Decorative arts (B44)

B44            Decorative arts(1657)

Surface with changed digital impression with register // 2642767
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of forming surfaces, having an impression print with a register, with a digital ink head that prints the curable ink on the surface of the panel or on the top side of the foil as a coating and forms an ink matrix that is used to create a cavity in the surface by applying pressure to the ink matrix. The method for forming an impressed surface in a building panel includes the steps of forming an ink matrix having a horizontal and vertical extent by applying a curable ink on the surface layer of the building panel by means of a digital printhead for printing inks. Form a cavity in the surface layer by pressing the ink matrix onto the surface layer, thereby forming an impression print surface of the building panel, forming a base impression in the surface layer by pressing the base matrix against the surface layer and removing the ink matrix from the impression print surface.EFFECT: creation of a panel with a complex pattern.15 cl, 5 dwg
ethod of manufacturing mirror optically aligned with picture // 2641497
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method of manufacturing an article with two parallel imaging layers that reproduce the image seen by the lumen and also visible in reflected image light. The method of manufacturing a mirror optically aligned with a picture, in which a mirror element having, at least, one layer of mirror glass and a reflective layer is used as a preform, is mechanically partially removed by the abrasive means of the reflective layer, visually controlling the production of the preform imitating an aged state to form a matt, simultaneously translucent and reflecting mirror element, on which a layer is superimposed and fixed from the side subjected to the removal of the reflecting layer, being a decorative image on a flat carrier, seen by the lumen through the obtained translucent and reflecting element.EFFECT: simplifying the scope of means and actions for the method implementation and the production of a repairable article from the optically aligned replaceable decorative image seen by the lumen, as well as visible in reflected image light of various moving and stationary objects and people, while imitating the aged object of the interior, articles are provided with the possibility of rapid changes in decorative finishes, restoration of the decor after the damage.7 cl, 3 dwg
ethod for manufacture of decorative (artistic) article from wool and decorative article manufactured by this method // 2638759
FIELD: human life necessities satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: method for manufacture decorative (artistic) wool product, in which, at the first stage, a wool background is laid out on the substrate, then the wool is laid over the background, forming the basic forms of the product; at the third stage, the detailed work on the product takes place, final decoration is done at the fourth, while to draw the small parts of the product in the process a stencil and/or pattern is used.EFFECT: improved method.13 cl, 22 dwg
ethod for manufacturing decorative (art) item and decorative item produced by such method // 2638249
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of arts and crafts and is concerned with the method for manufacturing a decorative (art) item and an item produced by such method. In order to create a decorative item, a thread of appropriate colour is fixed in the needle, the needle with the thread fixed in it is brought to the front side of the embroidery base, then the stitches are laid in rows. The stitches are laid across the embroidery direction. In the process of stitch laying, alternation of short and long stitches is carried out. The rows of stitches are laid from bottom to top. The stitches of each subsequent (upper) row must slightly overlap the stitches of the previous row. After the stitches of the first shade are laid, a thread of another shade of the first colour is taken and the same stitches are performed with it by adding them into the already embroidered elements. Border zones of colours, in which one colour passes into another, are not densely sewn up, so that it is then possible to smoothly add one colour into another - add stitches-strokes of a different colour. A photographic image of all embroidered elements with indication of the stitch direction and its colour is attached to the embroidery base.EFFECT: improved quality of products.6 cl, 10 dwg
Plastic polymer composition for children's creativity // 2637711
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used to obtain products - crafts of children's creativity, as well as in industrial design. Plastic polymer composition for children's creativity includes, wt %: isoprene rubber 13.0-25.0, copolymer of ethylene with vinyl acetate, - 1.5-2.8, paraffin 32.0-40.0, mineral oil as an emollient 5.5-8.0, a filler 32.0-40.0 and, if necessary, dye 0-0.2.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain biologically inert non-toxic plastic composition having elastomeric properties and high term preservation of the plastic properties.1 tbl

ethod for applying coating on construction panel by method of digital printing or digital coating // 2636516
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: in method for applying a coating on a construction panel (1) having a decorative wooden surface (5), a UV-curable coating layer is applied by a digital printing head (30) to the decorative wooden surface (5) of the construction panel (1) by means of applying the UV-curable coating drops with the digital printing head (30). The drops are arranged so that they overlap each other. The UV-curable coating layer is then cured by UV radiation (23), thereby forming a transparent protective surface layer (L1, L2, L3). The decorative surface (5) is visible through said transparent protective surface layer (L1, L2, L3). The floor panel (1) has a core (3), a surface layer (2) comprising a surface (5) of a wood material, a print (P), and transparent layers (L1, L2, L3). The lower transparent layer (L1) is under the print (P). The upper transparent layer (L3) is above the print (P). The lower transparent layer (L1) is a UV-curable polyurethane. A part of the wood material surface (5) and the print (P) form a part of the visible surface layer (2), and the print is at least partially synchronized with the visible design and/or the structure of an individual floor panel. In the method for forming the decor on the construction panel (1), by means of a digital control system (39) of technical vision, providing the digital input to the digital printing head (30), a digital image of the surface (2) of the construction panel (1) is created by means of the digital control system (39) of technical vision. In addition, the digital control system of technical vision is used to provide the digital input to the digital printing head (30) based on said digital image. Thereafter, digital printing is performed on at least a part of said surface (2) of the construction panel (1) by means of the digital printing head and by means of a print. The print is at least partially adapted to the digital image of said surface (2) of the construction panel (1).EFFECT: improving the surface quality and improving the design of wooden building panels.21 cl, 11 dwg

