Fertilisers and manufacture thereof (C05)

C   Chemistry; metallurgy(318327)
C05            Fertilisers; manufacture thereof(4024)

Greenhouse with cleaning and integrated waste gases recycling // 2641747
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: greenhouse includes the transit flue duct with bypass flue, the heat exchanger, the fan, the ejector, the ozon and air mixture distributor, connected to the ozon plant, the air/gas manifold, connected to the greenhouse body, equipped with the deflector. The oxidation chamber is installed after the ejector, it is equipped with the ozone-air mixture distributor and the hydraulic lock. The air/gas manifold is connected through its right and left branches to the greenhouse body, installed on the right and left rows of vertical plate heat exchangers, adjacent to the support posts with its end faces. Each vertical plate heat exchanger consists of the vertical rectangular body with the internal vertical partition, made of transparent material with high thermal conductivity and corrosion resistance. The vertical partition is installed with formation of the lower overflow slot. In the upper part of the body inner wall there is the horizontal distribution slot. In the upper part of the body outer wall there is the air/gas sleeve, connected to the right or left branch of the air/gas manifold. The body bottom has the condensate drain sleeve, connected to the right or left branch of the condensate manifold, connected to the oxidation chamber through the hydraulic lock and with anion filter.EFFECT: ecological efficiency increases of the green house with cleaning and integrated waste gases recycling.5 dwg
ethod of processing bark of coniferous and deciduous trees // 2641725
FIELD: wood processing industry.SUBSTANCE: method of processing the bark of coniferous and deciduous trees includes grinding the bark of coniferous and deciduous trees to the average size of individual particles1-7 mm, further mixing within 5-7 minutes of the grinded bark with manure or droppings of farm animals, anaerobic digestion of the resulting mixture at a temperature of 30-50°C and its constant mixing for 5-7 days. During the operation of anaerobic digestion of the mixture, the evolved biogas is collected, and after the end, the remaining sludge used as biofertilizer is collected.EFFECT: reduction of the processing time of the tree bark to produce biofertilizer and biogas.1 cl
Sinorhizobium fredii nodule bacterial strain for manufacturing of bacterial soya fertiliser // 2639516
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to biotechnology. A strain of nodule bacteria Sinorhizobium fredii AmB-17 is deposited in the VKM under the registration number VKM B-3152D. The strain can be used in the manufacture of bacterial fertiliser for soy.EFFECT: invention improves soybean plant productivity.1 tbl
ethod of manufacturing liquid nitrogen fertiliser "kas" // 2638956
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing solutions of carbamide and ammonium nitrate, wherein mixing the solutions of carbamide and ammonium nitrate is carried out at a temperature of 5-30°C; after mixing the solutions of carbamide and ammonium nitrate, 24% ammonium water is added to the total solution at the rate of 5 g per 1 l of the solution and dissolved succinic acid at the rate of 3-5 g of acid per 1 l, stirring and pouring into containers are carried out.EFFECT: simplifying the fertiliser obtaining method.1 tbl, 1 ex
Complex magnesium-phosphate fertilizers from solid technogenic industrial wastes under trademark: "dry agricultural mixtures of russia" // 2638526
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of producing complex magnesium-phosphate fertilizers by the mechanochemical method of processing the original technological industrial wastes is proposed: phosphogypsum dump (30%), serpentinite dumps (25%), dumps of silica gel (15%), magnesium sulphate (15%), calcium sulphate (15%), - in a rotary disperser (2000-3000 rpm), without a need of a high-temperature treatment that allows to create the amorphous state of the crystal lattice of phosphogypsum and serpentine, due to the introduction of ions, R+5 with a large radius in the crystal lattice of MgSO4, with the substitution in the tetrahedral SO4-2 of ions S+6 with a smaller radius.EFFECT: invention allows to simplify the technological process, to eliminate a high temperature acid decomposition of serpentine raw material and to involve technogenic raw material - dehydrate hosphogypsum in the process, as a result, the ecological problem of industrial waste disposal is solved.1 cl

Compositions and methods of improving compatibility of water-soluble pesticidal salts and concentrated fertiliser // 2637656
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: to improve the compatibility of an aqueous herbicidal solution containing at least one water-soluble salt of a herbicidally active ingredient and a concentrated fertiliser, wherein said concentrated fertiliser comprises >16 wt % of one or more fertilisers, one or more polymer crystallization inhibitors of the structure I are added to the aqueous herbicidal solution, where A is represented by , where R1, R2 and R3 are represented independently by H, CH3, COOH, or CH2COOH, L is a linking group containing -C(=O)-O-, -C(=O)-N-, -CH2-, -O-, -O-C(=O)-, urethane, urea or a direct bond, and wherein Rhy is represented by a hydrophobic fragment and includes a linear or branched alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, alkaryl, or their alcoxylized derivative, B is obtained by polymerization of a monomer of ethylenediamine carboxylic acids and/or their salts; and C is optional and is obtained by polymerization of a monomer of ethylenediamine sulfonic acids or phosphonic acids and/or their salts, and x is represented by the molar percentage of A and ranges from about 5 to 80%, z is represented by the molar % of C and ranges from approximately 0 to 25%, and represents the molar % of B, which ranges from about 1 to 95 of molar %.EFFECT: reducing crystallization of active ingredients.44 cl, 12 dwg, 18 ex
ethod for improvement of plants nutritive regime by volcanic ashes introduction into soils // 2637319
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method envisages introduction of volcanic ashes as catalysts of biogeochemical and microbiological processes in the soils, in an amount of 2.5-5.0 t/ha together with mineral fertilizers.EFFECT: optimal regulation of plant nutritive conditions due to catalytic properties of volcanic ash.4 tbl
ethod for obtaining complex organomineral additive based on potassium humate, method for obtaining integrated organomineral fertiliser based on potassium humate and poultry manure, method for enriching animal fodder with complex organomineral additive based on potassium humate, watering method using complex organomineral additive based on potassium humate // 2637126
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for obtaining a complex organomineral additive based on potassium humate involves mixing peat, water and potassium hydroxide, mixing being carried out with water at a temperature of 30-41°C, after which air bubbling of the obtained mixture is successively carried out, followed by its grinding, exposure to ultraviolet and evacuation. The method for obtaining a complex organomineral fertiliser based on potassium humate and poultry manure involves treating poultry manure with the additive based on potassium humate, obtained by said method. A method for enriching animal fodder with a complex organomineral additive based on potassium humate involves mixing the fodder with the additive based on potassium humate, obtained by said method. The watering method with using a complex organomineral additive based on potassium humate involves mixing the water for watering with an additive based on the potassium humate obtained by this method.EFFECT: improving the efficiency of products based on potassium humate.9 cl, 4 tbl, 9 ex

