Fertilisers and manufacture thereof (C05)

C   Chemistry; metallurgy(315514)
C05            Fertilisers; manufacture thereof(4024)

Device for composting // 2628518
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device includes a site for collecting crushed and mixed waste, combined with a compost storage. The store is a rectangular pit with the depth up to 1 mand the width and length dimensions providing the reception of the total volume of the waste generated. The pit is framed by boards up to 0.4 m and is divided inside with slotted partitions, with the formation of sections for alternately filling them with compost mass. The sections have independent coverages. To control the composting process, tubes with thermometers are installed in each section.EFFECT: simplifying the process of obtaining environmentally-friendly organic fertiliser.2 dwg, 1 ex
ethod of producing ammonium sulphate // 2628493
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: process of production solid ammonium sulfate-nitrate envisages the steps: solidifying of melt pulp, containing ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate in granulation bed to form solid ammonium sulfate-nitrate granules, containing ammonium sulfate-nitrate double salt 2:1, wherein the granulation layer has an operating temperature of 90 to 120°C, and solid ammonium sulfate-nitrate granules are characterised by moisture content of 0.4 wt % up to 1.5 wt %, while productional ammonium sulfate-nitrate contains less than 7 wt % of unreacted ammonium nitrate and 3:1 ammonium sulfate-nitrate double salt.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to obtain product for further use as a fertiliser that is characterised by reduced sensitivity to moisture and is not considered as hazardous material.6 cl, 4 dwg, 2 ex
ethod of utilizing liquid fraction of manure drains from pig-breeding farms // 2628437
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for utilizing the liquid fraction of manure drains from pig-breeding farms includes separating the manure, introducing a chemical reagent into the liquid manure fraction, and stirring the mixture. For the purpose of utilizing the liquid fraction of the manure drains from pig-breeding farms, reducing the concentration of organic and inorganic pollutants, the aqueous solution of sodium hypochlorite is introduced in the active chlorine concentration equal to 185 g/l, equivalent to the sum of the concentration of organic components. Thereinafter carbonic acid is added until the neutral acidity of the medium is achieved, and then the cleaned sewage is mixed with the river water at the ratio of 1:10 and discharged into a river basin.EFFECT: invention allows to process the liquid fraction of manure drains from a pig-breeding complex and to bring these drains to sanitary standards.2 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

icrobial inoculants and fertilisers composition containing them // 2628411
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: microbial inoculant for increasing of plant growth, plant productivity and/or soil quality contains strains of two or more species of bacteria selected from Lactobacillus parafarraginis, Lactobacillus buchneri, Lactobacillus rapi and Lactobacillus zeae. The microbial inoculant contains at least one bacterial strain selected from Lactobacillus parafarraginis Lp18, Lactobacillus buchneri Lb23, Lactobacillus rapi Lr24 and Lactobacillus zeae Lz26. Application of inoculant as a fertiliser. The fertiliser composition contains a microbial inoculant. Application of the fertiliser composition. A method for increasing plant growth and/or productivity. A method to improve the quality of soil. Method for degraded soil or pasture recultivation.EFFECT: inventions make it possible to obtain fertilisers based on microorganisms that are effective in provision of nutrients for plant growth, and are environmentally safe.35 cl, 11 dwg, 5 tbl, 9 ex
ethod of coal preparation to obtain humates // 2628358
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for coal preparation to obtain humates includes cleaning it from mechanical impurities and grinding. Coal is crushed to size less 2 mm, checked for the content of toxic metals, including lead, arsenic, cadmium, mercury, and if at least one of them is detected with concentrations exceeding the maximum concentration limit (MCL), the coal is introduced into a 10-20% aqueous solution of hydrochloric acid with a temperature of 80-95°C and kept stirred for 4-8 hours. Then, it is washed in pure fresh water with a temperature of 80-95°C, rechecked for toxic metals and if the concentration of at least one of the toxic metals does not fall below the MCL, the acid treatment and washing processes are repeated in said modes in order to reduce the content of all toxic metals below the MCL.EFFECT: invention allows to lower the content of toxic metals below the MCL, which are in the natural coal intended for the production of alkali metal humates from it, and thereby to ensure suitability of the product obtained for human consumption.2 cl, 2 ex

