Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes and fatty acids therefrom and detergents and candles (C11)

C   Chemistry; metallurgy(315514)
C11            Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes; fatty acids therefrom; detergents; candles(4635)

ethod for processing fats and oils // 2628515
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for neutralizing the acidity of fats and oils to produce micronutrients and a product of fatty acids and to extract refined oils includes: feeding the pretreated oil stream to a vacuum vapour distillation section distilling volatile phases; feeding the distilled volatile phases to the high-temperature condensation stage or to the combination of the high-temperature and the mid-temperature condensation stages to obtain the condensed phase (A) and the vapour phase (E); sending the condensed phase (A) to the vacuum distillation process and sending the vapour phase (E) to the low-temperature condensation stage; the effect on the condensed phase (A) of the vacuum distillation process and obtaining a high-temperature distillate and a stream of volatile substances; feeding the vapour phase (E) from the high-temperature condensation stage together with the stream of the volatile substances (C) from the vacuum distillation process to the low-temperature condensation stage to obtain the stream of non-condensable gases and low-temperature distillate, providing the stream of the non-condensable gases the possibility to be retained in the vacuum system, and extracting he refined oil stream from the vacuum and vapour distillation section.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase the content of tocopherols during the neutralisation of oils.14 cl, 12 dwg, 5 tbl, 3 ex
Hardness salt removing composition // 2627376
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: composition of the following composition is proposed, wt %: hydrochloric acid 10-40, hexamethylenetetramine (urotropine) 0.5-8.0, non-ionic surfactant (surfactant) 0.5-3.0, etidronic acid 5.0-10.0, isopropyl alcohol - 1.0-10.0, oleic acid - 0.1-3.0, water diluent is the rest. The composition is in the form of liquid or gel.EFFECT: producing a highly effective composition that has increased rate of hardness salt deposit dissolution and low consumption when used.5 cl, 10 ex

ethod for arachidonic acid production // 2627273
FIELD: pharmacology.SUBSTANCE: method for preparation of arachidonic acid from an animal raw material includes alkaline hydrolysis of lipids isolated from the raw material, followed by hydrolyzate acidification, iodine-lactonization reaction, iodine-lactone extraction from the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, iodine-lactone dilution with a silicone agent, neutralisation of the released iodine with sodium thiosulfate, fatty acids extraction with an organic solvent, where, prior to the iodine-lactonization reaction, lipid hydrolyzate is treated with lithium alkali in acetone and saturated acids are isolated as a precipitate, Iodine-lactonization is carried out by transferring lithium salts of unsaturated fatty acids to sodium salts, which are treated with iodine solution to form iodine-lactones of fatty acids at a ratio of the acids sum (arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic):iodine equal to 1.0:1.0-1.2 mol/mol, at mixture temperature of 18-22°C, with duration of iodine solution addition to the reaction mixture of 30-60 minutes, followed by solutions maintaining for 60 minutes; after iodine-lactones extraction from the reaction mixture with an organic solvent, delta- and gamma-iodo-lactone separation is further carried out by chromatography on silica gel using benzene as the eluent; and the disclosure of delta-iodine-lactones of arachidonic and eicosapentaenoic acids is carried out with silicide at a ratio of arachidonic acid iodine-lactone + eicosapentaenoic acid/silicide = 1.0:1.0-1.2 mol/mol, mixture temperature of 18-22°C, reaction time of 120-180 minutes; after fatty acids extraction with an organic solvent, they are esterified with ethyl alcohol and arachidonic acid is isolated as ethyl ether by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (C-18) using an ethanol-water eluting system of 8.0:1.0-2.5 vol./vol.EFFECT: easy and reproducible way to separate pure arachidonic acid from animal tissues, available for sale in laboratories and industrial plants using arachidonic acid in biochemical, medical and dietetic studies.4 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl, 5 ex
ethod for producing hydrated frozen sunflower oil // 2626751
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: at the first stage, the initial press sunflower oil is analyzed. As a hydrating agent, instead of process tap water, demineralized water vapour condensate of 3-5% from the oil weight is used in the form of the aqueous solution of sodium chloride mineral salt, subjected to electrochemical activation in a diaphragm electrolythic cell, to produce an acid anolyte with the pH of 4 and an alkaline catholyte with the pH of 9-10. The hydration activator is represented by citric acid in the form of 0.1% aqueous solution concentration, the hydration is carried out in 2 stages sequentially, first with the acid anolyte with the pH of 4, with the addition of citric acid. Then, with the alkaline catholyte with the pH of 9-10; before separating the phospholipid emulsion, the sedimentation within at least 8 hours, separating the hydrofuse, and drying the oil, if necessary, are carried out. After that, the oil is heated to 60°C, and 2% from the oil weight of wax are added in the pre-molten state. The oil is stirred and cooled to +10°C. In the oil, the wax crystallization process begins. The total crystallization time should be at least 10 hours. After 3-4 hours, the oil is slowly heated to 18-20°C. The final stage of said method is filtration of the prepared oil through a cotton cloth on a filter press at the pressure of 1.0-2.0 atm, depending on the condition of the oil and the filtered cloth. After the filtration, the oil is packed in bottles with the nitrogen protection.EFFECT: invention allows to improve the quality of oil, to isolate phospholipids, including non-hydratable ones, from it more efficiently, and to reduce the pro-oxidative capacity.2 tbl, 4 ex
ethod for manufacturing hydrated frozen sunflower oil // 2626748
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: at the first stage, the initial press sunflower oil is analyzed for the content of phospholipids in it. As a hydrating agent, instead of process tap water, water vapour condensate of 3÷5% from the oil weight is used in the form of the aqueous solution of sodium chloride mineral salt with the concentration of not more than 1 g/l, subjected to electrochemical activation in a diaphragm electrolythic cell, to produce an acid anolyte with the pH of 4 and an alkaline catholyte with the pH of 9-10. The hydration is carried out in 2 stages sequientially, first with the acid anolyte with the pH of 4 in the amount of 1.5÷2.5 wt % to the oil weight, into which citric acid is added in the amount of 0.1±0.01 wt % to the oil weight, then - with the alkaline catholyte with the pH of 9-10 in the amount of 1.5÷2.5 wt % to the oil weight. Before separating the phospholipid emulsion, sedimentation is carried out within at least 8 hours, the hydrofuse is separated, the hydrated oil is dried. Thereinafter, into the hydrated dried oil with the temperature of 80°C, 2% of the oil weight of wax are added in the pre-melted state; the oil is stirred and cooled rapidly at the rate of 9±0.5°C/hour up to +40±2°C, then slowly at the rate of 3±0.5°C/hour to the temperature of +10±1°C, holding at this temperature for at least 4 hours, then the oil is slowly heated at the rate of 2÷3°C/hour to 18÷20°C, the filtration of the prepared oil for removing the wax is carried out through a cotton cloth on a filter press at the pressure of 1.0÷2.0 atm, and the oil is packed in bottles with the nitrogen protection.EFFECT: invention allows to improve the quality of oil, to isolate phospholipids, including non-hydratable ones, from it more efficiently, to reduce the pro-oxidative capacity, and to remove the wax.2 tbl, 4 ex
ethod for manufacturing hydrated frozen sunflower oil // 2626743
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: at the first stage, the initial press sunflower oil is analyzed for the content of phospholipids in it. As a hydrating agent, water vapour condensate of 3-5% from the oil weight is used in the form of the aqueous solution of sodium chloride with the concentration of not more than 1 g/l, subjected to electrochemical activation in a diaphragm electrolythic cell to produce an acid anolyte with the pH of 4 and an alkaline catholyte with the pH of 9- 10. The hydration is carried out in 2 stages sequentially, first with the acid anolyte with the pH of 4 in the amount of 1.5-2.5 wt % to the oil weight, into which citric acid is added in the amount of 0.1±0.01 wt % to the oil weight, then - with the alkaline catholyte with the pH of 9-10 in the amount of 1.5-2.5 wt % to the oil weight. Then, the sedimentation is carried out within at least 8 hours, the hydrofuse is drained, and the oil is dried. Further, the hydrated dried oil is cooled, first rapidly at the rate of 9±0.5°C/h up to 40±2°C, then slowly at the rate of 3±0.5°C/h up to +5±1°C. When pumping into the crystalliser, a flat oil pipe with the through opening thickness of 0.6 cm and the width of 16.0 cm from a non-magnetic material, on which five identical coils are wound sequentially with the interval of not more than 0.4-0.5 m of copper wire with the diameter of 5 mm and the number of turns of 10, and installed in the direction of the earth's magnetic field, and the terminals of the coils are connected to direct current with the voltage of 220 V, so that the directions of the electric-field vectors created by the magnetic fields of the coils coincide with the direction of the electric-field vector of the earth's magnetic field. Then, being held at +5±1°C for at least 2 hours, the oil at the rate of 2-3°C/h is slowly heated to 18-20°C; the filtering of the prepared oil is carried out through a cotton cloth on a filter press at the pressure of 1.0-2.0 atm, after which the oil is packed into bottles with the nitrogen protection.EFFECT: improving the quality of sunflower oil, reducing the content of phospholipids down to their absence.2 tbl, 4 ex
ethod of processing oil-containing raw material // 2625678
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method of processing oil-containing raw material includes degreasing the oil-containing raw materials with a solvent, removal of the resulting miscella, separating the skimmed oil-containing raw material. Wherein the oil-containing raw material is represented by extruded husk-free sunflower kernel, and degreasing is carried out in three stages by means of mixing the oil-containing raw material and ethanol at the temperature of 70-73°C at the ratio of 6:1 and stirring for 40 minutes. Separating the oil-containing raw material from miscella (oil solution in ethanol) is carried out by filtering the slurry of skimmed husk-free sunflower kernels from ethanol on a nutsch filter and tosting (removal of ethanol) with obtaining a protein product, the separated miscella is distilled with obtaining oil.EFFECT: invention enables to increase the yield of desired products, to increase the specific contents of phosphatidylcholine in the group composition of oil phospholipids, to increase the oxidative stability of oil, to reduce the content of waxes in oil, to increase the protein content in a protein product.2 cl, 2 tbl, 3 ex

