Sugar industry (C13)

C   Chemistry; metallurgy(318327)
C13            Sugar industry(2232)
Electrochemical method and system for obtaining glucose // 2641646
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method includes the reaction of water and dissolved gaseous carbon dioxide in the presence of a source of electromagnetic energy and melanin restrained on the substrate, so that glucose is obtained. The proposed system for the implementation of the method involves a reaction cell and a source of the electromagnetic energy, wherein the cell contains melanin on the substrate that restrains it.EFFECT: new effective method for obtaining glucose and a system for its implementation.13 cl, 2 ex, 1 tbl
Diffusion juice production method // 2640845
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method consists in bactericidal treatment of the juice-shaving mixture, the treatment being carried out before the beet shavings enter the diffusion apparatus, and the solution of benzoic acid with the mass fraction of 0.01%, taken in the amount of 10% to the weight of the shavings at the temperature of 70°C and the exposure time 30 s.EFFECT: increasing the yield and quality of sugar, reducing the content of reducing substances and proteins in the diffusion juice, increasing the purity of the diffusion and purified juice.2 ex
ethod for producing composite low-calorie artificial sweetener (versions) // 2639331
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing a composite low-calorie artificial sweetener is proposed, according to which distilled water is introduced into the crystalline sugar mass. Then, a powdered intensive sweetener or a previously prepared mixture of a powdered intensive sweetener with sugar is added to the moistened sugar mass, and the product is simultaneously stirred and dried. A version of the method for producing composite low-calorie artificial sweetener is also proposed, according to which the powdered intensive sweetener is added into the volumetric artificial sweetener.EFFECT: obtaining a low-calorie artificial sweetener with a high degree of homogeneity.4 cl, 4 ex

ethod for enzyme regeneration of reductive-oxidative cofactors // 2635087
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for the enzyme regeneration of reductive-oxidative cofactors NAD+/NADH and/or, in particular, NADP+/NADPH in a joint reaction in which, result from at least two enzyme catalyzed reductive-oxidative reactions taking place in one reaction mass (product formation reactions), one of the two redox cofactors is accumulated in a reduced form and the other, respectively, in an oxidized form, a) in the regeneration reaction wherein the reduced cofactor is converted to the original oxidized form, oxygen or a compound of general formula is reduced, where R1 is a linear or branched (C1-C4)-alkyl group or (C1-C4)-carboxyalkyl group, and b) in the regeneration reaction, wherein the oxidized cofactor is converted to the original reduced form, (C4-C8)-cycloalkanol or a compound of general formula is oxidized, where R2 and R3 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, (C1-C6) alkyl, wherein the alkyl is linear or branched, (C1-C6) alkenyl, where the alkenyl is linear or branched and contains from one to three double bonds, aryl, in particular C6-C12 aryl, carboxyl, or (C1-C4) carboxyalkyl, in particular, also cycloalkyl, for example C3-C8 cycloalkyl, where the oxidation reaction(s) and the reduction reaction(s) proceed on the same basic molecular chain.EFFECT: method for redox cofactors regeneration was developed for cost-effective implementation of two or more enzyme catalyzed reductive-oxidative reactions in one reaction mass.14 cl, 11 dwg, 13 ex
ethod of cleaning sugar beet juice // 2634916
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for cleaning sugar beet juice is proposed, according to which cellulose fibers are added to the juice for cleaning, the content of which is from 0.1 to 4 wt %. The resulting juice is passed through a filtering inwash layer consisting of 100% cellulose fibers.EFFECT: high effect of sugar juice cleaning.5 cl, 3 tbl
ethod for producing maltitol-containing syrup // 2630666
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing maltitol-containing syrup and applying the above syrup to reduce the catalyst amount at the hydrogenation stage of maltose-containing syrup. The method includes liquefying starch milk, saccharifying the liquefied starch milk, adding maltogenic alpha-amylase or isoamylase to the liquefied starch milk during saccharification, molecular sifting of the maltose-containing syrup to obtain a fraction containing at least 95% of maltose, and the catalytic hydrogenation of said fraction.EFFECT: obtaining a syrup with the high content of maltitol and the low content of sorbitol and maltotriitol.11 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex
alto se-containing syrup and method of its production // 2630665
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method includes the dilution of starch milk, the partial inhibition of alpha-amylase, the saccharification of the liquefied starch milk in the presence of the residual amount of alpha-amylase, the addition of maltogenic alpha-amylase and / or isoamylase. The syrup contains at least 85% of maltose in terms of dry substance and less than 1.5% of glucose in terms of dry substance.EFFECT: obtaining a syrup with the high content of maltose and the low content of glucose and oligosaccharides.14 cl, 3 ex
ethod for pre-treatment of sugar beet chips when obtaining diffusion juice // 2630452
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: sugar beet chips are fed to the 1st section of the three-section scalder, before being extracted, where they are subsequently treated first with a reagent solution at the temperature of 75°C, then with heating steam. The treatment with the reagent solution is carried out at the time of feeding the chips to the 1st section of the scalder, where immediately after treatment with NaH2PO4 they are treated with heating steam in each section of the scalder. The heat treatment is carried out in such a way that the temperature of the sugar beet chips before feeding them into the diffusion apparatus does not exceed 72°C.EFFECT: increasing the feed value of pulp due to enriching it with phosphates, increasing the diffusion juice purity by preventing the transition of non-sugars from sugar beet chips into the diffusion juice, reducing the corrosion and wear of technological equipment.3 ex
Sugar-containing product // 2629383
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing a sugar-containing product involves introducing a food additive into crystalline sugar and stirring until the uniform consistency is achieved. Sugar crystals with a particle size of 0.8-1.5 mm, with sucrose content in terms of dry matter not less than 99.95% and moisture content not more than 0.04%, are used. As a food additive, a pre-prepared powder-like mixture with a particle size not exceeding the sizes of the sugar crystals, from bay leaves: basil: garlic: red pepper: coriander at the ratio of components 2:2:4:1:1, is used.EFFECT: method allows to obtain a product rich in vitamins and suitable for use in the preparation of sauces and salad dressings, and having uniform consistency and preserving stable structure during its transportation and long-term storage.3 ex
Sugar-containing product // 2629382
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing a sugar-containing product involves introducing a food additive into crystalline sugar and stirring until the uniform consistency is achieved. Sugar crystals with a particle size of 0.8-1.5 mm with sucrose content in terms of dry matter not less than 99.95% and moisture content not more than 0.04% are used. As a food additive, a pre-prepared powder-like mixture with a particle size not exceeding the sizes of sugar crystals, from ginger, peppermint, and lemon peel at the component ratio of 1:10:5 is used.EFFECT: method allows to obtain a product with homogeneous consistency and a property to increase appetite, and preserving stable structure during its transportation and long-term storage.3 ex
Sugar-containing product // 2629381
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing a sugar-containing product involves introducing a food additive into crystalline sugar and stirring until the uniform consistency is achieved. Sugar crystals with a particle size of 0.8-1.5 mm, with sucrose content in terms of dry matter not less than 99.95% and moisture content not more than 0.04%, are used. As a food additive, a pre-prepared powder-like mixture with a particle size not exceeding the size of sugar crystals, from cardamom, coffee, cinnamon, nutmeg at the component ratio 1:10:3:3 is used.EFFECT: method allows to obtain a product with homogeneous consistency and tonic properties, preserving stable structure during its transportation and long-term storage.3 ex

