Locomotives and motor railcars (B61C)

B61   Railways(14459)
B61C              Locomotives; motor railcars (vehicles in general b60; frames or bogies b61f; special railroad equipment for locomotives b61j, b61k)(1368)

ethod of increasing locomotive traction effort // 2641957
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: method of increasing the locomotive traction effort includes feeding sand under the driving wheels of the locomotive directly in the contact place of the driving wheel with a rail at the moment of slippage start and removing sand from the surface of the rails after the slippage termination by means of compressed air fed through a system of additional pipelines. The sand remaining on the rail surface is loosened by multi-directional air jets immediately after the passing of the last wheelset of the first locomotive bogie in the movement direction, under which it was fed. The sand is removed from the surface of the rails by means of sucking through exhaust tubes, transported through a pipeline system, and collected into a waste sand container.EFFECT: increased traction effort of the locomotive.1 dwg

Device for increasing locomotive traction effort // 2641611
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device for increasing the locomotive traction effort includes a system for supplying sand under the locomotive wheels, a system of additional air ducts arranged in pairs on both sides of the extreme wheelsets of bogies, and butterfly throttles for switching the compressed air flow direction. The system of additional air ducts is equipped with one or several compressed air distribution chambers, in which high pressure is always maintained. The additional air ducts are equipped at the ends with diffusers dividing the air flow into several differently directed jets. The locomotive is equipped with a suction plant connected to a waste sand collecting chamber, in which a reduced pressure is constantly maintained, which in turn is connected by means of pipelines with exhaust pipes installed in pairs on both sides of the wheelsets. The exhaust pipes are equipped with branch pipes covering the upper part of the rail with a clearance.EFFECT: increased traction effort of the locomotive.3 cl, 5 dwg

Cabin of shunting locomotive // 2641540
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: cabin of a shunting locomotive comprises interconnected transversally and longitudinally arranged walls, a bottom, frame elements, and a roof, having outer and inner lining with a heat insulating layer, door and frontal window units of lateral transverse walls, window units of lateral longitudinal walls, interior elements, panel equipment, a driver's seat, electric and pneumatic equipment. The cabin is made of a block-modular design, with the use of autonomous unified stockpile assembly with the ability to transform for the installation of necessary equipment, forming unobstructed circular view of the over-cowling space area. Devices of electrical and pneumatic connections of functional plug-in cabin equipment to the shunting locomotive systems are located outside the cabin. The panel equipment is made in the form of sections interconnected by fastening means, forming a unit with the control panel, with accommodating the functional groups of control and monitoring systems therein.EFFECT: increasing the cabin manufacturability.12 cl, 4 dwg
Drive device for chassis // 2639536
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: drive device comprises a wheel unit (103) defining the axial direction and the radial direction, a first torque transmission device (111) and a second torque transmission device (112). The first torque transmission device is torsionally rigidly connected to the wheel unit and the second torque transmission device is torsionally rigidly connected to the first torque transmission device using the connecting device (114), so that the device becomes coaxial to the axial direction. The wheel unit comprises an end portion (103.1) of the wheel unit, projecting along the wheel axis into the opening (112.1) in the second torque transmission device. The protective unit (115) is located between the end portion of the wheel unit and the second torque transmission device, the protective unit being configured to protect the end portion of the wheel unit from damage by the second torque transmission device in the event of a failure of the connecting device.EFFECT: reducing the volume of repair works in the event of the connecting device failure.15 cl, 4 dwg

Rail vehicle equipped with equipment for collision protection // 2637846
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: rail vehicle includes a lower frame (2) and an operator cab. An operator console (1) is detachably connected to the lower frame (2) and includes a reinforced frame for sensing and transmitting the longitudinal pressure forces (F1, F2) arising from collision to the lower frame (2).EFFECT: possibility of building rail vehicles protected from collision, without frontal body racks and reinforced sills and possibility of performing work on manufacturing, equipping and preliminary control of the operator console outside the rail vehicle.8 cl, 4 dwg

Box for railway vehicles high voltage electric equipment // 2633050
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: box includes the housing with the electrical equipment. Two ends of the box housing in the vehicle width direction extend up to the corresponding skirt panels, and there is the collision preventing gap in the lower part of each of the box housing two ends. The lower part of each skirt panels is fixed at the corresponding collision preventing gap, the upper part of the box extends up to the position above the lower beam of the vehicle body and the bottom of the box is flush mounted with the lower panel of the vehicle body and forms the part of the vehicle body lower panel.EFFECT: improvement of the box operational performances, while meeting the requirements to the electrical gaps amount in the electrical equipment.11 cl, 20 dwg

ethod for locomotive weighing // 2632626
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: method for locomotive weighing consists in equal load distribution from the top structure. The overloaded center of mass application of the top structure shifts in the longitudinal direction towards the overloaded part of the locomotive by a distance l, determined by the relation l=(PT-0.5×R)×L/0.5×P, where PT is the mass of the locomotive top structure, which is accounted for the overloaded center of mass application; P is the mass of the locomotive top structure; L is the distance between the centers of mass application of the locomotive top structure.EFFECT: improved efficiency of the method for locomotive weighing.1 dwg

