Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes and fatty acids therefrom and detergents and candles (C11)

C   Chemistry; metallurgy(311501)
C11            Animal or vegetable oils, fats, fatty substances or waxes; fatty acids therefrom; detergents; candles(4538)
Strip-shaped toilet cleaning product // 2607768
FIELD: household chemicals.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multi-phase strip-shaped toilet cleaning product. Described is strip-shaped toilet cleaning product (1) for application in interior of a toilet bowl, comprising width (B), height (H) and thickness (S), wherein ratio of width (B), height (H) and thickness (S) is between 1:1:0.01 and 1:0.1:0.2, comprising first extruded phase (2) and at least one second extruded phase (3), wherein first phase (2) differs from at least second phase (3), wherein however all phases (2, 3, 7) comprise at least one adhesion promoter at least on side of toilet cleaning product (1) to be applied onto toilet bowl, and first phase (2) and at least second phase (3) have contact surface (4), wherein at least contour of contact surface (4, 4a, 4b) along center axis (8) is designed in form of a sine wave, having amplitude of A1,O, wherein ratio of amplitude to width (B) A1,O: B ranges from 1:10 to 1:25, and period of sine wave corresponds to 0.1 to 1 times width (B) of toilet cleaning product (1).EFFECT: technical result is development of a multiphase strip-shaped toilet cleaning product, which when applied on ceramic surface does not break down into parts along phase boundaries and interface has higher stability.13 cl, 9 dwg, 2 tbl
Compositions, use thereof as or for preparing agents for dish washing and preparation thereof // 2607085
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for machine dishwashing and kitchen accessories and objects with at least one glass surface. Described is a composition containing (A) in total from 1 to 50 wt% of at least one compound, selected from a group comprising methylglycinediacetate and trisodium salt of methylglycinediacetate, (B) in combination of 0.05–0.4 wt% of at least one zinc salt (in terms of zinc), (C) in total from 0.05 to 2 wt% of at least one homopolymer or copolymer of ethyleneimine and (D) optionally from 0.5 to 15 wt% bleach, in terms of content of solid substance in composition. Also described is a method of producing said composition and application of composition for machine dishwashing and kitchen utensils and objects.EFFECT: inhibiting corrosion of glass, preventing turbidity.14 cl, 3 tbl
ethod to wash greasy wool, method to separate lanolin from said greasy wool, wool and lanolin obtainable by these methods // 2606788
FIELD: consumer goods industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to light industry. Method to wash wool containing lanolin and impurities, comprises providing a volume of an aqueous liquid at a temperature below melting temperature of lanolin, soaking wool in said volume of liquid, creating air bubbles in volume of liquid by injecting liquid containing air bubbles into volume using an injection nozzle, and allowing air bubbles to pass through wool to attach impurities, and removing wool from said volume.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain wool without "stable" odour.9 cl, 2 dwg, 2 ex
Soap // 2606379
FIELD: cosmetics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production and application of bar soap. Piece of soap is described, in which there is groove with possibility of fixation in it residue of other piece of soap, wherein groove is made in form of spiral, recess depth makes 0.25–0.45 of thickness of soap in its central part, wherein piece has through and blind holes for fitting in soft state of residues of other piece of soap.EFFECT: technical result is creation of piece of soap, shape of which enables its use as without additional parts in form of remnants, and with them at any period of time.1 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of wasteless consumption of piece of soap // 2606378
FIELD: cosmetics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production and application of bar soap. Method of wasteless consumption of bar soap is disclosed involving making in piece of soap mating points for fixation in them of residue of another used piece of soap. Mating point is made in form of grooves in form of rings with inclined walls on two opposite walls of piece of soap, wherein groove depth value equals to 0.25–0.45 of thickness of soap in its central part. Residues of another used piece of soap before installation of soap is separated along its longitudinal axis at least into two parts, preferably symmetrical, having base and top. Each obtained part is shaped to ring or its part and installed in groove on surface of piece of soap top inside by indentation and fixation in wet state. Also through and blind holes are made for fitting in soft state of residues of other piece of soap. In version of application, additional groove is made, wherein both grooves have different diameter.EFFECT: technical result is creation of method of using piece of soap, which enables its use as without additional parts in form of remnants and with them at any period of use.1 cl, 3 dwg
Use of optionally oxidised thioethers of polyalkylene oxides in detergents and cleaning agents // 2606228
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to use (oxidised) thioethers of polyalkylene oxides in detergents and cleaning agents, especially in dishwashing agents, and detergent and cleaning agent, especially dishwashing agent containing (oxidised) thioether of polyalkylene oxides. Described is use of compounds of formula I: R-S(O)x-[CH2CH2-O]n-CH2CH2-S(O)y-R’ (I), where R and R' independently denote a straight-chain alkyl with 6–18 carbon atoms, n is a number from 11 to 150 and x and y independently denote 0 or 1. Also disclosed is a dishwashing agent and method of producing disclosed compounds.EFFECT: reduced foaming, spots and film-forming on dishware during washing.31 cl
Calcium binding composition // 2606123
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a calcium binding composition containing from 40 % to 60 % of at least one glucarate salt, from 5 % to 15 % of at least one gluconate salt,from 3 % to 9 % of at least one 5-keto-gluconate salt, from 5 % to 10 % of at least one tartrate salt, from 5 % to 10 % of at least one tartronate salt, from 1 % to 5 % of at least one glycolate salt and from 1 % to approximately 50 % by weight of at least one aluminium salt. Present invention relates to a method of binding calcium ions (versions) and to a detergent composition.EFFECT: technical result of the present invention is production of an environmentally friendly detergent composition, which can replace properties of phosphorus-containing compounds, as well as amino-carboxylates.11 cl, 1 ex, 3 dwg
Cleaning agent product // 2606122
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a cleaning agent product. Cleaning agent product comprises water soluble pouch (10) having first chamber (1) and second chamber (2) being separated from first chamber (1). First chamber (1) and second chamber (2) are each filled with cleaning agent (3, 4). Pouch (10) is made of water soluble base foil (5) and of water soluble lid foil (6) being tightly connected to each other. Base foil (5) is deep drawn in a plastically deforming manner to form first chamber (1) and second chamber (2). First chamber (1) comprises first base area (A1), second chamber (2) second base area (A2) and entire cleaning agent product a third base area (A3). First base area (A1) of first chamber (1) comprises concave section (7) on its side facing second chamber (2). Second base area (A2) of second chamber (2) comprises convex section (8) on its side facing first chamber (1). Convex section (8) of second chamber (2) extends into concave section (7) of first chamber (1). Third base area (A3) of cleaning agent product is at least approximately circular shaped.EFFECT: creation of a multichamber cleaning agent product, having a water-soluble pouch and characterised by improved stability of shape with smaller amount of used material and simpler manufacture.12 cl, 6 dwg
ixture of o-acyl-isethionates and surfactant based on n-acyl-amino acids // 2606113
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing aqueous mixtures of O-acyl-isethionates of formula (I) and a surfactant based on N-acyl-amino acids of formula (II): , where substitute R is selected from saturated or unsaturated C5-C21 alkyl groups, substitute R1 is selected from H, C1-C4 alkyl, substitute R2 is selected from H or any groups present in α-carbon atoms of natural amino acids, substitute R3 is selected from groups COOX, CH2SO3X, where X is selected from Li+, Na+ or K+, substitute R4 is selected from H or methyl, and M denotes a cation selected from Na+, K+ and NH4+, including steps: A) reacting more than one equivalent acyl chloride of a fatty acid with hydroxyethyl sulphonate or hydroxy-(1-methyl)ethyl sulphonate of an alkali metal or ammonia at temperature from 50 to 70 °C to obtain a compound of formula (I); B) reacting product of step (A) (containing residue of acyl chloride of a fatty acid) with one or more amino acids in presence of a base in standard Schotten–Baumann reaction reaction conditions in an aqueous medium, including pH of reaction mixture maintained in range of 9–10.5, and reaction temperature ranging from 20 to 50 °C, to obtain a compound of formula (II). Also described is a composition produced by this method.EFFECT: technical result is development of a method which is able to ensure flexibility of production of "supersoft" mixtures of surfactant in terms of changing ratio of O-acyl-isethionates of formula N-acyl-amino acids and a composition containing said “supersoft” surfactant, wherein composition is easily introduced into products for personal hygiene.6 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl, 12 ex

