Petroleum, gas or coke industries and technical gases containing carbon monoxide and fuels and lubricants and peat (C10)

C   Chemistry; metallurgy(318327)
C10            Petroleum, gas or coke industries; technical gases containing carbon monoxide; fuels; lubricants; peat(16534)

ethod and system for lignin processing // 2642787
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of separating lignin from lignin-containing medium, such as liquid made in the method of processing biomass, for example, from a black alkaline solution produced in the enterprise of recycling of pulp, and processing the separated lignin, includes: the precipitation of lignin from lignin-containing liquid medium, followed by exposure of lignin hydrothermal carbonization in the wet state and the removal of carbonaceous material derived from lignin as a result of the carbonization after the implementation of the hydrothermal carbonization, the method further includes: the regulation of the particle size of the carbonaceous material by bringing the pH value of lignin in the wet state before the hydrothermal carbonization to a value exceeding 7, preferably exceeding 8. The system, a carbon-containing product and the application of the product are also declared.EFFECT: obtaining a hydrocarbon product with a controlled particle size and increasing the profitability of the process.17 cl, 2 dwg
Product from chromium oxide // 2642739
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: sintered refractory product consists of an aggregate bound by a matrix, and contains oxides in percentage by weight: more than 65 of Cr2O3, less than 35 of Al2O3, 1 or more of ZrO2, at least 20 wt % of which is stabilized in the cubic and/or tetragonal form, 0.1 or more of Y2O3, acting as a stabiliser of zirconium oxide ZrO2, less than 1.9% of HfO2, wherein the total content of chromium oxide, aluminium oxide, and zirconium oxide Cr2O3+Al2O3+ZrO2 is more than 90 wt %. The product contains a coactivator that is active or inactive as a zirconium stabiliser selected from CaO, MgO,TiO2, and mixtures thereof, wherein the total content of calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, and titanium oxide CaO+MgO+TiO2 is less than 6.0 wt % and more than 0.5 wt %, and more than 50 wt % of yttrium oxide and co-activator are present in the matrix.EFFECT: improving the stability of refractory materials for slag corrosion and temperature changes.24 cl, 16 ex, 2 tbl

Device and method of microwave-induced plasma treatment of generator gas // 2642563
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a tubular filtering layer chamber, a tubular microwave chamber located above the filtering layer chamber, a first catalytic chamber connected to the microwave chamber and located further relative to it, and a second catalytic chamber connected to the first catalytic chamber. Filtering layer chamber comprises an inlet hole for carbon-based material, which is located in the upper half of the filtering layer chamber, and an outlet opening for the spent carbon. The microwave chamber comprises a permeable top containing a microwave absorbing material, waveguides arranged around the perimeter, through which the microwaves can be introduced into the device, a magnetron and an isolator attached to each waveguide.EFFECT: efficient removal of resins and other impurities from generator gas and production of higher fractions of pure gas.30 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of distilling liquids in inert gas environment // 2642560
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in the rectification of thermally unstable products, distillation of heavy oil residues, utilisation of oil sludge, production of unoxidized bitumen, distillation of glycerol, ethanolamines, glycols, separation of solvents from extracts and raffinates, evaporation of solutions, degassing of gas-liquid mixtures. The method for distilling liquids in an inert gas environment comprises introducing an initial mixture, withdrawing the separation products, introducing a non-condensable inert gas, heating the separation products, converting one or more components of the initial mixture into a gas phase, separating one or more of the gas phase, returning the inert gas to interact with the initial mixture. The ratio of the mass of the introduced inert gas to the mass of the inert gas providing, in aggregate with the vapours of the substance to be removed, the same volume of the vapour phase at the point of its introduction, as in the process without the introduced inert gas at a lower pressure at the same process temperature, is 0.5-5.0. The introduction and/or withdrawal of the inert gas is carried out in several stages during the separation of the initial mixture. The light-volatile component of the initial mixture is released from the inert gas by cooling.EFFECT: reducing the energy costs and environmental load, when separating mixtures without usinga low pressure and a high temperature.3 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl, 3 ex

Compressor and air-conditioning device, using it // 2642550
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: air conditioner with compressor uses R32 refrigerant. It contains the compressor for the refrigerant compressing; the external heat exchanger; the internal heat exchanger; and the expansion valve for reducing the refrigerant pressure, at that the refrigerant is formed from hydrofluorocarbon (HFC); the compressor comprises the compressor unit for compressing the refrigerant, the electric motor unit to transmit the rotational force to the compressor unit through the rotating shaft, connected to the compressor unit and the compressor oil storage section for containing the compressor oil in order to reduce the friction between the rotating shaft and the compressor unit and to reduce the compressor temperature; and the oil contains the carbon nanoparticle, wherein the compressor oil volume is about 35-45% of the effective volume of the compressor interior part, at that the effective volume is the volume, obtained by subtracting the volume of the motor unit and the compressor unit from the total volume of the compressor.EFFECT: increase of the compressor reliability and efficiency, when using the refrigerant, based on HFC.13 cl, 15 dwg
otor oil for two-valve petrol engines // 2642459
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: engine oil for two-valve gasoline engines, containing an additive package, a thickening agent of polyisobutylene and a base oil is claimed, which is characterized in that the base oil is isoparaffin oil having a viscosity of up to 2.6 mm2/s at 100°C, isolated from the hydroisomerization products of the residue of a single pass hydrocracking vacuum distillate, with the following ratio of components, wt %: additive package up to 4.6, thickener polyisobutylene 25-30, base isoparaffin oil with a viscosity of up to 2.6 mm2/s at 100°C . The motor oil further comprises a solvent in an amount of up to 10 wt %.EFFECT: test results on standard JASO FD have shown the benefits of oils for two-valve engines produced on the base of low-viscosity isoparaffin oils obtained by allocating it from hydroisomerization products balance forward hydrocracking of vacuum distillate compared to the prototype.2 cl, 4 tbl

