Combinations of devices for separating particles from gases or vapours (B01D50)

Catcher // 2639786
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: device for wet cleaning of polluted air from toxic gases can be used to purify air from harmful emissions during production, manufacture and processing of bulk materials, in particular for air purification from phenol during production, packaging and processing of phenol-containing polymers. The catcher contains a body of a contact tank of a cylindrical shape with a lower part of a cone shape, partially filled with liquid to form an air gap between the ceiling of the tank and a liquid surface, an inlet nozzle for introducing polluted air, a separator with an outlet nozzle for clean air, and a drain nozzle at the bottom of the contact tank. A grating is placed in the horizontal plane between the cylindrical and cone shaped parts of the contact tank body. Above the contact tank there is a spray chamber with rows of injectors fed through the collector with liquid from the contact tank by means of a circulation pump. Above the injectors there is the separator with the outlet nozzle for clean air. On the upper part of the contact tank between the inlet nozzle and the body of the spray chamber there is a hollow rotating body with blades installed vertically eccentrically with immersion in the upper part of the liquid. A heating element is placed in the cavity of the rotating body, and in the area of the air gap the rotating body is made with an air-insulated covering. As a liquid, either an aqueous solution of slaked lime or an oily aqueous solution of caustic potassium or sodium is used.EFFECT: simplifying the design, increasing the efficiency of air purification from the premises, ensuring the prompt collection of phenol and its further use in the form of phenolates.4 dwg

Dust collector for blast-furnace gas // 2636340
FIELD: metallurgy.SUBSTANCE: blast-furnace gas collector (10) comprises a settling chamber (12) which is formed in a container (11), a feed channel (13), arranged to supply blast-furnace gas inside the settling chamber (12), a distributing chamber (15) which is provided above the settling chamber (12) and is in communication with the upper part of the settling chamber (12) and cyclones (16). The cyclones are arranged around the settling chamber (12) and each has an air inlet (163) in communication with inner part of the distribution chamber (15).EFFECT: improved dust collection performance.6 cl, 10 dwg, 5 ex

ethod and device for modernization of electrofilter // 2635261
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: method for modernization of an electrofilter consisting of several fields is carried out by installing horizontal rows of filter elements facing the gas flow, a regeneration system with distributing pipes installed horizontally, and a clean gas chamber with a hose plate installed vertically, in the last field of electrofilter. In this case, the switching off filter elements from gas flow for regeneration is carried out by groups of horizontal rows of filter elements. Disconnection of groups of elements is carried out alternately from top to bottom, and regeneration of the rows in each disconnected group is carried out alternately from the bottom up. The device for the modernization of electrofilter includes the installation of a part of the last field of a hose plate with horizontal rows of filter elements, placed edges upstream to gas, a regeneration system with distributing pipes installed horizontally, and clean gas chambers. Wherein, the clean gas chamber along the height of the hose plate and the number of groups of horizontal rows of filter elements is divided into sections with a separate gas flow outlet.EFFECT: modernization of existing electrostatic precipitators in the same dimensions of the body of the device with simultaneous increase in efficiency and durability of the filter part of the electrofilter.8 cl, 3 dwg

Wet spark arrester // 2630563
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: wet spark arrestor contains a flue gas outlet from a flue gas source, a gas outlet, a water tank, a flushing pipe, a drain pipe, and a supplementary air supply chamber. The spark arrester also contains an electric motor with, at least, one rotary disc-atomizer immersed in a water tank, above which an inclined tray is installed, a partition wall and a deflector serving to direct the air flow into the zone of water curtains, two labyrinth filters. Water curtains are created by, at least, one disc-atomizer and fed through the inclined water tray through the irrigation liquid supply line. Herewith the first labyrinth filter is installed in the chamber for additional air supply, and the second - at the output of the spark arrestor.EFFECT: reducing water consumption due to the use of supplied water in the closed consumption cycle, which leads to reduction in water consumption, improving the spark suppression through a double water curtain, and reducing heat generation in the flue due to additional airflow from the room.5 cl, 1 dwg

Dust trap fan // 2628394
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: dust trap fan includes a body with inlet and outlet nozzles, respectively, for gas supply and discharge, divided by transverse annular partitions into at least two annular chambers. In the annular chambers on the common rotation axis, there are the blade wheels containing the front annular and rear solid discs arranged in series. The front circular wheels of the blade wheels are located in the central holes of the transverse annular partitions. Each transverse annular partition is made convex towards the gas flow, mating near the central opening tangentially to the inner surface of the corresponding front annular disc. In this case, the mating surfaces of the transverse annular partition and the front annular disc of the blade wheel contain seals of contactless type or contact type.EFFECT: increase the edust trap fficiency in combination with lower energy costs for transportation of cleaned gases.8 cl, 6 dwg

Inlet air filtration probe for electric power station // 2625865
FIELD: ventilation.SUBSTANCE: family of inventions belongs to the inlet air filtration system, that comprises the inlet air filtration probe, and also to corresponding installation methods, specifically for electric power stations, that have one or more thermal engines, wherein the filtered air should go while running for burning sustention and/or for aeration. The inlet air filtration probe comprises at a minimum one pass for air mass transportation from the inlet air filtration probe inlet section to the probe delivery section, the water separation vessel, that is located at the noted pass and intended for the water from air mass separation, the cross-over element, that is configured to translocate between the first open position, where the air mass forcefully traverses the separation vessel, and the second closed position, where the air mass streams from the inlet section to the delivery section without separation vessel traversing. The separation vessel is situated between the probe inlet and delivery sections. The inlet air filtration probe additionally has a closing device, that is configured to set to work for the joint action with the cross-over element in order to separate the separation vessel from the air mass, that streams in the pass, when the cross-over element is in the second closed position. At this time, the closing device is rigidly attached to the cross-over element. The inlet air filtration probe for electric power station comprises the mentioned air filtration probe. The inlet air filtration probe installation method comprises the following phases: the inlet air filtration probe pass accomplishment in such a way, that the air mass flow-through pass is bounded from the probe inlet section to the probe delivery section, the water separation vessel arrangement in the noted passes for the humidity from air mass exclusion. With regard to the above mentioned, the separation vessel is interposed between the probe inlet and delivery sections of the inlet air filtration. Henceforth, one sets up the cross-over element, that is configured to translocate between the first open position, where the air mass forcefully traverses the separation vessel, and the second closed position, where the air mass streams from the inlet section to the delivery section without separation vessel traversing, and sets up the closing device, that is configured to set to work for the joint action with the cross-over element in order to separate the separation vessel from the air mass, that streams in the pass, when the cross-over element is in the second closed position.EFFECT: guarantee the efficient management of every subjacent in downstream direction filtration module and thermal engine, limitation on amount of emergency shutdowns, resulting from the pressure differential in the air filtration probe or from the blinding in the subjacent in downstream direction filtration module.14 cl, 11 dwg