Phosphor-potassium-nitrogen-containing npk-fertiliser and method of producing granulated phosphor-potassium-nitrogen-containing npk-fertilisers // 2628292
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: complex nitrogen-phosphate-potassium fertiliser (NPK) contains ammonium nitrate, anhydrous calcium sulfate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate. Mass fraction of total nitrogen from 13-15%, mass fraction of total phosphates in terms of P2O5 from 9-10%, the mass fraction of potassium in terms of K2O from 13-15%. The method of producing a complex NPK-fertiliser from a solid phosphate salt, which is a mixture of the fluorapatite Ca5(PO4)3F and dicalcium phosphate CaHPO4×nH2O, where n is from 0 to 2, and the content of fluorapatite Ca5(PO4)3<F from 27 to 99% includes: a step of decomposing the said solid phosphate salt with a sulfuric acid by a semi-dry method, a step of adding potassium sulfate as a source of potassium, ammonium nitrate as a source of nitrogen, a step of preparing the slink NPK, and granulating and drying step of the finished product.EFFECT: improving the properties of NPK-fertiliser, increasing the strength of granules, solving the problem associated with the plasticity of granular complex fertilisers, increasing the water solubility of phosphorus contained in the fertiliser, and improving the consumer properties of NPK-fertilisers.12 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl, 3 ex