Perfume composition and use thereof // 2605538
FIELD: perfume industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to perfume industry. Perfume composition consists of: a) a fragrance component, in amount of 3 to 40 wt% of weight of composition weight, at least 40 wt% of total weight of which is fragrant substances, having calculated vapour pressure V in range of 0.05≤V≤300 Pa; b) from 40 to 90 wt%, relative to tota weight of composition, ethanol; c) from 0.01 to 20 wt%, relative to total weight of composition, fragrance modulator, containing PPG-3 myristyl ether, provided that said fragrance modulator contains less than 50 wt% isocetyl alcohol and less than 50 wt% neopentyl glycol diethylhexanoate; and d) optionally, water; and where sum of weights of ingredients a) to d) in composition is at least 98 % of weight of composition. According to a second version, perfume composition consists of: a) a fragrance component, in amount of 3 to 40 wt% of weight of composition weight, at least 40 wt% of total weight of which is fragrant substances, having calculated vapour pressure V in range of 0.05≤V≤300 Pa; b) from 40 to 90 wt%, relative to total weight of composition, ethanol; c) from 0.01 to 20 wt%, relative to total weight of composition, fragrance modulator, containing PPG-3 myristyl ether, provided that said fragrance modulator does not contain isocetyl alcohol and neopentyl glycol diethylhexanoate; and d) optionally, water; and where sum of weights of ingredients a) to d) in composition is at least 98 % of weight of composition.EFFECT: invention prolongs release of fragrance into environment when applied on body surface.15 cl, 6 dwg, 6 tbl, 12 ex
Composition of soap bars and methods for production thereof // 2605426
FIELD: household chemicals.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a composition of soap bars and a method for production thereof. Described is a composition of a soap bar containing solid soap and oil-in-water emulsion, where emulsion includes one or more surfactants, where surfactants are selected from steareth-2, steareth-20 and laureth-7, where emulsion is dispersed in volume of solid soap and where emulsion before inclusion in soap bar contains from 9.4 to 15 wt% water of weight of composition of soap bar. Also disclosed is a method of producing a soap bar and using composition of soap bar.EFFECT: technical result is soap bars leave on skin a sensation of softness and less dryness, are resistant to wet cracking and have high content of moisture.25 cl, 6 tbl, 9 ex

icrowave installation for extraction of melted fat from fat containing raw material // 2605355
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry. Microwave installation for extracting melted fat from fat-containing raw material consists of a cylindrical shielding housing with a cover, inclined base and nipple to discharge fat. Housing has a cylindrical perforated rotor coaxially located inside, hollow shaft of cylindrical perforated rotor has a cylindrical drum shaft. Drum is arranged coaxially inside the rotor and is used as a cavity resonator. There is a screw with external winding In the annular space between the rotor and the drum. Diameter of the perforation of the lower part of the drum wall is greater than the diameter of the rotor wall perforation. Cover includes a storage pocket along the periphery, charge capacity in the middle and discharge pipe. Diameter of the cover is greater than the diameter of the cylinder of the shielding housing. Scrapers are located in the accumulation pocket. Cone-shaped radiation limiter is arranged along the central axis of the drum. Microwave generator units are installed above the drum along the periphery.EFFECT: plant provides the improved quality of obtained fat and scale.1 cl, 2 dwg

Perfume composition and use thereof // 2605345
FIELD: perfume industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to perfume industry. Perfume composition consists of: a) a fragrance component, in an amount of 3 to 40 wt% of weight of composition, at least 40 wt% of total weight of said fragrance component being formed of perfuming ingredients having a calculated vapour pressure V in range 0.01≤V≤500 Pa; b) from 40 to 90 wt%, relative to total weight of composition, of ethanol; c) from 0.01 to 20 wt%, relative to total weight of composition, of a fragrance modulator formed of neopentyl glycol diethylhexanoate, provided that said fragrance modulator aroma contains less than 50 wt% isocetyl alcohol, and d) optionally water; and wherein sum of weights of ingredients a) to d) in composition adds up to at least 98 % of weight of composition. According to a second version, perfume composition consists of: a) a fragrance component, in an amount of 3 to 40 wt% of weight of composition, at least 40 wt% of total weight of said fragrance component being formed of perfuming ingredients having a calculated vapour pressure V in range 0.01≤V≤500 Pa; b) from 40 to 90 wt%, relative to total weight of composition, ethanol; c) from 0.01 to 20 wt%, relative to total weight of composition, fragrance modulator, containing neopentyl glycol diethylhexanoate, provided that said fragrance modulator does not contain isocetyl alcohol, and d) optionally, water; and where sum of weights of ingredients a) to d) in composition is at least 98 % of weight of composition.EFFECT: invention prolongs release of fragrance into environment when applied on body surface.15 cl, 6 dwg, 6 tbl, 12 ex

