Hand tools and portable power-driven tools and handles for hand implements and workshop equipment and manipulators (B25)

B25            Hand tools; portable power-driven tools; handles for hand implements; workshop equipment; manipulators(11618)

ethod of producing ion-plasma vacuum-arc cerametallic ti-ni coating for carbide cutting tool of expanded use // 2613837
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: precleaning of tool surface and subsequent vacuum-arc coating deposition are carried out in the reaction gas-nitrogen during evaporation of cathodes containing titanium and nickel. Coating deposition is carried out during evaporation of cathodes made of VT1 and Ti-Ni (50 at titanium alloys.% Ni) in the arc current which evaporates cathode from titanium, 120 A and in the arc current which evaporates the cathode from Ti-Ni alloy, 90-110 A, and 100-120 V negative bias voltage fed to the carbide cutting tool. These deposition parameters and used cathode materials allow to implement 3.5-8% (at.) nickel content in the coatings.EFFECT: increased durability of the carbide cutting tool; expansion of its use both at continuous and interrupted cutting operations; increased turning speed of the processed materials.9 dwg, 7 ex, 2 tbl

Portable process machine // 2613825
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to portable process machines with cutting working element. Portable process machine comprises housing accommodating drive unit and transfer mechanism, control unit and/or adjustment unit, docking adapter connected with cutting device for processing machine including flexible cutting device and guide assembly to direct flexible cutting device, and laying device for cutting device retraction into it in state of cutting device connection with docking adapter. Process machine housing has side wall facing laying device, which together with cutting device protective casing, which is part of laying device, restricts laying device receptacle, in which cutting device retracts, upon that in retracted state cutting device is overlapped by laying device parts and/or process machine housing for more than 20% relative to cutting device surface area visible in cutting plane. Docking adapter in state of connection with cutting device is installed with possibility of turning relative to process machine housing. Control unit and/or regulation unit is made with possibility to control drive unit and/or its adjustment depending on docking adapter angular position to portable process machine housing.EFFECT: technical result consists in maximum possible exclusion of operator contact with flexible cutting device cutting elements when cutting device is in retracted state.5 cl, 9 dwg

Wedge for fixing working element on handle // 2613799
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: wedge for fixing the working element on the handle comprises the central wedging part and the side inserts placed relative to the central wedging part. Notches are made on the surface of the insert adjacent to the handle and immersed in it. The ends of the inserts are bonded to each other above the central wedging part, and at least one of them has the possibility of the contact with the upper butt of said part.EFFECT: design simplification and improvement of the wedge operational characteristics.6 cl, 5 dwg

Linear actuator // 2613670
FIELD: physics, instrument engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering, to the electrodynamic elements designed to convert electrical energy into mechanical energy, and can be used in robotics, especially in the executive manipulator systems. The linear actuator comprises an element in the form of a loop of insulated wire, the ends of which are connected to a source of electric power and input and output rods. Each of the two branches of the loop is made in the form of two rigid conductive busbars which are connected with bearings. The ends of these busbars are connected to the input and output rods. Due to the introduction of the rigid conductive busbars interconnected with the bearings, the force and the service life are encreased, which increases productivity and reduces unit costs.EFFECT: invention provides the increased efforts and improved performance in the executive manipulator systems.5 cl

Pneumatic hammer // 2612889
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pneumatic hammer. Pneumatic hammer contains cylindrical housing, working tool, rod with shutoff valve, stepped striker with rod and piston parts, with central channel and bushing with longitudinal slot channel in its hole arranged in its rod part central channel. Stepped striker divides cylindrical housing cavity on annular distribution chamber and idle stroke chamber. Rod with shutoff valve constantly interacts with longitudinal slot channel in bushing hole and, depending on stepped striker position, periodically connects annular distribution chamber and idle stroke chamber to each other. Idle stroke chamber is made with discharge channel. On stepped striker outer piston part annular groove is made. In stepped striker piston part on central channel side with output to said groove radial channel is made, periodically communicated with idle stroke chamber discharge channel and atmosphere.EFFECT: result is elimination of stepped striker repeated impacts on cylindrical housing.1 cl, 2 dwg

Electromagnetic strike machine // 2612865
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: electromagnetic strike machine comprises a housing, in which an electromagnet with a magnet core is fixed, rail, adapted to rotate on an axis fixed in the side wall of the housing, and a rod rotatably on an axis fixed to the rail. On one side of the anchor rod is fixed a magnetic material, and on the other - for fastening the chuck tools. Between the housing and the spring, the rod is set. The magnetic core of the electromagnet is adapted to the surface of the repeating surface anchor. Mentioned surface magnetic armature and the electromagnet are arranged with a gap.EFFECT: expanding technological capabilities.2 dwg

