Vehicles in general (B60)

B60            Vehicles in general(31273)
B60V - Air-cushion vehicles(487)

Tread containing sculptural elements coated with impregnated fibers compound // 2614375
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: tread for a pneumatic tyre comprises a plurality of sculptural elements, including the lateral sides and the contact surface intended for performing the contact with the road during the movement of the pneumatic tyre provided with said tread. At least one edge forms the contact boundary of the contact surface with the road. A plurality of cutouts in the form of a track and / or a cut also is represented, wherein said cutouts are bounded by the lateral sides disposed opposite one another. Each sculpture element is formed by at least one first rubber mixture called basic mixture. In the sectional view of a plane normal to the rotation axis of said pneumatic tyre and intersecting at least one contact surface sculptured element, wherein one of the cutouts adjacent to said contact surface is coated, at least partially, with the coating layer. The coating layer comprises a plurality of woven or non-woven fibers that are long fibers with the length greater than 50 mm.EFFECT: improved characteristics of pneumatic tyres on wet surfaces.32 cl, 9 dwg, 3 tbl
ethod and device for vehicle differential brake // 2614374
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automotive industry, in particular, to vehicles transmissions. Method of vehicle transmission using for control over drive torque distribution on two drive wheels by means of differential gear. Coupling is supplied with preparatory hydraulic pressure, having value, providing coupling discs actuation in contact with each other. Preparatory hydraulic pressure is supplied in cases, in which coupling control effect fast prediction is possible. Vehicle transmission comprises differential drive for torque distribution on two drive wheels and differential brake with hydraulically controlled coupling with increased internal resistance. Additionally there is response system for control over said hydraulic pressure supply to coupling.EFFECT: enabling reduced differential brake response time to motion conditions change due to supply of small preparatory hydraulic pressure to coupling.2 cl, 3 dwg

Device for implementation of hovercraft travel and control mode // 2614367
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device comprises bottom made of parts at different angles, rudder, a longitudinal air intake duct of the delivery device in the form of the impeller, the air is supplied from the nozzle at an angle under the bottom of the ship, and a pivoting flap pneumatic channels. Wherein a bottom side skegs additionally equipped inside with longitudinal flow channels made in the form of a hollow or open pipes installed at the end of the curved active nozzles that are oriented at an angle in the direction of movement air dynamic high-pressure jet exiting the transient two-phase nozzles disposed in the middle of a bottom open bottom of the housing.EFFECT: improved handling and stability of the ship, nautical, simplicity.3 cl, 4 dwg

Suction device design for additional unit // 2614301
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention may be used in internal combustion engines. Suction device design is intended for additional unit, in particular, air compressor, and arranged on air intake system (1) for burning of internal combustion engine fuel. Suction device for additional unit is connected to suction pipeline (5) for air of engine air inlet system (1). On suction pipeline (5) resonant and/or damping forming volume (8) is made, closed in outward direction. Suction device suction pipeline (10) enters housing (7) for additional unit in connection point, located at distance from suction pipeline (5). In suction pipeline (5), at least, one groove is made, open in direction of resonant and/or damping volume (8). Suction device is connected downstream of air filter (4), however, upstream of air masses measurement device and/or fuel metering device sensor (9). Forming resonant and/or damping volume (8) housing (7) is installed directly on inlet system (1) air filter housing (2) and communicated with air filter (4) clean air side. Air filter (4), built-in air masses measurement device and/or fuel metering device and suction pipeline (10) connection point for additional unit compose pre-mounted unit.EFFECT: technical result consists in simplification of device design and elimination of distortions during air mass measurement for fuel and air ratio calculating.6 cl, 1 dwg

