Fertilisers and manufacture thereof (C05)
C05 Fertilisers; manufacture thereof(3962)
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing compound organomineral fertiliser based on natural aluminosilicates comprises simultaneous mixing and grinding of organic and mineral components, wherein grinding of aluminosilicate raw material and phosphogypsum is performed to achieve particle size less than 30 mcm, and then further mixing with biohumus. All components are taken at a certain ratio.EFFECT: invention increases efficiency of agrochemical fertiliser, provides a positive effect on crop yield, reduces costs in production of fertiliser.1 cl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing thermophosphate involves mixing ground phosphate material with sodium-bearing compound, burning mixture at temperature 900–1,000 °C and cooling cake, note that as a sodium compound used is wastes of petrochemical synthesis, containing compounds of sodium in an amount ensuring in the mixture components weight ratio Na2O:P2O5= 0.7–0.8, phosphate raw material milled into particles sized no more than 0.2 mm, annealing of the mixture is performed during 15–30 minutes.EFFECT: invention allows to develop technology of producing thermophosphate using sodium-containing wastes of petrochemical synthesis with simultaneous solution of the problem of recycling said wastes and significantly reduce the process duration.3 cl, 1 tbl, 12 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method for producing compound fertiliser involves decomposition of phosphate raw material by phosphoric and sulphuric acid mixture at high temperature, treatment of produced pulp by neutralising reagent containing calcium carbonate, granulation, and drying of finished product; decomposition acid solution H3PO4: H2SO4 rate is equal to (0.68-1.26):1, wherein phosphoric acid used is non-evaporated phosphoric acid, and decomposition is carried out at temperature of 90–100 °C.EFFECT: invention increases decomposition degree of phosphate material and simplifies production technology.3 cl, 5 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to inclusion of micronutrients in fertilizers based on potassium chloride using methods of packing. Combined product based on potassium chloride (MOP product), obtained from compacted MOP composition, where composition contains: potassium chloride with potassium content from approximately 48.0 wt% to approximately 62.0 wt% in terms of K2O; and source of boron in amount, at which content of boron in MOP product is from 0.001 to 1.0 wt%. Method of producing combined MOP product, containing micronutrients, involves obtaining MOP composition, containing potassium chloride with potassium content from approximately 48.0 wt% to approximately 62.0 wt% in terms of K2O, and source of boron in amount, at which content of boron in MOP product is from 0.001 to 1.0 wt%: packing of MOP composition to produce compacted MOP composition; milling of MOP composition to form granules to obtain combined MOP product.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain cheap, compacted, crushed and sorted by size granular MOP fertilizer with additional useful properties, which maximize introduction of micronutrients in soil solution and ultimate delivery into root zone of plants.20 cl, 19 dwg, 13 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing a compound fertilizer involves decomposition of raw materials - ground chalk or limestone with non-concentrated phosphoric acid containing 22–32 % of total P2O5, drying the obtained mixture together with recycled dry product and sizing, herewith the obtained mixture is added with washed with cold water from sodium chloride polyhalite ore with the particle size smaller than 2 mm, the mixture is homogenized, the solution obtained by washing from polyhalite ore is evaporated with extraction of sodium chloride, and obtained during cooling the solution sulphate-kalium-magnesium salts are fed for the mixture homogenization prior to drying.EFFECT: invention simplifies the method of producing the compound fertilizer by adding a mixture with a slowly soluble mineral – polyhalite containing sulphates of potassium, magnesium and calcium, washed from sodium chloride and having prolonged agro-chemical properties, to obtain in the product the specified ratio of P2O5:K2O.1 cl, 3 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: household appliances.