Disposal of solid waste and reclamation of contaminated soil (B09)

B09            Disposal of solid waste; reclamation of contaminated soil(1051)

Device for oil wastes recycling // 2627784
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: device for oil waste recycling contains scroll conveyor body, a auger placed in it, a heater, an additional steam generator. The body of the scroll conveyor in the upper part is made in the form of a rectangular box, the bottom wall of which is made in the form of a porous plate with a porosity of 0.2-0.6, on which a horizontal tube bundle is installed. In the lower part, the body is made in the form of two semi-cylindrical slots installed in parallel and connected along a generatrix of a cylindrical surface. The auger is made in the form of two spirals, each of which is installed in a semicylindrical slot. On the axis of each spiral there is a pipe with a porous wall, which is connected to the steam generator with its input. The output of each pipe with a porous wall is connected to a rectangular box. The heater in the form of a tube bundle is installed from the outside on the conveyor body and is connected to the output of a horizontal tube bundle with its input.EFFECT: reduction of hydrocarbon losses during oil wastes recycling, reduced harmful discharges to environment.4 dwg, 2 ex
Tungsten-molybdenum ores flotation benefication low-carbonate wastes disposal method // 2627656
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method includes the decarbonatization steps, element leaching and sediment treatment, in which decarbonatization is carried out by contacting the raw material, having the carbonate content less than 9% with 1N sulfuric acid solution at ratio C:L=1:2, for 1.5-2 hours to obtain the pulp. Leaching of the pulp is carried out at the temperature of 60-70°C for 2-3 hours in agitation mode with 1N sulfuric acid at the ratio of C:L=1:1 with the addition of 37% hydrogen peroxide solution in the amount of 0.05 l/kg of the pulp. Further, perform the decantating or filtration of this pulp to obtain the sediment and the mother solution, the sediment is washed with the industrial water with S:L=1:(2-3) for at least 0.5 hour, the sand fraction is separated and the resulting slurry is settled to form the settling solution. The solution, obtained after the sorption extraction of the elements, is combined with the settling solution and supplied to the head of the process to the decarbonatization stage.EFFECT: using of this invention allows to provide disposal and neutralisation of tungsten-molybdenum ores flotation benefication low-carbonate tails without using the high-temperature technologies for collecting the sublimations.4 cl, 2 ex, 1 tbl
Underground reactor system // 2627594
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: method for fuel producing from an organic material in an underground reactor (versions) and an underground reactor for use in the above process (versions) is proposed. The underground reactor includes the first conduit for organic material injecting under the ground and converting it into fuel, the second bypass for raising the converted organic material, and a heat exchanger for generating heat to power the equipment where the heat transfer fluid contains piezo-thermal or piezoelectric particles. In another version the underground reactor also comprises a pump for holding the reaction zone at the desired temperature. The method includes sending the organic material under the ground through the first conduit, applying to an organic material in a pressure and temperature reaction zone for converting the organic material into fuel, raising fuel through the second pipeline, and circulating the heat transfer fluid. In another version the method also includes using a heat exchanger to generate heat for use in the equipment powering.EFFECT: obtaining fuel due to underground temperature and pressure.95 cl, 23 dwg, 5 tbl, 13 ex
ethod for producing calcium fluoride from fluorocarbon-containing waste of aluminium production // 2627431
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for producing calcium fluoride from fluorocarbon-containing wastes of aluminium production involves treatment of fluor-containing solutions with calcium hydroxide, followed by separation of the solution and a pulp and liberation of calcium fluoride, which is washed with water. As a fluor-containing solution, a solution is used, obtained by leaching solid fine-dispersed fluorocarbon-containing waste of electrolytical aluminium production - sludge from gas cleaning, dust from electrostatic precipitators and spent coal lining. Fluorocarbon-containing wastes are submitted for treatment in a ratio of T:H=:(10-11) with respect to a 2-2.5% solution of sodium hydroxide. The treatment is carried out at a leach solution temperature of 65-85°C.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to produce calcium fluoride from solid fine-dispersed fluorocarbon-containing waste of electrolytic aluminium production with a fluor content in the solid phase of 12 to 25 percent.2 cl, 4 tbl
Neutralizing material for reclamation of acidified soils // 2626646
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: slag of ferrovanadium production by silicoaluminothermic method is used as a neutralizing material for reclamation of acidified soils of the plant containers.EFFECT: expanding the arsenal of neutralizing materials used for reclamation of acidified soils.2 tbl, 1 ex
Bacterial strain tsukamurella tyrosinosolvens vkpm v-12342 - destructor of alkanes and biosas producer for cleaning territories, water areas and industrial waste from oil pollutants // 2626593
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: Tsukamurella tyrosinosolvens PS2 bacterial strain is able to utilise aliphatic hydrocarbons and produce biologically surface-active substances. The bacterial strain is deposited in the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms under accession number VKPM B-12342 and may be used for cleaning territories and water areas contaminated with oil hydrocarbons.EFFECT: increased efficiency of territories and water areas cleaning from oil contaminations.4 ex