agnetic field screen for electromagnetic fields and vehicle with integrated magnetic field screen // 2614239
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: magnetic field screen consists mainly of a bimetal sheet (1) formed with, at least, three layers stacked one over another (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.1, 1.21, 1.22, 1.31, 1.32). Herewith, at least, one of the layers consists of the electrical sheet steel or electrical steel strip steel, at least, one of the layers consists of a steel sheet and, at least, one of the layers consists of a polymer material and/or an elastomer. Herewith, at least, one layer (1.3, 1.31, 1.32) of the polymer material and/or the elastomer, interconnects cohesively, at least, one layer (1.1) of the electrical sheet steel/electrical strip steel and, at least, one layer (1.2; 1.21, 1.22) of the steel sheet.EFFECT: creating the magnetic field screen characterized by the good shielding properties, being a structural element of the body or the chassis of the vehicle, and performing such functions as sealing the vehicle interior space against the environment, improving the sound insulation and the body rigidity.16 cl, 6 dwg
ethod for attachment of vehicles parts, mainly of anti-roll stay, and device for its implementation // 2614162
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: anti-roll stay has a pull rod, the spherical end of which is fixed between two cavities in the form of two truncated cones, two polyurethane bushings with increased hardness, supported by another polyurethane bushing with increased hardness. The bushing is made on the plug, with internal thread retained from loosening and connected to the external thread formed on the mobile holder cup, on one side of an L-shaped pivotal connection having two cups. The external thread of the pull rod on the other end is connected to the internal thread of the mobile holder of another L-shaped pivotal connection equipped with one cup. Each cup of each fixed holder of two pivotal parts contains a stem with an integral grooved shoulder with an inner cone on each side in the form of a dovetail.EFFECT: possibility of forces damping in vertical, inclined and horizontal device positions at the maximum suspension movements.2 cl, 8 dwg
Traction control // 2614128
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: traction control consists of strips that are made of durable rubber or frost-resistant polymer, reinforced with metal or plastic cord. The upper and lower strip surfaces are corrugated. Metal or plastic spikes are mounted in the lower part of strips. One of the edge portions of strips has an U-shaped recess.EFFECT: increased vehicle flotation at a road with sleet or snow coasting.
Tire // 2614121
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: tire comprises an inner shell that consists of a rubber mix. Rubber mix for the inner shell comprises a rubber component and additives, the dynamic modulus E* (MPa) of elasticity of which and tangent tanδ of the angle of losses, measured at temperature of 70°C, initial deformation of 10% and dynamic deformation 2%, meet the formulas below (1)-(3), air impermeability ratio is not more than 12.00⋅10-14 cm3⋅cm/cm2⋅s⋅Pa and tensile strength (TS) (MPa) and tensile elongation (TE) (%), according to measurements in accordance with JIS K6251, meet the formulas below (4) and (5): Formula (1): E*/tanδ>17; Formula (2): 2.5<E*<5; Formula (3): tanδ>0.15; Formula (4): TE>450; Formula (5): TS⋅TE>10,000.EFFECT: improved characteristics of driving stability, effective use of fuel and balance of physical properties, with preserved resistance of air permeability and durability.8 cl, 1 tbl
Rubber composition and tire // 2613969
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rubber composition containing rubber component and farnesene polymer. Composition contains rubber component selected from group consisting of synthetic rubber and natural rubber; farnesene polymer with average molecular weight from 25,000 to 500,000 in amount of 0.5–50 wt% per 100 weight parts of rubber component and soot, having average particles size from 5 to 100 nm, in amount of 20–100 wt% per 100 weight parts of rubber component.EFFECT: invention enables to improve composition processability and improve tire rolling resistance characteristic.10 cl, 7 tbl

Anti-theft method for vehicles and device for its application // 2613927
FIELD: information technology.SUBSTANCE: anti-theft device comprises of a main unit (1). The main unit (1) comprises of a processor (2) and a multiplex bus driver (3). The processor (2) includes a control module (4), authorization method (5) and lock module (6). Using the multiplex bus driver (3) the processor (2) receives for processing the data about the car status and gives necessary digital control commands to the functional car parts when it detects unauthorized driving, so the car engine stops or it is impossible to make it run. An anti-theft method for vehicles is also proposed.EFFECT: reduction of overall size of the device, stealth, expansion of its operation algorithms, achievement of increased reliability, reduction of current consumption, minimization of the number of connections to the output wires of the car, opportunity to use it with other anti-theft devices.2 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of prevention misuse driver actions and system for its implementation // 2613918
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: method of preventing illegal actions of the driver of the vehicle and the system for its implementation are forced automatic reduction of the speed of the vehicle by means of the fuel supply reduction to the engine in case of a dangerous convergence of passing vehicles or vehicle exit into the oncoming lane to perform a prohibited overtaking to avoid these situations. Violation of a safe distance to the vehicle traveling ahead is determined when detecting the occurrence of the vehicle in the area zoned fields of radiation produced behind the front riding a vehicle. Exit the vehicle into the oncoming lane to commit the prohibited overtaking determined upon detection in the middle of the vehicle underbody static magnetic field generated by a continuous dividing strip. The beginning and end of the route section with the prohibition of overtaking on the wrong detections determined by the short-term static magnetic field at the bottom of the vehicle, as well as lateral and mid areas.EFFECT: improving road safety in the bi-directional paths without dividing structures between the transport streams.9 cl, 7 dwg

ethod and device of drive mechanism controlling in electric transport vehicle // 2613752
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle drive mechanisms. Method of drive controlling in electric transport vehicle, wherein drive mechanism comprises two drive units, wherein two wheels located on electric transport vehicle different axles are driven through different drive units. In first operation mode ratio of torques generated by drive units in each case for specified torque requirement, is set taking into account efficiency factor, applicable to each drive unit in given operating conditions. In second operation mode is irrespective of efficiency factor.EFFECT: increasing drive efficiency.7 cl, 1 dwg

