Centrifugal apparatus or machines for carrying-out physical or chemical processes (B04)

B04            Centrifugal apparatus or machines for carrying-out physical or chemical processes(4557)

Centrifugal separator with laminar flow // 2640539
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: centrifugal separator comprises a rotating drum with a peripheral wall, a separator structure positioned in the drum and rotating synchronously with the drum, a feed channel located on the drum rotation axis and communicating with the drum. At that the drum comprises at least one outlet opening for discharging at least one light mixture fraction on the drum first axial side. The separator structure comprises a set of cones divided into angular sectors separated by angular intervals. At that angular intervals are covered by sectors of cones directly adjacent in axial direction, and the sectors have peripheral ends at the same distance from the peripheral wall. According to the method for separating the mixture of heavy and light fractions by applying centrifugal separator through a set of cones the laminar flow of mixture is passed.EFFECT: creation of laminar and uniform flow inside the rotating drum, increase of phase separation efficiency.23 cl, 8 dwg

Filter-cyclone for gases purification // 2638969
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: filter-cyclone for gases purification contains a vertical cylindrical body with a conical bottom, equipped with a fitting for dust removal, a fitting for dust gas flow supply located tangentially to the body, a cover, an exhaust pipe that performs the function of a fitting for the removal of the purified gas. The exhaust pipe is made in the form of a hollow cylinder and is additionally equipped with a set of filters in the form of grids with different sizes of cells installed inside the exhaust pipe in its upper part. The set of filters is installed inside the exhaust pipe movably on the flange, which is connected to the upper part of the exhaust pipe by elastic elements and is equipped with a vibrator, for example a cam type. The elastic elements are made in the form of springs, which are located around the circumference of the flange.EFFECT: increase the productivity and reduce the costs for the operation of the filter-cyclone.2 cl, 1 dwg

Device and unit for separation of components of biological fluids and methods of their operation // 2638656
FIELD: biotechnology.SUBSTANCE: according to the first embodiment the device for the separation of biological fluid components is made of a housing with a cover and a fluid inlet and outlet connecting pipes. The device also comprises of a separating chamber formed by two truncated cones arranged with their bases adjacent to each other symmetrically relative to the central axis of the device, at least two vertical connecting pipes fixed on a holder outside the separating chamber parallel to the central axis of the device, the lower ends of which are inside the separating chamber and connected by T-shaped junctions with at least two horizontal connecting pipes arranged perpendicular to the central axis of the device, so that they do not touch the separating chamber walls. The outer ends of the vertical connecting pipes are connected to the header pipes for the supply of the biological fluids and washing fluid equipped with shut-off valves. There are inlet injectors for the supply of aerosolized biological fluids arranged at an angle of 90° at the ends of one of the horizontal pipes. There are outlet nozzles for the jet supply of washing liquid arranged at an angle of 90° in the opposite direction to the injectors at the ends of the other connecting pipes. A fluid outlet nipple is fitted in the bottom of the separating chamber and connected to the central nozzle through a tapered part. The central nozzle is located inside the hopper without touching its walls. The hopper is mounted on a stationary outer holder and at the bottom has a conical chamfer merging into a tee joint of the outlet header pipes for the fluid separated from the precipitate and for washing liquid with precipitate. The header pipes are equipped with shut-off valves. The nipple is connected with the holder inside the bearing disposed in the housing base, and with the rotary drive. According to another embodiment the device for the separation of components of biological fluids comprises of at least three vertical connecting pipes fixed on the holder inside the housing above the separating chamber parallel to the central axis of the device. The outer upper end of one of the vertical connecting pipe located at the center of the device is connected to the header pipes fo the outlet of the fluid separated from the precipitate and of the washing liquid with a precipitate. The header pipes are equipped with shut-off valves. The device comprises of a sleeve at the bottom of the separating chamber with a tapered part that enters a coupling inside the bearing of the housing base which is coupled to the motor drive. At least two devices according to one of the embodiments are built in the unit for the separation of biological fluid components in the fluid supply header pipe and the fluid outlet header pipe. According to the operation method of the devices for the separation of biological fluid components the biological fluids to be separated are fed into the device at a rate of 520 ml/m. The rotation of the device is carried out at a rate of 400 rpm. The separation is done at a temperature of -1° +36C° until the device is filled with precipitate in a quantity of 4547 g. Then the supply of biological fluid is stopped and the precipitate washing liquid is applied for 5070 sec. This cycle is repeated many times. According to operation method of the unit for the separation of biological fluid components two devices operate simultaneously uder one of the said embodiments. Herein one of the two devices operates in the separating mode, and the other operates in the precipitate washing mode. Then the modes are automatically switched.EFFECT: ensuring the quality of the separated components, improving the reliability, continuity and durability of the declared devices and units.8 cl, 9 dwg

agnetic support with additional magnetic system // 2638392
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: magnetic support of a device with a rotor having a mechanical contact pair between rotating and non-rotating elements of the device contains an additional system of permanent magnets installed coaxially with the rotor at a distance from the mechanical contact pair, wherein the reciprocal axial movement of permanent magnet data during operation of the device can be ignored. At that, one or several magnets are mounted on a rotating part-rotor, and one or several response magnets are mounted on the fixed part.EFFECT: reduced load on lower support, increased reliability and durability of the operation.5 cl, 1 dwg

Gas centrifuge // 2638391
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: gas centrifuge has a body with a cover, a thin-walled cylindrical rotor installed in the body and provided with a cover and a gas collector placed in its cavity consisting of stationary tubes of gaseous mixture and sampling tubes of heavy and light fractions concentrically arranged with gaps, a lower support of the rotor and its upper magnetic support containing a ferromagnetic bushing secured to the rotor cover and enclosing the outer tube of the gas collector with a gap, and a cylindrical magnet axially magnetized with pole shoe installed above said bushing on the body cover. In this case, inlet holes of the sampling tubes of gas fractions are installed opposite to vector sum of radial and axial motion directions of circulating gas layers and displacement of flow caused by Coriolis acceleration.EFFECT: increased separation efficiency of gas mixture due to optimised arrangement of sampling tubes holes to gas flows.2 dwg

ethod for enrichment of gaseous isotope mixtures and gas centrifuge for its implementation // 2637017
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to enrichment of isotope gaseous mixtures, in particular a mixture of isotopes U235 and U238, near-indistinguishable in terms of molecular weight, but differing in the level of radioactivity. The method of enrichment of gaseous isotope mixtures comprises rotating and accelerating the mixture by means of a gas centrifuge, moving the mixture in the radial direction, forming a turbulent flow at the outer side edge of the centrifuge, selecting fractions from the turbulent flow in one turbulent flow zone, removing the mixture of fractions from the centrifuge, determining concentration of the isotope during the movement of the mixture outside the centrifuge, separating the mixture into enriched and depleted fractions by directing the mixture with an isotope concentration equal to or higher than the given value through one channel, and the mixture with an isotope concentration lower then the given value - through another channel. The gas centrifuge comprises a hermetic fixed housing in the form of a vertical cylinder, a rotating rotor coaxially disposed therein, made in the form of a shaft provided with a rigidly fixed blade, a protruding element for forming the turbulent flow fixed to the inner side surface of the centrifuge housing, a mixture output channel with an inlet located at the outer side edge of the centrifuge in the turbulent flow zone behind the protruding element in the travel direction of the gas mixture, and an inlet for supplying the base mixture. On the part of the output channel located outside the centrifuge, a branch for two channels is made provided with a bypass switching valve, and before the branch a spectrometer is placed whose output is connected to the ECM input whose output is connected to the input of an electromechanical converter of the bypass switching valve.EFFECT: increase in the enrichment level of the gas isotope mixture and economically advantageous enrichment of isotopes by reducing the number of centrifuges.2 cl, 1 dwg