ethod for extracting fatty acids from vegetable oils // 2625676
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method of extracting fatty acids from vegetable oil includes the extraction of fatty acids from vegetable oil with ethanol, wherein their mixture is converted to the emulsified state at the temperature in the range of 25°C to 70°C with the subsequent delamination of the emulsion into two immiscible liquid phases. The mass ratio of alcohol to oil is taken different in values depending on the selected temperature, namely: at the temperature of 25°C, but not more than 30°C, the mass ratio of alcohol to oil is from 0.78: 1 to 0.89:1, at the temperature of 30°C, but not more than 40°C - from 0.44:1 to 0.89:1, at the temperature of 40°C, but not more than 50°C - from 0.56:1 to 1.62:1, at the temperature of 50°C, but not more than 60°C - from 0.56:1 to 2:1, at the temperature of 60°C, but not more than 70°C - from 0.56:1 to 9:1, at 70°C - from 0.32:1 to 18:1.EFFECT: invention allows to shorten the duration of the one-stage extraction, and to simplify performing the multi-stage extraction with deeper purification.2 cl, 7 dwg, 9 tbl, 6 ex
ethod for producing extracts // 2624958
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method provides for the operations of defrosting, grinding and extraction of frozen fruit and berry raw materials in the apparatus in the low-frequency mechanical oscillation field by means of a vibration plate perforated with openings with the diameter of 2.5 mm with the free section share of 16.5%. The vibration plate is installed with the possibility to perform reciprocal movements in the vertical plane with the frequency of 9.6…10 Hz and the amplitude of 8…10 mm. The extractant is represented by water at the temperature of 18…20°C. The frozen raw materials and water are loaded into the working volume of the apparatus, where the three operations are performed.EFFECT: invention allows to intensify the process, to reduce the time and energy consumption for processing raw materials, and to increase the content of vitamin C in the extract.1 tbl, 1 ex
Installation for the discharge of the essential oil // 2624957
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: essential oil distillation unit comprising a sealed steam boiler and a digester provided with a steam line with a coolant and a florentine, the digester being provided with a set of lattice cassettes in the form of a closed ring housed inside it and at the top of the digester there is an essential oil vapor collector. The cassettes are made of lattice of chemically resistant fabric, which is a flat, thin structure, permeable to steam, and connected in a closed ring on a Mebius strip.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the productivity of the process and simplify the design.2 dwg

