Layered products characterised by particular properties or particular surface features, e.g. particular surface coatings and layered products designed for particular purposes not covered by another single class (B32B33)

B32   Layered products(4122)
B32B33                 Layered products characterised by particular properties or particular surface features, e.g. particular surface coatings (surface unevennesses or non-uniformities b32b0003000000); layered products designed for particular purposes not covered by another single class(145)

Covering layer with film layer from elastic polymer, located on external side // 2636489
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a covering layer (1) for a panel (3) having a main part (2), such as a floor, wall, or ceiling panel, and/or a furniture element, a panel for buildings, floorings or dry masonry, and/or as a facade, panel, or floor element, an element for limiting the visibility, wherein the covering layer (1) has a paper layer (4) and a film layer (6) of an elastic polymer, forming the external side (5) of the covering layer (1), the paper layer (4) being made in the form of forimpregnate partially impregnated already during the paper manufacturing, or in the form of paper partially impregnated after manufacturing the paper and before connecting with the film layer (6). The invention also relates to multilayer film (16) for the covering layer (1), comprising a working layer (17) of a physically or chemically crosslinked polymer on the upper side, at least one functional layer (8) consisting of a physically or chemically crosslinked polymer as well, and an adhesion promoter layer (9) on the bottom side, the functional layer (8) being placed between the working layer (17) and the adhesion promoter layer (9) and over its entire thickness or at least in the area adjacent to the working layer (17) it has lower Shore hardness than the working layer (17), wherein the adhesion promoter layer (9), as a result of the application of pressure and/or temperature, forms a permanent connection with the partially impregnated paper layer (4). The invention also relates to a panel (3), such as a panel for covering a floor, walls or a ceiling, and/or a furniture element, a panel for buildings, ceilings or dry masonry, and/or as a facade, panel or floor element, an element for limiting the visibility, with the main part (2) of the panel and the covering layer (1) connected to the main part (2) of the panel.EFFECT: improvement of the layer properties.22 cl, 8 dwg, 2 tbl

ultilayered film // 2627410
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: multilayer film comprises a printing layer, a substrate and an adhesive layer therebetween, having two opposite sides attached to the printing layer and the substrate. The printing layer includes a surface coating suitable for printing, and a vacuum thermoplastic material. The surface coating can include a pearlescent coating and have a textured surface that extends into a vacuum thermoplastic material. The weight of the printing layer is 60-285 g/m2. To make the film, the printing layer and the substrate are adhered to opposite sides of the adhesive layer. Apply a coating with pearlescent coating on the surface coating, suitable for printing. The embossed printed layer is realized.EFFECT: easier application of paint, improved image quality and structural integrity.56 cl, 1 dwg

General purpose multi-layer material, forming flexible distribution channels system for selection, filtration, distribution and drainage of fluid media // 2627400
FIELD: satisfaction of human life necessities.SUBSTANCE: material versions contain three consequently bonded layers. The first layer is made of the polymer film. The middle layer is made of the polymer film, which is formed as the plurality of convex elements, filling with gas. The third layer in the first embodiment is made of the non-woven material, in the second layer it is made of the cellulose-based filter cloth, in the third one it is made of the perforated polymer film. As the result of the third layer bonding to the entire plurality tops of the middle layer gas-filled elements, the system of flexible distribution channels is formed as the plurality of continuous cavities, separated between each other by the plurality of convex gas-filled elements. The presence of the through hole in the material provides the selection of fluid media and its draining from the material, creates the conditions for ventilation of the flexible distribution channels system, maintains the required level of moisture inside the material. The possibility of the material layers bonding along its edges allows to avoid choking of the internal material structure. The natural and forced fluid media drainage from the material, as well as the gas exchange is provided through the layers bonding.EFFECT: extension of the technical facilites range.9 cl, 14 dwg

aterial for the staining material for printing and material to cover // 2621811
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: material for dyeing contains material-based and located on its surface layer of paint-receiver. Paint-receiving layer includes as matrix resin and has a roughness to the surface. Simple mean roughness (Ra1) its surface, measured in accordance with JIS B0601 is 400-3000 nm. Simple mean roughness (Ra2) its surface, measured using atomic force microscope with a measurement range 30×30 microns and pixel data 512×512, is 70-500 nm.EFFECT: effectiveness of simultaneous spreading and adhesion curable with actinic radiation paint with improved design and enhancing the durability of printed or coated with material.5 cl, 5 dwg 40 ex, 3 tbl

ethod of forming coloured decorative coating by anodisation // 2620801
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method of obtaining a decorative coating with a changing colour during visual angle variation consists in the formation of one-dimensional photonic crystal with photonic bandgap in the visible range by anodising the surface of a valve metal or its alloy containing not less than 50% of valve metal at a cyclically varying parameters: current and voltage, wherein each cycle consists of two stages: anodization is carried out at the first stage at current stabilization in the range of 0.1 to 50 mA /cm2 for a time ensuring charge flow from 0.05 to 5 C/cm2; anodization is carried out at the second stage at voltage stabilization, increasing it from the voltage value at the end of the first stage to a value lying in the range from 10 to 200 V, with a decreasing voltage rise rate from 5 V/s to 0 V/s, and is held at this value for a time ensuring charge flow from 0.05 to 5 C/cm2, ensuring more than 1.4 ratio ofmaximal voltage at the second stage to minimal voltage at the first stage, wherein metal surface serves as anode during production of the decorative coating, and inert material is used as cathode, wherein anodisation charge is reduced by 0.01-10% at the first and the second stages at every next anodisation cycle, which amount lies in the range from 20 to 300.EFFECT: invention allows to obtain coloured decorative coatings of high quality using simple and reproducible method characterized by safety and environmental friendliness due to elimination of toxic substances from the technology.9 cl, 10 dwg, 2 tbl, 5 ex

