Fixed constructions (E)

E            Fixed constructions(156823)

Charging valve of garbage chute // 2614390
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: charging valve of the garbage chute includes the chamber for placing the garbage bag therein and the device for introducing the garbage bag into the window of the vertical garbage chute composition. The stationary chamber for placing the garbage bag therein is made in the form of a parallelepiped with the inclined slippery bottom at an angle of more than 45%, wherein the toe of the inclined slippery bottom is extended up to the contact line with the window of the vertical garbage chute composition, the chamber turning cover is provided with a retractable rod ending with a flexible plate to push the garbage bag into the window of the vertical garbage chute composition. The passage rod sleeve is located on the cover closer to the garbage shaft. In the flange connection of the chamber to the passage insert of the vertical garbage chute composition, the flexible plate with flexible vertical stripes across the entire passage section is fixed.EFFECT: increasing the charging valve efficiency and reliability.2 dwg

Working element of mole plow // 2614380
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: working element of mole plow comprises a vertical knife with a drainer (2), a reamer (3), a horizontal knife (4) attached to the reamer(3) and made in the form of the wings diverging from the reamer (3) . Additional drainers (5) are installed on the wings. The reamer (3), the drainer (2) and additional drainers (5) in cross section formed in a Reuleux triangle, wherein they are oriented upwards by one of the corners in cross-section, and the other two corners of the Reuleux triangle of the reamer (3) and additional drainers (5) are located on the horizontal plane at the same axis with the horizontal knife (4).EFFECT: increased stability of mole drains.2 dwg

Return valve for drilling strings // 2614342
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: return valve contains a hollow cylindrical body and disposed and located there the following components: the fixed saddle, forming by its inner surface with the inner surface of the valve body the flow path channel for fluid from the drilling string; as well as contacting with the saddle movable locking unit with disc-shaped head, providing that contact, with rigidly connected with it and tightening the locking unit to the saddle by spring-loaded rod in the form of the central rod with shank, with locking unit clamp relatively to the saddle and covering the rod shank by the locking plug with the slot for the locking unit clamp. At that the valve is additionally equipped with a hollow conical plug, covering the locking plug and supporting by its large base the disc-shaped head of the locking device, and its body is made as one piece and locking unit clamp is made as the press-fitted pin into the rod relatively to the saddle. At that the locking plug slot for the locking unit clamp is made as profiled-blind, providing due to its form the opportunity not only of free axial movement of the pin rod in it at vertical movement of the locking unit, but also the possibility of its locking in this groove at the forced rotation of the locking unit around the axis, and also the subsequent exit from it under the action of the fluid flow from the drilling string, falling to the head of the locking unit. The rod spring is installed on its shank in the locking plug, and the locking unit itself, generally, with its disc-shaped head, its spring-loaded rod with a pin, the conical and the locking plugs formed in the stable relatively to the axis of the one-piece unit valve, installed in the valve channel separately from the body under its saddle, and the fixed valve saddle is designed as a single metal sleeve fixed in the housing.EFFECT: increase of valve reliability and manufacturability.2 dwg

ethod of real-time control of reservoir flooding // 2614338
FIELD: oil-and-gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to petroleum industry, namely to control of oil reservoir flooding. Method involves oil sampling through producer wells and working agent injection through injection wells, evaluation of impact of production and injection wells. In order to determine the optimum values of injectivity of injection wells a mathematical model of the field is used, and the initial data for each production well and injection wells potentially affecting it the parameters in the form of the date of measurement, injectability, flow rate of fluid and oil fraction are taken. The mathematical model is comprised by functions, reflecting the change in fluid flow rate and the share of oil production wells at change of injectivity of injection wells, also, the mathematical model is adapted by obtaining the minimum difference of actual and estimated data of fluid flow rate and the share of work of each oil production well. The optimum values of regulated parameters of fluid flow rate of functions of fluid flow rate and the share of oil are determined, and the mixed function of daily oil production of producing well is made depending on the injectability of injection wells around. Then the maximization of total oil production of the field as a whole is perfoemd through the redeployment of injectivity of injection wells, with imposition of restrictions on the volume of injection for efficient organizing of system of displacement of oil with water and maintaining the reservoir pressure.EFFECT: invention provides efficient organizing of the system of displacement of oil with water and maintenance of reservoir pressure.4 dwg, 11 tbl
Dredge work method of watercut placer mineral deposits // 2614337
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: method includes preparation and extraction works, dressing and dumping, the construction of dams around the mining equipment and the stock, prepared for working out during the winter season, upon the occurrence of sustained freezing temperatures the works are carried out in the shed, placed on the dam and mine development is carried out at the maximum possible height of the dredging section freeboard, while moving the shed with dredge begining to move.EFFECT: reduction of the shed construction costs, which will significantly extend the mining season.1 dwg