Processing of biomass // 2626541
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: provides a method for increasing the availability of carbohydrates in the biomass feedstock. By cutting, grinding, crushing, grinding or chopping reduce the size of the original biomass material containing polysaccharides selected from cellulose, pectin, hemicellulose, and mixtures thereof. Initial biomass, containing less than 5% of water, is obtained. Initial biomass is irradiated by electron beam at a dose level of 1 to 10 Mrad/s and a power of 1 kW to 500 to produce a first processed biomass material. And then it is cooled and again, the treated first biomass material is irradited with an electron beam at a dose level of 1 to 10 Mrad/s and a power of 1 kW to 500 kW. The second processed biomass material is obtained having a number of average molecular weight from 3000 to 50,000 daltons of carbohydrates and increased accessibility.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain a material having a nutrient availability greater than the nutrient availability of the biomass of the original.17 cl, 46 dwg, 20 tbl, 45 ex
ethod for obtaining highly concentrated glucose solutions from cellulose-containing raw materials // 2624668
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for obtaining highly-concentrated glucose solutions from cellulose-containing raw materials includes pre-treatment of the raw materials and the subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis. The pre-treatment of the raw materials is carried out by the treatment with a diluted solution of sodium hydroxide with the concentration of 0.5-6.0%, then heating is performed and holding for 1-6 hours is carried out. Enzymatic hydrolysis is carried out at initial substrate concentrations of 250-300 g/l with the introduction of a fresh portion of the substrate every 2-8 hours and the removal of glucose by means of membrane filtration. Miscanthus, or fruit shells, or straw of grain crops are preferably used as a cellulose-containing raw material.EFFECT: invention allows to utilise cellulose-containing waste and to obtain highly-concentrated glucose hydrolysates.2 cl, 3 ex