Industrial method and device for processing organic waste // 2626160
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of industrial processing of organic waste includes composting using composting worms. The substrate of organic waste is loaded into a vermimodule where it is humidified in the biohumus solution, aerobically fermented, then an array of organic wastes is formed from verminodules, with their subsequent periodic rearrangement and turning by 120° for loosening and aeration of the substrate, loading and forcing the compost worms. The device for processing organic waste is represented by a verminodule, which is made in the form of a trapezoidal prism, the base of which is an equilateral triangle, the walls of which are made perforated and connected by means of detachable hinges.EFFECT: excluding the emission of harmful substances into the atmosphere.3 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of oil slime disposal as upright tank subsoil // 2625498
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: method of oily wastes disposal involves oily waste mixing with a detoxifying composition, followed by the introduction of a calculated amount of water until a uniform hydrophobic powder is formed. The resulting pellet oil slime in the form of a homogeneous hydrophobic loose fine powder is mixed with a mechanical mixer with water and sandy soil of medium size with a subsequent ratio of components, wt %: pellet oil slime in the form of homogeneous hydrophobic loose fine powder - up to 20%; water - 5-10%; sandy soil of medium size - the rest, and the resulting moistened mixture "Pellet oil slime - sandy soil of medium size" is laid in the base of the vertical tank and compacted.EFFECT: simplification of oily wastes disposal.1 dwg
ethod of manufacturing lithitioned artificial soil // 2625494
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: method of making artificial soil is to mix the drilling and/or drill cuttings (OM), sand, cement and soluble silicate with the following ratio of the components, vol. % of the initial OB: drilling wastes and/or cuttings with drilling mud elements 100; sand 10-90; cement-3-30; silicate 2-15.EFFECT: invention makes it possible to obtain an artificial coarse-grained ground with a clastic-grained structure that gives it the necessary strength to fill the cavities of technological depressions and equip road bases.13 cl, 3 tbl, 2 ex
ethod of microbial strains - oil degraders discharging // 2624667
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: method of microbial strains - oil degraders discharging contains the selection of microorganisms-degraders with their subsequent discharging into a pure culture. The selection is carried out with the help of membrane filter, previously oil-soaked, which is dipped into the cleaned soil to a depth of 5-10 cm from the soil surface and hold it there from 20 to 90 days, and a discharging of microorganisms - oil degraders capable of its decomposition in the specific soil and climatic conditions is carried out with membrane filter. The membrane filter is placed in a test tube with 10 ml of sterile water, shaken for at least 10 minutes, after which the resulting suspension is sown superficially to beef-extract agar to isolate the bacteria - degraders and to Czapek's medium for the isolation of fungi - oil degraders.EFFECT: obtaining of bacteria and fungi strains with a high capacity for oil destruction in natural soil, as well as good survival at the site of application.4 dwg

ethod of sorting of waste // 2624288
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: waste sorting method involves the capture of objects from the conveyor by manipulators that are controlled by object recognition systems containing devices for scanning, spectrometry and detection of sorted objects, by comparing their data with images in computer software. Object recognition systems contain marking devices that apply coded tags to sorted objects, and manipulation of objects by manipulators is carried out using code markers.EFFECT: improved method.3 cl, 1 dwg
Strain salinibacterium amurskyense arc 14 vkpm ac-1993 - destructor of oil and oil products // 2624069
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology, microbiology, ecology, environmental protection. Salinibacterium amurskyense ARC 14 strain has the ability to destruction of oil and oil products in aqueous medium. Salinibacterium amurskyense bacteria strain is deposited in the Russian national collection of Industrial Microorganisms under registration number VKPM Ac-1993. Strain can be used for purification of water areas of water bodies, shore line contaminated with oil and oil products, at temperature from +4 to +20 °C and salinity of 30 g/l.EFFECT: invention increases efficiency of purification of water areas of water bodies from oil and oil products at +4 to +20 °C and salinity of 30 g/l.1 cl, 3 ex
Strain arthrobacter rhombi arc 16 vkpm ac-1988 - destructor of oil and oil products // 2624063
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology, microbiology, ecology, environmental protection. Arthrobacter rhombi ARC 16 bacteria strain has the ability to destruction of oil and oil products. Arthrobacter rhombi bacteria strain is deposited in the Russian national collection of Industrial Microorganisms under registration number VKPM Ac-1988. Strain can be used for purification of water areas of water bodies, shore line contaminated with oil and oil products, at temperature from +4 to +20 °C and salinity of 30 g/l.EFFECT: invention increases efficiency of purification of water areas of water bodies, shore line from oil and oil products at +4 to +20 °C and salinity of 30 g/l.1 cl, 3 ex
Arthrobacter strain rhombi arc 15 vkpm as-1989 - destructor of oil and oil products // 2624061
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology, microbiology, environmental friendliness, environmental protection. Strain of bacteria Arthrobacter rhombi ARC 15 has ability of destruction of oil and oil products. Arthrobacter rhombi strain is deposited in Russian national collection of Industrial Microorganisms under registration number VKPM As-1989. Strain can be used for purification of water areas of water bodies, coast line contaminated with oil and oil products at temperature from +4 to +20 °C and salinity of 30 g/l.EFFECT: invention increases efficiency of purification of water areas of water bodies, coast line from oil and oil products at temperature from +4 to +20 °C and salinity of 30 g/l.1 cl, 3 ex
Strain leucobacter aridicollis arc 6 vkpm as-1992 destructor of oil and oil products // 2624054
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology, microbiology, environmental friendliness, environmental protection. Strain of bacteria Leucobacter aridicollis ARC 6 has ability of destruction of oil and oil products. Leucobacter aridicollis bacteria strain is deposited in Russian national collection of Industrial Microorganisms under registration number VKPM As-1992. Strain can be used for purification of water areas of water bodies, coastal line contaminated with oil and oil products at temperature from +4 to +20 °C and salinity of 30 g/l.EFFECT: invention increases efficiency of purification of water areas of water bodies, coastal line contaminated with oil and oil products at temperature from +4 to +20 °C and salinity of 30 g/l.1 cl, 3 ex
Strain arthrobacter rhombi arc 8 vkpm as-1987-destructor of oil and oil products // 2624052
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of biotechnology, microbiology, ecology, environmental protection. Strain of bacteria Arthrobacter rhombi ARC 8 has the ability to destruction of oil and oil products. Strain of bacteria Arthrobacter rhombi is deposited in the Russian national collection of Industrial Microorganisms under registration number As-1987. Strain can be used for purification of water areas of water bodies, coastal line, contaminated with oil and oil products at temperature from +4 to +20 °C and salinity of 30 g/l.EFFECT: invention allows to increase efficiency of cleaning water area, coastal line contaminated with oil and oil products at temperature from +4 to +20 °C and salinity 30 g/l.1 cl, 3 ex
icrobiological specimen for increasing yield of agricultural crops in liquid form // 2624047
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: microbiological specimen for increasing crop yields consists of a mixture of a bacterial suspension concentrate of Micrococcus luteus PBT-1 bacteria strain and a suspension concentrate of Penicillium sp microscopic fungus strain. PBT-2, products of metabolism and a sterile nutrient medium with a final titre of viable cells in liquid Micrococcus luteus PBT-1 bacteria strain which is not less than 20.0×106 CFU/ml and Penicillium sp microscopic fungus strain. PBT-2 is not less than 10.0×103 CFU/ml.EFFECT: invention allows to increase crop yields.3 tbl, 2 ex