Installation for obtaining the coniferous extract from the wood green mass // 2624922
FIELD: wood industry.SUBSTANCE: installation contains a sealed cylindrical container with an extraction zone and with even and odd perforated plates installed in its lower part. The discharge openings in the odd plates are located on the periphery and have the shape of a sector in even plates. The installation also comprises a rotor with attached even and odd S-shaped impeller blades directed in opposite directions, a steam boiler for supplying steam to the container, steam lines, shell-and-tube cooler, florentine. The plant additionally has a chopper, a vacuum pump, an extractor, a refrigerator, an evaporator placed in the refrigerator casing, a throttling device, an ejector and a compressor with a pressure and suction nozzles. The container above the extraction zone is divided by the gates into the vacuum and buffer zones. The vacuum zone is provided with hollow concentric surfaces. The hopper through the chopper of woody green mass is connected to the buffer zone of the container. The top of the extraction zone is connected to florentine through an ejector and a shell-and-tube refrigerator, and through an ejector and a vacuum pump - with an extract container. The extraction zone is also connected through the ejector to the hopper. The vacuum zone is connected through an additional refrigerator and an extractor with a vacuum pump. The compressor is connected to the hollow concentric surfaces through the discharge nozzle, and through the suction pipe the compressor is connected to the hollow concentric surfaces through the evaporator and throttling device.EFFECT: use of the invention will allow to lower the temperature of the extraction process and increase the content of biologically active substances in the extract.1 dwg

ethod of obtaining vegetable oil from seeds of different plants // 2624669
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method of obtaining vegetable oil and meal (cake) from the seeds of different plants, in which first the preparation of seeds to extracting oil is carried out, consisting in that the seeds are cleaned from all kinds of impurities with simultaneous active ventilation and drying the seeds with warm air at the temperature not exceeding 40°C to achieve the residual humidity of the seeds no more than 6-8%. The peeled and dried seeds are crushed by flattening in flattening machines for obtaining pulp, and then refined deodorized oil and the pulp are loaded into the reactor in the ratio of 2:1, carefully mixed and thereinafter the resulting mixture is infused within 48 hours under constant cooling in order the temperature does not exceed 10°C. The mixture is stirred every two hours within 30 minutes at the shaft speed of 20 to 50 rpm; after infusion, the mixture is heated within 18 hours to the temperature of 80°C and the mixture temperature is maintained from 60 to 80°C within 30 hours, stirring every two hours within 30 minutes. The mixture is then forcibly cooled to the temperature of 45°C for 12 hours and drained from the reactor into the receiving tank, in which for 3 hours the process of separating the mixture by vibration into two fractions takes part, one of which contains vegetable oil, and the other fraction contains the pulp. The vegetable oil is poured into the storage tank, and the fraction containing the pulp is sent to the press, where while moving in the press drum the pulp is compressed, the residual oil is separated from it, and the solid pulp particles are pressed to form meal (cake). The vegetable oil is fed to the receiving storage tank, and the meal is withdrawn through the screw, then the cold oil filtration is performed at the temperature of 20 to 25°C, which is carried out on press filters.EFFECT: invention allows to expand the range of vegetable oils and to increase the content of biologically active compounds therein.1 dwg, 2 tbl
ethod for refining liquid vegetable oils // 2624414
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method involves the removal of free fatty acids, phospholipids, colour compounds, waxes and wax-like substances, oxidation products, non-fatty impurities and moisture, flavouring and odourizing substances at the gel sorption stage, followed by the control stages of bleaching and freezing and the deodorization stage. Gel sorption is carried out at a temperature of 16-20°C by means of mixing unrefined oil with gel solution and a coagulant, resulting in forming an insoluble suspension in the oil, which coagulates, precipitates and, upon settling, the system is divided into two phases, the gel sediment and the layer of clear oil, that are separated in the gravitational field. The gel solution is created by dissolving 9-hydrate sodium metasilicate in water to obtain the solution density of 1.10-1.41 g/cm3 and additionally introducing into it the calculated amount of silicon dioxide and increasing the water duty of the solution to 1.5; the amount of the gel solution is calculated before obtaining the results for gel sorption, which meet the requirements of the standards for each oil. After introducing the gel solution into the oil, an additional coagulant is introduced in the amount up to 100 g per 1 ton of oil in the form of a 20% solution, stirred within 15-30 minutes and settled for 8-9 hours. After the gel sorption, the oil is sent to the control bleaching, which is carried out within 30 minutes at the temperature of 18-20°C with the introduction of an adsorbent with the pH of 2-5 in the amount of 0.35-0.55%, wherein 0.2-0.25% of activated carbon is additionally introduced while bleaching soybean and corn oil, and 0.5-1.0% - while bleaching rapeseed oil. After bleaching, the oil is sent for control freezing at 6°C within 4 hours, with introducing 0.2-0.3% of sorbent, and the oil filtration is carried out at 12°C, and then the oil is sent for deodorization at the residual pressure up to 5 mm Hg at the temperature of 190-225°C.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the oil refining line performance, to improve the quality of vegetable oils due to refining at low temperatures, to increase the yield of oils, to reduce waste, losses and the consumption of auxiliary materials.3 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex

