Sugar industry (C13)

C   Chemistry; metallurgy(315514)
C13            Sugar industry(2232)

Processing of biomass // 2626541
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: provides a method for increasing the availability of carbohydrates in the biomass feedstock. By cutting, grinding, crushing, grinding or chopping reduce the size of the original biomass material containing polysaccharides selected from cellulose, pectin, hemicellulose, and mixtures thereof. Initial biomass, containing less than 5% of water, is obtained. Initial biomass is irradiated by electron beam at a dose level of 1 to 10 Mrad/s and a power of 1 kW to 500 to produce a first processed biomass material. And then it is cooled and again, the treated first biomass material is irradited with an electron beam at a dose level of 1 to 10 Mrad/s and a power of 1 kW to 500 kW. The second processed biomass material is obtained having a number of average molecular weight from 3000 to 50,000 daltons of carbohydrates and increased accessibility.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain a material having a nutrient availability greater than the nutrient availability of the biomass of the original.17 cl, 46 dwg, 20 tbl, 45 ex
ethod for obtaining highly concentrated glucose solutions from cellulose-containing raw materials // 2624668
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for obtaining highly-concentrated glucose solutions from cellulose-containing raw materials includes pre-treatment of the raw materials and the subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis. The pre-treatment of the raw materials is carried out by the treatment with a diluted solution of sodium hydroxide with the concentration of 0.5-6.0%, then heating is performed and holding for 1-6 hours is carried out. Enzymatic hydrolysis is carried out at initial substrate concentrations of 250-300 g/l with the introduction of a fresh portion of the substrate every 2-8 hours and the removal of glucose by means of membrane filtration. Miscanthus, or fruit shells, or straw of grain crops are preferably used as a cellulose-containing raw material.EFFECT: invention allows to utilise cellulose-containing waste and to obtain highly-concentrated glucose hydrolysates.2 cl, 3 ex

Diffusion apparatus of continuous action // 2623478
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: diffusion apparatus of continuous action is proposed, represented by a vertical column expanding from top to bottom, with devices for feeding the product shavings and heated diffusion juice for their scalding and a device for removing the diffusion juice for processing, installed in its upper part, and also a device for water supply and a screw for discharging pulp from the apparatus. The screw is suspended in the second vertical column equipped in the upper part with pulp discharge and hot water supply devices and connected at the bottom to the first column with a transitional inclined section arranged at the natural slope angle of 40°C with a gate device for regulating the juice-shavings mixture flow.EFFECT: device provides the malting process intensification by means of the high-temperature treatment of the shavings at their combined motion.1 dwg
Diffusion juice purification method // 2622166
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: diffusion juice purification method is proposed, which involves introducing chloride lime into the diffusion juice, progressive preliminary defecation, defecation, I saturation, filtration, defecation before II saturation, II saturation, filtration. Wherein before the progressive preliminary defecation, the diffusion juice is treated with chlorine lime in an amount of 0.02-0.04% to the diffusion juice mass in the presence of iron oxide, with the subsequent heating of the juice to a temperature of 55-57°C and its direction to progressive preliminary defecation.EFFECT: method allows to significantly improve the filtration-sedimentation properties of the juice of the I saturation and to improve the quality indices of the purified juice.1 tbl, 2 ex
Diffusion juice purification method // 2621995
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for purifying the diffusion juice is proposed, including the progressive preliminary defecation, warm and hot primary defecation, I carbonation, filtration, additional defecation of filtered juice, its II carbonation, introduction of an additive to the juice of the II carbonation, subsequent sulphitation, introduction of an additive into the sulphated juice, and control filtration. As the additive, sodium polyacrylate is used, wherein in the juice of the II carbonation the additive is introduced in an amount of 0.002-0.003% to the juice mass at the temperature of 85-90°C, and in the sulphated juice the additive is introduced in an amount of 0.001-0.002% to its mass at the temperature of 92-95°C.EFFECT: method allows to significantly reduce the calcium salt content in the diffusive juice.1 tbl, 2 ex
ethod of crystalline white sugar production // 2619309
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method envisages boiling out the fillmass of first crystallization in the first vacuum apparatus, selecting the fillmass portion and feeding it into the second vacuum apparatus, the finished fillmass output into the receptacle fillmass mixer and centrifugation in a filter centrifuge with the first runoff separation, washing the sugar crystals with the second runoff separation, and the crystalline white sugar discharge. Wherein powdered sugar is used as chrystallization centres. The powder is pre-fractionated by sieving to the crystals size of 0.10-0.15 mm. The chrystallization centres are initiated on its base at the rate of 10-12 pc. per 1 mm of the trial lens surface length. Then they are grown by maintaining in the fillmass of 88-90% DS. Then part of said fillmass in an amount of 35-45% from the total weight is sampled in the form of a mixture with syrup and melt liquer into the second apparatus as the crystal base, and then distilled soft monoglyceride, heated to the fillmass temperature, is administered into it at the ratio of 0.002-0.004% by the fillmass weight. In the first apparatus the fillmass is boiled out to 92.0-92.5% of dry substances content, and in the second - to 93.0-93.5% of dry substances content. The fillmass from the first vacuum apparatus is directed to centrifugation earlier than that from the second one. Washing sugar crystals is carried out first with a sugar containing solution with the concentration of 70-76% of dry substances content in an amount of 2.5-3.5% by weight of the fillmass, with adding 2-4 mg /l of ozone at the temperature of 80-90°C, and then the wash water, saturated with steam, is fed at the pressure of 0.3-0.4 MPa in the amount of 0.8-1.4% by weight of the fillmass.EFFECT: improvement of output and quality of white sugar crystals.
ethod for boiling out first crystallization fillmass in vacuum apparatus // 2619308
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing the first crystallization fillmass, comprising preparing the sugar melts of the second and third crystallization, the sugar melts condensation, the crystals formation by introducing crystallization centres, their extension and thickening the fillmass until ready. The formation of crystallization centres is carried out directly in the sugar melt of the second crystallization. The crystallization centres are represented by powdered sugar fractionated by sieve analysis to the crystals size of 0.120-0.160 mm at the rate of 5-6 pc. per 1 mm of the trial lens surface length. The crystallization centres extension is carried out in two stages, wherein at the second stage soft distilled monoglyceride is introduced.EFFECT: reducing the duration of boiling out the fillmass of the first crystallization, increasing the crystals percentage therein and reducing unaccounted losses of sugar.
ethod for centrifugal separation of first crystallisation fillmass in sugar production // 2619282
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry. A method of separating the first crystallization fillmass comprising loading the fillmass in the filtering batch centrifuge rotor, separating the first runoff from the sugar crystals, washing them with separating the second runoff and slight drying the sugar crystals before discharging them from the rotor. Previously in the fillmass charged to the rotor soft distilled monoglyceride is administered, heated to the fillmass temperature, in an amount of 0.002-0.006% of its weight. Thereafter, the mixture is loosened with the syrup of the concentration of 60-65%, until the dry substances content of the fillmass is equal to 91.7-92.5%. Thereafter, the centrifuge rotor is filled with the fillmass, simultaneously with administering air saturated with moisture, with the temperature of 5-7°C higher than that of the fillmass. Wherein after separating the first runoff bulk of the fillmass layer, washing sugar crystals is started. It is carried out in two steps: first, by means of sugar containing solution, then with hot water mixed with ozone.EFFECT: invention provides the increased yield of white crystal sugar from the centrifuge and the improvement of its quality parameters.1 ex
Biomass liquefaction at low ph // 2617758
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the process of biomass processing. The method of processing raw material - lignocellulosic biomass, in which it is subjected to liquefaction by treatment with hot pressurized liquid water at subcritical conditions, wherein the temperature is from 330°C up to lower than 374°C and pH is less than 3.0. The invention is also directed to quenching of liquefaction process according to the above, to prevent, minimize or eliminate clogging and/or blocking of the process equipment with biomass adhesive components during processing according to the above, and to the use of additives in the biomass liquefaction.EFFECT: invention provides processing by liquefying the biomass.13 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl
ethod for complex treatment of thick sugar-containing solutions to extract saccharose // 2611145
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry. Method for complex treatment of thick sugar-containing solutions to extract saccharose provides for dissolution of thick sugar-containing solution by water or treated sugar juice. Then reagent treatment of the produced solution is carried out from non-sugars by introduction of reagents into it. Reagents are a mix of inorganic coagulant, acid reagent, cationic flocculant, a reagent accelerating flocculation process, a decoloring reagent, an anionic flocculant and lime milk. Solution is heated to temperature of 45-95°C, the produced residue of non-sugars is removed, solution is sent for electric dialysis treatment from salts of alkaline and rare earth metals and then introduced into the process flow of sugar production. Sugar-containing solution is dissolved down to 20-55% of dry substances. After electric dialysis treatment the treated solution is either thickened down to 60-75% of dry substances and introduced into technological flow of sugar production at the stage of fillmass B or C boiling, or introduced at the stage of B or C sugar remelt.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce treatment time, to improve extent of solution treatment from salts of alkaline and rare earth metals and to reduce its colour.3 cl, 2 tbl, 7 ex