ethod and device for decorating panel // 2635965
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for decorating a panel includes feeding a ceramic panel onto a carrier; the stage of placing the panel on the carrier; carrying out at least a first printing stage by means of a first printing unit and carrying out a second printing stage by means of a second printing unit; wherein in order to obtain the decorated panel, the first and the second printing stages are carried out in accordance with a predetermined relative position and in which, during and between the first and the second printing stages, the panel is retained in the substantially fixed position with respect to the carrier. Each of the first printing unit and the second printing unit comprises a head selected from an ink jet print head, a valve print head, and a pigment spray head, and in which one of the first and the second printing stages comprises printing a basic decorative pattern on the panel, and the other of the first and the second printing stages comprises printing a curable substance on the panel to create a textured surface. The method additionally comprises curing the curable material. The device for manufacturing the decorative panel includes a carrier for supporting the panel; a lock for retaining the panel in a substantially fixed position with respect to the carrier; a decoration printing unit for printing a decorative pattern on the panel; a relief printing unit for printing a curable substance to form a textured surface; a control system for moving the carrier, the decoration printing unit and the relief printing unit relative to one another, configured to control the amount of the material applied by the printing units. The control system is equipped with a memory for storing the decorative pattern coordinates used for moving the carrier, the decoration printing unit, and the relief printing unit with respect to one another, and wherein each unit from the decoration printing unit and the relief printing unit comprises a head selected from an ink jet print head, a valve print head, and a pigment spray head.EFFECT: providing an effective method for decorating the panel.20 cl, 5 dwg

Decorative part made by means of installation on amorphous metal // 2635788
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: part comprises a holder made of a material, whose properties do not include plastic deformation and in which at least one cavity is provided, said cavity being filled with a first material being at least partially an amorphous alloy forming a substrate, on which at least one frame is provided, wherein the at least one frame is configured to accommodate at least one aesthetic element therein, said substrate in addition comprising gripping means, that are deformed to retain said at least one aesthetic element in said at least one frame.EFFECT: installing an aesthetic element on a part made of materials that do not have sufficient plastic deformation.48 cl, 23 dwg

ethod of decorative panels manufacture // 2635061
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing decorative panel includes the steps of: a) preparing the substrate (10), b) applying the decor (12) to at least one separate area of the base (10), c) applying the lacquer coating layer (14) to the decor. Also, steps d), partially curing the lacquer coating layer (14). In this case, d1) the partial curing of the coating layer (14) is performed with forming a curing gradient. And, said curing gradient is formed in the thickness direction of the cover layer (14) in such a way that the surface region of the cover layer (14) cures relatively more than the more recessed region of the cover layer (14). And, e) after this only partially curing the coating layer (14), it is provided with a structuring (16), wherein f) the step e) of method is carried out at least in part by negative structuring; and g) the lacquer coating layer is finally cured after step e) of the process.EFFECT: detailed understanding of the structure applied.7 cl, 2 dwg

ethod for producing decorative wall or floor panel // 2635043
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for producing a decorative wall or floor panel includes the stages of preparing a loose base material, in particular a granulate; arranging the base material between two belt conveyors; forming the base material under the effect of temperature to form a strip base; pressing the base; treating the base under the effect of temperature and pressure using a two-belt press; cooling the base; if necessary, applying a decorative primer to at least one part of the base; applying a decor imitating an original pattern to at least one part of the base; applying a protective layer to at least one part of the decor; if necessary, structuring the protective layer for introducing pores and/or structuring the edge area of the base to form connecting elements, and, if necessary, to treat the base for removing electrostatic charges before one of said production stages. The base at the production stage is compressed with a compression ratio of ≤7%, preferably ≤5%.EFFECT: development of an improved method for producing decorative wall or floor panels.14 cl, 4 dwg

ethod for manufacture of panels with decorative surface // 2633251
FIELD: human life necessities satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacture of panels having a decorative surface in which the said panels comprise at least a substrate and an upper layer. The said upper layer comprises a paper layer having a printed pattern and the said method at least comprises a step of provision of the said paper layer with a thermosetting resin and a step of provision of the said resin-provided paper layer with at least a portion of the said printed pattern. To provide the said portion of the said printed pattern, pigment-containing paints are applied to the said paper layer by means of a digital inkjet printer, and the dry weight of the total volume of the said pigment-containing paints applied to the said paper layer is less than 15 grams per sq. meter.EFFECT: creation of a decorative panel, which has a high degree of durability.15 cl, 4 dwg

