined by the check rails. The immovable frame has a guide track for guiding the movable frame movement relative to the immovable frame. The movable and immovable frames include two opposing abutment surfaces bent relative to the longitudinal direction of the guide track. The track device includes a device for displacing the core between the check rails of the crosspiece.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of the core displacement device.7 cl, 6 dwg
Rail joint // 2623011
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: rail joint contains a horizontal joint strip which is attached to the bases of the rail ends. In the horizontal joint strip holes for the fixing elements have an oblong shape.EFFECT: bumpless passage of gaps between the rails by the train wheel.1 cl

ethod for increasing carrying capacity of ice cover // 2622967
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: carrying capacity of the ice cover is increased by means of steel pipes lowered vertically to the basin bottom through the through openings formed in the ice cover along both sides of the crossing along its entire length, the bottom end of the pipe being made welded and its upper end projecting over the ice surface. The pipes are made in the form of telescopic supports. The section of connecting the movable element of the telescopic support with the immovable one is equipped with a heat-insulating coating.EFFECT: increasing the carrying capacity.2 dwg

ethod for increasing carrying capacity of ice cover // 2622960
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: carrying capacity of the crossing ice cover is increased by means of steel pipes lowered to the basin bottom through the through openings formed in the ice cover along both sides of the crossing along its entire length, the bottom end of the pipe being made welded and its upper end projecting over the ice surface. The pipes are made of two parts articulated together by a junction in the form of spherical surfaces (a kind of spherical hinge). The lower part of the pipes is installed at the basin bottom vertically, and the upper one - at an angle, the upper part of the pipes being equipped with ice-breaking wedges.EFFECT: increasing the carrying capacity.3 dwg

ethod for increasing carrying capacity of ice cover // 2622959
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: carrying capacity of the ice cover is increased by means of steel pipes lowered vertically to the basin bottom through the through openings formed in the ice cover along both sides of the crossing along its entire length, the bottom end of the pipe being made welded and its upper end projecting over the ice surface. The pipes are made in the form of telescopic supports. The section of the movable element of the telescopic support at the point of its connection with the immovable one is made with inhomogeneities in the form, for example, of the variability of the wall thickness of the pipes. The section length must exceed the maximum possible level of water fluctuations in the basin. At the upper end of the pipe projecting from under the ice, a generator is installed, exciting longitudinal oscillations in the supports, which will be transformed into transverse ones in the places of inhomogeneities in the waveguides, i.e. on pipe portions with variable thickness. In the upper parts of the pipes, heat-insulating plugs are installed.EFFECT: increasing the carrying capacity.2 dwg

ethod for increasing carrying capacity of ice cover // 2622956
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: carrying capacity of the crossing ice cover is increased by means of steel pipes lowered vertically to the basin bottom through the through openings formed in the ice cover along both sides of the crossing along its entire length, the bottom end of the pipe being made welded and its upper end projecting over the ice surface. The pipes are made of four parts articulated with each other by three spherical hinges air-permeable in the axial direction of the pipes, wherein the lower part of the pipes lowered to the basin bottom and the upper part emerging from under the ice are installed coaxially, and the other two, equal to each other by the length, at an angle to them.EFFECT: increasing the carrying capacity.2 dwg

Stacker of dismountable tread roadway coverings // 2622569
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: stacker includes an all-terrain multiaxis automobile chassis with a platform as a transport base. The tread covering slabs are stacked on top of each other in two piles and a device for removing the slabs from the stacker and stacking them on the ground is installed on the platform. The lift for single tread covering slabs is made as a ramp with a winch, wherein the ends of the ramp are attached by cylindrical hinges of the telescopic rods to the hydraulic cylinders and the other ends of the rod are mounted on the sides of the stacker via hinges for simultaneous angular movement in the vertical plane. When a single road slab is removed from the stacker, its fastening (hooking) is done with the help of two hooks engaging the face ends of the slot in the tread road covering slab and hanging on the ends of the beam, and the beam itself is hung up on the winch rope with a power drive.EFFECT: use of the proposed stacker can significantly increase the rate of slab placing and assembly, improve its performance characteristics and reduce its production cost in case the launcher chassis withdrawn from service of mobile ground guided missile systems are used as a transport base.2 dwg

