Fertilisers and manufacture thereof (C05)

C   Chemistry; metallurgy(312744)
C05            Fertilisers; manufacture thereof(3962)
Composition for production of vermicompost based on wastes of tea and coffee // 2613291
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The composition for the production of vermicompost consists of wastes of tea and coffee dregs mixed with the soil in a ratio by weight %: soil - 25, coffee and tea wastes - 75.EFFECT: invention provides a shortening of the term of composting with worms and the vermicompost quality improvement.3 tbl

Growth additive for intensive agricultural and livestock production // 2613224
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: growth additive comprises: one or more sources of sugar; one or more sources of hydrogen; one or more sources of chloride ions; fruit juice with distinct antibiotic properties; and vegetable juice with distinct antipyretic properties, wherein at the rate of 100 parts of sugar source, the growth additive comprises: a source of hydrocarbons in an amount from 1 to 4 parts by weight; a source of chloride ions in an amount from 1 to 4 parts by weight; fruit juice, with distinct antibiotic properties in an amount from 2 to 10 parts by weight, and vegetable juice with distinct antipyretic properties in an amount from 2 to 8 parts by weight.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain a growth additive based on balanced, environmentally friendly materials, to promote healthy development and growth of crops and livestock.5 cl, 4 dwg, 4 tbl, 1 ex
ethod of biotechnological processing of droppings in poultry farming // 2612911
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and can be used in processing of fresh chicken droppings. Method involves mixing of bird droppings with moisture-absorbing materials and composting stimulator based on microorganisms and its introduction into substrate. Composting is carried out at temperature of ambient medium and active aeration for 5–7 days. Wherein composting stimulator is consortium of soil microorganisms Trichoderma viridae, Azotobacter chroococcum, Azomonas agilis 1:1:2 with concentration of Azotobacter chroococcum – 2×105 CFU/ml, Azomonas agilis – 4.3×105 CFU/ml, Trichoderma viride – 1.5×104 CFU/ml. As water-absorbing material sawn off hardwood is used in amount, providing specified moisture content of compost mixture, and composting stimulator is introduced into substrate in form of mixture of excrements and sawdust or wood chips in ratio of 1:2.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to restore soil fertility, reducing environmental contamination in area of poultry enterprise.1 cl, 3 tbl
ethod of producing liquid humic preparation // 2612210
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method for the production of a liquid humic preparation includes mixing a feedstock with the ammonium salt solution at the first stage, at that at the first stage the compost is decalcified by processing it with the ammonium oxalate solution; at the second stage an alkali is added to the suspension, then the solid precipitate is separated to obtain a liquid target product.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain a high-quality target product.2 tbl, 3 ex

ethod for processing organic wastes to produce highly effective fertilizer-biohumus // 2612208
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method for processing organic wastes to produce a highly effective fertilizer - biohumus includes biothermal composting of organic wastes with the subsequent stocking of the worms of the species Eisenia foetida, and the processing of organic wastes is carried out in the mobile device and is accompanied with moisturizing every 5-7 days in an amount to provide a constant level of the substrate moisture content of not less than 75%, with the stocking of the resulting vermicompost with compost earthworms of the central Russian subspecies with a density of at least 50 units per 1 liter of vermicompost volume with periodic, every 5-7 days, stirring and loosening of vermicompost followed by separation of the finished biohumus.EFFECT: invention enables to improve the efficiency and mobility of the waste processing process.1 dwg, 1 tbl

ethod for organomineral sapropel-based polymer production // 2611816
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for organomineral sapropel-based polymer production includes grinding sapropel of natural moisture to the homogeneous state, determination of its moisture and pH index, mechanochemical activation of the produced mixture by adding an alkali to the mixture and intensive mechanical action. After separating large solids the sapropel of natural moisture is charged into a receiver, where it is ground to a homogeneous state, batch fed to a device for mechanical dehydration controlling the residual amount of free moisture, then transferred to a mechanical disintegrator, where it is mixed with an alkaline solution and the produced mixture is made up to a homogeneous state. Then by means of a screw feeder the produced mixture is continuously fed into an intermediate tank, where surplus moisture and dust particles are removed by blowing the mixture with compressed air, whilst the discharge of the finished organomineral polymer into a storage tank is performed subject to gravity.EFFECT: invention allows to produce organomineral polymer which does not clod up much in storage and transportation, is resistant to temperature drops and does not lose its properties when frozen.1 dwg, 2 tbl, 2 ex