Diffusion apparatus of continuous action // 2623478
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: diffusion apparatus of continuous action is proposed, represented by a vertical column expanding from top to bottom, with devices for feeding the product shavings and heated diffusion juice for their scalding and a device for removing the diffusion juice for processing, installed in its upper part, and also a device for water supply and a screw for discharging pulp from the apparatus. The screw is suspended in the second vertical column equipped in the upper part with pulp discharge and hot water supply devices and connected at the bottom to the first column with a transitional inclined section arranged at the natural slope angle of 40°C with a gate device for regulating the juice-shavings mixture flow.EFFECT: device provides the malting process intensification by means of the high-temperature treatment of the shavings at their combined motion.1 dwg
Diffusion juice purification method // 2622166
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: diffusion juice purification method is proposed, which involves introducing chloride lime into the diffusion juice, progressive preliminary defecation, defecation, I saturation, filtration, defecation before II saturation, II saturation, filtration. Wherein before the progressive preliminary defecation, the diffusion juice is treated with chlorine lime in an amount of 0.02-0.04% to the diffusion juice mass in the presence of iron oxide, with the subsequent heating of the juice to a temperature of 55-57°C and its direction to progressive preliminary defecation.EFFECT: method allows to significantly improve the filtration-sedimentation properties of the juice of the I saturation and to improve the quality indices of the purified juice.1 tbl, 2 ex
Diffusion juice purification method // 2621995
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for purifying the diffusion juice is proposed, including the progressive preliminary defecation, warm and hot primary defecation, I carbonation, filtration, additional defecation of filtered juice, its II carbonation, introduction of an additive to the juice of the II carbonation, subsequent sulphitation, introduction of an additive into the sulphated juice, and control filtration. As the additive, sodium polyacrylate is used, wherein in the juice of the II carbonation the additive is introduced in an amount of 0.002-0.003% to the juice mass at the temperature of 85-90°C, and in the sulphated juice the additive is introduced in an amount of 0.001-0.002% to its mass at the temperature of 92-95°C.EFFECT: method allows to significantly reduce the calcium salt content in the diffusive juice.1 tbl, 2 ex
ethod of crystalline white sugar production // 2619309
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method envisages boiling out the fillmass of first crystallization in the first vacuum apparatus, selecting the fillmass portion and feeding it into the second vacuum apparatus, the finished fillmass output into the receptacle fillmass mixer and centrifugation in a filter centrifuge with the first runoff separation, washing the sugar crystals with the second runoff separation, and the crystalline white sugar discharge. Wherein powdered sugar is used as chrystallization centres. The powder is pre-fractionated by sieving to the crystals size of 0.10-0.15 mm. The chrystallization centres are initiated on its base at the rate of 10-12 pc. per 1 mm of the trial lens surface length. Then they are grown by maintaining in the fillmass of 88-90% DS. Then part of said fillmass in an amount of 35-45% from the total weight is sampled in the form of a mixture with syrup and melt liquer into the second apparatus as the crystal base, and then distilled soft monoglyceride, heated to the fillmass temperature, is administered into it at the ratio of 0.002-0.004% by the fillmass weight. In the first apparatus the fillmass is boiled out to 92.0-92.5% of dry substances content, and in the second - to 93.0-93.5% of dry substances content. The fillmass from the first vacuum apparatus is directed to centrifugation earlier than that from the second one. Washing sugar crystals is carried out first with a sugar containing solution with the concentration of 70-76% of dry substances content in an amount of 2.5-3.5% by weight of the fillmass, with adding 2-4 mg /l of ozone at the temperature of 80-90°C, and then the wash water, saturated with steam, is fed at the pressure of 0.3-0.4 MPa in the amount of 0.8-1.4% by weight of the fillmass.EFFECT: improvement of output and quality of white sugar crystals.
ethod for boiling out first crystallization fillmass in vacuum apparatus // 2619308
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing the first crystallization fillmass, comprising preparing the sugar melts of the second and third crystallization, the sugar melts condensation, the crystals formation by introducing crystallization centres, their extension and thickening the fillmass until ready. The formation of crystallization centres is carried out directly in the sugar melt of the second crystallization. The crystallization centres are represented by powdered sugar fractionated by sieve analysis to the crystals size of 0.120-0.160 mm at the rate of 5-6 pc. per 1 mm of the trial lens surface length. The crystallization centres extension is carried out in two stages, wherein at the second stage soft distilled monoglyceride is introduced.EFFECT: reducing the duration of boiling out the fillmass of the first crystallization, increasing the crystals percentage therein and reducing unaccounted losses of sugar.
ethod for centrifugal separation of first crystallisation fillmass in sugar production // 2619282
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry. A method of separating the first crystallization fillmass comprising loading the fillmass in the filtering batch centrifuge rotor, separating the first runoff from the sugar crystals, washing them with separating the second runoff and slight drying the sugar crystals before discharging them from the rotor. Previously in the fillmass charged to the rotor soft distilled monoglyceride is administered, heated to the fillmass temperature, in an amount of 0.002-0.006% of its weight. Thereafter, the mixture is loosened with the syrup of the concentration of 60-65%, until the dry substances content of the fillmass is equal to 91.7-92.5%. Thereafter, the centrifuge rotor is filled with the fillmass, simultaneously with administering air saturated with moisture, with the temperature of 5-7°C higher than that of the fillmass. Wherein after separating the first runoff bulk of the fillmass layer, washing sugar crystals is started. It is carried out in two steps: first, by means of sugar containing solution, then with hot water mixed with ozone.EFFECT: invention provides the increased yield of white crystal sugar from the centrifuge and the improvement of its quality parameters.1 ex
Biomass liquefaction at low ph // 2617758
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the process of biomass processing. The method of processing raw material - lignocellulosic biomass, in which it is subjected to liquefaction by treatment with hot pressurized liquid water at subcritical conditions, wherein the temperature is from 330°C up to lower than 374°C and pH is less than 3.0. The invention is also directed to quenching of liquefaction process according to the above, to prevent, minimize or eliminate clogging and/or blocking of the process equipment with biomass adhesive components during processing according to the above, and to the use of additives in the biomass liquefaction.EFFECT: invention provides processing by liquefying the biomass.13 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl
ethod for complex treatment of thick sugar-containing solutions to extract saccharose // 2611145
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry. Method for complex treatment of thick sugar-containing solutions to extract saccharose provides for dissolution of thick sugar-containing solution by water or treated sugar juice. Then reagent treatment of the produced solution is carried out from non-sugars by introduction of reagents into it. Reagents are a mix of inorganic coagulant, acid reagent, cationic flocculant, a reagent accelerating flocculation process, a decoloring reagent, an anionic flocculant and lime milk. Solution is heated to temperature of 45-95°C, the produced residue of non-sugars is removed, solution is sent for electric dialysis treatment from salts of alkaline and rare earth metals and then introduced into the process flow of sugar production. Sugar-containing solution is dissolved down to 20-55% of dry substances. After electric dialysis treatment the treated solution is either thickened down to 60-75% of dry substances and introduced into technological flow of sugar production at the stage of fillmass B or C boiling, or introduced at the stage of B or C sugar remelt.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce treatment time, to improve extent of solution treatment from salts of alkaline and rare earth metals and to reduce its colour.3 cl, 2 tbl, 7 ex

