Processes for producing special ornamental bodies (B44C5)

ethod of decorative art glass processing // 2613860
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of decorative art glass processing is characterized by the fact that the stencil is applied to the glass, reproducing a pattern, the part of the stencil is removed either from the pattern or around the pattern, and deep processing of the open glass part is carried out, followed by the heat treatment of the products under one or more of their alternations, and, if necessary, product decorating in the colour range decor is performed either before or after the heat treatment.EFFECT: increasing effectiveness of the methods for processing glass, manufacturing the fine-detailed products with a clear playback loop, expanding the range of the manufactured product types.4 cl, 7 dwg, 2 ex
ethod of wood board production, provided with decorative layer // 2612647
FIELD: wood-working industry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to wood board production method, provided with decorative layer, made of decorating paper. Method of wood board production, containing bearing plate and decorating paper, arranged on bearing plate, includes stages of providing bearing plate, application of, at least one layer of, at least one impregnating resin on, at least one side of bearing plate, providing decorating paper, application of, at least one resin as impregnating substance on decorating paper side, opposite to pattern, to provide for decorating paper, impregnated only on one side, where amount of applied resin ranges from 30 to 70 %, taking into account decorating paper weight, and where impregnating agent is melamine-formaldehyde resin, melamine-phenolic-formaldehyde resin, melamine-urea-formaldehyde resin, polyurethane resin or acrylate resin with content of solid substances in range from 30 to 50 %, and decorating paper arrangement impregnated on side, opposite to pattern, on bearing plate side coated with impregnating resin.EFFECT: technical result of invention is creation of wood board production improved method, provided with decorative layer made of decorating paper.15 cl, 4 ex

ultilayer glass with functional element // 2612568
FIELD: glass.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a multilayer glass with at least one first main glass plate, at least one located at a distance from it second main glass plate and at least one plate element located between the main glass plates and a method of making such multilayer glass. Multilayer glass with at least one first main glass plate (2), at least one located at a distance from it second main glass plate (3) and at least one located between main glass plates (2, 3) plate element (5), herewith at least one technical module (4) is located between both main glass plates (2, 3), and plate element (5) limits adjusted to the form technical module (4) recess (6), in which technical module (4) is located, herewith illumination devices (19) are integrated between two main glass plates (2, 3, 22, 33) and are made for side supply of light between main glass plates (2, 3, 22, 33).EFFECT: technical result of the invention is the task of widening the field of use of the known multilayer glass beyond the purely architectural field of use.17 cl, 9 dwg

Directly printed coated panel // 2604855
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a panel, in particular a wall, ceiling or floor panel, comprising a support layer having a front side and a rear side, said support layer comprises, at least on its front side, following layers starting from front side: undercoat; a decorative coating comprising a polymerisable printing ink; and a polymer coating which preferably has a hardness gradient.EFFECT: used in construction and repair.26 cl, 8 dwg, 4 tbl
ethod of souvenir panel picture elements making using tinsel, silver, mosaic gold with image application on surface // 2604311
FIELD: materials.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of art and decorative articles, namely production of various souvenir panel pictures and souvenirs. Method of souvenir panel picture elements making using tinsel, silver, mosaic gold with application of image onto surface, wherein at first preparing base from paper or acryl, cutting elements with required size and shape, then, making corresponding colour to base using colour printer (yellow - if gold, grey - if silver, ochre - if copper), then with help of laminator base is coated on both sides with glossy laminating film, thereafter applying corresponding glue for tinsel, silver (mordant, mixtion), mosaic gold glue for mosaic gold (water-based glue), then applying coating material onto base: tinsel, which is in form of “free” leaves, rolls, or silver, or mosaic gold pressing applied coating material on base using soft tissue, then product is drying, after complete drying obtained base with applied coating is cut according to applied image format, and then using printer with ink based on UV fixation performing image printing.EFFECT: technical result is application of quality image on product surface coating with high decorative effect, namely unique pattern reproducing effect of cracks, effect of cracking, brightness and colour saturation.1 cl, 2 ex

Panel forming // 2602359
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to the field of forming of panels, e.g. building panels, more particular, the disclosure relates to a method of forming floor panels and floor panels produced by the method. Method for producing panel (1) with a wood based core (3) and surface layer (2) comprising a thermosetting resin, comprises the steps, wherein curing and connecting surface (2) layer to core (3) while applying heat and pressure in a first main pressing step, thus raising a temperature of the surface layer above an initial temperature; after first main pressing step to panel (1) bending force (F) is applied that the panel springs in a way, that an uppermost surface of the panel is convex an a lowermost surface of the panel is concave while the panel is still above the initial temperature; and releasing the bending force such that the panel springs back to an essentially flat shape.EFFECT: technical result is the panel manufacturing with the based core and the surface layer containing thermosetting resin, by more controlled and effective way in terms of process costs, at reduction of stresses occurring during curing the thermosetting resin during heating and pressing of the panel.20 cl, 1 ex, 6 dwg