Pneumatic hand-operated impact tool for graph works // 2632307
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: tool has a cylindrical body with a circular partition on the inner surface of the body and through holes for air passage. The body accommodates a two-stage piston with longitudinal and radial channels dividing the body into three chambers. An anvil-tool holder with a chisel opening is fixed on one end of the cylindrical body, and on the other end a plug in the form of a cup and a handle. The handle is fixed on a connecting bushing. The handle has a union for air supply, and connected to a needle valve in the form of a conical needle with a rod and a spring and a valve body with cavity for air supply from the union. The needle valve is installed in a slot in the center of the handle. The conical needle with the rod and spring is forced into the end plug. The valve body has an annular radial groove with through hole for air supply from the union into its cavity. The connecting bushing is installed to form a gap between the connecting bushing and the cylindrical body. A gap for air passage is formed between the end plug and the handle inner surface.EFFECT: expanded tool functionality.7 cl, 3 dwg
ethod for production of multilayer valuable product with luminescent protective element and multilayer valuable product // 2632006
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: product is immersed in a bath using rod holders for galvanic metal coating application, provided with anodes of pure metal, such as nickel, copper or brass, or silver. The bath is filled with electrolyte from the group consisting of pyrophosphate, sulfate, ferricyanide, polyphosphate, thiocyanate, iodide, sulfamic, trilonate, dicyanoargentate, cyanide, and marking phosphor is added, which is coated with a protective sheath in the form of a protective capsule inert to the electrolyte, optically and/or physically transparent, with the ability to pass the waves in the optically visible and/or invisible range. The galvanic coating of the said metals is deposited at continuous electrolytic stirring at 650 rpm and electrolyte temperature of 20-70°C, and during metal coating deposition, phosphor refilling is performed. Electric phosphor, and/or Stokes phosphor, and/or anti-Stokes phosphor are used as marking phosphor. The protective sheath - alumina or titania, is applied in vacuum using atomic layer deposition, and silicon oxide is applied in vacuum using chemical vapour deposition. Calcium silicate treated by zinc sulfate can be also used as the protective sheath.EFFECT: resulting multi-layer valuable metal product with a protective luminescent element has a high degree of protection against forgery.7 cl, 4 ex

ethod of wood boards treatment // 2631172
FIELD: timber conversional industry.SUBSTANCE: method of wood boards treatment to provide it with a non-adhesive surface after the overprinting of the decorative coating on at least the upper side of the wood board comprises applying a cellulose cover layer of melamine resin with glass beads mixed to it to the decorative coating, drying this coating layer and applying an anti-wear layer on it. Drying is carried out before application of the antiwear layer.EFFECT: improvement of the wood boards processing method to ensure the presence of a non-sticky surface at the wood plate for the possibility of stacking the semi-finished product in the subsequent process of its processing into the finished wood plate and also to provide a surface that allows a reliable possibility of further processing without the appearance of a spots variety.21 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of manufacturing the decorated bearing plate // 2630765
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing a decorated baseplate as an integral part of a wall and/or ceiling liner and/or a dry wall construction method, according to which the bearing plate is provided with a printed image and/or a graphic pattern as a decorative layer with a coating density of less than 20 g/m2, in addition to this, before applying the decorative layer, the bearing plate is provided with a primer layer with a predetermined degree of whiteness, and according to which the decorative layer is covered with a transparent and UV-cured cover layer from the surface side facing away from the carrier plate. The decorative layer is applied to the bearing plate by an ink jet method with water-based ink or by a powder coating process.EFFECT: creating the ways to manufacture bearing plate supplied with decor so that the decorative layer can be done simply, quickly and with low costs and so that there are increased requirements of fire protection, and protection of a decorative layer from mechanical impact and light.10 cl, 1 dwg
ethod for applying image to surface of flat cork panels // 2630759
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: method of applying an image to the surface of flat cork panels includes conducting a preliminary stage of preparing a graphic composition using a processor and corresponding software, and a stage of printing a multicolor image on the pre-primed panels. Printing is carried out by means of an inkjet printer having printheads with nozzles which eject microdrops of the desired colour onto the surface to be printed, and the processor contols the printer. The printing is carried out by applying to the surface of the cork panel a layer formed by applying the first printing layer with a white ink with a printhead extended relative to the other printing heads, with a successive application of a printing layer with a colour ink to produce a decorative printing layer.EFFECT: creation of a method for applying a qualitative, namely wear-resistant, bright, clear decorative image on the surface of cork material by UV printing.9 cl, 2 dwg

Device for manufacture of stained-glass windows // 2630636
FIELD: satisfaction of human life necessities.SUBSTANCE: device for manufacture of stained-glass windows contains a two-coordinate table, controlled by a computer program processor, a carriage, and a base plate for placing the substrate, glass elements. As a substrate, plexiglass is used to place the glass beads, a distributor, a heater and a pusher are mounted on the carriage above the substrate, the distributor contains n tubes, each of which is connected in the upper part through the first flap with a container filled with glass beads of the same colour, and at the bottom each tube is connected to the main tube through the second flap. The distance from the first to the second flap is equal to the diameter of the bead, the first flap of each tube is connected to the first actuator, the second flap of each tube is connected to the second actuator, the first and second actuators, the heater and the pusher are connected to the processor.EFFECT: increasing the play of light, colour and reflections in manufactured stained-glass windows.2 dwg
Compositions for moulding, methods of their production and application // 2630288
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: moulding composition comprises a starch-based binder, water, a retrogradation inhibitor, a salt, and from about 0.15 to about 1.2 wt % of microspheres. The moulding composition comprises (a) from about 30 wt % to about 60 wt % of water; (B) from about 20 wt % to about 40 wt % of a binder based on starch; (C) from about 2.0 wt % to about 5.0 wt % of lubricant; (D) from about 0.5 wt % to about 4.0 wt % surfactant; (E) from about 5 wt % to about 20 wt % of salt; (F) from about 0.1 wt % to about 1 wt % of preservative; (G) from about 0.5 wt % to about 5 wt % of retrograde inhibitor; (H) from 0 wt % to about 1 wt % of hardener; (I) from about 0.15 wt % to about 1.2 wt % of microspheres; (J) from 0 wt % to about 10 wt % of the humidifier; (K) of 0 wt % to about 0.5 wt % of perfume; and (l) from 0 wt % to about 5 wt % of the dye.EFFECT: improved weight gain for modeling as a result of reduced shrinkage of the mass during drying, resulting in better shape retention and bulk mould stability, reduced viscosity, making it softer, more flexible, easier to extrude, providing a ball bearing effect, facilitating Thereby using mass.56 cl, 8 tbl, 4 ex, 7 dwg