Decorative sheets and decorative elements, in which it is applied // 2618885
FIELD: building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative facing materials, decorative sheet and decorative element in which it is applied. The sheet comprises the base sheet formed of polyester resin or polyolefin resin; the ornamental layer and surface protecting layer. The decorative sheet has the total thickness of 70-135 mcm, the surface protecting layer has recesses, the maximum depth of each recess is 15-100% based on the total thickness and not less than 15 mcm, while the ratio of the tensile modulus at 120°C to the modulus of elasticity while tension at 20°C is 1:12-1:160 and the ratio of maximum load at certain a point at 120°C to the maximum load at a particular point at 20°C with elongation of 30 mm is 1:1.7-1:30.EFFECT: creation of the decorative sheet allows meeting the requirement of reduced thickness, and also ensures excellent workability and constructive feasibility, including the external view and texture by the touch.8 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl

Composite material hinge and its manufacturing method // 2604745
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hinge and such hinge making method. Hinge comprises rigid part and flexible part, intended for bending relative to rigid part permanently connected to each other with possibility of rotation. At that, rigid part comprises substrate made of rigid composite material, and flexible part comprises first flexible sheet, which first part is partially attached to substrate using first layer of resin, and second flexible sheet partially attached using second layer of resin, both to first flexible sheet first part, and to first flexible sheet second part, which is not attached to substrate.EFFECT: invention enables durable and multifunctional hinge with flexible part, having flexural rigidity varying in function of distance from rigid part, which has distinct phases contact surface between rigid and flexible parts and can be made in quick and easy way.24 cl, 8 dwg

ethod of producing flexible heat-insulating sheet product and corresponding device // 2592792
FIELD: fire safety. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fire-fighting materials and a method of producing flexible heat-insulating sheet product and corresponding device. Method comprises: attaching a first sheet of insulating material to a first cover sheet through crosslinking using first suture to form a first portion of sheet product having a perimeter; attaching a second sheet of insulating material to second cover sheet through crosslinking using first suture to form a second portion of sheet product having a perimeter; attaching said first portion of sheet product to a second portion of sheet product, at least in region of their perimeters, and with a plurality of point stitches between them, wherein said point stitches are composed of second suture, so that said first sheet of insulating material is adjacent to second sheet of insulating material, wherein first and second portions of sheet product are combined to produce a sheet product. EFFECT: invention provides of fire-protective material with improved resistance to burn, which does not produce toxic vapour under effect of heat and open flame. 12 cl, 2 dwg

Face material with high degree of opacity suitable for printing with laser printer // 2590925
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multilayer laminate such as a label assembly having high opacity and desirable appearance characteristics. Laminate includes a facestock layer, an adhesive layer, and a liner layer. Facestock layer includes a print-receiving top coat layer that includes a combination of titanium dioxide and one or more optical brighteners.EFFECT: using combination of these materials avoids build up of static charges upon laser printing on facestock.30 cl, 14 dwg, 11 tbl, 1 ex

ethod for production of decorated sheet and use thereof // 2588624
FIELD: technological processes; pulp industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative laminates and concerns method for production of decorated sheet and its application. Sheets on basis of non-woven cellulose material, such as paper, for producing decorative laminates impregnated with synthetic resins. At that, their size changes, they become fragile and in laminate not resistant to water. In method according to invention with or without printing nonwoven materials impregnated with aqueous dispersion of UV radiation curable polymer, dried, if necessary, printing is applied and, finally, is exposed to UV radiation. Obtained as result decorated sheets are water-resistant in laminate and after each process stages allow coiling into roll and storage.EFFECT: invention provides more simple in implementation of method for production of decorated sheet of cellulose non-woven material, ensuring complete and waterproof impregnation of cellulose.10 cl, 2 dwg

Panel for interior surfaces of buildings // 2585807
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of construction materials and panels for interior surfaces of buildings. Panel for inner surface, such as ceiling tiles, which does not contain PVC materials, as a result, it is suitable for lining different buildings, including schools, residential premises, public catering enterprises and health institutions. Panel may comprise a main plate and lining material made of polymers or copolymers of polyolefin or polyester, connected with main layer. Lining material is resistant to UV radiation and has excellent ability to withstand cleaning. PVC-free lining has preferable thickness, opacity and surface roughness and texture relief, which are omnidirectional and interrupted. According to one embodiment, white-coloured PVC-free lining has preferred light reflectance. PVC-free lining is resistant to deformation under load. Furthermore, said lining has low anisotropy, that is, said lining has minimal differences in physical properties in different directions. Disclosed lining also has high shrink resistance.EFFECT: invention enables to produce a panel for inner surfaces, having environmental friendliness and functionality.9 cl, 2 dwg

Protective optical component with transmission effect, production of said component and security document equipped with said component // 2575342
FIELD: physics, optics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to versions of a protective optical component with a plasmon effect designed for viewing with transmission. The component comprises: two layers of a transparent dielectric material, a metal layer situated between said layers of transparent dielectric material to form two dielectric-metal boundaries and structured to form on at least part of the surface thereof wave-like elements capable of coupling surface plasmon modes, supported by the dielectric-metal boundaries, with an incident light wave. The wave-like elements are made in a first coupling area in a first primary direction and at least a second coupling area, different from said first coupling area, in a second primary direction substantially perpendicular to the first primary direction, wherein said metal layer is continuous in each of said coupling areas. The invention also relates to a security document and a method of producing said component.EFFECT: use of the present invention enables to easily and safely inspect a protective optical element with transmission using a naked eye, while providing maximum comfort for an inexperienced user and high reliability of authentication.20 cl, 12 dwg

