Land vehicles for travelling otherwise than on rails (B62)

B62            Land vehicles for travelling otherwise than on rails(9373)
Bicycle car // 2607692
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles with muscle drive and can be used in amphibious bicycle cars, attractions, toys, etc. Closest to wheel pedals axes (10) by one side are rigidly fixed on wheels (14) with eccentricity equal to crank (12) radius, and by other is on pedal shaft crank (12). Each pair of pedals crankshafts (18) are installed in bearing supports (8) on amphibious bicycle car semi-frames concentrically to wheels axes. On front semi-frame (1) control handle (4) is installed connected to reducing gear worm (6), and on rear semi-frame (2) reducing gear worm gear (3) is rigidly fixed concentrically to semi-frames rotation axis. For motion and manoeuvres in water on front wheels (14) and rear wheels (15) blades (17) are installed.EFFECT: invention facilitates control, simplifies assembly and provides use of wheels without central hub and spokes.1 cl, 1 dwg
Steering control system // 2607691
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Steering control system for a vehicle with controlled axle of independent suspension with hubs of wheels installed using an independent suspension assembly on each side of the axle. Steering system comprises a steering lever, a steering rod and a device for connecting each rocker with a device of control commands input for controlled synchronous operation of the rockers. Steering lever is installed on each hub and extends outward therefrom. Steering rod passes between each steering lever and the corresponding rotary rocker. Steering rod is connected able to turn with each steering lever and rocker to provide a universal turn between the steering rod and each steering lever and rocker.EFFECT: provided is better controllability of the vehicle.25 cl, 23 dwg
Trailer // 2607690
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to road vehicles and can be used in designs of car-and-tractor trailers. Trailer consists of body, frame and dolly with front and rear wheels towbar. In each of dolly frame side members in their middle part gear wheels interconnected by flexible rod are arranged. Each of wheels is in contact with racks, rigidly fixed on trailer hitch so that one of them is installed above one of gear wheels, and the other is under it. In flexible rod middle part guide bushing rigidly connected to dolly frame is located.EFFECT: reduced dynamic loads acting on trailer bearing structures as a result of its jerking during tractor train in motion.1 cl, 3 dwg
Rotary table // 2607689
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to road vehicles and can be used in designs of car-and-tractor trailers. Trailer rotary table consists of top and bottom rings with vertical walls, between which ball traveler and locking ring with bent end are arranged in top ring wall conical hole. Locking ring is made from resilient material, and wedge-shape slot is made in its curved end along its length. End surface of bent end is equipped with stops interacting with rotary table top ring wall.EFFECT: higher reliability and service life of locking ring attachment.1 cl, 2 dwg
Vehicle comprising front hood amplification device // 2607132
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle containing front hood 1. Hood 1 has interconnected internal wall 2 and external wall 3, connection devices 4 with vehicle body and amplification device 5, located between internal 2 and external 3 walls, made with possibility of deformation in case of collision with element, external relative to vehicle. Amplification device 5 comprises first attachment section 6, intended for attachment on front hood 1 internal wall 2, and second and third attachment sections 7, 8 intended for fixation on front hood 1 external wall 3. First attachment section 6 is connected with second and third attachment sections through first and second connection sections, having inclination substantially to attachment sections. Connection devices 4 are fixed on deforming amplification device 5. One of connection sections includes two cut-outs, limiting two lateral tabs and central tab. Front hood 1 internal wall 2 comprises two openings 2a, 2b, made with possibility to interact with amplification device 5 side tab in case of collision with external element.EFFECT: enabling possibility to create hood, which meets safety standards in case of collision with external object, and possibility of hood holding at high speeds.6 cl, 4 dwg
Vehicle dumper body // 2607036