Gas-dust cleaning system of air emmissions // 2624651
FIELD: machine engineering.SUBSTANCE: gas-dust cleaning system of air emissions consists of a body, horizontally positioned and having a cylindrical form and a contact zone with a length of lcz in the central portion. To the left of it at least two pneumatic nozzles are installed sequentially along the axis of the body. A drop catcher is installed in the right portion of the body after the contact zone with the length of lcz and has a drain in the bottom portion of the body. Compressed air and water pipe branches are connected to each pneumatic nozzle and are provided with shutoff and regulating valves, which connect the pipe branches and collecting channels, respectively mounted in the pipelines supplying water and compressed air. Each collecting channel is equipped with a pressure gauge for water and compressed air pressure control. Each pneumatic nozzle has a hollow cylindrical body connected to an atomizer with throttle openings. The hollow body contains a cylindrical portion with an external thread for connecting to a nipple of a distribution pipe for supplying liquid and two hollow cylinder-conic belts, which are series-connected and in alignment with it. A nozzle is made in alignment with the body in its lower portion and is made in the form of a glass, in the bottom of which vertical and inclined throttle openings are made at an angle of 45 to the axis of the nozzle. And in the cylindrical body belt there is at least one row of radial holes, the axes of which lie in a plane perpendicular to the axis of the body. The number of holes in each row is at least three. The body and nozzle form several coaxial internal cylindrical chambers and a conical chamber, located between them. One of the cylindrical chambers serves to supply the atomized liquid, and the conical chamber and the cylindrical chamber are expansion chambers. An air and gas supply tube is coaxially attached to the nozzle in its central portion. A hollow disk with perforations, facing the outlet sections of the throttle openings of the nozzle, is fixed to one end of the tube in its lower part. The perforation in the hollow disk is made in the direction of the outlet sections of the throttle openings of the nozzle in the form of a screw groove formed by the Archimedes spiral located inside the hollow disk. A diffuser is fixed to the end part of the hollow cylinder-conic belt, axisymmetric to the air supply tube, to one end of which a hollow disk with perforation, in the form of a spiral groove formed by the Archimedes' spiral and facing the output sections of the throttle openings of the nozzle, is attached. A hollow conical fairing is attached to the solid part of the hollow disk. Its top lies in the plane of the diffuser forming outlet cavities made by the inner surface of the diffuser and the outer surface of the fairing.EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability of dust separation by increasing the liquid atomization level of nozzles.2 dwg

ethod of gas-dynamic separation // 2606427
FIELD: gas industry.SUBSTANCE: method of gas-dynamic separation relates to low-temperature processing of multicomponent hydrocarbon natural and casinghead gases, in particular, for gas drying by condensation and separation of water and/or hydrocarbon components, and can be used in systems for collecting, preparation and processing of multicomponent hydrocarbon gases. Method of gas-dynamic separation comprises supplying the flow of high pressure multicomponent hydrocarbon gas into the nozzle, its isoenthalpic expansion and cooling while flowing in the nozzle, condensation of components in the cooled gas flow, separation of condensate from gas phase and increasing pressure by braking in the diffuser. Separated hydrocarbon condensate in contact with the initial gas is being partially evaporated and additionally cooled, and the initial gas is being cooled while heat exchange with a coolant additionally cooled by the condensate.EFFECT: technical result is high efficiency of gas-dynamic separation and reduced power consumption.4 cl, 1 dwg

Separator // 2602095
FIELD: treatment plants.SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to separator for separation of contaminants in the form of solid particles, aerosol and fluid from fluid flow, as well as to a system of crankcase ventilation of internal combustion engine containing such separator. Separator for separation of contaminants from fluid flow comprises first input designed for inlet of the first fluid medium flow, containing carried by them contaminants, first and second controlled inertial separators, which are connected to each other in series, and a pump, connected to the second controlled inertial separator and designed to create low pressure zone for suction of the first fluid medium flow through the first and second controlled inertial separators. First controlled inertial separator is connected to the first input of the first inlet of fluid medium flow with the first input. Each of the controlled inertial separators is intended for separation of contaminants from the first fluid medium flow. First chamber designed for inlet of the first fluid medium flow, the second chamber connected with the first chamber at least one opening, made so that the first fluid flow is accelerated when passing through the hole and facing surface of baffle so that contaminants are separated from the first fluid medium flow, and drive to adjust the cross-section of at least one hole in accordance with the pressure difference between fluid pressure in the first chamber and the reference fluid in the third chamber. Crankcase ventilation system has a channel for case gases to feed crankcase gases from the case, and separator, in which the first input is connected with channel for case gases. Internal combustion engine comprises crankcase ventilation system, where pump includes the fourth chamber having the second input of the second inlet of fluid in the fourth chamber, note here that in the second inlet nozzle is located in the form of a convergent nozzle for acceleration of the second fluid medium flow, and the third input of the first inlet of fluid medium flow, the third input is located relative to the second inlet so that the second fluid flow can engage and accelerate the first flow of fluid medium, and where the second input is designed for gas flow under pressure from the turbocharger, and the separator is intended for separation of carter oil of crankcase gases.EFFECT: high efficiency of crankcase ventilation of internal combustion engine as well as prevention of increase of pressure at the inlet of fluid medium to unacceptable values.15 cl, 16 dwg

ethod of purifying synthetic gas from biomass at positive pressure to obtain oil products // 2588213
FIELD: gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to treatment of synthesis gas and can be used in chemical and oil and gas industry. Method of purifying synthesis gas involves introduction of high-temperature synthesis gas in water-cooled cooling tower 2. From water-cooled tower cooler 2 synthesis gas is fed into tubular waste heat recovery boiler 3 for extraction of temperature of waste heat. Obtained medium-pressure steam is fed into external devices. Synthesis gas is then transferred into tubular waste heat recovery boiler 4 for collection of low-temperature waste heat and obtained low pressure steam is fed into external devices. Synthesis gas is cooled in tubular waste heat recovery boiler 4 with simultaneous separation of heavy resin and fed into venturi scrubber 5. Synthesis gas is then fed into wet electrical dust collector 6 and content of dust and resin in synthesis gas < 10 mg/Nm3. Treated synthesis gas is transferred into wet gas tank 7 for storage or into process downstream for use.EFFECT: invention simplifies method of cleaning, reduces duration thereof, reduces power consumption, improves efficiency and stability of synthesis gas.6 cl, 1 dwg

Device for cleaning industrial gases // 2585189
FIELD: cleaning device.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for cleaning industrial gases. Apparatus includes series-installed electrostatic filtering apparatus and apparatus for chemical scrubbing, then in parallel included low temperature catalysis chamber and installing an artificial flow resistance, while in chamber a low-temperature catalysis creates a region with a high frequency, pulsed or pulsed electric discharge, which receives initially purified gas which then goes to catalyst.EFFECT: invention provides a high degree of purification of industrial gases from particulate and chemical components.3 cl, 1 dwg