ethod for manufacturing architectural decorative elements of glass-fiber reinforced concrete // 2629633
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing architectural decorative elements from glass-fiber reinforced concrete includes a workpiece manufacture, that repeats the architectural element. At the same time, initially manufacture a wooden box, for example, from the plywood, having a rectangular shape according to the dimensions of the manufactured architectural element. The workpiece is manufactured, for example, from the expanded polystyrene, on which the contour and the relief of the architectural element are cut in the mirror image, then it is put into the wooden box and filled with glass-fiber reinforced concrete. Then after the full cure of not more than 24 hours, the resulting architectural element is removed, separated from the expanded polystyrene and cleaned.EFFECT: reduction of the architectural and decorative elements manufacturing period.1 dwg
Dynamic image forming device and method of its obtaining // 2629150
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: dynamic image forming device comprises a substrate, an optical element and a painted layer interposed therebetween, in which the said coloured layer consists of regularly arranged painted or unpainted areas of substantially the same size together forming an image, the said optical element being a layer of a substantially transparent material, the surface of which is provided with regularly-arranged relief refractive elements of substantially the same shape. The thickness of the said optical element is selected such that the said painted layer is substantially in focus of the said light-refractive elements. The step between the said light-refracting elements is equal to or differs by not more than 10% from the step between the said image zones. The optical axes of the said light-refractive elements are aligned with the said image zones with an accuracy, at least, equal to the step size between the said light-refractive elements substantially along the entire length and width of the said image.EFFECT: obtaining a device that provides a dynamic effect, when the position of the device changes relative to the viewing direction of the observer, it is not required to combine the matrix of micro-optical elements with the pattern on the substrate in two directions with an accuracy much smaller than the size of the micro-optical element.20 cl, 3 dwg

arking the engine with anti-corrosion protection // 2628985
FIELD: automotive industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of motor vehicles and in particular to vehicle engine identification systems and the anti-corrosion protection of the identification number engraved on the vehicle engine. The method of marking the engine of a motor vehicle comprises the step of engraving the engine identification number on the marking surface on the engine wall. After the engraving step, the method comprises the step of protecting the identification number by tightly securing the security means comprising a transparent plate having corrosion resistance on the marking surface.EFFECT: increasing the reliability, simplicity and environmental compatibility in the case of corrosion protection of the identification number printed on the engine wall by engraving.10 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of manufacturing decorative item and set for manufacturing decorative item // 2628963
FIELD: human vital needs satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing a decorative item includes preparing the substrate, applying the elements to the substrate. At the same time, the elements are made of wool by drawing, and/or plucking the wool, and/or obtaining a spider web, and/or obtaining a band, and/or cutting the wool, and/or mixing strands of different colours. The elements are made using patterns and a stencil made in the form of a transparent, smooth, resiliently deformed film with a drawing printed on it, on the stencil, without going beyond the outline of the drawing, a separate element is formed. The element is then moved along a smooth surface of the film onto a rough substrate and fixed thereon by the natural attachment of wool fibers to a rough substrate. Then the product is worked out in detail. The finished product is decorated in a frame with glass.EFFECT: improving the safety of the method, the effective development of fine motor skills, the development of sensory analysis and training in the transformation of objects.11 cl, 1 dwg

Press gasket or infinite tape of multilayered structure // 2626707
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: stamp for embossing contains a mould and a printing form made with a structured surface, connected to the mould with a possibility of separation. For connection, an adhesive is used, to which metal powder is added. The adhesive has a heat resistance, providing stamp operation at a temperature of up to 250°C with the exception of printing form detachment from the mould.EFFECT: possibility is provided to reuse the mould with replacement of only a very thin layer of the printing form with the embossing relief.11 cl, 2 dwg
Decorative product manufacture method // 2626226
FIELD: satisfaction of human life necessities.SUBSTANCE: manufacture method of the decorative product involves preparing of the base material, applying the elements on the base material. At the same time, the elements are made from wool by drawing, and/or the wool pinching, and/or the cobweb receipt, and/or flagellum receipt, and/or the wool cutting, and/or mixing the strands of different colours. The elements are made using the patterns and the stencil made in the form of the transparent, smooth resiliently deformed film with the drawing printed on it, on the stencil, without going beyond the drawing outline, the separate element is formed. The element is then moved along the smooth surface of the film into the rough base material and fixed thereon by the natural attachment of the wool fibers to the rough base material. Then the product is studied in detail. The finished product is decorated in the frame with glass.EFFECT: safety of the method improvement, the effective development of the fine motor skills, the development of sensory analysis and training to transform the objects.16 cl, 22 dwg