ethod of weaving decorative figures of fiberglass thread // 2599710
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: proposed is a method of weaving decorative figures of a fiberglass thread. Method involves, first, taking three separate fiberglass threads, then weaving the three threads into a single thread-cable, after which the produced single thread is placed into a vacuum chamber, where during a short period of time it is impregnated with a composite resin. Then from those obtained woven cables the final product is formed by winding them on a prepared beforehand shape and drying at the temperature 70-90 °C to fix the shape, after which the prepared beforehand shape is extracted to obtain a decorative figure of the fiberglass thread.EFFECT: uniform distribution of colouring agents, higher strength, reduced time expenses, improved aesthetic appearance.9 cl, 3 dwg

Floor panel for external application // 2598437
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, floor panels for external application. Comprises bearing plate with front and back sides. Bearing plate on the front side comprises decorative or protective coating and on lateral sides comprises connectors in the form of groove-ridge elements enabling connection of several identical panels in directions parallel and perpendicular to the front side, by means of geometric closure. Material of the bearing plate is selected from a group consisting of MDF-plate or HDF-plate of acetylated wood, cement-fiber plate, polyvinyl chloride. Decorative or protective coating is radiation-curable acrylate containing film, wherein film is glued to the front side of the bearing plate with polyurethane glue.EFFECT: invention provides improved floor panels for external application in terms of flexibility of decorative pattern and simplicity of laying with strength and resistance of plates of natural wood for external application.18 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of printing on plates // 2598308
FIELD: printing.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to an improved printing image for decorative finishing of panels, herewith the decorative pattern is printed by four-color digital printing and consists of multiple colour points, more than 90 % of which have the size from 1,000 µm2 to 15,000 µm2, having the dpi (dots per inch) value from 200 to 1,200. Invention also relates to a method of printing on plates, in particular on wall, ceiling or floor panels.EFFECT: herewith the method involves the following stages: (i) manufacture of panel (11); (ii) applying priming coating (12) on the panel main surface using a liquid curtain from coatings materials; (iii) optional drying and/or curing the priming coating; (iv) processing of the priming coating surface using at least one of the following methods: a) processing by corona discharge; b) plasma processing; c) application of oil (20) in an aqueous solvent; and (d) depositing decorative pattern (13).19 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of making decorative art articles and decorative art article // 2598306
FIELD: furniture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of production of decorative-art (3D) articles, which can be used in furniture production, for example as furniture or its face elements; at manufacture of interior doors, door casings, and as interior or decor elements, in finishing panels. Method of making 3D articles from fluid self-curing material, when into the prepared mold consisting of a female mould and a cover the lining material is placed, the space between the lining material and the female mould working surface is vacuum-processed, the fluid self-curing material is poured, and then all is closed with the cover forming the back part of the finished article, herewith prior to the lining material placement into the female mould it is preliminary formed by the male former under vacuum press.EFFECT: technical result of the declared invention is reduced prime cost of the production and higher quality of produced parts, including the possibility of production of high-quality parts of any complex profile of cross-section with sharp edges and deep grooves with good decorative properties and aesthetic appearance, which do not require additional processing.9 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of making decorative and art articles // 2598292
FIELD: decor.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of decorative-art (3D) articles which can be used in the furniture production, for example, as furniture or its facade elements; in manufacture of room doors, framing of door opening, as well as interior or decor; in finishing panels. Method of making decorative and art objects of fluid self-curing material, in which mold is preliminarily manufactured, which consists of two matrices, facing material is placed into at least one of the matrices, space between facing material and working surface of the matrix is evacuated, matrices are closed; after that, fluid self-curing material is poured, in so doing, prior to placement of facing material into at least one of the matrices, it is preliminary formed by male die on vacuum press, and before pouring of self-curing material, the cavity between matrices is evacuated.EFFECT: technical result of the invention is obtaining a product from fluid self-curing material covered with facing material, without folds and without loss of pattern material with good decorative properties and an aesthetic appearance, of any profile, without formation of internal cavities and cast defects, which do not require additional processing of surface; reduction of labour costs and cost of production.7 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of weaving of decorative figures from the fiberglass thread and decorative product from the fiberglass threads // 2596480
FIELD: decor.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method of weaving of decorative figures from the fiberglass thread and decorative product produced by this method. Method consists in that, first, are used three separate fiberglass thread, then each thread is passed through a mixture of dye and resin, after which this threads are woven into a single thread- a braid. Than from this received weaved braids final product is formed by winding of its to the previously prepared shape and is dried at temperature 70-90 °C for fixing of a form, then take beforehand the received form, receiving thereby a decorative figure from a fiberglass thread.EFFECT: technical result - development of an easy and technological method of making decorative figures of fiberglass thread without using complex, expensive equipment, tools and accessories.12 cl, 3 dwg

