Hand tools and portable power-driven tools and handles for hand implements and workshop equipment and manipulators (B25)

B25            Hand tools; portable power-driven tools; handles for hand implements; workshop equipment; manipulators(11618)
Lining elements replacement control and positioning system from wear on subjected to wear wall // 2606810
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lining replaceable element mounting position control and positioning system and to using system camera for determination of lining replaceable element and lining element certain mounting position mutual arrangement. Invention can be used during lining elements replacement. System comprises first support system formed by wall mounting holes, second support system formed by connecting means arranged on lining element lower surface, two-dimensional sensor made with possibility of stationary arrangement on mounting surface wall side, opposite to wall subjected to wear, in such a way that sensor field of view included lining element lower surface, viewed through installation holes. At that, sensor is made with possibility to transmit electric signal representing two support systems mutual location image, for determination of lining element mounting position by crane operator. Two-dimensional sensor may contain two images recording cameras. Used in system camera is made with possibility of lining element lower surface image recording through mounting hole in wall.EFFECT: replaceable lining element control and positioning system considerably increases erection works accuracy and simultaneously simplifies their conducting.11 cl, 9 dwg
Hand tool of impact action for division into parts of roll hay // 2606688
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Hand tool of impact action for division into parts of rolled hay consists of guide rod, working element and impact element. Working element is made in form of reverse cone, to generatrices of which regularly in circle and perpendicular to surface of cone flat cutting elements in form of knives are rigidly fixed. Cone base is made with possibility of perceiving effect of impact element.EFFECT: technical result consists in excluding flaring hay and higher efficiency.1 cl, 1 dwg
Hydraulic puller for removal of external or internal sleeves of the balance weight from the case executed on the press fit // 2606687
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to repair of military equipment and can be used for removing of pressed loose hubs of balance weights from the shed of IFV. Puller comprises hollow mandrel with the shed, the draft located in shed of the mandrel with possibility of longitudinal displacement, grips and unit of hydraulic cylinders installed on the shed of the mandrel. Besides, it is equipped with installed in the shed of the mandrel cylindrical guideway with inner cavity, at that on an outer surface of the mentioned guideway from its end side, intended for input into dissemble sleeve, is carried out lead-in chamfer, on the side of the other end is carried out thrust land, and in the central part of the mentioned guideway is made grooving, which is concentric to its outer surface and on the generatrix of which executed about four holes in two rows at the angle of 90 to each other, connected with the internal cavity of the guideway, and in the cavity of the groove are established four grip with lands with possibility of radial movement, which have a shape of sectors with angle of 90 and furnished with pins placed in mentioned holes.EFFECT: removal of loose hubs.1 cl, 7 dwg
Device for increasing impact and vibration tolerance // 2606684
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robotics and automation, specifically to a mounting element for improving shock and vibration tolerance of robot. Mounting element is configured for installation in same controlled unit as robot working tool, and comprises first surface (201) and second surface (202) facing robot tool element. First and second surfaces (201, 202) are configured to be connected with cable assembly (203), cable material in which is essentially inelastic. Cable assembly is configured to, under exposure of external force exceeding a predetermined level, to reduce damage caused by force by deforming its shape.EFFECT: invention enables to reduce risk of damage of robot when shaking and its use in conditions requiring precision.15 cl, 5 dwg
Working tool with manual supply // 2606668
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hand tools. Hand working tool has housing (2), in which internal combustion engine (11) is arranged. Internal combustion engine (11) has cylinder (19) located in cylinder space (31) formed inside housing (2). Cylinder (19) has internal combustion engine (11) start-up modes switching preset temperature. At that, internal combustion engine (11) is made with possibility to start in "cold" start mode, if cylinder (19) temperature is below internal combustion engine (11) start-up modes switching temperature, and internal combustion engine (11) is made with possibility to start in "warm" start-up mode, if cylinder (19) temperature is above internal combustion engine (11) start-up modes switching temperature. In working tool (1) there are means to obtain data on temperature in cylinder space (31) at non-working state of internal combustion engine (11), wherein information on temperature indicates whether temperature in cylinder space (31) is above or below threshold temperature value. Means for obtaining data on temperature are arranged in working tool (1) so that temperature at means for obtaining information location point has threshold value, if in cylinder (19) there is an internal combustion engine (11) start-up modes switching temperature. Temperature in cylinder space (31) is lower than that of cylinder (19), wherein in working tool (1) there is display device (22, 22') for reading information on temperature, which is visible on housing (2) outer side.EFFECT: technical result consists in easier hand-held tool engine start-up due to possibility of "cold" or "warm" start mode setting.13 cl, 11 dwg
Self-adjusting electric drive of manipulator // 2606372
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robotics and can be used for creation of manipulator drives control systems. This allows to produce stable high quality of control in any of its operation modes.EFFECT: technical result consists in generation of additional control signal, supplied to electric drive input, which enables to produce momentary action, needed to enable complete invariance of its quality indicators to continuously varying specified robot degree of freedom electric drive load parameters.1 cl, 2 dwg
Self-adjusting electric drive of manipulator // 2606371
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robotics and can be used to create control systems for manipulators drives. This allowed to get high quality of control in any modes of its operation.EFFECT: technical result is formation of an additional control signal supplied to the input of the electric drive, which enables to produce momentary action, needed to enable complete invariance of its quality indicators to continuously varying specified robot degree of freedom electric drive load parameters.1 cl, 2 dwg
Power-driven tool dust removing device and power-driven tool // 2606362
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power-driven tool dust removal device. Dust removal device includes housing with suction opening, on which power-driven tool is mounted, motor chamber, holding electric motor with output shaft, fan chamber for dust removing fan accommodating, which is attached to electric motor output shaft, and dust collection chamber. Dust collection chamber has filter, through which passes air, absorbed from suction opening due to dust removing fan running. Dust removing fan is mounted on fan chamber inlet side. Between electric motor chamber inner wall and motor external peripheral surface a damping element is arranged.EFFECT: result is increased electric motor service life.8 cl, 3 dwg
