aking paper articles and working paper (B31)
B31 aking paper articles; working paper(919)
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: calender roll is used to produce the texturized nonwoven material, containing the paper-forming filament. The calender roll includes a protruding relief, that includes: a base element, having the ring shape, at that the ring defines a top relative to the central part of the ring, defining the recess and the grinded surrounding area, at that the ring containing at least one radial channel, providing the recess communication with the grinded surrounding area in such a way to determine the discrete calendering surface; repeating of the specified base element along a plurality of rows and columns, substantially along the entire peripheral surface of the calender roll, at that the repeating is being regular, with the exception of a plurality of substantially longitudinally oriented parts and transversely oriented parts, at that the mentioned parts have limited size with respect to the size of the calender roll and are optionally distributed so as to define a plurality of the optionally distributed longitudinal and transverse lines in the texturized nonwoven material, containing the paper forming filament, forming a visually textile type texture.EFFECT: creation of the texturized nonwoven material, containing the paper forming filament, having the appearance of the textile type material with high quality, improved aesthetic characteristics.16 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing a three-dimensional object using the origami fusen method characterizing in that inflection along the line between the side ends of one small angle and inflection along the line between the side ends of another small angle are performed on the flat preform manufactured to impart an internal volume by filling it, having four outer large angles and two oppositely located small angles.EFFECT: improving the convenience of manufacturing three-dimensional objects, expanding the possibilities of using different materials, expanding the scope of manufacturing three-dimensional objects using the origami fusen method due to the provided opportunities to spread the flat preform made to impart an internal volume by filling it, having four outer large angles and two oppositely located outer small angles, applying forces to inflection on lines between the side ends of the small angle and the lines between the side ends of the other small angle, allowing to form the best ribs already at the expansion.
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: mandrel, which forms part of the corresponding device, is inserted into the cup. The mandrel comprises a receiving recess. The lower part of the cup is supported by the supporting device. The collet is mounted into the glass with the part where the laying protrusion should be formed. Then, the collet is pressed radially inward toward the receiving recess so that part of the cup wall is pressed into the receiving recess to form a cup wall on the laying protrusion. Cup height is simultaneously reduced due to the movement of the mandrel and/or supporting fixture in the axial direction. The pressure, applied to the collet, is removed, and the cup is removed from the mandrel and the collet supporting fixture.EFFECT: preventing of wall material stretching, elimination of defects in the inner layer of polymeric material, simplification of production process and the construction of the corresponding device, improved productivity in the production of the corresponding cups.25 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: hybrid laminate sanitary paper product is proposed comprising at least three layers consisting of a sanitary paper base sheet, where at least one layer is a structured layer produced with the method implying structuring, where the structured layer comprises a structured rear surface. At least another layer is a layer of wet-pressing manufactured with the wet pressing method; where the structured layer is arranged and oriented relatively to the said at least two other layers so that the structured rear surface of the structured layer faces the said at least two other layers, weakening the bilateral effect, related to structured rear surface.EFFECT: hybrid laminate sanitary paper product has higher thickness at a lower paper weight.15 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: transportation, package.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing the embossing rollers for the device of packaging the embossing materials, which comprises a set of at least two embossing rollers, one of which is driven, wherein the set of embossing rollers comprises the male cushion with a covering surface structure, consisting of structural elements and/or logos, and the matrix roller with a covering surface structure, which interacts with mentioned surface structure of the male roller to perform a conventional embossing process, which involves the use of the male roller, and mentioned covering surface structure is produced separately from a prefabricated or physically existing male surface structure.EFFECT: besides high precision of stamping, the proposed method provides the ability to create a variety of embossing structural elements and the use of a very large number of different materials, and also reduces the lateral stresses in the material, which is embossed.22 cl, 40 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for processing sheet materials, in particular, for conversion of cardboard into packaging billets to be assembled in boxes. Device includes a conversion unit configured able to perform one or more transverse and one or more longitudinal convert functions with one or more longitudinal heads having one or more tools, herewith at least one of the heads is made with the possibility of selective changing the position along the width of the said unit, a transverse head made with the possibility of selective movement relative to the sheet material and along at least a section of the width of the conversion unit, one or more tools, one or more electric drives and a printed-circuit board of pulse-width modulation.EFFECT: invention is aimed at higher efficiency of storing a finished package of a required size and lower cost of its production and transportation.25 cl, 25 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry; machine building.SUBSTANCE: system, which converts folded material into packing semi-products includes conversion unit, which performs conversion functions, such as cutting, folding and folded material corrugation, when folded material moves through cardboard plant in first direction. Conversion unit can be mounted on frame so, that conversion unit is located above supporting surface. Unloading guide can change folded material movement direction from first to second direction, generally vertical direction, after that cardboard unit has performed folded material conversion function.EFFECT: disclosed is vertical cardboard plant with unloading guide.25 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: printing.