Phosphorus-potassuim-nitrogen-containing npk-fertiliser and method for producing granulated phosphorus-potassuim-nitrogen-containing npk-fertiliser // 2626947
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: complex nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertiliser (NPK) contains ammonium nitrate, monoammonium phosphate, anhydrous calcium sulfate, potassium nitrate, ammonium chloride, wherein the mass fraction of total nitrogen is from 13-15%, the mass fraction of total phosphates in terms of P2O5 is from 11-15%, the mass fraction of potassium in terms of K2O is from 7-8%. The method for producing a complex NPK fertiliser from a solid phosphate salt representing a mixture of fluorapatite Ca5(PO4)3F and dicalcium phosphate CaHPO4×nH2O, where n is from 0 to 2, and the content of fluorapatite Ca5(PO4)3F from 27 to 99% includes the stage of said solid phosphate salt decomposition with sulfuric acid by the semi-dry method, the stage of adding potassium chloride as a source of potassium, ammonium nitrate as a source of nitrogen, the stage of preparing NPK slurry, and also the stage of granulating and drying the finished product.EFFECT: inventions allow to improve the properties of NPK-fertiliser, to increase the strength of granules, to solve the problem associated with the plasticity of granular complex fertilisers.14 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl, 3 ex
Complex granulated fertiliser (versions) and method for its manufacturing (versions) // 2626630
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: complex granulated fertiliser contains mineral constituents represented in the fertiliser by enriched glauconite and mineral fertilisers. It additionally contains bentonite, diatomite, and water as mineral constituents. All the components are taken at a certain ratio. The complex granulated fertiliser contains mineral and organic components; as a mineral component, the fertiliser contains enriched glauconite. It additionally contains as a mineral component bentonite, diatomite. All the components are taken at a certain ratio. The methods for manufacturing the complex granulated fertiliser include mixing the mineral constituents or the mineral and organic constituents, granulating, drying the granules with air and their subsequent packaging in the moisture-proof consumer packaging.EFFECT: inventions allow to simplify the technological process of obtaining a complex granular fertiliser and to reduce energy costs.9 cl, 6 dwg, 8 ex
Paenibacillus mucilaginosus bacteria strain, method for plants growth stimulation and protection against diseases and application of paenibacillus mucilaginosus bacteria strain as fertiliser and biological control agent (antipatogenic means) in prevention and/or treatment of plant disease // 2626543
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: paenibacillus mucilaginosus strain, which stimulates the growth of plants and possesses an enhanced ability to synthesise bactericins with a wide spectrum of phytopathogenic microflora suppression, was deposited in the All-Russian Collection of Industrial Microorganisms under the registration number VKPM V-12259. Application of Paenibacillus mucilaginosus VKPM B-12259 strain as a fertiliser for crops and for prevention and treatment of plants fungal diseases. A method for growth stimulation and plants protection against fungal diseases is proposed. It presupposes pre-sowing treatment of soil, seeds, and culture suspension of Paenibacillus mucilaginosus VKPM B-12259 strain at a concentration not less than 120 million spores/ml.EFFECT: increased yield of crops and their resistance to fungal diseases.6 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex
Beijerinckia fluminensis bf 2806 bacteria strain, its application as fertiliser and biological control agent for prevention and/or treatment of plant diseases and method for stimulation of growth and plants protection against diseases // 2625967
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: strain of Beijerinckia fluminensis Bf 2806 bacteria deposited in VKPM under number B-12258, used as a fertiliser and biological control agent for agricultural and ornamental plants fungal disease prevention and/or treatment. Application of Beijerinckia fluminensis Bf 2806 VKPM B-12258 strain as a fertiliser for agricultural and ornamental plants. Application of Beijerinckia fluminensis Bf 2806 VKPM B-12258 strain as a biological control agent for agricultural and ornamental plants fungal disease prevention and/or treatment. The method for plant growth stimulation and protection against fungal diseases involves pre-sowing treatment of soil, seeds or crops with microorganism cells, using a cell suspension of the Beijerinckia fluminensis Bf 2806 bacteria strain at a concentration of 1.0-5.0 billion cells/ml as a biological control agent.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain a strain of Beijerinckia fluminensis Bf 2806 VKPM-12258 bacteria, which is used as a highly effective fertiliser and biological control agent.7 cl, 6 tbl, 10 ex
ethod of obtaining emulsifying composition for impregnation of ammonium nitrate // 2625876
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing the emulsion composition comprises the introduction of an anionic surfactant, which uses a 70% solution of calcium alkylbenzenesulfonate in isobutyl alcohol in an amount of 6-6.5 wt %, to a diesel fuel taken in an amount of 80 wt.%. When mixing, introduction to the system of received nonionic surfactant, which applies to ethoxylated castor oil in the quantity 3.5-4 wt %, followed by water drop by drop in the amount of 10 wt % at constant hashing.EFFECT: increasing physical stability of ammonium nitric explosives after their manufacturing, impregnation, storing both in normal conditions and in conditions of low-negative and high-positive temperatures.3 cl, 2 tbl, 4 ex
Granulated nitrogen fertiliser with regulated dissolution rate and method of its production // 2624969
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: granulated nitrogen fertiliser includes carbamide and ammonium nitrate, the granules containing the mixture of carbamide and ammonium nitrate as parts of the homogeneous composition with magnesium hydroxide nitrate of the formula nMg(OH)2 Mg(NO3)2 mH2O, where n=1, 3, 5 and m=0-8, which determine the rate of fertiliser dissolution in the soil. The method for producing the granulated nitrogen fertiliser comprises mixing the caustic magnesite with a nitrogen fertiliser in an amount providing the mass ratio N:MgO=1:(0.2-0.6), mixing the resulting slurry till forming a homogeneous creamy mass, cooling and pelletizing.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain a granulated nitrogen fertiliser with the regulated rate of dissolution in the soil, containing all the basic forms of nitrogen at the optimum ratio.3 cl, 2 tbl, 9 ex
ethod of obtaining humin-containing powdered lignite based product and the product obtained in this manner // 2623475
