Fixed constructions (E)

E            Fixed constructions(156306)
Gripping device row by row laid road tiles for their movement from the place of storage to the point of laying into roadway // 2607698
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely, to devices for road laying tiles. Gripping device is attached to vehicle manipulator and moved to the place of location of the row by row pre-stacked tiles. In the place of pre-stacked tiles gripping device is lowered on tiles include hydraulic cylinders to capture the row of tiles. Tile "soft" captured, rise and transferred to the place of laying of road bed. On the territory of works on laying tile production the device is lowered into the required laying, hydraulic cylinders are switched on to loosening of tiles, device is lifted and go beyond the following row pre-stacked tiles.EFFECT: technical result of the present invention is simplification of design, increasing of reliability and cost savings while reducing the "rigidity" of the grip.3 cl, 6 dwg
ethod of well imaging // 2607669
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to well enviroment imaging method using well visualization system. Disclosed is well enviroment imaging method using well imaging system, which contains following stages: movement of downhole tool into borehole environment; reading during movement of one or more physical parameters using one or more sensors, generating sensors signals, reflecting one or more physical parameters in borehole environment; processing of sensors signals for providing of sensors data; temporary storage in well data buffering device of buffered sensors data received with preset sampling frequency; transmission of first part of sensor data into wellhead data processing device with specified first transmission rate, which is equal or less to said sampling frequency; processing first part of sensors data using wellhead data processing device and well enviroment imaging based on first part of sensors data; sending control signal from wellhead data processing device to downhole data processing device based on event, for example, abrupt change of one or more physical parameters during well enviroment imaging, with changing so transmission speed from first transmission rate to second transmission rate; transmission of at least partially, second part of data stored in downhole data buffering device to wellhead data processing device; and well enviroment imaging based on first part of sensors data and second part of sensors data, chronologically before and after said event, without reversing of downhole tool movement.EFFECT: technical result is optimizing data transmission under various operating conditions.9 cl, 10 dwg
Device for treatment of bottom-hole zone // 2607668
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry and intended for productive formations opening in oil and gas wells during drilling and blasting operations. Device for bottom-hole zone treatment contains hollow-carrier perforator or capsule-type perforator in casing string with cumulative and gas-generating charge of solid fuel, combined with acid reagent. Cumulative charge recess lining is fluoroplastic or other fluorine- and/or chlorine-containing polymer material. Cumulative and gas-generating charges initiation from corresponding to each charge initiation device is carried out simultaneously. Solid fuel, combined with acid reagent, is ammonium perchlorate and epoxide compound mixture in following ratio of components, wt%: ammonium perchlorate – 70–90, epoxide compound – 30–10.EFFECT: enabling increasing efficiency of design well flow rate achievement, especially under carbonate reservoir conditions, elimination of well and its perforation channels blockage with fragments of cumulative charges sealed housing, elimination of casing pipes damage and deformation due to absence of metallic cumulative jet effect, improving acid reagent action efficiency.3 cl, 4 dwg
ethod of determining distance between fractures and formation of cracks in well using this method // 2607667
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining and can be used for determination of intervals between fractures in wells bringing hydrocarbon fluid. Method involves obtaining first fracture size, selected from first fracture smallest length or height, and second fracture expected size is selected from second fracture least expected length or expected height subject to formation. Approximate location of second fracture is determined based on first fracture mean arithmetic size percentage and second fracture size. Approximate location of third fracture is determined so that ratio of distances from first fracture and second fracture is approximately equal to first fracture size to second fracture size ratio. Then second fracture can be formed in well next to second fracture approximate location and third fracture can be formed next to third fracture approximate location.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of hydrocarbon fluids production efficiency by simulating and creation of formation hydraulic fracturing fractures network.22 cl, 2 dwg
Composite mobile derivational water conduit and method of its construction // 2607650
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydrotechnical and hydroelectric construction and can be used for creation of pressure water conduits, derivational, hydroelectric pumped storage, etc. hydroelectric power plants, as well as pump stations. Composite mobile derivational water conduit (CMDWC) includes a water intake of syphon or other type, water-supply sections, a composite water conduit from traditional rigid, as well as soft and flexible composite nanomaterials with shape memory, which include an outer shell, two inner shells with an additional coating from composite nanomaterials, which together are flow-guiding elements, at intersections of landsliding areas, as well as terrains with complex elements of orography: ravines, downwarpings, etc. CMDWC is suspended by cable-stayed systems fixed on supports, and there are devices for damping a hydraulic impact and monitoring technical state of the CMDWC extending in a building of container-type like a small hydro-derivative power plant. CMDWC erection method includes as part of design documentation calculation and development parts, including planning its route, creation of the upper and the lower reservoirs, laying the water conduit itself. Delivery and installation of the water conveying sections are performed directly on the route, where their inner and outer shells are mounted with serial interconnection by means of a flexible link starting from the syphon or another water intake. At hard-to-reach areas of highlands installed are supports and a cable-stayed system, onto which by means of preliminary fixed on the CMDWC shells the water-conveying section is suspended. On underlying sections with high water pressure by means of compensators water conveying sections are connected with the water conduit made of plastic or metal, if necessary, a bandage is installed. Then a building is erected of a container-type small hydro-derivative power plant with a previously installed in it hydroelectric unit, devices for damping the hydraulic impact and monitoring the CMDWC technical state. Further, the diffuser is mounted and conditions are provided for damping the energy in the lower reservoir.EFFECT: invention increases technically possible hydro-energetic potential of small mountain rivers by using seasonally-active mobile derivational hydroelectric power plants.2 cl, 3 dwg
Assembly and method of gaseous hydrocarbons production // 2607610