Automated driving system of freight trains of increased weight and length with locomotives distributed by train length // 2632039
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: automated driving system of freight trains of increased weight and length with locomotives distributed along the train length contains a central processor installed on each locomotive, connected with an auto-driving unit. The auto-driving unit is made with the possibility to implement on each locomotive its own programme of driving by a data receiving/transmission unit, a data entry unit, an indicating unit, and a unit of controlling system actuators based on information from the sensor unit and the memory unit. The system contains an analysis unit of traction currents, installed on each locomotive. Wherein, to ensure the possibility of the system working on a head locomotive and slave locomotives by various algorithms, the traction current analysis unit on the head locomotive is connected to the central processor unit, and on the slave locomotives it is disconnected from the CPU of the corresponding locomotive.EFFECT: increasing the reliability of the automated driving system for freight trains of increased weight.1 dwg

Rail vehicle // 2630865
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: rail vehicle with electrical equipment contains electrical components and at least one common container block (16.1, 16.2, 16.3), which is designed for the installation of electrical components. The container block (16.1, 16.2, 16.3) has several voltages separated from each other in space, stress regions (30, 32, 34) bordering with each other, with which in each case a different voltage is matched.EFFECT: simplified installation of electrical equipment.10 cl, 3 dwg

Shunting locomotive and method of its operation without driver // 2630859
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: shunting locomotive contains running gears, traction power transmission with a diesel generator set, feeding traction electric motors. At the end faces of the shunting locomotive, rangefinders of non-contact action are located, connected with the control device, which is connected to the excitation block of the traction generator. The locomotive contains a remote control device made in the form of an onboard specialized radio station, connected by a communication channel with the control device of the shunting locomotive. Rangefinders of non-contact action are installed at the level of automatic couplers, and their reading plane is parallel to the plane of the track. The reading line is formed by the intersection of the reading plane and the location plane of the automatic couplers of the carriage nearest along the motion, perpendicular to the track plane. The operation way of the shunting locomotive without the driver consists of continuous contactless monitoring of the reading line along the motion of the shunting locomotive and the stopping of the locomotive at the moment of coupling with the carriage.EFFECT: ability to use the shunting locomotive in the fully automatic mode.3 cl, 1 dwg

odular support frame for equipment of railway car // 2628636
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: modular assembly with a support frame includes a support frame comprising a plurality of tubular frame elements and a plurality of connecting brackets connecting the tubular frame elements to form a three-dimensional structure. The connecting brackets contain shelf elements designed to receive the ends of the tubular frame elements. Each tubular frame element comprises a compressed thrust flange having a hollow part and a compressed conical butt flange. The shelf elements are located between the thrust flange and the butt flange so that the ends of the tubular frame elements are compressed along the shelf elements of the connecting brackets. The shelf elements form the receiving openings for the tubular frame elements, and the ends of the tubular frame elements are compressed in their predetermined position in the openings to form end flanges. The connecting brackets are designed so that the vertical shelf element is connected to two other shelf elements, and these two other shelf elements are connected to only one other shelf element. The tubular frame elements serve as a support for a mechanical device, such as an air compressor actuated by a drive motor.EFFECT: simplified design.15 cl, 8 dwg

ethod and device for gas-fuel supply in internal combustion engine // 2627323
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: apparatus and a method for the supply of gaseous fuel from the tender in 20 of the internal combustion engine 30 of the locomotive, including fuel storage at ultra-low temperature cryogenic tank 50 to 20 tender; cryogenic pumping fuel from the tank 50 to the first pressure by means of pumps 60 and 70; transfer fuel to a gaseous state under pressure through the first heat exchanger 90 at 20 specified tender; and fuel supply translated into a gaseous state, of the tender 20 in the internal combustion engine 30; wherein the gaseous fuel vapour pressure in the range 310-575 bar.EFFECT: improved method feeder.42 cl, 10 dwg