ethod of thermal neutralisation of municipal waste in melted slag and furnance for its implementation // 2623394
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: in the method of thermal neutralisation of solid municipal waste in a melted slag including loading of a prepared charge to the working chamber, burning it with formation of a melted slag bath, bubbling the melt with natural gas combustion products through submerged lances, discharging smelting products and cleaning gases after thermal decomposition of the charge, the thermal detoxification of waste is carried out directly in the bath of melted slag due to loading of the charge directly to the level of the melted slag bath and the supply to the melt of the air, preheated to 500°C, with an excess air ratio of α≤1.3 through lances located on the side walls of the working chamber, while the temperature of the slag bath is maintained in the interval of 1400-1600°C, the natural gas is combusted in the removable furnace chambers under α≤0.9, where the combustion products of the natural gas for bubbling of the slag bath and maintaining its tempreture are supplied for the melt level through the nozzles, mounted in the furnace chambers, disposed on the side walls of the working chamber in the staggered order against the nozzles, located on the opposite wall. The furnace for implementating the method comprises a caissonized working chamber equipped with remote combustion furnaces and lances for supplying air to the melt, which are disposed on the side walls above the nozzles of the removable combustion furnaces; the nozzles of the removable combustion furnaces are disposed on opposite side walls of the working chamber in a staggered order against each other; the upper parts of the side walls of the working chamber are inclined; and the loading device is disposed above the level of the axes of the combustion chambers outlet nozzles at a distance no more than 40 diameters of the outlet section of the combustion chamber nozzle.EFFECT: simplified preparation technology of materials for processing.14 cl, 1 dwg, 9 tbl
icrobiological specimen for increasing yield of agricultural crops in liquid form // 2623156
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: microbiological specimen for increasing crop yields consists of a mixture of a bacterial suspension concentrate of Micrococcus luteus PBT-1 bacteria strain and a suspension concentrate of Penicillium sp microscopic fungus strain. PBT-2, metabolic products and sterile nutrient medium. The final titer of viable cells in the liquid form of specimen is not less than 5.0×106 CFU/ml.EFFECT: invention allows to increase crop yields.3 tbl, 3 ex

ethod of remediation of oil-contaminated soil // 2622919
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: way to remediate contaminated soils further includes mineral oil in soil using a biological product. As nutritional substrate for biopharmaceutical, waste gas condensates is used, which contain the aboriginal culture of hydrocarbon-oxidizing microorganisms. Waste is subjected to separation of liquid fraction and its fermentation.EFFECT: to ensure high efficiency of oil-contaminated soil remediation with simultaneous utilisation and disposal of waste gas transportation enterprises, leading to a substantial simplification and reduction of the entire process.1 ex, 4 dwg