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of multi-layer product from tissue paper embossment and lamination, where first and second webs, each containing, at least one tissue paper layer, are separately subjected to embossment with performing of background embossing pattern using first and second embossing shafts at first embossment station, and then first and second webs are laminated with "top to top" mutual location to form laminated multilayer web. Laminated first and second webs are subjected to embossment only on one side of laminated web with performance of decorative pattern using third embossing shaft, acting in pair with smooth support shaft, at second embossment station.EFFECT: invention also relates to multilayer product from tissue paper, made according to method, where multilayer web thickness is, substantially, identical in area containing decorative embossing pattern, and in areas, containing background embossing pattern only.11 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: device comprises upper and lower plates for thermal welding, between which film material upper and lower webs are directed, wherein between upper and lower webs upper and lower elements of fastener material are directed, and webs and fastener material elements are periodically supplied in lengthwise direction, wherein between upper and lower fastener material elements mounting plate is arranged, and upper plate for welding is made with possibility of lowering to lower plate at each periodic web supply and fastener material element so that webs and fastener material elements are found between plates for welding and mounting plate. Upper web and upper fastener material element are welded together, while lower web and lower fastener material element are welded together. Device also comprises support plate extending across webs width and extending from one of webs opposite sides, and mounting plate attached to support plate, and also contains resilient support device arranged on one webs side and arranged between support plate and frame for resilient support of mounting and support plates so that plates were moving down and lowering by upper plate for welding in order to accommodate webs and fastener material elements between plates for welding and mounting plate and their welding to each other. At that, resilient support device is made with possibility of lifting plates so that mounting plate was moving from lower plate for welding after webs and fastener material elements welding to each other. Device also includes specified position maintaining device, located on webs one side and between support plate and frame to act on support plate so that plates were kept in specified position and not bent at lowering and lifting.EFFECT: invention provides quality improvement.6 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to methods, machine, system and computer program products for producing multiple packaging products in a tiled configuration within source production material, enabling production of multiple packaging products in parallel. Embodiments include accessing item data identifying items that are to be packaged, and determining packaging requirements for each item. Pair of box sizes that satisfy the packaging requirements are selected for tiled production. Packaging production machine to be used is also selected. Selection of the box sizes and/or the packaging production machine is based on a collective analysis of packaging requirements, packing system characteristics, and packaging machine characteristics. Based on the collective analysis, it is determined how to allocate box production to the production machine, and the pair of box sizes is matched to the production machine.EFFECT: box production instructions are generated and sent to the packaging production machine.20 cl, 4 tbl, 10 dwg
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: transfer device for embossing shafts comprises pin to be axially inserted into one end of embossing shaft, wherein mentioned pin is drive one to perform embossing shaft rotation, when it is inserted into specified end. Mentioned pin is supported by elastic means to allow its automatic levelling with longitudinal axis of specified embossing shaft end, while inserting pin in this end.EFFECT: transfer device for embossing shafts is proposed.3 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of package and to unit for producing rigid package with hollow rib. End section of workpiece is bent around bearing housing on workpiece panel for producing hollow rib; locking tab to make end section end part, is attached to panel for stabilization of hollow rib, and support housing is removed from hollow rib, when end section is bent.EFFECT: method provides very accurate hollow peripheral rib making on cover, namely with desired shape and without noticeable deformations; besides, method is very cheap and easy to implement, requires to use only similar standard packing assembly with addition of several fixed and moving parts.11 cl, 24 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a machine for making bags or sacks, comprising input, drum, and output sections. Drum section has at least one seal bar on a drum. Said sections are mounted to side frames, that are single metal plates. Said frames are not coated after being formed and/or are comprised of at least one of galvanized steel, galvannealed steel, stainless steel or aluminium. Drum is comprised of first and second plates, and opposing third and fourth plates. First plate is rotatable with respect to second plate, and third plate is rotatable with respect to fourth plate. Distance from seal bars to centre of drum is responsive to rotation of plates. First plate has a plurality of non-radial grooves, and second plate has a plurality of radial slots, with fixtures in slots and grooves. Fixtures are connected to seal bars. Non-radial grooves are curved and/or spiraled. Plates are comprised of zinc-plated steel and/or are discs. Winder includes a rotatable turret with a centre and surface wind position, and a centre wind only position. When one spindle is in centre and surface wind position, other spindle is in centre wind only position. Push off palm is mounted in a push off position.EFFECT: spindle is collapsible.32 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: method includes introduction of a flat folded pack casings in magazine casting machine, removing each a flat-folded pack casing from the magazine, folding of flat-folded pack casing in cross-section a parallelogram forming the erected pack casing with a withdrawal and deployment device and passing of the erected pack casing by means of a transfer device to a transport means for transporting the erected pack casing along a transport path. Wherein at least one processing step to the pack casing is carried out while the upright pack casing on the transport of transport device. Wherein transport device comprises a transport wheel having a plurality of radially outwardly extending receptacles for in each case one pack casing. Wherein each receiving a plurality of profiles which are on and/or adjacent to the bending edges of the pack casing can be brought into abutment, transport device has a drive for rotating the transport wheel about a rotational axis, and reducing the restoring force of the erected pack casing by temporarily increasing the inner angle between the package walls on the outer folding edges is more than 90°. Transport device is operated stepwise. And reducing the restoring force during standstill of the erected pack casing takes place on the transport path. Filling machine is intended for implementation of method and contains the above transport device.EFFECT: higher efficiency is provided.13 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.
