Chemistry and metallurgy (C)

C            Chemistry; metallurgy(311501)
C01 - Inorganic chemistry(20496)
C06 - Explosives; matches(2052)
C07 - Organic chemistry(60703)
C13 - Sugar industry(2220)
C21 - etallurgy of iron(23017)
C30 - Crystal growth(2071)
Attenuated strain "msc-2015 vniivvim" of african swine fever virus serotype viii for virology and molecular-genetic analysis // 2607791
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to virology. Attenuated strain “SKA-2015 VNIIVViM” of african swine fever virus serotype VIII is disclosed. Strain is produced by intermittent passages and selection of virulent strain "Stavropol 01/08" in primary cell culture of LS and transplantable hybrid cell line A4C2/9k and it is deposited in State collection of strains of microorganisms GNU Rosselhozakademii VNIIVViM under No. 1847.EFFECT: strain "MSC-2015 VNIIVViM" can be used during virological, molecular-genetic research, studying immunogenesis of disease, development of diagnostic and vaccine preparations.1 cl, 4 tbl, 4 ex
Novel pyrrole compounds, synthesis method thereof and pharmaceutical compositions containing same // 2607788
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a compound of formula (I) possessing inhibitory activity on Bcl-2 family proteins. In formula (I) (I) A1 is hydrogen, (C1-C6)polyhaloalkyl group or (C1-C6)alkyl group, A2 is hydrogen, (C1-C6)polyhaloalkyl group, (C1-C6)alkyl group or cycloalkyl group, T denotes a hydrogen atom, (C1-C6)alkyl group, optionally substituted with one-three halogen atoms, group (C1-C4)alkyl-NR1R2 or group (C1-C4)alkyl-OR6, R1 and R2 each independently from each other is a hydrogen atom or (C1-C6)alkyl group, or R1 and R2 form with a nitrogen atom bearing them, heterocycloalkyl, R3 is (C1-C6)alkyl group, cycloalkyl group, heterocycloalkyl group, aryl group or heteroaryl group, wherein one or more carbon atoms of previous groups or their possible substitutes can be deuterated, R4 is an aryl group or heteroaryl group, wherein one or more carbon atoms of previous groups or their possible substitutes can be deuterated, R5 is hydrogen or halogen atom, R6 is a hydrogen atom or a linear or branched (C1-C6)alkyl group, Ra, Rb, Rc and Rd each independently from other represents hydrogen, linear or branched (C1-C6)alkyl, halogen atom, a linear or branched (C1-C6)alkoxy group, hydroxy group, R7-CO-NH-(C0-C6)alkyl-, R7-SO2-NH-(C0-C6)alkyl-, R7-NH-CO-NH-(C0-C6)alkyl-, R7-O-CO-NH-(C0-C6)alkyl-, or substitutes of pair (Rb, Rc) form together with carbon atoms carrying them, a ring consisting of 5–6 ring members, which may contain 1–2 oxygen atoms, R7 is hydrogen, linear or branched (C1-C6)alkyl, aryl or heteroaryl. Invention also relates to methods of producing compounds of formula (I), to a pharmaceutical composition, use of a pharmaceutical composition for preparing a drug, use of compound of formula (I) for preparing a drug.EFFECT: obtaining novel compounds of formula (I) possessing inhibitory activity on Bcl-2 family proteins.37 cl, 2 tbl, 473 ex
Biological product for stimulating the growth of plants and their protection against phytopathogens on the basis of strains of trichoderma, strains of trichoderma for the production thereof (variants), method for producing a biological product on the basis of such strains // 2607785
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to biotechnology and can be used to create bioprotection of plants against phytopathogens and to stimulate their growth. Group of inventions comprises the strains of the fungus of Trichoderma longibrachiatum species (3 options); biological product for stimulating the growth of plants and their protection against phytopathogens on the basis of these strains and the method for producing a biological product. Strains of the Trichoderma longibrachiatum fungus are deposited at the ARRIAM FSBSI under registration numbers: RCAM 03324, RCAM 03323, RCAM 03325 respectively. Biological product contains spores and fragments of mycelium of above strains from 2×109 to 4×109 CFU/cm3; has antagonistic activity against phytopathogenic fungi of the Fusarium and Cladosporium species. Method of producing a biological product involves a two-stage joint cultivation of strains in a quantitative ratio of 1:1:1 consistently on two nutrient media for 4–5 days. This group of inventions provides increase in seed germination on 4–15 % and the increase of linear sizes of plants on 0.5–24 %.EFFECT: increased seed germination and the increase of linear sizes of plants.5 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex
Bioreactor for growing methane-recycling microorganisms // 2607782
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biochemistry. Disclosed is a bioreactor for growing methane-recycling microorganisms with possibility of using methane-containing gas and oxygen-containing gas as substrates for cell growth. Bioreactor is a vertical cylindrical housing with a cover, bottom and central circulation pipe. In upper part of housing of bioreactor on opposite sides there are two closed sectors. Closed sectors form an external reaction volume, each sector is equipped with pipes to feed gaseous substrate for discharge of gas-liquid dispersion medium and to feeding a liquid stream into lower part of sector. Discharge pipe is connected with central circulation pipe, liquid stream feed pipe is connected with pipe for extraction of culture liquid from bottom of bioreactor. In each closed sector there is a mixing device with a logical device.EFFECT: higher efficiency with simultaneous reduction of power consumption, as well as possibility of making a bioreactor in proposed design of different volume.13 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of retooling common oil refinery into enterprise for production of fuel from biological material // 2607771
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of retooling a common refinery into an enterprise for production of fuel from biological raw materials, distinguished by process circuit, which enables to process biological raw materials for producing biofuel. Method of retooling an oil refinery, including system comprising two units, U1 and U2 for hydrodesulphurisation, into enterprise for production of fuel from biological raw material, which includes a unit for obtaining hydrocarbon fractions from biological mixtures, containing ethers of fatty acids, by means of their hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) and isomerisation of (ISO), wherein each of units U1 and U2 for hydrodesulphurisation includes: reactor for hydrodesulphurisation, (A1) for unit U1 and (A2) for unit U2, wherein said reactor contains a catalyst for hydrodesulphurisation; one or more heat exchangers for heat exchange between raw material and a stream exiting reactor, E1 in unit U1 and E2 in unit U2; heating system for raw material located above reactor along process, F1 in unit of U1 and F2 in unit U2; acid gas processing unit, located below reactor along process and containing absorbent (B) for H2S, T1 in unit U1 and T2 in unit U2, said method includes: installing between units U1 and U2 line L, which connects them in series; installing a product recirculation line for unit U1 and, optionally, for unit U2, replacing catalyst for hydrodesulphurisation in reactor A1 with hydrodeoxygenation catalyst; replacing catalyst for hydrodesulphurisation in reactor A2 with isomerisation catalyst; installing bypass line X of unit T2 for acid gas treatment unit U2; replacing absorbent (B) in unit T1 for acid gas processing with specific absorbent for CO2 and H2S. Also disclosed is a plant for production of fuel and a method of producing hydrocarbon fractions.EFFECT: considerable reduction of pollutant emissions into atmosphere, recycling equipment.16 cl, 1 dwg