Auger centrifuge with solid rotor and overflow gate // 2636706
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: auger centrifuge with solid rotor and at least one or more drain gates for draining purified liquid from a drum having a rotation axis (D) and a rotation direction (K) and comprises at least one or more outlet holes in the drum cover. At least one outlet opening in each cover is conjugated with a gate plate having a recess. The outlet hole in the recess is provided with an opening drain chute by means of which the offset is implemented parallel from axis direction (D), essentially in the drum rotation direction along the circumference opposite to the rotation direction (K). The drain chute is arranged so that drain liquid is directed over the drain chute bottom up to an overflow edge. In the overflow edge location, the drain chute bottom is inclined inward towards the rotation axis (D) up to the overflow edge at inclination angle δ≥0 relative to tangential direction (T).EFFECT: increased energy recovery efficiency, contamination prevention.18 cl, 4 dwg

Centrifuge for gases mixture separation // 2636504
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: centrifuge for separating the gas mixture contains the cylindrical body with the bottom, the inlet and the branch pipes, the rotor, coaxially placed inside the body, the axial sealing, placed outside the rotor at the level of its upper part, the end cover, attached to the bottom of the rotor, and the shaft, mounted with ability of axial rotation relative to the body and rigidly connected to the end cover. The centrifuge is equipped with the casing with the tangential outlet located on it, the screw swirler and the radial bridges. In the lower part of the casing the outer annular projection is made, the casing itself is coaxially located on the body. The screw swirler is installed in the body above the place, where the inlet branch pipe is connected to it. The rotor is coaxially fixed to the shaft by means of the radial bridges, which are evenly placed along its circumference. The lateral surfaces of adjacent radial bridges and the inner surface of the rotor form the axial channels. The radial channels are made in the side wall of the rotor, which are located between the adjacent radial bridges. The inlet pipe is connected tangentially to the lower part of the body, and the branch pipe is radially connected to the upper part of the body. The upper end of the rotor is located at the level of the outer annular protuberance of the casing, and the lower end is located at the level of the screw swirler upper part. The axial sealing is made in the form of the labyrinth sealing between the outer annular protuberance of the casing and the upper part of the rotor.EFFECT: simplification and improvement of the centrifuge design reliability.2 cl, 5 dwg

Centrifuge for gas cleaning // 2636502
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: centrifuge comprises a hollow cylindrical body with a neck, an inlet, an outlet and drainage branch pipes located inside the body with a rotor configured with axial rotation, a cage is coaxially attached to a bottom end, and a plate is attched to a top end, a guiding device and a filtering element coaxially located outside the rotor are instaled in the body. The centrifuge is equipped with a packing seal and blades which are located inside the body. The plate is made in the form of a figured bushing, the outlet branch pipe is in the form of a hollow pin, coaxially mounted on the shaped bushing and rigidly connected thereto, the guiding device is in the form of a screw swirler, and the rotor is in the form of coaxially arranged perforated outer and inner cages with filtering element located therebetween. The cages are coaxially arranged with a figured bushing and a hollow pin having blades on the outer side surface evenly mounted along its circumference. In this case, the inlet branch pipe is tangentially connected to the upper part of the housing at the level of the blades located on the hollow pin, and the packing seal is located in an annular gap formed by the body neck inner surface and the hollow pin outer surface. The screw swirler is installed in the body below the inlet branch pipe, the hollow pin being coaxially mounted in the body neck with the possibility of rotation relative thereto.EFFECT: increase of operation reliability and efficiency.3 cl, 3 dwg

Dust collector for blast-furnace gas // 2636340
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: blast-furnace gas collector (10) comprises a settling chamber (12) which is formed in a container (11), a feed channel (13), arranged to supply blast-furnace gas inside the settling chamber (12), a distributing chamber (15) which is provided above the settling chamber (12) and is in communication with the upper part of the settling chamber (12) and cyclones (16). The cyclones are arranged around the settling chamber (12) and each has an air inlet (163) in communication with inner part of the distribution chamber (15).EFFECT: improved dust collection performance.6 cl, 10 dwg, 5 ex

Valve for discharging gas from centrifugal separator // 2635806
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: valve for discharging gas from the centrifugal separator comprises a valve body having a central axis (C) around which the valve can rotate, a cavity located at a radial distance from the central axis (C) and comprising a valve ball and a valve seat, at least one drainage channel extending from the valve seat of the cavity to the outside of the valve body, and at least one gas inlet extending from the outside of the valve body to the cavity. Wherein, the valve ball is resting in the cavity and positioned so as to float on the surface of the liquid present in the cavity, is movable in the cavity radially from the rotational axis (C) from the closed position in which the ball leans on the valve seat and blocks gas in the cavity from the inlet of said at least one drainage channel, to an open position in which the valve ball is at a greater radial distance from the axis (C) than the closed position. In the open position, the valve ball does not block the valve seat and allows the gas to escape into the cavity from the valve through the said drainage channel. The centrifugal separator comprises a rotor body which is rotatable about an axis (R) of rotation and comprises a separating chamber for separating the liquid material, an inlet pipe for the liquid material to be treated, at least one outlet for discharging the heavy phase, and at least one outlet for liquid light phase for the release of liquid light phase, and a valve placed on the inlet. The valve is further arranged such that the central axis (C) of rotation is aligned with the rotational axis (R) of the centrifugal separator in such a way that the gas collected at the inlet can enter into said valve gas inlet. According to a method for discharging gas from the inlet of a centrifugal separator, a separator is provided, liquid material to be treated is introduced through the inlet to the separator, allowing the gas collected at the inlet to be discharged from said separator valve.EFFECT: ensuring the effective discharging of gas from the inlet of centrifugal separator.15 cl, 8 dwg

ethod of adsorption desulfurization of hydrocarbons and reactor apparatus for its implementation // 2635560
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to reactor apparatus for carrying out adsorption desulfurization which comprises a fluidized bed reactor, a catalyst regenerator, a catalyst reducer, a fine powder catcher and a fine powder classifier, wherein the fine powder classifier includes a discharge pipeline for receiving larger-sized catalyst particles fractionated by the fine powder classifier, wherein said discharge pipe is hermetically passed through side wall of reactor body and enters reaction zone. The invention also relates to adsorption desulfurization process.EFFECT: reduced crushing of solid particles during separation.20 cl, 5 dwg, 8 tbl, 4 ex

Device for stabilising vortex flow // 2634021
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device for stabilising vortex flow has a body with inlet and outlet branch pipes for vortex flow and a guide element located inside the body. The body is made in form of a hollow cylinder, which end flanges are provided with inlet and outlet branch pipes. The guide element is made in form of movable flat segments movably engaged with the body end flanges. An inner mechanism is provided for shifting the movable flat segments in a plane perpendicular to the vortex flow motion direction. The inner mechanism drive and additional branch pipe for introducing stabilising flow are mounted on side surface of the body. The inner mechanism is made in form of rotating cylindrical ring and locks which are rigidly fixed on movable flat segments and are kinematically joined with rotating cylindrical ring and the body end flanges.EFFECT: improvement of technical and operational parameters of the device, providing smooth adjustment of the basic parameters of vortex flows, including high-enthalpy and cryogenic multiphase vortex flows.2 cl, 3 dwg

ethod for forming mode of effective air cleaning from dust in air cleaner including plurality of uniflow cyclones in its composition // 2633970
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: method for forming a mode for effective air cleaning from dust in an air cleaner, including in its composition a plurality of uniflow cyclones installed in parallel-series on a collecting cleaned air receiver. Effective air cleaning in the cyclones is ensured due to formating the even airflow distribution through the cyclones and due to providing the required amount of air sucked from the cyclones, together with the dust separated therein.EFFECT: method allows to achieve the efficient air cleaner operation with limited dimensions of the collecting receiver and during the air cleaner operation under unfavourable external conditions at the inlet of dusty air.3 cl, 8 dwg