Counterfeit-protected multilayer data medium // 2573879
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to counterfeit-protected multilayer data media. A data medium includes at least one base layer, a layer with graphical elements deposited on the said base layer, one or more layers with information on the colouring of personal data and a transparent polymer layer on top of all layers, having an achromatic component of the image of personal data. The layer with information on the colouring of personal data and the top layer with an achromatic component of the image of personal data have different refraction indices, and the top layer with an achromatic component of the image has a smooth surface. Due to total internal reflection in the transparent layers at different viewing angles of the multilayer article, the image of personal data changes from colour to achromatic.EFFECT: invention improves the protection of personal data on an identification document from unauthorised modifications.16 cl, 1 dwg, 2 ex

Laminate structure with inner cavities and method of its manufacturing // 2573477
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: structure comprises the first bearing component, such a part from plastic or glass, comprising an optically transparent material, which may transmit radiation, and the second bearing component equipped with at least one surface relief pattern, which comprises multiple elements of surface relief, and made as capable of realisation of at least one specified optical function in respect to falling radiation. The second bearing material comprises optionally an optically transparent material capable of radiation transmission. At the same time the first and second bearing components are connected by lamination so that inside the produced laminate structure there is at least one surface relief pattern, and between the first and second bearing components there are functional cavities connected optically with the specified pattern. The optical function is provided and configured by dimensions, material, position and/or matching of internal elements of the relief.EFFECT: development of a laminate structure making it possible to increase efficiency of radiation supply.31 cl, 13 dwg

ethod of starved spot elimination of collecting main of three-layer panel with honeycomb filler // 2571130
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: at places of connecting welds and other joints exit to surface the sealing compound is applied; material of the sealing compound with ability to penetrate in parts of starved spot with width from 3 to 20 mm, length from 20 to 180 mm is selected, it polymerises in gap with polymerisation time 12 h maximum at temperature from plus 15 to plus 25°C, and interacts with non-active surfaces, the sealing compound is applied along the filled gaps by broken line.EFFECT: invention eliminates air bubbles and starved spots by the method acceptable during honeycomb panels manufacturing.2 dwg

ultilayer polymer structure and method of making same // 2557620
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: polymer structure includes an upper layer and a lower layer of transparent polymer material and a substrate made of opaque polymer material. The substrate has a front and a back side on which information features and identification features are deposited, as well as optically variable printed images, and a photograph of the owner of the document is placed on the front side of the substrate. Security elements are placed on the front and/or back sides of the substrate in the form of bands and/or labels of different shapes made of a transparent film with a protective image. At least one layer of the disclosed structure is made of polycarbonate-based composite material which includes components which cannot be visually detected in the article, such as magnetic microparticles, microfibers, pigments and quantum dots. A method of making a multilayer polymer structure includes making polymer layers containing information and/or security elements, assembling a lamination stack, pressing and laminating. The method includes additionally forming at least one layer of composite material, which contains a polymer matrix in which particles of at least one component, which cannot be visually detected in the article, are uniformly distributed.EFFECT: invention enables to produce a multifunctional identification document having reliable anti-falsification protection.6 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

Improved composite materials // 2550897
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to constructive composite materials and can be used in construction, and in aerospace equipment. A solidified prepreg includes a structural layer of electrically conductive fibres and the first external layer of thermoactive resin, with the resin layer including thermoplastic particles and glassy carbon particles.EFFECT: prepreg provides higher electrical conductivity, mechanical properties and resistance to damage, caused by strikes of lightning.31 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl

ethod of biological ligand printing during biochip production // 2543145
FIELD: biotechnologies.SUBSTANCE: invention offers method of printing biological ligands in the form of oligosaccharides and/or polysaccharides, and/or peptides, and/or glycopeptides, and/or biotin. A layer of hydrophobic non-volatile fluid not mixing with biological ligand solvent and having lower specific weight than biological ligand solution is applied in advance onto a substrate. Then biological ligands are printed by contact-free method. Vaseline, mineral oil or higher saturated hydrocarbons or mix thereof are used as hydrophobic non-volatile fluid. Preferable thickness of hydrophobic nonvolatile fluid layer is 50-200 mcm.EFFECT: more level drying of biological ligand solution drops on substrate along with protection of biological ligands against early hydrolysis and improvement of spot morphology.3 cl, 2 dwg, 3 ex

Sandwiched body // 2540389
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sandwiched body including first ply with multiple first zones separated by one or several translucent second zones. This body has second ply of translucent material, second ply being arranged under first ply and reflecting ply being located under second ply. Second ply has multiple third zones wherein every microstructure is embedded in the boundary, sideways from first ply, between first ply and reflecting ply coated with reflecting ply. Every microstructure is configured to reflect backward and/or to diffract light backward falling perpendicular to the plane covered by first ply in direction from first ply located in the zone of third zone to first ply area. First ply area is smaller at least 10 times than that of appropriate third zone. Microstructures are arranged in compliance with microstructure grid where spacing between adjacent microstructures in second spatial direction makes less than 300 mcm.EFFECT: perfected design.53 cl, 14 dwg