ethod for biological initial material purification // 2624009
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: method for biofuel or biofuel components production includes: purification of biological feedstock selected from tall oil substances using a combination of a heater and evaporators including a heater selected from a combination of a heat exchanger and a flash unit, a falling film evaporator, a molecular distillation plateper and a thin film evaporator, and a series of three evaporators. The biological feedstock is treated in a heater at a temperature of 80 to 150°C to obtain the first fraction and the second fraction, the second fraction from the heater is treated in the first evaporator at a temperature of 180 to 250°C to obtain the third fraction and the fourth fraction, the fourth fraction is treated in the second evaporator at a temperature of 200 to 350°C to obtain the fifth fraction and the sixth fraction, the sixth fraction is treated in the third evaporator at a temperature of 250 to 400°C to obtain the seventh fraction and the eighth fraction, and the fifth fraction and the seventh fraction are used as the purified biological feedstock. Then, the purified biological feedstock is supplied into a reactor system which comprises a catalytically active phase of the protective layer and a catalytically active phase of the main reaction, and wherein the purified biological feedstock in at least one layer of the said phase catalyst is brought into contact with a combination of hydrodeoxygenation catalysts (GDO) and hydrodewaxing (GFC), the purified biological feedstock catalytic treatment is carried out with hydrogen in a reactor system to implement hydrodeoxygenation, isomerisation and cracking of feedstock components to obtain a hydrotreatment product, extraction of at least one hydrocarbon fraction of the hydrotreatment product as a biofuel or biofuel components.EFFECT: method provides biofuel with acceptable flammability and acceptable low-temperature fluidity properties.31 cl, 6 dwg, 11 tbl, 3 ex
Compositions, their application as or for creation of dishwashing detergent and obtaining compositions // 2623443
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions containing (A) at least one compound selected from methylglycine diacetate and its salts, (B) at least one bismuth salt and (C) at least one homopolymer or copolymer of ethyleneimine. Discloses a composition for dishwashing detergents, comprising: (A) in combination in the range from 1 to 50 wt % of at least one compound selected from methylglycinediacetate and its salts, (B) in combination in the range from 0.05 to 0.4 wt % of at least one salt of bismuth (Bi), (C) in total in the range from 0.05 to 2 wt % of at least one homopolymer or copolymer of ethyleneimine, in each case based on the solids content of the corresponding composition.EFFECT: glass corrosion inhibition.13 cl, 2 tbl
Compositions for treatment, containing microcapsuls, primary or secondary amines and formaldehyde acceptors // 2623442
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: described composition for tissue treating with improved colour resistance comprises: (a) microcapsules, at that, the microcapsules comprise a microcapsule core and a microcapsule wall that encapsulates the microcapsule core, (i) the microcapsule wall is formed by cross-linking formaldehyde with at least one other monomer; and (ii) the microcapsule core contains a perfume, the perfume containes a perfume raw material selected from the group consisting of aldehydes, ketones and their mixtures; (b) a primary or secondary amine; and (c) a formaldehyde scavenger selected from the group consisting of: urea, pyrogallol, 1.2-hexanediol and their mixtures.EFFECT: creating of a composition with good resistance to colour change.16 cl, 5 tbl
Preparation form, its obtaining and application as either or for receiving the disease // 2623440
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: described formulation, free from heavy metals, comprising, based on the solids content of the formulation (A) is generally in the range from 1 to 50 wt % of at least one amino carboxylates selected from methylglycine diacetate and their salts (B) in the general range of from 0.001 to 2 wt % of at least one polymer of alkoxylated alkyleneimine with an average molecular weight Mw in the range from 800 to 25,000 g/mol, which has a positive charge density of at least 5 meq/g, and which has in the range of from 2 to at most 80 wt % of pendant alkylene oxide chains, based on the total polymer alkoxylated alkyleneimine.EFFECT: glass corrosion inhibition.15 cl, 3 tbl
ethod of obtaining oil from seeds of gymnosperm pumpkin // 2622705
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method of obtaining oil from seeds of gymnosperm pumpkin provides for the cleaning seeds from foreign materials, sorting; heat treatment is carried out by IR irradiation up to the temperature of 65°C to 80°C and the humidity from 6.0% to 8.5%, as well as pressing the oil on a screw press.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce energy costs and to reduce the process stages of processing at the maximum possible yield of oil, and also to preserve the quality of the products obtained.3 ex