Fluid flow heating system in pipes // 2614280
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: system includes a heating cable, which is placed in the zone of possible wax formation or pipeline freezing, the transition terminal box for the heating cable connection, heating control station, the cable pusher, creates an additional stress for unwinding the heating cable from the technological drum and pushing through the inclined insertion in the pipeline, parasol-piston, which is mounted on the tip of the heating cable. Umbrella-pistal opens and creates pulling force under the action of the flow of the technological fluid and closes after cable mounting under the action of excess pressure in the pipeline. There are load-bearing core and separating bundles made of high-strength aramid fibers in the heating cable. There is an implemented automatic adaptive cable heating control system in the control station on the current values of the pressure and temperature of the fluid in the pipeline, as well as the system of remote control and cable heating control.EFFECT: simplifying the process and reducing cable installation time, implementation of the heating in automatic mode with minimal costs.3 dwg

ethod of formation of quays using ash waste pulp // 2614236
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for formation of quays using ash waste pulp includes preliminary formation of a ditch with the width greater than the width of geotube laying, while in areas with formed ditch the waterproofing material with the width greater than the width of the ditch is continuously laid, the first row of geotubes is filled with ash waste supplied in the form of liquid mixture, in the second row a part of geotubes are filled with a filtrate flowing down the formed slope sections of the ditch, and the other part of geotubes is filled with ash waste. Period of alternation of geotubes with filtrate and of geotubes with ash wastes depends on the amount of filtrate required to fill the geotubes without stopping the leachate pumping process.EFFECT: formation of quays using slag waste and ash waste leachate with a possibility of denser packing of the materials used at the maximum extraction of fine particles of ash waste.1 dwg

Prefabricated light support for emergency and restoration works on power lines // 2614180
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: prefabricated light support consists of two X-connected struts 1, strut support 2, three hinged sections of triangular base 3, consisting of two parts with flange connections 4 in the middle, horizontal beams 5, 6, located above and below the intersection node X-connected struts, 1 rack, flexible traverses 7, flexible ties 8 that unite the upper and lower ends of X-connected struts 1 on one side of the vertical axis of the support. Base section 3, X-connected struts 1, strut support 2 and horizontal beams 5, 6 are interconnected by hinge joints.EFFECT: simplified installation and reduced their labour input in support construction in place, allows for installation without foundation construction and heavy machinery application.1 dwg

Winter car canopy // 2614179
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: canopy is not lifted directly straight up, but by manual turning of the canopy around a horizontal axis located at a small height above the ground. To compensate the lifted canopy weight, balances are applied, their weight force is transmitted to the canopy through the system of folding rods, which are located on the other side of the vertical plane passing through the rotation axis. Canopy lifting angle is at least 70 degrees.EFFECT: simplified and improved reliability of the design.6 dwg
Protector for power cable safety in well (variants) // 2614178
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: protector to save the power cable in the well contains a molded case, equipped with two longitudinal edges and formed integrally with the cable channel and the center channel with the size under the outer diameter of the tubing to lock the protector housing to the coupling joint, hinged arcuate clamping brackets one end of which is provided with an opening for rotation on an axis which passes through the bracket, and the second - is attached by a bolt to the housing. This clamping brackets are made cast or stamped. Housing protector is equipped at their ends guide channels: to secure wide and narrow electric cable for fixation of the high-pressure supply tubes of chemical reagents. Longitudinal hull rib has two abutments to prevent axial movement relative to the housing of the arcuate folding clamping brackets and the middle portion of the tread has a lateral housing edges connecting the longitudinal ribs and the housing having a guide channel in its middle part.EFFECT: increase of reliability of fixing of the electric cable and the high-pressure pipe supplying chemicals into the tread body.2 cl, 4 dwg
Executive body of tunnelling shield complex for construction of multilane road and railway tunnels and pillarless metro stations // 2614176
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: executive body of the oval-shaped shield complex comprises lateral working bodies that represent ovals formed by rotating about the vertical axis of the lateral tunnel arches and their coupling with the arch and the reverse arch of the tunnel. The front working body consists of three working bodies, each of which is formed by rotating about the horizontal axes of the arch and the reverse arch circles, wherein the intermediate working body is made concave. The gaps between them and the shield shell correspond to the working tool overhang, and the working tool is mounted with the displacement to the development magnitude.EFFECT: provision of tunneling with the optimal oval cross-section shape, while reducing the costs for the rock development; provision of tunneling in various geological conditions at the large influx of water, creating the conditions for the maximum mechanization and automation of all production processes.2 cl, 6 dwg

Device for dredge work of deposits during winter // 2614175
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: device includes a dam around the mining equipment and a sliding shed, placed on it with a transparent insulating roof. Wherein the shed is made of polycarbonate, on the entire surface of which there are double-convex lenses in staggered rows.EFFECT: protection of heat inside the shed.1 dwg

Wooden handrail turning element and wooden handrail containing this turning element // 2614174
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: wooden round handrail turning element is made as a part of an open torus bounded by two ends in planes passing through the torus axis and forming an angle α of not more than 90°, has a through opening formed by two openings with axes perpendicular to its ends and intersecting at an angle of 180° - α and, if necessary, a cylindrical recess in the center of one or both ends, the axis of which is perpendicular to the end face. A wooden handrail, comprising at least one turning element of the said structure, at least one rectilinear part of the handrail, if necessary, a handrail end with a cylindrical recess, if necessary, to form handrail rotation - one or more straight elements with a through hole and cylindrical recesses in the end centers, and a fixing alignment system comprising straight and curved threaded rods, washers to align elements and connecting nuts installed thereon. The thickness of washer installed at the site of alignment of elements that form the handrail turn, is greater than one but less than two values of the cylindrical recess depth, and the thickness of washer, installed at the site of turning element alignment with a rectilinear part of the handrail does not exceed the cylindrical recess depth. At the end of the rectilinear portion of the handrail, a threaded rod in the form of a screw is installed, and the bent threaded rod placed in the through opening of the turning element, which is the last in the handrail turn, and is aligned with the rectilinear portion of the handrail, is shortened.EFFECT: increased design reliability, simplified assembly, expanded possibilities of handrail structures formation, improved aesthetic and ergonomic properties due to the absence of visible metal parts.9 cl, 8 dwg, 1 tbl