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to dust control aggregate. Dust control aggregate contains a core-particle containing fertilizer and dust control agent arranged around said core-particles and containing polycarbodiimide, containing a product of reaction of isocyanates in presence of catalyst. Method of producing dust control aggregate containing a core-particle containing fertilizer and dust control agent located around the core-particles; method includes the following stages: reaction of isocyanates in presence of catalyst to form polycarbodiimide and of the core-particles containing fertilizer using polycarbodiimide with formation of dust control agent. System for producing dust control aggregate including core-particle, containing fertilizer and dust control agent containing polycarbodiimide, containing a product of reaction of isocyanates in presence of catalyst, and arranged around said core-particle, where dust control agent is present in an the amount of 0.1–7.5 wt% in terms of 100 weight parts of core-particle.EFFECT: inventions enable obtaining dust control aggregate.29 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of producing organic-based granular bioorganomineral fertiliser involves drying biomaterial with simultaneous grinding and granulation thereof, wherein during drying of biomaterial to an organic substance is added mineral fertilisers, which are simultaneously ground and mixed with it, followed by pasteurisation and cooling of mixture, then into a stream of material which is directed for granulation, is added and mixed with latter microbiological fertilisers containing pre-inoculated in perlite microorganisms, wherein obtained granules are powdered with hydrophobic material.EFFECT: invention enables to produce effective granular bioorganomineral fertilisers with high physical and chemical properties at reduced energy consumption for their production.3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions containing quaternary ammonium compound with an ester group to prevent caking and formation of crust of some types of solid fertilisers. Composition for preventing caking of solid fertilisers includes component (a), which includes at least, quaternary ammonium compound with an ester group. Use of composition to prevent caking of solid fertilisers. Composition of solid fertiliser, resistant to caking. Method of producing solid fertilisers, resistant to caking, is characterised by that particles of solid fertilisers are coated by applying composition on surface of particles.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain compositions preventing caking of fertilisers.15 cl, 2 tbl, 6 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: system of bio-intensive irrigated farming includes stationary beds, trenches in the middle of beds, filled with plant residues, irrigation furrows, system with portable pipelines for watering along harrows, fog-forming installations with magnetized and electrified water generator, which irrigation sections are restricted with wind-protective shields. At system input there is water tank with effective microorganisms or biological stimulant. Under irrigation furrows irrigation trenches are made filled with pebbles, gravel, sand, limestone (chalk), tuff, their lower part is shielded by melioration film with partitions. In trenches arranged in the middle of beds, residues of trees are laid, from above on them is plant residues layer with manure, and on this layer is compost layer. On beds surface there is a compost layer, mixed with sawdust and rotten straw, strewed from above with sand layer. At plot edges trees are planted. Sections watered by swing-fog machine are limited by scenes of tall agricultural plants.EFFECT: technical result is increase in productivity.2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to encapsulated particle, which includes particle core, base layer and outer layer. Encapsulated particle contains: particle core; basic layer arranged around said particle core and containing polycarbodiimide containing isocyanate in the presence of catalyst reaction product; and outer layer arranged around said base layer and containing wax. Method of encapsulated particles forming, said method includes steps of: isocyanate reaction in the presence of catalyst to form polycarbodiimide; particle core encapsulation with the help of polycarbodiimide with formation of base layer, located around particle core; and base layer encapsulation by means of wax with formation of outer layer located around base layer. System for producing encapsulated particle, containing particle core, basic layer arranged around said particle core and containing polycarbodiimide, and outer layer arranged around base layer and containing wax.EFFECT: inventions allow making encapsulated particle, having improved moisture resistance, improved swelling resistance and higher strength and durability in the range of temperatures and environmental conditions.29 cl, 2 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method for producing organic fertilizer from Black Sea fish involves hydrolysis of frozen organic raw material using enzyme preparations of bacterial or fungal genesis under the conditions of temperature control, deodorization and evaporation of the end product, wherein the material used is small types of Black Sea fish which is ground before hydrolysis, and hydrolysis is carried out for 4-6 h at mince:enzyme preparation solution water duty of 1:1.5 to the content of nitrogen of amino groups of not less than 60 % and then the obtained hydrolysate is centrifuged, and orthophosphoric acid is added to clarified from bone residues and non-fermented raw material to reach the final concentration of 1-2 %, it is then heated to 90-100 °C during 1-2 hours under vacuum 0.0735 MPa and is evaporated to density of 1.08-1.09 g/cm3 and content of dry dissolved substance of 15-20 %.