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to dumper vehicles, preferably for humid, caking or freezing down materials. Dumper vehicle body front side (4) is equipped with roller (8) with polyethylene film (9) roll, resting against two bearing assemblies. One roller shaft end is equipped with ratchet mechanism with two gears with opposite arrangement of teeth. One gear wheel stopper is equipped with handle with flexible retainer. Roller (8) has arc-shaped enclosure with hinged cover. Throughout height of lateral sideboards are closed with polyethylene film, mounted on hooks arranged in each sideboard upper part from outside, and in lower part is from inside. Roller polyethylene film (9) of the completely covers car body bottom (6) and front sideboard inner side and can have weaknesses in transverse direction in form of line with holes arranged with pitch equal to body length.EFFECT: invention eliminates load to body freezing down and sticking, increases efficiency and reduces unloading time.4 cl, 6 dwg
Sprinkling machine hydraulic drive // 2606819
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to crops irrigation devices, and concerns improved hydraulic drive of sprinkling machine of DMU “Fregat” type for operation at low pressure in pipeline. Sprinkling machine of DMU “Fregat” type hydraulic drive hydraulic cylinder is equipped with second piston with rod with hydraulic cylinder top cover change, hydraulic cylinder attachment point change and forces on lever and pushers transmission system due to hydraulic cylinder equipment with parallelogram mechanism.EFFECT: disclosed invention enables to twice reduce required pressure in discharge pipeline and hydraulic cylinder, provides DMU “Fregat” hydraulic drive operation at low pressure with installation of sprinklers, requiring low pressure from 0,08 to 0,25 MPa for normal operation.1 cl, 3 dwg
Electric power steering control system and method // 2606354
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: mechanical vehicle comprises engine (12), electric power steering system (16), controller (24) during automatic engine (12) shutdown made with possibility to before fuel supply into engine (12) is terminated, decrease value of available in electric power steering system current with first speed to non-zero threshold value, and after fuel supply into engine is terminated, decrease value of available in electric power steering system current with second speed different from first one from non-zero threshold value to zero. Invention also discloses method of automotive electric power steering system controlling and mechanical transport vehicle.EFFECT: enabling reduced fuel consumption.20 cl, 5 dwg
otor plough // 2606279
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building, namely, to soil ploughing mechanized tools with passive type operating device. Motor plough comprises engine, clutch, drive, reduction gear, track drive, handles with control elements, plough bottom and disk colter, made integral with wheel, restricting soil ploughing depth. Plough bottom, behind which track drive is arranged, and in front is disk colter-wheel, is movable attached on track drive frame by means of hinged four-link mechanism, oriented in longitudinal vertical plane. Track drive frame is post, and plough bottom is four-link mechanism rod. Control handles articulated on track drive frame, are four-link mechanism rear arm. At four-link mechanism front arm free end disk colter-wheel is installed, which due to certain soil features allows to change plough point position in height relative to caterpillar support platform, thereby independently maintaining plough penetration specified value.EFFECT: such design solution provides for convenience of motor plough control and reduction of labor costs during soil treatment.1 cl, 2 dwg
Driver's seat in vehicle mounting structure // 2606159
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to driver's seat in vehicle mounting structure. Mounting structure contains mounting element (18, 19), stationary connected to driver seat (10), car body side element (8, 9), installed with possibility of interacting with mounting element (18, 19), and guiding mechanism (20). Guiding mechanism comprises guide cotter pin (22) and corresponding guide channel (24). Guiding mechanism (20) is connected with each mounting element (18, 19), and each guiding mechanism (20) guide channel (24) is straightline and located parallel to vehicle longitudinal direction in driver's seat (10) mounting position. Each guiding mechanism (20) guide channel (24) comprises support (28), made with possibility to lock guide cotter pin (22) in retaining position. Support (28) contains guide surface (30) and flat surface (32). Guide cotter pin (22) has flat surface (23), made with possibility of interaction with stop flat surface (32).EFFECT: invention provides accurate dashboard positioning relative to opening lower crossbar and allows to reduce board openings size.8 cl, 4 dwg