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to surveying underwater deposits of hydrocarbons and more specifically to an assembly and a method of underwater production of gaseous hydrocarbons. According to the method of gaseous hydrocarbons underwater production delivered is from a certain location on the sea surface at least one self-contained self-propelled drilling device to the sea bottom. Drilled from the sea bottom are multiple wells in a formation containing hydrocarbons. For this purpose at least one self-contained self-propelled drilling device is used. Herewith every well has a corresponding place of the well location on the sea bottom. Dome is installed over the multiple wells location places on the sea bottom. Determined is presence of hydrocarbon deposits near the self-contained self-propelled drilling devices by means of sensors installed on at least one self-contained self-propelled drilling device. Performed is sublimation of the hydrocarbons deposits using a sublimation mechanism mounted on at least one self-contained self-propelled drilling device. As the result gaseous hydrocarbons are separated from the formation containing hydrocarbons. Performed is collection of the released gaseous hydrocarbons by the dome.EFFECT: increasing the production efficiency.20 cl, 3 dwg
Device of preliminary load and centering for milling underground barrier valves // 2607565
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to milling. Assembly for a tool operation on a device in an underground location on the bearing column includes a tool fixed on the column; a shoe joint carried by the column, arranged able to move relative to the tool; a displacing unit actuated by a relative displacement between the tool and the shoe joint. Relative axial displacement is ended, when the tool and the shoe joint are in separate locations on the device in the underground location to apply a preset force of preliminary load on the tool to the device when actuating the tool against the device and axially relative to the shoe joint, herewith the shoe joint is still retained by the device.EFFECT: provided is retention of the milling cutter on the trajectory and acceleration of milling.20 cl, 3 dwg
Dispersion liquid for drilling and procedure for extraction of minerals by means of dispersion liquid // 2607564
FIELD: oil industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to oil and gas. Dispersion liquid for drilling is obtained by dispersing in water medium of polyoxalat as capable of hydrolysis of resin material. Procedure of extraction of minerals from the well, formed by drilling includes a step of inputting said dispersion of liquid in well under pressure for implementation of hydrolysis capable of hydrolysis of resin material in hot water with temperature not below 40 °C.EFFECT: technical result – high ability to hydrolysis at low temperature of liquid reagent used at drilling and formation treatment.5 cl, 4 tbl
ethod of intensification of hydrocarbons production using horizontal wells // 2607563
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil and gas industry, namely, to wave technology of combined action on productive formations using horizontal wells. Method means placing hydraulically connected to the well head through the upper obstacle-reflector column two tubing - TS string of different length in the casing string. One column of TS ends at the inlet to the horizontal section of the well. Other TS ended near the bottom of the casing string. This bottom is outlet obstacle-reflector, forming together with upper obstacle volume, inside of which is the liquid column working agent. Creating homogeneous wave field on the horizontal section of casing string in the liquid by installing vibration generators on the ends of the TS in the casing string. Vibration amplitude is increased. Vibration is controlled with recording of vibrations supplied via the cable from the downhole level meter to ground recording unit. Matching of oscillation phase on horizontal section of the well casing string is provided after well start-up in operating conditions of hydrocarbons production by change of the initially selected oscillation frequency output pressure generators by automatic or manual variation of flow rates of working agent through generators provided that flow rate in steady-state conditions. Initial length of TS, prior to lowering into well is selected through calculation using the analytic expressions in case phases of oscillations match and amplitudes of oscillations equality on horizontal section of casing string for a selected frequency action on formation.EFFECT: technical result - increased output of productive formation as a whole and on horizontal sections of the well due to wave action optimization.1 cl, 2 dwg
Wall panel // 2607562
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, in particular to wall panels for constructing buildings, houses and similar structures. Wall panel contains a concrete plate, two crossbars, two ribs, the first heat-insulating plate, two second heat-insulating plates, two third heat-insulating plates, two U-shaped elements. Concrete plate is equipped with the outer surface, the inner surface, two side surfaces, the upper and the lower surfaces. Outer surface and the inner surface are made in the form of rectangles and have larger square if compared to the other surfaces of the concrete plate. Side surfaces are located on opposite sides, the upper surface is located on opposite side from the lower surface. One crossbar is located on the outer surface along its upper edge from one side surface to the other one, the other crossbar is located on the outer surface along its lower edge from one side surface to the other one. Ribs are arranged on the outer surface parallel to the side surfaces from the upper surface to the lower surface. Herewith the ribs are spaced from an appropriate to each of them side surface. Surface of each of the ribs opposite to the outer surface is located from the outer surface at a larger distance than surfaces of the crossbars opposite to the outer surface. First heat-insulating plate is arranged between the ribs flush with the ribs surfaces opposite to the outer surface. Second heat-insulating plates are located along corresponding to each of them ribs and with overlap onto the first heat-insulating plates. Each U-shaped element is arranged vertically so, that it covers the relevant second heat-insulating plate on the side opposite to the outer surface. Third heat-insulating plates are located on the side of ribs facing towards the appropriate side surface, between crossbars, from the outer surface to the surface of large rib opposite to the outer surface.EFFECT: technical result is improvement of heat-insulating properties of joints of adjacent wall panels and arranging the concrete plate in the zone of positive temperatures in case if there is heating of the building.1 cl, 4 dwg
Outer wall heat insulating structure // 2607561
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used when solving the tasks of heat insulation of external walls of existing buildings from inside. This invention will allow to adjust the dew point position and continuously maintain the temperature difference between the inner surface of the outer enclosure and the room air temperature within normal limits. Technical result is achieved due to that the outer wall heat insulating structure providing the standardized temperature difference between the inner surface of the outer wall and the room air temperature differs by that, according to the invention, on the inner surface of the outer wall temperature sensors are installed, on top of the temperature sensors a heating infrared film is fixed, to the inner surface of the outer wall a wooden frame is fixed providing an air layer between the heating film and fixed on it gypsum plasterboards with arranged inside the air layer a moisture sensor, a temperature sensor on the surface of the gypsum plasterboards facing into the room, a room air temperature sensor, readings of which are entered into a computer, all providing switching on the heating film in case of exceeding the rated temperature difference between the temperature on the inner surface of the gypsum plasterboards and the room air temperature, as well as when the temperature drops below the dew point between the heating film and the outer brick wall surface.EFFECT: technical result of the proposed solution is providing the rated temperature difference between the inner surface of the outer wall and the room air temperature, which means no possibility of freezing the wall and the heat insulation material, condensation, providing the favourable microclimate maintenance.1 cl, 1 dwg