Off-road vehicle // 2613751
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to off-road vehicles using an air cushion, for instance, in open pits after blasting works. Vehicle comprises a body, a bottom, a flexible barrier of the air cushion cavity made along the perimeter of the body bottom, nozzles to supply compressed air, a suction air intake of an air blower, relief pipelines, a cargo container. Besides, outside the perimeter of the flexible barrier of the air cavity, the bottom is equipped with a looped elbow with nozzles to suck in loose material. Besides, the looped elbow by means of relief pipelines is equipped in series both with the cargo container to collect loose material and to clean air from it, and an air intake.EFFECT: invention provides for collection and transportation of dust generating loose material from soil surface.1 dwg

Design of side part of vehicle body // 2613750
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: design of side part of vehicle body comprises a pole, a side door, a belt reinforcement element, a first overlapped area, an area of external vertical wall being a second overlapped area, and a third overlapped area. The side door comprises internal and external door panels. The belt reinforcement element is installed along longitudinal axis of the vehicle inside main part of the door housing and has shape of cross-section made in form of a hat or closed profile along full length in the longitudinal direction. The first overlapped area forms a part of stepped area located in external direction of vehicle transverse axis, and overlaps the external vertical wall. The second overlapped area is located against the first overlapped area. The third overlapped area is connected with the first overlapped area and located at end area of the belt reinforcement element in longitudinal direction.EFFECT: reduced deformation of belt area.7 cl, 16 dwg

Drive control system for hybrid vehicle // 2613749
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hybrid vehicles. Drive control system for a hybrid vehicle includes comprises a power distribution mechanism including a carrier, sun and ring gear. The brake mechanism selectively stops the rotation of the carrier. The first motor that generates electricity and the second motor that adds torque. The electronic control unit receives the distribution mechanism temperature; enables and disables the motor drive depending on the temperature. Motor drive state must meet the following conditions: the carrier rotation is stopped by braking mechanism; the torque fed out from the first motor, is transferred to the output link via a power distribution mechanism and the second motor outputs a driving torque.EFFECT: improving the reliability of the hybrid vehicle planetary gear.7 cl, 9 dwg

ethod of breaking ice cover // 2613663
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: simultaneously with the forward movement the ship at a resonance speed makes a circulation during a time equal to the period of the resonant flexural-gravity waves.EFFECT: higher efficiency of ice breaking.2 dwg

Hvac unit for air treatment in vehicle passenger cabin, method of measuring climatic characteristic of internal air in vehicle passenger cabin and hvac unit in vehicle passenger cabin // 2613662
FIELD: air treatment device.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for air treatment in a vehicle passenger cabin. HVAC housing has a recirculation intake section, a fresh air intake section, a supercharger section and a discharge section. Supercharger is installed in the supercharger section to move the air flow from the HVAC housing through the discharge section into the passenger cabin. Recirculation opening is provided near the recirculation intake section to deliver at least a primary flow of recirculation from the passenger cabin into the HVAC housing every time, when the supercharger moves the air flow. Climate sensor is connected by the fluid medium with the primary flow of recirculation to measure the climatic characteristic representing the air in the passenger cabin.EFFECT: provided is better air mixing.11 cl, 10 dwg

Device for placement of car user heel // 2613643
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for placing a user's heel under pedal and/or a support for the foot in the passenger compartment of the vehicle. The device comprises a soundproof layer, based on the interior floor, a receiving element placed on and soundproof layer and comprising a support and pivot area for the heel and a carpet covering the receiving element and soundproof layer. In addition, the receiving element is designed as a hollow box, based on the soundproof layer and limited with rigid rear transverse wall, which projects with respect to the horizontal and forms a supporting and pivoting zone for the heel, as well as limited with horizontal transverse wall with a front end fixed to the floor and adapted to deformation in case of a bump to dissipate the kinetic energy of the legs. Simplicity of the device fabrication is provided.EFFECT: invention extends the product range of devices for the driver's convenience during the motor vehicle driving.8 cl, 7 dwg

Design of vehicle body // 2613641
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions is relevant to the field of transport engineering. According to the first variant, design of vehicle body includes the first, second and the third vehicle body panel and easily deformed part. The first panel is made of die-cast aluminum. The second panel is made of metal material and of the higher fatigue resistance compared with that one of the first panel. The third panel is made of metal material and of the higher fatigue resistance compared with that one of the first panel. The third panel is placed between the first- and the second panels and connected to them within the first and in the second connecting parts respectively. Easily deformed part is placed between the first- and the second connecting ones. Easily deformed part is manufactured as that one suitable for elastic deformation. According to the second variant, design of vehicle body includes easily deformed part made on the second panel in the place of location of the second connecting part.EFFECT: increase of reliability of vehicle body design is achieved owing to the invention in question.10 cl, 11 dwg

Snaps panelling made of polymer materials of doors and door of vehicle, equipped with such panelling // 2613631
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to machine building. Vehicle door panelling, made from polymer materials, contains both main and auxiliary parts. The auxiliary part has a peripheral mounting strip extending around the perimeter thereof and a support surface. The main and auxiliary parts are placed on one another by means of fasteners, which connect the peripheral band with the main wiring part. Fastening parts contain elements, which are connected with the main or auxiliary parts. Fastening parts include two main ducts and a plurality of load perception latching parts evenly distributed over the mounting bar. The main load perception ducts are arranged to receive loads directed perpendicularly to the surface of the support. Main load perception ducts are arranged through the surface of the support. The door of the vehicle contains a metal sheet and above mentioned covering.EFFECT: invention enhances the strength of the door trim panel assembly.11 cl, 9 dwg