Dust catching two-step installation // 2633886
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: installation contains a cyclone and a thin filter interconnected by a duct so that the cyclone output is connected to the filter input. The cyclone includes a body consisting of cylindrical and conical parts, located in its upper part, a peripheral input gas stream and the axial outlet nozzle of cleaned gas, and is connected with an acoustic column located in the upper part of the generator of oscillations. The acoustic column in its lower part is connected with the peripheral input of cyclone gas stream, the oscillation generator is connected to the control unit. The thin filter is made in the form of a bag filter with a regeneration system containing a single body with a roof in which the filter unit with filter elements of a hose type is placed, a box for entering contaminated air and a box for discharging clean air, a hopper with continuous dust discharge unit containing a hopper, a sluice, an auger discharge mechanism. A temperature sensor is installed in the filter unit body; in the dust collector there is an emergency dust level sensor; in the output box there is a thermal automatic sensor detector whose outputs are connected to a common microprocessor located in the control cabinet. In the outlet box there is a collector with injectors for connection to the fire extinguishing system, the control unit of which is connected to a common microprocessor, and the filter element regeneration system is made in the form of a shaking frame with a vibrator and contains a control unit that is connected electronically to common microprocessor. The hopper for collecting dust from the thin filter is conical or pyramidal in shape with an angle of inclination of the walls that exceeds the angle of the natural slope of trapped dust, and in the filter unit the filter elements of the sleeve type are arranged in straight rows or in staggered order. As the material of filtering sleeve elements, both woven materials and nonwoven are used. The nozzle of fire safety system contains a hollow body with a nozzle and a central core, the body is provided with a channel for supplying liquid and contains a coaxial, rigidly connected with the body sleeve with a nozzle fixed in its lower part, made in the form of cylindrical two-stage bushing, the upper cylindrical stage of which is connected by means of a threaded connection with a central cylindrical core having a through inner center hole and installed with an annular gap with respect to the inner edge of cylindrical bushing, and the annular gap is connected to at least three radial channels formed in a two-stage bushing connecting it to an annular cavity formed by the inner surface of the bushing and the outer surface of the upper cylindrical stage. Wherein the annular cavity is connected to the body channel to supply the liquid. In the bottom part of central cylindrical core the hollow conical swirler is fixed, the conical shell of which is fixed by means of at least three spokes, fixed at one end to a swirler conical shell in its upper part, and at the other end - in the ring groove, formed on the inner surface of central cylindrical core, wherein on the outer surface of hollow conical swirler screw thread is made.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency of dust collection, ensuring fire safety and reliability of the dust collection process.3 dwg

Separation device // 2633574
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: separation device comprises a housing (12) having first (19) and second (40) separation chambers, partitions for creating an obstacle within the second chamber (40), holes (98) in the housing for inlet and outlet of liquid to the first chamber (19), a means (100) to create a swirling of the liquid within the first chamber (19), holes providing liquid flow between the first chamber and the second chamber (40), a means for directing the liquid flow inside the second chamber. The total flow in the second chamber passes in a direction substantially opposite to the direction of flow swirling in the first chamber.EFFECT: ease of installation, efficient operation of the device with the flow of any direction.24 cl, 19 dwg

Conical wet cyclone // 2632695
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: conical wet cyclone contains a body, a peripheral gas inlet with a tangential branch located at an angle to the horizontal, a discharge pipe in the upper part of which an irrigation device is installed. In the lower part of the conical body, facing downward, an expander is attached to which a conical bottom for the contaminated liquid is attached, facing downward. The discharge pipe is made in the form of a truncated cone, facing downward with a large cross section. The irrigation device at the top of the discharge pipe is located above the housing cover. In the upper part of the conical housing under the housing cover there are two irrigation devices, one of which faces the internal surface of the housing, the second is located for irrigation from the outside of the outlet pipe.EFFECT: improving the efficiency of cleaning, reducing the specific energy consumption for dedusting, simplifying the design.2 dwg

Vacuum centrifuge // 2631951
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to centrifugal devices for separating suspensions containing components sensitive to mechanical influences as a solid phase. The centrifuge contains an outer casing, inside of which a perforated drum and an integrated turbomolecular pump are placed on the drive shaft. Rotor stages of turbomolecular pump are fixed on the drum shell near its loading opening, while the stator ones are made detachable and installed at least on two separate fragments of the outer casing shell. Fragments of the shell are made with the possibility of hermetic docking between themselves and the outer casing with the formation of a closed surface of rotation and equipped with drives of plane-parallel displacement relative to the axis of drum rotation. The contours of the radial sections of drum loading opening and the revolution surface, surrounding it with clearance, formed by the fragments of the outer casing shell are made along the profile of the Laval ring nozzle. In the receiving space of the centrifuge between the outer casing and the drum, in front of the rotor stages of turbomolecular pump, there are additionally installed drop eliminators fixed to the outer casing.EFFECT: preventing the filtrate removal through the turbine unit of the turbomolecular pump, increasing the degree of separation and drying of the suspension solid component due to inter-cavity air pressure drop.4 dwg
Device for dehumidification of compressed gas // 2631876
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device comprises a body with inlet and outlet connection pipes, a vortex chamber coaxial with it and a twisting device with tangential input ports arranged coaxially with the vortex chamber. The inlet ports of the twisting device are made in the form of slotted inlets curved along longitudinal axis and tapering towards the outlet. The vortex chamber is communicated at one end with an energy separation chamber made in the form of a Laval nozzle, in which diffuser portion is an open end of a cylindrical section of the energy separation chamber with a separation gap, which second open end is provided with a swirler in the form of plates assembled crosswise. The body ends of a compressed gas drying device are rigidly and detachably connected to a receiving unit and a condensate receiving unit. The receiving unit contains an inlet connection pipe, a vortex chamber and a connection pipe for discharge of cooled gas flow separated from the vortex chamber by a diaphragm.EFFECT: elimination of sedimentation and flow back to the nozzle box with its further flooding with condensing moisture, reduction of dissipative losses of thermal gradient and increase of condensation efficiency in the vortex device.3 dwg

Gas purification method // 2630789
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: this method includes introduction of gas to be purified into a cyclone with upper axial exhaust branch pipe, purification of gas from dust in a cylindrical housing by centrifugal forces at translational motion of rotating flow from the top to the bottom with turning purified flow upward, collection of trapped dust flow, spraying auxiliary coagulating liquid in the form of jets oriented to the flow of trapped dust with formation of a mixture of trapped dust and auxiliary coagulating liquid, supply of pore-forming additives wetted by auxiliary coagulating liquid to the upper part of the cyclone, briquetting of trapped dust mixture, pore-forming additives and auxiliary coagulating liquid in roller press with production of briquettes. In this case, tubular particles of plant origin or agricultural waste with a particle length of 0.11.0 diameter of the briquette, and particle thickness equal to 0.010.2 diameter of the briquettes, in the amount of 110 g/m3 of gas to be purified are used as pore-forming additives for briquettes.EFFECT: increasing the degree of gas purification from dust and improving the consumer properties of the briquettes.1 tbl, 1 ex, 1 dwg

