Apparatus for spraying or atomising liquids or other fluent materials, not covered by any other group of this subclass (B05B17)

B05B17                 Apparatus for spraying or atomising liquids or other fluent materials, not covered by any other group of this subclass (dropping or releasing powdered, liquid or gaseous matter in flight b64d0001160000)(455)

Jet-centrifugal method to obtain flows of coarse-grained suspensions // 2642790
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: jet-centrifugal device to obtain flows of coarse-grained suspensions comprises a vessel with a liquid, a tap supplying the liquid into a channel with a filter and a gland associated with a rotating channel and a branch pipe. At the outlet end of the branch pipe, a calibrated opening is made, located at a distance from the rotation axis to form a jet formed by the calibrated opening. The filter is mounted in the vessel bottom in the form of a mesh with cell sizes smaller than the calibrated opening diameter. A flow breaker is applied in the device, made in the form of a valve mounted after the gland on the end of the rotated channel opening to a chamber, from which two similar contrary-divergent channels pass, connected at right angle to the horizontal outlet channels connected via flexible hoses with branch pipes while changing their inclination angle relative to the channel rotation axis. Controlling the valve manufactured in the form of an elastic cylindrical rod rigidly built into a cylindrical mandrel guided by a bushing axial with respect to the channel, sliding in thrust grooves, is carried out by a thrust by specifying certain values of the reciprocating stroke of the mandrel with openings made in it for the outlet of the branch pipes. The inclination angle between the branch pipes is set by means of a ligament ensuring the equality of distances from their openings to the channel rotation axis.EFFECT: eliminating losses of the material used during pause periods of its use and applicability expansion of the device for supplying coarse-grained suspensions.3 dwg
Acoustic nozzle // 2642649
FIELD: devices for spraying of liquids.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fluids and solutions spraying devices. Acoustic nozzle are made in form of acoustic sprayers and contain case with located inside generator of acoustic fluctuations in form of nozzle and resonator, pipes for air and liquid, the acoustic oscillation generator is made in the form of a conical nozzle coaxial with the body and having an annular throttle opening with an outside diameter dc, formed by a cut of the nozzle and a resonator rod of diameter dart. and an annular volume resonator of length h, formed by a resonator rod and a cylindrical hollow with an external diameter dp in the fastening element, wherein the space cavity cavity is spaced apart from the nozzle cutoff at a distance b, and the air supply port is perpendicular to the axis of the housing and is connected to the annular hollow, formed by the roller and the inner surface of the housing, while the roller is secured with a cage with throttling holes coaxial with the ring throttle opening, and a resonator rod is coaxially fixed, and the sprayed liquid is supplied through a branch pipe perpendicular to the axis of the housing into an annular hollow formed by the casing and the outer surface of the nozzle, one end of the casing being made solid and connected to the casing, and at the other end, which surrounds the conical nozzle, are throttled openings coaxial with the ring throttle opening, while on the side opposite to the resonator there is an adjusting device in the form of a handwheel with an oil seal that is mounted on the free end of the roller, and the ratio of the length h of the annular hollow resonator to the distance b from the open surface of the hollow of the resonator up to the nozzle cut lies in the optimal range of values h/b = 0.7÷1.3; outer diameter ratio dp annular cavity resonator to diameter dst the external cylindrical surface of the resonator rod lies in the optimal range of values: dp/dst = 1.2÷1.9; ratio of diameter dc of the circular throttle orifice of the nozzle to diameter dst of the external cylinder surface of the resonator rod is within optimal range of values: dc/dst = 1.1÷1.7, an external diffuser is coaxially attached to the nozzle casing and an internal perforated diffuser is coaxially attached to the fastening element of the annular cavity resonator with the resonator bar so that the output sections of the external and internal diffusers lie in one plane perpendicular to the axis of the annular volume resonator.EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency of radiotherapy.1 cl, 1 dwg

Acoustic spray for spraying solutions // 2642576
FIELD: devices for spraying of liquids.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for spraying of liquids, solutions. Acoustic burner for spraying liquids, comprising a housing with jets for supplying a spraying liquid and a spraying agent, inside of which an acoustic generator is arranged in the form of a nozzle and a resonator, made in the form of a sound generator formed by a Helmholtz resonator made in the form of at least one spherical cavity located in the wall of a ring with a conical surface, which is connected to the housing via gage blocks, the spherical cavity of the sound generator is connected by a calibrated hole with an annular gap formed by the end planes of the housing, and a ring with a lateral conical surface formed on a hollow rod which is axially symmetric to the housing and serves to form the generated flame of the sprayed liquid, flowing through the channel of hollow rod to worm atomizer rigidly fixed to the end of the hollow rod and serving to form a liquid film overlapping the output from the sound generator, formed by a Helmholtz resonator, and a ring with a lateral conical surface formed on the hollow rod is arranged to be fixedly moved along the axis of the housing by means of a threaded connection, connecting the body to the ring via gage blocks, the Helmholtz resonator is made to control the generated frequency of the acoustic vibrations by adjusting the width of the annular gap, formed by the end planes of the housing and the ring, by installing between the body and the ring with a conical surface of gage blocks, the thickness of which corresponds to a specified frequency of acoustic vibrations, in the lower part of the housing of the worm atomizer, an additional disc atomizer consisting of a thread bush with a central hole connected to the plane of the rod by means of a calibrated hole is fixed, a top disc rigidly connected to a thread bush with a central hole and a lower solid disk connected to the upper disc by means of at least three fasts to form restrict split between the discs.EFFECT: technical result is increased efficiency of spraying of liquids.1 cl, 1 dwg
Acoustic spray for spraying suspended mixtures // 2642574
FIELD: devices for spraying of liquids.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sprayers of fluids, solutions and can be used in engine building, chemical, food and light industry. In the acoustic nozzle, an external diffuser of the spray is coaxially attached to the lower part of the nozzle body to spray the suspended mixture. An internal perforated diffuser is attached to the end conical surface of the socket in such a way that the output sections of the external and internal diffusers lie in the same plane perpendicular to the axis of the gas jet radiator. An additional flow divider coaxially attached to the external diffuser is made in the form of a cylindrical shell, at the end part of which a perforated plate is fixed on the side opposite the diffuser.EFFECT: technical result of invention is higher efficiency of spraying.1 cl, 1 dwg