Competitive and effective strains of bacteria // 2611199
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: composition of inoculum for enhancing plant growth is disclosed, which is suitable for seeds covering. Above composition contains agronomically acceptable carrier and at least one strain of Bradyrhizobia japonicum. Wherein at least one strain of Bradyrhizobia japonicum is selected from group, consisting of strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50592, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-5059, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50586, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50588, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50587, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50589, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50591, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50590, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50594, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50726, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50727, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50728, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50729 and/or strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50730. Covered bean plant seed is also disclosed, wherein cover contains composition of inoculum. Said seed is intended for production of bean plant containing composition of inoculum and having enhanced growth.EFFECT: group of inventions increases efficiency of stimulation of growth of bean plants.60 cl, 6 dwg, 7 tbl, 5 ex
ethod of evaluation of efficiency of reclamation of disturbed tundra soils by application of local peat and potassium humate // 2611165
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method comprises the sequential application of local peat and aqueous solution of potassium humate obtained from it in quantities that depend on the granulometric composition of the soil, and also planting and growing a mixture of grasses and cereals. At the first stage the enzyme dehydrogenase activity of undisturbed soil (control) is determined - sample №1 and that of local deposits of peat - the samples №2, №3 and №4 to select the peat samples with the maximum dehydrogenase activity. At the second stage, using the methods of experimental design, for example the method of saturated factorial design, a number of doses of peat and aqueous solution of 0.125% potassium humate, obtained from peat selected from the samples №2, №3 and №4, is selected and then at the third stage the samples of disturbed tundra soil are prepared with the application of peat - the batch of samples №5, as well as the disturbed tundra soil with subsequent application of peat and an aqueous solution of potassium humate - the batch of samples №6. The prepared batches of samples are inoculated with a mixture of grass and grain seeds and incubated for growing plants in both batches for 30 days in daylight under the controlled hydrothermal conditions (humidity 70% of full moisture capacity and the average monthly temperature natural for the study region). Then at the fourth stage the aboveground biomass of a mixture of grasses and cereals is determined in each sample of both batches №5 and №6. And the efficiency of the upcoming reclamation of the disturbed tundra soils is determined by exceeding of the above-ground biomass of the mixture of grasses and cereals of the sample batch №6 with respect to the above-ground biomass of the mixture of grasses and cereals of the sample batch №5. The optimum ratio of soil, peat and potassium humate for reclamation of specific tundra site is determined according to the results of mathematical processing corresponding to the selected method of experimental design, the test data obtained on the fourth stage - the sample batches №5 and №6.EFFECT: method enables to restore rapidly soil fertility and to normalize the physiological processes in plants.3 dwg, 1 tbl
ethod for production of potassium humate from local peats of yamalo-nenets autonomous okrug // 2610956
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of ecology and soil science. The method for producing potassium humate from local peats of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug for reclamation of disturbed and contaminated tundra soils includes: at the first stage - the 0.1 N peat decalcification with sulfuric acid solution at the ratio of 1:20 and its sedimentation; at the second stage - the extraction of humic acids from the resulting sediment 0.1N with sodium hydroxide at the ratio of 1:15, at the third stage - the sedimentation of humic acids with 10% hydrochloric acid solution at the ratio of 50:1, at the fourth stage - the purification of the obtained humic acids sediment by dissolving it in 0.1 N sodium hydroxide solution, adding sodium sulfate solution and 0.1 n hydrochloric acid solution, rinsing with distilled water and drying. At the fifth stage, implemented once, the analysis of the aliphatic, polysaccharide, and aromatic carboxyl carbon content in humic acids is performed by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy 13C-method, by which the regional specificity of a particular peat field is determined, and, using the data obtained, the 2.5% potassium humate solution with pH 7 is subsequently prepared by adding distilled water and 0.1N. solution of potassium hydroxide, and based on express laboratory studies the recommendations are given for its optimal implementation, in particular together with peat for the reclamation of specific plots of disturbed tundra land near the area of peat deposits.EFFECT: invention provides obtaining chemically pure humic acids, achieving the maximum compliance with environment in the reclamation of disturbed tundra soils.1 tbl
Preparation, increasing production of nitrogen oxide by macrophages in vitro, based on humic acids of peat of tomsk region bogs and method for obtaining thereof // 2610446
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine and veterinary. The method for obtaining humic acids, increasing production of nitrogen oxides by macrophages in vitro, from peat of Tomsk region bogs includes crushing initial raw material, treating with exractant with mechanical stirring for 8 hours, sedimentation from solution with inorganic acid, separation of liquid and solid phases and drying the latter, with preliminary drying of peat at room temperature to air-dry state, crushing sieving through sieve with hole diameter 3 mm, with further extraction with sodium pyrophosphate with concentration 2.0-4.0 wt % in mass ratio peat: extractant 1:50-1:100 with constant stirring at temperature 25-27°C; after that extract of humic acids is treated with hydrochloric acid to pH 1-2, sediment of obtained humic acids is separated by centrifugation, after that washed from acidic to pH 7 medium and dried at room temperature. Application of humic acids from peat of Tomsk region bogs to increase nitrogen oxide production by macrophages in vitro.EFFECT: inventions make it possible to create effective technology of peat processing, which makes it possible to obtain water-soluble humic acids that possess capability to activate secretory properties in macrophages.2 cl, 3 tbl, 4 ex
ethod for extending shelf life of biofertilizer based on nodule bacteria // 2610309
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method for extending the shelf life of the biofertilizer based on nodule bacteria is based on the technology of lyophilisation of bacterial cultures and the possibility of their subsequent regeneration and growing on the culture media immediately before treatment of the seed material with it, where 125 ml of the newly grown culture is sufficient for treatment of 20-25 kg seed material.EFFECT: invention enables to increase the shelf life of products based on freeze-dried cultures of nodule bacteria.1 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex
Composition for production of organic and mineral fertilizer and method of its production // 2609809
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: composition for production of organic and mineral fertilizer comprises organic wastes and calcium oxide, and it additionally comprises an inorganic sorbent agroionite. All the components are taken at a certain ratio. The method for production of the organic and mineral fertilizer by mixing the organic waste with calcium oxide, at that the organic waste is mixed with calcium oxide and then with agroionite, or the organic waste is mixed with the mixture of calcium oxide and agroionite, and then stirred, dried and granulated.EFFECT: inventions enable to reduce the sorbent consumption, to increase the content of organic fertilizer components, to accelerate the process of recycling, and to obtain the slow-release organic and mineral fertilizer.4 cl, 6 tbl
icrobial composition for processing of organic wastes of human life, animal husbandry and poultry farming // 2609654
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and microbiology, namely to biological preparations and microbial compositions for degradation of organic wastes, and can be used for fast, efficient processing of organic wastes of human life, animal breeding and poultry farming in high-quality organic fertilizer. Microbial composition contains Delftia lacustris BMCH-IB-C 142 BKM B-3032D, Cellulomonas persica BMCH-IB-C 35 BKM Ac-2727D, Rhodococcus qingshengii BMCH-IB-ONF 10 BKM Ac-2728D, Rhizobium nepotum BMCH-IB-ONF 5 BKM B-3028D, Bacillus subtilis BMCH-IB-ONF 14 BKM B-3029D, Paenibacillus endophyticus BMCH-IB-ONF 7 BKM B-3030D, Lactobacillus sp. BMCH-IB-M 3 BKM B-3031D, Bifidobacterium bifidum BMCH-IB-M 4 BKM Ac-2729D in given ratio.EFFECT: invention shortens duration of processing of organic wastes.1 cl, 2 tbl, 7 ex