Drill string, components having multiple-thread threaded joints // 2607560
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to drilling components and systems and, in particular, to drilling tool threaded joints, having higher strength, as well as resistance to jamming, cross threading and wedging. Drilling string threaded component includes hollow housing having first end, opposite second end and central axis, passing through hollow housing. There are two threads located at hollow housing first end and having front ends, which are arranged along circumference at distance of 180 degrees from each other near hollow housing first end front edge. Each of said two threads includes number of helical turns, extending along hollow housing first end from its location near hollow housing first end front edge in direction to hollow housing second end. Each of said two threads has thread recess, thread top, permanent thread pitch and thread width. Each of said threads under pressure has lateral side negative angle of inclination.EFFECT: technical result is improvement of threaded connections reliability.28 cl, 6 dwg
Coated wood products and method of producing coated wood products // 2607558
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction articles made from wood. Coated wood products comprise a wooden surface, provided with undercoat (3), where undercoat is at least one layer of lacquer, and are provided with top coat (5, 6), containing barrier particles and photocatalytic nanoparticles, preferably containing TiO2. Method of producing photocatalytic lacquered wood-based product, containing transparent photocatalytic nanoparticles, includes application of an undercoat by depositing a lacquer onto base in form of a product of wood to obtain at least one coating layer of lacquer, coating of the above cover lacquer(s) with a liquid for barrier coating to produce a transparent barrier layer, coating said transparent barrier layer with liquid for photocatalytic coating to produce a transparent photocatalytic layer and curing said cover lacquer(s), barrier layer and/or photocatalytic layer.EFFECT: invention improves operating reliability and durability of product, reduce level of volatile organic substances.25 cl, 3 dwg, 3 tbl, 5 ex
Preliminary mounted replaceable insert of drilling flushing device // 2607556
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to drilling flushing device preliminary mounted replaceable insert for connection of stationary flushing tube with drill hole rotating flushing tube. Insert comprises mechanical sealing assembly with stationary sealing ring and rotating sealing ring, sealing ring first carrier, on which stationary sealing ring is located, sealing ring second carrier, on which rotating sealing ring is arranged, connection component, which is made with possibility of replaceable insert connection with stationary flushing tube, and control mechanism, made with possibility of action in axial direction with helical joint for change of replaceable insert axial length, wherein screw connection is connected to sealing ring second carrier to provide control in axial direction of sealing ring second carrier, mechanical sealing assembly and sealing ring first carrier relative to connection component.EFFECT: simplified design, increased service life, enabling fast and safe replacement.15 cl, 8 dwg
Remote profile for spacer of glass unit with in-unit elements and glass unit // 2607545
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: remote profile (1) for use as part of spacer is disclosed, which is suitable for installation in and/or along edge area of glass unit (50) to create and maintain inter-glass space (53) between sheets (51, 52) of glass. It passes in longitudinal direction (z) and has in cross section (x-y), perpendicular to longitudinal direction (z), first width (b1) in transversal direction (x), perpendicular to longitudinal direction (z). In direction (y) of height, perpendicular to longitudinal direction (z) and transverse direction (x), it has first height (h1). Wherein in state of assembled spacer its internal in direction (y) of height side (13) faces inter-glass space (53), while its outer side (14) is located opposite inner side (13). Remote profile includes profile body (10), made of first heat-insulating material and having in cross section (x-y), perpendicular to longitudinal direction (z), external side walls (11, 12) passing in height direction and spaced apart in transverse direction at distance (b2), smaller than first width (b1). Wherein each side wall (11, 12) has internal projection (16a, 16b), extending towards opposite side wall (12, 11) into socket (40), open on inner side (13). Remote profile also includes diffusion-barrier film (30), made of second material strongly coupled with profile body (10) passing, if seen in cross section (x-y), perpendicular to longitudinal direction (z), with outer side of remote section along profile body (10) and continuously extending in direction (y) of height along external surface of side walls and/or inside side walls to second height (hp) and projections (16a, 16b).EFFECT: glass unit is disclosed, in production of which above described remote profile is used.22 cl, 14 dwg
oving device for milling rails heads // 2607506
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a driven mill-knife head installed on a running gear carrying the drive and containing at least one cutting tooth made of several cutting plates for milling rails heads. Head comprises a disc-shape tool holder including peripherally located, equipped with cutting plates cartridges arranged on several articulated with the tool holder bearing segments, herewith the tool holder is connected to the mill-knife head drive, and/or on the tool holder there are peripherally located at least two equipped with cutting plates cartridges, which differ by the number of cutting teeth, and/or by distances between the cutting teeth, and/or by the front angle of separate cutting plates, and/or by the angle of their installation.EFFECT: provided is shorter time for the cutting plates replacement.10 cl, 17 dwg
Jacking system with support structure // 2607489
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to jacking systems for drilling and production at sea areas exposed to icing. Jacking system with support structure comprises a working deck structure, a plurality of support columns movably connected to the working deck structure, cantilever arranged on the working deck structure, drilling derrick located on the cantilever, two or more support main structures, located on the sea bottom and a plurality of movable supports, each of which is rigidly connected to the working deck structure. Working deck structure, and a plurality of support columns, cantilever and drilling derrick form a jacking drilling assembly. Method consists in the fact that during assembling of the jacking system with support structure, a plurality of movable supports pass from the working deck structure to the upper surface of said two or more support main structures, and a plurality of support columns support the jacking drilling assembly, and after assembling of the jacking system with support structures, said two or more support main structures support the working deck structure via the movable supports, and said plurality of support columns is being removed from water in required position.EFFECT: technical result is supporting of the jacking assembly.8 cl, 9 dwg
Underwater hydrocarbon production system // 2607487