Automotive trailer // 2605669
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, namely, to vehicles trailers design. Automotive trailer consists of sideboards, interconnected by locks, floor, secured with front sideboard and connected with three sideboards by hinges, and additional detachable sideboards. Secured by locks additional detachable sideboards are arranged on additional floor with wheels and pressed by elastic projections attached to two sideboards.EFFECT: enabling reduced time for snow unloading from automotive trailer.1 cl, 3 dwg

Vehicle // 2605661
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle with mechanical supports for vehicle movement. Vehicle comprises supports, intended for contact with displacement surface, links, providing hinged connection of supports, two electric motors and electromagnets. Links are made in form of flexible plates. Motors are rigidly fixed at center link ends. Outermost links ends are secured on corresponding supports and electric motors axes. In center link middle part hinged connection with support is arranged. Supports contact parts are made in form of ball races and equipped with electromagnets, which are intended for periodic interlocking of these ball races. In hinged connections between supports and links electromagnets are installed, which intended for periodical fixation of corresponding links and supports position.EFFECT: technical result consists in providing of various programmable versions of vehicle movement on surface.1 cl, 4 dwg

Platform for intratubal flaw detector on magnetic wheels // 2605234
FIELD: construction; valves production.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pipeline transport and can be used for intratubal diagnostics in construction and overhaul maintenance of objects having a pipe manifold. Platform for an intratubal flaw detector on magnetic wheels comprises motor-reducers. Additionally it comprises a longitudinal axle interconnecting each platform chassis by longitudinal hinges with limiters of rotation. Longitudinal axle has a cross hinge. Extreme hinged bushings of the longitudinal axle are connected with shafts of the motors-reducers installed on extreme platform chassis in the longitudinal direction.EFFECT: provided is higher maneuverability in a complex pipe manifold.1 cl, 1 dwg

Folding tricycle for different levels of preparation with single movement disconnection mechanism, made with possibility of free steering wheel turn and free rotation of drive wheel // 2605133
FIELD: personal usage articles; transportation.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to versions of tricycle. Folding tricycle according to first version comprises front wheel assembly, frame, pair of rear wheels assemblies, pair of rings assemblies and said pair of rings assemblies simultaneous unlocking mechanism and said frame and said front wheel assembly disengagement. Tricycle according to second version comprises steering wheel, steering wheel rod, front support, yoke connected with front support and including locking mechanism. At that, locking mechanism comprises steering wheel rod tip, yoke rod tip, yoke locking rod and yoke locking lever. Tricycle according to third version, comprises front wheel, pedals locking assembly and pedals connecting axis. At that, pedals locking assembly includes gear bushing, guide projection, geared drum and pedals locking assembly sleeve.EFFECT: enabling tricycle better controllability and simplified folding.17 cl, 8 dwg

Vehicle // 2604908
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles with inertia motor. Vehicle comprises platform with wheels, having possibility of free rotation, whereon inertial drive with motor is installed. Inertia drive includes at least one balance weight with possibility of relative and portable motor rotation, at least one rotor to rotate and one-way brake rotor rotation. Axis of relative rotation unbalance is made on edge of the rotor, and on platform is fixed to it axis intended for portable rotation of unbalance. On axis rotor and one-way rotation brake are installed, which comprises elements to interact from one side with fixed axle, and from other is with rotor. All axes are made parallel to each other and horizontally.EFFECT: higher efficiency.5 cl, 3 dwg

ultimode steering valve with electric control, hydraulic steering system and wheel-type valve // 2604466
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a multimode steering valve with electric control. Steering valve comprises: a valve for collection and distribution of flows, the first electromagnetic exchange valve and the second electromagnetic exchange valve. Valve body comprises four groups of doubled hydraulic valve ports. First hydraulic ports of the first electromagnetic exchange valve and the second electromagnetic exchange valve are connected with the first group of hydraulic valve ports of the valve body, respectively. Second hydraulic ports of the first electromagnetic exchange valve and the second electromagnetic exchange valve are connected with the second group of hydraulic valve ports of the valve body, respectively. Third hydraulic port of the first electromagnetic exchange valve is connected with the port of collecting the valve flows for collection and distribution of the flows. First port of the valve flow distribution for collection and distribution of the flows and the third hydraulic port of the second electromagnetic exchange valve are connected with the third group of hydraulic valve ports of the valve body, respectively. Second port of the valve flow distribution for collection and distribution of the flows and the third hydraulic port of the second electromagnetic exchange valve are connected with the fourth group of hydraulic valve ports of the valve body, respectively. Additionally disclosed are a hydraulic steering system and a wheel-type valve.EFFECT: steering valve can perform multimode steering of mechanical vehicles, show reliable operation and have low cost.10 cl, 10 dwg

Long-wheelbase tractor-trailer train control system // 2604376
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to road vehicles controlling devices. Long-wheelbase tractor-trailer train control system comprises tractor-trailer train folding angle transducer and feedback sensor by semitrailer controlled axes position, electrically connected with electronic control unit (ECU), manual control unit via radio channel, connected to the ECU, tractor driving wheels turning angle transducer, lateral acceleration and angular velocity sensors relative to semitrailer vertical axis, semitrailer wheelbase measurement sensor, speed transducer and hydraulic accumulators with specified fluid pressure maintaining unit. ECU has main and correcting control channels. By inputs ECU is connected with master sensor and feedback sensors, and by outputs is to control system actuator. Control system is made in form of electrohydraulic booster, consisting of four-port three position electrically-operated flow control device. Flow control device is connected with double action actuating power cylinders. Power cylinders are mechanically connected with semitrailer controlled axes and its frame and hydraulically connected with hydraulic pump and hydraulic tank via four-port three position electrically-operated flow control device.EFFECT: enabling higher maneuverability and controllability of long-wheelbase tractor-trailer train.1 cl, 2 dwg