Acoustic head for nozzles for spraying liquids with parabolic swirler // 2641275
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: acoustic head for nozzles for spraying liquids comprises a body with branch pipes for supply of a spraying liquid and a spraying agent. Inside the body, there is a generator of acoustic oscillations in the form of a nozzle and a resonator made in the form of an audio generator formed by a resonator of the helmholtz resonator. A hollow rod is inside the body axially symmetrical thereto and serving to form a produced flare of sprayed liquid entering through a hollow rod channel to an auger sprayer. The auger sprayer is rigidly fixed on the end of the hollow rod and serving to form liquid film closing an outlet of the sound generator. A parabolic swirler is fixed in the lower part of the screw sprayer body.EFFECT: improved efficiency of liquid spraying.2 cl, 2 dwg

Acoustic nozzle with double liquid inlet // 2640528
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: acoustic nozzle with double liquid inlet comprises a resonator in the form of a toroidal cavity, the axis of which is arranged coaxially to the body. The cavity is connected by at least one calibrated opening with a circular slot formed by end planes of a cup and rod on the side of the collar conical surface. In the body of the central rod with the head coaxially arranged in the sleeve coaxial with the body, there is a tube for central injection of liquid with at least three branches located perpendicularly to the conical surface of the head of the central rod. An outer diffuser is coaxially fixed to the lower part of the nozzle body. An inner perforated diffuser is attached to the center of the end surface of the central rod head so that the outlet sections of the outer and inner diffusers lie in the same plane perpendicular to the axis of the resonator.EFFECT: increased spraying efficiency.2 cl, 1 dwg

Automated monodispersed aerosol disc generator // 2639722
FIELD: electricity.SUBSTANCE: automated monodispersed aerosol disc generator designed to create a monodisperse aerosol of a given dispersion, comprises a power supply unit, a generator unit with a disc, an analog-to-digital converter unit, a connecting cable and a personal computer.EFFECT: control the size of obtained particles.6 dwg

Acoustical head for atomizers for spraying liquids // 2639699
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in the acoustic head for atomizers for spraying liquids, an additional disc atomizer is attached to the bottom of the screw atomizer housing. The atomizer consists of a threaded sleeve with a central hole connected to the rod cavity by means of a calibrated hole, an upper disc rigidly connected to the threaded sleeve with a central hole, and a lower solid disc connected to the upper disc by at least three fasteners with the formation of a throttling gap between the discs.EFFECT: improved efficiency of liquid spraying.2 cl, 1 dwg

Acoustic nozzle for atomization of liquids by kochetov // 2638348
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in the acoustic nozzle for spraying liquids in the lower part of the screw sprayer body an additional disc sprayer is fixed which consists of a threaded bushing with a central hole connected to the rod cavity rod by means of a calibrated hole. The additional disc sprayer also consists of un upper disc rigidly connected to a threaded bushing with a central hole. In addition, the additional disc sprayer consists of a lower solid disc connected to the upper disc by means of at least three fasteners to form a throttling gap between the discs.EFFECT: improved efficiency of liquid spraying.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod for producing aperture plate for nebulizer // 2637737
FIELD: satisfaction of human life necessities.SUBSTANCE: production of an aerosol-forming aperture plate blank for an inhalation medication nebulizer comprises providing a matrix of a conductive material, applying a protective coating in the form of a set of columns to the matrix, galvanizing the areas around the columns, removing the protective coating to form a blank of electroplated material with aerosol-forming holes in places where the columns of protective coating were, and removing the blank from the matrix. These columns have a depth in the range from 5 to 40 mcm, a width in the plane of the matrix in the range from 1 to 10 mcm, and a density in the range from 111 to 2500 mm-2. After the mentioned stages of applying the protective coating and galvanizing, at least one subsequent cycle of applying a protective coating and galvanizing on top of the mentioned electroplated material is carried out to increase the thickness of the blank. The total thickness of the blank in at least one subsequent cycle is adjusted to a value greater than 50 mcm. After removing protective coating, at least one subsequent cycle provides areas, at least some of which overlap with a lot of aerosol-forming holes and electroplated material which closes some of the aerosol-forming holes. At least one subsequent cycle is carried out in accordance with the desired flow rate through the aperture plate.EFFECT: increased nebulizer performance.25 cl, 14 dwg, 1 tbl