ethod of purifying solid sugar-containing solution // 2610704
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of purifying a solid sugar-containing solution is proposed, providing its defecation in a defecator, carbonation of defecated solution in the first co-currentcarbonator, feeding it into countercurrent carbonator, carrying off a partially carbonated solid sugar-containing solution from the countercurrent carbonator into the second co-currentcarbonator and recirculation of overcarbonated solution into countercurrent carbonator for mixing with the incoming solution from the first co-currentcarbonator, final carbonation of resulting mixture, followed by its filtration. A carbon dioxide activated precipitate II carbonation sludge is added to the resulting mixture before its final carbonation in an amount of 18-20% to the mixture mass, final carbonation is carried out to alkalinity values of 0.015-0.020% CaO by phenolphthalein indicator.EFFECT: increased output of finished products and a colour reduction of the purified solid sugar-containing solution.1 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Bioreactor for biochemical processes // 2610674
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biochemistry. Bioreactor for biochemical processes is disclosed. Bioreactor includes cylindrical vessel with device for medium mixing. Device for medium mixing consists of impeller, round partition and position control mechanism of impeller in height relative to surface of mixing medium. Impeller is horizontally fixed on vertical rod in upper part of vessel. Control mechanism includes rod vertically installed along vessel axis, connected by means of retainer with round partition for its rotation. Round partition is made with side diffuser holes at angle of 30–45° to circle and with top holes at angle of 45–60° to horizontal. Wherein above round partition additional impeller is placed on rod.EFFECT: invention provides simplified design and elimination of power consumption.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of producing fructose-glucose syrup from girasol // 2605770
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. Method of producing fructose-glucose syrup from girasol tubers involves washing and grinding girasol, extraction for 15-20 minutes, separation of extract from solid phase, concentration and packaging. After grinding juice is squeezed from washed fresh girasol. After separation of pomace from solid phase, hot water is gradually added at temperature 80-85 °C until obtaining water duty juice/water (1:1)-(1:2), pomace is placed in an ultrasonic bath with heating, sugar is poured with water and extraction is carried out at temperature 70-80 °C. Extract is separated from solid phase by filtration, squeezed in hot form, then filtrate is mixed with water-diluted juice. Method then includes hydrolysis thereof to obtain fructose-glucose syrup by adding a solution of edible citric acid to pH 3.0-4.0 at temperature 80-85 °C for 4-4.5 hours with constant stirring. Hydrolysate is concentrated in vacuum-evaporator at temperature 80-85 °C to content in fructose-glucose syrup not less than 85-90 % of dry substances, then ready syrup is packed into containers.EFFECT: invention increases dry substances content in fructose-glucose syrup to 85-90% compared to prototype.1 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