SUBSTANCE: method for handling bags combined into bundles and for feeding bags to a packaging machine (versions) and device for implementing method (versions) are substantially characterised by that bags in several bundles are prepared in a magazine related with packaging machine. Bundles are arranged on bag carriers such that bag carriers extend through bag suspension holes. Bag carriers with bags located thereon are fed from magazine to packaging machine and transferred directly to receiving pins of a cyclically driven conveying of packaging machine and then loaded into packaging machine.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
15 cl, 17 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in the apparatus for production of plastic bags laser beam emitter emits a laser beam on web sides and belt fastener in order to heat and melt webs sides and belt fastener with laser beam. Web material sides and belt fastener are fed in intermittent mode with preset speed V, which varies in time t. Radiator is controlled based on the principle of anticipatory control to regulate the laser beam on intensity of radiation Q, herewith intensity Q is calculated on the basis of preset speed V to obtain the rated value Q of radiation intensity.
EFFECT: laser beam is adjusted in accordance with the rated value for heating and melting webs sides and belt fastener uniformly, irrespective of variable velocity V.
8 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises section of foil stamping, containing at least two rollers, at least one of which is a stamping roller, which is driven by drive, at least one stamping roller has teeth which extend from cylinder base for producing logos on foil within logos, with teeth, which differ from regular teeth, for producing different specific pressure of stamping foil, wherein rollers have both axially and radially acting centering elements to align rollers relative to other roller.
EFFECT: enabling embossing of logos with large variety of pictures and with higher accuracy than in prior art and achieving remarkable aesthetic effects.
13 cl, 30 dwg
FIELD: tobacco industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method and device for producing package for bar-shaped smoking articles, having at least one outer layer. Method of producing package for bar-shaped smoking articles from previously subjected to printing on it or not subjected to printing tape (3, 3b) of foil, taken with coil (2) for strip foil, tape foil is stamped in inline mode and/or bending in accordance with operating rate (P) packing machine with further cutting to required size, wherein tape foil is wrapped around bar-shaped smoking article in packing machine, wherein working rate (A1) of block (4) for stamping, intended for stamping in inline mode, determining sensor (9) by determining structures (23S) of surface on tape (3, 3b) of foil for stamping unit (4) for stamping, and operating rate (A1) stamping unit synchronised with operating rate (P) packing machine, tape foil is package outer layer, which is adapted to accommodate bar-shaped smoking articles and fix package; wherein operating rate (A2) of block (5) for bending or operating rate (A3) of cutting device (6) are synchronised with operating rate (A1) of block (4) for stamping; and operating rate (A3) of cutting device (6) are synchronised with operating rate (A2) of block (5) for bending or with operating rate (A1) of block (4) for stamping; wherein that bends (21a-21e) a unit for folding on tape foil to required mutual positions on foil in comparison with embossed structures surface, and sections (22a-22f) are cutting apparatus on said required mutual positions on tape foil.EFFECT: providing a method and device for making packages of cigarettes, small cigars or cigars, which would satisfy various requirements in relation to such packages, without using primary packaging, on one hand, and on other hand, provide more rational production of packages containing large variety of visible or almost invisible tactile or sound marks, which can also serve as a function of authentication.27 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a sheet or web of packaging material. Packaging material comprises at least one magnetisable portion on each package made of a packaging material, said packaging material comprises a laminate with paper or cardboard layer. Said at least one magnetisable portion is provided directly on one surface of said paper or cardboard layer. At least one magnetisable portion is provided by a printing operation. At least one magnetisable portion is formed in such a way as not to distort appearance of package. Said at least one magnetisable part is located in a place on packaging material, which is a located within overlapping edges of the packaging material when packaging material is folded and sealed to form a package.EFFECT: said layer of paper or cardboard is coated with plastic coatings on each side.5 cl, 19 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of making a re-closable container made of extensible paper, which comprises at least partly inserting closing element (5) made of paper material (extensible paper) provided with base wall (6) and lateral wall (7), internally of housing compartment (4) of container. Lateral wall (7) of closing element (5) is inserted and located at a portion of lateral wall of chamber (4) of container (1). Container is connected to sealing layer (204), optionally placed on base wall (6) and on at least a portion of lateral wall (7) of element (5).EFFECT: method also includes a step for simultaneously deforming lateral wall (7), sealing layer (204) and portion of wall of container (1), so as to realise coupling/decoupling surfaces between closing element (5) and container (1).12 cl, 27 dwg
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a local connection of upper and lower sheets (1, 2) on each other in their contact surface (11) at least one defined zone (3) of connection, and said zone (3) is a polygon and wherein inside periphery of zone (3) of upper and lower sheets (1) and (2) together form a connecting edge (12) of first side faces (5, 6) located opposite one another, cut obliquely through thickness of sheet. Said first side faces (5, 6) of plates (1, 2) and adjoining inclined towards second side faces (8, 9) in a zone (3) complementarily chamfered to form a conical wall extending downwardly and inwardly, so that affinity of said second adjacent side faces (8, 9) of bottom surface (7) of back sheet (2) extends inwardly through upper surface (4) of coupling edge (12) in arrangement of upper outer edges (13) of first side faces (5,6).EFFECT: invention also includes a method and apparatus for carrying out connection.18 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: chemical industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of combustible materials for hard combustible bags.EFFECT: rigid combustible bag simulator inert material, including binding agent and reinforcing component, characterised by that it does not contain explosive components, reinforcing component used unplasticised cellulose fibres, and binding component polyvinyl acetate, additionally contains aluminium in following proportions, wt%: polyvinyl acetate - 20-25, aluminium - 1 5/10-2 5/10, cellulose with degree of grinding 42-48°SHR - balance.1 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to continuous production of plastic bags. Apparatus for continuously making plastic bags, each of which comprises a panel portion, side gusset portions and a portion of fastener comprises means for feeding material panels, overlay providing first and second pieces of fabric panels to each other and feed them in longitudinal direction; a device for joining material fasteners providing attachment of first element material fastener to first web of panel material and attaching second element material fastener to second web material panels to superposing first and second webs of material panels, a direction of first and second material fastener longitudinal direction of first and second webs of material panels and subsequent placement of he first and second fastener elements of material between first and second pieces of fabric panels and their alignment relative to each other after blending of first and second pieces of fabric panels each other; means for feeding side panel material, ensuring winding of material web of side panel from roll, its folding in half and feeding to first material web panels lay down across first material web panels prior to application of first and second pieces of fabric panels each other, and laying web side panel material between first and second webs of material after application of panels of first and second pieces of fabric panels each other, wherein web material has a width of side panel; and an additional connecting device provides a compound of third element material fastener to material web of side panel after winding of material web of side panel from roll before folding it in half and feeding to first web of panel material, and location of third element material fastener having a length corresponding to width of web material of side panel, across web of material of side panel, with subsequent folding in half a web of material of side panel and its feed to first material web panels provides storage third element material buckles under influence of material web lateral insertion and placement between first and second members material fastener after blending first and second pieces of fabric panels each other, first and second members material fastener aligned with third element material fastener, wherein panel portion is formed from first and second webs of material panels, portion of side panel is formed from a web of side panel material, and portion fasteners formed first, second and third elements of fastener material.EFFECT: technical result is improvement of installation for continuous production of plastic bags.8 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to moulded paper body with minimum formation of folds, method for production thereof and paper container with body and bottom elements obtained using said method. deep drawing pressure applied frame which tightens fold element is not less than value at which formation of folds starts at height exceeding threshold value α, but not more than 12 % of ultimate strength at break in direction perpendicular to direction of paper making a workpiece, and size of cavities in horizontal cross-section wall section is not more than 30 % of received for 100 % of thickness of paper base vertical part at a distance from bottom element within threshold value α, wherein threshold value α is preset height, below which there is no formation of folds.EFFECT: moulded paper housing is formed by deep drawing of a flat blank consisting mainly of paper, which provides for lifting of external peripheral section of billet and forming section wall using puncheon, matrix and retention mechanism external peripheral section of blank by compression between frame which tightens fold element and upper surface of matrix.12 cl, 10 dwg, 2 tbl
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: first and second strips of scarfwise material 4 and 5 are moved forward in the first direction which is the direction of forward movement; at that, the direction of the forward movement is changed into the second direction. Two turning rods 12 and 13 are arranged at a distance from each other, the first and second strips of scarfwise material 4 and 5 are moved forward in first direction and get engaged with turning rods 12 and 13. Then the first and second strips of scarfwise material 4 and 5 are inserted between turning rods 12 and 13 and turned with the help of these rods so that forward movement direction is changed into the second direction.EFFECT: there is proposed a device for changing the forward direction of scarfwise material movement.8 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: machine comprises a magazine for receiving flat folded packaging sleeves for the manufacture of packaging containers, wherein each sleeve has four spaced apart parallel extending internal ribs and external walls of the package, and bend each of the outer edges adjacent the sharp inner corner between the walls of the package. Machine also contains the intake side of the magazine, and access inside the magazine to two of the four walls, capturing device for gripping with the intake side of one of the two available walls of the sleeve and to move the sleeve along travel path, guide, which you move the sleeve along the way increases the inner corners, which are adjacent to the outer edges, and retaining elements for receiving the outer edges. Guide is designed so that it causes an increase in internal corners to less than 90°, At least one of the two retaining elements is disposed to the reciprocating movement between the initial and final positions, and the retaining elements are arranged so that following an increase in internal corners by directing they accept external ribs has not fully extended, forming in cross-section parallelogram, by means of a sleeve and then moving at least one of the two holding elements between the initial and final positions of the sleeve is completely straightened so that the cross-section of the sleeve becomes rectangular.EFFECT: invention enhances the quality and favorable conditions of work.22 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: present invention discloses a method of making forged paper part to be implemented at deep drawing of blank with the help of puncheon and matrix, which