FIELD: extraction of minerals.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to underwater extraction of hydrocarbons, in particular to systems for connection of a main field facility and underwater wells. System includes a main field facility, plurality of underwater wells, connected in series by means of plurality of hydrocarbon pipelines with main field facility, plurality of underwater umbilical cables for power transmission, data transmission, hydraulic fluid and working fluid media to underwater well, underwater pipeline fluid network, connected with each underwater well, power supply network and data transmission network for transmission of DC power and data, operatively connected with each underwater well for supplying each underwater well with power supply and data transmission services. DC power supply network and data transmission network are separated from underwater pipeline network and are not intended for fluid transfer.EFFECT: broader functionality due to possibility of transmission of electric power over a distance, considerably greater than available at present, higher flexibility of system.6 cl, 5 dwg
ethod of high-viscosity oil deposits development with possibility of periodic formation heating // 2607486
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the petroleum industry. Method of high-viscosity oil deposits development with possibility of periodic formation heating is characterized by that well is made with dual system of vertical and lateral shafts, wherein both shafts are connected with the same productive formation, lateral shaft face is arranged in 20–25 m from vertical shaft face. Before operation start small-size pump equipment is lowered into well, and parallel tubing string with packer is lowered to vertical shaft face, after that formation warm-up process is initiated via thermal gas-chemical effect, thermo baro chemical processing in mode of gas-liquid fracturing of formation using high-temperature solid-fuel sources or hydro-oxidizing or fuel-oxidizing compositions with heating of near-face area of vertical shaft to depth sufficient for heat effect coverage of near-face section of lateral shaft. Then heating is stopped and product extraction from lateral shaft is started varying duration of cycle depending on rate of reduction of flow. Then product extraction is stopped and formation heating cycle is repeated without lifting of pumping equipment from well, then lateral shaft is put to operation again in product extraction mode.EFFECT: intensification of oil production and high degree of reserves development with simultaneous reduction of costs and minimizing power consumption for heating of formation, creation of conditions for periodic temperature increase up to 800–1,200 °C and more with thermal front spreading at given depth from source, preservation during heating of filtration-capacitance properties of near-face area of shaft, operated in mode of product extraction, reduced number of tripping operations, high safety of work on wells.1 cl, 1 tbl, 2 dwg
Collar formations separator // 2607485
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to collar formations separator. Collar formations separator includes housing with sealing collar installed in it with upper end lowered in well on casing string and fixed on it with locking elements, made in form of funnel. Housing is made in form of casing string centralizer, which upper cylindrical part is made with inner annular groove, in which collar tail part is installed and fixed with locking elements. Collar is made in form of cylinder. Gap between collar upper and lower parts is made corrugated in longitudinal direction with conditional outer diameter smaller, than well shaft diameter, and in working position, its diameter is greater than or equal to well shaft diameter.EFFECT: technical result is creation of reliable and leak-tight formations in well separation device.5 cl, 4 dwg
Noise absorbing wall panel // 2607484
FIELD: acoustics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industrial acoustics, specifically to noise absorbing wall panel. Noise absorbing wall panel has smooth and perforated surfaces, between which complex shaped combined sound-absorbing layer is arranged. Latter represents alternating solid sections and hollow sections. Framework is made of rigid sound-absorbing material. Hollow sections are formed by prismatic surfaces, having in cross section, parallel to drawing plane, parallelogram shape, which inner surfaces have toothed texture. At that, teeth tops face inside prismatic surfaces. Prismatic surfaces ribs are secured on smooth and perforated surfaces, respectively. Cavities, formed by smooth and perforated surfaces, between which complex shaped combined sound-absorbing layer is located, are filled with sound absorbing material from mineral wool on basalt base. Perforated surface inner surface, facing sound-absorbing material, is lined with acoustically transparent material, for example, glass fabric. Cavities of hollow sections formed by prismatic surfaces, are filled with foamed polyethylene or polypropylene.EFFECT: higher efficiency of sound absorption and reliability of design in general.1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of blasting upward borehole charging // 2607483
FIELD: blasting operations.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to explosive substances (ES) charges formation in wells and can be used during blasting upward boreholes charging, regardless of their watercut degree, on underground mining works for extraction of minerals. Method of blasting upward boreholes charging, including live primer location in well upper part with subsequent well filling with ES and formation, or not, of stemming below ES. In well upper part above live primer drain cavity is created, by arranging plug with drain tube in well, wherein tube lower end, after charge formation, is located below charge.EFFECT: invention allows to ensure stability of ES charge column under conditions of large water influx.1 cl
Barrier for spindles of a textile machine // 2607482
FIELD: textile and paper.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to textile industry and concerns noise-attenuating barrier for textile machines. Barrier for spindles of a textile machine comprises a metal casing installed using brackets on a spindle bar of the machine, on the inner surface of the metal casing there is a vibration-absorbing layer, made in the form of elastic sheet vibration-absorbing material with internal loss coefficient not lower than 0.2, or composite material, or plasticate of “Agat”, “Antivibrat”, “Schwim” type. Thickness of the vibration-absorbing layer arranged on plates 2…4 times exceeds thickness of the plates. Spindles turn from a belt drive and are secured on the spindle bar of the machine by means of elastic damping gaskets from elastomer. Ratio of their total stiffness to bending stiffness of the spindle bar is within optimal range of 0.01…0.1. Metal case is located in the zone of spindles along their row and is box-shaped, and covers both rows of spindles of the machine. Plates are arranged on the casing on its inner side and on both sides, top and bottom, are coated with vibration-absorbing layers with sound-absorbing layers arranged on them. On upper and lower planes of the casing there are process holes Z1 and Z2. Ratio of total area of F1 of the process holes to the total area of casing F is within optimal range of values F1/F=0.1…0.4. Sound-absorbing element of the barrier of spindles comprises a smooth surface and a perforated surface, between which a multilayer sound-absorbing structure is arranged, made in form of rigid and perforated walls, between which two layers are arranged: sound-reflecting layer, adjacent to rigid wall, and sound-absorbing layer, adjoining perforated wall. Layer of sound reflecting material is made with complex profile, consisting of evenly distributed hollow tetrahedrons, which enable to reflect sound waves incident in all directions. Perforated wall has the following perforation parameters: hole diameter – 3÷7 mm, perforation percentage – 10÷15 %. Holes can be made as holes of circular, triangular, square, rectangular or rhomboid profile. In case of non-circular holes, it is necessary to consider as nominal diameter maximum diameter of circle inscribed in polygon. Sound-absorbing material used is mineral wool on basalt base of “Rockwool” type, or mineral wool of “URSA” type, or basalt wool of P-75 type, or glass wool lined with glass felt, or foamed polymer, for example, polyethylene or polypropylene. Surface of fibrous sound absorbers is treated with special porous air-permeable paints (for example, “Acutex T”), or coated with air-permeable fabrics or nonwoven materials, for example, “Lutrasil”.EFFECT: invention provides higher efficiency of noise reduction.3 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of mosquito net attachment to window frame // 2607423