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain two types of fertilizer: liquid hydrolysate and fish bone fertilizer from frozen fish raw material without preliminary cutting.1 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing thermophosphates of low-quality phosphate raw material includes mixing it with sodium-containing compound with subsequent sintering of obtained mixture at temperature of 900-1,000 °C for 30 minutes, cooling and milling of product, wherein sodium-containing compound is mixture of sodium carbonate and sodium sulphate in weight ratio of Na2CO3:Na2SO4 equal to 1:2.5-4, with introduction of carbon in amount of 25-40 % of sodium sulphate weight, and mixture of sodium carbonate and sodium sulphate is supplied for mixing in amount, providing weight ratio of Na2O:P2O5, equal to 1.0-1.1:1.EFFECT: invention widens range of reagent base of thermophosphates production and designs method for obtaining high-quality phosphorous fertilizers.1 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to agriculture. Organo-mineral fertilizer contains animal farming wastes, potassium and phosphorus derivative, wherein animal farming wastes are animal farming wastes with moisture content of 75-90 %, potassium is potassium chloride, phosphorus derivative is superphosphate, additionally contains urea and formalin. All components are taken at a certain ratio. Method organo-mineral fertilizer producing, where animal wastes are animal farming wastes with moisture content of 75-90 % and additionally contains urea and formalin, wherein urea and formalin mixture is heated up to 92-105 °C for 6-8 minutes with subsequent addition of organic substance source, superphosphate and potassium chloride.EFFECT: invention increases target product quality due to increase in crop capacity.7 cl, 1 tbl, 29 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to agriculture. Organic fertilizer contains source of organic substance, wherein organic substance source is animal farming wastes with moisture content of 75-90 %, additionally contains urea and formalin. All components are taken at a certain ratio. Method of organic fertilizer producing, which as source of organic substance uses animal farming wastes with moisture content of 75-90 % and additionally contains urea and formalin, wherein urea and formalin mixture is heated up to 92-105 °C for 6-8 minutes with subsequent addition of organic substance source.EFFECT: invention increases target product quality due to increase in crop capacity.7 cl, 1 tbl, 29 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to agriculture. Method of granulating of forming mass of activated peat-humates by conducting mechanochemical reactions during compression, heating, pressing and treatment of initial material with screw, wherein dry peat with humidity of 30-40 % is preliminarily mixed with humic paste with humidity of 75-80 % at ratio of 1:10-1:20, mass is compacted and extruded in screw-press with pressure of 1.5-5 atmospheres and temperature of 30-90 °C, granules are obtained with help of semi-cylindrical grid with cells using vegetable binder, wherein formation of granules by length is made with rotating blades, granules are dried with dry air with humidity of 4-6 % at temperature of 30-60 °C with possibility to form film, which prevents further evaporation of moisture from inner part of granules and keeping total moisture content of granules at 18-22 %. Granulation plant for implementation of this method. Activated peat-humate.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain activated peat-humate granules with geometry and hardness, comparable with sowing material, having all required nutrients, microelements and mineral soil bacteria for formation of plants at initial growth stage.4 cl, 1 dwg, 3 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mineral fertilisers technology. Method for producing ammonium sulphate-nitrate involves dilution with nitric acid of spent acid mixture from cellulose nitrates production in order to obtain weight ratio of sulphuric and nitric acids 0.75÷1.45 based on 100 % acids. Obtained mixture of sulphuric and nitric acids is neutralised with ammonia followed by evaporation of water due to neutralisation reaction heat. Neutralisation products are processed into commercial product.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of toxic gas emissions into atmosphere.1 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing a solution of mineral fertiliser for foliar dressing of plants based on macro-and microelements with a disodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, wherein working solution contains an adhesion agent, as well as chelates of microelements. All components are taken at a defined ratio.EFFECT: invention improves consumer properties of composition for foliar dressing.3 cl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method for processing ceramic burning wastes of magnesium silicate proppant for production ameliorant is characterised by that separates the sinter formed during firing, crushed their, then crushed material is fed into agitator mixer and is treated for 2-5 minutes with herbicide suspension, or solution of trace elements at applying during processing in air mixer with temperature of 60-80 °C.EFFECT: invention allows to produce a multifunctional physical and chemical improver, which is a ripper and carrier of herbicides or microelements.1 cl, 2 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Organic fertilizer contains an aqueous solution of plant remains, wherein baked rye toasts - by-product of bread-kvass production and wood ash are added, content of plant remains per 100 l of water is 6-20 kg, baked rye toasts - 1-3 kg, wood ash - 100-200 g.EFFECT: invention allows to improve consumer properties of the fertilizer, in particular, to eliminate unpleasant odors during its manufacturing.1 cl