Liquid composition for cleaning and/or deep cleaning // 2622389
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: liquid composition for cleaning and/or deep cleaning is described, comprising non-spherical and/or non-rolling (sharp) abrasive cleaning particles based on foam, obtained by foam structure crushing, at that, the said foam-based abrasive particles are prepared by a process comprising the following steps: (i) a homogeneous solution is obtained containing at least one thermoplastic material with a raw density of more than 1.15; (ii) the said homogeneous solution is foamed by extrusion foaming through the die with an opening size to provide foam expansion ratio of 8 to 14; (iii) the said foam is fragmented to obtain- foam-based abrasive particles.EFFECT: provision of effective treatment and surface safety profile.18 cl, 4 dwg
Detergent, synthetic, phosphate-free // 2621895
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: describing a synthetic detergent, including surfactants and complexing agent - a mixture of polycarboxylate "Acremon AMK-10" and sodium metasilicate anhydrous (powder) with the following ratio of components, wt %: polycarboxylate "Acremon AMK-10" 1.8-3.0, sodium metasilicate anhydrous (powder) 3.8-5.0.EFFECT: reducing harmful emissions into the environment, reducing the likelihood of allergic reactions and cancer, reducing costs and simplifying the manufacturing process.2 cl
Synthetic detergent for washing kids clothes // 2621735
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: describes a synthetic detergent, including: sodium soaps based on higher fatty acids of palm and coconut oils - 10-15%, alkylpolyglucosides with chain length C10-14 - 10-20%, oxygen-containing bleach - sodium percarbonate - 15-25%, activator of bleach - tetraacetylethylenediamine - 1-3%, anti-sorbents - sodium carboxymethyl cellulose - 1-3% and soluble sodium cilicate - 10-15%, complexing agent - sodium salt of methylglycinediacetic acid - 5-9%, sodium carbonate - the rest.EFFECT: increasing the hypoallergenic composition, reducing its environmental hazard, as well as the cost of the washing process by eliminating ballast salts from the specified composition while maintaining high rates of washing and bleaching abilities.2 tbl
Thickener comprising at least one cationic polymer obtained by inverse emulsion polymerization // 2621711
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: thickener prepared by inverse emulsion polymerization of a) at least one water-soluble, ethylenically unsaturated monomer comprising at least one cationic monomer, and b) at least one ethylenically unsaturated associative monomer. The temperature during the inverse emulsion polymerization is kept constant and is at least 40°C, and after completion of the said inverse emulsion polymerization, an activator is added to yield the thickener. The said thickener comprises at least one activator and the said activator is a surfactant. Ethylenically unsaturated associative monomer which is component b), is selected from compounds of formula RO-(CH2-CHR'-O)n-CO-CR"=CH2 (I), wherein R is alkyl with 6-50 carbon atoms, R' is H or alkyl with 1-4 carbon atoms, R" is H or methyl, n is an integer from 0 to 100, and the cationic monomer which is component a) is selected from compounds of formula wherein R1 is H or alkyl with 1-4 carbon atoms, R2 is H or methyl, R3 is alkylene with 1-4 carbon atoms, R4, R5 and R6 independently represent H or alkyl with 1-30 carbon atoms, X is -O- or -NH-, and Y is Cl; Br; I; hydrogen sulfate or methosulfate. A composition, composition application and thickener application are claimed as well.EFFECT: improved rheological properties in terms of the thickening effect, thinning at shear load, polymers provide improved detergency.27 cl, 8 tbl
Composition for cleaning of heat transfer system with aluminum components // 2621696
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: cleaner concentrate is described for a vehicle heat transfer system comprising an aluminum component, manufactured by brazing in a protective atmosphere containing more than 15 wt % of freezing temperature reduction means, 8 to 35 wt % of oxalic acid and an azole compound wherein the wt % is based on the total weight of the cleaner concentrate.EFFECT: concentrate is a homogeneous solution.17 cl, 6 tbl, 32 ex
Application of whole soft avocado for preparing avocado oil with high content of unsaponifiable compounds // 2621631
FIELD: pharmacology.SUBSTANCE: whole soft avocado is crushed, then it is dried at the high temperature, of 60 to 150°C, until the residual moisture content of less than or equal to 5% is received, and then it is hydrated to obtain avocado oil by mechanical pomace. The process for preparing avocado oil from whole soft avocados. Avocado oil. The use of avocado oil for preparing the avocado oil concentrate, rich in unsaponifiable compounds. The application of the avocado oil or the avocado oil concentrate, enriched with unsaponifiable compounds, obtained from this oil, to obtain the avocado unsaponifiable fraction, rich in aliphatic furans.EFFECT: avocado unsaponifiable fraction with the high aliphatic furan content or the avocado oil concentrate, rich in unsaponifiable compounds, for use as a medicament for prophylaxis or treatment of connective tissue disorders such as arthritis, articular pathologies such as rheumatic disease, or periodontal diseases such as gingivitis or periodontitis.18 cl, 3 ex
ethod for refining vegetable oils using polyacrylamide // 2621582
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: refining vegetable oils is carried out by means of treating with phosphoric acid at vigorous stirring without the withdrawal of the reaction products; thereinafter, the solution of polyacrylamide with concentration up to 1% in an amount up to 4% and the solution of caustic soda are simultaneously added into the oil, the mixture is stirred, settled and divided into oil and soap stock.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain oil with improved quality indices, namely with the lower acid number and colour number; moreover, the cost price of the finished product is reduced.1 tbl, 1 ex
ethod for producing oil from locust pseudoacacia seeds and its composition // 2621022
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: locust pseudoacacia seed oil is obtained by treating the locust pseudoacacia seeds collected in October by means of the method of supercritical fluid extraction by carbon dioxide. Locust pseudoacacia seeds ground to the particle size of 3.0-4.0 mm are used, and the extraction is performed during 50 minutes under the pressure of 300 atmospheres, at the temperature of 40°C and the carbon dioxide flow rate of 40 g/min.EFFECT: invention provides obtaining locust pseudoacacia seed oil comprising palmitic acid in a higher yield, with the simultaneous extraction of four other fatty acids.3 cl, 1 dwg, 9 tbl, 28 ex
Optical bleaching agents for high-quality jet printing // 2620812
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an optical bleaching agent comprising of a mixture of compounds of the formulas and wherein R is hydrogen or methyl; Y is an amino acid that is derived from aspartic acid, glutamic acid or iminodiacetic acid and from which the hydrogen atom of the amino group is removed; and M is an alkali metal cation. The invention also relates to an optical bleaching agent comprising a compound of formula (4), to a process for preparing an optical bleaching agent, to a compound of formula (4), to a composition for bleaching paper surface, and to paper optically bleached with an optical bleaching agent.EFFECT: new optical bleaching agents are obtained, providing a bleaching effect when applied to the paper surface.14 cl, 1 tbl, 9 ex
Detergent for cleaning details, units and units of vehicles // 2620593
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: detergent for cleaning and degreasing metal surfaces from contaminants is described and is based on EO-10 synthanol, soda ash, sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium metasilicate, in which potassium monoborate is additionally used to increase detergency, wettability and anticorrosion properties, wt %: 3.5-8 synthanol EO-10, 47.5-50.0 soda calcined, 28.0-30.0 sodium tripolyphosphate, 6.8-10 sodium metasilicate, 0.5-1.0 potassium monoborate, the rest is water.EFFECT: high rates of detergency, wettability and anti-corrosion properties.3 tbl
Solid composition based on sas // 2620377
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: SAS-based product in the form solid substance is described, designed for hard surfaces cleaning, comprising (I) sodium carbonate in an amount of 20 to 45 wt % based on the total weight of the composition, (II) potassium acid tartrate in an amount of 5 to 25 wt % based on the total weight of the composition, (III) glycerin in an amount of not more than 15 wt % based on the total weight of the composition, (IV) sodium lauryl sulfate in an amount of 3 wt % to 15 wt % based on the total weight of the composition, and (V) sodium laureth sulfate in an amount of 10 to 25 wt % based on the total weight of the composition.EFFECT: efficient cleaning of hard surfaces.34 cl
Concentrate of acid purification liquid // 2619584
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: acid cleanser concentrate containing water and additives is described, wt %: electrochemically activated anolyte - 70-75, hydrochloric acid - 5-10, orthophosphoric acid - 3-5, proxanol - 7-9 and alkyltrimethylammonium chloride - 4-8.EFFECT: improving the performance of the cleanser in terms of surface cleanliness, detergency, reduced corrosion activity, inhibiting properties, and storage stability of the concentrate.2 tbl