Generator gas treatment plant // 2584287
FIELD: processing and recycling of waste.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to heat recovery and cleaning of gases of power plant in chemical, metallurgical, fuel-power and other industries. Plant includes housing accommodating collector for pure liquid absorbent, adsorption and porous filters. Mixer with branch pipe is connected to collector via pipeline to feed polluted generator gas. Generator gas cleaning is performed in two stages. First step is stage of wet cleaning and includes mixer and adsorption filter connected to mixer via pipeline-cooler. In mixer steam-gas mixture is formed in motion of which in pipeline-cooler condensation of liquid vapors occurs and grip of gas micro contaminations by liquid absorbent droplets. Absorbent liquid droplets are adsorbed, coagulated in adsorptive filter and discharged via branch pipe located in lower part of adsorption filter. Second step is a stage of fine, dry gas cleaning from remaining impurities and is made in form of porous filter. Discharge of cleaned gas occurs via branch pipe from gap between housing and porous filter.EFFECT: high efficiency of gas cleaning.5 cl, 1 dwg

System, method and device for feed of strongly dispersed fluid for diesel exhaust into exhaust has pre-cleaning system // 2575731
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ICE pre-cleaners. Claimed system comprises the components that follow. The housing to enclose the pump, cylindrical mixing chamber with two inlets and one outlet. Note here that said outlet is communicated with the transfer line. The first inlet is communicated with fluid flow for diesel exhaust flow (DEF) to receive the DEF flow from the pump. The second inlet is communicated with airflow downstream of the pump. Note here that the DEF flow and airflow intersect at the divergence angle to get the mixed DEF flow and airflow transmitted from the mixing chamber to the transfer line. The nozzle is arranged downstream of the transfer line and communicated with the ICE exhaust flow. Note here that the nozzle feeds the mixed DEF and airflow into said exhaust flow. Claimed process comprises the steps that follow. The fluid is forced for the DEF into the mixing chamber. The airflow is forced into the mixing chamber at the divergence angle relative to the DEF. Output flow is forced from the mixing chamber to the nozzle communicated with the ICE exhaust flow. Note here that airflow feed comprises the feed of airflow at the rate at the mixing chamber inlet of at least 47 m/s. Claimed device comprises the components that follow. The housing to enclose the pump, cylindrical mixing chamber with two inlets and one outlet. Note also that the discharge hole can be communicated with the transfer line extending from the housing. The first inlet can be communicated with the DEF flow and can receive the latter from the pump. The second inlet is communicated with airflow downstream of the pump. The nozzle is arranged downstream of the transfer line to receive the mixed DEF and airflow from the mixing chamber via the transfer line. Note that the second inlet includes the 5mm-long jet. The latter and the first inlet extending into the mixing chamber at the divergence angle to produce the DEF and airflow in the mixing chamber.EFFECT: higher efficiency.20 cl, 12 dwg

Two-stage dust separation system // 2574255
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: system includes gas supply pipelines, first and second vortex dust arresters with opposite vortex flows, two exhaust fans to remove cleaned gas from each dust arrester separately, separators-concentrators for cleaned gas supply to dust arresters by two flows: with higher dust concentration - to top tangential input of secondary flow; with lower dust concentration - to bottom axial entry of primary flow. The dust arresters in the cleaning system are arranged in series, at that the second dust arrester has lesser dimensions and capacity. In the axial output branch of the cleaned gas of the first dust arrester an axial cylindrical separating branch is installed, it ensures separation of removed cleaned gas to axial dedusted part 0.75-0.80 of total flow, removed by additionally installed exhaust fan of the first dust arrester to atmosphere, and peripheral with maximum concentration of fine dust particle 0.25-0.20 of total flow, supplied for cleaning to the second dust arrester. The separators-concentrators are installed upstream the both dust arresters.EFFECT: reduced power consumption for dust catching, and increased efficiency of dust cleaning of removed gases.1 dwg

Combined air cleaner // 2548956
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for cleaning of air from aerosols and gas admixtures and can be used in vent systems of various industrial branches. Combined air cleaner comprises primary cleaning section and adsorption section. Primary cleaning unit is composed of electrostatic filter with filter element. The latter is made of porous nonwoven material including synthetic fibres of micron and submicron sizes that possess a dipole moment. Adsorption unit is composed of adsorption-catalytic filter element. Filter elements of primary cleaning and adsorption units are composed by cylindrical pipes fitted concentrically in common case. Note here that diameter of adsorption unit filter element is larger than that of primary cleaning unit filter element.EFFECT: high-efficiency cleaning.1 dwg

Separator of dust and pitch acid components from hot gases of gasification plants // 2544663
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to acid components separator. Proposed separator plant comprises tank (8) to accommodate cyclone separator (9). Filter chamber (10) is arranged above said separator (9) in direction of gravity force and equipped with filter plugs (17) and wherein central pipe (20) of cyclone separator (9) is brought. It differs from known design in that separation wall (19) is arranged between cyclone separator (9) and filter chamber. Said separation wall is composed by tapered bottom for central pipe (20) of cyclone separator (9) to pass there through. Note here that smaller-diameter rundown pipe (21) is fitted in central pipe (20) to discharge fine dust. Said pipe (21) is equipped with feed elements (24) to displace fine dust from tapered bottom (19) into rundown pipe (21) and to feed the dust to dust accumulator (23) via dust discharge assembly (22) provided with gates.EFFECT: higher efficiency of separation.4 cl, 3 dwg

Gas cleaning system // 2538845
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gas cleaning system that can be used removal of both solid dirt and moisture from gases. Proposed system comprises at least one case (2) with first chamber (6) to receive gas to be cleaned and second chamber (10) that makes filter chamber wherefrom purified gas escapes. Second chamber comprises gas filter and filter element (54) for separation of solids and precipitation of gas-associated moisture. First chamber (6) comprises cyclone (60) for pre-removal of moisture from gas wherefrom dirt and fluid can be diverted in third chamber (14) of case (2). Note here that case (2) consists of top part (8) with second chamber (10), central part (4) with first chamber (6) including cyclone (60) and bottom part (12) that makes third chamber (14). Case parts can be drawn up by means of at least one anchor bolt (32) to make a closed pressure tank. Case bottom part (12) is shaped to bowl including third chamber (14) to be connected to outlet (51) of cyclone (60) while its bottom (24) makes the fastener for several anchor bolts (32). Every case part (4, 8, 12) has sidewall composed of cylinder shell (16, 20, 22) abutting on appropriate adjacent shell (16, 20, 22) at joint (38) between case top and central parts (8) and (4), or at joint (40) between case central and bottom parts (4) and (12) to make stay at one line. Note here that said joints (38) and (40) have appropriate end surfaces that make sealing metal sealing surfaces under tension forced developed by anchor bolts (32).EFFECT: lower production costs.8 cl, 2 dwg

