Decorative arts (B44)

B44            Decorative arts(1657)

Press gasket or infinite tape of multilayered structure // 2626707
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: stamp for embossing contains a mould and a printing form made with a structured surface, connected to the mould with a possibility of separation. For connection, an adhesive is used, to which metal powder is added. The adhesive has a heat resistance, providing stamp operation at a temperature of up to 250°C with the exception of printing form detachment from the mould.EFFECT: possibility is provided to reuse the mould with replacement of only a very thin layer of the printing form with the embossing relief.11 cl, 2 dwg
Decorative product manufacture method // 2626226
FIELD: satisfaction of human life necessities.SUBSTANCE: manufacture method of the decorative product involves preparing of the base material, applying the elements on the base material. At the same time, the elements are made from wool by drawing, and/or the wool pinching, and/or the cobweb receipt, and/or flagellum receipt, and/or the wool cutting, and/or mixing the strands of different colours. The elements are made using the patterns and the stencil made in the form of the transparent, smooth resiliently deformed film with the drawing printed on it, on the stencil, without going beyond the drawing outline, the separate element is formed. The element is then moved along the smooth surface of the film into the rough base material and fixed thereon by the natural attachment of the wool fibers to the rough base material. Then the product is studied in detail. The finished product is decorated in the frame with glass.EFFECT: safety of the method improvement, the effective development of the fine motor skills, the development of sensory analysis and training to transform the objects.16 cl, 22 dwg

ethod for obtaining 3d/vario images on transparent glass and device for its implementation // 2625086
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method for producing 3D/vario images on a transparent glass involves the use of a lenticular raster and a substrate with the encoded image placed on it, a self-adhesive film with a lens profile is used as the lenticular raster, which is placed on the glass, the coded image substrate is placed in the supports opposite the lenticular raster and an air gap with respect thereto, after the substrate is mounted in the supports for obtaining a high-quality image, the coded image of the lenticular raster lenses is positioned. To adjust the sharpness of the image by axial movement of the substrate in the supports, the amount of the air gap is adjusted, the position of the image relative to the raster is adjusted by angular movement of the substrate by means of an eccentric mounting element of one of the supports, and the phase is adjusted by moving the substrate perpendicular to the lenses of the lens raster. The device for producing 3D/vario images on a transparent glass contains a lenticular raster and a substrate with the coded image placed on it, the lenticular raster is a self-adhesive film with a lens profile glued to the glass, the coded image substrate is placed opposite the lenticular raster and with an air gap with respect thereto. The device is equipped with upper and lower supports, each of the supports is in the form of a supporting element, on which a mounting element is placed intended for mounting the substrate. The mounting elements of the supports have the possibility of independent adjustment movement relative to the supporting element for adjusting the axial and angular position of the substrate relative to the lenticular raster.EFFECT: improving image quality.11 cl, 4 dwg
ethod of obtaining a decorative relief glass and decorative glass products (versions) // 2623749
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: bottom of the mould is covered with a layer of powdered gypsum and covered with a layer of refractory paper. Then, the vertical laying of sheets and/or fragments of sheet glass is preferably carried out on the refractory paper, followed by heating to the bending temperature. Alternatively, the sheets and/or fragments of the sheet glass are laid in groups with the abutment of the flat side surfaces of the sheets and/or sheet glass fragments of the group to each other. The flat side surfaces of sheets and/or fragments of sheet glass in the group during laying are oriented along the direction specified for each group.EFFECT: obtaining a product with a light scattering effect and simplifying the method of obtaining it.15 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

Process of transfering microstructures on final substrate // 2621558
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: process of the invention implies that the film is subjected to the following operations for transfering during continuous production of flexible circuits: formation of microstructures thereon or transferring microstructures on the surface of the transferable film with consecutive transfer of microstructures from the transferable film on the surface of the final substrate. Microstructures are monolayer or multilayer structures consisting of cavities on the in fact flat surface, where the cavities are filled optionally or covered with another material; and of upwells on the in fact flat surface; or combinations thereof. Meanwhile the microstructures have one or more cured conformal layers of a separating coating on their surface and are connected with the transferable film with one or more layers of a cured binder.EFFECT: quality transfer of microstructures on the substrate is guaranteed.16 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of manufacturing mosaic images (versions) // 2621220
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of making mosaic images from natural or artificial stone of light colour, in which the preparation of natural/artificial stone with a thickness of at least 0.5 mm, are firmly connected to the substrate, then grooves are cut through the preform of the mosaic pattern through the preforms from the stone to the substrate, the geometry and the width of the slits being set, taking into account the distance between the mosaic elements, the surface of the workpiece is painted from the front side in accordance with the given pattern so that the stone is dyed to an adjustable depth, in particular to the entire depth of the slot. When painting, positioning of the applied colour image is relative to the contour-groove to ensure that the desired colour fragment matches its contour, drying the resulting mosaic, grind and polish the face. Method of making a mosaic from natural or artificial stone-coloured, in which harvesting of natural/artificial stone in the thickness not less than 0.5 mm to a specified boundary drawing cut grooves on depth not less than half the thickness of the workpiece. The geometry and width slots ask, given the distance between the mosaic elements, paint the surface of the workpiece with an obverse sides according to a specified pattern so that the stone is coloured to the adjustable depth, in particular the entire depth of the slit. When painting, positioning of the applied colour image is relative to the contour-groove to ensure that the desired colour fragment matches its contour, drying the resulting mosaic, grind and polish the face.EFFECT: reducing the labour intensity of manufacturing mosaic patterns, simplifying the process of manufacturing mosaics, increasing the product tensile strength when bending due to the tight fit of the joints and their length.17 cl, 2 ex, 7 dwg