Device for determining technical state of cone cutter bit // 2614173
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: device for determining the technical condition of a cone bit comprises the frame with the rotating body feeding mechanism fixed thereon, with the possibility to create load on the cone cutter to be diagnosed by means of the disc for the cone cutter rotation, the electric motor and the step speed control pulleys, the base frame for installing the cone cutter bit thereon, with the ability to fix a vibration sensor on its feet. The device is additionally provided with a removable cartridge for installing the cone cutter bit with the possibility of rotation around its own axis, mounted on the movable platform, with the possibility of moving in a horizontal plane via a handle mounted on the feeding worm gear mechanism shaft and the movable frame loaded by the handle mounted on the feeding shaft, the frequency converter of smooth lectrical motor speed regulation and the signal processing unit, both arranged on the frame, interconnected with the sensor for measuring the cutter rotation speed and the vibration sensor, the disc pad with a slot and a high-precision optical distance-measuring sensor. The disc pad is adapted to be fitted on the rotating body, and is fixed by the feeding mechanism in a vertical plane, and the optical distance-measuring sensor is mounted in the disc pad slot with the possibility of moving the sensor along the slot from the disk pad edge to its center.EFFECT: improving the accuracy in determining the technical state of a cone cutter bit.2 dwg

Highway bridge expansion joint // 2614172
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to closed expansion joints for highway bridges. The expansion joint has a metal compensator attached to anchor rods, containing an additional back-curved compensator made of sheet brass or galvanized steel located in the cavity under porous filler.EFFECT: increased service life of closed type expansion joints with a metal compensator.1 dwg

ethod and equipment for interval research of formation parameters at tubes // 2614169
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: method includes the downhole equipment lowering into the well to the specified depth, consisting of an oilwell tubing column (OWT), upper and lower inflatable packers with the radial holes in the inflation chambers, the outer and inner flexible sleeves with disposed between them the metal plate frame, switching of the upper and lower inflatable packers from transport to working position. The assembly and lowering of the downhole equipment is carried out in the following sequence: the plug, the circulation full bore tube valve with the shear pins, the lower centralizer, inflate and bypass valve of the inflatable packers layout (IBVIPL) underpackers, the lower inflatable packer and inflate valve, interpacker disconnect switch, interpacker IBVIPL, upper inflatable packer and inflate valve, the upper centralizer, overpacker disconnect switch, circulation valve. At the beginning of the downhole equipment lowering, the inflate valves of the inflatable packers, underpacker IBVIPL and interpacker IBVIPL are in the closed position. When the casing pressure is exceeded over the OWT column pressure, the opening of the bypass holes of underpacker and interpacker IBVIPL and filling of OWT column with borehole fluid is carried out. The bypass holes of underpacker and interpacker IBVIPL are closed automatically, then provide the first fluid supply. At that the inflate and bypass holes of underpacker and interpacker IBVIPL are closed and build the pressure, at which the upper and lower inflate valves of the upper and lower inflatable packers are opened respectively, bringing the inflatable chambers into the working position. The downhole equipment is stand under the pressure, then slowly carry out the first pressure releasing: if it reaches the value, the inflate valves are closed completely. The inflatable packers are moved to the working position and intervally overlap the wellbore. At the first pressure release in the underpacker IBVIPL there is the opportunity to open the bypass holes, then the fluid selection is carried out from the underpacker area. The inflate and bypass holes of interpacker IBVIPL are closed. The second fluid supply is performed and the constant pressure is built, at which the inflate holes are opened in underpacker IBVIPL . If necessary, the process fluid inflate to the underpacker area is carried out, during which the inflate and bypass holes of interpacker IBVIPL are closed. Produce the second pressure release, at which there is the opportunity to open the bypass hole in the interpacker IBVIPL. The fluid selection from interparcker area is performed during which the inflate and bypass holes of underpacker IBVIPL are closed. The third fluid supply is performed and the pressure is built, at which the inflate holes of interpacker IBVIPL are opened, and the inflate and bypass holes in underpacker IBVIPL are closed. Produce the third pressure release, at which the inflate and bypass holes of both IBVIPL come to the starting position.EFFECT: acceleration of works on the sample fluid selection or process fluid inflate into the underpacker and interpacker well areas at one tripping process.2 cl, 6 dwg

Automated bus stop // 2614159
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: automated bus stop comprises a stop site for buses, a crossing-speed lane for braking and speeding up, a boarding place, a waiting place (passenger pavilion), sidewalks and crossing paths. It is additionally equipped with a device of automatic regulation of entrance to the bus stop comprising a video camera recording a state license plate number of the entering vehicle, a control unit processing a video camera signal, comparing with the ones available in its data base, and with matching letter and digit combination, with the help of an actuating element providing for free entrance of the vehicle to the stop site of the bus stop. After passage of the bus, a movable unit with a protruding part having a light reflection label and "STOP" inscription is lifted and prevents entrance to the bus stop.EFFECT: safety of people waiting for a bus at a bus stop, as well as boarding on and off a bus, increased throughput capacity of the city street and road network.4 dwg