Coating unit // 2636484
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: coating unit, especially the painting of objects, in particular of automotive bodies, comprises a coating cabinet in which the objects are exposed by means of a coating material and through which an air flow can be directed that captures and removes the resulting overexploitation of the coating material, separating device to which the cabin air is supplied and where a large part of at least solid materials is precipitated out of overexploitation, with at least one filtering module, through which the saturated with overexploitation cabin air is directed, and in which overexploitation is dispersed. Moreover, the filtering module restricts the filtering space, through which in the direction of the main flow is directed saturated with the overexploitation cabin air. In the filtering space there are a plurality of separating elements from the permeable separating material for the cabin air in such a way that a flow maze is formed between the separating elements. Wherein, the separating material is a fiber material, the density of the material of separating elements in the filter stages increases in the direction of main flow.EFFECT: improving the efficiency of cleaning cabin air from paint overexploitation.7 cl, 5 dwg
Compact fountain // 2633575
FIELD: human life necessities satisfaction.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the decorative souvenirs sphere. There is a compact fountain, which comprises the body, which is at least partially made of the transparent material and composed of the closed hydraulic circuit that is destined for the power fluid and has the first chamber and the second chamber. The first chamber and the second chamber are linked to at a minimum one input valve and one output valve. The art element is accomplished in the first chamber. At a minimum one art element output valve is linked to the second chamber and is configured to drain off the power fluid into the first chamber upon the availability of the power fluid in the second chamber. The fountain is made such that the second chamber volumetric change and/or the fountain body rotation by the preset angle provide the power fluid movement from the first chamber into the second chamber through at a minimum one power fluid input valve. In accordance with the other version of the compact fountain, the body can comprise a chamber with the power fluid and a pump. The pump is placed outwardly towards the chamber and is capable of the attachment from outside towards the external power supply or the supply source, which is stipulated in the compact fountain. At a minimum one art element is accomplished in the chamber. At a minimum one art element output valve is coupled to the pump in such a way as to make the power fluid circulation in the chamber possible.EFFECT: provide the fountain working capacity both due to its own structural features, and due to external power supplies in a way that facilitates the fountain construction and reduces its size.20 cl, 22 dwg

Nozzle with ultrasonic radiator // 2632639
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: fuel nozzle for an internal combustion engine (ICE) comprising a composite body 1 with a high-pressure fuel channel 7, a sprayer 3 with a needle 2, a rod 5 is proposed. The upper part of the nozzle body 1 is provided withultrasonic radiator, located inside a cylindrical spring 10 and consisting of an ultrasonic pad 11 with a concentrating radiator 12 and a fastening mechanism 13, a sealing ring, an ultrasonic transducer on piezoelectric elements 15, a reflective cover 16 with a fastening nut 17, a piezoelectric transducer 18 for feedback to flat washers 19, 20 and a mounting nut 21. The ultrasonic transducer 15 and the piezoelectric transducer 18 are electrically connected to the terminal 22 connected to the electronic control unit of the internal combustion engine, the securing mechanism comprises an attachment spring 23, an O-ring 14 that mechanically fixes the ultrasonic pad 11 with the concentrating radiator 12 inside the cylindrical spring 10.EFFECT: providing a fine and uniform fuel spray.2 dwg
Acoustic nozzle // 2631286
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: nozzle comprises a hollow body with a nozzle and a central core. The body is provided with a channel for liquid supply and has coaxial bushing rigidly connected thereto and provided with the nozzle secured in its lower part made in the form of a cylindrical two-stage bushing. The upper cylindrical stage of the bushing is connected by means of a threaded joint with central core coaxial thereto having a central hole and installed with an annular gap relative to the inner surface of the cylindrical bushing. The annular gap is connected to at least three radial channels made in the two-stage bushing connecting it with an annular cavity formed by the inner surface of the bushing and the outer surface of the upper cylindrical stage. The annular cavity is connected to the body channel for liquid supply. A sprayer made in the form of a truncated cone is rigidly fixed to the central core, in its lower part. The sprayer is made in the form of a truncated cone coaxial to the central hole of the core and fixed by its upper base to the base of the central core cylinder. A splitter is secured to the lower base of truncated cone by means of at least three spokes. The splitter is made in form of end round plate, the edges of which are bent towards the annular gap. There are helical grooves provided on outer side surface of the truncated cone. In the splitter which is fixed to the lower base of truncated cone by means of at least three spokes and made in the form of the end round plate, the edge of which is bent towards the annular gap, a throttle opening is made axially symmetrically to the central hole of the central core. An outer continuous diffuser is coaxially fixed to the central core rigidly coupled with upper the cylindrical stage of the two-stage nozzle bushing, in order not to cover the outlet section of the annular gap connected to at least three radial channels made in the two-stage nozzle bushing.EFFECT: increased efficiency of liquid fine dispersion.3 cl, 1 dwg
Ultrasonic dispersive device for sterilisation process // 2627886
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: ultrasonic dispersive device comprises a unit generating ultrasonic vibrations, generating ultrasonic waves and dispersing the spray material; a spray unit comprising a spray flow channel in which the spray material moves along a central axis passing through the center of the ultrasonic vibration generating unit. The spray unit also comprises a spray head into which the spray material is supplied from one end of the spray flow channel and which sprays the spray material from the other end of the spray flow channel; a heat exchange unit surrounding the unit generating ultrasonic vibrations and reducing the amount of heat generated by the unit, and a housing surrounding the unit generating ultrasonic vibrations and the heat exchange unit and comprising heat exchange chambers. The heat exchange chambers comprise a vortex chamber located in the housing on the periphery of the ultrasonic vibration generating unit and directing the vortex flow, and a heat insulating chamber which surrounds the vortex chamber, has a partition wall bordering the vortex chamber and comprises an inner thermal insulation space. The heat exchange unit includes a cooling part configured to cool the outer surface of the unit generating ultrasonic vibrations. The cooling part comprises a vortex flow generating unit, one end of which extends outwardly of the housing and the other end is located in the vortex chamber in the housing, and a cooling tube which is configured to direct the jet of cooling air to the unit generating ultrasonic vibrations.EFFECT: ensuring a constant temperature of the unit generating ultrasonic vibrations.9 cl, 4 dwg