ethod and device for coarse separation of solid particles from gases contaminated with solid substances // 2485425
FIELD: machine building.SUBSTANCE: device includes supply pipeline (1) located vertically or slantwise and discharge pipeline (2) that is arc-shaped at least in some sections and has the possibility of its being connected, when required, to the separation device for separation of remained solid substances from pre-cleaned gas. The device has the possibility of supplying through the supply pipeline to its lower end side (3) of gases (G) contaminated with solid substances, and upper end side of supply pipeline is closed with cover plate (4). Arc-shaped discharge pipeline (2) is located on supply pipeline (1) so that a continued part of pipeline (5), which has the shape of a blind hole, for separation of solid particles is formed. Besides, arc-shaped discharge pipeline (2) is made with a curvature in the form of an arc of circle or an arc formed of straight segments, with the radius that is by 3-5 times more than width for clear opening of the arc-shaped discharge pipeline (2).EFFECT: reliable separation of solid substances from gas contaminated with them.18 cl, 3 dwg

Liquid separator // 2466773
FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: separator is fitted with a centrifugal separator and a final purification separator through which the cleaned gas flows. The centrifugal separator consists of a cylindrical housing with a tangential inlet hole and an axial outlet hole. The final purification separator has a housing which bounds space which, through a check valve, is insulated from the inner space of the centrifugal separator. The check valve has a housing which, when the check valve is closed, rests on the bearing surface formed by the top wall of the centrifugal separator.EFFECT: reducing the risk of oil foaming, reducing loss when releasing gas and increasing the service life of the separator.10 cl, 3 dwg

Device for transported gas treatment // 2460571
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to device for transported gas treatment. The device housing (3) with cavity (I) forms the section of preliminary gas treatment. The device housing (4) with cavity (II) forms the section of gas fine treatment. The housing (3) is plugged, there is an inlet fitting (5) mounted above it. The housings (3) and (4) are connected by pipeline (10) for gas passing. There are through holes under the zone of pipeline (10) input that are closed from above by L-shaped partition before which there is a hole in annular partition (23), the hole is connected to drain tube (29) for condensate discharge. There is a filter in housing (4) performed in a form of removable cassette (21) with sockets for filtering elements. The cassette (21) includes two circular plates coaxially arranged and connected between themselves via supports. The first plate of larger diameter has holes for installation of outlet fittings of filtering elements, and the second plate has holes for annular covers of filtering elements. The upper part of the cover between the first and second plates has tangential slots for swirling the gas flow between each filtering element and inner surface of its cover.EFFECT: improvement of gas treatment quality, operating convenience, increase of operational life due to easy replacement of filtering elements at device maintenance and repair.6 cl, 10 dwg

Absorbing filter for cleaning air from toxic substances // 2456058
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sorption appliances and serves to clean air of chemically harmful substances. Absorbing filter comprises case with bottom, detachable cover with bolt-on flange joint, inlet and outlet branch pipes, axial stud with press nut, coaxial filtration element and formed sorption unit. Sorption unit consists of hollow cylinder made up of carbon-containing sorbent and thermoplastic polymer. Inlet branch pipe is rigidly jointed to cover bottom. Additionally, filter incorporates inlet branch pipe attached to case bottom and T-joints connected to inlet branch pipes and stud for tight pressure of filtration element and sorption unit to case cover and bottom. Carbon-containing sorbent is impregnated with compounds of copper, chromium, silver and triethylene amine while sorption unit incorporates chemical absorber impregnated with nickel sulphate solution.EFFECT: higher dynamic activity, reliable seal of filtration element and sorption unit.1 dwg

ethod and device for cleaning industrial objects of coal dust // 2450849
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention may be used at enterprises of profound coal conversion into other fuel kinds and may be used in power engineering and transportation. In entrapping coal dust, the latter is pre-neutralised by interaction between sucked flow and grounding electrode. Then, it is subjected to homogenising in contact between coal dust with liquid absorbent inside radial-flow bubble apparatus. Obtained coal-dust suspension is injected into vessel for it to be mixed with other ingredients of liquid boiler oil. Proposed device comprises housing 1 with inlet and outlet branch pipes 2 and 3, suction blower 4 with encased motor 5, radial-flow bubble apparatus 6 with guide grid 7 and collection chamber 8. Said housing additionally accommodates separation chamber 9 and beater 10. Guide grid 7 is arranged inside radial-flow fan. Special openings 14 and gas and fluid passages are made on separation chamber side surface.EFFECT: higher fire and blast safety.7 cl, 2 dwg

Drop separator // 2447925
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to drop separator and its swirling appliances intended for high rate gas flow. Drop separator 10 comprises flow channel 5 to direct gas flow saturated with drops along main flow 6, and precipitating element 8 arranged around said channel 5 and having inner lateral surface 12. The latter features diameter of flow channel 5 and includes several grate structures 9. Said flow channel 5 accommodates swirling appliances 1 with deflector 2 to swirl aforesaid gas while drops are forced by centrifugal force toward precipitating element 8. Deflector 2 deflects, at least a portion of aforesaid gas from direction of main flow toward orifices 15, 19.EFFECT: higher efficiency.23 cl, 13 dwg

Gas purification system // 2441690
FIELD: gas purification.SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in processes producing waste gases of high temperature and pressure. The system of gas purification consists of at least one housing (1) with first volume (31) where purified gas if fed, and second volume (33) where purified gas comes out from. The volumes (31) and (33) are divided by bottom plate (43). The system is also equipped with filter device containing filtering media to divide solid particles and dehydrate the gas due to the separation of coalescing liquid. Device (37) of preliminary dehydration of gas contains at least one cyclone, the ring surface of which is concentric to the lateral axis (17) directed at least approximately vertical in the normal mounting position. The bottom of the housing (1) ends with collecting vessel (25) for the liquid separated during preliminary dehydration. The bottom plate (43) has a socket (47) ensuring the hole (45) for the connection fitting of filter element (35) through which the preliminary dehydrated gas flows from the cyclone (37). Above the bottom plate (43) there is a widening forming a chamber (65) used for collection of liquid coalescing at the filter element (35) which is drained through drain hole (67). The invention ensures both purification and sufficient dehydration of gas.EFFECT: gas purification and dehydration.5 cl, 5 dwg