Powder mix and method for making structural panel // 2595712
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of panels on the basis of fibers with wear-resistant decorative surface layer, in particular construction panels and, more specifically, floor panels. Method for making structural panel comprises steps of powder mix layer is applied onto a substrate, the layer of powder mix contains wood fibers and binder, and heating and pressure to the layer of powder mixture when placed on a substrate and hardened layer of powder mix with weight loss due to hardening in the range from 2 to 7 wt%, thus producing layer formed by the layer of powder mix.EFFECT: produced powder mix layer shows improved stain resistance, water/steam resistance and binder impregnation.10 cl, 3 dwg, 4 ex

ethod of producing powder layer or granular layer // 2595683
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing a powder layer or granular layer of wood fibres on a bearing base to installation of distribution for making powder layer and structural panel. Method of producing a powder layer or a granular layer comprises feeding a powder or granules to rotating roller (6) and feeding powder or granules to first oscillating device (8, 9). Then feeding powder or granules to second oscillating device (11), wherein second oscillating device (11) oscillates in another direction than first oscillating device (8, 9). Then moving carrier (5) under first and second oscillating devices to obtain a powder layer or a granular layer on carrier (5). Second oscillating device (11) oscillates in a straight line and in a direction substantially parallel to direction of movement of carrier (5). Floor panel comprises a powder layer or granular layer made as described above. Scattering apparatus for production of powder layer or granular layer comprises rotating roller (6) and first (8, 9) and second (11) oscillating devices capable of oscillating. Second oscillating device (11) is configured to oscillate in another direction than first oscillating device (8, 9). Second oscillating device (11) is configured to oscillate in a straight line and in a direction substantially parallel to direction of movement of carrier (5). Scattering apparatus is designed so that powder or granules are loaded on carrier (5), which is supplied under roller (6) and first and second oscillating devices.EFFECT: improved uniform distribution of powder or granular layer on carrier.15 cl, 8 dwg

ethod for production of layer // 2595661
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction finishing materials and method for manufacturing of the layer for production of construction panels. Layer is essentially uncured. Method includes application of powder mix including fibers and thermosetting binding component onto the carrier, forming a layer of powder mix, wherein the powdered mixture connected together so, that layer of powder mix, and in which a layer of powder mix is significantly uncured. Powder mix layer is separated from the carrier. Present invention is also related to such layer and the method for production of construction panels.EFFECT: invention ensures creation of the layer, which can be processed as a separate product, which is a semi-finished product, which simplifies and extends its use.25 cl, 15 dwg, 5 ex

ethod of making waxed paper // 2594960
FIELD: decorative and applied arts.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative and applied arts, in particular to production of single authorship works, waxed paper Easter eggs. Method of making waxed paper is characterised by removal of yolk and protein from egg shell, washing, drying, application of pattern on shell surface, wherein at least one hole is made in egg shell, and content of egg removed through this hole, then eggs are washed with pure water or 5 % solution of sodium bicarbonate; then, egg itself and its inner film are dried in oven at temperature of 180-200 °C; egg shell strengthening is carried out by applying of melted beeswax on outer surface of egg.EFFECT: technical result is simple waxed paper manufacturing process.9 cl, 7 dwg

ethod for production of decorated sheet and use thereof // 2588624
FIELD: technological processes; pulp industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative laminates and concerns method for production of decorated sheet and its application. Sheets on basis of non-woven cellulose material, such as paper, for producing decorative laminates impregnated with synthetic resins. At that, their size changes, they become fragile and in laminate not resistant to water. In method according to invention with or without printing nonwoven materials impregnated with aqueous dispersion of UV radiation curable polymer, dried, if necessary, printing is applied and, finally, is exposed to UV radiation. Obtained as result decorated sheets are water-resistant in laminate and after each process stages allow coiling into roll and storage.EFFECT: invention provides more simple in implementation of method for production of decorated sheet of cellulose non-woven material, ensuring complete and waterproof impregnation of cellulose.10 cl, 2 dwg

Plastic panel of polyvinyl chloride // 2587552
FIELD: chemistry; construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to improved plastic panel, in particular, based on main layer of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), as well as to method of its production. Panel, in particular, wall, ceiling or floor panel contains main layer (12) from polymer material and ground layer (17), where primer coat (17) contains printed on it decorative pattern (18), and on top of primer coat is applied cured polymer layer (19), wherein printing ink used for printing decorative pattern (18) contains polymerisable acrylate and/or N-vinylcaprolactam and is characterised by that printing ink and polymer layer are cured together.EFFECT: improved adhesion properties, in particular, large service life.25 cl, 2 ex, 2 dwg