Catalyst of fisher-tropsh synthesis based on cobalt covered with mesoporous materials and method of its production // 2642451
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst based on cobalt covered with a mesoporous material and method for its production are described. The catalyst comprises a silica medium, rich in the surface-active component of cobalt and a selective promoter of zirconium; from the outside, the active component of cobalt and a selective promoter of zirconium is covered with a layer of shell mesoporous material. The production method includes obtaining silica media saturated with zirconium, obtaining the primary Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst based on cobalt on the silica medium, the preparation of the solution precursor of the mesoporous materials, further immersion, crystallization, washing, drying, and calcining to obtain the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst based on cobalt with a coating of the mesoporous materials. The active ingredient is covered and protected by a layer of the mesoporous material shell, the thickness of the shell is regulated, the catalyst has a long lifetime, a high reactivity, and a good stability. The pore structure of the mesoporous materials provides a channel for diffusion of CO and H2, the selectivity with respect to C5+ is high, and the selectivity with respect to methane is low. The catalyst is particularly suitable for slurry bubble column reactors or hull reactors with continuous mixing.EFFECT: increase in the catalyst activity.22 cl, 7 dwg, 3 tbl, 8 ex
ethod for production of lubricant material // 2642446
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: method includes one stage for mixing oil components in flow static mixer that were produced during primary oil processing. Mixing is carried out at least 45°C but not more than 120°C, and fractions of residual distillate and heavy diesel distillate are used as oil components at the following ratio, wt %: residual distillate-20-90, heavy diesel distillate-10-80.EFFECT: simplified method of lubricating material production, increased temperature range of the lubricating material working capacity, improved wear-resistance properties.3 cl, 4 tbl, 3 ex

ethod, device and chemical products for oil equipment processing // 2642421
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: in the invention, a device and methods for processing an oil refinery device or oil refinery device equipment during operation of the said oil refinery device are proposed, wherein in particular the method includes support during the processing period, the oil refinery device in the operation mode common to the plant itself, which includes supplying fresh feedstock to the oil refinery device; while maintaining the oil refinery device in the operation mode, one or both of the actions selected from a) and b) are performed; a) introducing into the oil refinery device, during the processing period, a processing hydrocarbon-based fluid; b) changing the set feed rate used at the beginning of the processing of the oil refinery device or the oil refinery device equipment. The set feed rate is changed ranging from the maximum operating speed for the oil refinery device, including the design speed for the oil refinery device, to the minimum operating speed, which is set at the level corresponding to the operating state of the oil refinery device with minimal performance; where the specified hydrocarbon-based processing fluid is selected from the group consisting of the products of crude oil distillation received for the oil refinery device and/or in any case present in the oil refinery device for final processing of the products, mixing of end products, intermediates or raw materials in the oil refinery device. The said introduction of a hydrocarbon-based processing fluid and/or the said change in the feed rate during processing creates an additional source or sources for distillation with respect to the amount obtained at a predetermined rate; and distilling the said additional source or sources for distillation in order to process the device.EFFECT: said processing can be attributed to the cleaning of the equipment to improve output compared to normal working conditions and to reduce coke-formation and removal of coke from catalysts.53 cl, 10 ex, 2 tbl, 15 dwg
Fuel composition // 2642080
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses the fuel composition for diesel engines based on diesel fuel with the addition of rapeseed oil, which additionally contains additive superantigel HG3427, with the following component ratio, wt %: rapeseed oil 5.0÷45; superantigel HG3427 3÷5; diesel fuel up to 100.EFFECT: simplification of the fuel composition structure, the possibility of reducing the load on the fuel pump parts (HPFP), the possibility of improving the reliability and durability of the fuel equipment and diesel in general.1 tbl
Fuel emulsion // 2642078
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a fuel emulsion for diesel engines based on diesel fuel with the addition of alcohol, a promoter, and distilled water. Fuel emulsion additionally contains urea alkenyl-succinimide in the following ratios of components, wt %: ethanol 5.0-40.0; distilled water 0.6-4.8; urea alkenilsukcinimid 1.0-5.0; 2-ethylhexyl nitrate 1.0; diesel fuel - up to 100.EFFECT: reducing the rigidity of the combustion process of fuel emulsion in the engine, increasing the stability of emulsion and increasing the reliability and durability of the diesel engine.1 tbl
ethod of producing metal-containing lubricants for pvc composition // 2642075
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of producing metal-containing lubricants for PVC-compositions is provided by the interaction of oleic or stearic acid with glycerol in the presence of magnesium oxide and another metal derived from the distillation of reaction water. As a derivative metal, calcium hydroxide is used, acid is poured to the mixture of glycerol and calcium hydroxide pre-heated at 110°C for 1 hour, and stripping of reaction water is carried out by azeotropic stripping with the use of toluene at 85-110°C, when the molar ratio of acid:glycerin:calcium hydroxide:magnesium oxide is 4:2:0.5:0.5.EFFECT: simplification of the method of producing a metal-containing lubricant for PVC compositions and enhancing the properties of the lubricant in the polymer composition.2 tbl