ethod for producing a gaseous energy carrier and organic-mineral fertilizers from liquid manure and device for implementation thereof // 2608814
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to agriculture. Method for producing a gaseous energy carrier and organic-mineral fertilizers from liquid manure which comprises successive heating initial manure, preliminary fermentation at temperature not less than 42–43 °C, mechanical separation into solid and liquid fractions with subsequent heating and treatment of liquid fraction in an anaerobic bio-filter to produce effluent and biogas, wherein the effluent is used as a heat carrier for preliminary heating of initial substrate, and a solid fraction is mixed with unslaked lime, is slightly dried and used for preparation of organic-mineral fertilizers. Device for producing a gaseous energy carrier and organic-mineral fertilizers from liquid manure.EFFECT: invention enables to use a combination of processes of aerobic preprocessing and anaerobic biofiltration under conditions of internal regenerative heat exchange between heat-generating aerobic biomass and heat-consuming anaerobic methanogenic immobilized microflora, as well as to produce low gaseous heat carrier used for compensation of external heat losses of the anaerobic biofilter, and as deammoniated effluent agent and heat carrier while drying a solid fraction.2 cl, 1 dwg
Biological fertilizer // 2608813
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Biological fertilizer includes cereal straw and nitrogen fertilizers, wherein it additionally contains liquid manure, micronutrient fertilizers, while cereal straw is used of winter wheat or barley as nitrogen fertilizers use carbamide-ammonia mixture, as a micronutrient fertilizer use sulfate manganese. All components are taken at a certain ratio.EFFECT: invention improves soil fertility.1 cl, 4 ex

Nutrient composition for biological systems // 2608054
FIELD: chemistry; nutrient compositions.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to nutrient compositions for biological systems, such as humans, animals, plants and microorganisms. Nutrient composition contains at least one mixed metal phosphate of type (M1 M2 M3 … Mx)3(PO4)2⋅aH2O, where 0≤a≤9, where (M1, M2, M3 … Mx) of at least 2 different metals of mixed metal phosphate and are selected from a group comprising Na, K, Mg, Ca, Cr, Mo, W, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn and B, provided that at least one of metals in phosphate is selected from a group including Mn, Fe, Co and Ni, wherein at least one phosphate is of lamellar morphology of primary crystallites. Composition is obtained by preparing an aqueous solution (I), which contains at least one or more metals Mn, Fe, Co and/or Ni in form of bivalent cations, by introduction of oxide compounds of metal(II), metal(III) and/or metal(IV) or mixtures, or their compounds containing mixed oxidation state, selected from a group comprising hydroxides, oxides, oxy hydroxides, hydrates of oxides, carbonates and hydroxy carbonates of least one of metals Mn, Fe, Co and/or Ni together with elementary forms or alloys of at least one of metals Mn, Fe, Co and/or Ni, in an aqueous medium containing phosphoric acid, and reaction of metal oxide compounds with elementary forms or alloys of metals with formation of bivalent metal ions. Method then includes separation of all solid substances contained in aqueous solution of phosphoric acid (I). If mixed metal phosphate, in addition to metals, introduced in aqueous solution (I), contains other metals selected from a group comprising (M1, M2, M3 … Mx), further addition to aqueous solution (I) of at least one compound of at least one of metals (M1, M2, M3 … Mx) in form of an aqueous solution or in form of solid substance in form of salt is carried out. At least one compound is preferably selected from a group comprising hydroxides, oxides, oxy hydroxides, hydrates of oxides, carbonates, hydroxy carbonates, carboxylates, sulphates, chlorides or nitrates of metals. Method then includes preparation of initial loading solution (II), having pH from 5 to 8, obtained from aqueous solution of phosphoric acid by neutralising with aqueous solution of alkali metal hydroxide or obtained from aqueous solution of one or more phosphates of alkali metals. Method then includes dosing aqueous solution (I) into initial loading solution (II) and simultaneously dosing into alkaline aqueous solution of alkali metal hydroxide, so that pH of obtained reaction mixture is maintained within range from 5 to 8. Further, precipitated phosphate of type (M1 M2 M3 … Mx)3(PO4)2⋅aH2O is separated from solution of reaction mixture.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain a nutrient composition with improved bioavailability.14 cl, 8 dwg, 1 tbl, 20 ex