ethod of making panel including wear-resistant layer and panel // 2583456
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for manufacturing a panel comprising a wear-resistant layer. Panel manufacturing method comprising wear-resistant layer (7, 8) includes steps of providing a substantially rigid substrate (1), wear-resistant particles (8), using ionomer (7), applying wear-resistant particles (8) and ionomer (7) on substrate (1) and combined compaction and/or melting substrate (1), wear-resistant particles (8) and ionomer (7), wherein ionomer is completely or partially melted.EFFECT: obtained panel has a high resistance to mechanical damage, impact resistance and abrasion resistance, as well as pleasing to touch and has favourable acoustic characteristics.13 cl, 6 dwg

anufacturing method of structural decorative sheet panel (versions) // 2580115
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: manufacturing method of a structural decorative sheet panel consists in transverse or diagonal braiding of sheet billets from thin strips from materials of wood or vegetable origin and attachment of at least two sheet billets by means of an adhesive compound, or an adhesive, or a polymer binding agent for formation of a panel assembly. For that purpose, a layer of the adhesive compound, or the adhesive, or the polymer binding agent is applied onto front or rear surface of one of them, and then, the other of the sheet billets is laid flatwise above the first one on the layer of the adhesive compound, or the adhesive, or the polymer binding agent, and cold or hot pressing of the panel assembly is performed prior to polymerisation of the adhesive compound, or the adhesive, or the polymer binding agent, and then, ends of the sheet billets, which project beyond the dimension of the panel, are trimmed. Besides, versions of the panel manufacturing method are described.EFFECT: improving strength properties of panels.23 cl, 4 dwg

System and method for 2d printing on 3d printed substrate // 2571354
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to 2D printing on 3D printed substrate. Claimed process consists of fabrication of printed substrate including multiple painted fibres. The latter replicate the printed patter and, when bonded together to a common block, can be cross cut. This is done to make printed sheets in compliance with printed pattern. 2D printing process on 3D printer substrate comprises the steps that follow. (a) Printed substrate is made of block (1) including multiple tubes (2, 8). Every tube (2, 8) has bearing means (3, 7′) of painting medium (6). (b) Said bearing means (3, 7′) are filled with said painting medium (6) to create the flow of said means directed towards inner area of said multiple tube (2, 8) to replicate printed pattern (13) preset for front surface (4) of said block (1) wherein said cavity is identified with printing pixel. (c) Said printing means are dried and said block (1) is hardened. (d) Said block is cut parallel with printing surface (4) to multiple strips (5).EFFECT: 2D printing on 3D substrate to be cross cut to get printed sheets at higher rate.55 cl, 32 dwg
Transparent surface protective layer // 2570881
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: layer contains transparent solid particles which contain at least three different grain size fractions and which have Mohs hardness of at least 4, which are embedded in a synthetic resin matrix, where the grain size fractions in each case have monomodal grain size distribution, and the transparent solid particles are present as a trimodal grain size distribution comprising a coarse fraction, a medium fraction and a fine fraction.EFFECT: invention enables to optimise wear and scratch resistance, brushing surface protective layers with each other without increasing the viscosity of the used resin and without losing transparency of the desired layer.12 cl, 3 tbl, 8 ex

Surface structure of article, article surface structure forming and device to this end // 2570369
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to metal forming. The article surface structure has machined part resulted from photo decay related to the fed of pulse laser light. Note here that periodic microstructure that allows the structure light to originate. Said microstructure has multiple machined parts arranged regularly as the reticule cross points and is formed at the article one area. Each of said multiple areas produced by separation of the surface. Each of said areas is that of the formation of the areas. One or several areas are located in one of the latter. Besides, it defines the directions of machine parts configuration, said parts being formed in every area, the directions change in compliance with the zones of areas formation.EFFECT: claimed structure allows a visual recognition of structured light at whatever angle of vision to facilitate the decorative effect relates to structure light generation.11 cl, 21 dwg

Structure made at heating and pressure // 2570035
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fibre-based wear-proof, preferably, floor boards. Construction panel comprises decorative surface layer (5) bonded with the central layer (6). Note here that the former is composed by the mix of fibres (14), preferably coloured pigments (15), binder (19) and wear-proof particles (12), preferably, of aluminium oxide. Note here that the surface layer comprises top and bottom parts. Note also that top part features the binder concentration gradient between the surface layer bottom and top parts. The panel bottom parts contain smaller amount of binder than top parts and can include top parts with smaller amount of binder than bottom parts. Said binder can be a melamine polymer while fibres can be composed by wood fibres. Besides, this invention discloses the fabrication of the construction panel with a simple painted surface. Claimed process includes the steps whereat the ply comprising the mix of fibres, binder, wear-proof particles, preferably of aluminium oxide, and coloured pigments, is applied on the substrate. Note also that said mix yields at heating under pressure. Note that mass ratio between resins and fibres makes smaller than 90%, preferably, less than approx 80%.EFFECT: perfected design.9 cl, 2 dwg, 6 ex

