Vehicles in general (B60)

B60            Vehicles in general(31273)
B60V - Air-cushion vehicles(487)
Four-point lever // 2607716
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cargo vehicle axis suspension four-point lever. Four-point lever has four supporting seats (3), from which two supporting seats (3) are made with possibility to be articulated with vehicle axis and two supporting seats (3) are made with possibility to be articulated with vehicle frame. Four-point lever includes made with possibility of torsion, substantially, inscribed into formed by supporting seats (3) trapezoid lever body (1, 2), formed of structure from fibrous composite. Structure from fibrous composite comprises structure (10, 11) with longitudinal fibres matched with supporting seat (3), which covers supporting seat along half of its perimeter, and also passes along lever body (1, 2) parts. Lever has two structures (10, 11) with longitudinally oriented fibres, each of which is associated with one of two pairs (3) of diagonally opposite supporting seats.EFFECT: enabling possibility to produce lever monolithic body with crosswise arranged ribs from unidirectional fibers, which provides high capacity for perception of loads, higher fatigue strength due to elimination of stresses concentrators and reduced structure weight.16 cl, 7 dwg
ine-resistant seat // 2607695
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mine-resistant device for vehicle seat. Device comprises seat bearing structure for seat installation, which can be made with possibility of attachment to vehicle roof. At that, device also comprises guide tube, in which seat bearing structure is installed with possibility of axial movement and which is connected with roof, as well as retaining belt with rupturable joint, which is made with possibility to break in case of explosion at reaching of preset load. At that, retaining belt consists of several belts different by length. Short belt with rupturable joint is intended for rupturing at mines explosions, and longer on is for seat and passengers pickup after preset travel.EFFECT: enabling higher reliability, reduced energy acting on passengers.6 cl, 3 dwg
License plate installation device (versions) // 2607693
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to versions of vehicle license plate installation device. Device for installation and fixation of license plate has rectangular housing with rounded corners with recess to accommodate license plate, upper and lower relative to license plate normal position in cover plate housing, attached to housing lateral sides edges with flexible webs, and cover plates fasteners on housing longitudinal and lateral sides. According to first embodiment, cover plates fasteners on housing longitudinal sides are made in form of T-shaped projections arranged along housing longitudinal sides and coupled with them flat projections with central slit for T-shaped projections bases arranged on cover plates, and cover plates fasteners on housing lateral sides are made in form of holes and wedge-shaped projections in cover plates center edges and corresponding to them wedge-shaped projections-locks in housing lateral sides center part. According to second embodiment, flexible webs, connecting cover plates and housing longitudinal sides edges, are made in form of triangular in bases prisms contacting by ribs.EFFECT: providing reduced material intensity, higher strength, reliability of license plate fastening and device structure elements interlocking, possibility of license plate simple repeated installation/removal when it is necessary to replace it without use of special tools.44 cl, 15 dwg
Trailer // 2607690
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to road vehicles and can be used in designs of car-and-tractor trailers. Trailer consists of body, frame and dolly with front and rear wheels towbar. In each of dolly frame side members in their middle part gear wheels interconnected by flexible rod are arranged. Each of wheels is in contact with racks, rigidly fixed on trailer hitch so that one of them is installed above one of gear wheels, and the other is under it. In flexible rod middle part guide bushing rigidly connected to dolly frame is located.EFFECT: reduced dynamic loads acting on trailer bearing structures as a result of its jerking during tractor train in motion.1 cl, 3 dwg
Hydraulic control system for vehicle // 2607684
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Hydraulic control system for vehicle having engine, contains oil pumps, oil reception part, oil channels and check valves. First oil pump is mechanical pump and driven by vehicle moving force source. Second oil pump is electrically driven pump and driven by electric motor. Oil channels connect oil pumps with oil reception part. First check valve is located between combination point and first oil pump. Second check valve is located between combination point and second oil pump. Combination point is part, where first oil channel and second oil channel are combined with each other. Combination point and second oil pump are connected by means of third oil channel. Third oil channel includes throttle mechanism.EFFECT: enabling improving of hydraulic control system operating characteristics.4 cl, 5 dwg
Rubber mixture, preparation method thereof and cured rubber produced therefrom // 2607581
FIELD: rubber industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rubber mixture, method of its production and cured rubber from it. Rubber mixture contains non-crosslinked rubber and rubber particles, having radiation cross-linked structure, dispersed in it. Particles of rubber, are particles of synthetic rubber and/or natural rubber particles with average particles size from 20 to 500 nm and content of gel of 60 wt%. or more. Non-crosslinked rubber is butadiene-styrene rubber. Weight ratio of rubber particles, having radiation cross-linked structure, and non- cross-linked rubber ranges from 1:99 to 20:80. Rubber mixture is produced by mixing of components, containing non- cross-linked rubber latex and rubber particles latex, having radiation cross-linked structure, and their subsequent coagulation. Rubber particles latex, having radiation cross-linked structure, is rubber latex after radiation cross-linking.EFFECT: invention allows to improve rolling resistance, resistance to slipping on wet road and wear resistance of cured rubber from rubber mixture.10 cl, 9 tbl, 5 ex