Device for beet pulp drying // 2605350
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building. Beet pulp drying device includes case of rectangular section, surface of which is coated with heat-insulating material, loading bin, discharge opening, transporting working element, made inside case in form of continuous chain with articulated shafts, heating elements, fan and air duct. Shafts are made coaxial, and distance between them does not exceed minimum size of transported product. Inside case box with openings in its upper part is installed. Upper part chain with shafts rests on box upper part. Air duct is located in box side part at equal distance from loading bin and discharge opening. Heating elements and fan are placed inside air duct.EFFECT: proposed device allows to improve quality of beet pulp drying.1 cl, 2 dwg

Device for beet pulp drying // 2605348
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Beet pulp drying device includes rectangular cross-section casing, which surface is coated with heat-insulating material layer, loading bin, discharge opening, transporting working element installed inside casing, made in form of continuous chain with articulated shafts, heating elements, fan and air duct. Shafts are made coaxial, and distance between them does not exceed minimum size of transported product. Inside casing box with openings in its upper part is installed. Chain with shafts upper part rests on box upper part. Transporting working element drive includes shaft with blades. Shaft with blades is installed in box on loading bin side. Box and casing end surfaces on loading bin side are made with openings. In casing opening a branch pipe is installed. Heating elements are installed in branch pipe.EFFECT: disclosed device provides higher quality of beet pulp drying.1 cl, 2 dwg
ethod for crystallisation of maltose // 2604288
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food and starch industry. Disclosed method comprises adding to initial aqueous solution of maltose with dry substance content of 30.0-80.0 % at temperature of 25-80 °C isopropanol in amount of 50.0-500.0 % of weight of solution and stirring. Cooling to temperature of 2-25 °C, settling and separating formed crystals from liquid fraction. Formed crystals are dried at temperature of 75-85 °C to moisture content of 5-6 %.EFFECT: method simplifies process of crystallisation, and increases output and purity of crystalline maltose.1 cl, 2 ex
Diffusion juice production method // 2603829
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry. Disclosed is a method of producing diffusion juice, according to which beet chips are fed into a three-section scalder, where they are successively treated first with 0.05 % solution of Al2(SO4)3, then with heating steam. Treatment with solution of Al2(SO4)3 is performed at moment of feeding chips in 1st section of scalder, where it is immediately subsequently treated with heating steam in each section of scalder while stirring constantly. Heat treatment is performed so that temperature of beet chips prior to feeding into diffusion apparatus does not exceed 72 °C, and duration of treatment is 30-35 S. Prepared beet chips are directed into diffusion apparatus. Solution of 0.05 % Al2(SO4)3 is subjected to electrochemical activation at electric field intensity 2 V/cm for 90 s, and obtained diffusion juice before feeding into juice purification compartment is held in a collector-flow stabiliser for 2 minutes for clarification.EFFECT: method enables to intensify process of extraction from beet chips, reduce protein content in diffusion juice, improve purity of diffusion juice.1 cl, 2 ex
ethod of producing sugar-containing product // 2601801
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. Disclosed is a method for producing a sugar-containing product, involving mixing a crystal mass with a sweetening substance solution, introduction of at least one food additive, drying the ready product. Crystal mass is represented by preliminarily sieved sugar with crystals sized 0.30-0.40 mm. Sweetening substance is represented by natural sweetener - stevioside in a solution form. Sweetener is introduced into the crystal mass mixed with maltodextrin and fructo-oligosaccharide in equal quantities. Then, a carotene β-powder as a food additive is added, mixed, delivered for granulation and dried.EFFECT: invention provides improved physiological and functional properties of the sugar-containing product and increased shelf life.1 cl, 2 ex

ethod of producing colloidal semiconductor quantum dots of zinc selenide // 2601451
FIELD: nanotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to nanotechnology, specifically nanotechnology of interactive interaction, sensors or actuation, for example quantum dots as biomarkers. Described is a method of producing colloidal semiconductor quantum dots of zinc selenide, based on reaction of zinc chloride with selenide-ions in presence of ammonia and a coating agent, wherein zinc chloride, distributed in aqueous solution of lactose, used as a coating agent, reacts with selenide ions formed from a solution of sodium selenosulphide, while stirring for one hour.EFFECT: technically simple, cheap, non-toxic, low-temperature method of producing semiconductor quantum dots of zinc selenide coated with lactose, for use as biological markers.1 cl, 6 dwg

ethod for producing glucose hydrolysate of birch wood // 2600134
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: method for producing glucose hydrolysate of birch wood comprises pretreatment of birch shavings with aqueous solution containing 30 wt% of acetic acid and 4-5 wt% of hydrogen peroxide, while heating. It is followed by hydrolyzing with concentrated sulfuric acid, diluting with water and inversion at 100 °C for 1 hour with further separation of an end product. Wood shavings are being treated at atmospheric pressure, temperature of 90-100 °C, liquid module 5-15 for 3 hours. Acid hydrolysis of the produced cellulose is being carried out at temperature of 25-50 °C, liquid module 0.8-1.4 for 20-60 minutes with further dilution with water to fluid module 8.EFFECT: invention provides reduced consumption of reagents and energy resources and simplified method.1 cl, 1 tbl, 8 ex