Strip-shaped toilet cleaning product // 2607768
FIELD: household chemicals.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multi-phase strip-shaped toilet cleaning product. Described is strip-shaped toilet cleaning product (1) for application in interior of a toilet bowl, comprising width (B), height (H) and thickness (S), wherein ratio of width (B), height (H) and thickness (S) is between 1:1:0.01 and 1:0.1:0.2, comprising first extruded phase (2) and at least one second extruded phase (3), wherein first phase (2) differs from at least second phase (3), wherein however all phases (2, 3, 7) comprise at least one adhesion promoter at least on side of toilet cleaning product (1) to be applied onto toilet bowl, and first phase (2) and at least second phase (3) have contact surface (4), wherein at least contour of contact surface (4, 4a, 4b) along center axis (8) is designed in form of a sine wave, having amplitude of A1,O, wherein ratio of amplitude to width (B) A1,O: B ranges from 1:10 to 1:25, and period of sine wave corresponds to 0.1 to 1 times width (B) of toilet cleaning product (1).EFFECT: technical result is development of a multiphase strip-shaped toilet cleaning product, which when applied on ceramic surface does not break down into parts along phase boundaries and interface has higher stability.13 cl, 9 dwg, 2 tbl
Process and device for treating catalyst discharged from bubbling bed hydrogenation of residual oil // 2607764
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for treating a catalyst discharged from bubbling bed hydrogenation of residual oil. Method comprises following steps: (1) adjustment and control to reduce viscosity, wherein catalyst discharged intermittently from a bubbling bed hydrogenation reactor for residual oil, is adjusted for storage and then discharged continuously, subjected to temperature adjustment by adding water, such that viscosity of oil adsorbed on surfaces and inside pores of discharged catalyst particles is reduced, and flowability of adsorbed oil on surfaces and inside pores of the discharged catalyst particles is improved; (2) desorption and separation by rotational flow, wherein adsorbed oil is desorbed and separated from surfaces and inner pores of discharged catalyst particles by a flowing shear force from a rotational flow field; (3) separation and resource utilisation of three phase oil-water-catalyst, wherein oil/water/catalyst mixture produced from desorption and separation by rotational flow, is subjected to three-phase separation, achieving recovery of oil, recycling of water obtained by separation, and full recovery of solid particles obtained by separation. Invention also discloses a device for implementation of method.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of cost of treatment, simplified process, higher oil recovery factor, reduced tendency to formation of secondary sources of contamination.10 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex
Improved solvent for extraction of maleic anhydride from gas stream // 2607762
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of producing raw maleic anhydride. In particular, method includes steps where: reactor output stream, containing maleic anhydride, is fed into bottom part of absorption column, where it comes into contact with a non-cyclic solvent, that is fed close to its upper part and is a diester, having a boiling point under normal conditions between 250 °C and 350 °C, solubility of fumaric acid at least 0.06 wt% at temperature of 60 °C, solubility of maleic anhydride at least 10 wt% at temperature of 60 °C, water solubility not higher than 100 mg/l, density, different from water density at least to 0.020 g/ml, and a water-soluble hydrolysis product with molecular weight not higher than that of pentanol, with transfer of maleic anhydride of outlet stream of reactor into a solvent, wherein gas stream to be extracted is blown off from absorption column, and enriched solvent, containing maleic anhydride, is removed from absorption column near bottom of absorber and directed into flash tower near its middle part, untreated maleic anhydride is removed from stripping column near its middle or upper part.EFFECT: methods make it possible to use cheaper solvent than phthalates.11 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl
ethod of package production sensitive to adhesive tape pressure // 2607749
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to production of package sensitive to adhesive tape pressure, suitable for industrial production (versions). Method of package production sensitive to adhesive tape pressure, which represents sensitive to adhesive tape pressure package 10, in which sensitive to pressure adhesive tape 14 is arranged. Latter comprises substrate 18 and adhesive layer 12, deposited on one substrate surface 18. Sensitive to pressure adhesive tape package also comprises anti-adhesion sheet 16, on which adhesive tape adhesive layer is fixed with possibility of anti-adhesion sheet subsequent removal. In this method adhesive tape 14 is attached to anti-adhesion sheet 116 main material and folded in halves. Then plurality of adhesive tapes 14 is subjected to heat sealing and temporarily attached to one anti-adhesion sheet 116 main material and anti-adhesion sheet 116 primary material is cut.EFFECT: technical result achieved when using method according to invention consists in order to improve production efficiency.8 cl, 24 dwg
ethod for producing films from non-woven fabrics // 2607747
FIELD: textile and paper.SUBSTANCE: method for producing film from non-woven fabric by conversion of non-woven fabric into film and film and single-dose articles obtained therefrom. Method for producing water-soluble film from a nonwoven fabric contains the following stages: producing nonwoven fabric containing multiple filaments containing filament-forming material soluble in a polar solvent, and an active agent and converting the nonwoven fabric into film. Film is produced as described above. Single-dose article comprising a bag made from film produced in accordance with the proposed method. Method for processing an item from fabric in need of treatment, at one or more stages of which a water-soluble film produced in accordance with the proposed method is used.EFFECT: technical result of the group of inventions consists in improvement of casting speed of films obtained from the solution.46 cl, 3 dwg
Curable compositions // 2607746
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to curable compositions of epoxy resin, suitable for making an insulator for a high-voltage gas-insulated switchgear. Invention includes (A) epoxy resin composition containing a mixture of: (A1) at least one solid epoxy resin, (A2) of at least one novolac epoxy resin, and (A3) at least one cycloaliphatic epoxy resin; (B) at least one anhydride hardener; (C) at least one filler; and (D) optionally at least one catalyst or at least one accelerator. Composition has a ratio of epoxy groups to anhydride groups from 1:0.75 to 1:0.85.EFFECT: invention increases mechanical strength and hardness of composition.14 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex
ethod of producing cation-substituted tricalcium phosphate // 2607743