Line for producing vegetable oil // 2619278
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: line for producing vegetable oil, comprising: a dryer, a roller mill, a separating machine, a roasting device, a forpress, a filter press, a jacketed expositor, a cyclone, an electric steam superheater, a heat exchanger-recuperator, fans, a steam generator; a condensate collector; the novelty consists in that a steam jet refrigeration machine is used in it, comprising a condenser, a two-piece cooling receiver, an ejector, an evaporator, pumps, a thermostatic expansion valve, operating in a closed thermodynamic cycle. Wherein the working steam from the steam generator is fed into the ejector, the vapours ejected from the evaporator create vacuum with the water boiling temperature of 5-7°C used as a cooling agent, the mixture of the working and ejected vapours is fed into the condenser where the kinetic energy of the mixture flow in the ejector is converted into heat energy, part of the condensable vapours from the condenser through the expansion valve is withdrawn to replenish loss of water in the evaporator, and the other part is fed into the steam generator by means of the pump, the spent drying agent with the temperature of 60-70°C is purified in the cyclone and fed into one of the sections of the cooling receiver where it is cooled to the dew point temperature and dried with the subsequent feeding first into the condenser of steam jet machine, where it is heated to a temperature of 70°C, and then to the heat exchanger-recuperator, where the temperature of the drying agent is brought up to 85-90°C and fed to the dryer in the closed loop mode. The roasting process is carried out in the roasting device with superheated steam, in the recovery loop of which the electric steam superheater is installed, the excessive part of the spent superheated steam in the amount of evaporated moisture from the product is withdrawn from the recirculation loop into the heat exchanger-recuperator for heating the air fed to the drying; the resulting condensate from the heat exchanger-recuperator, together with the resulted condensate in the form of liquid drops in the cooling receiver section while cooling the spent drying agent is removed in the condensate collector; the product cooling process in the jacketed expositor is carried with water cooled in the cooling receiver section while feeding the cooled water to the expositor jacket, with returning to the cooling receiver section in the closed loop mode.EFFECT: invention allows to improve the energy efficiency of the vegetable oils production, to obtain high-quality vegetable oil, to create a waste-free and environmentally friendly technology for the vegetable oils production, to reduce the energy consumption and costs.1 dwg

Crystallisation accelerator // 2619236
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: crystallisation accelerator containing a polymer mixture that includes, as components, the saturated fatty hydroxy acid C18-28, which respectively has a hydroxyl and a carboxyl groups at both ends and which may have one carbonyl group in its chain, glycerin and an additional fatty acid. Said polymer mixture is polymerised by ether bonding by means of the components to the molecular weight of 3,000 to 100,000. The method of manufacturing the crystallisation accelerator includes the procedure for obtaining the crystallisation accelerator, subjecting a palm fruit to extraction with an organic solvent or to extraction of oil or fat. The production method of the crystallisation accelerator includes the stage of obtaining the solid phase by means of fractionating the initial palm oil or fat. An oil or fat composition accelerating the crystallisation consists of: 0.2-15% by weight of the crystallisation accelerator and 85-99.8% by weight of the initial oil consisting of oil or fat having the melting point of at least 10°C. The oil or fat composition accelerating the crystallisation includes 0.0005-1% by weight of the crystallisation accelerator, and the composition has the iodine number of at least 40. A food product in which the oil or fat composition accelerating crystallisation is used.EFFECT: invention allows to create the substances that accelerate the crystallisation of oil or fat, and do not reduce their properties during heat treatment.19 cl, 9 dwg, 18 tbl, 19 ex
Use of composition to reduce weeping and migration through water soluble film // 2619119
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to application of a composition comprising anionic surfactant and a solvent system containing at least one primary solvent having Hansen solubility parameter (δ) below 29, the said composition being encapsulated in a water soluble film pouch. The pouch material contains polyvinyl alcohol to control migration and weeping of the said composition through a water soluble film.EFFECT: invention provides a means of reducing and controlling the level of weeping and migration of a composition or components of the composition through the film.20 cl, 8 tbl, 5 ex

Storage-stable liquid cleaning agent for washing dishes, containing protease and amylase // 2619106
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: liquid cleaning agent for washing dishes is proposed, containing protease and amylase and having improved storage stability. The storage stability increase is achieved due to the use of protease comprising an amino acid sequence that is at least for 70% of its total length identical to said in SEQ ID NO. 1 amino acid sequence and in numbering according to SEQ ID NO. 1, is characterized by one amino acid substitution L211D in combination with at least two other amino acid substitutions selected from the group including S3T, V4I, V193M and V199I.EFFECT: improved stability.12 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
Capsule containing liquid washing composition // 2619100
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: laundry detergent capsule containing a water-soluble film and a liquid detergent composition contained in a water-soluble film. The liquid detergent composition comprises: a) an alkanolamine; B) sulfite; c) a perfume oil containing an aldehyde or ketone; and d) a sulfur-containing pro-perfume compound.EFFECT: improved stability and duration of perfume.19 cl, 6 tbl, 1 dwg

Polypeptides with lysozyme activity and polynucleotides coding them // 2619051
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: an isolated polypeptide having a lysozyme activity is presented. Isolated polynucleotide coding the said polypeptide is presented. Compositions for extraction of bacterial genomic DNA, composition of animal feed and animal feed supplement, containing the said polypeptide, are presented. This is the method for extracting DNA out of bacteria using the said polypeptide. An expression vector of a nucleic acid containing the said polynucleotide operably linked to regulatory sequences is presented. A recombinant bacteria or fungus host cell is introduced for producing the said polypeptide. It comprises of the said polynucleotide operably linked to regulatory sequences. A method for producing a polypeptide having lysozyme activity using the said host cells is presented.EFFECT: group of inventions allows to obtain a lysozymic enzyme with an improved thermal stability, using which makes it possible to avoid a loss of enzyme activity at production stages combined with temperature exposure.20 cl, 6 dwg, 15 tbl, 13 ex