Aqueous alkanolamine absorbing composition containing pyperazin for improved removal of hydrogen sulphide from gaseous mixtures, and method of its use // 2642071
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: aqueous solution of alkanolamine to remove acid gases, including hydrogen sulfide from gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen sulfide, includes: (i) from 20 up to 50 weight percentage of 3-(dimethylamine)-1,2-propane diol or 3-(diethylamine)-1,2-propane diol, and (ii) from 2 to 10 weight percentage of piperazine. Weight percentage is taken based on the total weight of the aqueous solution of alkanolamine and wherein the said aqueous solution of alkanolamine does not contain orthophosphoric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, sulfurous acid, nitric acid, pyrophosphoric acid, tellurium acid, acetic acid, formic acid, adipic acid, benzoic acid, n-butane acid, monochloroacetic acid, citric acid, glutaric acid, lactic acid, malonic acid, oxalic acid, o-phthalic acid, succinic acid, o-toluic acid. A method for removing acid gases from a gas mixture is also disclosed.EFFECT: claimed aqueous amine solution provides removal of hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide at a lower consumption of the absorbent.6 cl, 1 tbl, 2 dwg
Fuel for compression ignition engines based on dimethyl ether of mono-oxymethylene // 2642067
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a fuel for compression ignition engines comprising dimethyl ether of mono-oxymethylene, characterized in that it contains at least 80 wt % of dimethyl ether of mono-oxymethylene and up to 20 wt % of at least one n-polyoxaalkane type oxygenate which is selected from the group consisting of dialkyl ethers of polyoxymethylene of the formula RO(-CH2O-)nR, where n=4-10 and R = an alkyl group, dialkyl ethers of polyethylene glycol and/or polyalkylene glycol monoalkyl ether formulas, and the cetane number of fuel is ≥48.6.EFFECT: reducing harmful emissions, reducing emissions of soot from the combustion of this fuel.10 cl, 11 ex, 1 dwg

Lubricating oil composition // 2642064
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: lubricating oil composition is provided in the invention, into which a copolymer of certain olefins and alkyl methacrylates is added. The lubricating oil composition comprises (A) 50 to 90 wt % of, at least, one kind of base oil of lubricating oil selected from mineral oils and synthetic oils and (B) 10 to 50 wt % of a copolymer of olefin and alkyl methacrylate having a weight average molecular weight of 1200 to 50,000, the said lubricating oil base oil comprising (C) carboxylic acid ether in an amount of 5 to 15 wt % relative to the total amount of the lubricating oil composition.EFFECT: excellent anti-seize properties, the formation of a small amount of sediment, and a high viscosity index.7 cl, 2 tbl, 1 dwg
ethod for manufacture and composition of igniting and heating means // 2642061
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a composition of the igniting-heating means comprising a fuel body representing a solid solution of stearic acid and alcohol, characterized by the composition being a mixture of ethanol 60-70% and isopropyl alcohol 40-30%, heated to a temperature of 35-45°C, with addition of granular stearic acid and its subsequent dissolution, in which an alkali-caustic solution of 44-48% concentration is introduced, with the following ratio, wt %: stearic acid 2.5-3.5; alkali solution 6.0-8.0; a mixture of ethanol and isopropyl alcohol - the rest. A method for manufacture of a igniting and heating means is also disclosed.EFFECT: obtaining of a product with an increased shelf life, higher heat transfer and calorific value.5 cl, 3 dwg

Catalyst, method of its use and installation for anti-waste deparafinization of hydrocarbon raw material // 2642058
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: catalyst based on aluminosilicate zeolite ZSM-5, which is characterized by a molar ratio of SiO2/Al2O3, equal to 23-80, the residual content of sodium ions is less than 0.1% and modified with zinc oxide in an amount of 1.0-4.0 wt % (in terms of zinc). Modification of zeolite is carried out in three stages: in the first stage - by impregnation with a solution of acetate or zinc nitrate, in the second stage - by calcination zinc-containing zeolite at 300-600°C, and in the third stage - by treatment with a solution of ammonium fluoride. A method for the dewaxing of a hydrocarbon feedstock using the inventive catalyst is also provided. An installation for the non-hydrogen dewaxing of hydrocarbon feedstock charged with the claimed catalyst is also provided.EFFECT: increased activity and stability of the catalyst, increasing the yield of a high-quality target product in the dewaxing of raw materials with increasing the process productivity, as well as simplifying the installation, reducing its metal consumption, increasing safety at work.9 cl, 1 dwg, 2 tbl, 8 ex