ethod of purifying solid sugar-containing solution // 2610704
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of purifying a solid sugar-containing solution is proposed, providing its defecation in a defecator, carbonation of defecated solution in the first co-currentcarbonator, feeding it into countercurrent carbonator, carrying off a partially carbonated solid sugar-containing solution from the countercurrent carbonator into the second co-currentcarbonator and recirculation of overcarbonated solution into countercurrent carbonator for mixing with the incoming solution from the first co-currentcarbonator, final carbonation of resulting mixture, followed by its filtration. A carbon dioxide activated precipitate II carbonation sludge is added to the resulting mixture before its final carbonation in an amount of 18-20% to the mixture mass, final carbonation is carried out to alkalinity values of 0.015-0.020% CaO by phenolphthalein indicator.EFFECT: increased output of finished products and a colour reduction of the purified solid sugar-containing solution.1 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Bioreactor for biochemical processes // 2610674
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biochemistry. Bioreactor for biochemical processes is disclosed. Bioreactor includes cylindrical vessel with device for medium mixing. Device for medium mixing consists of impeller, round partition and position control mechanism of impeller in height relative to surface of mixing medium. Impeller is horizontally fixed on vertical rod in upper part of vessel. Control mechanism includes rod vertically installed along vessel axis, connected by means of retainer with round partition for its rotation. Round partition is made with side diffuser holes at angle of 30–45° to circle and with top holes at angle of 45–60° to horizontal. Wherein above round partition additional impeller is placed on rod.EFFECT: invention provides simplified design and elimination of power consumption.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of producing fructose-glucose syrup from girasol // 2605770
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. Method of producing fructose-glucose syrup from girasol tubers involves washing and grinding girasol, extraction for 15-20 minutes, separation of extract from solid phase, concentration and packaging. After grinding juice is squeezed from washed fresh girasol. After separation of pomace from solid phase, hot water is gradually added at temperature 80-85 °C until obtaining water duty juice/water (1:1)-(1:2), pomace is placed in an ultrasonic bath with heating, sugar is poured with water and extraction is carried out at temperature 70-80 °C. Extract is separated from solid phase by filtration, squeezed in hot form, then filtrate is mixed with water-diluted juice. Method then includes hydrolysis thereof to obtain fructose-glucose syrup by adding a solution of edible citric acid to pH 3.0-4.0 at temperature 80-85 °C for 4-4.5 hours with constant stirring. Hydrolysate is concentrated in vacuum-evaporator at temperature 80-85 °C to content in fructose-glucose syrup not less than 85-90 % of dry substances, then ready syrup is packed into containers.EFFECT: invention increases dry substances content in fructose-glucose syrup to 85-90% compared to prototype.1 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

Device for beet pulp drying // 2605350
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building. Beet pulp drying device includes case of rectangular section, surface of which is coated with heat-insulating material, loading bin, discharge opening, transporting working element, made inside case in form of continuous chain with articulated shafts, heating elements, fan and air duct. Shafts are made coaxial, and distance between them does not exceed minimum size of transported product. Inside case box with openings in its upper part is installed. Upper part chain with shafts rests on box upper part. Air duct is located in box side part at equal distance from loading bin and discharge opening. Heating elements and fan are placed inside air duct.EFFECT: proposed device allows to improve quality of beet pulp drying.1 cl, 2 dwg

