Compositions characterised by non-explosive or non-thermic constituents (C06B23)

C   Chemistry; metallurgy(315635)
C06   Explosives; matches(2093)
C06B23                 Compositions characterised by non-explosive or non-thermic constituents(65)
Inert filler composition // 2629078
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: inert filler composition contains filler components and a binder consisting of an epoxy resin and amine curing agent. As the filler components, a mixture of rubber crumb with a shot made of chipped ferrous metals is used.EFFECT: invention provides an inert filler composition that is versatile with a wide range of density control and appropriate mass and adhesion properties.1 tbl, 2 ex
Charge of explosive substance for projectiles, method of preparation of this charge and projectile with explosive substance (options) // 2627393
FIELD: blasting.SUBSTANCE: charge of the explosive substance for the projectile is used for forced triggering of avalanches. The projectile includes a blended composition of two components in which an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide is used as the first component to perform the oxidising agent function, and ethanol or methanol or propane-1,2,3 triol, or dimethyl ketone in the ratio of the formation of a stoichiometric mixture is used as the second component performing the function of liquid fuel. The projectile is made in the form of a polymer canister or a polymer container with a handle or in the form of a cylindrical polymer container.EFFECT: increased safety of storage, transportation and use of explosive compositions used to blast avalanche-prone areas.6 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl
ethod of marking blasting powder by carbon nanotubes // 2625462
FIELD: weapon and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: method of marking the blasting powder includes the introduction of the carbon nanotubes into the blasting powder as the marker substance in the amount of 1-18% from the total mass of the powder charge. In this case, the marking additive is introduced directly by mixing both in the finished powder and during its manufacture.EFFECT: introduction of the carbon nanotubes into the blasting powder increases the reliability of its use detection, the accuracy of the marker determination, reduction of the blasting powder production labour intensity.1 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

ethod of marking explosive substance // 2609921
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical methods of expertise of explosive substances and forensic identifying preparations. A method of marking an explosive substance consists in the introduction of a marking composition, containing identifiers, the quantity of which equals the quantity of technical parameters to be marked, into the explosive substance, obtained by mixing of separate components. To mark the explosive substance each separate component, included into the mixture of the explosive substance, is marked. The marking composition for each separate component is composed of at least one polymer material from the group of polyorganosiloxanes with the length of a molecular chain, representing an identifier, different from lengths of molecular chains and values of viscosity of polymer materials in the marking compositions of other separate components, constituting the mixture of the explosive substance. As the marking composition of the explosive substance a set of marking compositions of separate components of the said substance mixture is used.EFFECT: improvement of marking.3 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl

Explosive marking method // 2609224
FIELD: blasting operations.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical methods of inspecting explosive substances and forensic identification preparations. Explosive marking method is introducing marking composition which contain identifiers in explosive material, the number of identifiers is equal to number of technical parameters subjected to marking. Mixture of polyorganosyloxanes with different molecular chain lengths is used as the identifiers, in each molecular chain each technical indicator matches an identifier in the form of a polyorganosiloxane with a corresponding molecular chain length and corresponding "exit time" (“retention”) on a chromatogram.EFFECT: so in the composition of explosive element there is formed "chemical bar code", reading of which is carried out on chromatogram on the principle of presence or absence of component at the specified value of time of its "exit" (“retention”).1 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl
ethod for concealed marking of explosive substances (versions) // 2607665
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a chemical method of marking and identifying explosive substances (ES), as well as forensic identification of preparations, which can be used in investigation, expert forensic and legal practice. Method for concealed marking of explosives comprises introducing into an explosive, obtained by mixing certain components, a marking composition containing identifiers, number which is proportional to number of technical parameters, to be marked. Each identifier corresponding to a separate property used is a combination of substances (at least two substances), with available detection of fluorescence. Substances can be moulded into separate sets (units), and information (an a unit) is recorded in a binary code with arrangement of substances when detecting on a spectrogram successively built into circuit in accordance with a scale of capacity of units of a binary code. Marking composition is composed of separate sets (units), each of which by a separate stream is fed into an explosive while mixing latter from separate components.EFFECT: method enables to encode data on an explosive substance, provides high security of marking explosive and reliability of identification of explosive based on its marking when reading a graphical recording of latter.6 cl, 3 dwg, 4 tbl, 1 ex