ethod of producing eco-chernozem and device for method implementation // 2636324
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: livestock and crop wastes are collected and mixed, ground, ground sorbing additives are added thereto until the excess moisture of the mixture is eliminated, a culture of processing microorganisms is introduced, stirred and held at a stable temperature until the end of processing. As the livestock waste, manure removed by water wash is used, grinding the waste and the sorbing additives is carried out to the particle size of not more than 5 mm, 1…3% of the volume are taken from the waste mixture, placed in a drained thermoregulated container in the layer of 3…6 cm on top of the eco-chernozem layer containing chernozem-forming organisms, held at the temperature of 20…30°C till the end of processing the mixture layer into eco-chernozem. Then a new layer of the mixture is laid, held until the end of processing, and these operations are repeated until the processing time of the next layer is less than one day, then it is poured with water in an amount of not more than 50% of the eco-chernozem weight in the thermoregulated container, and the drainage is collected. Device for obtaining eco-chernozem.EFFECT: inventions allow to multiply the productivity of processing.2 cl, 1 dwg
Composition for stimulating coating of plant roots // 2636168
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: composition for a stimulating coating of plant roots after the water addition, containing a branched polyoside, as well as a beneficial substance, is characterized in that said branched polyiside is represented by xanthan gum in the form of a powder, the particles of which have a size of less than 177 mcm. The dispersed composition comprises a) particles of the branched polyoside having a diameter greater than 70 mcm and less than 250 mcm, said branched polyoside being represented by xanthan gum; b) a beneficial active substance in the "dry" form; c) if necessary, a neutral matrix stabilizing the active substance. A method of obtaining a composition for stimulating coating of plant root includes the stage of adding water to the composition by any of claims 1-13. Applying the composition obtained by the method according to claim 14 for carrying out stimulating coating of the plant roots. A method for transferring a beneficial agent to the plant roots comprises the stages of (i) providing a composition for root stimulation coating comprising a beneficial agent and a branched polyoside by the method according to claim 14, and (ii) applying the composition for root stimulation coating on the plant roots. The method for planting a plant comprises the stage of planting the plant in a substrate providing plant growth, the plant roots being coated with the composition obtained by the method according to claim 14.EFFECT: inventions allow to stimulate the roots of the treated plants and to obtain the coating just before the plant treatment.19 cl, 6 tbl, 9 ex
ethod of improving soil fertility // 2635697
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of improving soil fertility includes applying to the soil a granulated mixture of poultry manure and ash and slag material from coal burning at the ratio of 1:1 in the amount of 5-10 t per 1 ha.EFFECT: increasing the content of basic plant nutrients, improving the structural soil condition, increasing the yield of agricultural crops.3 tbl
Joint compositions of bifenthrin with capsulated protection means of agricultural plants for use with liquid fertilizers // 2635570
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: insecticidal composition comprises: a) a non-capsulated bifenthrin; B) at least one capsulated protection means for agricultural plants; C) hydrated magnesium aluminium silicate; and d) at least one dispersing agent selected from the group consisting of sucrose ester, lignosulfonate, alkyl polyglycoside, condensation product of naphthalenesulfonic acid with formaldehyde and phosphoric acid ester.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the stability of the composition.18 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex
ethod for manufacturing humic fertiliser based on biohumus // 2635449
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: vertical-shape seedling piles with a slope of 2-5° are formed by preparing an organic substrate with the subsequent implementation of a biothermal process in the piles. The substrate is populated with an industrial population of worms at the temperature of +30°C to -20°C, at the population zone temperature from +20°C to +30°C and the worm population density of 500-10,000 pcs. per 1 m2 of the pile surface. Between the seedling piles, across, feed insert-piles from fresh livestock and crop production waste are formed, so that they cover all the gaps between the seedling piles. The piles are aligned and watered. After that, the population of worms moves to the feed insert from fresh waste, the waste is contaminated with thermophilic and soil bacteria. After 60-62 days, after processing the waste of feed inserts, the populations of worms with larvae pass to the next feed inserts. The ripe seedling piles are sieved and separated. Empty seedling piles are filled with fresh unfermented livestock and crop production waste. The populations of worms with larvae pass into the last feed inserts, and the previous formed feed inserts become seedling piles. After watering, sieving and separating the seedling piles, liquid biohumus is obtained by mixing 1:1 of a liquid after watering and separated biohumus and activated biohumus. To the latter, vine ash is additionally added at the rate of 2 l per 100 l of the solution, infused for 7-10 days and filtered with the possibility of cutting swollen worm coprolite with filter filaments.EFFECT: simplifying the technology for processing livestock and crop production waste, improving the quality and reducing the time of a humic fertiliser production.2 cl, 7 dwg, 7 ex
Encapsulated particle // 2635116
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: polyurethane layer is located around the core, and wax is located around the polyurethane layer. The polyurethane layer includes a reaction product of an isocyanate and a polyol component. The polyol component comprises a catalytic polyol derived from an aromatic amine initiator and a polyether polyol, wherein the weight ratio of the catalytic polyol to the polyether polyol in the polyol component is from 1:2 to 10:1. The method for encapsulating the core includes the steps of providing a core, an isocyanate, a polyol component, and wax. The method also includes the steps of mixing and carrying out the reaction of the isocyanate and the polyol component to form a polyurethane, encapsulating the core with a polyurethane layer that contains polyurethane, and encapsulating the polyurethane layer with wax.EFFECT: providing encapsulated particles characterized by a controlled release property that is not agglomerated and is robust from wear test results.23 cl,1 tbl, 1 ex
ethod for acid processing of lean phosphate raw materials // 2634948
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for acid processing of lean phosphate raw materials is that the raw materials are decomposed by the 10÷40% excess of 1.0÷5.6 molar nitric acid, into which 0.5÷50 moll. % of potassium sulfate at the ratio to CaO contained in the raw materials are added; the slurry obtained during the decomposition is filtered, the insoluble residue is removed. Both the decomposition process and the filtration process are carried out at the temperature of 10÷35°C.EFFECT: invention allows to carry out the processing of lean phosphate raw materials with the minimization of iron and aluminium oxide impurities in the product due to carrying out the processes of nitric acid decomposition and acid suspension filtration at a relatively low ambient temperature.3 tbl, 6 ex