Way of pasteous materials drying // 2622604
FIELD: heating system.SUBSTANCE: according to the way of pasteous materials drying these pasteous materials are formed in the shape of the infinite cylinders and are placed in the direction of the motion, parallel with each other, incrementally. The drying means are directed to the reflux-cross direction towards the pasteous materials. Henceforth, one condense moisture from the drying means and the non-condensable gases and dust are gathered. Then one removes the cleared from the moisture and non-condensable gases drying means part, that is equal to the crisp air amount, that is delivered for the dried solid waste and natural gas incineration. And the remaining part is directed for the desaturation of the furnace exhaust to the drying means optimum temperature. One heats the drying means not only due to the natural gas incineration heat, but also due to the dried solid waste incineration heat.EFFECT: drying process efficiency increase.3 dwg

Device and method for processing absorbent hygiene items // 2622001
FIELD: textile, paper.SUBSTANCE: device for processing used absorbent sanitary items consists of a rotatable cylindrical autoclave, a heating circuit that pressurizes the autoclave to heat the absorbent sanitary products to sterilisation temperature for their destructurization, and the sealing layer on the inner surface of the autoclave. The autoclave has two ends, at least one of which ends with a shutter and the sealing layer contains grease or oil, and is made to prevent sticking onto the inner surface of the material coming from the destructuring of absorbent hygiene articles. Also described is a method of treating used absorbent sanitary products.EFFECT: increased efficiency of extraction of high-quality materials from processed sanitary hygiene products.5 cl, 4 dwg
ethod for developing saline serozem-meadow lands of central part of azerbaijan // 2621551
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method includes removing salts from the soil by sowing annual plants on it, with their subsequent harvesting and the use of fodder crops in the future. Wherein the two-level application of organic and mineral fertilizers into the arable and subsurface horizons with the thickness of 50-60 cm respectively is carried out. Then sowing annual crops represented by cotton or grain crops in their purest form is used. Further they are completely replaced by alfalfa sowing within three years. Thereinafter, these fields are used under corn for silage or other nodulating plants.EFFECT: method allows to improve the soil desalinization effectiveness.3 tbl
ethod for oil and oil products removing from wetland // 2620093
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: in the direction of oil and oil products collection device movement, a wetland polluted by oil and oil products is limited in the length and width to form a limited area. Water is supplied across the wetland limited area to the predetermined depth. Across the limited area, the oil-water mixture is deformed with peat and bog vegetation. The resulting oil-water mixture is drained over the entire wetland limited area from peat and bog vegetation during heating across the wetland closed area. Oil-water mixture is accumulated in the oil and oil products collection device. The mixture is separated into oil and water in the oil and oil products collection device by settling and during heating. The separated oil or oil products are pumped under laminar-flow mode through the pipeline into the oil collector. A biodegradable sorbent is applied over the entire wetland area purified from oil.EFFECT: increased efficiency in cleaning wetlands polluted by oil and oil products, lower energy costs, reduced harmful impact on the natural wetland structure.13 cl