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: method involves grinding brown coal and mixing with modifying reagents. As modifying agents, air-dry sodium percarbonate, sodium carbonate, sodium hydroxide are used, mechanical treatment of the air-dry mixture is carried out in continuous-action centrifugal roller, ring, vibrational centrifugal, vibratory type mills that ensure the acceleration of milling bodies of 100-400 m/s2 and the residence time in the treatment zone is 0.5-10 minutes, to obtain a powdered product, with the following ratio of the components of the mixture, wt %: sodium percarbonate 0.1-5; sodium carbonate - 1-10; sodium hydroxide - 0-5; water is 0.1-13; lignite - the rest. Application product is obtained in the way alleged.EFFECT: creation of powdered lignite based product containing humic acid with a modified structure, development of ecologically clean, easy way to obtain this product that allows efficient use of the available raw materials, specified the powdered product allows you to recover damaged the soil and purify water from heavy metals ions.2 cl, 5 tbl
ethod for manufacturing organomineral fertiliser for reclaiming degraded lands // 2623045
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing an organomineral fertiliser consists in crushing and mixing the solid constituent of food waste with the mineral component of the fertiliser, with the subsequent fermentation of the food waste, using microbiological preparations. While manufacturing the fertiliser, the pH, humidity and temperature of the substrate are regulated. As a mineral component of the fertiliser, calcium carbonate and medium loam with the physical clay content of at least 30 wt % are used. The mineral component consists 5 wt % of the initial weight of the food waste, and the specific composition of the strains of microbiological preparations used for the fermentation of the food waste is set by the maximum coverage of the substrates that make up the food waste and the natural inhabitants of the reclaimed soils.EFFECT: obtaining an organomineral fertiliser, the application of which provides the maximum increase in the mass of grasses for all soils during the reclamation of destroyed lands in the permafrost zone during one vegetative period.4 tbl
ethod for increasing yield of grain crops // 2623041
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for increasing the yield of grain crops consists in introducing sewage sludge purified from pathogens and helminths by means of long composting while growing grain crops by one of the following methods. The pre-sowing seed treatment by inoculating the seeds of grain crops pre-wetted with water by ground sewage sludge at the ratio of 4 kg/t. The second version is to treat the seeds of grain crops with a working solution containing 1 l/t of mother liquor of sewage sludge diluted in 10 litres of water per 1 ton of seeds. The third version is foliar top dressing of vegetating plants by spraying in the crop tillering phase and the earing phase with a working solution containing 4 l/ha of mother liquor of sewage sludge diluted in 300-400 l of water. Wherein the mother liquor of sewage sludge is obtained by dissolving dry sewage sludge in water at the ratio of 1:100 with infusing for 12 hours at periodic stirring and subsequent filtration.EFFECT: improving the indices of plant growth and development, yield and grain quality.2 tbl
ineral-organic fertiliser for top dressing of garden roses // 2622915
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: mineral-organic fertiliser for top dressing of garden roses contains an organic constituent and mineral components, with biohumus used as the organic constituent, and double superphosphate, ammonium nitrate, copper sulphate and potassium sulfate - as the mineral components. All the components are taken at a certain ratio.EFFECT: invention allows to accelerate the growth and development of garden roses, to improve the structure and fertility of the soil.3 ex
Systems of n-alkyltiophosphoric acid triamides with solvent and methods of their application in agriculture // 2622339
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to compositions and methods of using systems containing triamides of alkylthiophosphoric acid with solvents used to facilitate inclusion of alkylthiophosphoric triamides in fertiliser formulations in solid or liquid state. The composition comprises: a) at least one alkylthiophosphoric triamide and b) solvent containing at least one dioxolane compound of formula (Ia): where R6 and R7 independently contain alkyl group, an alkenyl group or phenyl group, and n is integer from 1 to 10. The composition comprises a dispersed system.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain the system with solvents that has a favorable toxicological or ecological profile.28 cl, 5 tbl
Combine for preparing granules from manure mass // 2622258
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: first module for supplying the manure mass is made in the form of an inclined elevator with buckets, the upper end of which is communicated with the second module for pressing the liquid fraction and crushing manure pieces. The second module is made in the form of a rotating hollow cylindrical perforated helical surface made of an even number of alternately connected perforated strips of a rectangular shape convoluted in the vertical plane in the longitudinal direction and curved on a cylindrical mandrel along the helical lines. Inside there are non-interconnected rods-rolls with the possibility of free rotation by rolling. Limited in the longitudinal movement. Under the second module, the third module-extruder, as well as the fourth module for grinding and drying the granule mass, are placed one under the other. The third module-extruder is made in the form of a screw arranged in a perforated housing with a shaft having a diameter increasing towards the end of the expansion chamber, fixed to the housing butt, to which a mouthpiece with internal screw perforated grooves and a funnel-shaped entry is connected with its larger base. To its smaller base a die is fixed, out of which the manure comes in the form of different-sized granules. The fourth module is equipped with a device for feeding and removing hot gases and is made in the form of a rotating perforated drum made of sequentially installed sections. Each of the sections is assembled from two pairs of perforated triangles joined by lateral sides. Each subsequent section is turned relative to the previous one by 120°.EFFECT: reducing the liquid phase losses of manure mass and improving the finished product quality.22 dwg
ethod for producing organic fertiliser // 2621978
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for producing an organic fertiliser includes grinding coal, wherein it additionally includes feeding it together with a biomass and a bactericidal preparation through a screw conveyor to a material processing plant in which the components are mixed, the mixture is sterilized and additionally ground, the whole process is carried out in the flow-through mode with the high productivity from 5.0 m3/h, then soil microorganisms are introduced into the resulting disinfected mass.EFFECT: invention allows to accelerate the technology of producing fertilisers from poultry and livestock manure and faeces, to improve the environment state.1 dwg