Cryogenic fuel supply system for engine feed // 2626903
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: proposed cryogenic fuel supply system for the engine feed is located on two sections of the locomotive, interconnected by an intersection connection 4, and comprises a cryogenic tank 1 for storing liquefied cryogenic fuel, a voluminous cryogenic high pressure pump 3, an oil heat exchanger 5, a gas heat exchanger 6, a gas mixer 7, a gas receiver 8, a fuel filter 9, a controlled gas dispenser 10, pipelines 22-25, valves 18-21, controlled by a control unit 17 valves 12-16. Between the cryogenic tank 1 and the cryogenic pump 3 an intermediate buffer 2 is installed.EFFECT: location optimisation of the cryogenic fuel supply pipelines, reduction of the preparation time for work and transfer to the storage mode of the cryogenic fuel supply system, increasing the reliability of the cryogenic fuel supply system, reducing the time for repair and maintenance of the locomotive.3 cl, 1 dwg
ethod for railway train traction on power distribution system // 2626441
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: method to implement train traction on the power distribution system includes applicatio of a locomotive is used, divided into separate traction and non-traction sections and functional units. The structure of the locomotive includes a control section, a cargo traction section, a passenger traction section, a traction carload section, a traction carload passenger section and a control unit. Depending on the tasks, the locomotive configuration is performed from the required number of sections and units distributed in the train.EFFECT: obtaining the necessary characteristics of the locomotive at the time of train formation.4 dwg

Wheel-motor unit of electric vehicle with asynchronous traction motor // 2625699
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: wheel-motor unit contains the traction motor, the traction gear unit. The gear unit housing is connected on the drive shaft side with the reactive thrust to the trolley frame, and abuts on the wheel pair axle via the bearings on the driven wheel side. The traction motor is suspended on the reactive thrusts on the trolley frame crossbeam.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of the wheel-motor unit.3 cl, 6 dwg

Plant for unloading dispersed material for vehicles, first of all rail vehicles, and method of unloading dispersed material // 2625686
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device for unloading dispersed material for rail vehicles contains a storage container filled with the dispersed material and a loosening element associated with the outlet opening of the storage container, and also terminating in the immediate vicinity of the clearance between the wheel tread and the rail with a discharge pipeline for the dispersed material. A dosing device and a transporting element are located behind the loosening element. The transporting element is in connection with a shut-off valve and an air supply valve and the discharge pipeline. The dosing device consists of a screw conveyor with a cross section conically tapering to the outlet, located in a tubular housing. Baffle dividers are located between the screw thread blades to create a labyrinth. A method of unloading dispersed material is proposed, using the above plant for unloading the dispersed material.EFFECT: increasing the reliability of installations for unloading dispersed material.14 cl, 4 dwg

Locomotive coupling with double power supply of drives // 2624354
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: locomotive coupling with double power supply of drives contains one section of a diesel locomotive and one of an electric locomotive. The power supply of the traction motor drives of both sections, arranged and fixed on the axles of wheelsets and trucks of the diesel locomotive and the electric locomotive is carried out both from the contact network through the electric equipment of the electric locomotive on electrified sections, and from the diesel generator set of the diesel locomotive on non-electrified sections by means of harmonizing the control of sections of the diesel locomotive and the electric locomotive of the locomotive coupling.EFFECT: possibility of increasing the efficiency of transporting goods and passengers by mainline rail transport on alternating electrified and non-electrified railway sections.1 dwg

Locomotive cryogenic systems intersectional joint (versions) // 2624227
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: intersectional joint of cryogenic locomotive systems contains the flexible double-walled corrugated pipeline, consisting of two corrugated pipes from the cold-resistant steel, which are placed one in the other, separated by the elastic inserts and equipped with the end transition flanges fixed on the end walls of the locomotive adjacent sections. The intersection joint is provided with the elastic rod, which is connected to the flexible double-walled corrugated pipeline by means of suspensions. The elastic rod and flexible double-wall corrugated pipeline are made in the form of the spatial spirals, the elastic rod ends are fixed in the transition flanges. In another connection version of cryogenic locomotive systems, the elastic rod is located in the inner cavity of the inner corrugated pipe of the flexible double-walled corrugated pipeline and is centered relative to the inner corrugated pipe of the pipeline by centering the elastic inserts.EFFECT: intersectional joint reliability increase.2 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of regulating the voltage in gas turbine - generator system for power supply of electrical drives of a vehicle // 2623643
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: method of regulating the voltage of the gas turbine - generator system for providing power to auxiliary electric drives of a vehicle consists in using a power unit of a vehicle having a generator in its structure as a primary voltage source. Using gas turbine - generator system as the powerplant of the vehicle. The voltage from the power windings of the traction generator is fed to the input lines of the traction rectifier, to the output buses of which a multichannel converter of auxiliary needs is connected. Converter contains channels own needs with output voltage to power the on-board switching equipment and multiple channels with high-voltage output voltage, providing charge on-board batteries and work static frequency converters, feeding the auxiliary drives.EFFECT: increasing the system reliability of regulation of voltage supply to the subsidiary loads.1 dwg