Device for permanent fixing of metal insert // 2620941
FIELD: mechanics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the element (10), including the base (11), having at least one recess, forming the shaped cavity for the sign and completely filled with galvanically deposited layer (16), so that the element (10) is the incrusted at least by one metal sign with improved visual quality. The element (10) contains the device for permanent fixing of indicated at least one metal sign, which is at least one through-hole (14) in the element (10) and at least partially filled with the galvanically deposited layer (16) for improving fixation at least one sign to the element. The indicated through-hole (14) has the first end, communicated with at least one recess and the second end, communicating with the other side of the mentioned base.EFFECT: reliability increase of the signs fixation.23 cl, 11 dwg

Device for substrate treatment and corresponding method // 2620788
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: in the device for treatment, in particular for etching and/or developing bases (17), particularly plates, comprising a rotational plate (1), the rotational plate (1) has a Venturi clearance (3). The device comprises a pressured medium source and has at least one opening (13) for discharging the pressured medium, at least one said opening being located in the middle area of the rotational plate.EFFECT: invention allows to avoid damage or contamination in the rear plate side.16 cl, 6 dwg
ethod of manufacturing mosaic images (versions) // 2619409
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing mosaic images from natural or artificial light stone, in which the grooves are cut on the preform from the natural / artificial stone along the given contour, wherein the geometry and the width of the slits are set taking into account the distance between the mosaic elements, the base substrate is adhered on the groove side, then the preform side opposite to the base substrate is cut till the grooves appear, and the surface of the preforms is coloured in accordance with the given pattern in such a way that the stone is colored to the adjustable depth, in particular to the entire depth of the grooves, wherein while colouring, the applied colour image positioning is performed with respect to the contour-groove so that the desired colour fragment matches its contour. Method of manufacturing mosaic images from natural or artificial light stone, in which the preform from natural / artificial stone with a thickness of, at least, 0.4 mm is connected to the removable (sacrificial) substrate, then grooves are cut through the stone preform along the given mosaic pattern contour, wherein the geometry and the width of the slits are set taking into account the distance between the mosaic elements, then the preform side opposite to the side with the substrate being removed is firmly connected to the base substrate, after which the sacrificial substrate is removed and the preform surface is coloured at the front side in accordance with the given pattern in such a way that the stone is coloured to the adjustable depth, in particular to the entire depth of the grooves, wherein while colouring, the applied colour image positioning is performed with respect to the contour-groove so that the desired colour fragment matches its contour.EFFECT: reducing the labour intensity of manufacturing mosaic patterns, simplifying the process of manufacturing mosaics, increasing the product tensile strength when bending due to the tight fit of the joints and their length.42 cl, 12 dwg, 1 tbl
Sculpture machine (versions) // 2619017
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: mobile sculpture machine consists of two parts, the first part - a bed, which consists of a metal cylinder, the walls of which are welded with three metal brackets, in the cylinder in the upper and the lower parts - the threaded holes for tightening the locking screw, in the metal parts the holes are drilled for attaching legs, three metal legs with through holes at the upper and the lower parts of the three metal jumpers, each of which in turn consists of three elements sequentially bonded to each other by the rivets, two plastic sleeves inserted into the metallic cylinder with upper and lower sides, three plastic lugs for the legs, a metallic locking bolt, six bolts and six wing nuts, and a rotating table top consisting of a plywood square tabletop divided into two equal rectangular parts, a metal cylinder with through holes for fixing the tabletops at different heights, barrel nuts, a metal bolt and two metal washers for fixing steel plates to the cylinder with the holes, three metal plates with longitudinal slots, a series-connected rivets, a metal stud for confining the rotating tabletop at a certain height, four bolts and four butterfly nuts for fixing of the tabletop. The jumpers between the legs and the tabletop are folded, the machine is equipped with a level and weighs 5.5 kilograms.EFFECT: increasing the machine mobility.2 cl

Stamped thermoplastic label // 2618825
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: label comprises a label material with an upper surface and a lower surface and at least one layer comprising at least one thermoplastic resin, and at least one stamped pattern is made on the label material upper surface. The stamped pattern on the label material comprises at least one stamped area and at least one non-stamped area. The preform configuration is described. A method of thermoplastic label stamping, and labeled container are offered. Stamped thermoplastic label can be used when applying different labels and brand identifying.EFFECT: structural and visual effects for a variety of applications, particularly, improved ability of gripping or increased ease of the container handling.20 cl, 12 dwg, 1 tbl, 6 ex
ethod of image application on precious metals products // 2618283
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: spraying is carried out on the film surface of the product from the oxidized metal. Film local heating is performed by laser radiation, followed by plotting of a calibration curve of modified film surface colour dependency on the laser exposure modes. The image is applied by laser radiation in the mode selected by the resulting calibration curve.EFFECT: invention allows to expand possibilities of printing on articles made of precious metals.2 dwg, 1 ex
Production method for decorative glass or mirror inserts in interior doors, on ceiling, in niche // 2618258
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: self-adhesive stencil with a decorative pattern divided into separate zones is applied to the front surface of the glass or mirror. Then, in these zones grooves vertically oriented to the surface of the glass or mirror with edges of at least 0.8 mm in width are made by sand blasting. Further, these grooves are filled with paint. The paints are poured into the grooves in the volume sufficient for complete filling of the grooves without them overflowing.EFFECT: improved clearness and fine pattern granulation.2 cl