ethod of making multilayer body and multilayer body // 2540056
FIELD: physics, optics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of making an optical multilayer protective element and an optical multilayer protective element made using said method. A decorative layer is formed on and/or in a base layer. The decorative layer has a first area and a second area. The decorative layer, when viewed perpendicular to the plane of the base layer, has in the first area a first transmission coefficient and in the second area a second transmission coefficient greater than the first transmission coefficient. On the first side of the base layer there is a layer to be patterned and a photoactivated resistive layer. The decorative layer serves as an exposure mask when exposing the resistive layer through the decorative layer. At least one layer to be patterned and the resistive layer are patterned using synchronised processes with a perfect register which form a structure.EFFECT: making an optical multielement protective element.46 cl, 15 dwg
Decorative material // 2538856
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: decorative material comprises a substrate of waterproof paper or paperboard coated with a light-accumulating coating containing luminophor SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy and a solvent binder with the ratio of components, wt %: SrAl2O4:Eu,Dy - 10÷45, the solvent binder - 55÷90. The luminophor particles have a size of 100÷160 microns. The solvent binder is used as the paints based on extender oils.EFFECT: density and uniformity of the coating layer is ensured, which does not crumble and does not break when bent, the material does not absorb moisture.2 cl, 3 ex

Part with variable friction coefficient and structure with variable friction coefficient // 2538834
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to triboengineering. A part with variable friction coefficient comprises the first surface, the second surface, an isolating part and an electroconductive part. The isolating part consists of a sheet-like base, porous film or a sheet-like base with through holes. The electroconductive part provides for electrical connection of the first surface with the second surface. The electroconductive part fills the sheet-like base, porous film or the through holes of the sheet-like base.EFFECT: structure with variable friction coefficient provides for friction force by the supply of electric voltage between the first surface and the second surface of the part with variable friction coefficient.8 cl, 2 tbl, 8 dwg
ethod of making tinting film // 2538205
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of making a tinted article, having a tinting film, includes joining polymer sheets. The polymer sheets used are two sheets of a transparent material, one of which is coated with an elastic polymer in the form of points with size of less than 30 mcm, followed by polymerisation thereof, joining with another sheet by stacking, followed by sealing the periphery and feeding into the space between the films through a valve a coloured optically transparent working fluid for controlling the degree of light transmission through inlet and outlet thereof. During inlet of the working fluid, light transmission decreases and during outlet of the working fluid, light transmission increases.EFFECT: controlling the degree of light transmission, which means improving optical characteristics of surfaces depending on operating conditions.2 cl, 2 ex
Product containing paper or polymer carrier with protecting marking, and method of determining authenticity of product // 2536748
FIELD: printing industry.SUBSTANCE: product comprises a paper or a polymeric carrier with a protective marking applied to the extended part or the entire surface of the carrier. The marking is applied as part of the adhesive layer between the inner layers of the multilayer product and is made using a crystalline inorganic compound which is characterized by the ability to absorb optical radiation at a certain wavelength range and capable of reversible change of the optical and/or magnetic characteristic typical for the present compound, which appears under the influence of pulsed infrared (IR) laser irradiation providing localized heating to the temperature of 330-700°K and disappears after removal of the exposure.EFFECT: increased protection level, providing the ability of automatic determining of authenticity.11 cl, 7 ex

Laminated material of thin periodic structure and method of its production // 2534770
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lamina materials, particularly, to laminated material of periodic structure and to method of its production. This laminated material can express the variety of structured colours like holograms by forming of thin periodic structure that expresses the structured colours. Said periodic structure is formed by irradiation of laser beam with periodic profile of intensity distribution on film surface opposite the basic material.EFFECT: thin periodic structure formed by laser beam without deterioration of mechanical properties.12 cl, 5 dwg, 2 tbl, 13 ex

Information carrier // 2533821
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to information carriers. Claimed is an information carrier, successively including a substrate, selected from a polymer-covered paper, synthetic paper and plastic films, the first ink-receiving layer and the second ink-receiving layer, with the ink-receiving layer containing at least one substance, selected from aluminium oxide, aluminium oxide hydrate and highly dispersive silicon oxide, polyvinyl alcohol and boric acid, with a weight ratio of the boric acid and polyvinyl alcohol content in the first ink-receiving layer constituting 2.0 wt % or more and 7.9 wt % or less, with the second ink-receiving layer containing highly-dispersive silicon dioxide, polyvinyl alcohol and boric acid, and a weight ratio of the boric acid and polyvinyl alcohol content in the second ink-receiving layer constitutes 10.0 wt % or more and 30.0 wt % or less.EFFECT: claimed carrier makes it possible to prevent cracking after the application of ink-receiving layers, possesses the high ink-absorbing ability and a resistance to cracking in bending.6 cl, 4 tbl, 68 ex

Reinforcement heat-reflecting antireflection coating // 2530495
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a reinforcement heat-reflecting antireflection coating on a transparent plastic substrate consisting of an adhesive reinforcement layer with geometric thickness of 240-300 nm, made of silicon oxide SiOx, for 1.5≤x<2.0, where x is the oxidation state of silicon oxide; a conducting layer made of tin oxide SnO2, with geometric thickness of 260-300 nm, and an antireflection layer made of silicon dioxide SiO2, with geometric thickness of 90-100 nm.EFFECT: depositing the disclosed coating on transparent plastic articles prolongs the service life of said articles while maintaining their transparency and improving mechanical strength.2 dwg, 3 ex