Combined electric filter // 2419478
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to leaning gas of dust and may be sued in heat engineering, metallurgy, production of construction materials etc. Combined electric filter consists of bag filter and electric filter fields arranged in one case. Case face is closed by bag plate. The latter houses filtration elements are arranged towards gas flow. Besides, tube distributing compressed air for reclamation of bags are arranged horizontally. Regeneration device incorporates programmable controller that allows regeneration of filtration elements starting from top bags, while duration of pause between regeneration intervals exceeds time of dust deposition between adjacent bags.EFFECT: optimum use of case volume, simplified mounting and better gas distribution in electric filter.4 cl, 2 dwg

ethod of fluid and gas separation // 2417822
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering, oil-and-gas industry for separation and drying of gases, in particularly, for increasing reliability and life of pipeline transport systems and reliable operation of ACS. Proposed method comprises multistage drying with pre-cooling of separation and extra drum shells in bypassing separation drum shell with evaporation of drop moisture on condenser developed surfaces with drain openings. Condensers are made from high-porosity cellular metals fitted coaxially, with no clearance, on inner surfaces of separation and extra drum shells to produce heat brisges. Bypassing is cut out to feed flow into extra drum shell and to separate condensed moisture on condenser developed surfaces cooled, in moisture evaporation.EFFECT: higher efficiency of separation.3 dwg

Two-stage system of exhaust air cleaning // 2417821
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to exhaust air cleaning systems and may be used at cattle-breeding and poultry-farming enterprises. Proposed two-stage system comprises two dust collectors arranged in one housing and provided with inlet and outlet branch pipes. First dust collector comprises perforated sheets arranged at its inlet and outlet and horizontal shelves attached to the housing and arranged there between. Second dust collector is made up of electric filter consisting or precipitation electrodes arranged vertically and representing rectangular plates with corona-forming electrodes arranged there between and secured to the housing via insulators.EFFECT: efficient air cleaning of dust, including finely dispersed dust.1 dwg

Aspiration system with osf (oncoming swirling flow) apparaturs and frame filter // 2416457
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wet dust separation and may be used in chemical, textile, light industries, etc, for dusty gas cleaning. Proposed system comprise swirl dust separator and filter. Vorject dust separator comprises cylindrical housing 4 with comical bin and inlet branch pipe 5 and 6 arranged at bin bottom to terminate in larger diametre cylinder 7. Housing top accommodates secondary flow feed branch pipe and outlet branch pipe 3. Face surface of cylinder 7 accommodates shutter-type swirler 9, spinner 9 and bumper washer 10. Outlet of clean gas 3 accommodates air duct secured thereto and communicated with inlet branch pipe 23 of frame sleeve filter. Filter comprises housing 17, filtration section 21 with boxes 22 and 23 for dusty gas intake and clean gas discharge, filtration sleeves 16 with frame 19, tubular grating, dust collection bin 18 and regeneration mechanism. The latter consists of solenoid valve 11, compressed air feed pipe 12, Venturi nozzle 14 and regeneration automatic control device 15. Filter comprises also temperature pickup, dust collector dust level alarm pickup, thermal automatic annuciator detector and manifold with nozzles to be connected to fire fighting system incorporating control unit arranged in filtration section outlet box, their outlet being connected to common microprocessor.EFFECT: higher efficiency of dust separation.1 dwg

Aspiration system with osf (oncoming swirling flow) -type apparatus // 2416456
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gas cleaning of dust and may be used in various industrial branches. Proposed system comprise vorject dust separator and filter. Vorject dust separator comprises top cylindrical part 1 with screw cover 9 and bottom cylindrical larger-diametre part 8, conical dust collection bin 8, dust gas feed branch pipe 4 and 5 with peripheral swirler, and bumper washer 6. Outlet of clean gas branch pipe 3 accommodates air duct 10 secured thereto and communicated with inlet branch pipes of frame sleeve filter 23. Filter comprises housing 17, filtration section 21 with boxes 22 and 23 for dusty gas intake and clean gas discharge, filtration sleeves 16 with frame 19, tubular grating, dust collection bin 18 and regeneration mechanism. The latter consists of solenoid valve 11, compressed air feed pipe 12, Venturi nozzle 14 and regeneration automatic control device 15. Filter comprises also temperature pickup, dust collector dust level alarm pickup, thermal automatic annunciator detector and manifold with nozzles to be connected to fire fighting system incorporating control unit arranged in filtration section outlet box, their outlet being connected to common microprocessor.EFFECT: higher efficiency of separating low-specific weight particles and system reliability.3 dwg

Separation system with vorject dust separator // 2416455
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to gas cleaning of dust and may be used in various industrial branches. Proposed dust separator comprises cylindrical housing 1, axial dusty gas intake with swirler 4, ejector 7, spinner 5 and conical bumper washer. Housing top accommodates axial clean gas discharge branch pipe and secondary flow peripheral intake 8 with swirler 9. Said axial clean gas discharge branch pipe is communicated with air duct 10 provided with inlet branch pipe 23 of the frame sleeve filter. Filter comprises housing 17, filtration section 21 with boxes 22 and 23 for dusty gas intake and clean gas discharge, filtration sleeves 16 with frame 19, tubular grating, dust collection bin 18 and regeneration mechanism. The latter consists of solenoid valve 11, compressed air feed pipe 12, Venturi nozzle 14 and regeneration automatic control device 15. Filter comprises also temperature pickup, dust collector dust level alarm pickup, thermal automatic annunciator detector and manifold with nozzles to be connected to fire fighting system incorporating control unit arranged in filtration section outlet box, their outlet being connected to common microprocessor.EFFECT: higher efficiency of separating low-specific weight particles and system reliability.1 dwg

Cyclone with filtration element // 2414306
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to removal of dusty gases and may be used in chemical, metallurgical and food industries, as well as in production of construction materials. Cyclone comprises cylindrical shell. Inlet branch pipe is tangentially jointed to shell top and outlet branch pipe is axially jointed thereto. Dust collector with gate is joined via confuser is jointed to shell bottom. Fabric filtration element is arranged concentrically inside the shell. Filter element exceeds the inlet branch pipe width and is connected to outlet branch pipe. Pneumatic recovery device is accommodated inside outlet branch pipe to reciprocated therein and represents a piston.EFFECT: efficient regeneration of filtration element, higher reliability and mobility.1 dwg

Air cleaner // 2398614
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: proposed invention is intended for air treatment. Proposed air cleaner comprises first flow channel communicating intake hole with exhaust hole, first cleaning assembly arranged in said first channel and performing first cleaning of air passing there through from upstream side to downstream side, second flow channel communicating the space between first cleaning assembly and first channel exhaust hole with the space between first cleaning assembly and first channel intake hole, air blower arranged in first channel between first cleaning assembly and connecting section on downstream side. Said connecting section represents downstream side of connecting sections between first and second channels. Note here that aforesaid blower generates positive pressure nearby exhaust hole and connecting section of downstream side. It comprises also second cleaning assembly arranged in second flow channel and performing second cleaning function. Tail part of upstream side of second flow channel comprises at least a section passing to, in fact, the center of surface perpendicular to first flow section flow direction.EFFECT: high cleaning efficiency.5 cl, 15 dwg

