Applications or arrangements of brakes with substantially-radial braking surfaces pressed together in axial direction, e.g. disc brakes (B61H5)

B61   Railways(14459)
B61H5              Applications or arrangements of brakes with substantially-radial braking surfaces pressed together in axial direction, e.g. disc brakes (self-applying brakes b61h0011020000; combinations of different types of brakes b61h0011140000)(98)

Railway wheel with side braking surface (versions) // 2627978
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: in a railway wheel consisting of a rim, a hub and a disk between the rim and a hub, containing braking surfaces on the lateral planes separated from the hub and the rim by annular grooves, the disk is provided with through channels connecting the annular grooves of the hub to the annular grooves of the rim located on opposite sides of the wheel, or located on each side of the wheel, or each through channel in the disk, connecting the annular grooves of the hub with the ring grooves of the rim located on each side of the wheel, can consist of two non-parallel channels connected together.EFFECT: improved cooling of the railway wheel brake disk.3 cl, 3 dwg

Disc brake of railway vehicle // 2605663
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport field, particularly, to disc brake braking units. Disc brake braking unit consists of housing with suspension, levers, eccentric shafts, brake cylinder and pads with friction linings. Automatic parking brake is translatory-rotary mechanism, using which pads pressing force is transferred onto disc. In braking unit input loads from brake cylinder and parking brake actuator are applied on different eccentric shafts. Enabling absence of pads pressure force summation on disc with simultaneous actuation of brake cylinder and parking brake actuator.EFFECT: enabling provision of absence of pads pressure force summation on disc with simultaneous actuation of brake cylinder and automatic parking brake actuator.1 cl, 4 dwg

Bodrov_v_v grip brake // 2600407
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway vehicles braking equipment and can be used in bogies of cargo, passenger cars and locomotives. Grip brake comprises pair of holders with brake pads and their opposite movement mechanism. To bogie side frames horizontal frame is rigidly fixed, two pairs of holders with brake pads are supported on its transverse beams with possibility of longitudinal relative movement along bogie. Ends of each pair of holders are connected with possibility of holders with brake pads arranged in vertical plane oppositely directed transverse displacement. Holders of each pair are connected with horizontal brake pads, and their oppositely directed movement mechanism is made in form of at least one, but preferably four or six depending on number of wheels in bogie horizontal L- or T-shaped double-arm levers, which long arms are articulated with brake system tie rod.EFFECT: enabled simplified design, higher efficiency and increased speed of loaded car without increasing braking distance.1 cl, 7 dwg

Railway car bogie, comprising primary suspension between axial journal box and bogie frame // 2596055
FIELD: machine building; transportation.SUBSTANCE: bogie (1) includes frame (2), axle (4) installed with possibility of rotation relative to frame, axle box (6) installed on transverse end of axle, and primary suspension (10) mounted between frame and axle box. Primary suspension comprises element (12) of vertical suspension, arranged on support element (18), and first element (14) of longitudinal and transverse suspension, installed in first seat (26) located on one side of support element. Centre (32) of first seat is shifted outward of wheeled bogie relative to centre (20) of support element.EFFECT: providing stability of railway car and possibility of installation of disc braking device, only effective for railway cars, moving at ultrahigh speed without increasing size of said cars.11 cl, 2 dwg

Braking device for vehicles and vehicles having such braking device // 2592469
FIELD: machine building. SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to railway transport, particularly to clamping brakes. Braking device has clamping device including two brake levers and connecting part. For separation of braking levers for each of brake lever spring element is provided. Spring element by first end rests on brake lever, and other end is on connecting part or chassis. Each of brake levers forms for spring elements, which is provided for it, protective frame, inside which there is largest part of spring element. One of two braking levers is equipped with adjusting device for adjustment of pretension force of spring element resting on it. Vehicle has chassis and braking device is provided for brake disk. EFFECT: obtained prevention of unilateral adhesion of brake friction pads to disc brake. 10 cl, 10 dwg