Robotic system for teeth removal // 2606271
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medical equipment, namely to surgical dentistry, it is intended for removal of teeth and their roots. Robotic system contains base, to which eight pairs of telescopic hydraulic cylinders are rigidly secured at each side, to end rods of which cases of driving mechanisms are fixed, to which rotation gears are fixed. Rotation axes are rigidly fixed to rotation gears, on which rotation brackets are movably fixed, on which stators of rotation electric motors are rigidly fixed at two opposite sides facing opposite each other, and to their rotors rotation drive gears are rigidly fixed. To rotation brackets stators of motion electric motors are rigidly fixed at two opposite sides facing opposite each other, and to their rotors motion drive gears are rigidly fixed. To rotation brackets motion wheels axes are rigidly fixed, on which motion wheels are movably fixed. On based four hydraulic rods of hydraulic cylinders with ball retainers are movably installed. Axis of rotation is rigidly fixed to housing, on which gear of rotation is movably fixed, which is rigidly fixed to head end. To housing stators of electric motors of head end rotation are rigidly fixed at two opposite sides facing opposite each other, on rotors of which driving gears of head end rotation are rigidly fixed. To head end cylinder of telescopic hydraulic cylinder is rigidly fixed, on end rod three working mechanism are movably fixed, which consist of driving and driven parts. Drive parts are movably fixed on end rod by means of two driving mechanisms of working parts arranged on opposite sides opposite each other and two pairs on each opposite side arranged opposite each other relative to longitudinal axis of end rod of ball bearings. Cartridges of ball bearings are rigidly fixed to rods of hydraulic cylinders, and their cylinders are rigidly fixed to housing of driving part. To bases of driving mechanisms of working parts four cylinders of hydraulic cylinders are movably fixed, and their rods are movably fixed to housing of driving part. To base of driving mechanism rotation axis and rotation gear of driving mechanism of working parts are rigidly fixed, on axis rotation bracket of drive mechanism of working parts is movably fixed. To it two stators of rotation electric motors are rigidly fixed arranged on opposite sides opposite each other, on rotors of which rotation driving gears of driving mechanisms of working parts are rigidly fixed. To bracket of driving mechanism of working parts two pairs of stators of electric motors of motion of driving mechanisms of working parts are rigidly fixed arranged at angle of 100 to each other. On their rotors driving gears of motion of driving mechanisms of working parts are rigidly fixed. Axis of motion is rigidly fixed to it, on which driving wheel of driving mechanism of working parts is movably fixed. Between base of driving mechanism of working parts and bracket ball bearing is located. Driven part consists of frame, to which four hydraulic cylinders are fixed, and their rods are movably fixed to base of driving part. To lower surfaces of driving and driven parts two rods of working hydraulic cylinders are fixed movably in frontal plane, and their cylinders are fixed movably in frontal plane to jaw base, to lower sides of which two lateral wings are rigidly fixed, on inner sides of which there are slots in form of dovetail, in which middle wing is movably fixed, and to it in upper part hydraulic cylinder rod is rigidly fixed, wherein, its cylinder is rigidly fixed to jaw base.EFFECT: invention allows preventing complications caused by improper removal of teeth and their roots, reducing length of treatment and rehabilitation of patients and excluding necessity of repeated surgeries.1 cl, 10 dwg
Impact tool // 2606140
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an impact tool. Tool comprises a swinging member, striking mechanism that is driven by the swinging motion of the swinging member, connecting part, inner housing and outer housing. Connecting part connects the swinging member and the striking mechanism. In the inner housing there is a connecting part and a counter weight. Outer housing is located outside the inner housing. Counter weight is driven by the swinging member.EFFECT: as a result dimensions of the tool are reduced.8 cl, 7 dwg
Power tool // 2606139
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power tool. Tool comprises drive, rotary shaft for drive actuation, swinging element, dynamic vibrations absorber, rotary element made integral with rotary shaft with possibility of joint rotation together with it, and support shaft arranged parallel to rotary shaft. Dynamic vibrations absorber comprises load, which can linearly displace in longitudinal direction, and resilient element, which is made with possibility of load displacement. Load is made with possibility of mechanical and forced movement actuation relative to swinging element swinging motion longitudinal direction with load displacement by resilient element. Swinging element is adapted to swing relative to rotating element rotational movement radial direction. Support shaft supports swinging element as support point, relative to which swinging element swinging motion is carried out. Swinging element is made with possibility to swing in lengthwise direction by rotary shaft rotation.EFFECT: as a result power tool design simplified and weight is reduced.6 cl, 9 dwg
Dust catching device and impact tool // 2606137
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the dust catching device attached to the impact tool containing the tool tip. Dust catching device contains a component for dust catching, on the front end of which there is a dust extraction hole, a component for movement of dust, which is connected to the component intended for dust catching, and a hose holder of with housing of the holder. Component for dust catching is retained by shank tool tip. Component for dust movement is retained by the tool case. Component for dust catching has a sliding part to engage with shank tool tip. Component for movement of dust comprises tubular element and has a part made in the form of bellows. Component for dust movement is configured to be retained with the holder body through engagement between the ledges in the form of ribs made on the hose holder, and cavities of the component made in the form of bellows for dust movement.EFFECT: result is improved fastening of dust catching device to the impact tool.8 cl, 9 dwg
Impact tool // 2606136
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an impact tool. Tool comprises electric motor, which is arranged in tool housing, drive shaft, ring-shaped element, tool drive and counterweight. Ring-shaped element is mounted with possibility of rotation on drive shaft and driven to swing in working tool axial direction by means of drive shaft rotation. Tool drive is connected with ring-shaped element one end area in direction, transverse relative to working tool axial direction and driven to linearly move in working tool axial direction by means of ring element swinging motion. Counterweight has connection part with protrusion, which comes in contact with ring element outer edge in both working tool axial directions.EFFECT: result is reduced vibration.10 cl, 10 dwg