Application of lipochitooligosaccharides and / or chitooligosaccharides in combination with microorganisms giving solubility to phosphates, to enhance plant growth // 2621554
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to agriculture. The composition comprises (a) at least one microorganism giving solubility to phosphates, (b) at least one LCO and / or at least one CO, and (c) a carrier suitable for agronomic purposes, in which at least one microorganism giving solubility to phosphates, and at least one LCO and / or at least one CO each are present in an amount effective to enhance the plant growth when applied to a plant or its seed material in comparison with an untreated plant or its seed material. Plant seed. A package containing plant seed. A method of enhancing plant growth.EFFECT: invention allows to enhance the plant growth.25 cl, 2 dwg

ethod and plants to reducing ammonia loss and odour from organic material or waste into atmosphere // 2621103
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying air or contaminated air into the plasma generator using an electric arc discharge, electrostatic field, nano-pulsed electric field, a dielectric barrier discharge, laser, radio or microwave radiation, or any combination thereof, to obtain the concentration of 0.1-12 volume % NOx in air by direct nitrogen fixation, and subsequent rapid cooling to a temperature between 60°C and 150°C for 10-3 seconds, supplying said NOx-containing air into the absorber, and absorbing the NOx by an absorbing liquid in an absorber operating at a temperature between 20°C and 80°C, with forming a nitrate solution containing nitrates and nitrites, and feeding the nitrate solution into the organic material or the waste, whereby the pH reaches 4-6, and the nitrites and nitrates bind volatile ammonia and ammonia-containing components in the organic material or waste or from them in the form of nitrate and nitrite ammonia salts.EFFECT: reducing ammonia loss and eliminating the odour from organic material or waste into the atmosphere.17 cl, 3 dwg
Conditioning composition for mineral fertilizers (versions) // 2621017
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: as a basis of compositions using heated up to 70-80°C industrial oil and/or a mixture of industrial oils with added at constant hashing primary aliphatic amines with long hydrocarbon chains C16-C22. Advanced composition injected oil dewaxing products the following component ratio, wt %: industrial oil and/or their mixtures 78-20%, 2-10% aliphatic amines, dewaxing of petroleum products and/or their mixtures 20-70%. The second option includes the composition as a basis to recharge 70-80°C industrial oil and/or a mixture of industrial oils with added at constant hashing neutral calcium sulfonates and stearilamina acetate the following component ratio, wt %: industrial oil and/or their mixtures 94-97%, neutral calcium sulfonate 1-2% stearilamina 2-4% acetate.EFFECT: obtaining homogeneous, with good fluidity and uniformity of distribution on the surface of the granules of mineral fertilizers a conditioning composition.3 cl
ethod of obtaining biodegritation from bird litter // 2620298
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of obtaining biofertilizer from bird litter includes preliminary homogenization of bird litter followed by a hydrolysis step in the presence of an alkaline solution and an anaerobic fermentation step in the temperature range 37-38°C in the mesophilic regime. The hydrolysis step is carried out in the temperature range 36-38°C, humidity 88-89 wt %. The anaerobic fermentation step is carried out at a moisture content of 90-92 wt %. Next, the separation of the product obtained after the anaerobic fermentation step with separation of the desired product with a moisture content of 74-77 wt % is carried out. And an aqueous solution containing 3.0-4.0 grams/liter of dissolved ammonium. The separated aqueous solution is used in the hydrolysis step as an alkaline solution.EFFECT: obtaining biofertilizer with a higher content of valuable humic acids and simplifying the technological process.4 cl, 1 tbl, 9 ex
ineral-organic fertiliser for top dressing of garden roses // 2620296
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: mineral-organic fertiliser for top dressing of garden roses contains mineral components, with ash from solid-fuel boilers, double superphosphate, ammonium nitrate, copper sulfate and potassium sulfate used as mineral components. All the components are taken at a certain ratio.EFFECT: invention allows to accelerate the growth and development of garden roses, to improve the structure and fertility of the soil.3 ex
ineral-organic fertiliser for top dressing of garden roses // 2620295
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: mineral and organic fertiliser for top dressing of garden roses contains an organic constituent and mineral components, the excess active sludge of biological cleaning of public utilities being used as the organic constituent, and dual superphosphate, ammonium nitrate, boric acid and potassium sulfate - as the mineral components. All the components are taken at a certain ratio.EFFECT: invention allows to accelerate the growth and development of garden roses, to improve the structure and fertility of the soil.3 ex
ineral-organic fertiliser for top dressing of garden roses // 2620294
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: mineral-organic fertiliser for top dressing of garden roses contains mineral components, wherein as mineral components it contains technical ground, double superphosphate, sodium nitrate, borax and potassium sulfate. All the components are taken at a certain ratio.EFFECT: invention allows to accelerate the growth and development of garden roses, to improve the structure and fertility of the soil.3 ex
ineral-organic fertiliser for top dressing of garden roses // 2620293
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: mineral-organic fertiliser for top dressing of garden roses contains an organic constituent and mineral components, with humic leaves used as the organic constituent, and double superphosphate, ammonium nitrate, borax, and potassium sulfate - as the mineral components. All the components are taken at a certain ratio.EFFECT: invention allows to accelerate the growth and development of garden roses.3 ex
Composition of mulch cover // 2620292
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: composition of a mulch cover contains lignosulfonate, urea, wherein it additionally contains Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, last year compost of leaves and needles, sewage sludge of public utilities and double superphosphate. All the components are taken at a certain ratio.EFFECT: invention allows to utilise wastes of human economic activity while simultaneously improving the soil condition.3 ex
ethod of preparing organic fertiliser based on leaf litter // 2619979
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of preparing organic fertiliser consists in that fallen chestnut and poplar leaves at the ratio of 2:1 are treated with aqueous solutions of "Baikal EM-5" biopreparations in the concentration of 1:250 and with 2% potassium humate. The prepared mixture is introduced into the soil before sowing winter wheat.EFFECT: improving the soil fertility and increasing the yield of cultivated crops without harm for the environment.1 ex, 1 tbl
ethod for producing vermicompost // 2619473
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for producing vermicompost consists in preparing the substrate from cattle, horse or pig manure and introducing California red worms of the species Eisenia foetida into the compost-containing substrate. The manure is laid in a box having openings on the lateral sides and in the bottom, is covered with a corrugated film, is poured with the extract containing California red worms microflora and stirred once every 3 days. The trial batch of worms in the amount of 100 pieces is let in. 30 g of fine-grained sand is added onto the compost surface. The rest of the worms in the amount of 200 pieces is let in. The compost is watered 1 time in two days. The process of compost treatment with California red worms lasts 12-14 weeks.EFFECT: method provides obtaining a non-polluting, high-quality vermicompost.
ethod of producing fertilizer from sapropel // 2619472
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for producing sapropel fertilizer includes extracting sapropel from a lake, drying with stirring and introducing a modifying filler, wherein the filler is represented by manure in the amount of at least 10%, the sapropel and the filler are mixed together with a bactericidal preparation, dispersed and disinfected in a material treatment plant in the flow mode, then a suspension of effective microorganisms is introduced into the disinfected mass by means of a dispenser.EFFECT: invention allows to shorten the production time of fertilizer and to improve its quality for more efficient use in agriculture with reduced volume of introducing into the soil.
ethod for producing slow-acting comlex fertilizer based on urea-formaldehyde resin // 2619301
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method of producing a complex slow-acting fertilizer based on urea-formaldehyde resin, thus, to intensify manufacturing and improve agrochemical properties of fertilizer contains the following: the sewage containing dissolved formaldehyde and urea-formaldehyde resin is added with orthophosphoric acid until pH = 2,0, then introduced with urea in mole ratio of formaldehyde to urea of 1.0: 1.5. The resulting mixture is held for 3.5-4.0 hours. The resulting polymer is filtered off and dried in vivo. And then it is mixed with ash, considering that the content of K2O is 10 wt %.EFFECT: invention ensures to obtain a slow-acting complex fertilizer based on urea-formaldehyde resin with the complete and non-waste disposal of waste water and combustion products of wood wastes from woodworking enterprises, allowing to reduce the entry of radionuclides of cesium-137 in agricultural products, and to improve nitrogen phosphorus and potassium nutrition of plants.5 tbl, 5 ex
ethod for preparation of organic fertiliser // 2618313
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: fertiliser is made from vegetable and melon crop waste, which is soaked in alcohol industry waste for 1-2 days in the amount of 20-30% of the DDGS volume. Zeolite-containing clay alanite in the range of 15-20% and quail droppings in the amount of 10-15% are added to the mixture.EFFECT: method allows to produce the fertiliser, which is effective in organic substance content, with simultaneous utilisation of agricultural production and poultry keeping waste.1 tbl, 2 ex