Freight car bogie wobble suppressor - anti-yokes by bodrov v.v // 2590756
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device comprises horizontal frame of longitudinal and transverse beams, adjustable means of limitation of longitudinal and transverse movement of the bogie side frames and means of suppressing wobble oscillations. Device also contains clamping brake with fixed to transverse beams horizontal frame at each bogie wheels to turn in horizontal plane of two mirror identical holders with brake shoes and nuts of screw pair, screw of which in zone of screw pairs has right and left threads, equipped with adjustable spring and articulated lever system and links with other screws of clamping brakes, with lever and brake system with braking cylinder of car and/or truck.EFFECT: possibility of transporting car with speed equal to structural speed of bogies with zero transition probability in uncontrolled mode of self-oscillations wobble, and effective braking with the speed without increasing the braking distance and force action on wheel rolling surface.3 cl, 6 dwg

Disc brake of railway vehicle // 2588557
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway vehicles, particularly, to disc brakes. Disc brake comprises disc casing with suspension cushioned frame of vehicle, brake cylinder, levers, pivotally connected therewith shoes with friction linings and turn angle limiter. Turn angle limiter represents a parallelogram-crank mechanism. Parallelogram-crank mechanism is located in space under brake unit within its dimensions and is formed by housing, parallelogram links and articulated with them moving slides.EFFECT: providing uniform wear of friction pads in horizontal plane and providing compactness of design of brake unit.1 cl, 3 dwg

Disc brake of railway vehicle // 2586785
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway vehicles, particularly, to disc brakes. Brake unit of disc brake is equipped with a manual brake actuator. Manual brake actuator is actuated by a cable, consists of two arms of second kind, suspended on parallelogram quadric, and in which leaf springs used to return and retain actuator in initial state.EFFECT: high reliability of a manual brake actuator and providing compact disc brake design, equipped with a manual brake actuator.1 cl, 4 dwg

V. bodrov brake // 2584773
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment of railway vehicles, primarily, freight cars. Brake comprises articulated with truck pair mirror identical holders. Each of holders is connected with brake shoe and with a nut at least one, preferably, two screw pairs with screw arranged in zone of screw pairs with right and left thread, equipped with levers and extension-type spring. Screw levers are pivotally connected system of links and levers with levers screws similar other bogie wheels brakes with braking cylinder and with manual brake.EFFECT: simple design, easier manufacture and reduced weight of brake.1 cl, 4 dwg

Gripper braking device // 2583244
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway vehicle disc brakes. Proposed device comprises guide plate, fastening pin, piston, piston plate, elastic membrane and intermediate element. Installation pin holds guide plate and is located in main body tick-borne braking device. Piston is located in main body tick-borne braking device with possibility of free movement and removal. Piston plate is attached to front surface of piston and is retained by means of fixing pin. Elastic membrane is located on rear surface of piston to make pressure chamber in main body tick-borne braking device and resilient deforming under pressure of working fluid medium in pressure chamber for movement of brake shoe by means of piston, piston and guide plate. Intermediate element is arranged between piston and guide plate to form gap between piston and guide plate.EFFECT: improved heat insulation is achieved.12 cl, 4 dwg

Gripper braking device // 2583123
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to brakes. Clamp braking device for clamping a disc rotating together with a wheel by applying frictional force thereto, comprising: a housing of clamp braking device being held on vehicle body; brake lining; guide plate holding brake lining; fixing pin, retaining guide plate on housing of brake device with possibility of free movement/removal. Piston moves relative to housing and braking device is pressed against brake lining by a guide plate. Elastic plate adjoins to rear surface of piston to form a pressure chamber within housing and braking device is elastically deformed under pressure of working medium in pressure chamber. Piston plate keeps piston on fastening pin with possibility of free sliding piston.EFFECT: improved thermal insulation.6 cl, 4 dwg