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical and medical industries and can be used in production of initial biocompatible material, suitable for making dense and porous ceramics, applicable as scaffolds in engineering of bone tissue, targets for creation of coatings on metallic implants in surgery and dentistry and in other fields of medicine. Method of producing cation-substituted tricalcium phosphate is described by deposition of average calcium phosphates, formed during pouring off and constant mixing of aqueous solutions of calcium nitrate and disubstituted ammonium phosphate, taken in molar ratio of 3:2, at pH 7.0 with subsequent filtering of formed precipitate and its thermal treatment at temperatures of 700–1,300 °C. Wherein calculated amount of solutions of salts of nitrates or acetates, or chlorides of following elements is added to reaction mixture: iron, zinc, copper, sodium, potassium, strontium, barium bismuth, silicon at following ratio of reagents, mol%: calcium nitrate – 40–59.9, disubstituted ammonium phosphate – 40; salt – 0.1–20.EFFECT: powders formed after thermal treatment are characterized by homogeneous phase composition, corresponding to whitlokite structure, finely dispersed state with particle size of 20 nm to 2 mcm and antimicrobial activity.1 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex
Novel method of producing silicon dioxide // 2607741
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for chemical industry and can be used for making substrates for catalysts, absorbents, agents against caking or increasing viscosity of structure, additives to dental pastes and paper, fillers for polymer compositions. First, raw material containing water with pH of 2–5 is made and simultaneously silicate and diluted acid are added to it. After achieving congelation point concentrated acid is added to maintain specified value of pH. Then adding of concentrated acid is stopped, adding of silicate is continued. After achieving pH 7–10 silicate and acid are simultaneously added again to maintain specified value of pH. Then adding of silicate is stopped, continuing to add acid to bring pH less than 6. Obtained suspension of silicon dioxide is separated and dried by spraying.EFFECT: invention reduces power consumption and increases efficiency of production of fine-grained silicon dioxide, while preserving all its properties and characteristics.17 cl, 2 ex
Compound for realisation of modified bitumen for asphalts // 2607737
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to polymer chemistry and is used in production of asphalt road surface. Method comprises grinding vulcanised rubber to obtain vulcanised crumb rubber with grain size less than 0.4 mm. Method includes mixing of vulcanised crumb rubber, SBS and lubricant inside an extruder. Weight percentage of lubricant is between 1 % and 50 % with respect to weight of mixture, and vulcanised crumb rubber is in weight percentage 70–100 % with respect to SBS weight. SBS is a polymer of linear, radial types or mixture thereof. Rubber crumb is obtained from processed tyres. Lubricant is a mineral oil. At temperature of 160–200 °C extrusion mixture is carried out to produce a compound, containing rubber crumbs, SBS and lubricating compound.EFFECT: extruded compound is cut into chips and added to bitumen in weight ratio of 5 % and 30 % in relation to total weight of modified bitumen.10 cl, 5 tbl
Separation of multicomponent gas mixtures by short-cycle unheated adsorption with three-stage extraction of target gas of high purity // 2607735
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical industry and can be used in production of nitrogen, oxygen and argon from atmospheric air. Method involves using multiple adsorption columns. Main columns (1, 2) are filled with adsorbent which absorbs non-target components of gas mixture, and auxiliary adsorption columns (3) are filled with adsorbent which absorbs target component of gas mixture. Raw gas mixture under excess pressure is fed into main adsorption columns (1, 2), after which end product-rich gas is moved into auxiliary adsorption columns (3), where adsorbent absorbs target gas. After that, target gas is separated from adsorbent and moved back into main adsorption columns (1, 2), where pressure of target gas is raised while bringing it to high purity. Adsorbents are selected so that saturation time of adsorbent in main adsorption columns is approximately twice longer than saturation time of adsorbent in one or more auxiliary adsorption columns.EFFECT: invention enables to reduce complexity of process diagram, overall dimensions and material consumption of plant.6 cl, 1 tbl, 1 dwg
Thermomechanical processing of nickel-based alloys // 2607682
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to metallurgy, specifically to thermomechanical treatment of nickel-based alloys. Method for thermomechanical treatment of nickel-based alloy includes a first step of heating a workpiece to temperature 1,093–1,163 °C, a first step of rotary forging workpiece heated to 1,093–1,163 °C with reduction of cross section area by 30–70 %, a second step heating workpiece to temperature 954–1,052 °C, wherein between end of first forging step and beginning of second step of heating workpiece is kept at temperature below temperature of dissolution of carbides M23C6 and does not allow it to cool to ambient temperature, and second step of rotary forging workpiece heated to 954–1,052 °C with reduction of cross section area by 20–70 %.EFFECT: treated alloys are characterised by stability and high strength in a wide range of high temperatures.45 cl, 3 dwg, 1 ex
ethod of processing sulphide gold containing concentrates and ores // 2607681
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of processing sulphide gold containing arsenic concentrates. Method involves mixing, annealing, treatment of gas phase and cinder leaching with extraction of gold, silver, nonferrous and rare metals. Batch is prepared by mixing concentrate with ammonium chloride in weight ratio of 1:0.3–1:3.0. Coal is added to batch in weight ratio of 1:0.01–1:0.1 and annealed at temperature not higher than 300 °C to produce mixture of sublimates in gas-phase, FeCl2+FeCl3, which are subjected to recovery of iron in high-purity metal form at temperature of 550–650 °C. Technical result is significant increase of amount of extracted gold, silver, iron with purity of 99.99 %, nonferrous and noble metals.EFFECT: increased number of extracted gold, silver, iron, nonferrous and noble metals; wherein significant environmental effect is achieved due to complete recultivation of sludge concentrate and all accompanying wastes.1 cl, 1 ex
ethod of forming on surface of articles from nickel alloy composite coating // 2607677
FIELD: aviation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sputtering of heat shielding coatings and can be used in aircraft engineering and other fields of industry in production of parts of turbine engines and plants. Method of forming on surface of articles made from nickel alloy a composite coating containing zirconium oxide, comprises sputtering a zirconium oxide film to achieve required thickness, wherein prior to sputtering said film on article surface a primary continuous layer of nickel alloy is formed, which corresponds to composition of said article with zirconium and with addition of a stabilising element and a gradient transition nanocomposite layer with a metal-oxide structure. Formation of said primary layer and gradient transition nanocomposite layer is carried out using a magnetron system with two combined sputtering magnetrons. Using first magnetron a target made of said nickel alloy is sputtered, and using a second magnetron a second target made of zirconium with addition of stabilising element is sputtered. Said primary layer is formed by combined sputtering of said targets in an argon atmosphere, wherein intensity of atomic flux formed from said first target is greater than intensity atomic flux from said second target. Method then includes formation of a gradient transition nanocomposite layer by sputtering said targets in presence of oxygen to form said gradient layer of zirconium oxide in non-oxidised nickel alloy. Ratio of phases in gradient transition layer is varied with increase of share of oxide phase with increase in thickness of said layer, oxygen partial pressure during sputtering is smoothly increased to 1.5 * 10-3 Pa, and power of first magnetron, sputtering first target from said nickel alloy, is reduced up to its complete disconnection, a smooth transition from layer of nickel alloy to film of zirconium oxide without interphase boundaries of macroscopic size is obtained.EFFECT: providing mechanical strength of coating, high heat resistance, as well as high adhesion and cohesion of coating on working surfaces of articles.1 cl