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to agriculture. Use of compositions containing: (A) one or more aminocarboxylate, selected from a group comprising methylglycinediacetate, its salts with alkaline metals, copper diacetate glutamic acid and its salts with alkaline metals, (B) at least one inorganic compound selected from a group comprising inorganic phosphate, inorganic phosphites, inorganic nitrates, an ammonium salt and potassium salts, and (C) if necessary, water, for application on plants, soil or vegetation substrates. Method of processing plants fertilizer, wherein at least one composition containing: (A) one or more aminocarboxylate, selected from a group comprising methylglycinediacetate, its salts with alkaline metals, copper diacetate glutamic acid and its salts with alkaline metals, (B) at least one inorganic compound selected from a group comprising inorganic phosphate, inorganic phosphites, inorganic nitrates, an ammonium salt and potassium salts, and (C) if necessary, water, machine by or manually is applied on the soil and/or plant. Use of aqueous compositions.EFFECT: inventions allow good processed mineral fertilizer, present in compositions soils or plants.12 cl, 3 tbl, 10 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method for producing liquid preparation for stimulating growth and development of plants includes humus containing raw material preliminary grinded and solved in water, and disintegrating in a rotary-oscillatory apparatus, wherein vermicompost and grape refuses are used as the raw material; wherein the first, initial vermicompost with particle size of max 3 mm and moisture content of 55-57 % is treated in a rotary-oscillatory apparatus with water buffered with ammonium or potassium hydroxide to pH in the range of 9.5-10.9 at the following weight water:vermicompost ratio of 1:3-4 and the temperature of 55-60 °C for 2-3 minutes, then grape refuse with particle size of less 20 mm and moisture content of 6-9 % is added to the obtained pulp in a rotary-pulsation apparatus at the grape refuse:vermicompost weight ratio of 1:6-9; it is followed by combined disintegration at the temperature of 55-60 °C until solid phase particles size reaches 5-10 µm and 7.2-7.5 pH, then the obtained dispersion of the target product is poured into containers.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain more homogeneous dispersion in the mode of self-heating pulp with simultaneous pasteurization.1 cl, 2 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in agriculture for improving structure and composition of soil, increasing yield of vegetables, cereal crops and perennial grasses and relates to processing peat in order to obtain microdispersed organic fertilizer from peat. Method of producing fertilizer involves crushing peat in an aqueous or an aqueous-alkaline medium with the help of a disc cutter to the mean particle size of 80-120 mcm to obtain a suspension, treating the suspension with alkali at the weight ratio of components of the suspension (as per the dry substance) peat:water:alkali=1:(1-10):(0.1-1) at working disc cutter with simultaneous milling with the help of an immersion bead mill fixed on the same shaft with the cutter to the mean particle size of 10-30 mcm for 20-30 minutes at the temperature of 20-70 °C.EFFECT: wasteless technology, simplified process, shorter duration, reduced cost of the end product, enabling the use of the fertilizer by spraying and drip irrigation.4 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, namely, to mushroom growing. Method involves adding to the substrate dry brewer grains in the amount of 3-5 % to the weight of the raw substrate, laying casing soil pretreated with a preparation containing calcium ions, and formalin, watering the casing soil twice in 2-3 days with water solution of a growth regulator containing stable association of aerobic and anaerobic leading soil anabiotic microorganisms at the concentration of 1.0-1.2 ml/l of water, which is followed by watering the casing soil with an aqueous solution of the growth regulator at the same concentration after harvesting mushrooms of each wave. Brewer grains dried at temperature +35÷+40 °C are used. Baikal EM-1 preparation can be used as a growth regulator.EFFECT: method increases yield and quality of white button mushrooms.3 cl, 2 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for production of organic