ethod for development of oil producing well and device therefor // 2614139
FIELD: oil industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to oil industry, in particular, to methods for development of oil producing wells and device for realising said methods. Method for development of oil well includes steps of: acid treatment of bottom-hole zone, on which acid solution is pumped into bottom-hole zone, holding for period of time of reaction of acid solution with rock of bottom-hole zone; bringing well to operation conditions, on which shank is lowered into bottom-hole zone, wherein shank loaded with granules of magnesium metal, pump equipment is lowered into well, pumping equipment switched to operation conditions, fluid is extracted from well, wherein fluid extracted from well by means of pumping equipment, when passing through shank is brought into contact with granules of magnesium metal, loaded into shank, pumped fluid is directed towards exhaust line. Device for neutralising acid comprises shank, connected to tubing string (TS), wherein shank has a housing, an inner cavity, in which are loaded granules of magnesium metal, and holes for extraction of fluid medium, made in housing of shank, wherein cavity of shank is linked with hole of tubing string.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of corrosion of downhole equipment, shorter duration of well development, lower power and labour costs for transportation, processing and recovery of acid.20 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of arrangement of root pile with controlled widening // 2614131
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of fabrication of root anchor piles with controlled widening includes well drilling, installation of an anchor in the form of tube-injector, injecting of the injection solution until controlled compression of borehole walls over the entire length of the annulus. The controlled widening is reinforced by sickle-curved rods, located along the perimeter of the bottom of the injector inside fixed rubber membrane barrel.EFFECT: increase of bearing capacity of anchor piles, fabricability improvement, decrease of required immersion length.4 dwg

Device for restricting the rotation angle of valve with the left cover and supporting hole in the right slider // 2614094
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device for restricting the rotation angle of valve with the left cover and supporting hole in the right slider comprises a hook adapted to hinge the pad with a slot having a flared end facing the hinge joint. In this case, the hook is made longitudinally movable and passing through the flared end of the slot, with the possibility of subsequent meshing with at least one edge of the slot along its length during the valve opening. On the pad, the right slider is worn movable along it with a supporting hole configured for the hook to completely or partially pass therethrough after it passes through the extended end of the longitudinal slot. Thus, on the pad, a rack ratchet mechanism is made comprising a toothed rack, with at least one tothed recess in one of the longitudinal slot edges and provided with a squeezing handled clutch disposed to squeezing from the toothed recesses and movement in the slot between the right slider and the left cover, placed on the pad overlapping with the two longitudinal slot edges and connected to the right slider to move with it and the clutch along the slot. In this case, the left cover or the right slider has a supporting hole through which the squeezing handle is put.EFFECT: improved device reliability.3 cl, 16 dwg

Device for restricting the rotation angle of valve with a hook in the left cover and supporting hole in the right cover // 2614091
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device for restricting the rotation angle of valve with the hook in the left cover and supporting hole in the right cover comprises a hook adapted to hinge the pad with a slot having a flared end facing the hinge joint. In this case, the hook is made longitudinally movable and passing through the flared end of the slot, with the possibility of meshing with the slot edge along its length during the valve opening. Thus, on the pad, a rack ratchet mechanism is made comprising a toothed rack, with at least one tothed recess in one of the longitudinal slot edges and provided with a squeezing handled clutch disposed to squeezing from the toothed recesses and movement in the slot between the right and the left covers, placed on the pad overlapping with the two longitudinal slot edges and to each other to move with each other and the clutch along the slot. In this case, the left cover has a hook to mesh with the bracket rigidly attached to the support with a movable hook. The right cover has a supporting hole with the hook possibility to pass through it after passing through the flared end of the pad slot. The left or the right cover has a supporting hole through which the squeezing handle is put.EFFECT: improved device reliability.3 cl, 16 dwg

Combined drainage of earthworks // 2614072
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: combined drainage containing two types of drains, consisting of interconnected flexible and gabion mattresses made of dense rows of light fascines, perforated pipes and lattice shells. One of these types - the batter drainage 1 is arranged in staggered stacked gabion mattresses 3 with drainage devices and flexible meshes 8 of fiberglass materials reinforcing the ground mass. Gabion mattresses 3 are made of light fascines and perforated pipes, which are laid in alternating rows into gabion mesh shell to which along the base 3 of the mattresses and throughout their length the flexible reinforcing meshes 8 of fiberglass material are attached. The flexible reinforcing fiberglass meshes 8 of gabion mattresses 3 in step manner are cut into the soil mass of lower slope at the altitude of drainage to form reinforced ground structure. The second kind of drainage - horizontal 2 - is arranged at the base of the lower slope with access to the downstream along its bottom and is made of two layers of mattresses, the first layer - water intake part 9 of flexible mattresses 4, laid horizontally along the base of the lower slope and the bottom of the downstream, and the second layer of gabion mattresses 3 is laid above rows of the first layer of flexible mattresses 4 along the normal line to it and along the seepage output line. At the foot of batter drainage 1 at the bottom and on top of the output end of the horizontal drainage 2 the stone backfill 11 is arranged. the combined drainage can be most effectively used in critical conditions of rivers of plains and foothill areas, where low pressure earthen dams and dikes of fine sand and clay soils are erected.EFFECT: improved operating efficiency of the drainage device.5 dwg

Batter drainage of earthworks // 2614071
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: batter drainage on the lower slope is made of prefabricated gabion mattresses 1 of modular design with the width 1-1.5 m, the thickness 0.4-0.6 m and the length up to 2.5 m, and from the underlying layer 5 of the light fascines 2. The underlying layer 5 of light fascines 2 in the base and gabion mattresses 1 from above are bundled with galvanized metal wire. Along the top row of mattresses 1 with deepening into the slope the heavy mattresses of bags 6 with local soil and vegetation are stacked, which are reliably bundled with each other and with gabion mattresses 1 on the slope. At the foot of the drainage in the downstream above the gabion mattresses 1 the stone backfill 7 of gravel and pebble soil is made. The efficiency of the drain device design is improved.EFFECT: batter drainage in the offered design can be most effectively used in critical conditions of rivers of plains and foothill areas, where low pressure earthen dams and dikes of fine sand and clay soils are erected.4 dwg
Residential building basement drainage method // 2614004
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: residential building basement drainage method involves trenching with a slope towards the discharge of drainage water, where perforated drainage pipes are laid in a homogeneous layer of filter material. In order to ensure free drainage, the trench bottom is made with a slope of ≥0.005. Drainage pipes with perforations made at the sides, are joint and placed on a layer of filtering material. The end of the drainage pipe is connected to the manhole through the exhaust pipe. A trash box of a sump, a check valve are installed between the drainage and discharge pipe, then the trench and the entire basement area is filled with a layer of filtering material.EFFECT: provision of continuous drainage of basement prone to flooding, where a constant or intermittent inflow of groundwater is observed, provision of a sufficient drainage area of the basement and provision of drainage construction durability in general.5 cl, 3 dwg