Gas-liquid separator (options) // 2630525
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: according to the first option, the gas-liquid separator has a chamber for separation of gas-liquid mixture with an inlet for the gas-liquid mixture which is connected to the main pipeline, contains blades, a chamber for collection of fluid, an outlet for the release of the purified gas. Above the liquid collecting chamber made in the form of a close tank with a branch pipe to drain the fluid, there is the gas-liquid mixture separation chamber in the form of a logarithmic spiral channel with a base and a vertical wall, on the inner side of which around the perimeter of the spiral there are vertically mounted blades with external faces at an angle of 100110° to the vertical plane and located at a distance from each other to generate a turbulent eddy. In this case, there are holes for draining the liquid into the liquid collecting chamber under the inner edges of the blades in the chamber base. The gas-liquid mixture separation chamber has a cover in which there is an outlet for the release of the purified gas. In this case, the cross-section of the inlet for the gas-liquid mixture, formed by the chambers bases and the outer wall of the gas-liquid mixture separation chamber, is commensurable with the cross-section of the main pipeline. According to another option, the gas-liquid separator has a gas-liquid mixture separation chamber with an inlet for the gas-liquid mixture, which is connected to the main pipeline, contains blades, a chamber for collection of fluid, an outlet for the release of the purified gas. The liquid collecting chamber is located below the gas-liquid mixture separation chamber, the bases of which are made in the form of semirings with external and internal vertical walls located along their arcs. In this case, the liquid collecting chamber is designed as a close tank with a branch pipe to drain the fluid, and the gas-liquid mixture separation chamber has a cover in which there is an outlet for the release of the purified gas. In the gas-liquid mixture separation chamber, along the entire perimeter of the arc of its outer wall on its inner side there are vertically mounted blades with their external faces at an angle of 100110° to the vertical plane and at a distance from each other to generate a turbulent eddy. In this case, there are holes for draining the liquid into the liquid collecting chamber under the inner edges of the blades in the chamber base. In this case, the cross-section of the inlet for the gas-liquid mixture, formed by the chambers bases and the outer wall of the gas-liquid mixture separation chamber, is commensurable with the cross-section of the main pipeline.EFFECT: increased efficiency of gas purification.2 cl, 6 dwg

Non-chemical water treatment device // 2629066
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: device for non-chemical water treatment includes the chamber with the tangential water supply pipe branches 7 to form the rotating dynamic water cylinder, the gas outlet and the water drainage device. The chamber is provided with the cylindrical thick-walled reactor 3, equipped with tangential linear or tapering and expanding channels along the water flow, which are capable to swirl the water flow and its movement along the tapering path of the helix diameter, input into the reactor 3 cavity and water drain along the untwisting and helix breaking path. The tapering channels along the water flow are designed to feed the water inside the reactor along the swirling and tapering path of the helix diameter. The expanding channels along the water flow are designed to drain the water. The device for the gases supply or discharge is made in the form of the vacuum channel 1, connected with the bottom end with the internal cavity of the reactor 3. The device for the water draining is made in the form of the outlet unit 5 of the reactor 3.EFFECT: improvement of non-chemical water treatment, simplification of installation, reduction of energy consumption for water treatment and increase of the device operation reliability.6 cl, 4 dwg

Protective shield for auger conveyor scraper // 2628785
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: protective shield contains a support and a wear-resistant insert, attached to the scraper of the auger press, a centrifuge, a gravitation filter. The support and wear-resistant insert are connected therebetween by means of mechanical locking system. At that, support attached to the scraper provides that the insert is secured with mechanical fixation only. The support has at least one opening into which the insert is placed. The insert consists of a plate and at least one pin connected thereto. At least one pin provides placement of the insert into the support. The auger conveyor, for example, auger press, centrifuge, gravitation filter, contains a number of protective shields installed on the auger along its perimeter.EFFECT: provide protective shields withstand the arising mechanical and tribological stresses.8 cl, 12 dwg
Centrifuge for cleaning process liquids from mechanical impurities and water // 2628778
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices intended for separating liquid nonuniform systems by means of centrifugal forces and can be used for cleaning process fluids from mechanical impurities and water, for example, oils, fuels, hydraulic fluids during their regeneration at enterprises, and also directly on mobile equipmnet. The centrifuge for cleaning process liquids from mechanical impurities and water includes a rotor containing a cylindrical body, a column, a nozzle drive and channels for supplying process liquid and draining water. A separating disc is mounted on the column to form a gap for water passage between it and the body wall into the water drainage output channel. At that, a valve that opens the channel for draining water from the centrifuge is installed in the rotating column, and its control rod is in manual or automatic mode and located in a stationary body on the centrifuge cover.EFFECT: improving quality of cleaning process fluids from water, reducing loss of cleaned liquid with water drained from the rotor, simplifying design.3 cl, 4 dwg

"vortex" centrifuge for separation of inhomogeneous media, suspensions and emulsions // 2628777
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: centrifuge for separating liquid inhomogeneous media refers to process equipment intended for separating liquid inhomogeneous media in various industries into constituent fractions in the centrifugal force field. The centrifuge for separating liquid inhomogeneous media comprises a filter device mounted on the body-bottom base, consisting of a shell, an upper cover, and two shafts: a drive shaft and a supporting hollow shaft with radial openings and packs of removable membrane filter elements (PRMFE) and sets of turbolators. The PRMFE are secured through a spacer seal on the support shaft secured to the body-bottom. The set of turbulators through the regulating segments is mounted between the upper drive and lower support turbolators, and the upper drive turbolator is connected to a drive shaft concentrically coupled to the stationary support shaft. Rotation of the set of turbolators is provided through a pulley mounted on the shaft from an instrument electric motor mounted on a frame, and secure vertically through a belt gear. At that, the rotation occurs from 200 to 800 and from 800 to 2000 rpm. In addition, there is an opening for drilled in stationary shaft bottom for draining clean filtrate through a flange with a branch pipe. There are pipe connections for gauges, safety valves and an input connection pipe of initial mixture mounted on the upper cover. A concentrate collector is fixed to the body-bottom base on the peripheral part and a throttle valve is installed on a discharge pipe for pressure stabilisation. Body air-tightness is provided by installation of gaskets to weld joints, and the drive shaft output assembly is sealed with sleeve gaskets or end seals.EFFECT: increase service life of the centrifuge, increase filtration performance, reduce metal consumption and energy intensity.2 cl, 1 dwg

ethod of regulating the volume flow of a coal-kerozine suspension and a device for manufacturing a burned coal // 2628524
FIELD: mining engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention describes a method for controlling the volumetric flow rate of a coal-kerosene suspension in which, during the separation of the solid and liquid phases by feeding the dehydrated coal-kerosene suspension to a centrifugal separator of the decanter type and separating the coal-kerosene suspension into a solid fraction and a liquid fraction, the target electric current fed to the engine to rotate it and drive the screw conveyor of the centrifugal separator of the decanter type is determined such that the liquid level In the tank for a coal-kerosene suspension fed to a centrifugal separator of the decanter type, it can take a constant value; the target opening degree value is determined based on the difference between the target electric current value and the actually measured value of the electric current supplied to the motor; and the degree of opening of the flow control valve, which is located in the middle of the feed line for introducing the coal-kerosene slurry into the centrifugal separator of the decanter type, is adjusted depending on the target degree of opening. Also, the options for ways to regulate the volume flow coal-oil suspensions and devices to perform these techniques are described.EFFECT: ability to effectively prevent overloads and mechanical damages of a centrifugal separator of the decanter type or to reduce the quality of separation of the solid and liquid phases, the ability to stabilise the process of obtaining upgraded brown coal.6 cl, 5 dwg