Device for beet pulp drying // 2605348
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Beet pulp drying device includes rectangular cross-section casing, which surface is coated with heat-insulating material layer, loading bin, discharge opening, transporting working element installed inside casing, made in form of continuous chain with articulated shafts, heating elements, fan and air duct. Shafts are made coaxial, and distance between them does not exceed minimum size of transported product. Inside casing box with openings in its upper part is installed. Chain with shafts upper part rests on box upper part. Transporting working element drive includes shaft with blades. Shaft with blades is installed in box on loading bin side. Box and casing end surfaces on loading bin side are made with openings. In casing opening a branch pipe is installed. Heating elements are installed in branch pipe.EFFECT: disclosed device provides higher quality of beet pulp drying.1 cl, 2 dwg
ethod for crystallisation of maltose // 2604288
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food and starch industry. Disclosed method comprises adding to initial aqueous solution of maltose with dry substance content of 30.0-80.0 % at temperature of 25-80 °C isopropanol in amount of 50.0-500.0 % of weight of solution and stirring. Cooling to temperature of 2-25 °C, settling and separating formed crystals from liquid fraction. Formed crystals are dried at temperature of 75-85 °C to moisture content of 5-6 %.EFFECT: method simplifies process of crystallisation, and increases output and purity of crystalline maltose.1 cl, 2 ex
Diffusion juice production method // 2603829
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry. Disclosed is a method of producing diffusion juice, according to which beet chips are fed into a three-section scalder, where they are successively treated first with 0.05 % solution of Al2(SO4)3, then with heating steam. Treatment with solution of Al2(SO4)3 is performed at moment of feeding chips in 1st section of scalder, where it is immediately subsequently treated with heating steam in each section of scalder while stirring constantly. Heat treatment is performed so that temperature of beet chips prior to feeding into diffusion apparatus does not exceed 72 °C, and duration of treatment is 30-35 S. Prepared beet chips are directed into diffusion apparatus. Solution of 0.05 % Al2(SO4)3 is subjected to electrochemical activation at electric field intensity 2 V/cm for 90 s, and obtained diffusion juice before feeding into juice purification compartment is held in a collector-flow stabiliser for 2 minutes for clarification.EFFECT: method enables to intensify process of extraction from beet chips, reduce protein content in diffusion juice, improve purity of diffusion juice.1 cl, 2 ex
ethod of producing sugar-containing product // 2601801
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. Disclosed is a method for producing a sugar-containing product, involving mixing a crystal mass with a sweetening substance solution, introduction of at least one food additive, drying the ready product. Crystal mass is represented by preliminarily sieved sugar with crystals sized 0.30-0.40 mm. Sweetening substance is represented by natural sweetener - stevioside in a solution form. Sweetener is introduced into the crystal mass mixed with maltodextrin and fructo-oligosaccharide in equal quantities. Then, a carotene β-powder as a food additive is added, mixed, delivered for granulation and dried.EFFECT: invention provides improved physiological and functional properties of the sugar-containing product and increased shelf life.1 cl, 2 ex

ethod of producing colloidal semiconductor quantum dots of zinc selenide // 2601451
FIELD: nanotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to nanotechnology, specifically nanotechnology of interactive interaction, sensors or actuation, for example quantum dots as biomarkers. Described is a method of producing colloidal semiconductor quantum dots of zinc selenide, based on reaction of zinc chloride with selenide-ions in presence of ammonia and a coating agent, wherein zinc chloride, distributed in aqueous solution of lactose, used as a coating agent, reacts with selenide ions formed from a solution of sodium selenosulphide, while stirring for one hour.EFFECT: technically simple, cheap, non-toxic, low-temperature method of producing semiconductor quantum dots of zinc selenide coated with lactose, for use as biological markers.1 cl, 6 dwg

ethod for producing glucose hydrolysate of birch wood // 2600134
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: method for producing glucose hydrolysate of birch wood comprises pretreatment of birch shavings with aqueous solution containing 30 wt% of acetic acid and 4-5 wt% of hydrogen peroxide, while heating. It is followed by hydrolyzing with concentrated sulfuric acid, diluting with water and inversion at 100 °C for 1 hour with further separation of an end product. Wood shavings are being treated at atmospheric pressure, temperature of 90-100 °C, liquid module 5-15 for 3 hours. Acid hydrolysis of the produced cellulose is being carried out at temperature of 25-50 °C, liquid module 0.8-1.4 for 20-60 minutes with further dilution with water to fluid module 8.EFFECT: invention provides reduced consumption of reagents and energy resources and simplified method.1 cl, 1 tbl, 8 ex

Sugar // 2600127
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. Disclosed is pressed lump sugar containing heat-resistant physiologically functional substance in amount of 15-50 % of normal physiological haman need per 100 kcal of product or daily need, and/or flavouring agents in amount of 0.2-1.0 % of weight of granular sugar.EFFECT: present invention enables to obtain a product with improved functional properties, which maintains stable structure during its use, storage and transportation.1 cl, 5 tbl

ethod for reducing acrylamide formation in production of molasses // 2597862
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. Disclosed is a method of reducing amount of acrylamide formed during production of molasses, according to which asparaginase is added to clarified sugar solution and water is evaporated. Further, prepared sugar syrup is separated into a crude sugar fraction and a molasses fraction.EFFECT: method provides considerable reduction of acrylamide content in product without negatively affecting quality and characteristics.9 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl

ethod for sugar solution production // 2597199
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: according to the proposed method for production of liquid sugar using cellulose-containing biomass as raw material there is a hydrolysis of cellulose-containing biomass for producing an aqueous solution of sugar and its filtering through an ultrafilter membrane. Membrane has a threshold of molecular weight cutoff from 600 to 2,000 to remove fermentation inhibitors onto the permeate side and collect sugar liquid from the side of supply. Fermentation inhibitors contain one or more substances selected from a group consisting of cumaric acid, ferulic acid and 2,3-dihydrobenzofuran.EFFECT: method ensures production of sugar liquid with minimum content of fermentation inhibitors.5 cl, 4 dwg, 24 tbl, 8 ex