ethod for obtaining 3d/vario images on transparent glass and device for its implementation // 2625086
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method for producing 3D/vario images on a transparent glass involves the use of a lenticular raster and a substrate with the encoded image placed on it, a self-adhesive film with a lens profile is used as the lenticular raster, which is placed on the glass, the coded image substrate is placed in the supports opposite the lenticular raster and an air gap with respect thereto, after the substrate is mounted in the supports for obtaining a high-quality image, the coded image of the lenticular raster lenses is positioned. To adjust the sharpness of the image by axial movement of the substrate in the supports, the amount of the air gap is adjusted, the position of the image relative to the raster is adjusted by angular movement of the substrate by means of an eccentric mounting element of one of the supports, and the phase is adjusted by moving the substrate perpendicular to the lenses of the lens raster. The device for producing 3D/vario images on a transparent glass contains a lenticular raster and a substrate with the coded image placed on it, the lenticular raster is a self-adhesive film with a lens profile glued to the glass, the coded image substrate is placed opposite the lenticular raster and with an air gap with respect thereto. The device is equipped with upper and lower supports, each of the supports is in the form of a supporting element, on which a mounting element is placed intended for mounting the substrate. The mounting elements of the supports have the possibility of independent adjustment movement relative to the supporting element for adjusting the axial and angular position of the substrate relative to the lenticular raster.EFFECT: improving image quality.11 cl, 4 dwg
ethod of obtaining a decorative relief glass and decorative glass products (versions) // 2623749
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: bottom of the mould is covered with a layer of powdered gypsum and covered with a layer of refractory paper. Then, the vertical laying of sheets and/or fragments of sheet glass is preferably carried out on the refractory paper, followed by heating to the bending temperature. Alternatively, the sheets and/or fragments of the sheet glass are laid in groups with the abutment of the flat side surfaces of the sheets and/or sheet glass fragments of the group to each other. The flat side surfaces of sheets and/or fragments of sheet glass in the group during laying are oriented along the direction specified for each group.EFFECT: obtaining a product with a light scattering effect and simplifying the method of obtaining it.15 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

Process of transfering microstructures on final substrate // 2621558
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: process of the invention implies that the film is subjected to the following operations for transfering during continuous production of flexible circuits: formation of microstructures thereon or transferring microstructures on the surface of the transferable film with consecutive transfer of microstructures from the transferable film on the surface of the final substrate. Microstructures are monolayer or multilayer structures consisting of cavities on the in fact flat surface, where the cavities are filled optionally or covered with another material; and of upwells on the in fact flat surface; or combinations thereof. Meanwhile the microstructures have one or more cured conformal layers of a separating coating on their surface and are connected with the transferable film with one or more layers of a cured binder.EFFECT: quality transfer of microstructures on the substrate is guaranteed.16 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of manufacturing mosaic images (versions) // 2621220
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of making mosaic images from natural or artificial stone of light colour, in which the preparation of natural/artificial stone with a thickness of at least 0.5 mm, are firmly connected to the substrate, then grooves are cut through the preform of the mosaic pattern through the preforms from the stone to the substrate, the geometry and the width of the slits being set, taking into account the distance between the mosaic elements, the surface of the workpiece is painted from the front side in accordance with the given pattern so that the stone is dyed to an adjustable depth, in particular to the entire depth of the slot. When painting, positioning of the applied colour image is relative to the contour-groove to ensure that the desired colour fragment matches its contour, drying the resulting mosaic, grind and polish the face. Method of making a mosaic from natural or artificial stone-coloured, in which harvesting of natural/artificial stone in the thickness not less than 0.5 mm to a specified boundary drawing cut grooves on depth not less than half the thickness of the workpiece. The geometry and width slots ask, given the distance between the mosaic elements, paint the surface of the workpiece with an obverse sides according to a specified pattern so that the stone is coloured to the adjustable depth, in particular the entire depth of the slit. When painting, positioning of the applied colour image is relative to the contour-groove to ensure that the desired colour fragment matches its contour, drying the resulting mosaic, grind and polish the face.EFFECT: reducing the labour intensity of manufacturing mosaic patterns, simplifying the process of manufacturing mosaics, increasing the product tensile strength when bending due to the tight fit of the joints and their length.17 cl, 2 ex, 7 dwg

Device for permanent fixing of metal insert // 2620941
FIELD: mechanics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the element (10), including the base (11), having at least one recess, forming the shaped cavity for the sign and completely filled with galvanically deposited layer (16), so that the element (10) is the incrusted at least by one metal sign with improved visual quality. The element (10) contains the device for permanent fixing of indicated at least one metal sign, which is at least one through-hole (14) in the element (10) and at least partially filled with the galvanically deposited layer (16) for improving fixation at least one sign to the element. The indicated through-hole (14) has the first end, communicated with at least one recess and the second end, communicating with the other side of the mentioned base.EFFECT: reliability increase of the signs fixation.23 cl, 11 dwg