otorcycle tire // 2607524
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: tire tread comprises first and second areas, divided by tire equator. Tread is provided with first inner inclined grooves arranged in first area, and second inner inclined grooves arranged in second area. First and second inner inclined grooves are arranged alternately in tire lengthwise direction. Inner inclined groove passes from axially-inner end Ai in direction opposite to specified direction of rotation, to axially-external end Ao at angle α from 0 to 20° relative to tire lengthwise direction. Tread is also equipped with first external inclined grooves arranged in first area, and second external inclined grooves arranged in second area, and first and second outer inclined grooves are arranged alternately in tire lengthwise direction.EFFECT: improved tire movement performances while turning without deterioration of other characteristics.6 cl, 6 dwg, 3 tbl
Pneumatic tyre // 2607491
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, in particular, to a winter tire tread pattern. Pneumatic tire comprises annular grooves, multiple transverse grooves and longitudinal grooves, communicating between transverse grooves on outer side of the annular grooves in a tire width direction. Each transverse groove includes the first part of the transverse groove, the second part of the transverse groove located farther outward in a tire width direction than the first part of the transverse groove, and a transition part of the transverse groove connecting the first and the second parts of of the transverse groove. Centre of the groove in width of the outer end in a tire width direction, the first part of the transverse groove is located closer to one peripheral side of the tire, than the centre of the groove in width of the inner end in a tire width direction, the second part of the transverse groove. Longitudinal grooves are inclined relative to tire circumferential direction to the opposite side, on which a transition part of the transverse groove passes. End on one circumferential side of the tire of each longitudinal groove is connected with a section, where the second part and the transition part of the transverse groove on one peripheral side of the tire are connected together. End on the other circumferential side of the tire of each longitudinal groove is connected with a section, where the first part and the transition part of the transverse groove on the other peripheral side of the tire are connected together.EFFECT: technical result is improvement of drainage characteristics at good operational features on snowy and icy roads.5 cl, 3 dwg
Pneumatic tire carcass with air-tight system containing stabilizing fabric // 2607341
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Tire carcass comprises at least one layer of stabilizing fabric and air-tight layer connected to stabilizing fabric. Stabilizing fabric contains multiple reinforcing threads, and it is arranged in the carcass so, that reinforcing threads are placed in radial direction of the carcass. Reinforcing threads include monoaxially extended belt elements with cross section of rectangular shape, top surface and bottom surface. Belt elements comprise, at least the first layer, characterized by the degree of tension, at least about 5, modulus of elasticity, at least about 2 GPA and density at least 0.85 g/cm3. First layer contains a polymer selected from a group consisting of polyamides, polyesters, copolymers and their combinations.EFFECT: technical result is increase of tire strength in radial direction and along the circumference.15 cl, 17 dwg
Tire // 2607153
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to tire, on which inner surface electronic device (7) is installed. Tire comprises two beads, having surfaces for contact with rim, and electronic device (7) installed on tire inner surface. In cross-section, perpendicular to tire circumferential direction along tread width, external in radial direction of tire electronic device (7) edge (7b) is located from inner in tire radial direction side relative to initial point (P1), located in radial direction outside external in tire radial direction of rim edge area (2b) at distance, equal to bead thickness (T1) in specified area, where this zone is located on external in tire radial direction surface edge (2a) of bead with rim contact. Extreme internal in tire radial direction bead surface is made with possibility to rest against rim base, which includes setting ring flange and collar, adopted for base attachment to this flange, against which bead outer surface rests, wherein after rim installation inner in tire radial direction electronic device edge (7a) is located on outer in radial direction side from setting ring collar outer edge.EFFECT: technical result is creation of tire, enabling to prevent failures, such as electronic device breakage or its disconnection during side walls deformation due to tire puncture or abrupt pressure drop.7 cl, 5 dwg
Hybrid power plant with controlled reversible electrical machine kinematic circuit and device for its implementation // 2607150
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Hybrid power plant kinematic circuit, containing internal combustion engine, clutch coupling, reversible electrical machine, gearbox, main gear and intermediate gear unit, wherein reversible electrical machine shaft is kinematically connected with gearbox input shaft via engaged-disengaged gearing with variable axle spacing. Kinematic circuit implementation device comprises reversible electrical machine shaft and gearbox input shaft, arranged in parallel with constant axle spacing with gears fixed on them, and intermediate gear, arranged on movable axis with possibility of turning around reversible electrical machine shaft and fixation by stopper.EFFECT: absence of need to synchronize shifted gear gears rotation speeds.2 cl, 4 dwg