Sugar // 2600127
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. Disclosed is pressed lump sugar containing heat-resistant physiologically functional substance in amount of 15-50 % of normal physiological haman need per 100 kcal of product or daily need, and/or flavouring agents in amount of 0.2-1.0 % of weight of granular sugar.EFFECT: present invention enables to obtain a product with improved functional properties, which maintains stable structure during its use, storage and transportation.1 cl, 5 tbl

ethod for reducing acrylamide formation in production of molasses // 2597862
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. Disclosed is a method of reducing amount of acrylamide formed during production of molasses, according to which asparaginase is added to clarified sugar solution and water is evaporated. Further, prepared sugar syrup is separated into a crude sugar fraction and a molasses fraction.EFFECT: method provides considerable reduction of acrylamide content in product without negatively affecting quality and characteristics.9 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl

ethod for sugar solution production // 2597199
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: according to the proposed method for production of liquid sugar using cellulose-containing biomass as raw material there is a hydrolysis of cellulose-containing biomass for producing an aqueous solution of sugar and its filtering through an ultrafilter membrane. Membrane has a threshold of molecular weight cutoff from 600 to 2,000 to remove fermentation inhibitors onto the permeate side and collect sugar liquid from the side of supply. Fermentation inhibitors contain one or more substances selected from a group consisting of cumaric acid, ferulic acid and 2,3-dihydrobenzofuran.EFFECT: method ensures production of sugar liquid with minimum content of fermentation inhibitors.5 cl, 4 dwg, 24 tbl, 8 ex

ethod for progressive predefecation of diffusion juice // 2594539
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry. Method involves mixing diffusion juice with lime in amount of 0.25 % CaO to weight of juice and suspension of second stage juice saturation in an amount of 10-20 % to weight of diffusion juice at reverse motion, higher alkalinity with corresponding pH from 6.2 to 10.8-11.2. In diffusion juice before predefecation process antifoaming agent is added in an amount of 5-15 g/t of beet, and in zone of metastable predefecation, after coagulation threshold IUS with pH 8.2…8.6, - flocculant in amount of 2-5 g/t.EFFECT: invention provides formation of sediment with high permeability and sediment properties, diffusion juice purification effect enhancement and reduction of total consumption of lime for cleaning.1 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

ethod of separating first crystallisation fill mass // 2593887
FIELD: chemistry. SUBSTANCE: disclosed method comprises dividing first crystallisation fillmass, which involves loading of fillmass from a receiving crystalliser tank in rotor filtering centrifuge periodic action, first runoff separation from sugar crystals, washing with second runoff separation and direction of separated effluents by segregator into separate collectors. Fillmass loaded in centrifuge rotor, is preliminarily diluted with its first runoff with addition of distilled monoglyceride in amount of 0.04-0.06 % of weight of fillmass. First runoff separation is accompanied by entry in centrifuge rotor moisture-saturated air temperature higher than fillmass at 3-5 ° C, washing sugar crystals with second runoff separation is started 15-25 s after loading fillmass in centrifuge rotor water temperature 80-95 °C, wherein it is preliminarily dissolved hydrogen peroxide in amount of 0.002-0.010 % of weight of sugar. Segregator is switched to second runoff 10-12 s after start of supply of wash water on a layer of sugar crystals with direction of first and second runoff in separate collectors. EFFECT: method provides higher yield of sugar from centrifuge, shorter cycle of centrifuging fillmass and improved sugar quality. 1 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex

Crystalliser-evaporator // 2590755
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: installation for lactose crystallisation includes two columns with covers and nozzles for supply of crystallised solution with unions to discharge air from them, bubblers for cyclic supply of hot and cold air in the column, wherein channels in barbotage have tangential direction, with unions for discharge of finished crystal mass. Each column has jacket with helical guide for appropriate supply of hot and cold water.EFFECT: unit ensures intensification of heat exchange, possibility to combine two crystallization and evaporation processes, possibility of varying temperature modes of crystallization and evaporation processes in a wide range, as well as improvement of quality and quantity of obtained crystalline lactose.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of producing brown sugar syrup // 2589789
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. According to proposed method of producing brown sugar syrup, brown sugar is mixed with II saturation juice in ratio 1:0.20-1:0.30 to obtain fillmass. Anolyte and catholyte are prepared by dissolving in a II saturation juice of sugar production salts NaCl and Na2SO3, taken in an amount of 0.02-0.05 % of weight of juice, and processing obtained solution of salts in a diaphragm cell. Fillmass is then dissolved in an anolyte and catholyte is added to obtained solution until a syrup is obtained with dry substances weight fraction equal to 60-65 % and pH 8-8.5. Syrup is then is heated to 75-80 °C and filtered.EFFECT: method ensures reduction of consumption of anolyte, solves problem of recycling catholyte and higher effect of decolouration of syrup, which improves quality of end product.1 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Apparatus for drying sugar cubes with microwave radiation // 2587569
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry. Plant for production and drying of lump sugar includes: press for moulding sweet mass to produce lump sugar, heating device for heating and drying of lump sugar, conditioning device for cooling and drying of lump sugar and transportation means for transporting lump sugar from press to heating device and, therefrom, to conditioning integrated device. Heating device includes several heaters, each of which has microwave emitter which emits microwave radiation, and waveguide guide microwave radiation from microwave radiator into drying chamber, in which heating lump sugar. At that, every heater comprises valve located at waveguide which reverse radiation cannot pass in waveguide for said valve, which makes plant more flexible in use in comparison with other.EFFECT: invention ensures increased service life of microwave radiator.9 cl, 2 dwg