Vehicles power accumulation subsystem, containing, at least, one supercapacitors bank, power accumulation system with such subsystem and rail vehicle with such system // 2613628
FIELD: power engineering; transportation.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to vehicle electrical traction system powered by own power supply sources. Power accumulation subsystem comprises metal housing, power accumulation system and electrical protective devices. Energy accumulation system is mechanically secured inside metal housing and includes capacitor modules with several supercapacitors. Supercapacitors are electrically connected in series to each other and located inside metal shell. Electrical protective device is made with possibility to open electric circuit so, that metal housing or supercapacitors bank were connected with electrical grounding. Power accumulation system comprises power accumulation subsystem. Railway vehicle contains accumulation system.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of supercapacitors banks protection in case of internal insulation fault.9 cl, 5 dwg

Front door of vehicle with advanced mount casing in zone of rear-view mirror // 2613627
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the machine building. The front door of the vehicle contains a structure, that is forming an upper aperture, which is closable by glass lift, and the lower part of the door under the aperture, which is covered by the trim panel of the door from the inner side. There is a rear-view mirror cover on the inner side of the door in the front extension of the lower part of glassed aperture above the trim panel, which is set up on the intermediate mounting device. Mounting device is made by molding on the front upper part of the trim panel. Mounting device contains formed by molding clamp connections zone, which is formed by the adjacent wall, that is parallel to a side sheet belonging to the door structure in this zone. The bracket is installed on the contiguous wall and the contiguous side of the sheet in order to retain them together.EFFECT: invention provides a reduction in the gap between the door trim and instrument panel.8 cl, 4 dwg

Providing transport vehicle, particularly rail vehicle or road car, with electrical energy by induction // 2613625
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the system for providing a transport vehicle with electric power. The system includes the conductive structure (11) of the primary side, the conductive structure (21) of the secondary side, the shield structure (13) of the primary side and the shield structure (23) of the secondary side. The conductive structures (11, 21) are made from conducting material. The screening structure (13, 23) of the sides are made from magnetizable material. The shielding structure (13) extends at the side of the structure (11) at the same level and to a height level above the lateral edge of the structure (11). Wherein the shielding structure (13) is also located within the gap between the structures (11) and (21). The shielding structure (23) extends at the side of the structure (21) at the same level and and to the level below the height of the lateral edge of the structure (21). Wherein the shielding structure (23) is also located within the gap between the structures (11) and (21). Also a vehicle comprising the said system and methods of providing the vehicle with electric power are claimed.EFFECT: invention provides protection of the environment from the electromagnetic field.5 cl, 7 dwg

Decorative vehicle part // 2613496
FIELD: car industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative part for vehicle. Car decorative part comprises substrate, galvanic coating on said substrate and colour-forming coating layer, applied by physical deposition from gas phase. Between substrate and colour-forming coating layer adhesive layer is arranged, and between adhesive layer and colour-forming coating layer combined layer is arranged. Adhesive layer is made of chromium, or zirconium, or from chromium and zirconium, and combined layer contains chromium and zirconium, and elements X, wherein X represents one or more elements from group, consisting of nitrogen, carbon and oxygen. Adhesive, combined and colour-forming coating layers represent PVD-layers.EFFECT: providing decorative part, having colour, as well as solid and corrosion-resistant surface provided by applied layers.7 cl, 2 dwg
ixture of materials // 2613436
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the sealing profile for doors and windows made of the mixture of materials including about %: ethylene-propylene-diene rubber 10-50, propylene copolymer with ethylene 8-50, the filler 50-70, paraffin oil 0-20, accelerator - sulfur donor 0.1-5, sulfur 0.5-5, zinc oxide 0.5-3. The method of producing the window or door structural element is also described which uses at least two sealing profiles of the mixture of materials containing ethylene-propylene-diene rubber and propylene copolymer with ethylene, wherein the mixture of materials is blended, shaped, and then cross-linked under the influence of temperature followed by retracting of the sealing profiles into the corresponding structural elements and by welding of the structural elements and the sealing profiles to each other in one pass.EFFECT: invention provides weldability of the sealing profile.13 cl

ethod and device of protection of light vehicle rear part of contaminations // 2613379
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of invention relates to transport machine building. The device protecting the light vehicle rear part of contaminations comprises a transverse beam, a suspension in form of a rotating frame, a wind guide, a detachable socket and a non-detachable hinge. By-pass brackets of the suspension are secured on the transverse beam and have vertical poles at end. One of poles has installed vertical hinge. On another pole a quick-release socket is installed. On frame top the wind guide is secured, its intake part is located above roof of the vehicle, but below carrying plane of the luggage carrier, and rear part is bent downward. The frame contour in closed position does not limit visibility of standard signal devices and numberplate of the vehicle and does not prevent installation of the traction-coupling device on the transverse beam. The hinge has limiter of limit angle of frame opening. Method of light vehicles protection with the said protection device is described.EFFECT: using the invention the protection of vehicle rear part of contaminations is improved.20 cl, 11 dwg