Explosive marking method // 2595245
FIELD: blasting operations.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical methods of inspecting explosive substances and forensic identification preparations. Explosive marking method is introducing marking composition which contain identifiers in explosive material, the number of identifiers is equal to number of technical parameters subjected to marking. Mixture of polyorganosyloxanes with different molecular chain lengths is used as the identifiers, in each molecular chain each technical indicator matches an identifier in the form of a polyorganosiloxane with a corresponding molecular chain length and corresponding "exit time" (“retention”) on a chromatogram.EFFECT: so in the composition of explosive element there is formed "chemical bar code", reading of which is carried out on chromatogram on the principle of presence or absence of component at the specified value of time of its "exit" (“retention”).1 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl

ethod of marking explosive substance // 2577757
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical methods of expertise of explosive substances and forensic identifying preparations. A method of marking an explosive substance consists in the introduction of a marking composition, containing identifiers, the quantity of which equals the quantity of technical parameters to be marked, into the explosive substance, obtained by mixing of separate components. To mark the explosive substance each separate component, included into the mixture of the explosive substance, is marked. The marking composition for each separate component is composed of at least one polymer material from the group of polyorganosiloxanes with the length of a molecular chain, representing an identifier, different from lengths of molecular chains and values of viscosity of polymer materials in the marking compositions of other separate components, constituting the mixture of the explosive substance. As the marking composition of the explosive substance a set of marking compositions of separate components of the said substance mixture is used.EFFECT: improvement of marking.3 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl

ethod of marking explosive substance // 2533483
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical methods of expertise of explosive substances and forensic identifying preparations. A method of marking an explosive substance consists in the introduction of a marking composition, containing identifiers, the quantity of which equals the quantity of technical parameters to be marked, into the explosive substance, obtained by mixing of separate components. To mark the explosive substance each separate component, included into the mixture of the explosive substance, is marked. The marking composition for each separate component is composed of at least one polymer material from the group of polyorganosiloxanes with the length of a molecular chain, representing an identifier, different from lengths of molecular chains and values of viscosity of polymer materials in the marking compositions of other separate components, constituting the mixture of the explosive substance. As the marking composition of the explosive substance a set of marking compositions of separate components of the said substance mixture is used.EFFECT: improvement of marking.3 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl
Catalytic chemical coolant for thermal aerosols and method for production thereof // 2520095
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: catalytic coolant for a fire-extinguishing apparatus with a thermal aerosol and a method for production thereof. The catalytic chemical coolant for a thermal aerosol includes: endothermic coolant material: 50-95 wt %; catalytic additive: 1-30 wt %; process additive: 0.5-5 wt %; binding agent: 2-6 wt %. The endothermic coolant material is manganese carbonate, manganese oxalate, manganese phosphate, potassium manganate, potassium permanganate, or a composite endothermic cooling material consisting of manganese carbonate and an additional coolant. The catalytic additive is a metal oxide or hydroxide. The process additive is a stearate, graphite or a mixture thereof. The binding agent is a composite solution of an alkali metal silicate and a water-soluble high-molecular polymer. The invention also discloses methods of producing a coolant in form of large pieces, tablets, spherical granules or bars with a cellular structure.EFFECT: compared to prior art, the method is highly effective and has a good cooling effect, can reduce secondary deterioration of properties of the fire extinguishing agent and eliminate the content of toxic gas in the product of the fire extinguishing agent, so as to lower the toxicity of the fire extinguishing agent and the danger it poses for the environment.13 cl, 1 tbl, 5 ex