Dust trap fan // 2628394
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: dust trap fan includes a body with inlet and outlet nozzles, respectively, for gas supply and discharge, divided by transverse annular partitions into at least two annular chambers. In the annular chambers on the common rotation axis, there are the blade wheels containing the front annular and rear solid discs arranged in series. The front circular wheels of the blade wheels are located in the central holes of the transverse annular partitions. Each transverse annular partition is made convex towards the gas flow, mating near the central opening tangentially to the inner surface of the corresponding front annular disc. In this case, the mating surfaces of the transverse annular partition and the front annular disc of the blade wheel contain seals of contactless type or contact type.EFFECT: increase the edust trap fficiency in combination with lower energy costs for transportation of cleaned gases.8 cl, 6 dwg

Centrifuge for sample holder // 2627880
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: centrifuge for the sample holder includes the sample holder receptor for holding at least one sample holder, configured to rotate about the rotation axis and having the holding part into which the sample holder can be inserted during the loading procedure, when the sample holder receptor does not rotate. In the holding part, there is the sample holder in the loaded state of the sample holder receptor, and during the unloading procedure, the sample holder can be removed from the holding part. The centrifuge platform for the sample holder, configured to support the centrifuge for the sample holder in accordance with its targeted use, is oriented parallel to the axis of rotation. The sample holder has at least one sample channel, extending along the substantially central longitudinal axis of the sample channel. The sample holder receptor is designed and positioned so, that when the sample holder is located in the holding part of the sample holder receptor, the longitudinal axis of its sample channel is oriented substantially perpendicular to the axis of rotation. As in the case, when the sample holder receptor rotates, also in the case, when it does not rotate. The rotation axis is rotatably mounted at both ends. The centrifuge device contains the centrifuge for the sample holder, having the substantially horizontally disposed rotational axis and the pipette device for the automatical distribution of the fluid to the sample holder channel of the sample, held in at least one sample holder receptor. The pipette device contains the pipette channel, extending substantially in the vertical direction. When using the centrifuge, the sample holder is washed by placing it in such a way that the opening of the sample channel is directed radially outward, by centrifuging the sample holder and the vacuum supply.EFFECT: reliable centrifugation of the samples with high quality and efficiency, the reduction of the time for the centrifuge servicing between the centrifugation process end and the sample holder unit testing start.29 cl, 14 dwg

Device for cyclone separation of gas-liquid mixture flow into gas-phase fraction and liquid fraction, additionally equipped with special tank // 2627375
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to devices for cyclone separation of the gas-liquid mixture flow into substantially, the gas-phase fraction and the liquid fraction by bringing the gas-liquid mixture flow into rotation so, that the indicated gas-liquid mixture flow is divided into the central area, substantially containing the gas phase fraction, and the outer ring area, substantially containing the liquid fraction. The device for cyclone separation of the gas-liquid mixture flow contains the housing, provided with the inlet for the gas-liquid mixture flow input, the swirler for rotating the gas-liquid mixture flow, located in the housing further downstream from the inlet for the input gas-liquid mixture flow, the outlet for the gas-phase fraction opening into the central area of the housing further downstream of the swirler, and the outlet for the liquid fraction, connected to the outer area of the housing behind the swirler further downstream. The outlet for the gas-phase fraction and the outlet for the liquid fraction are connected to the common collection chamber outside the housing. The device additionally contains at least one permeable and flow guiding facility, disposed at the housing center and connected to the gas-phase fraction outlet. The outlet for the gas-phase fraction contains the gas outlet channel, passing through the swirler. The inlet of the outlet for the gas-phase fraction is located at the distal end of the swirler, and the flow guide facility is connected to the swirler. The swirler contains the swirler blades connected to the inner part of the swirler. The outlet for the gas-phase fraction passes through the inner part of the swirler so, that the upstream inlet of the gas-phase fraction outlet extends to the downstream side of the swirler inner part to supply the gas in the direction opposite to the liquid flow direction. The tank contains at least one device for the cyclone separation. The outlet for the gas-phase fraction and the outlet for the liquid fraction of the indicated device get out into the single connection space.EFFECT: increase of the gas-liquid mixture flow separation efficiency.17 cl, 4 dwg

Combination cyclone // 2626822
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: cyclone comprises a body, a peripheral gas inlet provided as an inlet tangential branch, a hopper connected to the lower conical part of the cyclone, and an outlet pipe with having holes at the bottom, and a nozzle assembly on the upper part. Each nozzle contains a hollow body with an atomizer and central core. The body has a channel for supplying liquid and includes a coaxial bushing rigidly connected thereto and an atomizer, fixed in its lower part, designed as a cylindrical two-stage bushing. The upper cylindrical stage of the bushing is connected to the coaxial central core via threaded connection. The central core has a central hole and is provided with annular gap to the inner surface of the cylindrical bushing. The annular gap is connected to at least three radial channels formed in a two-stage bushing connecting it to an annular cavity formed by the inner surface of the bushing and the outer surface of the upper cylindrical stage. The annular cavity is connected to the body channel for supplying liquid. A spraying device in the form of a truncated cone is rigidly attached to the lower part of the central core and coaxial to the central hole of the core and attached by its upper base to the base of the central core cylinder. A splitter is attached to the lower base of the truncated cone by means of at least three spokes and is made in the form of an end circular plate the edges of which are bent toward the annular gap. There are the spiral grooves on the outer lateral surface of the truncated cone. A throttle opening is provided in the splitter axisymmetrically to the central hole of the central core. An external diffuser is coaxially attached to the lower part of the bushing, which is rigidly connected to the body. An inner perforated diffuser is coaxially attached to the lower base of the truncated cone of the spraying device in such a way that the outlet cross-sections of the external and internal diffusers lie in one plane.EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability of dust separation by increasing the liquid atomization level of nozzles.2 dwg
Bubbling-vortex device with parabolic swirler for wet gas cleaning // 2626356
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: bubbling-vortex device with the parabolic swirler nozzle for wet gas cleaning contains the cylindrical chamber with the inlet pipe, the slurry overflow pipe into the slurry tank, the axial sprinkler, perforated along its entire length by the small diameter holes and blinded from the outlet end. The cylindrical chamber is equipped with the pair of swirlers, installed in series, the first swirler along the gas flow is rigidly fixed to the axial sprinkler, and the second swirler along the gas flow is made with the central hole and connected to the cylindrical chamber walls, forming the gap for the gas flow passing to the central zone of the device. The swirlers are made in the form of the elliptical paraboloid, the guide blades of which are curved along the helical surface and form the curvilinear converging ducts. At the same time, the cylindrical chamber is connected to the cyclone with the slope by means of flanges and the branch pipe of tangential entry into the cyclone. The rejection of dispersed particles is carried out by means of the slurry overflow pipe into the device slurry tank. The cyclone is made in the form of the wet dust collection device, and in the tangential inlet into the cyclone the liquid inlet with the nozzle for flushing of the mobile foam is installed, formed from the rotating gas-liquid flow. The annular sprinkler with at least three nozzles is installed in the upper part of the housing, in the cyclone, connected through the pipeline to the liquid inlet for flushing out of the formed mobile foam. The purified gas flows through the exhaust pipe of the cyclone, and the slurry - is from the cyclone into the hopper to collect therein, and then into the slurry tank. At that the annular sprinkler jet in the cyclone contains the hollow casing with the nozzle and central core, the casing is made with the channel for liquid supply and contains the coaxial rigidly connected with it the sleeve with nozzle fixed in its bottom part, the nozzle is made in the form of cylindrical two-step sleeve, the top cylindrical step is connected by means of the thread joint with the coaxial with it the central core, having the central hole and installed with annular clearance, relatively to the internal surface of the cylindrical sleeve. The annular clearance is connected to at least three radial channels, formed in the cylindrical two-step sleeve, connecting it to the annular cavity, formed by the inner surface of the sleeve and the outer surface of the upper cylindrical step. The annular cavity is connected to the casing channel to supply the liquid. The spraying gun is rigidly attached to the central core, at its lower part, and it is made in the form of the truncated cone coaxial to the central hole of the core and attached by its upper base to the central core cylinder base, and the splitter is attached to the lower base of the truncated cone by means of at least three spokes, which is made in the form of the end circular plate, the edges of which are bent toward the annular clearance. There are the spiral grooves on the outer lateral surface of the truncated cone. In the splitter, which is attached to the bottom base of the truncated cone by at least three spokes and is made as the round end plate, the edges of which are bent towards the annular clearance, the throttle opening is made axially symmetric to the central hole of the central core.EFFECT: increase of the dust and gas cleaning efficiency due to the organization of the rotational motion of the dust and gas flow, more efficient use of centrifugal force and use as the second, the dust and gas cleaning wet phase of the wet dust collector at the outlet of the device, which generally makes it possible to improve the device efficiency and to improve the environmental protection.2 cl, 3 dwg
Hydrocyclone device for cleaning piston engine coolant from solid pollutants // 2625891
FIELD: engine devices and pumps.SUBSTANCE: hydrocyclone device for cleaning the piston engine coolant flow of from solid pollutants comprises of a cylindrical body with a tangential inlet branch pipe located in its upper part and an axial outlet branch pipe installed coaxially with respect to the cylindrical body, in the lower part of which there is a vortex chamber. The element with trapping holes is located inside the cylindrical body and the vortex chamber which communicates with a sump tank, located below and having a body for collecting solid pollutants, and the trapping holes are formed directly in the wall of the vortex chamber and communicate the cavity of this chamber with the sump tank. The upper part of the sump tank body covers the outside of the vortex chamber.EFFECT: increased efficiency of coolant flow cleaning from solid pollutants.3 dwg