Diffusion juice purification method // 2587042
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a diffusion juice purification method providing its defecation in defecator to alkalinity of 0.8-1.0 % CaO to the weight of product, saturation of defecated solution in the first direct-flow saturator, feeding it into counter-flow saturator, removal of saturated sugar-containing solution from the countercurrent saturator to the second direct-flow saturator. Then 3-5 times recirculation of overcarbonated solution from the second direct-flow saturator to the counter-flow saturator for mixing with incoming solution from the first direct-flow saturator, final saturation of the mixture to achieve pH 8.5-9.5 in counter-flow saturator, and filtering the solution. Saturation of defecated solution in the first direct-flow saturator is carried out to alkalinity of 0.30-0.35 % CaO. Method allows to enhance diffusion juice purification effect in average by 1.2 % and reduce purified juice colourity in average by 12.5 %.EFFECT: diffusion juice purification effect enhancement.1 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex
ethod of processing of grain and leguminous crops, food grain and leguminous bran for preparation of components of fermentative mediums used in microbiological industry for cultivation of microorganisms // 2586734
FIELD: biotechnologies.SUBSTANCE: method provides moistening of grain and beans and destruction by crushing of shell and complete structure of the grain and bean endosperm with the formation of a developed structure of cracks in the body of grain and beans with the subsequent damp crushing of the grain, beans and grain bran. From water mix the grain, beans and grain bran of starch A and high-molecular protein are separated. The fermentative hydrolysis of other low-molecular starch and protein is conducted. Then the additional thermochemical treatment of shells of grain, beans and grain bran is performed at the temperature from 150 up to 310°C and the pressure from 0.5 up to 10.0 MPa with the subsequent additional fermentative hydrolysis by a cellulolytic fermental preparation. The damp crushing is performed in two or more consecutive steps, and the thermochemical treatment is performed with the additional injection of acid or alkali.EFFECT: invention allows to process completely starch-containing raw materials that allows using it for the preparation of nutrient mediums for the cultivation of microorganisms.6 cl, 8 ex

Device for separation of syrup from sugar fillmass containing centrifuge of periodic action, and method of using said device // 2586153
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for separation of solid particles from fluid, in particular, to batch centrifuges separation of crystalline sugar from suspensions crystalline sugar. Device for separation of a syrup from sugar fillmass containing centrifuge comprises batch centrifuge with wall and base (12), as well as a cylindrical drum arranged in casing. In casing of centrifuge there are outlet holes (41, 42). First receiving container (61) for syrup leaving outlet holes, is used, in particular, to receive green effluent. Second receiving container (62) for syrup leaving outlet hole (42), is used, in particular, to receive white effluent. Control device (81) and valve or shut-off units (71, 72), which are controlled by control device (81) are located at outlet holes (41, 42) or in them, or in connecting lines (51, 52) leading from outlet hole (42) to receiving containers (61, 62), for purpose of green effluent separation and white effluent. There is at least one detector (80) in channel between point of incidence syrup syrup movement on wall of casing centrifuge and controlled valve or shut-off units (71, 72). Detector (80) has a measuring device for measuring physical quantity, which displays difference between green and white effluent. Method for separation of a syrup of sugar production fillmass by means of proposed device is characterised by that measured physical value, representing difference between green effluent and white effluent, on path between point of incidence syrup syrup out of wall of casing of centrifuge and controlled valve or shut-off units (71 and 72). Each valve is controlled or shutoff unit (71, 72) depending on measured values of physical quantity so that components syrup, detected as green effluent or white effluent, flow to receiving containers (61 and 62), intended for their reception.EFFECT: reliable separation.16 cl, 7 dwg

ethod of producing sugar solution // 2583689
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. Method includes concentrating an aqueous cellulose-derived sugar solution with a nanofiltration membrane and/or reverse osmosis membrane, wherein said concentration is carried out after adding a water-soluble anionic polymer to said aqueous cellulose-derived sugar solution, to remove fermentation inhibitors into permeate side of said nanofiltration membrane and/or reverse osmosis membrane. Water-soluble anionic polymer contains a polymer selected from a group consisting of polymer phosphate salt, polymer phosphate, polycarboxylate polymer salt and a polycarboxylate polymer. Water-soluble anionic polymer is added to said aqueous cellulose-derived sugar solution in concentration of 0.5 mg/l to 500 mg/l. Average molecular weight of said water-soluble anionic polymer ranges from 200 to 10,000.EFFECT: invention ensures production of sugar solution with low probability of content of fermentation inhibitors.8 cl, 2 dwg, 26 tbl, 8 ex

ethod of producing saccharose-based sugar product with controlled sweetness // 2583100
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and can be used in sugar industry when producing functional sugar products with controlled sweetness based on sucrose. Invention describes a highly efficient, simple and cheap method of producing functional sucrose-based sugar products with high consumer properties (balanced biochemical composition) and convenient in use (adjustable sweetness). Method of producing sucrose-based sugar product with controlled sweetness involves preparation of raw material, grinding, production and purification of diffuse juice, condensation of diffuse juice by evaporation, crystallisation of granulated sugar and treatment of effluents, wherein prior to condensation of diffuse juice by evaporation and/or after thickening in process of crystallisation granulated sugar is mixed with sweetening food substance carbohydrate nature-fructose, and/or glucose, and/or xylose and/or maltose, and/or galactose, and/or mannose and/or raffinose, and/or lactose and/or not carbohydrate nature-xylitol, maltitol, and/or and/or sorbitol, and/or minnitol, and/or steviosite, and/or sucralose, and/or alitame and/or acesulfame K, and/or aspartame, and/or saccharin, cyclamate and/or and/or tagatose and/or neotame, and/or thaumatin, with sweetness coefficient, different from sucrose, sucrose shall not be less than 50 %.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of consumer properties and optimisation of biochemical composition and controlled sweetness.1 cl, 2 tbl, 4 ex