ethod of producing soluble chlorine-free potash fertilizers (variants) // 2608017
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to agriculture. Methods of producing soluble chlorine-free potassium fertilizers are represent a cyclic process, including carrying out in each cycle of the sequence of operations, which are reactions of ion exchange, carried out in one or more ion-exchange columns using same for all operations cationite, located before the beginning of each operation in ionic form for the given operation, each operation involves treatment of cationite by solution, being the initial substance of specified cyclic process for a given operation, obtaining a product of this operation and transfer of cationite in ionic form for the next operation of said sequence, one of the operations of the above sequence involves treatment of the cationite, located before the beginning of this operation in Na-form, potassium chloride solution as a first initial substance of specified cyclic process, transfer of cationite in to K-form and obtaining sodium chloride solution.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain highly pure chlorine-free potassium mineral fertilizer using a wide range of initial raw materials, including acid.39 cl, 14 dwg, 7 tbl, 12 ex
ethod of producing compound organomineral fertiliser based on natural aluminosilicates // 2607600
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing compound organomineral fertiliser based on natural aluminosilicates comprises simultaneous mixing and grinding of organic and mineral components, wherein grinding of aluminosilicate raw material and phosphogypsum is performed to achieve particle size less than 30 mcm, and then further mixing with biohumus. All components are taken at a certain ratio.EFFECT: invention increases efficiency of agrochemical fertiliser, provides a positive effect on crop yield, reduces costs in production of fertiliser.1 cl, 1 ex
ethod of producing thermophosphate // 2607349
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing thermophosphate involves mixing ground phosphate material with sodium-bearing compound, burning mixture at temperature 900–1,000 °C and cooling cake, note that as a sodium compound used is wastes of petrochemical synthesis, containing compounds of sodium in an amount ensuring in the mixture components weight ratio Na2O:P2O5= 0.7–0.8, phosphate raw material milled into particles sized no more than 0.2 mm, annealing of the mixture is performed during 15–30 minutes.EFFECT: invention allows to develop technology of producing thermophosphate using sodium-containing wastes of petrochemical synthesis with simultaneous solution of the problem of recycling said wastes and significantly reduce the process duration.3 cl, 1 tbl, 12 ex
ethod of producing compound fertiliser // 2607332
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method for producing compound fertiliser involves decomposition of phosphate raw material by phosphoric and sulphuric acid mixture at high temperature, treatment of produced pulp by neutralising reagent containing calcium carbonate, granulation, and drying of finished product; decomposition acid solution H3PO4: H2SO4 rate is equal to (0.68-1.26):1, wherein phosphoric acid used is non-evaporated phosphoric acid, and decomposition is carried out at temperature of 90–100 °C.EFFECT: invention increases decomposition degree of phosphate material and simplifies production technology.3 cl, 5 ex

Compacted potassium fertilizer containing micronutrients, and methods of their production // 2607105
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to inclusion of micronutrients in fertilizers based on potassium chloride using methods of packing. Combined product based on potassium chloride (MOP product), obtained from compacted MOP composition, where composition contains: potassium chloride with potassium content from approximately 48.0 wt% to approximately 62.0 wt% in terms of K2O; and source of boron in amount, at which content of boron in MOP product is from 0.001 to 1.0 wt%. Method of producing combined MOP product, containing micronutrients, involves obtaining MOP composition, containing potassium chloride with potassium content from approximately 48.0 wt% to approximately 62.0 wt% in terms of K2O, and source of boron in amount, at which content of boron in MOP product is from 0.001 to 1.0 wt%: packing of MOP composition to produce compacted MOP composition; milling of MOP composition to form granules to obtain combined MOP product.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain cheap, compacted, crushed and sorted by size granular MOP fertilizer with additional useful properties, which maximize introduction of micronutrients in soil solution and ultimate delivery into root zone of plants.20 cl, 19 dwg, 13 tbl, 4 ex
ethod of producing compound fertilizer // 2606920
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing a compound fertilizer involves decomposition of raw materials - ground chalk or limestone with non-concentrated phosphoric acid containing 22–32 % of total P2O5, drying the obtained mixture together with recycled dry product and sizing, herewith the obtained mixture is added with washed with cold water from sodium chloride polyhalite ore with the particle size smaller than 2 mm, the mixture is homogenized, the solution obtained by washing from polyhalite ore is evaporated with extraction of sodium chloride, and obtained during cooling the solution sulphate-kalium-magnesium salts are fed for the mixture homogenization prior to drying.EFFECT: invention simplifies the method of producing the compound fertilizer by adding a mixture with a slowly soluble mineral – polyhalite containing sulphates of potassium, magnesium and calcium, washed from sodium chloride and having prolonged agro-chemical properties, to obtain in the product the specified ratio of P2O5:K2O.1 cl, 3 tbl, 2 ex
Dust control aggregate // 2606919
FIELD: household appliances.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to dust control aggregate. Dust control aggregate contains a core-particle containing fertilizer and dust control agent arranged around said core-particles and containing polycarbodiimide, containing a product of reaction of isocyanates in presence of catalyst. Method of producing dust control aggregate containing a core-particle containing fertilizer and dust control agent located around the core-particles; method includes the following stages: reaction of isocyanates in presence of catalyst to form polycarbodiimide and of the core-particles containing fertilizer using polycarbodiimide with formation of dust control agent. System for producing dust control aggregate including core-particle, containing fertilizer and dust control agent containing polycarbodiimide, containing a product of reaction of isocyanates in presence of catalyst, and arranged around said core-particle, where dust control agent is present in an the amount of 0.1–7.5 wt% in terms of 100 weight parts of core-particle.EFFECT: inventions enable obtaining dust control aggregate.29 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