ethod and device for manufacturing of decorative products of foamed polystyrene with paint coating // 2616916
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing of decorative products of foamed polystyrene with paint coating is described, comprising blank pre-drying, applying of aqueous ink on a polystyrene blank surface by a flexographic method, and drying into termotunnele where grease and oil stains are pre-removed from a blank surface, a surface is cleaned, and incision and scratches are removed from it, and blanks edges are aligned to eliminate distortion, recesses and notches, and then a polystyrene blank is pre-cleaned from process dust and frieze, static electricity is removed using active neutralizers by a cleaning device arranged into a single unit with a vacuum pump, a blank is automatically fed for ultraviolet drying and corona treatment, visual quality control is carried out with uniform illuminance not less than 300 lx from the distance of 0.6-0.8 m, and the obtained product is moved into a drying oven for final drying of coating with hot air, then the product is additionally cured at temperature of (22±5)°C for not less than 3 h and conditioned for 24 h to obtain a possibility for the next coating durability test. Also a device for method implementation is described.EFFECT: obtaining of improved quality paint coating of products.4 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex
ethod for producing hollow landscape decorative items // 2616020
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing hollow decorative landscaping products in stages by means of forming a multilayer template by making a cast frame and the carcass of the simulated natural object. The mould is produced by applying at least 6 layers of silicone with a hardener onto the simulated object in the ratio of 1 kg per 30 g; each layer must be dried for at least 12 hours at the temperature of 18-25°C until the next layer is applied. After all layers are fully dry, the mould is carefully taken off the natural object. The carcass is made in accordance with the silicone mould from fiberglass by means of sequential application of several layers onto the simulated natural object, the first of which is a mixture of polyester resin and hardener in the ratio of 1 litre to 20 g. Then the second layer of the glass mat emulsion is immediately applied followed by a mixture of polyester resin and a hardener, taken in the same ratio as the first layer (1 litre to 20 g). The resulting carcass is dried at 18-25C° for at least 12 hours. After drying, the carcass is carefully removed from the simulated natural object, and the dried silicone mould is placed inside. The first layer of the composition of polyester resin, pigment, thickener and hardener is then applied to the inner surface; the ratio of components in the mixture depends on the size of the made hollow landscaping product . After that this layer is immediately coated on top with marble granite chips, with the minimum fraction of 0.63-0.2 mm. The resulting multilayer matrix is then placed in the drying chamber for drying, and dried at a temperature of 25-35°C for at least two hours. After the drying is complete, the second layer of the same composition is applied in the amount determined by dimensions of the manufactured product. The glass mat emulsion of at least 12 m in size is then added to the second layer, which is then impregnated by the third layer of the polyether resin mixed with the hardener in the ratio of 1 litre per 20 g. The article is then placed in the oven again to be dried at the temperature of 25-35°C for at least 1 hour. Then the final finishing layer of polyester resin is applied mixed with the hardener in the ratio of 1 litre per 20 g, to which the pigment is added in an amount determined by the dimensions of the manufactured article to obtain the consistency of paint. Then the product is placed in an oven to dry at a temperature of 25-35°C for 30 minutes. Full inspection of each layer of 0.01-0.02 mm thickness is then performed. The carcass is then carefully removed, and the silicone impression of the finished landscape product is taken out; all the excess, if any, is cleaned off, and the impregnation substance is applied onto the outer surface in accordance with the simulated natural object.EFFECT: improved quality, better similarity and a better decorative effect of landscape products, production standardization and cost reduction.8 cl, 14 dwg, 3 ex
ethod for laser marking of product surface of aluminium or its alloy with oxide outer layer // 2615381
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: formation of the marking visually observed by the human vision is carried out, different from the product surface areas adjacent to the marking, due to changes in the structure compared with the material in the areas adjacent to the marking by the action of laser radiation and subsequent cooling. It is effected by the laser radiation having a wavelength selected from the condition of the radiation absorption by the aluminium oxide without damaging the surface of aluminium or its alloy. Hardening the oxide outer layer is performed by providing the pore closure in the modified and unmodified areas of the oxide outer layer. The oxide layer structure is formed, different from the material in the areas adjacent to the marking in the process of cooling the melt and condensing the evaporated material of the oxide outer layer.EFFECT: hardening the oxide coating of products of aluminium or its alloy, while maintaining the initial surface shape of aluminium or its alloy.11 cl, 2 dwg, 2 ex, 1 tbl
Workpiece for teaching artistic volumetric carving (versions) // 2614618
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: workpiece for teaching artistic volumetric wood or plastic carving is designed of arbitrary shape and comprises an inner target portion in the form of the end cut-out made of hard wood or plastic material with high density, and an outer shell made of pressed wood wastes, or shaped cardboard or soft porous plastic material, wherein the surface of the inner portion is made with spikes and painted in a colour different from the colour of the outer shell and from the colour of the inner portion. The workpiece for teaching artistic volumetric carving is desgined of arbitrary shape and comprises an inner portion in the form of the end cut-out made of polymeric material with high density, and an outer shell made of material with lower density, wherein the surface of the inner portion is made with spikes and painted in a colour different from the colour of the outer shell and from the colour of the inner portion.EFFECT: workpiece for teaching creative volumetric carving on various materials is provided with improved quality of the volumetric cut-out, for beginners, among others.6 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of decorative art glass processing // 2613860
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of decorative art glass processing is characterized by the fact that the stencil is applied to the glass, reproducing a pattern, the part of the stencil is removed either from the pattern or around the pattern, and deep processing of the open glass part is carried out, followed by the heat treatment of the products under one or more of their alternations, and, if necessary, product decorating in the colour range decor is performed either before or after the heat treatment.EFFECT: increasing effectiveness of the methods for processing glass, manufacturing the fine-detailed products with a clear playback loop, expanding the range of the manufactured product types.4 cl, 7 dwg, 2 ex