fertilisers. Apparatus includes mixer (6) with inputs of organic material and additional components and output for mixture thereof. First intermediate container with pump (7), grinder for preliminary grinding (8) of organic material, fine grinder (10), second intermediate container with pump (9) and ultrasonic disperser (12) are connected in series to output of mixer.EFFECT: higher physiological activity of organic fertiliser by increasing water-soluble form.4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing porous granulated ammonium nitrate involves preparing a solution of ammonium nitrate, injection of a stabilizing magnesia additive spraying of the obtained solution on recycle representing prilled ammonium nitrate granules, wherein simultaneously in space and time is introduced as stabilizing additive magnesium oxide in amount of 0.5-2 wt% and pore-forming additive in amount of 0.1-1 wt% with vaporizing by hot air at temperature of 100-120°C of formed granules of introduced water and delivering of required porous structure.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to create a technology allowing to obtain porous granulated ammonium nitrate with high static strength (up to 22 n/granule), high resistance to thermal cycles -20 °C↔60 °C, with controlled absorbent (from 8 to 18 %) and holding (from 5 to 9 %) capacity of granules in diesel fuel as well as bulky density (of 720-890 kg/m3) in plate-type apparatus using as a recycle ammonium nitrate granules produced by prilling.8 cl, 1 tbl, 7 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Organomineral fertiliser includes an organic component of brown coal, or peat, or potassium/sodium humate, mineral component, wherein fertiliser additionally contains a chelating agent, wherein mineral component contains salts of alkali and alkali-earth elements, and additive contains metallurgical slag. All components are taken at definite ratio.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to restore soil on content of humus and trace elements.1 cl, 1 tbl, 5 ex
FIELD: energy; disposal of wastes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to recycling industrial wastes of heat power complex, to gardening and arrangement of urban areas. Disclosed are compositions of ground mixtures containing the following component ratio, WT% (dry): sand (16-48); peat (10-19); sludge CHP (35-59), humic supplement (humus) (7-10). Additionally, ameliorative additive can be introduced - phosphorus-containing fertiliser "Superphosphate" in amount of 1-2 % of the weight of dry components.EFFECT: recycling industrial wastes of heat power complex and high moisture retention capacity and fertility of peat-sand mixtures.2 cl, 2 dwg, 6 tbl
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method of producing L-methionine and acetate. Method comprises enzymatically processing an O-acetylhomoserine fermentation liquor to produce L-methionine and an acetate source. Separating at least a portion of said L-methionine from acetate source to form separated L-methionine and a residual liquor comprising an acetate-source. Said separation is performed by at least two crystallisations, where first crystallisation is performed with addition of methionine from subsequent crystallisations. Recovering at least a portion of said acetate source from said residual liquor by forming residual liquor containing free acetic acid and separating said free acetic acid.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain L-methionine with output of more than 92 % in form of crystals of high purity and acetate with output of 96 %.32 cl, 10 dwg, 10 tbl, 7 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used in processing organic wastes of livestock and poultry farms using phosphate-based composting stimulators. Method of making compost involves mixing milled organic wastes and peat, enriched with stimulating additive, loading mixture into a fermenter and subsequent aerobic composting at humidity 50-60 % and periodical ventilation with oxygen-containing gas in longitudinal and transverse directions for 5 days. Oxygen concentration in mixture is maintained within 5-12 %. Organic wastes used are manure and chicken droppings, wherein manure, chicken droppings and peat are taken in ratio 15:35:50. As a stimulating additive - a complex of two phosphate salts, including following components, wt%: monosubstituted zinc phosphate - 0.005-0.075, copper phosphate trihydrate - 0.0025-0.005, water - balance up to 100.EFFECT: invention provides faster processing of poultry wastes and cattle-breeding complexes into ecologically clean organic fertiliser of high nutritional value.1 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: organomineral fertiliser contains peat, a residue from hydrolysis of peat with hydrogen peroxide and ammonia, which is a waste from production of plant growth stimulator, urea, superphosphate, potassium sulphate, and additionally contains natural zeolite. All components are taken at definite ratio.EFFECT: invention enables to produce organomineral fertiliser, which contains not only organomineral components (peat and mineral salts), and all necessary trace elements