Gripper braking device // 2581984
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway vehicle disc brakes. Gripper braking device comprises a brake pad adapted for advancement and retraction relative to housing of gripper braking device, and to apply a frictional force by sliding contact with disc. Device also comprises a locking pin holding a guide plate, a piston is arranged to advance/retract relative to housing of gripper braking device and pressed against brake pad via a guide plate, a diaphragm adjacent to back surface of piston to form a pressure chamber within housing of gripper braking device and elastically deforming under compressed air pressure in pressure chamber with provision of movement of piston and piston plate, piston for retaining locking pin ensuring possibility of free sliding of piston. Piston comprises a plurality of heat-insulating components with distal ends protruding in direction of guide plate.EFFECT: improved thermal insulation is achieved.10 cl, 8 dwg

Wheel brake discs // 2581635
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, specifically to disks of wheel brakes. Wheel-mounted brake disks are arranged on both sides of a wheel base of a railway wheel and are fastened by through bolts. Bolt head of every through bolt lying in a countersink of one wheel-mounted brake disk and a nut screwed onto through bolt lying in a countersink of other wheel-mounted brake disk, resting either directly or indirectly on bottom of countersink.EFFECT: every countersink has an undercut portion that extends down to bottom.6 cl, 4 dwg

Railway vehicle drive bogie, mainly, of low-floor tram // 2566594
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: claimed drive bogie comprises the frame with lengthwise thrusts, wheel drives with reduction gearboxes and thrust motors brought outside the wheels limits, disc brakes, car suspension springs, dampers and rail brakes. Wheels are arranged in the frame to run independently. Disc brake elements are arranged at reduction gearbox. Wheel drives incorporate springs engaged elastically with the bogie frame. Bogie frame can skew in vertical plane because of flexure of two extreme crosswise beams relative to the axis of central stiff crosswise beam.EFFECT: lower unsprung bogie weight, improved contact between wheels and rails, lower dynamic load at bogie elements and track, lower noise and wheel wear, higher life of running gear.3 dwg

Brake shoe lining for disc brake gear // 2565153
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: claimed brake shoe lining comprises several lining elements jointed to lining holder each including bearer plate and secured thereat and fitted in the intake elements from back side, as well as friction elements. Bearer plate can develop tipping motion and is retained at the lining holder. Bearer plate has the recess to enlarge its surface, adjacent with intake elements.EFFECT: longer life.10 cl, 3 dwg

Railway vehicle mounted axle brake disc (versions) // 2562082
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: brake disc comprises hub, rim and circular strap with cylindrical groove made over ID on the rim side connected by tightening elements arranged over concentric circle of their conjugation. Flat ring is fitted between circular strap and rim. In compliance with first version, flat ring acts via round cross-section split ring on the hub taper surface and on the rim cylindrical surface conjugated with said hub. In compliance with second version, flat ring acts via round cross-section split ring on the hub cylindrical surface and on the rim conical surface conjugated with said hub.EFFECT: simplified design, higher reliability of brake operation.6 cl, 4 dwg

Trailer bogie // 2561520
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: trailer bogie comprises two mounted axles (1) fitted on frame (2). Every mounted axle comprises shaft (3), two wheels (4) fitted thereon, each including two disc brakes (5) on disc section and two axle boxes (6). To clean wheel rolling surface, this bogie is provided with shoe brake (8) with one shoe (9) per a wheel arranged on wheel outer side. Bogie frame comprises two lengthwise beams (10) its ends being bent at the angle of about (90) degrees inward the frame. Lengthwise beam bent-off ends are provided with clip brakes (13) on wheel outer side. Bogie spring suspension represents a two-step design. Note here that second step is composed of two pneumatic springs (20). Rubber-metal supports (21) are located between bogie frame and pneumatic springs.EFFECT: higher traffic safety, decreased effects on the track brought by rolling stock owing to decreased weight of trailer bogie.3 cl, 6 dwg