Combination vehicle trailer hitch // 2604364
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to road vehicles and can be used in designs of combination vehicles. Trailer hitch consists of hook with rod and folding lock arranged on frame cross-member using damping spring. Hook rod is articulated with bracket. One of bracket sections on its inner surface has teeth coupled with gear. Gear is rigidly fixed on flexible rod arranged fixed in vehicle frame transverse plane. Flexible rod ends have splines interacting with mating splines made on bushings. Bushings have rectangular cross section and are movably installed in frame cross bar guides. Each of bushings is also articulated with drawbar hook rod bracket by means of hinges and links.EFFECT: reduced dynamic loads at automotive tractor and trailer coupling point, hence, their higher reliability.1 cl, 1 dwg

Trailer // 2604363
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to trackless vehicles. Trailer comprises chassis with a wheeled truck and a towbar with a towing ring. Guide is rigidly connected to the towbar, and the towing ring is movably arranged in the towbar guide. In a vertical plane of the towing ring there is a taper hole of a rectangular section, where there is a movable lever, the other end of which is secured by means of splines, to an elastic splined rod horizontally installed in the towbar guides, and its ends are rigidly attached to said guides.EFFECT: smooth run of towing elements of combination vehicles due to damping dynamic loads during their jerking is achieved.1 cl, 3 dwg

Wheeled or caterpillar drive sides speed proportional variation differential turning mechanism, maintaining at turning vehicle rectilinear motion average speed // 2604259
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wheel or track assemblies sides speed proportional variation differential turning mechanisms, maintaining at turning vehicle straight movement speed. Differential mechanism comprises double cylindrical differential, connected with control shafts, provided with straight movement locking multi-disc clutch, carrying hydraulic and dry friction turning braking elements, floating craft water jets drives, step-down planetary reducing gears, which drives are connected with engine, and output links are with each side drive sprockets. Slowing down double differential turning side is connected with run in propulsor side acceleration output.EFFECT: enabling preservation of rectilinear motion average speed while turning.1 cl, 1 dwg

Combined bogie // 2604258
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to combined bogie. Combined bogie comprises rectangular platform with castor wheels installed on platform lower part. At that, bogie is equipped with, at least, another additional bogie and frame. From below on platform are fixed, at least, two guides with holes with possibility of bogies installation and fixation on frame.EFFECT: enabling possibility of combining two or more bogies into one structure.1 cl, 6 dwg

Handle unit for rear hinged removable side // 2604001
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport engineering, particularly to design of rear hinged side. Handle unit for hinged side of truck type pickup comprises guide tube with open end, handle (12), which is located in guide tube, and rotary assembly. Rotary assembly comprises rotary pin (22) connected to one end of handle (12) and with stop pin (20). Handle (12) in guide tube can move between retracted position and extended position. In extended position handle (12) passes through open end of guide tube and can be turned on rotary pin (22) for movement into support position. When handle is in support position, locking pin enters handle and locks it with position of releasing in said support position. Guide tube can be secured inside hinged side of truck type pickup.EFFECT: higher reliability.15 cl, 15 dwg

Vehicle // 2603816
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mobile vehicles, which can move on flat surfaces and on steps of stair. Vehicle comprises at least two bodies with built-in cavities filled with working medium, controlled mechanism installed between bodies, flexible hose connecting cavities, and reversible pump connected to hose. Controlled mechanism is made in form of manipulator, providing spatial displacement and relative positioning of bodies within limits, limited by hose length. Working medium is liquid. On bodies contact surfaces piled mats are fixed.EFFECT: providing various programmable versions of vehicle movement on surface and its overcoming of stepped obstacles.1 cl, 4 dwg

Shaft/hub connection element with elastic centering element // 2603440
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to shaft/hub connection for vehicles. Connection comprises a cylinder-shaped shaft component, which has elevations or depressions on the lateral surface, and a hub component with a bore, which also includes elevations and depressions inside the bore, whereby the shaft component can be mounted inside the bore of the hub component. Inside the bore of the hub component at least two surfaces are arranged such that an elastic deformation of these surfaces in the radial direction is possible. Inside the bore of the hub component at least two second surfaces are arranged such that an elastic deformation of these surfaces in the radial direction is not possible, that provides form-fitting torque transmission from the hub component to the shaft component. Elastically deformable surfaces are connected in a materially bonding manner with the elastically non-deformable surfaces.EFFECT: connection density is achieved by centering fitting a splined shaft profile.5 cl, 6 dwg

Vehicle chain transmission with variable gear ratio depending on load // 2603292
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, more specifically, to vehicle chain transmissions with variable gear ratio, depending on load. Chain transmission includes drive wheel with sprockets sectors installed on eccentric axes. Sprockets sectors are enveloped by chain together with driven wheel sprocket. Sprockets sectors have possibility of synchronous rotation relative to eccentric axes in case of load on chain occurence. Sprockets sectors displacement relative to driven wheel center increases or decreases gear ratio.EFFECT: provided is simplified design.1 cl, 6 dwg