ethod of producing granular bioorganomineral fertilisers // 2606912
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of producing organic-based granular bioorganomineral fertiliser involves drying biomaterial with simultaneous grinding and granulation thereof, wherein during drying of biomaterial to an organic substance is added mineral fertilisers, which are simultaneously ground and mixed with it, followed by pasteurisation and cooling of mixture, then into a stream of material which is directed for granulation, is added and mixed with latter microbiological fertilisers containing pre-inoculated in perlite microorganisms, wherein obtained granules are powdered with hydrophobic material.EFFECT: invention enables to produce effective granular bioorganomineral fertilisers with high physical and chemical properties at reduced energy consumption for their production.3 cl, 1 dwg
Composition of solid fertilisers, preventing caking, containing quaternary ammonium compound with ester group // 2606785
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions containing quaternary ammonium compound with an ester group to prevent caking and formation of crust of some types of solid fertilisers. Composition for preventing caking of solid fertilisers includes component (a), which includes at least, quaternary ammonium compound with an ester group. Use of composition to prevent caking of solid fertilisers. Composition of solid fertiliser, resistant to caking. Method of producing solid fertilisers, resistant to caking, is characterised by that particles of solid fertilisers are coated by applying composition on surface of particles.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain compositions preventing caking of fertilisers.15 cl, 2 tbl, 6 ex

ethod and system of irrigated farming in humid zone // 2605759
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: system of bio-intensive irrigated farming includes stationary beds, trenches in the middle of beds, filled with plant residues, irrigation furrows, system with portable pipelines for watering along harrows, fog-forming installations with magnetized and electrified water generator, which irrigation sections are restricted with wind-protective shields. At system input there is water tank with effective microorganisms or biological stimulant. Under irrigation furrows irrigation trenches are made filled with pebbles, gravel, sand, limestone (chalk), tuff, their lower part is shielded by melioration film with partitions. In trenches arranged in the middle of beds, residues of trees are laid, from above on them is plant residues layer with manure, and on this layer is compost layer. On beds surface there is a compost layer, mixed with sawdust and rotten straw, strewed from above with sand layer. At plot edges trees are planted. Sections watered by swing-fog machine are limited by scenes of tall agricultural plants.EFFECT: technical result is increase in productivity.2 cl, 2 dwg

Encapsulated particle // 2604497
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to encapsulated particle, which includes particle core, base layer and outer layer. Encapsulated particle contains: particle core; basic layer arranged around said particle core and containing polycarbodiimide containing isocyanate in the presence of catalyst reaction product; and outer layer arranged around said base layer and containing wax. Method of encapsulated particles forming, said method includes steps of: isocyanate reaction in the presence of catalyst to form polycarbodiimide; particle core encapsulation with the help of polycarbodiimide with formation of base layer, located around particle core; and base layer encapsulation by means of wax with formation of outer layer located around base layer. System for producing encapsulated particle, containing particle core, basic layer arranged around said particle core and containing polycarbodiimide, and outer layer arranged around base layer and containing wax.EFFECT: inventions allow making encapsulated particle, having improved moisture resistance, improved swelling resistance and higher strength and durability in the range of temperatures and environmental conditions.29 cl, 2 tbl, 4 ex
ethod for producing organic fertilizer from black sea fish // 2604294
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method for producing organic fertilizer from Black Sea fish involves hydrolysis of frozen organic raw material using enzyme preparations of bacterial or fungal genesis under the conditions of temperature control, deodorization and evaporation of the end product, wherein the material used is small types of Black Sea fish which is ground before hydrolysis, and hydrolysis is carried out for 4-6 h at mince:enzyme preparation solution water duty of 1:1.5 to the content of nitrogen of amino groups of not less than 60 % and then the obtained hydrolysate is centrifuged, and orthophosphoric acid is added to clarified from bone residues and non-fermented raw material to reach the final concentration of 1-2 %, it is then heated to 90-100 °C during 1-2 hours under vacuum 0.0735 MPa and is evaporated to density of 1.08-1.09 g/cm3 and content of dry dissolved substance of 15-20 %.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain two types of fertilizer: liquid hydrolysate and fish bone fertilizer from frozen fish raw material without preliminary cutting.1 cl, 3 ex