Compositions of urea and nitrogen stabiliser and methods and systems for their creation and use // 2618116
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing the solid composition of urea and a nitrogen stabiliser comprises: a) forming the molten urea; b) adding a nitrogen stabiliser composition to said urea melt, said composition comprising NBPT with the purity of at least 95 wt %; and c) cooling the molten composition of urea and a nitrogen stabiliser to form the solid composition of urea and a nitrogen stabiliser.EFFECT: invention allows to provide efficient fertiliser granules.9 cl, 10 dwg, 3 tbl, 85 ex
ethod for obtaining integrated organomineral fertiliser // 2618099
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: pigs litter manure, or cattle manure, or poultry droppings are fed on the first vortex layer device with mobile ferromagnetic particles at the magnetic induction magnitude of 0.13÷0.25 Tl. Phosphogypsum is introduced simultaneously. The processing time is around 30÷120 s. After that, the resulting mixture is directed on the second vortex layer device, where ground limestone and (or) dolomite is introduced simultaneously. The processing time is around 30÷120 s. After that, the organomineral fertiliser is dried up to the humidity of 20÷22%.EFFECT: obtaining a fertiliser completely disinfected from pathogenic microorganisms without the use of chemical treatments.1 tbl
Complex fertiliser // 2617345
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: complex fertiliser based on processed poultry manure and glauconite contains poultry manure subjected to preliminary disinfection, and additionally the association of bacterial strains of the genus Bacillus: Bacillus megaterium VKM B-396, Bacillus subtilis VKPM B-5328, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 3/28 VKPM B-3679. The ratio of ingredients: glauconite - 3-65 wt %, association of bacterial strains -105-107 of living cells (CFU) in 1 g of the fertiliser and disinfected poultry manure - the rest.EFFECT: increasing the agricultural crop yields.4 cl, 7 tbl, 7 ex
ethod for producing liquid organic fertiliser // 2616836
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: mixture containing cattle manure and straw cuts taken at the ratio of 8:1 is put into the bio-dynamic reactor. The mixture humidity of 60-65% is provided, and at periodic stirring the mixture is heated to the temperature of 65-75°C due to the vital activity of autochthonous microorganisms. Then the liquid organic fertiliser-eluate is selected, which naturally folws out of the openings in the reactor bottom, while maintaining the humidity at the predetermined level within 72 hours.EFFECT: simplifying the manure processing method and obtaining an effective organic fertiliser stimulating the growth of plants.12 tbl
Organo-mineral granula of spherical shape and its production method // 2616818
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: large organo-mineral granula of spherical shape has a diameter from 70 to 80 mm and from 20 to 25% of its mass consists of a set of spherical porous granules with diameter from 10 to 20 mm. Decomposed horse manure from 65.0 to 90.0 wt %, valley peat from 10.0 to 35.0 wt %, humus from 10.0 to 15.0 wt % and mineral elements from 15.0 to 20.0 wt % are used for the production of granula. Spherical porous granules with a diameter from 10 to 20 mm are made of the same components. Layer of armour compacted cover is coated across the whole surface of the large granula with thickness of 2.5-3 mm of biocompost mixed with chopped straw with length of 3-5 mm. The invention additionally relates to a method of producing large organo-mineral granula.EFFECT: creation of the granula which provides cultivated plants with moisture and sensible nutrition, consistently used by the plant due to the accumulation of water and organo-mineral components in the granula.2 cl, 1 dwg