ethod for obtaining complex mineral fertilisers from phosphate ore and plant for its implementation // 2634936
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for obtaining complex mineral fertilisers from phosphate ore includes the following stages: a) providing sulfuric acid and potassium chloride, b) obtaining hydrochloric acid from potassium chloride and sulfuric acid, with the addition of potassium sulfate as an additional product; c) decomposition of phosphate ore with hydrochloric acid to obtain solid phosphates; d) processing the solid phosphates from stage c) and potassium sulfate from stage b), if necessary, together with other sources of mineral components, into mineral fertilisers. The plant for implementing the method for obtaining complex mineral fertilisers from phosphate ore comprises at least the following structural units: A) a unit for obtaining hydrochloric acid and potassium sulfate from potassium chloride and sulfuric acid; B) a unit for obtaining solid phosphates as a result of the decomposition of phosphate ore with hydrochloric acid; C) a unit for obtaining complex mineral fertilisers.EFFECT: inventions allow to obtain the necessary ingredients of fertiliser components from available raw materials and to optimize energy costs.8 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

Organomineral fertiliser for agricultural crops // 2633796
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: organomineral fertiliser for agricultural crops includes a trace element - iodine - and macro elements: potassium, silicon and water in the bound form, wherein it additionally contains EDTA organic acid. All components are taken at a certain ratio.EFFECT: invention allows to improve quality and nutritional value, to protect crops from diseases and to increase yield.5 dwg, 4 ex
Continuous method of producing neutral granulated phosphorus-potassium (p/k) fertilisers // 2633569
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: fertiliser consists of potassium phosphate with the formula K3H3(PO4)2 and water in an amount of 10 wt % or less. The production process comprises: i) a step of producing a concentrated aqueous solution of phosphoric acid (PA) and a concentrated aqueous solution of potassium hydroxide (KOH), ii) a step of combining the said concentrated solutions produced in step i) in a reactor providing a reaction temperature in the range of 85 to 120°C, where PA and KOH are used in a weight ratio of 1.14 to 1.22, to produce a liquid reaction mixture, iii) a step of drying the said reaction mixture produced in step ii) in a vacuum drying apparatus, whereby a solid material is produced, wherein the said drying step comprises draining the said reaction mixture produced in step ii) to the said dried material, and iv) cooling the said solid material produced in step iii).EFFECT: producing a solid bulk fertiliser having a neutral pH without a tendency to caking.13 cl, 2 ex
ethod of producing environmentally friendly bioproduct (compost paste) for integrated improvement of soil properties // 2633561
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the production of biofertilisers with use of red Californian worms obtained as a result of the selection of a manure worm of Eisenia foetida genus. The method is that a substrate based on organic agricultural wastes is vermicomposted using earthworms. As a substrate, pre-prepared cattle manure is used, which is watered and held indoors at a temperature of 17-19°C. Wherein watering is carried out with water, alternating with the composition obtained by mixing water from mother boxes with worms and water at the ratio of 1:3. The prepared substrate is impregnated with the same composition, placed in a clamp into which the substrate from the mother boxes containing worms is preliminarily poured, 100 g of fine-grained sand are added, this procedure being repeated once a month. New substrate portions are added into the clamps with worms, and ready vermicompost is removed once a week. The resulting compost is screened, the necessary amount of liquid obtained by watering the clamps is added thereto and stirred until a homogeneous mass is obtained.EFFECT: increased fertiliser value, increased productivity and reduced vegetation period of plants, with the general restoration of the natural properties of soil of any kind.3 ex