ethod of labelling explosive substance // 2495860
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of inspecting explosive substances and forensic identification preparations. The method of labelling an explosive substance involves adding a labelling composition to the explosive substance, said composition containing identifiers, the number of which is equal to the number of properties to the labelled. The identifiers used are a mixture of polyorganosiloxanes with different molecular chain lengths, wherein each property matches an identifier in form of a polyorganosiloxane with a corresponding molecular chain length and corresponding "exit time" (retention) on a chromatogram. Thus a "chemical barcode" is formed in the explosive substance, which is read from the chromatrogram based on the principle of the presence or absence of a component at a certain time of its "exit" (retention). The method is suitable for labelling mixed and separate explosive substances, as well as components thereof, for example inorganic oxidants, particularly ammonia nitrate.EFFECT: method provides high reliability of identifying an explosive substance with a simple process of determining its code.4 dwg

ethod to manufacture composite explosive for explosion welding and composite explosive // 2487108
FIELD: blasting.SUBSTANCE: method to manufacture a composite explosive for explosion welding, includes preparation and mixing of explosive components, at the same time prior to mixing the explosive component is recrystallised to produce a nanodisperse powder from an organic dissolvent in the form of compounds from the group of dimethyl formamide, dimethyl sulfide or acetone into water, the produced dispersion is stabilised under higher temperature of not more than 100°C with further evaporation of the organic dissolvent and drying of the residue, which is then mixed with an inert filler, and the composite explosive is formed. The substance produced by this method as an explosive component contains tetranitropentaerytrite, or octogene, or hexogene in the form of pre-transformed to ultradisperse condition with particle size of not more than 10-6-10-8 m in amount of 30-70 wt % and a powdery inert filler in the form of sodium bicarbonate - balance.EFFECT: invention provides for the possibility to arrange a link through explosion of fine parts and thin-film elements of assembly structures, for instance, thin plates or foil, without deformation and damage due to provision of minimisation of explosive layer and reduction of critical detonation layer.2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex
Composition for producing mock-up charges // 2475466
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rocket engineering and specifically to making imitators of mixed solid propellant used when breaking-in equipment for hazardous facilities for mass production of small-size set-in charges of mixed solid propellant and refinement of mechanical processing of said articles and training maintenance personnel. The imitator contains filler in form of a mixture of potassium chloride and dispersed spherical aluminium, binder in form of divinyl nitrile rubber with terminal carboxyl groups and epoxy resin, transformer oil, curing agent in form of tetramethylthiuram disulphide (thiuram D) and zinc oxide, and a surfactant in form of lecithin or cationat-7.EFFECT: invention provides reliable imitation of standard composition of mixed solid propellant on viscosity, working life, physical and mechanical properties and adhesion to armour.2 cl, 3 tbl

Inert plastisol composition // 2469996
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention may be used in making mass-volume simulators of ammunition. Proposed composition can simulate, by density, various explosive plastisol mixes. Proposed composition represents high-concentration dispersion of inert powder fillers (table salt and aluminium powder) in binder consisting of plasticiser and polymer. Triacetin is used as plasticiser while polymer represents a copolymer of methyl methacrylate and methacrylic acid taken in the ratio of (0.4-0.6):1. Additionally, glass hollow balls in amount of up to 2 wt % may added thereto to adjust the density.EFFECT: stability is storage, simulation of various-density explosives.2 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex
Propellant charge // 2466975
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: propellant charge represents a single unit composed of compacted grains with polymer coating applied on their surface. Said polymer coating is made of water soluble polymers of synthetic or natural origin in amount of 5-15 wt %. Unit porosity makes 5-60%.EFFECT: perfected propellant charge.5 cl, 1 tbl
Explosive substance imitator based on hexogene or octogene // 2413709
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to investigation and analysis of materials using radiation methods and can be used as an explosive substance imitator based on hexogene or octogene. The imitator contains a solid body of any shape made from a mixture of powdered nonahydrate aluminium nitrate in amount of 20…36 wt %, melamine in amount of 40…44 wt %, graphite in amount of 11…15 wt %, saccharose in amount of 9…13 wt % and re-dispersible polyvinyl acetate in amount of 9…11 wt %, and density of the solid body is equal to 1.5…1.7 g/cm3.EFFECT: preparation of a safe explosive substance imitator based on hexogene or octogene for testing apparatus for detecting explosives.3 cl
Nitrogen-containing explosive substance imitator // 2411227
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to investigation and analysis of materials with radiation methods and can be used as a nitrogen-containing explosive substance imitator. The imitator contains a solid body of any shape made from a mixture of powdered nonahydrate aluminium nitrate in amount of 29…37 wt %, melamine in amount of 15…21 wt % and graphite in amount of 42…56 wt %, and density of the solid body is equal to 1.4…1.7 g/cm3.EFFECT: safe imitator of nitrogen-containing explosive substance for testing and calibrating apparatus for detecting explosive substances.3 cl