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used for plastic and wooden windows opening sashes. Method of mosquito net attachment to window frame consists in fact, that in each of upper Z-shaped brackets holes are drilled, to which engaging corresponding to holes directed outward hooks made of stainless steel wire with diameter of 2.5–3 mm, fixed on net frame upper profile outer side. For net lower part attachment to window frame using attached through loop to net frame lower profile inner surface two hooks, made of spring stainless steel tape, which are hooked for water discharge channel inner hole.EFFECT: enabling higher safety due to elimination of possibility of net falling out in case of horizontal load application to it from inside room.1 cl, 3 dwg
ethod for preventive protection of water body from pollution with liquid hydrocarbons // 2607396
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to environmental protection and can be used for advanced-preventive protection of a water body from liquid hydrocarbon pollution, as well as during seasonal protective measures. Method involves treating the water body with liquid hydrocarbon adsorbents, which have been packed, using a certain method, into shell-bags, permeable for water and liquid hydrocarbons; bags with hydrophobic adsorbent inside – graphene pumice – are dumped onto the water surface in or near the source of water discharge at a hydraulic engineering installation to provide advanced preventive protection of water body while the bags are floating in the water using the current; or the bags that have been attached to each other or placed in a net together with a load and, possibly, anchor, are placed at the bottom of the protected water body for cleaning the bottom deposits from heavy hydrocarbons -once on the water surface, freely floating bags clean the protected water body and even collect the contaminant, which is not known to have been dropped into the water yet, wherein the neutralization of the contaminant is performed by hydrocarbon-oxidizing natural bacteria present in any aquatic ecosystem or under other natural factors - in the pores of the adsorbent, which do not shrink under the action of capillary forces, and the bags, cleaned from the contaminant and able to move further, float to another contaminated section of the water surface and the cycle is repeated multiple times.EFFECT: invention provides protection of a water body from pollution by liquid hydrocarbons.6 cl
ethod for preparation of cast hardening backfill mixtures based on fine aggregate // 2607329
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry and can be used in underground development of deposits with stowing of mined space with hardening mixtures based on fine aggregate, for example dressing tailings. Method for preparation of cast hardening backfill mixtures based on fine aggregate includes dosed supply of binder, water and their mixing, mixing binder in form of cement with water and preliminarily dehydrated in hydrocyclones fine aggregates – ore dressing tailings with size of 0.15 mm, after which obtained solution is subjected to homogenisation and activation in a pulse of hydropercussion-cavitation device with pulse frequency 5,000–6,000 im/s with following ratio of said components: ore dressing tailings – 1,039–1,246 kg/m3, cement – 170–400 kg/m3 of mixture, water 500 l.EFFECT: technical result is faster hardening and increased strength of filling mass due to higher degree of hydration and activation of components of backfill mixtures.1 cl, 4 tbl
Erection method of structural elements of the building/construction of monolithic reinforced concrete (versions) // 2607327
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to construction and can be used at erection of multi-storey monolithic buildings/structures. Substance of the inventions consists in the fact that opened cavities are formed in the upper end of the underlying tier of vertical structures by means of shuttering elements mainly in the form of a truncated cone and/or a pyramid, the larger base of which is directed upwards. Erection of said structural elements is performed by filling formed cavities with concrete.EFFECT: technical result is upgraded buildings/structures resistance to horizontal loads and shear forces.6 cl, 4 dwg
ethod of optimising process mode of operation of gas and gas condensate wells // 2607326
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil and gas industry and can be used in development of gas and gas condensate deposits for control of technical condition of wells and rapid change of process mode of their operation. Method includes: reading data from servers of automated control system of technological processes (APCS) using telemetry and telemechanical sensors, loading and storing them in a database, constructing wells and results of investigations of wells, constructing a gas collection system, simulation of formation pressure in zones of wells using hydrodynamic model of a field or approximation models well clusters, which is carried out according to planned and actual extractions of gas (telemetry data), loading obtained results in database, which are used for adaptation of model of system of intra-field collection of gas on actual data of operation, on basis of which are optimised parameters of wells and stubs, providing for execution of preset target conditions and adherence of process limits, and, taking them into account, said parameters are set by manual control or using telemechanics means. APCS is integrated with software system, which includes models of formation system, system of intra-field collection of gas and numerical algorithm for calculating process mode of operation of wells, which determines optimum distribution of extractions from wells. APCS with help of said software system periodically, with sampling interval, which is set taking into account history of operation of field, performs checking of match of actual measured parameters of operation of field with their calculated values. In case of detection of divergence upon comparison of controlled parameters with their calculated values by a value exceeding maximum allowable value, APCS performs control action on field with simultaneous launch of integrated software system. Using same, APCS by iterations brings field to a state, where difference between actual and calculated values of parameters of its operation is within allowable process limits.EFFECT: high efficiency of industrial safety of operation of gas and gas condensate wells and reduced risk of emergency situations.1 cl, 1 dwg
Line for producing multilayer panels // 2607324