Vibration centrifuge // 2624702
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: in order to put the working body in a vibrating motion in the vertical plane, a drive in the form of a flat linear asynchronous motor is used, which inductors are rigidly fixed to the base, and its rotor is a ring movable and spring-loaded in a vertical plane, made of a metal with a high electrical conductivity and rigidly connected to the working body.EFFECT: increased energy and technological efficiency, reduced metal consumption.4 dwg

Air cleaner // 2624696
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: air cleaner contains the casing, the front cover, the cyclone elements located in its openings with flow swirlers, the base, the cleaned air outlet tube and the tube for the collected dust removal is placed in its openings coaxially with the cyclone elements. There are the curved vertical plates, combined in the rigid casing on the front cover.EFFECT: effective air cleaning from condensed moisture, hail and snow, increase of the operation reliability and reduction of the maintenance and repair labour intensity for cleaned air consumers.1 dwg
Bubble-vortex device of wet dust control // 2624655
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: bubble-vortex device of wet dust control comprises of a cylindrical chamber with an inlet pipe, a slurry overflow pipe into the slurry tank, an axial sprinkler perforated with holes of small diameter along its entire length and blind at the outlet end. The cylindrical chamber is provided with a pair of swirlers, installed in series. The first swirler in the course of the gas is rigidly fixed to the axial sprinkler, and the second swirl in the direction of the gas is made with a central hole and connected to the walls of the cylindrical chamber, forming a gap for the passage of the gas flow to the central zone of the device. The swirlers are made in the form of an elliptical paraboloid, the guide vanes of which are curved along the helical surface and form curvilinear converging ducts. The cylindrical chamber is attached to a slope to the cyclone by means of flanges and a branch pipe of tangential inlet into the cyclone. Discharge of dispersed particles is carried out by means of a sludge flow pipe into the sludge tank of the device, the cyclone is made as a wet dust collecting unit and in the tangential inlet branch pipe to the cyclone there is a liquid inlet with a nozzle for flushing off the moving foam produced by the rotating gas-liquid flow. In the upper portion of the cyclone body an annular spraying device with at least three nozzles is installed. It is connected to the liquid inlet by a pipeline for flushing off the moving foam that is produced. Purified gas flows through the exhaust pipe of the cyclone, and the sludge - from the cyclone into the hopper to collect therein, and then into the general sludge tank.EFFECT: increased effectiveness of dust and gas purification.2 dwg

Processing method for emulsion produced at hydrometallurgical metal recovery // 2624310
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: in the method for centrifugal processing of an emulsion containing solids obtained by hydrometallurgical metal recovery, re-treatment takes place in at least one three-phase decanter (1) to produce the first lighter liquid phase (5), the second liquid phase (6) and the solid phase (7). The method is characterized by stages of determination of the actual density of the first liquid phase (5), of comparison of actual values with the specified value of the density of the first liquid phase (5) and of adjustment of outflow pressure of the first liquid phase as a function of a specified parameter, depending on the comparison of the determined actual/desired value.EFFECT: improvement of the emulsion processing method and improvement of the hydrometallurgical metal recovery process.5 cl, 7 dwg

Vortex dust collector // 2623765
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: vortex dust collector has a cylinder case, a dusted gas axial inlet with a swirler and an ejector nozzle, a fairing and a deflector ring, as well as an axial branch pipe to force out a cleaned gas and a periphery secondary flow inlet with the swirler located in the case upper part. The case is made cylindrical, and the deflector ring is made conical. The ejection nozzle forms an annular channel with the input wall, formed by conical surfaces of the axial inlet and ejection nozzle, respectively. The shear plane of the ejection nozzle is located above the shear plane of the conical deflector ring. The lower nozzle of the dusted gas axial inlet with the swirler, the fairing and the deflector ring, and the upper nozzle of the periphery secondary flow inlet with the swirler accommodate pneumatic jets to feed spraying water. Each of the nozzles comprises a hollow cylindrical body connected to the nozzle in which throttling openings are provided. The hollow body consists of a cylindrical part with external thread for connection to a distribution pipeline union and two hollow cylindrical-conical collars sequentially connected and coaxial to it. Coaxial to the body, in its lower part, the nozzle is fixed, which is made in the form of a glass, in the bottom of which vertical and inclined throttle holes are made at an angle of 45° to the axis of the nozzle. At least one row of radial holes, which axes lie in the plane perpendicular to the axis of the body, is made in the cylindrical belt of the body. The number of holes in each row is at least three. The body and the nozzle make several aligned internal chambers: cylindrical chambers and a conical chamber located between them. One of the cylindrical chambers is used to supply liquid to be sprayed, and the conical and cylindrical chambers are expansion chambers. Air or gas supply tube is fixed in the central part of the nozzle coaxially to it, a hollow disk with perforation, turned to the side of outlet cross sections of the nozzle orifice holes, is connected to one of the tube ends in its lower part. The perforation in the hollow disk is made in form of the screw groove, turned to the side of outlet cross sections of the nozzle orifice holes, made by Archimedean spiral located inside the hollow disk. Wherein, a diffuser is attached to the end part of the hollow cylindrical belt, which is axisymmetric to the air supply tube, to one end of which, in it lower part, the hollow disk with perforation in the form of a screw groove formed by the Archimedean spiral and turned to the side of outlet cross sections of the nozzle orifice holes is fixed, and a hollow conical fairing is attached to the solid part of the hollow disk. Its top lies in the shear plane of the diffuser with the formation of outlet cavities formed by the inner surface of the diffuser and the outer surface of the fairing.EFFECT: higher efficiency of dust collection.2 dwg