Dust separator for dry gas cleaning // 2395326
FIELD: oil and gas industry.SUBSTANCE: invention refers to high fine dust gas treating and can be used in power engineering, nonferrous metallurgy, building materials industry and other fields. A dust separator comprises a body with series in-built electrical filter and a cloth filter, gas distributor between the electrical filter and cloth filter; and the cloth filter is equipped with at least two input collectors, and each section of the cloth filter has at least two equispaced variable height inputs of the input collector. The capacity ratio of the cloth filter and the electrical filter is 0.5 to 1.3.EFFECT: more effective dust collection ensured by more uniform gas distribution and consequently reduced energy consumption for compressed air, overcoming of hydraulic resistance of the filter, higher reliability and service life of filter elements.2 dwg

ethod of cleaning gas blasts in plasma firing and stabilise combustion of pulverised coal // 2377053
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cleaning of air from toxic gases (nitrogen and sulphur oxides), vapors, aerosols of complex chemical composition and suspended particles with high degree of dispersion that precipitate out in plasma firing and pulverised coal combustion stabilising. Boiler flue gases are subjected to two-stage cleaning. First stage comprises entrapping suspended substances in Venturi scrubber with 96%- to 98%-efficiency and cyclone liquid trap. Second stage involves absorption removal of NO2 and SO2 on absorber incorporating movable nozzle and uses carbamide solution as an absorbent. Waste liquor is recycled into fertiliser. First stage sludge is fed to settler to get it dehydrated. Clarified water is fed from settler to refrigerator to remove suspended particles by gravel or screen filters to be fed to Venturi scrubber.EFFECT: higher quality of cleaning.1 dwg

ethod of wet air purification // 2377052
FIELD: process engineering.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of enclosed premises air cleaning and can be used for cleaning larger premises with great gatherings from pathogenic microflora, dust, harmful aerosols and gases. Air is forced from premises into ozone plant compartment 4. Then air is bubbled through water contained in tank 12, to purify it together with ozone, and circulated from aforesaid tank into cleaned premises via channel 21. Ozone plant 4 is mounted in air duct 1 and made as shown in either dwg. 1 or dwg. 2. Said air duct is furnished with lengthwise partition 8 arranged in vertical part 1. Ozone plant gas discharger elements are arranged along airflow. Air duct made as shown in dwg. 2 accommodates additionally ozone plant compartment 22 that allows rearrangement of the plant for purifying air containing explosive and inflammable components. Turbuliser 3 is arranged in air duct ahead of ozone plant 4. Tank 12 consists of horizontal 13 and vertical 14 parts. The former is filled with water to make air gap between water table and ceiling equal to air duct diametre. Tank vertical part 14 accommodates manifold 15 with nozzles 16 arranged on said manifold in at least two rows. Targets 17 reflecting impacts of dispersed mix of air with purified air are mounted opposite said row of nozzles. Separator 19 is arranged ahead of purified air discharge channel 21. Both separator and said channel is treated by UV radiation with the help of unit 20.EFFECT: higher quality of cleaning.2 ex, 1 tbl, 5 dwg

ethod for cleaning of spent industrial gases from hard particles to prepare them for use in closed cycle, plant for its realisation and filtering device used in device // 2363521
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: inventions are related to facilities for community air protection and may be used for extraction of dust and hazardous admixtures from gas emission of factories, TPP, central heating boilers, etc. in order to use them repeatedly for burning in closed production cycle. Method for cleaning includes burning of spent gas in furnace, separation of coarse hard fraction in cyclone, deposition with the help of gas spraying with water in scrubber of products of gas and water reaction, separation of fine dust by means of filtration. Prior to filtration temperature of gas flow is stabilised, and filtration is carried out serially in three stages with further moisturising of filtered flow after every stage. Plant for cleaning of spent gases comprises the following components that are serially installed and technologically connected to each other - furnace for burning, chamber of cyclone type, scrubber with nozzles for gas irrigation by water, filtering device. Chamber of cyclone type is connected with collector of coarse hard fraction, and filtering device - with collector of liquid slag. Plant also comprises fan of atmospheric air injection and control device connected to nozzles for irrigation and filtering device. Filtering device is arranged out of three serially installed filtering units - inclined filters with controlled angle of inclination, flat filters and cylindrical filters. Outlets of every unit are connected to water evaporator. Every filter element consists of several serially installed, starting from external layer, alternating, applied one above another, functional layers: the first and second turbulent layers, the first overspeed layer, the first membrane layer, the third turbulent layer, the second overspeed layer, the second membrane layer, the fourth turbulent and fifth turbulent layers. The first and fifth turbulent layers are made of glass wool, the second - fourth turbulent layers - from glass wool impregnated with water, membrane layers - from glass wool, impregnated with compound, overspeed layers - from glass tissue.EFFECT: simplification of cleaning facilities and improved cleaning quality, due to air enrichment with oxygen and restoration of oxides.3 cl, 2 dwg

Cyclone-filter // 2361678
FIELD: technological processes, filters.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of dust collection engineering and may be used for cleaning of industrial objects exhausts, for fine purification of air supplied, for instance, into operating rooms of health care institutions. Cyclone filter comprises cylindrical body with conic bottom, nozzle for tangential entry of dusty gas flow, rotary exhaust pipe, which simultaneously performs functions of filter and nozzle for exhaust of cleaned gas and represents welded structure that partially consists of filtering material. Welded structure is arranged in the form of frame, on which dense filtering material is fixed, and internal surface of cylindrical body part is draped with fine filtering cloth, for regeneration of which blowing nozzles are installed outside cylindrical body part. Inside cylindrical body part, roller beds are installed for fixation of fine filtering cloth, outside cylindrical body part, receiving and distributing cassettes are installed for replacement of fine filtering cloth.EFFECT: intensification of cyclone treatment by increasing disperse flow rate in order to improve extent of finely dispersed particles settlement with prevention of abrasive wear of internal surfaces of device.4 cl, 3 dwg

Continuous self-regenerating cyclone filter for cleaning of gases from dust // 2361649
FIELD: technological processes, filters.SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for dry cleaning of gases from dust. Cyclone filter comprises cylindrical body with cover, conic bottom, tangentially installed nozzle for introduction of dusty gas and nozzle for discharge of cleaned gas, rotary star-shaped filtering element from porous material with bound structure, two or more additional star-shaped filtering elements from porous material with bound structure, which are engaged with rotary filtering element and are installed with the possibility of rotation around cantilever hollow perforated axes. Body is separated with partition into chambers of dusty and cleaned gas. Rotary filtering element is installed in the centre of dusty gas chamber, is installed with the possibility to provide for interrupted reciprocal motion along axis of rotation and variation of rotation frequency depending on extent of cleaned gas dustiness, is equipped with brush-like surface arranged in the form of evolvent that provides for intact contact with surfaces of additional filtering elements in the period of their interaction in process of rotation. Nozzle for supply of dusty gas is located in lower part of dusty gas chamber.EFFECT: higher efficiency of dust collection, cleaning quality and efficiency.5 dwg