Oligomerization of olefins for producing synthetic fuel // 2642057
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing a mixed composition of synthetic hydrocarbon fuels, that comprises bringing one or more olefins into contact with a catalyst in a oligomerization reaction zone under conditions providing for the oligomerization of olefins, and removing a product stream from the reaction zone, containing the products of the oligomerization of olefins, in which a fraction is recovered from the product stream, which has the following properties: (a) the boiling point distribution is characterized by the following: (i) 10% escapes up to 205°C or less and (ii) the final boiling point is 300°C or less under the measurement in accordance with ASTM D86; (b) freezing point is -47°C or less under the measurement in accordance with ASTM D2386; (c) the density at 15°C is equal to, at least, 775.0 kg/m3 under the measurement in accordance with ASTM D4052; and (d) the total concentration of monocyclic aromatic and monocyclic nonaromatic hydrocarbons is, at least, 1 vol %; and (e) the concentration of cyclic hydrocarbons is 30 vol % or less; where the specified oligomerization catalyst is a crystalline oxide, characterized by the structure of zeolite, and having acidity for Branstad, wherein the crystals of the oligomerization catalyst comprise an inorganic oxide skeleton with a porous internal structure and an external surface, in which the ratio of the number of acid centers of Branstad on the outer surface to the inner porous structure is 0.1-20% and/or the ratio of the inner surface area of the porous structure to the external surface area of the crystal is 5-1000. The invention also relates to a composition as well as to reactive and diesel fuel.EFFECT: composition that has the required density, for use as aviation or diesel fuel, is produced.24 cl, 2 ex, 3 tbl, 3 dwg
ethods of purifying fluid emulsion using microporous materials having filtration and adsorption properties // 2641929
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for separating a stream of a fluid emulsion having a continuous aqueous phase into a hydrocarbon stream and an aqueous stream in which a stream of a fluid emulsion is passed through a microporous membrane to produce a hydrocarbon product stream and an aqueous product stream, the membrane comprises substantially a hydrophobic, polymer matrix and substantially a hydrophilic, finely divided, fine-grained, essentially water-insoluble filler distributed throughout the matrix. The polymer matrix has an average pore size of less than 1.0 micron, and the purity of the product streams is independent of the stream rate of the aqueous product and the pore size of the membrane.EFFECT: improving the efficiency of oil separation from water in real time.20 cl, 9 tbl
ethod for producing hydrocarbon products from kerogen-containing rocks // 2641914
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing high-quality synthetic oil from oil shales includes: preliminary preparation of oil shale by grinding thereof, removing mechanical impurities from it to fractions up to 0.5 mm and drying to constant weight, mixing obtained combustible shale with vacuum gas oil which was preliminarily subjected to electromagnetic waves with 0.1-0.8 kW power for 1-10 h and 40-60 mhz frequency, in weight ratios from 1:10 to 10:1, introducing catalyst additive including cobalt naphthenate and/or molybdenum hexacarbonyl in amount of 0.5-25 g of catalytic additive per 1 kg of mixture of vacuum gas oil and combustible shale, at that the content of cobalt naphthenate in catalytic additive is from 10 to 100 wt % and molybdenum hexacarbonyl is from 0 to 90 wt %. Homogenizing the obtained mixture in a stirring device at a temperature of not less than 60°C until the homogenous mixture is obtained, hydrogenating at temperatures 300-550°C for 0.05-6 h with excessive pressure H2, at volume ratio H2:obtained mixture from 2:1 to 20:1, thermal extraction of obtained product for 0.5-6 h with use of solvent in amount of 1-20 l per 1 kg of obtained mixture, separating the extract from dry residue and evaporating the liquid portion.EFFECT: simplified technology by excluding the stage for thermal decomposition of shale, reduced amount of catalyst with high yield of light oil products, reduced sulfur content.6 cl, 5 ex
Process of cleaning hydrocarbon media from h2s and/or mercaptanes // 2641910
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of cleaning hydrocarbon media from H2S and/or mercaptans, comprising treating them with a composition comprising an aqueous solution of nitrites of alkali metals and the organic base, wherein the process is carried out in the presence of N-methylmorpholine of N-oxide, nitrite of sodium and/or potassium is used as nitrites of alkali metals, water-soluble aliphatic amine and/or polyamine is used as an organic base, wherein the cleaning process is carried out in the absence of oxygen.EFFECT: intensification of processes for neutralizing hydrogen sulphide and mercaptans in the absence of air oxygen and limited time for cleaning, reducing corrosion of equipment and pipelines, increasing work safety and environmental safety in the fields.18 cl, 23 ex, 1 tbl

Protected recovered metal catalyst // 2641906
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: in accordance with the present invention, a method of producing a protected recovered supported metal catalyst in the form of a granule or paste in which the said supported catalyst is in the form of a powder comprises contacting and mixing the said powder of the supported catalyst with a liquid in an inert atmosphere in such a manner that substantially all the surface of practically all the powder particles of the supported catalyst is coated with liquid. In this case, the amount of liquid corresponds to up to five times the amount of liquid required on the basis of the moisture capacity. The said liquid is selected from the group consisting of liquid C10-C13-aliphatic hydrocarbons subjected to hydrodesulfurization of heavy naphtha, white spiritates, tetralin, and combinations thereof.EFFECT: fluid used to protect a catalyst against oxidation can easily be removed by distillation, these fluids not only protect the catalyst powder against oxidation, but also inhibit the spontaneous ignition of the protected catalyst.12 cl, 4 dwg, 12 ex
Connection of spatially hindered phenol, its obtaining and its application as antioxidant // 2641904
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a novel compound of the sterically hindered phenol of the formula (I) , wherein the groups R and R' are defined in the invention formula that is used as an antioxidant, a method for its preparation, its use as an antioxidant and a lubricating oil composition.EFFECT: expansion of the application field.20 cl, 18 tbl, 67 ex

ethod for producing bitumen and installation for its implementation // 2641761
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: for bitumen production, raw material is prepared by vacuum distillation at residual pressure of column top of 10-30 mm Hg with obtaining expanded spectrum of heavy oil fractions with Tof boiling point=410-445°C, obtained heavy fraction is fed into buffer tank, mixed with bitumen compound in volume up to 30%, which is supplied from the dispersion zone of the oxidation reactor, and the oxidation activator. The obtained mixture is fed into the middle part of the oxidation reactor under the separating plate to the oxidation zone, where oxidized bitumen with raw material in volume of up to 30% is supplied from the zone of the dispersion located above the separating plate, at the same time air mass in volume of 25-160 m3/t of raw material is supplied into the middle part and lower part of oxidation reactor, at that, the oxidation is carried out in laminar-film mode at 170-250°C to obtain finely dispersed bitumen, the obtained finely dispersed bitumen from the oxidation reactor is fed into the buffer tank of the second stage and mixed with the bituminous compound, in volume of up to 30%, and oxidation stabilizer. The obtained mixture is fed from the buffer tank of the second stage to the middle part of the oxidation reactor of the second stage under the separating plate into the oxidation zone, to which oxidized bitumen is supplied simultaneously with the raw material in a volume of up to 30% from the dispersion zone located above the separating plate, at the same time the air mass is fed in volume of 25-160 m3/t of raw material into the middle part and the lower part of the oxidation reactor, at that, the oxidation is carried out in laminar-film mode at 170-214°C, obtained bitumen is withdrawn from the lower part of the second-stage oxidation reactor as commercial bitumen.EFFECT: method is implemented using proposed unit, which makes it possible to use raw materials not only from heavy oil residues of traditional oils, but also the raw material directly from the superviscous oils and also their mixtures, form the required fractional and group chemical composition of the raw material for bitumen and to obtain the finely dispersed bitumen, and to increase the efficiency of the oxidation process and to stabilize the qualitative characteristics of the obtained bitumen.5 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl
Anti-wear additive for ultra-low sulfur fuel // 2641736
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses an additive for ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel that contains a hydrocarbon solvent, fatty tall oil acids, and additional vegetable oil fatty acids of the following composition, wt %: -fatty tall oil acid - 25-75; vegetable oil fatty acids - 15-65; -solvent - the rest.EFFECT: reduction of the additive cost and the expansion of resources of raw materials for their production.11 tbl
ethod of associated and natural gases processing // 2641701
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method of processing natural and associated petroleum hydrocarbon gases with increased content of heavy methane homologs to fuel gas by mixing hydrocarbon gas with oxygen or oxygen-containing gas in molar ratio carbon of heavy components: oxygen 10÷1:1 and direct partial oxidation of heavy components at 350-420°C and pressure of 10-40 bar to produce steam-gas mixture containing hydrocarbon gases, CO, oxygenates and H2O, which is then mixed with oxygen or oxygen-containing gas to oxygen content of 2-5 vol. % and further oxidized in the presence of oxidation catalysts at the temperature below 350°C.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to create simpler and accessible method of processing associated oil and natural gases with increased content of methane homologs with production of fuel gas with high fuel characteristics and increase its yield.2 ex
ethod for manufacture of igniting and heating means // 2641698
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention describes a method for manufacture of a igniting and heating agent, comprising preparation of fuel components, heating, mixing, bottling and cooling, followed by solidification, characterized by ethanol being initially poured into the fuel preparation vessel of the ignition and heating means and heated to temperature of 35-45°C, then granular stearic acid is added to the ethanol container and stearic acid is dissolved with stirring and subsequent heating of the mixture to a temperature not exceeding the boiling temperature of ethanol 79°C, then the mixture is saponified, for which an alkali of 44-48-percent concentration is added to the container with the heated mixture at the following component ratio, wt %: stearic acid 2.5-3.5; sodium hydroxide 6.0-8.0; ethanol - the rest, then the obtained mixture is poured into the prepared forms in a hot state, cooled and the saponified film is obtained on the outer surface of the solidified mixture.EFFECT: obtaining of an igniting means with increased shelf life and higher heat transfer.3 cl, 1 ex, 3 dwg