Railway vehicle calliper-type disc brake assembly // 2561477
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: disc brake consists of the body suspended from the car cushioned frame, 3D calliper mechanism with parallelogram links. It comprises brake disc, levers, support, con rods and shoes with friction linings. Calliper mechanism structural configuration allows revolution of the support relative to the body. Note here that articulated links features more than one degree of freedom.EFFECT: simplified design, better manufacturability, easier assembly, higher reliability and efficiency, longer service life.4 dwg

otor trolley of railroad transport // 2558420
FIELD: transport engineering.SUBSTANCE: motor trolley contains two motor wheelsets (1) installed on the frame (2). Each wheelset contains an axis (3), rigidly installed on it rubber-metal V-shaped coupling (4) to transfer traction-brake moment to axis from the motor-gearbox unit (5) installed on the transverse beam (6) of the frame by means of the rubber-metal hinges (7), and on axis by means of the coupling (4). On axis two wheels (8) are pressed, each wheel has on disk part two brake disks (9) and two journal-boxes (10). To clan rolling surface of the wheels the trolley has drum brake (12) with one drum (13) per wheel on inside surface of the wheel. The trolley frame contains two longitudinal beams (14), their ends are bent at angle about 90° along the frame. On the bent ends of the longitudinal beams from the external surface of each wheel the brake pincer-like gears (16) are installed. The trolley spring suspension is made two-stage. Second stage is made as two pneumatic springs (24).EFFECT: increased safety of movement due to assurance of stable friction coefficient of wheel with rail, reduced intensity of action on the rail track due to weight decreasing of the motor trolley.4 cl, 6 dwg

Railway car disc brake // 2558413
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, namely, to disc brakes. Brake disc comprises cylindrical hub, friction ring and conical flange connecting said hub with said friction ring. Cylindrical hub defines the central axial and gas axial width and OD. OD surface defines the hub outer perimeter. Friction ring comprises two opposed ring elements each provided with outer braking surface and inner surface. Ring elements are interconnected by multiple ribs extending from inner surface of one ring element to inner surface of the other one. At braking, brake disc flange is subjected to bending stress In compliance with first version, conical flange has inner section connected with said hub, outer section connected with one of two opposed ring elements and radial section connecting inner section with outer section. In compliance with second version, conical flange has inner section connected with said hub, outer section connected with ribs and radial section connecting inner section with outer section. Hub, friction ring and conical flange are made integral of one material to make brake disc comprise single-piece body. In compliance with third version, said hub comprises first and second axial ends to define axial width. Note here that flange inner section is connected with said hub at mid position between first and second axial ends of said flange.EFFECT: ruled out hub expansion radially outward, hence, preserved interference fit of hub and axle.20 cl, 30 dwg

Tongs-type brake for vehicle // 2557097
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, particularly, to rolling stock braking equipment. Proposed device comprises brake shoe to apply friction force by sliding in contact with disc, main case of tongs secured to vehicle and actuator to press brake shoe to disc. Said actuator comprises resilient film secured to tongs main case, drive pressure chamber composed by resilient film to receive fluid, valve feeding said fluid into said chamber and piston arranged between resilient film and brake shoe. Fluid is fed into drive pressure chamber to expand said film towards brake shoe so that piston drives the latter to sliding contact with disc. Said valve feed fluid into drive pressure chamber at brake operation and confines fluid discharge therefrom at brake release.EFFECT: ruled out abrasion of brake shoe at invariable costs and weight.4 cl, 5 dwg

Railway vehicle disc brake assembly // 2556824
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: brake unit consists of the body with suspension fitted on cushioned frame of the vehicle, gripper mechanism, including levers, brake cylinder, shoes, automatic regulator of clearance between linings and disc with ratchet mechanism and drive of said automatic regulator. Said automatic regulator of clearance is arranged in the unit body between fulcrums of levers. Brake cylinder is arranged between the levers on ends opposite locations of shoes. Said automatic regulator of clearance is driven by brake cylinder via lever drive provided with compensation spring. Device for unlocking of ratchet mechanism of said automatic regulator of clearance is composed of a spring-loaded rod.EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability, compact design.6 dwg