ethod of production of thermophosphate // 2604009
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing thermophosphates of low-quality phosphate raw material includes mixing it with sodium-containing compound with subsequent sintering of obtained mixture at temperature of 900-1,000 °C for 30 minutes, cooling and milling of product, wherein sodium-containing compound is mixture of sodium carbonate and sodium sulphate in weight ratio of Na2CO3:Na2SO4 equal to 1:2.5-4, with introduction of carbon in amount of 25-40 % of sodium sulphate weight, and mixture of sodium carbonate and sodium sulphate is supplied for mixing in amount, providing weight ratio of Na2O:P2O5, equal to 1.0-1.1:1.EFFECT: invention widens range of reagent base of thermophosphates production and designs method for obtaining high-quality phosphorous fertilizers.1 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Organo-mineral fertilizer and its production method // 2602627
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to agriculture. Organo-mineral fertilizer contains animal farming wastes, potassium and phosphorus derivative, wherein animal farming wastes are animal farming wastes with moisture content of 75-90 %, potassium is potassium chloride, phosphorus derivative is superphosphate, additionally contains urea and formalin. All components are taken at a certain ratio. Method organo-mineral fertilizer producing, where animal wastes are animal farming wastes with moisture content of 75-90 % and additionally contains urea and formalin, wherein urea and formalin mixture is heated up to 92-105 °C for 6-8 minutes with subsequent addition of organic substance source, superphosphate and potassium chloride.EFFECT: invention increases target product quality due to increase in crop capacity.7 cl, 1 tbl, 29 ex

Organic fertilizer and method of its production // 2602626
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to agriculture. Organic fertilizer contains source of organic substance, wherein organic substance source is animal farming wastes with moisture content of 75-90 %, additionally contains urea and formalin. All components are taken at a certain ratio. Method of organic fertilizer producing, which as source of organic substance uses animal farming wastes with moisture content of 75-90 % and additionally contains urea and formalin, wherein urea and formalin mixture is heated up to 92-105 °C for 6-8 minutes with subsequent addition of organic substance source.EFFECT: invention increases target product quality due to increase in crop capacity.7 cl, 1 tbl, 29 ex

ethod of granulating of activated peat-humates, granulation plant for method implementation and obtained activated peat-humate // 2602609
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to agriculture. Method of granulating of forming mass of activated peat-humates by conducting mechanochemical reactions during compression, heating, pressing and treatment of initial material with screw, wherein dry peat with humidity of 30-40 % is preliminarily mixed with humic paste with humidity of 75-80 % at ratio of 1:10-1:20, mass is compacted and extruded in screw-press with pressure of 1.5-5 atmospheres and temperature of 30-90 °C, granules are obtained with help of semi-cylindrical grid with cells using vegetable binder, wherein formation of granules by length is made with rotating blades, granules are dried with dry air with humidity of 4-6 % at temperature of 30-60 °C with possibility to form film, which prevents further evaporation of moisture from inner part of granules and keeping total moisture content of granules at 18-22 %. Granulation plant for implementation of this method. Activated peat-humate.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain activated peat-humate granules with geometry and hardness, comparable with sowing material, having all required nutrients, microelements and mineral soil bacteria for formation of plants at initial growth stage.4 cl, 1 dwg, 3 ex

ethod for producing ammonium sulphate-nitrate // 2602097
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mineral fertilisers technology. Method for producing ammonium sulphate-nitrate involves dilution with nitric acid of spent acid mixture from cellulose nitrates production in order to obtain weight ratio of sulphuric and nitric acids 0.75÷1.45 based on 100 % acids. Obtained mixture of sulphuric and nitric acids is neutralised with ammonia followed by evaporation of water due to neutralisation reaction heat. Neutralisation products are processed into commercial product.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of toxic gas emissions into atmosphere.1 cl, 1 tbl

ethod of producing solution of mineral fertiliser "megavit-n" for foliar dressing of plants // 2601975
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing a solution of mineral fertiliser for foliar dressing of plants based on macro-and microelements with a disodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, wherein working solution contains an adhesion agent, as well as chelates of microelements. All components are taken at a defined ratio.EFFECT: invention improves consumer properties of composition for foliar dressing.3 cl, 1 ex
ethod of processing ceramic burning wastes of magnesium proppant for production ameliorant // 2601239
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method for processing ceramic burning wastes of magnesium silicate proppant for production ameliorant is characterised by that separates the sinter formed during firing, crushed their, then crushed material is fed into agitator mixer and is treated for 2-5 minutes with herbicide suspension, or solution of trace elements at applying during processing in air mixer with temperature of 60-80 °C.EFFECT: invention allows to produce a multifunctional physical and chemical improver, which is a ripper and carrier of herbicides or microelements.1 cl, 2 ex
Krakvazol organic fertilizer // 2601214
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Organic fertilizer contains an aqueous solution of plant remains, wherein baked rye toasts - by-product of bread-kvass production and wood ash are added, content of plant remains per 100 l of water is 6-20 kg, baked rye toasts - 1-3 kg, wood ash - 100-200 g.EFFECT: invention allows to improve consumer properties of the fertilizer, in particular, to eliminate unpleasant odors during its manufacturing.1 cl
Use of aminocarboxylate in agriculture // 2600757
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to agriculture. Use of compositions containing: (A) one or more aminocarboxylate, selected from a group comprising methylglycinediacetate, its salts with alkaline metals, copper diacetate glutamic acid and its salts with alkaline metals, (B) at least one inorganic compound selected from a group comprising inorganic phosphate, inorganic phosphites, inorganic nitrates, an ammonium salt and potassium salts, and (C) if necessary, water, for application on plants, soil or vegetation substrates. Method of processing plants fertilizer, wherein at least one composition containing: (A) one or more aminocarboxylate, selected from a group comprising methylglycinediacetate, its salts with alkaline metals, copper diacetate glutamic acid and its salts with alkaline metals, (B) at least one inorganic compound selected from a group comprising inorganic phosphate, inorganic phosphites, inorganic nitrates, an ammonium salt and potassium salts, and (C) if necessary, water, machine by or manually is applied on the soil and/or plant. Use of aqueous compositions.EFFECT: inventions allow good processed mineral fertilizer, present in compositions soils or plants.12 cl, 3 tbl, 10 ex