onorail transport system // 2622328
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: monorail transport system consists of the vehicle and the track. The vehicle is made in the form of the body with the power drive and the supporting frame, on which at least two pairs of the support wheels are fixed, and at least two axle bridges. In this case at least one axle bridge is provided with the pair of drive wheels, and at least one axle bridge is provided with the pair of guide wheels or the pair of driving wheels. The open track consists of the guide beam and two supporting beams, which are fixed to the earth surface, on the vertical surfaces along the entire length of the guide beam the rubber bands are fixed. At least two pairs of the support wheels interact with the horizontal surfaces of two support beams, and the pair of driving wheels and the pair of guide wheels or two pairs of driving wheels interact with the rubber bands of the guide beam. The pair of driving wheels or the pair of guide wheels are connected through the downward axle shafts with 90-degree laterally mounted axle bridge reducers, which are connected to the main reducer of the axle bridge through the input flanges and hinges of the equal angular velocities. On the vehicle frame, above the pair of driving wheels or the pair of guide wheels, there are the distance sensors, that transmit information about the distance from the sensor to the guide beam to the steering control unit, which with the help of the articulated rods, deflects the wheels proportionally to the distance.EFFECT: increase of the design manufacturability and expansion of its application range, the noise reduction.13 cl, 7 dwg
Composition for manufacturing panels of sound-absorbing screens by extrusion method // 2622053
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: composition for manufacturing panels of sound-absorbing screens by extrusion method includes isotactic polypropylene, a granular extrusion product of isotactic polypropylene with a m-phenylene-bis-maleimide modifier at their weight ratio of 8.5:1.0 to 9.0:1.0 and a fibrous filler, which is represented by basalt fibers treated with a water-compatible silane-containing lubricant, at the following ratio, wt %: isotactic polypropylene 67.0-70.0, the granular extrusion product of isotactic polypropylene with the modifier based on m-phenylene-bis-maleimide 0.8-1.2, fibrous filler - the rest.EFFECT: improvement of physical and mechanical properties of panels of sound-absorbing screens.1 tbl, 4 ex

Snow-melting plant // 2621985
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: snow melting plant contains a bath with a grate in the upper part for receiving and melting a snow mass and a meltwater drain hole, burners, gas cylinders with a pressure control valve, a gas pipe and an ignitor. The gas burners with an electric igniter are mounted under the bottom of the bath. The upper and lower flat surfaces of the bath bottom with respect to its horizontal longitudinal axis of symmetry have a slant to the right or left downwards in a vertical plane to the side of the side wall not reaching the bath bottom, to the lower edge of which a lockable hatch is hinged and adjacent to the ends of the front and rear walls of the bath. The hatch can be opened. There is a slotted hole between it and the bottom of the bath along their length. There is a chamber for meltwater with a drain hole under the bottom of the bath below the gas burners.EFFECT: simplified design.1 dwg

System of fixing rails for rail vehicles // 2621929
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: fixing system and the fixing point for the rails (S1, S2) on the rigid base (U) includes two guide plates (107, 108, 109) which in the finally mounted state direct the corresponding rail (S1, S2) to be fixed with one of their longitudinal sides. On two pads (P1, P2, P101-P103'), when the system is finally assembled, one of the guide plates (107, 108, 109) sits respectively. The pads in the finally mounted state extend respectively under the sole (Sf1, Sf2) of the rail (S1, S2). The overlapping plate (15, 104, 104'), when the system is finally mounted, is arranged between the mutually facing butt sides (3, 4) of two adjacent pads (P1, P2, P101-P103') for overlapping the existing gap therebetween.EFFECT: possibility to adjust the height of mounted fixing points for the rails and to replace pads without complete dismantling of the entire system.12 cl, 6 dwg

Adjustable fence at pedestrian crossing // 2621831
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: crossroads with roadbeds (1), sidewalks (2) and road crossings (3) is made regulated by means of traffic lights (4). The sidewalks are separated from the roadbed with fences (5) in the form of decorative lattices having passages (6) for entering the crossing. A strong elastic band (7) inserted in a slit gap (8) of the electromagnetic coil (9) connected to the forbidding signal lamps of the traffic light, and equipped with a ferromagnetic strip (12) drawn into the coil, is placed in the fence at the entrance.EFFECT: increased traffic safety.2 dwg
Anti-ram barrier // 2621774
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: anti-ram barrier consists of main (power) and auxiliary structure elements. The main elements are steel ropes, pins and supports, forming a single closed power system with a foundation. The auxiliary elements include a boom, a frame, a counterweight, an electric drive and a casing. The boom is made in the form of a truss made of steel closed rectangular profiles. At both ends of the boom there are pins made in the form of cylinders from high-strength steel. Inside the upper and the lower belts of the truss, steel ropes pass, bending around the pins, forming a closed system. The boom is clamped with the shank in one of the counterweight assemblies, forming a sliding seal with it. The boom and the counterweight are balanced on an axis mounted on the frame, with the possibility of moving the boom in the vertical plane by means of an electric drive. The supports are represented by box-section racks, each of which is formed by two paired I-bars. The bases of the supports and the frame are rigidly coupled with the blocks of foundation bolts, which in turn are located in the foundation body.EFFECT: increasing the reliability, maintainability and performance of the device.5 cl, 5 dwg

Device for bolts and screws screwing in and out, using the motor driven tool for screwing // 2621742
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device has the central rib (1) in the form of receiving element for all mounted in accordance with the modular structure of hinged and plug-in elements. The device contains the recess (8) oriented horizontally and opened upward for the display (9), performed with ability to rotate for using the device in the same orientation in two directions.EFFECT: increased reliability and efficiency of the device, when screwing the bolts and nuts.23 cl, 7 dwg