Vehicle comprising front hood amplification device // 2607132
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle containing front hood 1. Hood 1 has interconnected internal wall 2 and external wall 3, connection devices 4 with vehicle body and amplification device 5, located between internal 2 and external 3 walls, made with possibility of deformation in case of collision with element, external relative to vehicle. Amplification device 5 comprises first attachment section 6, intended for attachment on front hood 1 internal wall 2, and second and third attachment sections 7, 8 intended for fixation on front hood 1 external wall 3. First attachment section 6 is connected with second and third attachment sections through first and second connection sections, having inclination substantially to attachment sections. Connection devices 4 are fixed on deforming amplification device 5. One of connection sections includes two cut-outs, limiting two lateral tabs and central tab. Front hood 1 internal wall 2 comprises two openings 2a, 2b, made with possibility to interact with amplification device 5 side tab in case of collision with external element.EFFECT: enabling possibility to create hood, which meets safety standards in case of collision with external object, and possibility of hood holding at high speeds.6 cl, 4 dwg
Drying device for rail vehicle // 2607129
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relate to machine building, in particular, to rail vehicle air drying devices. Air drying device for rail vehicle includes first and second dry air reservoirs, air supply from compressor to air drying device and outlet hole. Air drying device includes regeneration line, through which air can be directed to air supply during dry air reservoirs bypassing. Compressed air supply unit for rail vehicle contains air drying device. Railway vehicle comprises compressed air supply unit and/or air drying device.EFFECT: enabling increasing air drying efficiency.17 cl, 2 dwg
Wheel, adapter, set of adapters and method of wheel preparing for securing onto vehicle hub // 2607125
FIELD: motor industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Vehicle wheel (1) comprises central part (3) made with possibility of being attached to vehicle hub, and rim located radially outward from central part (3) and intended for installation of wheel tire. Central part (3) is equipped with sequence of grooves (6) intended for introduction of corresponding adapter (7). Groove (6) has through hole (50), oriented in matching direction (AL) with corresponding adapter (7) through hole (10) for fastening element introduction, fixing central part (3) on vehicle hub. Besides, groove (6) geometry is selected with possibility of corresponding adapter (7) introduction in single angular position relative to matching direction (AL).EFFECT: simplified wheel mounting process onto vehicle hub.15 cl, 9 dwg
Vehicle part coating including methacrylic resin // 2607091
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle part cover. Vehicle part cover comprises methacrylic resin (I), having weight-average molecular weight, measured by gel-chromatography (GPC) method, equal to from 70,000 to 230,000, residual monomers content from 0.1 % to 1 % by weight, and weight loss percentage during holding for 30 minutes at approximately 270 °C is equal to 1.2 % or less. Methacrylic resin (I) contains: 50–97 % by weight of link based on methacrylate monomer (A); 3–30 % by weight of structural link (B), having annular structure in main chain and representing, at least one link selected from group, consisting of structural link based on maleimide, structural link based on glutaric anhydride, structural link based on glutarimide and structural link based on lactone ring; and 0–20 % by weight of link based on another vinyl monomer (C), which is copolymerizing with methacrylate monomer.EFFECT: technical result is high thermal stability, transparency, heat and moisture resistance, article thermal stability, manufacturability when processing by moulding.17 cl, 5 tbl, 32 ex
Control over one parking space use for several vehicles by applying plurality of cameras // 2607043
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is one place of destination for plurality of vehicles monitoring method and, at least, one location with limited conditions of use. First, receiving plurality of vehicles images, captured by means of plurality of cameras. Then determining time intervals, when first vehicle starts using and stops using said one place of destination for plurality of vehicles. Finally, determining, that second vehicle has stopped in said, at least, one location with limited conditions of use within limits of said one place of destination for plurality of vehicles.EFFECT: enabling automatic control over parking space.15 cl, 9 dwg
Lever element and its manufacturing method // 2607042
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to vehicles lever element. Lever element is formed by acting on workpiece, which is flat plate passing in plane, formed by first and second direction, orthogonal to first direction, step-by-step forming process for joining and connection of two side surfaces in second direction. Lever has cylindrical part, console parts and flanges. Cylindrical part passes along first direction and has cylindrical shape. Console parts are located on both ends in cylindrical part first direction and have outer diameter, expanding outward in first direction. Two flanges are located opposite to each other along second direction in each console part and have through holes in places facing each other along second direction. Through hole passes in direction crossing said two side surfaces, which are mated and connected.EFFECT: possibility to perform lever element without abrupt change in cross section and simplification of manufacturing.12 cl, 31 dwg