Wrench // 2605874
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manual tools intended for threaded connections assembly and disassembly. Wrench is made of sheet metal with perforation in form of spans with various sizes. At that, sheet material is bent to form U-shaped spans of various sizes. At that, some spans side surfaces are simultaneously adjacent spans side surfaces, and surfaces, perforated by spans are arranged on top of U-shaped spans with possibility to accommodate nuts and rods with threaded joints threads.EFFECT: technical result consists in maximum use of wrench sheet material to arrange maximum number of spans with various sizes.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of calibrating and programming robot // 2605393
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of calibrating robots without using external measurement equipment. Method comprises providing at least two robots, each robot having joints and/or links connecting a base flange and a tool flange, forming a closed chain from at least two robots, wherein connecting flanges of at least two robots do not have a common axis of rotation, act on at least one link or joint in chain, thereby acting other links or joint in chain, and estimating kinematic models for each robot based on sensor information associated with joints of each of at least two robots.EFFECT: invention enables to simultaneously calibrate several robots without using measurement equipment in addition to robots themselves; by comparing model presentation of a closed chain with multiple physical observations, possible refinement of model parameters and thus performing calibration.15 cl, 22 dwg, 2 tbl

Device for actuating element positioning // 2605059
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine tool building, namely, to manipulators intended for use in precision machine tools and measuring machines. Actuator 6 positioning device inside working zone 7 comprises base frame 1 and platform 4 to accommodate actuator 6 with operating point 8. Frame 1 and platform 4 are equipped with six hinges 2 and 5, respectively, arranged in pairs in three vertices of equilateral triangles. Device has six variable length rods 3, each of which with one end is attached to frame 1 hinge 2, and another is to platform 4 hinge 5, wherein variable length rods 3 are connecting platform 4 hinges from one vertex with base frame 1 hinges from different vertices. Working zone 7 center is arranged in actuator working point 8 location, where sum of single vectors scalar products is minimum, coinciding with lines, passing along variable length rods 3 from base frame 1 hinges 2 centers to corresponding hinges 5 centers on platform 4.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of arranged on platform actuator positioning accuracy.1 cl, 1 dwg

Device for programmable control over manipulator // 2604555
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robotics and can be used in designing continuous-path control systems of multistage manipulators. Task of the proposed invention is creation of a control device ensuring execution of process operations at extended objects using a standard manipulator and an additional degree of freedom moving the manipulator base along the extended objects of works.EFFECT: technical result obtained at implementation of the invention is formation of an additional control signal for the additional degree of freedom, which provides movement of the manipulator base over long distances with a preset orientation of its gripper during working operations at extended objects, while considerably enlarging the manipulator working zone.1 cl, 2 dwg

Device for aircraft compartment cotter joint assembly and disassembly // 2604553
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly to parts and units installation devices, connected by means of wedges. Device comprises power drive, made in form of high-speed electric motor with controlled speed, articulated with driven shaft, reciprocal movement mechanism, made in form of cam, rigidly fixed on driven shaft with eccentricity equal to 12.5 mm, and crank rod with roller on its end connected to it, working member made in form of hammer installed on it with possibility of attachment with grippers displacement in lengthwise direction, between which and one of hammer ends elastic damper is arranged, wherein said hammer is installed with possibility of point contact with said roller by its other end.EFFECT: device can be used as high-efficiency tool in assembly and disassembly operations under any production conditions.1 cl, 5 dwg

For of ice destruction impact action hand tool - "gololed 2" // 2604159
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ice destruction hand-held percussion tools. Tool comprises guide rod, working member with sharpened part, impact element and thin-walled pipe, rigidly fixed on impact element, in cavity of which said guide rod is arranged. Impact element is made with possibility to fall along rod axis and impact action on working element. On thin-walled pipe surface brake is fixed. Along thin-walled pipe generatrix partial cutout is made accommodating spring-loaded brake lever. Braking device is made in form of two straight rods and two shells rigidly interconnected into frame, connected with said thin-walled pipe. Brake lever is made with friction coating on its inner surface and connected with brake device by means of resilient element.EFFECT: result is higher working efficiency.1 cl, 3 dwg