Fabrication of structured surface of press metallic spacer, endless belt or calender roll // 2568634
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of the press metallic spacer surface structure, endless belt or calendar roll with the help of one laser. Production of the press metallic spacer surface structure, endless belt or cylindrical embossing calendar with the help of at least one laser comprises the preparation and application of digitised data of 3D-topography of simulated surface structure. Said digitised data are used for placing of at least one laser in the plane described by coordinates x and y. Z axis is used for focusing of at least one laser beam, where z defines the 3D-topography vertically from top to structure surface. Partial removal of the surface is performed with the help of at least one laser for reproduction of the selected surface structure.EFFECT: new non-polluting processing technology.24 cl, 2 dwg
Production of decorative wall, ceiling or floor panel and panel thus made // 2564593
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative wall, ceiling or floor panels and to their production. Claimed process comprises the steps that follow. a) Carrier is produced of a plate and nonwoven material. b) Adhesive is applied on the surface of said carrier or said nonwoven material. c) Nonwoven material is laminated by application of adhesive on carrier surface. d) Nonwoven material is impregnated with hardening of fluid agent. e) Impregnating agent is solidified. Claimed process differs from know methods in that said carrier represents a plastic carrier. Note here that said nonwoven material is a paper substrate for printing for decor to be printed thereon between steps c) and d). Note also that solidifying agent contains components adapted for cross-linking under radiation. Note that solidification is caused by electromagnetic radiation.EFFECT: simplified and efficient process, higher quality of watertight panel.13 cl

Stained glass production by firing // 2558902
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: claimed firing process including several steps. First, base glass sheet is placed on hot (80-100 degrees Centigrade) horizontal surface. Then, decorative ply is applied on said base glass sheet by polymer contour application process. After solidification of said polymer contour intercontour space is filled with coloured polymer acrylic lacquers that make a polymer permanent ply. Now, obtained decorative ply is subjected to thermal effects by hot air blowing at 600 degrees Centigrade with the help of thermal gun unless a complete hardening. Finally, finished article is cooled down at the rood temperature. Besides, this invention discloses the stained glass thus produced.EFFECT: higher efficiency of the process.2 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of application of nanoparticles // 2557519
FIELD: nanotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of applying nanoparticles to the surface for creation of a layer with embedded nanoparticles of the photocatalyst, and also to a method of obtaining a uniform distribution of nanoparticles in the upper layer of plates and panels. The method of manufacturing a sheet comprising photocatalytic nanoparticles comprises the steps of impregnating (41, 42) the sheet (10) with polymeric resin, preferably comprising abrasion resistant particles; spraying (43, 40) on the sheet (10) new-impregnated with the polymer resin in an uncured and moist state, the impregnating liquid composition comprising dispersed photocatalyst nanoparticles; drying and/or at least partial curing (44, 45) of the said impregnated sheet comprising the polymeric resin and the impregnating liquid.EFFECT: application of photocatalytic particles by more rational method and improvement of the distribution of photocatalytic nanoparticles, thereby improving the photocatalytic effect.18 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl
Laminated decorative board // 2548984
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to finishing building materials and to a laminated decorative board. It includes a core from fibrous material or chip material. At least on one side of the core - an intermediate resin-containing layer from liquid adhesive hardened under action of heat and/or pressure, as well as a decorative layer with graphic display of the simulated material surface, which is not saturated with resin.EFFECT: invention provides easy manufacture of a decorative board.5 cl

Decorative product manufacturing method // 2546436
FIELD: personal use articles.SUBSTANCE: decorative product manufacturing method includes preparation of a mixture based on a mineral binding substance, its pouring into the mould and maintenance until complete hardening, further retrieval and drying of the product; the mixture based on a mineral binding substance is represented by gypsum diluted with water at the ratio of 1:1.5; the mould is represented by 0.2-0.4 mm fraction quartz sand moistened with water at a ratio of 10-15 ml of water per 1 kg of quartz sand with an imprint of a relief image corresponding to that of the decorative product being manufactured.EFFECT: simplification of the decorative product manufacture process, enhancement of decorative and aesthetic appeal of the resultant product due to a clearer, deeper 3D image on its surface.10 cl, 10 dwg

Decorative composite element // 2541272
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a decorative element. The decorative element comprises two panels arranged at the distance from each other, which are substantially oriented in parallel, besides, at least one of panels is at least partially permeable for visible light, and multiple decorative stones located between panels, besides, between panels (2, 3) there is a device (4), serving for fixation of position of decorative stones (6), besides, in the device (4) of position fixation there are compartments (5), in each one there is only one decorative stone (6), at the same time both panels (2, 3) directly adjoin compartments (5), besides, walls of compartments (5) are perpendicular to panels (2, 3).EFFECT: development of a decorative element, in which decorative stones may be arranged between panels by a technically simple method with desired positioning, besides, unintential exit of a decorative stone from a decorative element must be prevented, as well as sliding of decorative stones within a large space.22 cl, 2 dwg