for successful growth and development of agricultural plants.3 cl, 3 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing alcohol production wastes. Disclosed is a method for processing distillery stillage to obtain organo-mineral fertilizer and return purified water in the manufacturing process. Method comprises coagulation and further extraction of precipitated product. For coagulation stillage is put into a storage container with two metal frame mixers, to 90 % of the container volume, phosphogypsum is introduced in the amount of 10-25 kg/ton of distillery stillage. Separation of liquid and solid phases of the flocculated stillage is performed by means of a frame filter press with further final air drying to the humidity level of 13-15 %.EFFECT: invention provides eliminating the step of stillage neutralization by lime, as well as obtaining a highly efficient organo-mineral fertilizer with ameliorative effect.1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Apparatus for growing vermiculture of technologically specialised earthworm Eisenia foetida and producing biohumus includes a cylindrical plastic container, lower part of container for initial arrangement of worms in nutritional mixture, three intermediate zones of container for worm-spent substrate as biohumus, central moisture- and air-permeable mesh element, which is impermeable for worms, upper cover of container, tray with supports under container, plastic mesh upper cassette for ten centimetre layer of compost from manure, where a 100-day cycle of adaptation of worms to artificial conditions of their habitation is completed.EFFECT: invention increases output of biohumus and growing of stronger and active worms.6 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agriculture; chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing mineral acid with carbon-containing substance without additional heating to produce high-porous matrix of activated carbon, impregnated with inorganic acid. Initial carbon-containing substance includes wood, subjected to fermentation or prepared in form of animal manure compost, peat-moss, straw, municipal solid wastes containing manure from cattle bedding materials, and nut shells, coconut fibre, coal coke or oil coke. After treatment with mineral acid, acid converted in a matrix of activated carbon into a corresponding salt by treatment of activated matrix with ammonia gas.EFFECT: disclosed is a method of producing fertiliser containing a matrix of activated carbon impregnated with salt of inorganic acid.6 cl, 1 dwg, 7 tbl
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, specifically to technology of producing liquid bioorganic fertiliser. Method for obtaining a liquid bioorganic fertiliser comprises water extraction of mineral nutrients and biologically active substances contained in starting raw material, water insoluble deposit separation, alkaline extraction of humus substances from it, separation of alkaline extract, its neutralisation and association with water extract, preparations must be of organic origin only, water extraction is performed during 1-3 hours at 20-40 °C, starting raw material to extractant ratio is 1:3-1:5; alkaline extraction is performed for 10-16 hours at 20-40 °C, alkaline extract is neutralised with citric acid pH 6.5-7.5, fermentation processes are inhibited with sorbic acid, associated with aqueous extract, mixed, filtered to produce a liquid end product.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain high yield of environmentally safe products, clean soil from hazardous substances and pathogenic microorganisms, recover soil and reduce chemical load on farmland while reducing power consumption.5 cl, 1 dwg, 14 tbl, 11 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to methods of producing humic preparations from coal for use thereof as organo-mineral fertilizers. Method involves superfine grinding a mixture of oxidized coal and sand in presence of an alkali metal hydroxide and a phosphorus-containing component. Grinding the mixture of coal and sand is carried out in ball mills for 2-4 minutes in air. Phosphorus-containing component used is ammonium dihydrogen phosphate NH4H2PO4, the alkali metal used is solid potassium hydroxide KOH or sodium hydroxide NaOH, the additives used are sodium pyrophosphate Na2P2O7, sodium percarbonate Na2CO3·1.5H2O2 and unslaked lime CaO.EFFECT: invention provides a simple method of producing humic preparations with higher content of soluble humates in the ready product enriched with potassium, calcium, phosphorus and silicon.1 cl, 1 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used to grow crops on permanently frozen soils, in particular in tundra. Method involves introducing organic, mineral and lime fertilizer to soil. Organic fertilizer is manure that is introduced in the amount of 240-480 t/ha and peat that is introduced in the amount of 240-720 t/ha. Lime fertilizer is lime used in the amount of 6.7-13.4 t per 1 hectare, mineral fertilizer is nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizer: nitrogen - 120-180, phosphorus - 90-210, potassium - 120-240 kg of the active substance per 1 hectare.