Configuration of vehicles frame // 2603175
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automotive industry. Configuration of vehicle frame comprises front and rear parts and first connecting part. Front and rear parts are combined. First connecting part is located between front and rear parts and includes front and rear interfaces. First connecting part includes transition between parts from first height to second height. Front part includes first front beam element and second front beam element, which passes parallel to first front beam element. Rear part includes first rear beam element and second rear beam element, which passes parallel to first rear beam element. Vehicle comprises above mentioned frame configuration.EFFECT: higher strength of vehicle frame.12 cl, 8 dwg

Trailer, support wheel axle and method for uncoupling and coupling trailer // 2602877
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to trailer equipped with device for removing and/or arranging a bundle from and/or in a heat exchanger. Trailer comprises support wheel axle and coupling that is made with possibility of engaging the trailer with a tractive vehicle. Support wheel axle is connectable to the trailer for the purpose of independently supporting the trailer in at least an uncoupled state thereof. Trailer includes drive, which is configured to drive the trailer in an uncoupled state thereof. One of the wheel axle and support wheel axle is functionally connected to the drive. One of the wheel axle and support wheel axle comprises a rotary axis, which is functionally connected to the steering device to turn the trailer when it is uncoupled.EFFECT: possibility to control trailer when removing and/or arranging a bundle from and/or in a heat exchanger.15 cl, 6 dwg

Design of bogie running gear with rigidly installed support track roller // 2602846
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a running gear and a vehicle with a running gear. Running gear comprises a track frame, a guide roller bogie lever, a guide roller, a support roller bogie lever, a support roller bogie, a support roller, a driving sprocket and the main frame with a rotary shaft, on which the track frame turns relative to the main frame. Rotary shaft of the main frame has an axle. Vehicle has a running gear, in which the back support track roller is arranged at a close distance from the rear driving sprocket, when the track frame is turned at a specified turn limit in the direction, which reduces the distance between the rear support track roller and the rear driving sprocket.EFFECT: possibility to distribute the vehicle weight along the track is reached due to rigidly installed support roller.8 cl, 6 dwg

Automotive rotary device and dump truck based thereon // 2602618
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automotive industry. Automotive rotary device comprises a rotary body and an attached to it central housing connected with onboard bodies made with the possibility of propulsors mounting on them. Rotary body is equipped with a support-rotating wheel consisting of a fixed and a movable rings with running paths contacting with rolling bodies arranged there between. On the rotary body or on the movable ring of the support-rotating wheel there are bearing cylinders. Dump truck comprises mounted on the frame an engine compartment, a cabin, a cargo platform and installed under the frame two bridges with propulsors equipped with the said automotive rotary devices and a steering system.EFFECT: provided is simplified design of the rotary device and improved controllability of the dump truck.6 cl, 6 dwg

otor cultivator with tillers axes swept arrangement - mksf // 2602606
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building, in particular, to soil treatment tools, more specifically to motor cultivators. Motor cultivator with tillers swept arrangement (MKSF) has unit, intended for torque transmission from reduction gear to tillers at angle, made in form of angular gear, providing torque transmission at angle α = 40-50° to MKSF direction of movement or to MKSF conditional plane of symmetry. Tillers axes are located in plane parallel to ground surface.EFFECT: such design solution provides increase in motor cultivator operation simplicity and convenience, as well as improved quality of soil preparation.1 cl, 8 dwg

Bogie // 2602592
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to bogie. Bogie comprises platform, on lower surface of which turning wheels are installed. In platform at least one hole and at least one slot connected to each other are made.EFFECT: enabling possibility of long flat cargoes and furniture with central support elements transportation.1 cl, 5 dwg

otor cultivator with forward speed stepless regulation // 2602438
FIELD: agriculture; machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building, particularly to small mechanization facilities driven by internal combustion engine or electric motor, and can be used in various technological operations with attachments or towing equipment in backyard and farming enterprises, public utility services. Motor cultivator comprises frame with steering handles with control elements arranged on it, engine including power take-off pulley and reduction gear. Running wheels are fixed on reduction gear axles. V-belt drive driven pulley with coupling mechanism in form of drive belt tension roller is fixed on reduction gear input shaft, connecting reduction gear input shaft with driven pulley with V-belt drive driving pulley arranged at second intermediate shaft. Power take-off pulley is rigidly mounted on first intermediate shaft. V-belt variator driven pulley connected by variator belt with V-belt variator drive pulley, is installed on the second intermediate shaft, mounted on the first intermediate shaft. V-belt variator consists of driving pulley with automatic and manual control mechanisms installed on first intermediate shaft central bushing. First intermediate shaft is rigidly connected with engine shaft.EFFECT: this technical solution provides for motor cultivator functional capabilities expansion, its higher efficiency and low power consumption of performed process operation.5 cl, 4 dwg