Composition, kit and method of extracting desired compounds from biomass // 2605328
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to biochemistry. Disclosed is a method of extracting desired compounds from biomass, granular composition and kit. Method involves drying biomass, milling dried biomass to obtain fine fractions, agglomeration of fine fractions to obtain agglomerated particles and percolating solvent through agglomerated particles to obtain desired compounds. Granular composition is formed from microbial biomass and is intended for extraction of desired compounds. Composition contains multiple agglomerated fine fractions obtained using said method, and a neutral substrate. Kit for extraction of desired compounds from biomass includes said granular composition and container.EFFECT: invention provides improved leaching of biomass and increased extraction of biomass.20 cl, 24 dwg, 3 tbl, 12 ex

Detergent composition // 2605098
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to detergent composition containing a system of anionic surfactants, wherein system of anionic surfactants comprises: i) alkyl sulphonate surfactant of formula R1-O-SO3 -M+, where R1 represents a linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted, optionally alkoxylated, C10-C16-alkyl and where M+ is a proton or cation, which provides neutral charge, and ii) a linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted C10-C16-alcohol ethoxylate-sulphate surfactant, having a moderate degree of ethoxylation from 0.5 to 3 and containing a proton or cation, which provides neutral charge, wherein system of anionic surfactants contains a mixture of different types of surfactants, containing by weight of system of anionic surfactants, from 7 % to 15 % of surfactants, having a degree of ethoxylation 2. Present invention relates to a method of cleaning fabric and to use of detergent composition.EFFECT: disclosed is a detergent composition and a method for use thereof.18 cl, 5 tbl

Improved method for epoxidation of fatty acids, esters thereof and mixtures thereof // 2605094
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to an improved method for epoxidation of mono-and polyene fatty acids, esters thereof and mixtures thereof, according to which a solid catalyst is used, which is a group VIB metal oxide applied on a support. Said support includes silicon dioxide, aluminium oxide and mixtures thereof, and a group VA promoter. Content of group VIB metal oxide in the catalyst is 5-20 wt% of weight of support. Mono- and polyene fatty acids, esters thereof or mixtures thereof are brought into contact with said catalyst for a period of time ranging from 0.5 to 6 hours at temperature ranging from 40 to 120 °C followed by extraction of epoxy product from reaction mass to produce mono- and polyepoxy-functionalised fatty acids, esters and mixtures thereof. Amount of by-products in obtained epoxy product is less than 1 %.EFFECT: disclosed method enables to achieve virtually complete conversion of initial raw material and high selectivity on epoxides and allows reuse of catalyst.15 cl, 2 dwg, 7 tbl, 20 ex

Branched polyesters with sulphonate groups // 2604730
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to branched polyesters with sulphonate groups and use thereof. Described are branched polyesters with sulphonate groups, obtained by: a) conversion of components A, B, optionally C and optionally (D) into branched polyesters, wherein i) component A is selected from a group including maleic acid, itaconic acid, fumaric acid, citraconic acid, mesaconic acid or glutaconic acid (A2), ii) a component B is selected from a group comprising triatomic or higher-atomic alcohols (By), wherein amount of triatomic or higher-atomic component (B) at step (a.) is at least 30 mol%. in terms of total amount of components A, B, C and D, iii) optionally used component C is selected from a group comprising diatomic alcohols (B2) or dicarboxylic acids (C2) without α,β-olefinically unsaturated bonds, and iv) optionally used component (D) is selected from fatty acids or fatty alcohols, b) and subsequent reaction of obtained at step (a) branched polyesters with hydrosulphite, molar amount of which ranges from 10 to 95 mol% in terms of amount α,β-olefinically unsaturated dicarboxylic acid (A2). Also described is a mixture for use as dirt-removing polymers, as inhibitors of grey colouring of textile fabrics and/or are intended for dirt-repellant finishing of textile articles, which contains said branched polyesters. Also described is use of said branched polyesters as dirt-removing polymers, inhibitors of grey colouring of textile fabrics, in auxiliary agencies of textile industry, detergent and cleaning agents for textile products, additives to detergent and cleaning agents for textile products, detergent additives, agents for subsequent processing of linen or cleaning, rinsing or detergents for solid surfaces, in aqueous solutions or compositions intended for dirt-repellant finishing of textile articles. Also described is a method of producing said branched polyesters with sulphonate groups.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of repeated contamination sedimentation on polyester fibres and reduction of grey colouring of polyester fibres. 14 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex

Use of compositions for machine dishwashing // 2604729
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to use of compositions containing (a1) at least one copolymer, which is produced as a result of copolymerisation (a 1.1) of at least one N-vinylamide, (a 1.2) vinyl acetate (a1.3), at least one polyether (a1.4) optionally at least one additional comonomer, (a2) at least one alkoxylate of general formula (I) , wherein variables assume following definitions: R1 alkyl with 8-24 carbon atoms, linear or branched, R2 alkyls with 1-10 carbon atoms, respectively, identical or different, linear or branched, or hydrogen atoms, R3 a hydrogen atom or alkyl with 1-4 carbon atoms, linear or branched, m from 1 to 100, in formulations (compositions) for automatic dish washing. Present invention also relates to a machine dishwashing method and to use of copolymer in formulations machine dishwashing.EFFECT: technical result of present invention is obtaining compositions which can be used in agents for dish washing "X in 1", so that said agent can be added into main washing process, although good effect is observed only during rinsing.14 cl, 4 tbl