Rotary pulp catcher for diffusion juice purification // 2579218
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry, in particular, to removal of pulp from diffusion juice. There is offered a rotary pulp catcher for diffusion juice purification, which contains a trough-shaped housing with a branch pipe for supply of unfiltered diffusion juice and a juice hopper. Outer surface of the trough-shaped housing with branch pipes of the filtered juice receiver and a hopper for pulp discharge are coated with a thin-fiber basalt material arranged in the form of twisted longitudinally elongated bundles.EFFECT: this invention allows to reduce energy consumption during diffusion juice purification.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of producing sugar solution // 2577901
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method for production of sugar solution, involving the filtration stage for sugar solution taken from cellulose through one or more separation diaphragms selected from a group consisting of ultrafiltration diaphragms, nanofiltration diaphragms and reverse-osmosis diaphragms. Whereupon, after filtration stage the method further includes a stage of washing separation diaphragm or diaphragms with flushing liquid at a temperature of not less than 50°C. Linear speed of said flushing liquid on diaphragm surface is from 5 to 50 cm/s.EFFECT: method provides efficient separation of impurities during sugar solution production.7 cl, 5 dwg, 7 tbl, 7 ex

ethod to purify diffusion juice // 2568490
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sugar industry. This method to purify diffusion juice, in which for mixing with diffusion juice as residue suspension they use a mixture of residue suspensions of I and II saturations, and activation of the mixture of residue suspensions of I and II saturations is carried out by means of its saturation to the value of pH 6.8-7.0. At the same time for the mixing they send the entire amount of the residue suspension of II saturation and such amount of residue suspension of I saturation, so that the total alkalinity of mixture of diffusion juice with activated mixture of residue suspensions of I and II saturations is within 0.70-0.85% CaO, and suspension of predefecated residue separated by settling is filtered.EFFECT: this method of purification will make it possible to increase the effect of diffusion juice purification in average by 0,65% with appropriate improvement of cleaned juice quality parameters and give high filtration properties to suspension of predefecated juice.1 tbl, 2 ex

Granulated sugar-containing product with additives and such product manufacture method // 2568134
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method envisages preparation of enriched sugar-containing solution taking into account the total content of dry substances in the solution in an amount of no less than 85%, inoculating granules placement on a granulator bottom, enriched sugar-containing solution spraying onto inoculating granules layer. Then one supplies 80-100°C air under the inoculating granules layer. Enriched additives are represented by natural powders of berries, fruits and vegetables juices, fruit-and-berry extracts and vitamin-and-mineral mixtures. Supplied additive quantity is calculated taking into account 15-50% of the human physiological need standard in dominating micronutrient of the additive. Enriching additives are supplied at the stage of preparation of sugar-containing solution for subsequent distribution and setting of micronutrient molecules between sucrose molecules that are generated in an amorphous state to preserve the ready product functional properties.EFFECT: in the process of storage during 6 months in an air-tight package, the enriched granulated sugar-containing products preserve their nutritional value.1 tbl, 3 ex
Fructose-glucose elecampane syrup production method // 2567201
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: fructose-glucose elecampane syrup production method envisages elecampane roots and rootstocks milling, milled mass extraction with hot water, extract separation. Then one performs fermentative hydrolysis with neutral protease Protozym L and fungous cellulase Glucaquamorin L under medium stirring conditions, the temperature being 50-70°C at pH value equal to 3-6 during 45-70 minutes to obtain a hydrolysate. The enzymes are inactivated; the fructose-glucose syrup is clarified and concentrated. The produced fructose-glucose contains no less than 65% of monosaccharides of dry substances as well as unhydrolysed polysaccharides. The product contains dry substances in an amount of 30-65 wt %. The dry substance contain fructose in an amount of no less than 50-60 wt %, pectin substances in an amount of 2-4 wt %, inulin in an amount of 2-15 wt %, sesquiterpenic lakgons in a total amount of 4.5 wt %, proteins in an amount of 1.5-3.0 wt %, fat in an amount of 0.1-0.2 wt %, ash in an amount of 2-3.0 wt %.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain fructose-glucose elecampane syrup with improved organoleptic and functional properties.
Sugar production method // 2565978
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods for production of sugar with increased physiological value and functional purpose. The proposed method for sugar production envisages diffusion juice obtainment, purification, evaporation, filtration, fillmass boiling out, centrifugation, sugar washing in the centrifuge rotor and sugar drying. After termination of sugar crystals washing, in the period of the centrifuge rotor braking and rotation rate decrease, one performs food additives spraying onto the washed sugar crystals surface, the additives taken in an amount of 0.4-0.8% of the crystals weight. The food additives are represented by iodcasein and/or selenium and/or β-carotene and/or hydrolysed milk whey enriched with lactates; before spraying, the food additive solution is mixed with maltodextrin solution; after discharging from the centrifuges, the sugar crystals are dried in the drum-type drying apparatus with preliminarily spraying of maltitol syrup through nozzles, the solution taken in an amount of 0.2-0.6% of the weight of crystals a suspended condition.EFFECT: invention ensures sugar physiological value increase and functional properties imparting to sugar.2 ex
Fructose syrup production method // 2565026
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method envisages preparation of fructose syrup of dandelion, linden, chamomile flower and cumquat extract. For this purpose dandelion, linden and chamomile flowers are washed and milled into particles sized no more than 2 mm. The particles are mixed with water and cumquat pulp and rind. Then one performs extraction under stirring conditions during 3-5 hours, the obtained water extract filtration and mixing with fructose, the weight ratio of filtrate to fructose being 1:1. The obtained syrup is heated to 100°C under stirring conditions, cooled, dispensed and packed. For preparation of 1000 g of fructose syrup one uses 500 g of dandelion, linden, chamomile flowers and cumquat extract and 500 g of fructose.EFFECT: obtainment of fructose syrup with increased nutritive and biological value.2 tbl, 2 ex