Imitator of explosive substances // 2388218
FIELD: explosives.SUBSTANCE: method for production of such imitator includes injection moulding and drying. Injection moulding is carried out from mass produced by means of addition of up to 1 % of ES into magnesia cement in the form of trotyl or cyclonite, or octogene, or pyroxilic powder, or varnish powder, or ballistit powder, or nitroglycerine, or ammonium nitrate, or penthrite. Drying is carried out at room temperature till permanent weight with production of magnesium-inorganic polymer complex compound with explosive substance of the following structure: .EFFECT: according to tactic-operational requirements, imitator of ES smell produced by this method excels available specimens in practicalness, convenience in use and durability.2 cl, 2 tbl, 8 ex
Ballistic solid rocket propellant // 2384553
FIELD: explosives.SUBSTANCE: ballistic solid rocket propellant includes combustion modifying agent which consists of lead copper complex of phthalic acid or nickel lead complex of phthalic acid as combustion catalyst, chrome (III) - copper (II) - oxides or dioxides of titanium, or titanium disilicide, or calcium carbonate as combustion stabiliser, technical carbon and 1,2-dibutoxybenzol. Combustion catalyst is included in the propellant in quantity of 1.5-4.0 wt %, combustion stabilising agent 0.4 - 3.0 wt %, technical carbon 0.1 - 1.0 wt %, 1,2-dibutoxybenzol - 0.5 - 2.0 wt %.EFFECT: low dependence of propellant combustion velocity on pressure, and increased propellant chemical durability.1 tbl

Composite explosive // 2384551
FIELD: explosives.SUBSTANCE: there proposed is composite explosive for explosion welding which contains powdered tetranitropentaerythrite (TNE) or HMX, or RDX (30-70 percent by volume) and filler in the form of sodium bicarbonate (the rest).EFFECT: invention provides quality explosion welding of sheet items or foils due to the fact that there provided are low values of brisance, rate of detonation and critical diametre value, but comparatively high value of fougasse ability at detonation of an explosive.4 ex, 1 tbl, 4 dwg
Emulsifying composition for preparation of water-in-oil emulsions // 2381204
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to emulsifying compositions for making of water-in-oil emulsions used to produce emulsive explosives. Emulsifying composition for preparation of water-in-oil emulsions contains mixture of reaction product of polyisobutylene succinic or polyisobutylene bissuccinic anhydride with organic mono- or polyamine, ethers of acids and polyatomic alcohols and industrial oil. Ether of acids and polyatomic alcohols is represented by mixture of sorbitan ethers of fatty and tar acids. Ratio of ingredients in emulsifying composition makes as follows, %: reaction product of polyisobutylene succinic or polyisobutylene bissuccinic anhydride with organic mono- or polyamine 20-70; mixture of sorbitan ethers of fatty and tar acids 5-35; industrial oil 3-75.EFFECT: invention provides for improvement of technological parameters of emulsifying composition production used to manufacture emulsive explosives, and makes it possible to control viscous-temperature properties of composition and expansion of raw materials assortment for its production.3 cl, 1 tbl
ethod of preparing emulsifier for production of emulsion explosives // 2377228
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to emulsion explosives. The method of preparing an emulsifier for production of emulsion explosives based on products of condensation of polyisobutylene succinic anhydrides with alkanol amines dissolved in industrial oil involves esterification in two steps. At the first esterification step, alkenyl succinic anhydride is reacted with dimethylethanolamine in the presence of industrial oil and pinene or camphene, obtaining an intermediate product in form of a 50% solution of ether amides in industrial oil. At the second esterification step, while heating and stirring, the obtained product is mixed with industrial oil, glycerine monooleate or glycerin monooleate on polymerised glycerin and TP ethanol amides.EFFECT: increased emulsion stability due to reduced amount of free acid, partially formed as a result of hydrolysis of alkenyl succinic anhydride.2 cl