ethod of maize oil production // 2603581
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fat and oil industry. Method of maize oil production provides for oil extraction from maize germs by pressing on presses under pressure. Then, preliminary oil squeezing from pulp is performed. At that, 60-85 % of fat is removed, that is followed by oil extraction. Then, primary oil refining is carried out, then prepared oil is infused by thyme and rosemary powders, adding them in amount of 3-5 g and 2 g, respectively, per 50 ml of oil. For better extraction oil is heated to temperature of 50 °C. After infusion oil is subjected to filtration.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain oil with low acid and peroxide number indices.1 cl, 2 tbl

ethod for producing and fatty acid content of morus nigra seed soil // 2603511
FIELD: fat and oil industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fat and oil industry. Morus nigra seed oil is produced by method of supercritical fluid carbon dioxide extraction at the temperature of 35-40 °C, pressure of 300-350 atm during 50-60 minutes.Morus nigra seed oil obtained by said method is characterised by ratio of content of unsaturated fatty acids to content of saturated fatty acids, which is equal to 6.5. Fatty acid content of oil Morus nigra: palmitoleic acid (C16:1Δ9) - 0.12 %, palmitic acid (C16:0) - 8.78 %, linoleic acid (C18:2Δ9.12) - 78.97 %, oleic acid (C18:1Δ9) - 6.50 %, cis-octadecenic acid (C18:1Δ6) - 1.01 %, stearic acid (C18:0) - 4.63 %.EFFECT: invention allows to produce oil with high content of unsaturated fatty acids.2 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl, 7 ex
Use of wax-like products for processing plastic // 2602885
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to use of wax, based on chemically modified fatty acids - polyol esters as a lubricant for halogen-containing thermoplastic. Waxlike esters are prepared by A) metathetic oligomerisation of esters of polyols and fatty acids and B) subsequent hydrogenation of resultant reaction mixture, at least some of fatty acid units present in polyol esters being singly or multiply unsaturated. After step A or step B, volatile hydrocarbons are removed.EFFECT: technical result consists in producing lubricants with sufficiently low volatility and high thermal stability under processing conditions.6 cl, 6 tbl, 8 ex
ultiphase composition containing surfactant and fragrance substance // 2602806
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multiphase surfactant compositions and a fragrance substance. Described is a multi-phase composition containing a first phase, in which there is at least one surfactant selected from anionic surfactants, amphoteric surfactants, zwitterionic surfactants, cationic surfactants and non-ionic surfactants, where amount of nonionic surfactant is less than 75 wt% per total weight of all surfactant in first phase, and a second phase which contains a fragrance substance, where first phase contains at least 75 wt% per total weight of all surfactant in first phase and second phase, and second phase contains at least 75 wt% per total weight of all fragrance substance in first phase and second phase, wherein said composition is an aqueous liquid composition, said composition contains an anionic surfactant and optionally an amphoteric and/or zwitterionic surfactant.EFFECT: technical result is release of fragrance substance, which leads to reducing amount of a fragrance substance.14 cl, 6 tbl
ethod of making candles // 2602600
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to light sources production. Method of candle making provides impregnation of combustible fibrous woven/knitted material with fatty substance melt, its folding into cylindrical shaped roll-fold, hardening. Roll surface can be additionally coated with (by dipping into melt) fatty substance layer with thickness of 1-3 mm, for example, painted.EFFECT: invention simplifies manufacturing of candles.1 cl, 2 ex
ethod for preparation of sunflower seeds for extraction of oil // 2602291
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of vegetable oils, in particular, to methods for preparation of sunflower seeds for extraction of oil. Method for preparation of sunflower seeds for extraction of oil comprises monitoring fan fraction, which is carried out by separation on a screen surface to produce a passage fraction, consisting of fine particles of kernel and husks, and tailing fan fraction. Tailing fraction is separated in a vertical air flow at its working speed in range of 5.0 m/s to 7.0 m/s to produce a kernel fraction, which together with passage fraction is discharged into a common stream of kernel fraction. Obtained air-carried particles of husks and fine particles of kernel are fed for inspecting husks.EFFECT: invention enables during preparation of sunflower seeds for extraction of oil to reduce losses of oil from shells.1 cl, 3 ex

Laundry detergents // 2602235
FIELD: household chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a laundry detergent, comprising a granular foam control composition and an anionic surfactant, wherein said granular foam control composition contains: (a) a foam control agent, containing: i. liquid polydiorganosiloxane liquid containing links of formula (I), where each group R, which can be identical or different, is selected from an alkyl group containing from 1 to about 36 carbon atoms, or an aryl group, or aralkyl group containing 1-36 carbon atoms, where average number of carbon atoms in groups R is at least 1.3; II. hydrophobic filler, which is silica dispersed in liquid polydiorganosiloxane liquid; (b) organic additive having a melting point from 45 °C to 100 °C, containing a polyol ester, which is a polyol, esterified with carboxylate groups, each of which contains from 7 to 36 carbon atoms, and which is miscible with said polydiorganosiloxane liquid; (c) a water-soluble inorganic carrier which is sodium sulphate, in form of particles; (d) a cationic polymer; (e) an anionic surfactant. Present invention also relates to a method of cleaning fabric and a method of producing a laundry detergent composition.EFFECT: technical result of present invention is improved preservation of foam during washing, improved reduction of foam during rinsing, as well as improved stability during storage.19 cl, 3 ex, 2 tbl(I)

Detergent for cleaning solid surfaces // 2601754
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical treatment of surfaces and articles made from metal, wood and plastic and can be used, in particular, in rubber industry for cleaning of moulds from rubber scale formed during vulcanisation of rubber articles made from rubber based on natural and synthetic rubber. Proposed detergent for cleaning solid surfaces consists of following components, vol%: potassium hydroxide (in terms of active substance) - 5.0-30.0, trilon B - 5.0-6.0, cellosolve - 2.0-4.0, surfactant - 1.5-2.0, alkali metal metasilicate - 8.0-15.0 ethanolamine - 2.0-5.0, water - balance.EFFECT: development of a universal detergent with high degree of cleaning, wider range of detergents for various surfaces.5 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex

ethod of producing alkyl esters of fatty acids // 2601741
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing alkyl esters of fatty acids (AEFA) and can be used in petrochemical, fuel and other industries. Method of producing alkyl esters of fatty acids is carried out by re-esterification reaction of vegetable oil with an alkylating agent methanol in supercritical carbon dioxide medium while heating in presence of immobilised lipase, where matrix of immobilised lipase used is magnetically separated iron-containing nanoparticles with modified 3-(aminopropyl)-triethoxysilane surface, molar ratio of vegetable oil to methanol ranges from 1:3 to 1:6, re-esterification reaction is carried out at temperature from 40 to 60 °C and pressure of carbon dioxide from 10.0 to 20.0 MPa for 3-5 hours in a neutral medium.EFFECT: technical result is improvement of manufacturability, efficiency and stability of selective production of AEFA.1 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex

ethod of producing wax and sterols from patiria pectinifera starfish // 2601311
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of producing wax and sterols from Patiria pectinifera starfish. Method involves extraction of raw material with 96 % ethanol, procedure is repeated three times, combined extracts are evaporated, then obtained concentrate is diluted with distilled water to content of ethyl alcohol of 20-30 %, then produced solution is filtered and passed through column with DEAE cellulose, balanced with 30 % solution of ethyl alcohol, foreign impurities are washed with gradient of ethyl alcohol (40→55 %), and fraction containing wax and sterols, is eluted from sorbent with gradient of ethyl alcohol (65→96 %); then eluate is evaporated, concentrated residue is dissolved in 96 % ethanol, filtered, then obtained solution is frozen at temperature of -18…-20 °C for 24 hours; then precipitate is centrifuged, is washed with cold 96 % ethanol, dried in air; then obtained white powder containing total wax and sterols fraction, is applied onto chromatographic column with silica gel and wax is eluted with hexane, then eluate is evaporated in vacuum and dried, then sterols are eluted with hexane → acetone gradient, eluate is evaporated in vacuum and dried.EFFECT: invention provides wider spectrum of biologically active substances obtained from Patiria pectinifera starfish.1 cl, 3 dwg, 1 ex

Neutralising disinfecting detergent // 2601306
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to detergent neutralising and disinfectant compositions, intended mainly for washing road pavements and structures, as well as areas adjacent thereto. Detergent contains,wt%: nonionic surfactant 3.0-25.0; cationic surfactant 1.0-6.0; alkali metal polyphosphate 0.1-8.0; carbamide (urea) 0.1-7.0; liquid glass 2.0-5.0; salt of nitrous acid and nitric acid 0.1-3.0; polymer component 0.1-0.8; anticorrosion additive 0.1-10.0, and water - balance.EFFECT: technical result consists in integrated detergent, disinfectant and neutralising action of agent, additionally reducing dusting of washed road section and having a benign effect on roadside plants.1 cl, 1 tbl

Cleaning paste // 2601305
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to household chemistry, is intended for cleaning solid surfaces of sanitary equipment, marble, metal and ceramic surfaces. Cleaning paste contains sulphanole, calcined soda, liquid sodium glass, water and abrasive. Abrasive used is powder of synthetic mineral alloy of fractional composition, wt%: 90-100 mcm - 6-8, 75-90 mcm - 2-4, 50-75 mcm - 78-80, less than 50 mcm - balance, including 60-65 wt% silicon oxide, 20-22 wt% aluminium oxide, 6-7 wt% calcium oxide, 6-7.5 wt% iron (II) oxide, 0.5-1.5 wt% iron (III) oxide, 1-2.5 wt% magnesium oxide, 0.5-1 wt% potassium and/or sodium oxide in following ratio of ingredients, wt%: sulphanole 2-3, calcined soda 4-8, liquid sodium glass 5-10, powder of synthetic mineral alloy 75-85, water up to 100.EFFECT: obtaining a cheap and highly effective agent for cleaning sanitary equipment, marble, metal and ceramic surfaces even in cases of old contaminants, providing minimum impact on environment, not subjected to caking and non-allergy.1 cl, 4 tbl

Cleaning powder // 2601303
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to cleaning powder containing sodium carbonate, laundry soap and abrasive in following ratio, wt%: sodium carbonate 10-20; laundry soap 10-20; abrasive - balance up to 100, wherein abrasive is powder of synthetic mineral alloy, including oxides of silicon, aluminium, calcium, iron (II), iron (III), magnesium, potassium and/or sodium, chromium in following ratio, wt%: silicon oxide SiO2 50-65; aluminium oxide Al2O3 8-11; calcium oxide CaO 8-11; iron (II) oxide FeO 5-6; iron oxide (III) Fe2O3 7-10; magnesium oxide MgO 3-6; potassium oxide K2O and/or sodium oxide Na2O 2-3; chromium oxide (III) Cr2O3 2-3.EFFECT: obtaining a universal high-efficiency cleaning powder, wider raw material base of abrasive for detergents for domestic and industrial use, simplified production of detergents.1 cl, 3 tbl, 1 dwg

Laundry detergents // 2600730
FIELD: household chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a laundry detergent, comprising a granulated foam control composition and an anionic surfactant, wherein said granulated foam control composition comprises: (a) a foam control agent comprising: i. a polydiorganosiloxane liquid comprising units of formula (I), where each group R, which may be identical or different, is selected from an alkyl group having 1 to 36 carbon atoms or an aryl group or aralkyl group having 1 to 36 carbon atoms, mean number of carbon atoms in groups R being at least 1.3; ii. a hydrophobic filler dispersed in polydiorganosiloxane liquid; (b) an organic additive having a melting point from about 45 °C to about 100 °C comprising a polyol ester which is a polyol esterified by carboxylate groups each having 7 to 36 carbon atoms, and which is miscible with said polydiorganosiloxane liquid; (c) a water-soluble inorganic carrier which is sodium sulphate, in form of particles; (d) a cationic polymer; (e) a surfactant; wherein granulated foam control composition contains a particle for controlling foaming, containing a core, which contains liquid polydiorganosiloxane liquid, hydrophobic filler and a water-soluble inorganic carrier in form of particles and core is at least partially coated with a shell containing a cationic polymer and a surfactant. Present invention relates to a method of cleaning cloth, method of saving water during laundry and a method of producing a laundry detergent.EFFECT: technical result of present invention is improved preservation of foam during washing, improved reduction of foam during rinsing, as well as improved stability during storage.18 cl, 3 tbl
Foam control composition // 2600728
FIELD: household chemicals.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of washing a substrate. Described method includes following steps: providing a detergent composition that includes a surfactant and an antifoaming agent, antifoaming comprises a hydrophobic fluid having a surface tension of at least 27 mN/m and less than 40 mN/m and a finely divided solid hydrophobic filler dispersed in the hydrophobic fluid; washing substrate in an aqueous medium with detergent composition, where antifoaming agent does not affect foaming during washing step and detergent composition is applied on substrate at washing step; rinsing substrate with applied detergent composition with water, whereby foaming during rinsing step is inhibited.EFFECT: technical result is inhibition of foam when rinsing without reducing foaming during washing.14 cl, 3 tbl, 5 ex