Inhaler and method of manufacturing the inhaler // 2627380
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: inhaler (2) comprises a first plate (20) configured to hold the transducer (14). The inhaler further comprises a second plate (22) having an aperture therein. The first plate is placed on the first side of the second plate in such a way that the transducer is adjacent to the aperture. In addition, the inhaler comprises a third plate (24) configured to hold the mesh plate through which liquid to form droplets can pass. The third plate is placed on the second side of the second plate opposite the first side, so that the mesh plate (16) is adjacent to the aperture. The aperture, transducer and mesh plate form a cavity for retaining the liquid to be sprayed. According to a manufacturing method of the inhaler, a second plate having an aperture therein is obtained. A first plate is then attached, which is arranged to hold the transducer to the first side of the second plate such that the transducer abuts the aperture. Thereafter, a third plate is fixed, which is configured to hold the mesh plate. Through the mesh plate, liquid may be passed to form droplets to the second side of the second plate opposite the first side, so that the mesh plate adjoins the aperture. The aperture, transducer and mesh plate form a cavity for retaining the liquid to be sprayed.EFFECT: high stability, low cost and low tolerances and the ability to remove the mesh plate from the inhaler for cleaning or replacement.15 cl, 5 dwg
Kochetov's acoustic nozzle // 2624680
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: acoustic nozzle contains a housing with an internal acoustic oscillator in the form of a nozzle and a resonator, tubes for supplying air and liquid. The housing is made in the form of a glass with a bottom. It has a cylindrical cavity for supplying liquid through a tube located in the cover, in the upper part of which there is a fastening part, fixing the upper part of the rod of the jet-edge generator in the nozzle provided in the cover, and the upper part of the rod is hinged to the lower part of the generator in the cover by means of at least one fixing disc made in the form of at least three elastic lobes, interacting with the inner surface of the taper hole of the cover. There is a conduit between the hole in the housing bottom and the outer surface of the cover nozzle. The conduit supplies liquid. And there is an annular duct between the inner surface of the taper hole and the outer surface of the rod lower part, which supplies an atomizing agent. An external diffuser of the atomizer is coaxially attached to the lower part of the nozzle body, and an internal perforated diffuser is attached to the tapered surface of the Hartmann rod generator in such a way that the outlet sections of the external and internal diffusers lie in the same plane perpendicular to the axis of the jet-edge generator.EFFECT: increased efficiency of atomizing.1 dwg
Acoustic burner with spraying diffuser // 2624153
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: acoustic burner with spraying diffuser contains a housing with an internal acoustic oscillator in the form of a nozzle and a resonator, a tube for supplying a spraying agent and liquid, the housing is in the form of a cylindrical sleeve in the upper part of which there is a tube for air supply, and a tube for liquid supplying is located perpendicular to the tube axis. The sleeve with the top and bottom flanges is rigidly fixed inside the housing, in axial alignment to it. The bottom flange is rigidly fixed in the groove made in the housing, and the annular volume resonator made in the form of a cup with a conical surface is located inside the sleeve in axial alignment to it. The cup is pressed on a rod with a diameter d of the resonator, and in its tail part there are fixing disks made in the form of elastic lobes interacting with the inner surface of the sleeve, and in the bottom flange there is at least one nozzle at an angle to the resonator axis, the value of which lies in the following values interval 20°÷40°. The extension of the nozzle axis lies on the circle located in the middle part of the resonator conical surface, an external diffuser of the atomizer is coaxially attached to the lower part of the nozzle body, and an internal diffuser is coaxially attached in its lower part in such a way that the output sections of the external and internal diffusers lie in one plane perpendicular to the gas-jet radiator axis.EFFECT: increased efficiency of dispersion.1 dwg
Acoustic nozzle for spraying solutions // 2623771
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in the acoustic nozzle for spraying liquids, an additional disc atomizer is attached to the bottom of the screw atomizer housing. The additional disc atomizer consists of a threaded sleeve with a central hole connected to the rod cavity by means of a calibrated hole, an upper disk rigidly connected to the threaded sleeve with a central hole, and a lower solid disk connected to the upper disk by at least three fasteners with the formation of a throttling gap between the discs. An external diffuser is coaxially attached to the lower part of the nozzle housing to the ring. An internal perforated diffuser is attached to the conical surface of the screw atomizer. The output sections of the external and internal diffusers lie in the same plane perpendicular to the axis of the screw atomizer.EFFECT: improved efficiency of liquid spraying.1 dwg

Generator of high-dispersed aerosols // 2623396
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: generator for obtaining high-dispersed aerosols inside the fixed cylindrical cavity has a movable cylinder. Both cylindrical surfaces have compatible adjustable orifices for the air flow directed perpendicularly to the aerodisperse flow in the opposite cylindrical wall. The movable cylinder has an additional flow-through section for creating a rarefied pressure from the rotating flow in the zone of the liquid pipe outlet occurrence.EFFECT: increasing the working capacity and providing the possibility of fine regulating both the productivity and the disperse composition of aerosol.3 cl, 1 dwg
Acoustic nozzle for liquid spraying // 2622952
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in an acoustic nozzle containing a housing with an acoustic oscillation inside a gas jet emitter in the form of a nozzle and a resonator, an external diffuser of the atomizer is coaxially attached to the lower part of the housing. An internal perforated diffuser is attached to the conical end face of the socket. The output sections of the external and internal diffusers lie in one plane perpendicular to the axis of the gas-jet radiator.EFFECT: increased efficiency of dispersion.1 dwg