Cargo container with inner compartments-chambers and arrangement inside compartments of polymer flexible insert-containers (container with insert-tanks), automotive semi-trailer container truck for container with insert-tanks, automotive tanker for container with insert-tanks, trailer for container with insert-tanks // 2602105
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to transportation and storage of liquid or loose cargo. Container with insert tanks consists of a solid metal closed vessel. Inner space of container is divided horizontally and vertically into compartments with arrangement in each of compartments reusable polymer flexible insert tank cars with control and measuring equipment. Each insert-tank is connected systems flexible fuel lines and air ducts with inner compartments-boxes: unit of delivery, a unit for transfer of cargo, fire-fighting compartment, compartment with pressure-suction sleeves, compartment with self-contained power equipment compartment with earthing device, process inspection hatches and doors arranged for each compartment in side walls and roof of container. Automotive semi-trailer-container for container with insert-tanks, automotive tanker for container with insert-tanks and trailer-container for container with insert tanks comprise container with insert-tanks and process compartments boxes.EFFECT: broader functional capabilities.4 cl, 6 dwg

Special atv trailer // 2601965
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, namely to small-size trailed vehicles used for transportation of people and cargoes. Trailed vehicle comprises a spatial frame, on which a hitch with a coupler and support leg is fixed for maintaining the trailed vehicle in a stable horizontal position, two folding chairs, a support, two rotary frames, a bottom, driven wheels and two u-shaped supports. Spatial frame of trailer is made in the form of a multiple bent frame, inside which there are two folding chairs on the left side and the right side relative to a longitudinal axis of the trailer. Lower part of the frame is rigidly connected to the trailer bottom, on which there are two cone-shaped slots on the left side and the right side of the trailer frame relative to a longitudinal axis of the frame center.EFFECT: higher functionality of the trailer and safety of people, transported by means of the trailed vehicle, in case of flipping it over or tilting.6 cl, 7 dwg

Bicycle // 2601792
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to bicycle. Bicycle comprises frame, seat, drive on the front wheel and steering wheel coupled with rotary fork of rear wheel. On the fork there is flywheel connected with rear wheel through gear changing direction of rotation to the opposite one.EFFECT: higher stability and reduced dimensions.1 cl, 1 dwg

Air guiding device and method of reducing air resistance of ground vehicle // 2601542
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automotive industry. Air guide device comprises an air guide, a support structure, a drive element, a sensor and a control unit. Air guide is made on vehicle body. Method of reducing air drag of a ground vehicle includes steps of, mounting air guide on vehicle body, supporting air guide by means of a support structure, moving air guide by drive element, measuring a parameter corresponding to force applied to support structure to support air guide, generating a signal corresponding to measured parameter, controlling drive element to move air guide in response to signal and measured parameter by a desired angle of inclination, wherein measured parameter has a minimum value.EFFECT: simplified design of guiding device and improved control of air flow.17 cl, 8 dwg

Single-axle vehicle // 2601485
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to small transport equipment and can be preferably used in production of individual use vehicles, in particular, of sport and entertaining nature. Single-axle vehicle comprises two wheels transversely connected by axis (3), load-carrying platform (4), hinged on that axle (3), engine and longitudinal stability provision mechanism. Mechanism is made in form of pressure roller (7), connected to load-carrying platform (4) and interacting with wheel tire (2) with formation of two independent sealed cavities on both sides of pressure roller (7).EFFECT: technical result is simplification of single-axis vehicle, as well as wider field of its possible application, particularly out of city and off-road.1 cl, 2 dwg
Urban mobile transport system and method of its operation // 2601476
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport system and method of its operation. Transport system consists of people and/or cargo and/or equipment movement devices installed on device. Each device has possibility of movement both individually and in contact, and also has possibility to be non-movable both individually and in contact. Method of transport system operation consists in fact that making transport system devices for people and/or cargo and/or equipment movement, installed on device, moving both individually and in contact and located both individually and in contact.EFFECT: result is elimination of traffic jams and possibility of vehicles movement in stream of any density.2 cl