Nuclear vehicle for people and cargos transportation by the railway // 2623358
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: nuclear vehicle consists of two cars. In the first car there is the nuclear vehicle motion and emergency situation control unit, two vertical, cylindrically shaped nuclear reactors with the water jacket for cooling the nuclear reactors walls and produce the steam, the shelf scrubbing filter for collecting the harmful emissions in the event of the nuclear reactors accident with the decontamination system by aqueous solution 0.5% of sulfuric acid, the steam separator for separating the water droplets from the water steam flow, the steam turbine with current generator and transformer for nuclear vehicle motion with electric motor and pulley for V-belt drive to the front wheels leading pair. In the second car there is the tank with the alkali aqueous solution, connected to the propeller pump, and further with the horizontal contactor with U-shaped tubes inside for stirring and neutralizing of acid complex uranium compounds from the bottom of the shelf scrubber. The contactor output is connected to the drum vacuum filter to separate the solid phase of uranium hydroxide U(OH)4.EFFECT: increase of the operation safety and reliability.2 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of adjusting diesel locomotive electric power transmission // 2621794
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: method of adjusting diesel locomotive electric power transmission consists in setting rpm of combustion engine shaft driving traction generator and measuring position of fuel feed dispenser of engine rpm and load regulator. The current value of the traction generator power going to the drive of the locomotive traction engines is measured. The current value of the traction generator power going to the drive of the locomotive traction engines is compared to the set one. A given value of the power going to the drive at a given speed is provided, changing the power of the traction generator. The position of the fuel supply unit corresponding to the current value of the internal combustion engine shaft speed is compared with the maximum permissible fuel supply unit at the given speed. If the maximum permissible position of the fuel supply unit at the given speed is reached, the power of the traction generator is limited.EFFECT: ensuring of the locomotive traction power constancy.1 dwg
Locomotive gear transmission casing made of composite material // 2620038
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: locomotive gear transmission casing is made of composite material. The casing comprises the upper and the lower hollow split parts connected to each other. In the casing walls along the parting line, in the upper and lower parts, openings for the wheel pair axle and for the traction motor axle are made. The outer opening for the wheel pair axle is equipped with a labyrinth felt seal. The openings for the wheel pair bearing and for the traction motor axle are provided with rubber seals. The felt seal is made in the form of two circuits.EFFECT: increasing the casing tightness at the exit points of the wheel pair axle outlet and the traction motor axle outlet.4 cl, 7 dwg
ethod of locomotive energy efficiency control when working with partial load // 2617857
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: method of locomotive energy efficiency control when working with partial load is to regulate the number of simultaneously operating traction engines. Disconnection or connection of traction motors occurs automatically in accordance with the regularity, presented in the form of a functional dependence of the locomotive operational efficiency η on the type capacity use factor γ η=γ/(k1⋅γ+k2), where k1 and k2 are the factors determined during the locomotive traction and energy tests introduced into the locomotive on-board computer program, which determines the minimum sufficient number of operating traction engines.EFFECT: increased locomotive efficiency when working with partial load.1 dwg

Wheel-motor unit bolster suspension // 2616455
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: vehicle traction motor bolster suspension includes a hinge pivot and plug, fixed by a spring on the frame. The wheel pair is connected to the engine by means of motor-axle bearings. Engine suspension point is moved to the center of wheel-motor unit mass.EFFECT: unsuspended weight reduction of the vehicle wheel-motor unit.1 dwg

Vehicle electric traction drive // 2613363
FIELD: physics, instrument-making.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle electric traction drives. A vehicle electric traction drive comprises dc traction motors, connected to the output of a voltage converter. The exciting coil of the electric motors is connected in parallel to an exciting current controller made in form of series-connected capacitor and resistor. The voltage converter consists of two rectifiers, inputs of which are connected to separate generators, mechanically coupled with thermal engines. Control inputs of the thermal engines, for controlling excitation of generators and the control circuit of the contactor of the exciting current controller are connected to corresponding outputs of the controller. Armature windings and exciting coils of the electric motors are respectively connected in series. The lead of the armature winding of the first electric motor is connected to the positive terminal of the first rectifier. The lead of the exciting coil of the second electric motor is connected to the negative terminal of the second rectifier. The negative terminal of the first rectifier is connected to the positive terminal of the second rectifier. The lead of the armature winding of the second electric motor is connected to the lead of the exciting coil of the first electric motor.EFFECT: invention improves efficiency of the electric traction drive.1 dwg

Integrated system of fire safety and information warning about fire in electric train cars and depot supervisor notification when train is in layover // 2611476
FIELD: communication; transportation.SUBSTANCE: system comprises train communication line, locomotive driver unit, cars units, fire detectors, car doors and loudspeaker limit switches. At that, every locomotive driver and car unit is made in sealed housing, locomotive driver unit includes power supply unit, random-access memory and processor providing for exchange via communication line and generating information messages, and car unit is electronic microprocessor device installed in each electric train car and performing fire detectors communication lines power supply, measurement of current in communication line and on locomotive driver unit request generating code parcel, containing information on its operability and connected circuits state, wherein each car unit polling by locomotive driver unit is performed via dedicated communication line. At that, locomotive driver unit is connected with train radio station through matching device and in case of fire hazardous situation signals supplies electric power to radio station via two pairs of relay contacts and generates radio station control signals.EFFECT: higher efficiency of fire alarm operation.12 cl, 1 dwg