Laundry detergent composition comprising a particle having hueing agent and clay // 2600323
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a laundry detergent composition comprising a particle comprising hueing agent and clay. Laundry detergent composition having a particle, wherein the particle has: (a) hueing agent, wherein the hueing agent has the following structure: wherein: R1 and R2 are independently selected from the group consisting of: H, alkyl, alkoxy, alkyleneoxy, alkyl capped alkyleneoxy; U is a hydrogen; W is a substituted group comprising an amino moiety and optionally an aryl moiety, and wherein the substituted group comprises at least one alkyleneoxy chain that comprises an average molar distribution of at least four alkyleneoxy moieties; Y is a sulfonic acid moiety; and Z is an amino group substituted with an aryl group; (b) clay; and (c) another detergent ingredient.EFFECT: technical result is reduced formation of coloured stains with simultaneous increase of whiteness degree of the treated tissue.17 cl, 5 tbl, 5 ex
Enzymatic degumming // 2600003
FIELD: fat and oil industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fat and oil industry. Method of processing vegetable oils and/or animal fats includes: heating oil and/or fat till the temperature of 20-90 °C, preliminary processing of oil and/or fat with an acid for 1 minute; adjustment of pH with an alkaline compound within the range of 4-8 at the temperature of at least 20 °C, and obtaining an aqueous mixture, addition of enzymes to the aqueous mixture, reducing temperature of the water mixture to the temperature of crystallization of high-melting glycerides, separation of the water mixture into the water phase and containing processed vegetable oils and/or animal fats treated phase.EFFECT: invention enables simultaneous degumming (using enzymes) and dewaxing (crystallization of high-melting glycerides), which enables processes at low temperatures.13 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

ethod for modification of curcuma aromatica essential oil // 2599835
FIELD: fat and oil industry.SUBSTANCE: method for modification of Curcuma aromatica essential oil for preparation of value added aromatic products, wherein said method comprises steps mixing essential oil with one solvent or a combination of more than one solvent, cooling mixture over ice bath or at lower temperature at rotation of 1,000 rpm or at simple magnetic stirrer at high speed, addition of reducing agent at different proportion at a certain time period for desired product, after completion of reaction, addition of ice water to reaction mixture to terminate reaction, extracting mixture using solvent for three to five times, washing extract with diluted aqueous acid solution and then with water, washed product is dried at lower temperature to obtain modified essential oils in order to develop aromatic products with recovery of 60 to 95 % and use of modified essential oil in range between 0.05 to 100 % in perfumery or allied industries.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to create a simple method for producing value added fragranced products, as well as providing an easy and convenient method of converting carbonyl groups into their hydroxyl derivatives.11 cl, 5 dwg, 5 tbl, 3 ex
Oil compositions // 2599643
FIELD: fat and oil industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fat and oil industry. Method for production of refined oil with low content of glycidyl ether comprises a bleaching step, deodorising step, final bleaching step and final deodorising step. Final deodorising step is carried out at a temperature at least 4°C lower than at deodorising step. Method for production of refined oil with low content of glycidyl ether comprises a bleaching step, a deodorising step, a final bleaching step. Final bleaching step is carried out at temperature below 80°C. Disclosed is refined oil obtained using said methods, which can be introduced into a beverage and/or food product, preferably a baby food product.EFFECT: invention provides an efficient and cheap method for production of refined oil with acceptable taste properties and low content of glycidyl ether.18 cl, 7 tbl, 7 ex

Composition for washing clothes containing dyes // 2598853
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for washing clothes containing thiofenazocarboxylated tone dyes for fabrics and a method of processing textile materials, including such compositions for washing clothes. Described is a method of processing textile material containing polyester and/or nylon, herewith the method includes the steps of: (i) textile material processing with aqueous solution containing auxiliary means for washing clothes and 1 part per billion of up to 500 ppm thiofenazocarboxylated dye; and (ii) washing and drying the textile material, herewith the dye contains a colouring agent, having the structure of Formula I: , where R1 and R2 are independently selected from [(CH2CR′HO)x(CH2CR″HO)yQ], C1-12 alkyl, C7-C22 arylalkyl, provided that at least one of R1 and/or R2 represents [(CH2CR′HO)x(CH2CR″HO)yQ], where R′ is selected from a group consisting of H, C1-4 alkyl CH2O(CH2CH2O)zQ; where R″ is selected from a group consisting of H, C1-4 alkyl, CH2O(CH2CH2O)zQ; where 1≤x+y≤50; where y≥1; where z = from 0 to 20 and where Q is selected from a group consisting of H and Y, where Y is such as specified below; provided that the colouring agent contains at least one group Q, which is Y; and where Y is an organic radical described in Formula II: , where independently for each group Y, M is H or cation, balancing the charge; m is from 0 to 5; n is from 0 to 5; sum of m+n ranges from 1 to 10; each R8 is independently selected from a group consisting of H and C3-C18 alkenyl, and where at least one group R8 is not H.EFFECT: provision of tone dye effect, uniform tone during precipitation onto a number of fabrics.74 cl, 2 tbl, 34 ex

Consumer goods with protease versions // 2598717
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biochemistry. More specifically to consumer goods containing proteases for cold water, and methods of producing and using such goods. Described is a method of processing and/or cleaning a surface, preferably a fabric surface. Said surface is brought into contact with the composition in aqueous cleansing solution, herewith the said composition contains an auxiliary material and a version of protease. Then the surface is washed and/or dried, herewith the preferable temperature of the aqueous cleansing solution is 5-30 °C. Said version of protease is a version of the parent protease with the sequence of the said parent protease at least 90 % identical to amino acid sequence SEQ ID NO: 1. Amino acid positions of the said protease version are numbered in accordance with the numbering of corresponding amino acid positions in the amino acid sequence of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens of subtilisin BPN′ shown in SEQ ID NO: 2. Said version of protease contains mutation T022R.EFFECT: invention provides improved cleansing, whiteness and/or freshness.9 cl, 4 dwg, 13 tbl, 43 ex