Separation device // 2622946
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: separation device for the product processing in continuous mode contains the rotatable drum, disposed in the sub-chamber and having the vertical axis of rotation, at that the mentioned drum is mounted on the drive spindle, configured rotatable, the drive chamber containing one, several or all of the separator drive components. At the same time, the sub-chamber is sealed with respect to the external environment and, during the operation, it is possible to create the negative pressure in the sub-chamber with respect to the external environment outside the sub-chamber with at least one device, capable to create the negative pressure, in particular the pump. The negative pressure joint is made under the solid state channel and the outlet of the solid phase trap. According to the first version of the separation device operating method, the negative pressure in the sub-chamber is changed during its operation. According to the second version of the separation device operating method, the negative pressure in the sub-chamber is changed depending on the actual or expected operating mode during its operation. According to the third version of the separation device operating method, the pressure in the sub-chamber is raised before the solid phase discharge.EFFECT: energy saving provision on the rotating parts in the areas, where the negative pressure is created in comparison with the external environment.14 cl, 3 dwg
Cyclone // 2621923
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: cyclone includes vortex tube with a swirler and spout with a ring, forming a circular channel dust. Vortex tube with fixing elements represents the shaped hull along its entire length, and on graduation tube with elements of fixation, the centering stops are performed to ensure concentric of vortex and exhaust pipes.EFFECT: dimensions and weight of the cyclone are reduced with preservation of hydraulic resistance and degree of purification, convenient installation of cyclones and their replacement during operation.2 dwg

Separator node for particles is implemented with the possibility of connecting to a binding layer reactor and a binding layer reactor // 2621787
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: separator assembly comprises a vertical vortex chamber surrounded by panel walls with water pipes forming a polygonal horizontal cross section and supporting the construction of panel walls with water pipes, the polygonal horizontal cross section comprising at least 6 angles and the supporting structure comprising at least one horizontally located circular beam located outside the panel walls with water pipes and attached by means of a radial passing through direction of the fastening means to at least three panel walls with water pipes, and wherein at least one circular beam forms a full circle or at least one circular beam forms a partial circle covering at least 75% of the full circle and containing ends that are rigidly attached to a rigid supporting structure.EFFECT: increasing the efficiency and reducing the weight of the structure.15 cl, 8 dwg

Cyclone for purifying gas flow of liquid phase droplets // 2618708
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: cyclone for purifying the gas flow of liquid phase droplets includes a cylindrical body with a tangential inlet for injecting the liquid phase of the gas flow contaminated with the droplet particles and a conical bottom with the liquid phase collector of impurities separated from the gas flow, equipped with a central outlet pipe for withdrawing the purified gas flow. In the lower part of the central outlet pipe, an outwardly beaded branch pipe is installed coaxially with it, into which a multi-channel swirler is placed with spiral channels of rectangular cross section. The space between the inner wall of the central outlet pipe and the outer wall of the outwardly beaded branch pipe forms a hydraulic shutter, and a clearance is provided between the lower edge of the central outlet pipe and the flanging of the branch pipe to drain the excess liquid phase from the hydraulic shutter.EFFECT: increasing the degree of purifying gas flows of liquid phase droplets due to the formation of a two-stage effect of centrifugal forces in a single device body on the gas flow contaminated with liquid phase droplets.3cl, 1 dwg, 3 ex

Device for wet dedusting // 2618566
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: device for wet dedusting comprises a cylinder-conic body with a cover and a supplying tangential branch pipe located at the angle to the horizontal, an outlet pipe for the cleaned gas exhaust. The chute is executed in its bottom part across the whole width in the supplying branch pipe, where the spray device is located, made in the form of a cylindrical brush installed with the possibility of rotation in the chute, which is connected to the branch pipe for fluid supply. The upper brush part facing towards the dust and gas flow stream, is provided with a droplet reflector formed on the entire bottom branch pipe width in the form of a rectangular plate and connected to the chute.EFFECT: reduction of specific energy consumption for cleaning dust and gas flow stream, improving the efficiency of the cleaning dust and gas flow stream, simplifying the device construction.2 dwg
Vortex dust collector // 2617473
FIELD: instrument making.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vortex dust collectors. Vortex dust collector includes cylindrical housing, in upper part of which clean gas axial outlet and cleaned gas secondary flow upper tangential inlet are arranged, having rectangular cross-section with aspect ratio equal to 1/(1.5÷2.0), and in housing lower part are located cleaned gas primary flow lower tangential inlet, having rectangular lateral cross-section with aspect ratio, equal to 1/(1.5÷2.0), with successively arranged therewith initial cylindrical straight section, curvilinear cylindrical bend with axis rotation radius of 2.0÷2.5 of its inner diameter value and with cleaned gas vortex, as well as terminal cylindrical straight section, which cavities are connected to each other. At that, initial and terminal sections are located relative to each other at angle of 90±2°, in initial section end there inspection hatch is arranged with internal diameter, equal to 0.7–0.8 of initial section inner diameter value, on terminal straight section external surface baffle washer is installed, made in form of hollow truncated cone, which larger base is directed downward and installed at cylindrical housing lower end level with annular gap between them and angle of inclination to large base of 60÷75°. Cylindrical housing is installed on cylinder-taper dust collector of larger diameter, wherein ratio of their internal diameters is equal to 1/(1.3÷2.0). Collected dust discharge branch pipe is located in dust collector lower part. Vortex dust collector additionally contains clean air input, which is coaxially installed in middle of cleaned gas primary flow lower tangential inlet and made in form of initial cylindrical straight section, cylindrical curved guide bend with radius of axis rotation of 2.0÷3.0 of its inner diameter value and terminal cylindrical straight section, which cavities are connected to each other. At that, initial and terminal sections are located relative to each other at angle of 90±2°, on clean air inlet terminal cylindrical straight section upper end plug is fitted, and on its cylindrical surface vertical rectangular cutouts are made with aspect ratio, equal to 1/(3.5÷5.0), and guide vanes are tangentially fixed at angle of 15–20°. Coaxial to clean air inlet terminal cylindrical straight section separator cylinder is installed, fixed on clean air inlet terminal cylindrical straight section, on its cylindrical surface vertical rectangular cutouts are made with aspect ratio, equal to 1/(3.5÷5.0), and guide vanes are tangentially fixed at angle of 15÷20°. In clean air inlet cylindrical curved guide elbow rectangular cross-section slot is made with aspect ratio, equal to 1/(2.0÷3.0), and with vortex - guide vane, installed tangentially at angle of 1÷5° to guide elbow cylindrical surface. At that, cleaned gas primary flow and clean air supply into dust collector housing is performed in one direction.EFFECT: technical result is increasing of dust collecting efficiency and dust collector reliability.1 cl