ethod of purifying oil products and sorbents for its implementation // 2641696
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of purifying light oil products is carried out by passing the prepared sorbent through a layer, the purification of light oil products is carried out in the liquid-vapour phase with the use of a sorbent-based zeolite of the structure ZSM-5 modified by peroxosolvate or sodium peroxocarbonate within the temperature range of T=50-100°C at a pressure of P=1-2 atm with a volumetric rate not higher than 100 h-1, and the mixture of the components for the preparation of a sorbent has the following chemical composition: high siliceous zeolite of the structure ZSM-5 and sodium peroksoborat (Na2SiO4) in the ratio of 1÷1; high siliceous zeolite of the structure ZSM-5 and sodium peroxocarbonate (Na2C2O6) in the ratio of 2÷1. The object of the present invention is to provide sorbents that promote a high degree of purification of light oil products.EFFECT: simplification and continuity of the technological process.3 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl, 8 ex

Plant for catalytic aromatization of light hydrocarbon feedstock and method of its operation // 2641692
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the plant for catalytic aromatization of light hydrocarbon feedstock, including at least one catalytic processing unit located on a feed line and a unit for separating concentrate of aromatic hydrocarbons with a line for supply of circulating gas to the catalytic processing unit. The plant is characterized in that a membrane separation unit of hydrogen is installed on the circulating gas line.EFFECT: increased yield of target products and simplification of the plant.4 cl, 1 dwg
ethod for manufacture and composition of igniting and heating means // 2641691
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a composition of an igniting and heating means comprising a fuel body representing a solid solution of stearic acid and alcohol, characterized by the composition being 100% ethanol or a mixture of 60-70% ethanol and 40-30% isopropyl alcohol preheated to a temperature of 35-45°C, and then to a temperature not exceeding the ethanol boiling point of 75-79°C, with stearic acid dissolution, in which a pre-prepared alkali solution is formed to form the film, wt %: caustic soda 35-40, water 60-56, sodium tripolyphosphate 3-5, with the following component ratio, wt %: stearic acid 2.5-3.5, alkali solution 6.0-8.0, ethanol or a mixture of ethanol and isopropyl alcohol - the rest. A method for manufacture of an igniting and heating means is also disclosed.EFFECT: obtaining of an igniting and heating agent with increased shelf life and higher heat output and lowering of harmful substances burned in the fuel.4 cl, 3 dwg

ethod and device for preparing cylinder oil // 2641327
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of obtaining cylinder oil, according to which the used oil is mixed with fresh cylinder oil, at that the used oil has a lower total base number (TBN) than the fresh cylinder oil. Method of operating an internal combustion engine is described, according to which cylinder oil is prepared according to any method of cylinder oil preparation, as described herein, and the cylinder oil is used in the internal combustion engine. Device is proposed for preparation of cylinder oil, which contains mixing means for mixing used oil and fresh cylinder oil, characterised by the mixing means is in fluid communication with at least one compartment of the internal combustion engine containing the used oil, or at least one storage compartment, containing used oil, with at least one compartment for storing fresh cylinder oil, and at least one cylinder of internal combustion engine. The methods, devices and applications of said invention are intended to be used in conjunction with two-stroke crosshead engines mounted on a ship.EFFECT: reduction of the amount of lubricants improves control of kinematic viscosity in preparation of cylinder oil from used oils, reduction of wear and corrosion.15 cl, 1 tbl, 3 dwg

Oxygen-containing antidetonation additive to motor gasolines // 2641286
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses an oxygen-containing antidetonation additive for motor gasolines for spark-ignition internal combustion engines consisting of methyl tert-butyl ether. The additive additionally contains isobutyl alcohol at the following component ratio, wt %: isobutyl alcohol 20-80; methyl tert-butyl ether - the rest.EFFECT: creation of an octane-enhancing additive to motor gasoline, which has high antidetonation properties, stability in fuel storage and vehicles operation during summer.4 dwg, 3 tbl