Processing method of absorbent hygienic products // 2619868
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: processing method of used absorbent hygienic products comprises providing a rotating cylindrical autoclave; loading of autoclave with absorbent hygienic products sealed in a form of package inside the impermeable product bottom plate; heating to sterilisation temperature, creating pressure in the autoclave and bringing it in rotation; providing of cargo from rending elements inside the autoclave. The autoclave has an inner surface and two ends, at least one of which ends with a shutter which can be opened, allowing access to the autoclave and hermetically sealed, allowing to create a pressure therein, while weight of cargo from of elements is greater than the dry weight of cargo of hygienic products.EFFECT: efficient extraction of high-quality materials from the closed hygienic products.5 cl, 2 dwg
Device for processing of used oil filters // 2619284
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: device for processing of used oil filters contains a conveyor, a burner with a drive and a control unit. The conveyor consists of a conveyor belt with a drive for its movement, while the conveyor is equipped with a clamping, detachable and receiving means. The burner is made with the possibility to move in a vertical plane relative to the conveyor belt moving plane. The control unit interacts with the burner and conveyor belt drives. Clamping devices are placed on the belt in one or more rows, the number of burners is equal to the number of rows on the belt.EFFECT: efficiency of the used oil filters processing has been improved by separating the used oil and the filter element from the filter metal parts by burning them in the filter housing.2 cl, 1 dwg
Pseudomonas libanensis b-3041d strain for soil and water media cleaning from petroleum hydrocarbons // 2619183
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: bacterial strain Pseudomonas libanensis VKM B-3041D, is proposed, intended for soil and aquatic ecosystems cleaning from petroleum hydrocarbons, including polyaromatic hydrocarbons and naphthenic compounds.EFFECT: strain is effective for oil-polluted soil and water media purification.1 dwg, 2 ex, 3 tbl
Strain rhodococcus jialingiae b-m-1 vkpm as-1967 - destructor of oil and oil products // 2618838
FIELD: microbiology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to microbiology. Strain Rhodococcus jialingiae B-M-1 has ability to recycle gas condensate, gasoline, oil, fuel oil during short period of time. Strain Rhodococcus jialingiae is deposited in Russian national collection of Industrial Microorganisms under registration No. As-1967. Strain can be used for destruction of oil and oil products in temperature range from 4 to 32 °C.EFFECT: invention provides higher efficiency of activities aimed at destruction of oil and oil products in temperature range from 4 to 32 °C.1 cl, 4 tbl, 5 ex
ethod for biological cleaning of soils contaminated by oil products // 2618699
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method for biological cleaning of soils contaminated with oil products includes introducing granules of sapropel with microorganisms immobilized on it as a solid carrier in contaminated soil. The sapropel granules immediately before application are treated at the ratio of 1:0.015 by weight with the liquid form of the Naftox biopreparation based on aerobic hydrocarbon-oxidizing bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa-12-P or Pseudomonas citronelollis-48-Y with the working titer of the biopreparation -10 in 8 cells/ml. After that, the rehabilitated soil is immediately cultivated with simultaneous harrowing to the depth of 25-30 cm and subsequent watering from the calculation of bringing the soil humidity up to 60%. The sapropel granules treated with Naftox biopreparation can be introduced into previously ploughed soil contaminated with oil products.EFFECT: method by means of complex use of the natural ameliorant sapropel and Naftox biopreparation based on hydrocarbon-oxidizing bacteria of the genus Pseudomonas - biodestructors transforming oil hydrocarbons into carbon dioxide and environmentally friendly products allows in a relatively short time to effectively clean the soil from oil products and to restore its structure and fertility.2 cl, 5 tbl, 2 ex
ethod for extraction of metals from soil using biomass of plants // 2618281
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: method for producing metals from the soil includes the collection of plant biomass and the subsequent extraction of metals from biomass. In this case, kind of cow parsnip plant (Heracleum) are used. The method may include the step of ashing or the carbonization step of mentioned plant biomass.EFFECT: providing extraction and accumulation of soil to industrial metal content without using special reagents in vivo, and artificial industrial plantations on dumps.1 tbl, 1 ex
ethod for phytoremediation of soils contaminated with carbon hydrates and application of rhodococcus erythropolis vkm as-2017d microorganism strain as plant growth stimulator // 2618096
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: method of phytoremediation of soils contaminated with carbon hydrates include planting phytoremediants and application of the suspension of the microorganism strain which is the destructor of carbon hydrates and stimulates the growth of plants for speed acceleration of cleaning soils on heavy contaminated regions. When planting the seeds of Medicago sativa lucern or Triticum durum winter wheat as well as a cell suspension of Rhodococcus erythropolis VKM As-2017D strain are used together with a culture medium containing phytohormones and having the following composition, g/l: KNO3 - 4; Na2HPO4 - 1.4; KH2PO4 - 0.4; MgSO4⋅H2O - 0.8; 10 sucrose; 1 tryptophan.EFFECT: Rhodococcus erythropolis VKM As-2017D strain is used as a plant growth stimulant.2 cl, 5 dwg, 2 tbl
Preparation for soil and water purufication from oil and oil products // 2617953
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: drug for treatment of soils and water from oil and oil products contains oil, biomass hydrocarbon bacterial strain Bacillus subtilis SNBS-1, deposited in the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms under accession number VKPM B-12239, anastringent component, which is used as sodium carboxymethylcellulose and organomineral substrate booster - compositional mixture based on clinoptilolite prepared sawdust and humus components at a predetermined ratio.EFFECT: invention improves the efficiency of purification of soil and water from the crude oil and oil products.5 tbl, 2 ex

Bacillus subtilis strain - oil and petroleum destructor // 2617951
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: strain of bacteria Bacillus subtilis SNBS-1 has a high-utilising ability in relation to both the oil and petroleum products in a relatively short time (from 3 to 45 days) in a wide temperature range from +5 to +40°C. Strain Bacillus subtilis is deposited in the Russian Collection of Industrial Microorganisms under accession number VKPM B-12239 and it can be used for purification of soil and water decontamination of oil and petroleum products (diesel fuel, motor oil, hydraulic oil, gas condensate).EFFECT: invention allows to increase the effectiveness and reduce the time of cleaning soil and water from oil and oil in a wide temperature range.1 dwg, 3 tbl, ex 5

Strain of bacteria stenotrophomonas maltophilia - oil and oilproduct destructor // 2617950
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: strain bacteria Stenotrophomonas maltophilia SNBS-3 has the ability to quickly dispose of oil and petroleum products (diesel fuel, motor oil, hydraulic oil, gas condensate) in a wide temperature range from +5 to +37°C. Strain of bacteria Stenotrophomonas maltophilia deposited in the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms under accession number VKPM B-12247, and can be used both for soil decontamination and water purification from contamination by oil and petroleum products (diesel fuel, motor oil, hydraulic oil, gas condensate).EFFECT: invention allows to increase the effectiveness and reduce the time of cleaning soil and water from oil and oil in a wide temperature range.1 dwg, 3 tbl, 5 ex