Kochetov's acoustic nozzle for liquids atomization // 2622950
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in the acoustic nozzle for spraying liquids in the lower part of the body, the external diffuser of the spray gun is coaxially attached. An internal perforated diffuser is attached to the surface of the rod gas-jet radiator. The output sections of the external and internal diffusers lie in one plane perpendicular to the axis of the gas-jet radiator.EFFECT: increased efficiency of dispersion.1 dwg

Acoustic nozzle of kochetov for spraying solutions // 2622944
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in an acoustic liquid atomizer nozzle containing a housing with an internal acoustic oscillator in the form of a nozzle and a resonator and a tube for supplying a spraying agent and liquid, the housing is in the form of a cylindrical sleeve with two channels for supplying air. There is a rod with a coaxial body by an air channel in the center of the body. The liquid from the nozzle body through the tube, the air channel and at least two opposing apertures flows to the annular platform through the conical surface of the resonator washer. The angle between the axis of the nozzle and the direction of each liquid jet from the inclined holes lies in the optimal range: 55°÷65°, and perpendicular to the axis of the body, there is a tube that is connected to two channels for air supply, and in the body, coaxial to its axis, there are a throttle plate with a conical hole and a cylindrical and resonator washer in which two oppositely directed air nozzles of rectangular cross section of 1×3 mm and at least two volume resonators of size 1.5×3×1.5 mm. The washers are fastened to each other and to the housing by means of a casing, which is wound in the housing bore.EFFECT: increased efficiency of dispersion.1 cl

Acoustic nozzle // 2622929
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in the acoustic nozzle, an external diffuser is coaxially attached to the casing. An internal perforated diffuser is coaxially attached to the fastening element of the annular cavity resonator with the resonator rod. The output sections of the external and internal diffusers lie in one plane perpendicular to the axis of the annular volume resonator.EFFECT: increased efficiency of dispersion.1 dwg

Kochetov's acoustic nozzle for atomizing liquids // 2618703
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in the acoustic nozzle for atomizing liquids, an additional disc atomizer is attached to the bottom of the screw atomizer housing. The disc atomizer consists of a threaded sleeve with a central hole connected to the rod cavity by means of a calibrated hole. The disc atomizer also consists of an upper disc and a lower solid disc. The upper disc is rigidly connected to the threaded sleeve with the central hole. The lower solid disc is connected to the upper disc by means of, at least, three fasteners with the formation of a throttling gap between the discs.EFFECT: improving the efficiency of liquids atomization.1 dwg
Cochetov's acoustical head for atomizers spraying liquids // 2618702
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in the acoustic head for the atomizers spraying liquids, an additional disc atomizer is attached to the bottom of the screw atomizer housing. The disc atomizer consists of a threaded sleeve with a central hole connected to the rod cavity by means of a calibrated hole. The disc atomizer also consists of an upper disc and a lower solid disc. The upper disc is rigidly connected to the threaded sleeve with the central hole. The lower solid disc is connected to the upper disc by means of, at least, three fasteners with the formation of a throttling gap between the discs.EFFECT: improving the efficiency of liquids atomization.1 dwg

Device for highly disperse aerosols production // 2617396
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: spraying unit is located in a switch housing and contains liquid pipes reinforced in the head and entering axially into the air nozzles which are mounted in the housing. Liquid is supplied to the head through a tube which has a screw hole to adjust the flow by closing the flow section of the tube.EFFECT: improved operational reliability and capacity control.2 cl, 1 dwg
Generator of dry aerosols // 2614706
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: dry aerosol generator comprises a housing, on the inner surface of the bottom of which is located on the center axis with the rod freely rotating magnetic stirring element. The internal volume of the housing is conventionally divided into two parts. The lower part is used for the active phase of the continuous process of dry grinding the material and converting it into a finely dispersed aerosol form. The upper part is used for the accumulation process of creating fine mist and outputting it to an output trunk through the exit nozzle body and pnevmomagistral. The lower part of the housing includes a bottom and the lower cone with expanding wall, passing into the lower cone of the central shell with tapered wall. Bottom diameter exceeds the length of a magnetic stirring element. The upper portion of the housing includes an upper expanding cone of the central shell, rolling in the top tapering cone and neck.EFFECT: provision of active stirring the mixture powder-grinding balls and keeping it in a state fluidized bed by a rotating electromagnetic field and is placed on top of the active surface of the rotating electromagnetic field generator.13 cl, 1 dwg