Cleaning compositions containing versions of amylase in accordance with list of sequences // 2617954
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to biotechnology. Cleaning composition is disclosed, which contains: (a) version of parent alpha-amylase with improved detergent efficiency at temperature 15–20 °C in comparison with parent alpha-amylase, wherein version includes change in two or more positions, corresponding to positions of G304, W140, W189, D134, E260, W284, W439, G476 and G477 mature polypeptide SEQ ID NO: 1, wherein every change independently represents replacement, deletion or insertion, wherein one of changes is replacement in position corresponding to position E260 of mature polypeptide SEQ ID NO: 1, and substitute is selected from group consisting of G, K, R and T; and (b) cleaning additive. Method of surface treatment of preferably textile is disclosed using aqueous detergent solution containing said composition.EFFECT: group of inventions increases efficiency of removing stains sensitive to amylase in cold water.21 cl, 22 tbl, 3 ex
ethod for producing refined fragrant sunflower oil // 2617603
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: process for producing refined fragrant sunflower oil involves removing free fatty acids, phospholipids, waxes and wax-like substances, colouring compounds, oxidation products and moisture at the stage of gel sorption, with the subsequent stage of control freezing. Wherein the gel sorption is carried out by means of mixing the crude oil with gel solution, stirring, sedimenting, forming and depositing gel precipitate, and separating oil from the gel precipitate. The gel refining is carried out at the temperature of 14-15°C by the modified gel solution with the density of 1.33-1.38 g/cm3 taken with an excess of 35-50% with respect to the desired for free fatty acids chemisorption, and the chemisorption and the gel precipitate sedimentation are carried out for 10-12 hours. The modified gel solution is prepared by means of dissolving in water heated to 60-65°C, sodium metasilicate powder, preferably nonahydrate, before reaching the solution density of 1.35-1.38 g/cm3 with the subsequent introduction of silicon dioxide until obtaining the silicon dioxide ratio to sodium oxide of 1.25-1.35; the gel solution temperature when introduced into the oil should not exceed 22°C. Control freezing is carried out at the temperature of 6°C for 4 hours with the introduction of the sorbent (preferably acetate) in an amount 0.2-0.25% by oil weight with the subsequent filtration at the temperature of 12°C.EFFECT: invention will allow to improve the refined oil quality due to preserving therein natural taste and flavour, physiologically and biologically active substances, to increase the oil stability during storage and cooking, reducing the number of process stages, to reduce waste, losses, auxiliary materials consumption, to increase the target product yield and to reduce its costs at its manufacturing.3 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

ethod of sunflower meal refinement and plant for its implementation // 2617597
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for the sunflower meal refinement includes pre-grinding the meal with a mobile working body, sieving, fractionating by the grain size. The fractions are additionally ground and then sieved to obtain a product with the high protein content for feeding non-ruminant animals and poultry, a product with the low protein content for feeding ruminant animals, and a product with the high husk content. Wherein before the preliminary grinding, the meal is moistened. In the first separation after the preliminary grinding, the yield value of the largest fraction is measured. The moistening degree is set in direct proportion to the yield value of the largest fraction in the first separation after the preliminary grinding. The plant for refining sunflower meal includes a device for preliminary grinding with a mobile working body, a sieving and fractionating device, devices for transporting products, a technological line in the form of one or several stages. Wherein each stage is made of one or more series-connected units of grinding and fractionation. And each block is made up of a series-connected main milling unit in the form of a roller machine and a sieving device and fractionating in the form of a sieving-winnowing machine. The plant is equipped with an irrigating device and a dryer. Wherein the irrigating device is made in the form of a steam pipeline with nozzles and a water pipeline with an assembly of injectors that are installed in series in the transport device before the pre-grinding device, and the dryer is installed after the pre-grinding device.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce the husk amount in the product with the high protein content and to reduce the protein amount in the product from husk.8 cl, 1 dwg, 2 ex

Liquid detergent or cleaning agent containing protease and amylase and stable during storage // 2617406
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: storage stability should be improved in the case of liquid detergent or cleaning agent containing protease and amylase. It is possible to achieve due to the use of a protease comtaining an amino acid sequence that is relative to the amino acid sequence shown in SEQ ID NO. 1 with respect to its total length is at least 70% identical and has SEQ ID NO respectively in the list of the sequences. 1 substitution of R99E or R99D amino acids in combination with substitutions consisting of S3T, V4I and V199I.EFFECT: invention provides better stability of detergents and cleaning agents during storage.14 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
Compositions of consumer products, containing organopolysiloxane polymers with conditioning effect // 2617404
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: composition of consumer products is proposed, containing an additive and an organopolysiloxane conditioning agent of the formula MwDxTyQz, where M, D, T and Q are siloxane units of different structure and at least one of the M, D and T comprises the fragment , where E and E' are divalent radicals selected from alkylenes, arylenes, arilalkylenes, alkoxy and alkylene amines, w, x, y, z, p and n are integers, p = 1-50, w is from- 1 to (2+y+2z), x=1-15000, y and z are from 0 to 98, n is equal to 1 or 2, one of the substituents on the M, D or T is positively charged, A-t is a suitable anion or anions balancing the charge of said substituents, k ≤ (P·2/t)+1. A method of substrate treatment, comprising bringing said substrate into contact with the claimed composition is proposed as well.EFFECT: proposed compositions can effectively be deposited on various substrates and give them conditioning properties at low concentrations.17 cl, 31 tbl, 113 ex

ethod of filter-aid regeneration used during process of oil winterizing // 2616932
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of filter-aid regeneration used during process of oil winterizing. The method comprises the following stages: a) regenerating oil circulation in the circulation circuit through the filter cake of the depleted filter-aid at a temperature from 40 to 100°C with ratio of regenerating oil/depleted filter-aid (vol./Wt.) from 0.3/1 to 12/1, b) extraction of the regenerating oil from the depleted filter cake of the depleted filter-aid, c) separation of the regenerated filter-aid.EFFECT: possibility of multiple regeneration of depleted filter-aid and reduced amount of solid wastes generated during the process of oil winterizing.10 cl, 2 dwg, 5 tbl, 4 ex
ethod for processing husk-free sunflower kernels // 2616821
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: method for processing husk-free sunflower kernels includes saturating the husk-free sunflower kernels with ethanol with the concentration of 99.8%, in an amount providing the mass ethanol fraction of 10.8%, at the temperature of 40-70°C and the process duration of 20-40 minutes. The sunflower kernels extrusion in the presence of ethanol taken in the ratio by sunflower kernel as 1:5-1:1, at the temperature of 50-70°C for 15-60 seconds, the separation of the extruded sunflower kernels and ethanol miscella, the removal of the ethanol miscella.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the cell walls destruction degree of raw materials, leading to the oil extraction process intensification, to increase the extractability of partially defatted extruded sunflower kernels and to reduce its oxidation degree.1 tbl, 3 ex
Particles for delivery // 2616638
FIELD: personal demand items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a composition, which is a consumer product selected from personal hygiene product, cleaning product, washing product, product for fabric care. The composition contains an auxiliary ingredient and the particles population in the form of microcapsules with low permeability, containing soluble or dispersible in the oil core material and wall material at least partially surrounding the core material. The wall material comprises a plurality of amine monomers selected from the aminoalkyl group, aminoalkyl and its combinations, and a plurality of multifunctional monomers or oligomers selected from the group consisting of vinyl monomers, vinyl oligomers, and their combinations.EFFECT: invention provides a microcapsules core material low leakage as part of a consumer product composition, in particular, as part of leave-in conditioner the leakage rates correspond 20 and 45% within 1 week at 40°C.14 cl, 37 tbl, 35 ex