Corner profile for fixing facing structures // 2614000
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: corner profile for fixing the facing structures comprises two bearing elements 1 connected by one lateral butt side at an angle corresponding to the angle formed by the walls of the structure of room corner to be faced; on the other lateral side, the two bearing elements 1 are made with a bend 3 in the form of a bar displaced inwards the angle parallel to the plane of the corresponding bearing elements 1, the spacers 5 connected to the bearing elements 1 with the possibility of their connection to the bars 3, the mounting cups 7 arranged on the outer side of the bearing elements 1 with the possibility of connecting therethrough the facing structures 8.EFFECT: quality improvement.4 cl, 8 dwg

ethod for sinking vertical well bores and corresponding equipment // 2613999
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: system for sinking vertical well bores includes a rotary drive mounted on a multi-tiered sinking platform with telescopic hydraulic cylinders, and connected to a cylindrical drill, hydraulic penetration bids, a loading machine for excavation of rock, and a tubbing erector. The set of equipment includes a conductor, with friction type bearings along the perimeter, and lower and upper supporting rings, and a screwdown structure with stulls and an encasing. A cylindrical drill has a cutting edge along the lower end and a support ring in the middle section, with the tooth wheel on top; wherein the gear drives are mounted on the lower conductor support ring to engage with the gear. The loader is mounted on a telescopic vertical stand rigidly fixed to the upper central part of the conductor. Cylinder rods of hydraulic jacks of the rock drill are mounted on the upper support ring of the conductor and rods of telescopic hydraulic jacks are connected with the screw down structure. The top floor of the sinking platform has niches with inflatable rubber elements, to prevent leakage of concrete.EFFECT: increased speed of shaft sinking and lining quality due to construction of a monolithic lining inside the barrel.3 dwg

Sprengel // 2613998
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: sprengel comprises a carrying solid cylindrical rod of high-strength composite material with the surface laying of ring filaments under tension and with fastening nodes at the ends, made in the form of conical bulges for mounting in the bounding sleeve; an inset element in the form of a cylinder with a cone at the inner base made of a material having the characteristics as per mechanical strength and heat resistance not lower than the corresponding characteristics of the polymeric material of the rod. The composite material of the carrying solid cylindrical rod fixed in a bounding sleeve by blocks and shoulders, is made on the basis of roving of glass, basalt or carbon fibers impregnated with an epoxy compound cured afterwards, and the sleeve is provided with a plug and a fastening element; the inset element is additionally provided with a cone at the outer basis of its cylinder and surrounded by straight filaments of roving fibers tightly adjacent on all sides to form an extended area of straight filaments at the ends of the rod at a distance to the cone larger than the cylinder base diametre, the material of the inset element and the roving of straight and ring filaments having equal values of thermal expansion factors and the ring filaments area being impregnated by topcoat based on an epoxy compound and a roving fiber powder.EFFECT: increasing the design durability and reliability under the conditions of exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation.3 dwg

Device for gas-vapour mixture production // 2613997
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: device for producing gas mixture contains a gas turbine engine, an additional combustion chamber, which communicates with the cavity on the one hand with the output of the free turbine and gas turbine engine fuel line, and on the other hand - to the inlet of the heat exchanger. A gas turbine engine includes a compressor and turbine impellers, which are mounted on the same shaft, the combustion chamber, the free turbine, a shaft, which is connected to the shaft of the water pump. The combustion chamber communicates with one side part of the compressor with the flowing fuel line and, on the other hand with the flow part of the turbine. At the same time to the other input of heat exchanger, a water pump is connected and heat exchanger outlets communicated with the jet compressor.EFFECT: increased efficiency of combined-cycle impact on the oil reservoir by optimizing plant design.1 dwg

Steam-gas generator // 2613995
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: steam-gas generator contains a ballasting component cooled combustion chamber and the mixing head. Mixing head includes an oxidant, the fuel supply unit, the component feed unit is ballasted with fired bottom. In the mentioned blocks uniformly coaxially-jet nozzles are mounted in the circles. Moreover, a regenerative cooling path cavity combustion chamber is connected to the cavity of the supply unit is ballasted component. In the internal cavity of the combustion chamber, the tubular heat transfer elements are arranged parallel to its axis. Wherein one end of each of the tubular heat transfer element mounted in the combustion bottom ballasting component feed unit and the other end of said heat exchange element coaxially mounted in a shaped channel formed in the bottom, placed at the outlet of the combustion chamber, gas pipe fixed to the bottom.EFFECT: increased efficiency of thermal effects on the oil reservoir by mixing in steam-gas generator formed in the flue gas produced by it with steam and feeding the resulting gas mixture into the oil reservoir.2 cl, 3 dwg