Universal biofermenter // 2632162
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: universal biofermenter contains a housing, a device for feeding the initial material, made in the form of a helical screw, the housing of which is sealed relative to the biofermenter housing, in the upper part of which there is an opening for an exhaust air duct, a shaft with a drive is rotatably mounted inside the bioenzymator along its central axis, resting by its bottom part on a support rigidly connected to the wall of the cylindrical part of the biofermentator housing, in the middle part of which an air distributor is rigidly fixed to its wall, made in the form of an annular manifold having N-radial air distributing pipes with perforations in their bottom part, connected through an air duct with a fan, and a paddle agitator is mounted above the air distributor, rigidly fixed on a shaft passing through the annular manifold openings, a discharging screw, and probes for the temperature measurement and air medium control. The bottom part of the biofermentator housing is made in the form of a groove of a V-shaped profile, the bottom of which is made with a curvature not less than the radius of the discharge screw.EFFECT: improving the efficiency of processing organic waste into compost.3 dwg

Ammonium phosphates production // 2632009
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: plant (100) for production of completely soluble, pure and well-expressed mono- or diammonium phosphates includes an extraction section (10), a stripping section (20), and finishing devices (90). In the extraction section, liquid-liquid phosphate extraction is conducted between the supplied liquid (1) containing phosphoric acid and substantially free of nitrate ions and a solvent (5) that is a solvent which is immiscible with water or at least substantially water-immiscible. In the stripping section, liquid-liquid phosphate extraction is carried out between the phosphate-enriched solvent and the re-extraction solution. The phosphate depleted solvent is recycled to the extraction section for further phosphate extraction. The re-extraction solution is an aqueous solution of ammonium phosphate in which at least 80 mole % of ammonium phosphate is monoammonium phosphate and/or the solvent is a water-immiscible alcohol. The finishing devices comprise an ammonia source (60), an additive device (70), a cooling device (50), a sludge removal device (40), and a recirculation system (80).EFFECT: improved yield of suitable product, reduced costs.19 cl, 8 dwg
ethod for producing granulated superphosphate // 2631035
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for producing granulated superphosphate involves mixing the phosphate raw material with phosphoric acid, followed by granulating, drying and the classification of the product, wherein the phosphate feed is mixed with phosphoric acid at room temperature for 1-3 minutes, in the presence of a recycle and water, wherein the phosphoric acid consumption in terms of 100% P2O5 is maintained within the range of (0.17-0.23) tonnes per ton of phosphate flour, and the product is granulated at the humidity of 10-15%.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain granulated superphosphate, stable by its fractional composition and quality, with a sufficiently high strength of the granules.1 tbl, 1 ex
ethod for obtaining bioorganic fertiliser based on peat // 2631033
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: natural vegetation growing on fields of low peat before the flowering phase is ground by disking with the incorporation into the root layer of peat to a depth of 13-15 cm. After that, it is immediately assembled into the total mass, and heaps are formed, which are covered from above with a peat layer of 30-40 cm and left for winter for composting under natural conditions. In the following years, peat disking, sowing and cultivation of phyto-meliorants till the flowering phase are carried out on the same fields. The phytomeliorants are then shredded with the incorporation in the root layer, and heaps are immediately formed similarly as with natural vegetation.EFFECT: increasing the nutritional value of a fertiliser while simplifying the process of obtaining it.5 tbl