ethod of explosive material marking // 2368591
FIELD: explosive materials.SUBSTANCE: method of explosive material marking includes introduction of marking composition into explosive material. The marling composition contains identifiers whose quantity is equal to that of the technical figures subject to marking. The identifiers are oil-fat-soluble chemical stable in the media with different pH, free radical resistant, chemical resistant to explosive material components, free from surface active agent properties of the first kind, chemical resistant to explosion products and free from toxic properties. Polymethylsiloxane, polyethylsiloxane or their mixture is used as the identifier.EFFECT: accuracy and reliability of explosive material marking according to different technical parametres.4 cl, 1 tbl
Explosive // 2358957
FIELD: shooting operations.SUBSTANCE: explosive contains octogene in quantity of 99.01-99.8 wt % and modifying coating applied to octogene particles in quantity of 0.2-1.0 wt %.EFFECT: development of modifying coating applied to octogene particles with high adhesive strength.4 tbl

Power-generating material charge // 2331620
FIELD: blasting operations.SUBSTANCE: charge is used as a pulsed power source based on power-generating materials (explosives, rocket mixed solid propellants, pyrotechnic compositions). The charge contains an arbitrary orientation reinforcing element made from a wire with thickness not over 200 micron and uniformly distributed over the charge volume making some 5-80% of the charge volume.EFFECT: higher charge strength and density, increased explosion power in air.2 cl, 3 ex, 1 dwg
ethod for marking explosive // 2328481
FIELD: explosives.SUBSTANCE: proposed method for marking an explosive consists in adding a marking composition into the explosive, not less than 200 g per tonne of the explosive. Said marking composition contains identifiers, the number of which is equal to the number of technical indexes, and is made of synthetic organic or inorganic compounds of a class of colouring agents and/or low-molecular polymers from the international CAS registry of chemicals having a molecular weight not less than 1000 g/mol. Furthermore, it is proposed to use identifiers that are oil- and fat-soluble, resistant to chemicals in media at all PH ranges, resistant to free radicals damage, chemically inert to the components of the explosive, chemically inert to the products of explosion and do not possess any properties of surface-active reagents or any toxic properties. When used simultaneously, the compounds of the colouring agent class and those of the low molecular polymers class must not enter into chemical reaction between them.EFFECT: ensuring the reliability of the process of marking explosives by various technical indexes.6 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl
Emulsion phase with hyperstability // 2326725
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention covers the method of generating the stable "water-in-oil" emulsion phase on basis of the polymeric emulsifier. The method includes generating solution of inorganic salt-oxidant in water and/or organic water-soluble liquids. The method includes generating the water-insoluble organic fuel which contains the homogenising supplement chosen of animal fats or fatty acids and taken as 3% of fuel phase mass. The method includes mixing the water-insoluble organic fuel and solution phase of inorganic salt-oxidant in presence of polymeric emulsifier with a shift sufficient to generate the emulsion phase. The concentration of salt-oxidant in emulsion is about 45 to 95% mass, and concentration of water and /or water-soluble organic liquids is about 3 to 30% mass. The homogenising of the emulsion phase is performed immediately or in a certain time, to increase its viscosity.EFFECT: stability of emulsion phase is increased following homogenising.12 cl, 5 tbl, 4 ex
ode of marking plastic and elastic explosives // 2322428
FIELD: invention refers to field of manufacturing of marked explosives.SUBSTANCE: invention proposes mode of marking of plastic or elastic explosives prepared on water-suspension technology with following homogenizing on rollers by way of unanimous dosing in gap between rolls of explosives and marking addition.EFFECT: invention is directed on creation of mode of marking of explosive compound ensuring technological losses of marking addition at 20-30% from initial quantity.