Variable dual ratio axles tandem system and method of its variation to enable configurations with one or two drive axles // 2607040
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to variable dual ratio axle tandem system. System with drive dual ratio axles can be transformed from dual ratio axles tandem system with one driving dual ratio axle, in which driving axle is rear axle into dual ratio axle tandem system bridges with two drive axles, and vice versa. In this system front dual ratio axle is provided with front casing. Front bearing casing with gearing or front bearing casing without gearing are mounted on front casing, depending on which dual ratio axles tandem system configuration is necessary to obtain: with one or two driving axles. In order to transform dual ratio axles tandem system front bearing casing with gearing or front bearing casing without gearing are dismantled from front casing and replacing with front bearing casing without gearing or with front bearing casing with gearing, respectively.EFFECT: enabling unification and ease of device transformation.10 cl, 5 dwg
Vehicle dumper body // 2607036
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to dumper vehicles, preferably for humid, caking or freezing down materials. Dumper vehicle body front side (4) is equipped with roller (8) with polyethylene film (9) roll, resting against two bearing assemblies. One roller shaft end is equipped with ratchet mechanism with two gears with opposite arrangement of teeth. One gear wheel stopper is equipped with handle with flexible retainer. Roller (8) has arc-shaped enclosure with hinged cover. Throughout height of lateral sideboards are closed with polyethylene film, mounted on hooks arranged in each sideboard upper part from outside, and in lower part is from inside. Roller polyethylene film (9) of the completely covers car body bottom (6) and front sideboard inner side and can have weaknesses in transverse direction in form of line with holes arranged with pitch equal to body length.EFFECT: invention eliminates load to body freezing down and sticking, increases efficiency and reduces unloading time.4 cl, 6 dwg
Hydraulic damper with electric generator // 2607034
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Damper comprises working cylinder (1) with working fluid and installed inside rod (2) with spring (3) and composite piston (4) with compression (5) and recoil (6) valves. Compensation chamber (7) is connected with working cylinder (1) via high pressure pipeline (8) and has inside additional piston (9) separating working fluid and inert gas, and dividing piston (10) with valve (11). Around compensation Chamber (7) lower part electric generator winding (12) is installed, concentrically to which annular permanent magnet (13) is arranged. In high pressure pipeline (8) there is sealing piston (14). Working fluid in cavities from sealing piston (14) to additional piston (9) is ferromagnetic fluid. Concentric to sealing (14) and additional (9) pistons annular permanent magnets (15) are arranged.EFFECT: enabling damper elements oscillations energy recovery into electric energy.1 cl, 1 dwg
Constant-velocity joint with cooling ring // 2607011
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to constant-velocity joints. Constant velocity joint comprises external housing and inner cage, located inside external housing and separated from it with a gap. External housing and inner cage are made with possibility of rotation around first and second rotation axes, respectively and with possibility to move relative to each other to change angle between axes of rotation. Between external housing and inner cage there is a separator, in which openings are made. In external housing grooves and inner cage grooves made on external housing inner surface and inner cage outer surface, respectively, can roll plurality of balls, each of which is retained in appropriate separator opening. Rotation of one of elements – external housing or inner cage – relative to its corresponding axis of rotation leads to rotation of second of these elements. On external housing cooling element is arranged in contact with at least part of external housing outer surface. Disclosed are drives and transport facilities, using disclosed constant-velocity joint.EFFECT: higher functional capabilities.24 cl, 10 dwg
Cartridge with air filter for compressed air preparation for compressed air preparation plant // 2607010
FIELD: car industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, in particular, to compressed air preparation cartridges. Cartridge with air filter for compressed air preparation comprises reservoir filled with drying agent, and coalescence filter. Compressed air is passed through drying agent. Coalescence filter is located in axial longitudinal direction before drying agent in drying agent reservoir inlet zone. There is cover element, which fixes drying agent in drying agent reservoir. At that, coalescence filter lies directly on drying agent, so, that it is located between cover element and drying agent.EFFECT: enabling simplification of cartridge with air filter design in terms of its implementation.6 cl, 4 dwg
Anti-skid for vehicle wheels // 2607009
FIELD: transport; machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport engineering, particularly large vehicles with drive rear wheels. Anti-skid consists of disc and rim. Rim is made of separate parts with rigidly fixed pins, installed on periphery of disc with possibility of radial movement and spring-loaded relative to disc by rigid springs working in compression. Anti-skid is detachable to be secured between drive rear dual wheels by means of fasteners of wheels.EFFECT: effective anti-skid of wheels on icy and snowy road with minimum damage of asphalt road coating.1 cl, 4 dwg
Ventilation system of box body of the vehicle // 2606902