ethod for progressive predefecation of diffusion juice // 2594539
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry. Method involves mixing diffusion juice with lime in amount of 0.25 % CaO to weight of juice and suspension of second stage juice saturation in an amount of 10-20 % to weight of diffusion juice at reverse motion, higher alkalinity with corresponding pH from 6.2 to 10.8-11.2. In diffusion juice before predefecation process antifoaming agent is added in an amount of 5-15 g/t of beet, and in zone of metastable predefecation, after coagulation threshold IUS with pH 8.2…8.6, - flocculant in amount of 2-5 g/t.EFFECT: invention provides formation of sediment with high permeability and sediment properties, diffusion juice purification effect enhancement and reduction of total consumption of lime for cleaning.1 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

ethod of separating first crystallisation fill mass // 2593887
FIELD: chemistry. SUBSTANCE: disclosed method comprises dividing first crystallisation fillmass, which involves loading of fillmass from a receiving crystalliser tank in rotor filtering centrifuge periodic action, first runoff separation from sugar crystals, washing with second runoff separation and direction of separated effluents by segregator into separate collectors. Fillmass loaded in centrifuge rotor, is preliminarily diluted with its first runoff with addition of distilled monoglyceride in amount of 0.04-0.06 % of weight of fillmass. First runoff separation is accompanied by entry in centrifuge rotor moisture-saturated air temperature higher than fillmass at 3-5 ° C, washing sugar crystals with second runoff separation is started 15-25 s after loading fillmass in centrifuge rotor water temperature 80-95 °C, wherein it is preliminarily dissolved hydrogen peroxide in amount of 0.002-0.010 % of weight of sugar. Segregator is switched to second runoff 10-12 s after start of supply of wash water on a layer of sugar crystals with direction of first and second runoff in separate collectors. EFFECT: method provides higher yield of sugar from centrifuge, shorter cycle of centrifuging fillmass and improved sugar quality. 1 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex

Crystalliser-evaporator // 2590755
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: installation for lactose crystallisation includes two columns with covers and nozzles for supply of crystallised solution with unions to discharge air from them, bubblers for cyclic supply of hot and cold air in the column, wherein channels in barbotage have tangential direction, with unions for discharge of finished crystal mass. Each column has jacket with helical guide for appropriate supply of hot and cold water.EFFECT: unit ensures intensification of heat exchange, possibility to combine two crystallization and evaporation processes, possibility of varying temperature modes of crystallization and evaporation processes in a wide range, as well as improvement of quality and quantity of obtained crystalline lactose.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of producing brown sugar syrup // 2589789
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. According to proposed method of producing brown sugar syrup, brown sugar is mixed with II saturation juice in ratio 1:0.20-1:0.30 to obtain fillmass. Anolyte and catholyte are prepared by dissolving in a II saturation juice of sugar production salts NaCl and Na2SO3, taken in an amount of 0.02-0.05 % of weight of juice, and processing obtained solution of salts in a diaphragm cell. Fillmass is then dissolved in an anolyte and catholyte is added to obtained solution until a syrup is obtained with dry substances weight fraction equal to 60-65 % and pH 8-8.5. Syrup is then is heated to 75-80 °C and filtered.EFFECT: method ensures reduction of consumption of anolyte, solves problem of recycling catholyte and higher effect of decolouration of syrup, which improves quality of end product.1 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Apparatus for drying sugar cubes with microwave radiation // 2587569
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry. Plant for production and drying of lump sugar includes: press for moulding sweet mass to produce lump sugar, heating device for heating and drying of lump sugar, conditioning device for cooling and drying of lump sugar and transportation means for transporting lump sugar from press to heating device and, therefrom, to conditioning integrated device. Heating device includes several heaters, each of which has microwave emitter which emits microwave radiation, and waveguide guide microwave radiation from microwave radiator into drying chamber, in which heating lump sugar. At that, every heater comprises valve located at waveguide which reverse radiation cannot pass in waveguide for said valve, which makes plant more flexible in use in comparison with other.EFFECT: invention ensures increased service life of microwave radiator.9 cl, 2 dwg