ultiaxial industrial robot with integrated tool // 2603938
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multiaxial industrial robots. Industrial robot comprises base structure, articulated robot wrist and chain of articulated with each other elements of robot, connecting base structure with robot wrist. Wrist of robot ends in flange, to which welding head is rigidly connected by electric spot welding, requiring power and/or fluid medium supply. Through chain of articulated with each other elements of robot and robot wrist continuous internal passage is formed, containing cables and/or tubes for supplying power and/or fluid medium to welding head.EFFECT: cables and tubes pass through robot continuous internal passage and then without interruption is through passage, formed in flange, and inside welding head bearing structure, up to entrance to connecting element arranged in transformer rear wall, facing to robot flange, owing to which cables and tubes are located completely inside robot and welding head without need for routing of separate cables or tubes for welding head, connected to robot cables and tubes.4 cl, 17 dwg

ethod of manipulator grip operation and device for its implementation // 2603741
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, in particular to gripping devices, and can be used for mines deactivation. Manipulator for items gripping comprises body, on which power cylinder with rod is fixed, and grip. Grip is made in form of anchor, consisting of inner element in form of drill with working part and shank, mating cone, and external element in form of bushing with resilient end part. At that, bit shank is made with groove, in which pressure element in form of fork is arranged, interacting with hydraulic power cylinder rod. Anchor is made with possibility of separation from manipulator. For implementation of objects capturing making hole in gripped object using drill, introducing bushing end part into it and creating spacer force, retaining gripped object, by drill movement relative to bushing with arrangement of bit cone in bushing end part.EFFECT: invention is aimed at simplified design and improved operating performances.3 cl, 4 dwg

Pneumatic hammer // 2603525
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pneumatic hammer. Pneumatic hammer comprises working tool, housing, barrel with central bore, annular flange with central bore and throttle inlet channel, end precombustion chamber formed between the bucket and annular flange, hammer and rod tube. Hammer has axial hole and bypass channel and divides housing into working and idle strokes chambers. Rod tube is installed in annular flange central hole and passed through central hole in barrel. In rod tube radial discharge channel is made with its extension in form of axial longitudinal channel. Between barrel and cylindrical housing afterburning annular chamber is formed. Annular flange is equipped with side wall with made in it radial bypass channel, continuously communicating end forechamber with annular afterburning chamber. In working stroke chamber on annular flange side annular braking chamber and annular distributing chamber are made. In housing wall through bypass channels are made, continuously communicating it with annular afterburning chamber. Idle stroke chamber is communicated with annular distributing chamber and annular braking chamber, when hammer is resting on working tool shank.EFFECT: result is increase in hammer impact kinetic energy and reduced air consumption.1 cl, 1 dwg

Electric clamp apparatus // 2602582
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric clamp apparatus. Electric clamp apparatus (10) for gripping blank with rotary clamping lever (20) includes body (12) and located inside body: drive unit (14) which is driven rotatably by electric signal; transmission mechanism (18) to transmit rotary drive force (14); worm gear to convert rotary motion transmitted by transmission mechanism (18) in to linear motion; toggle link mechanism (16) for converting linear motion transmitted by worm gear in to turning operation of clamping lever (20) clamping blank between lever (20) and support element (22) with clamping section (24); mechanism (52) of clamping lever (20), including pin (54) with distal end to clamp blank arranged to displace in hole (50) formed at the end of clamping lever (20), for use when gripping blanks of different thickness without need to adjust toggle link mechanism.EFFECT: technical result consists in ensuring stable force for clamping blanks with different thickness without necessity of adjustment operations on clamping lever.3 cl, 5 dwg

Bidirectional mechanical converting unit // 2602209
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to designs of units of bidirectional mechanical converting, used, in particular, in a manual tool. Unit comprises a main shaft, which including a driving means and a reversing means which are coupled to each other, and a rotation means for inputting torque, an rotation axis of the rotation means being coaxial with the main shaft and coupled with the driving mechanism. Device drive is made with possibility of delivering torque at output of the main shaft at a predetermined direction, wherein the predetermined direction can be switched via the reversing means. Driving element is mounted on the reversing means and comprises two driving elements mounted on the main shaft, and transmission structure, coupling these two driving elements and providing their rotation in opposite directions. Wherein the two driving elements are spaced apart axially. Reversing means includes the one-way clutches so that the main shaft is entrained with one of the two driving elements which is rotating in the same direction. Main shaft is overrun by the other driving element which is rotating in the opposite direction.EFFECT: technical result consists in simplification of the switching direction of rotation of the main shaft.45 cl, 31 dwg

Portable tool with pivoting handle // 2601979
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and can be used in handheld processing machines. Machine comprises a first handle for gripping by first hand of user, a second handle for gripping by second hand of user, at least one coupling for connection to flexible hose and actuating lever. Second handle closes at least part of coupling is connected with actuating lever and mounted with possibility of rotation, wherein if second handle is in turned position it blocks actuating lever in off position.EFFECT: enabling processing of surfaces when machine is gripped with one or both hands, which increases its manoeuvrability.14 cl, 5 dwg

Pneumatic hammer // 2601900
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pneumatic hammers. Hammer comprises a working tool, a casing with outlet holes, a cylindrical housing accommodating a sticker with a through axial hole, which divides the housing cavity into chambers of working and idle strokes, and a cover with an axial multichannel tube intended for compressed air inlet into the working stroke chamber. Casing envelopes the housing to form an outlet chamber. Tube is provided with outlet radial and longitudinal channels and bypass radial and longitudinal channels and tiers of radial bypass channels, squares of cross-sections of which increase towards the idle stroke chamber. Cover has a radial channel. In the housing there is a longitudinal and a radial channels.EFFECT: as the result reduced is air consumption, increased are impacts frequency and energy.1 cl, 2 dwg