Combined clamping device for jewerly bench with set of tools // 2612858
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: device includes a C-shaped clamp with a hole in the top section for fixing the mounting module for combinatorial nozzles, a screw with a heel set in the lower part of the clamp for attachment to the bench. The lateral surface of the clamp has with holes for an additional installation of the fastening unit, and the fixing unit is configured with a mounting hole for mounting combinatorial nozzles, a slit clamping screw, a turning mechanism and a removable tool for installing combinatorial nozzles consisting of a cylindrical section with a retainer at one end.EFFECT: better productivity and expanded technological capabilities for the combined clamping device.5 cl, 5 dwg
obile robotics complex // 2612115
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: mobile robotics complex (MRC) comprises a mobile robot consisting of a manipulator with attachments installed on tracked chassis as a set comprising a connected with the running gear casing, which has drive motor gears from both sideboards in a closed caterpillar bypass. The two rollers and a balance truck are mounted inside each closed caterpillar bypass, the roller and caterpillar bypass geometry changing mechanism is mounted housing on the top edge. A bracket with the pressure roller, providing caterpillar bypass adherence with the drive motor gear is mounted on the outside of the caterpillar bypass on the chassis casing. Caterpillar bypass geometry changing mechanism consists of a linear drive with a movable rod connected to a sloth, on one end of which a roller support is mounted, and on the other - the tension mechanism with the roller which are constantly in contact with the caterpillar bypass.EFFECT: increased flotation and stability.2 dwg

Connecting device for manipulator // 2611621
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to connecting device (1) for manipulator. Connecting device (1) having clamping device (2) fixed on manipulator and clamped in it holder (40). Clamping device (2) has locking mechanism (5), which locking elements are intended for action on holder (40) elevation or recess. Clamping device (2) and holder (40) have elongated, in particular, substantially rectangular main shape. Holder (40) has locking hole (44) having lateral extensions (45, 46), and locking mechanism (5) has two laterally displaced locking elements (6, 7) and actuator located between them, through which locking elements (6, 7) can be pressed-in into locking hole (44) lateral extensions (45, 46) so, that holder (40) can be clamped in clamping device (2). Locking mechanism (5) is located centrally in clamping device (2) slit-like recess (4), and holder has elongated strip-shaped base (41), in which locking hole (44) is made, wherein holder (40) base (41) is made with possibility of introducing in above mentioned clamping device (2) recess (4).EFFECT: connecting device is relatively flat, wherein strong and receiving large weight.17 cl, 6 dwg

Sealing cracks in nuclear power plant pool // 2611613
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sealing cracks in the wall of a nuclear power plant pool, namely to a method of sealing a seam and to a mobile robot equipped with an adhesive tape juggie, which comprises a head pressing the adhesive tape to the wall. To seal a seam controlled are multiple suction systems of the robot containing suction cups, herewith the said multiple suction systems comprises the first suction system and at least the second suction system. Herewith the juggie is mechanically integrated with the first suction system made able to move relative to the second suction system in order to regulate positions of the juggie head and the adhesive tape, which is applied on the seam. Controlled is the movement of the first suction system relative to the second suction system. Herewith the adhesive tape of the juggie is applied on the seam during movement of the first suction system relative to the second suction system.EFFECT: invention allows sticking the tape in hard-to-reach places, at sharp edges and at herewith on extended sections.14 cl, 8 dwg

ultimode wrench // 2611458
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to all-mode unidirectional wrenches. Wrench comprises head, ratchet, two pawls (41, 51) and switch. Head comprises cutouts, connected to cavity. Ratchet with teeth is placed in cavity. Pawls (41, 51) are installed in cutouts with possibility of displacement and alternate contact with ratchet teeth. Pawl (51) has pin. On head there is a switch, made with at least one arched groove for directing of part of incoming pin for displacement of pawl (51) from first mode, in which it engages with ratchet teeth, in position of second mode, in which contact with ratchet teeth is impossible. Cutouts are shifted relative to each other by angle of 360(M+1/L)/N, where L is integer number, equal to number of cutouts; M is any integer number and N is integer number equal to number of teeth.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of convenience in operation with wrench and simultaneous preservation of wrench strength.13 cl, 8 dwg

Vehicle snow removal brush and method of its production // 2611305
FIELD: personal appliance.SUBSTANCE: vehicle snow removal brush contains a prolonged handle (2) with the area for hold (3) and prolonged and flat strips spreading from the prolonged handle (4) performed of plastic. The strips are located in two rows so that inner larger side surfaces (5) of the first row strips (9) are located against the inner larger side surfaces (5) of the second row strips (10). There is the gap (11) between the rows (9, 10), which is larger than the thickness of strips. During production of a brush, a part of the prolonged handle is located in a molding die (8) and plastic is fed to the molding die for production of an integral solid unit with bristles composed of prolonged and flat strips and a space, where the tip of the prolonged handle is inserted for attaching of the prolonged handle to the integral solid unit.EFFECT: prevention of damage to a vehicle by mudded bristles.9 cl, 5 dwg
Unit of impact action // 2611103
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the unit of impact action, in particular to a pneumatic hammer, hammers, drills, and can be used in engineering, construction, mining and other industries. Unit of impact action contains a working tool, the housing and the firing pin, which form the chambers of the working and return strokes, the brake chamber, pressure hydro-pneumatic accumulator in the pressure line, the spreader, designed as a sleeve and a rotary spool. The spreader connects one of the chambers alternately to the pressure and drain line, a stepper motor, resulting in the spool rotation, displacement sensors, to track the position of the striker, and the rotation of the spool, and an electronic control unit that generates, based on signals from the sensors for a given program, the defining mode of the device, the control action on the stepper motor to rotate spreader. All this is made through the windows and the channel.EFFECT: invention provides an expansion of the technological capabilities of the device and the rational use of drive power through the implementation of frequency and power automatic control strokes, depending on the parameters and modes of operation At the same time the invention provides the creation of switching loads on a given law, elimination of leakage at the mating surfaces of the hammer-body.1 dwg