ethod for concealed marking of explosive substances (versions) // 2607665
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a chemical method of marking and identifying explosive substances (ES), as well as forensic identification of preparations, which can be used in investigation, expert forensic and legal practice. Method for concealed marking of explosives comprises introducing into an explosive, obtained by mixing certain components, a marking composition containing identifiers, number which is proportional to number of technical parameters, to be marked. Each identifier corresponding to a separate property used is a combination of substances (at least two substances), with available detection of fluorescence. Substances can be moulded into separate sets (units), and information (an a unit) is recorded in a binary code with arrangement of substances when detecting on a spectrogram successively built into circuit in accordance with a scale of capacity of units of a binary code. Marking composition is composed of separate sets (units), each of which by a separate stream is fed into an explosive while mixing latter from separate components.EFFECT: method enables to encode data on an explosive substance, provides high security of marking explosive and reliability of identification of explosive based on its marking when reading a graphical recording of latter.6 cl, 3 dwg, 4 tbl, 1 ex
ethod and device for gasification of solid combustible materials under pressure in stationary layer // 2607662
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method and a device for gasification of solid combustible materials under pressure in a stationary layer. Method for gasification of solid combustible materials by gasifying agents containing oxygen and water vapour is implemented in a stationary layer in a gas generator of high pressure. Through the head part of the gas generator it is supplied with coarse-grained solid combustible materials and the obtained gas is discharged from it. By means of located on the bottom of the gas generator rotating grate, above which there is a stationary layer bed, performed is a controlled supply of first gasifying agents for non-slugging gasification and through the bottom of the gas generator ash is extracted. In addition to the first gasifying agents supplied with the help of the rotary grate and independently from them through at least one nozzle reaching the upper area of the stationary layer filling second gasifying agents for slugging gasification are blown in, herewith the second gasifying agents are blown in with the vapour-to-oxygen ratio of 0.5–4 kg/m3 and the speeds of gas outlet from 20 to 120 m/sec.EFFECT: higher efficiency, wider range of application of solid combustible materials.16 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of producing liquid sterile nutrient mediums for operation with cells of mammals // 2607648
FIELD: biochemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biochemistry. Method of producing liquid sterile nutrient medium is disclosed. Method involves dissolving of dry components of nutrient medium in optimum volumes of solvent and sterilization of obtained solutions. Dissolution is performed for 5–10 minutes in ultrasonic bath with generator frequency of 37 kHz and amplitude of oscillations in range from 5 to 20 microns. Sterilizing ultrafiltration is carried out using cascade of three series-arranged membrane filters with pore size of 0.45–0.22–0.1 mcm and efficiency of filtration from 100 to 1,000 ml/min.EFFECT: invention provides production of nutrient medium for cell biology in required volumes immediately before planned works, higher reliability and quality of operations with cells of mammals.3 cl, 1 tbl, 1 dwg
Lubricating oil composition // 2607637
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a lubricating oil composition containing: (A) base oil, kinematic viscosity of which at 100 °C varies from 1.4 to 6 mm2/s, (B) from 250 to 2,000 ppm in terms of molybdenum of a molybdenum dialkyldithiocarbamate of formula (1), where R1-R4 denote alkyl groups, and X1-X4 denote oxygen atoms or sulphur atoms, (C) from 20 to 500 ppm in terms of sulphur of tetrabenzyl thiuram disulphide of formula (2) and (D) from 0.05 to 3.0 wt% of amine of formula (3) or formula (4), where R5-R7 both independently, denote hydrogen or alkyl, aryl or alkyl aryl group having from 1 to 23 carbon atoms, where (4) R8 and R9 both independently denote hydrogen or alkyl, aryl or alkyl aryl group containing 1 to 23 carbon atoms. Present invention relates to use of lubricating oil composition (versions).EFFECT: technical result of present invention is minimisation of effect on equipment for treating exhaust gases and catalysts as a result of reduction, as much possible, amounts of contained MoDTC compounds and sulphur compounds thus creating, even in case of presence of latter in trace quantities, a lubricating oil composition, which demonstrates excellent effect on reduction of friction for a long period of time, and which is characterised by high degree of fuel saving.10 cl, 4 tbl
ethod of producing aromatic thiol derivatives during hydrogenation of disulphides // 2607636
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of producing thiophenols during reaction of corresponding disulphide with hydrogen in presence of a heterogeneous hydrogenation catalyst based on a transition metal. In particular, method of producing a compound of formula (I') involves reaction of a compound of formula (II'), wherein R is H or with H2 in presence of a heterogeneous hydrogenation catalyst based on a transition metal, where heterogeneous hydrogenation catalyst based on a transition metal is a Raney catalyst, Pd/C, Pd(OH)2/C, nanoparticles of palladium (0), micro-encapsulated in a polyurea matrix, Au/TiO2, Rh/C, Ru/Al2O3, Ir/CaCO3, Pt/C or mixture thereof. When reaction is carried out in presence of an acylating reagent, such as anhydride or halide of carboxylic acid, acylated thiophenol is obtained.EFFECT: pharmaceutically active compound S-[2-[1-(2-ethylbutyl)cyclohexylcarbonylamino]-phenyl]-2-methylthiopropionate is obtained during said method.20 cl, 16 ex, 1 tbl
N-9-substituted purine compounds, compositions and methods of use // 2607635