ethod and plant for mixing of lignocelluloses with enzymes // 2564572
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biochemistry. Invention discloses processing and liquefaction of lignocellulose. Processing comprises initiation of lignocellulose steam fracture reaction to get the suspension. Alkali-based material is added to said suspension. Enzymic solution is added to said suspension and mixed therewith to conduct the enzymic hydrolysis of said suspension. Liquefaction of lignocellulose comprises initiation of steam fracture reaction to get the suspension. Alkali-based material is mixed with said suspension to inject enzymes of enzymic solution to said suspension. Said suspension is mixed with addition of enzymic solution. System for liquefaction of lignocellulose comprises reactor for steam fracture, first and second screw conveyors, mixer communicated with outlet of second screw conveyor and reactor top for conversion of material thickness.EFFECT: accelerated liquefaction of lignocellulose.17 cl, 7 dwg

ethod for sugar solution production and device for such production // 2564571
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for liquid sugar production and to a device for such method implementation. The method involves Stage (1) of cellulase addition isolated from Trichoderma genus filamentous fungus to cellulose for primary hydrolysis performance, the stage (2) of addition of fresh cellulase isolated from Trichoderma genus filamentous fungus to Stage (1) hydrolysate for performance of secondary hydrolysis and Stage (3) whereat Stage (2) hydrolysate is subjected to separation into solid substance and liquid to produce liquid sugar wherefrom a regenerated enzyme is produced; the regenerated enzyme produced at Stage (3) is used at Stage (1) of the next and further processes of sugar production, the method involving repetition of Stages (1)-(3) two or more times. The device for implementation of the liquid sugar production method contains the following components: a hydrolysis reservoir whereto a pipe for supply of regenerated enzyme and a pipe for supply of fresh enzyme are connected, a device for separation of the hydrolysate solid substance and liquid, a liquid sugar reservoir with a water supply pipe and a device having an ultrafiltration membrane.EFFECT: invention is aimed at achievement of higher effect with regard to reduction of the quantity of enzyme in the method for production of liquid sugar from cellulose.9 cl, 11 dwg, 6 tbl, 5 ex

Crystalline sugar for sport alimentation and method of its production // 2560984
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to sugar refining industry. The crystalline sugar for sport alimentation includes iron (Fe) - 45-55 mg, zinc (Zn) - 40-48 mg, manganese (Mn) - 11-14 mg, copper (Cu) - 3.0-3.8 mg, selenium (Se) - 0.18-0.21 mg, chrome (Cr) - 0.17-0.19 mg, fluoride (F) - 12-15 mg per 100 g of the product. This sugar is preferably produced by way of introduction of mineral components into the effluent produced during washing first crystallisation sugar crystal in the centrifuge, the amount of mineral substances per 100 kg of effluent being as follows: iron ascorbate-440-475 g; zinc cirtate - 380-405 g; manganese citrate - 98-105 g; copper gluconate - 25-30 g; selenomethionine - 0.18-2.0 g; chrome picolinate - 1.7-1.9 g; sodium fluoride - 155-180 g. Then sugar is crystallised from the produced solution under vacuum, the supersaturation coefficient value equal to 1.25-1.28; then crystals are washed with 80-85°C water in an amount of 3.0-4.0% of the crystals weight and further dried.EFFECT: invention allows to ensure the required level of content of the said microelements in sportsmen's organisms in case of consumption of the proposed sugar and to protect the organism from possible undesirable consequences of intensive physical and psychological strains.2 cl, 3 tbl, 3 ex

Diffusion sieve blowing method // 2560955
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: diffusion apparatus diffusion sieve blowing method envisages usage of a mixture of compressed air and diffusion juice. Should it be insufficient, the diffusion sieve is additionally blown with return steam. A diffuse juice level sensor is installed upstream the frontal sieve of the diffusion apparatus for the blowing process regulation. In case of a difficulty occurring in diffusion juice draw off the readings of the diffuse juice level sensor installed upstream the sieve change. In case of the readings deviation from the preset parameters one opens the tap supplying diffusion juice from the main communication for the sieve blowing, partly closes the damper on the main communication supplying diffuse juice to the pulp trap and simultaneously opens the tap supplying compressed air for blowing. Should it be still insufficient, the diffusion sieve is additionally blown using return steam. For this purpose, after blowing with the mixture of diffuse juice and compressed air, one opens the damper supplying return steam for blowing and proceeds with blowing until the readings of the level sensor installed upstream the diffuse sieve are normalised. Then blowing is discontinued; the taps supplying compressed air and diffuse juice for blowing as well as the damper supplying return steam for blowing are closed with the damper regulating supply of diffuse juice to the pulp trap fully opened.EFFECT: invention allows to enhance efficiency of diffusion sieve blowing and ready products quality due to stabilisation of the technological flow ensuring uninterrupted supply of diffusion juice to the juice purification compartment.1 dwg, 3 ex