ethod for producing nitrogen-potassium sulfate fertiliser and hydrochloric acid // 2630493
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for producing a nitrogen-potassium sulfate fertiliser and hydrochloric acid comprises converting fine potassium chloride and/or cyclone dust of potassium chloride of concentrated sulfuric acid at an elevated temperature to obtain a solution containing potassium hydrogen sulfate, hydrochloric acid, excess of sulfuric acid; separation of hydrochloric acid vapours from solution, condensation of vapors to produce hydrochloric acid, neutralisation of potassium hydrogen sulfate with ammonia, crystallization and separation of precipitate crystals from solution. The fine potassium chloride and/or the cyclonic dust of potassium chloride are dissolved in water before the conversion step, the resulting solution is converted with concentrated sulfuric acid at a ratio H2O/KCl=1.5-2.5, keeping the concentration of sulfuric acid 35-46% in the reaction medium, separating the hydrochloric acid vapours from the solution under the boiling point of the solution and condensing, the resulting solution is cooled with crystallization of potassium hydrogen sulfate, which is separated from solution and neutralized with ammonia water by washing the precipitate in the filtration step, and the resulting filtrate is returned to the conversion step.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the rate of conversion, to exclude the formation of a by-product - ammonium sulfate.2 cl, 4 dwg, 4 tbl, 2 ex
Additive of vegetal raw material // 2630281
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for use as plant growth biostimulator and fertilizer as fodder additive intended for consumption by animals, as well as food additive intended for consumption by humans. Silicon-containing additive includes vegetal raw material and additional component, subjected to mechanochemical activation. Additive contains rice husks as vegetal raw material and additional component selected from: soluble sugar, and/or baking soda, and/or catechin-type chelating agent in amount of up to 40 wt%, and size of additive particles is less than 100 nm.EFFECT: invention provides production of environmentally friendly products, not contaminated with toxins.7 cl, 4 tbl, 4 ex
ethod of obtaining ameliorant for acidic soils // 2630243
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for obtaining an ameliorant for acidic soils from nepheline sludge includes its preparation in a slurry storage and subsequent drying in air to the humidity of 25%. The nepheline slurry is additionally subjected to grinding in a ball mill to the coarse size of 55-60% of the class - 0.074 mm.EFFECT: invention allows to increase the deacidifying ability of the ameliorant and to reduce its consumption.3 tbl, 7 ex
ethod for obtaining compost suppressive with respect to fusarium oxysporum pathogene of plant fusarium wilt // 2629776
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of obtaining a compost suppressant with respect to the Fusarium oxysporum pathogene of plant fusarium wilt consists in preparing a compost obtained from agricultural waste, isolating strains of microorganisms from compost, preparing a biopreparation on the basis of the isolated strains, introducing the biopreparation into the compost, assessing the suppressivity of the compost. The suppressive properties of the strains are assessed by 4 mechanisms of suppressivity, the mutual antagonistic activity of the strains is assessed, the biopreparation is introduced twice into the compost, the fertilizing properties of the suppressive compost are assessed.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain composts simultaneously possessing fertilizing properties and stable suppressive properties with respect to the Fusarium oxysporum pathogene of plant fusarium wilt.6 dwg, 2 ex
ethod of obtaining organic fertilisers from bird droppings and animal manure // 2629589
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of producing an organic fertiliser from bird droppings and animal manure immediately in the premise for keeping is in their treatment with the previously activated symbiotic microbiological complex "Baikal EM1" or its modifications. The preliminary activation is carried out due to preparing preparations based on water subjected to cavitation treatment of ultrasonic frequency. Moreover, the preliminary activation of the symbiotic microbiological complex "Baikal EM1" is carried out by means of adding the biostimulator "Biostim".EFFECT: simplifying and accelerating the process of obtaining an organic fertiliser with high agronomic and biological properties.5 cl, 9 tbl, 7 ex
ethod of obtaining organomineral fertilisers based on birch bark // 2629264
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes obtaining a porous substrate from birch bark, followed by impregnating it with the potassium salt solution to the content of 5.0-9.0 wt % of potassium. The porous support is further impregnated with the 0.1 N nitric acid solution, held for 4-6 hours, and then dried to the air-dry state at the temperature of 100°C.EFFECT: improving the agrochemical properties of an organomineral fertiliser, simplified and cheaper method of its obtaining, utilizing wood waste.3 cl, 3 tbl
Fertiliser and method of its obtaining // 2629215
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: fertiliser contains a mass fraction of ammonium coke in the powder form, the mass fraction of dolomite (limestone) flour. Additionally contains the mass fraction of phosphorite flour, the mass fraction of powdered potassium chloride. All components are taken at a certain ratio. The method for obtaining fertiliser consists in mixing and grinding the components, followed by obtaining fertiliser by granulation. After mixing and grinding the components, they are fed into a mixer-granulator with simultaneous feeding of heated to 40-50C° 35% solution of ammonium sulfate, the resulting moistened grit from a mixer-granulator is fed to disk granulator to consolidate and produce oval granules. The resulting granules are fed to a drum dryer for drying to a residual moisture of 1…1.5%.EFFECT: inventions make it possible to develop the composition and technology of production of a complex granular mineral fertiliser-meliorant characterised by favorable ecological characteristics, pronounced agrochemical efficiency and soil-protective properties.2 cl

ethod of reducing the opacity of the visible allotted train from the leeward // 2628943
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of reducing aerosol emissions from a urea granulation plant with the separation of the scrubbed liquids obtained includes: urea production with a granulator from a concentrated urea solution and evaporation of the water content to produce urea granules and waste gases including dust, ammonia and ammonium cyanate; and a subsequent step of cleaning or removing dust; and a subsequent acid purification step leading to the formation of a first stream containing mainly aerosols and a second stream containing ammonium salts; and a subsequent aerosol stage comprising spraying and collecting devices that release the first exhaust gas stream comprising air and a second stream of ammonium cyanate and water; and separation of a second stream of ammonium cyanate and water from the aerosol stage into a urea granulation plant or a urea fertiliser plant. Device for the production of urea granules.EFFECT: inventions allow to catch by-products, ammonium cyanate, ammonia and water, isolate ammonium salts.7 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl

Device for composting // 2628518
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: device includes a site for collecting crushed and mixed waste, combined with a compost storage. The store is a rectangular pit with the depth up to 1 mand the width and length dimensions providing the reception of the total volume of the waste generated. The pit is framed by boards up to 0.4 m and is divided inside with slotted partitions, with the formation of sections for alternately filling them with compost mass. The sections have independent coverages. To control the composting process, tubes with thermometers are installed in each section.EFFECT: simplifying the process of obtaining environmentally-friendly organic fertiliser.2 dwg, 1 ex
ethod of producing ammonium sulphate // 2628493
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: process of production solid ammonium sulfate-nitrate envisages the steps: solidifying of melt pulp, containing ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate in granulation bed to form solid ammonium sulfate-nitrate granules, containing ammonium sulfate-nitrate double salt 2:1, wherein the granulation layer has an operating temperature of 90 to 120°C, and solid ammonium sulfate-nitrate granules are characterised by moisture content of 0.4 wt % up to 1.5 wt %, while productional ammonium sulfate-nitrate contains less than 7 wt % of unreacted ammonium nitrate and 3:1 ammonium sulfate-nitrate double salt.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to obtain product for further use as a fertiliser that is characterised by reduced sensitivity to moisture and is not considered as hazardous material.6 cl, 4 dwg, 2 ex
ethod of utilizing liquid fraction of manure drains from pig-breeding farms // 2628437
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for utilizing the liquid fraction of manure drains from pig-breeding farms includes separating the manure, introducing a chemical reagent into the liquid manure fraction, and stirring the mixture. For the purpose of utilizing the liquid fraction of the manure drains from pig-breeding farms, reducing the concentration of organic and inorganic pollutants, the aqueous solution of sodium hypochlorite is introduced in the active chlorine concentration equal to 185 g/l, equivalent to the sum of the concentration of organic components. Thereinafter carbonic acid is added until the neutral acidity of the medium is achieved, and then the cleaned sewage is mixed with the river water at the ratio of 1:10 and discharged into a river basin.EFFECT: invention allows to process the liquid fraction of manure drains from a pig-breeding complex and to bring these drains to sanitary standards.2 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

icrobial inoculants and fertilisers composition containing them // 2628411
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: microbial inoculant for increasing of plant growth, plant productivity and/or soil quality contains strains of two or more species of bacteria selected from Lactobacillus parafarraginis, Lactobacillus buchneri, Lactobacillus rapi and Lactobacillus zeae. The microbial inoculant contains at least one bacterial strain selected from Lactobacillus parafarraginis Lp18, Lactobacillus buchneri Lb23, Lactobacillus rapi Lr24 and Lactobacillus zeae Lz26. Application of inoculant as a fertiliser. The fertiliser composition contains a microbial inoculant. Application of the fertiliser composition. A method for increasing plant growth and/or productivity. A method to improve the quality of soil. Method for degraded soil or pasture recultivation.EFFECT: inventions make it possible to obtain fertilisers based on microorganisms that are effective in provision of nutrients for plant growth, and are environmentally safe.35 cl, 11 dwg, 5 tbl, 9 ex
ethod of coal preparation to obtain humates // 2628358
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for coal preparation to obtain humates includes cleaning it from mechanical impurities and grinding. Coal is crushed to size less 2 mm, checked for the content of toxic metals, including lead, arsenic, cadmium, mercury, and if at least one of them is detected with concentrations exceeding the maximum concentration limit (MCL), the coal is introduced into a 10-20% aqueous solution of hydrochloric acid with a temperature of 80-95°C and kept stirred for 4-8 hours. Then, it is washed in pure fresh water with a temperature of 80-95°C, rechecked for toxic metals and if the concentration of at least one of the toxic metals does not fall below the MCL, the acid treatment and washing processes are repeated in said modes in order to reduce the content of all toxic metals below the MCL.EFFECT: invention allows to lower the content of toxic metals below the MCL, which are in the natural coal intended for the production of alkali metal humates from it, and thereby to ensure suitability of the product obtained for human consumption.2 cl, 2 ex

Phosphor-potassium-nitrogen-containing npk-fertiliser and method of producing granulated phosphor-potassium-nitrogen-containing npk-fertilisers // 2628292
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: complex nitrogen-phosphate-potassium fertiliser (NPK) contains ammonium nitrate, anhydrous calcium sulfate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate. Mass fraction of total nitrogen from 13-15%, mass fraction of total phosphates in terms of P2O5 from 9-10%, the mass fraction of potassium in terms of K2O from 13-15%. The method of producing a complex NPK-fertiliser from a solid phosphate salt, which is a mixture of the fluorapatite Ca5(PO4)3F and dicalcium phosphate CaHPO4×nH2O, where n is from 0 to 2, and the content of fluorapatite Ca5(PO4)3<F from 27 to 99% includes: a step of decomposing the said solid phosphate salt with a sulfuric acid by a semi-dry method, a step of adding potassium sulfate as a source of potassium, ammonium nitrate as a source of nitrogen, a step of preparing the slink NPK, and granulating and drying step of the finished product.EFFECT: improving the properties of NPK-fertiliser, increasing the strength of granules, solving the problem associated with the plasticity of granular complex fertilisers, increasing the water solubility of phosphorus contained in the fertiliser, and improving the consumer properties of NPK-fertilisers.12 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl, 3 ex