Production of boards and board thus made // 2540663
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of construction boards with wood core. Proposed method comprises the steps that follow. 1) Sputter of wood fibers or ships coated with glue to make chipboard. 2) Compaction of said chipboard at high temperature to make large-size board with shagreen layer at, at least, its top surface. 3) Application of primer of melamine-based liquid resin on board surface to be coated. Note here that said resin penetrates, at least partially, into board surface layer to impregnate said shagreen and improve its properties. 4) Primer draying and 5) application of primer on the pad. 6) Primer drying and 7) application of at least one varnish saturated with painting water-based pigments to create the pattern. 8) Pattern drying and 9) application of sealing layer saturated with wear-resistant particles and resin cellulose melamine-based fibres. 10) Sealing drying and 11) application of liquid resin pad on board bottom layer. Note here that said resin penetrates, at least partially, into board bottom surface layer. 12) Pad drying and 13) application of stabilizing layer on said bottom surface. 14) Compaction of sandwiched structure by high temperature and pressure and 15) separation to panels of required width and length. 16) Application of bonding means and fixing elements on opposite lateral edges for flue-free joint and fixation of several panels to the floor floating structure.EFFECT: wear-resistant laminar panels.16 cl, 1 dwg

Production of 3d decorative-fancy articles (versions) and 3d decorative-fancy article (versions) // 2540061
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative articles and their production and can be used in production of furniture or its face elements, and construction, for example as interior or exterior or decor components. Proposed process comprises preparation of at least two injection moulds. Liquid self-curing material is poured in at least one mould, material being able to swell at solidification. Said mould is connected with at least one other mould to shape the finished as required. Said material is held in closed mould for time sufficient for its self-solidification and 3D article is withdrawn from the mould. Note here that at least one removable element is fitted in one of the moulds prior to pouring of liquid material to allow bonding of finished article surface with whatever other surface.EFFECT: wasteless process, lower labour input and costs.31 cl, 16 dwg
Printing on non-woven fabrics and their use in composite materials // 2539158
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to composite materials used as materials in interior finish, upholstery, construction and furniture manufacturing, and relates to printing on non-woven fabric and their use in composite materials. The method of manufacturing a composite material in which the composite material comprises a carrier and at least one textile surface structure laminated on at least one of the two sides of the carrier, and the textile surface structure comprises at least one curable binder in a state of "B- stage" and before laminating it is printed with imparting it decor using digital printing, and comprises the stages: a) preparing a carrier; b) applying the coating paper or coating non-woven fabric on at least one surface of the carrier, and the coating paper or the cover non-woven fabric comprises at least one binder in a state of "B-stage"; c) applying the textile surface structure to the coating paper or the cover non-woven fabric, and the textile surface structure is provided with decor using digital printing; d) applying the coating paper or non-woven fabric coating on the textile surface, the coating paper or the cover non-woven fabric comprises at least one binder in a state of "B-stage"; e) laminating the structure obtained in accordance with stages b)-d), under the action of pressure and heat so that the binder present in the state of "B-stage" is cured.EFFECT: invention provides creation of composite materials with decorative finish having the characteristics of impact elasticity, strength and fire resistance which are comparable with laminate materials comprising glass fibre non-woven fabrics for reinforcement.9 cl
Decorative material // 2538856
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: decorative material comprises a substrate of waterproof paper or paperboard coated with a light-accumulating coating containing luminophor SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy and a solvent binder with the ratio of components, wt %: SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy - 10÷45, the solvent binder - 55÷90. The luminophor particles have a size of 100÷160 microns. The solvent binder is used as the paints based on extender oils.EFFECT: density and uniformity of the coating layer is ensured, which does not crumble and does not break when bent, the material does not absorb moisture.2 cl, 3 ex

Device for selected lighting of surface // 2532024
FIELD: lighting.SUBSTANCE: device for selected lighting of a surface is designed to identify images or their part in interiors of premises, in advertising, in exterior of buildings. The device for selected lighting of a surface comprises a source/sources of light, directed at an end/ends of a light conducting layer, and from three layers arranged in the following sequence: the first layer - the base, the second layer - the light conducting one, the third - the light scattering layer with an image. On the upper surface of the light conducting layer there are grooves that focus and refract rays from the source/sources of light. The base is made as non-transparent, with a light-diffusing, preferably white, coating of the upper side. On the upper surface of the light-conducting layer, grooves may be applied by laser, where the light is focused from the source of light and is directed to the dedicated section.EFFECT: invention provides for even diffusion of light.7 cl, 3 dwg