Kochetov wall resonant panel // 2613992
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: wall resonant panel comprises perforated and smooth surfaces, between which there is a sound-absorbing composite layer of complex shape. The latter is an alternation of continuous and hollow sections with a frame made of a rigid sound-absorbing material based on aluminium containing alloys. Hollow sections are formed by prismatic surfaces having in cross-section parallel to the drawing plane, the shape of a parallelogram. Internal parallelogram surfaces have a toothed structure. The teeth tops are directed inward the prismatic surfaces. The edges of the prismatic surfaces are fixed respectively on the perforated and smooth surfaces. The cavities formed by perforated and smooth surfaces between which a sound-absorbing composite layer of complex shape is located, are filled with soft absorbing material of mineral wool on the basis of basalt or basalt wool, or glass wool lined with glass felt. The inner surface of the perforated surface that faces direction of the sound-absorbing material is lined with acoustically transparent material such as fiberglass. The hollow section cavities formed by prismatic surfaces are fiiled with polymer foam and coupled by resonant cavities with openings formed by perforated and smooth surfaces, between which there is a sound-absorbing composite layer of complex shape.EFFECT: improved noise suppression and structure reliability as a whole.1 dwg
ethod of quantitative analysis for distribution of contaminant particles which infiltrated in porous medium during filtration // 2613903
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: cationic-dyed particles are mixed with granules of loose medium of the colour which is close to the colour of the examined porous medium, and at least three calibration standards are prepared at various known mass concentrations of died particles. The prepared standards are photographed and the images are digitally analyzed based on the RGB additive colour model. The intensity profiles of red, green and blue colours are obtained for each standard. Based on the analysis of the profiles a standard for quantitative characterization of changes in the red, green and blue colours in all calibration standards is chosen and a single calibration curve is received. A suspension of dyed particles is prepared and pumped through a sample of the analyzed porous medium. Then, the sample of porous medium is split into two parts along the suspension direction during pumping and the sample cleavage is photographed under the same conditions under which the images of the calibration standards were obtained. The resulting image of the sample cleavage is digitally analyzed based on the RGB additive colour model and a two-dimension intensity distribution of the red, green and blue colours in the sample cleavage is obtained. The background values of the red, green and blue colour intensity are determined as well as the two-dimension distribution of the mass concentration of dyed suspension particles based on the obtained two-dimension distribution of the red, green and blue colour intensity in the taken image of the sample cleavage using the background values of the red, green and blue colour intensity, selected standard and calibration curve.EFFECT: simplified and improved information content of the analysis.16 cl, 9 dwg

Off-road vehicle // 2613751
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to off-road vehicles using an air cushion, for instance, in open pits after blasting works. Vehicle comprises a body, a bottom, a flexible barrier of the air cushion cavity made along the perimeter of the body bottom, nozzles to supply compressed air, a suction air intake of an air blower, relief pipelines, a cargo container. Besides, outside the perimeter of the flexible barrier of the air cavity, the bottom is equipped with a looped elbow with nozzles to suck in loose material. Besides, the looped elbow by means of relief pipelines is equipped in series both with the cargo container to collect loose material and to clean air from it, and an air intake.EFFECT: invention provides for collection and transportation of dust generating loose material from soil surface.1 dwg

ethod of oil-bearing bed development // 2613713
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: method of oil-bearing bed development comprises drilling and alternation every-other-row by placing rows of horizontaldevelopment wells and rows of horizontal injection wells at the first distance from each other. Horizontal development well bores and horizontal injection well bores are positioned in the direction of minimum horizontal stress in the bed so as to ensure the propagation of hydraulic fractures perpendicular to the horizontal well bores direction. At least two hydraulic fractures are mounted at the casing columns of injection and development wells, located at the second distance from each other and providing communication between the wells and the bed. A multistage hydraulic fracture is carried out through hydrofracing ports in the development and injection wells so that hydraulic fracture cracks are formed along each well perpendicular to the bore direction. The hydraulic fracture cracks of injection wells are offset from the hydraulic fracture cracks of the development wells at the third distance. The wells are placed in operation by pumping fluid into the injection wells with control of flow and/or volume of pumped fluid so that the pumping pressure is below the hydraulic fracturing pressure.EFFECT: ensuring ultimate hydrocarbon recovery from the deposit, maximized productivity ratio.5 cl, 4 dwg