Energy center (versions) // 2641283
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses an energy centre including a fuel source equipped with a fuel supply line to the power receiving unit with a flue gas outlet line, a coolant production unit, wherein the fuel, oil or gas preparation, transportation or storage facility is used as the fuel source, a methanation unit with a water supply line connected by a direct heat transfer/return flow line to the coolant production unit installed on the flue gas outlet line. Also, a variant of the power centre for generating electricity, coolant, and coolant from the boiler room is disclosed, as well as an option for obtaining a coolant from the boiler house.EFFECT: improving the quality of the initial fuel, increasing the methane index and reducing the heating value by equipping the unit with a methanation block.8 cl, 3 dwg
ethod for solid fuels gasification in gas generator and reactor device for method implementation // 2641270
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for solid fuels gasification is described, consisting in moving fuel for gasification in a vertically oriented hollow reactor, upwards from the bottom, forming a combustion site in the reactor due to the oxidative reaction of the oxygen compound (O2) of air with the carbon (C) of the fuel, at which carbon dioxide (CO2) is emitted, carrying out of a reductive reaction of a carbon dioxide compound (CO2) with the carbon (C) of the fuel according to the formula CO2+C=2CO in the fuel layer, at which carbon monoxide (CO) - a combustible gas is produced. Behind the combustion site, coal and ash are moved upwards in the vertically oriented hollow reactor, carbon dioxide (CO2) is passed through the coal and ash along the direction of movement to carry out a reductive reaction of the carbon dioxide compound (CO2) with the carbon (C) of the fuel and produce a combustible gas - carbon monoxide (CO), combustible gas is brought up the reactor and beyond. A reactor for of solid fuels gasification is also described.EFFECT: method for gasification of solid fuels is developed, which has effective conditions for oxidation-reduction reactions.3 cl, 5 dwg
Alternative motor fuel // 2641108
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses an alternative motor fuel with octane number by the research method of not less than 90 units and a vapour pressure of at least 40 kPa, which includes ethanol, aromatic hydrocarbons C7-C10, and raffinate, characterized in that it comprises raffinate of the aromatic hydrocarbon production with a vapour pressure of not less than 35.0 kPa, boiling in the temperature range of 45-120°C, with the following ratio of components, wt %: ethyl alcohol 20-40, aromatic hydrocarbons C7-C10 1-20, raffinate to 100. Alternative motor fuel must satisfy the basic requirements for the characteristics of automobile gasolines in accordance with GOST 32513 and TP TC 013/2011.EFFECT: development of alternative motor fuel with the octane number by the research method of not less than 90 units and the saturated vapour pressure of not less than 40 kPa, low sulfur, a high chemical stability, further improved anti-corrosion properties.3 cl, 3 tbl
Lubricating oil composition for internal combustion engines // 2641104
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: lubricating oil composition for internal combustion engines containing specific base oil, monoglyceride having a specific structure and ethyleneoxide adduct having a specific structure, in the defined quantities and/or ratios. The lubricating oil composition of the present invention, along with providing outstanding wear resistance and fuel economy, causes dispersion in the oil of condensed water and the like from the water vapour produced by the fuel combustion.EFFECT: preventing corrosion or rusting of the engine.7 cl, 3 tbl
ethods and composition for desulphurating compositions // 2641101
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for reducing the amount of sulfur in a sulfur-containing, oil-containing, composition includes the steps of: a) obtaining a sulfur-containing composition; and b) bringing the sulfur-containing composition into contact with an oxidizer and an oxidizing catalyst, wherein the oxidating catalyst has the formula M11-xM3xM2O3, where M1 is a rare earth element, M2 - transition metal, M3 - Ca or Sr, and x belongs to the range of 0.01 to 0.80. The composition applicable to reduce the amount of sulfur contains an oxidizing agent and an oxidizing catalyst, wherein the oxidizing catalyst has the formula M11-xSrxM2O3, where M1 is a rare-earth element, M2 - transition metal, and x belongs to the range of 0.01 to 0.80, and the oxidizer contains H2O2, acetic acid, tert-butylhydrogen phosphate (TBHP), formic acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, or a combination thereof.EFFECT: effective reduction of the sulfur content of the oil-containing composition.20 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex
Turbine oil // 2641005
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: oil contains, wt %: acid ester of alkenylsuccinic acid - 0.01-0.03; 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol- 0.48-0.60, the nitrogen-containing block copolymer of oxides of ethylene and propylene - 0.01-0.07; alkyltoluylalkylaminotriazole - 0.01, 0.02-0.03, 0.05; 2,6-dialkylphenol-p-ethylalkylate - 0.01, 0.03, 0.05; the condensation product of oleic acid with diethanolamine and boric acid, modified with potassium hydroxide - 0.32-0.40, and oil with a kinematic viscosity of 20-23 mm2/s at 50°C - the rest up to 100.EFFECT: increasing the antioxidant properties of turbine oil and a corresponding reduction in its losses under the conditions of use.2 tbl

ethod and device for producing fuel from biomass // 2640809
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses a method for producing fuels from biomass in which the biomass is heat treated in a temperature range of 150 to 300°C, a reactor (11) with a pressure, increased steam, and air, in which the pressure is dropped upon completion of the treatment. The amount of steam and other gases increased from the collapse is temporarily accumulated in the container (14) with an adaptive volume, and steam and other gases are subjected to heat for at least one heat exchanger (13) so that condensed gases are condensed and the heat of condensation is released to at least one heat exchanger (13). A device for producing fuels from biomass is also disclosed.EFFECT: optimisation of production costs and reduction of harmful emissions into the atmosphere when receiving fuel from biomass.16 cl, 3 tbl, 1 ex, 2 dwg
ethod for producing hydrocracking catalyst // 2640804
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the process for preparation of hydrocracking catalyst which comprises the stages: (a) mixing zeolite Y having a unit cell size in the range from 24.42 to 24.52 E, the molar ratio of silica to alumina (SAR) in the range from 10 to 15 and surface area in the range from 910 to 1020 m2, with binder based on aluminium oxide and two or more catalytically active metal-containing components, wherein said metal-containing components are contained in one or more solutions, wherein the zeolite Y is present in amount of 40 wt % or more based on the total weight of zeolite Y and aluminium binder; (b) extruding the mixture obtained in stage (a); drying the extruded mixture obtained at the stage; (d) calcination of dried and extruded mixture obtained at the stage(c); and (e) mixing the calcined product obtained in the stage (d) with two or more catalytically active metal-containing components, where said metal-containing components are contained in one or more solutions. The invention further provides hydrocracking method for hydrocarbon-containing feedstock, wherein the process comprises introducing feedstock at elevated temperature into contact with hydrocracking catalyst produced by the present process.EFFECT: higher activity and selectivity of the resulting catalyst.15 cl, 1 tbl, 7 ex