Device for railway overhead system elements protection from exposure of self-consistent locomotive power equipment air-out fume // 2611448
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to air-out devices of a diesel locomotive with an internal combustion engine or gas turbine. Device for railway overhead system elements protection from exposure of self-consistent locomotive power equipment exhaust fume consists of two guide plates groups disposed symmetrically about the longitudinal axis of the device symmetry. The guide plates are connected by the reinforcement ribs forming a honeycomb frame. The frame is rigidly connected to supports for the attachment of the device above the discharge outlet on locomotive body roof. Wherein one of the groups has guide plates inclined leftward from the longitudinal axis of the device symmetry at an angle of 25 to 70 degrees, and another group has guide plates inclined rightward from the longitudinal axis of the device symmetry at an angle of 25 to 70 degrees.EFFECT: device improving the efficiency of reducing the thermal and dynamic exhaust gases effects to the electrified lines contact network.3 cl, 4 dwg

System of transmission mechanism in rail transport facility // 2610910
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to transmission mechanisms, and may be used in rail transport facility. The system of transmission mechanism of a rail transport facility with at least one pair of helical gears includes a driving gear and a driven wheel in a meshing spur gears, which are mounted in the gear casing via cylindrical roller bearings. At least one of the spur gears has at least one thrust shoulder with correlated contact area for trapping the axial forces. Each thrust shoulder is formed substantially as a thrust washer with a correlated contact area in a circumferential area of abutment washer, wherein at least a circumferential area of the thrust washer regardless of rotational motion, at least portions of the lubricant are supplied.EFFECT: invention provides catching of occurring axial forces and sufficient supply of lubricant.12 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of current maintenance of curved section of track in plan and track for its realization // 2609612
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: method of current maintenance of a curved track section in plan includes sand filling onto an external rail length, at the same time sand filling is provided to the rail length of the track arranged with a shift in the areas of interaction of the wheel-rail system elements along rail rolling surface away from the center of the curve by means of change in external rail canting. To realize the method, a rail track is proposed, which comprises a curved section of the track in plan with sand filling to the external rail length, which is arranged with a shift in the areas of interaction of the wheel-rail system elements along rail rolling surface away from the center of the curve by means of change in external rail canting.EFFECT: reduced wear of a track.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of friction increasing agent application onto rail // 2607909
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to friction increasing agent application method onto rail, method implementation control device and railway vehicle with control device. Method of friction increasing agent (26) application onto rail (2) includes friction increasing agent (26) application from first dosing unit (18), which is installed above rail (2) on rail vehicle (4) moving along rail (2) and, if seen in rail vehicle (4) movement direction (6), in front of its wheel (16) moving along rail (2); wheel (16) with rail (2) friction coefficient (24) measurement; spillage of friction increasing agent (26) from second dosing unit (18) installed above rail (2), if coefficient of friction (24) is below specified threshold value. At that, second dosing device (18) is installed, if seen in rail vehicle (4) movement direction (6), in front of wheel (16). Control device (20) is made with possibility of friction increasing agent application onto rail using said method. Railway vehicle (4) includes said control device (20).EFFECT: result is higher efficiency of friction increasing agent application onto rail.12 cl, 4 dwg

Diesel locomotive non-pedestal bogie // 2607699
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway vehicles, particularly to diesel locomotive non-pedestal bogie. Non-pedestal diesel locomotive bogie consists of frame, made of longitudinal and transverse beams with hinged motor wheel units. Units include traction electric motors and mounted wheels with spring sets and journal-boxes, connected with frame using shackle links. On frame crosswise beams, in extreme motor wheel units installation area, turning platforms lower rings are rigidly fixed. Lower rings are connected with turning platforms upper rings via socket joints and latter by means of helical compression springs are connected with one ends of U-shaped curved rods, which other ends are rigidly connected to traction motors. Traction motors end surfaces are equipped with arc-shaped projections, provided with slots interacting with spring-loaded retainers, mounted on bogie frame transverse beams.EFFECT: enabling higher stability of diesel locomotive.1 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of diesel locomotive diesel engine cooling system automatic independent warming-up // 2606428
FIELD: warming-up.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to diesel locomotive diesel engine warming-up. Method of diesel locomotive diesel engine cooling system automatic independent warming-up includes, that warmed-up diesel engine is periodically started, performing diesel engine and its cooling system heating. Diesel engine shutdown occurs automatically at diesel engine cooling system component preset operating temperature, having most heat capacity. Automatic diesel engine starting occurs at cooling system component with highest heat capacity temperature drop to specified value or temperature drop below permissible limit in cooling system component with minimum heat capacity. After diesel engine shutdown performing coolant pumping through the entire diesel locomotive cooling system. Pumping is actuated at temperature drop in cooling system component with minimum heat capacity to threshold value, exceeding permissible limit for diesel engine starting. Pumping is switched off when temperature in cooling system component with minimum heat capacity reaches set limit.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of pump operation duration for coolant pumping in cooling system and storage battery increased service life.1 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of sand supply onto rails // 2606426
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport and can be used in railways network locomotive facilities. According to wear of curved track section outer rail it is supplied with sand. In motion between rolling stock wheel pair wheel and outer rail rolling friction is provided.EFFECT: enabling track in curve and railway transport rolling stock increased service life.1 cl, 1 dwg