Power tool // 2601529
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power tools. Power tool (1) includes motor (3) that is connected to spindle (6), gear mechanism (20) reducing the speed of spindle in tubular gear case (9) that is arranged ahead of motor (3), and tubular bracket (8) mounted on motor (3) to connect motor (3) and the tubular gear case (9) to each other. Tool is equipped with at least one pin (28) that is located in bracket (8) of the motor and in tubular gear case (9) to connect bracket (8) of the motor and tubular gear case (9) to each other. Said at least one pin (28) is engaged with a first-stage internal gear (23A) that is located at a first stage of planetary gear speed reduction mechanism (20) to restain first-stage internal gear (23A) from rotation and retain it in place in its axial direction for lowering the speed of spindle rotation.EFFECT: technical result consists in simplification of the design of gear case with simultaneous preservation of its rigidity.6 cl, 15 dwg

Device against overload of power screwdriver // 2601528
FIELD: instrument making.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices to prevent overload of hand-held driven tools. Device (100) to prevent overload of a power screwdriver arranged between driven part (110) and output part (102, 121), which at exceeding the limit torque has the possibility to interrupt the torque transfer between driven part (110) and output part (102, 121). Device (100) has driven part (110) having at least one ring of balls (130) located without the possibility of rotation in driven part (110), output part (102, 121) having at least one ring of balls (140, 141, 142) located without the possibility of rotation in output part (102, 121) and arranged in driven part (110) ring of balls (130) with preliminary spring-loading located above the located in output part (102, 121) ring of balls (140, 141, 142). Herewith balls (130) of driven part (110) are located respectively between two balls (140, 141, 142) of output part (102, 121) to transfer the torque. Herewith balls (130) of driven part (110) when exceeding the limit torque roll over balls (140, 141, 142) of output part (102, 121) to interrupt the torque transfer. Balls on the driven or the output side of ring of balls (130) are located between concentric rings of balls (141, 142) to implement axial leveling of the driven part on the output part with no radial setting.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of wear of device (100) parts.11 cl, 5 dwg

Spacecraft for servicing on-orbit automatic spacecraft and method for docking servicing spacecraft with faulty rotating spacecraft // 2601522
FIELD: astronautics.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to services (including refueling) of automatic spacecrafts (SC) in orbit. SC service (SCS) contains a junction with SC, power plant, manipulator for capturing the SC, manipulator for capturing, transfer and replacement (MTR) of SC and SCS hardware units, SC refilling means, spare hardware units for repair of SC. MTR is made movable along the SC housing, and its end is equipped with a device for diagnostic of SC hardware units. Manipulator for SC capturing is made on rotary platform. On the SCS housing a hardware for diagnostic faulty SC twist parameters can be placed. When SCS joining the rotating served SC their longitudinal axis are combined. Rotary platform is swirled with manipulator for SC capturing up to SC angular rotation speed, perform capture of the SC, decelerate relative rotation of the SC and SCS by means of platform and SCS power plant. Cease the SC capture and move SCS to joining using the regular junction.EFFECT: technical result of the group of inventions is to expand opportunities for maintenance on SC with different types of failures and to improve the efficiency of grouping the SC in orbit.4 cl, 4 dwg

Electric clamp apparatus // 2600782
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric clamp apparatus. Electric clamp apparatus (10) includes body (12), having rotary drive unit (14) which is driven rotatably by an electric signal and generates a drive force. Drive force transmission mechanism (18) having displacement body (28) of body (12), which converts rotational motion into linear motion by being displaced in an axial direction under a rotary action of drive unit (14). Clamp arm (20) disposed rotatably with respect to body (12) and which is rotated by drive force transmission mechanism (18) for gripping a workpiece. Lock mechanism for regulating rotational operation of clamp arm (20) at a time of clamping of the workpiece by clamp arm (20). Lock mechanism is constituted from roller (52) that is disposed rotatably on clamp arm (20), and inclined portion (46) of displacement body (28) of body (12) against which roller (52) abuts, and which is inclined at a predetermined angle with respect to a direction of displacement of displacement body (28) of body (12). Inclined portion (46) is inclined to thrust against displacement body (28) of body (12) such that, at the time of clamping, roller (52) gradually is pressed toward a side of clamp arm (20).EFFECT: technical result consists in ensuring stable clamping force of workpiece of various thickness without operations on the clamp arm.5 cl, 3 dwg

Electric clamp apparatus // 2600780
FIELD: electrical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric clamp apparatus. Apparatus (10, 50) is equipped with body (12), rotary drive unit (14) which is driven rotatably by an electric signal, clamp arm (16) disposed rotatably with respect to body (12) for gripping a workpiece; and transmission mechanism (18) for transmitting a rotary drive force of drive unit (14) to clamp arm (16). Transmission mechanism (18) includes rotary body (28), and having helical screw grooves (30) formed on an outer circumferential surface thereof, which is rotated upon being driven by the drive unit. and gear (29) connected to the clamp arm and having gear teeth (38), enmeshed with screw grooves (30), wherein by rotation of rotary body (28), a rotary drive force is transmitted to clamp arm (16). Device is equipped with damper (52, 54) from elastic material, installed on an end in an axial direction of rotary body (28). Transmission mechanism (18) is equipped with coupling mechanism (56), having first connecting member (58) connecting the drive shaft of drive unit (14) and rotary body (28), and second connecting member (62) connected to rotary body (28). Between first connecting member (58) and second connection member (62) there is a gap C.EFFECT: technical result consists in clamping workpiece after termination of energy to electric motor.6 cl, 5 dwg