Additional load device of machine-tractor aggregate // 2613367
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to additionally installed auxiliary devices. Additional load device of a machine-tractor aggregate comprises a stiff power link connecting a trailer towbar with a tractor drawbar, a hydraulic cylinder and a cross beam of lower longitudinal tractions of tractor attachment. The device is made in the form of a flat square face chuck with through diagonal mounting and fastening holes installed on a hinged joint in the cross beam combining the lower longitudinal levers of tractor attachment. In the diagonal mounting hole of the flat square face chuck there is towing device installed in a hinged mangger for engagement with the trailer towbar. In the fastening hole of the face chuck, at the outer side there is a fork of the working stem of the hydraulic cylinder hingedly fixed, the body of which is installed in the rear part of the body (power element of the body) of the tractor with an eye.EFFECT: lower towing is achieved, as well as increased traction force, passability and increased efficiency of wheeled tractors aggregated with trailers.5 dwg

Vehicle electric traction drive // 2613363
FIELD: physics, instrument-making.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle electric traction drives. A vehicle electric traction drive comprises dc traction motors, connected to the output of a voltage converter. The exciting coil of the electric motors is connected in parallel to an exciting current controller made in form of series-connected capacitor and resistor. The voltage converter consists of two rectifiers, inputs of which are connected to separate generators, mechanically coupled with thermal engines. Control inputs of the thermal engines, for controlling excitation of generators and the control circuit of the contactor of the exciting current controller are connected to corresponding outputs of the controller. Armature windings and exciting coils of the electric motors are respectively connected in series. The lead of the armature winding of the first electric motor is connected to the positive terminal of the first rectifier. The lead of the exciting coil of the second electric motor is connected to the negative terminal of the second rectifier. The negative terminal of the first rectifier is connected to the positive terminal of the second rectifier. The lead of the armature winding of the second electric motor is connected to the lead of the exciting coil of the first electric motor.EFFECT: invention improves efficiency of the electric traction drive.1 dwg
ethod of producing graphite fiber articles // 2613245
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying graphite fiber composite to the mould preheated to 100÷120 °C, exposing for 3÷4.5 min with heating the mould to 185÷190 °C and pressing at the punch speed of 45÷48 mm/s.EFFECT: increased article density.

Device for transporting and heating liquid for vehicle window wiping system // 2613204
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a device for transporting and heating a liquid intended to be installed between a means for circulating liquid and a wiper brush, and a system for supplying and distributing a liquid glass washer. Device for transporting and heating a liquid intended to be installed between a means for circulating liquid and a wiper brush constituting a wiping system of a vehicle window. Device comprises wall 21 delimiting at least one liquid circulation duct 22, 23 and in which is embedded heating element 24, 40. Material forming wall 21, completely surrounds heating element. Heating element comprises at least one first electroconductive core 25 and one second electroconductive core 26, in which there is separating means 31, common for first core 25 and second core 26 and which is located at least between cores 25, 26. Separating means 31 is in contact with first core 25 and second core 26.EFFECT: higher heating efficiency due to distribution of calories generated by heating elements.14 cl, 5 dwg

Vehicle lighting unit // 2613197
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lighting devices, which are used as vehicle headlights. Lighting unit for vehicle having horizontal axis passing in lengthwise direction through vehicle center, which comprises housing and first and second rows of light sources. Housing is made from transparent material, which has light-emitting surface located between opposite housing first and second sides, as well as rear side opposite to light-emitting surface. Housing comprises first and second rows of internal reflecting surfaces. First sections of internal reflecting surfaces are parabolic and have focal points, and second sections of inner surfaces are made flat. First row of internal reflection surfaces is located along housing first side and has facing inwards second sections of reflecting surfaces, and second row of internal reflection surfaces is located along housing second side and has facing inwards second sections of reflecting surfaces. Light source is located in each inner reflecting surface focal point.EFFECT: enabling possibility to provide light beam required intensity and direction.9 cl, 10 dwg