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to lines for producing multilayer panels to allow their proper package and reliable protection during transportation and storage. Line for producing multilayer panels comprises interconnected: an assembly to supply reels of lining to a deep shaping assembly, a filler laying assembly, a segments loading assembly, a pressing assembly, a panels cutting assembly, a pile of panels forming assembly and an assembly to pack a pile of panels with a polyethylene film. Herewith the said assemblies are interconnected with the possibility of shaping incoming linings, subsequent laying a filler between the shaped linings, cutting segments from the filler and further pressing the shaped linings together with the segments down to a required thickness, cutting the linings with the segments into separate panels, forming a pile of panels from individual panels and packing the pile of panels with a polyethylene film. Line is additionally equipped with a protective coating forming assembly located before the assembly to pack a pile of panels with a polyethylene film and including a mechanism to apply a protective coating onto the formed pile of panels along the length of the pile of panels in the direction of its movement along the line, made in the form of a shaft with a rolled protective material placed on it, and a mechanism for cutting the protective material.EFFECT: technical result is higher reliability of packing the formed pile of panels directly in the process of its production.3 cl, 2 dwg
Pin key with variable code // 2607173
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is pin key with variable code. It consists of housing with positioning projection, radial longitudinal openings with pins arranged in them, pins retainer with cone and axis, spring-loaded button, rotary rings with stepped shaped projections of different height cut along internal surface, numbered from 0 to 9, cap, numbered from 1 to 6, with pusher and return spring. At that, pins on cap are made with equal length with possibility of their displacement by cap pusher for rapid key code setting. Rotary rings are arranged at housing with possibility of their turning for rapid key code setting.EFFECT: pins retainer with cone and axis is made with possibility of rapid key code reset.1 cl, 1 dwg
Imaging system of three-dimensional circular behind-cabin environment for simulators of weapons, military and special equipment (stvkzo "kolodets-3d") // 2607149
FIELD: sports.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to training and training facilities and can be used in weapons simulators, military and special equipment for simulation of circular behind-cabin environment. Imaging system of three-dimensional circular behind-cabin environment for simulators of weapon, military and special equipment consists of segments of cylindrical screen, enabling viewing angles of 360 degrees in horizontal and 180 degrees in vertical, and segments of spherical screen, enabling viewing angles of 180 degrees in horizontal and 110 degrees in vertical direction, video projectors and blackout system frame. Data display system is built in multichannel scheme.EFFECT: screen complexes are installed in building, built on model project, or premises, providing design requirements of operational documentation on simulators.1 cl, 3 dwg
Slow rotation of cutter-loader drum // 2607134
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to cutter-loaders. Cutter-loader includes a cutting drum with multiple cutting teeth arranged on the drum and a mechanism of the cutting drum rotation. Mechanism of the cutting drum rotation includes a power supply source, a cutter motor, a switch and a drive with controlled frequency. Switch has the first and the second states. First state electrically connects the power supply source and the cutter motor for operation of the cutting drum at the rate of cutting, a the second state electrically connects the drive with controlled frequency and the cutter motor for operation of the cutting drum at the rate of servicing, lower than that of cutting.EFFECT: technical result is provision for rotation of the cutting drum of the machine at the rate of servicing.20 cl, 4 dwg
ethod for development of non-homogeneous oil deposit // 2607133
FIELD: oil industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil industry and can be used in development of inhomogeneous oil deposit. Method for development of inhomogeneous oil deposit comprises selecting zones of high and average permeability. Injection wells are arranged on one side, and production wells at other side of medium permeability zone. Well pattern is sealed by drilling an additional production well in middle of medium permeability zone. Additional production well is operated until formation pressure in zone of medium permeability falls by 30 % below saturation pressure. Additional production well is stopped upon achieving formation pressure 10 % below saturation pressure. Production wells are stopped in zone of high permeability and recovery of formation pressure in zone of medium permeability to level of high-permeability zone is expected. All production wells are started and operated until formation pressure in zone of medium permeability is 30 % below saturation pressure. After that, production wells are stopped followed by waiting for recovery of formation pressure in zone of medium permeability to level of high-permeability zone. Producing wells in zone of high permeability are then started for a time of reduction of formation pressure in zone of medium permeability below value of formation pressure up to 50 %. Additional production well is converted to injection well. Well in zone of medium permeability is operated as injection well, and wells in zone of high permeability are operated as production wells.EFFECT: technical result – increase of the deposit oil recovery factor.1 cl, 2 ex, 1 dwg
Thick flat dipping ore deposits at big depths development method // 2607131
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mining industry and can be used during underground development of thick, more than 10–15 meters, flat dipping to 20–25 degrees ore deposits at deep depths, of more than 500 m. Method involves conducting of preliminary preparatory driving, ore withdrawal by chambers at ore body full capacity with leaving ore pillars, induced overlying rocks caving into chambers space at height of not less than ore body thickness, breaking of pillars and ore output from pillars under caved rocks. Prior to pillar mining forming protective layer along ore body soil by penetration and backfilling of mines with hardening mixtures. For protective layer openings filling ventilation and filling level is created, which also serves for overlying rocks caving into chambers space and outgoing air stream outlet. Above protective layer protected area is formed, where rock pressure is considerably lower, than in array outside of this zone, and pillar mining is performed by chamber-pillar development system with overlying rocks caving within this zone. At large depths with use of chamber-pillar development system with overlying rocks caving this condition enables to increase chamber robbing volume, chambers width, reduce pillars dimensions, achieve optimum losses parameters and ore dilution with considerable increase in safety of works.EFFECT: more output from chambers is performed by loading and transportation machines, both with manual and remote control, rock from vent-filling horizon workings tunnelling is delivered into exhausted chambers.1 cl, 3 dwg
Reinforced-concrete ground vertical reservoir // 2607128
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, in particular to ground reinforced concrete vertical reservoirs for storage of fluids. Reservoir comprises roof and bottom, in plan view in form of a Reuleaux triangle, and a wall, made in cross section in form of Reuleaux triangle. Reservoir is arranged so that one of corners of wall in plan view is located opposite direction of main vector of wind rose.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of stability and rigidity of tank.1 cl, 3 dwg
ethod for development of non-uniform formations // 2607127