Tool for removing sealant from protruding fastener // 2600610
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to tools for removal of sealant. Tool (100) for removal of sealant (126) from protruding fastener (130) comprises shank (102) for connecting to a rotary drive and body (104) disposed on shank (102), having cavity (106) with working edge (108) for engaging sealant (126). Body (104) can be arranged around fastener (130) for removal of sealant (126) from fastener (130) during rotation of shank (102) by a rotation drive. Method of removing sealant from protruding fastener by tool (100) includes rotation of tool (100), surrounding fastener (130) with working edge (108) and removing sealant (126) from fastener (130).EFFECT: technical result is improved tool design and improved method for removal of sealant from fastener.13 cl, 3 dwg

Pneumatic hammer // 2600581
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction equipment and can be used as a pneumatic hammer for destruction of mine rock lumps, frozen soil, concrete foundations, roads and similar materials and structures. Pneumatic hammer comprises an air-hammer mechanism of throttle valve type. Comprises working tool with shank, cylindrical housing, bucket with air feed channel from the network, detachably secured relative to the housing, annular flange with central bore and throttle inlet channel, end precombustion chamber formed between the bucket and annular flange, striker installed in casing with through axial hole and bypass channel on the side surface and dividing the housing cavity into chambers of working and idle strokes, a tube rod installed in the central hole of annular flange pushed through the central hole in the bucket and fixed relative to it, recess in idle stroke chamber, interacting with bypass channel in the form of a flat channel or a slot channel on the side surface of the striker, radial discharge channel in the tube rod with its extension in the form of axial longitudinal channel with outlet to atmosphere, and openable and closable end of the striker. Bypass channel on the side surface is blind without reaching the ends of the striker. A circular additional precombustion chamber is formed between the bucket and the housing. Annular flange is equipped with side wall and bypass channel, continuously communicating end prechamber with additional precombustion chamber. In working stroke chamber on the flange side there are a circular braking chamber and a circular accumulation chamber in the form of annular grooves separated by an annular collar. And in the housing wall at the level of circular grooves are made through bypass channels constantly connecting additional prechamber with braking chamber and accumulation chamber. In idle stroke chamber there are front circular bypass chamber and back bypass chamber in the form of grooves, separated by annular collar. Chambers are made so that at interaction of grooves with braking chamber of bypass channel is connected with accumulation chamber and in the position of the striker, resting on working tool shank front bypass chamber communicated with accumulation chamber and braking chamber.EFFECT: higher kinetic energy of single stroke and reduced relative blowing rate.1 cl, 1 dwg

Rotative-percussive drilling machine // 2600472
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to drilling, namely to mechanisms with a pneumatic drive. Rotative-percussive drilling machine comprises a housing, combined with a handle, rotor, rotary mechanism, associated with a working tool with the help of a bushing and a harmonic gear drive, including a generator, rigid wheel and a flexible wheel, pneumatic percussion mechanism with a head, arranged in the housing of the rotor with a cylindrical longitudinal channel which connects a free running chamber of the pneumatic percussion mechanism with the power system, head divides the central cylindrical channel into free running chambers on the side of a working tool shank and a working stroke chamber on the side of a cover with a central hole, by which the working stroke chamber communicates with the power system, channels for discharging extracted air from the working stroke chamber and free running chamber into atmosphere are made in a rotor wall. Head has a central hole, in which there is a tube passing through the central hole of the cover to make an annular gap of the channel, communicating the working stroke chamber with the power system, and a central hole of the head, communicating the working stroke chamber and free running chamber with the power system.EFFECT: reduced rotor misbalance and transverse vibrations, increased service life of bearings and reduced vibration level of the housing.1 cl, 1 dwg

Robot ball // 2600043
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robotics and can be used for creating new models of independent and remote controlled mobile robots. Robot ball comprises a hollow shell made of two connected hemispheric parts, working element and a parallel manipulator. Parallel manipulator consists of radially arranged links, ends of which are connected with hinges, fixed on an inner surface of the shell and on the working element, that is equipped with a control unit, drive system and power supply module. Links are made with possibility of changing their length and working element controlled displacement matched with them.EFFECT: technical result is higher efficiency of motion, higher manoeuvrability and reliability.1 cl, 2 dwg

Device for holding turbine engine blade during machining // 2599321
FIELD: turbo-machines.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device for holding turbine engine blade during machining. Device for holding blades (35) of turbine machine for machining comprises holder (1), including at least, seat (5), in which at least one unit (53) with opening for mounting airfoil (34) of blades (35) is removably installed, wherein said unit comprises at least six presser points (31, 32, 37, 39, 40, 42) for pressing against airfoil (34). Device contains a movable presser pin (43) intended for pressing against inner surface (46) or back (33) of blade (35) and moved by drive means (12, 17) into the position where airfoil (34) of blades (35) presses against presser points of said unit (53), which is pressed to holder (1).EFFECT: simplified assembly and disassembly of blades.10 cl, 13 dwg