Device to create fluid medium pulsating jet subjected to action of pressure // 2608488
FIELD: metal processing.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fluid medium pulsating jet creation device from fluid medium subjected to action of pressure and can be used for workpiece surface processing by means of gas-flame spraying or plasma sputtering and/or electric-arc sputtering. Besides, device can be used for flash removal from workpiece, and/or dirt removal from workpiece, and/or for layers removal from workpiece. Device can also be used to act on workpiece surface by fluid medium in form of washing alkali, and/or water and/or emulsion, first of all water-and-oil emulsion, and/or oil. Besides, device can be used for workpiece surface sealing by acting on workpiece surface with fluid medium, first of all using water. Device comprises pipelines system, which contains, at least, one nozzle, which has nozzle head, from which fluid medium pulsating jet can be discharged from fluid medium subjected to action of pressure. Device has chamber, in which pressure waves generating device is made to create fluid medium pressure waves. Chamber communicates with pipelines system through outlet hole for generated fluid medium pressure waves. Device also includes control device for controlling over fluid medium pressure waves amplitude in pipeline system, at least, in front of one nozzle mouth. Using control device Helmholtz number He:=L/λ formed from path length quotient for fluid medium pressure waves between outlet chamber and, at least, one nozzle mouth, at least, one nozzle in pipeline system and pressure waves in pipeline system wavelength can be adjusted. In device there is reservoir for workpieces, in which provided possibility of action on workpiece with fluid medium pulsating jet. Besides, in plant, there is fluid medium collection device, which is connected to delivery pump for collected fluid medium return into jet generation device. In workpiece opening walls processing device to create jet wall holes are treated from nozzle by means of high pressure fluid medium pulsating jet. Relative to workpiece nozzle is rotationally displaced around opening axis and translationally moved in opening axis direction. In method of workpiece section improving workpiece section is coated with surface coating, whereby at second stage coating is treated by high pressure fluid medium pulsating jet.EFFECT: group of inventions technical result consists in improvement of workpieces sections due to sealing by action of fluid medium pulsating jet.25 cl, 12 dwg

Playground with fountains // 2594220
FIELD: instrument making. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device used, for example, as urban or game fountain. Game fountain comprises floor (1), set of nozzles (2), liquid container or means for connection of game fountain to fluid source. Fountain also comprises system (3) for controlling one or more nozzles (2) during its operation. Floor (1) contains multiple separated from each other modules containing at least one nozzle (2) and at least one pump. EFFECT: technical result is expansion of flexibility of urban fountain. 13 cl, 24 dwg

Energy saving fountain // 2579446
FIELD: hydraulic devices.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic devices. Proposed fountain comprises round pool water pump with filter and water feed regulator and cone-screw wind-hydraulic power plant (CSWHPP). Fountain comprises electromagnetic valves of water supply, parallel along the perimeter of walls of the tank, and hinged converging nozzle of the first circular pipeline. Adjusting nuts are used for installation of hinged convergent nozzles. T-joints of the first water line are intended for connection with nozzles. External surface of screw blades have a reflective coating. Second line serves to feed water into the bowl-hemisphere, which consists of top and bottom chamber. Proposed fountain comprises also tension ropes and transparent water conduits, suspended to tension ropes. Electric hydraulic valves are intended for start of water from water lines in a hemisphere. CSWHPP hase radial thrust ball bearing assemblies of bowl hemisphere, vertical shaft, movable pipe and rotary base. Fountain comprises ring parabolic shape in cross-section located faces downwards along the perimeter, and magnets facing each other by like poles. In the fountain there are magnetoelectric generator (MEG), rotor with magnets and stator with winding coils. Key connection provide kinematic connection between shaft and CSWHPP pipe. Mounting shaped plates serve for attachment of the spiral cylinder truncated curved screw surfaces of part of cone-screw blades, to moving pipe of CSWHPP. Mounting shaped plates are rigidly secured to moving pipe of CSWHPP. Fountain contains lithium batteries, charge-discharge controller, programmable electronic control panel. Fountain has laser emitters, led lamps illumination, suspended to ropes tension, inverter of DC voltage generated (MEG), in alternating voltage, which is used for operation of the water pump, connection of LED lamps and lighting lanterns. Inverter is arranged in cavity of the circular wall round the pond.EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of costs for power and possibility for production of ecologically clean electric power.4 cl, 8 dwg

Plate-type fluid sprayer // 2577582
FIELD: manufacturing technology.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ultrasound equipment, in particular, to fluid sprayers, and can be used for spraying water, suspensions, medicinal preparations and aggressive fluids. Sprayer comprises casing, piezoelectric transducer as oscillation source and spraying assembly in the form of elastic plate. One of the plate edges is fixed to the piezoelectric transducer and partially submerged with opposite free edge in the sprayed liquid.EFFECT: simplified design of fluid sprayer and increased efficiency of spraying.1 cl, 2 dwg

Kochetov(s acoustic sprayer // 2576301
FIELD: agriculture; food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sprayers of fluids, solutions and can be used in agriculture, food and light industry. Splitter composed of perforated disc is screwed to resonator disc from side opposite cavities of blind holes in said acoustic atomiser. To peripheral part of disc coaxial to resonator disc is attached a perforated cylindrical shell. Perforated disc is fitted inside shell.EFFECT: technical result is higher efficiency and reliability of operation.1 cl, 2 dwg

Pneumoacoustic fluid sprayer // 2570678
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: pneumoacoustic fluid sprayer contains central rod installed in central hole and having part projecting from the cylindrical casing. A ring resonator is installed on the projecting part of the central rod. The central rod has cone shape with angle of divergence 10-30°. Axis of the ring resonator is located parallel to cone of the central rod. End face of the shell and external surface of the projecting part of the central rod at the resonator side create between them gas duct with angle of divergence 15-35°.EFFECT: increased efficiency of dispersion and production of droplets with more fine size, ensuring during their evaporation more intensive heat removal from burning zone.1 dwg