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to novel compounds of formula I-A, having properties of inhibitors of kinase of phosphoinositide-3-kinase family mTOR and PI3K, for use in treating cancer, as well as for preparing drugs for treating cancer. In compounds of formula I-A R1 is selected from a group comprising cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, azetidin-1-yl, azetidin-2-yl, azetidin-3-yl, pyrrolidin-1-yl, pyrrolidin-2-yl, pyrrolidin-3-yl, piperidin-1-yl, piperidin-2-yl, piperidin-3-yl, piperidin-4-yl, oxetan-2-yl, oxetan-3-yl, tetrahydrofuran-2-yl, tetrahydrofuran-3-yl, tetrahydropyran-2-yl, tetrahydropyran-3-yl and tetrahydropyran-4-yl, oxepan-2-yl, oxepan-3-yl, oxepan-4-yl, phenyl pyrrol-2-yl, pyrrol-3-yl, pyrazol-3-yl, pyrazol-4-yl, pyrazol-5-yl, furan-2-yl, furan-3-yl, thien-2-yl, thien-3-yl, thiazol-2-yl, thiazol-3-yl, thiazol-4-yl, imidazol-1-yl, imidazol-4-yl, pyrid-2-yl, pyrid-3-yl, pyrid-4-yl, pyrimidin-1-yl, pyrimidin-2-yl, pyrimidin-3-yl, pyrazin-2-yl, pyridazin-2-yl, pyridazin-3-yl and triazin-2-yl, where R1 substituted by 0-3 substitutes RR1, selected from a group consisting of halogen, F, Cl, Br, I, -ORa, -C(O)Ra, -Rc; where Ra is selected from hydrogen or C1-6alkyl, Rc is C1-6alkyl; R2 is selected from a group comprising hydrogen, C1-6alkyl, C2-6alkenyl, C2-6alkynyl; R3 is a morpholine-4-yl, where group R3 is substituted with 0–3 substitutes RR3, selected from a group consisting of -Ri, halogen, where Ri is selected from C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl; D is -NR4C(O)NR5R6 or -NR5R6, where R4 and R5 each denotes hydrogen and R6 is C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl oxetan-3-yl and pyridyl-on.EFFECT: treatment of cancer.11 cl, 1 tbl, 26 ex
Romidepsin solid forms and use thereof // 2607634
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel crystalline form C of romidepsin, a pharmaceutical composition containing form C of romidepsin.EFFECT: treatment of skin T-cell lymphoma.3 cl, 12 dwg, 19 tbl, 16 ex
oulded catalyst for converting methanol into aromatic hydrocarbons and method of producing said catalyst // 2607633
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a catalyst for converting methanol into aromatic hydrocarbons, method of producing said catalyst and method of converting methanol into aromatic hydrocarbons. Catalyst contains 85 to 99 parts by weight of zeolite ZSM-5, from 0.1 to 15 parts by weight of element M1, which is least one element selected from a group consisting of Ag, Zn and Ga, and from 0 to 5 parts by weight of element M2, which is at least one element selected from a group consisting of Mo, Cu, La, Ce and P, Co, wherein total specific surface area of catalyst is in range of 350–500 m2/g, and specific surface area of micro pores is within range of 200–350 m2/g. Method involves following steps: step I: mixing template agent I, an inorganic acid, silicon source, aluminium source, water, soluble compound of element M1 and, optionally, soluble compound of element M2 to obtain a mixture, converting mixture into gel with subsequent holding and drying of gel to obtain amorphous mixed silicon-aluminium mixed oxide precursor; step II: mixing silicon-aluminium mixed oxide precursor obtained at step I, with a crystal seed and binding agent, moulding and drying mixture to produce a moulded semi-finished product; and step III: crystallisation followed by calcination of moulded semi-finished product obtained at step (II), to obtain said catalyst. Catalyst is characterised by high values of total specific surface area, specific surface area of micro pores and micropore volume.EFFECT: results of reaction for synthesis of aromatic hydrocarbons from methanol using a catalyst, provided in present invention, demonstrated good catalytic activity.14 cl, 3 tbl, 25 ex
Wastes photonic radiolysis // 2607632
FIELD: materials.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses product from wastes obtaining method, including: a) providing wastes; b) effect of low-frequency macro wave radiation with wavelength in range from 700 nm to 1 mm on wastes, with achievement of temperature from 205 °C to 900 °C and pressure from 1.0 bar to 19.0 bar, to form coal therefore; wherein said wastes are subjected to radiation in reaction vessel with double metal wall, providing said reaction vessel outer metal wall heating by means of primary radiation source, heated to at least of 700 °C, as a result of which, said outer wall prevents heat energy transfer by conductivity and convection and as a result of which, external metal wall is secondary radiation source for said material contained within said internal metal wall; and wherein said wastes contain carbon in amount from 9 to 85 %, hydrogen in amount from 1 to 15 % and oxygen in amount from 0 to 65 % expressed as material dry mass. Invention also discloses version of product from wastes obtaining method and products obtained using said methods.EFFECT: technical result consists in obtaining useful products from solid organic and inorganic wastes, which are produced by highly effective and energy-saving method, in which power, transmitted by radiation, exponentially increases with temperature of radiating heat source.32 cl, 2 dwg, 3 ex, 9 tbl
ethod for production of liquefied hydrocarbon gases // 2607631
FIELD: gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of liquefied hydrocarbon gases, including adsorption purification of a broad fraction of light hydrocarbons from sulphur compounds and methanol. Method is characterized by that adsorption purification of liquefied hydrocarbon is implemented in multilayer adsorbers, in which each layer of adsorbent is series-selective in relation to a specific type of extracted impurities, temperature regeneration and subsequent cooling of adsorbents is carried out with a methane fraction, purified from impurities, similar to extracted impurities, and supplied on side, at final stage of cooling of adsorbents, adsorbers are blown with dry high-pressure nitrogen prior to feeding broad fraction of light hydrocarbons into adsorber with regenerated adsorbents, and purified broad fraction of light hydrocarbons undergoes distillation to produce liquefied narrow fractions of light hydrocarbons in system, at least two full rectification columns.EFFECT: use of present method simplifies and provides universalisation of process diagram of production of liquefied hydrocarbon gases at stage of purification of liquefied gases independently from combination of extracted impurities, reduced power consumption of process and flexible variability of process with formation of a range of final product depending on marketing requirements.14 cl, 1 tbl, 3 dwg
Aromatic derivatives of sulfanilamides carbonic anhydrase ii (ca ii) inhibitors, methods for production and use thereof // 2607630
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to novel aromatic sulphonamide derivatives, general formula 1 and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, which are selective inhibitors of carbonic anhydrase II (CA II). Substituted sulphonamides correspond to general formula 1 ,where A is phenyl or thiophene; R1 is C1-C5alkyl, C-3C6cycloalkyl, -C(O)R3; provided that R1 is not methyl, when A is phenyl, R2 represents hydrogen; R3 is a 5-6 member heterocyclyl with one or two heteroatoms, selected from nitrogen or oxygen atoms; R2 is C1-C3alkyl, C1-C3alkoxy. Invention also relates to a method of producing compounds of general formula 1. Method involves two stages: a) sulphochlorination of corresponding oxazole derivative of general formula 5 (a-o) or 6 (a-j) with a mixture chlorosulphonic acid and thionyl chloride to produce intermediate sulphochlorides of formula 7 (a-o) or 8 (a-j), respectively, and b) with subsequent conversion of obtained sulphochlorides into primary sulphamides of formula 9 (b-o) or 10 (a-j) by reacting with ammonia according to following scheme ,where ,where R1 is C1-C5alkyl, C3-C6cycloalkyl; NR'Rʺ is a morpholine or pyrrolidine.EFFECT: compounds can be used for treating glaucoma, in particular, open-angle glaucoma, and other diseases caused by high intraocular pressure, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic macular edema, diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy and retinal vasculopathy mediated by activity of carbonic anhydrase II.11 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl, 57 ex