ethod of printed pattern application on particleboard and particleboard with printed decorative layer // 2612823
FIELD: polygraphy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to printed pattern application on particleboards and to particleboard with printed decorative layer. Method of printed pattern application on particleboard, especially on fiberboard by means of digital printing, includes printed pattern application on, at least, one side of particleboard using digital printing equipment with formation of decorative layer; application on decorative layer of protective layer containing, at least, one resin, at least, one radiation-curable lacquer and/or, at least, one polyurethane; and drying and/or gelatinization of protective layer applied on decorative layer, wherein protective layer is dried up to such degree, that resin still remained fluid and could form cross bonds so, that boards with printed pattern intermediate storage before further processing was possible. Particleboard, particularly made using said method, characterizing by, at least, one layer of primer on, at least, one side of particleboard; at least, one decorative layer applied on primer layer by means of digital printing; and, at least, one protective layer containing, at least, one resin applied on decorative layer, at least, one radiation-curable lacquer and/or, at least, one polyurethane, wherein protective layer is dried, but it is still fluid and can form cross bonds and/or may be gelatinized.EFFECT: technical result of invention is improving of digital printing method for particleboards, to enable decorated boards transportation and use without detriment to quality and simultaneously, substantially overcome limitations of subsequent processing.15 cl, 1 dwg, 2 ex
Plastic silicone composition with bulk filler // 2612677
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: plastic silicone composition comprises non-toxic bulk mineral component, particle size is equal to 0.01-1.0 mm, polydimethylsiloxane, an alkaline solution with pH of 12-14, a plasticiser and a crosslinking agent.EFFECT: improved composition properties and increased ecological safety.7 cl, 1 ex
ethod of wood board production, provided with decorative layer // 2612647
FIELD: wood-working industry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to wood board production method, provided with decorative layer, made of decorating paper. Method of wood board production, containing bearing plate and decorating paper, arranged on bearing plate, includes stages of providing bearing plate, application of, at least one layer of, at least one impregnating resin on, at least one side of bearing plate, providing decorating paper, application of, at least one resin as impregnating substance on decorating paper side, opposite to pattern, to provide for decorating paper, impregnated only on one side, where amount of applied resin ranges from 30 to 70 %, taking into account decorating paper weight, and where impregnating agent is melamine-formaldehyde resin, melamine-phenolic-formaldehyde resin, melamine-urea-formaldehyde resin, polyurethane resin or acrylate resin with content of solid substances in range from 30 to 50 %, and decorating paper arrangement impregnated on side, opposite to pattern, on bearing plate side coated with impregnating resin.EFFECT: technical result of invention is creation of wood board production improved method, provided with decorative layer made of decorating paper.15 cl, 4 ex

ultilayer glass with functional element // 2612568
FIELD: glass.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a multilayer glass with at least one first main glass plate, at least one located at a distance from it second main glass plate and at least one plate element located between the main glass plates and a method of making such multilayer glass. Multilayer glass with at least one first main glass plate (2), at least one located at a distance from it second main glass plate (3) and at least one located between main glass plates (2, 3) plate element (5), herewith at least one technical module (4) is located between both main glass plates (2, 3), and plate element (5) limits adjusted to the form technical module (4) recess (6), in which technical module (4) is located, herewith illumination devices (19) are integrated between two main glass plates (2, 3, 22, 33) and are made for side supply of light between main glass plates (2, 3, 22, 33).EFFECT: technical result of the invention is the task of widening the field of use of the known multilayer glass beyond the purely architectural field of use.17 cl, 9 dwg

Flat metal workpiece embossing (method, device and object) // 2611882
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: two rotary embossing rollers are arranged between two groups of transport rollers and actuated by servo drive. Said embossing rollers are embossing artifact in flat transported sheet or flat transported workpiece. Transport rollers, embossing rollers and sheet or workpiece have same workpiece surface speed during artifact embossing in workpiece or sheet, and distance to artifact location on sheet or workpiece is determined, adjusted or corrected by servo drive speed and position control, actuating two embossing rollers and giving can wall base cylindrical shape.EFFECT: disclosed are artifact embossing in three-component can wall device and method, according to which flat sheet or metal workpiece is transported along transport table by means of several spaced apart groups of rollers, each of which has upper and lower rollers.20 cl, 6 dwg
Raw material mixture for manufacturing that imitates natural stone // 2610019
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the production of artificial materials that simulate natural ones. The raw material mixture for the production of the material, which imitates natural stone includes, by weight. %: 1.0-4.0 of coal dust; 17.0-23.0 of Portland cement or Portland slag cement; 58.0-65.0 of milled and sieved through a sieve №008 silicate glass; 15.0-17.0 of water.EFFECT: raw meal, which increases the strength of the material, imitates natural stone.1 tbl