Diffusion juice purification method // 2587042
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a diffusion juice purification method providing its defecation in defecator to alkalinity of 0.8-1.0 % CaO to the weight of product, saturation of defecated solution in the first direct-flow saturator, feeding it into counter-flow saturator, removal of saturated sugar-containing solution from the countercurrent saturator to the second direct-flow saturator. Then 3-5 times recirculation of overcarbonated solution from the second direct-flow saturator to the counter-flow saturator for mixing with incoming solution from the first direct-flow saturator, final saturation of the mixture to achieve pH 8.5-9.5 in counter-flow saturator, and filtering the solution. Saturation of defecated solution in the first direct-flow saturator is carried out to alkalinity of 0.30-0.35 % CaO. Method allows to enhance diffusion juice purification effect in average by 1.2 % and reduce purified juice colourity in average by 12.5 %.EFFECT: diffusion juice purification effect enhancement.1 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex
ethod of processing of grain and leguminous crops, food grain and leguminous bran for preparation of components of fermentative mediums used in microbiological industry for cultivation of microorganisms // 2586734
FIELD: biotechnologies.SUBSTANCE: method provides moistening of grain and beans and destruction by crushing of shell and complete structure of the grain and bean endosperm with the formation of a developed structure of cracks in the body of grain and beans with the subsequent damp crushing of the grain, beans and grain bran. From water mix the grain, beans and grain bran of starch A and high-molecular protein are separated. The fermentative hydrolysis of other low-molecular starch and protein is conducted. Then the additional thermochemical treatment of shells of grain, beans and grain bran is performed at the temperature from 150 up to 310°C and the pressure from 0.5 up to 10.0 MPa with the subsequent additional fermentative hydrolysis by a cellulolytic fermental preparation. The damp crushing is performed in two or more consecutive steps, and the thermochemical treatment is performed with the additional injection of acid or alkali.EFFECT: invention allows to process completely starch-containing raw materials that allows using it for the preparation of nutrient mediums for the cultivation of microorganisms.6 cl, 8 ex

Device for separation of syrup from sugar fillmass containing centrifuge of periodic action, and method of using said device // 2586153
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for separation of solid particles from fluid, in particular, to batch centrifuges separation of crystalline sugar from suspensions crystalline sugar. Device for separation of a syrup from sugar fillmass containing centrifuge comprises batch centrifuge with wall and base (12), as well as a cylindrical drum arranged in casing. In casing of centrifuge there are outlet holes (41, 42). First receiving container (61) for syrup leaving outlet holes, is used, in particular, to receive green effluent. Second receiving container (62) for syrup leaving outlet hole (42), is used, in particular, to receive white effluent. Control device (81) and valve or shut-off units (71, 72), which are controlled by control device (81) are located at outlet holes (41, 42) or in them, or in connecting lines (51, 52) leading from outlet hole (42) to receiving containers (61, 62), for purpose of green effluent separation and white effluent. There is at least one detector (80) in channel between point of incidence syrup syrup movement on wall of casing centrifuge and controlled valve or shut-off units (71, 72). Detector (80) has a measuring device for measuring physical quantity, which displays difference between green and white effluent. Method for separation of a syrup of sugar production fillmass by means of proposed device is characterised by that measured physical value, representing difference between green effluent and white effluent, on path between point of incidence syrup syrup out of wall of casing of centrifuge and controlled valve or shut-off units (71 and 72). Each valve is controlled or shutoff unit (71, 72) depending on measured values of physical quantity so that components syrup, detected as green effluent or white effluent, flow to receiving containers (61 and 62), intended for their reception.EFFECT: reliable separation.16 cl, 7 dwg

ethod of producing sugar solution // 2583689
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. Method includes concentrating an aqueous cellulose-derived sugar solution with a nanofiltration membrane and/or reverse osmosis membrane, wherein said concentration is carried out after adding a water-soluble anionic polymer to said aqueous cellulose-derived sugar solution, to remove fermentation inhibitors into permeate side of said nanofiltration membrane and/or reverse osmosis membrane. Water-soluble anionic polymer contains a polymer selected from a group consisting of polymer phosphate salt, polymer phosphate, polycarboxylate polymer salt and a polycarboxylate polymer. Water-soluble anionic polymer is added to said aqueous cellulose-derived sugar solution in concentration of 0.5 mg/l to 500 mg/l. Average molecular weight of said water-soluble anionic polymer ranges from 200 to 10,000.EFFECT: invention ensures production of sugar solution with low probability of content of fermentation inhibitors.8 cl, 2 dwg, 26 tbl, 8 ex

ethod of producing saccharose-based sugar product with controlled sweetness // 2583100
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and can be used in sugar industry when producing functional sugar products with controlled sweetness based on sucrose. Invention describes a highly efficient, simple and cheap method of producing functional sucrose-based sugar products with high consumer properties (balanced biochemical composition) and convenient in use (adjustable sweetness). Method of producing sucrose-based sugar product with controlled sweetness involves preparation of raw material, grinding, production and purification of diffuse juice, condensation of diffuse juice by evaporation, crystallisation of granulated sugar and treatment of effluents, wherein prior to condensation of diffuse juice by evaporation and/or after thickening in process of crystallisation granulated sugar is mixed with sweetening food substance carbohydrate nature-fructose, and/or glucose, and/or xylose and/or maltose, and/or galactose, and/or mannose and/or raffinose, and/or lactose and/or not carbohydrate nature-xylitol, maltitol, and/or and/or sorbitol, and/or minnitol, and/or steviosite, and/or sucralose, and/or alitame and/or acesulfame K, and/or aspartame, and/or saccharin, cyclamate and/or and/or tagatose and/or neotame, and/or thaumatin, with sweetness coefficient, different from sucrose, sucrose shall not be less than 50 %.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of consumer properties and optimisation of biochemical composition and controlled sweetness.1 cl, 2 tbl, 4 ex