Device for installing biosensor chip for implementing method for recovery of sensitive surface of chip // 2598716
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: device for installing biosensor chip for implementing method of recovery of sensitive surface of biosensor chip by its processing with reducing solution. Device includes base and cover. Base has cavity, guide ledges and holes for tightening screws. Cover has guide holes, holes for tightening screws, through-socket of stepped shape for magnetic mixer and magnetic mixing element of stepped shape fitted into seat with its wide part outside. In wide part of magnetic mixer there is magnetic plate fixed. Cover is equipped with input channel for input and replacement of recovery solution. Between base and cover of device there is elastic sealing element. Sealed element limits working zone of device and has opening in centre corresponding by size to sensitive surface of biosensor chip.EFFECT: invention enables reduction of sensitivity of surface of biosensor chip with minimum consumption of solutions and reagents.9 cl, 5 dwg

ethod of producing and fatty acid composition of gossipium hirsutum seeds oil // 2598640
FIELD: fat and oil industry.SUBSTANCE: method of producing Gossipium hirsutum seeds oil (cotton, grade "AS-4") by supercritical fluid carbon dioxide extraction, wherein as starting material used is dried and milled cotton seeds, which is extracted in supercritical fluid extractor with carbon dioxide (fluid flow is 40 g/min) at temperature of 40-45 °C, pressure of 300-350 atm and time of 60-70 min. Composition of Gossipium hirsutum seeds oil (cotton, grade "AS-4"), is characterized by absence of toxic polyphenol-gossypol, as well as following fatty acid content: dodecanoic acid (C12:0) - 1.27, myristic acid (C14:0) - 0.93, palmitoleic acid (C16:1Δ9) - 0.65, palmitic acid (C16:0) - 26.48, linoleic acid (C18:2Δ9,12) - 43.36, oleic acid (C18:1Δ9) - 20.47, cis-octadecenoic acid (C18:1Δ6) - 1.24, stearic acid (C18:0) - 4.26, 7,10,13-eicosatrienoic acid (C20:3Δ7,10,13) - 0.49, arachidic acid (C20:0) - 0.85. Ratio of saturated fatty acids to content of saturated fatty acids makes 1.96, and acid number is 1.4 mg KOH.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain oil of improved quality without gossypol.2 cl, 1 dwg, 2 tbl

ethod and apparatus for processing by-products of mustard and oil processing production (versions) // 2598263
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to food industry. Apparatus contains a hydrolyzer reactor installed in horizontal position and equipped with a jacket, mixer and remote-controlled valve, device to create vacuum in the reactor, which is a drier, and a system for removal of hydrolysate volatile compounds with capacitors and a condensate phases separator. device to create vacuum is placed in a hydrolysate volatile compounds removal system. There is an ultrasonic generator in a hydrolyzer reactor. Method, carried out on the said apparatus, where during constant mixing by-products mass is added with enzymes in the amount of 2-5 % of the by-products content, said enzymes are used as catalysts, not more than 30 % water is added. Obtained mass is heated to 45-50 °C hydrolyzing in the presence of a catalyst. Obtained hydrolysate is dehydrated under vacuum till forming a vapor phase and a dry residue with moisture content of not more than 13 %, vapor phase is removed on condensation and after separation of condensate the essential mustard oil is produced, and the dry residue is delivered as a feed supplement. Another version of the apparatus contains a hydrolyzer reactor installed in horizontal position and equipped with a jacket, mixer and remote-controlled valve, device to create vacuum in the reactor, which is a drier, a mixer installed in front of the reactor and a system for removal of hydrolysate volatile compounds with capacitors and a condensate phases separator. Device to create vacuum is placed in a hydrolysate volatile compounds removal system, a mixer comprises a loading hatch at the inlet, and mixing device and orifice grid at the outlet. There is an ultrasonic generator in a hydrolyzer reactor. Method, carried out on the said apparatus, where during constant mixing by-products mass is added with enzymes in the amount of 2-5 % of the by-products content, said enzymes are used as catalysts. Not more than 30 % water is added, the obtained mass is compacted to paste state, then it is heated to 45-50 °C hydrolyzing in the presence of a catalyst. Obtained hydrolysate is dehydrated under vacuum till forming a vapor phase and a dry residue with moisture content of not more than 13 %. Vapor phase is removed on condensation and after separation of condensate the essential mustard oil is produced, and the dry residue is delivered as a feed supplement.EFFECT: group of inventions is aimed at reducing time of hydrolysis, obtaining a high quality product and larger amount of essential oil.6 cl, 2 dwg

Oxidized and partially hydrogenated oil or fat // 2598076
FIELD: fat and oil industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oxidized and partially hydrogenated oil or fat for use as raw oil or fat for food products having the content of C18:2 trans-isomer from 10 to 60% by weight in relation to the total content of components of fatty acids and the peroxide number value from 15 to 350 mg-eq/kg. Invention also relates to a food oil or fat composition containing oxidized and partially hydrogenated oil or fat, as well as to a method of producing the said oxidized and partially hydrogenated oil or fat involving the stage of partial hydrogenation of oil or fat till the content of C18:2 trans-isomer is from 10 to 60% by weight in relation to the total content of components of fatty acids and the stage of oxidation of oil or fat till the peroxide number value is from 15 to 350 mg-eq/kg.EFFECT: produced food composition has a hydrogenated aroma and taste similar to traditional compositions and a long-being hydrogenated aroma with the content of trans-fatty acids reduced to the one of standard liquid salad oil.15 cl, 9 tbl, 28 ex