EFFECT: method allows to improve mineral nutrition of plants at low temperatures, higher fertility and increases crop capacity of fodder crops.
1 cl, 7 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural microbiology and biotechnology. Alfalfa nodule bacterial strain Sinorhizobium meliloti AK130, capable of forming an effective symbiosis with alfalfa flavonoid, deposited in FGBNU ARRIAM under registration number RCAM03363.
EFFECT: invention increases yield and nitrogen fixation of alfalfa flavonoid when growing on normal and saline soils.
1 cl, 10 tbl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to agriculture. Method of processing household organic waste consists in using earthworms with help of vermicomposter, wherein organic wastes are successively loaded into separate sections of vermicomposter and maintained for three months, after which inert filler is loaded into vermicomposter, which is placed in vermicomposter central part, and after fermentation of organic wastes in first loaded section process earthworms are introduced and enable them with possibility of successive migration via perforated walls and inert filler in following sections, then compost processed by earthworms in first section is unloaded, and section is back for repeated filling, afterwards second section, etc. until complete processing of domestic organic wastes. Disclosed is device for implementing method of processing of domestic organic wastes.
EFFECT: simplified method, providing complete processing of organic wastes, reducing power consumption.
4 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of mineral fertilisers. Conditioning composition contains a primary amines with length of hydrocarbon chain C12-C22. Primary amines are added while stirring constantly in heated up to 70-80 °C industrial oil and/or a mixture of industrial oils with viscosity at 40 °C from 29-110 mm2/s. Industrial oil and/or a mixture of industrial oils is 98-70 % of composition. Primary amines and/or mixture thereof make up 2-30 % of composition.
EFFECT: invention prevents caking and scuffing of mineral fertiliser based on readily available material at high and low ambient temperatures.
5 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing slowly acting fertilizers with silica coating involves sequential processing fertiliser solutions of sodium silicate and calcium chloride at 30-40 °C, then drying encapsulated granules at 60±5 °C in fluidised bed, wherein treatment of solutions is performed in separate zones of the apparatus, wherein solutions are supplied in jets in pulsed mode and activation of fluidized bed mixing devices, drying of encapsulated granules is carried out in two steps the first of which is implemented in zone of processing solution of calcium chloride after completion of irrigation, second stage is implemented in a separate apparatus air flow with temperature of 60±5 °C. Proposed fluid bed apparatus can be used for periodic processes.EFFECT: invention enables to adapt known method of producing fertiliser with coating from silicate film (shell), as well as device for implementing such method for their use in industrial scale.22 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: fertiliser-ameliorant contains lowland peat and sapropel, and additionally contains tripoli and humix. All components are taken at definite ratio.EFFECT: invention enables to use fertiliser immediately after its manufacturing and more efficiently hold moisture in soil.1 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for processing of active sludge and deposits. Method of producing organic fertiliser from sewage sludge involves thermophilic phase of treatment of sewage sludge and phase of ripening of the ready product, wherein during thermophilic phase one performs pasteurisation sewage sludge by forced thermal treatment in the heating chamber and holding at obtained temperature for time, then one adds into the produced mass is thoroughly mixed bioactive component and the produced mass is left for maturation of the ready product the bioactive component used is previously made ripening fertiliser and fertiliser in process of ripening of heated air, preliminary heat mainly used for pasteurisation of sediments. Also a device for producing fertiliser from sewage sludge.EFFECT: inventions allow reducing the length of producing organic fertiliser from sewage sludge, simplifies the process of producing said fertiliser, as well as improved environmental friendliness of the process.8 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to organic fertilisers for improving soil properties, its recovery and fertility. Sapropel-pearlite fertiliser contains sapropel with natural moisture content and moisture-absorbing and forming filler. As filler, fertiliser contains expanded pearlite, content of which is defined depending on moisture content of sapropel, specified moisture content of fertiliser and water absorption of pearlite.EFFECT: invention provides high quality characteristics of fertiliser, which is a loose non-caking mass with content of sapropel of up to 90 %.1 cl