Device for transported gas cleaning (versions) // 2357787
FIELD: mechanics.SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for gas cleaning from mechanical admixtures and condensed liquid. The device (version 1) includes casing and filtering element located coaxially to each other and to the above-mentioned device, which form circular channels. The device also consists of gas supply sleeves and clean gas removal sleeves, which are placed on the opposite ends of the housing. There are also liquid and mechanical admixtures removal sleeves, which are located on the cylindrical surface of the housing. The cavity inside filtering element communicates with the clean gas removal sleeve. The circular channel between housing and casing provided with a swirler at its inlet is connected to the gas supply sleeve. The outlet of the casing is blind. Inside the channel there is a sealed partition, which separates it into cavities. At the end each cavity is linked with the corresponding liquid and mechanical admixtures removal sleeve and with circular channel between filtering element and casing in the flow direction. The casing is provided with sealed partition at its inlet, and circular channel between casing and filtering element is blind at casing outlet. The said device (version 2) consists of a casing and filtering element arranged coaxially in the housing. The filtering element is represented in the cup shape. The device also includes gas supply and clean gas removal sleeves, liquid and mechanical admixtures removal sleeve. At inlet, the circular channel between housing and casing is connected to the gas supply sleeve, while at its outlet it is linked with liquid and mechanical admixtures removal sleeve and with the channel being placed between casing and filtering element. The afore-mentioned channel between housing and casing communicates with the channel between the casing and filtering element by means of slotted holes.EFFECT: improved quality of gas cleaning, more reliable operation, increased life span and simple design.8 cl, 6 dwg

Dust collection system // 2343989
FIELD: technological processes.SUBSTANCE: invention concerns gas treatment systems. Dust collection system includes source of gas to be cleaned, pipes, fan, three dust collectors at oncoming swirl gas flows, dampers and conical separation concentrator installed in the pipes, concentrator containing cylindrical swirl chamber connected to inlet chamber with tangential inlet. Swirl chamber encases axial pipe for discharge of gas flow with lesser dust concentration, pipe outlet located at the swirl chamber side opposite to inlet chamber. Swirl chamber surface carries side pipe for discharge of gas flow with larger dust concentration. Source of gas to be cleaned is connected to tangential inlet of separation concentrator, side pipe of which is connected via dampers to tangential inlet pipe and inlet swirler of first dust collector. Axial outlet pipe of first collector is connected to tangential inlet pipe of third dust collector via a damper and to side pipe of separation concentrator via dampers. Axial pipe of concentrator is connected to tangential inlet pipe and inlet swirler of second dust collector, axial outlet pipe of which is connected to inlet swirler of third dust collector and to axial outlet pipe of separation concentrator, while axial outlet pipe of third dust collector is connected to suction pipe of fan.EFFECT: improved gas treatment efficiency, convenience of maintenance.3 dwg

ethod of sepating solid phase from gas flow containing solid phase // 2341323
FIELD: mechanics.SUBSTANCE: method of separating solid phase from gas flow containing solid phase in the amount of over 100 mg/Nm3 comprises the following stages, i.e. (a) separation of solid phase from gas flow with the help of separator designed for separation of gas from solid phase for gas flow to contain solid phase in the amount of less than 50 mg/Nm3 and to produce lower product comprising separated solid phase and a part of gas flow, (b) separation of a part of solid phase from the said lower product with the help of cyclone wherein solid phase and gas flow are produced, the said flow still containing an amount of solid phase, (c) bringing gas flow produced in stage (b) in contact with water to separate solid phase and produce gas flow with solid phase in the amount of 0 to 50 mg/Nm3 and, finally, (d) integrating gas flows with lower solid phase content produces at stages (c) and (a).EFFECT: lower content of solid phase in exhaust gases.9 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl

Dust separation system // 2339459
FIELD: mechanics.SUBSTANCE: proposed system incorporates pipelines, first and second vortex dust separators, each incorporating a cylindrical casing with an upper tangential inlet branch pipe, a swirler communicating with the lower inlet branch pipe furnished with a tapered dust baffle washer arranged along the casing axis, an axial outlet branch pipe and a taper dust collector bin with a dust release branch pipe furnished with a rotary lock and a fan with its intake branch pipe communicating with the first dust separator axial outlet branch pipe and its pressure branch pipe communicating with the second dust separator inlet branch pipes. The proposed system is additionally furnished with the third vortex dust separator that features a similar design but smaller overall sizes and lower efficiency compared to the aforesaid first and second dust separators. Note that the aforesaid third dust separator inlet branch pipes communicate with the second separator bin and its axial outlet branch pipe is connected to the sleeve filter, its outlet being connected to the first dust separator lower inlet branch pipe. Note here that the starting gas feed pipeline communicates with the first dust separator upper and lower inlet branch pipes.EFFECT: higher efficiency of purifying gas with finely-dispersed particles.1 dwg

ethod of gas dedusting and implementation device // 2339437
FIELD: process flows, filters.SUBSTANCE: invention is related to dry dedusting of gases and can be applied in various industries, primary in metallurgy industry. Dust-laden gas from dust release sources is fed to direct-flow dust-arresting device via gas pipelines with valves and fitting of axial feed of dust-laden gas. Gas is whirled in guiding axial device upstream the separation chamber and dust is rejected to the hopper via window in separation chamber. Preliminary purified gas is fed to fine gas filter to filter gas, divert purified gas and unload dust resulted after fine gas filtering. Moreover dust-laden gas is additionally fed to direct-flow dust-arresting device, which is installed upstream the separation chamber at discharge of the guiding axial device, via guiding device for tangential feed of dust-laden gas where gas is whirled in the direction same as in the guiding axial device. Rejection of dust to hopper from separation chamber is performed in tangential direction through the window in form of slot port provided lengthwise the separation chamber for tangential rejection of dust.EFFECT: increased efficiency of gas purification, primary of dust-laden gas from several dust release sources.4 cl, 5 dwg

Filter-cyclone with gas cleaning rotary filter element // 2336954
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: filer-cyclone incorporates a vertical cylindrical housing with a taper bottom furnished with a dust removal union and that feeding dusted gas flow into the said cyclone and arranged tangentially to the said housing, a cover with a union to withdraw purified gas, a rotary exhaust pipe representing a filter element and a windmill. The said windmill is fitted in the purified gas discharge union above the exhaust pipe and driven by the purified gas flow. Here note that the said windmill rotation is transmitted to the exhaust pipe by a belt and a friction gearing.EFFECT: dust collection higher efficiency, higher reliability and longer life.2 cl, 2 dwg