Fire-resistant laminate // 2531397
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: fire-resistant laminate has low combustion heat of ≤3 MJ / kg according to ISO 1716 and due to the multilayer structure has excellent mechanical properties and has extremely good stability in variable climatic conditions (hot / wet / cold / dry). Contains several nonwoven fabrics made of mineral and glass fibres, having different functions and composition. These include high-filled nonwoven fabrics, bridging C-stages and other additives.EFFECT: production of fire-resistant laminate, used in various fields, where exclusively laminates have been applied up to date in accordance with standard EN 438 and superior.33 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl, 9 ex
Production of decorative articles // 2525071
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manual casting of decorative articles and to production of decorative coating on smooth even surfaces, particularly, on ceramic plate, glass, metal and plastic. Proposed method comprises making the blanks from the mix of polymer base with filler to be placed in the mould for solidification and full polymerisation. Note here that said blank comprises polyester unsaturated resin mixed with filler and hardener. Resin-to-filler ratio makes 1-1.5-2.0. Mix in the mould is subjected to degassing while mix hardening in said mould is performed at 60-80°C for 10-15 minutes. Blanks are extracted from the mould and subjected to curing to full polymerisation of polyester saturated resin. Thereafter, produced article is ground without water cooling at grinding belt at grain size of 60-120 units with subsequent washing and drying of ground surface. Note here that patterns are applied on finished surface by direct printing of UV inks.EFFECT: simplified process at high decorative properties.3 cl

ethod of production of decorative paper, and decorative paper // 2519970
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of manufacturing decorative paper, and also to the decorative paper. The method of manufacturing the decorative paper comprises printing decoration on paper; applying aliphatic, polycarbonate-containing, anionic polyurethane dispersion, and after applying aliphatic, polycarbonate-containing, anionic polyurethane dispersion on paper the resin is applied with sealing. The decorative paper comprises at least one core, a printed layer and the aliphatic, polycarbonate-containing, anionic polyurethane dispersion entered into the core, at that the paper is saturated with amino-plastic resins.EFFECT: creation of decorative paper, which would have increased light-proofness and could be profitably manufactured.13 cl, 2 dwg, 8 tbl

Device to fix panel, fastening element of panel, panel support and method for fixation of panel structure // 2502011
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for panel fixation, providing for fixation of the panel on a support with two fastening grooves at the opposite sides, which during installation of the panel are located oppositely to the device of panel fixation, comprising two primary ledges, which are adapted to cover two lateral opposite sides of the support; at the same time each primary ledge comprises a secondary ledge transversely directed inside, capable of being installed into one of appropriate grooves of the support or being located behind it. One or several such elements as the panel, primary or secondary ledges, are flexible or resilient, therefore secondary ledges under action of the bending force may be elastically removed or stretched from opposite lateral sides of the support, and upon termination of the bending force action, are able to engage with the appropriate groove.EFFECT: improved reliability.15 cl, 16 dwg

Building board and method of its making // 2498908
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to building board with main part with porous surface and paper web applied thereon. Building board with main part 10 with porous surface and paper web 14 applied thereon above mid layer of cured binder 36. Note here that said binder penetrates in said paper web. Note also that said paper web 14 comprises primer layer 34 coating aforesaid binder penetrating through web 14 to adhere paper web to coloring fluid 38. Said fluid may be applied with the help of programmed printing process, in particular, jet printing, on paper web surface located above said main part 10 and provided with primer layer 34.EFFECT: building board with pattern made thereon, lower costs.6 cl, 2 dwg

ethod and device for production of decorative paper and/or panels for floor covering or facing of furniture, wall and the like // 2493971
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of decorative paper using powders of aminoplast resins and/or phenol plastic resins and/or mixes thereof, of their mixes with additives. Proposed method comprises producing the composition for processing and applying it on substrate. Note here that processing composition represents a dry powder mix containing one polymer resin powder and/or mix of powders that can interact to form one polymer resin. Note also that said composition comprises additional heating either before or after application on the substrate to melt partially the polymer resin and/or melt and to subject said reagents to polymerisation/cross-linking. Note also that proposed method differs in that said composition represents a dry solid composition, Note that said polymer resin represents one or more amine and/or phenol resin or mix thereof.EFFECT: perfected process.16 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of making sandwich board of laminate // 2492059
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises the steps that follow. Making the multiple first layers (1a, 1b, 1c, 1d) of impregnated cellulose fibres. Making the multiple second layers (2a, 2b, 2c, 2d) of impregnated cellulose fibres. Making the wood chipboard (3). Making the set (4) of layers with top facing layer (4a) including first layers (1a, 1b, 1c. 1d) of cellulose fibres with central board (4b) abutting on top facing layer (4a) by its top surface (4b.1) including chipboard (3) and bottom facing layer (4c) abutting on bottom surface (4b.2) of central boars (4b) including second layers (2a, 2b, 2c, 2d) of cellulose fibres. Note here that top facing layer (4a) and/or bottom facing layer (4c) is made so that after escaping out of hot press (5) it features thickness of at least 2 mm. Displacement of said set (4) of layer in hot press (5). Pressing of said set (4) of layer in hot press (5) at increased pressing force and temperature for making multilayer board (6) and discharging said board (6) from hot press (5).EFFECT: lower products costs.18 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of amber processing // 2481960
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of amber half-stock, primarily, of minor fractions and large-size amber articles and work pieces. Proposed method consists in loading amber stock in elastic shell made from waterproof material to be sealed and placed in hydro barometric chamber. The latter is filled with fluid. Elastic shell filled with amber stock is subjected to hydrostatic compression at high fluid pressure. Note here that temperature inside said chamber is kept not higher than 120°C during the entire period of hydrostatic effects.EFFECT: production of large-size amber articles with normal physical, chemical, aesthetic and therapeutic qualities of natural monolithic amber, recovery of industrial wastes, cheap amber half-stock.4 cl
ethod of making decorative articles using amber // 2475366
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of decorative articles using amber and amber production wastes as filler and may be used for making decorative construction boards. Proposed method comprises preparation of filler, binder and mould, filling said binder in mould, curing it, extracting the article and drying to condition. Note here that article is cured at pressure to complete hardening. Note also that filler is the first to be filled in said mould, then binder is poured therein. Note that in pouring the binder absolute pressure is kept in said mould not exceeding 30 kPa. Note that pouring is carried out from below while, after pouring, absoluter pressure of up to 100-300 kPa is created to complete hardening. Note that pressure feed moment is selected to make binder viscosity be increased by not over 30% at said moment. After extraction, the articled is sliced into thin plates.EFFECT: reduced labor input.4 cl, 4 ex, 4 tbl