Rotary pulp catcher for diffusion juice purification // 2579218
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry, in particular, to removal of pulp from diffusion juice. There is offered a rotary pulp catcher for diffusion juice purification, which contains a trough-shaped housing with a branch pipe for supply of unfiltered diffusion juice and a juice hopper. Outer surface of the trough-shaped housing with branch pipes of the filtered juice receiver and a hopper for pulp discharge are coated with a thin-fiber basalt material arranged in the form of twisted longitudinally elongated bundles.EFFECT: this invention allows to reduce energy consumption during diffusion juice purification.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of producing sugar solution // 2577901
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method for production of sugar solution, involving the filtration stage for sugar solution taken from cellulose through one or more separation diaphragms selected from a group consisting of ultrafiltration diaphragms, nanofiltration diaphragms and reverse-osmosis diaphragms. Whereupon, after filtration stage the method further includes a stage of washing separation diaphragm or diaphragms with flushing liquid at a temperature of not less than 50°C. Linear speed of said flushing liquid on diaphragm surface is from 5 to 50 cm/s.EFFECT: method provides efficient separation of impurities during sugar solution production.7 cl, 5 dwg, 7 tbl, 7 ex

ethod to purify diffusion juice // 2568490
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry. This method to purify diffusion juice, in which for mixing with diffusion juice as residue suspension they use a mixture of residue suspensions of I and II saturations, and activation of the mixture of residue suspensions of I and II saturations is carried out by means of its saturation to the value of pH 6.8-7.0. At the same time for the mixing they send the entire amount of the residue suspension of II saturation and such amount of residue suspension of I saturation, so that the total alkalinity of mixture of diffusion juice with activated mixture of residue suspensions of I and II saturations is within 0.70-0.85% CaO, and suspension of predefecated residue separated by settling is filtered.EFFECT: this method of purification will make it possible to increase the effect of diffusion juice purification in average by 0,65% with appropriate improvement of cleaned juice quality parameters and give high filtration properties to suspension of predefecated juice.1 tbl, 2 ex

Granulated sugar-containing product with additives and such product manufacture method // 2568134
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method envisages preparation of enriched sugar-containing solution taking into account the total content of dry substances in the solution in an amount of no less than 85%, inoculating granules placement on a granulator bottom, enriched sugar-containing solution spraying onto inoculating granules layer. Then one supplies 80-100°C air under the inoculating granules layer. Enriched additives are represented by natural powders of berries, fruits and vegetables juices, fruit-and-berry extracts and vitamin-and-mineral mixtures. Supplied additive quantity is calculated taking into account 15-50% of the human physiological need standard in dominating micronutrient of the additive. Enriching additives are supplied at the stage of preparation of sugar-containing solution for subsequent distribution and setting of micronutrient molecules between sucrose molecules that are generated in an amorphous state to preserve the ready product functional properties.EFFECT: in the process of storage during 6 months in an air-tight package, the enriched granulated sugar-containing products preserve their nutritional value.1 tbl, 3 ex
Fructose-glucose elecampane syrup production method // 2567201
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: fructose-glucose elecampane syrup production method envisages elecampane roots and rootstocks milling, milled mass extraction with hot water, extract separation. Then one performs fermentative hydrolysis with neutral protease Protozym L and fungous cellulase Glucaquamorin L under medium stirring conditions, the temperature being 50-70°C at pH value equal to 3-6 during 45-70 minutes to obtain a hydrolysate. The enzymes are inactivated; the fructose-glucose syrup is clarified and concentrated. The produced fructose-glucose contains no less than 65% of monosaccharides of dry substances as well as unhydrolysed polysaccharides. The product contains dry substances in an amount of 30-65 wt %. The dry substance contain fructose in an amount of no less than 50-60 wt %, pectin substances in an amount of 2-4 wt %, inulin in an amount of 2-15 wt %, sesquiterpenic lakgons in a total amount of 4.5 wt %, proteins in an amount of 1.5-3.0 wt %, fat in an amount of 0.1-0.2 wt %, ash in an amount of 2-3.0 wt %.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain fructose-glucose elecampane syrup with improved organoleptic and functional properties.
Sugar production method // 2565978
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods for production of sugar with increased physiological value and functional purpose. The proposed method for sugar production envisages diffusion juice obtainment, purification, evaporation, filtration, fillmass boiling out, centrifugation, sugar washing in the centrifuge rotor and sugar drying. After termination of sugar crystals washing, in the period of the centrifuge rotor braking and rotation rate decrease, one performs food additives spraying onto the washed sugar crystals surface, the additives taken in an amount of 0.4-0.8% of the crystals weight. The food additives are represented by iodcasein and/or selenium and/or β-carotene and/or hydrolysed milk whey enriched with lactates; before spraying, the food additive solution is mixed with maltodextrin solution; after discharging from the centrifuges, the sugar crystals are dried in the drum-type drying apparatus with preliminarily spraying of maltitol syrup through nozzles, the solution taken in an amount of 0.2-0.6% of the weight of crystals a suspended condition.EFFECT: invention ensures sugar physiological value increase and functional properties imparting to sugar.2 ex
 
2551339.
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