Disk braking device for rail vehicles // 2555250
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport machine building, namely, to disk braking devices for rail vehicles. The disk braking device includes disk to be mounted on chassis and brake system to provide braking force. The brake system includes braking cylinder and brake caliper on which brake pad is installed to interact with braking cylinder. In the path of force transmission from braking cylinder to brake pad, sensor is provided which sensor is designed and installed to record force transmission to braking cylinder. The brake pad is installed on caliper by means of articulated joint.EFFECT: higher reliability of braking force fixation during actual transmission to brake disk.7 cl, 5 dwg

Disc brake lining for railway transport and industrial vehicle // 2553541
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway and industrial vehicles, particularly, to disc brake linings. This lining comprises load-bearing plate and multiple friction elements. Every friction element features long shape with two bent parallel sides. Every friction element is secured at load bearing plate so that long side bent line makes, in fact 0 degree angle relative to appropriate concentric circles of the disc with said lining. Every friction element is secured to said plate via anti-turn lock.EFFECT: ruled out shift of friction elements, efficient braking, decreased noise.9 cl, 6 dwg

Rolling stock disc brake pad // 2551051
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, particularly, to disc brake pads. Brake pad comprises friction elements with grooves secured at metal butt. Said friction elements are composed of two separate pad halves making a mirror image. Every pad half has at least one lengthwise blind slot and one crosswise blind slot. Metal butt of every pad half does not cover the entire rear surface but only at pad securing points of brake assy.EFFECT: longer life, higher reliability.2 cl, 3 dwg

Disc brake of railway vehicle // 2537008
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to braking equipment of railway vehicles, in particular, to disc brakes. A disc brake comprises a body arranged on a spring-loaded frame of the vehicle with a tong parallel-link motion, an amplification mechanism, shoes and friction pads interacting with the brake disc. The tong parallel-link mechanism is made by H-shaped levers. The body is made as a monoblock body with two coaxially arranged braking cylinders of a service and automatic parking brake. The body may freely rotate on an axis located horizontally in the plane of braking disc rotation. The amplification mechanism is located inside the monoblock body and is made as single-link in the form of a swinging stem contacting with a leash. The piston of the service brake is made with a stiffly attached guide and a swinging stem, and the piston of the automatic parking brake is equipped with a stem having a plug, a nut and a bolt. The stem with the plug acts at the service brake piston, and the nut and the bolt provide for manual disconnection of the automatic parking brake.EFFECT: provides for reduced dimensions of a device with provision of required pressing force.3 dwg

Brake shoe mounting assembly and method for its installation // 2518138
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, namely, to mounts of brake shoes for railway cars. Mounting assembly is made with possibility to track lateral travel of wheel on axle truck. Wheel flange is made with possibility to press one side of brake shoe mounting assembly pushing it along axle and squeezing resilient displacing structure. When a wheel returns to central or neutral position squeezed resilient displacing structure expands and returns brake shoe mounting assembly to its initial or neutral position. Also, resilient displacing structure minimises lateral travel of brake shoe mounting assembly towards wheel taper under normal braking loads thus preventing shoe slipping off. Resilient displacing structure can be placed into casing made capable to prevent ingress of contaminants. Railway car braking system contains brake actuator of railway car and brake shoe mounting assembly. Method for installation of brake shoe mounting assembly consists in providing mounting bracket, articulated joint of suspended casing with mounting bracket by means of the first rotary axis, articulated joint of braking shoe holder with opposite sides by means of the second rotary axis, and installation of resilient displacing structure on the second rotary axis.EFFECT: provision of somewhat braking shoe lateral travel to track wheel lateral travel on railway car truck frame.20 cl, 11 dwg