is mainly made of paper. Method involves the stages of movement of the first and second clamps for the blank together downward so that knife cuts off sheet paper material interacting with the first clamp workpiece in condition of maintaining the specified gap between the first clamp for workpiece and the matrix in the peripheral outer section workpiece processing. Decrease in matrix in the state of applying constant pressure to radially inner area of the workpiece using the second clamp for workpiece is formed of the side wall of the lower element between the die and mold, thus reducing formation of folds due to combination of functions, operating in both areas of the workpiece.EFFECT: method of making forged paper part to be implemented at deep drawing of blank with the help of puncheon and matrix, which is mainly made of paper.5 cl, 6 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of corrugated monolayer sheet from porous material in a continuous process. Note here that claimed plant comprises crimping shaft, grooved roll to apply the discrete dips of glue on ridges of just-made corrugated sheet. Endless crimped belt conveyor assembly with endless crimped surface provided with multiple abutting crimps. Note here that configuration of crimps complies with the crimping shaft teeth. Clamping mechanism is meant for retention of just-made crimped sheet on crimped belt conveyor during glue application by glue applicator. Endless tighten belt is meant for retention of the flat sheet jointly with corrugated sheet for gluing them together. Note here that clamping mechanism is composed of a vacuum pump arranged upstream of endless crimped conveyor belt.EFFECT: perfected method.3 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a sheet of fibrous material with a basic density of 20 to 1000 g/m2, which is prepared by wet papermaking method and dried by heat exchange method, decomposes in water for less than 120 seconds as measured in accordance with the standard NFQ 34-020 and comprises from 10 to 70% starch and 30% papermaking fibres of the total weight of the dry sheet of fibrous material.EFFECT: starch is distributed across the entire thickness of the sheet substantially uniformly.26 cl, 4 dwg, 3 tbl
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: method for optimisation of production of packaging products in a computer system comprises one or more processors and a system memory. The method comprises: a step of receiving information on the manufacture of packaging for the production of the packaging product. The information on the manufacture of packaging sets the size of the packaging product; a step of affording access to a plurality of different package designs. Each of the said plurality of different package designs indicates values for the combination of characteristics of packaging production. These values for the combination of characteristics of the package production shall be used in the production of the packaging product according to the package design; a step of selecting a package design from the said plurality of different package designs for the manufacture of the packaging product. Selection is based on the suitability of the selected design of package for the production of the packaging product according to the information about production of the package. The step of selection of a package design from the said plurality of different package designs for production of packaging product comprises: a step of calculating assessment for some of the said plurality of different package designs; and a step of comparing the calculated assessments to each other; and a step of sending instructions for the manufacture of the packaging product to the package production machine.EFFECT: instructions instruct the package production machine to use the available starting materials sufficient for a given size and in accordance with the selected package design.14 cl, 4 tbl, 7 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: claimed invention relates to structuring of the surface (9) of solid body material applied thereon and to packing foil embossed by appropriate stamps or rollers. The structure is made on at least one area of solid body surface with coating ta-C. For this, template (18) is used in homogeneous spot (FS) of optical system to shaped the beam by template projection along with diaphragm (6) arranged ahead of display optics. Said structure is produced with the help of excited-state dimer laser with pulse duration of nanosecond (1) to use some quantity of combinations of templates and diaphragms (18, 6) fitted in exchange device (28). The latter can house one of said templates (18) and one of diaphragms (6) in laser beam path arranged independently. Templates (18) and diaphragms (6) are fitted in the holders and can revolve about their axes and translate.EFFECT: optimised production of complicated coloured specimens protected against counterfeit.22 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: package (10) is described in the application, in particular for aseptic packaging, made out of two opposite face walls (12) fastened to each other by thermal gluing along the peripheral line (S). The walls (12) comprise at least one layer of metallised or barrier plastic material glued under heating, and at least one layer (16) of plastic material glued under heating. Along the cut edge of the walls (12) a line (S) of the peripheral thermal gluing passes so that it forms clogging (I) of the connected layers (13, 16) along the cut edge due to spreading of the plastic material.EFFECT: improvement of the design.7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to containers of multilayer polymeric materials for storing products and relates to the method of manufacturing of the container separating the inner cavity from the environment. The container is partially formed from a flat composite material, comprising the following steps: providing the use of a flat composite material in a roll; formation of the container from the flat composite material from the roll; closing the container. And the flat composite material comprises as the components: an outer polymeric layer facing the environment; a bearing layer following the outer polymeric layer in the direction towards the inner cavity of the container; a barrier layer following the bearing layer in the direction towards the inner cavity of the container; the adhesive layer following the barrier layer in the direction towards the inner cavity of the container; the inner polymeric layer following the adhesive layer in the direction towards the inner cavity of the container. The flat composite material in the roll is obtained by the method comprising the following steps: providing the use of a preform of the composite material, comprising at least the bearing