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to substances promoting fertility of soil, and more preferably to fertilisers and solid fertilisers, generally acceptable in any agricultural sector. Mineral fertiliser preferably of alkaline nature contains as an alkaline component inorganic carbonate, wherein it also contains at least one “dynamic disintegration” agent capable of causing a breakdown, considerable fragmentation, dispersion, and considerable “dispersion” inside and/or on surface of granule that tends to cause granule to break down or “explode” when said granule contacts water and/or moisture and preferably with soil and more specifically, with water or soil moisture. Method of producing fertiliser in granules with dynamic disintegration and application of fertilisers are disclosed.EFFECT: invention enables to make granules more “effective” and to avoid or limit need for soil treatment.10 cl, 8 dwg, 3 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of chicken manure vermiculture involves mixing chicken droppings with straw, lime and water with subsequent fermentation of obtained substrate, and then its processing using worms, where substrate is added with aqueous solution of surfactants.EFFECT: invention allows improving reproductive function of worms and faster processing of poultry droppings into clean effective fertiliser for agricultural crops.7 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and can be used for production of bacterial fertiliser. Sinorhizobium fredii nodule bacterial strain TB-508, resistant to high doses of ammonium nitrate, is deposited in Russian National Collection of Microorganisms of G. K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms Russian Academy of Sciences, registration VKM B-2631D.EFFECT: invention provides higher yield of soya seeds.1 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and can be used for production of bacterial fertiliser. Sinorhizobium fredii nodule bacterial strain TB-467, having resistance to high doses of ammonium nitrate, is deposited in Russian National Collection of Microorganisms of G.K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms of Russian Academy of Sciences, registration No. VKM B-2632D.EFFECT: invention provides higher yield of soya seeds.1 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and can be used for production of bacterial fertiliser. Sinorhizobium fredii nodule bacterial strain TB-643, resistant to high doses of ammonium nitrate, is deposited in Russian National Collection of Microorganisms of G.K. Skryabin Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, registration No. VKM B-2633D.EFFECT: invention increases yield of soya seed.1 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and can be used for production of bacterial fertiliser. Sinorhizobium fredii nodule bacterial strain BB-55, resistant to high doses of ammonium nitrate, is deposited in Russian National Collection of Microorganisms of G. K. Skryabin Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, registration No. VKM B-2630D.EFFECT: invention increases yield of soya seed.1 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: for preparing solution for supplementary feeding of fruit trees starting solution is prepared by mixing FeSO4 solution with hydrogen peroxide. To obtained solution containing ions of Fe2+ and Fe3+, excess of alkali is added and fine particles of magnetite are deposited. For deposition of magnetite particles NaOH, KOH, NH4OH are used. Large portion of mother solution is removed by centrifugation. Magnetite particles stabilisation is carried out by surfactant in form of naphthenic acids, boiling out at temperature within range of 150-250 °C at pressure of 5 mm Hg. Then peptisation of stabilised particles in aqueous medium is carried out while heating at temperature 60-80 °C with continuous mixing.EFFECT: invention simplifies preparation of colloidal solution of magnetite in aqueous medium, higher stability and efficiency when using supplementary feeding for fruit trees.2 cl, 1 ex