Handling module for handling motor vehicle wheels // 2599008
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a handling module for handling vehicle wheels in an installation for surface treatment thereof. Handling module comprises at least two gripping units (32a, 32b) which are supported by frame structure (16), each of which comprises a plurality of press-on elements (60a, 60b) which are pressed onto one or more counter surfaces (62) of an individual vehicle wheel (12). At least one of gripping units (32A, 32b) includes a translation device (66a, 66b) by which press-on elements (60a, 60b) are movable in relation to frame structure (16) with a movement component which is parallel to axis of rotation (R) of gripped vehicle wheel (12). Press-on elements (60a, 60b) of gripping unit (32a, 32b) are carried by respective rod elements (58a, 58b) and constructed as contact pressure plates which pressed by their outer edge against outer surface (62) of vehicle wheel (12).EFFECT: invention provides accuracy of controlling movement of press-on elements.8 cl, 5 dwg

ethod of tightening threaded connections by torque wrench with rate-of-turn sensor installed in key housing and torque wrench for its implementation // 2598974
FIELD: measuring equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to measurement equipment and can be used for tightening threaded connections during assembly and operation of machines and equipment. Method of tightening threaded connections by the torque wrench with rate-of-turn sensor installed in the key body, consists in tightening the nut to achieve the specified value of torque, from which the turning angle counting begins, turn to the angle and an end of tightening after the achievement of set value by turning angle. At that, the nut turning angle is defined as Wt=Ws-c(T-Ts), where Wt - nut turning angle, Ws - angle measured by the rate-of-turn sensor, T - tightening torque, Ts - set torque, c - coefficient of structural elements angular elasticity of the key. For implementation of the method, a digital torque wrench is suggested, containing a torque sensor, analogue-to-digital converter, first memory register, display unit, angle sensor with digital output, trigger. To achieve the technical result the key is equipped with two subtraction devices, multiplication device, two digital comparators and three memory registers.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of accuracy of controlling the nut turning angle at tightening threaded connection by taking into account errors from elastic deformation of the key structural elements.2 cl, 1 dwg

Artificial muscle // 2598763
FIELD: electrical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to controlled drives for converting electrical energy into mechanical energy and can be used in machine building, instrument making, robotics, medicine. Artificial muscle comprises moving chamber made in the form of cylinder made of elastic, easy compressible material filled with ferromagnetic metal particles of small size. Cylinder end arranges solenoid with ferrite core. When passing electric current a longitudinal magnetic field is created compressing and releasing the cylindrical chamber.EFFECT: higher reliability, reduced power consumption, expanded operating performances, reduced dimensions and weight.1 cl, 2 dwg

Pneumatic wrench with electronic control of torque // 2598755
FIELD: test equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to measurement equipment and can be used for tightening threaded joints. Pneumatic wrench 1 with electronic control of torque comprises moment sensor 3, control device 4, consisting of analogue-to-digital converter 5, first 6 and second 10 memory registers, digital comparators 7 and 18, computing devices 8, 15, 16, 17, pulse counter 9, flip-flop 11, digital display unit 14. Nut wrench calibration is performed by tightening threaded joint through reference torque sensor to achieve specified value of torque of disconnection of nut wrench. Calibration factor is calculated as ratio of average torque value measured by reference torque sensor, to average torque measured by pneumatic wrench. To determine average values not less than seven tightenings of threaded joint are carried out.EFFECT: higher accuracy of calibrating nut wrench and easier calibration.1 cl, 1 dwg

icrosystem gripper // 2598416
FIELD: microrobotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to microsystems engineering, particularly to microrobotics, and can be used in actuating robots devices when manipulating microscopic objects of complex configuration and loose materials, for example, in space engineering, for sampling soil of planets, comets and other celestial bodies. Microsystem gripper comprises a two-dimensional deformable structure and deformation control means. Deformable structure is made in the form of a flexible shell equipped with a matrix of deformable elements in the form of actuators, each of which is equipped with means for individual deformation control. Deformable elements are made in the form of bimorph actuators, and means for individual deformation control - in the form of heating elements.EFFECT: invention is aimed at expansion of functional capabilities owing to receiving various forms by means of a microsystem gripper, allowing manipulating microscopic objects of complex configuration and loose materials when using a robot as a working element.6 cl, 4 dwg

anipulator hinge (versions) // 2598066
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robotics and can be used in Lego manipulator and in industrial manipulators where a simple design hinge to rotate output link with a control object in two or three coordinates is needed. Hinge is a complex mechanism converting motion of drives to object of manipulation having two or three independent controlled angular coordinates.EFFECT: simplified design and assembly process.2 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of processing three-dimensional objects // 2597864
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to use of robotic devices for processing three-dimensional objects and can be used in agriculture, industry, construction, as well as in flaw detection. Method comprises using the robotic processing device, a manipulator of which holds a detachable working tool. Method is characterized by that it comprises steps of: a) serial placing the robotic processing device on previously calculated or randomly selected discrete work positions, in close proximity to a 3D object, b) determining actual coordinates and orientation of the robotic processing device at each work position occupied by the robotic processing device using positioning system, c) determining for each occupied work position, taking into account the size of the working tool and a mobile chassis and actual coordinates and orientation defined at step b), the possibility of achieving at least part of the processing area of a 3D object by the working tool from said occupied work position. In the absence of such area, the robotic processing device is moved into a new work position, steps a)-c) are repeated for the new work position, working tool motion path is being calculated for part of the processing area of a 3D object, obtained from the occupied work position, and part of the processing area of a 3D object is being processed. When determining possibility to achieve at least part of the processing area from said occupied work position by means of the working tool and calculating the working tool motion path, previously processed processing areas are being excluded.EFFECT: method provides the accurate and full automated processing three-dimensional objects in real conditions at their location.6 cl, 2 dwg