Emulsifying composition containing emulsion explosive stabilizer // 2317281
FIELD: explosives.SUBSTANCE: invention provides emulsifying composition for emulsion explosives containing industrial oil and emulsifier, which is represented by (i) products of condensation of alkenyl(polyisobutylene)succinic anhydride with amino-derivatives or (ii) mixture of aminated and initial alkenyl(polyisobutylene)succinic anhydride, or (iii) products of condensation of alkenyl(polyisobutylene)succinic anhydride with amino-derivatives and esters of tall oil fatty acids or fatty acid C12-C16-fraction with polyatomic alcohol, or (iv) mixture of aminated and initial alkenyl(polyisobutylene)succinic anhydride and esters of tall oil fatty acids or fatty acid C12-C16-fraction with polyatomic alcohol taken in amount allowing manifestation of synergetic effect appearing when mixing surfactants. Emulsifying composition further contains polyisobutylene with molecular mass 500-2000 as emulsion stabilizer.EFFECT: achieved preservation of performance characteristics during long-time storage under various climatic conditions.3 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex
ethod of production of the oxidative phase of the emulsion blasting explosives // 2308442
FIELD: chemical industry; mining industry; methods of production of the oxidative phase of the emulsion blasting explosives.SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the blasting explosives applied at the shooting operations in mining, and to the methods of their production. The invention presents the method of production of the oxidative phase of the emulsion blasting explosive, which includes the water solution of calcium and ammonium nitrates, in compliance to which they intermix the ammonium nitrate solution produced at the stage of conversion of the process of manufacture of the granulated ammonia saltpeter and the calcium nitrate solution received at the stage of filtration of the process of manufacture of the nitroammophos in the ratio of 50÷90/10÷50. The invention allows to decrease the power input and the labor input of the process of manufacture of the matrix emulsion of the emulsion blasting explosive and ensures the increase of its quality.EFFECT: the invention allows reduction of the power input and the labor input of the process of manufacture of the matrix emulsion of the emulsion blasting explosive and ensures the increase of its quality.2 tbl, 2 ex
ethod of revealing an explosive and a marker to apply the method // 2297403
FIELD: explosives.SUBSTANCE: group of invention relates to marking explosives and can be used to identify explosives and manufacturing place. To that end, a method for revealing an explosive and a marker to reveal explosive. Method comprises preparation of explosive with a marker uniformly distributed therein. Marker is made in a manner to have information field enabling further reveal and identification of explosive or explosive and manufacturing place thereof during its storage period or during its storage period and after blast of explosive. Marker is made from material having hardness no higher than that of explosive and information field is of holographic nature.EFFECT: increased information value of marker without deterioration of explosive characteristics.28 cl, 1 tbl
Live cartridge, explosive cartridge, launching cartridge // 2291140
FIELD: ammunition; production of the live, explosive or launching cartridges.SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to production of the live, explosive or launching cartridges. The invention represents the live, explosive or launching cartridges, each of which contains at least one pheromone in the launching charge and-or the ignition compound or in the additional charge. The pheromone may be used in the quantity from 0.001 up to 10 mass % and may be contained in the form of the microcapsules. The invention is intended for production of the live cartridge, the explosive cartridge or the launching cartridge containing the pheromone as the mean, which is perceived naturally.EFFECT: the invention ensures production of the live, explosive or launching cartridge containing the pheromone.3 cl