ethod to produce machine parts with obtaining submicro- and nanostructured state of diffused near-surface layer at nitriding // 2524892
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, in particular, to the methods for the improvement of mechanic properties of near-surface layers of machine parts from iron-base alloys with obtaining submicro- or nanostructured state of diffused layers. The method involves assembling a package of alternating steel plates with different chemical composition, vacuumisation and heating of the package, hot deformation of the package in height under the temperature whose value falls between the temperature values of polymorphous transformation of both alloys, after the hot deformation the workpieces of parts are cut out of the package so that the direction of interlayer borders in the part workpiece coincides with the direction of the nitrogen diffusion flux during nitriding that follows, then nitriding is carried out to obtain submicro- and nanostructured state of diffused near-surface layer on the part surface.EFFECT: method allows for the improvement of mechanical properties of material's near-surface layers formed in the course of nitriding and, respectively, longer service life of parts.9 dwg, 1 ex
Safety label provided with system of authenticity confirmation and detection of manipulations // 2523255
FIELD: printing.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a security element, in particular to security labels or adhesive tapes. The security element comprises the following layers: a) a substrate-carrier; b) a reflecting layer or layer with a high refractive index; c) a partial separation layer of varnish; d) the adhesive intermediate coating applied to the entire surface; e) the adhesive layer applied on the entire surface where the adhesive coating d) is in those places where there is no separation layer of varnish c), adhesion of the layer b) with the substrate-carrier a) is disturbed, and in case of attempt to manipulate due to separation of the layer b) it is separated from the substrate-carrier a) in those areas where there is no separation layer of varnish c).EFFECT: proposed security element provides ease of detection of manipulation with it.11 cl

aking of protection element and retransfer film // 2517134
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to production of protection element and to retransfer film. Said retransfer film gas base layer with the first bearing film and one-layer or sandwich layer. First adhesive layer is applied on the first bearing film surface opposite the surface facing the decorative layer while second bearing film is applied so that first adhesive layer is located between first and second bearing films. First adhesive layer in activated in the first area that covers, at least partially, one first section of base film while first adhesive layer is not activated, nor created, created only partially or deactivated in second area adjacent to said area. Then, first bearing film is cut, at least partially, along boundary line defining at least first area and separating at least one first section from second area of base film. Second part of base film including second section is removed from second bearing film. Note here that base film is adhered, at least one in one first section to second bearing film by activated first adhesive layer. Note that said first part comprises at least one first section and stays at second bearing film.EFFECT: better protection against counterfeit.52 cl, 10 dwg

Laminated article on paper or polymer substrate (versions) and method of its manufacturing // 2516474
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: laminated article on paper or polymer substrate with optically variable structure comprises a coating in the form of printing raster and a three-dimensional raster. The coating is formed on one side of the substrate, and the three-dimensional raster is applied to the other side of the substrate. The field of printing or the three-dimensional raster is divided into two or more sectors which are displaced relative to each other. Each sector has a different colour so that when changing the view angle the colour of the sectors on the image changes. The three-dimensional raster is made in the form of elements with a symmetrical and/or asymmetrical profile to form a relief on both sides of the substrate and is positioned relative to the printing raster so that the three-dimensional raster is at least partially located above the printing raster. The width of the printing raster lines is from 50 to 200 microns, the width of the three-dimensional raster lines is 100 to 600 microns, the angle between the elements of the printing and the three-dimensional rasters is from 0° to 10°, at that they form a moire image, which when observing the data medium under the right angle is concealed, and when observing the data medium at an acute angle becomes visible.EFFECT: improving security of articles, increased manufacturability and reducing the cost of the security element due to reduction of runs in the printing machine.15 cl, 18 dwg, 4 ex

Retransfer film curable by uv radiation, method of its production and use // 2503548
FIELD: printing.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to the field of finishing materials, particularly relates to retransfer film curable by UV radiation, method of production and use of retransfer film curable by UV radiation. The retransfer film curable by UV radiation comprises a film of the substrate, a layer of release agent, a layer of the decorative pattern of printing ink curable by UV radiation, and a background layer of ink curable by UV radiation, at that the layer of release agent is on the film of the substrate, the layer of the decorative pattern of printing ink curable by UV radiation is on the layer of release agent, the background layer of ink curable by UV radiation is on the layer of the of the decorative pattern of printing ink curable by UV radiation. Alternatively, the retransfer film comprises a layer of release agent, a protective layer of ink curable by UV radiation, a layer of the decorative pattern of printing ink curable by UV radiation, and a background layer of ink curable by UV radiation, at that the layer of release agent is on the substrate, the protective layer of ink curable by UV radiation is on the layer of the of release agent, the layer of the decorative pattern of printing ink curable by UV radiation is on the protective layer of ink curable by UV radiation, and the background layer of ink curable by UV radiation is on the layer of the decorative pattern of printing ink curable by UV radiation. At that the layer of release agent is made of release agent which is a mixture of 20-50 wt % cellulose, 1-30 wt % wax, 0-10 wt % silicone oil, 0-20 wt % butanone, 0-15 wt % ethyl acetate, 5-20 wt % acrylate prepolymer, 5-20 wt % acrylate monomer, and 1-6 wt % photoinitiator.EFFECT: proposed retransfer film provides a strong and durable transfer of the retransfer image.18 cl, 2 dwg, 8 ex