ounted axle disc brake // 2509017
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, namely, to railway vehicle braking clamps. Disc brake comprises case, brake plates, brake shoes with plastic linings, leverage with two bell cranks and their hinge pins. Brake discs are secured at both sides of running wheel. Leverage is engaged with brake souse on one side and, on that other side, with controlled pneumatic brake cylinders and springs to pull brake shoes from brake disc. Disc brake is equipped with friction discs fitted on both sides of running wheel, at brake discs ends. Inner friction discs are composed of segments fitted on axles at the case while outer friction discs are composed of segment rings secured by pins at brake disc with plates to connection of segments by screws. Friction discs comprises extra springs fitted at axles to make clearance over friction surface.EFFECT: higher efficiency of braking, decreased sizes, simplified design, expanded operating performances.2 dwg

ounted axle disc brake // 2505442
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: disc brake consists of shoe body, shoe friction linings, brake disc, mechanism with two bell cranks and springs, brake air cylinder and pins of said bell cranks. Brake disc is fitted at mounted axle of transport facility. Disc brake comprises friction discs arranged at both sides of friction disc that make, along with shoe friction linings, at least three surfaces of friction. Inner friction discs are composed of segments secured at body axle. Outer friction discs are composed of segment rings secured at brake disc axles with straps coupling said segments by screws. Friction discs comprises extra springs fitted at axles to make clearance over friction surface.EFFECT: higher efficiency of braking, decreased sizes, simplified design, expanded operating performances.2 dwg

Railway disc brake with electrically isolated brake-shoe lining holder // 2505441
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: disc brake comprises disc and support. When actuated by brake lever, said support thrusts brake-shoe lining arranged at holder against brake disc. Brake lever and brake-shoe lining are articulated by hinge. Brake lever and brake-shoe lining are electrically isolated.EFFECT: ruled out feed of inverse current from rail to car body.16 cl, 7 dwg

Friction shoes from sintered material for railway car disc brakes // 2501998
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises bearing plate, connector, some brake-shoe linings arranged above said support plate. Connector is furnished with shoe holder arranged above said plate. Every said lining incorporates an insert, said lining and said insert being made from different powder mixes. Insert features higher thermal expansion factor and compressibility than those of the lining. Insert area makes 19-26% of total area of one lining.EFFECT: uniform pressure distribution over contact surface at every braking.16 cl, 55 dwg

Clamp brake // 2492373
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: clamp brake is mounted at vehicle comprising body and wheel with brake surface to braking force to be applied to said wheel. Clamp brake comprises brake shoe, brake shoe holder, main clamping body, two support pins and drive. Support pins hold said holder at main clamp body to allow its displacement toward brake surface and therefrom. Drive allows pressing brake shoe to wheel brake surface by aforesaid holder. Said drive comprises diaphragm, drive pressure chamber, piston and connected gear. The latter comprises screws and screw bores made in said piston to receive screws to be screwed in through holder to attach the piston thereto.EFFECT: efficient conversion of fluid pressure into brake shoe pressing force, stable braking force.10 cl, 5 dwg

Rolling stock disc brake // 2475393
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rolling stock brake systems. Disc brake comprises friction unit. Friction unit is composed of radial double-row thrust bearing with medium ring making the brake disc rigidly fitted on mounted axle while two thrust rings make linings. Said linings are pressed to medium ring by levers coupled with brake cylinder. Outer surface of medium ring and inner surfaces of thrust rings have taper grooves to accommodate the balls.EFFECT: reduced thermal load and wear of disc brake friction pair.4 dwg

Railway vehicle brake caliper with eccentric shaft sealing system // 2461750
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises two levers arranged on opposed outer surfaces of casing and system of seals. Brake caliper levers are driven eccentrically by crank. Crank is fitted on eccentric shaft end side. Seal between casing and lever represents tight seal and comprises partially elastic bellow secured to case on one side, and, on opposite side, to brake caliper lever.EFFECT: improved operating performances.10 cl, 3 dwg