Decorative element // 2474479
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to surface decoration, particularly, to set for surface decoration, to painted coat and method of surface decoration. Proposed set comprises PVC-based surface coating to be painted covered by protective varnish based of polyurethane polymer cross-linked by UV radiation, and encased acrylo-urethane paint.EFFECT: simple process, better spraying capacity and strength, wide range of colours and ornamental patters.15 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl
Laminated decorative board and method of its production // 2471631
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative laminated board and to method of its production. Method comprises the following stages. Preparing the board of fibrous or chip material, coating the board on, at least, one side with liquid glue hardened by pressure and/or heat. Building up of decorative layer not impregnated with resin on glue layer. Applying thermoplastic or liquid cover material o decorative layer. Pressing and heating laminar structure thus made to form surface structure of cover layer.EFFECT: simple and efficiency process.6 cl

ethod and device for refining particle board // 2470794
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method and device for refining particle board. Method of refining particle board 2 with decorative finish on one of its sides comprises the following steps. (a) Cleaning particle board top and bottom surfaces. (b) Applying first top layer of pitch containing corundum particles on top surface and first bottom layer of pitch on bottom surface. (c) Drying top and bottom first layers of pitch to residual moisture of 3% to 6%. (d) Applying second top layer of pitch containing cellulose on top surface and second bottom layer of pitch on bottom surface. (e) Drying top and bottom second layers of pitch to residual moisture of 3% to 6%. (f) Applying third top layer of pitch containing glass particles on top surface and third bottom layer of pitch on bottom surface. (g) Drying third said layers to residual moisture content of 3%-6%, and (h) compacting layered structure at pressure and temperature.EFFECT: perfected procedure.14 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of making set of panels for imitation of long floor board and set of panels // 2468927
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of floor boards. Proposed method comprises the following stages: making large-size rectangular board (1, 2, 3, 4) with tope side having, at least, set of long panel decors (D1.1, D1.2, D1.3, D1.4; D2.1, D2.2, D2.3, D2.4, D2.5, D2.6; D3.1, D3.2, D3.3, D3.4, D3.5, D3.6; D4.1, D4.2, D4.3, D4.4, D4.5, D4.6). Note here that every said decor has its direction and extends parallel with one board edge while kevery set has, in the first extreme area perpendicular to decor direction and along one board edge, one straight segment of panel decor (http://Al.ll11, A1.31; A2.32, A2.42; A3.12, A3.22; A4.12, A4.32, A4.52) to be combined with second segment of panel decor (A1.22, A1.42; A2.51, A2.61; A3.32, A3.42, A3.52, A3.62, A3.51, A3.61; A4.22, A4.62) in the same first extreme area and/of in opposite extreme area of this set of panel decors located opposite the first segment of panel decor perpendicular to direction of shifted panel decor (D1.2, D1.4; D2.5, D2.6; D3.3, D3.4, D3.5, D3.6; D4.2, D4.4, D4.6); dividing large-size board (1, 2, 3, 4) into separate panels with one of said panel decors (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4; 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6; 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4; 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6); shaping lengthwise and crosswise edges of appropriate panels and making inclined surfaces by scarfing lengthwise edges on decorated side of finished panel and second transverse edge not intended for making continuous decor.EFFECT: higher quality.20 cl, 6 dwg

aterial workpiece with decorative layer and embossing // 2467881
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to material workpiece and workpiece processing press plate. Material workpiece comprises, at least, one substrate central layer and decorative layer made on, at least, one side of substrate layer. Decorative layer is arranged on both sides of workpiece to allow precise embossing. Note here that structures on workpiece both sides are accurately leveled.EFFECT: higher quality.11 cl, 3 dwg
 
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