odifying agent for emulsion explosive substance // 2286326
FIELD: explosive substances.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to emulsion explosive substances. Invention proposes a method for modifying the brisance of emulsion explosive substance prepared by using emulsion of type "water-in-oil" (reverse emulsion) containing oily phase and dispersed phase consisting of inorganic nitrates and/or perchlorates an aqueous solution that can comprise also inorganic or organic components and involving addition the brisance modifying agent to the oily phase. Prepolymer or polymer with links -[CH2-C(X)=CH-CH2]- as the brisance modifying agent wherein X means hydrogen atom (-H) or methyl group (-CH3) in macromolecule terminating by hydroxyl or isocyanate groups or polyisobutylene groups. The dispersed phase of emulsion explosive substance can comprise a cooling component in form of inorganic chloride group. Invention is directed for reducing the brisance of emulsion explosive substance with retaining its working properties.EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of explosive substance.2 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl, 4 ex

arking additive for explosive substance, method of preparation thereof, method of determining origin of explosive substance, and device to implement it // 2283823
FIELD: explosives.SUBSTANCE: invention provides marking additive containing marking substance foreign to explosive substance and preserving its properties under blast conditions. Marking substance is composed of at least one rare element of periodic system (e.g. lanthanide) and aluminum is used as microencapsulation substance. A method for preparing marking additive for explosive substance is proposed as well as a method to determine origin of explosive substance, into which additive was introduced, and also installation for determining spectral characteristics of chemical elements of marking additive in explosive substance.EFFECT: enabled creation of marking additive suitable to develop coding system for explosive substance during production thereof in order to determine later manufacturer of explosive.8 cl, 3 dwg
Emulsifying composition for production of the emulsion blasting explosives and the method of its production // 2277965
FIELD: chemical industry; methods of production of emulsifying composition for production of emulsion blasting explosives.SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of chemical industry, in particular, to production of emulsifying compositions applied in production of blasting explosives of the emulsion type for the mountain boulder blasting. The emulsifying structure includes the products of condensation poly isobutylene succinic anhydrides with alkanolamines in the form of the solution in the industrial oil. The composition contains the mixture of the products of condensation of poly isobutylene succinic anhydrides with monoethanolamine and triethanolamine in the following ratio in the initial reaction mass: monoethanolamine - from 0.2 up to 0.5 mole and triethanolamine - from 1.5 up to 1.8 mole per 1 mole of polyisobutylene succinic anhydride. In the method of production of the composition the process of condensation of polyisobutylene succinic anhydride conduct with sequential addition of 0.2-0.5 mole of monoethanolamine, then - 1.8-1.5 mole of triethanolamine per 1 mole of poly isobutylene succinic anhydride with intermixing at the stirrer rotation rate of 2.5 3.6 m\s. To decrease the frothing effect introduce 0.005-0.01 mass % of polymethylsiloxyne liquid. The technical result of the invention is - rising of technological effectiveness of the emulsifying composition by optimization of the average molecular mass of the emulsifier.EFFECT: the invention ensures the rise of the technological effectiveness of the emulsifying composition due to optimization of the average molecular mass of the emulsifier.3 cl, 5 ex, 2 tbl
ethod of preparation of an emulsifying agent for production of blasting explosives and the emulsifying agent for production of a blasting explosive // 2263096
FIELD: preparation of emulsifying agents for production of the emulsion blasting explosives applied at a boulder blasting for boreholes drilling.SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of mining, in particular, to the method of preparation of an emulsifying agent for production of emulsion blasting explosives applied at a boulder blasting for boreholes drilling. The method is realized by mixing of a polyisobutylenesuccinate or polyisobutylenebissuccinate anhydrate with a product of its interaction with an organic monoamine or polyamine. At that in the produced mixture at temperature of 70-150°C and constant stirring action add ethers of fatty acids with polyhydric alcohols. Then at temperature of 20-150°C add alkylbenzosulfonates of Ca, To, Mg, Mo or their mixtures in the form of a 20-70 % solution in the industrial oil. The mixture is agitated at the temperature of 100-150°C and filtered at the temperature of 100-150°C. The emulsifying agent contains the above indicated components at the following ratio (in mass %): polyisobutylenesuccinate or polyisobutylenebissuccinate anhydrate 1-10; the product of interaction of polyisobutylenesuccinate or polyisobutylenebissuccinate anhydrate with the organic monoamine or polyamine 40-90; ethers of fatty acids with polyhydric alcohols 2-30; alkylbenzosulfonates of Ca, To, Mg, Mo or their mixtures 6-30. The technical result is an increased activity of the emulsifying agent, which allows to reduce its concentration in the emulsion of the blasting explosive and to increase duration of stability of the emulsion.EFFECT: the invention allows to increase activity of the emulsifying agent, to reduce its concentration in the emulsion of the blasting explosive, to increase duration of stability of the emulsion.2 cl, 2 ex, 1 tbl
Water-in-oil-type emulsion explosive composition // 2258055
FIELD: explosives.SUBSTANCE: proposed water-in-oil-type explosive composition contains ammonium nitrate, mineral oil, water, and emulsifier. The latter is prepared by mixing poly(isobutylenesuccinic anhydride) or poly(isobutylene-bis-succinic anhydride) with product of its interaction with organic mono- or polyamine, adding, to continuously stirred mixture, esters of fatty acids with polyatomic alcohols, then adding Ca, K, Mg, Mo alkylbenzenesulfonate or mixture thereof in the form of 20-70% solution in industrial oil, mixing, and filtering resulting mixture.EFFECT: reduced price of explosive composition due to reduced content of emulsifier.1 tbl, 4 ex