Drive system and method of vehicle actuation // 2613144
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle drive. Vehicle drive system comprises internal combustion engine, gearbox, braking device, electric machine, energy accumulator, unit, driven by electric energy from storage battery, planetary gear and coupling element. Engine output shaft is connected with planetary gear first component. Gearbox primary shaft is connected with planetary gear second component. Electric machine rotor is connected to planetary gear third component. Drive system comprises control unit, which, when vehicle is moving, and coupling element is in first position, based on comparison between required driving torque and required torque, which is required for unit operation, controls over internal combustion engine and/or braking device and/or electric machine so, that desired electric effect for electric unit operation is produced.EFFECT: reduced clutch plates wear.33 cl, 4 dwg

ultifunctional trailer hitch mechanism // 2613140
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport engineering, namely to trailers hitch mechanisms. Multifunctional trailer hitch mechanism comprises coupling element, rigidly coupled with crossbar provided with thrusts and locking device, symmetrically arranged relative to tie-rod longitudinal axis, each of which is made in form of hydraulic cylinder. Tie-rods first ends are articulated with crossbar, and second are with trailer front axle. Device is additionally equipped with electronic control unit, hydraulic cylinders piston and rod cavities electric windings, hydraulic cylinders windings control busbar, hydraulic cylinders piston and rod cavities shielding. In device hydraulic system magnetorheological fluid is used as working liquid instead of oil.EFFECT: enabling increase in trailer train flotation ability due to its components separate starting and matching of truck wheels tracks and trailer at curvilinear motion, increase in trailer train road-holding ability during braking, hitching element reduced wear, device higher automation and faster operation.1 cl, 2 dwg

ounting device for anchorage items on window glass // 2613137
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a base, which has a lower side, glued to the window pane, and an upper side, on which the mounting elements for anchorage on the basis of the details. In this first segment of the base fastening parts are provided, and separated from the rest of the base along two separate clearances. Thus, the gaps penetrate the base plane perpendicular to the base. Both start at the gap edge and the outer base end in the joint area at a distance from the outer edge, through which the first segment is connected to the rest of the base.EFFECT: simplified installation of the mounting device is on the curved window glass.6 cl, 4 dwg

Improved extensible sideboards assembly // 2613128
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cargo transport. Ore transportation vehicle comprises body equipped with extensible sideboards assembly. Extensible sideboards assembly includes extensible sideboard (4) formed from non-ferromagnetic material, one or more resilient elements, attachment system for extensible sideboard fixing to body by means of said resilient elements. Attachment system includes one or more anchor elements for attachment to body, each of which includes elongated shaft. Resilient elements comprise springs (52) located around corresponding elongated shafts, made with possibility of absorption and dissipation of force directed to extensible sideboard, and considerable reduction of probability of extensible sideboard destruction occurrence. Extensible sideboards are formed with cutouts (40) to provide access for fastening elements tool.EFFECT: invention improves sideboard reliability.12 cl, 12 dwg

Hitch angle sensor assembly // 2613123
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to driver's aid systems and active safety techniques for vehicles, in particular to hitch angle sensor, which can be used together with aid system in reverse motion with trailer. Hitch angle sensor unit comprises separator, made with possibility of fixation between coupling ball and mounting surface on vehicle, component, having magnetic part and connected to separator with possibility of rotation around axis, formed by coupling ball, connecting element for component attachment to trailer and magnetic field sensor, connected to separator and determining the of component turning position in order to determine hitch angle. Magnetic part has arched shape, having essentially constant width and central point shifted relative to said axis formed by coupling ball.EFFECT: enabling higher accuracy of vehicle with trailer control in reverse motion.19 cl, 10 dwg

Tire tread with material gripping (versions) // 2613120
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates, substantially, to tire tread. More specifically, object of present invention relates to tire or tire tread, containing element with material gripping. Tire has radial direction, axial direction, direction along circumference and tire grouser (220), wherein grouser (220) is limited by plurality of surfaces (230). Plurality of surfaces (230) comprises upper surface (232), which passes in axial direction and in direction along circumference, first side surface (233) and second side surface (234). First side surface (233) is oriented at first angle (φ) to upper surface (232), wherein first angle (φ) ranges from 100 to 150 degrees. First side surface (233) contains first side surface first cavity (242) and has height (H1) and width. First cavity (242) represents elongated rectangular slot forming first elongation axis. First cavity (242) has lateral cross section perpendicular to first elongation axis, which is, essentially, semicircular, semioval, semi-elliptical, parabolic or hyperbolic. First cavity (242) has length from 30 % to 120 %, inclusive, of first side surface (233) width. Second side surface (234) is oriented at second angle (ψ) to upper surface (232), wherein second angle varies from 100 to 150 degrees. Second side surface (234) contains second side surface (234) first cavity (252), and has height (H2) and width. Second side surface (234) first cavity (252) represents elongated rectangular slot, forming second elongation axis. First cavity (252) has lateral cross section perpendicular to second elongation axis, which is, essentially, semicircular, semioval, semi-elliptical, parabolic or hyperbolic. First cavity (252) has length from 30 % to 120 %, inclusive, of second side surface (234) width.EFFECT: creation of tire tread, which is made with possibility to grip significant amount of road bed material by tire tread.5 cl, 11 dwg