ethod and device for manufacturing sugar solution // 2560443
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of manufacturing sugar solution and device for method realisation. Method comprises addition of carbohydrase to cellulose to realise primary hydrolysis, separation of solid and liquid phases of primary hydrolysate to obtain primary sugar solution, stage of adding water to solid substances, realisation of secondary hydrolysis, separation of solid and liquid phases of secondary hydrolysate to obtain sugar solution and residue, filtration of primary and secondary sugar solution through ultrafiltration membrane, with reaction time of first hydrolysis constituting from 2 to 200 hours, concentration of solid substances before secondary hydrolysis constituting from 1 wt % to 20 wt %, and reaction time of secondary hydrolysis constituting from 5 to 180 minutes. Device for realisation of method of sugar solution manufacturing contains tank with mixer for primary hydrolysis, first device for separation of solid and liquid phases of primary hydrolysate, tank of secondary hydrolysate or press-filter for secondary hydrolysis, second device for separation of solid and liquid phases of secondary hydrolysate and device with ultrafiltration membrane.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase output of sugar and quantity of extracted enzyme.13 cl, 16 dwg, 29 tbl, 21 ex

Device for production of pelletised sugary products // 2557169
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of pelletised products from solutions of crystallising substances, mainly, sugary substances, and can be used in food industry. Proposed device comprises stationary cylindrical case, revolving cylinder with bottom, fixed hollow blades secured at central tube lower part arranged in revolving cylinder with clearance from said bottom and system for feed of solution and hot air. Note here that one of blades is some 10-15 mm higher than the other blades. Pellets discharge means is arranged nearby larger blade.EFFECT: ruled out attrition of sugar pellets in circular channel.1 dwg

ethod for integrated purification of molasses and its extraction from sucrose // 2556894
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for integrated purification of molasses and its extraction from sucrose includes stages whereat molasses is diluted, reagents are added to it with further settlement of the generated non-sugar sediment; molasses is diluted with water or purified sugar juice until the content of dry substances is 20-50%; then reagents are introduced into the produced solution that are represented by a mixture of a mechanical coagulant, an acid agent, a non-anionic flocculant, a reagent accelerating the flocculation process, a decolourising reagent and a non-cationic flocculant; the solution is heated to 45-95°C and supplied into the decanter sump where it is maintained until sediment formation. Then the sediment is removed; the solution is filtered and delivered for electric dialysis purification to remove salts of alkaline and alkaline-earth metals. After such electric dialysis purification, the cleared solution is introduced into the process flow at the pre-defecation stage, saturation Stage 1, saturation Stage 2 or evaporation stage.EFFECT: invention allows to ensure a high degree of molasses purification as well as the possibility of application at the stage of electric dialysis purification of any type anionic and cationic membranes.3 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex
ethod for production of granulated sugar-containing product // 2556314
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for production of a granulated sugar-containing product envisages sugar-containing solution concentration and application onto fuse granules as well as product granules growing and drying; fuse granules are characteristically represented by maltodextrin granules produced by way of maltodextrin powder granulation until the granules size is 0.5-1.0 mm. In the process of growing, sugar-containing solution with concentration of dry substances equal to 80-82.5% is applied onto the fuse granules until their size is 2.0-4.0 mm, moisture content equal to 4.0-6.0%; then maltitol syrup with concentration of dry substances equal to 80-85% is sprayed onto the granules surface with subsequent drying until the moisture content is 0.2-0.4%.EFFECT: improvement of the granulometric composition of the granulated sugar-containing product, enhancement of its physiological value and imparting preventive properties.1 ex
Flavoured sugar production method // 2555788
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for production of flavoured sugar envisages creation of a mobile vibration-liquefied layer of moist sugar crystals, spraying of the additive solution, dispersed in the form of aerosol, onto the crystals, stirring sugar with the said additive and the resultant product drying . The additive solution is represented by a water-based food flavouring agent in an amount equal to 0.1 - 0.2% of the sugar weight; before drying, one performs encapsulated of flavoured sugar crystals with a syrup film; for this, one additionally sprays onto crystals located within the vibration-liquefied layer a finely dispersed aerosol produced by way of dispersion of a water solution of sucrose with concentration equal to 71-73%, heated to 45-55°C.EFFECT: flavoured sugar has improved stability of quality due to reduction of flavouring agent losses due to volatility and oxidation.1 ex
Fructose-glucose batata syrup production method // 2555469
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: fructose-glucose batata syrup production method envisages batata tubers milling, milled mass extraction with hot water, extract separation, fermentative hydrolysis of bacterial neutral protease Protozym L and fungous cellulase Glucavamorin L under medium stirring conditions, the temperature being 50-70°C at pH value equal to 4-7 during 45-90 minutes to obtain a hydrolysate. Then enzymes are inactivated. The syrup is delivered for clarification. Then one performs concentration of fructose syrup containing monosaccharides in an amount of no less than 70% of dry substances as well as unhydrolysed polysaccharides. The product contains 60-65% of dry substances; fructose content in the dry substances composition is less than 50-60%.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain fructose-glucose syrup with improved organoleptic and functional properties.
 
2551325.
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