ethod of protective anti-scratch coat application and articles with said coat // 2503544
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to protective coats including organic material on article with applied stack of layers for protection against scratches. In compliance with proposed method, intermediate article with premade coat is prepared including the substrate with applied monolayer or coat or sandwiched stack. Then, protective coat is applied so that said article has larger contact angle and smaller surface friction than those of intermediate article. Application steps include dipping liquid material at low vapour pressure in heating vacuum chamber communicated with spraying unit. Vent buffer is arranged between vacuum chamber and spraying unit. Then, heating chamber is evacuated when spraying unit is evacuated to the pressure of said vent buffer. After rarefaction, vapour is accumulated in vacuum chamber. For blowing the spraying unit vent buffer is vented and vacuum chamber is blown for feeding the entire vapour into spraying unit vacuum buffer. After venting the chamber is partially evacuated. Besides, invention covers article with applied coat and device for coat application.EFFECT: higher resistance to scratch formation.19 cl, 4 dwg, 1 ex
Sandwich material for rescue facilities // 2502605
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sandwich materials intended for making aircraft rescue hardware, particularly, to making sliding ways of rescue duckboards, mainly, to sandwich material for rescue means. It comprises textile substrate of synthetic threads with polyurethane coat with fire retardant applied thereon on face and back sides. Said textile substrate represents a polyester fabric. Said polyurethane coat comprises extra fluorine rubber. Face side includes additionally an electrically conducting layer. Said electrically conducting layer contains polyurethane, fluorine rubber and carbon filler. Carbon nanotubes are used as a carbon filler.EFFECT: higher wear resistance and tensile strength.5 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex
Adhesives with latent reactivity for identification documents // 2496651
FIELD: printing.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to production of identification documents, made of thermoplastic material and a method of their manufacture. The identification document comprises the layers A), B) and C), at that the layer A) is thermoplastic, the layer B) is made of a storage-stable adhesive with latent reactivity, and the layer C) is thermoplastic, at that the adhesive comprises an aqueous dispersion comprising a diisocyanate or polyisocyanate with a melting point or, respectively, softening point above +30°C and the polymer reactive towards isocyanates, which is polyurethane composed of crystallised polymer chains which, according to the study results, by thermomechanic method at temperatures below +110°C decrystalise partially or completely.EFFECT: exclusion of layers stratifying.11 cl, 8 ex, 8 tbl

ethod of producing composite including laminar graphite- and molybdenum sulphide-based materials // 2495752
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electronics and nanotechnology and cab be used in production of composite containing laminar graphite- and molybdenum sulphide-based materials. TEG or oxidised graphite and thiomolybdate are used as initial compounds. Note here that thiomolybdate is decomposed in the mix with TEG or oxidised graphite at heating or subjected to decomposition in solution with acid medium. Formed product containing TEG or oxidised graphite and precursor of molybdenum sulphide are flushed and heated in vacuum to 350-1000°C to obtain composite including molybdenum sulphide on graphite layers pile of composition MoxSy, where x=1-3, y=2-4. Note also that TEG or oxidised graphite are pre-dispersed while molybdenum precursor represents molybdenum tri-sulphide.EFFECT: possibility to vary size, morphology and phase composition of nanoparticles on graphite surface.4 dwg, 5 ex

Polymeric polyurethane composition and multilayer material based thereon // 2494131
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to polymer compositions for producing multilayer materials meant for making inflatable rescue equipment, including inflatable stairs for aircraft. The polymeric polyurethane composition contains a polyurethane polymer, filler - titanium dioxide and a fire-retardant - antimony trioxide, and additional filler in form of a layered nanosilicate which is organically modified with imidazole, and decabromodiphenyl oxide as a fire-retardant. Content of the organic modifier in the layered nanosilicate is at least 100% of the cationic volume capacity of the layered nanosilicate. The polymer composition can additionally contain polyisocyanate and ethyl acetate. The multilayer material contains a high-strength textile base coated with layers of said polymeric polyurethane composition on the front and back sides. The textile base used is a textile made from high-modulus SVM threads with density of 70-80 g/m2 and breaking strength on the base and filling of at least 1200 kg/cm2. The multilayer material has density of 220-270 g/m2 and is air-tight and self-extinguishing.EFFECT: obtaining a polyurethane composition and a multilayer material based on said composition, having high fire-safety (self-extinction), air-tightness, low density and hardness.7 cl, 2 tbl, 5 ex

Printing on textiles // 2484973
FIELD: printing.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of decorating the textile materials and relates to printing on textiles. The applied ornament for printing on fabric comprises a substrate resistant to paint migration, flock having fibers in the form of a predetermined multicolored pattern, and the flock fibers are held in the said substrate by the adhesive for flocking, and the adhesive for application located adjacent to the said substrate resistant to paint migration, and opposite to the flock. The adhesive for application is suitable for glueing the applied ornament on the fabric. The garment or a piece of fabric with applied ornament is described, as well as the method of decorating fabric by glueing the applied ornament using the adhesive for application.EFFECT: invention provides improvement of printing on textiles.24 cl, 7 dwg

ethod of obtaining retroreflective coating in electrostatic field and apparatus for depositing microspherical retroreflective particles in electrostatic field // 2481647
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: coating is obtained in an electrostatic field by successive deposition of layers. A support layer from a polymer powdered composition is deposited in an electrostatic field, followed by heat treatment at temperature below the temperature of formation of the polymer powdered composition. An information mark of the corresponding colour is formed on top of the support layer on a mask from similar polymer powdered composition with heat treatment similar to that of the support layer. Subsequent deposition of a reflecting layer with optical microspheres is carried out in an electrostatic field. After depositing the reflecting layer, final heat treatment is carried out until fixation thereof, followed by deposition of a protective layer from a transparent polymer material. The apparatus has a housing (1) with a handle (2), a hopper (3) for feeding microspherical particles, a shaft (4) with a channel (5) for flow of microspherical retroreflective particles and a voltage multiplier (6) with a corona electrode (7) lying in the outlet of the shaft (4). A spray seat includes a cylindrical housing (8) with a conical section at the outlet, in which in series, in the direction of flow, there is a central channel (9) with a closed end at the outlet, and at the inlet connected to the channel (5) for flow of microspherical retroreflective particles, an annular cylindrical channel (10) which transforms at the outlet into an annular conical channel (11), respectively formed by a cylindrical bushing (12) and a conical reflector (1) at the outlet, lying coaxially with the housing (8). The central channel (9) is connected to the annular channel (10) at its inlet by tangential holes (14) on the circular surface of the cylindrical bushing (12). On the surface of the conical reflector (13) there are grooves (15) for ordered movement of microparticles on the annular conical channel (11) to the article, as well as under the action of air ejected through a row of holes (16) and (17) on the housing (8). The central channel (9), at the inlet of the spray seat, has a section (18) which narrows in the direction of flow, and at the end surface of the central channel (9), there is a conical splitter (19) with a vertex which is directed opposite the flow of microspherical retroreflective particles.EFFECT: invention simplifies the process, improves quality and prolongs the service life of the article.9 cl, 4 dwg