Radial tire for agricultural equipment // 2613098
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: pneumatic tire is made with radial layer for agricultural equipment, has permissible load "IF" in compliance with standards of Association on tires and discs. Tire has two radial layers of housing, reinforced with organic cord, as well as two breakers reinforced with steel. Tread pattern is of ribbed type has multiple relatively wide parallel longitudinal ribs, separated with relatively narrow lengthwise grooves.EFFECT: high strength of tires for agricultural equipment.26 cl, 6 dwg, 2 tbl

Railway rolling stock automated washing unit // 2613077
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway rolling stock external washing devices. Railway rolling stock automated washing unit comprises rail track for rolling stock movement inside unit, modular washing equipment, installed along rail track, equipped with brush mechanisms and water supply means, fresh washing solution preparation and feed modules, as well as rolling stock drying means, water treatment and recirculation unit, connected with washing equipment by pipelines via pumps, as well as control devices. At inlet into unit preliminary rinsing module is arranged, after which are installed in series first detergent solution application module, brush washing module containing brushes section for washing of roof, for lateral sides rinsing and for treatment of rolling stock lower rims, then second detergent solution application module and mobile washing module, made with possibility of washing roof, lateral sides, front and rear parts of rolling stock, as well as cars end sides on intercar space side, after which rinsing module is installed containing brushes section for washing of roof, for lateral sides rinsing and treatment of rolling stock lower rims, then flush reagents application module and drying module are fitted.EFFECT: enabling higher quality of rolling stock external surface washing with higher efficiency and simplification of technology due to fewer brush sections, as well as with water and energy resources saving.22 cl, 2 dwg
Testing bench for vehicle brake diagnosis // 2613076
FIELD: testing equipment.SUBSTANCE: testing bench for diagnosing the vehicle brake system (5) comprises a measuring platform (1), units (2) mounted on it for braking force measurement, connected to a signal amplifier and analog-to-digital converter. Units for measuring of longitudinal tangential and normal loads distributed over the length of the elastic tire contact patch, for each of the vehicle wheels (5) at several points of the braking distance are used in the capacity of nodes (2) for braking force measurement. An electric motor (3) with a winch is installed on the platform (1).EFFECT: increased efficiency of brake systems diagnosing.3 cl, 4 dwg
Suspension device of driver's cab with stabilization of transverse oscillations around longitudinal axis // 2612757
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a cab suspension device of the vehicle, relative to the vehicle chassis. Suspension device includes upper and lower transverse axles (2), spring / shock absorber structure (4, 5) and the hydraulic structure, located between the two transverse axles (2, 3) connected to them and has right- and left-side relative to the direction of movement of hydraulic cylinders (7, 8) and above the piston with the respective cavities sub piston (9, 10). Above piston and sub piston chambers (9, 10) of the cylinder right- and left sided hydraulic cylinders (7, 8) are hydrodynamically connected crosswise to form a hydraulic device transverse oscillations around a longitudinal axis of stabilization. Between the upper and lower transverse axles (3, 2) there is further arranged transverse damping device (6) acting substantially horizontally, or rod (16) for horizontal stabilization Panhard. Suspension device is designed as a preassembled module, with the relevant joints connectable to the chassis (1) and the driver's cab.EFFECT: possibility of stabilization is achieved and damping of transverse oscillations around the longitudinal axis.7 cl, 5 dwg
Removable handle for maximum comfort of getting in/ out of car // 2612746
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the embodiments of the auxiliary device to get in and out of the car. The device includes a handle element for supporting at least a part of the user's weight, holding on to the handle, an inset rack of the stop rod for extension into the stop rod hole in the door frame to support at least a part of the user's weight, holding on to the handle. According to the first embodiment, the outrigger includes two lateral sections which extend crossover out of the inset rack on the respective opposite sides of the handle element and the inset rack. The crossover width of each section is more than the crossover width of the inset rack to prevent its entry into the stop rod hole, when the handle element is located outside the plane of the door frame. According to the second embodiment, the outrigger extends crossover out of the inset rack. According to the third embodiment, the device has an extended section between the handle element and the inset rack, extending crossover out of the inset rack.EFFECT: ease of the car use is provided.29 cl, 12 dwg

Device to increase vehicle flotation // 2612744
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device to increase vehicle flotation, mounted on the wheel side, comprises a disk withdouble sleeves welded on it, a tyre and a profile reinforcement. It is further provided with movable blades mounted on the double axles and conjugated elastic elements which are arranged between the profile reinforcement. Rotation of blades changes the footprint on the ground, with magnitude equal to the distance between axes.EFFECT: increased vehicle flotation due to the increased area of the wheel support, followed by reduced soil shear.2 dwg

ulti-disc cylindrical electromechanical aircraft brake // 2612554
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: multi-disc cylindrical electromechanical aircraft brake contains rotating and non-rotating brake disсs. On the rotating and non-rotating brake discs made of a magnetic material, alternating and arranged relative to each other with the minimum working air gap, the poles are made, oriented radially in the brake discs plane. On the main landing gear axis the axial electromagnet is fixed, the poles of which are perpendicular to the brake discs plane and are arranged with the minimum air gap to the working cylinder of a magnetic material. In a plane parallel to the rotating brake disc, the position sensors of the rotating brake disc poles are located, connected by their outputs to the inputs of the control device connected by its output to the switching device input. The brake force control device output is connected to the other input of the control device.EFFECT: increasing the reliability of multi-disc brakes and reducing the maintenance costs.17 dwg