Clamping device // 2610994
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processed parts clamping devices. Clamping device (10) includes housing (12) and drive unit (14), having piston (32) moving in axial direction as result of fluid medium supply under pressure. On housing (12) clamping lever (16) is installed, supported with possibility of free turning. Piston rod (34) in drive unit (14) is connected with possibility of mounting/dismantling relative to moving force transfer mechanism (18) movable part (58), installed inside housing (12). Due to piston rod (34) connecting element (54) extraction from movable part (58) coupling element (64) drive unit (14) and moving force transfer mechanism (18) are output from one with another connection state.EFFECT: invention usage allows to simplify drive unit replacement for possible clamping force changing.10 cl, 10 dwg

Device for mobile robots testing // 2610810
FIELD: transportation.SUBSTANCE: structural components that act as barriers for the robots passage are installed on a common base and are interconnected forming a single collapsible structure. Structural components include interconnected platform made as a volume element with a flat upper base, ramp made as a volume element with an inclined upper surface, tower designed to move the robot inside it. The tower includes a hollow tubular structure with an inlet opening, inside of which the helical staircase, containing stairs, made in the form of flooring, is mounted.EFFECT: increase of the robot movement complexity degree for the performance estimation of its work.16 cl, 2 dwg

Compression-vacuum impact machine (versions) // 2609765
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compression-vacuum impact machine. Impact machine contains housing, striker, together with housing forming forward and reverse stroke chambers, and source of working medium, electrically connected to control unit first input. Electrically driven valve is connected with reverse stroke chamber, made with possibility to supply, termination of working medium supply into reverse stroke chamber from working medium source and used working medium discharge and electrically connected to control unit second input. Forward stroke chamber is equipped with electric valve, made with possibility of supply, termination of working medium supply into forward stroke chamber from working medium source and used working medium discharge and electrically connected to control unit third input.EFFECT: result is increased frequency and energy of impacts, simplified design.3 cl, 3 dwg

Clamping block, method of making permanent joint of pipes, fitting and system of clamping block and fitting // 2609602
FIELD: pipes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system for making a permanent joint of a metal pipe and a fitting by pressure molding. Clamping system includes a clamping sleeve with a fitting and a clamping block. Block comprises an upper half and a lower half of the block. Block has at least one rotation axis, which sets at least one half of the block with the possibility of rotation forming between the upper half of the block and the lower half of the block a receiving zone having an axis. At least one half of the block can turn between the open and the closed positions, mainly perpendicular to the receiving zone axis. Block is provided with at least one movable unit made with the possibility of displacement, at least partially, parallel to the receiving zone axis.EFFECT: technical result is providing pressure molding perpendicular to the receiving zone axis with simultaneous reduction of the fitting dimensions.22 cl, 18 dwg

Electric clamping device // 2608934
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processed parts clamping devices. Device includes housing (12) with installed in it drive unit (14), drive unit (14) driving force transmission gear (18) on clamping lever (16), manual control unit connected with said mechanism (18) shaft (20). At that, drive unit (14) is made with possibility of connection and disconnection with housing (12) by means of coupling mechanism with provision of drive unit (14) axial movement limiting relative to housing (12) in connected state, and said connection mechanism includes projection (64a, 64b) made on housing (12) side surface in direction perpendicular to direction of drive unit (14) input into housing (12), and engagement means mounted on drive unit (14) with possibility of engagement with projection (64a, 64b).EFFECT: invention usage allows to simplify drive unit replacement for possible clamping force changing.8 cl, 10 dwg

Chain pressing device, method of tubular or hose part pressing-in and pressing chain // 2608930
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chain pressing device. Chain pressing device (1) to form tubular or hose part with fitting and/or bushing is equipped with at least three additional external pressing links (2, 4, 5). Additional external compression link (2, 4, 5) inner surface areas have straightline sections, arranged perpendicular to direction of pressing and passing at angle of less than 180 relative to each other. Provided is drive for action on every inner pressing link (6) in its outer surface area through two inner surface areas of one or more external pressing links (2, 3, 4, 5) for transmission of pressing force. Plurality of inner pressing links (6) and plurality of external pressing links (2, 3, 4, 5) inner and outer pressuring chains are made with possibility of opening for placing around system of parts subject to pressing to each other, wherein outer pressing links (2, 3, 4, 5) are connected to each other so, that they are made with possibility of being turned in open state relative to each other in opening or closing direction.EFFECT: technical result consists in possibility of pressing-in of two sections forming tubular or hose part of different diameter.9 cl, 8 dwg

Self-adjusting electric drive of manipulator // 2608005
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robotics and can be used to create control systems for manipulators drives. This allows to produce stable high quality of control in any of its operation modes.EFFECT: technical result consists in generation of additional control signal, supplied to electric drive input, which enables to produce momentary action, needed to enable complete invariance of its quality indicators to continuously varying specified robot degree of freedom electric drive load parameters.1 cl, 2 dwg

System and method of satellites refueling // 2607912
FIELD: space.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to space crafts (SC), e.g. artificial satellites orbital fueling. In-flight refueling system contains served (14) and serving (12) SC with fuel transfer facilities from SC (12) tanks into tanks of SC (14). It also contains valve tool (30) for connection and disconnection of fueling pipe (25) with opening (23) for fuel and with opening (27) for oxidant at corresponding tanks of SC (12). There is tool positioning mechanism (16) (manipulator arm, for example, with two degrees of freedom) with end actuating element (18). Using sensors array (26) offsets between tool and openings (23) and (27) are determined. Mechanism (16) can capture, besides (30), and other tools, which are stored in container (20). System can be independent and/or remotely controlled by operator located in space or on the Earth.EFFECT: group of inventions technical result is robotic (remotely controlled) refueling of previously not prepared satellites.90 cl, 12 dwg

Lining elements replacement control and positioning system from wear on subjected to wear wall // 2606810
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to lining replaceable element mounting position control and positioning system and to using system camera for determination of lining replaceable element and lining element certain mounting position mutual arrangement. Invention can be used during lining elements replacement. System comprises first support system formed by wall mounting holes, second support system formed by connecting means arranged on lining element lower surface, two-dimensional sensor made with possibility of stationary arrangement on mounting surface wall side, opposite to wall subjected to wear, in such a way that sensor field of view included lining element lower surface, viewed through installation holes. At that, sensor is made with possibility to transmit electric signal representing two support systems mutual location image, for determination of lining element mounting position by crane operator. Two-dimensional sensor may contain two images recording cameras. Used in system camera is made with possibility of lining element lower surface image recording through mounting hole in wall.EFFECT: replaceable lining element control and positioning system considerably increases erection works accuracy and simultaneously simplifies their conducting.11 cl, 9 dwg

Hand tool of impact action for division into parts of roll hay // 2606688
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Hand tool of impact action for division into parts of rolled hay consists of guide rod, working element and impact element. Working element is made in form of reverse cone, to generatrices of which regularly in circle and perpendicular to surface of cone flat cutting elements in form of knives are rigidly fixed. Cone base is made with possibility of perceiving effect of impact element.EFFECT: technical result consists in excluding flaring hay and higher efficiency.1 cl, 1 dwg

Hydraulic puller for removal of external or internal sleeves of the balance weight from the case executed on the press fit // 2606687
FIELD: military equipment.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to repair of military equipment and can be used for removing of pressed loose hubs of balance weights from the shed of IFV. Puller comprises hollow mandrel with the shed, the draft located in shed of the mandrel with possibility of longitudinal displacement, grips and unit of hydraulic cylinders installed on the shed of the mandrel. Besides, it is equipped with installed in the shed of the mandrel cylindrical guideway with inner cavity, at that on an outer surface of the mentioned guideway from its end side, intended for input into dissemble sleeve, is carried out lead-in chamfer, on the side of the other end is carried out thrust land, and in the central part of the mentioned guideway is made grooving, which is concentric to its outer surface and on the generatrix of which executed about four holes in two rows at the angle of 90 to each other, connected with the internal cavity of the guideway, and in the cavity of the groove are established four grip with lands with possibility of radial movement, which have a shape of sectors with angle of 90 and furnished with pins placed in mentioned holes.EFFECT: removal of loose hubs.1 cl, 7 dwg

Device for increasing impact and vibration tolerance // 2606684
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robotics and automation, specifically to a mounting element for improving shock and vibration tolerance of robot. Mounting element is configured for installation in same controlled unit as robot working tool, and comprises first surface (201) and second surface (202) facing robot tool element. First and second surfaces (201, 202) are configured to be connected with cable assembly (203), cable material in which is essentially inelastic. Cable assembly is configured to, under exposure of external force exceeding a predetermined level, to reduce damage caused by force by deforming its shape.EFFECT: invention enables to reduce risk of damage of robot when shaking and its use in conditions requiring precision.15 cl, 5 dwg

Working tool with manual supply // 2606668
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hand tools. Hand working tool has housing (2), in which internal combustion engine (11) is arranged. Internal combustion engine (11) has cylinder (19) located in cylinder space (31) formed inside housing (2). Cylinder (19) has internal combustion engine (11) start-up modes switching preset temperature. At that, internal combustion engine (11) is made with possibility to start in "cold" start mode, if cylinder (19) temperature is below internal combustion engine (11) start-up modes switching temperature, and internal combustion engine (11) is made with possibility to start in "warm" start-up mode, if cylinder (19) temperature is above internal combustion engine (11) start-up modes switching temperature. In working tool (1) there are means to obtain data on temperature in cylinder space (31) at non-working state of internal combustion engine (11), wherein information on temperature indicates whether temperature in cylinder space (31) is above or below threshold temperature value. Means for obtaining data on temperature are arranged in working tool (1) so that temperature at means for obtaining information location point has threshold value, if in cylinder (19) there is an internal combustion engine (11) start-up modes switching temperature. Temperature in cylinder space (31) is lower than that of cylinder (19), wherein in working tool (1) there is display device (22, 22') for reading information on temperature, which is visible on housing (2) outer side.EFFECT: technical result consists in easier hand-held tool engine start-up due to possibility of "cold" or "warm" start mode setting.13 cl, 11 dwg

Self-adjusting electric drive of manipulator // 2606372
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robotics and can be used for creation of manipulator drives control systems. This allows to produce stable high quality of control in any of its operation modes.EFFECT: technical result consists in generation of additional control signal, supplied to electric drive input, which enables to produce momentary action, needed to enable complete invariance of its quality indicators to continuously varying specified robot degree of freedom electric drive load parameters.1 cl, 2 dwg

Self-adjusting electric drive of manipulator // 2606371
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robotics and can be used to create control systems for manipulators drives. This allowed to get high quality of control in any modes of its operation.EFFECT: technical result is formation of an additional control signal supplied to the input of the electric drive, which enables to produce momentary action, needed to enable complete invariance of its quality indicators to continuously varying specified robot degree of freedom electric drive load parameters.1 cl, 2 dwg

Power-driven tool dust removing device and power-driven tool // 2606362
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power-driven tool dust removal device. Dust removal device includes housing with suction opening, on which power-driven tool is mounted, motor chamber, holding electric motor with output shaft, fan chamber for dust removing fan accommodating, which is attached to electric motor output shaft, and dust collection chamber. Dust collection chamber has filter, through which passes air, absorbed from suction opening due to dust removing fan running. Dust removing fan is mounted on fan chamber inlet side. Between electric motor chamber inner wall and motor external peripheral surface a damping element is arranged.EFFECT: result is increased electric motor service life.8 cl, 3 dwg

Robotic system for teeth removal // 2606271
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medical equipment, namely to surgical dentistry, it is intended for removal of teeth and their roots. Robotic system contains base, to which eight pairs of telescopic hydraulic cylinders are rigidly secured at each side, to end rods of which cases of driving mechanisms are fixed, to which rotation gears are fixed. Rotation axes are rigidly fixed to rotation gears, on which rotation brackets are movably fixed, on which stators of rotation electric motors are rigidly fixed at two opposite sides facing opposite each other, and to their rotors rotation drive gears are rigidly fixed. To rotation brackets stators of motion electric motors are rigidly fixed at two opposite sides facing opposite each other, and to their rotors motion drive gears are rigidly fixed. To rotation brackets motion wheels axes are rigidly fixed, on which motion wheels are movably fixed. On based four hydraulic rods of hydraulic cylinders with ball retainers are movably installed. Axis of rotation is rigidly fixed to housing, on which gear of rotation is movably fixed, which is rigidly fixed to head end. To housing stators of electric motors of head end rotation are rigidly fixed at two opposite sides facing opposite each other, on rotors of which driving gears of head end rotation are rigidly fixed. To head end cylinder of telescopic hydraulic cylinder is rigidly fixed, on end rod three working mechanism are movably fixed, which consist of driving and driven parts. Drive parts are movably fixed on end rod by means of two driving mechanisms of working parts arranged on opposite sides opposite each other and two pairs on each opposite side arranged opposite each other relative to longitudinal axis of end rod of ball bearings. Cartridges of ball bearings are rigidly fixed to rods of hydraulic cylinders, and their cylinders are rigidly fixed to housing of driving part. To bases of driving mechanisms of working parts four cylinders of hydraulic cylinders are movably fixed, and their rods are movably fixed to housing of driving part. To base of driving mechanism rotation axis and rotation gear of driving mechanism of working parts are rigidly fixed, on axis rotation bracket of drive mechanism of working parts is movably fixed. To it two stators of rotation electric motors are rigidly fixed arranged on opposite sides opposite each other, on rotors of which rotation driving gears of driving mechanisms of working parts are rigidly fixed. To bracket of driving mechanism of working parts two pairs of stators of electric motors of motion of driving mechanisms of working parts are rigidly fixed arranged at angle of 100 to each other. On their rotors driving gears of motion of driving mechanisms of working parts are rigidly fixed. Axis of motion is rigidly fixed to it, on which driving wheel of driving mechanism of working parts is movably fixed. Between base of driving mechanism of working parts and bracket ball bearing is located. Driven part consists of frame, to which four hydraulic cylinders are fixed, and their rods are movably fixed to base of driving part. To lower surfaces of driving and driven parts two rods of working hydraulic cylinders are fixed movably in frontal plane, and their cylinders are fixed movably in frontal plane to jaw base, to lower sides of which two lateral wings are rigidly fixed, on inner sides of which there are slots in form of dovetail, in which middle wing is movably fixed, and to it in upper part hydraulic cylinder rod is rigidly fixed, wherein, its cylinder is rigidly fixed to jaw base.EFFECT: invention allows preventing complications caused by improper removal of teeth and their roots, reducing length of treatment and rehabilitation of patients and excluding necessity of repeated surgeries.1 cl, 10 dwg

Impact tool // 2606140
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an impact tool. Tool comprises a swinging member, striking mechanism that is driven by the swinging motion of the swinging member, connecting part, inner housing and outer housing. Connecting part connects the swinging member and the striking mechanism. In the inner housing there is a connecting part and a counter weight. Outer housing is located outside the inner housing. Counter weight is driven by the swinging member.EFFECT: as a result dimensions of the tool are reduced.8 cl, 7 dwg

Power tool // 2606139
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power tool. Tool comprises drive, rotary shaft for drive actuation, swinging element, dynamic vibrations absorber, rotary element made integral with rotary shaft with possibility of joint rotation together with it, and support shaft arranged parallel to rotary shaft. Dynamic vibrations absorber comprises load, which can linearly displace in longitudinal direction, and resilient element, which is made with possibility of load displacement. Load is made with possibility of mechanical and forced movement actuation relative to swinging element swinging motion longitudinal direction with load displacement by resilient element. Swinging element is adapted to swing relative to rotating element rotational movement radial direction. Support shaft supports swinging element as support point, relative to which swinging element swinging motion is carried out. Swinging element is made with possibility to swing in lengthwise direction by rotary shaft rotation.EFFECT: as a result power tool design simplified and weight is reduced.6 cl, 9 dwg

Dust catching device and impact tool // 2606137
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the dust catching device attached to the impact tool containing the tool tip. Dust catching device contains a component for dust catching, on the front end of which there is a dust extraction hole, a component for movement of dust, which is connected to the component intended for dust catching, and a hose holder of with housing of the holder. Component for dust catching is retained by shank tool tip. Component for dust movement is retained by the tool case. Component for dust catching has a sliding part to engage with shank tool tip. Component for movement of dust comprises tubular element and has a part made in the form of bellows. Component for dust movement is configured to be retained with the holder body through engagement between the ledges in the form of ribs made on the hose holder, and cavities of the component made in the form of bellows for dust movement.EFFECT: result is improved fastening of dust catching device to the impact tool.8 cl, 9 dwg

Impact tool // 2606136
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an impact tool. Tool comprises electric motor, which is arranged in tool housing, drive shaft, ring-shaped element, tool drive and counterweight. Ring-shaped element is mounted with possibility of rotation on drive shaft and driven to swing in working tool axial direction by means of drive shaft rotation. Tool drive is connected with ring-shaped element one end area in direction, transverse relative to working tool axial direction and driven to linearly move in working tool axial direction by means of ring element swinging motion. Counterweight has connection part with protrusion, which comes in contact with ring element outer edge in both working tool axial directions.EFFECT: result is reduced vibration.10 cl, 10 dwg

Wrench // 2605874
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manual tools intended for threaded connections assembly and disassembly. Wrench is made of sheet metal with perforation in form of spans with various sizes. At that, sheet material is bent to form U-shaped spans of various sizes. At that, some spans side surfaces are simultaneously adjacent spans side surfaces, and surfaces, perforated by spans are arranged on top of U-shaped spans with possibility to accommodate nuts and rods with threaded joints threads.EFFECT: technical result consists in maximum use of wrench sheet material to arrange maximum number of spans with various sizes.1 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of calibrating and programming robot // 2605393
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of calibrating robots without using external measurement equipment. Method comprises providing at least two robots, each robot having joints and/or links connecting a base flange and a tool flange, forming a closed chain from at least two robots, wherein connecting flanges of at least two robots do not have a common axis of rotation, act on at least one link or joint in chain, thereby acting other links or joint in chain, and estimating kinematic models for each robot based on sensor information associated with joints of each of at least two robots.EFFECT: invention enables to simultaneously calibrate several robots without using measurement equipment in addition to robots themselves; by comparing model presentation of a closed chain with multiple physical observations, possible refinement of model parameters and thus performing calibration.15 cl, 22 dwg, 2 tbl

Device for actuating element positioning // 2605059
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine tool building, namely, to manipulators intended for use in precision machine tools and measuring machines. Actuator 6 positioning device inside working zone 7 comprises base frame 1 and platform 4 to accommodate actuator 6 with operating point 8. Frame 1 and platform 4 are equipped with six hinges 2 and 5, respectively, arranged in pairs in three vertices of equilateral triangles. Device has six variable length rods 3, each of which with one end is attached to frame 1 hinge 2, and another is to platform 4 hinge 5, wherein variable length rods 3 are connecting platform 4 hinges from one vertex with base frame 1 hinges from different vertices. Working zone 7 center is arranged in actuator working point 8 location, where sum of single vectors scalar products is minimum, coinciding with lines, passing along variable length rods 3 from base frame 1 hinges 2 centers to corresponding hinges 5 centers on platform 4.EFFECT: technical result consists in improvement of arranged on platform actuator positioning accuracy.1 cl, 1 dwg

Device for programmable control over manipulator // 2604555
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robotics and can be used in designing continuous-path control systems of multistage manipulators. Task of the proposed invention is creation of a control device ensuring execution of process operations at extended objects using a standard manipulator and an additional degree of freedom moving the manipulator base along the extended objects of works.EFFECT: technical result obtained at implementation of the invention is formation of an additional control signal for the additional degree of freedom, which provides movement of the manipulator base over long distances with a preset orientation of its gripper during working operations at extended objects, while considerably enlarging the manipulator working zone.1 cl, 2 dwg

Device for aircraft compartment cotter joint assembly and disassembly // 2604553
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, particularly to parts and units installation devices, connected by means of wedges. Device comprises power drive, made in form of high-speed electric motor with controlled speed, articulated with driven shaft, reciprocal movement mechanism, made in form of cam, rigidly fixed on driven shaft with eccentricity equal to 12.5 mm, and crank rod with roller on its end connected to it, working member made in form of hammer installed on it with possibility of attachment with grippers displacement in lengthwise direction, between which and one of hammer ends elastic damper is arranged, wherein said hammer is installed with possibility of point contact with said roller by its other end.EFFECT: device can be used as high-efficiency tool in assembly and disassembly operations under any production conditions.1 cl, 5 dwg

For of ice destruction impact action hand tool - "gololed 2" // 2604159
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ice destruction hand-held percussion tools. Tool comprises guide rod, working member with sharpened part, impact element and thin-walled pipe, rigidly fixed on impact element, in cavity of which said guide rod is arranged. Impact element is made with possibility to fall along rod axis and impact action on working element. On thin-walled pipe surface brake is fixed. Along thin-walled pipe generatrix partial cutout is made accommodating spring-loaded brake lever. Braking device is made in form of two straight rods and two shells rigidly interconnected into frame, connected with said thin-walled pipe. Brake lever is made with friction coating on its inner surface and connected with brake device by means of resilient element.EFFECT: result is higher working efficiency.1 cl, 3 dwg

ultiaxial industrial robot with integrated tool // 2603938
FIELD: robotics.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multiaxial industrial robots. Industrial robot comprises base structure, articulated robot wrist and chain of articulated with each other elements of robot, connecting base structure with robot wrist. Wrist of robot ends in flange, to which welding head is rigidly connected by electric spot welding, requiring power and/or fluid medium supply. Through chain of articulated with each other elements of robot and robot wrist continuous internal passage is formed, containing cables and/or tubes for supplying power and/or fluid medium to welding head.EFFECT: cables and tubes pass through robot continuous internal passage and then without interruption is through passage, formed in flange, and inside welding head bearing structure, up to entrance to connecting element arranged in transformer rear wall, facing to robot flange, owing to which cables and tubes are located completely inside robot and welding head without need for routing of separate cables or tubes for welding head, connected to robot cables and tubes.4 cl, 17 dwg

ethod of manipulator grip operation and device for its implementation // 2603741
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, in particular to gripping devices, and can be used for mines deactivation. Manipulator for items gripping comprises body, on which power cylinder with rod is fixed, and grip. Grip is made in form of anchor, consisting of inner element in form of drill with working part and shank, mating cone, and external element in form of bushing with resilient end part. At that, bit shank is made with groove, in which pressure element in form of fork is arranged, interacting with hydraulic power cylinder rod. Anchor is made with possibility of separation from manipulator. For implementation of objects capturing making hole in gripped object using drill, introducing bushing end part into it and creating spacer force, retaining gripped object, by drill movement relative to bushing with arrangement of bit cone in bushing end part.EFFECT: invention is aimed at simplified design and improved operating performances.3 cl, 4 dwg

Pneumatic hammer // 2603525
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pneumatic hammer. Pneumatic hammer comprises working tool, housing, barrel with central bore, annular flange with central bore and throttle inlet channel, end precombustion chamber formed between the bucket and annular flange, hammer and rod tube. Hammer has axial hole and bypass channel and divides housing into working and idle strokes chambers. Rod tube is installed in annular flange central hole and passed through central hole in barrel. In rod tube radial discharge channel is made with its extension in form of axial longitudinal channel. Between barrel and cylindrical housing afterburning annular chamber is formed. Annular flange is equipped with side wall with made in it radial bypass channel, continuously communicating end forechamber with annular afterburning chamber. In working stroke chamber on annular flange side annular braking chamber and annular distributing chamber are made. In housing wall through bypass channels are made, continuously communicating it with annular afterburning chamber. Idle stroke chamber is communicated with annular distributing chamber and annular braking chamber, when hammer is resting on working tool shank.EFFECT: result is increase in hammer impact kinetic energy and reduced air consumption.1 cl, 1 dwg

Electric clamp apparatus // 2602582
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric clamp apparatus. Electric clamp apparatus (10) for gripping blank with rotary clamping lever (20) includes body (12) and located inside body: drive unit (14) which is driven rotatably by electric signal; transmission mechanism (18) to transmit rotary drive force (14); worm gear to convert rotary motion transmitted by transmission mechanism (18) in to linear motion; toggle link mechanism (16) for converting linear motion transmitted by worm gear in to turning operation of clamping lever (20) clamping blank between lever (20) and support element (22) with clamping section (24); mechanism (52) of clamping lever (20), including pin (54) with distal end to clamp blank arranged to displace in hole (50) formed at the end of clamping lever (20), for use when gripping blanks of different thickness without need to adjust toggle link mechanism.EFFECT: technical result consists in ensuring stable force for clamping blanks with different thickness without necessity of adjustment operations on clamping lever.3 cl, 5 dwg

Bidirectional mechanical converting unit // 2602209
FIELD: mechanisms.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to designs of units of bidirectional mechanical converting, used, in particular, in a manual tool. Unit comprises a main shaft, which including a driving means and a reversing means which are coupled to each other, and a rotation means for inputting torque, an rotation axis of the rotation means being coaxial with the main shaft and coupled with the driving mechanism. Device drive is made with possibility of delivering torque at output of the main shaft at a predetermined direction, wherein the predetermined direction can be switched via the reversing means. Driving element is mounted on the reversing means and comprises two driving elements mounted on the main shaft, and transmission structure, coupling these two driving elements and providing their rotation in opposite directions. Wherein the two driving elements are spaced apart axially. Reversing means includes the one-way clutches so that the main shaft is entrained with one of the two driving elements which is rotating in the same direction. Main shaft is overrun by the other driving element which is rotating in the opposite direction.EFFECT: technical result consists in simplification of the switching direction of rotation of the main shaft.45 cl, 31 dwg

Portable tool with pivoting handle // 2601979
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and can be used in handheld processing machines. Machine comprises a first handle for gripping by first hand of user, a second handle for gripping by second hand of user, at least one coupling for connection to flexible hose and actuating lever. Second handle closes at least part of coupling is connected with actuating lever and mounted with possibility of rotation, wherein if second handle is in turned position it blocks actuating lever in off position.EFFECT: enabling processing of surfaces when machine is gripped with one or both hands, which increases its manoeuvrability.14 cl, 5 dwg

Pneumatic hammer // 2601900
FIELD: tools.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pneumatic hammers. Hammer comprises a working tool, a casing with outlet holes, a cylindrical housing accommodating a sticker with a through axial hole, which divides the housing cavity into chambers of working and idle strokes, and a cover with an axial multichannel tube intended for compressed air inlet into the working stroke chamber. Casing envelopes the housing to form an outlet chamber. Tube is provided with outlet radial and longitudinal channels and bypass radial and longitudinal channels and tiers of radial bypass channels, squares of cross-sections of which increase towards the idle stroke chamber. Cover has a radial channel. In the housing there is a longitudinal and a radial channels.EFFECT: as the result reduced is air consumption, increased are impacts frequency and energy.1 cl, 2 dwg

Power tool // 2601529
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power tools. Power tool (1) includes motor (3) that is connected to spindle (6), gear mechanism (20) reducing the speed of spindle in tubular gear case (9) that is arranged ahead of motor (3), and tubular bracket (8) mounted on motor (3) to connect motor (3) and the tubular gear case (9) to each other. Tool is equipped with at least one pin (28) that is located in bracket (8) of the motor and in tubular gear case (9) to connect bracket (8) of the motor and tubular gear case (9) to each other. Said at least one pin (28) is engaged with a first-stage internal gear (23A) that is located at a first stage of planetary gear speed reduction mechanism (20) to restain first-stage internal gear (23A) from rotation and retain it in place in its axial direction for lowering the speed of spindle rotation.EFFECT: technical result consists in simplification of the design of gear case with simultaneous preservation of its rigidity.6 cl, 15 dwg

Device against overload of power screwdriver // 2601528
FIELD: instrument making.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices to prevent overload of hand-held driven tools. Device (100) to prevent overload of a power screwdriver arranged between driven part (110) and output part (102, 121), which at exceeding the limit torque has the possibility to interrupt the torque transfer between driven part (110) and output part (102, 121). Device (100) has driven part (110) having at least one ring of balls (130) located without the possibility of rotation in driven part (110), output part (102, 121) having at least one ring of balls (140, 141, 142) located without the possibility of rotation in output part (102, 121) and arranged in driven part (110) ring of balls (130) with preliminary spring-loading located above the located in output part (102, 121) ring of balls (140, 141, 142). Herewith balls (130) of driven part (110) are located respectively between two balls (140, 141, 142) of output part (102, 121) to transfer the torque. Herewith balls (130) of driven part (110) when exceeding the limit torque roll over balls (140, 141, 142) of output part (102, 121) to interrupt the torque transfer. Balls on the driven or the output side of ring of balls (130) are located between concentric rings of balls (141, 142) to implement axial leveling of the driven part on the output part with no radial setting.EFFECT: technical result is reduction of wear of device (100) parts.11 cl, 5 dwg

Spacecraft for servicing on-orbit automatic spacecraft and method for docking servicing spacecraft with faulty rotating spacecraft // 2601522
FIELD: astronautics.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to services (including refueling) of automatic spacecrafts (SC) in orbit. SC service (SCS) contains a junction with SC, power plant, manipulator for capturing the SC, manipulator for capturing, transfer and replacement (MTR) of SC and SCS hardware units, SC refilling means, spare hardware units for repair of SC. MTR is made movable along the SC housing, and its end is equipped with a device for diagnostic of SC hardware units. Manipulator for SC capturing is made on rotary platform. On the SCS housing a hardware for diagnostic faulty SC twist parameters can be placed. When SCS joining the rotating served SC their longitudinal axis are combined. Rotary platform is swirled with manipulator for SC capturing up to SC angular rotation speed, perform capture of the SC, decelerate relative rotation of the SC and SCS by means of platform and SCS power plant. Cease the SC capture and move SCS to joining using the regular junction.EFFECT: technical result of the group of inventions is to expand opportunities for maintenance on SC with different types of failures and to improve the efficiency of grouping the SC in orbit.4 cl, 4 dwg
 
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