Hot embossing method and device // 2608913
FIELD: polygraphy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hot embossment method for application of at least part of at least one tape-like embossment film on tape-like substrate, as well as corresponding hot embossment device. Substrate, which must be subjected to embossment, is combined with film for embossment from said at least one embossment film. Substrate and adjacent to it embossment film are lead along perimeter of first heated embossing roller, wherein during first embossing first embossed layer is applied on substrate. One-time embossed substrate is removed from first embossing roller and after that first embossing roller is again aligned with same or other film in direction of substrate for embossing from said at least one embossment film. One-time embossed substrate with adjacent to it embossment film is lead along perimeter of second heated embossing roller, wherein during second embossing second embossed layer is applied on substrate.EFFECT: finally, twice embossed substrate is removed from second embossing roller.22 cl, 7 dwg

ethod of creating structure of article and article produced using said method // 2607750
FIELD: laser engineering.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a method of creating at least one structure (13, 15) by means of a laser exposure, at least, at one part (11) of a container wall of a plastic article in the form of a container and an article made as described above. Preferably, the article is made by the process of blow molding, filling and closing the container. Corresponding structure (13, 15) of the container is created by the laser exposure. Laser exposure is determined at least considering the laser power, duration of the laser exposure, type of a plastic material and type of the desired structure in the form of linear depression (17) in part (11) of the article wall. Linear depression (17) at its edge and its travel is limited by projection (27), which is created under the effect of inherent stress of the plastic material.EFFECT: technical result achieved when using the group of inventions is reliable implementation of the method and creation of distinctly recognizable structures.10 cl, 9 dwg
ethod of veneering forged products // 2607538
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, namely to method of decoration of forged products with veneer. Claimed technical result is achieved due to the implementation of the method of veneering of forged products, namely that forged product is taken as a basis surface of which is cleaned from slags, rust, grease using solvent, then the cleaned surface is puttied, sand-papered and wiped with petroleum spirit, then, prepare the veneer to the size of the veneered product, degrease it with solvent from resin and simultaneously apply on the surface of the product and on internal surface of veneer a glue layer, then held it for 15–20 minutes and by the force of pressing glue the product and veneer with each other, allow the glue to dry then cut and adjust the contours of the product, and sand-paper the veneer surface.EFFECT: technical result of the invention is the simplification of the product manufacturing (compared to wood ones), wood savings (compared to manufacturing products from wood), provision of noise insulation and safety, increase in strength of the structure compared with similar product made of wood.3 cl

Directly printed coated panel // 2604855
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a panel, in particular a wall, ceiling or floor panel, comprising a support layer having a front side and a rear side, said support layer comprises, at least on its front side, following layers starting from front side: undercoat; a decorative coating comprising a polymerisable printing ink; and a polymer coating which preferably has a hardness gradient.EFFECT: used in construction and repair.26 cl, 8 dwg, 4 tbl

osaic element // 2604449
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to bottle caps, in particular bottle caps, which can be linked to each other. Mosaic element has a body contour inscribable into a circle and equipped with at least one ledge having a ledge contour, so that the said body contour and the said ledge contour coincide in points P1 and P2; the said circle additionally contains point P3 arranged along the said circle on the outer side of the said ledge contour, so that the angular distance between points P3 and P1 is equal to the angular distance between points P2 and P1 relative to said circle center; the said ledge contour additionally contains point Pa, so that the whole ledge contour is located on one side of support boundary line B.L. passing between point P3 and point Pa; the said mosaic element is equipped with a locking concave having circuit a locking concave contour formed between points P3, P1, Pa, herewith at least part of the said locking concave contour between points P3 and P1 extends along the said circle; the said ledge contour additionally contains point P′ located between points Pa and P1; the said ledge is equipped with an interacting part having an interaction contour set between points P1, Pa, P2 and line L passing between points P′ and P2; herewith the said interacting part has corresponding shape and size, which provide the possibility of their complete arrangement in the said concave.EFFECT: technical result of the invention is a mosaic element made with the possibility of jointing with similar mosaic elements, so that two said mosaic elements can be tightly connected without using additional mosaic elements or a retaining mechanism.34 cl, 14 dwg
ethod of souvenir panel picture elements making using tinsel, silver, mosaic gold with image application on surface // 2604311
FIELD: materials.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of art and decorative articles, namely production of various souvenir panel pictures and souvenirs. Method of souvenir panel picture elements making using tinsel, silver, mosaic gold with application of image onto surface, wherein at first preparing base from paper or acryl, cutting elements with required size and shape, then, making corresponding colour to base using colour printer (yellow - if gold, grey - if silver, ochre - if copper), then with help of laminator base is coated on both sides with glossy laminating film, thereafter applying corresponding glue for tinsel, silver (mordant, mixtion), mosaic gold glue for mosaic gold (water-based glue), then applying coating material onto base: tinsel, which is in form of “free” leaves, rolls, or silver, or mosaic gold pressing applied coating material on base using soft tissue, then product is drying, after complete drying obtained base with applied coating is cut according to applied image format, and then using printer with ink based on UV fixation performing image printing.EFFECT: technical result is application of quality image on product surface coating with high decorative effect, namely unique pattern reproducing effect of cracks, effect of cracking, brightness and colour saturation.1 cl, 2 ex