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of transport, namely to devices for ventilation of box bodies. Box body ventilation system comprises outlet ventilation device, arranged on the rear body panel, and inlet ventilation device located on the front panel of the body, each of which consists of housing with drain holes, external grid with shutters, controlled by electromagnet and a system of servo drives, an electric fan, a replaceable filter element and an internal grid.EFFECT: ventilation of box body during downtime, increase degree of purity of incoming air are provided, overall dimensions of the system are reduced, as well as remote control of air flow intensity is provided.1 cl, 3 dwg
Heat accumulator (versions) // 2606808
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles with internal combustion engine. In cabin vehicle with internal combustion engine has vessel with heat exchanging surface, filled with melting substance. In vessel there is controlled freezing concentrator, for example, in form of mechanical electromagnet. Vehicle with internal combustion engine has separate or common with vessel in cabin vessel with inner heat exchanging surface filled with melting substance, wherein this vessel is arranged so, that closed separate overflow of coolant or air convection through vessel and engine cooling cavity is possible, and vessel inlet and outlet have valves or vessel is located so, that separate convection is impossible, and vehicle has pump, which is pumping liquid or air through vessel and through engine cooling cavity.EFFECT: enabling engine excess heat preservation.9 cl
Tire with improved bead // 2606783
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, in particular, to passenger cars tires. Tire comprises two beads (20), each of which contains, at least, one circular reinforcing structural element (70), and carcass stiffener (60) fixed in two beads by wrapping, in which every bead comprises filler (110) formed from rubber mixture. Filler passes in radial direction on distance DBE determined in radial direction from bead radial circular reinforcing structural element innermost point. DBE distance in radial direction is smaller than or equals to 10% of tire profile height H in radial direction. At least, one tire bead additionally comprises stiffener (140), formed from plurality of metallic reinforcement elements (145, 146, 147), oriented at angle, which is less than or equal to 10 degrees relative to direction along circumference.EFFECT: technical result is reduced rolling resistance in combination with good durability.13 cl, 11 dwg, 2 tbl
Stud tire // 2606782
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Studded tire (10) tread (20) includes first part (201) in contact with soil and second part (202), arranged radially inside relative to first part, and at least one stud (30) projecting outward from tread (20). Stud head (70) is completely fixed in tread (20) second part (202). Complex modulus G* (0 °C) of first rubber composition, which forms tread (20) first part (201), is less than 1.5 MPa. Complex modulus G* of rubber composition, forming tread (20) second part (202), varies with temperature so that G* (5 °C) is equal to or more than 5 MPa, and G* (20 °C) is less than or equal to 0.5G* (5 °C).EFFECT: technical result is improved tire adhesion on ice at its reduced impact on asphalt. 10 cl, 8 dwg, 2 tbl
Wiper // 2606658
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive wiper. Wiper has adapter with at least one locking element relating to wiper brush, which is intended to prevent displacement of wiper brush adapter relative to bearing element in longitudinal direction in assembled state. Bearing element is intended for connection with it of wind shielding element, resilient element and rubber band of wiper brush with geometrical closure. Bearing element has at least one retainer, which is intended for fixation of at least one locking element in assembled state.EFFECT: higher operational reliability of wiper.9 cl, 9 dwg
ethod and device for detection of driver in vehicle dangerous condition // 2606656
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: upon detecting driver hazardous condition in vehicle by means of voice recognition interface (18) first audio signal representing one word is received from the driver, when driver is not in dangerous condition. Based on first audio signal first total time spent on pronouncing one word is determined by interface vehicle device (12). With the help of electronic devices during predetermined period of time driver is suggested to pronounce one word to determine driver state. During predetermined period of time second audio signal from driver representing one word is received. Second total time spent on pronouncing is determined based on second audio signal using vehicle interfacing device (12). Comparing first time with second total time to determine whether driver is in dangerous condition. Invention also discloses devices for detecting driver hazardous condition.EFFECT: determination of driver hazardous condition.20 cl, 11 dwg
Fire-resistant door for transport refrigerating system // 2606653
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport refrigerating systems. Housing for a transport refrigerating system comprises at least one door (150), which has a casing formed by inner plate (152) and outer plate (154) and seam (156) formed between the respective external edges (153 and 155) of the inner and the outer plates so that the respective external edges are integrally interconnected and cavity (157) is formed between the inner and the outer plates, herewith at least one of the plates, the inner or the outer one, is made from a fire-resistant material. Inner plate (152) is made from a fire-resistant thermoplastic polyolefin mass, and outer plate (154) is made from non-fire-resistant thermoplastic polyolefin.EFFECT: provided is improved fire resistance of the front housing of the transport refrigerating system.8 cl, 2 dwg
Vehicle with combined power plant transmission gearbox connective and transforming device // 2606652