Inert ingredients for the testing of molds and making mock charges // 2238255
The invention relates to inert compounds that mimic the technological parameters of processing of various explosive compounds and their physico-mechanical properties (average density, conditional limit of compressive strength)

Emulsifying composition for the preparation of emulsion explosives and method thereof // 2224587
The invention relates to the production of explosives, in particular to the emulsifying composition to obtain emulsion EXPLOSIVES

Thermoplastic pyrotechnic composition for elastic igniter cord with large slow at times // 2213082
The invention relates to thermoplastic pyrotechnic compositions for the manufacture of elastic igniter cord in extrusion or flow pressing

Explosive to metal explosion // 2205169
The invention relates to explosives (EXPLOSIVES), intended for the metal energy of the explosion and for certain types of work on the earth's surface, as well as special blasting
Labelling of explosives // 2179961
The invention relates to the production technology of explosives (e), namely the marking of explosives

Autonomous thermal actuator and a pyrotechnic composition for equipment cathodes pyrotechnic generator of electric current // 2165781
The invention relates to a running fire installations that do not have power sources in the protection of large objects
Explosive type ammonite // 2164507
The invention relates to the mining industry and can be used in blasting operations

The method of obtaining oil-soluble polymeric emulsifier // 2155094
The invention relates to a method for producing oil-soluble polymeric emulsifiers based alchemistry anhydrides used in the production of industrial emulsion explosives

arking substance // 2134253
The invention relates to the field of technical means and methods of marking plastic and elastic explosives (UIP and the emulsion explosive) taken to prevent acts of terrorism in transport by increasing the reliability of detection of explosives in the respective inspection items

Composition to obtain an emulsifier explosives // 2084434
The invention relates to the composition to obtain an emulsifier emulsion explosives of the type of emulsion explosives used in mining EXPLOSIVES

Composition to obtain an emulsifier explosives // 2084433
The invention relates to the composition to obtain an emulsifier emulsion explosives of the type of emulsion explosives), intended for use as industrial explosives in the mining industry

Gas-generating pyrotechnic composition // 2068831
The invention relates to pyrotechnics and can be used to produce carbon monoxide, for example, gas generators and sources of pressure
 
2551102.
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