Flat carrier and method of making flat carrier // 2603621
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of flat carrier and to a flat carrier and, in particular, to decorative band for application on article, having a polymer base layer and connected to bearing layer polymer lacquer layer, by applying whose coating, particularly, to separated by anti-adhesion paper, has at least partially embossed surface. Flat carrier, in particular, to apply decorative strip for (6) has a polymer base layer (2) and connected to bearing layer (2) polymer lacquer layer (3), which has at least partially, embossed by application of reverse coating, particularly, to separated by anti-adhesion paper (20) surface (4), Note here that in the form of the substrate film (5) bearing layer (2), relatively with consisting of radiation-curable thermosetting polymer, in particular UV lacquer (7), lacquer layer (3), is characterised by high elasticity for at least partial reduction of mechanical stresses.EFFECT: improved flat carrier so that it is especially resistant, in particular, against chemical effects and/or mechanical loads, but nevertheless, would tightly connected with an article and primer layer, for example, to protect its and/or visually improve.34 cl, 4 dwg

Panel forming // 2602359
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to the field of forming of panels, e.g. building panels, more particular, the disclosure relates to a method of forming floor panels and floor panels produced by the method. Method for producing panel (1) with a wood based core (3) and surface layer (2) comprising a thermosetting resin, comprises the steps, wherein curing and connecting surface (2) layer to core (3) while applying heat and pressure in a first main pressing step, thus raising a temperature of the surface layer above an initial temperature; after first main pressing step to panel (1) bending force (F) is applied that the panel springs in a way, that an uppermost surface of the panel is convex an a lowermost surface of the panel is concave while the panel is still above the initial temperature; and releasing the bending force such that the panel springs back to an essentially flat shape.EFFECT: technical result is the panel manufacturing with the based core and the surface layer containing thermosetting resin, by more controlled and effective way in terms of process costs, at reduction of stresses occurring during curing the thermosetting resin during heating and pressing of the panel.20 cl, 1 ex, 6 dwg

Cleaning paper with decorative embossment on both sides and converting machine // 2602045
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a converting machine containing at least one embossing roll performing embossment on the outer layer of a cleaning paper by its recesses and ledges provided on the external wall; and at least one connecting roll located near the said embossing roll. Converting machine comprises at least one embossing roll (21, 31) making embossment on outer layer (211, 311) of cleaning paper (40) by means of recesses (212, 312) and ledges (213, 313) on its external wall (211, 311), and at least one connecting roll (23, 33) located near embossing roll (21, 31), herewith it contains first unit (20) of rolling performing decorative embossment in the outward direction on lower outer layer (42) and containing one or more rolling mechanisms (35) able to transfer an adhesive onto the side of lower outer layer (42) facing inner layer (43) and arranged to follow each other in compliance with a preset sequence; and second unit (30) of rolling containing at least one rolling mechanism (35) able to transfer the adhesive outward onto the side of upper outer layer (41) facing intermediate layer (43) and performing a decorative embossment on upper outer layer (41) in the direction opposite to the direction of the decorative embossment performed on lower outer layer (42).EFFECT: technical result of the invention is creation of a cleaning paper with an increase in volume while maintaining a fixed specific weight without reducing comfort.31 cl, 1 tbl, 3 dwg

ethod for production of decorative items from wastes of pine trees // 2600078
FIELD: wood working industry; personal care and household items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of decorative moulded articles, particularly for finishing internal surfaces of a room, for making souvenir products, art panels. Method of making decorative articles from cedarwood wastes by compaction of initial raw material in a mould while heating with holding under pressure, further cooling and polishing of surface of obtained article, wherein preparation of raw material is carried out by selecting decor elements from cedar field wastes with sorting according to their types and crushing wastes after sampling decor elements to a slaked lime state; filling components of prepared raw material for pressing is carried out in mould heated to 120-150 °C in following sequence: lower layer - 33-43 % husks, second layer - 41-51 % slaked lime, upper layer - 9-19 % decor elements, wherein decor elements are placed randomly or in a predetermined pattern; pressing components of raw materials under pressure is performed in three steps: first step - under pressure of 50-80 kg/cm2 for 60-90 s with subsequent steam release, second step - under pressure of 140-160 kg/cm2 for 60-90 s with subsequent steam release, third step - under pressure of 200-220 kg/cm2 for 60-90 s; cooling of extracted article is performed under pressure at temperature 5-10 °C for 5-8 minutes with subsequent holding for 20-22 hours at room temperature.EFFECT: high strength, moisture resistance and durability of decorative articles made of cedar field wastes.1 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of weaving decorative figures of fiberglass thread // 2599710
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: proposed is a method of weaving decorative figures of a fiberglass thread. Method involves, first, taking three separate fiberglass threads, then weaving the three threads into a single thread-cable, after which the produced single thread is placed into a vacuum chamber, where during a short period of time it is impregnated with a composite resin. Then from those obtained woven cables the final product is formed by winding them on a prepared beforehand shape and drying at the temperature 70-90 °C to fix the shape, after which the prepared beforehand shape is extracted to obtain a decorative figure of the fiberglass thread.EFFECT: uniform distribution of colouring agents, higher strength, reduced time expenses, improved aesthetic appearance.9 cl, 3 dwg