Scroll centrifuges with solid rotor // 2616060
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: scroll centrifuge with solid rotor comprises a rotatable reel, the axis of rotation orientated in particular horizontally, a screw rotatable and mounted in the reel, at least one outlet passage disposed at an angle to the axis of rotation of the auger with a continuous centrifuge rotor for discharging solids from the drum to the drum rotor. Wherein at least one outlet channel is connected with the solids collecting chamber, which partially surrounds the drum rotating during operation, and which does not rotate during operation. In the solids collection chamber at least one hose is located , which is not closed in its circumferential cross-section. A hose is made of elastic material and is designed as an elastic element or as a hybrid element made partly of elastic material and partly of a rigid material. Solids collection chamber is designed so that there is no differential pressure generation under the action of compressed air, and the hose is installed in the chamber without providing tightness. Unlocked hose is circumferentially mounted substantially in a ring shape in the particulate collecting chamber so that mentioned hose is substantially completely surrounds the reel in the area of the discharge passage except solids outlet or withdrawal in the collecting container. The cross-section of an open circle on the hose section is C-shaped, U-section, or Ω-shaped.EFFECT: reducing the number of accumulated dirt on the walls of the solids collection chamber.6 cl, 5 dwg

Centrifuge // 2612745
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machine building and can be used in liquid manure preparation technology for use as organic fertilizer, in which provided is separation into fractions process. Centrifuge comprises shell, perforated filtrating rotor with drive mechanism, on rotor outer surface blades are fixed, residue removal knife, feeder to feed liquid manure, solid fraction discharge device, wringer roll – roller. Wringer roller shaft extends beyond front panel and connected to separate drive shaft. At that, drive is mounted with possibility of roller approaching or removal from rotor filtering surface.EFFECT: technical result is reduction in solid fraction moisture content and higher operational reliability.1 cl, 4 dwg

Centrifugal cyclone separator // 2608772
FIELD: chemistry.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to a cyclone separator, which separates particles, liquid droplets and or condensing mists from gases without use of a filter element, as well as separator apparatus comprising such separators, and a method for separation of material containing a gas and at least solid particles and/or liquid in such apparatus. Separator for use with gas or liquid comprises at least one housing, having at least one inlet and at least one outlet, at least one spiral mechanism, comprising at least one spiral tube and configured to cause gas or liquid to spiral within said housing. At least one separator is located adjacent to at least one spiral mechanism and is made for further separation of particles from gas or liquid. Separator is made to separate components at a rate of up to 20 l/h for liquid flow or to 2,000 Nl/h for gas flow. Separation apparatus includes a first separator and a second separator, wherein second separator is connected via pipeline with first separator. Method of separating material containing gas and at least solid particles and/or liquid includes following steps: introduction of materia, to be separated into separator, passing material to be separated in at least one spiral mechanism to create vortex motion, passing material to be separated through a separator, comprising multiple ribs, which are configured to create effect of collision for condensation of particles of separated material in non-gaseous form, passing said material after step inside housing, to separate material separated in non-gaseous form, from separator. Further, method comprises removal of at least part of said material, separated in non-gaseous form from at least some part of residual gas, removal of at least some part of separated non-gaseous material from separator through a first outlet. Step for removal of at least some part of said separated gaseous material through second outlet is carried out in separator, configured to separate particles in a condensate with size of up to 10 microns.EFFECT: high efficiency of separation of particles and/or liquid droplets and condensate from gas without using a filter element, as well as enabling operation of separator with low rate of gas flow.22 cl, 5 dwg

Separation device, comprising swirler // 2607429
FIELD: energy.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering. Separation device comprises swirler (1, 20, 30) from sheet material, containing plurality of bent blades (4) with edge (6) on flow inlet side, forming inlet angle (α), and edge (8) on flow outlet side, forming outlet angle (β), wherein flow inlet side edge and flow outlet side edge extend from central section (3) to peripheral edge (9), wherein peripheral edge passes between edge endpoints on flow inlet side and edge on flow outlet side, and inlet angle is more than outlet angle, wherein bent blades peripheral edge is made circular on top view. Inlet angle (α) is at least 70°. Outlet angle (β) is in range 20–60°.EFFECT: invention allows to increase fluids separation efficiency, reduce pressure losses.15 cl, 9 dwg

Device for extraction of impurities from gas // 2606441
FIELD: gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for cleaning gas from impurities in form of solid particles, liquid droplets. Device for extraction of impurities from gas comprises scroll case, rotor with channels, formed by plates inclined to radial direction, axial pipe with flow straightener blades for discharging cleaned gas. Rotor shaft is hollow and perforated, perforated cylinder is fixed on shaft. Scroll case is connected to curved channel, on inner wall of which behind section for inlet of contaminated gas there is a spring-loaded blade and there is a window for discharging part of gas from scroll case into curvilinear channel. On periphery of curvilinear channel before scroll case for discharge of separated impurities there is a pipe with hydraulic gate. Curvilinear channel, scroll case, rotor, cleaned gas discharge pipe, pipe with hydraulic gate are fixed in a high-pressure shell with pipes for inlet of gas and outlet of impurities in form of a suspension. Inside of axial pipe with flow straightener blades for discharge of cleaned gas from rotor in bearing housing, there is a stuffing box with a pipe for inlet of liquid into hollow perforated shaft.EFFECT: high efficiency of cleaning gas at variable operating conditions and carrying out purification process in conditions of high pressure gas.1 cl, 3 dwg

Centrifuge for cleaning technical oils // 2604378
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices intended for separation of liquid inhomogeneous systems using centrifugal forces and can be used to clean from mechanical impurities and water, for example, fuels, oils, hydraulic and washing liquids in their recovery at enterprises, as well as directly at mobile units. Centrifuge for cleaning technical oils comprises a housing, an installed in it on bearings rotor with jet nozzles including a drum, a column with a base containing radial inlet channels and a vertical channel made along its axis. In the cover of the drum and in the base of the column there are concentric grooves of identical radius R, in them there are two distributing discs with radial slots forming annular cavities around the column connected via the radial channels in the upper part of the column with a vertical inlet channel and symmetrically arranged holes of inlet into the jet hydraulic drive nozzles in its lower part. Grooves are also deflectors to change the liquid flow at the inlet into the rotor at the top from the radial direction into the axial one and at the bottom from the axial into the radial ones. On the distributive discs there is a cylindrical jar with radius r separating the inner non-flow cavity of the rotor from its peripheral flow section.EFFECT: technical result is improved quality of the liquid cleaning by providing its movement inside the rotor parallel to the axis of rotation with uniform distribution along the circular cross section of the flow.5 cl, 1 dwg

Cylindrical system for particle filtering // 2602890
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an air filtering system, intended for blocking particles in a dryer, in particular, plant grains. Filtering system comprises rotating cylinder (1) of filtering member (3) driven by gearmotor (2), through which whole exhaust air flow (8) passes from the dryer for plant grains, containing solid particles (particle size is more than the size of mesh cells). Air, exhausting from the dryer, is discharged into the environment, freed from such particles. In the lower part of the filtering system there is funnel (7) for collection of material with higher specific weight, from which the air with collected particles passes through system (10) of pipes connected to fan (5), into an auxiliary system for filtering solid wastes. In the inner part of the rotating cylinder there is enclosure (4), in which the air flow is generated for cleaning the filtering member, from which the air with particles is discharged through system (10') of pipes, connected to fan (5'), into an auxiliary system for filtering solid wastes. Outside the mesh filter there is system (6) for injection of compressed air, the position of which coincides with the position of enclosure (4). Its function is removal of particles stuck in filtering member (3), by means of intermittent air jets.EFFECT: technical result is efficient filter cleaning.6 cl, 5 dwg
 
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