Sand spreading device // 2621545
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: sand spreading device is made in the form of the trailer bogie and contains a frame, a handrail, the wheels and a container for sand. The trailer bogie has the possibility of the planar movement along the required trajectory. In the lower part of the container there is the gap, adjustable in width by the bafflers, with the hollow or stepped shaft located inside its plane. The elastic flexible tape plates or brushes are fixed on the outer generatrix of the shaft surface parallel to its axis. In this case, the shaft by means of the bearings has the mechanical locking by the check stopper connection to the vehicle wheels, which are rigidly connected to each other by the shaft, passing inside the hollow shaft.EFFECT: sand spreading intensification.4 cl, 6 dwg

Device for processing and, in particular, for destruction and/or grinding of horizontal, vertical or inclined surfaces by stepless cutting // 2621330
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: device (100) for destruction is proposed and, in particular, for grinding of horizontal, vertical and inclined surfaces or layers suitable for pedestrians and/or vehicles, such as, for example, asphalt and/or concrete roads. The device comprises rotary operating facilities (10) attached with ability to turn to the main support frame (T) which comprises the first support element (L) and the second support element (F). The device also comprises adjusting facilities designed with ability to adjust the position of the first support element (L) relative to the main frame (T) regardless of the position of the second support element (F). The adjusting facilities comprise a lever (R) attached to the main frame (T), so that it can rotate freely or move translationally. The first support element (L) is attached with ability to turn to the part (H) of the lever (R).EFFECT: improved performance characteristics.19 cl, 13 dwg

Transport structure // 2621224
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: transport structure is made as a single technical solution for the transport construction facility. The transport construction facility contains a span supporting flat or volumetric structural cell that is made of a frame and includes one pair of columns in a flat cell and/or two pairs of columns in a spatial cell of the frame. The span of each pair of columns is overlaid by a beam. The beam has the body comprising the wall, the upper and the lower belts, the supporting sections and the span. The span made with the length L, with a variable cross-sectional configuration along the length and the increasing cross-section height over the major part of the structure length. The lower belt is made convex and curved in the conventional vertical longitudinal plane of the structure symmetry, with the convexity facing down, and having the curvature with the radius R with the centre located above the upper belt at a distance exceeding the span length and satisfying the condition R/L=(515).EFFECT: increased bearing capacity in terms of perception of different loads and expanding the range of natural oscillations without entering into resonance, while reducing the material consumption and increasing the structure durability.4 cl, 1 dwg

Self-powered milling machine, and the way to remove milled off material // 2620675
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in the self-powered milling machine, containing the working cylinder, the transport conveyor for removing the milled off material, taken off by the working drum to the charging surface of the vehicle, containing the rear wall, the transport conveyor is made turnable relatively to the machine frame about the first axis, extending substantially horizontally, for the lift angle and sideways about the second axis, extending orthogonally relatively to the first axis for the rotation angle. At the bottom side of the transport conveyor there is the detecting device, which is used to initiate the activation signal in case of the transport conveyor approaching to the object, in particular to the rear wall of the charging surface.EFFECT: controller, when receiving the activation signal, generates the control signal to reduce the movement rate or to stop the machine or increase the lift angle of the transport conveyor.13 cl, 8 dwg

Snowblower // 2620649
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: snowblower for biasing snow from the city roads in traffic on the vehicle routes, contains a vehicle and a passive actuator for biasing snow. The vehicle is adapted to carry passengers on city routes of the route vehicles. The actuator for biasing snow is made with the capturing width equal to the vehicle width plus 400 mm, minus 300 mm on both sides. Herewith the actuator is equipped with a passage or passages adapted to transmit the snow part and made with the height of 70-280 mm with the possibility of creating a shaft of the shifted snow with the height not more than the permitted one.EFFECT: expansion of the vehicle functionality, the exception of increasing the amount of interference to the traffic flow, creating a shaft of the shifted snow with the height not more than the permitted one.8 cl, 16 dwg

System for controlling traffic at pedestrian crossing // 2620446
FIELD: physics; control.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of controlling vehicles and pedestrians at pedestrian crossings. The system for controlling traffic at a crossing through a roadway between sidewalks, bounded by road kerbs, includes traffic lights with lamps of three colours, connected to a power supply circuit through an electromechanical controller with a control circuit, fitted with an additional signalling device connected in parallel to the green lamp. The signaling device is the exciting windings 7 of electromagnetic vibrators 8, installed in inner planes 9 of the rising road kerb 6, made on the area of intersection of the pedestrian crossing with the sidewalk.EFFECT: high efficiency of controlling traffic, the traffic control system is suitable for pedestrians with partial loss of vision, as well as blind and deaf pedestrians.3 dwg
 
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