Installation for combined obtaining of phosphate salts and potassium sulphate // 2616061
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: apparatus for producing combined and phosphate salts of potassium sulfate comprises a device for producing potassium sulfate and hydrochloric acid from a potassium chloride and sulfuric acid. Said unit comprises a furnace for producing potassium sulfate 1, the apparatus for obtaining abrasive hydrochloric acid node 2 and preparation of hydrochloric acid leach 3. Obtaining unit phosphate from a phosphate raw material comprises an assembly of hydrochloric acid leaching 4, the apparatus for preparing a solution for neutralisation 7, the associated pipe manifold assembly of neutralisation liquid phase and deposition of phosphate 6. Then sequentially installed highways are connected to separate filter 8 phosphates, phosphates washing unit 9 and the unit 10 for drying phosphates. Between the node 4 of hydrochloric acid leaching and node of neutralisation liquid phase and deposition of phosphate 6, there is an apparatus for separating solid and liquid phases after leaching 5, which is connected with them by pipework. The furnace for producing potassium sulfate through 1 output gas duct is connected with the device to obtain 2 abrasive hydrochloric acid, and the latter is connected through the piping assembly by preparation of hydrochloric acid leach 3 to node 4 of hydrochloric acid leaching.EFFECT: invention allows simultaneous and phosphate salts of potassium sulfate at a lower cost.6 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

ethod for granulating urea with using gas cleaning system // 2615811
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for granulating urea with using the gas cleaning system including at least one stream of gaseous wastes for removal of dust and ammonia, resulting in treating the waste stream with a combination of the following method steps comprising: (a) flushing the flow 4 containing a large amount of dust and ammonia with water and / or aqueous urea solution, resulting in the liquid stream 26 containing a large amount of dust, and the stream 5 with a reduced amount of dust, and (b) the implementation of the flow 5 interaction with the reduced dust content with formaldehyde 7 to form the stream 8 containing hexamethylenetetramine and urea formaldehyd, and the cleaned spent gas 6. The gas stream is directed first through the method stage (a), and then through the method stage (b). The installation for granulating urea with the gas cleaning system having at least one gaseous waste stream to remove dust and ammonia.EFFECT: invention allows to significantly reduce ammonia emission into the environment, to obtain urea granules with low concentrations of the ammonium salt.19 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl, 2 ex
ethod of producing lime-ammonium nitrate // 2614874
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing lime-ammonium nitrate involves mixing ammonium nitrate melt with carbonate raw material in presence of an inhibiting additive, granulation and cooling of ready product, wherein additive used is magnesium oxide powder which is introduced at stage of mixing simultaneously with carbonate raw material.EFFECT: invention improves consumer properties of lime-ammonium nitrate due to reduction of content off hygroscopic nitrates of calcium and magnesium, and higher efficiency of production of lime-ammonium nitrate by simplification of technology.5 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex

ethod and device for granulation with pressure regulation // 2614682
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: methods and device for granulation are described, including the dynamic pressure regulation in the receiver to improve the control of the granules quality and their particle-size distribution. In one version, pressure regulation is carried out in the free space above the liquid or pulp volume in order to provide more accurate pressure regulation of the fluid or pulp in the receiver. In another version of the said invention implementation, a device for creating axial upward flow is used to provide more accurate pressure regulation of the fluid or pulp in the receiver.EFFECT: invention allows to improve the quality and particle-size distribution of the granules produced.10 cl, 9 dwg

ethod of producing a mineral fertiliser // 2614626
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing a mineral fertiliser comprises coating the fertiliser granules with glauconite-based shells, wherein the fertiliser granules are subjected to constant magnetic field effect after coating.EFFECT: invention provides higher efficiency of application of mineral fertilizers due to action on fertiliser, soil, sown seeds and on the plant itself during its vegetation by additional physical factors, promoting improvement of seeds germination, acceleration of phases of plant development, higher plant productivity and quality of agricultural products.4 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl
Composition for production of vermicompost based on wastes of tea and coffee // 2613291
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The composition for the production of vermicompost consists of wastes of tea and coffee dregs mixed with the soil in a ratio by weight %: soil - 25, coffee and tea wastes - 75.EFFECT: invention provides a shortening of the term of composting with worms and the vermicompost quality improvement.3 tbl