Anti-vibration ring drill crown // 2613712
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: anti-vibration drill crown comprises a housing with connecting thread, divided with main flushing ports in the sectors that on the end surface are provided with polycrystalline diamond inserts (PCD), having a negative rake angles in plan to the lateral inner and outer cutting surfaces and a negative rake angles to the downhole end surface, main flushing ports are oppositely angled, moreover, additional flushing ports formed along the entire height of the crown body in a helical line rightwards along the crown rotation are located counter-currently angle wise in the crown case in sectors. The height of the crown body depends on the helix lead of main and additional flushing ports, inside the additional flushing ports there are two or more calibrating PCD each of which represents a separate helix element and is fixed on the housing by soldering at a negative angle of minus 5° to minus 15° relative to the cutting surface. PCD at the crown end are arranged in different directions at an angle of 10° up to 15° to the direction of cutting.EFFECT: reduced number of chips and damages of the polycrystalline diamond inserts on the crown body, increased drilling rate and reduced vibration.7 dwg
ethod of ceiling tiles deflection reducing and ceiling tiles // 2613710
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to acoustic ceiling panels. Coated ceiling tile with high stability of geometrical dimensions contains basic ceiling tile, having face front and rear side opposite to front side. Front side is directed inside room and visible for people in room, when coated ceiling tile is installed in room. Thin coating with thickness from approximately 100 mqm to approximately 1,000 mqm is applied on said rear side. Said thin coating consists of twisted matrix of calcium sulfate dihydrate crystals, applied on rear side, which provides ceiling tiles deflection reduction, wherein providing sound absorption by coated ceiling tiles, without sound reflection back to room filled with people.EFFECT: front side does not contain thin coating.5 cl, 3 tbl, 4 ex
Drill fluid processing method // 2613709
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention falls into the area of the oil and gas producing industry, namely the drilling of horizontal holes of a long-mileage, associated with the development of the cluster drilling, including the construction of wells in the conditions of the Extreme North and the continental shelf. The method is intended for the drilling of horizontal holes of long-distance wells under conditions of the absorption of drill fluid. According to the method, a temporary mechanical filling compound is inserted, bypassing the purification system. This filler is made in the form of a rubber crumb with a hydrophilic surface and an effective diameter of the particles, more than 1/3 of a cross sectional dimension of cracks and pores. The filler - rubber crumb, prepared in this way, is handled by absorbent oil. On top of the oil the rubber crump is processed by the soap with the possibility of formation of an anti-friction coating, provided by the chemical bonds with this crump.EFFECT: method allows to reduce the coefficient of friction of the drill column on the hole walls, the absorption of the drilling liquid and the hydraulic pressure of the drill column to the hole walls by injection of a universal physic and chemical component to the drill fluid.
Barrier // 2613707
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: barrier comprises the housing fixed on the base, the movable beam placed partially in the housing, and the drive mounted in the housing for horizontal movement of the movable frame-structured beam from the movement path blocking position from one side of the housing in the rollback position providing the possibility of movement on this path on the other side of the housing, the supporting stand at a distance from the base, configured with the socket for the movable beam end portion. The housing contains a horizontal guide for the movable beam placement in its horizontal position with rollers arranged in line for supporting the movable beam bottom part and for the possibility for moving the latter in the horizontal direction. The openings for moving the movable beam in the housing are sealed with rubber gaskets, the upper housing surface is inclined, and the upper part of the housing side wall opposite the location of the guide with rollers is made hinged, the through openings in the beam are made closed, the beam downward and upward limit stops are made on the support stand, and in the area of switching the beam into the rollback position the enclosure with a cavity for accommodating the beam is mounted on the base.EFFECT: design improvement.2 dwg
Universal protector // 2613706
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: universal protector comprises an elongated body with a longitudinal recess to accommodate the cable having protective shields configured to grip the tubing pipes in the area of their connection, two brackets hingedly connected respectively to the body parts located on each side of the protective shields and envelopping the pipes. Each bracket is provided with a spring element located with the possibility to preload the tubes to the body. The body parts have locking tabs, and in the brackets there are locking grooves made corresponding to the tabs. The middle body part has a double bend, on each side of which the holes are made for the special keys adapted to align with the body and to rotate until they are fixed in the body for fixing the cable.EFFECT: versatility of the design and ensuring reliable retention of the electric cable that excludes its damage during the operation.3 dwg

Building panels made of solid timber // 2613705
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to the building panels. The panel contains the first element made of the solid timber bonded to the lower second element. Both elements are made of different timber species. The panels are provided with mechanical locking system which has a locking rail on the front edge of the first panel. The locking rail is provided with a locking element adapted to operate with a locking groove on the second edge of the second building panel for locking the both panels in the horizontal joining . The fiber direction FD of the first and second lower element extends substantially along the first and second edges. The lower second element has approximately the same or a greater degree of warpage due to the humidity changes in comparison with the first element. The locking rail contains the material of the lower second element.EFFECT: invention provides the exception of gaps between the panels at changing the humidity of the area.15 cl, 19 dwg, 1 tbl

Acoustic determination method of perforation parameters at secondary completion of oil and gas wells // 2613704
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: information noise signal, formed by the perforator discs work, passes along the hydroacoustic channel, it is received, digitized and fed to the correlation filters, to which also the reference acoustic signals are fed: water-steel, water-concrete, water-soil, which represent digitized audio signals of water stream noise, beating on the steel, concrete and soil, and noise of cutting pipes by disks. At the correlation filters outputs there will be the correlation functions, which present peaks, taking the positive values if in the noise signal there is the signal similar to the reference one. Thus, each correlation function corresponds to one of the perforator operation status, and according to the correlation functions spectrum the processes occurring in the well are evaluated.EFFECT: possibility of well parameters status determination with high-precision at the hydromechanical perforation under the condition of acoustic disturbances if the ratio signal-noise is less than one.1 dwg

Polyme rpipeline lifting support // 2613703
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: polymer pipeline lifting support is made as hollow thin-walled body with a rectangular base, inclined trapezoidal side walls and upper support surface of a saddle shape comprising technological holes. In a central part the support comprises an internal cavity with an open rectangular-shaped top formed by the inner walls and the bottom, positioned on a level with the base, and side inner and outer walls are made in the form of a subdivided stepped structure.EFFECT: increase of the strength and stability during the mounting on a pipe support, lightweight design, providing simplicity, convenience and reliability in use, efficiency and reliability in storage and transportation.22 cl, 4 dwg

Grouting method // 2613700
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of grouting involves sequential injection masses of gas and of mounting solution into the compactor. The fortifying solution is made in advance. It consists of an aqueous emulsion of a mixture of epoxy resins and a hardener; after that compressed air at a pressure of 0.1-0.3 MPa is pumped into the soil mass to extrude the groundwater from the pores. The fortifying solution is then injected into the pore spaces under pressure of 0.1-0.2 MPa and molding is produced by re-injection of compressed air, followed by re-injection of the next portion of the fortifying solution.EFFECT: improved efficiency of grouting in sandy, macroporous and silty clay soils, including grouting at low temperature.6 cl, 3 dwg