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, and more specifically to transmission gearbox of vehicles with combined power plant. Vehicle with combined power plant transmission gearbox connective and transforming device comprises input shaft (1), differential (2) based on three link planetary gear, clutch (3), reduction gear (5), output shaft (7). Clutch (3) is constantly closed type clutch with electromagnetic drive (4). Planetary-type reduction gear (5) is equipped with speed synchronizer (6). Output shaft (7) is connected with reduction gear (5) planetary gear driven link. Differential (2) drive (9) is rigidly connected with input shaft (1). Sun gear (10), forming torque small flow, is connected to friction clutch (3) inner cage (11), and crown gear (12), forming torque larger flow is with friction clutch (3) outer cage (13), combining torque flows. Speed synchronizer (6) movable gear coupling (18) is in contact with shifting mechanism yoke (19), which is controlled with drive (8). Geared element (21) is fixed.EFFECT: enabling expansion of functional capabilities.6 cl, 2 dwg
Sound insulation system, in particular, for motor vehicle // 2606651
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Motor vehicle sound insulation system comprises a flexible and porous basic buffer layer and an airtight intermediate insulating layer. Basic buffer layer is designed to be placed opposite the surface of the vehicle. Tight intermediate insulating layer is placed onto the basic buffer layer. Tight intermediate layer has the surface density lower than 500 g/m2, in particular, within the range from 50 g/m2 to 400 g/m2. Sound insulation system comprises a rigid porous layer contacting with the tight intermediate layer and having a thickness smaller than the one of the basic buffer layer. Rigid porous layer has a bending rigidity reduced to the unitary width exceeding 0.01 N/m.EFFECT: provided is improved sound insulation and reduced weight of the sound insulation system.14 cl, 7 dwg
Functional element casing extending on body structure in vehicle front or rear part // 2606650
FIELD: equipment and accessories for vehicles.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to functional element casing extending on body structure in vehicle front or rear part. Casing (10) made in form of box and surrounding functional element (2, 3), is fixed on body structure (1) and on outer side (10a) has bending damper (11), through which, if necessary, functional element (2, 3) is accessible. Functional element has rotary installed bracket (2). Casing (10) on its lower side is open. Hole (10b) adjoins damper (11).EFFECT: providing functional element improved protection and convenient accessibility.9 cl, 8 dwg
Wear pad assembly // 2606537
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to working elements arranged on road construction machines, particularly to buckets protective element. Road construction machine comprises working member, including first and second elements made with possibility to move relative to each other from open position into closed position, and containing wear pad assembly. Wear pad assembly contains wear pad, and mounting bracket made with possibility of attachment to wear-resistant pad. At that, mounting bracket is made so, that in closed position it is rigidly clamped between first and second elements of working member.EFFECT: simple and fast mounting and dismantling of wear pad to working member.14 cl, 5 dwg
ethod of starting and shutting down engine and engine system // 2606523
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention is used in controlling vehicle coasting. When controlling vehicle coasting, coasting mode is controlled in presence of at least one predefined condition for coasting. Method comprises transitioning from coasting mode to drive mode, if coasting continued during a certain period of time. Specified time period starts at onset of a predetermined event. Predetermined event is moment when vehicle starts to move on a road section with angle of inclination of a preset value. Invention also discloses a vehicle control system and a vehicle.EFFECT: reduced fuel consumption, reduced harmful emissions, preventing excess wear, overheating of brakes.11 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl
Device for relieving impact loads during vehicles towing // 2606431
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, namely to towing devices. Towing device comprises towing rope or belt with hooks on ends, two hollow cylinders, having hooks and rings for connection with vehicles lugs. Cylinders have moving rods with installed on them cylindrical compression springs in amount of one and more springs on each rod. Every next spring has stiffness, higher than previous, which during vehicle towing leads to towing device cylinders springs serial compression. At jerking alternate compression of springs provides smooth acceleration of towed vehicle and its smooth towing during movement.EFFECT: higher device operating performances and its service life by reducing dynamic loads at vehicle breakaway and during its movement.1 cl, 3 dwg
Ship of tunnel-sidewall craft type // 2606429
FIELD: ship building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to shipbuilding, particularly, to designing ships of the tunnel-sidewall craft type and can be used in construction of landing craft. Proposed is a ship of the tunnel-sidewall craft type comprising a hull having a bottom with a longitudinal tunnel provided with an upper U-shaped arch with generatrices parallel to the ship centerline plane, in the fore and the aft ends there are movable enclosures, in the hull there is a high pressure air blower, in the waterline plane there are onboard rotary propulsors having a stationary shell covering the upper part of the propulsor and a shell moving around the axis of the propulsor covering the lower part of the propulsor in motion of the ship in the cruise speed mode.EFFECT: technical result from using the present invention is improvement of operational characteristics of the ship of the tunnel-sidewall craft type.1 cl, 2 dwg