Barrier fabric // 2473428
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hygiene and sanitary, particularly, to barrier fabric. Fabric with layer of nanofibre for mechanical trapping of organic matter consists of sandwich structure containing bearing nonwoven material to support, at least, one layer of nanofibre. Note that said layer of nanofibre has protective layer wherein separated sandwich structures are interconnected. Layer of nanofiber creates barrier to prevent an ingress of allergens and consists of organic polymer material. Said coating layer may be made of nonwoven material of spanbond type, meltblown type, cotton fabric and/or mix of cotton with polyester. In compliance with one version, at least one layer of nanofibre is arranged on case material to create barrier against microorganisms. Note also that said layer consists of organic hydrophobic material of polyurethane or PVDF, or their copolymers. Note that separate layers of sandwich structure are interconnected. In compliance with another version, barrier fabric consists of sandwich structure including base spanbond-type nonwoven material to carry, at least, one layer of nanofibre secured thereto consisting of hydrophobic polymer of polyurethane or fluoropolymer PVDF, or copolymer thereof. Note here that separate sandwich structures are interconnected.EFFECT: higher efficiency of entrapping organic substances and fluids.9 cl, 2 dwg, 4 ex
ethod of making 3d articles from composite materials // 2473424
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: proposed method is intended for producing such 3D components as branches, T-joints, crossovers in 3D structures, protective bodies and cases, machines and mechanisms, submarine hulls and motor boats, etc. In compliance with proposed method, forming reinforcing material with preset properties is used to cut out contour complying with structure being developed. Water-and-gas-tight thermoplastic material is used to make sealed cylinder shaped to said structure. Forming material outer surface is impregnated with cold-curing thermosetting resin to force working medium into sealed cylinder during resin polymerisation at pressure sufficient to ensure preset shape and sizes.EFFECT: whatever spatial shape without using molding tooling.2 cl

Stable-shape structural platform from composite material (versions) // 2468968
FIELD: transport.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aerospace engineering, particularly, to production of platforms including those located outside the spaceship. In compliance with first version, platform is composed of composite spatially closed structure made by two panels with cutouts, side walls and end flanges. Cutouts of second panel are located asymmetrically relative to those of the first panel. Second panel surface area is smaller than that the first panel. End flanges comprise hinge assemblies and are made from metallic alloy. Second panel is thicker than the first one, or elasticity modulus of second panel exceeds that of the first one at identical thermal linear expansion factors approximating to zero. In compliance with second version, platform is composed of composite spatially closed structure made by two panels with cutouts, side walls and end flanges. Cutouts of second panel are located asymmetrically relative to those of the first panel. Second panel surface area is smaller than that the first panel. End flanges comprise hinge assemblies and are made from metallic alloy. First panel thermal linear expansion factor approximates to zero while that of second panel is negative at equal thickness and elasticity modulus.EFFECT: decreased spatial thermal deformations.2 cl, 2 dwg

aterial workpiece with decorative layer and embossing // 2467881
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to material workpiece and workpiece processing press plate. Material workpiece comprises, at least, one substrate central layer and decorative layer made on, at least, one side of substrate layer. Decorative layer is arranged on both sides of workpiece to allow precise embossing. Note here that structures on workpiece both sides are accurately leveled.EFFECT: higher quality.11 cl, 3 dwg

ultilayer body // 2466874
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: transparent layer has at least a first area and a second area with a variable refraction index lying next to each other in a plane formed by the transparent layer and at least partially in a window or in the transparent region of the carrier substrate. Each of the areas has a plurality of units arranged intermittently, which form an optical effect element and are formed by varying the refraction index, said units primarily lying in planes parallel to each other. The planes on at least the first area are not parallel to planes on at least the second area. On at least one of the areas, the planes pass not parallel and not perpendicular to the plane of the layer. That way, light incident on both the front and back side of the multilayer body is refracted by optical effect elements which form an optical effect in the reflected light which is different when viewed from the front and from the back.EFFECT: design of a protective element with good protective properties and a two-way optical effect.14 cl, 21 dwg
Building panel // 2455434
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: building panel, in which on a surface of a basic element there are the following components formed in the specified order: an impregnating coating film, a water-soluble coating film, a colourless coating film based on a dissolvent and an upper colourless coating film, besides, the water-soluble coating film is formed from a synthetic resin and a refractory reagent; the upper colourless coating film is formed from a resin hardened under exposure to ultraviolet radiation, and a refractory reagent; the volume of the refractory reagent in the water-soluble coating film is equal to 10 - 50% by weight relative to solid particles of the specified water-soluble coating film; the volume of the refractory reagent in the upper colourless coating film is equal to 5 - 20% by weight relative to solid particles of the specified upper colourless coating film; and the highest caloric power measured in accordance with ISO 5660 for 20 minutes using a conical calorimeter makes less than 8 MJ/m2.EFFECT: higher refractory property and designability.3 cl
Thermal transfer paper for ink-jet printing with sublimation ink // 2451121
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: thermal transfer paper for ink-jet printing with sublimation ink consists of a base paper and a barrier coating applied on it, containing a binder and filler. The binder is taken from a group of substances, including starch, carboxymethyl cellulose, polyvinyl alcohol, gelatin or mixtures thereof. The filler contains a fine-grained powder of polymethylmethacrylate and/or a fine powder of diatomite and additional substances selected from the group including kaolin, talc, finely divided starch, silica gels, or mixtures thereof.EFFECT: increased rate of drying, colour contrast, clarity and uniformity of sealing the image.4 cl, 3 tbl, 3 ex