N-alkylsubstituted benzo- and (pyrido[2,3-b]thieno)pyrrolo[1,2-a][1,4]diazepin-6-ones - antidotes of herbicide of hormonal action 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on sunflower // 2607629
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel synthetic, biologically active chemical substances from series of heterocyclic compounds of formula 1 EFFECT: technical result is synthesis of novel compounds in a series of condensed pyrrolo[1,2-a][1,4]benzodiazepines of formula 1a-d in order to expand range of biologically active substances, obtained synthetically, for use in agriculture as antidotes of herbicide of hormonal action 2,4-D.1 cl, 3 tbl, 6 ex
Sodium salt of 2-methylthio-6-cyano-1,2,4-triazolo[5,1-c]-1,2,4-triazin-7(4h)-one, trihydrate // 2607628
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a sodium salt of 2-methylthio-6-cyano-1,2,4-triazolo[5,1-c]-1,2,4-triazin-7(4H)-one, trihydrate, which exhibits antiviral action on influenza .EFFECT: obtaining a novel compound having antiviral activity.1 cl, 1 dwg, 2 tbl, 4 ex
ethod for preparation of polyimide surface for chemical metal coating // 2607627
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods for production of flexible printed circuit boards, connection cables, trains, microcircuits. Method for preparation of polyimide surface for chemical deposition of copper coating is disclosed, which involves polyimide etching with aqueous solution of alkali, containing 150–250 g/l of NaOH or KOH, at temperature of 60±2 °C during 5–15 minutes with subsequent activation with water solutions of silver nitrate of composition 3–5 g/l for 10–15 minutes at room temperature.EFFECT: proposed technology of chemical application of conductive coating is easier, more efficient and chemically and environmentally safer than known level of equipment.1 cl, 7 ex
ethod of propylene production by recycling of heavy fractions // 2607626
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to two versions of method of propylene production. One of versions includes: metathesis reaction of raw supply stream consisting of mixture of n-butene with ethylene in presence of metathesis catalyst to form fraction containing propylene, ethylene, butene and C5+ olefins, 2-pentene and 3-hexene; extraction of propylene from ethylene, butene and C5+ olefins from fraction of metathesis products; and recirculation of at least part of C5+ olefins for metathesis reaction recycled C5+ olefins are converted into propylene and butene, wherein ethylene is introduced into metathesis reaction at ratio, which is sufficient for maintaining reaction, where C4+ ratio for reaction with metathesis catalyst ranges from 0.3:1 to 3:1 and at least 5 % of C5+ olefins return into metathesis reaction.EFFECT: use of recycling of C5+ olefin gasoline increases efficiency of method with low total flow through metathesis reactor.11 cl, 3 dwg
Polyethylene composition with high degree of swelling // 2607625
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a polyethylene composition for making moulded articles of different types. Composition has density from 0.953 to 0.960 g/cm3 and ratio of MIF/MIP from 17–29, where MIF is melt flow index at 190 °C with load of 21.60 kg, and MIP is melt flow index at 190 °C with a load of 5 kg. Composition is obtained by polymerisation of ethylene, optionally together with one or more comonomers, in a gas phase reactor in presence of hydrogen and copolymerisation of ethylene with one or more comonomers in other gas-phase reactor in presence of a lower amount of hydrogen, than at step a). In at least one of said gas-phase reactors growing polymer particles flow upward through a first polymerisation zone under fast fluidisation or transfer conditions, come out of said zone, and enter a second polymerisation zone, through which they flow down by gravity, come out of said second polymerisation zone and reenter first polymerisation zone, creating circulation of polymer between polymerisation zones. All copolymerisation steps are carried out in presence of a Ziegler-Natta polymerisation catalyst deposited on MgCl2. Polyethylene composition contains one or more copolymers of ethylene and not more than 1 wt% of comonomer, selected from olefins of formula CH2=CHR, where R is alkyl radical, linear or branched, containing from 1 to 10 carbon atoms.EFFECT: obtained composition is characterised by good balance of physical and mechanical properties, high degree of swelling of extruded flow with surface of high quality and stability of dimensions of end product, environmental stress-cracking resistance (FNCT) and impact strength.4 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl
ethod of producing compound organomineral fertiliser based on natural aluminosilicates // 2607600
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of producing compound organomineral fertiliser based on natural aluminosilicates comprises simultaneous mixing and grinding of organic and mineral components, wherein grinding of aluminosilicate raw material and phosphogypsum is performed to achieve particle size less than 30 mcm, and then further mixing with biohumus. All components are taken at a certain ratio.EFFECT: invention increases efficiency of agrochemical fertiliser, provides a positive effect on crop yield, reduces costs in production of fertiliser.1 cl, 1 ex
ethod of decontaminating highly mineralized drilling wastes and plant for its implementation // 2607599
FIELD: mining; processing and recycling of wastes.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a plant for decontamination of highly mineralized drilling wastes containing oil products, heavy metals, synthetic surfactants and other contaminants based on introduction of a hardening composition and a method implemented with using it. Plant includes pumps, pipelines, a unit for receiving and washing drilling wastes, a unit of coarse mechanical treatment, a reagents preparation and dispensing unit, a unit for cleaning the contaminated brine, a fine mechanical treatment unit, a container for temporary storage of the clarified brine. Plant additionally contains an inertization unit, a mixing module of which is equipped with a bottom gate to discharge the hardened material and is connected via the main line to the coarse mechanical treatment unit, the unit for cleaning the contaminated brine and the fine mechanical treatment unit. Included in the unit for receiving and washing the drilling wastes mixing container is equipped with a blade mixer, a loading funnel and is provided with a hydrodynamic disperser. All units of the plant are integrated with the help of frames and metal structures and can be based on a welded frame of a two-axle trailer. Treatment of the drilling wastes is performed by inertization after washing from salts to obtain washed drilling mud of the contaminated brine followed by thorough mechanical stirring for 2–3 minutes of the drilling mud with the hardening composition of not less than 20 wt%. based on a binder cement of grade PC M-500 of 40–80 wt%. and a fine active sorption additive – gaize of 20–60 wt%. at the humidity of 40 %. Then a hardening activator solution is added, as which used is 20 % liquid glass in the amount of 10–20 % of the dry hardened material, and is thoroughly stirred for 5–7 minutes. Contaminated brine is directed for multistage cleaning by coagulation, flocculation and centrifugation to form a solid phase sent for inertization.EFFECT: group of inventions provides decreased negative environmental load on natural objects.2 cl, 2 tbl, 1 dwg
Hot-melt adhesive // 2607586