Device for substrate treatment and corresponding method // 2620788
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: in the device for treatment, in particular for etching and/or developing bases (17), particularly plates, comprising a rotational plate (1), the rotational plate (1) has a Venturi clearance (3). The device comprises a pressured medium source and has at least one opening (13) for discharging the pressured medium, at least one said opening being located in the middle area of the rotational plate.EFFECT: invention allows to avoid damage or contamination in the rear plate side.16 cl, 6 dwg
ethod of manufacturing mosaic images (versions) // 2619409
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing mosaic images from natural or artificial light stone, in which the grooves are cut on the preform from the natural / artificial stone along the given contour, wherein the geometry and the width of the slits are set taking into account the distance between the mosaic elements, the base substrate is adhered on the groove side, then the preform side opposite to the base substrate is cut till the grooves appear, and the surface of the preforms is coloured in accordance with the given pattern in such a way that the stone is colored to the adjustable depth, in particular to the entire depth of the grooves, wherein while colouring, the applied colour image positioning is performed with respect to the contour-groove so that the desired colour fragment matches its contour. Method of manufacturing mosaic images from natural or artificial light stone, in which the preform from natural / artificial stone with a thickness of, at least, 0.4 mm is connected to the removable (sacrificial) substrate, then grooves are cut through the stone preform along the given mosaic pattern contour, wherein the geometry and the width of the slits are set taking into account the distance between the mosaic elements, then the preform side opposite to the side with the substrate being removed is firmly connected to the base substrate, after which the sacrificial substrate is removed and the preform surface is coloured at the front side in accordance with the given pattern in such a way that the stone is coloured to the adjustable depth, in particular to the entire depth of the grooves, wherein while colouring, the applied colour image positioning is performed with respect to the contour-groove so that the desired colour fragment matches its contour.EFFECT: reducing the labour intensity of manufacturing mosaic patterns, simplifying the process of manufacturing mosaics, increasing the product tensile strength when bending due to the tight fit of the joints and their length.42 cl, 12 dwg, 1 tbl
Sculpture machine (versions) // 2619017
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: mobile sculpture machine consists of two parts, the first part - a bed, which consists of a metal cylinder, the walls of which are welded with three metal brackets, in the cylinder in the upper and the lower parts - the threaded holes for tightening the locking screw, in the metal parts the holes are drilled for attaching legs, three metal legs with through holes at the upper and the lower parts of the three metal jumpers, each of which in turn consists of three elements sequentially bonded to each other by the rivets, two plastic sleeves inserted into the metallic cylinder with upper and lower sides, three plastic lugs for the legs, a metallic locking bolt, six bolts and six wing nuts, and a rotating table top consisting of a plywood square tabletop divided into two equal rectangular parts, a metal cylinder with through holes for fixing the tabletops at different heights, barrel nuts, a metal bolt and two metal washers for fixing steel plates to the cylinder with the holes, three metal plates with longitudinal slots, a series-connected rivets, a metal stud for confining the rotating tabletop at a certain height, four bolts and four butterfly nuts for fixing of the tabletop. The jumpers between the legs and the tabletop are folded, the machine is equipped with a level and weighs 5.5 kilograms.EFFECT: increasing the machine mobility.2 cl

Stamped thermoplastic label // 2618825
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: label comprises a label material with an upper surface and a lower surface and at least one layer comprising at least one thermoplastic resin, and at least one stamped pattern is made on the label material upper surface. The stamped pattern on the label material comprises at least one stamped area and at least one non-stamped area. The preform configuration is described. A method of thermoplastic label stamping, and labeled container are offered. Stamped thermoplastic label can be used when applying different labels and brand identifying.EFFECT: structural and visual effects for a variety of applications, particularly, improved ability of gripping or increased ease of the container handling.20 cl, 12 dwg, 1 tbl, 6 ex
ethod of image application on precious metals products // 2618283
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: spraying is carried out on the film surface of the product from the oxidized metal. Film local heating is performed by laser radiation, followed by plotting of a calibration curve of modified film surface colour dependency on the laser exposure modes. The image is applied by laser radiation in the mode selected by the resulting calibration curve.EFFECT: invention allows to expand possibilities of printing on articles made of precious metals.2 dwg, 1 ex
Production method for decorative glass or mirror inserts in interior doors, on ceiling, in niche // 2618258
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: self-adhesive stencil with a decorative pattern divided into separate zones is applied to the front surface of the glass or mirror. Then, in these zones grooves vertically oriented to the surface of the glass or mirror with edges of at least 0.8 mm in width are made by sand blasting. Further, these grooves are filled with paint. The paints are poured into the grooves in the volume sufficient for complete filling of the grooves without them overflowing.EFFECT: improved clearness and fine pattern granulation.2 cl