Growth additive for intensive agricultural and livestock production // 2613224
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: growth additive comprises: one or more sources of sugar; one or more sources of hydrogen; one or more sources of chloride ions; fruit juice with distinct antibiotic properties; and vegetable juice with distinct antipyretic properties, wherein at the rate of 100 parts of sugar source, the growth additive comprises: a source of hydrocarbons in an amount from 1 to 4 parts by weight; a source of chloride ions in an amount from 1 to 4 parts by weight; fruit juice, with distinct antibiotic properties in an amount from 2 to 10 parts by weight, and vegetable juice with distinct antipyretic properties in an amount from 2 to 8 parts by weight.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain a growth additive based on balanced, environmentally friendly materials, to promote healthy development and growth of crops and livestock.5 cl, 4 dwg, 4 tbl, 1 ex
ethod of biotechnological processing of droppings in poultry farming // 2612911
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and can be used in processing of fresh chicken droppings. Method involves mixing of bird droppings with moisture-absorbing materials and composting stimulator based on microorganisms and its introduction into substrate. Composting is carried out at temperature of ambient medium and active aeration for 5–7 days. Wherein composting stimulator is consortium of soil microorganisms Trichoderma viridae, Azotobacter chroococcum, Azomonas agilis 1:1:2 with concentration of Azotobacter chroococcum – 2×105 CFU/ml, Azomonas agilis – 4.3×105 CFU/ml, Trichoderma viride – 1.5×104 CFU/ml. As water-absorbing material sawn off hardwood is used in amount, providing specified moisture content of compost mixture, and composting stimulator is introduced into substrate in form of mixture of excrements and sawdust or wood chips in ratio of 1:2.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to restore soil fertility, reducing environmental contamination in area of poultry enterprise.1 cl, 3 tbl
ethod of producing liquid humic preparation // 2612210
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method for the production of a liquid humic preparation includes mixing a feedstock with the ammonium salt solution at the first stage, at that at the first stage the compost is decalcified by processing it with the ammonium oxalate solution; at the second stage an alkali is added to the suspension, then the solid precipitate is separated to obtain a liquid target product.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain a high-quality target product.2 tbl, 3 ex

ethod for processing organic wastes to produce highly effective fertilizer-biohumus // 2612208
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method for processing organic wastes to produce a highly effective fertilizer - biohumus includes biothermal composting of organic wastes with the subsequent stocking of the worms of the species Eisenia foetida, and the processing of organic wastes is carried out in the mobile device and is accompanied with moisturizing every 5-7 days in an amount to provide a constant level of the substrate moisture content of not less than 75%, with the stocking of the resulting vermicompost with compost earthworms of the central Russian subspecies with a density of at least 50 units per 1 liter of vermicompost volume with periodic, every 5-7 days, stirring and loosening of vermicompost followed by separation of the finished biohumus.EFFECT: invention enables to improve the efficiency and mobility of the waste processing process.1 dwg, 1 tbl

ethod for organomineral sapropel-based polymer production // 2611816
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for organomineral sapropel-based polymer production includes grinding sapropel of natural moisture to the homogeneous state, determination of its moisture and pH index, mechanochemical activation of the produced mixture by adding an alkali to the mixture and intensive mechanical action. After separating large solids the sapropel of natural moisture is charged into a receiver, where it is ground to a homogeneous state, batch fed to a device for mechanical dehydration controlling the residual amount of free moisture, then transferred to a mechanical disintegrator, where it is mixed with an alkaline solution and the produced mixture is made up to a homogeneous state. Then by means of a screw feeder the produced mixture is continuously fed into an intermediate tank, where surplus moisture and dust particles are removed by blowing the mixture with compressed air, whilst the discharge of the finished organomineral polymer into a storage tank is performed subject to gravity.EFFECT: invention allows to produce organomineral polymer which does not clod up much in storage and transportation, is resistant to temperature drops and does not lose its properties when frozen.1 dwg, 2 tbl, 2 ex

Competitive and effective strains of bacteria // 2611199
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: composition of inoculum for enhancing plant growth is disclosed, which is suitable for seeds covering. Above composition contains agronomically acceptable carrier and at least one strain of Bradyrhizobia japonicum. Wherein at least one strain of Bradyrhizobia japonicum is selected from group, consisting of strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50592, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-5059, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50586, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50588, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50587, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50589, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50591, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50590, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50594, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50726, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50727, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50728, strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50729 and/or strain Bradyrhizobia japonicum NRRL B-50730. Covered bean plant seed is also disclosed, wherein cover contains composition of inoculum. Said seed is intended for production of bean plant containing composition of inoculum and having enhanced growth.EFFECT: group of inventions increases efficiency of stimulation of growth of bean plants.60 cl, 6 dwg, 7 tbl, 5 ex
 
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