Dust-collecting device for electric tool and electric tool // 2597454
FIELD: electrical engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a dust-collecting device for an electric tool. Device includes a casing with a suction head extending from the casing, a container for dust connected with a connecting section located onto the casing, and a guide assembly. Container includes a filter, an inlet hole on the side of the filter inlet and outlet hole at the filter outlet side. Filter is arranged able to cover the said outlet hole. Between the side surface of the filter and the inner surface of the container for dust there is a space. Guide assembly directs the air flowing inside the container into the said space through the inlet hole. Guide assembly comprises a separating wall, which is provided between the inlet hole and the filter and which directs the air to the said space.EFFECT: reduced clogging of the filter is reached as the result.13 cl, 13 dwg

Pneumatic impacting machine // 2596568
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pneumatic percussion machines. Pneumatic machine comprises a housing of the pneumatic cylinder with holes for air outlet into the atmosphere, wherein a hollow piston is located. Piston has an end cover and an end bottom, and its cavity is interconnected to the compressed air source through an axial through channel of air supply rod in piston bottom. In the cover and piston bottom through holes are aligned, which are equipped with means of opening or closing at the piston displacement for connecting shaft between the piston cavity and above-piston cavity and the piston underside part of the housing cavity of pneumatic cylinder. Holes for air outlet into the atmosphere are made in both opposite ends of the pneumatic cylinder housing. Each mean of opening or closing of through holes in the cover and through holes in the piston bottom comprises a guide rod arranged coaxially with the possibility of axial movement in the holes of the cover and the piston bottom equipped with a sealing element in the piston cavity.EFFECT: as a result impact effect is increased and reliability of pneumatic machine is improved.1 cl, 2 dwg

Percussion tool // 2596551
FIELD: acoustics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to percussion tools. Percussion tool comprises a spindle located in a housing, an anvil and a striker installed on the spindle. Striker is divided into an internal main striker configured to be connected and disconnected with the anvil and an outer transition striker with a peripheral wall covering outer periphery of the main striker. Peripheral wall of the transition striker is engaged with the main striker so that the main striker and the transition striker are turned simultaneously. Between the main striker and the peripheral wall there is a connecting element able to move between the connection position, wherein the main striker and the peripheral wall are interconnected during reciprocal motion in the front position of the main striker, and the disconnection position, in which there is no connection between them. Connecting element serves to shift between the connection position and the disconnection position by means of a switching device.EFFECT: as the result dimensions of the percussion tool are reduced.13 cl, 5 dwg

Device for supply of flushing fluid to stoper drill // 2596174
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for supply of flushing fluid to a stoper drill, in particular, to a perforating machine intended for iron-notch opening on a blast furnace. Device consists of rotary and/or movable in axial direction locking means for perforation tool with at least one channel for supply of flush medium, with a transfer element interacting with locking element, housing and supply means, as well as locking element with inlet for flushing medium. Axially symmetric supply means and corresponding locking element form a permanently connected structural element. Supply means has on both sides respectively in end zone slide bearings, in particular guide belts, and sealing relative to locking means of perforation tool. Fastener is configured for radial movement upon bending within certain limits relative to housing and/or connected thereto by retaining ring, although tangentially it is installed with geometrical closure.EFFECT: longer service life of sealing system.1 cl, 1 dwg

Cooling section hand-held machine housing and hand-held machine // 2595789
FIELD: machine building; technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to design of housing of hand-held machine, primarily, angular grinder. Cooling section of housing (90) hand-held machine providing cooling of electric motor installed therein, has at least two fasteners (18, 20, 22, 24) and at least one mounting seat (26, 28) located at least partially between fasteners (18, 20, 22, 24). Seat (26, 28) has at least one surface (30, 32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44), defining at least one ventilation recess (46, 48, 50, 52, 54, 56, 58, 60).EFFECT: improvement of cooling housing of hand-held machine.11 cl, 6 dwg

Walking gear leg // 2594316
FIELD: transport. SUBSTANCE: claimed leg comprises mounting assembly and hip, crus and foot coupled therewith and interarticulated by pivots and provided with drives for making the cyclic spatial moves. Hip with pivots on both sides and with drives is composed of six-rod linkwork with the controlled change length like inverted Stuart platform with crus top part secured thereto. Said crus is composed by, for example, telescopic hydraulic cylinder while range finder is built in the foot. The centre of six-rod linkwork is provided with telescopic rod articulated with said mounting assembly and said platform and with length and angular position transducers to control angular positions relative to said mounting assembly and said platform in two mutually perpendicular planes. EFFECT: possibility to band and straighten the leg in vertical plane in whatever direction without preliminary turn. 4 cl, 3 dwg

ethod, computer program and apparatus for determining gripping location // 2594231
FIELD: machine building. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a solution for manipulation of physical objects with help of manipulator and gripping device, specifically to a method and a device for determining place to grip an object in working space of a robot. According to invention, method comprises obtaining at least one image comprising at least one object, analysing said at least one image to determine at least one gripping location to grip an object, selecting a gripping location from at least one gripping location based on a predetermined criterion, and issuing at least one instruction to a gripper to grip object at selected gripping location. EFFECT: reliable gripping of objects of different shapes and sizes among other interfering objects or obstacles. 24 cl, 5 dwg
 
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