Phosphorus-potassuim-nitrogen-containing npk-fertiliser and method for producing granulated phosphorus-potassuim-nitrogen-containing npk-fertiliser // 2626947
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: complex nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertiliser (NPK) contains ammonium nitrate, monoammonium phosphate, anhydrous calcium sulfate, potassium nitrate, ammonium chloride, wherein the mass fraction of total nitrogen is from 13-15%, the mass fraction of total phosphates in terms of P2O5 is from 11-15%, the mass fraction of potassium in terms of K2O is from 7-8%. The method for producing a complex NPK fertiliser from a solid phosphate salt representing a mixture of fluorapatite Ca5(PO4)3F and dicalcium phosphate CaHPO4×nH2O, where n is from 0 to 2, and the content of fluorapatite Ca5(PO4)3F from 27 to 99% includes the stage of said solid phosphate salt decomposition with sulfuric acid by the semi-dry method, the stage of adding potassium chloride as a source of potassium, ammonium nitrate as a source of nitrogen, the stage of preparing NPK slurry, and also the stage of granulating and drying the finished product.EFFECT: inventions allow to improve the properties of NPK-fertiliser, to increase the strength of granules, to solve the problem associated with the plasticity of granular complex fertilisers.14 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl, 3 ex
Complex granulated fertiliser (versions) and method for its manufacturing (versions) // 2626630
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: complex granulated fertiliser contains mineral constituents represented in the fertiliser by enriched glauconite and mineral fertilisers. It additionally contains bentonite, diatomite, and water as mineral constituents. All the components are taken at a certain ratio. The complex granulated fertiliser contains mineral and organic components; as a mineral component, the fertiliser contains enriched glauconite. It additionally contains as a mineral component bentonite, diatomite. All the components are taken at a certain ratio. The methods for manufacturing the complex granulated fertiliser include mixing the mineral constituents or the mineral and organic constituents, granulating, drying the granules with air and their subsequent packaging in the moisture-proof consumer packaging.EFFECT: inventions allow to simplify the technological process of obtaining a complex granular fertiliser and to reduce energy costs.9 cl, 6 dwg, 8 ex
Paenibacillus mucilaginosus bacteria strain, method for plants growth stimulation and protection against diseases and application of paenibacillus mucilaginosus bacteria strain as fertiliser and biological control agent (antipatogenic means) in prevention and/or treatment of plant disease // 2626543
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: paenibacillus mucilaginosus strain, which stimulates the growth of plants and possesses an enhanced ability to synthesise bactericins with a wide spectrum of phytopathogenic microflora suppression, was deposited in the All-Russian Collection of Industrial Microorganisms under the registration number VKPM V-12259. Application of Paenibacillus mucilaginosus VKPM B-12259 strain as a fertiliser for crops and for prevention and treatment of plants fungal diseases. A method for growth stimulation and plants protection against fungal diseases is proposed. It presupposes pre-sowing treatment of soil, seeds, and culture suspension of Paenibacillus mucilaginosus VKPM B-12259 strain at a concentration not less than 120 million spores/ml.EFFECT: increased yield of crops and their resistance to fungal diseases.6 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex
Beijerinckia fluminensis bf 2806 bacteria strain, its application as fertiliser and biological control agent for prevention and/or treatment of plant diseases and method for stimulation of growth and plants protection against diseases // 2625967
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: strain of Beijerinckia fluminensis Bf 2806 bacteria deposited in VKPM under number B-12258, used as a fertiliser and biological control agent for agricultural and ornamental plants fungal disease prevention and/or treatment. Application of Beijerinckia fluminensis Bf 2806 VKPM B-12258 strain as a fertiliser for agricultural and ornamental plants. Application of Beijerinckia fluminensis Bf 2806 VKPM B-12258 strain as a biological control agent for agricultural and ornamental plants fungal disease prevention and/or treatment. The method for plant growth stimulation and protection against fungal diseases involves pre-sowing treatment of soil, seeds or crops with microorganism cells, using a cell suspension of the Beijerinckia fluminensis Bf 2806 bacteria strain at a concentration of 1.0-5.0 billion cells/ml as a biological control agent.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain a strain of Beijerinckia fluminensis Bf 2806 VKPM-12258 bacteria, which is used as a highly effective fertiliser and biological control agent.7 cl, 6 tbl, 10 ex
ethod of obtaining emulsifying composition for impregnation of ammonium nitrate // 2625876
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing the emulsion composition comprises the introduction of an anionic surfactant, which uses a 70% solution of calcium alkylbenzenesulfonate in isobutyl alcohol in an amount of 6-6.5 wt %, to a diesel fuel taken in an amount of 80 wt.%. When mixing, introduction to the system of received nonionic surfactant, which applies to ethoxylated castor oil in the quantity 3.5-4 wt %, followed by water drop by drop in the amount of 10 wt % at constant hashing.EFFECT: increasing physical stability of ammonium nitric explosives after their manufacturing, impregnation, storing both in normal conditions and in conditions of low-negative and high-positive temperatures.3 cl, 2 tbl, 4 ex
Granulated nitrogen fertiliser with regulated dissolution rate and method of its production // 2624969
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: granulated nitrogen fertiliser includes carbamide and ammonium nitrate, the granules containing the mixture of carbamide and ammonium nitrate as parts of the homogeneous composition with magnesium hydroxide nitrate of the formula nMg(OH)2 Mg(NO3)2 mH2O, where n=1, 3, 5 and m=0-8, which determine the rate of fertiliser dissolution in the soil. The method for producing the granulated nitrogen fertiliser comprises mixing the caustic magnesite with a nitrogen fertiliser in an amount providing the mass ratio N:MgO=1:(0.2-0.6), mixing the resulting slurry till forming a homogeneous creamy mass, cooling and pelletizing.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain a granulated nitrogen fertiliser with the regulated rate of dissolution in the soil, containing all the basic forms of nitrogen at the optimum ratio.3 cl, 2 tbl, 9 ex
ethod of obtaining humin-containing powdered lignite based product and the product obtained in this manner // 2623475