Use of aerosol spraying device for express detection of acidic aggressive chemicals on surface of objects // 2563836
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: aerosol spraying device was used for indicator solutions spraying. An indicator formulation was sprayed over the tested surface, wherein the said formulation was sprayed in the form of a monodisperse aerosol at a distance of 10-15 cm, followed by a visual inspection of the indication effect. A 0.05-0.1% ethanol solution of mixed methyl red indicator and methyl yellow indicator at a ratio of 1:1 by volume was used for the detection of strong acids. A 0.05-0.1% solution of 4-diethyl-aminobenzene in ethanol was used for the detection of weak organic acids.EFFECT: demonstrative indication effect, multiple usability and operability of the device within at least 2 years.2 dwg

ethod and device for drop generation with simulated granulometric spectrum // 2562488
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to drops generation and can be used for synthesis of balls (or spheroids) of nuclear fuel materials. In this process fluid jets are forced to collide with substrate at preset relative velocity to develop vibrations in substrate in at least one vibration frequency. Besides, said substrate is heated to collision temperature whereat liquid film produce in collision and subjected to vibration is heated to main temperature for combination formation of main drops from said film. Then, drops are displaced through the system of transfer/deceleration/sorting in direction of the main drops fluid deposition. Displacement is performed at displacement temperature. Set of parameters is used including relative velocity of collision, vibration frequency, main temperature and displacement temperature and grain size of formed main drops is simulated as well as their velocity. Invention covers also the device for described process implementation.EFFECT: drops generation brought about by disintegration of thick fluids, application of settling or other phenomena, expanded range of grain sizes.28 cl, 14 dwg, 2 tbl

Ultrasonic fluid sprayer // 2559285
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sprayers of fluids and solutions and can be used for spraying drying in food, pharmaceutical, oil and chemical industries to up the spraying efficiency. Radiator of this sprayer is installed on mixing chamber bottom. Gas transfer pipe is located at chamber top and provided with fan. Fluid feed pipe is located at chamber bottom. Spayed fluid outlet pipe is arranged at chamber top section, opposite the gas transfer pipe. Outlet pipe is provided with limiting plate following the shape of pipe cross-section and arranged at its bottom section to adjust the plate height relative to sol flow.EFFECT: higher efficiency of sprayer thanks to adequate sizing of particles of sprayed fluid for further drying to get finished powder with uniform dispersion of 1-4 mcm.2 dwg

Device and method for imaging on vertical flat or curvilinear fluid flows // 2554146
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: imaging device comprises controlled deflectors arranged on the way of fluid. Said deflectors pass separate fluid drops of fluid jets into visible plane or deflect them to water duct to create a required image. Controlled deflectors are connected with built-in or connectable programmable control unit.EFFECT: enhanced performances, higher quality of images on waterfall, decreased noise produced by device valves.9 cl, 9 dwg

Brush-type fluid sprayer // 2553867
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fluid sprayers to be used in chemical, food and other industries for drying of solutions, and reaction and mass exchange processes. This sprayer comprises loading device, guide surface and drive drum. Radial resilient elements are arranged on drum surface. Resilient elements are arranged in rows alternating in the drum circumferential direction. Resilient elements in adjacent rows featured different length. Guide surface features curvilinear shape and is equipped with vertical displacement device.EFFECT: simple design, monodisperse spray.2 dwg

Permanent fountain by ivanov // 2550886
FIELD: power engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic power engineering. The fountain is additionally equipped with an ejector pipe. One end of the ejector pipe is cut into a supply pipeline, and the other one - into a reservoir, which is made tight and is pre-vacuumized. Diameter of the pipeline supplying water into the reservoir is three times more than the diameter of the drainage pipeline from the reservoir. The level of water reservoir water is three meters higher than the level of the upper point of the reservoir. The diameter of the suction pipeline of the water pump is twice more than the diameter of the injection pipeline of the water pump and is equal to the diameter of the drainage pipeline from the fountain into the water reservoir.EFFECT: technical result of the invention is reduced coefficient of friction of a water flow circulating in a fountain system and increased efficiency of a water pump.1 dwg

Apparatus for forming dome-shaped liquid film // 2545367
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: apparatus for forming a dome-shaped liquid film comprises a receptacle, a feed pipe vertically passing through said receptacle and a baffle plate with a cowling, connected to the feed pipe by a honeycomb. The baffle plate is mounted by its lower end in the cowling and is attached to the cowling through a threaded joint. The upper part of the feed pipe is fitted with a cylindrical connecting pipe made of elastic material, one end of the connecting pipe attached to the feed pipe by a clamp and the other end freely adjoining the edge of the baffle plate.EFFECT: apparatus enables to control the thickness of the film, the dimensions and shape of the liquid dome by varying excess pressure of the liquid in the feed pipe, as well as safe operation of the apparatus.1 dwg