ethod of soil and water protection from oil // 2617949
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: method of purifying soil and water pollution by oil and petroleum products comprises applying the bacterial preparation consisting of a cell strain Stenotrophomonas maltophilia SNBS-3, deposited in the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms under accession number VKPM B-12247 at a concentration of 1⋅109 cells/cm3 suspension in contaminated soil or an aqueous environment.EFFECT: invention improves the effectiveness of cleaning soil and water from oil and petroleum products in a relatively short time and a wide temperature range.1 dwg, 3 tbl, 5 ex
Thermotolerant bacterial strains consortium for oil and oil products degradation in soil and waters in hot climates // 2617941
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used as a basis of a biological product for soil and water remediation, including saline ones, in hot climates. The consortium contains Gordonia amicalis, Rhodococcus erythropolis and Rhodococcus pyridinivorans bacteria, deposited in the Russian National Collection of Microorganisms IBPM named after G.K. Skryabin RAS under accession number VKM Ac-D 2720, VKM Ac-D 2722 and VKM Ac-D 2721, respectively. At that, the number of microorganisms for the consortium on the treated area should be at least 1×104-1×105 CFU/g of soil (1×104-1×105 CFU/ml), depending on the contamination level.EFFECT: invention improves the efficiency of soil and water purification at temperatures up to 50 degrees, soil and water salinity to 7 percent and 10 percent soil humidity.2 dwg, 4 ex

Pyrolysis system and method for carbon fiber extraction from carbon fiber containing plastics // 2617790
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a pyrolysis unit and a method for carbon fibers extraction (recycling) from carbon fiber containing plastics, especially from carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFP or CFP-materials), preferably from carbon fiber containing composites (composite materials) and/or carbon fiber reinforced composites (composite materials), carbon fibers, material selected from the group consisting of polymeric, construction materials or cement-containing systems, moulded body. The pyrolysis unit includes a pyrolysis oven, a loading and unloading station, a vent unit, a control device, a body. The pyrolysis oven includes a rotating pipe, the wall of whichhas openings for pyrolysis gas discharge. The housing is isolated from the external environment and has multiple sections with different temperatures and comprises openings for the inloading station. The pyrolysis unit further comprises means for shredding of the material to be processed, located before the loading station or upstream of the loading station.EFFECT: uniform heating of material during decomposition of the polymer matrix.10 cl, 10 dwg, 5 tbl
ethod for product manufacture from production and consumption waste, and product made from production and consumption waste (versions) // 2617693
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: method for product manufacture from the production and consumption waste includes their distribution by physico-chemical properties and hazard classes in the sorting area, shredding and disposal. Production and consumption waste is crushed to 10-20 mm fractions, and mixed with sorbent materials in a volume of 0.5 to 50% of the total product weight, bioreagents in a volume of 0.5 to 40% of the total product weight, and binders in a volume of 10 to 80% of the total product weight. The product made from production and consumption waste consists of, vol. %: oil-contaminated soil of hazard class 3, 4, 5 - 50-90; sorbent materials - 15-50%; bioreagents - 10-20; biofertilisers - 10-25. The product made from the production and consumption waste consists of, vol. %: from 50 to 90 of bleaching earth waste containing vegetable oils of hazard class 4 or filtered powder containing oils of hazard classes 4 and 5; from 5 to 10 of sorbent materials; from 5 to 10 of bioreagents; from 10 to 25 of biofertilisers; from 10 to 35 vermicompost; from 5 to 10 of nitrogen-phosphorus fertiliser.EFFECT: obtaining of an environmentally safe product, compliant with the environmental and health standards.16 cl, 7 tbl
ethod for processing solid organic wastes by technological earthworms // 2617573
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: method of processing solid organic wastes by technological earthworms includes loosening the organic waste mass of a formed dump or a landfill exhausted its resource, restricting the mass by vertical shaft-forming perforated cages for retaining the waste mass from crumbling, in which an elastic sleeve is laid alternately with skipping one row, which is filled with an inert carrier mixed with nutrient substrate and populated with technological earthworms Eisena fetida. After complete migration of the worm in the waste mass, the sleeve is removed from the shaft and is sent to filling with another nutrient mixture portion and populating with the worm. After processing the waste mass, the sleeve with a nutritional bait, which serves as a trap for transferring the worms to new sites, is lowered into the shaft, with repeating this operation until complete removal of the worms from the resulting vermicompost, the sign of which is the height reduction of the laid substrate up to 60% of the initial volume. Thereinafter the vermicompost is separated and transported to the consumer, and the MSW mineral component remainder is sent to crushing and sorting.EFFECT: use of said invention excludes the costs for manual labour, heating and aeration.3 cl, 3 dwg

ethod of utilisation of polymer wastes by method of low-temperature catalytic pyrolysis // 2617213
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method for utilising polymer waste by a low-temperature catalytic pyrolysis method is carried out, and the polymer waste is thermally processed in a screw reactor without oxygen access in the presence of a ZSM-5 zeolite-based catalyst, the method being characterised in that the catalyst is an iron oxide catalyst, Impregnated in a matrix of zeolite ZSM-5, waste processing is carried out at a temperature of 498-502°C for 59-61 minutes, when using 1-5% of the mass of raw materials, while processing polymer waste with a particle size of not more than 80 mm.EFFECT: decrease the formation of by resin components, obtaining fuel gas, low temperature thermal destruction process.2 tbl, 1 dwg