Diesel locomotive geared wheel unit // 2606412
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway vehicles, particularly, to diesel locomotive geared wheel units. Diesel locomotive geared wheel unit comprises a wheel pair with axle boxes connected with an extra beam rigidly attached to the traction motor. Motor is equipped with a spring suspension connected to the locomotive bogie frame. On the bogie frame crossmember there is a torque hydraulic cylinder. Shaft of the hydraulic cylinder is rigidly fixed on the horizontal section of the extra beam. Spring suspension of the traction motor is movably arranged in a curved guide rigidly fixed on the bogie frame. Torque hydraulic cylinder is connected via pipelines with a hydraulic control valve, the spool of which is rigidly connected both with the locomotive body and with a hydraulic station arranged in the said body.EFFECT: provided is reduced wear of wheel flanges at passing curved track sections by the locomotive.1 cl, 3 dwg

Diesel locomotive non-pedestal three-axle bogie // 2604924
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway vehicles, namely to diesel locomotive non-pedestal three-axle bogies. Diesel locomotive non-pedestal three-axle bogie comprises wheel pairs with axle boxes, a frame with coupled on it motored wheel units, spring sets and pneumatic cylinders. On the axle boxes of the wheel pairs there are rigidly fixed bushings of square section, in which there are flexibly placed similar section rods. Rods are arranged on the pneumatic cylinders pins. Square-section rods have thrust ring, and between them there are movable forks. Forks are rigidly attached to one arms of two-arm levers articulated with the bogie frame. Other arms of the two-arm levers are articulated with the axle boxes. Rods are rigidly attached to the pneumatic cylinders pins equipped with pistons spring-loaded relative to the pneumatic cylinders on both sides, and the pneumatic cylinders are rigidly fixed on the bogie frame.EFFECT: provided is higher reliability of running diesel locomotive non-pedestal 3-axle bogies.1 cl, 2 dwg

Diesel locomotive three-axle bogie // 2604923
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway vehicles, namely to three-axle diesel locomotive bogies. Three-axle diesel locomotive bogie is articulated with the locomotive body. Bogie comprises a frame with coupled on it two extreme and one middle traction motors with wheel pairs, axle boxes and a spring suspension. On the extreme traction electric motors, in their vertical plane, pins are rigidly fixed. One of the pins is interconnected with the help of a two-arm lever pivotally mounted on the bogie frame to interact with similar pin rigidly fixed on the bottom of the locomotive body. Other pin is in contact with a trough-shaped section thrust rigidly fixed on the said bottom of the diesel locomotive body.EFFECT: provided is higher reliability of wheel flanges of diesel locomotives.1 cl, 2 dwg

Drive device, in particular, for railway vehicle containing cooling system // 2595239
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly to a drive device for vehicle. Drive device (10) includes motor (12), containing drive shaft (14), and reduction gear (16), containing input shaft (18) connected with drive shaft. Furthermore, drive device comprises at least fan (28), containing impeller (29) which can be rotated about its axis of drive shaft (14). Fan (28) is configured to create air flow in same direction regardless of direction of rotation of impeller (29).EFFECT: reduced overall dimensions.12 cl, 4 dwg

Electronic relay // 2593168
FIELD: transportation; electricity. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to traction control system of electric traction transport facilities. Electronic relay is made without changing and modification of seats and comprises two LEDs of different colours. Relay is installed on subway carriages in RT-300 thyristor regulator of CU-13 unit on REK-24 seats. EFFECT: increased service life of CU-13 control unit. 1 cl, 3 dwg

High-speed energy-efficient ecologically clean and safe for people electric train // 2592037
FIELD: transportation. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric locomotives and motor cars. Electric train comprises head and trailer cars with 3-11 DC or AC traction motors of up to 500-1,800 kW supplied by catenary system. Every DC electric motor is connected with AC circuit through current collector, connected with transformer, with thyristor converters, with excitation winding, with solenoid and with storage batteries. Each traction AC electric motor is connected with the AC circuit via a current collector, is connected with transformer, with thyristor converters, with independent voltage inverter (IVI), with IVI control system and with control system of independent voltage rectifier (IVR). IVI supplies voltages to three stator windings of four-pole asynchronous electric motor, while the fourth stator winding is connected with a single-phase electrical network. Each electric motor stator windings are connected with separate 1-10 units of high-capacity capacitors. EFFECT: higher energy saving and environmental compatibility of the vehicle are reached. 1 cl, 3 dwg