ethod for producing liquid plant growth and development stimulator from humus containing substances // 2600748
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method for producing liquid preparation for stimulating growth and development of plants includes humus containing raw material preliminary grinded and solved in water, and disintegrating in a rotary-oscillatory apparatus, wherein vermicompost and grape refuses are used as the raw material; wherein the first, initial vermicompost with particle size of max 3 mm and moisture content of 55-57 % is treated in a rotary-oscillatory apparatus with water buffered with ammonium or potassium hydroxide to pH in the range of 9.5-10.9 at the following weight water:vermicompost ratio of 1:3-4 and the temperature of 55-60 °C for 2-3 minutes, then grape refuse with particle size of less 20 mm and moisture content of 6-9 % is added to the obtained pulp in a rotary-pulsation apparatus at the grape refuse:vermicompost weight ratio of 1:6-9; it is followed by combined disintegration at the temperature of 55-60 °C until solid phase particles size reaches 5-10 µm and 7.2-7.5 pH, then the obtained dispersion of the target product is poured into containers.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain more homogeneous dispersion in the mode of self-heating pulp with simultaneous pasteurization.1 cl, 2 dwg, 2 ex
ethod for obtaining microdispersed organic fertilizer from peat // 2600700
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in agriculture for improving structure and composition of soil, increasing yield of vegetables, cereal crops and perennial grasses and relates to processing peat in order to obtain microdispersed organic fertilizer from peat. Method of producing fertilizer involves crushing peat in an aqueous or an aqueous-alkaline medium with the help of a disc cutter to the mean particle size of 80-120 mcm to obtain a suspension, treating the suspension with alkali at the weight ratio of components of the suspension (as per the dry substance) peat:water:alkali=1:(1-10):(0.1-1) at working disc cutter with simultaneous milling with the help of an immersion bead mill fixed on the same shaft with the cutter to the mean particle size of 10-30 mcm for 20-30 minutes at the temperature of 20-70 °C.EFFECT: wasteless technology, simplified process, shorter duration, reduced cost of the end product, enabling the use of the fertilizer by spraying and drip irrigation.4 cl, 3 ex

ethod for growing white button mushrooms // 2600689
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, namely, to mushroom growing. Method involves adding to the substrate dry brewer grains in the amount of 3-5 % to the weight of the raw substrate, laying casing soil pretreated with a preparation containing calcium ions, and formalin, watering the casing soil twice in 2-3 days with water solution of a growth regulator containing stable association of aerobic and anaerobic leading soil anabiotic microorganisms at the concentration of 1.0-1.2 ml/l of water, which is followed by watering the casing soil with an aqueous solution of the growth regulator at the same concentration after harvesting mushrooms of each wave. Brewer grains dried at temperature +35÷+40 °C are used. Baikal EM-1 preparation can be used as a growth regulator.EFFECT: method increases yield and quality of white button mushrooms.3 cl, 2 tbl, 3 ex

Apparatus for producing organic fertiliser // 2599176
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for production of organic fertilisers. Apparatus includes mixer (6) with inputs of organic material and additional components and output for mixture thereof. First intermediate container with pump (7), grinder for preliminary grinding (8) of organic material, fine grinder (10), second intermediate container with pump (9) and ultrasonic disperser (12) are connected in series to output of mixer.EFFECT: higher physiological activity of organic fertiliser by increasing water-soluble form.4 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of producing porous granulated ammonium nitrate // 2599170
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing porous granulated ammonium nitrate involves preparing a solution of ammonium nitrate, injection of a stabilizing magnesia additive spraying of the obtained solution on recycle representing prilled ammonium nitrate granules, wherein simultaneously in space and time is introduced as stabilizing additive magnesium oxide in amount of 0.5-2 wt% and pore-forming additive in amount of 0.1-1 wt% with vaporizing by hot air at temperature of 100-120°C of formed granules of introduced water and delivering of required porous structure.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to create a technology allowing to obtain porous granulated ammonium nitrate with high static strength (up to 22 n/granule), high resistance to thermal cycles -20 °C↔60 °C, with controlled absorbent (from 8 to 18 %) and holding (from 5 to 9 %) capacity of granules in diesel fuel as well as bulky density (of 720-890 kg/m3) in plate-type apparatus using as a recycle ammonium nitrate granules produced by prilling.8 cl, 1 tbl, 7 ex

Organomineral fertiliser // 2598632
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Organomineral fertiliser includes an organic component of brown coal, or peat, or potassium/sodium humate, mineral component, wherein fertiliser additionally contains a chelating agent, wherein mineral component contains salts of alkali and alkali-earth elements, and additive contains metallurgical slag. All components are taken at definite ratio.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to restore soil on content of humus and trace elements.1 cl, 1 tbl, 5 ex