Elastomeric mixture exhibiting very good dispersion of filler in elastomeric matrix // 2606421
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a rubber composition with good dispersion of filler. Method comprises preparing a rubber composition based on diene elastomer, filler containing carbon black and inorganic filler containing inorganic filler less or equal to 50 wt% per 100 pts.wt elastomer. Rubber composition contains a crosslinking system, and dispersion of filler in elastomer matrix has a value Z greater than or equal to 80. First mother batch of diene elastomer and carbon black is obtained first. Inorganic filler is introduced into dried first mother batch.EFFECT: invention reduces hysteresis and improves tear resistance.16 cl, 3 tbl
Vehicle braking system diagnostics method and device for its implementation // 2606408
FIELD: car industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to automotive industry. Method consists in fact, that simultaneously with vehicle single emergency braking to full stop performing distributed longitudinal reactions measurement on each wheel of diagnosed axis along vehicle elastic wheel tire contact spot length on dry even horizontal road section. Determination of braking efficiency and vehicle stability during braking is carried out taking into account of distributed longitudinal reactions measurement along vehicle elastic wheel tire contact spot length on dry even horizontal road section. Vehicle braking system diagnostic device additionally includes second section with support platform installed flush with road section, and measuring element installed on this support platform. Support platforms and measuring elements are coated with polymer coating with adhesion coefficient of not less than 0.8.EFFECT: enabling higher efficiency of braking systems diagnostics.2 cl, 5 dwg
Dc electric traction drive // 2606406
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical traction systems of vehicles. DC electric traction drive comprises DC traction motor, voltage converter, insulated gate bipolar transistor, in-series connected traction motor armature winding and excitation winding, parallel to which diode is connected in non-conducting direction. Traction drive is additionally equipped with power accumulator, two additional diodes, brake resistor and eight switching elements.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of DC electric traction drive reliability.5 cl, 1 dwg
Heat exchanger for a vehicle (versions) // 2606252
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cooling systems for vehicles. Heat exchanger comprises a housing, a portion of the housing defining a boundary of a coolant channel traversing the heat exchanger. Housing has a first and second opposing side having a layered construction, wherein the first side positioned at a vehicle periphery and including a greater number of layers than the second side. Heat exchanger further includes coolant inlet and outlet ports fluidly coupled to coolant passages.EFFECT: increase in strength and durability of the heat exchanger is achieved.10 cl, 9 dwg
Pneumatic tyre // 2606251
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Pneumatic tire comprises tire tread section, provided in tread surface by plurality of stud pins mounting holes, and plurality of stud pins inserted in these holes. Each of holes includes fastening section, which comes into contact with entire periphery of each stud pins to fix stud pin. Fastening section comprises protrusion, provided on its internal wall, which passes in direction to holes depth and directs studding gun teeth in direction to holes depth, wherein studding gun drives stud pins into holes. Protrusion is deformed in accordance with stud outer peripheral surface, inserted into each hole, so that protrusion entire surface comes in contact with stud outer peripheral surface.EFFECT: technical result is simplification of studs installation and increase in reliability of their fixation in tire.11 cl, 14 dwg, 2 tbl
Electric power supply arrangement for driving means for operating rail vehicle on electrical supply networks // 2606162
FIELD: electricity; transportation.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to electrical traction systems of vehicles. Power supply device for drives comprises a connection to electric mains, connection to an intermediate DC circuit (ZK), rectifier, comprising multiple modules, electrical connection for operating vehicle in DC voltage network. Each module includes a first rectifier connected through an inverter to a transformer and through a transformer connected to a second rectifier. At DC voltage circuit is connected with DC voltage side of second rectifier of first module. Primary side of transformer of first module is connected to primary side of transformer of second module. DC voltage side of second rectifier of second module is connected to intermediate circuit (ZK). Second object of invention consists in a method of operation of vehicle through a power supply device. Third object consists in a method of making power supply device.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of weight of power supply device.11 cl, 12 dwg
ethod of starting the engine (versions) and vehicle engine starting system with hybrid drive // 2606160
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to improvement of driving properties of a vehicle. Method for starting an engine includes starting an engine with the first electric machine at the required torque consumption less than the threshold value; starting the engine with the second electric machine at the required torque consumption exceeding the threshold value; supplying the torque sufficient for rotation of wheels, exclusively by the first electric machine at selected operating conditions and disconnecting the second electric machine from the engine when the engine speed reaches the threshold speed of rotation. Threshold values may vary depending on the speed of rotation of the first electric machine. Engine start system for a motor vehicle with hybrid drive comprises starter, double mass flywheel, drive disengagement clutch to drive wheels, built-in drive to drive wheels starter/generator and controller.EFFECT: improved riding qualities and reduced fuel consumption.10 cl, 48 dwg