ethod and device for manufacturing of decorative products of foamed polystyrene with paint coating // 2616916
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing of decorative products of foamed polystyrene with paint coating is described, comprising blank pre-drying, applying of aqueous ink on a polystyrene blank surface by a flexographic method, and drying into termotunnele where grease and oil stains are pre-removed from a blank surface, a surface is cleaned, and incision and scratches are removed from it, and blanks edges are aligned to eliminate distortion, recesses and notches, and then a polystyrene blank is pre-cleaned from process dust and frieze, static electricity is removed using active neutralizers by a cleaning device arranged into a single unit with a vacuum pump, a blank is automatically fed for ultraviolet drying and corona treatment, visual quality control is carried out with uniform illuminance not less than 300 lx from the distance of 0.6-0.8 m, and the obtained product is moved into a drying oven for final drying of coating with hot air, then the product is additionally cured at temperature of (22±5)°C for not less than 3 h and conditioned for 24 h to obtain a possibility for the next coating durability test. Also a device for method implementation is described.EFFECT: obtaining of improved quality paint coating of products.4 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex
ethod for producing hollow landscape decorative items // 2616020
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing hollow decorative landscaping products in stages by means of forming a multilayer template by making a cast frame and the carcass of the simulated natural object. The mould is produced by applying at least 6 layers of silicone with a hardener onto the simulated object in the ratio of 1 kg per 30 g; each layer must be dried for at least 12 hours at the temperature of 18-25°C until the next layer is applied. After all layers are fully dry, the mould is carefully taken off the natural object. The carcass is made in accordance with the silicone mould from fiberglass by means of sequential application of several layers onto the simulated natural object, the first of which is a mixture of polyester resin and hardener in the ratio of 1 litre to 20 g. Then the second layer of the glass mat emulsion is immediately applied followed by a mixture of polyester resin and a hardener, taken in the same ratio as the first layer (1 litre to 20 g). The resulting carcass is dried at 18-25C° for at least 12 hours. After drying, the carcass is carefully removed from the simulated natural object, and the dried silicone mould is placed inside. The first layer of the composition of polyester resin, pigment, thickener and hardener is then applied to the inner surface; the ratio of components in the mixture depends on the size of the made hollow landscaping product . After that this layer is immediately coated on top with marble granite chips, with the minimum fraction of 0.63-0.2 mm. The resulting multilayer matrix is then placed in the drying chamber for drying, and dried at a temperature of 25-35°C for at least two hours. After the drying is complete, the second layer of the same composition is applied in the amount determined by dimensions of the manufactured product. The glass mat emulsion of at least 12 m in size is then added to the second layer, which is then impregnated by the third layer of the polyether resin mixed with the hardener in the ratio of 1 litre per 20 g. The article is then placed in the oven again to be dried at the temperature of 25-35°C for at least 1 hour. Then the final finishing layer of polyester resin is applied mixed with the hardener in the ratio of 1 litre per 20 g, to which the pigment is added in an amount determined by the dimensions of the manufactured article to obtain the consistency of paint. Then the product is placed in an oven to dry at a temperature of 25-35°C for 30 minutes. Full inspection of each layer of 0.01-0.02 mm thickness is then performed. The carcass is then carefully removed, and the silicone impression of the finished landscape product is taken out; all the excess, if any, is cleaned off, and the impregnation substance is applied onto the outer surface in accordance with the simulated natural object.EFFECT: improved quality, better similarity and a better decorative effect of landscape products, production standardization and cost reduction.8 cl, 14 dwg, 3 ex
ethod for laser marking of product surface of aluminium or its alloy with oxide outer layer // 2615381
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: formation of the marking visually observed by the human vision is carried out, different from the product surface areas adjacent to the marking, due to changes in the structure compared with the material in the areas adjacent to the marking by the action of laser radiation and subsequent cooling. It is effected by the laser radiation having a wavelength selected from the condition of the radiation absorption by the aluminium oxide without damaging the surface of aluminium or its alloy. Hardening the oxide outer layer is performed by providing the pore closure in the modified and unmodified areas of the oxide outer layer. The oxide layer structure is formed, different from the material in the areas adjacent to the marking in the process of cooling the melt and condensing the evaporated material of the oxide outer layer.EFFECT: hardening the oxide coating of products of aluminium or its alloy, while maintaining the initial surface shape of aluminium or its alloy.11 cl, 2 dwg, 2 ex, 1 tbl
Workpiece for teaching artistic volumetric carving (versions) // 2614618
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: workpiece for teaching artistic volumetric wood or plastic carving is designed of arbitrary shape and comprises an inner target portion in the form of the end cut-out made of hard wood or plastic material with high density, and an outer shell made of pressed wood wastes, or shaped cardboard or soft porous plastic material, wherein the surface of the inner portion is made with spikes and painted in a colour different from the colour of the outer shell and from the colour of the inner portion. The workpiece for teaching artistic volumetric carving is desgined of arbitrary shape and comprises an inner portion in the form of the end cut-out made of polymeric material with high density, and an outer shell made of material with lower density, wherein the surface of the inner portion is made with spikes and painted in a colour different from the colour of the outer shell and from the colour of the inner portion.EFFECT: workpiece for teaching creative volumetric carving on various materials is provided with improved quality of the volumetric cut-out, for beginners, among others.6 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of decorative art glass processing // 2613860
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of decorative art glass processing is characterized by the fact that the stencil is applied to the glass, reproducing a pattern, the part of the stencil is removed either from the pattern or around the pattern, and deep processing of the open glass part is carried out, followed by the heat treatment of the products under one or more of their alternations, and, if necessary, product decorating in the colour range decor is performed either before or after the heat treatment.EFFECT: increasing effectiveness of the methods for processing glass, manufacturing the fine-detailed products with a clear playback loop, expanding the range of the manufactured product types.4 cl, 7 dwg, 2 ex

ethod of printed pattern application on particleboard and particleboard with printed decorative layer // 2612823
FIELD: polygraphy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to printed pattern application on particleboards and to particleboard with printed decorative layer. Method of printed pattern application on particleboard, especially on fiberboard by means of digital printing, includes printed pattern application on, at least, one side of particleboard using digital printing equipment with formation of decorative layer; application on decorative layer of protective layer containing, at least, one resin, at least, one radiation-curable lacquer and/or, at least, one polyurethane; and drying and/or gelatinization of protective layer applied on decorative layer, wherein protective layer is dried up to such degree, that resin still remained fluid and could form cross bonds so, that boards with printed pattern intermediate storage before further processing was possible. Particleboard, particularly made using said method, characterizing by, at least, one layer of primer on, at least, one side of particleboard; at least, one decorative layer applied on primer layer by means of digital printing; and, at least, one protective layer containing, at least, one resin applied on decorative layer, at least, one radiation-curable lacquer and/or, at least, one polyurethane, wherein protective layer is dried, but it is still fluid and can form cross bonds and/or may be gelatinized.EFFECT: technical result of invention is improving of digital printing method for particleboards, to enable decorated boards transportation and use without detriment to quality and simultaneously, substantially overcome limitations of subsequent processing.15 cl, 1 dwg, 2 ex
Plastic silicone composition with bulk filler // 2612677
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: plastic silicone composition comprises non-toxic bulk mineral component, particle size is equal to 0.01-1.0 mm, polydimethylsiloxane, an alkaline solution with pH of 12-14, a plasticiser and a crosslinking agent.EFFECT: improved composition properties and increased ecological safety.7 cl, 1 ex
ethod of wood board production, provided with decorative layer // 2612647
FIELD: wood-working industry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to wood board production method, provided with decorative layer, made of decorating paper. Method of wood board production, containing bearing plate and decorating paper, arranged on bearing plate, includes stages of providing bearing plate, application of, at least one layer of, at least one impregnating resin on, at least one side of bearing plate, providing decorating paper, application of, at least one resin as impregnating substance on decorating paper side, opposite to pattern, to provide for decorating paper, impregnated only on one side, where amount of applied resin ranges from 30 to 70 %, taking into account decorating paper weight, and where impregnating agent is melamine-formaldehyde resin, melamine-phenolic-formaldehyde resin, melamine-urea-formaldehyde resin, polyurethane resin or acrylate resin with content of solid substances in range from 30 to 50 %, and decorating paper arrangement impregnated on side, opposite to pattern, on bearing plate side coated with impregnating resin.EFFECT: technical result of invention is creation of wood board production improved method, provided with decorative layer made of decorating paper.15 cl, 4 ex