Device for disposal of products of physical necessities satisfaction // 2616799
FIELD: satisfaction of human life necessities.SUBSTANCE: bunker for hermetic plastic packages with the call of nature products having an electrically-driven feeder is connected to the device for package mechanical opening which comprises a housing with an apron conveyor having rod shelves, is made with possibility to open the packages with the call of nature products which leak off into the inclined distributing outlet, is made with possibility to open the packages with knives immovably installed inside the housing so that they appear in the gaps between the shelves rods of the apron conveyor moving past the knives, as well as made with possibility to remove the opened plastic packages with the removers from the rods, immovably installed in the device housing, as well as to shift them through the outlet into the melter with a heater, to which a vertical extruder with a screw and actuator is attached, the outlet holes of the inclined distributing outlet are connected through the valve to the inlet holes of the container for fermentation of the call of nature products with added sulfuric acid solution and limestone through the pipe with the valve, and through the pipes with the valves of the yeast solution and wort distillation into the commercial alcohol, and the container outlet holes have hermitic rotor feeders to push off the remaining fraction after distillation of the commercial alcohol which may be applied for fertilization of agricultural fields, distillation of the commercial alcohol from the tow boat, obtained from the call of nature products, is effected in the containers under heating with tens, the outlet hole of the extruder is made with possibility to install therein a variety of matrix for pressing through them a corrugated thick mass, with possibility to cut off exclusive bars with a string cutter, with possibility to descend the bars to prevent their deformation and for their cooling in the current water in the cooling basin, where a pipe is disposed for sweating the commercial alcohol, going from containers through the pipes with valves and pushing off the liquid commercial alcohol through the valve.EFFECT: improved ecological compatibility of household waste disposal.1 dwg
Bioremediant for carrying out remediation of soils polluted with oil and/or oil products // 2616398
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: bioremediant for carrying out remediation works consists of the bioemulsion applied by the aerosol method, containing the microbial cells association of oil-destructor strains of Rhodococcus erythropolis AC-1226, Pseudomonas fluorescens B-6735, Pseudonocardia autotrophica AC-917, vaseline oil, an emulsifier, a mineral fertiliser (NPK), an organic fertiliser - cattle manure (effluent) reworked under anaerobic conditions, applied on the complex consisting of soil sorbents and structurers: peat and aluminosilicate of sedimentary origin (glauconite) containing the seeds of grasses, ensuring the soils structure recovery and petroleum products reduction to the normative (1000 mg/kg of soil) value in 7 months at the positive ambient temperature and within one year at the positive and negative ambient temperatures.EFFECT: agent allows to perform the one-stage process of the biological remediation phase due to its one-time introduction, and reduces the physical and financial costs of the bioremediation of a soil contaminated by oil or oil products.7 tbl, 2 ex
Universal method of complex well-drilling waste neutralization to produce anthropogenic reinforced soil (ars) building composite // 2616304
FIELD: mining.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of drilling waste neutralization and disposal and can be used for complex waste neutralization which is generated during drilling operations such as drilling slurries (DS), drilling waste water (DWW), waste drilling muds (WDM), contaminated soils and other pre-shredded industrial and household waste. The method of complex neutralization consists of step-by-step mixing of the waste with dry bulk components, but before application of additional components drilling waste is mixed until homogeneous condition in proportions which provide 30-500% bulk humidity of the mixture, afterwards sand for construction, sandy light and silty light loam, clay are applied to the mixture at a rate of 10-40% with allowance for preservation of the predetermined mixture humidity value, then the complexing modifying additive at a rate of 8-30% and the cement at a rate of 0-30% are applied to the mixture.EFFECT: invention provides simultaneous neutralization of several drilling waste types and immobilization of various ecotoxicants in the structure of the newly formed mineral matrix to produce a building material, simplification and cheapening of the waste neutralization and disposal.4 cl, 4 tbl
icrobiological preparation for increasing crop yields // 2616284
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: microbiological preparation for increasing crop yields consists of a mixture of a bacterial suspension concentrate of Micrococcus luteus PBT-1 bacteria strain and a suspension concentrate of Penicillium sp microscopic fungus strain. PBT-2, products of metabolism and a sterile nutrient medium with a final titre of viable cells in liquid Micrococcus luteus PBT-1 bacteria strain which is not less than 2.0×106 cfu/ml and Penicillium sp microscopic fungus strain. PBT-2 is not less than 1.0×103 cfu/ml.EFFECT: invention enables to increase crop yields.4 tbl, 2 ex
Calcium-containing preparation for compacting and decontaminating sludge sediments and method of processing sludge sediments using thereof // 2616078
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: calcium-containing preparation for compacting and decontaminating sludge sediments of treatment facilities is a mechanical powder mixture comprising up to 50 wt % of at least two active components selected from the compounds: TiO2, SiO2, CuSO4, Na2SO4, alkali, sodium humate, ammonium humate, aminoacetic acid, cuprum glycinates, manganese, calcium, the rest - CaO. The calcium-containing preparation is mixed with slusge sediment, liquid (water) and solid phases are separated by sedimentation method and then diversion of the liquid phase (water) is carried out. Calcium-containing preparation is used at a dose of 1-30 g/dm3. At least one active additive selected from the compounds: CuSO4, Na2SO4, Na2CO3, alkali, sodium humate, ammonium humate, aminoacetic acid, cuprum glycinates, manganese, calcium at a dose of 8 g/dm3, is additionally added to the sludge sediment, at least after one or at one of the mixing, separating and water diverting stages.EFFECT: invention enables to ensure highly efficient processing of the sludge sediments of treatment facilities, comprising activated sludge, raw sludge or a mixture thereof, while reducing the cost of the proposed preparation.11 cl, 2 tbl, 11 ex
ethod for soil purification from radioactive cesium isotope // 2615486
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: soil surface contaminated with Cs-137 is loosened to a depth of 0.03-0.07 m. Biofuel strip separated by spaces are imposed on the loosened surface. Pipes with drippers are laid in the middle of these strips. Biofuel strips are filled with loosened contaminated soil from the inter-strip space. Their surface is covered with a layer of sorbent material and a screen of membrane material. Mineral fertilizers solution with addition of aerobic microorganisms heated up to 30-40°C is fed via pipes through drippers. Thus, a process of biofuel microbial degradation with increasing temperature of more than +40°C is launched in the loosened contaminated soil to transfer radioactive cesium isotopes to the gaseous form with fixation by sorbent material. Membrane material screen is removed. Cleaning and deposition of sorbent material with Cs-137 is performed. The remaining biofuel is allocated on the field surface and put into the ground.EFFECT: considerable reduction of time, increased efficiency and reliability of soil purification from Cs-137.2 dwg