Railway vehicle power plant technical state control method // 2591556
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport tests. Method of power plant technical state control includes measurement the work made by the power plant and the fuel spent together with performing rheostat tests. Rheostat tests are performed at loading the power plant using standard testing cyclograms, as a result of which the experimental-and-computed efficiency factor is found. Theoretical calculation of design efficiency is performed using the same test cyclogram that the one used for rheostat tests, efficiency factor of electric traction machines and power consumption for the drive of auxiliary units, but with setting the power and fuel flow rate values as for ICE. Value of the vehicle technical state indicator LEI (Locomotive Energy Index) equal to the ratio of and is found and compared with the minimum LEI value, then the conclusion is made on the railway vehicle power plant technical state.EFFECT: technical result is ensuring high accuracy of railway vehicle technical state control.1 cl, 1 dwg

Support of torque and railway vehicle bogie // 2589191
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: bogie comprises frame, mounted axle, transmission gear wheel pair, axle shaft, housing of transmission gear and torque support for hinged mutual support gear wheel pair on bogie or on its frame. Support comprises rod (10), on both ends (10.1, 10.2) of which is located at one mounting head (12.1, 12.2), containing bearing (13.1, 13.2) with cylindrical pin (14.1, 14.2), which serves to rest on corresponding element. In zone of its both ends, rod is made in form of a sleeve. Bearing includes bushing (17.1, 17.2), which in radial direction of pin is located between it and mounting head and rests on bearing element (18.1, 18.2). Sleeve has on its outer periphery a hemispherical convex portion. Pins in zone of their support in bearing have round cross-section and can be connected by press fitting to housing (8.1, 8.2, 8.3) of transmission gear wheel pair and/or to bogie, pins are matched with protection against turning.EFFECT: providing easy adapting of support to various links of transmission gear wheel pair with truck.4 cl, 3 dwg

Device for securing border areas // 2587772
FIELD: weapon and ammunition.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to jet valley fire systems for operational-tactical, arranged on railway rolling stock. Device for closure of border areas is a railway train and includes six launchers "Smerch", centralised control station units, a weather station, car for storage of ammunition, crane rail, cars for domestic service and arrangement of armoured vehicles, collapsible end ramp.EFFECT: technical result is assurance of coverage of adjacent to the state boundary areas by snap-action ammunition and remote mining means.1 cl, 1 dwg

System of rail vehicles // 2587133
FIELD: railway equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric locomotives and railcars. System of rail vehicles includes a set of cars (12.1-12.7), which provides for the carriage of passengers. Set of coaches has two front cars (12.1, 12.7), at least one unpowered intermediate car (12.3, 12.6) and at least one car designed as a motor car intermediate cars (12.2, 12.4, 12.5) with at least one drive node (16.2, 16.4, 16.5). Motor railcar contains node (16.2, 16.4, 16.5) intended for the drive unit (22.2, 22.4, 22.5) of power supply, which has at least one unit (24.2, 24.4, 24.5) of the voltage converter and assembly (28.2, 28.4, 28.5) of the inverter current. Each car (12.1-12.7) has a portion (33.1-33.7) lines, and areas (33.1-33.7) together form a line connectable to situated on the railway line network (26) power supply, extending around the composition of the high-voltage line (33). Railcars has at least one switch (35.2) which is provided for releasably connecting unit (22.2) with a high voltage power supply line (33).EFFECT: technical result is to increase the flexibility in the layout of the system of rail vehicles for the enhanced power ramping of thrust.6 cl, 1 dwg

ethod for control of rail vehicle // 2585948
FIELD: transport; machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway vehicles. Power is supplied to driven/braking wheel to drive or brake, number of revolutions of driven/braking wheel is detected indirectly, and with control system for power to drive or force for vehicle braking. Vehicle has an acceleration sensor, by means of which is picked up vehicle acceleration. Acceleration of driven/braking wheel is calculated from change in number of revolutions of driven/braking wheel. Power/force control system performs matching if acceleration of driven/braking wheel differs from vehicle acceleration.EFFECT: prevention or minimisation of skidding and sliding and thus, improved use of power drive or partial load mode braking railway vehicle.9 cl, 1 dwg