Railway rolling stock brake support // 2460657
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises body, brake support, brake support levers, system of bearings and axial bearing. Levers are arranged on body outer surfaces directed in opposite directions to support eccentric shaft. Every lever may be driven by eccentric shaft crank. System of bearings is arranged between body and brake support lever. Eccentric shaft crank arranged at shaft end to extend from said body to rotate therein. Revolving eccentric shaft makes crack moving eccentrically relative to body to drive brake support lever. Axial bearing transfers axial forces from brake support lever to body. Axial bearing is located in zone of crank, between brake support lever and body, or part secured thereon. Axial force flow is directed from brake support lever directly to axial bearing and, therefrom, to body, or part secured thereon.EFFECT: decreased friction.6 cl, 3 dwg

Braking effort control device // 2450944
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and may be used in disc brakes. Proposed device comprises bearing structure running gear, braking unit, load pickup and control unit. Brake unit is arranged on bearing structure and allow transmitting braking force to friction surface of running gear rotating element. Load pickup is arranged on brake unit or on bearing structure and serves to measure friction force between brake unit and friction surface or resultant force. Control unit compares actual values of load from load pickup with preset values. Besides, control unit actuates brake unit to reduce its icing in case actual value deviates from preset value preferable for preset limit value. Proposed transport facility comprises bearing structure running gear, braking unit, load pickup and control unit. Proposed method consists in defining load in brake unit or is bearing structure of transport facility, particularly, railway vehicle, or between brake unit and bearing structure resulted from friction force transmitted from aforesaid friction surface to brake unit. Then, actual value is compared with preset one. Besides, control unit actuates brake unit to reduce its icing in case actual value deviates from preset value preferable for preset limit value.EFFECT: better control over braking.17 cl, 2 dwg

Vehicle clamp brake // 2429393
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: brake clamp comprises first braking lever arranged opposite vehicle wheel first friction surface and second braking lever arranged opposite second friction surface. Moving brake shoe is mounted on first braking lever to apply brake force to first friction surface. Brake clamp houses pistons to move moving brake shoe in response to membrane extension and guide frame to guide pistons in direction perpendicular to first friction surface. Moving brake shoe applies uniform brake force to vehicle wheel together with brake shoe secured to second braking lever.EFFECT: uniform pressure on revolving wheel surface.13 cl, 12 dwg

Vehicle clamping brake // 2428598
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: braking clamp comprises two braking levers arranged opposite friction surfaces applied to appropriate lateral surfaces of vehicle wheels. Braking lever applies braking force to vehicle wheel by pressing braking clamp against friction surface. Pressure chamber confined by membrane is arranged in braking lever. Pistons displace braking clamp subject to membrane expansion in feeding compressed air into pressure chamber. Guide device guides pistons in direction perpendicular to friction surface.EFFECT: uniform pressure on revolving wheel surface.12 cl, 11 dwg

Rolling stock brake with self-stabilising brake shoes // 2427492
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, particularly, to rolling stock braking equipment. Brake comprises brake shoe holder swinging about axis and at least one brake shoe. Said shoe has wearing section interacting with friction pair. Brake shoe geometry allows wear centre, in the case of skew wear, to displace so that torque counteracting said skew wear originates. Multiple polygonal brake shoes may swing about their holders in all directions. Cross section of wearing section narrows toward pair of friction in whatever plate perpendicular thereto.EFFECT: reduced skew wear, longer life.5 cl, 10 dwg