ethod and device for converting alcohol to fuel mixture // 2640801
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: alcohol at a suitable reaction temperature is converted into a fuel mixture in the reactor, the ratio between the alcohol fraction, the ether fraction and the water fraction in the fuel mixture is controlled by controlling, at least, one reaction parameter flowing in the reactor. This, at least, one controlled reaction parameter is the temperature and/or pressure in the reactor and the control of the said, at least, one reaction parameter is effected depending on the operating parameters of the exhaust gas processing system and/or depending on the operating parameters of the internal combustion engine, and/or depending on the properties of the alcohol to be converted.EFFECT: improved method.14 cl, 1 dwg
ethod for restoring activity of hydrotreating catalyst of hydrocarbon raw materials // 2640655
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for regenerating a deactivated hydrotreating catalyst for petroleum products by burning coke in a two-loop regeneration reactor at 500-600°C, followed by impregnation with solutions of several acids with heat treatments, including drying and calcination. Intermediate heat treatment is carried out at a temperature of 100-200°C, and the final heat treatment, including drying and calcination, is carried out respectively at a temperature of 100-200°C and 400-650°C for 1-24 hours.EFFECT: production of a regenerated activated hydrotreating catalyst with a reduced activity of more than 98 percent.3 cl

Steam cracking process // 2640592
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: steam cracking process is described comprising heating liquid feedstock in a convection section of a cracking furnace and subsequent supply of said material to the radiation section of the cracking furnace for carrying out the cracking reaction therein, at that to perform the cracking reaction a monoolefin-containing stream is fed to the cracking furnace in accordance with at least one of the following modes: mode A (mixing the first mixture with liquid feedstock, heating the produced mixture in the convection section and then feeding thereof to the radiation section for conducting the cracking reaction), mode B (feeding the monoolefin-containing stream or the first mixture to the inlet of the radiation section and mixing thereof with the material from the convection section) and mode C (feeding the monoolefin-containing stream or the first mixture to the outlet of the radiation section and mixing thereof with the first cracking reaction products to conduct the second cracking reaction). Wherein the monoolefin-containing stream is a hydrocarbon stream containing at least one compound selected from the group consisting of ethylene, propylene, butene, pentene and hexene, with total content of ethylene, propylene, butene, pentene, and hexene greater than 10% by weight relative to the hydrocarbon stream. The first mixture is a mixture comprising a monoolefin-containing stream and at least one component selected from steam and hydrogen.EFFECT: steam cracking process of the present invention makes it possible to reduce coke formation in the convection section of the cracking furnace using olefins in the feedstock composition, so that the cracking furnace can be stably operated for a long period of time.15 cl, 4 dwg, 28 tbl, 11 ex
Catalyst containing at least one zeolite nu-86, at least one usy zeolite, and porous inorganic matrix and method of hydroconversion of hydrocarbons using this catalyst // 2640585
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the catalyst of hydrocracking a hydrocarbon feedstock containing at least one metal selected from the group consisting of group VIB and group VIII metals of the periodic system used individually or in a mixture, and the substrate that contains at least one zeolite NU-86, at least one zeolite Y, and at least one inorganic porous matrix that contains at least aluminium and/or at least silicon. The said catalyst contains, wt % of the total weight of the catalyst: 0.2-10 of at least one zeolite NU-86, 0.4-40 of at least one zeolite Y, 0.5-50 of at least one hydrogenating-dehydrogenating metal selected from the group consisting of group VIB and group VIII metals, 1-99 of at least one inorganic porous matrix comprising at least aluminium and/or at least silicon. The invention also relates to the method for hydrocracking a hydrocarbon feedstock using the said catalyst.EFFECT: increasing the activity and selectivity of the catalyst.13 cl, 8 tbl, 10 ex
Hydrodesulfurization catalyst for diesel fuel and method of hydrocleaning diesel fuel // 2640583
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a hydrodesulfurization catalyst for diesel fuel, in which one or more metals selected from a group consisting of elements of Group 6 of the long form of the Periodic table, one or more metals selected from the group consisting of elements of Group 9 or 10 of the long form of the Periodic table, phosphorus and organic acid are applied on a carrier based on mixed oxide containing 80-99.5 wt % of aluminium oxide and 0.5-20 wt % of HY zeolite, wherein the catalyst contains: 10-40 wt % of one or more metals selected from the group consisting of elements of Group 6, in terms of oxide, relative to the weight of the catalyst; 1-15 wt % of one or more metals selected from the group consisting of elements of Group 9 or 10 in terms of oxide relative to the weight of the catalyst; and 1.5-8 wt % of phosphorus, in terms of oxide relative to the weight of the catalyst; 0.8-7 wt % of carbon derived from organic acids, based on chemical element relative to the weight of the catalyst; and 0.2 to 1.2 mol of organic acid to 1 mol of one or more metals selected from the group consisting of elements of Group 9 or 10 of the long form of the Periodic table, where the specific surface area measured by the method of nitrogen adsorption, ranges from 110 to 300 m2/g, a pore volume measured by the mercury porosimetry method is from 0.3 to 0.6 ml/g, the average pore diameter measured by the mercury porosimetry method is from 6.5 to 14 nm, and the HY zeolite has (a) SiO2/Al2O3 (a molar ratio) from 3 to 10, (b) crystal lattice constant from 2.435 to 2.465 nm, (c) a mole ratio of Al in the framework of zeolite to Al in general from 0.2 to 0.9 and (d) the diameter of crystallites from 30 to 100 nm.EFFECT: development of superdeep desulfurization technology to remove substantially the majority of sulfur in diesel fuel.3 cl, 5 tbl, 10 ex