Binder mixture containing lime-containing wastes of heat power industrial complex (versions) // 2598546
FIELD: energy; disposal of wastes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to recycling industrial wastes of heat power complex, to gardening and arrangement of urban areas. Disclosed are compositions of ground mixtures containing the following component ratio, WT% (dry): sand (16-48); peat (10-19); sludge CHP (35-59), humic supplement (humus) (7-10). Additionally, ameliorative additive can be introduced - phosphorus-containing fertiliser "Superphosphate" in amount of 1-2 % of the weight of dry components.EFFECT: recycling industrial wastes of heat power complex and high moisture retention capacity and fertility of peat-sand mixtures.2 cl, 2 dwg, 6 tbl

ethod of producing l-methionine and related products // 2598276
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method of producing L-methionine and acetate. Method comprises enzymatically processing an O-acetylhomoserine fermentation liquor to produce L-methionine and an acetate source. Separating at least a portion of said L-methionine from acetate source to form separated L-methionine and a residual liquor comprising an acetate-source. Said separation is performed by at least two crystallisations, where first crystallisation is performed with addition of methionine from subsequent crystallisations. Recovering at least a portion of said acetate source from said residual liquor by forming residual liquor containing free acetic acid and separating said free acetic acid.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain L-methionine with output of more than 92 % in form of crystals of high purity and acetate with output of 96 %.32 cl, 10 dwg, 10 tbl, 7 ex

ethod of making compost // 2598041
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used in processing organic wastes of livestock and poultry farms using phosphate-based composting stimulators. Method of making compost involves mixing milled organic wastes and peat, enriched with stimulating additive, loading mixture into a fermenter and subsequent aerobic composting at humidity 50-60 % and periodical ventilation with oxygen-containing gas in longitudinal and transverse directions for 5 days. Oxygen concentration in mixture is maintained within 5-12 %. Organic wastes used are manure and chicken droppings, wherein manure, chicken droppings and peat are taken in ratio 15:35:50. As a stimulating additive - a complex of two phosphate salts, including following components, wt%: monosubstituted zinc phosphate - 0.005-0.075, copper phosphate trihydrate - 0.0025-0.005, water - balance up to 100.EFFECT: invention provides faster processing of poultry wastes and cattle-breeding complexes into ecologically clean organic fertiliser of high nutritional value.1 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl, 1 ex

Organomineral fertiliser // 2597439
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: organomineral fertiliser contains peat, a residue from hydrolysis of peat with hydrogen peroxide and ammonia, which is a waste from production of plant growth stimulator, urea, superphosphate, potassium sulphate, and additionally contains natural zeolite. All components are taken at definite ratio.EFFECT: invention enables to produce organomineral fertiliser, which contains not only organomineral components (peat and mineral salts), and all necessary trace elements for successful growth and development of agricultural plants.3 cl, 3 tbl, 1 ex

ethod for processing distillery stillage to obtain organo-mineral fertilizer and return purified water in the manufacturing process // 2597287
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing alcohol production wastes. Disclosed is a method for processing distillery stillage to obtain organo-mineral fertilizer and return purified water in the manufacturing process. Method comprises coagulation and further extraction of precipitated product. For coagulation stillage is put into a storage container with two metal frame mixers, to 90 % of the container volume, phosphogypsum is introduced in the amount of 10-25 kg/ton of distillery stillage. Separation of liquid and solid phases of the flocculated stillage is performed by means of a frame filter press with further final air drying to the humidity level of 13-15 %.EFFECT: invention provides eliminating the step of stillage neutralization by lime, as well as obtaining a highly efficient organo-mineral fertilizer with ameliorative effect.1 cl, 1 dwg

Apparatus for growing vermiculture of technologically specialised earthworm eisenia foetida and producing biohumus // 2595738
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Apparatus for growing vermiculture of technologically specialised earthworm Eisenia foetida and producing biohumus includes a cylindrical plastic container, lower part of container for initial arrangement of worms in nutritional mixture, three intermediate zones of container for worm-spent substrate as biohumus, central moisture- and air-permeable mesh element, which is impermeable for worms, upper cover of container, tray with supports under container, plastic mesh upper cassette for ten centimetre layer of compost from manure, where a 100-day cycle of adaptation of worms to artificial conditions of their habitation is completed.EFFECT: invention increases output of biohumus and growing of stronger and active worms.6 cl, 1 dwg

Activated carbon impregnated with acid, methods for production and use thereof // 2595658
FIELD: agriculture; chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing mineral acid with carbon-containing substance without additional heating to produce high-porous matrix of activated carbon, impregnated with inorganic acid. Initial carbon-containing substance includes wood, subjected to fermentation or prepared in form of animal manure compost, peat-moss, straw, municipal solid wastes containing manure from cattle bedding materials, and nut shells, coconut fibre, coal coke or oil coke. After treatment with mineral acid, acid converted in a matrix of activated carbon into a corresponding salt by treatment of activated matrix with ammonia gas.EFFECT: disclosed is a method of producing fertiliser containing a matrix of activated carbon impregnated with salt of inorganic acid.6 cl, 1 dwg, 7 tbl
 
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