layer; applying the adhesive layer and the inner polymeric layer by extruding the layers; winding the flat composite material in a roll. The inner polymeric layer, or at least an adhesive layer, or at least two of these layers during application are subjected to stretching, at that the bearing layer has an opening which is overlapped by at least the barrier layer, the adhesive layer and the inner polymeric layer, which are the covering layers of the opening. At least one of the covering layers of the opening, containing the stretched polymer, is subjected to heat treatment.EFFECT: invention provides creation of a flat composite material from a wide variety of polymers for the manufacture of container having high airtightness and good properties of opening.16 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vessels made of laminar polymers with improved opening properties to store products. Claimed process of making the vessel made of at least partially of flat combined material separating the cavity from ambient medium includes the steps that follow. Flat combined material is shaped to blank for separate vessel. Vessel of produced from said blank and closed. Said flat combine material comprises the components that follow. Outer polymer ply facing the ambient medium. Bearing ply is arranged behind said outer polymer ply in direction to inner vessel. Barrier ply is arranged behind said bearing ply in direction to inner vessel. Adhesive ply is arranged behind said barrier ply in direction to inner vessel. Inner polymer ply is arranged behind said adhesive ply in direction to inner vessel. Note here that said flat combine material blank is produced by the process that follows. Combined material blanks is made with at least one bearing ply. Adhesive ply and inner polymer ply are applied by extrusion. Blanks for separate vessel is made. Note here that at least inner polymer ply or at least adhesive ply, or both plies are stretched during application. Bearing play has hole covered by at least barrier ply, adhesive ply and inner polymer ply that make the hole core plies. At least one of hole cover plies including stretched polymer is subjected to heat treatment after making of the vessel blank.EFFECT: production of flat combined polymer material for making of well-sealed vessel with good opening properties.16 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: claimed process comprises the steps that follow. Packing material sheet is picked up from unprocessed material store composed by packing material sheets of preset size and arranged as a pile. Picked up sheet is fed to cutting station to get multiple parts of common size and other sizes differing from each other in compliance with preset ratios. Parts is transferred in response to appropriate instruction into multiple accumulators arranged one above the other each being meant for placing of equal-size parts in the pile. Separate parts are selected for making of the box bottom and its first opposite walls in response to instruction from one of stores selected to comply with one of box sizes. Separate parts are selected for making of the box bottom and its second opposite walls in response to instruction from one of stores selected to comply with one of box sizes. One or more equal-size parts are interconnected to make at least one part longer than that equal-size parts kept in appropriate store. Note here that said longer part is produced to make the lower part that includes the bottom and two first opposite sidewalls of the box. Lower part is cut to preset sizes as well as the other side equal-size parts meant for making of the other two opposite sidewalls. Lower and side parts are transferred to working station located nearby said multiple stores. Side parts or lower part are subjected to sketching or creasing to make lines of weakening or creasing at preset position of every part for further flexure parallel with direction of transfer to working station. Note here that the latter is motorized to transfer, in response to appropriate instruction, said lower and side parts in direction perpendicular to that of parts transfer from stores to working station. Side parts or lower part are subjected once more to sketching or creasing to make lines of weakening or creasing at preset position of every part for further flexure perpendicular with direction of transfer from stores to working station. Angular parts cut off from lower and/or side parts cut earlier to preset size are removed. Said lower and/or side parts cut earlier to preset size are assembled to make a blank. Said flat blank is prepared for flexing and gluing to make the box.EFFECT: reduced amount of wastes, saving of packing space.11 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of plastic bags. Machine comprises side material feeder for side material band feed in lengthwise direction. Its side material guide drives said band for its folding in two directions along lengthwise lines of folding of two aligned plies with opposite side edges whereat folded part is composed. Then, folded part is folded in halves and fitted between plies. Lengthwise cutting device is actuated to cut side material band along lengthwise folding line to two separated parts after said band is folded in both directions so that one of separated parts includes folded parts formed therein. Separated parts guide drives said separated parts to separation point. Then, said parts are aligned to drive cutting and removing device to cut folded parts at definite points and to remove them partially therefrom to make them spaced apart. Fastener material is fed to one of separated parts in direction of its width. Note here that fastener material ply is arranged between cut parts and fitted there between. Aligned separated parts are sealed in lengthwise direction with the help of appropriate lengthwise sealing device. Crosswise sealing device seals separated parts and fastener material ply in direction of separated parts width. Note here that sides, lateral gussets and fastening parts are composed by separated parts, folded parts and fastener material ply.EFFECT: efficient production of plastic bags.3 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: physics, optics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method and an apparatus for structuring a solid body surface coated with a solid material and the resultant packing foil. The method includes forming a structure of at least one region of a solid body surface using a first laser, preferably an excimer laser (1), having pulse duration in the nanosecond range. A second corrugated structure is applied on said structure using a second laser (15), preferably having femtosecond pulse duration. Formation of the structure using the excimer laser is carried out according to a pattern projection technique, and