Sliding coupling with deformed ball seat // 2613697
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to tools for stepwise hydraulic fracturing of a formation. Sliding coupling is opened by a dropped ball. Coupling has a seat installed in a housing, and the seat has segments with deviation outwards from each other by a split ring or another deflecting element. First, the seat has an extended state in the sliding coupling, herewith the segments of the seat are expanded outside thrusted to the housing channel. When a ball of the proper diameter is dropped onto the borehole bottom, the ball is engaged with the extended seat. Supplied fluid medium pressure acting on the ball fitted into the seat moves the seat into the channel of the inner bushing. When this happens, the seat is reduced, which increases the square of the ball engagement with the seat. Finally, the seat reaches the collar in the inner bushing, herewith the supplied pressure acting on the ball fitted into the seat displaces the inner bushing in the housing to open a window for the sliding coupling passage.EFFECT: technical result is higher efficiency of a sliding coupling with a deformed ball seat.26 cl, 37 dwg
High-rise building with central bearing shaft // 2613696
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly to multi-storey buildings with central shaft and cantilever floors, and can be used in construction of tower type buildings in seismic areas and in constrained urban or mountain conditions. High-rise building includes foundation, bearing shaft with cantilever belts, made in form of covering shaft frames resting on belt by edges of walls, spatial floors structures from radially arranged walls and floors. Cantilever belts are rigidly connected in pairs with walls end edges, on which floor slab panels are supported, joined to each other into discs. Foundation, bearing shaft with cantilever belts and floors discs in plane view are made in form of Reuleaux triangle. Number of radial walls is multiple of three, main of which are located along axes of Reuleaux triangle corners. By one of corners building is installed opposite to wind pattern main vector direction.EFFECT: invention enables to increase multistorey building structure stability, strength and degree of streamlining by wind air flows.1 cl, 3 dwg
Stack // 2613695
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to high chimneys of industrial enterprises. Chimney has cross section in form of Reuleaux triangle, wherein it is installed with one of its angles opposite to direction of main vector of windrose.EFFECT: higher stability, rigidity and degree of streamlining with wind air flows of stack structure.1 cl, 2 dwg
ast // 2613694
FIELD: mast devices.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mast devices. Mast consists of a hollow barrel with a cross-section shaped as the Reuleaux triangle resting on a central foundation and anchor stays fixed in anchor foundations. Anchor stays are secured to the mast barrel in the Reuleaux triangle angles zones. Mast barrel in the plane is installed with one of the Reuleaux triangle angles opposite to the direction of the rose of winds main vector.EFFECT: higher stability, rigidity and the degree of streamlining by wind air flows of the mast structure.1 cl, 2 dwg
Barrel of television tower // 2613693
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used in construction of barrels of reinforced concrete television towers. Barrel of television tower of complex shape is made in form of combinations of reinforced concrete shells passing one into another with cross section in form of Reuleaux triangle. Wherein barrel of television tower is installed in plane with one angle of shells towards main vector of windrose.EFFECT: higher stability, rigidity and degree of streamlining of wind air flows of structure of barrel of television tower.1 cl, 3 dwg
Exhaust tower of cooling tower // 2613692
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat engineering and can be used in construction of cooling towers of the tower type. Exhaust tower of a cooling tower comprises a reinforced concrete hyperbolic shell with cross sections in the form of a Reuleaux triangle, which is a constant-width figure. Exhaust tower of a cooling tower is installed in plane with one of the shell angles opposite to the windrose main vector direction.EFFECT: invention allows to enhance resistance, rigidity and the degree of streamlining by wind air flows of the cooling tower exhaust tower structure.1 cl, 3 dwg
High-rise building // 2613691
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction of high-rise buildings. High-rise building includes rectangular in plane view facilities, made with glazed walls sections installed radially and interconnected by ends with formation of central core, external transparent coating and external transparent wall enclosure, made continuous along perimeter and in plane view in form of constant-width figure. Transparent coating and wall enclosure are attached to facilities with creation of internal enclosed yards between them. External transparent wall enclosure in plane view is made in form of Reuleaux triangle. By external ends facilities bear against Reuleaux triangle corners. In plane view by one of corners building is installed opposite to wind pattern main vector direction.EFFECT: invention enables to increase multistorey building structure stability, strength and degree of streamlining by wind air flows.1 cl, 2 dwg

Sliding coupling with narrowing, dual-segmented ball seat // 2613690
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to sliding couplings and methods for treatment of borehole with a fluid medium. Sliding coupling opened by a discarded plug comprises a housing forming the first channel and an outlet hole connecting the first channel with the housing ambient medium; an inner coupling forming the second channel and moved in the axial direction from the closed position into the open position inside the first channel in relation to the outlet opening; and a seat located in the second channel of the inner coupling. Seat comprises a seat ring arranged in the second channel in the first axial position and having the first contact size and a compressed ring arranged in the second channel and forming a space between the upper expanded section of the compressed ring and the second channel. Seat ring in the first axial position is engaged with the discarded plug in the first contact size and moves the inner coupling into the open position in response to the fluid medium pressure applied to the engaged plug. Seat ring moving into the second axial position is placed in the space between the upper expanded section of the compressed ring and the second channel and narrows the upper expanded section of the compressed ring inward. Upper expanded section of the compressed ring narrowed inward to the second contact size, more narrow than the first contact size, is jammed on the engaged plug.EFFECT: technical result is ensuring a jammed resting of the plug in the seat to receive high pressure, facilitate crushing of the plug, exclude its chipping or cutting at edges.27 cl, 16 dwg
 
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