ulti-disc cylindrical electromechanical aircraft brake // 2612553
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: multi-disc cylindrical electromechanical aircraft brake contains rotating and non-rotating brake disсs. On the rotating and non-rotating brake discs made of a magnetic material, alternating and arranged relative to each other with the minimum working air gap, the poles are made, oriented radially in the brake discs plane. On the axis of the main landing gear the axial electromagnet is fixed, on the outside surface of which the radially oriented pole projections are formed, which are arranged with the minimum working air gap to the pole projections formed on the radially inner surface of the cylinder of a magnetic material. On a circle in the plane parallel to the rotating brake disc, the position sensors of the rotating brake disc poles are located, connected by their outputs to the control device inputs. The brake force control device output is connected to the other input of the control device.EFFECT: increasing the multi-disc brakes reliability.17 dwg

User holding device in vehicle seat // 2612552
FIELD: mechanical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the means of safety improvement when traveling by transport, in particular, for the user holding in the seat of the vehicle in order to avoid injury or death of passengers and drivers in vehicles (cars, trains, airplanes, etc.) in case of accidents or other dangerous situations. The user holding device in the vehicle seat includes the first belt 1, the second belt 2, the third belt 3, the fourth belt 4, a coupler 5, the first part of the releasable connection means 6, second part of the releasable connection means 7, the first pair of guide elements 8, the second pair of guide elements 9, the third pair of guide elements 10, the fourth pair of guide elements 11, the first pair of communication links 12, the second pair of communication links 13, the lining 14, the tension means 15, tensioner 16.EFFECT: device providing the ability to change in a wide range of sizes and position of the machine parts in accordance with the size of the user's body, as well as providing reliable holding for the pelvis, hips and shoulders of the users who vary greatly in height.2 cl, 3 dwg

Driver's place of military tracked vehicles // 2612551
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: driver's seat in the military tracked vehicle includes a housing, mounted on the machine, motion control pedals and seat lifting mechanism from the lower to the upper working position. The seat is provided with a support frame, reinforced in the housing, pivotally decoupled from the housing bottom, for example on the roof, in front of the means of swinging rod, on which the pedal has a longitudinal adjustment of the growth, and at the back - with the help of the lifting mechanism. The frame, seat and pedals are installed with providing clearance from the bottom of the housing.EFFECT: increase of protection of the driver from a mine detonation.3 dwg

Floating crawler-type device with earthmoving equipment // 2612548
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: floating crawler-type device includes a floating body, earth-moving equipment with a power unit, cab and a propulsion unit, installed on a support platform, two tracks, slave and master shafts. The floating body is designed as two floats with tracks, each provided with at least two inner partitions to form sections, and at least four stiffeners, fixed on the lower bottom segment of each float housing. The lower bottom of the float housing is double, the stiffeners are installed inbetween, and the housing of each float is provided with additional floats, each provided with a telescopic hydraulic clamp and mounting bracket for additional floats on the outer sides of each float housing. The support platform is fixed between two float housings on landing pipes.EFFECT: increased resistance when working on water.3 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of road construction machine internal combustion engine rotation speed control and corresponding road construction machine // 2612536
FIELD: engines.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for control of road construction machines internal combustion engines rotation speed. Method of internal combustion engine (1) rotation speed control is intended for road construction machine, which along with motion drive (2) has connected to internal combustion engine (1) hydraulic motors (3) for actuation of working elements and at which rotation speed is adjusted depending on working elements instant power consumption. Hydraulic motors (3) are operated using uncontrolled pumps (5), and reducing currently output residual volume flow rates of active working elements hydraulic motors (3) flow valves (6). Internal combustion engine (1) speed is automatically adapted during operating mode. Disclosed is road construction machine, having internal combustion engine.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of engine excessive energy output.12 cl, 1 dwg

ethod and device for determining braking torque in brake system for rail vehicle // 2612468
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: device for determining the braking torque in the braking system of a rail vehicle comprises a coupling device for inputting the first signal and the second measuring signal, and the measuring device for determining the braking torque. The method of determining the braking torque in the braking system of a rail vehicle comprises the stages of the first and second measuring signals enter and determining the braking torque. The device for issuing the braking signal for the braking force in the braking system of a rail vehicle comprise one coupling device for the enter of the braking torque determined by the device for determining the braking torque, and the device for determining the braking force. The method for issuing the braking signal for the braking force in the braking system of a rail vehicle comprises the stages of the braking torque enter and of defining the braking force.EFFECT: increasing the accuracy of determining the braking torque.5 cl, 10 dwg
 
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