FIELD: oil industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil industry. Method for development of non-uniform formations, which involves pumping displacement agents through injection wells and treatment of bottom-hole zones of wells by in-situ combustion, during development of non-uniform formations, represented by different-permeability formations (interlayers) separated by impermeable webs of unproductive rocks with thickness from 0.5 to 3 m, during treatment of bottom-hole zones of wells by in-situ combustion, temperature of combustion front is maintained at a level and during a time sufficient for creation of development zone permeability in impermeable webs of unproductive rocks and providing vertical filtration of fluids through created zone, wherein situ combustion is initiated in reservoir (interlayer) with minimum permeability.EFFECT: improving coverage of displacement and oil recovery, lower costs of displacement agent on oil production due to more rational use of heat introduced into formation.5 cl, 2 dwg, 2 ex
Device for replacement of stone column of building // 2607124
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used in repair, reinforcement and reconstruction of buildings, namely to replace emergency stone column. Device for replacement of stone column includes temporary attachment post in form of core-row with reinforcement-stone cover, it additionally comprises cargo junction unit at top and support joint at bottom. Cargo junction unit comprises thrust shoe, loading screw, tension nut and washer, thrust plate and face plate connected by welding, equipped with hole with buttress thread on upper end of bearing core-row. Support joint of bearing core-row comprises anchor bolt, dowel-bolt and centering spacer plate.EFFECT: technical result consists in increase of rigidity, strength and deformation characteristics of stone structure.18 cl, 8 dwg
Device for adjustment and/or fixation of plate // 2607122
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for adjustment and/or fixation of a plate and to a support for supporting the plate. Device (1) for adjustment and/or fixation of plate (100) suitable for interaction with side (101, 102) of said plate (100) for its adjustment and/or fixation in a preset position relative to a fixed element, for example, a special support surface or a wall section; comprising: two guide prisms (10) facing each other, herewith each guide prism (10) includes support surface (11) located outside and suitable for resting on corresponding side (101, 102) of the plate or the fixed element, and positioning surfaces (12) inclined relative to support surface (11); positioning means (50) interacting with positioning surfaces (12) of two guide prisms (10) in order to be able to move into the position of plate (100) fixation; movable control means (60) for actuating positioning means (50). Herewith each guide prism (10) has two positioning surfaces (12) located outside and inclined in the opposite directions relative to each other so, that between two opposite guide prisms (10) there are two compartments opposite to each other. Also described is a support for supporting the plate containing such a device.EFFECT: technical result is versatility of using the device together with the possibility of adaptation to a plate to be fixed and adjusted.13 cl, 4 dwg
Railway track // 2607121
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a railway track design. Railway track comprises a longitudinal subrail recess between two longitudinal protrusions on the upper edge of the base. Each protrusion has a longitudinal row of directed into the subrail recess transverse ribs. On the side there is a vertical row of protrusions parallel to the rail foot lower edge. Each protrusion has a longitudinal row of transverse holes. Through each hole a screw track controller is passed. Height of the hole exceeds the diameter of the controller. Controller is equipped with coaxially arranged a head on the outer side of the protrusion and a screw directed into the subrail recess. End faces of the ring seal have roughness.EFFECT: provided is higher reliability, simpler design and assembling/disassembling.7 cl, 16 dwg
Garbage chute and control method thereof // 2607107
FIELD: recycling.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to collection and processing of garbage. Garbage chute comprises a grinding unit, casing, a storage bin and a mixing unit. Method of controlling garbage chute comprises connecting connection hole of storage bin with outlet hole of casing. Connection hole is opened by means of rotation of mixing unit. Grinding unit grinds wastes. Wastes are fed to inlet hole. Connecting hole is closed by means of rotation of mixing unit. Wastes are dehydrated in storage bin by means of rotation of mixing unit and storage bin. Rotation is carried out with first rotation frequency while maintaining closed state of connecting holes.EFFECT: minimising amount of wastes in grinding unit.20 cl, 13 dwg
Overflow device and drain valve for a flush tank equipped with such a device // 2607093
FIELD: sanitary equipment.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to sanitary equipment. Overflow device has a tube extending along an axis and having two open opposite axial ends and a cover at the top end of the tube. Top end of the tube has an inlet opening bounded by a substantially annular inlet edge. Cover and the inlet opening form a siphon system. Cover has a bottom end edge, which surrounds the inlet edge and is located radially outwards of the inlet edge and axially below or substantially flush with a top face of the inlet edge. Drain valve comprises a supporting structure with a sealing seat bounding a drain hole, and a valve body, and a valve body housed to slide inside the supporting structure and having a shutter at the bottom, which cooperates with the sealing seat to close the drain hole. Valve comprises the above overflow device. Tube limits the valve body or forms a part of the valve body.EFFECT: invention provides an overflow device of improved water disposal capacity, a flush tank incorporated in the drain valve, which is simple, effective and reliable.12 cl, 6 dwg
Set of supports with rollers for sliding doors and method of adjusting these supports in height // 2607068
FIELD: furniture.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates mainly to production of furniture, namely, to a set of supports with guide upper rollers for internal and external doors of a sliding door wardrobe, as well as to a method of adjusting the position of the said supports with rollers in height. Set of supports with rollers for sliding doors containing at least one support with a roller for the internal door and at least one support with a roller for the external door, herewith each of the supports is provided with a mounting element of the L-shape, on the long shelf of which there is at least one fixing hole, and on the short shelf – a hole for an adjusting screw made able to be coupled with the support.EFFECT: technical result is reducing the material consumption and simplifying the design of each of the supports with rollers included in the set.4 cl, 4 dwg
Drill bit with exchangeable cutting portion // 2607058
FIELD: instrument making.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to tools for drilling or boring and can be used in machining materials by boring or drilling crowns with replaceable cutting sections. Drill bit is rotatable about an axis and has a cutting portion with one or more cutting segments and a first plug-in connecting element, and a drill shank portion with a second plug-in connecting element, which forms a plug-in connection with first plug-in connecting element. First plug-in connecting element and second plug-in connecting element can be connected by means of a pin connection.EFFECT: reliable connection of drill rod section and cutting section, reduced costs for replacement of cutting elements.15 cl, 4 dwg
Fastener for element of furniture fittings // 2607053