Railway rallong stock vehicle disk brake // 2390449
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport, particularly to disk-type brakes. Proposed disk brake consists of casing, friction linings, shoes and braking disk. Said casing is arranged on spring frame of vehicle with jaw-type parallelogram mechanism. Braking disk is fitted on vehicle wheel pair axle. Brake cylinder suspension is arranged on brake casing to translate and rotate thereon and consists of four elements. Journal, rod and spring are coupled with casing and brake cylinder by hinge pins. Moving support represents a frame made up of two-plates, two posts, two axles and four springs and can move along disk brake guide holes. Hinge pins pass through support holes, said pins coupling said support with jaw-type parallelogram mechanism and making points of bearing of the levers. Jay-type parallelogram is formed by moving support, short levers of jaw parallelogram, rockers and tie rods, and is secures at its apices by higher pins. U-like plate spring is secured to every rocker with the help of screw, spring flexible ends thrusting against appropriate shoe.EFFECT: higher reliability, longer life, efficient braking, simplified lining replacement.6 dwg

Disc brake block // 2357134
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of railway transport, namely to disc brake mechanisms used in railway rolling stock. Brake block consists of frame and friction element that is monolithically connected to it. There are mounting lugs installed on back side of frame. Friction element consists of 1-4 inserts. Inserts are arranged as integral or composite. Integral inserts are installed in frame chambers and are arranged in the form of truncated pyramids with base in the form of trapezoid or polygon that are inverted with their lower base to working surface of brake block, with inclination of side walls of α=10°-15°, with provision of "dovetail" joint to frame chambers. Composite inserts are made of parts, parts are installed in cells of frame chambers and are arranged in the form of truncated pyramids or cones inverted with their smaller base to working surface of brake block with inclination of side walls of α=10°-15°, with provision of "dovetail" joint to cells of frame chambers. Frame material additionally covers internal side walls of integral inserts or internal side walls of composite insert parts. There are windows provided in external side walls of frame, at least on two sides opposite to every insert, and inserts have protrusions that correspond to windows. There are heat resistant elastic damper bushings placed in mounting lugs.EFFECT: increased heat resistance of block, operational durability, reliability and mechanical strength.9 cl, 8 dwg

Rail vehicle // 2340494
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: rail vehicle consists of body and carriages in journal-boxes of which wheel pairs axle necks (14) are located, and air brake system. On axle butt ends disks (12) are rigidly fixed which have magnetic nicks (13) interacting with mating nicks (6) located on other disks (5) fixed in journal-box (1) covers (2) and capable to move axially. Space between above mentioned disks is connected with control reservoir of air brake system.EFFECT: elimination of rail vehicle self-moving possibility.2 cl, 3 dwg

Disk brake drive fastening unit // 2264940
FIELD: railway transport.SUBSTANCE: proposed disk brake drive fastening unit contains caliper mechanisms coupled with bogie frame supports, brake cylinder rod and housing of which are provided with vertical axles of hinge joints displaced in plane of caliper mechanisms, inner and outer levers of caliper mechanism hinge-coupled with supports of frame tie-rods hinge-connected by ends through vertical axles with inner levers for compressing the levers. Tie-rods relative to axle of brake cylinder are made in form of longitudinal movably interlocked rigid inner and outer systems with guides and jaws of supports of frames, cheeks centered by means of parts of shells connected in pairs and connected into systems by vertical axles of rod hinge joints, housing and inner levers.EFFECT: improved efficiency of braking owing to provision of compact fastening of drive of disk brake.4 cl, 12 dwg

Brake shoe disc brake high-speed rolling stock // 2173801
The invention relates to railway transport, namely to the brake shoes of the high-speed rolling stock

The connection of the brake shoe disc brake with lever transmission // 2166450
The invention relates to the braking devices of railway vehicles and relates to disc brakes

Sintered friction pad for a disc brake of a rail vehicle // 2159368
The invention relates to the field of railway transport and for the design of the brake pads of disc brakes

Emergency disc brake rolling stock // 2137639
The invention relates to railway transport and can simplify the design of the brakes and to improve the reliability and safety of rolling stock

Disc brake // 2098685
The invention relates to the field of brake equipment of railway rolling stock

Suspension of tick mechanism disc brakes // 2088451
The invention relates to the field of brake equipment of railway rolling stock
 
2550846.
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