Hydraulic processing of thermal craking products // 2640419
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: method of upgrading gas oils to distillate hydrocarbons involves dividing a first gas oil flow into first and second parts; mixing a second gas oil flow with the first part of the first gas oil flow to form mixed gas oil flow; contacting the mixed gas oil and hydrogen flow with a first hydroconversion catalyst in a first hydrocracking reaction system to convert at least a portion of hydrocarbons in mixed gas oil flow to distillate hydrocarbons; recovering effluent from the first hydrocracking reaction system containing unconverted hydrocarbons and distillate hydrocarbons; fractionation of the effluent from the first hydrocracking reaction system into one or more hydrocarbon fractions, including a fraction containing unconverted hydrocarbons; contacting hydrogen and the fraction comprising unconverted hydrocarbons with a second hydroconversion catalyst in a second hydrocracking reaction system to convert at least a portion of unconverted hydrocarbons to distillate hydrocarbons; feeding the effluent from the second hydrocracking reaction system to a fractionation stage for co-fractionation with the effluent from the first hydrocracking reaction system; feeding the flow consisting of the second part of the first gas oil flow into a third hydrocracking reaction system; contacting the flow consisting of hydrogen and the second part of the first gas oil flow with the third hydroconversion catalyst in the third hydrocracking reaction system to convert at least a portion of the hydrocarbons in the second portion to the distillate hydrocarbons; fractionating the effluent from the third hydrocracking reaction system to recover two or more hydrocarbon fractions, wherein the first gas oil flow is different from the second gas oil flow. The disclosed flow separation principle makes it possible to optimise the reaction rates in hydrocracking reactors. Thereby taking advantage of the difference in reactivity of gas oils - the products of thermal cracking against non-cracked gas oils.EFFECT: reduction of equipment cost for production of base oils, diesel fuel, kerosene, gasoline fuels with increased degree of conversion and long life of the catalyst.30 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl

ethod for milled peat large fraction isolation at roller-disc screen // 2640343
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: method for milled pit large fraction isolation one roller-disc screen includes screening with the division of the obtained product to fines and reject, as well as fines sorting on rotating parallel shafts with discs fixed in a chessboard order thereon. The frequency of shaft rotation along the course of peat movement changes wavily, initially with an increasing frequency of rotation, then with a smooth transition to a decreased rotational speed and then with a smooth transition to an increased rotational speed. Shaft rotation speed on a 9-shaft roller-disc screen along the peat movement course is 49 to 51 rpm on the 1st shaft, 57 to 59 rpm on the 2nd shaft, 83 to 85 rpm on the 3rd shaft, then the rotation speed of the 4th shaft is 83 to 85 rpm, after which the rotation speed decreases and is 57 to 59 rpm on the 5th shaft, 49 to 51 rpm on the 6th shaft, then the rotation speed of the 7th shaft ranges from 49 to 51 rpm, after which the rotation speed increases and is 57 to 59 rpm on the 8th shaft, then the rotation speed on the 9th shaft is 59 to 57 rpm.EFFECT: increased the number of milled peat large fraction obtained with an average weighted diameter of particles mixture from 6 to 12 mm, necessary to enhance the quality of bales obtained, making them less heavy and more durable.2 cl, 4 dwg

Purification method of liquefied hydrocarbons with application of compounds 3-(piperazin-1-il)propane-1, 2 diol // 2640262
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the purification method of liquefied hydrocarbons, such as the liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG). The processing method of liquefied hydrocarbons, containing the acid gases to remove the mentioned acidic gases, while minimizing the losses of amine compounds, includes the contacting stage of the mentioned liquefied hydrocarbons with the absorbing aqueous solution of the first amine compound. The mentioned first amine compound has the structure: , in which R1 is the hydrogen, propane-2.3-diol and its mixtures, and R2 is the propane-2.3-diol.EFFECT: minimization of the amine compounds losses.9 cl, 1 dwg
Oil faction hydroprocessing catalyst (versions) // 2640210
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: oil faction hydroprocessing catalyst obtained in situ by thermal decomposition in the hydrocarbon raw materials - oil fractions - a precursor, anion which is nickel-thiotungstate, or cobalt-thiotungstate, or nickel-thiomolybdate, or cobalt-thiomolybdate. The precursor cation is ion [RR'R"S]+, where R, R', and R" in different versions of the invention are alkyl, aryl, or naphthenic radicals, respectively.EFFECT: increase of the catalyst activity in hydrodearomatism reactions of bi- and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, hydrogenation, and hydrodesulfurization.3 cl, 4 tbl, 16 ex
Alternative car fuel // 2640199
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses an alternative car fuel with an octane rating of, at least, 90.0 units, determined by the research method, including alcohols C1-C2 and the hydrocarbon fraction of the Fischer-Tropsch process, wherein contains a gasoline fraction of the Fischer-Tropsch process boiling in the temperature range of 28-225°C as the hydrocarbon fraction, and further contains aromatic hydrocarbons C7-C10 at the following component ratio, wt %: alcohols C1-C2 20-45; aromatic hydrocarbons C7-C10 up to 20; hydrocarbon fraction of the Fischer-Tropsch process up to 100.EFFECT: production of alternative car fuel determined by the research method, the low content of washed and non-washed tar and sulfur, high chemical stability and further improved corrosion resistance, and meets the basic requirements for the characteristics of motor gasoline.2 cl, 3 tbl
 
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