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a fastener for fastening elements of furniture fittings to a piece of furniture and aims at increasing reliability of fastening. Fastener for fastening furniture fittings to a piece of furniture, wherein using said fastener element of furniture fittings can be fastened to a piece of furniture, optionally, left side element of furniture fittings or right side of element of furniture fittings, comprising a connecting element with two areas of connecting element for fastening element of furniture fittings to a piece of furniture, and fastening element with a through opening, wherein connecting element is at least partially located in through opening and is configured to move relative to fastening element, wherein connecting element has at least one thrust element, which is configured for restricted movement relative to connecting element.EFFECT: higher reliability.22 cl, 25 dwg
ethod of development of gas field // 2607005
FIELD: gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gas industry and can be used in development of deposits of natural gas, mainly at the stage of falling production and at the final stage of development. Method involves selective, during seasonal decrease of consumer demand for gas, shutdown of gas wells in operational zones located in the roof part of the structure with reduced, relative to the average for the deposit, formation pressure and the most close to the center of the depression funnel. Shutdown is performed for a period required for compensation of losses of the formation pressure due to inflow of gas from peripheral zones with a duration determined by results of the previous shutdown. Taken into account is the point of intersection of the first time derivative of the function of gas inflow intensity to the operating zone of the stopped wells and the first derivative of the function of intensity of potential gas production defined as the first derivative of dependence of maximum output of the current formation pressure in the zone at a specified constant value of pressure at the inlet of the gas field. After the shutdown controlled is the value of formation pressure in the zones to its stabilization after starting the wells into operation. Herewith the number of operating wells and process modes of their operation are selected so that the volumes of extracted gas are maximum compensated due to its inflow from adjacent zones.EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency of development of deposits of natural gas.1 cl, 1 ex, 1 tbl, 5 dwg
ethod for operational control of technical state of gas and gas condensate wells // 2607004
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil and gas industry and can be used in development of gas and gas condensate deposits. Method involves standard gas-dynamic well survey on standard filtration modes with construction of relationship between wellhead parameters (pressure and temperature) and pressure at well bottom from gas flow, monitoring conformity of values of wellhead parameters recorded during operation to value of parameters defined by relationship, constructed according to results of gas-dynamic survey (GDS) at current gas flow rate. Pressure is monitored in annular space of well by means of pressure sensor installed on well and based on readings of which with specified sampling period, using a barometric formula, automated system for process control efficiently models bottom-hole pressure and compares it to value of bottom-hole pressure, defined by relationship, constructed according to results of GDS at current gas flow rate. Rapid modelling of bottom-hole pressure and its dynamics is performed using results of actual measurements of gas flow produced with specified sampling period. Rapid modelling of pressure losses in well shaft is determined from results of actual measurements of bottom-hole pressure, its characteristics and current parameters of produced fluid.EFFECT: present invention enables to efficiently monitor technical condition of wells, which improves industrial safety during operation.3 cl
Bottom-hole pulses generating device // 2607003
FIELD: drilling of soil or rock.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to drilling, namely to vibrations and hydraulic pulses generation in drilling well. Pulse generator comprises stator, connected to housing; rotor installed with possibility of rotation in housing; annular space formed between rotor and stator; inner channel, which is made passing through rotor; one or more external through holes ensuring fluid medium connection between annular space and internal channel; and retrievable valve unit, rotationally connected to rotor and at least partially installed in internal channel. Retrievable valve unit includes valve element made with possibility of rotation, having one or more main through flow holes, and linear adjustment device for moving of valve element made with possibility of rotation from first position into second position. Fluid medium path is periodically created by one or more external through flow holes, annular space and one or more main through flow holes during rotor rotation.EFFECT: enabling drilling rig longer operating life.18 cl, 11 dwg
Face support cantilever cap turning position determination method and device and face support cantilever cap turning device // 2607002
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to powered support elements position monitoring devices. Disclosed is face support cantilever beam (10) turning position determination method, which by means of, at least, one hydraulic cylinder (14) can be turned about axis relative to face support cap (12) between retracted position and extended position, characterized by fact, that determining pressure in hydraulic cylinder annular space (24) and/or in piston space (26) and depending on determined pressure making conclusion on turning position.EFFECT: technical result is providing accuracy of cantilever support turning position determining without need for arrangement of necessary components in face support potentially hazardous zone.11 cl, 4 dwg
Device for pressing to form cavity and method of cavities formation in gypsum board // 2607001
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to pressing device and method for forming recesses in plate. Device comprises pressing head having pressing surface, which is intended for contact with plate, and supporting element. At that, pressing head compresses plate section between pressing surface and supporting element for formation of cavity in plate. Pressing surface comprises sections of first and second surfaces, separated by textured area, which is intended for compression of plate in supporting element direction with smaller compression force in comparison with sections of first and second surfaces. Device also comprises drives to move pressing head and supporting element in first direction, which is, substantially, corresponds to plate movement direction, and in second direction, which is, substantially, perpendicular to plate plane, wherein pressing device speed in first direction, substantially, corresponds to plate speed.EFFECT: technical result is higher efficiency of pressing and formation of cavities in plate.15 cl, 9 dwg, 1 tbl
Pipe anchoring system and method // 2607000
FIELD: pipes.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to pipe anchoring systems, to pipe element anchoring method. Pipe anchoring system includes component in form of truncated cone, having first section in form of truncated cone and second section in form of truncated cone, wherein first section in form of truncated cone narrows in direction, opposite to direction, in which second section in form of truncated cone narrows, pipe wedges, in operating condition connected with first section in form of truncated cone, radially expanding in response to first section in form of truncated cone longitudinal movement relative to pipe wedges, seal, in operating condition connected with second section in form of truncated cone, radially expanding in response to second section in form of truncated cone longitudinal movement relative to seal, and socket with surface, made with possibility of leak-tight connection with plug, lowering onto it.EFFECT: technical result is improved of pipes anchoring efficiency.20 cl, 6 dwg
 
2551015.
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