ethod of producing multilayer roll waterproofer // 2450931
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to waterproofers, particularly, to production of multilayer roll waterproofer. Proposed method comprises laying textile fibers and swelling clay, waterproof in hydration, on substrate and transfer obtained material for needle punching and roll shaping. Prior to laying, textile fibers in amount of 0.3-0.6 kg/m2 and clay in amount of 3-10 kg/m2 are mixed. Mix is laid across substrate simultaneously with forming and applying top fibrous layer. Speed of conveying mix of fibers with clay and fibrous layer varies in the range of 5-30 relative to substrate speed.EFFECT: expanded process performances, simplified process.1 tbl, 2 dwg

Wallpapers with air cleaning functions and method of their production // 2432263
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to residential ecology, particularly, to wallpapers with air cleaning properties and method of their production. Wallpaper comprises substrate, printed layer and air cleaning cover layer arranged in said order starting from bottom. Air cleaning cover layer is formed by applying photo catalyst layer to be activated by visible band light. Photo catalyst comprises solvent, titanium compound, gelating agent, metal compounds and acid catalyst. Besides, invention covers the method of producing above described wallpapers.EFFECT: air cleaning wallpapers activated by whatever room illuminators.14 cl, 3 dwg, 6 tbl, 2 ex

Laminar wood article with wood base and method of its production // 2430834
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to arts and crafts, namely, to application of metal-containing coats on wood surfaces. Wood base from separate wood strips glued together is prepared to be ground, processed by primer solutions to produce basic background of coloured karat leaf gold and be coated by at least one layer of dye using coloured karat gold and/or at least one layer of dye based on coloured leas karat gold with addition of different composition colour pigments.EFFECT: higher process efficiency.7 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex
ultilayer sorption fibrous protective material with fire resistant membrane-fabric layer // 2429319
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: multilayer sorption nonwoven material with fire-resistant membrane-fabric layer consists of 1-5 homogeneous or heterogeneous internal layers of nonwoven highly porous material from fibres filled with solid sorption particles on the basis of polyacrylonitrile or its mixture with polyurethane. The filler of sorption layers from nonwoven highly porous material is represented by solid particles of activated carbon, cationite or anionite with particle size below 6 mcm, arranged in the volume of nonwoven highly porous material in amount of 38-64 wt %. Sorption layers of the material are reinforced with adhesion of external coating and internal underlying woven reinforcement layers at two sides of sorption layers, and reinforcement layers are made of viscose-lavsan foundation fabric on the basis of a high-strength polyester fibre, containing 25-35 wt % of viscose fibre. For adhesion an adhesive powder composition is used on the basis of ethylene copolymer, containing the following amounts per 100 mass parts of ethylene copolymer - 17-21% vinyl acetate and 0.0144-0.0176 mass portions of highly dispersed hydrophobous noncompacted silicon dioxide. The material is additionally equipped at the side of its external coating woven reinforcing layer with a fire-resistant membrane-fabric material made as double-layer from the internal membrane layer adjacent to the surface of the external coating woven reinforcement layer and the external fire-resistant layer. The ratio of the internal membrane layer thickness in the fire-resistant membrane-fabric material to the thickness of its external fire-resistant layer is selected from 0.2 to 3.0. The inner membrane layer of the material is made with pore size of 0.15-0.65 mcm from copolymer of polyvinyl chloride with 22-32 wt % of tetrafluoroethylene. The material of the membrane layer has steam-, air permeability at 36°C making 50-86 g/m2 hour, water resisting property of 1.7-1.8 kgf/cm2, bubble point of 0.4 - 0.6 kgf/cm and surface density of 20-118 g/m2. The external fire-resistant layer is made with linear density of 38 tex, rupture load of 100-2000 N and rupture elongation of 3.9-4.5% of a double-component combined thread, the first component of which in the form of a rod represents an aramide complex thread or yarn with linear density of 6.3-14.3 tex, and the second component of the combined thread in the form of the rod braiding with number of turns equal to 600-900 twists/m represents cellulose-containing threads or yarn with linear density of 10-30 tex. The aramide thread or year uses polyparaphenylene terephthalamide, polymetaphenylene terephthalamide, copolyparaphenylene tetephthalamide or copolyparaphenylenebenzimidazole terephthalamide fibres with oxygen index of more than 30, and the cellulose-containing thread or year is a modified fire-resistant viscose thread or yarn. The external layer fabric is made by the main weaving with surface density of 150-200 g/m2 at the following ratio of components, wt %: aramide thread 15-50, cellulose-containing thread or yarn 50-85.EFFECT: higher fire resistance, water impermeability, resistance to wind penetration, aerosol impermeability, with preservation of high hygroscopicity and steam and air permeability of the material to remove excessive moisture from the surface of human skin.11 cl, 2 ex
 
2550996.
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