Vehicle control device // 2606158
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicle control. Control device for vehicle with internal combustion engine, drive wheel, stepped and stepless transmission comprises engine speed control unit in period, during which vehicle is moving with acceleration so, that engine speed increased with increase in vehicle speed. When engine speed reaches preset quasi-threshold gear shifting value, performs transmission quasi-switching to control engine speed so, that this speed decreased to first rotation speed. Performs mechanical gear shifting to change second gear ratio in accordance with gear change boundary, determined by travel speed and parameter, corresponding to request for acceleration. Performs correction engine speed control in advance in period before mechanical gear shifting so, that engine speed corresponds to t quasi-threshold transmission switching value when mechanical gears shifting is performed.EFFECT: increased driving comfort.8 cl, 18 dwg
Device for installation of housing, in particular, radio receiver one in vehicle dashboard compartment // 2605961
FIELD: radio engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mounting a housing and concerns mounting a radio receiver in a vehicle dashboard compartment. In a vehicle dashboard compartment there is an opening to introduce a housing. Herewith the housing has a spike on each side entering parallel lateral links forming a track. Track has an inlet zone and a bottom zone of less than high than the inlet zone. Each spike comprises an elastically compressed part intended to push the spike in the vertical direction in the link when the spike is in the bottom zone. Around the opening there is a frontal frame. Herewith the lateral links comprise two parts separated in the longitudinal direction into: the first part stationary connected with the frame and the second part not connected with the frame and fixed on the dashboard compartment wall in order to be located in the longitudinal extension of the first part.EFFECT: provided is ease of manufacture and installation.10 cl, 6 dwg
Equalizing beam suspension // 2605958
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates medium and high load capacity multi-axle vehicles wheel suspension. Equalizing beam suspension comprises by two balanced arranged springs arranged on each side of vehicle, which ends are installed in brackets, connected with axles. One bracket has swinging support fixed relative to axle, and second bracket is interconnected with swinging support pivoted along axle. In springs brackets swinging hinges with longitudinal U-shaped guides are mounted. Lower hinges are made in form of cross-pieces. Inside guides axles beams are located. In one of them axle beam is fixed on swinging support, and in other axle beam is installed in cross-head, which is fixed on swinging support.EFFECT: enabling increasing vehicle performance and layout characteristics.1 cl, 4 dwg
Self-propelled vehicle electromechanical transmission // 2605957
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to self-propelled working machines. Self-propelled machine electromechanical transmission comprises traction generator, connected to internal combustion engine, traction electric motor, machine drive wheels or caterpillars drive side gearboxes, connected with traction electric motor. Traction generator and/or traction electric motor is made reactive inductor and comprises rotor on shaft of which geared magnet core is fixed, and stator with poles and armature windings, made in form of concentrated coils. Traction generator and/or traction electric motor is made with combined excitation and armature windings, or with magnetoelectric excitation, or with combined excitation using magnetoelectric excitation and combined excitation and armature windings, or with windings, each of which is alternatively used as excitation or armature winding depending on rotor position.EFFECT: increasing transmission reliability.20 cl, 1 dwg

ultipurpose railway vehicle // 2605811
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: railway vehicle (1), which optionally is movable on road without rail track, contains rail wheels (15, 16) and road wheels (22, 23). Road wheels are made with possibility of lowering relative to rail wheels from inoperative position, wherein rail vehicle is operated on rails, into working position, in which rail vehicle is operated on road, and in working position road wheels protrude above rail wheels in direction of road surface (40). Railway vehicle also includes coupling device, by which road wheel during operation on road is connected with driven rail wheels axis, so that in working position at operation on road, road wheel is rotated by means of one or more driven rail wheel axes, and out of working position at least one road wheel not is rotated.EFFECT: higher transport network flexibility.18 cl, 12 dwg

Vehicle on road position determining system // 2605810
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: disclosed invention relates to vehicle control equipment. Disclosed is vehicle on road position determining system. System comprises eight magnetic sensors, arranged on vehicle. Sensors are connected to automobile position determining unit via comparators. During vehicle moving along traffic lane magnetic sensors generate signal on presence and value of magnetic field from road marking. Road marking, in its turn, contains substances with magnetic properties and residual magnetization.EFFECT: enabling higher accuracy of vehicle on road position determining, possibility to determine car rear part position of, as well as distinguish road marking signs.1 cl, 1 dwg
 
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