ethod for producing pasty detergent composition // 2616611
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for producing pasty detergents and cleaning compositions. A method for producing a pasty detergent composition comprising mixing / blending of particles of detergent composition with a liquid, using a stator / rotor unit for mixing to obtain a paste-like detergent composition in which stator part of the unit includes a cup / container which can be held by the user, and a method for pre-treatment of the piece of clothing / fabric.EFFECT: invention provides a stable highly efficient detergent / composition by forming a paste in place and its application to the piece of clothing / fabric.5 cl, 1 ex, 7 dwg
Combination of 1-aza-3,7-dioxabicircle [3,3,0] octane compounds and silicic acid esters and their use as precursors of odoriferous substances // 2615755
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: combinations of 1-aza-3,7-dioxabicircle [3.3.0] octane compounds with silicic acid esters and their use as precursors of the odoriferous substances, containing their detergents and cleaning products, emollient conditioners and cosmetics, as well as the method of prolonging the flavour perception of such means and the method of attenuation of bad odors through the use of the claimed combination, are proposed.EFFECT: proposed combinations of the precursors may firmly block the unpleasant odors and provide a sustained impression of flavour.15 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

Detergent // 2615508
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: liquid detergent is described, comprising from about 5 wt % to about 20 wt % of the surface-active agent system, wherein the the surface-active agent system comprises a branched anionic surface-active agent with a branching degree from about 5% to about 40% and an amphoteric surface-active agent, wherein the amphoteric surface-active agent is an amine oxide surface-active agent, and wherein at 20°C the detergent has a pouring viscosity from about 2500 mPa⋅s to about 6000 mPa⋅s when measured at 20°C and with the viscosity ratio at medium and high shear from about 2 to about 1, wherein the viscosity at the medium shear means the viscosity measured at shear rate of 0.1 s-1, the viscosity at the high shear means the viscosity measured at shear rate of 10 s-1.EFFECT: creation of an effective detergent with good dissolution and foaming profile, attractive rheology and good environmental performance.16 cl, 2 tbl
ethod for granulation of zeolite as synthetic detergent component // 2615506
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: zeolite granulating method is described, including zeolite powder is moistening with granulation liquid, an aqueous solution of SokalanCP5 acrylic maleic acid copolymer®, manufactured by BASF, Germany, with a molecular weight of at least 70,000 g/mol is taken as the granulation liquid component, the humidified mixture is stirred until a homogeneous plastic mass is obtained, granules are formed and dried; according to the invention, 33.3-50.0% aqueous solution of acrylic maleic acid copolymer is taken as the granulation liquid, during preparation, the mass ratio of solid zeolite phase and granulation liquid is 5:1, zeolite granulation is performed using a sieve with mesh size of 200 microns, after drying and granulating, zeolite is passed through the sieve with mesh size of 200 microns.EFFECT: obtaining of granular zeolite with good performance, the preparation of granules with sufficient mechanical strength that do not disintegrate during transportation and have good solubility with the ability to form a stable zeolite suspension with uniform zeolite distribution over the entire solution volume, reduced residual moisture content of zeolite after granules formation.2 cl, 2 tbl, 9 ex
Visual contrasting particles with aesthetic properties, characterized by increased solubility in water, especially effective when combined with powdered or granulated compositions // 2615165
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a detergent composition for washing in form of particals comprising basically white or colored particles of detergent and a minor portion of visually contrasting particles with aesthetic properties, while the visually contrasting particles with aesthetic properties comprise one or more C6-C22 fatty acids which may be saturated or unsaturated fatty acids containing 1-3 double bonds, sodium montmorillonite clay and calcium montmorillonite clay, and a dye and / or pigment, where visually contrasting particles with the aesthetic properties are less than 15% of residue when they subjected to a dissolution test as described herein. The present invention also relates to the method of adding water-soluble colored dye or water-soluble pigment to water, comprising the stages where colored dye or pigment is added to particles having one or more C6-C22 fatty acids which may be saturated or unsaturated fatty acid containing 1-3 double bonds, sodium montmorillonite clay and calcium montmorillonite clay to produce colored particles, and then colored particles are contacted with water for solubilisation of a portion of the said particles in the above-mentioned water, with addition of the said colored dye or pigment to the said water.EFFECT: invention provides a visually contrasting particles with aesthetic properties with increased water solubility.23 cl, 1 dwg, 2 ex
Detergent // 2615163
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to detergents. Described is a liquid detergent containing from about 5 to about 20 % by weight of a surfactant system, wherein surfactant system contains an anionic and amphoteric surfactant containing amine oxide surfactant, wherein anionic and amphoteric surfactants are present in weight ratio of 1:1 to about 8.5:1, and wherein detergent at 20 °C has pouring viscosity from about 2,500 to about 6,000 mPa⋅s and ratio of viscosity at medium and at high shear from about 2 to about 1, wherein viscosity at medium shear denotes viscosity measured at shear rate 0.1 s-1, viscosity at high shear denotes viscosity measured at shear rate 10 s-1.EFFECT: efficient cleaning agent with good dissolution and foaming profile, as well as good rheological properties.17 cl, 2 tbl
 
2551044.
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