formation of the structure using the laser with femtosecond pulse duration is carried out according to a focusing technique.EFFECT: invention provides rational production of very complex, highly counterfeit secure identification markings and/or aesthetically appealing colour samples that are effective in terms of optical diffraction.20 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of containers from blanks of cardboard-based material. It comprises container case forming unit to form cylindrical case of at least flat blank of multilayer material including cardboard bearing layer and layer suitable for soldering. Soldering unit is configured to allow attachment of end cover to container case. Note here that said soldering unit comprises generator of welding inducible power for smelting of layer suitable for soldering. Device comprises carrier to transfer the flow of case blanks to container case forming unit, transfer of said flow from said unit to soldering unit and transfer of container case flow provided with end covers from said soldering unit. Note here that said carrier comprises first moving gripper to hold at least two container vessels and to carry them to said soldering unit. Besides, it comprises device for positioning and transfer of container vessels from aforesaid unit to first moving gripper and vessel case positioner to allow first moving gripper to grip at least two vessel cases. Invention relates also to operation of above described device.EFFECT: soldering unit allows simultaneous attachment of end cover to each of said two vessel cases.16 cl, 24 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: device for manufacturing the paper roll material is proposed, comprising a first embossing unit with the first engraved cylinder for embossing and the corresponding countercylinder for embossing the first paper layer. The second embossing unit with the second engraved cylinder for embossing and the corresponding countercylinder for embossing the second paper layer, so that after embossing the said layers have sequences of oppositely directed reliefs. And the said embossing units are synchronized so that the said reliefs are stacked in one another. The glueing unit is connected to the said first engraved cylinder for embossing to distribute the set amount of glue on the side of the second layer opposite to that from which the respective reliefs appear. The device also comprises the means for connecting with each other of the layers emerging from the device.EFFECT: increased in efficiency of the device.7 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to making of cup from outer shell and inner cup. Machine comprises several first retainers arranged ion first star-like or wheel-like holder of spinning retainers and several second retainers arranged ion first star-like or wheel-like holder of spinning retainers. Besides, at least one first workstation is arranged in the area of said first retainers and at least one second workstation is located in the area of second retainers. Machine comprises transfer station to transfer finished outer shell from first retainer to second retainer. Besides, it includes preparation station to perform at least one job before preparation of outer shell development job: development of one outer shell is separated from the support. One edge of said development is folded to make the flap for gluing the seam area to be heated and glue is applied to said area.EFFECT: accelerated production of cups.33 cl, 19 dwg
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to an adhesive tape, method of its manufacturing and method of automatic roll replacement. An adhesive tape (10) for use in devices with automatic roll replacement, including a double-sided adhesive tape (100) and a separated tape (200) from several self-adhesive layers. To produce an adhesive tape, which provides for easy and reliable application without sticking to the rear side of the upper layer of the roll material, at least the third self-adhesive layer (230) of the separated tape (200) has smaller width compared to a fixing layer (220) of the separated tape (200). Thus practically non-sticky area (240) is produced on the lower surface (212) of the separated layer (210). The method to manufacture an adhesive tape consists in fixation of different layers and making a gash of the third self-adhesive layer (230) of the separated tape (200). The method of automatic roll replacement consists in connection of wound roll material with other roll material and attachment of the adhesive tape to the end of the upper web of the wound roll material.EFFECT: invention provides for easy and reliable application of adhesive tape in devices with automatic roll replacement.14 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: proposed composite material consists of top material and substrate material. Note here that top material is coupled with substrate by adhesive glue. Top material consists of one first and one second plies of material. First, first ply is sealed from face and/or back sides. Then glue for caching is used to bond said first ply with one second ply to make the top material. Here, first ply is applied on stabilizing ply before sealing. After sealing, first ply is separated that makes a 9-85mcm-deep film.EFFECT: perfected method.5 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention discloses adhesive tape for accurate levelling and bonding of rolls that carry components. Adhesive tape comprises tape material, protective paper covering the glue composition applied on one side of said tape material. Systems of cut-outs are made in said tape material and said protective paper. System of cut-outs in said tape material is shifted relative to that made in protective paper to make the sections shifted between said tape material and said protective paper for ease of removal of said protective paper sections. This allows uncovering of said glue composition for accurate levelling and gluing said tape material to said bond of roll that carry the components. Metalised stiffening strip is secured to said tape material to rule out the shift of said bon in axial or crosswise direction at gluing said adhesive tape to said bond of rolls.EFFECT: improved characteristics.20 cl, 27 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: device of processing paper sheets comprises a receiving module made with the ability to receive the sheets of paper in it, a transporting module made with the ability to transport the paper sheets, the recognition module made with the ability to recognise the paper sheets, a plurality of stacking modules made with the ability of stacking the paper sheets, at that the paper sheets which are stacked in the stacking modules, can be removed from the stacking module, and the detection sensor is made with the ability