ultilayer glass with functional element // 2612568
FIELD: glass.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a multilayer glass with at least one first main glass plate, at least one located at a distance from it second main glass plate and at least one plate element located between the main glass plates and a method of making such multilayer glass. Multilayer glass with at least one first main glass plate (2), at least one located at a distance from it second main glass plate (3) and at least one located between main glass plates (2, 3) plate element (5), herewith at least one technical module (4) is located between both main glass plates (2, 3), and plate element (5) limits adjusted to the form technical module (4) recess (6), in which technical module (4) is located, herewith illumination devices (19) are integrated between two main glass plates (2, 3, 22, 33) and are made for side supply of light between main glass plates (2, 3, 22, 33).EFFECT: technical result of the invention is the task of widening the field of use of the known multilayer glass beyond the purely architectural field of use.17 cl, 9 dwg

Flat metal workpiece embossing (method, device and object) // 2611882
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: two rotary embossing rollers are arranged between two groups of transport rollers and actuated by servo drive. Said embossing rollers are embossing artifact in flat transported sheet or flat transported workpiece. Transport rollers, embossing rollers and sheet or workpiece have same workpiece surface speed during artifact embossing in workpiece or sheet, and distance to artifact location on sheet or workpiece is determined, adjusted or corrected by servo drive speed and position control, actuating two embossing rollers and giving can wall base cylindrical shape.EFFECT: disclosed are artifact embossing in three-component can wall device and method, according to which flat sheet or metal workpiece is transported along transport table by means of several spaced apart groups of rollers, each of which has upper and lower rollers.20 cl, 6 dwg
Raw material mixture for manufacturing that imitates natural stone // 2610019
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the production of artificial materials that simulate natural ones. The raw material mixture for the production of the material, which imitates natural stone includes, by weight. %: 1.0-4.0 of coal dust; 17.0-23.0 of Portland cement or Portland slag cement; 58.0-65.0 of milled and sieved through a sieve №008 silicate glass; 15.0-17.0 of water.EFFECT: raw meal, which increases the strength of the material, imitates natural stone.1 tbl

Hot embossing method and device // 2608913
FIELD: polygraphy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hot embossment method for application of at least part of at least one tape-like embossment film on tape-like substrate, as well as corresponding hot embossment device. Substrate, which must be subjected to embossment, is combined with film for embossment from said at least one embossment film. Substrate and adjacent to it embossment film are lead along perimeter of first heated embossing roller, wherein during first embossing first embossed layer is applied on substrate. One-time embossed substrate is removed from first embossing roller and after that first embossing roller is again aligned with same or other film in direction of substrate for embossing from said at least one embossment film. One-time embossed substrate with adjacent to it embossment film is lead along perimeter of second heated embossing roller, wherein during second embossing second embossed layer is applied on substrate.EFFECT: finally, twice embossed substrate is removed from second embossing roller.22 cl, 7 dwg

ethod of creating structure of article and article produced using said method // 2607750
FIELD: laser engineering.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a method of creating at least one structure (13, 15) by means of a laser exposure, at least, at one part (11) of a container wall of a plastic article in the form of a container and an article made as described above. Preferably, the article is made by the process of blow molding, filling and closing the container. Corresponding structure (13, 15) of the container is created by the laser exposure. Laser exposure is determined at least considering the laser power, duration of the laser exposure, type of a plastic material and type of the desired structure in the form of linear depression (17) in part (11) of the article wall. Linear depression (17) at its edge and its travel is limited by projection (27), which is created under the effect of inherent stress of the plastic material.EFFECT: technical result achieved when using the group of inventions is reliable implementation of the method and creation of distinctly recognizable structures.10 cl, 9 dwg
ethod of veneering forged products // 2607538
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to method of decoration of forged products with veneer. Claimed technical result is achieved due to the implementation of the method of veneering of forged products, namely that forged product is taken as a basis surface of which is cleaned from slags, rust, grease using solvent, then the cleaned surface is puttied, sand-papered and wiped with petroleum spirit, then, prepare the veneer to the size of the veneered product, degrease it with solvent from resin and simultaneously apply on the surface of the product and on internal surface of veneer a glue layer, then held it for 15–20 minutes and by the force of pressing glue the product and veneer with each other, allow the glue to dry then cut and adjust the contours of the product, and sand-paper the veneer surface.EFFECT: technical result of the invention is the simplification of the product manufacturing (compared to wood ones), wood savings (compared to manufacturing products from wood), provision of noise insulation and safety, increase in strength of the structure compared with similar product made of wood.3 cl

Directly printed coated panel // 2604855
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a panel, in particular a wall, ceiling or floor panel, comprising a support layer having a front side and a rear side, said support layer comprises, at least on its front side, following layers starting from front side: undercoat; a decorative coating comprising a polymerisable printing ink; and a polymer coating which preferably has a hardness gradient.EFFECT: used in construction and repair.26 cl, 8 dwg, 4 tbl
 
2550901.
Up!