Design of vehicle body rear // 2601094
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Design of vehicle body rear has rear column and rear roof sill. Rear columns form a part of the edge of the door opening. Rear roof sill is located between the upper end parts of rear columns. Rear roof sill comprises internal element of roof sill, amplifiers and external element of roof sill. Inner element of the roof sill is located between upper top end parts of the rear columns. Amplifiers are located above the sections of the upper surface on both end parts of the internal element of the roof sill in direction of the body width and form the first parts with closed section. Outer element of the roof sill is placed over the upper surface of the internal element section of the roof sill between amplifiers and forms the second part with closed section so that the second part with closed section is connected to the first parts with closed section.EFFECT: higher strength of the vehicle body rear is achieved.6 cl, 8 dwg

ethod of controlling articulated vehicle movement // 2601077
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed is a method of controlling the movement of an articulated vehicle consisting of driving and driven platforms (1, 2), which are hinged to each other by means of a load-carrying frame or directly by transported load (3), wheels of each of which are made driving and are equipped with drives of the wheels. By means of sensors of the control system motion parameters of the platforms are registered permanently, including the path and the folding angles between the longitudinal axis of each of the platforms and the longitudinal axis of the load-carrying frame or the transported load. Control system is used to perform calculations required to generate the driven platform wheels turn control signal for its following the path of the driving platform. At the stage of the driving platform movement along a curvilinear trajectory the heading angle of each platform is monitored as its increment relative to the common fixed coordinate system, the start of which coincides with the corresponding phase of the transition path. Driven platform speed of movement relative to the driving one is monitored and the driven platform turn parameters are calculated, such as the wheels turning angles, as well as the starting moment of its movement along the curvilinear trajectory depending on a distance between the two platforms. Simultaneously, coordinates of the trajectory of the driving platform geometrical center movement along the curvilinear trajectory are calculated, which further, along with parameters coming from the sensors, are taken into account during movement of the driven platform along the trajectory of the driving one, while controlling the values of their geometrical centers coordinates.EFFECT: coincidence of the driving and the driven platforms movement along curvilinear trajectories as parts of the vehicle is provided taking into account the transition paths legs at coming into corner and going out of it, as well as simultaneous taking into account the change of speed of the driven platform relative to the driving one when moving along curved trajectories to reduce undesirable loads for the cargo.1 cl, 5 dwg

ethod of movement and transport facility for method implementation (versions) // 2600557
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Vehicle comprises frame, wheel with opportunity to rotate relative to the frame, drive and brake system. Frame is composed in form of at least one beam, on one end of which there is a wheel with built-in electric motor, at the second end of the beam is a place for the user grasp with one hand, in the mid part of the beam is mounted support handle, which is designed to support the other user hand. Axial line of support handle is parallel to the wheel rotation plane. Support handle extends from the beam at an angle so that in working position, bearing handle is arranged horizontally.EFFECT: higher safety due to stable position of the user is achieved.39 cl, 5 dwg

ultipurpose trailer // 2600418
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Multipurpose trailer comprises a support frame and inflatable structure with a gas supply system attached to it. Support frame can be mounted at the bottom of a vehicle by means of fastening elements and is equipped with at least one wheel axle. Inflatable structure is formed by one or several tight sections. Protective element is arranged under said sections and is equipped with a system of its fixation at a selected distance from the support frame.EFFECT: better flotation of the cross-country complex equipped with a multipurpose trailer.13 cl, 7 dwg

Pneumatic tracked cross-country vehicle // 2600402
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to off-road vehicles. Pneumatic tracked cross-country vehicle comprises a bearing platform with drive rolls at the ends rolling along the inner surface of a pneumatic shell, an excess pressure source and the rolls driving device. Bearing platform together with the pneumatic shell is placed into a hemispherical canopy having throughout the lower edge a flexible skirt to create excess air pressure under the canopy. In the middle of the bearing platform there are two oppositely rotating flywheels having the possibility of their separate braking for maneuvering.EFFECT: provided is higher maneuverability while maintaining cross-country capacity.1 cl, 3 dwg

Attachment to wheeled vehicles // 2600260
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to attachment to wheeled vehicles. Attachment comprises a bearing platform with a flat bottom and rounded front end and wheel propulsor. Propulsor is made in form of two spoke wheels with a flat disc rim, transversely located on opposite sides of platform and interacting with solid support surface of peripheral surface of rim and articulated with two pairs of rolls, transversely installed on platform.EFFECT: simplified design and possibility of operation of attachment on virgin snow.3 cl, 3 dwg