to detect whether the paper sheets were removed from the stacking modules. When the control module determines that the paper sheets were removed from the stacking modules, based on the information from the detection sensor, the control module displays information about removal concerning the sorts of removed sheets of paper or the information about removal in time sequence with respect to the stacking modules, from which the paper sheets were removed.EFFECT: improvement of efficiency of processing.18 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: material blanks or web are directed between impressing rolls. At least one of said impressing rolls is composed of knife roller while another one is consists of counter roller. Note here that knife roller has crosswise blades to separate blanks for inner frame directly after impressing while impressing elements are arranged there between or in impressing area. Interacting impressing rollers have conjugated impressing areas or impressing elements with ledges and mating recesses acting simultaneously at material both sides. Impressing elements allow their adjustment of their relative positions at impressing rollers in radial direction to mate with efficient sizes of knife blade. Replaceable or detachable spacers are fitted in appropriate recess in outline of impressing rollers to receive impressing elements for the latter to thrust there against. Sensor to scan printed marks on material web is located at a distance from impressing rollers for precise application of imprints of material web.EFFECT: precise and efficient impressing.9 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.SUBSTANCE: in a device for formation of an open bottom in an open end zone of a hose housing of a bag, bag housings are transported in a flatly laid state in the transportation direction across their longitudinal length at a transportation speed by means of a transportation device, and end zones are opened by means of an opening device. An expanding tool is introduced into an open end zone of the hose housings of bags during their transportation on a transportation device and moves in transportation direction at a speed that is increased relative to transportation speed till it is borne in the front part of the open end zone with front contour points against an inner side of the hose housing of the bag. With that, it expands the front part to the front angular turn-up in the form of an isosceles triangle. After formation of the angular turn-up, the expandable tool is brought out of the front angular turn-up due to relative retardation of its movement in comparison to the transportation speed. The angular turn-up is pressed by means of a clamping device. The expandable tool is made in the form of a separated tool; with that, on one lever there installed are two plates or rods, between which there is such a distance that the clamping device projects into the expandable tool or can pass through it without any collision with it; the expandable tool is borne at translational movement in the transportation direction against the inner side of the hose housing of the bag.EFFECT: improving transportation efficiency.21 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a sheet of absorbent paper comprising at least first and second corrugated layers of cellulose wadding, and each of the layers with a weight per square metre of from 10 to 40 g/m2 comprises the protrusions on the inwardly facing surface of the sheet, corresponding to cavities on the other surface, and the first protrusions on the first layer are made of elongated shape and the first protrusions on the second layer are made of elongated shape, and at least a part of the first protrusions of the first layer is in contact with at least a part of the first protrusions of the second layer The first layer and the second layer comprise the second protrusions, and at least a part of the first protrusions are located adjacent at least partly to the second protrusions, and the first protrusions of the said first layer are aligned in a first direction, and the first protrusions of the said second layer are aligned in the second direction, at that both directions form between them a non-zero angle alpha, and the part of the second protrusions forms rows located between two rows of the first protrusions.EFFECT: sheet can be used for household or sanitary application.10 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: textiles, paper.SUBSTANCE: grammage of the proposed paper sheet is between 80 g/m2 to 400 g/m2, at that the sheet is a calendered paper sheet of dry air formation. The proposed paper sheet is obtained from cellulose fibres bonded together with a water-soluble binder comprising starch, at that the amount of the said binder comprised in this paper sheet is from 30% to 70%. In addition, the proposed invention relates to a tubular core made in the form of a cylinder having a wall which comprises at least one sheet of paper obtained by dry method, in which the cellulose fibres are interconnected by means of a water-soluble binder.EFFECT: invention relates to a paper sheet decomposing in water.10 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to soldering of film connection area with connecting part, in particularly, two films with one connecting past shaped to sleeve and to application of the film and to making of bags thereof. Known devices feature disadvantage consisting in that steep sides of the workpiece cause uncontrolled looseness in film and soldered joint. Invention comprises effecting the controlled film elongation outside the joint area to provide for film length reserve.EFFECT: higher quality of bags.22 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to glue composition, which includes at least one adhesive component and at least one additive as rheology modifier, and as rheology modifier used is copolymer, monomers of which include (i) alkyl ether of unsaturated monocarboxylic acid of formula CH2=CR-COOH, where R represents substituent, selected from the group, consisting of H, monovalent alkyl, aryl or alkylaryl radical, monovalent cycloalkyl radical and alcoxy, haloalkyl or cyanoalkyl group, and (ii) C5-C35 alkyl alkoxylated acrylate or methacrylate or mixture of two or greater number of them. Invention also relates to multilayered paper or cardboard, obtained by application of glue composition.EFFECT: additives in accordance with claimed invention possess good compatibility with wide set of adhesives, without the need of considerable preliminary processing, and often without any preliminary processing, which makes it possible to extend application of said adhesives in technical areas, which have not been accessible so far or have been accessible only in a limited way.15 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex