Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless (B09B3)

B09B     Disposal of solid waste(593)
B09B3                 Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless(457)
Tungsten-molybdenum ores flotation benefication low-carbonate wastes disposal method // 2627656
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method includes the decarbonatization steps, element leaching and sediment treatment, in which decarbonatization is carried out by contacting the raw material, having the carbonate content less than 9% with 1N sulfuric acid solution at ratio C:L=1:2, for 1.5-2 hours to obtain the pulp. Leaching of the pulp is carried out at the temperature of 60-70°C for 2-3 hours in agitation mode with 1N sulfuric acid at the ratio of C:L=1:1 with the addition of 37% hydrogen peroxide solution in the amount of 0.05 l/kg of the pulp. Further, perform the decantating or filtration of this pulp to obtain the sediment and the mother solution, the sediment is washed with the industrial water with S:L=1:(2-3) for at least 0.5 hour, the sand fraction is separated and the resulting slurry is settled to form the settling solution. The solution, obtained after the sorption extraction of the elements, is combined with the settling solution and supplied to the head of the process to the decarbonatization stage.EFFECT: using of this invention allows to provide disposal and neutralisation of tungsten-molybdenum ores flotation benefication low-carbonate tails without using the high-temperature technologies for collecting the sublimations.4 cl, 2 ex, 1 tbl
Underground reactor system // 2627594
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: method for fuel producing from an organic material in an underground reactor (versions) and an underground reactor for use in the above process (versions) is proposed. The underground reactor includes the first conduit for organic material injecting under the ground and converting it into fuel, the second bypass for raising the converted organic material, and a heat exchanger for generating heat to power the equipment where the heat transfer fluid contains piezo-thermal or piezoelectric particles. In another version the underground reactor also comprises a pump for holding the reaction zone at the desired temperature. The method includes sending the organic material under the ground through the first conduit, applying to an organic material in a pressure and temperature reaction zone for converting the organic material into fuel, raising fuel through the second pipeline, and circulating the heat transfer fluid. In another version the method also includes using a heat exchanger to generate heat for use in the equipment powering.EFFECT: obtaining fuel due to underground temperature and pressure.95 cl, 23 dwg, 5 tbl, 13 ex
ethod for producing calcium fluoride from fluorocarbon-containing waste of aluminium production // 2627431
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing calcium fluoride from fluorocarbon-containing wastes of aluminium production involves treatment of fluor-containing solutions with calcium hydroxide, followed by separation of the solution and a pulp and liberation of calcium fluoride, which is washed with water. As a fluor-containing solution, a solution is used, obtained by leaching solid fine-dispersed fluorocarbon-containing waste of electrolytical aluminium production - sludge from gas cleaning, dust from electrostatic precipitators and spent coal lining. Fluorocarbon-containing wastes are submitted for treatment in a ratio of T:H=:(10-11) with respect to a 2-2.5% solution of sodium hydroxide. The treatment is carried out at a leach solution temperature of 65-85°C.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to produce calcium fluoride from solid fine-dispersed fluorocarbon-containing waste of electrolytic aluminium production with a fluor content in the solid phase of 12 to 25 percent.2 cl, 4 tbl
Neutralizing material for reclamation of acidified soils // 2626646
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: slag of ferrovanadium production by silicoaluminothermic method is used as a neutralizing material for reclamation of acidified soils of the plant containers.EFFECT: expanding the arsenal of neutralizing materials used for reclamation of acidified soils.2 tbl, 1 ex

Industrial method and device for processing organic waste // 2626160
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of industrial processing of organic waste includes composting using composting worms. The substrate of organic waste is loaded into a vermimodule where it is humidified in the biohumus solution, aerobically fermented, then an array of organic wastes is formed from verminodules, with their subsequent periodic rearrangement and turning by 120° for loosening and aeration of the substrate, loading and forcing the compost worms. The device for processing organic waste is represented by a verminodule, which is made in the form of a trapezoidal prism, the base of which is an equilateral triangle, the walls of which are made perforated and connected by means of detachable hinges.EFFECT: excluding the emission of harmful substances into the atmosphere.3 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of oil slime disposal as upright tank subsoil // 2625498
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: method of oily wastes disposal involves oily waste mixing with a detoxifying composition, followed by the introduction of a calculated amount of water until a uniform hydrophobic powder is formed. The resulting pellet oil slime in the form of a homogeneous hydrophobic loose fine powder is mixed with a mechanical mixer with water and sandy soil of medium size with a subsequent ratio of components, wt %: pellet oil slime in the form of homogeneous hydrophobic loose fine powder - up to 20%; water - 5-10%; sandy soil of medium size - the rest, and the resulting moistened mixture "Pellet oil slime - sandy soil of medium size" is laid in the base of the vertical tank and compacted.EFFECT: simplification of oily wastes disposal.1 dwg
ethod of manufacturing lithitioned artificial soil // 2625494
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: method of making artificial soil is to mix the drilling and/or drill cuttings (OM), sand, cement and soluble silicate with the following ratio of the components, vol. % of the initial OB: drilling wastes and/or cuttings with drilling mud elements 100; sand 10-90; cement-3-30; silicate 2-15.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to obtain an artificial coarse-grained ground with a clastic-grained structure that gives it the necessary strength to fill the cavities of technological depressions and equip road bases.13 cl, 3 tbl, 2 ex

ethod of sorting of waste // 2624288
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: waste sorting method involves the capture of objects from the conveyor by manipulators that are controlled by object recognition systems containing devices for scanning, spectrometry and detection of sorted objects, by comparing their data with images in computer software. Object recognition systems contain marking devices that apply coded tags to sorted objects, and manipulation of objects by manipulators is carried out using code markers.EFFECT: improved method.3 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of thermal neutralisation of municipal waste in melted slag and furnance for its implementation // 2623394
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: in the method of thermal neutralisation of solid municipal waste in a melted slag including loading of a prepared charge to the working chamber, burning it with formation of a melted slag bath, bubbling the melt with natural gas combustion products through submerged lances, discharging smelting products and cleaning gases after thermal decomposition of the charge, the thermal detoxification of waste is carried out directly in the bath of melted slag due to loading of the charge directly to the level of the melted slag bath and the supply to the melt of the air, preheated to 500°C, with an excess air ratio of α≤1.3 through lances located on the side walls of the working chamber, while the temperature of the slag bath is maintained in the interval of 1400-1600°C, the natural gas is combusted in the removable furnace chambers under α≤0.9, where the combustion products of the natural gas for bubbling of the slag bath and maintaining its tempreture are supplied for the melt level through the nozzles, mounted in the furnace chambers, disposed on the side walls of the working chamber in the staggered order against the nozzles, located on the opposite wall. The furnace for implementating the method comprises a caissonized working chamber equipped with remote combustion furnaces and lances for supplying air to the melt, which are disposed on the side walls above the nozzles of the removable combustion furnaces; the nozzles of the removable combustion furnaces are disposed on opposite side walls of the working chamber in a staggered order against each other; the upper parts of the side walls of the working chamber are inclined; and the loading device is disposed above the level of the axes of the combustion chambers outlet nozzles at a distance no more than 40 diameters of the outlet section of the combustion chamber nozzle.EFFECT: simplified preparation technology of materials for processing.14 cl, 1 dwg, 9 tbl

Way of pasteous materials drying // 2622604
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: according to the way of pasteous materials drying these pasteous materials are formed in the shape of the infinite cylinders and are placed in the direction of the motion, parallel with each other, incrementally. The drying means are directed to the reflux-cross direction towards the pasteous materials. Henceforth, one condense moisture from the drying means and the non-condensable gases and dust are gathered. Then one removes the cleared from the moisture and non-condensable gases drying means part, that is equal to the crisp air amount, that is delivered for the dried solid waste and natural gas incineration. And the remaining part is directed for the desaturation of the furnace exhaust to the drying means optimum temperature. One heats the drying means not only due to the natural gas incineration heat, but also due to the dried solid waste incineration heat.EFFECT: drying process efficiency increase.3 dwg

Device and method for processing absorbent hygiene items // 2622001
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: device for processing used absorbent sanitary items consists of a rotatable cylindrical autoclave, a heating circuit that pressurizes the autoclave to heat the absorbent sanitary products to sterilisation temperature for their destructurization, and the sealing layer on the inner surface of the autoclave. The autoclave has two ends, at least one of which ends with a shutter and the sealing layer contains grease or oil, and is made to prevent sticking onto the inner surface of the material coming from the destructuring of absorbent hygiene articles. Also described is a method of treating used absorbent sanitary products.EFFECT: increased efficiency of extraction of high-quality materials from processed sanitary hygiene products.5 cl, 4 dwg

Processing method of absorbent hygienic products // 2619868
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: processing method of used absorbent hygienic products comprises providing a rotating cylindrical autoclave; loading of autoclave with absorbent hygienic products sealed in a form of package inside the impermeable product bottom plate; heating to sterilisation temperature, creating pressure in the autoclave and bringing it in rotation; providing of cargo from rending elements inside the autoclave. The autoclave has an inner surface and two ends, at least one of which ends with a shutter which can be opened, allowing access to the autoclave and hermetically sealed, allowing to create a pressure therein, while weight of cargo from of elements is greater than the dry weight of cargo of hygienic products.EFFECT: efficient extraction of high-quality materials from the closed hygienic products.5 cl, 2 dwg
Device for processing of used oil filters // 2619284
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: device for processing of used oil filters contains a conveyor, a burner with a drive and a control unit. The conveyor consists of a conveyor belt with a drive for its movement, while the conveyor is equipped with a clamping, detachable and receiving means. The burner is made with the possibility to move in a vertical plane relative to the conveyor belt moving plane. The control unit interacts with the burner and conveyor belt drives. Clamping devices are placed on the belt in one or more rows, the number of burners is equal to the number of rows on the belt.EFFECT: efficiency of the used oil filters processing has been improved by separating the used oil and the filter element from the filter metal parts by burning them in the filter housing.2 cl, 1 dwg
ethod for product manufacture from production and consumption waste, and product made from production and consumption waste (versions) // 2617693
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: method for product manufacture from the production and consumption waste includes their distribution by physico-chemical properties and hazard classes in the sorting area, shredding and disposal. Production and consumption waste is crushed to 10-20 mm fractions, and mixed with sorbent materials in a volume of 0.5 to 50% of the total product weight, bioreagents in a volume of 0.5 to 40% of the total product weight, and binders in a volume of 10 to 80% of the total product weight. The product made from production and consumption waste consists of, vol. %: oil-contaminated soil of hazard class 3, 4, 5 - 50-90; sorbent materials - 15-50%; bioreagents - 10-20; biofertilisers - 10-25. The product made from the production and consumption waste consists of, vol. %: from 50 to 90 of bleaching earth waste containing vegetable oils of hazard class 4 or filtered powder containing oils of hazard classes 4 and 5; from 5 to 10 of sorbent materials; from 5 to 10 of bioreagents; from 10 to 25 of biofertilisers; from 10 to 35 vermicompost; from 5 to 10 of nitrogen-phosphorus fertiliser.EFFECT: obtaining of an environmentally safe product, compliant with the environmental and health standards.16 cl, 7 tbl
ethod for processing solid organic wastes by technological earthworms // 2617573
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of processing solid organic wastes by technological earthworms includes loosening the organic waste mass of a formed dump or a landfill exhausted its resource, restricting the mass by vertical shaft-forming perforated cages for retaining the waste mass from crumbling, in which an elastic sleeve is laid alternately with skipping one row, which is filled with an inert carrier mixed with nutrient substrate and populated with technological earthworms Eisena fetida. After complete migration of the worm in the waste mass, the sleeve is removed from the shaft and is sent to filling with another nutrient mixture portion and populating with the worm. After processing the waste mass, the sleeve with a nutritional bait, which serves as a trap for transferring the worms to new sites, is lowered into the shaft, with repeating this operation until complete removal of the worms from the resulting vermicompost, the sign of which is the height reduction of the laid substrate up to 60% of the initial volume. Thereinafter the vermicompost is separated and transported to the consumer, and the MSW mineral component remainder is sent to crushing and sorting.EFFECT: use of said invention excludes the costs for manual labour, heating and aeration.3 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of utilisation of polymer wastes by method of low-temperature catalytic pyrolysis // 2617213
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for utilising polymer waste by a low-temperature catalytic pyrolysis method is carried out, and the polymer waste is thermally processed in a screw reactor without oxygen access in the presence of a ZSM-5 zeolite-based catalyst, the method being characterised in that the catalyst is an iron oxide catalyst, Impregnated in a matrix of zeolite ZSM-5, waste processing is carried out at a temperature of 498-502°C for 59-61 minutes, when using 1-5% of the mass of raw materials, while processing polymer waste with a particle size of not more than 80 mm.EFFECT: decrease the formation of by resin components, obtaining fuel gas, low temperature thermal destruction process.2 tbl, 1 dwg

Device for disposal of products of physical necessities satisfaction // 2616799
FIELD: satisfaction of human life necessities.SUBSTANCE: bunker for hermetic plastic packages with the call of nature products having an electrically-driven feeder is connected to the device for package mechanical opening which comprises a housing with an apron conveyor having rod shelves, is made with possibility to open the packages with the call of nature products which leak off into the inclined distributing outlet, is made with possibility to open the packages with knives immovably installed inside the housing so that they appear in the gaps between the shelves rods of the apron conveyor moving past the knives, as well as made with possibility to remove the opened plastic packages with the removers from the rods, immovably installed in the device housing, as well as to shift them through the outlet into the melter with a heater, to which a vertical extruder with a screw and actuator is attached, the outlet holes of the inclined distributing outlet are connected through the valve to the inlet holes of the container for fermentation of the call of nature products with added sulfuric acid solution and limestone through the pipe with the valve, and through the pipes with the valves of the yeast solution and wort distillation into the commercial alcohol, and the container outlet holes have hermitic rotor feeders to push off the remaining fraction after distillation of the commercial alcohol which may be applied for fertilization of agricultural fields, distillation of the commercial alcohol from the tow boat, obtained from the call of nature products, is effected in the containers under heating with tens, the outlet hole of the extruder is made with possibility to install therein a variety of matrix for pressing through them a corrugated thick mass, with possibility to cut off exclusive bars with a string cutter, with possibility to descend the bars to prevent their deformation and for their cooling in the current water in the cooling basin, where a pipe is disposed for sweating the commercial alcohol, going from containers through the pipes with valves and pushing off the liquid commercial alcohol through the valve.EFFECT: improved ecological compatibility of household waste disposal.1 dwg
Universal method of complex well-drilling waste neutralization to produce anthropogenic reinforced soil (ars) building composite // 2616304
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of drilling waste neutralization and disposal and can be used for complex waste neutralization which is generated during drilling operations such as drilling slurries (DS), drilling waste water (DWW), waste drilling muds (WDM), contaminated soils and other pre-shredded industrial and household waste. The method of complex neutralization consists of step-by-step mixing of the waste with dry bulk components, but before application of additional components drilling waste is mixed until homogeneous condition in proportions which provide 30-500% bulk humidity of the mixture, afterwards sand for construction, sandy light and silty light loam, clay are applied to the mixture at a rate of 10-40% with allowance for preservation of the predetermined mixture humidity value, then the complexing modifying additive at a rate of 8-30% and the cement at a rate of 0-30% are applied to the mixture.EFFECT: invention provides simultaneous neutralization of several drilling waste types and immobilization of various ecotoxicants in the structure of the newly formed mineral matrix to produce a building material, simplification and cheapening of the waste neutralization and disposal.4 cl, 4 tbl
Calcium-containing preparation for compacting and decontaminating sludge sediments and method of processing sludge sediments using thereof // 2616078
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: calcium-containing preparation for compacting and decontaminating sludge sediments of treatment facilities is a mechanical powder mixture comprising up to 50 wt % of at least two active components selected from the compounds: TiO2, SiO2, CuSO4, Na2SO4, alkali, sodium humate, ammonium humate, aminoacetic acid, cuprum glycinates, manganese, calcium, the rest - CaO. The calcium-containing preparation is mixed with slusge sediment, liquid (water) and solid phases are separated by sedimentation method and then diversion of the liquid phase (water) is carried out. Calcium-containing preparation is used at a dose of 1-30 g/dm3. At least one active additive selected from the compounds: CuSO4, Na2SO4, Na2CO3, alkali, sodium humate, ammonium humate, aminoacetic acid, cuprum glycinates, manganese, calcium at a dose of 8 g/dm3, is additionally added to the sludge sediment, at least after one or at one of the mixing, separating and water diverting stages.EFFECT: invention enables to ensure highly efficient processing of the sludge sediments of treatment facilities, comprising activated sludge, raw sludge or a mixture thereof, while reducing the cost of the proposed preparation.11 cl, 2 tbl, 11 ex
ethod of highly thermal treatment of liquid, paste-like, mixtures thereof and solid wastes // 2614999
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method comprises the sequential loading and incineration of waste, aftercombustion of gaseous products during feeding of air activated by corona discharge, quenching of gases, followed by absorption and emission of waste gases. The activation of the air by corona discharge is carried out at the stage of aftercombustion with mode of 350-450 discharges per second with the electric-field intensity of up to 8 kV/cm. The feeding of the air activated by corona discharge is additionally carried out during loading of waste with corona discharge influence mode of 500-650 discharges per second with electric-field intensity of up to 11 kV/cm, during quenching with corona discharge influence mode of 350-450 discharges per second with electric-field intensity of up to 8 kV/cm, during absorption with corona discharge influence mode of 350-450 discharges per second with electric-field intensity of up to 8 kV/cm, during emission of waste gases with corona discharge influence mode of 250-350 discharges per second with electric-field intensity of up to 6 kV/cm.EFFECT: significant reduction of harmful substances in waste gases without pre-sorting of wastes by their phase state, specifically to liquid, solid and paste-like.6 cl, 1 dwg

ethod for complex ash processing of heat power plants waste piles and plant for complex ash processing of heat power plants waste piles // 2614003
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: complex ash processing method of heat power plants waste piles includes the separating of ash pulp into the coarse and fine fractions, flotation, and magnetic separation to obtain the target products. The coarse fractions of ash are separated on the screens for using in the production of concrete mixtures. Ash fine fractions and subjected to the main and cleaner flotation, filtration and drying, to obtain a carbon concentrate. The separated at the primary flotation the tail fractions are subjected to magnetic separation and drying to obtain magnetite and silica-alumina concentrate. The aluminosilicate concentrate is grounded in the ball mill upto the fine fraction, filtered and dried. During the primary flotation the collector-kerosine and pine oil is used as the blowing agent. The cleaner flotation is carried out on the return water. The method is carried out on the complex ash processing plant of heat power plants waste piles, containing the means for separating the ash pulp into the coarse and fine fractions, as well as flotation and magnetic separation to obtain the target products. The ash pulp separator is designed as the screen, which outlet of the coarse fraction is connected to the inlet of the first section for the production of concrete mixtures. The screen outlet of the fine fraction is connected to the first flotation machine inlet for the main flotation, the first outlet of which is connected through the second machine of the cleaner flotation, filtration and drying units with the the second section inlet for the coal concentrate storing. The second outlet of the first flotation machine is connected with the first inlet of magnetic separation unit, the first outlet of which is connected through the drain silo with the third section inlet for the magnetite concentrate storing. The second outlet of the magnetic separation unit is connected through the thickener and drying units with the third section inlet for the aluminosilicate concentrate storing. The drain silo outlet of water is connected to the second inlet of the magnetic separation unit.EFFECT: fullest recovery from the wet ash waste piles of power heating plant of the target useful products in the form of ash coarse fraction for the concrete mixtures production, carbon for using as a boiler fuel, magnetite concentrate as a raw material for the metal industry and active aluminium silicate additive for construction materials productions.5 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl 2 ex

ethod to destroy toxic organic compounds // 2613989
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of destruction and decontamination of toxic substances, including chemical warfare agents. Method includes addition of toxic organic compounds into a reactor and energy impact at these organic compounds. Toxic organic compounds in sealed packages are first placed into a closed container, which is then introduced into the reactor, afterwards the reactor is filled with melt, which surrounds the container from all sides to form a cast from solid melt. After melt becomes solid, and its energy impact at toxic organic compounds is stopped, the formed cast with the container inside is withdrawn from the reactor and is placed for environmentally safe long-term storage.EFFECT: feature of the invention consists in expansion of technological capabilities of the method, reduced costs and simplified technology of toxic organic compounds destruction, and more important, in increased safety of personnel handling chemical agents, since it is not required to open primary packages with chemical agents.5 cl, 2 dwg
ethod of oil sludge preparation for hydrogenation processing (versions) and method of hydrogenation processing of oil sludge therewith (versions) // 2611163
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the processing of oil waste, namely oil sludge, into oil and may be used for disposal of oil sludge and production of distillate fractions with a temperature no higher than 520°C. According to the first option of the method the oil slurdge containing more that 5% by weight of mineral impurities is brought into contact with the solvent in the extractor for the hydrogenation processing. The extractor pre-purging is carried out with inert gas till the air is removed and the extraction is made with constant stirring and purging with the inert gas. Water, a solvent part and a light hydrocarbons fraction boiling up to 350°C are recovered from the extract. The remainder of the extract is separated for a liquid organic phase and a precipitate via settling and decantation. The latter is sent for re-extraction. The second extract is hot filtered at the excessive pressure of 0.4-0.6 MPa and a temperature of 45-50°C and the filtrate is mixed with a liquid organic phase to get the processed raw material. If oil sludge contains less than 5% by weight. of mineral impurities, then no sedimentation and decantation is made for its preparation immediately directing part of the extract devoid of light hydrocarbons to hot filtration. The solvent is removed from the filtrate or its mixture with the liquid organic phase by distillation, and from precipitate filtration - by evaporation, and return it to the cycle. The raw materials prepared for the hydrogenation processing under the first or second method are transfered into the reactor and the hydrogenator processing of the said raw materials in the presence of hydrogen and a catalyst MoS2 synthesized in situ from water solution of ammonium paramolybdate dispersed in the processed raw materials is carried out.EFFECT: invention increases the degree of recycling of oil sludge preventing equipment corrosion and poisoning of the catalyst by mineral impurities contained in the oil sludge, and increasing distillate fractional yield during hydrogenation refining of oil sludge.4 cl, 7 tbl, 10 ex
ethod for processing drilling wastes // 2608230
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: method involves introduction cement and sorbent into wastes, hardening of the semi-finished product to produce finished construction material. Wastes are mixed with 10–20 % of natural sand and 0.6–1.0 % of Unisorb-Bio sorbent of the weight of processed wastes. Obtained mixture is dehydrated to moisture content of not more than 30 %, oil-well portland cement 1–50 is added in an amount of 20–30 % of the weight of the dehydrated mixture, also added is the hardening accelerator in an amount of 0.8–1.0 % of weight of oil-well portland cement, produced mass is briquetted at pressing pressure from 30 to 50 MPa, obtained briquettes are hardened to the required strength of a finished construction material.EFFECT: use of the invention allows to produce strong construction molded material.1 cl

Process and device for treating catalyst discharged from bubbling bed hydrogenation of residual oil // 2607764
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for treating a catalyst discharged from bubbling bed hydrogenation of residual oil. Method comprises following steps: (1) adjustment and control to reduce viscosity, wherein catalyst discharged intermittently from a bubbling bed hydrogenation reactor for residual oil, is adjusted for storage and then discharged continuously, subjected to temperature adjustment by adding water, such that viscosity of oil adsorbed on surfaces and inside pores of discharged catalyst particles is reduced, and flowability of adsorbed oil on surfaces and inside pores of the discharged catalyst particles is improved; (2) desorption and separation by rotational flow, wherein adsorbed oil is desorbed and separated from surfaces and inner pores of discharged catalyst particles by a flowing shear force from a rotational flow field; (3) separation and resource utilisation of three phase oil-water-catalyst, wherein oil/water/catalyst mixture produced from desorption and separation by rotational flow, is subjected to three-phase separation, achieving recovery of oil, recycling of water obtained by separation, and full recovery of solid particles obtained by separation. Invention also discloses a device for implementation of method.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of cost of treatment, simplified process, higher oil recovery factor, reduced tendency to formation of secondary sources of contamination.10 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

ethod of decontaminating highly mineralized drilling wastes and plant for its implementation // 2607599
FIELD: mining; processing and recycling of wastes.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a plant for decontamination of highly mineralized drilling wastes containing oil products, heavy metals, synthetic surfactants and other contaminants based on introduction of a hardening composition and a method implemented with using it. Plant includes pumps, pipelines, a unit for receiving and washing drilling wastes, a unit of coarse mechanical treatment, a reagents preparation and dispensing unit, a unit for cleaning the contaminated brine, a fine mechanical treatment unit, a container for temporary storage of the clarified brine. Plant additionally contains an inertization unit, a mixing module of which is equipped with a bottom gate to discharge the hardened material and is connected via the main line to the coarse mechanical treatment unit, the unit for cleaning the contaminated brine and the fine mechanical treatment unit. Included in the unit for receiving and washing the drilling wastes mixing container is equipped with a blade mixer, a loading funnel and is provided with a hydrodynamic disperser. All units of the plant are integrated with the help of frames and metal structures and can be based on a welded frame of a two-axle trailer. Treatment of the drilling wastes is performed by inertization after washing from salts to obtain washed drilling mud of the contaminated brine followed by thorough mechanical stirring for 2–3 minutes of the drilling mud with the hardening composition of not less than 20 wt%. based on a binder cement of grade PC M-500 of 40–80 wt%. and a fine active sorption additive – gaize of 20–60 wt%. at the humidity of 40 %. Then a hardening activator solution is added, as which used is 20 % liquid glass in the amount of 10–20 % of the dry hardened material, and is thoroughly stirred for 5–7 minutes. Contaminated brine is directed for multistage cleaning by coagulation, flocculation and centrifugation to form a solid phase sent for inertization.EFFECT: group of inventions provides decreased negative environmental load on natural objects.2 cl, 2 tbl, 1 dwg
ethod for complex processing of ash from burning coal // 2605987
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to complex processing of ashes from burning coals. Method involves blending the ash with sodium hydroxide, sintering at the temperature of 150–200 °C, leaching the sinter, separation of phases, desiliconization of the solution by adding sodium hydroalumosilicate into the solution. In compliance with this method prior to leaching the sinter it is washed with water to obtain a first silicate solution, the washed sinter is leached with sulphuric acid, the produced pulp is separated by filtration. Desiliconization of the solution is performed till complete extraction of silica to obtain a solution of aluminium sulphate and a silica-containing residue. Residue is dissolved in an alkaline solution to obtain a second silicate solution, which is combined with the first silicate solution directing further to produce white soot by carbonization. Technical result is reducing the sintering temperature and reducing consumption of reagents when reaching the alumina extraction at the level of 94.4–96.7 % and the silica extraction at the level of 93.9–98.2 %.EFFECT: lower sintering temperature and reduced consumption of reagents.1 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex

Production of organic materials using oxidative hydrothermal dissolution method // 2604726
FIELD: ecology; technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to environmentally friendly methods of organic substances production, such as oil substances and aromatic acids, phenols and aliphatic polycarbonate acids using hydro-thermic oxidative dissolution process (PER). Method of solid organic substance solubilizing contained in composite material containing organic solid substance and inorganic matrix includes: bringing said composite material in contact with oxidizing agent in superheated water to form aqueous mixture, containing at least one solubilized organic dissolved substance, wherein composite material is selected from group consisting of tar sand, carbonaceous oil shale and any mixture thereof.EFFECT: disclosed is environmentally safe method of organic substances production.16 cl, 31 dwg, 5 tbl, 7 ex

ethod of processing absorbing hygienic products // 2604692
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine. Method of processing used absorbent hygienic products is described, involving following stages: creation of cylindrical rotor autoclave with inner surface and two ends, at least one of which ends with hatch, which can be opened to allow access to said autoclave and tightly closed to provide creation of increased pressure inside autoclave; loading of said autoclave with absorbent hygienic products in closed form; heating up to temperature of sterilization and creation of increased pressure inside autoclave, wherein bringing autoclave into rotation about its longitudinal axis; wherein said step of heating and creation of increased pressure inside autoclave provides first temperature mode for products, contained in autoclave, as well as second temperature mode, higher than first temperature mode for said inner surface.EFFECT: method of efficient sterilization and drying during processing in autoclave.3 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of recycling oily wastes // 2603150
FIELD: environmental protection.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to environmental protection, particularly, to processes of recycling oily wastes and recycled filtering and absorbing waste mass, and can be used in oil and gas industry and waste treatment facilities. Preliminarily heated oily wastes and fat-and-oil industry wastes are being stirred, while stirring unslaked lime is being added portionwise, water reacting with unslaked lime is being introduced, amount of water is being determined considering water in oily wastes. Recycled filtering and absorbing waste mass produced after repeated regeneration of diatomite filtering powder is used as fat-and-oil industry wastes, oily wastes are being mixed fat-and-oil industry wastes in ratio of 1:(0.1-0.3) by weight, unslaked lime is being added in amount of 62-91 wt% of the weight of waste mixture to produce a homogeneous hydrophobic loose fine powder, and oily wastes and fat-and-oil industry wastes are being stirred, preliminary heating to temperature of 80-85 °C.EFFECT: reduced leachability of contaminating materials from the oily waste recycling product using more effective available neutralizing components with modifier and adsorbent properties.1 cl, 1 tbl, 6 ex

ethod of processing solid organic wastes // 2602610
FIELD: recycling.SUBSTANCE: method of processing solid domestic wastes and/or production wastes, selected from natural and synthetic polymers in gaseous, liquid and solid products by means of simultaneous impact of accelerated electrons and temperature. Processing is carried out in flow mode, changing clearance between outlet opening of the accelerator and the surface of raw material at temperature, providing melting of not less than 30 % fraction of synthetic polymers, but not higher than the temperature that provides the beginning of the dry distillation of more than 30 % of fraction of natural polymers with traditional heating not more than 30 °C, exposing volatile products of fractional condensation outside the irradiation area.EFFECT: using the given method allows waste-free processing of SDW.11 cl, 2 tbl

ethod and apparatus for recycling solid household wastes at landfills // 2601062
FIELD: processing and recycling of wastes.SUBSTANCE: method of recycling of solid household wastes at landfills involves loading wastes into plant, biodecomposition with formation of gaseous and solid products, neutralisation, cooling and accumulation of processing products, prior to loading method comprises radiation control of weight of solid domestic wastes, recycling solid domestic wastes, which is carried out in two steps, at first step solid domestic wastes are subjected to aerobic and anaerobic treatment to produce biogas, that is supplied for thermal and electric power generation. Second step involves thermal decomposition, wherein untreated part of wastes undergoes intense drying, and then pyrolysis, result of which is pyrolysis gas, which after cooling and cleaning is fed for thermal and electric power generation. Obtained as a result of pyrolysis pyrocarbonate is used in treatment of filtrate, which is released during biodecomposition. Other neutralised in installation solid fractions of wastes after cooling are delivered for burial. Apparatus for recycling solid domestic wastes at landfills comprises an elongated chamber for processing solid domestic wastes, which is inclined at slope of natural elevation of a specific area, in upper part of which there is an access path for filling solid domestic wastes into chamber via a hatch. In lower part of chamber there is a gate for dumping processed and neutralised mass of solid domestic wastes. Chamber consists of serially arranged zones of biodecomposition, thermal decomposition, which includes a pyrolysis section, zones for cooling and accumulation of processing products. Biodecomposition zone comprises two sections - section for aerobic and anaerobic treatment, in which there is a multifunctional structure, which is a blade for mixing moving mass of solid domestic wastes, collection and discharge of biogas, introduction of water and correcting solutions and device for collection and discharge of filtrate. On side wall of chamber there are hatches for sampling, zone of thermal decomposition additionally includes a section of drying and heating processed mass of solid domestic wastes and gas-stop chamber to prevent ingress of air from below into pyrolysis section. Outside on side surface there are stairs/elevator for servicing apparatus.EFFECT: use of present group of inventions provides comprehensive continuous and accelerated processing of solid domestic wastes.20 cl, 6 dwg

Binder mixture containing lime-containing wastes of heat power industrial complex (versions) // 2598546
FIELD: energy; disposal of wastes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to recycling industrial wastes of heat power complex, to gardening and arrangement of urban areas. Disclosed are compositions of ground mixtures containing the following component ratio, WT% (dry): sand (16-48); peat (10-19); sludge CHP (35-59), humic supplement (humus) (7-10). Additionally, ameliorative additive can be introduced - phosphorus-containing fertiliser "Superphosphate" in amount of 1-2 % of the weight of dry components.EFFECT: recycling industrial wastes of heat power complex and high moisture retention capacity and fertility of peat-sand mixtures.2 cl, 2 dwg, 6 tbl

ethod of processing wastes // 2592891
FIELD: processing and recycling of waste. SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to method of processing wastes containing one or more dangerous organic components, which includes treatment of wastes by plasma in apparatus for plasma treatment. Wastes contain: (i) soil and/or material and (ii) oil component. Prior to plasma waste treatment latter contain one or more dangerous organic components and from 5 to 50 % of water by weight of wastes. EFFECT: using this invention simplifies process of waste treatment. 18 cl, 3 dwg, 12 tbl

ethod of producing heat and electric energy by complex processing of wastes // 2590536
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: biowastes are fed into sorting unit 10, where they are divided depending on possibility of anaerobic decomposition. Prepared organic substrate is directed into anaerobic fermentation 6 plant, where combustible biogas and by-products are generated, directed to consumers in form of organic fertilizer. Wastes, which are not subjected to anaerobic decomposition, are subjected to dehydration and (or) drying and granulation. Produced pellets are supplied to store 13, from which are supplied to gas generator 8, in which synthesis gas is generated. Purified biogas and synthetic gas are supplied into fuel substitution unit 2 for supply of co-generators 1, generating from them heat and electric energy to consumers. Also, for production of synthesis gas directly in gas generator 8 dry wastes are fed, which does not require preliminary preparation. During peak increase of heat energy peak solid-fuel boiler 3 is activated, in which reserves of pellets are burnt.EFFECT: higher reliability of power supply in enterprises of agroindustrial complex owing to use of independent power systems.1 cl, 1 dwg
ethod of processing distilled liquid from soda production by ammonia // 2589483
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in chemical industry. Method includes treating still waste liquid from soda production, obtained after processing filter liquid calcium hydroxide. For this purpose, said still waste liquid containing solid waste-sludge is treated with hydrochloric acid or hydrogen chloride at temperature 20-100 °C. Carbon dioxide is recovered and returned to process of producing soda.EFFECT: invention enables to obtain soda without solid wastes, as well as additional amount of carbon dioxide, reducing volume and reducing alkalinity of distilled liquid discharged in sludge filler.3 cl, 4 ex

ethod of processing organic polymer wastes // 2589155
FIELD: processing and recycling wastes; chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to recycling polymer wastes via catalytic decomposition in order to produce fuel or fuel components. Method for processing organic polymer wastes involves liquefaction of milled polymers, mixing with catalyst and thermo-catalysis destruction of reaction mixture at normal atmospheric pressure, at that catalyst used is nickel (II) 2-ethylhexanoate in form of 40-45 % solution in benzene, taken in weight ratio of wastes to catalyst as 1:0.03-0.06, and liquefying wastes and thermo-catalysis destruction performed by heating reaction mass up to temperature of 300-400 °C with recycling of light hydrocarbons for 0.5-1.5 hour with further distillation of liquid hydrocarbons.EFFECT: simplification of processing technology for polymer wastes.1 cl, 2 tbl, 1 ex

ethod for combustion of low-calorie fuel // 2588220
FIELD: processing and recycling of wastes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing of low-calorific fuel, disposal of solid household and industrial wastes. Low-calorie fuel is gasified in pyrolysis reactor 1. Ambient air is preliminarily activated by electric discharge with specified electric field intensity in range of E/N=2·10-16-4·10-16 W·cm2 in discharge cell 2. Temperature of activated air at outlet of discharge does not exceed 550-650 K. Gaseous pyrolysis products 8 are subjected to oxygen-steam reforming in reformer 4. During reforming oxygen to gaseous pyrolysis products ratio is set equal to 0.25-0.33 by volume. Formed in process of reforming synthesis gas is burnt in chamber 5 for preparing useful heat. Part of emitted heat 13 is taken for heating of pyrolysis reactor 1 and steam generator 3.EFFECT: invention increases degree of extraction of heat from fuel, reducing emission of environmentally hazardous compounds.1 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of treating carbonaceous bulk material // 2586350
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of treating an impurity-containing carbonaceous bulk material. A method of treating an impurity-containing carbonaceous bulk material comprising at least one material from a group consisting of broken cathodes of equipment for producing aluminium from a melt, broken anodes, broken carbon linings of steel furnaces, cupola furnaces or melting furnaces for other metals, glass furnaces, furnaces for melting ceramics and other carbonaceous bricks to be treated, wherein to obtain purified carbonaceous bulk material, an impurity-containing carbonaceous bulk material is directly inductively heated in a reactor, wherein to carry out continuous treatment, bulk material used contains up to 50 wt.% of grains with a size of more than 30 mm, inductive heating is performed with frequencies between 1 kHz and 50 kHz and maximum reactor temperature is set to 2,500 °C.EFFECT: technical result is high efficiency of treating carbonaceous material.10 cl, 1 dwg

Eco-friendly and highly effective method for preparing solid fuel using organic waste with high water content and combine thermoelectric power system operating with fuel described // 2586332
FIELD: fuel energy.SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to clean and highly efficient method of producing solid fuel with the help of organic wastes with high water content, which includes: (a) step of waste mixing, when organic wastes with high content of water and solid domestic wastes are fed into Fe-based reactor and mixed; (b) step where the hydrolysis reactor on Fe-based high-temperature steam is fed for hydrolysis of the mixture; (c) a step of pressure reduction when steam from reactor is discharged and pressure inside the reactor is quickly to provide low-molecular weight organic wastes after step (b) or to increase the specific surface area of domestic wastes after step (b); (d) step of vacuum or differential pressure to remove water; and (e) step of producing solid fuel when reaction product after step (d) is subject to natural drying and compression pressing to produce solid fuel with water content from 10 to 20 %. Method also describes a combined system for production of electricity from fuel prepared as described above.EFFECT: technical result consists in production of ecologically safe fuel.9 cl, 3 tbl, 2 ex, 2 dwg

Device and method for pressing metal waste into stacks // 2585609
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing of metal waste of various type and can be used at their pressing in packets with given properties for further loading into smelting furnace. Pressing of metal waste is performed in device that includes press-chamber with compartments of primary and secondary pressing, in which are moved by hydraulic cylinders of primary and secondary plate pressing. Press-chamber has cover and discharge opening. Plate of primary pressing provides compression of metal waste in the direction perpendicular to that of compression by secondary pressing plates. In the packet of pressed metal waste through hole is formed by the core, movable hydraulic cylinder.EFFECT: as a result of packets, which enable to perform visual control of their internal State and optimise the process of melting.10 cl, 23 dwg

Waste-heat energy centre // 2583683
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: recycling energy centre includes raw material preparation module for processing, bioreactor module and energy centre. Raw material preparation module comprises, connected to thermolysis plant, a sorting and delivery line, which is capable of separating recyclable waste into a liquid organic fraction and a combustible fraction of secondary raw material and household wastes classified as hazardous, and feeding to thermolysis plant said combustible fraction and medical wastes. Sorting and delivery line is adapted to feed liquid organic fraction in bioreactor. Thermolysis plant is configured to remove solid and liquid thermolysis products, bioreactor output is connected to input of power centre, capable of operating on biogas and gas line. Sorting and delivery line of block for sorting combustible fraction with sorting of non-combustible recyclable material and household waste classified as hazardous, comprises a conveyor for feeding recyclable raw waste and connected therewith and placed in a sealed transparent casing with inlet and outlet hatches conveyor for receiving solid waste. In housing on one side there are holes for tight fixation of gloves in them, on other side - hoppers for receiving sorted solid household wastes in form of hatches with double doors. EFFECT: technical result is increasing efficiency of recycling waste and increasing environmental friendliness of process.2 cl, 3 dwg
ethod of producing cobalt nitrate crystals of high purity from dead catalyst co/sio2 // 2580744
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: for obtaining cobalt nitrate crystals of high purity spent catalysts Co/SiO2 are calcined in air, cooled and grounded into powder. Said powder is introduced into the reactor with fluidised bed for recovery in the presence of a gas mixture H2 and N2. Excess of diluted nitric acid is added, filtered and cobalt nitrate solution is obtained. Cobalt nitrate solution pH is brought up to 1.5 and oxalic acid solution is added. Then solution is filtered to obtain a precipitate of cobalt oxalate. Molar amount of oxalic acid exceeds by 2-3 times molar amount of cobalt in cobalt nitrate solution. Obtained precipitate is washed, dried and calcined during 4-8 hours at a temperature of 550-650°C to produce cobalt oxide. Cobalt oxide is added with diluted solution of nitric acid to produce second cobalt nitrate solution. It is followed by evaporation and crystallisation of the second cobalt nitrate solution to obtain crystals of Co (NO3)2·6H2O.EFFECT: invention increases the fraction of extraction and purity of cobalt nitrate.9 cl, 4 ex

ethod for producing solid ruthenium nitrosyl nitrate using spent catalyst containing ruthenium // 2580414
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to platinum group metal recycling method. Obtaining of solid ruthenium nitrosilnitrate includes several stages. Drying, calcination for 2-4 hours at temperature of 300-500 °C of used catalyst containing ruthenium is performed, and cooling down to room temperature to produce black solid product. Solid product is milled to produce powder. Powder is introduced into fluid-bed reactor. Reactor aeration with nitrogen or inert gas for 0.5-2 hours, introduction of hydrogen and heating reactor to temperature of 100-600 °C is performed to carry out reduction reaction with formation of metallic ruthenium. Ruthenium metal oxidation is carried out with gaseous mixture of ozone and air at temperature of 600-650 °C to produce gaseous ruthenium tetroxide. Ruthenium tetroxide is introduced in three-stage absorption installation containing solution of nitric acid. Ruthenium nitrate acid solution is formed. Solution is added with sodium nitrite, mixed and heated with reflux condenser with microboiling. Ruthenium nitrosilnitrate solution is formed. Ruthenium nitrosilnitrate solution extraction using anhydrous ether, collecting and evaporation of extraction solution are performed. Solid ruthenium nitrosilnitrate is formed.EFFECT: efficient recycling of ruthenium resources, high output and purity of solid ruthenium nitrosilnitrate is ensured.10 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of processing solid wastes and sludge // 2579809
FIELD: oil industry.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for processing of petrochemical industrial wastes. Wastes from production of polyethers are treated with extraction agent. Mixture is separated by pressing and centrifuging to obtain liquid solution of laprol and extraction agent, and solid fraction of bentonite. Extraction agent is separated from liquid fraction with its subsequent recovery to process. Solid fraction is washed with organic solvents, or with water and condensate. Solid fraction is filtered and annealed in vacuum medium at temperature t = 400 °C to obtain activated carbon. Drilling fluid with potassium and phosphorus salts is evaporated to solid potassium monophosphate. Laprol is passed through disperser for producing foam-rubber of increased volume and density.EFFECT: invention provides non-waste production of polyethers.1 cl, 1 dwg

Processing line apparatus for recycling solid household wastes using thermal decomposition // 2576711
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: processing line apparatus for recycling solid household wastes using thermal decomposition comprises, arranged in series, a loading hopper, a receiving hopper with a loading device, a station for sorting solid household wastes linked to a magnetic separator for selecting magnetic metals from the incoming waste mass, a station for crushing solid household wastes linked to a conveyor for loading crushed material into a thermal treatment unit which is linked to means of unloading a carbonaceous solid residue after thermal treatment and feeding into an ash hopper. The thermal treatment unit for the thermal decomposition of the crushed material is a container with a loading hatch, inside of which there is at least one combustion chamber with a tubular pyrocoil extending therefrom, which is heated by the combustion heat of fuel gas on burners for heating wastes in an oxygenless medium until decomposition thereof due to the radiation of heat generated by the burner flame in the combustion chamber, and heat transfer with flue gases into the pyrocoil. The container is fitted with outlets for releasing the pyrolysis gases formed during the decomposition of wastes towards the first heat exchanger for primary cooling of the pyrolysis gases and collection of liquid fractions into a separate container, followed by redirection into a filtering unit for separating the end product from tar, and towards the second heat exchanger for the separation of liquid fractions condensed from the pyrolysis gas on plates and outputting through separate pipes the separated liquid fractions into separate storage containers, one of which is linked to the said filtering unit.EFFECT: simple design of the apparatus.3 cl, 1 dwg
ethod for processing sludge waste // 2576202
FIELD: recycling of industrial waste.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the treatment of industrial waste. In the method of processing of waste the sludge waste is mixed with the binder mixture. Binder contains a mixture of hydrated and / or quicklime. Communication component mixture by reaction with lime forms the substance. Solubility of the substance formed in the water is less than the solubility of the substances contained in the waste sludge.EFFECT: provides a reduction in the negative environmental impact of industrial and municipal waste.17 cl

Composite construction material "gumikom" // 2575950
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: material "GUMIKOM" includes the following ingredients, from the weight of drilling sludge, wt %: drilling sludge, mineral additive - sand or crushed granite (20-30 wt %), dehumidifier - perlite (up to 5 wt %), accelerator - calcium formiate (up to 2.5 wt %), hardener - cement (25-50 wt %), in addition humates (0.01-0.05 wt %), glaukonit (2.0-2.5 wt. %) and yeast (0.05-0.1 wt %).EFFECT: expansion of the arsenal of facilities intended for construction, due to recycling of drilling waste, improvement of environmental performance.1 tbl

Solid household and industrial solid waste burner // 2574220
FIELD: heating.SUBSTANCE: solid fuel coiler comprises the body, two fuel bin with fuel feed doors, air-gas passage connected with combustible gas afterburner chamber, heat exchanger, furnace chamber, mechanism to feed air thereto composed of at one of the nozzles arranged above every said bin to force airflow inside the furnace chamber. Two bins of said boiler are integrated into one shaft and provided with common baffle in vertical plane. The furnace chamber is located above said shaft while air-gas passage communicates with the gas afterburner chamber in one plane with aforesaid baffle. Said air gas passage extends outward downstream of the combustible gas afterburner. Airflow flows deep into the furnace chamber for combustion of solid residue and combustible gas through the fuel bottom ply in the shaft and in tangent thereto. Extra airflow for afterburning of combustible gases is forced in said afterburner and exits through the nozzles arranged perpendicular to air-gas passage. The heat exchanger is composed by the vessel abutting on the shaft outer surfaces and those of air-gas passage and the body inner surface.EFFECT: higher efficiency of fuel combustion.5 cl, 6 dwg

Processing method of hydrocarbon-bearing slurries in outdoor storages using uhf electromagnetic emission // 2572205
FIELD: ecology.SUBSTANCE: processing of hydrocarbon-bearing (HCB) slurries in outdoor storages involves continuous action of UHF electromagnetic emission. A protective metal casing with an UHF emission generator fixed on it and a gas discharge pipe for gaseous products of HCB slurry after processing is installed on the surface of the reserved area of the storage. Emission energy is localised in slurry volume between the protective metal casing submerged into the treated medium to the depth that is not lower than j of UHF emission wave length and boundary of depth of emission penetration into the treated medium and causes slurry destruction. Gaseous decomposition products are removed for further separation into fractions. Slurry processing is continued till a gas release process is stopped. Emission power required for heating of the treated slurry volume till the specified temperature is determined by the formula: P1 = T1·α·S·V, and heating time where T1 is specified temperature; α - volumetric coefficient of heat exchange of the treated section with environment; S - contact surface area of the treated volume with environment; V - volume of treated medium; c, ρ - averaged heat capacity and density of the treated HCB slurry.EFFECT: invention provides effective processing of HCB slurry without any additional transportation of slurries, excludes environmental pollution with products after processing due to absence of slurry movement.2 cl, 1 dwg
 
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