System and method of estimating actual angle of hitch between vehicle and trailer // 2600178
FIELD: safety systems.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to driver's help systems and techniques for active safety for vehicles, particularly, to help system in reverse motion with trailer. System for evaluation of actual angle of coupling between vehicle and trailer includes hitch sensor, steering sensor and controller. Hitch sensor is installed on vehicle and provides continuous measurement of hitch angle. Steering sensor provides continuous measurement of vehicle turn angle. Controller is configured to determine deviation of measured value of hitch angle from actual value of hitch angle, when in reverse motion of vehicle measured hitch angle and angle of rotation are defined as almost constant.EFFECT: higher driver's aid in control over vehicle with trailer.20 cl, 10 dwg

Robot ball // 2600043
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robotics and can be used for creating new models of independent and remote controlled mobile robots. Robot ball comprises a hollow shell made of two connected hemispheric parts, working element and a parallel manipulator. Parallel manipulator consists of radially arranged links, ends of which are connected with hinges, fixed on an inner surface of the shell and on the working element, that is equipped with a control unit, drive system and power supply module. Links are made with possibility of changing their length and working element controlled displacement matched with them.EFFECT: technical result is higher efficiency of motion, higher manoeuvrability and reliability.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of combination of caterpillar wheel with distribution of loads between truck and chain, link skid and elastic links, buffering method of pre-stress and wheel axle of detachable type // 2600034
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to method of buffering pre-stress link skids in caterpillar wheel, to method of installation of link skid on elastic chain of caterpillar wheel with distribution of loads between truck and chain and to wheel axle of detachable type. Method of buffering consists in fact that set of link skids is uniformly distributed along external arc of elastic chain web. Link skids are point connected to web. Link skid includes front and rear parts confined by point joint. Method consists in fact that projecting pins are arranged on elastic chain web. Recessed grooves are arranged at link skids and serve to receive projecting pins on web. In pins included rigid split pins and one or several holes for bolts of link skids. Wheel axle is divided longitudinally into top and bottom parts at location of holes of wheel shaft. Upper part and lower part are rigidly interconnected to form together holes of wheel shaft. Shafts of support rollers are installed in holes of wheel shaft. On side surfaces of top and bottom parts are arranged crimp couplings in form of slot.EFFECT: possibility of distribution of loads between truck and chain. 9 cl, 23 dwg

Structure of vehicle body and roof // 2600018
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automotive industry. In the first version comprises vehicle body roof panel, continuous tubular support and top casings. Continuous tubular supports have front section, middle section and rear section. Continuous rear tubular support has left section, upper section and right section. Left and right upper casings have three receivers. One receiver connects the rear section of the left tubular support on the left section rear tubular support. Other receiver connects the rear section of the right tubular support with the right section rear tubular support. In the second version, upper casings make three elongated receivers, each of which receives a rear beam lateral lengthwise beam roof or the back post. Vertical downward force applied to the front section of the structure roof, a top casing and is transferred on the tubular rear beam and rear posts.EFFECT: higher strength of vehicle body.14 cl, 9 dwg

Double-flow transmission of transport vehicle with on-board turning method // 2599855
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to double-flow transmissions with differential mechanisms for power distribution of tracked and wheeled vehicles with onboard turning method. Double-flow transmission comprises gearbox and turning mechanism. Their input links are connected in parallel to engine. Each of onboard summing three-link mechanisms by its one input link is connected with output link (shaft) of gearbox, by its second input with output link controlled turning mechanism, and by its outlet link - with final drive mounted on corresponding board before drive wheel of propulsor machine. Second input links of onboard summing three-link mechanisms are interconnected by means of device with gear ratio equal to minus 1. There is a central three-link mechanism. Two input links of central three-link mechanism are respectively connected with motor and with output link of gearbox, and third, output, link - to input of turning mechanism. Onboard summing and central three-link mechanisms are made in form of planetary rows so that engine is connected with its carrier, output link of gearbox is connected with sun gear, and input link of turning mechanism is connected with epicycle.EFFECT: higher performance specifications of vehicles.4 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

Vehicle steering mechanism flow amplifier // 2599853
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Automotive steering mechanism flow booster consists of housing with distributing device with pressure, drain and cylinder lines connected with actuating hydraulic cylinder and control lines connected with hydraulic steering. Booster includes two similar three-position continuous booster spools connected on one end to control lines. Spool passages and distributing edges of these channels in housing form four throttles controlled in accordance with spool. Each of throttles is made in form of one or more radial openings located in one plane perpendicular to longitudinal spool axis. First and second throttles are made in form of twin openings located in two parallel planes, between which there is cylinder passage with two distributing edges. Third throttle interacts with drain line of distributing edge. Fourth throttle interacts with pressure line of distributing edge.EFFECT: decreased overall dimensions of booster.1 cl, 1 dwg
 
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