Floor panel for external application // 2598437
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction, particularly, floor panels for external application. Comprises bearing plate with front and back sides. Bearing plate on the front side comprises decorative or protective coating and on lateral sides comprises connectors in the form of groove-ridge elements enabling connection of several identical panels in directions parallel and perpendicular to the front side, by means of geometric closure. Material of the bearing plate is selected from a group consisting of MDF-plate or HDF-plate of acetylated wood, cement-fiber plate, polyvinyl chloride. Decorative or protective coating is radiation-curable acrylate containing film, wherein film is glued to the front side of the bearing plate with polyurethane glue.EFFECT: invention provides improved floor panels for external application in terms of flexibility of decorative pattern and simplicity of laying with strength and resistance of plates of natural wood for external application.18 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of printing on plates // 2598308
FIELD: printing.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to an improved printing image for decorative finishing of panels, herewith the decorative pattern is printed by four-color digital printing and consists of multiple colour points, more than 90 % of which have the size from 1,000 µm2 to 15,000 µm2, having the dpi (dots per inch) value from 200 to 1,200. Invention also relates to a method of printing on plates, in particular on wall, ceiling or floor panels.EFFECT: herewith the method involves the following stages: (i) manufacture of panel (11); (ii) applying priming coating (12) on the panel main surface using a liquid curtain from coatings materials; (iii) optional drying and/or curing the priming coating; (iv) processing of the priming coating surface using at least one of the following methods: a) processing by corona discharge; b) plasma processing; c) application of oil (20) in an aqueous solvent; and (d) depositing decorative pattern (13).19 cl, 6 dwg

ethod of making decorative art articles and decorative art article // 2598306
FIELD: furniture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of production of decorative-art (3D) articles, which can be used in furniture production, for example as furniture or its face elements; at manufacture of interior doors, door casings, and as interior or decor elements, in finishing panels. Method of making 3D articles from fluid self-curing material, when into the prepared mold consisting of a female mould and a cover the lining material is placed, the space between the lining material and the female mould working surface is vacuum-processed, the fluid self-curing material is poured, and then all is closed with the cover forming the back part of the finished article, herewith prior to the lining material placement into the female mould it is preliminary formed by the male former under vacuum press.EFFECT: technical result of the declared invention is reduced prime cost of the production and higher quality of produced parts, including the possibility of production of high-quality parts of any complex profile of cross-section with sharp edges and deep grooves with good decorative properties and aesthetic appearance, which do not require additional processing.9 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of making decorative and art articles // 2598292
FIELD: decor.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of decorative-art (3D) articles which can be used in the furniture production, for example, as furniture or its facade elements; in manufacture of room doors, framing of door opening, as well as interior or decor; in finishing panels. Method of making decorative and art objects of fluid self-curing material, in which mold is preliminarily manufactured, which consists of two matrices, facing material is placed into at least one of the matrices, space between facing material and working surface of the matrix is evacuated, matrices are closed; after that, fluid self-curing material is poured, in so doing, prior to placement of facing material into at least one of the matrices, it is preliminary formed by male die on vacuum press, and before pouring of self-curing material, the cavity between matrices is evacuated.EFFECT: technical result of the invention is obtaining a product from fluid self-curing material covered with facing material, without folds and without loss of pattern material with good decorative properties and an aesthetic appearance, of any profile, without formation of internal cavities and cast defects, which do not require additional processing of surface; reduction of labour costs and cost of production.7 cl, 4 dwg

ethod of weaving of decorative figures from the fiberglass thread and decorative product from the fiberglass threads // 2596480
FIELD: decor.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method of weaving of decorative figures from the fiberglass thread and decorative product produced by this method. Method consists in that, first, are used three separate fiberglass thread, then each thread is passed through a mixture of dye and resin, after which this threads are woven into a single thread- a braid. Than from this received weaved braids final product is formed by winding of its to the previously prepared shape and is dried at temperature 70-90 °C for fixing of a form, then take beforehand the received form, receiving thereby a decorative figure from a fiberglass thread.EFFECT: technical result - development of an easy and technological method of making decorative figures of fiberglass thread without using complex, expensive equipment, tools and accessories.12 cl, 3 dwg

Powder mix and method for making structural panel // 2595712
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of panels on the basis of fibers with wear-resistant decorative surface layer, in particular construction panels and, more specifically, floor panels. Method for making structural panel comprises steps of powder mix layer is applied onto a substrate, the layer of powder mix contains wood fibers and binder, and heating and pressure to the layer of powder mixture when placed on a substrate and hardened layer of powder mix with weight loss due to hardening in the range from 2 to 7 wt%, thus producing layer formed by the layer of powder mix.EFFECT: produced powder mix layer shows improved stain resistance, water/steam resistance and binder impregnation.10 cl, 3 dwg, 4 ex

ethod of producing powder layer or granular layer // 2595683
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing a powder layer or granular layer of wood fibres on a bearing base to installation of distribution for making powder layer and structural panel. Method of producing a powder layer or a granular layer comprises feeding a powder or granules to rotating roller (6) and feeding powder or granules to first oscillating device (8, 9). Then feeding powder or granules to second oscillating device (11), wherein second oscillating device (11) oscillates in another direction than first oscillating device (8, 9). Then moving carrier (5) under first and second oscillating devices to obtain a powder layer or a granular layer on carrier (5). Second oscillating device (11) oscillates in a straight line and in a direction substantially parallel to direction of movement of carrier (5). Floor panel comprises a powder layer or granular layer made as described above. Scattering apparatus for production of powder layer or granular layer comprises rotating roller (6) and first (8, 9) and second (11) oscillating devices capable of oscillating. Second oscillating device (11) is configured to oscillate in another direction than first oscillating device (8, 9). Second oscillating device (11) is configured to oscillate in a straight line and in a direction substantially parallel to direction of movement of carrier (5). Scattering apparatus is designed so that powder or granules are loaded on carrier (5), which is supplied under roller (6) and first and second oscillating devices.EFFECT: improved uniform distribution of powder or granular layer on carrier.15 cl, 8 dwg