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hot-melt adhesive, particularly to an adhesive, which is used in production of disposable products. Adhesive contains: (A) propylene homopolymer with melting temperature equal to 100 °C or lower, which can be obtained through polymerisation of propylene using metallocene catalyst; and (B) an ethylene-based copolymer.EFFECT: hot-melt adhesive is suitable for high-speed application and spiral application at low temperature, and also has excellent adhesion to a polyethylene film and nonwoven web.4 cl, 3 tbl
ethod of producing iron oxide pigments with anticorrosion properties // 2607584
FIELD: paint industry.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in paint industry for production of primers and protective coatings. To obtain iron oxide pigment with anticorrosion properties calcined alumina production wastes – red mud. Before calcination red sludge is separated according to grain size with extraction of fraction up to 0.02 mm and additionally from 0.02 to 0.045 mm. Said fraction treated with phosphoric acid while heating to pH = 6, suspension is filtered, dried, calcined in air, cooled and milled. When backing at temperature of 200–250 °C obtaining brown pigment. In case of calcination at temperature 600–650 °C red pigment colour is obtained.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain iron oxide pigments with spreading capacity 8–10 g/m2 using red mud without additional raw materials and additives, eliminating harmful emissions into environment.1 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex
Prepreg // 2607582
FIELD: materials.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to impregnated materials, such as prepregs and decorative impregnated materials or decorative coating materials. Prepreg, used for producing decorative paper or decorative coating material, is produced by impregnating decorative paper-base with a solution of an impregnating resin. Solution of impregnating resin contains at least one styrene-alkylacrylate-hydroxyethyl methacrylate copolymer, wherein alkyl denotes methyl, ethyl, propyl or butyl, and at least one water-soluble polymer, selected from starch or dextrin from starch.EFFECT: prepreg is characterised by improved resistance to separation, as well as better adhesion and flatness.10 cl, 1 tbl, 9 ex
Rubber mixture, preparation method thereof and cured rubber produced therefrom // 2607581
FIELD: rubber industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rubber mixture, method of its production and cured rubber from it. Rubber mixture contains non-crosslinked rubber and rubber particles, having radiation cross-linked structure, dispersed in it. Particles of rubber, are particles of synthetic rubber and/or natural rubber particles with average particles size from 20 to 500 nm and content of gel of 60 wt%. or more. Non-crosslinked rubber is butadiene-styrene rubber. Weight ratio of rubber particles, having radiation cross-linked structure, and non- cross-linked rubber ranges from 1:99 to 20:80. Rubber mixture is produced by mixing of components, containing non- cross-linked rubber latex and rubber particles latex, having radiation cross-linked structure, and their subsequent coagulation. Rubber particles latex, having radiation cross-linked structure, is rubber latex after radiation cross-linking.EFFECT: invention allows to improve rolling resistance, resistance to slipping on wet road and wear resistance of cured rubber from rubber mixture.10 cl, 9 tbl, 5 ex
Biocompatible nanomaterial for photosensitivity singlet oxygen and method for production thereof // 2607579
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to medicine, in particular to oncology, and describes a biocompatible nanomaterial and method of its production. Proposed biocompatible nanomaterial is a hybrid associates of colloidal quantum dots CdS with average size of 2–4 nm with cations of methylene blue (MB+) in concentration 10-1–10-4 (νpaints/νCdS). Method involves double jet merging of 0.6–5 % solution of sodium sulphide and 0.8–7 % solution of cadmium bromide with melt of gelatin with producing of colloidal solution, containing colloidal quantum dots of CdS, solution is held at temperature of 4–10 °C, produced gelatine jelly is crushed to grain with size 5–10 mm, washed in distilled water at temperature from 7 to 13 °C for 30 minutes, decant excess water and granules are heated to temperature above 40°C. Nanomaterial is highly efficient generation of singlet oxygen and satisfactory parameters of cytotoxicity, testifies to its biocompatibility.EFFECT: invention can be used in medicine and biology for photodynamic therapy of oncological and other human diseases.2 cl, 6 dwg
Compositions and methods for treating and diagnosing asthma // 2607569
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology, immunology and medicine. Application of antibody binding to IL-13 is disclosed as medicinal agent for treating asthma in humans. Wherein patient has high expression levels of POSTN in relation to average or median level of POSTN expression. Method of treating asthma subtype using such antibodies is also described.EFFECT: disclosed group of inventions can be used in medicine.23 cl, 49 dwg, 13 tbl, 9 ex
ethod of producing primary preform for optical fibres, primary preform, final preform, optical fibre // 2607566
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of optical glass fiber primary preform. Method of primary blank producing consists in using internal plasma-chemical deposition from vapor phase, wherein doped or non-doped glass-forming precursors are supplied to hollow glass base tube inner side, reaction zone in form of plasma is moved back and forth along said hollow glass base tube length between turning point near supply side and turning point near outlet side of hollow base tube, wherein base tube is installed in furnace and such conditions are created in said reaction zone, that one or more of glass layers packets composed of at least two separate glass layers are deposited on said base tube inner side.EFFECT: technical result consists in preparing primary workpieces having large used length, effect on optical narrowing can be made independently from geometric contraction, refraction index and/or cross section area can be accurately set depending on primary blank position in longitudinal direction.17 cl, 12 dwg
Dispersion liquid for drilling and procedure for extraction of minerals by means of dispersion liquid // 2607564
FIELD: oil industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to oil and gas. Dispersion liquid for drilling is obtained by dispersing in water medium of polyoxalat as capable of hydrolysis of resin material. Procedure of extraction of minerals from the well, formed by drilling includes a step of inputting said dispersion of liquid in well under pressure for implementation of hydrolysis capable of hydrolysis of resin material in hot water with temperature not below 40 °C.EFFECT: technical result – high ability to hydrolysis at low temperature of liquid reagent used at drilling and formation treatment.5 cl, 4 tbl
Glass-melting crucibles containing terminal ledges with recesses // 2607559