Acoustic swirl atomiser // 2545257
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: acoustic swirl atomiser contains casing and elements for liquid and air supply, the casing contains two coaxial connected with each other cylindrical bushes: large diameter bushes and small diameter bushes, at that inside the small diameter bushes coaxially with is the screw feed is installed rigidly connected with its internal surface, at that outside surface of the screw feed is helical groove creating with the internal surfaces of the small diameter bush the outside helical cavity; and inside the screw feed there is a hole with screw thread connected with pipe supplying liquid under pressure, and in the large diameter bush coaxially with it a shaped bush is installed; its internal surface is created by the cone and cylindrical surfaces, and is rigidly connected in the large diameter bush via the sealing gasket having at least one throttling hole and creating with the end surface of the screw feed and internal surface of the small diameter bush the cylindrical chamber that by means of the channel is connected with the compressed air source, and in the cylindrical cavity of the shaped bush the free end of the liquid supplying pipe is inserted, the pipe is located in the coaxial resilient ring that together with sealing gasket creates the cone resonance chamber; at that the throttling hole acts as manhole of the Helmholtz resonator, the diffuser is secured to the end part of the small diameter bush, at the diffuser end the liquid flow divider is installed, it is made as perforated ring coaxial with the diffuser.EFFECT: higher efficiency of liquid spraying.1 dwg

ethod of discrete production of laminar compact fluid jet // 2538018
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic jet equipment (hydraulic branch of fluidics) wherein application of electronics is impossible or difficult because of high temperatures or radiation in rocketry or nuclear engineering in light, compact, vibration- and acceleration-proof control devices. It aims at developing a time-controlled outflow of laminar compact fluid jet for construction of fluidics control devices incorporating the discrete logical and computing elements.EFFECT: time-controlled discontinuity in making of laminar compact fluid jet.2 cl, 2 dwg

Pneumatic-acoustic fluid sprayer // 2536959
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices spraying fluid by intermittent impact waves created in supersonic gas jet at its deceleration by hollow resonator. Sprayer case accommodates resonator body to make δ-wide h-high groove at distance I from the deflector. Resonator inner part is composed by conical funnel with outlet diameter. Diffuser funnel is jointed to said conical funnel. Fluid inlet is composed by union. Throat section is selected provided that one of crosswise resonator operates in gas jet generator operating frequency.EFFECT: better dispersed drops.3 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl

Kochetov's acoustic atomiser // 2535720
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to fluid sprayers and can be used in agriculture, food and light industries. Splitter composed of perforated disc is screwed to resonator disc from the side opposite the cavities of blind holes in said acoustic atomiser.EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability.2 dwg

Fluid atomisation and device to this end // 2534764
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to atomisation of fluids, for example, pesticides and/or other physiologically active substances including bacterial and virus preparations and can be used in forestry, agriculture, cattle breeding, health protection, etc. In compliance with this process, fluid injection is executed in nozzle throat with supercritical pressure difference of supersonic flow through two split injectors arranged in compressed air flow direction in two atomisers. Device to this end incorporates built-in system of process control with supersonic flow pressure difference pickup, weather station and video camera. Besides, this device comprises diesel engine with single-stage booster as a compressor, air duct, fluid flow rate controller and flow meter. Also, it incorporates electrical and pneumatic independent systems. Air duct consists of two bends spinning relative to each other and around vertical axis in horizontal plane. Air duct communicates compressor with two atomisers. Flow meter serves to vary spray mist composition.EFFECT: higher homogeneity of spray, better dispersion, control over dispersion, higher efficiency, non-polluting process.2 cl, 1 dwg

Acoustic sprayer // 2530128
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: in acoustic sprayer the fastening element is made as a nut with internal threaded part passing into an annular groove being the cavity of a cavity resonator. The nut is pressed to the end collar of the resonator rod by a check nut. A spreader made as a perforated disk with the perforation coefficient falling within the range of optimal values 40%…60%, is attached to the nut on the side opposite to the cavities of the ring cavity resonator by a check nut.EFFECT: higher efficiency of spraying.1 dwg

Small-size music fountain // 2525125
FIELD: construction.SUBSTANCE: small-size music fountain comprises a base, with a body, an electric motor and brackets for fixation of cross beams with electric contacts fixed on it. On the body there is a water input with an electric valve and a sprayer head. On the electric motor there is an electric drum with electric contact rings connected to micromotors. On micromotors there are screws fixed with micronuts, placed as capable of changing the position in water-guiding devices. On top of the water-guiding devices there is a sprayer head.EFFECT: expansion of functional capabilities by creation of variety of jets dancing to music, in one small spray head of a home or small office fountain.5 dwg

ethod and device for bringing inhalation device transformer into action // 2521733
FIELD: medicine.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medical equipment, in particular to inhalators in which a medication in a reservoir with a flat lower part is transformed into an aerosol state by means of a piezoelectric vibration transformer. Essence: a signal, which has the shape of a wave, containing two sinusoidal signals at two frequencies corresponding to the main resonance frequency and additional resonance frequency is sent to the transformer to create fluctuations at two or more different frequencies, including the main resonance frequency of the transformer and at least one additional resonance frequency of the transformer.EFFECT: increased degree of disaggregation, increased efficiency due to reduction of friction.14 cl, 5 dwg

Portable laboratory-field irrigation machine // 2519789
FIELD: agriculture.SUBSTANCE: portable laboratory-field irrigation machine comprises a horizontal frame with panel, a water tank, a filter, supply and discharge water conducts with the valve, a sprinkler comprising the sequentially fixed nipple, a thick flexible tube with collars, a sleeve, and a bunch of thin flexible tubes fixed in it. The water tank is mounted above the frame on the vertical racks with a hanger bracket. Between the discharge water conduct and the nipple a float mechanism is mounted comprising a housing with the rubber bulb mounted on it on the side on the drainage tube with a drain opening and the sequentially mounted in it the needle slot, the needle and the float with the guide. The drip forming ends of the thin flexible sprinkler tubes are fixed on a horizontal panel along the Archimedean spiral with the same pitch.EFFECT: improving the uniformity and stability of distribution of rain on the area of irrigation and simplification of the unit design.5 cl, 3 dwg
 
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