ethod for production of layer // 2595661
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction finishing materials and method for manufacturing of the layer for production of construction panels. Layer is essentially uncured. Method includes application of powder mix including fibers and thermosetting binding component onto the carrier, forming a layer of powder mix, wherein the powdered mixture connected together so, that layer of powder mix, and in which a layer of powder mix is significantly uncured. Powder mix layer is separated from the carrier. Present invention is also related to such layer and the method for production of construction panels.EFFECT: invention ensures creation of the layer, which can be processed as a separate product, which is a semi-finished product, which simplifies and extends its use.25 cl, 15 dwg, 5 ex

ethod of making waxed paper // 2594960
FIELD: decorative and applied arts.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative and applied arts, in particular to production of single authorship works, waxed paper Easter eggs. Method of making waxed paper is characterised by removal of yolk and protein from egg shell, washing, drying, application of pattern on shell surface, wherein at least one hole is made in egg shell, and content of egg removed through this hole, then eggs are washed with pure water or 5 % solution of sodium bicarbonate; then, egg itself and its inner film are dried in oven at temperature of 180-200 °C; egg shell strengthening is carried out by applying of melted beeswax on outer surface of egg.EFFECT: technical result is simple waxed paper manufacturing process.9 cl, 7 dwg
ethod of making laced ceramic article // 2594904
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of ceramic articles mainly panels, souvenirs, toys. Method of making a laced ceramic article involves preparation of clay slip, braiding a workpiece from fibrous material, impregnation of workpiece with slip, drying and firing. Fibre material used is material based on glass fibres: thread, bundles, glass fabric.EFFECT: method enables to obtain laced ceramic articles, wherein strength of items increases due to sintering of fibres with ceramics when annealing.1 cl, 3 ex

Wooden art and decorative article producing method // 2594554
FIELD: technological processes; personal and household items.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative art and can be used for art painting of wooden articles in cottage industry, as well as for art painting of sporting gun clubs. Wooden art and decorative article producing method includes grinding the article surface, colouring, art painting, varnishing, interoperable drying, at that, colouring and art painting are performed in one operation by a transparent dye with successive applying tones of dye palette from light to dark, content of dye components, wt. %: water-soluble mordant 10-50; polyvinyl-acetate adhesive 29-31; water - the rest.EFFECT: providing visibility on finished article of natural wood texture, simplified technological process, lower labor input, reduced cost of finished article.7 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

ethod of uv printing application on flat cork panels surface // 2592342
FIELD: printing. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to printing method on surfaces of flat panels, as well as to flat panels, which front surface is made of cork material. Method of UV printing application on flat Cork panels surface comprises preliminary stage of preparation of graphic composition by means of processor and corresponding software and step for polychromatic image printing on panels using ink-jet printer having printing head with nozzles throwing droplets of required colour to printing surface, and processor controls printer, wherein printing is carried out by deposition on surface of cork panel of semi primer layer formed by applying first printing layer of double volume paint of white colour by printing head, projected relative to other printing heads with successive application of double volume of coloured paint for making decorative layer of printing. EFFECT: technical result is producing wear resistant bright, clear image of decorative layer on surface of cork material. 7 cl, 4 dwg

Device for colour pattern plasma application on cloth surface // 2592328
FIELD: metal processing. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device for colour pattern plasma application on cloth surface and can be used for creation of painting both on metal, and on non-metal surfaces of any shape, arranged both at close, and at considerable distances from dye. Device includes housing and current-conducting rod arranged in it, made from material which enables creation of defined colour shade on metal web, condenser with cylindrical plates and rectifier transformer. Rectifier transformer comprises flexible magnetic core with wound primary and secondary coils. Cylindrical capacitor plates are located in housing coaxially with current-conducting rod. Magnetic core features cylindrical shape and is located between capacitor plates. Current-conducting rod is installed in housing with possibility of axial movement. One of capacitor plates is designed with possibility to supply electric potential to current-conducting rod, and second plate is to metal web. EFFECT: creation of painting both on metal and on not metal surfaces of any shape, arranged both at close, and at considerable distances from dye. 1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of forming three-dimensional images in coatings // 2590880
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: fluid coating composition when forming a first layer is applied on a substrate and first layer in non-solidified state is in contact with a die, having a surface with raised elements so that raised elements of die form recesses in first layer, die is removed, and optionally first layer, having recesses, is coated with a second coating composition when forming a second layer. At least one of coating compositions contains flake-form effect pigments. Die is a printing plate for a relief printing process and is a letterpress printing plate, a letterset printing plate or a flexographic printing plate, recesses in first layer are not deeper than 10 mcm and layer (s) is (are) solidified.EFFECT: disclosed is a method of forming three-dimensional images in coatings which contain flake-form effect pigments, as well as obtained coatings, use of articles having such coatings.15 cl, 5 dwg

ethod for production of decorated sheet and use thereof // 2588624
FIELD: technological processes; pulp industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative laminates and concerns method for production of decorated sheet and its application. Sheets on basis of non-woven cellulose material, such as paper, for producing decorative laminates impregnated with synthetic resins. At that, their size changes, they become fragile and in laminate not resistant to water. In method according to invention with or without printing nonwoven materials impregnated with aqueous dispersion of UV radiation curable polymer, dried, if necessary, printing is applied and, finally, is exposed to UV radiation. Obtained as result decorated sheets are water-resistant in laminate and after each process stages allow coiling into roll and storage.EFFECT: invention provides more simple in implementation of method for production of decorated sheet of cellulose non-woven material, ensuring complete and waterproof impregnation of cellulose.10 cl, 2 dwg
 
2551102.
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