Fabric care composition // 2597622
FIELD: textile.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to fabric care compositions, containing multiphase systems, polymers for use in multiphase systems, as well as products containing such systems and methods of their production and application. Described is fabric care composition, method of producing fabric care composition and method of tissue treatment. Fabric care composition contains based on total weight of composition: (a) approximately 0.05 % to approximately 5 % of water-soluble dialkyl quaternary ammonium compound, wherein said water-soluble dialkyl quaternary ammonium compound defined structure, (b) approximately 0.01 % to approximately 1 % polymer substance containing one or more polymers, wherein said polymer substance is characterized by: (i) angular viscosity of about 3.7 to approximately 6.5 and/or microgel content more than 60 %; (ii) angular viscosity more than 3.7 and/or microgel content more than 65%, provided that at least one of said polymers is characterized by angular viscosity more than 6.5; (iii) content of polymer obtained via invert-emulsion polymerization or polymerization in solution; and/or (iv) polymer containing polydentate cross-linking agent; and at least one ethylenically unsaturated cationic monomer; provided that at least 40 % of said monomer links polymers represent ethylenically unsaturated cationic monomer links, and total charge of said polymers is cationic; (c) approximately 0.05 % to approximately 10 % of silicone polymer; and (d) from approximately 1 % to approximately 30 % of active substance for fabric softening, wherein said composition is liquid.EFFECT: technical result is improved mitigation, advantage of colour, and reduced jamming.15 cl, 4 tbl, 3 ex

Particle for delivery // 2597615
FIELD: hygiene; chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions, which is consumer product selected from product for personal hygiene, detergent, cleanser, fabric care agent. Composition contains auxiliary ingredient and in terms of total weight of composition from 0.1 to 50 % of particles with size from 2 up to 80 mcm. Particle has core containing flavouring agent and modifier of distribution, selected from group consisting of oil-soluble materials with ClogP value more than 4, and/or modifier of density, where distribution modifier is selected from group consisting of isopropyl myristate and castor oil, and shell, encapsulating said core, wherein said shell contains in terms of total weight of coating from 50 to 100 % of polyacrylate. Described also is method of preparing composition, method of treatment of point of application and place of use, selected from group consisting of paper products, fabrics, clothes, solid surfaces, hair and skin processed with said composition.EFFECT: providing required safety profile in combination with respective ranges of values of permeability and brittleness, as well as ability to encapsulate wide range of agents providing useful effect.23 cl, 40 tbl, 35 ex

Optional use of oxidised thioethers of alcohol alkoxylates in detergent and cleaning agents // 2597014
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to use (oxidised) thioesters of alcohol alkoxylates in detergent and cleaning agents, especially in dishwashing agents, and to detergent and cleaning agent, especially dishwashing agent containing (oxidised) thioester of alcohol alkoxylates. Said (oxidised) thioesters are suitable as surfactants with rinsing function to clean water. Described is use of compounds of formula R-O-[CH2CH(R1)-O]l-[CH2CH2-O]m-[CH2CH(R2)-O]n-CH2CH2-S(O)x-R' (I), where R denotes alkyl with 8-24 carbon atoms, R′ is alkyl with 10-14 carbon atoms, R1 and R2, independently from each other and irrespective of their specific appearance, denote an alkyl with 1-5 carbon atoms, m denotes a number from 25 to 50, l and n equal to 0 and x equals 0 or 1.EFFECT: absence of foaming, reducing staining on dishware during washing.25 cl, 6 tbl
Composition for cleaning and protecting surface of water supply pipelines // 2596250
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in cleaning equipment for production and transportation of liquid products, for producing, transporting and packaging drinking water. Composition contains orthophosphoric, amidosulfonic and hydrochloric acid, as well as aqueous solution of orthophosphoric acid salts.EFFECT: high efficiency of cleaning surface of pipelines, faster removal of contaminants and providing protection of inner surface of pipelines from deposits.6 cl

ethod for production of vegetable oils with preset fatty acid composition // 2595353
FIELD: fat and oil industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil and fat industry and can be used for producing low-acidized vegetable oils with a preset fatty acid composition from oil crops seeds of different varieties. Method for production of vegetable oils with a preset fatty acid composition characterized by determination of fatty acid composition of initial oil crop seeds, initial calculation of amount of each grade seeds, dosing the seeds as per the initial calculation, mixing of the seeds, pressing the mixture of seeds, filtration of oil, determination of fatty acid composition of the oil, specified calculation of amount of each grade seeds as per the system of equations:where n is the amount of extracted oil; xi - content of the target component in the i-grade,%; yj - content of the target component in the j-grade,%; li j - mass fraction of i(j)-grade in the mixture; ki - kinetic coefficient of selectivity of extraction of the i-target component from the j-grade; kj - kinetic coefficient of selectivity of extraction of the j-target component from the i-grade; K is the required ratio of fatty acids content, seeds mixing as per the specified calculation, pressing, determination of the fatty acid composition and packing the obtained oil.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain vegetable oils of a specified fatty acid composition of high quality in terms of peroxide and acid numbers with actual ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids with less deviation from the rated one and extended safe storage life of the oil.1 cl, 2 tbl, 1 ex

ould for manufacture of candles // 2595337
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mould for making a candle comprising bottom with central bore and side wall, where the bottom is made movable with possibility of displacement relative to side wall and is equipped with hollow rod, where rod is provided with clamp for the wick.EFFECT: invention relates to production of plugs with any cross section (round, oval, triangular, square, shaped).1 cl, 3 dwg

Line for production of vegetable oil // 2595152
FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil and fat industry and can be used in processing of oil crops seeds. Line for production of vegetable oil, containing: dryer, roller mill, separation machine, a roasting machine, prepress, filter-press, display, cyclone, heat exchanger-recuperator, compressor, condenser, two sections of the evaporator, thermostatic control valve, fans, condensate collector. At that, in line there are additional cyclone for purification of waste after air drying, heat exchanger-recuperator and steam compression heat pump, including compressor, condenser, thermostatic control valve and two sections of the evaporator, one of which is used for freezing in exposer chamber, while other is for preparation of superheated steam. Drying process is carried out by air conditioning, which is heated in heat exchanger-recuperator, wherein exhaust air after drying is purified from suspended particles in cyclone with further cooling and drying in section of heat pump evaporator and feed into dryer with formation of closed cycle. Superheated steam after heat pump condenser is supplied for roasting a portion of waste superheated steam in amount of evaporated moisture from product is fed into heat exchanger-recuperator for air heating, wherein formed condensate is discharged into condensate collector, and second part used steam is discharged in heat pump condenser, where it is heated and fed for roasting in mode of closed cycle.EFFECT: invention allows to enhance energy efficiency of production of vegetable oils, production of vegetable oil, having high quality, creating a wasteless and ecologically clean technology for production of vegetable oils, as well as reduce energy consumption and cost.1 cl, 1 dwg
 
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