Two-stage dust-collecting system // 2336953
FIELD: engines and pumps.SUBSTANCE: system incorporates a fan, pipelines, fist and second whirlwind dust-collectors, each comprising a cylindrical casing with an upper tangential inlet branch pipe, a swirler communicating with the lower inlet branch pipe and an axial outlet branch pipe. The said system includes also a separator-concentrator comprising a cylindrical whirlwind chamber communicating with the inlet chamber furnished with the tangential inlet. The aforesaid whirlwind chamber houses an axial pipe to withdraw the lower concentration dust flow, the chamber outlet being arranged on the side opposite the whirlwind chamber inlet chamber. The said whirlwind chamber side surface accommodates a side branch pipe to withdraw the larger concentration dust flow. The dust collectors communicate with each other via the aforesaid concentrator-separator. The initial gas feed pipeline is connected to the first dust collector upper and lower inlet branch pipes and to concentrator-separator whirlwind chamber tangential inlet communicating with the first dust collector outlet branch pipe. The concentrator-separator whirlwind chamber axial pipe communicates with the second dust collector swirler, while the whirlwind chamber side branch pipe communicates with the second dust collector tangential inlet branch pipe, the said second dust collector axial outlet branch pipe being communicated with the fan suck-in branch pipe.EFFECT: higher efficiency of gas purification.3 dwg

Device of neutralization of the toxic components of the exhaust gas emissions // 2318580
FIELD: mechanical engineering industry; automobile industry; other industries; device of neutralization of the toxic components of the exhaust gas emissions.SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of mechanical engineering industry, in particular, to the devices of purification and neutralization of the air medium from harmful substances: the finely-dispersed particles and the toxic gases. The device contains the ultraviolet emitter consisting of, at least, one ultraviolet lamp made out of the quartz glass with the continuous emission spectrum in the range of 190-420 nanometers, which is built in the body so, that the being purified passes at the speed of 0.1-0.5 m\s in the annular space between the UV-lamp and the body, and the suppressor of rate speed of the non-stationary gas streams having the vanes mounted at the angle of 80°. The device is supplied with the collector of the dispersion particles connected to the body at the outlet of the device. In the collector there is the built in conical gas duct with the central angle of 20° made in the form of the spiral with the diminishing angle of inclination of its turns and equal at the inlet to the inclination angle of the vanes of the speed suppressor and to 0° at the outlet of the gas duct with the maximum ratio of the diameters of the body, the inlet and outlet holes of flue 3:1:5, and having on the outer surface not less than one annular slot with the arc size of 180°. In the collector there is the built-in electric filter, which working area diameter is equal to the diameter of the outlet of the gas duct. The collector has the hole for the pure gas outlet and is made detachable. The technical result of the invention is: development of the effective device of neutralization of the toxic ingredients of the dusty gas outbursts, including the gas outbursts with the high concentration of the finely dispersed dust.EFFECT: the invention ensures development of the effective device of neutralization of the toxic ingredients of the dusty gas outbursts, including the gas outbursts with the high concentration of the finely dispersed dust.2 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl

Filter-absorber for purifying of air from toxic substances // 2311948
FIELD: sorption type filters for purifying of air from toxic substances including radioactive dust, biological aerosols, toxicants, in particular, destruction of chemical weapons, absorption of hazardous admixtures from process air of industrial premises, as well as for purifying of ventilation waste.SUBSTANCE: filter has cylindrical casing with bottom, inlet and outlet branch pipes, cover, and also filtering member and sorption unit, which are located within casing in axially aligned relation therewith. Filtering member is fixed on pin connected to casing bottom, and sorption unit is biased by detachable cover. Ratio of sorption unit height, its outer and inner diameters is 1:(0.97-0.99):(0.76-0.77). Filter of such design allows operational life to be increased by 2-3 times.EFFECT: wider operational capabilities, increased efficiency, reduced air flow resistance, and provision for replacement of used filtering member and sorption unit.1 dwg

Installation for purification of the gases from the dust // 2300410
FIELD: chemical industry; building industry, heat-and-power industry; other industries; installations for purification of the industrial gases from the dust.SUBSTANCE: the invention is intended for purification of the industrial gas-dust outbursts predominantly from the drying drums in the building, chemical, heat and power and other industries. The installation includes the bunch of the cyclones, the ventilating wet dust-catcher and the ventilating system including as the stimulators of the traction two fans sequentially installed along the gas route. The first fan from the supply side is connected to the inlet fitting pipe of the wet dust catcher, and the second fan from the inlet side - to its outlet fitting pipe. The technical result of the invention is provision of the ecological safety of the production process at the broad range of the production parameters variation, which is achieved by extension of the functional capabilities of the ventilation system and the phase of the wet dust catching.EFFECT: the invention ensures the ecological safety of the production process at the broad range of the production parameters variation, extension of the functional capabilities of the ventilation system and the phase of the wet dust catching.1 dwg

ethod of purification of the air from aerosol particles by installations of a pressure pneumatic transportation of dispersible materials // 2250798
FIELD: natural gas industry; purification of gases from dispersible impurities.SUBSTANCE: the invention is intended for purification of gases from dispersible impurities and may be applied in the pressure pneumatic transport systems and production lines of processing of dispersible materials mainly with non-stationary streams. The method of air purification provides for action of inertial forces on a dispersible material in a discharger, withdrawal of the air from the discharging gear and action of the centrifugal forces on the particles in the cyclone apparatus with consequent filtration of the air. Depending on a mode of transportation, 40-80 % of an air stream with the smaller content of the particles are removed from the discharging gear, run through the cyclone apparatus, from which up to 30-90 % of the air stream with the smaller content of the particles fed into the cyclone apparatus are withdrawn and directed for filtration, and 10-70 % from the air stream with high content of the particles fed into the cyclone apparatus are through a damper of braids removed in the filtering dust collector of the cyclone apparatus. Other part of the air stream in amount of 20-60 % with high concentration of the particles is removed from the discharging gear into a collector of the dispersible material, whence it is removed into the cyclone apparatus, from which up to 10-50 % of the air stream with the small contents of p[articles fed into the cyclone apparatus are removed and directed for filtration, and 50-90 % of the air stream with a high content of the particles fed into the cyclone apparatus through the damper of braids removed into the filtering dust collector of the cyclone apparatus. The technical result consists in the continuously high efficiency of trapping of the thinly dispersed materials at different modes of transportation at the constantly high productivity with preservation of the service life of the bag filters.EFFECT: the invention ensures continuously high efficiency of trapping of the thinly dispersed materials at different modes of transportation and constantly high productivity with preservation of the service life of the bag filters.1 dwg, 3 ex

Filter-cyclone // 2240869
The invention relates to a device for air cleaning of industrial enterprises from dust, in particular to the collector with granular filter material
 
2551091.
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