Detachable section of electric power line section of electric locomotive // 2585931
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to laying electric cables and wires on vehicles. Removable section of locomotive power electric line includes cable duct, which is power frame with detachable covers-plates and attachment to body section and grounding of electric locomotive. Laying electric cables in cable duct is made by means of locating blocks of power electric cables and bundles. Laying electric cables and bundles made together with air ducts of pneumatic system of electric locomotive fixed by clamps on cross beams of bearing frame. Top lengthwise beams of side walls are split to make spaces to accommodate detachable boards with plug-type connections to main structure of bearing frame. Detachable boards are made with possibility of disconnection-connection from/to main structure of bearing frame in vertical direction. At that, cover-plate system is laid on power frame with overlapping of gaps between ends of upper longitudinal beams of detachable boards and main structure of bearing frame.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of manufacture ability of detachable section electric locomotive electric power line section.7 cl, 3 dwg

Railway vehicle drive bogie, primarily low-floor tram // 2585131
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: bogie comprises frame (1), wheel drives (8), including traction motor, reduction gear, disk brake, car suspension springs with hydraulic damper and track brake. Frame is made of longitudinal (2) and transverse (3) beams connected by means of mounting rollers (4) installed at the ends of crosswise beams. Transverse beams are located below wheel axis. Each wheel (10) has individual suspension in the form of rocker (11) with damper (16) and is kinematically connected with traction motor (23) by means of input (25) and output (24) of reduction gears. Input reduction gear is fixed on bearing assembly of wheel on one side and on equalizer on the other side, and output reduction gear is fixed on the end side of traction motor. Gear units are interconnected via a dual hinge-sliding sleeve (26). Traction motors are installed at longitudinal frame beams between wheels so that their axes are parallel to the bogie lengthwise axis.EFFECT: reduced wear of wheels and rails, higher reliability and service life of truck.5 cl, 8 dwg

High-speed, energy-conservation, ecologically clean and safe for people // 2583819
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric locomotives and motor cars. Electric train comprises head and trailer cars with DC or AC 3-11 traction motors and power of up to 500-1,800 kW, supplied by catenary system. Every DC electric motor is connected with AC circuit through current collector, connected with transformer, with thyristor converters, with excitation winding, with solenoid and with storage batteries. Each AC traction electric motor is connected with AC circuit through current collector, connected with transformer, with thyristor converters, with independent voltage inverter (IVI), with IVI control system and independent voltage rectifier (IVR) control system. IVI control system in traction mode operates as inverter, and in braking mode IVI switches to rectifier mode. IVR in traction mode operates in rectifier mode while in braking mode IVR switches to inverter mode. Each stator winding of asynchronous electric motor is connected with separate 1-10 high-capacity capacitors banks.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of energy saving and environmental friendliness of vehicle.1 cl, 3 dwg
Pipeline sanding device // 2582523
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment intended for locomotive of railroad transport, particularly to means of locomotive sand filling on points of servicing of locomotives. Pipeline sand dispensing device consists of housing with a rigidly fixed pipe inlet and hinged nozzle outlet. Inside housing on opposite walls are welded two plates, curved in V-shaped form and forming a slit-like neck, which is firmly fitted pivotally at an angle sufficient to supply sand through pipeline in hatches sandboxes locomotives various grades, end nozzle outlet, with covering of its X-shaped elastic member separating housing into two cavities. At end of nozzle outlet with a slot-shaped spout part side, it has a support ring, which on outside diameter of its cross section has a semicircular shape.EFFECT: result is optimisation of distribution and supply of sand to filling hatches locomotives of various types, increased durability of device.2 cl, 3 dwg

System for monitoring and control of locomotive and pushing locomotive train via radio channel // 2578640
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automation and telemechanics on railway transport. System comprises, on the head and pushing locomotives, a logic processing unit including a processor module with connected to it recording module and modem connected with the train radio communication radio station operating on a standby radio channel, a coupler, a meter range wireless modem operating on the main radio channel and a microprocessor locomotive control system. At that, the head and pushing locomotives have an interface module and a controller and interface module and connected to the interface module processor module, meter range radio modem and a coupler, made in the form of the control module connected to a module of electronic switches, outputs of which are connected, respectively, to a device for automatic control of braking and a controller, a connected to the controller of driver's brake valve, and a connected to the interface module locomotive control microprocessor system connected with locomotive safety device and speed setting device.EFFECT: higher automation of train control system.1 cl, 1 dwg

Railway vehicle with machine compartment as well as with at least one engineman cabin and process for development of overpressure in machine compartment // 2577819
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to venting systems of railway vehicles. Claimed vehicle comprises engineman cabin, machine compartment (2) and air-conditioning system (3). Besides, said air-conditioning system (3) comprises the first air duct (21, 22) to force fresh air into at least the engineman cabin. The second air duct (13) forces at least the portion (24) of fresh air (21, 22) fed into engineman cabin (1) into the machine compartment (2).EFFECT: maintenance of pure air overpressure in machine compartment.13 cl, 1 dwg
 
2551371.
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