Preparation for soils and water bodies purification from oil products // 2615464
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: preparation is represented by Bacillus subtilis SNBS-1 hydrocarbon oxidizing bacteria biomass immobilized on expanded vermiculite at 1:1 ratio.EFFECT: invention allows to reduce terms of water and soil purification from oil and oil products.7 tbl, 6 ex
Pseudomonas yamanorum vkm b-3033d bacteria strain for activation of oil and oil products biodestruction in water and oil soils at railway sections // 2615458
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: pseudomonas yamanorum VKM B-3033D bacteria strain for activation of oil and oil products biodestruction in water and oil soils at railway sections is proposed.EFFECT: reduction of residual hydrocarbons in aqueous environment and improved efficiency of oil soil cleaning.2 tbl, 2 ex
ethod of highly thermal treatment of liquid, paste-like, mixtures thereof and solid wastes // 2614999
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: method comprises the sequential loading and incineration of waste, aftercombustion of gaseous products during feeding of air activated by corona discharge, quenching of gases, followed by absorption and emission of waste gases. The activation of the air by corona discharge is carried out at the stage of aftercombustion with mode of 350-450 discharges per second with the electric-field intensity of up to 8 kV/cm. The feeding of the air activated by corona discharge is additionally carried out during loading of waste with corona discharge influence mode of 500-650 discharges per second with electric-field intensity of up to 11 kV/cm, during quenching with corona discharge influence mode of 350-450 discharges per second with electric-field intensity of up to 8 kV/cm, during absorption with corona discharge influence mode of 350-450 discharges per second with electric-field intensity of up to 8 kV/cm, during emission of waste gases with corona discharge influence mode of 250-350 discharges per second with electric-field intensity of up to 6 kV/cm.EFFECT: significant reduction of harmful substances in waste gases without pre-sorting of wastes by their phase state, specifically to liquid, solid and paste-like.6 cl, 1 dwg

ethod for complex ash processing of heat power plants waste piles and plant for complex ash processing of heat power plants waste piles // 2614003
FIELD: power industry.SUBSTANCE: complex ash processing method of heat power plants waste piles includes the separating of ash pulp into the coarse and fine fractions, flotation, and magnetic separation to obtain the target products. The coarse fractions of ash are separated on the screens for using in the production of concrete mixtures. Ash fine fractions and subjected to the main and cleaner flotation, filtration and drying, to obtain a carbon concentrate. The separated at the primary flotation the tail fractions are subjected to magnetic separation and drying to obtain magnetite and silica-alumina concentrate. The aluminosilicate concentrate is grounded in the ball mill upto the fine fraction, filtered and dried. During the primary flotation the collector-kerosine and pine oil is used as the blowing agent. The cleaner flotation is carried out on the return water. The method is carried out on the complex ash processing plant of heat power plants waste piles, containing the means for separating the ash pulp into the coarse and fine fractions, as well as flotation and magnetic separation to obtain the target products. The ash pulp separator is designed as the screen, which outlet of the coarse fraction is connected to the inlet of the first section for the production of concrete mixtures. The screen outlet of the fine fraction is connected to the first flotation machine inlet for the main flotation, the first outlet of which is connected through the second machine of the cleaner flotation, filtration and drying units with the the second section inlet for the coal concentrate storing. The second outlet of the first flotation machine is connected with the first inlet of magnetic separation unit, the first outlet of which is connected through the drain silo with the third section inlet for the magnetite concentrate storing. The second outlet of the magnetic separation unit is connected through the thickener and drying units with the third section inlet for the aluminosilicate concentrate storing. The drain silo outlet of water is connected to the second inlet of the magnetic separation unit.EFFECT: fullest recovery from the wet ash waste piles of power heating plant of the target useful products in the form of ash coarse fraction for the concrete mixtures production, carbon for using as a boiler fuel, magnetite concentrate as a raw material for the metal industry and active aluminium silicate additive for construction materials productions.5 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl 2 ex
 
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