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: method involves grinding brown coal and mixing with modifying reagents. As modifying agents, air-dry sodium percarbonate, sodium carbonate, sodium hydroxide are used, mechanical treatment of the air-dry mixture is carried out in continuous-action centrifugal roller, ring, vibrational centrifugal, vibratory type mills that ensure the acceleration of milling bodies of 100-400 m/s2 and the residence time in the treatment zone is 0.5-10 minutes, to obtain a powdered product, with the following ratio of the components of the mixture, wt %: sodium percarbonate 0.1-5; sodium carbonate - 1-10; sodium hydroxide - 0-5; water is 0.1-13; lignite - the rest. Application product is obtained in the way alleged.EFFECT: creation of powdered lignite based product containing humic acid with a modified structure, development of ecologically clean, easy way to obtain this product that allows efficient use of the available raw materials, specified the powdered product allows you to recover damaged the soil and purify water from heavy metals ions.2 cl, 5 tbl
ethod for manufacturing organomineral fertiliser for reclaiming degraded lands // 2623045
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing an organomineral fertiliser consists in crushing and mixing the solid constituent of food waste with the mineral component of the fertiliser, with the subsequent fermentation of the food waste, using microbiological preparations. While manufacturing the fertiliser, the pH, humidity and temperature of the substrate are regulated. As a mineral component of the fertiliser, calcium carbonate and medium loam with the physical clay content of at least 30 wt % are used. The mineral component consists 5 wt % of the initial weight of the food waste, and the specific composition of the strains of microbiological preparations used for the fermentation of the food waste is set by the maximum coverage of the substrates that make up the food waste and the natural inhabitants of the reclaimed soils.EFFECT: obtaining an organomineral fertiliser, the application of which provides the maximum increase in the mass of grasses for all soils during the reclamation of destroyed lands in the permafrost zone during one vegetative period.4 tbl
ethod for increasing yield of grain crops // 2623041
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for increasing the yield of grain crops consists in introducing sewage sludge purified from pathogens and helminths by means of long composting while growing grain crops by one of the following methods. The pre-sowing seed treatment by inoculating the seeds of grain crops pre-wetted with water by ground sewage sludge at the ratio of 4 kg/t. The second version is to treat the seeds of grain crops with a working solution containing 1 l/t of mother liquor of sewage sludge diluted in 10 litres of water per 1 ton of seeds. The third version is foliar top dressing of vegetating plants by spraying in the crop tillering phase and the earing phase with a working solution containing 4 l/ha of mother liquor of sewage sludge diluted in 300-400 l of water. Wherein the mother liquor of sewage sludge is obtained by dissolving dry sewage sludge in water at the ratio of 1:100 with infusing for 12 hours at periodic stirring and subsequent filtration.EFFECT: improving the indices of plant growth and development, yield and grain quality.2 tbl
ineral-organic fertiliser for top dressing of garden roses // 2622915
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: mineral-organic fertiliser for top dressing of garden roses contains an organic constituent and mineral components, with biohumus used as the organic constituent, and double superphosphate, ammonium nitrate, copper sulphate and potassium sulfate - as the mineral components. All the components are taken at a certain ratio.EFFECT: invention allows to accelerate the growth and development of garden roses, to improve the structure and fertility of the soil.3 ex
Systems of n-alkyltiophosphoric acid triamides with solvent and methods of their application in agriculture // 2622339
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to compositions and methods of using systems containing triamides of alkylthiophosphoric acid with solvents used to facilitate inclusion of alkylthiophosphoric triamides in fertiliser formulations in solid or liquid state. The composition comprises: a) at least one alkylthiophosphoric triamide and b) solvent containing at least one dioxolane compound of formula (Ia): where R6 and R7 independently contain alkyl group, an alkenyl group or phenyl group, and n is integer from 1 to 10. The composition comprises a dispersed system.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain the system with solvents that has a favorable toxicological or ecological profile.28 cl, 5 tbl
Combine for preparing granules from manure mass // 2622258
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: first module for supplying the manure mass is made in the form of an inclined elevator with buckets, the upper end of which is communicated with the second module for pressing the liquid fraction and crushing manure pieces. The second module is made in the form of a rotating hollow cylindrical perforated helical surface made of an even number of alternately connected perforated strips of a rectangular shape convoluted in the vertical plane in the longitudinal direction and curved on a cylindrical mandrel along the helical lines. Inside there are non-interconnected rods-rolls with the possibility of free rotation by rolling. Limited in the longitudinal movement. Under the second module, the third module-extruder, as well as the fourth module for grinding and drying the granule mass, are placed one under the other. The third module-extruder is made in the form of a screw arranged in a perforated housing with a shaft having a diameter increasing towards the end of the expansion chamber, fixed to the housing butt, to which a mouthpiece with internal screw perforated grooves and a funnel-shaped entry is connected with its larger base. To its smaller base a die is fixed, out of which the manure comes in the form of different-sized granules. The fourth module is equipped with a device for feeding and removing hot gases and is made in the form of a rotating perforated drum made of sequentially installed sections. Each of the sections is assembled from two pairs of perforated triangles joined by lateral sides. Each subsequent section is turned relative to the previous one by 120°.EFFECT: reducing the liquid phase losses of manure mass and improving the finished product quality.22 dwg
ethod for producing organic fertiliser // 2621978
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for producing an organic fertiliser includes grinding coal, wherein it additionally includes feeding it together with a biomass and a bactericidal preparation through a screw conveyor to a material processing plant in which the components are mixed, the mixture is sterilized and additionally ground, the whole process is carried out in the flow-through mode with the high productivity from 5.0 m3/h, then soil microorganisms are introduced into the resulting disinfected mass.EFFECT: invention allows to accelerate the technology of producing fertilisers from poultry and livestock manure and faeces, to improve the environment state.1 dwg
 
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