FIELD: glass.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for production of glass fibre. Glass-melting crucible (2) containing terminal ledges for heating of spinneret holder and walls, attached to opposite end walls (2A) of the crucible, each terminal ledge comprises electrically conductive plate (1) having the first outer edge (1D), attached to the first end wall (2A) of the vessel and extending from said end wall to the second free outer edge (1A), made with possibility of connection to power supply (5, 6), said plate has recess (3) containing: (a) a first open end (3A), width WA, located on the second free edge (1A) of the plate; (b) elongated section (3B) passing in direction of the first outer edge (1D), width WB, and (b) of the second closed end (3C) separated from the first outer edge (1D) of the terminal ledge, of a curved shape, note that curvature, 1/(2R), at any point of curved second end (3C) of the recess is less than the value 1/W0 reciprocal to minimum gap width W0, the first open end (3A), WA, and elongated section (3B), WB, where R is radius of curvature of curved second end (3C) in any point.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of rise of internal stresses inside the projection of a terminal, subjected to temperature drop with providing higher freedom of design to reduce cooling of end walls.8 cl, 4 dwg
Lithium silicate glass ceramics and glass with hexavalent metal oxide // 2607557
FIELD: ceramic industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lithium silicate glass ceramic and glass, which are crystallized at low temperatures and are especially suitable as dental materials, in particular, for dental restoration. Lithium silicate glass ceramics contains hexavalent metal oxide, selected from MoO3, WO3 and mixtures thereof, in amount of 0.1–8.4 wt%, from 12.0 to 20.0 wt% of Li2O and wherein including from 0 to less than 0.5 wt% of K2O. For production of glass ceramics with lithium disilicate as main crystalline phase initial glass with germs is subjected to thermal treatment at temperature of 520–750 °C.EFFECT: technical result of invention is production of glass ceramic with improved mechanical and optical properties.22 cl, 1 tbl, 9 ex
ethod of tpp low-lime cinder wastes processing with high content of unburnt coal particles with subsequent application of cinder wastes in production of construction materials and in construction // 2607555
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to combustion products processing methods and can be used at thermal power plants operating on coal fuels, as well as in construction industry, for example, in production of various construction materials. Method of TPP low-lime cinder wastes processing with high content of unburnt coal particles with subsequent application of TPP ash-slag wastes in production of construction materials and in construction TPP cinder wastes are granulated with binder, in form of lime in amount of 5–10 wt%, or clay in amount of 10–15 wt%, or liquid glass in amount of 3–7 wt% by sodium silicate, or TPP high-lime ash in amount of 10–40 wt%, granules are dried, additionally, before granulation with unburnt coal particles content in TPP cinder wastes of less than 15 wt% cinder mixture is added with ground coal in amount sufficient for enabling of cinder mixture calorific capacity in range of 6.3–7.5 kJ/kg, and before cinder mixture granulation at TPP cinder wastes liquid consistence from hydraulic ash removal system or ash dump said wastes are dehydrated util residual humidity of not more than 30 % with clarified water return to TPP, and unburnt coal particles removal is performed by cinder mixture granules burning at temperature of 850–900oC in fluidized bed boiler with cinder mixture coal particles burning until residual amount of not more than 1 wt% and heat recovery at TPP or in other consumers.EFFECT: increasing quality of TPP cinder wastes processing and obtained raw material for construction materials, cinder wastes recycling.1 cl, 1 ex, 1 dwg
Binder for manufacturing concrete or laminated products // 2607554
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to binder for forming particle-based or laminated products. Binder for forming particle-based or laminated products comprises a mixture of at least three components A, B, C, a first component A comprising a natural protein powder, a second component B comprising magnesium oxide, a third component C comprising magnesium chloride or magnesium sulphate solution at 32 °Be (15 °C), or a free combination of both.EFFECT: technical result is resistance to effect of weather conditions and prolonged thermal loads.8 cl, 8 dwg
ethod of producing high-molecular polymer poly-n-vinylcaprolactam in water // 2607523
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a method of producing high-molecular weight poly-N-vinylcaprolactam. Described is a method of producing high-molecular weight poly-N-vinylcaprolactam by radical polymerisation of vinyl caprolactam in presence of azo-isobutyric acid at reaction temperature 70 °C in water, characterised by that method includes adding to reaction system an activator in form of styrene in concentration 0.6×10-2-1.2×10-2 mol/l.EFFECT: technical result is simplified process of producing high-molecular weight poly-N-vinylcaprolactam.1 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex
Quaternary ammonium salts based on derivatives of vitamin b6 // 2607522
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to novel derivatives of vitamin B6 of general formula (I) with high antibacterial activity. ,where at R1=R4=N+(CH3)2C8H17, R2+R3=-C(CH3)2O-, R5=H, n=2, m=0; at R1=R4=N+(CH3)2C12H25, R2+R3=-C(CH3)2O-, R5=H, n=2, m=0; at R1=R4=N+(CH3)2C18H37, R2+R3=-C(CH3)2O-, R5=H, n=2, m=0; at R1=R4=N+(CH3)2C8H17, R2=R5=H, R3=OH, n=2, m=1; at R1=R4=N+(CH3)2C12H25, R2=R5=H, R3=OH, n=2, m=1; at R1=R4=N+(CH3)2C18H37, R2=R5=H, R3=OH, n=2, m=1; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-CH(C2H5)O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C18H37, n=1, m=0; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-CH(C3H7)O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C18H37, n=1, m=0; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-CH(C4H9)O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C18H37, n=1, m=0; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-CH(C(CH3)3)O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C18H37, n=1, m=0; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-CH(C8H17)O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C18H37, n=1, m=0; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-CH(CH2CH(CH3)C9H19)O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C18H37, n=1, m=0; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-CH2O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C18H37, n=1, m=0; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-C(cycle-C4H8)O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C18H37, n=1, m=0; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-CH(C3H7)O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C8H17, n=1, m=0; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-CH(C3H7)O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C12H25, n=1, m=0; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-CH2O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C8H17, n=1, m=0; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-CH2O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C12H25, n=1, m=0; at R1=R5=H, R2+R3=-C(CH3)2O-, R4=N+(CH3)2C12H25, n=1, m=0; at R1=R2=R5=H, R3=OH, R4=N+(CH3)2C12H25, n=1, m=1; at R1=R3=R5=H, R2=C(O)CH3, R4=N+(CH3)2C8H17, n=1, m=0; at R1=R3=R5=H, R2=C(O)CH3, R4=N+(CH3)2C12H25, n=1, m=0; at R1=R3=R5=H, R2=C(O)CH3, R4=N+(CH3)2C18H37, n=1, m=0; at R1=R2=R3=R5=H, R4=N+(CH3)2C8H17, n=1, m=1; at R1=R2=R3=R5=H, R4=N+(CH3)2C12H25, n=1, m=1; at R1=R2=R3=R5=H, R4=N+(CH3)2C18H37, n=1, m=1; at R1=N+(CH3)2C8H17, R2+R3=-C(CH3)2O-, R4+R5=-OC(CH3)2OCH2-, n=1, m=0; at R1=N+(CH3)2C18H37, R2+R3=-C(CH3)2O-, R4+R5=-OC(CH3)2OCH2-, n=1, m=0; at R1=N+(CH3)2C8H17, R2+R3=-C(CH3)2O-, R4=OH, R5=CH2OH, n=1, m=1; at R1=N+(CH3)2C18H37, R2=H, R3=R4=OH, R5=CH2OH, n=1, m=1.EFFECT: invention can be used in medicine and veterinary science.1 cl, 2 tbl, 30 ex